OCR Interpretation

New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, July 31, 1909, Image 3

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1909-07-31/ed-1/seq-3/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 3

ggP^? Modifications, Tar
' if Bureau Provision Gives Presi
dent Am pic Forcers.
[■»■» The Tribune Bureau.]
.' Ju'v 30 —The extreme hostility to
** mission on the part of the leaders in
,ttxiff«°o u ., d expre!;sion in their effort so to
00 rib* the provision as to leave the Presl
sß" thout the power to employ experts to
■5 "? investigations and ascertain the truth
=° O!J , • -he tariff and the cost of production
*** d abroad As originally drafted by Sen-
Sere^-ich. at the instance of the President.
iIOT ,U cl nn which comes at the end of the
•££ providing for the dual tariff system.
«•*• — to assist the President
To ti dartre oMh'^duties imposed upon him
*%??£*nand information irM idRI be
nJStoConjress in tariff legislation and the
*** „• covernment in the administration
*?%? customs laws, the President is hereby
* ™!l«d to •--;■: v such persons as may be
•*** fh in make thorough investigation* and.
?2«£atinn* into the production, commerce and
'^MT/rnitrd State* and foreign countries,
%feU 'conditions affecting the same.
' -he first step taken by the conferrees was to
afte cut the first words in italics, so that, in
opinion, the proposed commission could not
B&nit any information to Congress. They ar "
-aeflthat't' preferred the blind, hit-or-miss
Ljjjofis which they now employ to any light
aMes might be furnished by tariff experts. In
wore.' they declared themselves for what Sena
tor Roc* has termed -guesswork and conjecture."
,rt«] the change was reported to the President
be replied that he had no objection to it. - In
act, bj would be glad to cull such information
v the experts might glean before it went to
■iMjcrr It was by no means necessary that
tie experts eubmit their findings to Congress.
g e vosld attend to that, and would lay before
»2«» ty means of a meF?:a ? p > such ln*or
mation as he deemed wise. Moreover, ho was
disposed to believe that such Information when
talced in a message would be more forceful
md would receive wider publicity than were it
p^sented in a report of the commission.
Apparently determined that no information
should be acquired. even by the President, the
Icaflers then struck from the^irovteion the pec
and passage In italics. Speaker Cannon, who
lv criticised President Taft as a "rank free
trafier," was especially insistent that he should
be vested with no power to ascertain the facts,
tat i« one member of the upper house put it,
-the Tariff Commission bad not a single friend
udooc the conferrees." With the purpose for
which the President may employ experts limited
to th* enforcement of the maximum and mini
sir: provision, the leaders thought they : A
macrvi : all dang°r of the President's obtaining
i_- information which might prove embarrass
jh to Congress in its desir-; *"to gather its own
information and frame the tariff in its own
The leaders apparently forgot, however, that
tics is an adminis'riitiun of lawyers, and that he
it £ j<oor lairyer who cannot drive a cohclj and
Idut liro-gh any statute that v.-as ever written.
The President, being a lawyer, while ho would
live preferred that the second curtailment of
tie provision should not have been made, per
cz~t& far nor extensive utility in what ro
mped than did those who framed it. The first
jart cJ.tfce section makes it tha duty of the
President to satisfy himself that a given coun
ty docs not "unduly discriminate" against the
Infted States In the matter of customs duties,
resslatiosE, etc
It is pointed out that this im:>oses on the
Oaet Executive a serious responsibility. He
«iaot proceed lightly or in any but the most
■""-? manner, and to ascertain whether
there has been any undue discrimination will
require the most exhaustive examination, in
voMrg an the facts which migl.t operate to
render a discrimination undu« or the reverse.
For instance, in order to wtigh accurately the
justice of a duty imjKjsed on imports from the
Tested States it will certainly be- necessary for
tie President to inform himself as -to the cost
cf production of such exports and to determine
*"sietfcer such duty constitutes an undue dis
crimination. it will also be necessary for him
to laf oria himself regarding the cost of produc
tion of similar commodities in the country im
pOElnp the- duty. Construing the law in this
nacner. therefore, there is obviously no limit
cider its provisions to which the President may
tot 10 in his 'investigations and examinations
tto the rroauction. commerce and trade of the
Esited States and foreign countries and all con-
Clicns affecting the same," despite the fact
tJat those words have been stricken from the
In the opinion of the administration, this so
aUec tariff commission provision and the cor
poration tax provision, when taken in connection
**i the investigating machinery the adminis
tration already possesses, afford ample lacilities
J» the ascertainment of all that it is necessary
to knoii- to render possible the exact fulfilment
* th- tariff plar.k in tho last Republican na-
CcB il platform. That plank, it will be recalled.
*tich was drafted by the Prr-sident himself, ,as
' feu that "the true principle of protection is
■ best tr.air.taine<i by the imposition of such duties
•* '"ill equalize the difference between the cost
£ production at home and abroad, together with
* reasonable profit to American industries." The
'-xecution of that plank, in the opinion of dM
fc^ident. calls for exact knowledge of the "cost
* Production at home and abroad."
the new- tariff law on the (statutes the
B lairjstration will have, first, the bureau of
t0I * o:> ' with almost unlimited power to
■ J^'Wtigate any and all Industries, ascertain their
-Jsodj Of manufacture, wages paid, cost of
°ateria!v the conditions afft-cting the present
** Prospective supply of such materials, and
' that goes ti> make up the cost of production.
«^|r <3«n«?stic production and importation, etc.
*-« bureau of labor, which deals especially with
'•Tibj^Ct of \najes, already conducts exhaust
* laveeti K3ti-.ns. and, by proper direction and
mtti " Ii •'-' its work, can be made to check
' "tares furnished to the bureau of corpora
°l*- as •»•»■■.! as awe presented to the tariff
CCj aaigsi,jß.
tish 2811 *' th * cor P orritlon tax provision will fur
t 2 l?!™' SOTernment Bworri statements from
j. manufacturers as to their gross
j^if 1*"1 *" calßs «nd losses, indebtedness and net
|T^"' *• any. These can b~ used to check tha
j"j*« furniFiie^ to the investigators of the bu
' ttr'V Cori>Oration8 ' the !..ir-au of labor and th*»
ft*M,v eon:mi * Sio!1 Falsification of statements
j. " * e< ' •• a basis for the corporation tax are
'BSaw rr * naliz<>d « >B<J thl ? statement will pre-
H^ * ** accurate. Bat, of course, should
.- r », " ■ any apparent discrepancy between tho
: p.^ ' Cla<3 * to Mm C«:.imissiocer of Internal
t! qJ** and thof » :nad» tJ the CommlaFionsra
"oit^J^* 11011 * : *»d I^abor. the caa«« would be
j^^t U ° Uld call fOr i:nmc<3lat>s action by the
' Ctq^ n ' or th * Treasury, -.v.jo -.vould promptly
o- tt* -1. ■ st«satlon of :he books of
"wsiKn, tkit«n lo it« entirety, will, the
administration believes, afford a method of in
vestigation and checks on th*i business of all
protected aai Incorporated manufacturers which
will render it comparatively easy to ascertain
the exact cost o? producing any s'ven commod
Properly directed, the work of. the tariff com
mission abroad, done primarily, of course, to
aseertnin whether or not undue discrimination
against the United States is practised, win re
veal the cost of production abroad A compari
son of the figures, together with the combined
knowledge of the experts as to what consti
tutes "a resonahle profit to American Indus
tries." will afford an accurate measure of the
amount of duty required for purposes of pro
tection. The corporation tax, being elastic—
that is, BUBceptlble of increase or decrease, ac
cording to the needs of the government— will be
available to supplement the revenues if Just
tariff duties prove insufficient, although it is
suspected that with the tariff accurately ad
justed the revenues will take care of them
The measure of satisfaction which President
Taft finds in the tariff law about to be enacted
can hardly be appreciated without giving due
consideration to the somewhat elaborate and
comprehensive, but not the less simple, pystom
on which he is working. Realizing to the full
the extent to which the pending measure pro
motes his plans his gratification can easily be
Continued from flrM page.
the conference report if this alleged discrimina
tion against the cattle states should be made.
Mr. Heyburn's temper cooled somewhat when
the conferrees restored the Senate rate on pig
lead, and it now seems probable that he may
vote for the report when he lias expressed his
dissatisfaction with the lumber and hides para
graphs. Messrs. Warren, Clark and Carter are
organization men of the "dyed in the wool"
kind. Free bides made Mr. Warren and Mr.
Carter angry, and the reduction on bituminous
coal was highly displeasing to Mr. Clark. They
are all deeply interested, however, in the reten
tion of the wool paragraph as agreed to by the
conference committee, and it is not Impossible
that after they read a lecture to ICew England
and point out certain alleged injustices to the
West they will vote for the bill.
There will be a conference to-morrow of the
ten Republicans who voted against the bill
■when It passed the Senate. Senators Brtstow,
Clapp and La Fbllette are counted as certain to
vote against the adoption of the conference re
pert. It is believed that Senators Beverldge,
Bnrkett, Brown and Crawford will accept the
report as the best possible compromise. Senator
Nelson's attitude Is problematical. He led the
fight for free lumber, and is far from satisfied
with the compromise rate of $1 25. The leaden
are anxious to have Mr. Nelson give his ap
proval to the report, for they realize that if he
does so it will help the House organization in
lining up the Minnesota Representatives to
support the report In the House. Senators Dol
iiver and Cummins probably will vote against
the report. There !s no doubt that Senator Me-
Enery (Democrat), who voted with the Finance
Committee throughout, the tariff struggle, will
suppport the conference agreement.
The minority Senators will hold a meeting to
morrow to adopt a programme Some of them
are advising a filibuster in the hope of forcing
the Republicans to place cotton bagging on the
lree Hat. Most of the Democrats, however, are
BO anxious to get away from Washington that
talk of a filibuster does not appeal to them. Mr.
Culberson. the minority leader, is in poor
health and does not expect to make an extended
speech on the bill. Most of the Democratic
oratory will be unloaded by Senators Bailey.
Bacon! Daniel and Newlanda. Thai Mr. Nor
lands will submit, some observations on the
Philippines goes without saying, and that Mr.
Daniel will again call attention to the fact that
the Democrats were not permitted to take part
in the conference is equally certain.
No programme had been formulated for the
consideration of the report in the Senate. If.
however, there is any indication of a filibuster.
the leaders will resort to hcrcic measures and
demand a continuous session.
When the report is received from the Howe
on Monday Mr Aldrich will ask for Its imme
diate consideration. His speech explaining the
changes made by the euuferrees will not take
more than an hour. It is his purpose, however,
to pay i methlng regarding the sco of revi
sion and to put IntO "The Record" certain tables
and other data compiled by the experts which
win be in the nature of a reply to some of the
attacks made by "insurgent" Senator;..
It is not believed that a single rote will be
recorded against the conference report in the
Senate because of the reduction of the duty on
rough Lumber from $1 M to $1 25. Some of the
lumber interests are still protesting against
this reduction, but in the main the lumberman
have accepted it as a reasonable compromise.
A prominent Western Senator, who was one of
the last to yield to a reduction on lumber, re
ceived a dispatch to-day while he was talking
to a Tribune correspondent. The message was
as follows:
■ Think $1 BO low. but half :i loaf is better than
no bread. Hotter accept $1 85."
•"That comes from one of the largest lumber
ma in my state," was the Senator's com
• I shall vote for the report and do every
thing I <«ii to l-rlng about its early adoption."
The Senates session to-day lusted less than
ten minutes. Mr. Hale presented a r- port on
the urgent deficiency bill and Ray notice tint
be would call it op to-morrow. The bin carries
$1107 I*:,. an increase of $657.52« from the
measure as passed by the House The principal
Increases were required in order to carry out
provisions of the new tariff law. one *men<l
nent carries HMON to defray necessary ex
. incurred in foreign tra-l* relations. To
pay salaries and other expenses of the Court .if
Customs Appeals an appropriation of $105,326
|S provided The Senate committee recom
mended an amendment appropriating $6,000 each
for 'be purchase and maintenance of horses and
carriages or automobiles for the Vice-Preslrient
und the Speaker As extra compensation for
officers composing the board appointed to in
v.stipate the Brownsville affair $7,500 is pro
Only Two Changes Made Necessary by Work
of Conferrees.
I From The Tribune Bureau. J
' Washing*"". July »> Tbs exclusive table printed
in The Tribune on Wednesday owing the changes
agreed on by the conference committee In more
I than one hundred of the principal paragraphs of
the tariff bill was accurate In all except two Items.
At th. time the table whs prepared the conferrees
ha.l decided on $1 M as the rate on rough lumber.
President Taft refused to accept this rate, and the
conference committee reopened the paragraph and
fixed the rate ct $1 £5.
The table gave the duty on piT lead at two cents
a pound, which was the rate adopted by the con
ference committee. When the lumber duty was
scaled down to SI 20 an effort was made to assuage
the sacer of certain Western Senators by Increas
ing the pig lead duty. Accordingly. reconsideration
of the lead paragraph was ordered, and the duty
fixed at 2'i cents a pound. Aside from these two
Items the table was accurate in every particular.
v ■
Washington, July 2°.— President Taft to-day
sent to the Senate the Domination of B. Frank
Harris to be collector or custom* at Sag Hsx
bor, K. X. ■ ■^fi-y-^-v-
Says Bill Nou: Marks General Down
ward Tendency from Dingley
Law Rates.
[FVom The Tribune Bureiu. ]
Washington, July &.— Almost every member of
the House was in his seat this morning when,
after twenty-one days of struggle In conference,
the House conferrees reported their agreement on
the Payne tariff bill. There was srplause for Rep
resentative Sereno E. Payne as he arose to an
nounce tfcat the work was complied and he was
ready to submit the result of his iabors to the
House. It was in large measure a. persona! trib
ute to a man who b«s been In the centre of the
fight from the beginning, and has stood shoulder
to shoulder with President Taft rt all tim»>s for
a reduction of the tariff. Mr. Pa.-ne appreciated
the applause, and afterward expressed his pleasure
to a number of Representatives wl o sat near him.
He had prepared a statement showing exactly
what had been done in the conference, which he
presented to the House and asked to hive printed
bs a public document. Represent n'lve I'nderwooil,
of Alabama, refused to give consent to this. Mr.
Pnyne also asked unanimous consent that when
th* House ad.iourned it be to meet to-morrow
morning at M o'clock, which was granted. He
announced that ho would call up the report as the
first business, nnd that while he did not care to
curtail debate he hoped that a vosa could be had
before 6 o'clock.
Proceeding on the theory that t le bill marks a
general downward tendency from the present rates
of duty, Mr Payne presented, but did not read,
an exhaustive analysis of its provisions. This
statement, he said, had been prepared by himself.
In his statement Mr. Payne undertook to show
that there had been a marked decrease in the
rates on the necessaries of life, while there had
been an increase on some of the luxuries.
Probably the most marked reductions are found
in the metal schedules. Beginning with a decrease
in th» rate on Iron ore from 40 to 15 cents a ton.
there is a general reduction throughout that por
tion of the bill, pig iron going down from !4 to
J2 V) a ton, and map iron from $4 to Jl. The re
duction on many of the Items In this schedule
amounts to about M per cent, and this reduction
includes steel rails. There Is en increase on
structural eteol ready for use, and also a slight
increase on rarors. nippers and pliers, and on such
new metals as tungsten.
Rough lumber goes down from H xn $: B i thou
sand feet, wit!: .'i c~rrespon-Jlng reduction In th©
differentia! on dressed lumber.
Th<» wool schedule underwent no change of con
■eqtienca, but the entire cotton schedule was re
constructed, and the phraseology greatly changed
ii» A hope of preventing reductions through de
3>«.ion!< by th» court*, such as have characterized
the administration of the DtaNXley law In later
years. In many Instances the rates Intended to be
imposed by the Dingley law ware st by these de
cisions, The reductions in some Instances betnc;
from 60 per cent to 8 per cent ad valorem. It is
estimated that the rates fixed by the bill are about
8 per cent higher OB an average than those collected
on cottons last year. The rates on cotton hosiery
are generally res suit.
In the much contested matter of the rate on
gloves the high protectionists fall to win. They
nought, through (2s increase made by the House,
to raise the duty materially abovs lbs Dlnßley
figure*, but wore antagonized by the Senate, and
the ...... or.ly chant" mnde 'n the. entire,
echedule belr.R one^ilKnt reduction
The atlk schedule, was reconstructed with » view
to Imposing cpeclft; rather thun ad valorem duties,
with the result that the average duty will be some
what higher under the new law than under the
present statute.
Oilcloths and linoleum are heavily cut. but other
wise the changes la the flax, hemp and Jute pro
visions were net material. A sKßhtly increased
duty la provided for hemp. b"th cru'l* and hackled,
and also on certain hitch (trad* laces. On linen
yarns and matting* there is a reduction,
Su^ar an-J tobacco duties remain nuh.«tant!al!y as
they are under the Dmgley law. The free Im
portation of considerable quantities of both of these
articles from the Philippine Islands t« permitted,
and a material change »a« mad" la the Internal
revenue law by an amen-lnn-nt talcing the tax oft
the sale of tobacco ln the hand.
There Is a uniform Increase on rplrlts. wines and
liquors of '■'-> per cent.
In t-he agricultural schedule hops are Increased
from 12 to IS cents a pound, and there is also as
Increase on lemons. 0«s. almond" aid pineapples.
Common window fclitß» of the lower nixes, m whlc!\
the Imports are heavy, in reduced, and where
changes were made in the chemical schedule there
was a generai decrease, except on sacs articles ns
far.»y soaps and perfumes, which were Increased.
The publishers win their n^ht for lower wood
pulp and print paper, the rate on the ordinary
newspaper print paper being fixed nt $3 75 a ton, In
stead of $•"., as under the Dingley law, and on the
higher prnde of print paper at tf> '■< Instead of $8.
Mechanically ground wood pulp Is to come In free
of duty. Instead of paying one-twelfth of a Cent
a pound, as under the Dtngley law, but provision
is made for a countervailing duty m case it be
comes necessary to protect this country against
Canada'! Inhibition* on the exportation of woods
i to th" United States.
Hide* of cattle come in free. nrv. th«»ro la a cor
responding reduction on leather and leather goods.
Th« Houno rates are practically retained on solo
leather, leather for uppers, boots and shoes and
harness, but the free hide provision is based on
the condition thai on and after October i. 1!*)?.
sale leather from the hides that are to be admitted
free will pay 'a duty of 5 per cent; grain. hufT and
fcpllt leather. "Va per cent; boots and shoes the
upper leather of which Is mass from such Mdes,
10 per ■■•hi, and harness and Faddl<ry, M per cent.
This schedule of rates will result la a reduction cf
IS per cent on boots and phoes, 20 per cent on
harness and saddlery. IS per rent on sole leather
and .■i per cent on leather for uppers, if made
of the hides put on the free list by the provision.
Bituminous coal hi reduced from fi7 i-rms a ton
to IS cents, and there Is also a reduction on gun
powder, matches and cartridges.
Agricultural Implements go off from 20 per cent
ad valorem to 15 per cent, and the older works of
art are placed on the free list.
Petroleum, which received much attention ta both
houses, slips through without any duty, counter
vailing or otherwise, an.i m.>Bt of :ts products come
in under the same terms.
The administrative features of the bill were much
changed in conference. The commission of experts
provided by the Senate was retained In name, but
it; duties are restricted to investigating discrimina
tions against the United States by ether countries
for the benefit of the President In administering:
the maximum and minimum provision and gov
ernment officers In administering th« customs laws.
The Senate's maximum ami minimum provision
wan retained In the main. It provide* an increased
duty amounting to 25. per cent ad valorem on goods
brought into the United States from countries dis
criminating against this country. The drawback
provision of the Dinghy law was restored, with a
slight addition controlling the use of alcohol In ar
ticles for export.
The customs court was retained, and its head
ouarters were fixed in Washington.
Binding twine la retained on the free list. Cotton
ties are mad* dutiable at three-tenths of a cent a
pound and cotton- bSSSinC at Flx-'enths of a cent
a square yard. On quebracho, a tanning extract,
for a Miff duty on which Senator Daniel made a
strenuous fight, the House rates of one-half and
thrce-duarters of a ce D t a pound are retained,
which I- almost all the Virginia Senator asked.
The Principal difficulty-* the way of a clearly de
tailed comparison between the Dlnpley law and the
new bill lies In the fact that in most of the more
r.nnomnt and Sharply contested provisions and
Sdutw a radical rearrangement of classification
a. a shifting from specific to al valorem duties
leave few common terms for comparison
Mr Payne's statement was preceded by a gen
eral summary, in which he undertook to show the
•ztcnt or revenue increase! and accr*a S ß a^crd-
Ing to schedules. According to -' this ' showing the
total Increases were on consumption value of Im
portations of $862,512,025, and the total decreases on
consumption values amounting to $4,973,122,124.
Mr. Payne said he had made an investigation
based on the census returns of 1505, -■, showing the
amount of domestic consumption of articles on
which duties have been raised and also the articles
on which rates have been lowered. This had been
done because comparisons have been made based
on the amount of Importations, he said.
"Duties," he said, "have been lowered where
they were too high under the present law, some*
times prohibitive In character, and for that reason
the Importations were comparatively small. On
the other hand, they have been raised In some In
stances where the tariff was Insufficient for pro
tection and the importations were very great."
He then gave the following table, which shows
the consumption value of articles on which rates
of duty have been Increased and decreased In all
cases where the amount of production could be
Duty ■ Duty
. decreased. Increased.
Chemicals $433,096,846 $11,105 820
Earthenwara 128.423.732
Metals 11432.255
Lumber 6fi6.870.950 81 2S0 372
Sugar 3n0.W».f.53
Tobacco No change.
Agricultural products 483.430.637 4. W0. 043
■Wines and liquors 462. n0i
Cotton 41,622.024
Flax, hemp and Jute 22.127.145 '804.445
Wool No rhan(t#,
Silk 7.947.56<i 10G.742.fi48
Paper and pulp •7.62H fi1.4'*6.4A4
Sundries 1.718.428.069 101.656.058
Total! $4,078,122,124 $852,512,525
Of the above increases the following are luxu
ries, being articles strictly of voluntary use:
Chemion!». Including perfumeries, etc $11.105.520
Wines and liquors 4«2 001 «.">«
Silks 106.742.646
Total .$378.«50.322
This leaves a balance of Increases, not on articles
of luxury, of $272,662,203.
Mr. Payne gave assurance that "In preparing this
table the experts had use! all of the available in
formation from the census office and other sources.
But all of those." he said, "are not sufficient to pre
sent the total consumption of either class of ar
ticles. If the total amount of consumption wer<»
available, the contrast between the amount of goods
on which duties were lowered and those increased
would be still more striking."
Taking up the schedules In their order, he first
gave the Increases and then the decreases. The
figures in all cases are comparisons with the Ding
ley .aw In scheduje A. lelatjcg to chemicals, he
gave the Increases as follows :
Liquid anhydrous ammonia, from 25 per cent
ad valorem to 5 cents a pound.
Manufactures of collodion, increased 6 per cent.
focoa leavs. increased 5 cents a pound
Fancy soaps, lr.crea.--wl from 15 cants a pound
to 50 per cent ad valorem.
The list of decreases in this schedule was much
longer, the principal items being as follows.
Boracfc acid, from 5 to 2 cents a pound.
Chromic acid and lactic acid, from 8 to 2 cents
a pound.
Salicylic acid, from 10 to I cents a pound.
Tannic acid, or tannin, from 60 to £5 cents a
Sulphate of ammonia, from 3-10 cent a pound
to free list.
Borax, from 5 to 2 cents a pound.
Borate of lime and other borate material, from
4 to 2 cents a pound.
Chloroform, from 20 to 10 cents a pound.
Copperas, from •; cent to 15-100 cent a pound.
lodoform. from Jl to 75 cents a pound.
Licorice, from 4'«, to 24 cents a pound.
Ccttonseed oil and croton oil. from the dutiable
to the free list!
Flaxneed. Unseed and poppy-seed oil. from 30 to
15 rents a gallon.
Peppermint oil. from 60 to 25 cents a gallon.
Ochre and < • hery earths, sienna and plenn.%
earths, and umber and umber earths, If ground
In oil or water, from m to to 1 cent a pound.
Varnishes, from 35 per cent to 25 per cent, ad
Methylated and spirit varnishes, from P. 32 a
gallon and 85 per cent ad valorem to 35 cents a
gallon. ■ .
White lead, acetate of lead and a number of
other lead products from one-fourth to one-eighth
of ■ cent h poun'l.
Bichromate and ehrssaats of potash, from three
to two and fourth cents a pound.
Chlorate of potash, from two and one-half to
two repts a pound.
Crysts] rarhon.ite of sod.i. from three-tenths to
cne-ioiirth of one cent a pound: chlorate of soda,
from two to one and one-half cents a pound
Hydrate of or caustic soda, from three-fourths
to r,ne-ha.lf of one rent a round; nitrate of soda
from two and one-half to two rents a pound.
Sulphate of soda, or salt cake, or nitre cake, from
tl 25 to II a ton.
Strychnia or strychnine, from thirty to fifteen
cents" an ounce.
Sulphur. refined or sublimed, or flowers of, from
$«; •<-• $5 a ton.
In earthenware and glassware there is only one
Increase, according to Mr Payne's figures. This
!s slight and is made on the smaller sizes of plate
glass. The dscresseS In this schedule Include: \
Flrebriik. glazed, enamelled, etc from 45 per
cent to 3.'. Pr < ••rt nd valorem; .hrick. other than
firchrieJi. If glazed, from 4" per cent to 35 per cent
ad valorem.
I'laoter rock or gypsum, crude, from flftv to
thirty cents a ton; if ground or calcined, from
|2 26 to $1 IS
Knpol!«hrd. cylinder, crown and common window
g'.ins. smaller glass and cheaper values, reduced
eighth of ■ cent a pound.
Onyx in block, from $1 .'.ii per cubic foot to 65
cen's a cubic foot-
Marble. .'.wed or dr»?sed. over two Inches In
thickness, from II in to $1 n <-übic foot, with other
reductions on the entire marble paragraph and on
other stone.
Thrr" Is a genera! isduttlus In mica to SO p»r
c- nt a<i valorem. There wns bef-.re a mixed specific
and ad valorem system
Structural atssl, fitted for use, fails in the basket
Clause at 4.". r>er cent ad valorem.
There Is also an Increase on rarors, snd on nlp
p> rs and pllera
Lithographic plates nrv increased from 25 to 50
per cent ad valorem.
Chrome metal, ferroslllcon. tungsten and other
new metals used In the manufacture of steels are
made dutiable at not more than 15 per cent ad va
lorem. Tungsten ore is made dutiable at 10 per
The duty on watches was readjusted, remaining
at about the name as th» Dingley law.
A duty of one cent a pounJ was put on the tine
In the ore where It contains more than 20 per cent
of zinc. On zinc with less than 20 per cent there
is a lower rate of duty. Zinc now has a duty of 20
per cent.
There was fin added duty of one-half of one cent
8 pound on plain bottle, caps, and on decorated bot
tle enps the duty was increased from 45 to 55 per
cent. ,
The reductions In the metal schedule are more
numerous and generally more marked than in most
of the ethers. Heading the list is iron ore. which
was decreased from 40 to II cents a ton. Pig Iron.
Iron kentledge and splegelelsen were lowered from
$4 to $2 50 a ton. Scrap Iron and steel from $4 to
Si a ton.
Reductions were made on bar iron, round iron.
slabs and blooms, structural steel not fabricated,
anchors. Iron and steel forgings, hoop, band or
scroll Iron or steel, steel bands or strips.
The reduction on cotton ties is from five-tenths
to three-tenths of one cent a pound, and railway
bars and Steel rails from seven-twentieths of one
cent a pound to seven-fortieths. Iron or steel
sheets were also reduced, and th/» duty on charcoal
iron is made $•"■ ■ ton Instead of $12.
Other reductions In the metal schedule affect
polished sheets, rolled sheets of iron, steel, copper.
or nickel; steel Ingots, cogged Ingots, blooms and
Blabs; round Iron or steel wire, etee! bars or rods,
cold rolled, cold drawn or cold hammered or pol
ished; anvils, axles, blacksmiths' hammers and
6ledges, track tools, wadgSS and crowbars; bolts,
cast iron pipes, cast hollowware. chains, lap
welded or Jointed iron or steel boiler tubes, cut
nallH and spikes, horseshoe nulls, wire nails, spikes,
nuts and washers, cut tacks, steel plates engraved,
rivets, crosscut saws, mill saws, circular saws, pit
and drag saws, steel handsaws and all other saws,
screws, wheels for railway purposes, aluminum.
nionazite sand and thorite.
Tin plates reduced from l.i to 1 2 10 cents a pound.
Duties on table and carving knives are reduced
and the minimum limit of the rates on these
knives is made 40 per cent ad valorem. Instead of
45 Material reductions are made In the rates on
files, and the duty on cash reslsters.'jute manu
facturing machinery, typesetting machines, ma
chine tools, printing presses, sewing machines,
typewriters and all steam enclnes is reduced to
CO per cent ad valorem from the existing rate of
45 per cent.
Until January 1. 1912, embroidery and certain lace
making machines and machines used for the manu
facture of linen cloth and tar and oil spreading
machines used in tnc construction of roads are to
bo admitted free.
ia the lumber schedule the only increases were
those on shingles, from 30 cents to 30 cents, a thou
sand, and oa fcriaxwood and laurel .wood tot the
Bulletin, %
The "PENNSYLVANIA SPECIAL" is the climax of de
velopment in railroad transportation. It is operated primarily in be
half of the busy man.
Under the train is the finest roadbed. Above the rails is tfie most
completely equipped train. On the train is a picked crew. Alongside
the tracks is the best signal system. This combination makes tor
speed, regularity, safety, and utter comfort.
The "PENNSYLVANIA SPECIAL " has made good
many years. It is an asset to the business man. He can recreate on
it or Mork .as humor or necessity dictates, but he is using the minimum
of time in meeting his engagements.
Three-quarters of the circumference of the clock dial, all in the
off hours, is its daily deed.
The 'PENNSYLVANIA SPECIAL," the pioneer 18-1
train between New York and Chicago, leaves New York even' day
at 3:55 P. M. and arrives in Chicago 8:55 A. M. Returning it leaves
Chicago 2:45 P. M. and arrives in New York 9:45 A. M.
use of plpemakers, from the free list to 15 per
cent ad valorem. The rate on sawed lumber wa*
decreased from $2 a thousand to $1 25 a thousand.
There was also a diminution on timber from 1 cent
a cubic foot to % cent, and on sawed boards of
white wood and kindred woods from $1 a thousand
to 60 cents a thousand. The reductions in tle dif
ferential rates In favor of dressed lumber averaged
about one-third of the Dingley rate. Paving post*,
railroad ties and telephone poles are reduced from
20 to 10 per cent ad valorem; clapboards from $150
a thousand to $1 25; laths from 25 u-ents to U cents
a thousand, while fence posts and kindling wood.
were taken from the dutiable list and placed on tha
free list.
The only change in the sugar schedule consisted
of a reduction of 5-100 of a cent in th« differential
on refined sugar.
In agricultural products broomcorn was taken
from the free list and made dutiable at $3 a ton.
Hops are Increased from 12 to 16 cents a pound.
There are also Increases c*i lemons, figs, almonds,
pineapples and chicory root. The reductions In the
agricultural schedule covered bacon and hams from
6 to 4 cents a pound, lard from 2 to l^j cents, fresh
mea,ta from 2to Il*I 1 * cents and starch from H* cents
to 1 rent a pound. Tallow, wool grease, dextrin.
pea«, sugar beeta, cabbages and salt were also
The wine and liquor schedule was Increased
throughout to 15 per cent over the Dingley rates.
Tha cotton schedule was reconstructed and re
adjusted to bring the duties up to those collected
In the first four years of the operation of the Ding
ley law and to the rates then collected under that
law Since that time the rates have b*en lowered,
tn some cases, from 60 to 6 per cent by court de
cisions. These new rates. Mr. Payne explained, are
equivalent to an addition, on the whole, of 3 per
cent ad valorem over those collected under the
present law for last year.
Cotton hosiery valued at not more than $1 a
dozen is increased from 50 to 70 cents a dozen
pairs; more than $1 and less than $1 50 a dozen
pairs, from 60 to Si cents a dozen pairs, and more
than $1 50 and not more than $2. from 70 to 90 cents
a dozen pairs. The remaining rrttes on stockings
are the same as under the present law.
Hemp is Increased from 120 to $22 50 a ton. and
r-»ckl« hemp from $40 to $45 a ton. The cheaper
la es remain as In the present law. but there is an
Increase from 60 to 70 per cent on some of, the
higher priced laces. In this schedule single coarse
yarns are liwtliHWl from 7 cents to 6 cents a'pound
and gill netting* from 25 to 20 per cent ad valorem.
There was a general reduction In carpets and
A reduction from 30 cents to 15 cents is made in
hydraulic hose. Oilcloth. Including linoleum, was
reduced about one-third
Thers was practically no change in the wool
schedule from the rates of the Dingley law. but
there was a readjustment between tops and yarns,
and a small decrease on cloths with a cotton warp.
Mechanically ground wood pu'.p was exempted
from duty and placed on the free list with a pro
vision for a countervailing duty against Cir.ada.
Ths lower grade of printing paper was reduced
from $6 to $3 75 per ton. and the hicher grade from
S5 tn $3 75. There Is an increase on surface SSSJSSi
paper and lithographic prints. Including postcards
and cigar labels.
Bituminous eoa] K'"s down from 67 cents to 45
cents a ton. and Kiere are reductions on gun
powder, matches and cartridges. Agricultural Im
plements are cut from 20 to 15 per cent ad va
h:i>es and leather.
Hides were placed on the free Its*. wh!> the rate
on band ar.d sole leather is reduced from ■ pss
cent to 5 per cen. ad valorem; on dressed leather
from 20 per cent to l n ppre r cent hoots and shoes
from 25 per ceut to !<> per cent
Wire works are increased from ?o per c»nt ad
valorem to 12 cents i pound: wearing apparel mad©
Sf fur from 35 to 50 per cent, and the higher class
Jewelry from fio p8« cen? to S5 per cent ad valorem;
pencil lead has specific instead of ad valorem rates,
with a slight Increase. For the first time moving
picture films are named specifically In a tariff
law. The bi:i gives them a positive rate of one
and one-half cents a foot.
Petroleum, crude and reflned. including kero
sene, gasolen**. naphtha, benzine and similar petro
leum products ar* made free of duty and are left
even without a countervailing duty
The Dingley rates on women's ar.d children's
gloves are allowed to stand. The only change ts a
reduction on "schmaschen" gl>ves not over 14
Inches in length, on which the rate is made $1 25
a dt»zen pairs, Instead of Jl 75.
Practically al! the administrative features cf th#
blil which were adopted in the Senate were ac
ceptsd by r'.'.e ceafarraea They include a new
nv.xlnvim art-I minimum feature. ■ < ..rporatlon
tax law Instead of the Inheritance tax adopted by
the House, authorization f < r a bond issue to raise
money to bul'.d the Panama Canal and many other
Thf maximum anil mlmmi.m provlsfon prescribes
duties in accordance with the rates named in the
dutiable list until March 31. MBS, when 25 per cent
ad valorem ia to be added automatically as the
maximum duty The President Is authorized to
•pply the minimum rates, however, to Imports
from a country which gives Its best rates to the
products of the United States, and i 3 made the
judge as to whether a foreign country accords to
the United States treatment which is reciprocal
and equivalent. When he finds that this condition
exists he is to issue a proclanAtion putting in ef
fect the minimum rates, but until the tlm* of the
proclamation the maximum rates will apply.
The President Is empowered to employ such per
sons as may be required to obtain information to
assist the President in the discharge of the duties
Imposed on him and information which will b« use
ful to the otticers of the goverpment In the ad
ministration of the customs laws. The reciprocity
treaty with Cuba Is not affected by the maximum
and minimum provision.
The President is empowered also to abrogate
those reciprocity treaties which can b* terminated
by diplomatic action. It is made his duty to give
ten days' notice after the bill becomes a law of
his Intention to bring those treaties to an end. All
other treaties which contain no stipulation in re
gard to their termination by diplomatic
shall be abrogated by a notice of six months from
the President to those countries, the notice dating
from April 30. 1909. on which date Secretary Knni
Informed foreign governments t'.iat the L'ntt»-d
State* would soon ask them to enter into new
tariff relations.
The Philippine free trade provision, which was
considerably elaborated by the Senate, yjovides
for the free Importation of all articles "tlie growth
or product of or manufactured tn the Philippine
Islands from material the growth or product of
the Philippine Islands or. the United States or
both, or which do not contain foreign materials
to the valua of more than 20 per cent of their
total value." Rice is the only exception to the
free provisions, but restrictions are placed on
sugar an* tobacco. The free Importation of sugar
is limited to 300.000 tons a year. On wrapper ar.d
filier tobacco when mixed the annual limitation Is
CtXt.OOO pVur.ds. on filler tobacco i.000,000 pounds,
and on ci.ari 1c0.000.0M.
f JULY 15thl X
1 Bated -m a Lecture Mmd to the School of I
1 Geography, Oxford ".Diversity. March 3, no* ■
1 By Frank Bufflngtesj Vrooman. F.R.O-S. J
\ £>», ios *■*£"■ §
\ Paper cover* 70 cents M
» tJoth *» oo #
\ Far sale by all Bookttitrrt, a* wit M
% prepaid en recttpt 0/ price. m
35 West J2n« Street, ,_^
I Grunf eld's Linen tore.
a it. 21, Leipziger Street. Berlin. W.
# Cwb Mills: Landeshut. Silesia.
111 1 At* for Illo»trat*4 File* li»u
i Ho Agents Anywhers.
i *% %^^%/%r%%^%/»3a/%'«>^%^sv%*
A provision Is Included In the bill which levies
on all articles on which any foreign country pays
a bounty or grant on its exportation an additional
duty equal to the amount 61 such bounty.
It Is required that all Imported articles capabl*.
of beln? marked without Impairment of their valas>
shall be stamped with the name of the manufact
urer and the country of origin.
A very elaborate provision for the administration
of the customs laws was adopted by the. conferrees.
It is practically dM same as that adopted by tha
Senate. it is intended to prevent undervaluation,
of articles on which there :s no foreign market
by which true values may be ascertained.
Provision is made for the establishment of a
customs court of appeals, wtth headquarters in
Washington. It will comprise a presiding iodgs>
and four associate judges at salaries of $10,000 »
year. There are to be appointed to conduct gov
ernment cases before this court a special assistant
attorney general at $10,000. a deputy assistant at
torney general a? $7,500, and four attorneys at
$s,r>io each.
The internal revenue tax on tobacco is amended,
making the rates on chewing and smoking tobacco
3 cents a poun-1. No change was made In the tax
on cigars, except those weighing under thres
pounds a thousand, which were increased from it
to 75 cents a thousand. The rates on clararett?*
were Increased to $1 25 a thousand. A prohibition
against the use of coupons or special gift pledges
SI Incorporated !n the new law.
The provision granting farmers the tree sale of
leaf tobacco places a restriction on the retail
dealer, which requires him to record every sal*
amounting to two pounds or more to one person
in one day. A number of other ironclad retire
meats are included in the redraft of this section
adopted by tha cenference committee, by which it
was intended to prevent any frauds on the internal
revenues and at the same time give as much of a
local market as possible to the tobacco grower.
The grower had contended for unrestricted sal*
of amounts up to ten pounds.
Foreign built yachts are subjected to an excissi
tax of $7 a gross ton. which HI to be collected an
nually on the first day of September. In lieu ot
the excise tax. the owner of a foreign built yacht
or pleasure boat may pay a duty of 33 per cent
ad valorem on Ms yacht. This will entitle him to
American registry. The excise tax provision was)
adopted because of the fact that some question
had been raised about the ability of the govern
ment to enforce collection of import duties.
Every corporation, joint stock company or asßS>
elation organized for profit, and every insurance
company Is required to pay annually an excise tax
of i per cent on its entire net income over and
abov* S3.CC9. AH feature was put into ■ OBJ bill
to raise additional revenues to apply on the Treas
ury deceit. The section was prepared by Attorney
General Wickersham. assisted by other able law
yers in the administrative circle, and great cars
was taken to guard against double taxation. It
provides a form of publicity which will enable tha
government to exercise supervision ov«r corpora
tions. It Is estimated that from $3>.oC^noO to
$30,000,000 a year will be collected under this new
form of federal taxation.
The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized ts>
lss'ae Panama Canal bonds to tne amount of
$30.569.C00. which sum. together with that already
expended, equals the estimated cost of (as canaL
It Is not Intended that the bonds shall be issuMi
except as need--! to provide money to carry on the
work of canal construction. The bonds are to to*)
payable fifty years from the date of issue. md will
bear interest at a rate not exceeding .; per cent.
When the bonds are sol 1 the Secretary of t!»a
Treasury will restore to the working balance tha
SJSJSSjSSJ paid originally tor th* ;<nai property and
the Canal Zone.
The re-enactment of tire provision authorizins
the issuance of Treasury cerUScaias tor moaey
borrowed to meet public expenditures increases the
amount of the authorisation from JIM.OCftOCi) to
A large number of other provisioos in force under
the existing tariff law are included In the confer
ence bill, with a few changes in rl-.ras«olo«jr to
several cases.
The drawback provision of the Dingley law ts
incorporated In the . .>.<f?reiv- Ml in lien of th*
drawback of the House bill, wirica intended U> per
mit the substitution of domestic mati-ru! ia tM
manufactured article for export t» the same <*!*»»
t.ty that the imported material ©a which a draw
back was obtainable was us?d in 'he manufacture
of similar SIIMiM for domestic consumption. An
additional provision was adopted entitling users c£
domestic ju!cur.ol in the manufacture of perfumery
and cosmetics to ooiain.a drawback of. Internal
revenue tax to the amount of jUeouol uaeii in an
exported arti
Waterbury. Conn.'. July ».-For running . Into _
Joseph Stevens and his wife, the former a police- —
man and throwing both to the ground .rWDßaei^
Somers. a New York chauffeur. was fined* SO an«
costs this morning in tn* police court. B. -J^%i
Dimmock. of New York, -wno was-ia;«» "•"""
owns Uic machine. It I* said.

xml | txt