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DIl. ELIOT'S GREAT DAY
AT HARVARD EXEBCISES. deceives Two Degrees and Is the Central Figure at Commencement. Cambridge. Mass . June sn.-Wlth thousands of loyal alumni assembled, and with the first president emeritus in attendance, commencement at Harvard rniversltv to-<3ay was a notable occasion. The candidates for degrees in course numbered Bjp and while they were supposed to be the prin cipals at the enresMß. nevertheless Dr Char es W. E^ot erte had goMei the university's destinies for forty yean and who was honored en Monday by being made president e«SUiIUIS-tae first in the unl •ersttys history-B«^ted Baasnal attention. The procession formed ln the college yard before Massachusetts Hall, at It o'clock, and. headed by the chief marshal and a band, marched to Sanders Theatre, Where tne exercises were held. Imme diately behind the band came the speakers of the day and candidates for degrees. President A. Law rence Lowell. Dr. Ctlot, officers and members of the facu'ty of the university. Governor Eben S. r> rar er snd staff, the invited gaests. public offl claJs. military and naval officers and heads of many atlnnal Institutions, whOe the rear of the procession ra« made up of alumel of more than twenty-five years stand bs, In the order of their classes. After the enatoßaarji prayer the usual © rnmenee ment orations ware delivered by the students. Fletcher N. Robinson, of Southern Pines, N. C. fgvf the I.anr< oration: Godfrey Dowey, of Lake Placid. N. V • delivered a Stssertatloa on "Old Eng lish spe!'ir.p'. Hans Yon Kaltenbcrn. of Madison. Wis.. spoke on "The College sod the Press": Sld rev Flske Klmball. of Dorchester, spoke on ■Team Play in OeUesje Studies," and Palfrey Perkins, of Beiiai gave ar. aflili nsa on Tbe Worsnlp of the Understanding Heart." HONORARY DECREES The BSDorary deg-ees conferred were: Masters cf arts "nirred Thomsson Grer.fell. Labrador explorer and missionary Thomas Frank lin Waters, antiquarian and invastlgator. Ipswich. Bflßßi Doctor of Science— Satatiel Frank'i EWimona. geoiocis't, Harvard graduate, and for many ye*rs member of tie United States Geological Sun-ey_ Doctors of Divinity— Charles Lothrop Noyes. pas tor Winter Hill Congregational Church Fomervllle. Mass : Francis Greenwood PeaJbOdy, head of the Harvard DfvhsJty School and college preacher. Doctor of Utersture- Eugen Kuhnemann. pro.es mr Lniverrity of Berlin. Berlin, Germany, and ex- n oror^ fe^ctor t of H^ IVir.e_Charles1 Vir.e_Charles Wl.liam E r£toro7 GSS&reSB« ■ former SHI var«J presider.t Ie bestowing upm Dr. Eliot the degree of Doctor ef Medicine President Lowell said: "It has not been our custom to confer th- degree of Doctor cf Medicir- honoris causa, but an es tnptloa to fitting in the case of one wno. In th« as«VBB at professors of medlctae has accomplished more for the. progress of medical education tatbls country dBM any other living man. Charles William Eliot. Not In Its ifldinsx alone, but also in tne Instruction and research within its walls. be round onr medical school brick and lefl it marble" In cormectior with the d<=«n-ee of Doctor of I^ws. President Lowell desismated his r re<iec*c ss: •Tearher administrator, orator, prophet: forty T*a-s the >ader and guide of Harvard, and In the single-minded elevation of his character a model to v,. sois: the fa-her of the r.resert American uni veratty. the brother of all teachers, and the friend of every lover of bai UMailil-"" MANT RICH GIFTS. At the atasßni dinner thir Pterß«» esr-PreaMent Bttel presided and introduced Presiaer.t Lowell. The other speakers included ernor Draper. Dr. QreafeH ex-Mayor Mathews of Boston. Dr. Kuhne ■hbbb and Rev. Dr. George A. Gordon, of Boston Dr. Eliot said m part: -The university must prow. The new administration faces the most samea of all problems— the rroblem of securing the recognition of icholarshii The principal thing to attain here is the power to do something effective with the mind." President Lowell said "Tou have laid on me the greatest tasi of any college president in the land. T accept the tssk and will do rcy utmost to carry It our. I know T have the BBBWStt of Ihe faculty. and I hope I have the support of the alumni. We want to turn out men developed in body, mind and poui. but we also want BM9I wbo have developed the Bsesal fide"" He announced that during the SSI year the onl ■' ■ ■■■■ had received |B •• nmng BMMM for Immediate ase, In addifjon to the f:-^: Instalment cf rbe McKay Cuad. amounting: to 0.0T0.00Q. The preser.* applications for entrance, he paid, romlM the kargesi freshman class next fall of recent years. The alumni cast their rota throughout the aaym MaE62rr.jtet:» Hall for members of the board of overseers of Harvard Dmversit) Five members were elected for i.lx years, as follow t: William 1. Richardson. Boston; W. J. Howard Elliott. St. Paul: George Wigglesworth. Milton; Francis .1 F»e:.z . Newark, and J. rpont Mor gan. jr.. New York. To fill vacancies caused by death Lawrence E. Sexton, of New York, was elected to the board for two years and John W. Parley, of Boston, for one »ear. DARTMOUTH GRADUATES 191. Confers Honorary Degrees on Nine Persons, Among Them Horace Fletcher. Hanover. N H.. rune Ml— class of 191 received diplomas at Dartmouth's commencement exercises to-day. In the absence of President Tucker, who retires next month. Prof^SEor John X Lord pre sided as acting prudent. fessor Ernest Nichols, of Columbia University. president-eJect of Dartassotb, waa not present. Hoaocary dniecs were conferred on nine per sons, as follows: Master of Heury B Qntabr, Laconia. N. H.. Governor of New Hampshire: Horace Fletcher. »■<*• York. author, lecturer and student of dietetics, and Nathan Whitman Llttlefleld. '«?. Providence. Ji. 1., lawyer. Doctor of Divinity— Lucius Harrison Thayer, Portsmouth N. h.. pastor North Congregational Church. Doctor of Science— Thomas Benjamin D<">o]ittle. Jsranford. Conn., inventor, ari James Arend de .Foer. 'M. M<.ntpelier. Vt., president National Ufe lasurance Oompa Doctor of Literature— Arthur Fairbanks. VS. Bos ton, director Museum cf Pine Arts. Doctor of Laws— Daniel Crosby Greene, '€4, Japan, Sjlßßlonary and statesman, and George HerV^-rt Paltaer. Csmbridf professor Harvard university AMHERST CONFERS DEGREES. Frederic W. Whitridge Made Doctor of Laws —Graduates Number About 100. AflßßSnt. Mass., June 30.— For the eighty-eighth laws an BHHMI commencement was observed at Amhertt College to-day. The graduates this year asßßßered about i hundred, most of them receiv ing the '.- I Sf Bachelor of Arte, while a few •were awarded the depret- of Bachelor of Science. ItM customary oeauneneeaaaßt orations were de livered •• ■ oUegx Ha)., after which President George Karris conferred the degrees In course, and th*n the honorary segreef The latter, as an- Eounced, "were: »»^. tOr «f-,l>*«taity— Albert Parker Fitch <jn ab- BBBce>,_pr«M r l of Andover Theological Seminary; PJi n Tlm .? thy Ston ". P*«tor. Fourth Presbytertan *-j r T S' • ?- h '' a P°; Francis Abboi ■•.M.-ti.- profes«or aL/ hur h hl£to '>" iii Meadviiie Theological School T?Jf; nU:o 5 of theological and historical works. vt^v p ?f? f »— Frederic Wai! ngford Whitridge. trvl lork. author and lecturer at Columbia Law Sumrore*"^ Ausu "'' Garfleld. president. Will- A feature O f the exercises was the presentation ■ m »t2w - fL* r Dr TVHliain Hayes Ward of a x£?t£ .5, J hn X Sanford. of the class of £1. ■«-no for thirty years was a trustee of the college. HONORS FROM VERMONT UNIVERSITY. -.. Burlington. Vt.. June 30.— At the 105 th commence ment .of the. University of Vermont and State Agri cultural Collece to-day President Buckham con lerred honorary d-gr^s as follows: : and°G^r« Jf^*- R Mr » Haxleton. of Burlington. o* thVve^n?nt^ oWtn! ' of Morrisville. both Justices Nonhn>w?^£ S^''7 m Court: Frank Plumley. of COhimWa UnWenSfv'** 801 " JJ * meS R **SS: of Tork CC * Or ° f Literature-Daniel L. Cady. of New t»w' a^-' 7 A u?ZS! l *u >1 ™- U "* M < of Borden- Jtteph Daaa AlfiS? «f nf- l i°s"- " f Montpelier. Vt.: <^bri^- o: A^ u V^ hl i^ hla - an<l Walter H - A rll n fuon I*?I *?* r ° f Artß *« - —• conferred .^oesnlUon of v, O rk done ia the oaaaa of educa- YALE ALUMNI ON THErR WAY TO WOOLS BY HALJ^ FOR THE GRADUATION EXERCISES. MR. TAFT WAMS PARTY Continued fmrn first pace pure food laws, ■where there were straight, rec tified and Imitation "1 have much hesitancy In paying whether his Democracy hi straight or rectified." commented the President. "In bla presence I should not dare say it wa* Imitation " Then, speaking seriously, he went on: I iv« heen able to obtain for this important post in my Cabinet a man representing th.» highest ideals of the South, who knew no sec tionalism In his patriotism, and whose coming into the Cabinet was pignificant of the friendli ness toward that lsrp^ section of the country v.hich It lies so near to my heart to brii closer. AGAINST DISARMAMENT NOW. Before Prr^i-ient Taft spoke Secretary Dick inson marie- a speech signifying his belief that this country could not afford to pay any he^d to the disarmament apitatinn so long as other important rowers maintained good armies and navies. "I believe it is the part of »!ie American na tion to be prepared to conduct itself v a $reat and valiant nation at all times," he <=a!<l. J'e- retary Dickinson referred to rre«-;.-:ent Taft fi« "the highest expression r>f peace— and I niiKiit say, of pleni President Hadley made several anr.oun'-e mentP which gave the alumni excuse for loud cheera. First, he said that the Yale Alumni Fund totaiied more, than $105.<Y«i. T!..n li* announced various gifts which, with others ar nounced through the year, will tTirik-' a rota] "f $860,000, thus enabling Ya!«» to receive $100, 000 from the General Education Board. Home of the gifts be told of included: An addition of $17,000 to the fund established by Eugene Meyt-r. Jr.. of New York City. This fund is used for the promotion of debat and interest in publir questions. A gift of $25,000 from William C. Wilcox. of New York City, for the establishment of the David Wil'ox University Loan Fund. Anonymous cifts from three graduates subject to annunltiea, totalling $160,000. Two of these are for professorships. A gift Of $10,000 from a New Haven citizen to create h Sunday opening fund, to enable tlie uni versity to continue the policy adopted in the last two yea of opening the galleries of t h School of pine Arts and the exhibition rooms of the pea body afuaeum, on fii:n.]av afternoon! during tlio winter rri"nth^ FUND FOR SALARY INCREASES An »7ionvmous gift of J10". ■'•(■'• to const it'ite tha John Bloane Memorial Fund for talary increases and general univerait: purposes. A eubrcriptlon of 130,000 T<->m John Newton Rar ney. of Farmington. Conn., toward the f«iHbiisi: rr.T.t of a professorship of education at Y.'ilo, the work of which will b« divided betwi offering courses at the. university ar.d co-operating with the public aehool teachers »nd authorities of the staff in improving BChool condition?. Che plan has the beartH Indorsement of lh« t^tate Superintendent of Education. . An anonymous offer of SW.OM from a Htlzen of Connecticut toward the professorship of education conditional upon a total fund of at least -V "••■' being raJ«='-d within a year. On agreeing to cetialn radical and Important changes in the management of the John Addison Porter university prize, which have been an nounced, the Klngsley Truat Aaaoclatlon. whi< n founded the prize, has Kl\e n the university an additional endowment of ff.OM thus makinj: it poa atble to make the. prize an annual one of not less From Cornelius Vanderbllt. of New Tork City. jnn.nnn to constitute the nu< leva of a fund tor .-i memorial to Dean Wright. About S'O.ttV) for a new hoathouse. raised among the jrraduate<t through the activltj of Julian \\ • Curtlss, "19. of New York City. GRA D I TA TIOX EXERCISES. President in the Parade— Honorary Degrees Conferred. [By TWa*t»pli «• The Tribune 1 New Ilaven. June 18.-Tne President reached th|s city a little after 3a. m. His private car waa side tracked so he couW aleep well He took breakfast at President Hadley's home, accompanied by Cap tain Butt, his aid. From there he went with President Hadley to Woodbrldge Hall to attend a meeting of the corporation. Meantime the graduation parade was forming out under the elms. President Taft got into hla mor tarboard and gown and went out with President Had!ey to take his place 1n line, laughing and chatting like any undergraduate. At length the procession was formed, and. headed by a band pumping away tadoatrlotisly at the good oil hymn tune "How firm a foundation, ye saints of the Lord'" it moved out of the campus and around *Jhe green, and so into Wooleey Hall, where th. grad uation exercises were held. There were In line 299 candidates for degrees and numberless "old grads." Behind the great goj.J mace walked the corporation and the faculty. President Taft and President Hadley marched to gether Behind them came Captain Butt, resplen dent in full dress uniform, and Lee McClung. treas urer of Yale. Next came Anson Phelps Stokes, secretary of the corporation, and the fellows and guests. among whom were Henry w. Taft, Charles P. Taft and Bejiator Depew. Most of New Haven and a goodly number of vis itors lined the streets through which the procession passed. Practically all the rest of the populace was Jammed into Wooleey Hall, pr waiting before locked doors to get inside to attend the graduation exercises. These were, according to custom, pres entation to the president and fellows of the can didates for degrees, which were conferred on them formally by President Hadley. who distributed Uie diplomas to chosen representatives of each group. There was loud and prolonged cheering when three young women— Mabel EJecta Buland. Miss Mary Davies Swartz and Miss Mary Shore Walker —received their doctor's degrees. Next came the conferring of the honorary de grees. A partial Mst of the candidates follows: Doctors of Divinity— Rev. Edward Caldwell Moore. Parkham professor of theology at Harvard Uni NEW- YORK OAILY IMIBUNE, TITL~RSUAY. JIXY 1. 1909. versity; the Right Rev. William Lawrence. Bishop of Ifassachuaetts Doctors of Laws — Abbott Lawrence Lowell, president of Harvard University; Charlea Stillman Bperry, rear admiral in the United States navy and an authority on international -iw . Jacob M. Dick lson. ex-president of the American Bar Association and Pecretery of War; William G. Sumner. Tale '63, professor of political ard social sdenoe at Yale since IST;. Doctors of Prince— Eliaklm H. Moore, head of the department of rratheinati<** In the T.'nlversitv of Chlcpgo. and editor of the Transactions Of the American Mathematical Bociety from 1 5 99 to i(«"'.., Edward William Morley. professor of chemistry emeritus at Western Reserve T Diversity and former president of the American Association for the Ad vancement of Science: William T Sedgwlck, 7«. Sheffield, professor of bioiocy In the Massachusetts Institute of Te nology and rerognlsed authority on public health. Professor Phelps pre«er'ed the randid*t<-« to President Hadley, with a few words setting forth !n flr <-;a.:ms to distinction ■' Mr KrehbW he said . Henry Edward Krehbiel. musical critic of Tv-eT v -e Tribune, the dean of American critic* of mualc. one who bellevf-s that great music increases the happiness, r.ot the perplexity, of mankind. For nearly thirty year* the pr'>v^«!or■,al musical crltii* of a metropolitan newspaper, he brings to hts work the authority of years, the ■ 'M'irh of experience, the courage of honest conviction and the enthu siasm of n he.irt forever young. He ha* n"t been nfrald to atra.-k poor work, even when signed hy a famous name; and he ha* of:»n given encourage ment to previously obrcure <•' mp^sers and artists, when th»lr performai ■ haie lndloatrrl »T nn u n merit or signs of promise. H.« t>'>oks have helped thousands of peop!" to enjoy Intelligently what they iiear: to discriminate between what ■• true ...... counterfeit. arM thus he has been a vent.ihle light !n our Phll!>-f'!ie rj^rkri'ss. Illurn ln«t:njr that form ... may nvst •■ ily be called divine. r reaaoi PI pa paid a v ' rv pretty tribute t<-> Bi"h"p Lawrence, a Har\ard m*n "His '-nVe has never obscured his kindly *> mpafhie*."' juid he. "He baa abo« over and over again ln different relations the •-, i which In the last analysis is the fvj.^n,-* of Christianity." Prof< Ph'lps commended Admiral fperry no le.<-« as an expert !n the fleM of lntematior.nl law than as sailor. rßecw Dickinson he said: "In hia position he is reflecting credit on i early training, on his native state, and on Ills Yale pred ecessor in the name ofllce. who heard the voice of the iioople say. rlend. co up higher.' ' President Lowell's decree whs conferred on him at a meeting of the corporation on Monday. Presi dent Hadley, In alluding to 'Urn. said he was a great scholar. ■ great man and one with whom other American universities could work In the cSUSO of higher education. Professor Stunner's »pr*">" ance to receive his degree was the Mgnal for a round of cheers. Following the graduation Mterdaes the mnl lined up outalde the dining hall, where a leathex lunged mesaphone man .-ailed them in to the feaal hy classes. The first to ent< i ti •■ I all was Bamuei T Rfig'rs. the sole representative of 'U- ThY private car Olympia. rontatnlng President T.ift and his party. was atta-hed to the Ke.leral Express, which left here .m midnight for Washlnsr tnn. President Taft will return to Connecticut on July S to attend the centennial celebration of the city of sora 1< h LOWELL INVITES MR TAFT. Lowell Sfass., June M -Governor Draper and Lieutenant Governor Frofhingham. President Treadway of the State Penate and Pj-eaker Walker ot the House Congressman Ames, Mayor Brown of Lowell and President Speare of the American Automobile A>soriatlon have f-.Kner) ;'"; '" official In vitation to President William H. Taft, Invtttmg him to attend the iwell automobile carnival to he held during the week of Bepterabei t to 11. It is be lieved that Preaideni Taft will be at his summer home in Beverly about that time, and it is thought he may be able to accept the Invitation. WESLEYAN HOLDS COMMENCEMENT Honorary Degrees Conferred at Exercises in First Methodist Church. Middletown. Conn., June SB K'esleyan LTnlver sltv held its seventy-seventh annual commence ment exercises this morning In the First Meth odist Episcopal Church, where the orations in the contest for the Rich prize were given, the sixty six members of the graduating Class received their diplomas and ■ number of honorary degrees were conferred. The honorary degree of Doctoi of Lawi was con ferred upon Frank Bentley Weeks. Governor of Connecticut; Silas Arnold Robinson. Judge of the Superior Court, and soon to b« Justice of the Su preme Court, and upon Francis John Connell. president of Depauw University. MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE COMMENCEMENT, j Middleburv, Vt.. June 3".— At the 103 th commence ment of Middlebury College to-day bachelor de grees were conferred upon forty-Hght young men and women by President John M Thomas and hon ornry degrees were confnrred at. follows: Doctor of Divinity— The Rev. George w. C. Hill, nAßtor of the North Congregational Church, St. Johnsbury Vt.; Doctor of Laws. Richard S. Tut hill r 63i of Chicago, judge of the Circuit Court of Illinois and Frank C. Partridge of Proctor. Vt.. former' Third Assistant Secretary of State and later United States Minister to Venezuela. At the. alumni luncheon this afternoon President Thomas announced Rifts to th« college, amounting to $41 3GO The principal one is 530.0C0 from an anony mous' giver for the establishment of a professor ship of philosophy. FEDERAL PRISONERS BREAK JAIL. *sbury Park. N. J. June 30-Two of the big batch of federal prisoners recently transferred ; from Fort Leaven worth. Kansas, to Fort Hancock. at Sandy Hook, and there confined in a pen surround ed by a wire highly charged ulth electricity, es- . caped a few afternoons ago. according to soldiers who were off the reservation S« leave yesterday, and were not recaptured until one of them had been wounded with a bullet. The two men, who had only a few months to serve, are now back in the prison with their sentences lengthened to three y«ars each for trying to escape. The men con cealed themselves in a sand pit and fought des perately when discovered by searchers. ASKS ASfiO,nno OF CITY. Green in Contempt for Xot Telling Wh/it Subwag Station Site Cost. Through a contempt proceeding brought in the. Supreme Court y»>steriav against Samuel Green, a real eptate owner and operator, by Francis .1. Byrne. Assistant Corporation Counsel, ther* was reve*!ed another alleged effort to overcharge the city for property needed for a subway station. Justice, Blanchard granted the application of the Assistant Corporation Counsel declaring Green in conf»mr r '' court for lafliallH to tell a condemna tion commission what he paid for the property. Green owns the triangular plot at T> iane. La fayette and >>ntre streets which the Piblic Ser vice Commission wants to acquire as a Rite for a station in connection with the subway loop being built between the Brooklyn Bridge and Wllllams burg BrMjre. The plot eomprtoei .■.■'- ■qoara feet of land, the apex of the triangle containing I.SKI square feet which is the part the city needs. Green asked $330,000 for the plot, which Is at th* rate of $.V»> a square foot. The commission of appraisal consisted <->f ex- Senator Nathaniel a. Eli-berg. Gilbert H. Montague and Sumner Gerard They .sk^l Green how much he j.atd for tbe property, bat he refuaeil to give the information. Expert •ppraiaen have placed the purchase price paid iboul four months before Greer; bought the property at between IB,<M and t; . JJe a- ■h.in ftve tlrr.es that amount. Oreen told the commission that he was the s"le owner. The EmlKrant Industrial Savings Pank bought property In <*h«mbeis street for a new building n< " far from the land owned by Green, paying only $«•» a square foot. Green i.s the ownst of the Monolith Buildin<r. at No. 4S West 34th street, a twelve story office build ing, Ith st ■• ■ The record price for a l«t nortl ■' the financial district Is i - . a iara foot, paid for the property at the northwest corner of Broadway and Mth (treet ENJOYS GROG AND PIPE AT 105 Brooklyn's Oldest Inhabitant Advises Whis key and Optimism to Insure Long Life. Joshua tleln. ■ Russian Jew, Brooklyn ■ oldest inhabitant, notwithstanding that— perhaps be .■ s»_h< SU > drinks three nti of Mskey and six glasses ■' 1 * N-er daily and smokes a Strong Russian pipe, will celebrat his 106 th thday at his home. No. 13>? Islington avenue, on the. Fourth of July. Fitting up ■tralght In ht« chair yesterday, the cen tenarian told of many things It had joyed him to wltneaa, Including Sapoleon's retreat from Moscow. •nd then gave th** few rules for long life; Never worn.-, because that gives you wrinkles and destroys your appetite Rise and retire early. Drink a reasonable amount "f whiskey and beer. Talk only of cheerful things and laugh as much a* j o i can. Do all tbe good you can on this earth. For nutriment the centenarian consumes much Strong tea, n mixture, of potatoes and fat. and a decoction of herrings and swret oil. He reads the Jewish newspapers, never uses spectacle", and hopes to live to be 19 jrSSn old. ■■t do not want to die. h» said yesterday, "not because I am afraid to. but because this is a pood world, full of good people. I am happy, the sky la blue, the birds sing Why should l not want to stay?" SAY HE HANDLED COUNTERFEIT BILLS Secret Service Agents Arrest Fortunato Rossi. Who Is Held in $5,000 Bail. Fortunato Rossi WSJ arraigned yesterday before ITnitsd States Commissioner Shields on a charge Of having a counterfeit Jf. bill In his possession and held in JS.OOO bail. William J. Flynn. head of the Secret Service Bureau here, baa been after Rossi for a long time. When the latter was ar rested on Tuesday in ISth street, near Second ave nue the agents say he dropped a newspaper pack age containing twenty |5 counterfeit bills. Mr Flynn is after the manufacturers of the false money The agents, he said, sell the bills to labor ers for about $140. who find It a lucrative occupa tion to dispose of them to their guileless country men Many complaints have been received regard ing these bills from banks in this state and New jersey It was said that nearly MMN in these counterfeit $5 bills hid been circulated in the last few months MERCANTILE MARINE'S POOR REPORT. The report of the International Mercantile Marine Comnanv for the year ended December 31. IWS. shows a deficit after fixed charges and operating exoTnses of 52.792.32>. as compared with a surplus fn The Preceding ye«r of S3.SS.MA From this de ficit was deducted $1,062,344 from surplus insurance account" leaving the final deficit N. 729.953. against a surDlus of M 033.731 In 1907. Gross voyage earn- Tngs amounted to *»,951.044. a lose of $8.27^544 from the year before, and total earnings were *».*7.«£ against J39.266.588 in 1807. Net earnings were J303,1.b. a decline of $6,130,869 PAS Franklin, vice-president of the company, referring to the report, stated that the depression of 190S had been keenly felt in every branch of the steamship business, and that the company's lines had suffered In common with all other trans atlantic ltnes He said, however, that in the first six months of the fiscal year 1909 earnings had shown a considerable Improvement over those ot the corresponding months of 1908. BOY COULDN'T TAKE A DARE; DROWNED. Cranford. N J . Jun* * } iSpecial).-"IH sink or swim!" shouted thirteen-year-old Thomas Martin, loath to take a dare, and plunged Into the Rahway River ln full view of a number of companions, well aware that he could not swim. The lads, who had been taunting him because he was cautious on that account were frightened when they saw him sink and ran away. Edward Schindler. a truckman, who heard of the occurrence, dived several times to recover the body and finally brought it to the surface Three doctors Worked over the limp form for an hour in an attempt to bring back life, but without result. MISHAP TO AEROPLANE FLIGHT OF 20i> YARDS Orville Wright Ho for Another Trial To-day. tF"rom Tba Tribune Bureau.) "Washington. June 30.— The Wright aeroplane at Fort Myer failed to fly this evening for the second time. There was only one trial, and the machine, after going Into the air. flew a distance of about two hundred yards. Then Orville Wright, who was again the aviator, made a short turn, rather close to the. ground. It was the shortest and sharpest turn that the Wright machine, has ever attempted on the Fort Myer field, shorter than has been be lieved possible for an aeroplane. Passing over a ' ridge of ground the machine was at a sharp angle | like a bicycle rider taking a banked track at high speed. Then the machine came down, Just how It was Impossible to tell, owing to the dust and the distance. But It refused to fly. and from the velocity of the short fall and the ancle at which the aero plane lay it was clear that it had met with a wor«e accident than happened to it yesterday. The wheeled trucks were put under it and it was rolled back to the shed. It was seen that the right hand skid had been broken by the force of the landing, and all trials for the eveniner were over. Because the parade ground was occupied by the monthly re view of the troops, the. start had not been made un til 6:30 o'clock. A new length had been added to the starting rail, and this gay« a decided additfonal fall to the start- Ing weight and sent the machine off at ht?h speed. MACHINE STARTS WITH RUSH. The enjrine had been repaired, and there was every prospect that if the machine cou'd be sent Irto th" air it would stay there. If went off down ' the track with a raafa and mounted into the air as t though it intended to foral all expectations, but I there was something wrong At firs* if flew fastei ; than ever, but when it came to the turn the I rrachine lost headway, leaned alarmingly and went ; down in a cloud of dust. j Orville Wright said after the accident that the ; trouble was deeper seated rhan the engine trouble ! O yesterday, which he thought at the time was ! the only thing the matter with the aeroplane. He I said the control waa not right and would have to ■ be readjusted. , The accident to the skid is not serioTis. The same thing happened on on- of the landings last ! year and was repaired with a u'.ece of wood picked 'up In a loca . lumber yard. This year there are j spare, parts, and that result of the accident ought to be easily remedied to-morrow. Pome who witnessed the flight to-day fear lha flying power of the machine has been sacrificed for ! the sake of speed. It has been ea* down three feet ! in ' oatll ani six inches in width, and even if fha main planes ar» modeil«4 on the old curves this | would decrease the lifting power whi!« tending to ln-rease the speed. If this process has been car ried too far the machine cannot fly with the same ; engine power. The engine is the same that was ■ oaed last year SPEED TRIAL. COCBU CHOU2I Tf the repairs can be made in time there will be another flight to-morrow evening at I o'clock. The course for the- BBSSd trial has been cho«e n . but not officially announced. It is to be over what i« known as the Alexandria course— that Is to say. five miles almost due south of th- fort and return. There tM a large crowd at The fort SB amy in expectation of a successful flight. Among the spectators were a awmbet of Senators, who ne lected the tariff debate to be present The officers at the fort provided an inspection drill for the entertammeni of the crowds whfle they were wait ing for the aeroplane tests. Charlie Taft. the PffW— fl younger <nn. went to Fort Myer to-day with Major Squier. of the signa! corps, and Insisted upon having the Wright machin ' explained to him in detail. He manifested great interest in th<* aeroplane, Bad to show his appreciation of the Wrisrhts' courtesy he explained to Bishop Milton Wright, father of the aviators. Ibe mari'fuvrfs of the cavalry and artillery- HELICOPTER LIFTS OPERATOR. Feat Accomplished for First Time in This Country by Williams-Berliner Machine. Washington. June 3^. — For the first time in America a helicopter, a heavi«-r-than-alr tyws of flying machine wnld) depends on aerial screws for irs lifting power, has successfully lifted itself, with an operator. A machine built by J. Newton Will iams. of Derby, Conn., an-1 Entile Berliner, of this city, lifted Mr. Williams from the ground on three occasions. Trie, • vp«riment waa made a day or two ago in Mr Berliner's laboratory at Bright wood, a suburb of this c!ty. The only other machine that is known to have made a similar performance is that of M. Cornu. a French inventor. The Williams helicopter, with the operator, weighs about six hundred powjnda and has a lifting surface of only eiKhty square feet. This surface consists of two pairs of openera revolving horizontally in opposite directions at the end of a vertical shaft. The propellers are I feet I inches in diameter. In tßa experiments the machtwe was so confined that It cold not rise more than ten inches, and it rose successfully to that height. LATHAM 8 PLANS TO FLY TO ENGLAND Inventor of Monoplane Preparing to Start from Cape Near Calais. Calais. France. June »>.— Herbert I^tham the aeronaut, who. with Count de Lambert and Henry Farman, is awatttaMj a favorable opportunity to make a flight In his monoplane across the EngUSh Channel, has decided to start from the summit el Cape Blanc Nez. which is three hundred feet high. Mechanicians are at work testing and adjusting the machine, so that a start may be BBSS* at the first opportunity. ZEPPELIN AIRSHIP IN DANGER. A Battalion of Troops Holding Down Big Craft in a Gale. Btberack. Osfsasajr. June Ml-Tbs airsh.p Ze - r nelln I which came down near here yesterday on Ha way from Friedrichshafen to Metl becawsa el trouble with the machinery, is to-day exposed to a gale of wind OB an open plain. A battalion of sol dier* ha? been called out. and the men are engaged In holding down the huge swaying craft. COURT DENOUNCES PROCESS SERVER. But Won't Vacate Order for Supplementary Proceedings Against Mrs. Slade. Although Justice Blanchard. *.n the Supreme Court, characterized as "outrageous and absolutely reprehensible" the method employed to serve Mrs. Mary G. Slade, of No. MM Seventh avenue, with an order for supplementary proceedings, he de clined to -vacate the order. The service was ef fected by Renwick McDonald, employed in the law office of White & Case, on his representation, it was said, that he came from Mrs. Slade's personal counsel. C. L. Craig. Mrs. Slade is the wife of Howard Slade. formerly president of the H. & J T. Slade Corporation, which, prior to 1908, was In the brokerage business. Mrs. Slade was secretary and treasurer. She is saiJ to be the owper of property ar. Block Island, for merly owned >y the late Henry R. Searle. where she has her ummer home. The sm mentary proceedings are brought by the American Excha National Bank on a judg ment for J5.500 obtained against Mr. Slade on two notes. SAY ISRAEL W. DURHAM LEFT $1,000,000 Other Estimates Place Estate as Low as $500. 000 — Five Hundred Police for Funeral. [By Telegraph to The Tribune.] Philadelphia. June 30.— Various estimates are be ing made of the estate of the late Israel W. Dur ham, political leader and contractor, the general belief being that he left at least J1.000,000. Other estimates place lt as low as J500.000. because re cently, it is said, he had given about $300,000 to his brothers and a sister. He is reported to have carried sixty thousand shares of Philadelphia Rapid Transit, and lt is B^. id lhat his recently purchased interest in the Philadelphia National League Baseball Company is $200,0(10. The Director or Pudlic Safety has or dered a detail of five hundred policemen for service *t tbe funeral. LETTERSTOTHE EDITOR A PLEA FOR TRAINING OF FARMERS. Skill Needed to Make Land Give Forth Its Ut most, Mr. Powell Says. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: In the discussion of the future increase ef population »nd the anticipated higher cost of snb sistence the means for meeting these -i i ilffTll— and the possibilities of increased production ar» largely overlooked. With the right kind af teach ing and training in agriculture, within the Best century the production of the farms of the United States should be Increased 100 per cent and the cpst reduced to the consumer 30 per cvnt, with a better profit for the producer than he is now re ceiving. The possibility of production of an acre of land Is vet unknown. Land has been so abundant and its fertility so great that little attention has been given to the future demar.da to be made upon It. Tre methods of the past have been most wasteful, and while there is an improvement on the part off many farmers of the present time in ihe manage ment of their land, there Is vet a vast amount of unintelligent and uneconomical work <lone In farm ing. There is no bsSBBSsa "ailing that is more BY tricate and that calls for .i broader and more di verse knowledge than that of agriculture. While the average annual production of the l.So<\- Ml dairy cows of the State of New York has been only 3,nco pounds of milk ard 130 pounds of butter to the cow. individual animals have been bred that kava produced 3VT*io potjrds ef, milk and orer I.lo* pounds of butter. A few individual herds hare been improved tc Urn BSSM where ther have grvea an Bvetasja of BXssl pounds of milk and ■§ pounds of butter a cow. With an average of one BwjßSrea bushels of pota toes from m am of lanr!. four hundred bushels have eeea produced in tala state, which has been done by sp»>ds p»>d selection, higher fertilizing and good! culture. From the avesaa TlsM of forty bushels of oats, eighty-five bushels are frequently produced: fmm an acre in various parts of New Tork State. From one and one-quarter tons of hay. six tons ar» pro.li;ced by me exceptionally good farmer*. These faers are also borne out In the. yield of <-orn and wheat. There are millions of acres of land that re by no means exhausted of their plant food. that by intelligent management may be made more productive than at any time In the past. The great present and future need in farrainir Is a • Issa of educated and trained men In 'he busf ■esi The tmnmen of the past have had bWbi ad vantages sf saweatJsß ksfwad the f«w Enaiish branches th.it have been taught in the common schools, where nothing pertaining to the soil, plsnt or animal life, -r any of the natural sciences rela tive to the ne»<i." of rural life have been taught. The result of this def» In our educational svsitein has been to turn out hoys nrd girls from our rural schools with no prepared or fit education for th<» life many of them would naturally follow, and. h* ing saas ■ to cope with the Intricate problems tha? confront them, ami unable to <hvlp the farm par. they abandon ■ and seek other occupations. So ex tensively has this condition grown that m*ny of th«» ordinary farm productions, such as apples, potatoes and dairy and poultry products, from under-pro duction aave reacßed such high values as to be op-. pressK-e to vast numbers of consumers. That there h a work in this vast fled »rTerrln« the best Interests of our nation for the centuries t^ come In which our older universities may enter Is evidenced by the recent demand that has be»n made upon Columbia to establish among its other colleges and schools one. for teaching and »lnin« in agriculture. Since- a school of forestry i« Is b* established, some of Its students In engineering and other rourses have expressed a desire for a course In gffciUlUU as the future of farming appeals to them as furnishing a most satisfactory field for trained men. As the increase in population and th* vast number* of consum* s engaged tn other occu pations will BSBIM a demand for foods, and at prtces that must always be in the future based upon high TSjaWSI there BBSSjH be a system of teaching I uilllili i 1 with practical commercial training that > will mak* possible increased productions at less cost to consumer*, yet with fair profits to the producer. That this may i>e done is nt:r«»: possible. GEORGE T. POWELL. President the Agricultural Experts' Association Nss York. June 23, 1909. OPPOSES THE TAXICAB ORDINANCE.- To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Will you permit ■ reader wwa has rahied Th« Tribune as a friend for thirty-odd years t« ssy a word In r» ike tax!--ar>? Firstly. r am not Interested as a stockholder or bondholder In any American company that carries on a transportation business, but I have an Inter est lrt a German corporation which operates taxi ■vehicles In Berlin, so I know whereof T sssat when I say that from what I iv« read in the news papers, the business of the motor vehicle In tMs city is threatened with extinction. T am amaxed t<i read that the iaws '.-• not permit a cab com parv f> solicit business on a public thorcughfar* after having Bssswrtsi a sassi or passen gers to their destination. I am still BW4 amazed to learn thit wirh tills restriction it is proposed that not m»re than *i SSBSI for the BBSI half rail* shall be charged. This is really equivalent to 20 ccvti How 1:i it bssssssi for any compn to carry on its business with such restrictions? It wouM b« impossible tn, Berlin, or in Parts. Th« German rate of wages Is about 48 per cent of what it is in New York City. A mark »il! go as far In Germany as a dollar here. I have occasion to use cabs cnstanjly between Bawling Green and the J->wer West Side as far as Canal street, and I 9 ho.;!d regret very much to see this great convenience handicapped and per haps destroyed by unreasonable restriction. JsVMBi P MA9CMC. R. M. S. rjucnr.ii^. June 27. "•*• THE DEGRADATION OF PROFANITY. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Of late we see many accounts both in th» United States an. l Canada calling attention to how profane aad sad language Is tncreasins; among the boys. The truth of this cannot be denied by any one who bbsbs to come in contact with the groups of boys who congregate in public places and on the streets. The youths 8888 l addicted to this habit are those ranging In. ages from- twelve M twenty, who seem to believe that an oath St some other form of bad language makes them appear more manly. This idea they get from rh.efr elders. Blasphemous and other degrading language has b* eome very common of late, not only among the lower classes, but also among those In the higher walks of life, which seems almost incredible, seelm that sucli a habit as profanity answers no good BBjrßSsr. This practice, owing to strong opposition by tto press, the Church, the Holy Name Society, etc.. has been greatly ->ned among the men. but T ds not believe the abov methods will have the desired effect among the youths, where the 9*e<l el pro fanity has been sown while many of them a ■ stlTl practically Ignorant of its evil. ■ ha 3 been stated that tIM schools might assist greatly in checking this evil among the children, but I do not think they can accomplish very much without Its nse being discontinued by the older people anil by their parents in their homes. GEORGE "WRIGHT. Halifax. N. S., June 2S, 1909. CONCERNING COMMODORE TATTNALL. To the Editor of The Tribune Sir: I cannot allow your exceedingly interesting editorial entitled Blood Is Thicker Than Waier," in your issue of June 23. to pass unnoticed. The only statement in your editorial nor. strictly cor rect, historically, is that Commodore Tattnall waa, after the Civil War. an officer in the federal reve nue marine. I think his appointment was from the drj of Savannah, as harbor master, or some such position. Time has wonderfully softened the dif ferences caused by the Civil War. and yet during that period I heard him called a traitor to the flag under which he served so faithfully, for which he shed his blood, and which he loved to the day of his death. He gave up a position second to nows in the old navy, and all his means of livelihood, be cause he thought it his duty. As a nephew of the old commodore. I thank you for your editorial. CHARLES E. JACK - Middletown. Conn.. June 31. 130*. SHINE YOUR SHOES AT HOME SUNDAY. No '•shine inside" 1 or outside atfer noon oo Sun days in Jersey City or Hoboken is the order sf the Bootblacks' Union. Association of Labor. !•«. 11.22 a. This union, recently formed, has a meuiber ship of 125. and has appointed a committee to wait on the Mayor and police officials of the two cities and urge them to enforce the Sunday **w aAsr midday. 5 .