rIINNISH WOMEN VOTE MUCH AND FLIRT LITTLL
•5 legislators They Have
justified Their Claim to
possess Common Sense.
i-rrifW. H**- *»' th< " *"♦»>• wood Company.)
jjli women never flirt. This is. a matter
f* "".vjj-h I do net «sp<>*k from experience.
of*j y? at r.n Jitne been tempted tn flirt with
—1 Put it is a strange peculiarity, which
! '" ' n ->••>- and placed on record in nearly
**Vi«!UJa o0lii! concerning the grand duchy.
*■' y»nni£b women also vote in all municipal
0* fl .. fl ry election*. Perhaps it is because.
*~' " ppt trifle an*! are averse to frivolity
,v, e v have been accorded rights of franchise
-.■... rhose of men. They even sit In the
•^ , ' assembly — more than .forty of them —
'^ ' f giver, evidence of such capacity as
!lL£xffl» (perhap* because they do not flirt)
'^iltl'nietcly to set at rest all doubts that arc
as to the succesp of the experiment
't'-'ard i ? therefore entitled to b«» regarded
" wffT irtr resting country, particularly to
»■ . j, cre in America, where the female suf
jrfl' though still in its elementary
; « nevertheless increasing each year in
o»-d importance; and under the circum
**! "« It »ay I* veil to call attention to the
tn« srar.d duchy is just at present m
Jlrtfl to th* celebration of the centennial anni-
L^rv of Ite existence.
-." t» a celebratton which is likely to create
"--.TDrise s-broad, for although Sweden
" 'xravs been rejrarded in the United States
*~r more liberal, tolerant and enlightened
t her tnetlwds of government than Russia, yet
- over which the Finns are rejoicing
» div is tht ! :r from the tyrannical
-* cf the Va-^a kinpF and the transfer of thei"
'juj-tace *° tiie more l>enipn sovereignty of
C22T-?. who restored to them for the fir«t
Xc their national existence, of which they ha>l
ifl ;nttr.ts ar.d purposes been deprived by
L Swedes, and who have endowed them with
2 ? to-day the most democratic form <jf
kgje ru!<* in the world, t-mce the representative
ianMy. elected by all the adults in the coun-
J sale ar.d female, on the proportional sys
"c sicl"fi es - as I have mentioned ahove. nearly
•rroisen among its two hundred members.
THE CZAB MISREPRESENTED.
TiJaad has occasionally, since the accession
. tht- drone of Nicholas 11, been portrayed in
* afira newspapers as a victim of Muscovite
totttiCT ar.d as navies been robbed by the
gssar of its autonomy, despite the <>aih which
tack on h:? accession to obsrrve the terras of
jMsmstitution of the prand duchy. Yet th*»
jej fart that Finland should possess a legis
...^e of the extremely democratic and ad
ored type de?cribed above, by virtue of an
z;*r:a': ukase iesued on November 4. lftCi. by
ftbalu, providing for the reform of the Diet
:::= present liws. should suffice tr> rekeve hsrn
rery such misrepresentation. The latter seems
riave arsen in connection with another edict,
jssnlgated mor* than six years previously —
joflT, on February 15, IK99— ln which the Em
*~» reserved to himself the ultimate decision
KM what lawe came within the scopp of the
psera! legislation of the empire. In one word, he.
:::arr-r. that It was for the Crown to determine
iSri laws were imperial and which merely
bsL When Mr. Gladstone framed his Irish
Hr» Bule bHI he asked the Russian govern
act for a statement as to the constitution of
Piar.d. end it is worth while noting that he
SI not include in his bill many of the privileges
r±± Finland enjoys? to-day. Nor would he
iwe Creamed of conceding to any Home Rule
Jciiaent In Dublin the right of final decision
»tt what laws were local and what were im
senai. Thia right "f determininfr what con
fiffled imperial affairs had been exercised by
0 th*- predel r-ps^rs of Nicholas on the throne
1 Russia. Even Alexander 11. when he too*
noj from the prand duchy part of the province
SVibfWg. ir ". did it without consulting the
Diet at H r -:.s;::gfors. In his ukase of IS9& Nich
as II sierely reiterated this ripht, but made
prtidon therein for taking the opinion of the
•aSfflrtties of the grand duchy — namely, the
scale ET.d the Diet. That is to say, according
a the decree of JSS9, if any new imperial law
tf xht Russian government applicable to the
cure empire entails modification of the exist-
Sl i£V of Finland the Senate at HelsingforE
eat be cor.pult«-d and the law in question .«ub-
Saefl tn the Diet for its opinion. It is added
$tt ;.-.- law will r.ot be promuJgated by the
bain until after the opinion of the Governor
SewsaJ of Finland, of the Minister Secretary
- th» Grand Duchy of Finland and the Imperial
«££> cf Finland, and in certain cases of tlie
JW cf Fir.la.nd. has been ascertained and ex
ceed by the Council of the Empire.
MILITARY SERVICE LAW.
or.ly ircperial law to which the Finns
possibly f.av»» taken any exception was
*O r?.:>c ir.to existence some eight or nine
"** £Z^ sr.d which increased the military
cf th* grand duchy. Up to that tinr 1
~r M per cent of Finns liable for military
■nice actual!;.- served with the colors, whereas
* *2 the renuUnin* portions of the Russian
fejtJni th*- perrenrage is 2*5. The Czar for the
'^R tin* p:ar*d Finland on • .-"■ same footing
** ti>» r»»t. nf his dominior.s in thifs matter.
c*e * ft ■R-a? srrsr.pe^. in order to avoid »ny
*&«• rhsng'-s that might appear unduly hard
* tie Flr.r;.s, that the innovation should be
•■sjd ever ten or fifteen years and that the
'trcase r,* th»- Finnish contingent should v"
ferj — namely, ax th^ ra.te of about five hun
'-"^ nen a yr-ar. This law affecting the ap
*?*ta»eat cf Finland's eharo irj the mlll
te> feeaaai <>f the empire was duly submitted
' &f is'^-rial gfj\-ernment to the authorities
I &• KT-^-.A c-, hy, hs provided by the ukase
;,?*nuuy, uyj, "for their opinion.- The
?Waar General of the grand duchy was so
*3pßj to secure Use approval of the Senate and
-•'-■ Jj.i-t to th«- military laws in question, al
*sßi th<r :;;,rovL.l was not a sine qua ri ( >n,
* fc« rescrtfrd to means of pressur-^ which
a pood a*-*l cf exasperation among tb«
Finr.fc- created an immense amount of
tiood, 'u!m:ni.ted in revolutionary out-
tad Juniisht-d the material for all the
j 4^-* 8 putlifht.O abroad to the effect that
7~*&*. lc defiance of his oath on accession,
J* JjWvlni the grand duchy of all the. pre
pkti « Helf-gsv-ernment accorded to it by
'•^s rruttter hi. s really never been thoroughly
j.^ 100^ abroad. Far from bavlnxr lost any
t~f aut cnor.y Kince the accefisicn cf Nicholas
i^* in lg: , 4> Finland possee.ses to-day
-y* I*1 '* £Tr - r/ulit <* home rule than ever before.
ij_ e **^ish doaucttlon Flrih»»d had noth
k- i^'* kllid - Hli * *'*"* divided into a nurn
tti'^L i=v '*' (ilfc^ provinces and ruled from
*4fl v ttil "**'? a! I.• bead* of the Judiciary
trj " administration had their quar
*"-*o a ***** It v,as not until Ru«eia had com
«f Wk Swr <i«rr., si the close of a long aeries
kw. **• t( ' «urrender Finland to her by the
% J* l^ t-^''kfiAm,t -^''kfiAm, in 1809 as the fruit of
8 or 7. Luto. a. ■-> -m. -"-■ - -■'■', -m" icr
the-flm time ««emb!ed at Borgo. in that same
year, in order that the people might tender their
oath of allegiance to Emperor Alexander I
The Czar on that occasion received petitions
from his now subjects to undertake the reor
ganization of Finland, which he promised to
take into consideration.- But he voluntarily
Pledged himself to preserve the ancient institu
tions of Finland. What he meant n> this was
definitely explained when shortly afterward he
promulgated the civil code of 1734. which had
been in force during the period of Swedish rule
and likewise confirmed the church laws of 1656!
These two codes were held to cover the civil
economic and religious life of Finland and to
guarantee its rights and liberties.
UPBUILT FINNISH AUTONOMY.
It was these two codes that Alexander I and
each of his successors have promised to ob
serve; and far from having broken their pledge.
Alexander 11. Alexander in and Nicholas II
have each of them increased the prerogatives
and the autonomy of the Finns. If I mention
these three monarchs and not Nicholas I. it is
because from 1809 until 1863 the Finnish Diet
was never, once convened. During that period
taxes were imposed. laws made and cancelled
by the emperors without consulting the Diet.
In IMS. however, Alexander 111. after liberating
the serfs, copvoked the Diet of Finland, and
expressed the wish that it should meet "at least
every five years," and since that date it has
been fully recognized by all Russians that the
power of legislating in everything that concerns
the local affairs <>f the grand duchy belongs
juintly to the Emperor, in his capacity of Grand
Duke of Finland, and to the Diet The powers
of th<> latter were still further increased in
ISS6. by Alexander IIL who conferred on it the
right of initiating laws, reserving, of course, the
final^dfc:?ion to the Crown; while Nicholas has
gone even still further, and has, as I have
shown, endowed the grand duchy with the most
democratic representative assembly in the
The women in the Diet are held by all political
parties to have fully justified by their behavior
and by their good sense the claims of their sex
for legislative representation. In at least four
instances husband and wife belong to the A«
sembly, and women are represented in all
parties, even among the Socialists, whose fem
inine members emphasize their convictions by
wearing rod dresses. The female legislators in
clude peasant women from the country districts
as well as workers in towns. One of them in
terests herself very keenly in behalf of domestic
servant She began t(f earn her living as a
general servant at the age of ten. bjjt now edits
a paper dovnted to the interests of servants,
whom she has formed into a union. How demo
cratic :<= this national assembly of Finland will
be gathered from the fact that it contains
thirty-two workingmen. fifteen small tenant
farmers, forty land owners, three millers, only
twelve lawyers, twenty-nine teachers, twenty
one journalists, seven professors, seven mer
chants, three foremen, two railroad employes
and three waiters.
Formerly the Diet consisted of the four
eptates— the nobles, the clergy, the burghers and
the peasants. But there ip no longer any dis
tinct class representation, and there are only a
few nobles among the forty land owners having
seats in the Diet. The number of noble Finnish
families is 237 of whom seven are counts and
forty-five barons, the remainder having no
titles, but figuring, nevertheless, or: the rolls. of
the now extinct House of Nobles.
Although Finland ha* pent quite a large num
ber of its citizens to America — there are a large
number of Finnish settlements In the "Western
states— yet to most people the grand duchy is
little more than a geographical expression.
This, too, despite the fact that it is larger than
INTENDED ESPECIALLY FOR THE BUSY MAN
Constant Reader Tells Htm
What He Missed in Last
"Has Dr. Cook produced proof yet that he dis
covered the North Pole?" asked Busy Man as he
met Constant Reader last night.
"He will not do so for some time." replied the
latter. "He got home this week, and was warmly
welcomed by enough of his fellow citizens to con
vince him that a large part of the world gives him
Up confidence, but he declared firmly that be in
tended to submit his proofs first of all to the Uni
versity of Denmark, at Copenhagen, for the reason
that the Danish authorities were the first to in
dorse his claim and honor him with medals. He
acknowledged that he did everything in his power
to conceal his discovery of the pole from Peary
when they were both in the Arctic, because he
wanted to be the first to announce it to the world,
and for other reasons which he declined to dis
close.* Peary landed at Sydney. N. S.. and. leaving
his vessel there, went to his home in Maine. He
arr.ounced his intention to decline all public honors
until h!s controversy with Dr. Cook has been settled
by competent authority. He reasserted however,
his confidence that he can conclusively prove that
jj T Cook has deceived the pub!:-, and he placed
proofs of his Are" in the hands of General
Thomas L. Hubhard. president of the Peary Arctic
Cli b " *
"Will the Roosevelt g»t here in time to take any
parr in the Htidpnn-Fulton celebration?" asked
"The Roosevelt." replied Constant Reader, "was
detained at Sydney in an effort to recover from
certain impulsive Canadians who poured over her
in a hunt for souvenirs, when Peary went ashore,
the entire collection of data made by Professor
Donald McMillan on the ornithology of th« polar
regions, which was stolen from his cabin by some
"It takes all kinds of people to populate a uni
verse," mused Busy Man. "Ha* an anti-Tam
many candidate for Mayor Y»-cn discovered?"
"Justice William J. Gaynor. of Brooklyn, was
formally nominated by the Democratic Union: also
by the Municipal Democracy, an organization com
posed of members of several political bodies which
came to grief at the last mayoralty election, and
which has been rehabilitated tor the purpose of
taking an active part in the coming campaign.
He however, still welcomes the indorsement of
Tamnmny Hall If he can get it. He Issued a state
ment addressed 'To the Public.' which described
the action of the Committee of One Hundred In re
fusing to nominate him unless be would promise
not to accept a Democratic nomination as 'an ex
hibition of the most disgraceful partisanship ever
wttaeew in this city except one.' The attitude of
the One Hundred, he declared, was In violation of
the state constitution, and. he believed, of the
re ' n Not C aTall alarmed by this denunciation, the
committee en candidates of the political bodies op
posed to Tammany met for conference on Wednes
day night, but failed to agree upon a nominee.
The Independence League withdrew from the fusion
cauM Ui wrath because it could not get all it
IMited tut thin wan not felt t« !>« much loss to the
movement, because friends of Charles F. Murphy
l;ad just carried the Independence league primaries
In every Assembly district in Manhattan and The
Bronx The leaguer* were 11. moat astonished
m»-n in the city when they woke lip to find that
dele-ate* to all the league conventions had been
nominated by Tammany men. Then they flew
around in terrific excitement. Governor Hu C he»
Jed the Attorney General wer. appealed to V tale
YORK DAILY TRIBUNE, ! SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1909.
England. Scotland. Ireland and the Nether
lands all put together. Known from time im
memorial by the natives as Buomi, •which means
"a country of swamps," it is a land of lakes and
islands, a peninsula embraced by the gulfs of
Finland and Bothnia on the west and bordered
by Russia and Lapland on the east and north.
There is no highly civilized nation about the
origin of which there is so much difference of
opinion and uncertainty. (Some have attempted
to identify the Finlanders with an obscure
northern tribe mentioned by Tacitus and Ptol
emy under the nam% of Finni. It is generally
believed that in their inception they formed
part, like the Magyars, of the Mongolian race,
and certain it is that their language, to the
preservation of which they are ardently devoted,
has more analogy with Hungarian than with any
other known tongue.
Finland was Christianized by Eric IX. the
canonized King of Pwed^n, accompanied by the
English Bishop Henry of Upsala. in the twelfth
century, In the customary manner of those days,
namely, with fire and sword. King Eric re
turned tn his own dominions, leaving Bishop
Henn,- behind, and. although he represented in
the eyes of the Flnr9 the Swedish conquest and
the Swedish domination, which with periodical
interruptions lasted for the greater part of the
ensuing six centuries, was killed by his convert*
owing to the fierceness of his missionary metti
ods, and was in due course canonized, yet he has
always boon honored ever since and down to the
present day as the patron saint of Finland.
FALL BEAUTIES OF SPA.
Para' | 3] gs, N" V Sept. 25.— Saratoga
Springs has won another victory in the matter of
- during the last week, when I
• d in it.<= favor For f •
• - • - etween the gas com-
graph, scores of attorneys got busy taking affi
davits to show how their party had been stolen
and conferences were held to devise some way of
recovering it. The abduction was plotted a year
ago, according to league leaders. At that time
Tammany ordered that fifteen of her men should
enroll as Independence Leaguers In every election
district in the city. These accessions at the time
gave the leaguers much Joy. Subsequently they
discovered ■ at the growth of their party had not
been so rapid as had appeared.
"As a result of the fusion failure, the Repub
licans held a convention In Carnegie Hall Thurs
nay r.isjht and nominated the following ticket:
For Mayor— OTTO T. BAXNARD. Manhattan.
For Controller— WlLLlAM A. PRBNDERQAST. Brooklyn.
President Hoard of Aldermen— JoHN PCRRi 'V MITCHEL.
"Otto T. Bannard is president of the New York
Trust Company, treasurer of the Republican
County Committee and identified with philan
thropic work. He is a personal friend of President
Taft. William A. Prendergast is recognised in
commercial circles as one of the leading credit
experts of the country. He is an uniis£a.lly
effective campaign speaker. John Purroy ■'Mftchel
is a Democrat, grandson of John J. Mltchel, Irish
patriot. He is ■ Commissioner of Accounts, and
as such brought about the removal of Borough
Presidents Ahearn and Haffen.
"The Republican platform includes the follow
ing planks, among others:
ATI futur- subways should be owned by the city.
We favor su<-h action as will F»cure as -speedily a* pos
sible the re-establlfhmenr of a universal transfer «v?trm
We favor an eieht-hour -lay for all employ©* of the city,
and demand that every person employed shall render a
full dn.y'i service for avery full day's pay.
We favor tiie three platoon item for the police force.
■■■■■'. ■ "
"Considering that the greatest problem of the
city's government for the next few years I? going
to be largely a financial one," said Busy Man, "we
will be exceedingly lucky If we get Mr. Ban
nard (or our Chief Executive. How has the
Presidtjjit been getting along with his Western
"At Montrose. Colo., he formally opened the
Gunnison tunnel, part of a great irrigation sys
tem to, benefit that state. At Pueblo he announced
that he would not make his speech on the conser
vation of natural resources — the topic of supreme
interest in the country through which he will
pass during the next two weeks— until h* reaches
Spokane, on September 2k
"At Denver the President expressed himself for
the first time since entering the White House on
the subject of swollen fortunes. He declared that
he holds the game views now that he did in 1907,
when he delivered a speech on the subject. "It
seems to me now, as it did th**n," said he, 'that
the proper authority to reduce the size of fortunes
is the »tate rather than the central government.
Let the state pass laws of Inheritance which shall
require the division of great fortunes among the
children of the decedents* and shall not permit
a multi-millionaire to leave his fortune in trust
bo as to keep It In n mass; make much more
drastic tlie n;l«? againft perpetuities which obtains
at common law, and 'jf Impose a heavy and
graduated Inheritance tax. which shall enable the
State to almr* largely In the proceed* of such
large uccumultttions uf wealth which could hardly
have been brought about nave through its pro
tection and aid. la tins why gradually but effec
tively the concentration of wealth In one hand or
a lew hand* will be neutralised and the danger
to The Republic that h:t» Iwn anticipated by a
continuation through generations of such accumu
lating fortunes Will he obviated.'
"He also took up the corporation tax. adopted, as
a part of the Payne tariff bill, and defended it as
against the proposition to uaafla* «v dicMt t-inm
panles, which have been sapping th» life out of
Saratoga's forty mineral springs. It Is believed
now that with the suppression of jpumptng the old
vigor will return to the water and Saratoga will
regain her birthright. The case will doubtless be
carried to the Court of Appeals. where the decision
will probably be sustained.
This is a glorious season In this beautiful burg
and many are enjoying its grandeurs. The auto
mobile drives are hard to beat: one especially ap
peals to the camper. The road leading across the
bride at Saratoga Lake and which follows the
shore to the south end is lined with modest sum
mer nooks dignified by the name of cottages. Clus
ter after cluster of little camps allure the travel
ler to rest awhile and be alone with the elves and
On Tuesday evening a portion of the lake was
illumined by the burning of the 80.-kes cottage,
situated on the west bank, opposite Newman Lake
House. The house was one of the most preten
tious on the lake. ,
TYPE OF PEASANT WOMEN IN riNLAND.
Among the most picturesque =pot? ir. town |ost
now ar tennis courts. V>
• turf, with a view "f valley and hills in the
• . l« dotted over with golf devotees, and the
r '»nnis play ts.
OX XEir JERSEY COAST.
Atlantic Citii Entertaining Manii
Who Enjoy the Shore.
Atlai • ty. Sept -'—There win be a great deal
of e>tnir and nomine on the railroad between this
i the Hudson-Fulton cell t " New
York this week. It is only a short trip, and parties
who want to s*>e the na . the airships and
■a much effort, either
by tram or : ihiing their
- at Atlantic City. T
tember Reason ia here, and there are
many '■ i I City's quiet
end 1 ihing and in
eltghtl ■■ the Nortl - links.
tax, which he said seemed likely to pass the
Senate when the corporation tax was devised as
a compromise. He strongly ur*;ed that all the
states should ado the proposed amendment to the
Constitution to make an income tax possible. The
President declared that the corporation tax was
the h^t form of income tax that could be levied,
and declared that it contained many of the best
features of the income tax law of England. In
urging that the slates should vote for the amend
ment to the Constitution permitting the levying
of a direct income tax without apportioning the
levy among the states and according to their
population, he said it would be possible to amend
the corporation tax so as to include within Its
scope every desired feature of' an income tax
excert that levied on Incomes derived from actual
salary* and professional services. He ■aid he
opposed a direct income tax except In ■ -••- ot
emergency, ami believed it to be a prime fault
in the federal Constitution that no provision was
made fur a direct levy to meet war time or other
"At I ■••- Moines the President announced that he
would urge the establishment of an interstate
commerce cqnrt of five members to consider ap
peals from rates fixed by t'.ie Interstate Com
merce Commission. He will also recommend leg
islation to prevent one interstate railroad company
from Owning stork in a competing line and to
compel roads thus owning stock to dispose of
their holdings within a given time. Legislation to
prevent the overissue of stocks and bonds and the
watering f> ? stocks will be stror^ly recommended,
the President's proposition hems that no stocks
or bonds shall be issued except by permission of
the Interstate Commerce Commission after an in
<iuiiy has oe*:n made Into their necessity."
"Dear me!" exclaimed Busy Man. "and the good
man is only on what you mitrht call the first leg
of his thirteen thousand-mile trip. How much new
legislation will he have advocated before lie gets
home asain? It would take two sessions of Con
gress at least to dispose of the suggestions he, has
made already. Any person of , importance die?"
'■Governor John A. Johnson. - the hope, of the
Democratic party, died In Minnesota. Edward P.
Hatch, for many years president of the drygooda
firm of Lord & Taylor, died In Vermont. Jam^s D
Smith, head of the brokerage, house of James D.
Smith & Co.. and for twelve years chairman <>f the
America's Cup committee of the New Turk Yacht
<"!üb, died In Stamford. Conn. Captain William H.
FHckctts, court crier >if the Appellate Division of the
Supreme Court and widely known -among lawyers
and justices as ••Billy" Pickets, died in this city.
For forty-two years he had been associated with
the Supreme Court, tlrst n.s court c3U-er, then as
captain of the court squad, and later a* crier of
the Appellate Division. Robert Hoe, the third of
that name and head of K. Hoe & Co.. printing
press manufacturers, died in LonJon. To his in
ventive talent wan chiefly due the birth of the
"I knew him." commented Busy Man. "He wa*
seventy years old. but if he had nut sprung from
rugged New York stock some of the colored Sun
day supplements that flood this city would have
killed him ten years ago. Anything else happen
that 1 ought to remember?"
' A hurricane struck the Gulf Coast In the neigh
borhood of New Orleans and destroyed about one
hundred lives" and property worth JlO.oCo,ott>, It was
estimated. Responding to the letter of tlw Public
Service Commission .■• July 27. suggesting thai the
Interborough Rapid TransU Company build -\ four
track subway route up Madison avenue as a north
erly extension of its present line, from the Grand
Central neighborhood. President Theodore p.
Chants of that corporation sent to Chairman Will
One of the distinctive sights at this season of the
year is that of shooting* parties, who roam the
salt meadows In search" of the festive mudhen.
which are plentiful around Atlantic Ctty. The low
marshes and the lagoons of salt water are now
frequented by little parties of men in rubber boots,
who tramp through the high rushes and paddle
along In- canoes after their feathered victims. A
little tragedy connected with this sport occurred
this week, when a hunter was found' dead, and
beside him his fine collie dog. both lying against
the deadly third rail of the Shore Line tracks
which cross the salt meadows. It is thought that
"the young man lost his life in trying to save his
dog from the dangerous third rail.
The concerts given every evening in the Marl
borough-Blenhelm. which fill the great music room
every night with a fashionable and enthusiastic
audience. have proven the wisdom of the hotel
management, which seeks to live its guests plenty
of entertainment within doors.
The Hotel Traymore's music room is one of the
most attractive places of the kind in Atlantic City.
It is alt white and restful green, tilled with palms
and rugs and tow, easy chairs. Here one can hear
good music every evening.
At the Chelsea the evening concerts have been a
regular and very enjoyable feature. "Many of
the cottajcers drift over to hear the mu?lc and chat
with thetr* friends there. To people who prefer
stringed music, to the bands on the piers, these
hotel concerts have proven a great magnet.
It is said th.it Atlantic City is to have a fine
rifle ransje down at V«nrnor if the plans of those
interested can he carried out. which will give the
members of the Atlantic City branch of the Na
tional Rifle Association a chance to hold large
matches with more convenience.
Atlantic City Country Club
ar»- in prime shape these days, anr? the clubhouse ■
favorite terminal for aatotnotnsi vho go
• gam>»s. if not to take part In
The flr« I igents have been ho'ding a
tl convention here this last week, with about
twe hundred .of -ga.t>-s from thtrtjMHt
The Marlborr>ugh-Rlenhetm was
thf headqua n
John IJurand and T. Halstead came down to
spend the week end with their families, who are
spending the month of September at the Hotel Den
nis Among other guests who will stay for the
September and fall season are Mrs. Edward Ren
shaw Jones. Miss Mabel Jones, Mrs. W. Hawley.
Miss Sarah Hawley, D. Edwin Hawley. Commander
and Mrs W. L. Burdick and Thomas Howard.
Among September guests at the Pennhurst are
Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Renner and Miss Renner,
Fletcher Swair. and George H. Stehlc. all of New
York City. Mr. and Mrs. Robert Wilson, of
Kingston. N. V.: Mr. and Mrs Walter Thomas; of
Tonkera, N. V.. and Mrs. Hammell, of New York
City, are guests at the Revere.
Mr. and Mr?. A. M. Morland. of Ptttsbarsj; m"
tored ewer from Spring Lake, their summer home,
for a stay at the Marlborough-Blenhelm. Other
New Yorkers here are P. B. Watrous, Mrs. H. S.
Black, H. Hill and Miss Tiffany The long, hand
some exchange and parlors of the Chalfonte seem
to have more than their rightful share of pretty
young - Is this season.
Among the Traymore's notable guests are Gen
eral and Mrs. D. J. Craige, U. S. A. ; the Rev. Dr.
i R. H. Keeling and his -son. Robert Lee Keeling, who
painted King Edward of England when he was
Prince ot* Wales:
Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Thompson and Mrs. E. P.
Thompson, of N- •■ York, are at the St. Charles.
Among other New York guests at this house are
Mr. and Mr* A. V. Bonrke. E. Heffley. Mrs. Thom
as Sanders, jr.. D. G. C. Sinclair and Ernest Louis
Waltz, of Montclair. N. J. Haddon Hall has been
th-> centre o? Interest and the headquarters of the
Knights Templar during th. Masonic week. The
Berkshire Inn this week lost one of its proprietors.
J. O. Dickinson, whose death occurred Sunday last.
Th" Hotel Rudolf Is full of September and October
look here, my dear." said a himhami. d- 3
cidedly, "I am sure we d<>n't nee,i that bearskin
How ofter have I t
buy thines because they nr«> ch
my love." re; fe. "thia wasn't
cheap — It cost S3!**— Fhlladi
cox of the commission a letter in which he offered
to build such a route. This offer was coupled witii
a plan for extensions in The Bronx through the
construction of elevated lines, which would give
materially greater facilities than are afforded at
present. According to a statement in the annual
register or' the University of Chicago, John D. Rock
efeller has contributed K-l.4ss.Mi to the unlversity
since Its founding. Mr. Rorkefi-lier's original sub
scription of |t"ii)0.0«i«) came in May, :•»:• and he* has
been constantly increasing that sum and adding to
the endowment fund. Lee McClung. the treasurer
of Yale University, was selected as Treasurer of the
United States. He was formerly a noted football
"The leniency that • ie law has hitherto shown
toward arrested suffragettes was abandoned for
the first time, when two women rioters at the re
cent meeting at Birmingham, which nas addressed
by Premier Asquith. were convicted In that city
of assaulting the police and wilfully damaging
property, and sentenced ore to foirr and the other
to three months" imprisonment at hard lahor. In
addition, fines were Imposed on them, and if they
are no- paid the prisoners will have to serve a
month additional Two refused to eat. hut wer»
fed with a stomach pump."
■There is no cause, however good. I
excused from the obligation to keep the r
>:ippose." said Busy Mar.. "What hav^ •
"Captain F»rher. of th» French army, was killed
by the upsetting of a biplane Just as he was about
to make a landing The appearan<-» of th<» adrer
tisem"- of a large automohile ron<'»rn ... city,
announcing that it Is now ready to manufacture
aeroplanes to order. was regarded as highly sig
nificant by those who remembered that not long
apo many bicycle makers were compelled to turn
to automobiles These people predicted that before
lor.:; many automobile makers may feel compelled
to take up the new vehicle. You can now purchase
an aeroplane for about t~Z\"
"Cheap enough, too.'* said Busy Man. "Even if
you find you car.'t fly with the thing, it will make
a good hen roost. But go on"
"It was announced that at a depth of nine hun
dred feet LWow the surface of the earth, flrmiy
embedded in coal, the petrin><l head of a man was
discovered at Maple Hill Colliery. In Pennsylvania.
The head was said to be perfect in shape, eyes,
ears, nose and even the hah- standing out in bold
relief. Workmen driving a tunn«-l maile the timl at
a point over which water has l>rt>n flowing for
years. It Is believed to be the head of a man of a
prehistoric Professor K^ierich. of Munich.
confirmed by ohrmfcal anil spectroscoptc analysis
the accuracy of his theory that the fatal u^.-nt In
Asiatic ichohra Is free nitrous acl«l. t'ae formation
of which is r.-mlered possible by the action of baP
eilll In transforming the nitrates of food Into ni
trites. Th!s knowledge, he say?, makes safe pro
phylaxis ponslblf. Anybody can now protect him
self from fatal consequences, even when actually
Infected. It Is only necessary to avoid fating ni
trogenous vegetables arul cured meats containing
saltpetre and drinking nitrogenous water. A trlf
gram received in Boston by John Ritchie, Jr., from
Professor Percival Lowell, at his observatory at
Flagstaff. Ariz., stated that r»-eent observations
si n'v that the Antarctic canals <t Man urc tlttii"
peartnK- Profeaaoi Lowed In previous years ha.*
observed In thi fafl a similar disappearance, whloh
he consider* ii seasonal phenomenon. Hr- tliinks
this teu«ls to !»iippc>rt the theory that life t-xlsts
on Man and that the canaU denote a ay* uf
Busy Man yawned.
■ in. i i.«.r^ you?" asked Constant Header.
"Oh. not .it ail-not at all." replied Busy Man. "I
like to hear reports of scientific discovery, mo mat
ter how untrue they ax*/
IS Tfl£ ABIJtOSDACKS
Deer Plentiful and Hunter* Are «§
Lake Placid. X. V . Sept. 25.-M3ny of the people)
still to be found in the mountains have donned
flannel shirts and khaki brerwa. th» badge of the)
huntsman, and the majority of th*m arm , lt tn.
the wood*. Deer are plentiful, and this weelc many
fine specimens were brought into this village, a*
well as into other centres throughout the moun
tains. The weather conditions In the mountains
continue perfect, and there are nr» words to describe)
the beauties of the changing foliage.
THE STEVENS HOUSE.
Mrs. C. McConvill, of Brooklyn, was hostess at a*
dinner given at the Steven* House this week ta
honor of Mr. and Mrs. William B. McElroy.
On Tuesday Mrs. George A. Stevens, wife of the)
owner of the hotel, was hostess at a dinner given
by her for the women who assisted her at the)
Mystic Shrine booth at th» recent Masonic fair.
Early In the week L. Coromtlia*. who will repre
sent the" government of Greece at the Hudaon-Ful
ton celebration, entertained a party of friends wttls
an automobile rid* and dinner at 3aranac Inn.
Rwer.t New York arrivals at the. Stevens Hossa
Include J. O. F. Jacoby. Mrs. K. Pine and Sl!.' ♦
it. G. Y-rkes, who came by automr>b*l»: Miss C,
L. Watts. Mrs. John McMillan. Miss A. McMillan*
James Jenkins. Jr.. Mr and Mrs. C. A. Xx>ckwt>oe.
Mr and Mrs. J. 9. Lockwood. Charles A. Roll. Mr.
and Mrs. F. W Vincent. E E. Vincent. A. Fo3t»
and T. 11. Dur.n.
At th© Northwoods Inn. whfch ls> one of the>
Adirondack hotels remaining open lat» Into the*
season, several New Yorkers ar» staying, and they
are havin* a most enjoyable time.
Joseph. O. McShane. chief Inspector of th« Bu
reau of Licenses of New Tort, who will rentals
here until Tuesday of next week. Is an enthusi
astic swimmer, and Is out every moraine; early for
a plunge in the lake. /
H. R. Kir.aey, of New York, who is here with
Mrs. Kinsry and Miss Vera Klnsey. cllTnied Mound
Whiteface early in th« week, with Charles H.
Hour. of New York, who has returned to the. lna
for hi.« third season. MTfld
OTHER LAKE PLACID HOTELS.
The Belmont is one of the Lake Placid hotels at
which improvements for another season on an ex
tended scale are betng contemplated. One of the)
changes, if carried out. will greatly increase the
size of the presect dining room. Recent New York
arrivals there Include Mrs. Norman L. Cramer and
Mr. and Mrs. P. B. Vermllyea.
New Yorkers recently arrived at the American
House are Mr. and Mrs. H. S. Crawford. V?. H.
Smith. Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Stewart, S. L. Johnson
and C. F. Scheel.
New Yorkers at the National, the Homestead.
the Pines, at Undercliff. I^akeside Inn and Forest
View have this week been taking part in outdoor
sports and excursions to points of interest in this
vicinity. At practically all of these places this
season has been one of the best of recent years
and in many cases addition? and Improvements for
another season are already under consideration.
Saranac Inn. N. v S^pt. 23.— 1n the vicinity of
Saranac Inn hunters had excellent luck this week,
and several deer were brought in. One of the
largest was that killed by H. B. Pinkus and his
brother. Walter DJ Pinkus. of New York, a short
distance from the inn.
Even the excellent hunting failed to attract th,e
golf enthusiasts from their sport, and early tn the
week they had one of the best handicap events of
the season, the cup beir.g won by M. B. Marshal!,
the manager of the inn.
Professor G. F. Eaton, of Yale, who arrived at
the inn this week, is accompanied by Mrs. Eaton.
F. S. Eaton. R. L. Eaton and Miss Merwin, of
New Haven. Conn.
Among the New York people arriving were Au
gust Vincent Tack, of the New York Art League;
Dr. E. D. Brown and Miss A. D. Brown. Mr. and
Mrs. John M. Ames, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred L. White.
William C. Fargo, Mr. ar.d Mrs. R. H. IngersolL*
Mr. and Mrs. William V. King. Miss A. Schurz.
Miss M. Scliurz and .Miss Mabel Davison.
Larser numbers of guests than ever before have
taker, advantage of the fact that the inn is to re
main open late into October and have made their
plans to stay here until the close.
THE ST. REGIS LAKES.
Upper St. Regis. N\ V.. Sept. 21— Those who have)
been tn the woods around here after game this
wee* report havtng met with unusually good luck.
Already preparations are being made for radical
charges at some of the camps another season, and
sites for one or two new camps have been pur
chased along the St. R^sria River. At Birch Island,
the Upper St. Regis Lake camp of Mr. and Mr*.
Anson Phelps Stokes, work will soon oe begun
ujon extensions and alterations for next season.
Paul Smith's. N. V.. Sept. Zi.— Friends of Henry
Adams, of New York, have not yet ceased jo Joke
him upon the mistake he made early in the week.
when, awakened at night by some animal prowling
around his sleeping quarters, ha seized a gun and
hjazed away, confident m the belief that lie had an
enormous buck, only to find that he had bowled
over an unoffending bat inquisitive cow.
Color»l John T. Denny, of New York, who is on*
of the oldest living patrons of Paul Smith's Hotel
and who never lets a hunting season pass witho«
a trip here, arrived on Tuesday.
"Little Tin-.- Sul!i\-an. who ta «ti!l -•.is one of
t!-.e New Yorkers who will remain through tits
month and late into October. Mr SuUivaa's cealt^
is rapidly improving.
The fcn.i^.fo.rp had the air of on<» who is 'inrec
onciled to the existing state of affairs. "Can't w»
take ■ uvddinsr trip, as wed planned?" she asked.
plaintively. * "
"Not Just now." said the young man. "on account
of mj- partner's Illness."
"I thought it would be such fun. taking that atx
days" journey in the cars!" she sighed.
-Well. now. see here." said the young man. "IS
we take the flat I looked at yesterday, it'll bo
just the same as living tn the parlor car stateroom,
except j'.iat the scenery won't change."— Youth.'*
CREOSOTING RAILROAD TIES.
Regardine the experiment* made by the Swedish
Statt- Railways with "'wood creosote" for the »re
servation uf their ties. Consul General Wlnalow of
"Experiment* with wood creosote instead of cc«»
tar creosote were besun by th.« railways in 1*03: v
number of Ue« were then impregnated with wood
cr.osoie. or rather with what it is here called.
£r ,» ,\ nlv,»r vu t ww as, s - h0 «**w : auncuit to BPt th^
IV J. Penetrate deep enottSl) into the wood, ana
althouKh a pressure -■* twelve atmosphere^ rtM
employed, not more UCun about twelve pour.3s Ti
th« tie could be absorbed. The .Umer.sk.-ns of th«
ties rare BVbj *\ inches by 9 feet. This quantity
of the solution la roastdervd Insufficient at least on
i the basis of comparison with the twenty pounds of
ordinary coal tar crcoaMta which ties abwnrß to ob
sgXZt&-&£Sg!? ci only abmit thr<it: atm^
"Tlie reason 'or this unfavorable irmult with the)
U-...K1 tar ..ii is ascribed to the cmliatenc? of the*
«>lutlon. biu U Ls considered that this fact of
-sliijht impregnation does not exclude the possibilltr
..f ii tie treated with wood tar oil ivlnsj th«* sam»
r«t«Un» as one prepared in th*. oia way
with coal tar creosote. The time a well lrnnrVlr
HUteU tie i., expeoted tO U.st U .l.hl^n v"«J? P ISSI
u> ..nlv ivr wart tiave passed slncr the tie* Ira!
pinnated with wood tar oil were used the •js
is not \,-t ripe for v nn:U JudK-aie-tt
"So far they seem perfectly sound
"Kxperinients have also been made to form a
, soluth.,l of wood tar oil with 3 to a per c/nt«*l
; tar,cre..s»t,.. b, r no satisfa, t,> r v results wVreVtw
wo.nl tar oil have been abandoned, chtefly for tn«
; reawp that the railroads do not nosaeM aIE
for Impregnating on a l.»r«e *ral* with a hiS!
. pressure The price of the wood tar oil J. £-
i illt^ i xp l™* ntS l» about 2 ceau a •ouasl--c^
4 duar Report. — w»».
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