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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, July 26, 1909, Image 6

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'Amusements.
AERIAL GARDENS S:Su — A Gentleman from Missis
sippi. .
BRIGHTON' BEACH PARK— S:S«>— 1 Kir'»ork»
BEOADWAT-»:"i.'. — The Midnight San*.
COXKY I)r»amlan4, Luna Park.
EL>EN 11USEE — The World In Wax.
HAMMERSTEIN-S — 2:1S — 81." — Vaudeville.
HERALD SQVARE — 8:13 — The Beauty Spot
JARDIN DE PARIS — S:15 — Follies of 1909.
3-.TBIC — : IT. — Motor Oirl.
WEBER'S— S:IS— Climax.
Index to Advertisements.
r*e».Col < " raß-.Col.
nSBaSKBCBki 10 f.;N«>w Jersey Advci
Auction Sal- 9 r. moment* " *
Backers & Hr»«k*rs . 8 r Ocean Steamers » '
Bookx and Pubi (Proposals " "
«osiß . » 4ißaiiroad« » •
Carpet Ocaning '.' 7 Real W-.-'cuo A
OUtions » 2-3!n^al Estate for gale. « *
Ountrv IT..;*- . for Restaurants » «•
Sale' ' a 4; School Articles B «
I>!i-l(Jend .\«i -v (I 1 --■:.■ Notices ' «
TXwnestic Situations steamboats » «
■Wanted . 9 4-5 Summer Resorts » ■<■
Presstnaking 0 f.Th, Turf... •-■•---• 10 «
J?icur*Jon« - fi|To l>et for Business
Financial 8 ll runK>seF ......... » «
rinanriKl Mating*.. « 1 Tribune Subscrlrtlon
Help ■.anted » " «l Rates I - i
1!o-^!s .. fi fi Trust t^ompanief" •* &-«
Tnetmrtion P tfrnfurnlshrd Apart- . ■
!xi« «nd Found . . 9 H menu to M ■' «
K«ttl«|t"» * IV-ath«. 7 « ; Work \\ante<J » •
I\>^ : ?fetk Sails STribtnit
MfiMtAV. JULY 26. I*B
Thi* nctrspnj>rr it owmed and published 61'
The Tribune Association, a Vtm York corpora
tion: nff.re a>i'l principal place of business,
Tribune Building. Xo. i; ; KaaMMj strtet. Hem
\nrl: Opdcn Mill*, presideni ; Henry ir.
Satbeii. secretary: Ja7ncfi M. Barrett, treasurer.
The address i,l the officers is the office of this
nctc*pepcr.
THE \EW.< THIS I!OR\I\G.
FOREIGN.— Louis Bleriot Dew across the
channel from Calais to Dover In his monoplane
in less than thirty minutes; the machine was
rligntly damaged on landing: few persons saw
his arrival; he was warmly welcomed on his.re
turn to Calais by steamer. == Paul Tissan
dler's aeroplane was destroyed and three others
■were badly damaged at Vichy, a storm blowing
down the sheds. = The Sacs of the four pro
tecting powers in Crete were hauled down and
the British troops embarked; there is great re
joicing In the island. = Great crowds cheered
King Edward and Queen Alexandra, who are
ruests of Ambassador and Mr?. Reid at Wrest
Park, on their arrival at Silsoe Church. ■ -
Efforts are being made :n Madrid to negotiate
treaties with other nations In order to facilitate
the disposal of the country's surplus products.
DOMESTlC— President Taft and the Senate
and House <x.nferrees were again in session
practically all Gay. and although the President
admitted that he was not yet altogether satis
fied, he eras hopefal of ar. early report to both
branches of Congress. : .- Mrs. Elizabeth Tay
lor Dandridge, daughter of President Zachary
Taylor and a former mistress of the Whit--*
House, died at her home in Winchester. V.?.
rrr::— Sailors of th« North Atlantic fleet, which
is lying off Provincftotvri. Mays., went to church
find then witnessed two baseball games between
men from four battleships, : : ■: The condition'
of Dr. "VV. R. Huntingdon, who is ill at Nahant.
Pffimr. showed no change. — - — : Testimony from
•witnesses summoned at the request of Iris
mother and sister will be heard at th« naval in
quiry into the i- ■'■'h of lieutenant Button, Of th-
Marine Oorps. fit Annapolis t"-day. In
the rush of t-pertator? when « mob chased the
umpire from the ground? Nt a baseball pirn* in
Jackson, Mich- the grandstand collapsed, injur
ing a score of persr.ns. three seriously. '~
The packet Tacnnu, bound from Charleston, W.
Ya., to Cincinnati, struck an obstruction and
was sunk in the Ohio River near GalUpolla; all
th* passengers were rescued. •• '. '~ Twenty-four
Persons were reported injured in a wreck on the
Big Pour Railroad at Zionsville, Ind.
— John W. Gates returned from Europe
with the prophecy that this country would enter
•nithiti two years on an era of unparalleled
prosperity ■ = The steamship Vißiiancia, of
th* Ward Line, burned at her dock in Brooklyn.
-. - A Bengal tiger attacked its trainer in a
Coney Island show, fracturing his skull and
otherwise injuring him so badly that he was not
♦•xpeeted to recover. ■ The body of John E.
Havilaiid. a Brooklyn yachtsman, who had been
attending the Larchmont regatta, was found in
the Sound on* Larchmont. = Thaw was bc
sr.g prepared by his counsel for the heckling by
District Attorney Jerome, =.- Three boys were
drowned and three others barely rescued when
k an overcrowded skiff In which they were row
1 ing was overturned by the r»e!l from a parsing
T tug. =. The Rev Dr. John Henry Jowett, a
viKiting English clergyman, warned his hearers
m the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church of the
dangers of a religion of the head rather than of
the heart ."■■ The Rev. Dr. Price, pastor of
I the Washington Hfights Methodist Episcopal
Church, criticised Dr. Eliot's "new religion" as
lacking the •"vital note." == Attention wits
ea&ed to the F-.varaping of the federal naturali
sation bureaus in th<; Postofflce Building be
cause of the number of applicants and the pauc
ity of clerks. = Postal employes prepared a
bill for transmission to Congress providing that
the government should bond Its own employes.
i— 1 — - A Long Island Railroad brakeman who re
turned a bag- containing, it is estimated. $30,000
in- tub. got $10". two suits of clothes, a two
weeks* vacation and an offer of a Job for life
paying $100 a month. - — — The National Fire
rrooflng Company offered the city its Chicago
laboratory in which to conduct its tests of cin
der concrete.
THE WEATHER. lndications for to-day:
Fair. The temperature yesterday: Highest, SO
degrees; lowest, 64.
IMTEh.
Senator Charles A. Culberson has never been
suspected of being a humorist. He is usually
austere, repressed and matter-of-fact. Yet he
laid himself open to the charge of playing c;i
the Senate's risibilities when he said on Friday
that the I>emocrats in the deliberative brancb
had distinguished themselves in the considera
tion of the tariff bill by the tenacity of their
fellowship and the unity of their counsels. The
Texas Senator expressed great surprise that a
contrary impression had been created. The
idea that the Democrats of the Senate have
been commonly and seriously divided." he said,
with a gravity which Private John Allen might
have envied, was "wholly unfounded." The
aforesaid idea is one which the speeches and
votes contained in "The Congressional Record"
have done much to spread. Yet. according to
Senator Culberson's notion, those speeches and
rotes should not be charged up against a
minority whose opinions had been somewhat
unsettled by trying to satisfy conflicting de
mands and carry out contrary policies, but
whose brarts still beat true to abstract Demo
cratic principles.
Mr. ."ull"-i>un believes ihat if unity exists in
the abstract It is unnecessary to bother about
lv» concrete manifestations. When the Demo
cratic minority he'd a caucus on the tariff sit
uation at the begiuning of the present extraor
dinary session it was found that every Senator
present was willing to support an income tax
amendment to the House bill, but that a major
ity <v>ald not agree on any other tingle proposi
tion. The Democratic Senators thereupon ab
solved themselves from any obligation to act
unitedly on questions of tariff rates, and that
policy has been followed consistently throughout
the session. Mr. Culberson is the nominal minor
ity leader. In the tariff debate he exercised no
leadership whatever. Every Democrat voted as
he pleased. On rates in which their constitu
encies war* not actively interested most of
tbein opposed the Finance Committee's pro
gramme. But when ii came to rates touching
home Industries the minority Kpllt, enough or
them colng to the aid of theTinance Commit
tf^e to nave it from defeat on crucial items and
to prr-vo'nt downward revision of the tariff. We
da not moan to censure the minority for so dl
viding. Yet thai fact can he reconciled with
Mr. Culberson's theory of indivisibility only on
the supposition that however diversely they
voted on details of legislation the minority
Benatoi> wen- one in their devotion to tran
scendental Democracy. ./"l*£r
The faith about which they rallied was, how
ever. too sublimated to be pat into words or
symbols- *Ther« was the last Democratic na
tional platform, for instance. It might have
been supposed, being only a year old, to estab
lish current standards of unity and conduct.
But it. too. was found to be tainted witb con
creteness. It was too preoise, and before the
tariff debate was half over more than half
the Democrats iv the .Senate had repudiated it.
The debate, indeed, brought on n crisis in
Democratic politics: for Mr. Bailey, besides re
pudiating the Denver platform, repudiated the
leadership of William ,1. Bryan and pave notice
that lie Intended to preach a new Democratic
doctrine in opposition to that of Mr. Cleveland
and Mr. Bryan, advocating the genera] taxa
tion of raw material. Mr. Bryan wiß hardly
be aMe to see the point of Mr. OuHjersons
pleasantry about the unity and harmony exlrls)
ited by Democratic Senators In the tariff ngnt.
The Nebraska leader is no ttanscendentalist
He sticks by the concrete ideas expressed i»
the Denver "platform. Mr. Culberson should
round out hi.s statement by getting Mr. Bryan
to add his ideas about tJie thoroughness ot the
recent demonstration of Democratic uiiiheation.
FROM CALM* TO DOVER BY AIRSHIP.
The unexplained stopping of the engine of M-
Latham's aeroplane while he was trying 1(1
cross the English Channel iast week has enabled
a rivnl to perform the feat first. M- lUenot.
who accomplished the undertaking yesterday
morning, used a machine manufactured by bjui
self. but resembling In general character the
Antoinette monoplane with which Latham's at
tempt was made. His chief reward, no doubt.
will be the liberal money prize offered by "The
I.ond-m Daily Mail.' Though Latham has lost
this, a similar opportunity will still !»• available
if tiie proposition made nearly two years ago by
If. Putsch for the encouragement of the use of
"heavier than air" machines i« still open.
Perhaps the most remarkahir feature of the
first aerial journey from the (out incut of E«
rope to Bnghmd i* that it sras made with an
aoraplans and not witli a dirigible balloon. The
development of the former has been modi slower
thHii thiit of the hitter. Heavier than air ma
chines, capable <>f travelling twenty miles with
practical certainty, wen- not publicly exhibited
until last year. Both In England and Prance
airships of the other type were making trips . i
even greater length in 1902. Spencer, the Mu
lish aersnant, remained in the air an hour and
Forty minutes, and moved ai th>* rate of nearly
thirty miles an hour in September of thai year.
Soon afterward fi diricible balloon constructed
by th«* Lebaody brother-, who have since built
several others for the Trench government, made
»; sHghtty more creditable (light. M. Blertpt's
achievement, therefore, will serve :o a line s4
vertisement not only for his own machine, but
also for others like it. several of which have
demonstrated their ability to travel at the rate
Bf forty or forty-five miles an hour a speed
ronsideraMy greater than even Count Zeppelin
has yet attained.
THE FROBLEU OF CRETE.
Today will presumably mark another of those
, rises <>r epochs which have be n numerous in
Cretan history aud of which the succession ap
pears to be Interminable. This is the day which
has been set— rirrevorabiy, we are told — for the
withdrawal of nil tho forces of the four protect
ing powers from that island. In place of tho
troops each of tho powers will place and main
tain I warship in Suds Bay. "to protect the
"Gags of the powers and that of Turkey. i,,
"protor-t the »'ret.in Mussulmans, and to assure
"the supreme rights of the Sultan on the Island.*'
It is added that "the powers reserve to tlicin
"selves the choico of an opportune moment lor
"negotiating with the Sublime Porte concerning
"the future regime of the Island." All of whlen
sounds very plausible and very correct In a
diplomatic sense, but as a matter of plain fact is
largely formal emptiness, and la satisfactory to
none of the parties concerned.
"The flags of the powers and thnt of Turkey '
might l"" supposed to be flying all over the isl
and. The truth hi that they do not appear
there at all. hut are displayed only on an un
inhabited ro<*k in Buds Bay. It may be that
f?otne wicked Cretan would paddle out thither
"and pull them down if it were not for the four
warships. As for the Isupwsaa rights of the
Sultan," they are purely theoretical. There is not
one Turkish official on the Island. Not a cent
of tribute is paid to Turkey. Even the postage
stamps which are used are not Turkish, but
Greek, the official language is Greek, the island's
flag displays the blue and white of Greece, the
militia and gendarmerie are under Greek ofli
<-»-rs. the Greek legal code is in force in the in
sular courts, and the Governor of the island is
a former Prime Minister of Greece. There i->
nothing Turkish save that one solitary flag,
marooned on the rock In Suds Bay. And seeing
that practically all the people are ''reek, the
purest Greek in the world, purer than in Attica
itself, it might be said that all that is as it
should be.
But nobody is pleased. Turkey is not, tor she
thinks that after her great awakening and re
forms and the granting of n constitution and
the establishment of an en!isrhteu<-d popular gov
ernment in arnica there are do distinctions of
race or creed her |HMaf Inim ought to he re
stored to ber. Greece is not, for she believes
that on historic. *entimenujl. racial, rellgi OS,
LusnhUic, geographical and all other grounds
("rote should bo annexed to her outright. Crete
is no* pleased, for h^r people pretty generally
agree with the Greeks, and all think thai they
shoeJd be permitted to have their own sweet
way. unhampered and unawed by even so much
as the four warships guarding th" flajrs on the
rock in Suda Ray. of course, if the four powers
should keep hands off, there would quickly be
a swash of some sort It mi^lit take the form
i f ■ Cretan insurrection i»i favor of annexation
t<» Greece, v.-hioh Turkey would presently sup
press with some difficulty and with much blood
shed It r.iipht be another <;reek war against
Turkey, in which Greece would get badly beaten
again. Certainly the powers want neither of
ther-e thinps, and that is why after their with
drawa' of their troops to-day they will continue
to keep their warships around that rock in Su la
Bay, ."waiting an opportune moment for deter
mining the permanfiit disposition of the Island,
a iroment which 'inny arrive before the Greek
Kalends
THE GERMAN OUTLOOK.
The passage of the financial bills, the appoint
ment of a new Chancellor and the adjournment
of the Reichstag mark the ending of one of the
stormiest and most prolonged parliamentary
crises — for want of a better word — in the history
of the German Empire, and the nation can now
take time for meditation upon what has been
done, mid upon what must be done In the not
distant future. That such meditation will re
sult in profound and general satisfaction is not
for a moment to be imagined. Bather is it
likely Is cause dissatisfaction with what was
done by the Reichstag in its late session, and a
popular demand that upon reassembling that
body thai' address Itself in a broader spirit of
patriotism to the task of thoroughly reorganiz
ing the financial system of the empire. For the
fiscal enactments of the late session were noth
ing but a patchwork of makeshifts. They may
prove sufficient to carry the government over to
another year, but there can be no serious thought
rf their permanence as an established system
for the empire.
The new Chancellor has heady made that
fact clear. He has said that the government
accepted the measures of the Reichstag only as a
temporary modus vtfendi, and there can be no
doubt that he will forthwith begin the formula
tion of other schemes which will be presented
as substitutes at the next session. For that
work he is well fitted. He is a representative
of the best type of that highly educated and
more or loss aristocratic bureaucracy which has
long governed Prussia, and which through Prus
sian domination is largely paramount in Im
perial affairs. As a Prussian minister — like his
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. MONDAY, JULY 26, 1909.
grandfather J>efore — and lately as a minister
of the empire be has acquitted himself " not
brilliantly, but at least with much credit, and
as Chancellor he will doubtless show -himself
highly efficient in . a methodical and bureau
cratic fashion, though he -can hardly be expected
to develop into the great leader for whom the
German people are waiting.
We have Indulged the hope that Prince Bil
low's retirement in the face of an adverse vote
in the Reichstag would prove to be the confirma
tion of the promised step toward ■ fully respon
sible ministerial system, and therefore a more
truly representative and popular government.
Logically it .should do so, mid we cannot see
how it can fail at least to make substantially in
that direction. It is true that the majority
which opposed the late Chancellor was composed
of the conservative and reactionary elements of
the Reichstag. But that is not the point The
paramount question Is whether or not the Chan
cellor's resignation was in consequence of the
adverse vote. If it was, as we have been as-
Bured, then the precedent is set, and the prec
edent thus set by conservatives may the next
time be put into practice by liberals and radi
cals. if the Chancellor is responsible to the
Reichstag he must be responsible to a progres
sive majority as well as to a reactionary ma
jority.
XOT A CASH FOR LEVITY.
Liberty us well as life is guaranteed by the
iToustitution, and just how far the public au
thorities may so In abridging it, in the presumed
Interests of the community, is a question not
easy to solve. In the case of Mary Mallon, who
has been detained for a long time on North
Brother Island, a peculiarly difficult point is In
volved. While the public has rights which must
be respected, it is equally true that the onforta
pate woman has rights, and upon the Health
Department of this city devolves the delicate
task of adjusting the relationship between the
two. /
That Mary M.-.iion should resent references to
herself as "Typhoid Mary is natural and justi
fiable. Even though she may. during her ser
vice as cook in various families, have left a
wake of death and illness behind her, she is
entitled to respectful treatment, for, so far as
the public has any means of knowing, she is not
In the slightest degree responsible for the curl
ous freak of nature which has made of her a
repository for typhoid germs. Apparently in the
best of health herself, she hns seemed to breathe
poison upon those with whom she has come In
contact In the homos where she has been em
ployed, and under the circumstances it appears
thai the Board of Health was entirely justified
in takinp some action.
It is unfortunate that, in order to secure the
majority in their rights, hardship must some
times lie Inflicted on the minority or on an in
dividual. The smallpox patten! Is Isolated and
finds himself rightfully shunned for the timr
moro than the vilest moral leper, It is tho x )r ' (1 °
ho must pay for the safety of the rest. The
same rule applie* more or less strictly to man]
other diseases In order thai the general bealtti
of the community may be confervrd. Th cas?
of Mary Mallon does not come directly under
this classification because of her own apparent
pood health, a bare possibility that the attack"
of typhoid in the families for which she worked
•nere merely coincident with her presence there,
and the Fad that, according to the testimony ol
nio«licHl men. Investigation would show that hun
dro«is, if riot thousands, of equally dangerous in
dividual* are moving nlxiiit among thHr follow
men and spreading disease wherever they g<v
One official of the Health Department has oven
gone so far as to say that ho dors not waut to
know of such cases because of the great num
ber of them and the manifest impossibility of
controlling them all. I ndar the circumstances
tho least that the public owes to Mary Mallon
Is the best medical treatment. In order that --N
may be cured of her strange affliction.
)!"M. V A\ l) BUSINESS.
High prices fcr stocks an indticliiK qui^t
selling by experienced operators who accumu
lated their lines at bargain k-vols. but there is
no Indication that bull manipulators an read]
to cbansjc their position on the market. The ar
gument of easy money and trade revival contin
ues to attract a cert amount of public buy
ing, and Just as long as call funds <~nn be se«
cured tit cheap figures stock market bulls doubt -
less will find It profitable to operate for higher
quota t despite the fact that Improve i in
the industrial situation bas been more than dis
counted by tho appreciation already recorded In
Stock Exchange values. High prices for se
curities naturally serve to strengthen confidence
in business circles, but the cost of the larger
number of investment Issues in too »{reat to in
duce an active demand for shares and bfhds
from persons who have Idle funds on hand, the
only buying of Import at the moment renr<
sentins wholly speculative transactions, both In
stocks and mortgage securities. The promi
nent railroad share* sold higher on the avcrugfl
last week than in any preceding week in tho
year, and closed off from that figure at 129.10.
against 128.60 in the preceding week, while the
industrials ended at 94.50, a gain of 0.2."..
That the Interior will soon begin to draw upon
New York for currency la reflected In the move
ment of domestic exchange and In the prepara
tions being made by the local banks to increase
their cash resources in expectation of large
withdrawals in connection with the financing of
the harvests and an active autumn trade re
vival. Banks at this centre have disposed of
some of their securities purchased at lower
prices, and it is probable that the movement will
continue, as the cash will be worth more to the
lending Institutions in the weeks to come than
investment holdings, but the chief strengthening
of their resources must come from the liquida
tion of loans, which are far heavier than they
were at this time last year, and In great pan.
are against speculative commitments In the
stock market. Loans of all national banks in
the country show an increase as compared with
this period a year ago of more than $420,000,000,
while in the same time there has been an In
crease In cash of less than $37,000,000, with net
gold exports of more than $130,000,000. General
conditions governing the money market suggest
much higher rates In the late summer and.
autumn and the possibility of the practical ap
plication for the first time of the makeshift
emergency currency measure.
Outside of an adverse foreign commerce situa
tion and labor troubles in certain departments or"
the steal trade the general position of affairs h
the business world is extremely encouraging t •
tho theory that this country is gradually enter
intf a period of record breaking industrial ac
tlvitv. The lone drawn out tariff discussion
arts as a restrictive influence in some branches
of trade, but in mercantile circles thsre is no
(Jisi>o. itlon to believe bearishly of the futuro
because of the stow progress of affairs in Wash
ington. The railroads continue to .show increas
ing earnings, bank clearings are well above tho
records of a year ago, further activity is re
ported in the metal trades, crop prospect 3 fore
.shallow large harvests on the average and SJPSC*.
Ocatkms on work to be done at later pgj?io<ln
promise to tax Urn capacity of manufacturing
plants. The transportation companies are in
the market with larger contracts for equipment
and rails, the characte: of these orders »*ustain
ing the recent prediction of ths car and locosno
ttva builders ana rollers of, rails that the rail
ways would soon her. me active factors in th«
work of Industrial revival.
Pig iron markets are strong throughout th«»
country, and higher prices for finished uteel
products ixs expected in the near future. One
of the most gratifying factors in the country's
induatrial situation is the expansion under way
in the iron and tieel trade, especially aa than
department of business is accepted as our mot;
trustworthy industrial barometer. Figures of
pig iron production In the first half of the year
show an output of 11.022.340 tons, an increase
of 50 r>er cent over the same time in 1908. and
a decrease of only 2,455,098 tons from the same
time in 1907. when the output was the largest
on record. The iron trade experienced an un
precedented slump following the panic, ar^d the
noteworthy, recovery coming so soon, therefore,
is particularly encouraging and indicates a
speedy return of wholly normal conditions. Im -
provement is noted in the copper market, and.
while it may be several months before the sur
plus metal now on hand is disposed of, there is
every reason to believe that by the end of the
year consumption will again exceed production.
Activity is reported In drygoods and the gen
eral textile trade, the only unfavorable feature
being the*" disinclination of China to purchase
American cotton manufactures, due, perhaps, to
the fact that several months aco Oriental im
porters stocked up heavily with certain grades
that have not its yet been exhausted. The
price question also is a factor making for lack
of trade. Speculation in cotton futures has
been active at wide fluctuations in prices that
have shown great susceptibility to weather
news, with final quotations a shade tinder the
closing of the preceding week. Stocks are being
reduced more rapidly than they were at this time
last year, and spinners' takings are heavier than
have recently 1< mi recorded. Speculative selling
has brought about lower prices in the wheat
market, especially in cash and nearby contracts 1
due to larger receipts and favorable weather in
the gTain belt, but flour for prompt delivery con
tinues strong and generally Is held above the
buyers' views. Exports of wheat. flour included,
are light and in the week just closed showed a
decline from the same time last year of 1,55*0,000
bushels. Corn prices are steady, and specula
tors appear to be working for higher quota
tions, though the crop is making excellent prog
ress, with the promise of an enormous harvest.
A decision Just rendered by the United States
Circuit Court regarding the ownership of new
land which has been built up through tho de
struction of an adjacent area by tidal currents
emphasizes the fact that a considerable portion
of Barren Island, In Jamaica Bay, ha been
•lit- away by the sea. Persons who have cau«ht
the odors emanating from the reduction works
on that island are wicked enough to wish that
tho ocean had dono Its work more thoroughly.
After beinfe open only a week th* new Hudson
tunnels are working as smoothly a;
thdiisanils ol people are using them in as matter
of fact a fashion as if they had been open for
many years.
The effect of a howitzer shell on an ordinary
hullo. having been demonstrated by German
military officers, the. world would be glad to pjpo
the lesson followed Dp. The next experiment
should bo tried with an airship like Zeppelin's,
In which the gas la Inclosed In separate com
partments. How much damago would •' well
aimed shell do to such a craft?
Unless th* estimate which puts the number of
wireless telegraph operators In service at six
hundred Is grossly exaggerated, the business In
which they are engage!, if not particularly prof
liable, has certainly attained notable, propor
tions. ""*
Th* Commissioners of the District of Colum
bia have bern making war on the unsightly
street signs with which Washington has boon
afflicted. Th»» nuisance has been abated, and
the national capital will thereby gain In at
tractiveness to residents as well as visitors.
Tiie Washington authorities havo set a good ex
ample. In too many other American communi
ties flac!:y signs and billboards offend the eye
and mind.
Th« Georgia Legislature aakad to
requiring cook leaping
to be taught la I ooks.
It la argued, make v content. <l ;u I anduiing
coaunonwealth. The Km;>;r" state of the H.iutli
will lay ii firm foundation fn graatneas If its
s.-h>M,!«i tuk-- to tnrnlnK out domastlc economists
v»iio owe their accompUal ■ scientific
training as weU as to nature and Inheritance.
IJU: TALK OF THE DAY
The late Henry H. Rogers, discussing once with
a reporter the Mm of government work for the un
employed In lmrd •:■!■- suld:
VEconomlo condition! can't \>o l>«>tter*d by manu
facturing work (or men to do. Such economic ideas
remind me of Tim Greeley, t.f Fairhaven.
"Tim marketed for bis mesa during the war.
Cracked »-«KS used to be boM for > ;ilf the price at
the canteen. Tint walked la one day with his
market basket and Mild:
" 'Gimme two dozen t-- 1 -: cracked *■■ *,•«»'
" 'Cracked sac* all '""■ Tim.' said the sutler.
"Tim nodded toward the (-ks crate in the corner.
"•Well, crack us some, will >'•" said he." —
Rocliebter Herald.
Ice onauxaera everywhere will bo interested in
the news that the government la contemplating the
manufacture of Ice for the u."e of the various de
partments. The.Poetomce Department in Wash
ington has a complete I (remaking plant and Is turn-
Ing out more Ice than It can u.«e. Secretary Mac-
Vcagli of tv« Treasury Department says th^ ice
costs M bents a ton, which is a big saving. Tills
department uses a ton of Ice every twenty-four
hours In the water coolers throughout the big
building.. It has been paying private dealers $7 •- a
ton. Under the '•'-'■ arrangement with the I'ost
aalce Department the Ice costa 65 cents, a saving
approximately of J2,3u0 a year. This Is ■* the rate
of IB pounds Of tee for 1 cent, 160 pounds for I cents,
WO pounds (01 10 cents or 730 pounds for 25 cents.
Mollle the Irish domestic In the service of a
■Wilmington household, was on« afternoon doing
certain odd bits of work at nut the place, when her
mistress found occasion to rebuke her for one
piece of carelessness.
"You haven't wound the clock, MolU< said she.
"I watched you closely, and you gave it only a
wind or two. Why didn't you complete the Job?
"Sure mum. ye haven't forgot ilia* I'm havin 1
to-morrer. have ye?" asked Mollic. "I ain't g>UV
to be doln' army of the new gyurl n work! Har
per's Weekly.
Shippers hi the United States who are growling
about freight rates may take comfort from th«
fact that a shipper hi Sao Paulo, Brazil, lias Just
paid freight amounting to $197 40 on 150 sacks of
potatoes from Sao Faulo to Ulo de Janeiro, or
about $1 32 a bag for a haul of three hundred miles
between the two principal cities of Brazil— haul,
from a traffic standpoint, which corresponds to one
from New York to Boston. This rate Is not ex
ceptional, though perhaps higher than on most
national products
Fifty more colonels In Georgia, fifty more uni
forms, fifty more notable citizens inarch, fifty more
follow the horns. Fifty more colonels In Georgia—
that makea ten thousand and one; fifty more fel
lows to itrut and have fun, fifty more Georgia hl<
guns. They're thicker than "skeeters" in Jersey,
they're thicker" than crabs In the bay, until the
whole slate of old Georgia is getting to be one
"Hooray!" But Georgia ■ dry as a boneynrd — oh.
Mat to the mournful sound! — with fifty more colonels
in Georgia, and not enough drink* to go round. —
Baltimore Sun.
In commenting on and gloating over the oo«»an
breezes which tear In from the eastward over
Massachusetts Bay a Boston paper rubs It in by
saying: "Wh.it an experience It is to rtad "Tlio
Cincinnati Knqulrer's" vivid account of tho gen
eral suffocation in the Ohio and Miami valleys,
and then cull for an extra -blanket and go to
sleep!"
A poor foreign musici.in was doggedly wrestling
with his trombone outside a \iiiaK«' ma, !!•• knew
that "Tl»e l^>st Chord" was somewnars in that In
strument, but the bitter teemed loatli to part with
it. At length the landlord appeared at the float
'lie poor musician bowed and, (lofting Us cap, said:
"Muaig liiith jarina," and smiled. The Innkeeper
smiled nlao itnd kindly. l"Well, not always," h*
said. "But try that tuna outside thai red brick
house- and I'll give you snipeace." Three minutes
later the trombonist was back agate, mud he
spattered and forlorn. "You voa right.'' he said,
slowly and sadly: "musig hath larms not all
ao. A mad yellow out ol ilat bouse catno, und me
mit a brigg h« knocked down-yen. H* not lik*
tluit tune— no. no." and he rubbed the back of his
head. "I thought h« wouldn't " said the landlord.
"He's just done, a month's hard labor for Stealing
a clothesline from a back garden." — Dundee Adver
tiser.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
VETERAN'S REMONSTRANCE.
Objects to Virginia Placing a Statue of Robert
E. Lee in National Capitol.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir; Referring to the editorial paragraph In The
Tribune of July 20 relative to the Virginia propo
sition to place a statue of Robert E. Lee in the
Capitol at Washington. I desire to take excep
tion to the idea, and especially to the Last clause
of the editorial, viz: "Robert E. Lee was both a
great Virginian and a great American." The
terms American and patriot should be synonymous,
but in these latter days the Idea of patriotism
seems to be undergoing a change of meaning. In
the opinion of such old-fashioned men as the sur
vivors of those who, taking their lives in their
hands, went to the front In 1861 to defend the
Union, the term "great American" is not applica
ble to a man who, having received his 'military
education at the expense of his country, and for
a great part of his life occupied positions of trust
and confidence under its flag, used the knowledge
thus gained In a strenuous attempt to destroy that
country, not only in violation of his oath, but of
his conscience, as he himself admitted* Our Con
stitution declares that "treason shall consist in
bearing arms against the government"; therefore,
he who commits that act is a traitor, and appar
ently the only difference between Robert E. Lee
and Benedict Arnold was that Lee had the man
hocd to resign his commission before the consum
mation of the act and received no pecuniary re
ward for his treason. It would, however, be as
appropriate to place a statue of Arnold in "West
Point as that of Lee In the Capitol at Washington.
Generally, if ex-Union soldiers venture to ex
press their sentiments upon these points they
are met by the query: "Cannot you realise that
the war ended forty years ago?" They would be
very glad to, if such stings as this and the erec
tion of a Georgian "pique" monument at An !• r
sonville to Wlrtz, the Infamous keeper of the
prison pens at that place, who was hanged by our
government after trial, were not given them.
While they bear no animosity to those against
whom they fought, they still abhor treason and
rebellion as they did from BB to 1865, and object
to the laudation of the chief traitors. If a statue
of Lea or of any other officer of the United States
army who deserted his flag In its pejil is to be
placed in our Capitol let it be done after we Union
soldiers have all passed away. That time cannot
be very distant.
In writing this I nm SUpportsd by the una
f>entlm«nt of Bty post. Ji >HS HAZKN,
s< nior Vlce-Coannaaaer Wlnchest- i ;. A. R
Broaklya, Juiy -x, m
"DR. ELIOT'S NEW RELIGION."
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I have read your strong paper all my life
and have been thankful, very thankful, for the
jxjwerful leadership you have given the public, but
never so thankful as I am. this morning over your
editorial on "Dr. Eliot's New Religion." 1 am
buying up tho p<iper and sending it to my friends.
Grntefully, D. R. FOSTER.
Magnolia, Mas*.. July 23, 1500.
THE TOPOGRAPHY OF THE SKIES.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Once again we hen at,-1 admire the sn and
eonstaOatJona of July and August. A few months
ago we kenned nnd admired the sunn and constella
tions of Jnrlunry, and to-night we gaze upon a
firrnaniTit *>xhibitl:nj a different sidereal spectacle.
King Hirius ani Queen Capella have b^en deposed,
and King Arctnrus and Queen Vega have been
crovmed. King Arcttxrus glitters Ie his» mighty
fire; Queen Yeg* scintillates in her brilliant splen
dor. To the pouth glows and gleams the demon
Antares, the weird anC ruddy Aataraaj amid the
wall defined Scorpion. Our slance sweeps north
ward and eastward, nnd we ken the constellations
of straggling Ophturhus, winding Serpent, minuto
Corona, dim Hercules and the symmetrical North
ern Cross. Southeastward of the Cross «parklts
Altair between Its Inseparable companions, while
to the northwest yawn the threatening jaws of
I>raco, the Dragon. Northwest of the Dragon ivs
find Ursa Major and its Dipper, an.l. following the
direction of the Dipper"3 hartals southwestw.irdiy.
wo first ueo Arcturua In his royal fir© an.l. bc'.ow
him. bright Spica at the bottom of the constellation
Virgo. CHARLES SEVERS BOLJI
Templeton, Mass.. July 72. 1309.
REGARDING THE NATION'S FINANCES.
To the Editor of Tho Tni.une.
Sir: While Congress is perspiring swat tariff re
vision ami the question of sufficient revenue, wry
many thoughtful citizens of all parties ir-d'. the
opinion that had our lawmakers exercised a wtsa
economy atid care in national expenditures there
■would be no need now of either corporation or in
come taxes by th-- government. For instance, had
the pension legislation been kept within proper
limit*. instead or constant extension of terms and
amount, tit-re would not now, over forty-four
years after the close of the Civil War, be a de
mand for J160.000.0u0 annually. The deaths of vet
erans and their wives and widow-, together with
a purging of the list of fraud, would greatly reduce
by this time the annual amount, enough, no doubt,
to well make up all that now la sought by new
measures.
The old practice of a steady reduction in th«
public debt, which continued for years after tho
Civil War, should never ..have been interrupted. I
venture the opinion that had national business
been the private concern of each member of Con
gress tho financial showing to-day would be very
different from what it is. Congress has made Urn
bed in which it is lying. JOHN J. ADAMS.
Metuchen. N. J.. July 21. 1309.
; >
FAVORS DUTY ON TEA AND COFFEE.
To tho Kdltor of Tho Tribune. «
Sir: 1 am a firm believer with 95 per cent of my
customers, and, 1 believe, with * per cent of the
consumers of tea and coffee in this country, that
a duty of 10 cento a pound on tea and five ceuta
a pound on coffee would solve the question of get
ting *■<•.'■ ".""i of revenue for the support of tho
government, with the least expense of collection
and the greatest benefit to the people of the coun
try. It would raise the standard of living by keep-
Ing out th« low grade teat", at a cost to th people
per cup of the Z£tii part of 10 cents on a pound
of tea.
It was a mistake to take tho duty off tea and
coffee. It was take* off In 1902, when the Treas
ury was filled 10 overflowing. At that time it "was
represented to tne committee that it had decreased
the importation and use of teas of the better grades
in this country.
Thai was a mistake. What did reduce the con
sumption of teas during the time was the quantity
of very cheap teas that were Imported In anticipa
tion of the passage of the act placing the duty on
— i conservative estimate of which was about
25,000,00) pounds— all of which was In the hands of
the men who imported It without duty. It was
mostly rotten stuff, which no man having any re
spect for himself would handle. It was the mixing
Of this stuff with the better (trades of tea which
caused the decrease In the consumption of tea.
When this was used up and while the duty of 10
cents a poun.l was in force the consumption began
to increase; the quality was better.
The only people to be beneflted by tea and cof
fat having no duty on them are the Jobbers, who
mix the tea and coffee to suit themselves, having
complete control of It while It Is admitted free of
duty. They could not touch It while in bond. With
tea and coffee on the free list the government loses
the revenue; the consumer loses In the quality of
the tea and coffee he uses. L. J. CALLAN'AN.
New York, July 21. 1909.
. I
TAXATION IN TENNESSEE.
From The Memphis Commercial-Appeal.
In their effort to secure revenue for the state,
with the knowledge thru revenue from liquor deal
ers would be reduced, our legislators went to ab
surd lengths in taxing occupations. For instance,
an embalmer must pay a privilege tax to the state,
and he must also pay a merchant's tax if he is an
undertaker. A cobbler who mends shoes by ma
chinery must- pay the state for the privilege of
carrying on the work. All soft drink establish
ments are taxed. Dealers in cash registers have to
pay th« privilege tax. Swimming pool keepers,
sellers of photographic supplies and laundries, in
addition to the payment of the tax upon the stuff
sold or equipment, .must pay a license.
MUSIC HATH CHARMS.
From The Watertown Times.
A New Jersey farmer has discovered that music
pays In the dairy business. Ha employed a Swiss
*>iillkmaid who yodeled. and the daily supply of milk
"increased. The milkmaid left, the cowa moped and
the milk supply decreased. He bought a phono
graph and Installed it in the stables and when he
put In the kind of music the cows liked they gave
down freely . Some tunes made them dry up. Here
is a bint for Northern New York dairymen.
A MODERN FL££|
Holiday Parade on the Thames
Risks of Warfare.
London, Jair i-
Lord Rosebery's "prodigious but aiwav.
adequate armada" makes a brave shon * ***
; Thames. The beginning of it can be see' 3 I **
1 Westminster Bridge, where four submaria
anchored off the Houses of Parliament **
lower down there are torpedo boats and** 1
stroyers until the Tower is passed. On ***
Greenwich and Woolwich and along j^!* 5 '
Reach ana Greenhithe there are ctbbm«T^
other craft until the anchorage of th« •mJ!** '
j and the Venus is reached at Gravesend. L^
down there is a triple line of destroy^***
Leigh Middle and another one of sabnjarf* 2
I and torptdo craft Ranking Sheerness an4a^
, mouth of the iledway. In deeper water ft»?
[ Southend and Sh.'.biryness seaward, an n*
battleships and armored cruisers, forty »# ?
I mightiest warships afloat, massed together w
I double lines, with protected cruisers, scouts Jj
j repair ships hanging about them. So fonal<JaM»
a fleet has never before been seen at the nar^*
,of the Thames. There are 14S "ships of 13
classes, •.it!, 42,100 officers, sailors, oar*
j and stokers and an aggregate tonnage of Tar.
j o*K>. That fleet, with its Dreadnoughts and i£
' vhn-lbl.es. represents sea power at the mnfr»n_
now known among muruime nations. Yet,
1 erful, efficient and costly as it is, it may te fit
j only for the scrap l.t-np in a dozen xearil
There are seven warships of the Dreadnoßj^
type in this wonderful array of leviathans. Thl
I Dreadnought herself la opposite Southend, to?
the beginning of the heaviest line, and tht
Bellerophon. the Temeraire and the Superb a»
[ close by, with the Indomitable, the inflexjjji
• and the Invincible in the centre, between Sfho*.
' ury ness and Sheerness. The Superb is ti§
• newest battleship, with ten 12-inch gum and »
I speed of 22 knots. Eight of those big yum cat
, be fired together as a hroadside. and stupealoa
would ti tho effect at a distance of four auio,
The brilliant naval expert Mr. H. W. WUjsi
estimates thn.t I>J «'•«> pounds of metal could U
discharged from tho battleship in one jsissfn.
Only armor as invulnerable as her own emm
resist the impact of these 12-inch shens,jsjsj
only a battleship with as high speed as her o»a
could equal her in manoeuvring power. Tia
best among the armored cruisers ■ the ceut
are fighting ships with gun fire almost equfcif
destructive, and they are so fast that no b»ta»
chip could keep up a running engagement *ttk
them. The seven Dreadnoughts together coatf
| defend London against any swana of battb>
ships now to te found on any European wm
board, and how Irresistible they would be h t
sudden swoop upon an eneniy'3 port!
The expert whom I have already quoted «sa.
mates th- vitlue of the fleet now in the low
Than waters ?s $3JO.ooo.oo» in ■ 'Estraeosj
and equipment. That is an in;m«-ns*» investceat
in floating defence?, and it is not of r>»rnw—
valn«*. I^»rg*» sections of It have to be tcriara
off year by yar as antiquated and nnsdesflflc.'
Th«* Dreadnoughts and Invincible, tvhica fora
a group by themselves. hay» already ■hashasl
th*» v.-orkinp frm of th*» t'att'.e?hips aad s>
mir^l cruisers bf rthed with th^m. •• « they m
reinforced from th<» shipynrd-^ th» r-»-Drej#»
nou^ht warships will b" oondemned as obsdsj
Iby the Admiralty, althouch th p y may haT9t«s
lin servic-? «in!y R d^cari". So rapid SB tst
! processes of invention and improvement, aa«
! cially when the prut>lfm of weights has baa
suddenly transformed by the - . --inrtion of
turbine for reciprocating engines and the fctn>
duction of hpavier batteries and armcr. tlat
the DreadnougLt cla?a itself is likely -aw a
shorter life than that of the older battl-shfji Tie
Superb already outclasses th*> original Dnaf
nought, nnd th» new warships as they trt bid
down will t*s superior in many respects *» fl»
mightiest naval monster now afloat. Let t*i» 1
Americans or the Germans increase the ra&s
of gun ... sr<*'d of these costly floats;
batt<?ries. and how long will it be before all that .
fighting ships with historic names art isso
minlously "scrtl^^c^'*: What Is true of t!a
battleships and armore<l cruisers applies »fca
equal force to the.fubmarir.es. the destroy
and torpeuo boats. The types are ccnst3siy
(hanring: the gups between the oldest aad t5»
newest are wi.!eninsr with amazing rapidity, aw
the survival of the fittest involves c*asek»
waste in naval construction.
If the life of a ship bo •<»> transient '"* 3 ** j
signers are merely surpassing their DVB
achievements and impairing tho value cf t_- 1
earlier meclianisra, what will happen wheatiCT
13 actual warfare in place of holiday pan*
«nd summer manfpuvres? ■ reroluifcs
thero- will be in naval architecture and «=*•
mrnts when there has been a supreme cosiW
for sea power between two first class »*&•
Who can say whether these mighty * i "
noughts themselves can survive the dedal"^
of scientific warfare? They are ' ><itirJ * "
terioa with scores of complex engines :n U« *
steering and manceuvring. for »ighU2»
enemy, signalling to the squads in the turrea
'oading. rotating and firing the guns. No n '
pert ventures to forecast the result when tse»
highly formidable nnd highly vulnrrabla
strips are once under tire an.l exp«?se<l to^ i
rangoment from sudden impact of a spent •- I
or to destructive broadside fire, or to *^'
known perils of torpedo or submarine **** M
The greatest revolution in naval constructs*
and armaments will follow a war when sciea *£
antagonists are pitted against each otJier '^ rt!r
practical value of all this complex and **3
mechanism will be tested and ths ' "fi««K
he known. Every modern fleet will sn<lu*w
become obsolete and every progressive * "
will be compelled to build a now navy. - y ?
AMBASSADOR'S ROYAL GUESTS.
Thousands Cheer King Edward en BIS *
rival at Silsoe Church.
Silsoe. England. July :3— The roral BBBwfl
BUeoc, Bwftsad '' "^|««
floats over Ambassador Reid's residence up*
Park, and the precincts were the centre of ejs,
tlon to-day for th» country people, who C *~L *»
miles around. The Kins and Qu«a. J^^j
American Ambassador and Mrs. Rei«i *&* .^
of the other guests, attended services zLry^i
Church this morning. A guard of benor. J^^g
of several corps of boy scouts from ne« ■■ . f
villages, was drawn up ootsWa the cburca
lut d the party A hen It entered. ( &*>"*
Thousands of spectators, many of Tr "°° !^ s cl
bicycles, crowded about the church an * '^..^
on fences and trees, cheering the Kins- 4' » ,»
was filled With parishioners and tenants c 00
tatts. The service lasted an hoar. At
the choir sang the aaltniiel anthem and w
outside took up the hymn. «.•■■- "
The royal party on emerging found Z^7|«aw*
forcing a way through the crowd. Beror» M
Ing- to Mr. Reid's residence the Kins I*J|PII1 * J|PII
scouts. AinW***'
The afternoon was showery, and ' M a» «•«•
invited several of the local gentry to » v «
the King.
~ EASILY IMAGINED.
From The Springileld (Ohio) News.
Imagine. if you please, ■ time en £- 3 d»T
can have its own flying machine -■» "1 a« "Vr*
tin* out for a day with as muehM' %i&3 zB
tends the automobile or the old l ***££ »•*:
Wouldn't such a thing add a value " lrf jay j» '„
Would it not enhance th.- pleasure or % g*^
abU to take the wife *n1 babies o^J^all «<~i
the sky. where the air is pure. *»** |t is «ff»
earth Is spread out before one even as
Wore the eye of the eagle? £.°" MWM W a** £$*
the sum total of human "^PP 111 e^re to «*V
c'.onds as do the birds, and to ft*™ t^jAi.
neither the. beaten highways n£lrtaifl''n £lrtaifl'' jtjgJJ
riers of the mountain ranges. V. VaowX ** :
and Just as certainly such time » **■»
for the human race. . t ; : J.

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