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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, July 01, 1909, Image 5

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deceives Two Degrees and Is the
Central Figure at Commencement.
Cambridge. Mass . June sn.-Wlth thousands of
loyal alumni assembled, and with the first president
emeritus in attendance, commencement at Harvard
rniversltv to-<3ay was a notable occasion.
The candidates for degrees in course numbered
Bjp and while they were supposed to be the prin
cipals at the enresMß. nevertheless Dr Char es W.
E^ot erte had goMei the university's destinies for
forty yean and who was honored en Monday by
being made president e«SUiIUIS-tae first in the unl
•ersttys history-B«^ted Baasnal attention.
The procession formed ln the college yard before
Massachusetts Hall, at It o'clock, and. headed by
the chief marshal and a band, marched to Sanders
Theatre, Where tne exercises were held. Imme
diately behind the band came the speakers of the
day and candidates for degrees. President A. Law
rence Lowell. Dr. Ctlot, officers and members of the
facu'ty of the university. Governor Eben S.
r> rar er snd staff, the invited gaests. public offl
claJs. military and naval officers and heads of many
atlnnal Institutions, whOe the rear of the
procession ra« made up of alumel of more than
twenty-five years stand bs, In the order of their
After the enatoßaarji prayer the usual © rnmenee
ment orations ware delivered by the students.
Fletcher N. Robinson, of Southern Pines, N. C.
fgvf the I.anr< oration: Godfrey Dowey, of Lake
Placid. N. V • delivered a Stssertatloa on "Old Eng
lish spe!'ir.p'. Hans Yon Kaltenbcrn. of Madison.
Wis.. spoke on "The College sod the Press": Sld
rev Flske Klmball. of Dorchester, spoke on ■Team
Play in OeUesje Studies," and Palfrey Perkins, of
Beiiai gave ar. aflili nsa on Tbe Worsnlp of the
Understanding Heart."
The BSDorary deg-ees conferred were:
Masters cf arts "nirred Thomsson Grer.fell.
Labrador explorer and missionary Thomas Frank
lin Waters, antiquarian and invastlgator. Ipswich.
Doctor of Science— Satatiel Frank'i EWimona.
geoiocis't, Harvard graduate, and for many ye*rs
member of tie United States Geological Sun-ey_
Doctors of Divinity— Charles Lothrop Noyes. pas
tor Winter Hill Congregational Church Fomervllle.
Mass : Francis Greenwood PeaJbOdy, head of the
Harvard DfvhsJty School and college preacher.
Doctor of Utersture- Eugen Kuhnemann. pro.es
mr Lniverrity of Berlin. Berlin, Germany, and ex-
n oror^ fe^ctor t of H^ IVir.e_Charles1 Vir.e_Charles Wl.liam
E r£toro7 GSS&reSB« ■„ former
var«J presider.t
Ie bestowing upm Dr. Eliot the degree of Doctor
ef Medicine President Lowell said:
"It has not been our custom to confer th- degree
of Doctor cf Medicir- honoris causa, but an es
tnptloa to fitting in the case of one wno. In th«
as«VBB at professors of medlctae has accomplished
more for the. progress of medical education tatbls
country dBM any other living man. Charles William
Eliot. Not In Its ifldinsx alone, but also in tne
Instruction and research within its walls. be round
onr medical school brick and lefl it marble"
In cormectior with the d<=«n-ee of Doctor of I^ws.
President Lowell desismated his r re<iec*c ss:
•Tearher administrator, orator, prophet: forty
T*a-s the >ader and guide of Harvard, and In the
single-minded elevation of his character a model to
v,. sois: the fa-her of the r.resert American uni
veratty. the brother of all teachers, and the friend
of every lover of bai UMailil-""
At the atasßni dinner thir Pterß«» esr-PreaMent
Bttel presided and introduced Presiaer.t Lowell.
The other speakers included ernor Draper. Dr.
QreafeH ex-Mayor Mathews of Boston. Dr. Kuhne
■hbbb and Rev. Dr. George A. Gordon, of Boston
Dr. Eliot said m part: -The university must
prow. The new administration faces the most
samea of all problems— the rroblem of securing
the recognition of icholarshii The principal
thing to attain here is the power to do something
effective with the mind."
President Lowell said "Tou have laid on me the
greatest tasi of any college president in the land.
T accept the tssk and will do rcy utmost to carry
It our. I know T have the BBBWStt of Ihe faculty.
and I hope I have the support of the alumni. We
want to turn out men developed in body, mind and
poui. but we also want BM9I wbo have developed
the Bsesal fide""
He announced that during the SSI year the onl
■' ■ ■■■■ had received |B •• nmng BMMM for
Immediate ase, In addifjon to the f:-^: Instalment
cf rbe McKay Cuad. amounting: to 0.0T0.00Q. The
preser.* applications for entrance, he paid, romlM
the kargesi freshman class next fall of recent
The alumni cast their rota throughout the aaym
MaE62rr.jtet:» Hall for members of the board of
overseers of Harvard Dmversit) Five members
were elected for i.lx years, as follow t:
William 1. Richardson. Boston; W. J. Howard
Elliott. St. Paul: George Wigglesworth. Milton;
Francis .1 F»e:.z . Newark, and J. rpont Mor
gan. jr.. New York.
To fill vacancies caused by death Lawrence E.
Sexton, of New York, was elected to the board for
two years and John W. Parley, of Boston, for one
Confers Honorary Degrees on Nine Persons,
Among Them Horace Fletcher.
Hanover. N H.. rune Ml— class of 191 received
diplomas at Dartmouth's commencement exercises
to-day. In the absence of President Tucker, who
retires next month. Prof^SEor John X Lord pre
sided as acting prudent. fessor Ernest
Nichols, of Columbia University. president-eJect of
Dartassotb, waa not present.
Hoaocary dniecs were conferred on nine per
sons, as follows:
Master of Heury B Qntabr, Laconia. N. H..
Governor of New Hampshire: Horace Fletcher.
»■<*• York. author, lecturer and student of dietetics,
and Nathan Whitman Llttlefleld. '«?. Providence.
Ji. 1., lawyer.
Doctor of Divinity— Lucius Harrison Thayer,
Portsmouth N. h.. pastor North Congregational
Doctor of Science— Thomas Benjamin D<">o]ittle.
Jsranford. Conn., inventor, ari James Arend de
.Foer. 'M. M<.ntpelier. Vt., president National Ufe
lasurance Oompa
Doctor of Literature— Arthur Fairbanks. VS. Bos
ton, director Museum cf Pine Arts.
Doctor of Laws— Daniel Crosby Greene, '€4, Japan,
Sjlßßlonary and statesman, and George HerV^-rt
Paltaer. Csmbridf professor Harvard university
Frederic W. Whitridge Made Doctor of Laws
—Graduates Number About 100.
AflßßSnt. Mass., June 30.— For the eighty-eighth
laws an BHHMI commencement was observed at
Amhertt College to-day. The graduates this year
asßßßered about i hundred, most of them receiv
ing the '.- I Sf Bachelor of Arte, while a few
•were awarded the depret- of Bachelor of Science.
ItM customary oeauneneeaaaßt orations were de
livered •• ■ oUegx Ha)., after which President
George Karris conferred the degrees In course, and
th*n the honorary segreef The latter, as an-
Eounced, "were:
»»^. tOr «f-,l>*«taity— Albert Parker Fitch <jn ab-
BBBce>,_pr«M r l of Andover Theological Seminary;
PJi n Tlm .? thy Ston ". P*«tor. Fourth Presbytertan
*-j r T S' • ?- h '' a P°; Francis Abboi ■•.M.-ti.- profes«or
aL/ hur h hl£to '>" iii Meadviiie Theological School
T?Jf; nU:o 5 of theological and historical works.
vt^v p ?f? f »— Frederic Wai! ngford Whitridge.
trvl lork. author and lecturer at Columbia Law
Sumrore*"^ Ausu "'' Garfleld. president. Will-
A feature O f the exercises was the presentation
■ m »t2w - fL* r Dr TVHliain Hayes Ward of a
x£?t£ .5, J hn X Sanford. of the class of £1.
■«-no for thirty years was a trustee of the college.
-.. Burlington. Vt.. June 30.— At the 105 th commence
ment .of the. University of Vermont and State Agri
cultural Collece to-day President Buckham con
lerred honorary d-gr^s as follows:
: and°G^r« Jf^*- R Mr » Haxleton. of Burlington.
o* thVve^n?nt^ oWtn! ' of Morrisville. both Justices
Nonhn>w?^£ S^''7 m Court: Frank Plumley. of
COhimWa UnWenSfv'** 801 " JJ * meS R **SS: of
Tork CC * Or ° f Literature-Daniel L. Cady. of New
t»w' a^-' 7 A u?ZS! l *u >1 ™- U "* M < of Borden-
Jtteph Daaa AlfiS? «f nf- l i°s"- " f Montpelier. Vt.:
<^bri^- o: A^ u V^ hl i^ hla - an<l Walter H -
A rll n fuon I*?I *?* r ° f Artß *« - —• conferred
.^oesnlUon of v, O rk done ia the oaaaa of educa-
Continued fmrn first pace
pure food laws, ■where there were straight, rec
tified and Imitation
"1 have much hesitancy In paying whether his
Democracy hi straight or rectified." commented
the President. "In bla presence I should not
dare say it wa* Imitation " Then, speaking
seriously, he went on:
I iv« heen able to obtain for this important
post in my Cabinet a man representing th.»
highest ideals of the South, who knew no sec
tionalism In his patriotism, and whose coming
into the Cabinet was pignificant of the friendli
ness toward that lsrp^ section of the country
v.hich It lies so near to my heart to brii
Before Prr^i-ient Taft spoke Secretary Dick
inson marie- a speech signifying his belief that
this country could not afford to pay any he^d
to the disarmament apitatinn so long as other
important rowers maintained good armies and
"I believe it is the part of »!ie American na
tion to be prepared to conduct itself v a $reat
and valiant nation at all times," he <=a!<l. J'e-
retary Dickinson referred to rre«-;.-:ent Taft fi«
"the highest expression r>f peace— and I niiKiit
say, of pleni
President Hadley made several anr.oun'-e
mentP which gave the alumni excuse for loud
cheera. First, he said that the Yale Alumni
Fund totaiied more, than $105.<Y«i. T!..n li*
announced various gifts which, with others ar
nounced through the year, will tTirik-' a rota] "f
$860,000, thus enabling Ya!«» to receive $100,
000 from the General Education Board. Home of
the gifts be told of included:
An addition of $17,000 to the fund established by
Eugene Meyt-r. Jr.. of New York City. This fund is
used for the promotion of debat and interest in
publir questions.
A gift of $25,000 from William C. Wilcox. of New
York City, for the establishment of the David
Wil'ox University Loan Fund.
Anonymous cifts from three graduates subject to
annunltiea, totalling $160,000. Two of these are for
A gift Of $10,000 from a New Haven citizen to
create h Sunday opening fund, to enable tlie uni
versity to continue the policy adopted in the last
two yea of opening the galleries of t h School
of pine Arts and the exhibition rooms of the pea
body afuaeum, on fii:n.]av afternoon! during tlio
winter rri"nth^
An »7ionvmous gift of J10". ■'•(■'• to const it'ite tha
John Bloane Memorial Fund for talary increases and
general univerait: purposes.
A eubrcriptlon of 130,000 T<->m John Newton Rar
ney. of Farmington. Conn., toward the f«iHbiisi:
rr.T.t of a professorship of education at Y.'ilo, the
work of which will b« divided betwi offering
courses at the. university ar.d co-operating with the
public aehool teachers »nd authorities of the staff
in improving BChool condition?. Che plan has the
beartH Indorsement of lh« t^tate Superintendent
of Education. .
An anonymous offer of SW.OM from a Htlzen of
Connecticut toward the professorship of education
conditional upon a total fund of at least -V "••■'
being raJ«='-d within a year.
On agreeing to cetialn radical and Important
changes in the management of the John Addison
Porter university prize, which have been an
nounced, the Klngsley Truat Aaaoclatlon. whi< n
founded the prize, has Kl\e n the university an
additional endowment of ff.OM thus makinj: it poa
atble to make the. prize an annual one of not less
From Cornelius Vanderbllt. of New Tork City.
jnn.nnn to constitute the nu< leva of a fund tor .-i
memorial to Dean Wright.
About S'O.ttV) for a new hoathouse. raised among
the jrraduate<t through the activltj of Julian \\ •
Curtlss, "19. of New York City.
President in the Parade— Honorary
Degrees Conferred.
[By TWa*t»pli «• The Tribune 1
New Ilaven. June 18.-Tne President reached th|s
city a little after 3a. m. His private car waa side
tracked so he couW aleep well He took breakfast
at President Hadley's home, accompanied by Cap
tain Butt, his aid. From there he went with
President Hadley to Woodbrldge Hall to attend a
meeting of the corporation.
Meantime the graduation parade was forming out
under the elms. President Taft got into hla mor
tarboard and gown and went out with President
Had!ey to take his place 1n line, laughing and
chatting like any undergraduate. At length the
procession was formed, and. headed by a band
pumping away tadoatrlotisly at the good oil hymn
tune "How firm a foundation, ye saints of the
Lord'" it moved out of the campus and around *Jhe
green, and so into Wooleey Hall, where th. grad
uation exercises were held.
There were In line 299 candidates for degrees and
numberless "old grads." Behind the great goj.J
mace walked the corporation and the faculty.
President Taft and President Hadley marched to
gether Behind them came Captain Butt, resplen
dent in full dress uniform, and Lee McClung. treas
urer of Yale. Next came Anson Phelps Stokes,
secretary of the corporation, and the fellows and
guests. among whom were Henry w. Taft, Charles
P. Taft and Bejiator Depew.
Most of New Haven and a goodly number of vis
itors lined the streets through which the procession
passed. Practically all the rest of the populace
was Jammed into Wooleey Hall, pr waiting before
locked doors to get inside to attend the graduation
exercises. These were, according to custom, pres
entation to the president and fellows of the can
didates for degrees, which were conferred on them
formally by President Hadley. who distributed Uie
diplomas to chosen representatives of each group.
There was loud and prolonged cheering when three
young women— Mabel EJecta Buland. Miss
Mary Davies Swartz and Miss Mary Shore Walker
—received their doctor's degrees.
Next came the conferring of the honorary de
grees. A partial Mst of the candidates follows:
Doctors of Divinity— Rev. Edward Caldwell Moore.
Parkham professor of theology at Harvard Uni
versity; the Right Rev. William Lawrence. Bishop
of Ifassachuaetts
Doctors of Laws — Abbott Lawrence Lowell,
president of Harvard University; Charlea Stillman
Bperry, rear admiral in the United States navy and
an authority on international -iw . Jacob M. Dick
lson. ex-president of the American Bar Association
and Pecretery of War; William G. Sumner. Tale
'63, professor of political ard social sdenoe at
Yale since IST;.
Doctors of Prince— Eliaklm H. Moore, head of the
department of rratheinati<** In the T.'nlversitv of
Chlcpgo. and editor of the Transactions Of the
American Mathematical Bociety from 1 5 99 to i(«"'..,
Edward William Morley. professor of chemistry
emeritus at Western Reserve T Diversity and former
president of the American Association for the Ad
vancement of Science: William T Sedgwlck, 7«.
Sheffield, professor of bioiocy In the Massachusetts
Institute of Te nology and rerognlsed authority on
public health.
Professor Phelps pre«er'ed the randid*t<-« to
President Hadley, with a few words setting forth
!n flr <-;a.:ms to distinction ■' Mr KrehbW he
said .
Henry Edward Krehbiel. musical critic of Tv-eT v -e
Tribune, the dean of American critic* of mualc.
one who bellevf-s that great music increases the
happiness, r.ot the perplexity, of mankind. For
nearly thirty year* the pr'>v^«!or■,al musical crltii*
of a metropolitan newspaper, he brings to hts work
the authority of years, the ■ 'M'irh of experience,
the courage of honest conviction and the enthu
siasm of n he.irt forever young. He ha* n"t been
nfrald to atra.-k poor work, even when signed hy
a famous name; and he ha* of:»n given encourage
ment to previously obrcure <•' mp^sers and artists,
when th»lr performai ■ haie lndloatrrl »T nn u n
merit or signs of promise. H.« t>'>oks have helped
thousands of peop!" to enjoy Intelligently what
they iiear: to discriminate between what ■• true
...... counterfeit. arM thus he has been a
vent.ihle light !n our Phll!>-f'!ie rj^rkri'ss. Illurn
ln«t:njr that form ... may nvst •■ ily be
called divine.
r reaaoi PI pa paid a v ' rv pretty tribute t<->
Bi"h"p Lawrence, a Har\ard m*n "His '-nVe has
never obscured his kindly *> mpafhie*."' juid he.
"He baa abo« over and over again ln different
relations the •-, i which In the last analysis is the
fvj.^n,-* of Christianity."
Prof< Ph'lps commended Admiral fperry no
le.<-« as an expert !n the fleM of lntematior.nl law
than as sailor. rßecw Dickinson he said:
"In hia position he is reflecting credit on i early
training, on his native state, and on Ills Yale pred
ecessor in the name ofllce. who heard the voice of
the iioople say. rlend. co up higher.' '
President Lowell's decree whs conferred on him
at a meeting of the corporation on Monday. Presi
dent Hadley, In alluding to 'Urn. said he was a
great scholar. ■ great man and one with whom
other American universities could work In the cSUSO
of higher education. Professor Stunner's »pr*">"
ance to receive his degree was the Mgnal for a
round of cheers.
Following the graduation Mterdaes the mnl
lined up outalde the dining hall, where a leathex
lunged mesaphone man .-ailed them in to the feaal
hy classes. The first to ent< i ti •■ I all was Bamuei
T Rfig'rs. the sole representative of 'U-
ThY private car Olympia. rontatnlng President
T.ift and his party. was atta-hed to the Ke.leral
Express, which left here .m midnight for Washlnsr
tnn. President Taft will return to Connecticut on
July S to attend the centennial celebration of the
city of sora 1< h
Lowell Sfass., June M -Governor Draper and
Lieutenant Governor Frofhingham. President
Treadway of the State Penate and Pj-eaker Walker
ot the House Congressman Ames, Mayor Brown of
Lowell and President Speare of the American
Automobile A>soriatlon have f-.Kner) ;'"; '" official In
vitation to President William H. Taft, Invtttmg him
to attend the iwell automobile carnival to he held
during the week of Bepterabei t to 11. It is be
lieved that Preaideni Taft will be at his summer
home in Beverly about that time, and it is thought
he may be able to accept the Invitation.
Honorary Degrees Conferred at Exercises in
First Methodist Church.
Middletown. Conn., June SB K'esleyan LTnlver
sltv held its seventy-seventh annual commence
ment exercises this morning In the First Meth
odist Episcopal Church, where the orations in the
contest for the Rich prize were given, the sixty
six members of the graduating Class received their
diplomas and ■ number of honorary degrees were
The honorary degree of Doctoi of Lawi was con
ferred upon Frank Bentley Weeks. Governor of
Connecticut; Silas Arnold Robinson. Judge of the
Superior Court, and soon to b« Justice of the Su
preme Court, and upon Francis John Connell.
president of Depauw University.
Middleburv, Vt.. June 3".— At the 103 th commence
ment of Middlebury College to-day bachelor de
grees were conferred upon forty-Hght young men
and women by President John M Thomas and hon
ornry degrees were confnrred at. follows:
Doctor of Divinity— The Rev. George w. C. Hill,
nAßtor of the North Congregational Church, St.
Johnsbury Vt.; Doctor of Laws. Richard S. Tut
hill r 63i of Chicago, judge of the Circuit Court of
Illinois and Frank C. Partridge of Proctor. Vt..
former' Third Assistant Secretary of State and later
United States Minister to Venezuela.
At the. alumni luncheon this afternoon President
Thomas announced Rifts to th« college, amounting
to $41 3GO The principal one is 530.0C0 from an anony
mous' giver for the establishment of a professor
ship of philosophy.
*sbury Park. N. J. June 30-Two of the big
batch of federal prisoners recently transferred ;
from Fort Leaven worth. Kansas, to Fort Hancock.
at Sandy Hook, and there confined in a pen surround
ed by a wire highly charged ulth electricity, es- .
caped a few afternoons ago. according to soldiers
who were off the reservation S« leave yesterday,
and were not recaptured until one of them had
been wounded with a bullet. The two men, who
had only a few months to serve, are now back in the
prison with their sentences lengthened to three
y«ars each for trying to escape. The men con
cealed themselves in a sand pit and fought des
perately when discovered by searchers.
Green in Contempt for Xot Telling
Wh/it Subwag Station Site Cost.
Through a contempt proceeding brought in the.
Supreme Court y»>steriav against Samuel Green, a
real eptate owner and operator, by Francis .1.
Byrne. Assistant Corporation Counsel, ther* was
reve*!ed another alleged effort to overcharge the
city for property needed for a subway station.
Justice, Blanchard granted the application of the
Assistant Corporation Counsel declaring Green in
conf»mr r '' court for lafliallH to tell a condemna
tion commission what he paid for the property.
Green owns the triangular plot at T> iane. La
fayette and >>ntre streets which the Piblic Ser
vice Commission wants to acquire as a Rite for a
station in connection with the subway loop being
built between the Brooklyn Bridge and Wllllams
burg BrMjre. The plot eomprtoei .■.■'- ■qoara feet
of land, the apex of the triangle containing I.SKI
square feet which is the part the city needs.
Green asked $330,000 for the plot, which Is at th*
rate of $.V»> a square foot.
The commission of appraisal consisted <->f ex-
Senator Nathaniel a. Eli-berg. Gilbert H. Montague
and Sumner Gerard They .sk^l Green how much
he j.atd for tbe property, bat he refuaeil to give the
information. Expert •ppraiaen have placed the
purchase price paid iboul four months before
Greer; bought the property at between IB,<M and
t; .
JJe a- ■h.in ftve tlrr.es that
amount. Oreen told the commission that he was
the s"le owner. The EmlKrant Industrial Savings
Pank bought property In <*h«mbeis street for a
new building n< " far from the land owned by
Green, paying only $«•» a square foot.
Green i.s the ownst of the Monolith Buildin<r. at
No. 4S West 34th street, a twelve story office build
ing, Ith st ■• ■
The record price for a l«t nortl ■' the financial
district Is i - . a iara foot, paid for the property
at the northwest corner of Broadway and Mth
Brooklyn's Oldest Inhabitant Advises Whis
key and Optimism to Insure Long Life.
Joshua tleln. ■ Russian Jew, Brooklyn ■ oldest
inhabitant, notwithstanding that— perhaps be
.■ s»_h< SU > drinks three nti of Mskey and six
glasses ■' 1 * N-er daily and smokes a Strong Russian
pipe, will celebrat his 106 th thday at his home.
No. 13>? Islington avenue, on the. Fourth of July.
Fitting up ■tralght In ht« chair yesterday, the cen
tenarian told of many things It had joyed him to
wltneaa, Including Sapoleon's retreat from Moscow.
•nd then gave th** few rules for long life;
Never worn.-, because that gives you wrinkles
and destroys your appetite
Rise and retire early.
Drink a reasonable amount "f whiskey and beer.
Talk only of cheerful things and laugh as much
a* j o i can.
Do all tbe good you can on this earth.
For nutriment the centenarian consumes much
Strong tea, n mixture, of potatoes and fat. and a
decoction of herrings and swret oil. He reads the
Jewish newspapers, never uses spectacle", and
hopes to live to be 19 jrSSn old.
■■t do not want to die. h» said yesterday, "not
because I am afraid to. but because this is a pood
world, full of good people. I am happy, the sky la
blue, the birds sing Why should l not want to
Secret Service Agents Arrest Fortunato Rossi.
Who Is Held in $5,000 Bail.
Fortunato Rossi WSJ arraigned yesterday before
ITnitsd States Commissioner Shields on a charge
Of having a counterfeit Jf. bill In his possession
and held in JS.OOO bail. William J. Flynn. head of
the Secret Service Bureau here, baa been after
Rossi for a long time. When the latter was ar
rested on Tuesday in ISth street, near Second ave
nue the agents say he dropped a newspaper pack
age containing twenty |5 counterfeit bills.
Mr Flynn is after the manufacturers of the false
money The agents, he said, sell the bills to labor
ers for about $140. who find It a lucrative occupa
tion to dispose of them to their guileless country
men Many complaints have been received regard
ing these bills from banks in this state and New
jersey It was said that nearly MMN in these
counterfeit $5 bills hid been circulated in the last
few months
The report of the International Mercantile Marine
Comnanv for the year ended December 31. IWS.
shows a deficit after fixed charges and operating
exoTnses of 52.792.32>. as compared with a surplus
fn The Preceding ye«r of S3.SS.MA From this de
ficit was deducted $1,062,344 from surplus insurance
account" leaving the final deficit N. 729.953. against
a surDlus of M 033.731 In 1907. Gross voyage earn-
Tngs amounted to *»,951.044. a lose of $8.27^544 from
the year before, and total earnings were *».*7.«£
against J39.266.588 in 1807. Net earnings were J303,1.b.
a decline of $6,130,869
PAS Franklin, vice-president of the company,
referring to the report, stated that the depression
of 190S had been keenly felt in every branch of the
steamship business, and that the company's lines
had suffered In common with all other trans
atlantic ltnes He said, however, that in the first
six months of the fiscal year 1909 earnings had
shown a considerable Improvement over those ot
the corresponding months of 1908.
Cranford. N J . Jun* * } iSpecial).-"IH sink or
swim!" shouted thirteen-year-old Thomas Martin,
loath to take a dare, and plunged Into the Rahway
River ln full view of a number of companions, well
aware that he could not swim. The lads, who had
been taunting him because he was cautious on that
account were frightened when they saw him sink
and ran away. Edward Schindler. a truckman,
who heard of the occurrence, dived several times
to recover the body and finally brought it to the
surface Three doctors Worked over the limp form
for an hour in an attempt to bring back life, but
without result.
Orville Wright Ho for Another
Trial To-day.
tF"rom Tba Tribune Bureau.)
"Washington. June 30.— The Wright aeroplane at
Fort Myer failed to fly this evening for the second
time. There was only one trial, and the machine,
after going Into the air. flew a distance of about
two hundred yards. Then Orville Wright, who was
again the aviator, made a short turn, rather close
to the. ground. It was the shortest and sharpest
turn that the Wright machine, has ever attempted
on the Fort Myer field, shorter than has been be
lieved possible for an aeroplane. Passing over a
' ridge of ground the machine was at a sharp angle
| like a bicycle rider taking a banked track at high
speed. Then the machine came down, Just how It
was Impossible to tell, owing to the dust and the
distance. But It refused to fly. and from the velocity
of the short fall and the ancle at which the aero
plane lay it was clear that it had met with a wor«e
accident than happened to it yesterday. The
wheeled trucks were put under it and it was rolled
back to the shed. It was seen that the right hand
skid had been broken by the force of the landing,
and all trials for the eveniner were over. Because
the parade ground was occupied by the monthly re
view of the troops, the. start had not been made un
til 6:30 o'clock.
A new length had been added to the starting rail,
and this gay« a decided additfonal fall to the start-
Ing weight and sent the machine off at ht?h speed.
The enjrine had been repaired, and there was
every prospect that if the machine cou'd be sent
Irto th" air it would stay there. If went off down
' the track with a raafa and mounted into the air as
t though it intended to foral all expectations, but
I there was something wrong At firs* if flew fastei
; than ever, but when it came to the turn the
I rrachine lost headway, leaned alarmingly and went
; down in a cloud of dust.
j Orville Wright said after the accident that the
; trouble was deeper seated rhan the engine trouble
! O yesterday, which he thought at the time was
! the only thing the matter with the aeroplane. He
I said the control waa not right and would have to
■ be readjusted.
, The accident to the skid is not serioTis. The
same thing happened on on- of the landings last
! year and was repaired with a u'.ece of wood picked
'up In a loca . lumber yard. This year there are
j spare, parts, and that result of the accident ought
to be easily remedied to-morrow.
Pome who witnessed the flight to-day fear lha
flying power of the machine has been sacrificed for
! the sake of speed. It has been ea* down three feet
! in ' oatll ani six inches in width, and even if fha
main planes ar» modeil«4 on the old curves this
| would decrease the lifting power whi!« tending to
ln-rease the speed. If this process has been car
ried too far the machine cannot fly with the same
; engine power. The engine is the same that was
■ oaed last year
Tf the repairs can be made in time there will be
another flight to-morrow evening at I o'clock. The
course for the- BBSSd trial has been cho«e n . but not
officially announced. It is to be over what i«
known as the Alexandria course— that Is to say.
five miles almost due south of th- fort and return.
There tM a large crowd at The fort SB amy in
expectation of a successful flight. Among the
spectators were a awmbet of Senators, who ne
lected the tariff debate to be present The officers
at the fort provided an inspection drill for the
entertammeni of the crowds whfle they were wait
ing for the aeroplane tests.
Charlie Taft. the PffW— fl younger <nn. went
to Fort Myer to-day with Major Squier. of the
signa! corps, and Insisted upon having the Wright
machin ' explained to him in detail. He manifested
great interest in th<* aeroplane, Bad to show his
appreciation of the Wrisrhts' courtesy he explained
to Bishop Milton Wright, father of the aviators.
Ibe mari'fuvrfs of the cavalry and artillery-
Feat Accomplished for First Time in This
Country by Williams-Berliner Machine.
Washington. June 3^. — For the first time in
America a helicopter, a heavi«-r-than-alr tyws of
flying machine wnld) depends on aerial screws for
irs lifting power, has successfully lifted itself, with
an operator. A machine built by J. Newton Will
iams. of Derby, Conn., an-1 Entile Berliner, of this
city, lifted Mr. Williams from the ground on three
occasions. Trie, • vp«riment waa made a day or two
ago in Mr Berliner's laboratory at Bright wood, a
suburb of this c!ty. The only other machine that
is known to have made a similar performance is
that of M. Cornu. a French inventor.
The Williams helicopter, with the operator, weighs
about six hundred powjnda and has a lifting surface
of only eiKhty square feet. This surface consists
of two pairs of openera revolving horizontally in
opposite directions at the end of a vertical shaft.
The propellers are I feet I inches in diameter. In
tßa experiments the machtwe was so confined that
It cold not rise more than ten inches, and it rose
successfully to that height.
Inventor of Monoplane Preparing to Start
from Cape Near Calais.
Calais. France. June »>.— Herbert I^tham the
aeronaut, who. with Count de Lambert and Henry
Farman, is awatttaMj a favorable opportunity to
make a flight In his monoplane across the EngUSh
Channel, has decided to start from the summit el
Cape Blanc Nez. which is three hundred feet high.
Mechanicians are at work testing and adjusting the
machine, so that a start may be BBSS* at the first
A Battalion of Troops Holding Down Big
Craft in a Gale.
Btberack. Osfsasajr. June Ml-Tbs airsh.p Ze - r
nelln I which came down near here yesterday on
Ha way from Friedrichshafen to Metl becawsa el
trouble with the machinery, is to-day exposed to a
gale of wind OB an open plain. A battalion of sol
dier* ha? been called out. and the men are engaged
In holding down the huge swaying craft.
But Won't Vacate Order for Supplementary
Proceedings Against Mrs. Slade.
Although Justice Blanchard. *.n the Supreme
Court, characterized as "outrageous and absolutely
reprehensible" the method employed to serve Mrs.
Mary G. Slade, of No. MM Seventh avenue, with
an order for supplementary proceedings, he de
clined to -vacate the order. The service was ef
fected by Renwick McDonald, employed in the law
office of White & Case, on his representation, it
was said, that he came from Mrs. Slade's personal
counsel. C. L. Craig.
Mrs. Slade is the wife of Howard Slade. formerly
president of the H. & J T. Slade Corporation,
which, prior to 1908, was In the brokerage business.
Mrs. Slade was secretary and treasurer. She is saiJ
to be the owper of property ar. Block Island, for
merly owned >y the late Henry R. Searle. where
she has her ummer home.
The sm mentary proceedings are brought by
the American Excha National Bank on a judg
ment for J5.500 obtained against Mr. Slade on two
Other Estimates Place Estate as Low as $500.
000 — Five Hundred Police for Funeral.
[By Telegraph to The Tribune.]
Philadelphia. June 30.— Various estimates are be
ing made of the estate of the late Israel W. Dur
ham, political leader and contractor, the general
belief being that he left at least J1.000,000. Other
estimates place lt as low as J500.000. because re
cently, it is said, he had given about $300,000 to his
brothers and a sister.
He is reported to have carried sixty thousand
shares of Philadelphia Rapid Transit, and lt is
B^. id lhat his recently purchased interest in the
Philadelphia National League Baseball Company
is $200,0(10. The Director or Pudlic Safety has or
dered a detail of five hundred policemen for service
*t tbe funeral.
Skill Needed to Make Land Give Forth Its Ut
most, Mr. Powell Says.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In the discussion of the future increase ef
population »nd the anticipated higher cost of snb
sistence the means for meeting these -i i ilffTll—
and the possibilities of increased production ar»
largely overlooked. With the right kind af teach
ing and training in agriculture, within the Best
century the production of the farms of the United
States should be Increased 100 per cent and the
cpst reduced to the consumer 30 per cvnt, with a
better profit for the producer than he is now re
The possibility of production of an acre of land
Is vet unknown. Land has been so abundant and
its fertility so great that little attention has been
given to the future demar.da to be made upon It.
Tre methods of the past have been most wasteful,
and while there is an improvement on the part off
many farmers of the present time in ihe manage
ment of their land, there Is vet a vast amount of
unintelligent and uneconomical work <lone In farm
ing. There is no bsSBBSsa "ailing that is more BY
tricate and that calls for .i broader and more di
verse knowledge than that of agriculture.
While the average annual production of the l.So<\-
Ml dairy cows of the State of New York has been
only 3,nco pounds of milk ard 130 pounds of butter
to the cow. individual animals have been bred that
kava produced 3VT*io potjrds ef, milk and orer I.lo*
pounds of butter. A few individual herds hare
been improved tc Urn BSSM where ther have grvea
an Bvetasja of BXssl pounds of milk and ■§ pounds
of butter a cow.
With an average of one BwjßSrea bushels of pota
toes from m am of lanr!. four hundred bushels
have eeea produced in tala state, which has been
done by sp»>ds p»>d selection, higher fertilizing and good!
culture. From the avesaa TlsM of forty bushels
of oats, eighty-five bushels are frequently produced:
fmm an acre in various parts of New Tork State.
From one and one-quarter tons of hay. six tons ar»
pro.li;ced by me exceptionally good farmer*.
These faers are also borne out In the. yield of <-orn
and wheat. There are millions of acres of land
that re by no means exhausted of their plant food.
that by intelligent management may be made more
productive than at any time In the past.
The great present and future need in farrainir
Is a • Issa of educated and trained men In 'he busf
■esi The tmnmen of the past have had bWbi ad
vantages sf saweatJsß ksfwad the f«w Enaiish
branches th.it have been taught in the common
schools, where nothing pertaining to the soil, plsnt
or animal life, -r any of the natural sciences rela
tive to the ne»<i." of rural life have been taught.
The result of this def» In our educational svsitein
has been to turn out hoys nrd girls from our rural
schools with no prepared or fit education for th<»
life many of them would naturally follow, and. h*
ing saas ■ to cope with the Intricate problems tha?
confront them, ami unable to <hvlp the farm par.
they abandon ■ and seek other occupations. So ex
tensively has this condition grown that m*ny of th«»
ordinary farm productions, such as apples, potatoes
and dairy and poultry products, from under-pro
duction aave reacßed such high values as to be op-.
pressK-e to vast numbers of consumers.
That there h a work in this vast fled »rTerrln«
the best Interests of our nation for the centuries t^
come In which our older universities may enter Is
evidenced by the recent demand that has be»n
made upon Columbia to establish among its other
colleges and schools one. for teaching and »lnin«
in agriculture. Since- a school of forestry i« Is b*
established, some of Its students In engineering and
other rourses have expressed a desire for a course
In gffciUlUU as the future of farming appeals to
them as furnishing a most satisfactory field for
trained men. As the increase in population and th*
vast number* of consum* s engaged tn other occu
pations will BSBIM a demand for foods, and at prtces
that must always be in the future based upon
high TSjaWSI there BBSSjH be a system of teaching
I uilllili i 1 with practical commercial training that
> will mak* possible increased productions at less cost
to consumer*, yet with fair profits to the producer.
That this may i>e done is nt:r«»: possible.
President the Agricultural Experts' Association
Nss York. June 23, 1909.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Will you permit ■ reader wwa has rahied
Th« Tribune as a friend for thirty-odd years t«
ssy a word In r» ike tax!--ar>?
Firstly. r am not Interested as a stockholder or
bondholder In any American company that carries
on a transportation business, but I have an Inter
est lrt a German corporation which operates taxi
■vehicles In Berlin, so I know whereof T sssat when
I say that from what I iv« read in the news
papers, the business of the motor vehicle In tMs
city is threatened with extinction. T am amaxed
t<i read that the iaws '.-• not permit a cab com
parv f> solicit business on a public thorcughfar*
after having Bssswrtsi a sassi or passen
gers to their destination. I am still BW4 amazed
to learn thit wirh tills restriction it is proposed
that not m»re than *i SSBSI for the BBSI half rail*
shall be charged. This is really equivalent to 20
ccvti How 1:i it bssssssi for any compn to
carry on its business with such restrictions? It
wouM b« impossible tn, Berlin, or in Parts. Th«
German rate of wages Is about 48 per cent of
what it is in New York City. A mark »il! go as
far In Germany as a dollar here.
I have occasion to use cabs cnstanjly between
Bawling Green and the J->wer West Side as far as
Canal street, and I 9 ho.;!d regret very much to
see this great convenience handicapped and per
haps destroyed by unreasonable restriction.
R. M. S. rjucnr.ii^. June 27. "•*•
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Of late we see many accounts both in th»
United States an. l Canada calling attention to how
profane aad sad language Is tncreasins; among the
boys. The truth of this cannot be denied by any
one who bbsbs to come in contact with the groups
of boys who congregate in public places and on
the streets. The youths 8888 l addicted to this
habit are those ranging In. ages from- twelve M
twenty, who seem to believe that an oath St some
other form of bad language makes them appear
more manly. This idea they get from rh.efr elders.
Blasphemous and other degrading language has b*
eome very common of late, not only among the
lower classes, but also among those In the higher
walks of life, which seems almost incredible, seelm
that sucli a habit as profanity answers no good
This practice, owing to strong opposition by tto
press, the Church, the Holy Name Society, etc.. has
been greatly ->ned among the men. but T ds not
believe the abov methods will have the desired
effect among the youths, where the 9*e<l el pro
fanity has been sown while many of them a ■ stlTl
practically Ignorant of its evil. ■ ha 3 been stated
that tIM schools might assist greatly in checking
this evil among the children, but I do not think
they can accomplish very much without Its nse
being discontinued by the older people anil by their
parents in their homes. GEORGE "WRIGHT.
Halifax. N. S., June 2S, 1909.
To the Editor of The Tribune
Sir: I cannot allow your exceedingly interesting
editorial entitled Blood Is Thicker Than Waier,"
in your issue of June 23. to pass unnoticed. The
only statement in your editorial nor. strictly cor
rect, historically, is that Commodore Tattnall waa,
after the Civil War. an officer in the federal reve
nue marine. I think his appointment was from the
drj of Savannah, as harbor master, or some such
position. Time has wonderfully softened the dif
ferences caused by the Civil War. and yet during
that period I heard him called a traitor to the flag
under which he served so faithfully, for which he
shed his blood, and which he loved to the day of
his death. He gave up a position second to nows
in the old navy, and all his means of livelihood, be
cause he thought it his duty. As a nephew of the
old commodore. I thank you for your editorial.
Middletown. Conn.. June 31. 130*.
No '•shine inside" 1 or outside atfer noon oo Sun
days in Jersey City or Hoboken is the order sf
the Bootblacks' Union. Association of Labor. !•«.
11.22 a. This union, recently formed, has a meuiber
ship of 125. and has appointed a committee to wait
on the Mayor and police officials of the two cities
and urge them to enforce the Sunday **w aAsr
5 .

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