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OY CART JXD MULEIUCK.
Transportation Difficulties Facing l r . S. Engineers in Other I^and*. All the Central and South American countries depend largely upon the industries of the United States for machinery and supplies. Nearly every one of the many machines used in de veloping the rich copper, gold and silver mines of Mexico. Peru, Chili, Ecuador and other Latln- AxiHTiran countries is made in this country, '.•i this machinery has to be made in small actions, watch can be easily bolted together after delivery', because the transportation in these far away countries is mostly by mult-back over i>ack trails. Behind Lake Titicaca, in the old dominion of the Incas, in Peru, whore the Spanish con queror Pizarro and his Hlslwil men-at-arms found such store of treasure, lie the San Do minion gotd mines, which a:. models of modern mining plants. Only a few years ago the rich mines of Peru, as well as all of South America, were worked in the most primitive way. No advancement had been made since the days ■Uui the In. a slaves hewed at the naked rock with Hat and copper edged tools, except that the Spanish had brought with them rude steel drills and coarse blasting powder. Up to a few years ago the are was still placed in skin bags and carri^ci up notched tree trunks on the backs of Indians to the surface, and then packed on the tracks of llamas and burros to the distant stamp mills, which were almost as crude as. the antique mining- methods. Rut American capital and American brains revolutionized all this. The electric machinery for the San Dominion mines left the United States by steamer to Moliendo, from -\rhere a diminutive, narrow gauge railroad took it to the I>ake Titicaca region. Then it was hauled by native oxen over a hundred miles of road, built ]«.<»<«> feet above the sea leveL The next fifty mil«*s was only ■ trail, and here the r»:al diffi culties of transportation began, for the ap paratus had to be taken from the ox carts and plaevd on the backs of mules. A seven-ton hoist was so constructed that it could be di riil-^1 into more than fifty pieces in order that the mules could rack it over the mountain. A small, steel hulled steamboat was also pur cha.srd in th^ United States and packed in over thi.s same ' '■.;-. -. Then another road fifty miles long was built to the Tambopata River. This Is one of the most difficult roads in the world, as a portion C2O feet long is suspended on steel cables over a giant chasm in the mountains. The steamboat was packed over this new road to the river, where it is being used for naviga tion purposes. NtN <t anly are the met! ods of land transporta ti.«n in <vntral America .nd archais, but the methods of water transportation are equally bad. A rer-ent shipment of electrical tady, N. V.. to N: ar with the • a th.it it wou Identally dropped in the water, n of ;ts Journey to the Interior sii b which had to be lightened rvals to < utble them to pass . ■ W! en th n their I on the nearest ■ ik. If the r-. k happens to Ik- a round ■ a little careless, the. into the water. So all this ma tlnn- ry had to b^ shipped in metal lined transportation methods of Asia are no im .f South America. Under h rule the roads in India have been ira : somewhat, but the native methods of traiL-jxH-tatian are still as primitive as can well be IniHf. 1 -** When it was desired to develop water power to provide electricity for the Cash tnd to operate a fleet of electric iredces working in the river, the machinery was pur» based in America and American enginet-r3 •nt there to insto.ll it. Incredible as it may seem, it took the native bullock trains from twenty to thirty days fur a single trip ut MOVING SEVENTY-FIVE TONS OF ELECTRICAL MACHINERY IN BRAZIL. Distance, -v«, mile, from Barnery to Pamahyba; lim^^^^ ia^^ *" *"?" "* *"*'" **"" "*" ""' PaBSBd *"' """^ NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY, OCTOBER 24. 1909. INSTALLING A TELEPHONE SYSTEM IN THE VALE OF CASHMERE. INDIA. Carts loaded with wire hauled by water buffalo and sacred cows. Distance 159 miles. Time, thirty days. TRAMWAY ERECTED ESPECIALLY FOR GETTING MACHINERY INTO POSITION FOR A POWER STATION AT CANVERY. INDIA. ITiO miles, and the wagons were not overloaded at that. At first the American engineers raved and cursed at such needless delay, but nothing they could do seemed to remedy the matter, so they succumbed to the inevitable. The largest and most important development in India is at the falls of the Canvery River, In the southern part of the country. The power Is transmitted one hundred miles for use in th« gold fields. The American engineers fought Witt, cholera, the plague and malaria fever to install this plant. The heavy apparatus was hauled over the rough mountain roads by buffaloes and elephants and carried on the backs of elephants and mules. But American machinery and American en gineers acknowledge no defeat, and month after month they are pushing further and further into the mountains, deserts and forests of the civilized and uncivilized countries throughout the world. The water powers of the world rr , n the mighty Yukon to the falls of Victoria Ny anza must be developed, and. for the most part, America and Americans must do the work. Only a few days ago an American manufact uring firm received an order from Abyssinia for a steam pump to raise water to the palace of King Menelek from a hot spring 1.-oo metres distant and 114 metres below. '•The hotness spring water is 7* degrees centi grade, writes the correspondent, 'and the Em- Tub' \* SUmClent hOt •»•" to ***** * bath. The King will paid just- when the watsr come hot to him palace." And thus even Darkest Africa turns to Amer ica for machinery ing automobiles for transportation purp^, THE BVLIXQ PASSWN. Dr. Charles McCormlck. the Chicago physicias who -says that ' the man with the grouch" caT not resist disease like his more contented brother, referred again to this assertion at ) recent dinner. "Tlie man with a grouch," he said, "is glooms and gloominess brings on ill health, weaknesi and dyspepsia, "A confirmt-d grouch cannot be -jot rid of \ grouchy man is governed by his grouch as a miser is governed by hia meanness. And when it comes to misers" Dr. McCurmick laught-d. "A little. Kan, pale miser, of Pecatonka," h« suid. "was one evening observed fighting with the town blacksmith. Though his nose « M bleeding and one eye was closed, the miser fought determinedly. The herculean black smith planted blew on blow, but the little miser never budged an inch. "Run. ye fool." hissed a friend. 'Ye stand no chance here. Hun? "But the little miser, as ho received heroically a smashing left hook, answered in a low > ■ 'Bun? Nix! I've got my foot on a. 10-ceßt piece.' " TROUBLE. Robert \v. Chambers, the novelist, often tells at the Century, in New York, his •trouble" story. "A lady"— so Mr. Chambers always begins— "a lady, on the way bark from lu-r husband's funeral, stopped with her Bupportera at a bouse of refreshment. "(Jin was chosen as the beverage best suited to the occasion, and a liberal quantity of tho transparent fluid was poured into the bereaved lady's glass. " 'Any water, Mm? 1 one of the other ladi.-.s asked her, holding out th<- pitcher. "But she did not deign to lift her face from h.-r hand kerchief. •■ 'Water? 1 sho sobbed. "Water? Good heavens, ain't I got trouble enough as it IsT M ORIENTAL RUGS "J^ WASHED. CLEANED AND KKI'AIItED. MICHAEUAN BROS. nft ?," Avfc ORIENTAL ART JEWELRY Suggestions for Weildini? an.l Holiday Qtfta Send for illustrated catalogue T LONG SANG TI CHINESE CURIO CO. 203 Fifth Avenue, bit. 30tli and 31st St».. N. Y. 0