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TO TEST U-IXCn GUXS.
Army-Xavy Rivalry in Matter— Ram To Be Shot to Pieces. Rivalry i^tween the army and the navy in times of peace, which has become traditional. receives new incentive from a race between the mon of these departments in the manufacture and testing of new 14-inch puns, which seem d.stin.'d to outclass existing foreign armament. Already the War Department lias five 14-inch gnna under construction, two of which have been rushed to completion. The officers of the Sandy Hook proving ground have been expecting a trial &* early a* Novemt>or 1. In view of this expectancy placement has been set for the re ception of one of the monster rifles, but reports from Washington intimate that the initial trial may n<M occur before the first of the year. In addition to thvse five rifles, four others of like pattern have been authorized by Congress also for tho army. Surrounded with every precaution for secrecy, the naval gun factory at Washington and the Midvale Ste<-1 Company, contractors, have been preparing a single 14-inch gun for the navy, and. despite the progress of the five army rifles, the naval ordnance men are in hoj>es that their test, scheduled to take place at the Indian Head proving grounds, will precede the army test at Si.ndy Hook. The 14-inch type of erun measures sit fret in length and weighs more than 03 tons, being: heavier by ten tons than the 12-inch guns of t!.e new battleships North Dakota and Dela ware and cix tons heavier than those of the Arkansas and the Wyoming. It is designed to t^nd a 1,400-pound projectile at a Fpeed of 2.G00 f« et a second, and will have an extreme range of 2"i miles. Its effective range in battle will iri.-asure more than five miles. The cost of this '•; ca comaker" is $100,000. Those of this type aliotted to the navy will be plated aboard bat t!»-*=kijjs of two different styles planned by the Board of Naval Construction, each calling for a main battery of eight 14-inch rifles. The most expert and careful mechanical labor has been expended in the construction of the pun. The boring of the tube, surface finishing, jacketing, heating, lathe work and kindred operations have been directed by most approved plans. It is interesting to know that the pro jectile will travel .%4- inches through the bore before leaving the muzzle, and that if there is a variation of more than two one-thousandths of an inch in the bore the gun will fail to meet requirements. The fifty-two rilling grooves de crease in width as they approach the muzzle, so as to impart the usual rotary motion to the pro jectile T!:is will prevent the missile from turn ing lengthwise in flight. The capacity of the chamber is L"».M:> cubic inches, and it is <3e yigned to accommodate 300 pounds of smoke less ■ vder T!i«- destructive powers of the new riSe arc such that no modem armor, it is= estimated, can survive the impact of the projectile. < iff the Indian Head proving grounds, where the 14-inch gun te?t for the navy :r to be made, ti.e famous mm Katahdin, which cost the government mors than a million dollars, is soon to serve as a floating target. ("lad in a new c<iat of steel, as if robed for the sacrifice, she will be Si ■: to pi**ees. The ... will ij» conducted secretly, according to custom, and ..■ill be. witnessed by the ordnance experts of the navy, with Rear Admiral Mason, chief of ordnance, :n charge. Ord»-rs have been muiJt»«d at the League J.<;iiid Navy Yard to send the ram to Washing ton. There she will ba divested of her arma ment of G-pound rapid firing guns, her ma chinery and useful material, and towed to Hampton Roads. Th*- importunity never came fur the Katahdin to use her menacing Ft eel prow, for mod srn warfare has removed ships of this type from the sphere of serviceability. The British navy started the practice of utilizing out-of-dat2 war vesadj for ordnance tests, and the Katahdin will fallow in the wake of the monitor Florida arid Ui torpedo boats Nicholson and O'Brien. <-::r::eT victims of this peaceful tragedy in Amer ican waters. The armor of the ram being only six inches thick, she will b*- strengthened by the heaviest of mod -m plate, and, placed in line with the MaryUi 1 shore, will receive the projectiles sent from the proving ground. THE UN.TED STATES RAM KATAHD.N. WH.CH ,S SOON r TO AS A TARGET AT THE INO.AN HEAD PROV.NC KEW-YORK DATLY TRIBUNE, SUNDAY. OCTOBER 10. 1909. TWO OF THE 12-INCH RIFLES ON THE BRITISH WARSHIP INFLEXIBLE. This mighty battleship-cruiser, vwhich came to New Yrrk to take part in the Hudson- Fulton celebration, has been much admired. Supplied with huge rifles and thick armor, she is yet so speedy that it was reported she would try to beat the Mauretania's record on her voyage home. The Katahdin was finished at Bath. Me., in 1-&3. She la '*» feet in length. 43 feet in width and has a displacement of 2.150 tons. His HONEY. ■r M. I'-urbank. the plant wizard ot ''ai; forn-a. >n.y. apropos of a flower that bees lov: "This flower grows abundantly near Santa Barbara, and there was once a young <ali fornian who often visited a leading Santa Bar bara, hotel because they have. :vjch excellent honey there — a honey the bees make from this flower. DOING THE LATHE WORK ON A 14-INCH GUN FOR THE AMERICAN NAVY. "Well, the young man got married in due course, and the wedding trip itinerary must in clude Santa Barbara, so that the bride might taste this suiierl. honey. "But the first morning at the Santa Kaxbara J:ot<.'l there was no honey on the breakfast table. The bridegroom frowned. He called the old familiar wait«-r over to him. ** 'Where'a my !.■■• ! rnarided. "The waiter hesitated, looked awkwardly at the bride, then bent toward the young man's ear and in a statue whisper stammered: " 'Kr Matiiie don't work here uv more, sir." " SUPER-DREADXOI GUTS. Costliness of XavaJ Competition — Germany and England. London, September 2.~>. Shortlived as the modern novel is the costly warship. The Dreadnought and the Invincible condemned the battleships and armored cruisers of the British navy and all rival fleets to the scrap heap; but how short ma] be their own day! The Americans and Germans began with imi tating them, and speedily improved u;»>n them. British designers did not stand still, but revised their calculations and planned superior war ves sels of each type, and these were launched more rapidly than competing 1 ships in the two rival navies. The types were not altered, and it is now suspected the British Admiralty has virtu ally been marking time while the Germans have been forging ahead. Englishmen do not take note of American naval progress except in mis chievous and misleading comparisons based upon the two-nation standard. They do not believe that there will ever be a naval war between England and America, but look upon the two fleets as natural allies in the work of civiliza tion. The German campaign for challenging the ascendency of British sea power Is more serious. Every stage of it is watched with jealousy and suspicion, and rightly so, because German de signers are making a deliberate attempt to out rival the British navy in every type and class of fighting ship. If they are successful, the newest war vessels in the most powerful fleet afloat will have to be "scrapped" in the course of a few years. British inventiveness itself may be equally destructive to new types. The first super-Dreadnought, as the well known expert Mr. H. W. Wilson, describes an essentially new type of battleship, has been launched to-day at Hamburg. It is not a Nas sau, whit while larger than the original Dread nought and provided with thicker armor and a better balanced and more serviceable battery, is a variant of the primary type. German will have four of these Nassaus or Westfalens in commission before many months have passed, and her ability to construct then: as rapidly as similar work has been lone in England will have been proved. '!'■ Siegfried, which is now in the wat» r and is to be followed by the Beowolf before the end of the year and by f'»ur other sister ships next yvar, is almoct as mysterious as the Flying Dutchman, so st-eretly has the work been done in the shipyards and so closely have the measurements and details of construc tion and armament been kept out of print. The Gorman experts have made a prolonged sttnly of the problem while improving nj >n their first Nassau, and have succeeded, it is reported, in producing a design so superior in all resists to the latest British battleship as to justify the name. '"Super-Dreadnought." While official in formation is still withheld, the Siegfried is evi di-nUy a battleship with a displacement ap proximating :22.0d0 tons and a peed exceeding Continue! <n fuimit in ;.-. ORIENTAL RUGS ■Maun, nr*— and it.iAiiau. MICHAEUAN BROS. Ii: ,i 97 Vk . '8