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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, December 01, 1909, Image 8

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Literary JVebv* and Criticism
.Y. .. Volumes on Progress
Made in, Aeronautic*.
uautlrs. Aviation. History. Th<-ory.
I'rnr'.ice. 15y Alphases llerget. With
rxpianatory diagrams and photo-
Kin j>hb. pp. xxtv. J53. G. P. Put
naxa's Son*.
\\. NAVi
- .
x. l!C.
Whether aerial navigation has yet
reachM a stage of development which
JUKtlfH* the title given to both of these
hooks may be questioned, perhaps, but it
has certainly made Fuch progress in the
last few years as to excite the liveliest
jrfipular interest. Besides, the recent
tapid multiplication of new airship? calls
tur trustworthy descriptions of their
dlstiSffnlshlas features. M. Berget
iweu this i;ccd in an exceedingly NUts
lactory manner, lie describes minutely
end in thoroughly Intelligible taagMce
the dirtir.£u'.&hiiig traits of the principal
dirlgib'.e br.lloons and aeroplanes, of
vhlch the world has thus far had only
fragmentary accounts. He discusses
Loth the design «r. ! materials of which
they are m:ide, i>ta'. tells how they differ
In facility of control, ability to keep right
*ido up. sperd and other qualities. He
lii&ko* frjink but Just comparisons be
tween them, and enables his readers to
tee both their defects imd merits. He
joints iiut. fur instance, that owing to
i!.e. buoyancy it derives from inflation
with pr.s the dirigible h i Ho, m is rutted
%n carry heavier loads than th« «ero
j lane, but is nut. and probably never
v::i t>f, si fast. How complete M. Ber
feet's rvci>ni in will be appreciated when
« i<- knows that !t includes an allusion
to M.-B'.erir't's flight across the English
<'!;ar.nel only a few \vc«?ks ago.
Mr. Ilotch. though somewhat less vo
itnatoens than M. r.erset. makes exeep
tir:iri!ly good use of his narrower rpace
Jn the chapters devi.t-d to the two classes
cf self-propelled airships. He traces the
history "f ts:eir d» v v< ■•-.• nt fully and
<• Bsclestlossly. He broadens the scope
at bis work BOfSeSeotly to Include an in
fctructive chapter regarding the "ft^an
of air" in vhii-h navigation. !n the true
t-'.-nse of the tern, is now feasible, lie
furnishes foformaxion about tempera
tures and winds whnh possess a prac
tical value for thft aeronaut, and which
lie is himself especially Qualified t>> sup
ply. Mr. I'otch has for years engaged
:;i writ with kites rmd "sounding b:il-
v to
.V. JiiTirr? nrul Mr. llc.t<" ; i arree In
t.'.iiihins that neither the dirigil.le bal
looa DOT \\\<* aeroplane hap yet attained
3* n> <-!u>:.. JVr both tha use of separate
motors fur tin srrews anil liißh^r speed
fii demanded. F«>r l.a'.l(M>!!s a better fah
i:> is nece^*ary. so that there may be no
In.kag* of lh<r pas that uivos them
Luoyancy. Fome a«-n planes yet lark
BStutnatle rrs<ajss o? preserving equi
librium. zsi& an Improvement In the
method o? launching is recommended In
«>rtl<r to give th<r;» thtir largest inde
pcedeaee. As ytX the heavler-than-alr
n > ..:c!.:n»- ip BUUe to h^ver o\er ■ i»ar
ticular si>vt. If a lifting screw should
l«e added. Dot <jn!y v.-ould fucli fin air
fchJp be able to pavM for any length of
•Jrne, but it would be rnuWed to rise al
most vertically from Urn ground.
In cossldrrtsc the Krvtoe to i»e per
formod with tiirr'.iij's, M. Ilerget and Mr.
Iltitch lay :ht- <l:i« f etnphksifl on the ex
j'.uration <if caaoparativdy Inaccessible
regions and scouting in w«r. Tlie jiossl
bllity of m<Te apgr*-ssive military opera-
Ut.rs Is discussed by •th T.ritcrs. but
neither of them Is mnfl<!cnt that aerial
vehicles can be ho up«^d as to destroy
thii's or armioa or cltios. The invention
of g'.:ns v.l-.ich can be fired upward at
Hum renders their destructive powers ex
ceedl&glf doubtful at iiresrnt. M Ilerget
Is ojitlmifctic enough to believe that the
; ::«?i-iur. fur *p< < d will lead to the pur
chase of aeroplanes when they are able
to move m;ir<- rapidly than automobiles.
•n-J is eiir.guine enough to think that a
velocity of IVI ir.iles an hour Is not un
«tt!r.ir.n!jk'' As only persons of large
k tncuti!' ce-n ir.dulge eucfa a taste, the
1 FrriM-hman decs r.ot < x;« c to •••,- flying
r tr.Rfhinrs curry any considerable frac
tion of the- population. That mails may
fee tv trar.tjjorti-d, he docs not consider
Improbable. b;it lie is not sanguine
cnor.gh to look for the carrjrlag of mer
chandise by th«- aerial highway.
A good deal Of the credit fur suggest
ing the value of a fcallo^in which could
Lc made to move borisoatally belongs to
a Prercb mi!itar>' oflleer. <icncra! Meus
rier, v.Vo lived much nmte than a cen
tury a,-;o. He made drawings to illus
trate Lis idea and deviiu-d propeller
biarl'-s for the Rrsioa proposed. In 1832
3 1 Miry Oiflard made the Cm practical
application cf the rasffcstion, using a
tlcarn enjrllM to r«ta:c bla screws, in
3H>3 TisxzsxHcx employed an <i»- c trie
ftorajo battery, i.r.d his example was
followed a year later by Krebs «nd Ite
ncrd. !■*:•• neh army oiflcem. Kach of
th«se methods tif Rr-m-mtlns pov.tr vu.f
Baaatlsfactory. Hence nothing like the
Bttboeaa «rttb the dirij.:!!)!^ halloun was at
tained until the ras.jicre motor, which
had b'-eti ■flaptcfl to the work of driving
♦lorsclcss oatsKiees, was trit-d.
Kanto*.-I>un:<nt, in 1&00. was able to
crt an engine of this ki::d which was
light CSOSffa to perform the work of
propulsion without unduly burdening hu
airship. ti : i adiierciaeat was a turn
ing point in aeronantlc history. The
youiiff Utiizil'.azx. who had received the
Tariff of 1909
of the
Pa?EB Tariff Law
Price {0 Cents
'■« York Tribune
154 Nassau Street. New York.
V.'rlto or Call.
training of an engineer and possessed
a fctnall fortune, built no fewer than four
teen balloons, each one intended to test
some minor feature of design. Still, his
persistence In experlmf nt might not have
been carried co far had not a French
j-atron of aeronautics. M. l>-tit».ch de la
Meurthe, offered a prize of $20,000 to the
man who should first fly from St Cloud
to the Eiffel Tower and return. Santos-
Dumont performed the feat In 1901.
making a voyage of seven miles In half
an hour. He thus lent a great Impetus
to the construction of dirigible balloons
In three or four European countries. In
France, where Santos-Dumont made his
home, the I>«baudy brothers departed
from the original model by sharpening
the front end of their airship*. The
most enterprising builder In Germany
(Count Zeppelin) adopted a rigid frame
and divided his reservoir Into compart
ments. Elsewhere other changes were
considered, If not made Yet all really
successful work with this type of vehicle
dates from the demonstration of Its prac
ticability given by Santos-Dumont less
than ten years ago. •
Lllienthal, a German, was the pioneer
in short flights with no support but an
outstretched horizontal surface. He slid
gently down an invisible aerial toboggan,
from the brow of a cliff. or a housetop.
His earlier ventures were made with a
one-story aeroplane. I^ater he used two
surfaces, but at no time did he employ
motive power or screws. Gravitation
sent him forward while gradually bring
ing him to earth. Octave Chanute. an
American, repeated these tests, and thus
pave encouragement to the Wright
brothers, who were the first to make a
successful flight with a self-propelled
•'heavlcr-than-alr** machine. The Day
ton inventors, like others who have de
vised aeroplanes, used gasolene motors.
and carried t;.«lr industry far enough to
build their own engines Maxim, who
Abandoned his experiments with flight
when they reached a promising stage.
had a steam engine, a marvel of light
nets. L»mg]«*y began with steam, but
he toon perceived the superiority of the
other type of motor, and had not his
labors been Interrupted by the wreck
ing of his latest machine through the
use of defective launching apparatus lie
would undoubtely have achieved victory
before the Wrights. It should always
be remembered that the Ohio aeronauts
took up their task at a time when others
had practically ceased working with the
aeroplane mil when it had Incurred an
undeserved unpopularity. Though adopt
ing somewhat different designs from the
Wrights, those who In this country and
Europe have Invented "heavier-than-alr"
machines l:i the last four or five years
have undoubtely found more or less In
spiration In the work done at Dayton.
Another Sheaf of Holiday
The **bo»Si for elder girls" on the
threshold of life las undergone an
amazing change during the last twenty
rive years. Time was when Its interest
t-f red in the home, when it took with
swc?t seriousness an.i grace Its mis
sion as an introduction to "women's
sphere." under trie a?gls of a wise, gen
tle mother in a quiet, cultured environ
ment. England furnished man;, of the
l>est books of this kind, but if to-day
th? influence of the older branch of our
literature is raj.idly vanishing in other
departments, it has already ceased here.
Other times, other ways. College, the
boarding school, has supplanted the
horn? as the centre of Interest in our
books for girls that are at all up to
date: we must keep pace with the
changes of existence, and, keeping pace,
find food for thought in the fact that,
wh&reaa the literature of our girls has
thus changed, that of our boys has re
mained the same in essence, the old,
simple, robust matter of gam^s. sports,
adventures and action. Home and par
ents still pi.iv their parts, but home is
too often only a background,' whose
foreground is college. Its middle dis
tance being vacations mostly spent in
other people's houses or summer camps;
and the role of father and mother has
become a subdued one, Indeed. In all
of which these books are perhaps but
a reflection of reality.
To work, however. In "Introducing
Corinna" (the Fleming H. Re.yell Com
p:.nyt Winifred Klrkland tells us of a
young woman— a "Misdemeanors of
Nancy" Ml of girl- who, suddenly turn
ing serious, tak?s charge of a girls*
boarding school and makes a success of
it where older women have failed.
Though her years be twenty and three,
one revives the impression that she is
eighteen, which, of course, will interest
and flatter the girls of that age for
whom this chronicle of her success Is
written. Kfficlent Corinna is gently tol
l-rant of her foolish elder*, whom yet
she puts In their places with a firm
hand: ah* has to do this, tor otherwise
the school would be. n failure, once more.
This is a grown-up view of the book,
however, j« rhaps a crabbed mm; the
audience for which it is intended will
find it to its liking and will perhaps
draw profit from it in this day of
woman's work.
Another colkge g i r i. -when She Came
Home from College" (tie Houghton
MiflMn Company) her ambition was busy
with dreams «.f a literary career, of
"creative work." if you please, but be
fore the Started she decided to put
some order Into Jit mother's unorderly
household of many children. Mother
lacked "system" In a simple matter
that could be made to run like clock
work. Th • authors. Marian K. Hurd
and Joan 11. Wilson. here take the girl
In hand. The overworked doctor's wife
fall* Eltk and Is sent to a sanatorium;
daughter takes her place, to discover
ere long that system can bi only a
theory In a household where children
and the "help" **<> to It that the un
expected happens with distressing rsgu
larity. Wherefore it is a wiser, a hum
ble girl who returns to college in th«
end. A little !••■■■ conveyed In friend
ly fashion in a readable tale
Third, a <irl freshman. Her advent
ures are told by Katharine Huth Kills
In 'The \V>-Awako Girls* In Winsti-d"
< Little. Drown & 1 ., i. which i* the sec
ond v«»'i;me ff one of tl i hi rk-s of
stories fur the young that, when kuc
c* «>Jui, are carried through the ■ • i. lid
ami t'.ird K ( '»i«'ration*. This young hero
ine employs I' I*"1 '*" vacation In etita' lish
lag a library in her home town, gwtt-tly
appealing fur asttislam-e to elders who
are attractively drawn and well seen.
The book Is pleasantly written, and will
please the girl* who made its pred
ecessor a success.
And now three tales of boarding school
for girls of school age. "Th* Lass of the
Silver Sword," by Mary Constance Du
bois (the Century Company), 13 a dex
terous mingling of school and vacation do
ings with a distant vista of social heights.
Its title referring to a girls' society,
modelled on the orders of knighthood
and their ideals of service. A story with
plenty of action and Incident and variety,
aiming at the development of character.
The same may be Baid of Etta Anthony
Baker's "The Girls of r'alrmount" (Lit
tle, Brown & Co.). which has, In addi
tion, a romance of shipwreck, rescue,
and. in the end, thanks to chance, of
the finding of a loving stepmother by a
lonely girl. The title of Agnes McClel
land Daulton's "From Slou\ to Susan"
(the Century Company) tells the story of
the book. Sue was a loving, energetic,
capable rlrl of twelve, a help to her del
icate mother, a clergyman's wife, but
she was a tomboy, slangy, and Just the
lenst little bit Indifferent as to her ap
ptarance. In other words, Sue was a
Sioux — somewhat of a wild Indian. She
became a delightful Susan, retaining her
good qualities while correcting her bad
ones, in the course of the tale, which
ranges from vacation days In the coun
try to the doings of a boarding school.
And this story, too. will be found to be
good reading for girls, and by them.
Amy E. Blanchard's "Wit's End."
(Dana Estes & Co.) Is for older
girls; again a book that may be
designated as a novel in little. in plot,
character, drawing and workmanship.
The scene is an Island in Casco Bay;
the dramatis persona? are a middle
mcil woman, who Is building a
cottage there, and her orphaned niece,
whose mother is dead, while her father
disappeared years ago. Among the na
tives — Islanders -there lives n mid
dle-aged stranger — a "Highlander," not©
the local color of the word -who came
years ago from none knows where, a
man of mystery and a gentleman. The
mature reader will see the plot thus
indicated. And in the end. when au
tumn comes, the fancies of youth turn
to thoughts of love. An Interesting, sen
sible, safe story, written as has already
been paid, with conscientious ability.
For older plrls. too. Is Anna Chapln
Ray's fifth "Sidney" book. "Janet at
Prosperity Shown by Record
Importations This Year.
Unless all Menu fail, 1003 will prove a
banner year in th«» Importation Into this
country of diamond?, pearls and other
precious stones. Although there is one
month more in the present calendar year.
George W. Wanmakfr, Appraiser or the.
Port, and his assistants are now able to
make a pretty close estimate of this year's
entries if gems.
The heaviest importations In any year
were in mi when the entries at New York
aggregated in value $41 MS.RO3. For the ten
months of this year the Importations of
precious stones were near\v J34.< v.O<"»>. No
vember's Importations, it Is trill
be between $3.<XN>.<W and JI.OM.nOO. and If
December measures up la this standard,
this year's purchases will reach, If not
exceed, the record of 13^6.
Michael Nathan, deputy appraiser of the
;d DlvUion. where the geir.s are examined
and appraised, said yesterday that as
nearly all the precious stones brought Into
the United States are entered at this port
the entries here are indicative if the
prosperous conditions prevailing through
out the coutnry.
According to the official figures In Ap
praiser Wanmaker*B office, July and Octo
ber wtre the heaviest months for Importa
tions. The entries In July are set down
a* having a value of $0,112,957. while those
of October are valued at $3,132,185. The
other months have recorded entries rang
ing from $1.955,?63. In January, to J3.C3C.362.
In June.
Tolls Lowered Five Cents to Many
Suburban Points.
The New York Telephone Company an
nounced yesterday a reduction of five cents
In both subscribers', and pay station toll
rates between Manhattan and various
nearby suburban points, to take effect to
day. With the present volume of traffic,
the company states, the reduction amount*
to about $.VO.O» a year.
The »pe<lal legislative commute* which
was appointed at the last session of the
legislature to Investigate the telephone
and telegraph corporations will hold Its first
tension In this city to-day In the City Hall.
The committee will be represented by E. J.
Page as counsel, assisted by John T.
Form Corporation to Oppose Movement
in This State.
Even with Mrs. Pankhurst leading a
whirlwind campalKn In the interest of
woman suffrage, there are some of her
American sisters who are not ready to
accept her Ideas about the political eman
cipation of the sex. Nor are these merely
passive In their opposition, for they have
organized the New York State Association
Opposed to Woman Suffrage, a formidable
title, but no more so than the purpose of
the association which they set forth:
"The particular object for which the
corporation is to be formed is to oppose
the extension of the suffrage to women."
Justice McCall. of th» Supreme Court,
signed yesterday th. certificate of Incor
poration of the. association. The latter
will operate in New York State. The In
corporators are Lucy Parkman Scott. No.
42 Park avenue; Hertha F. Acl'.(-!ls, No. 9
East 67th street, Carolyn H. It. Putnam.
No. 70 Willow street. Krooklyn; EMelle
It. McVlcar, No. 269 North Fulton avenue.
Mount Vernon; Anne, de Peyster Miller.
No. 126 State street. Albany; Bertha W.
Northrup, No. 80 Jewett avenue, Buffalo,
Helen W. Hangs. No. 161 West 73d street;
Mary Eleanor Phillips, No. 377 West End
avenue; Kllxabeth V Cookroft. No. 147
Madison avenue; Alice Hill Chittenden.
No. 212 Columbia Heights. Brooklyn;
Jessie Peel Church. No. 697 West End ave
nue; Allda B. Hazzurd. No. 12 Fifth ave
nue; Lillian Bayard Taylor Ktllanl, No.
44 West 77th street; Gertrude H. Mon
roe Smith. No. 323 West C7th street;
Emma I. Walker. No ICS Madison ave
nue; Bertha Lane Scott, No. 630 North
Broadway, Yonk»-rs; Mary Stanley Bheafe,
No. •!» Park avenue; Alice B. Stlmson,
No. let West 66th street, and Prlscllla
Barnes Dodge. Lawrence. N. Y.
For Bibles,
Prayer Books
and Hymnals
Tb« fargett ataortnient in
New York at
Odds" (Little, Brown & . Co.). whose
scene is laid mostly in Quebec: Its
characters being partly Canadians and
partly Americans. During the mother's
absence In England Janet Leslie, who
Is a Smith College girl, opens the old
family home In Quebec as a boarding
house, or, at least, a house for paying
guests, during the tercentenary festivi
ties or last year. This, too. may be de
scribed as a novel in little. Its char
acter drawing being carefully done.
There Is also an atmosphere of sound
Elsie Slngmnster's "When Sarah Saved
the Day" (the Houghton Mlfflin Com
pany), a tale of the Pennsylvania Dutch,
of a llttlo orphan who kept the roof over
her Infant brother's and sister's heads
against her grasping uncle's aggression
by mere courage. is good enough on a
modest plane to suggest a remote re
semblance to Kate Douglas Wlggin's
work. "The Secret of Old Thundcrhead."
by Louise Godfrey Irwln (Holt & Co.).
■ story of a summer vacation In Ver
mont. Is for both boys and girls, but
will please the boys best, one thinks,
because to the boy hero, and not to his
twin sister, is given the honor of dis
covering the secret of tho title which
had been a family tradition for two hun
dred years. A book with a delightful
open-air atmosphere.
Still another story of school life,
"Dorothy Brook's Schooldays" (T. Y.
Crowell & Co). Its author. Frances
Campbell Sparhawk, attempts to coun
teract wisely certain tendencies discern
ible In young girls in "fashionable" In
stitutions, among them snobbishness anJ
pride of money. "We Two and Four
More," by Imogen Clark (same publish
ers), tells of the pranks played by a
sextet of children during a long; turn
"it In their grandmother's country
home. They are somewhat trying to
their elders at times (some of their
pranks are decidedly to be frowned
upon), but they are truthful and ready
to see the Justice of correction. Anne
Warner Brown's "Your Child and Mine"
(Little. Brown & Co.) Is a book about,
rather than for, children. This genre
ciois not appear to be a promising one
for the author of "Susan Clegs."
Dr. Feli.v Adlcr and Laurence
Abbott Approve Plan.
Dr. I-'elix Adler cam« out yesterday In
favor of the establishment of an ocean park
at Itockaway. over which there has been
ir.u-h discussion. Dr. Adler said:
"I am heartily and completely in favor of
the Immediate resumption by the city of Its
suspended proceeding! la acquire the mile
and a half of Rockaway bearh property
for use 1 v the public as ■ park. It Is pos
sibly the last opportunity to obtain a suit
able site for such a park.
"The Legislature has acted and the Board
of Estimate has approved the site hi con
formity with the united opinion of the
charitable societies and persons Interested.
Let there be no further delay in conferring
this groat benefit upon the masses of our
population. I cannot conceive that any
I-übllc spirited citizen should fall to give
his support to a measure so wise and bo
urgently needed.
"Americans are paid to know when they
aie 'getting their moneys worth,' and to
be especially keen when a good Investment
Is within reach. Can New York make a bet
ter Investment to-day than the securing of
an ocean park for Its enormous popula
Ijawrence Abbott. In an editorial in "The
Outlook," say.-:
If the present Board of Estimate and
Apportionment of the city of New York
decides, as we earnestly hope it will, to
complete one piece of unfinished business
now in Its hands before it gives place to
the new administration on January I, it
will leave behind it a rtal monument to
its wisdom a:ul eftlclency.jhat will be a
source of just pride to each of its mem
bers and will insure the gratitude of New
fork citizens for many generations to
come. We refer to the m .liicip. park.
which is already surveyed for location on
the ocean front at Itockaway Beach, which
is within the city limits. This la a beauti
ful Stretch of beach, as open to th« winds
and waves of the sea as any of the great
beaches of the world, and yet It can be
reached from the heart of New York In
considerably less than an hour by various
rapid trail lir.es for very small fare
If. through the decision of the Board of
Estimate and Apportionment, a park is
created at Huckaway Beach, and the site
provided for Pea Breeze Hospital by the
city, the entire burn of J200.t«0 can be de
voted to a modern building and equipment,
nd five hundred children. Instead of forty
three, can have the. benefits of the care
and the cure.. Many other philanthropic
Institutions of a general character simi
lar to that of Sea Breeze will also be pro
vided with Kites at Rockaway Park, which
will thus become a seaside recreation
ground for sick and well. The beauty as
well at* the Importance of this work will
we believe, appeal to the board, and we
hope that the individual members will see
their way clear to making this great con
tribution to the welfare of the city as one
of their last official acts.
Oood discipline and the constant atten
tion given to the "fire drill" kept order
and prevented a panic among nearly twen
ty-rive hundred school children, when a
fire threatened to destroy the Academy of
the Sisters ot St. Joseph. In Mushing, yes
terday mornlns Not a child was hurt, and
prompt work by the Fire Department put
an end to the blaze hafsN much da.:i.ai, r a
hud been dor.c.
St. Joseph's Academy is at Sanfo d ave
nue and Inion street, and has a hundred
and tw. nty-th.. pupiU. On ..f the
..y l» Kt. Joseph's Orphanage, tho
home «,f two hur.drrd children and on the
other side is tho Flushing Mikli BchooL
where about twenty-one hundred children
attend. In all thr^e buildings there waa
• • order as the children were marched
out Into the streets.
William h. wright
Superbly Illustrated from Photographs. 1.50 net. Postpaid |,fff
"I ; ar more rntertaininp than a novel."— William T. Hornaday.
"One ol xhv I>e>t books ol adventuw thai baa appeared in many
months."— San Francisco Chronicle.
"Full of tne atmosphere of the big gaa»e anx di and vibrant aritl
hazards ol the chase." — Boston Globe
The very spirit oi the grizzly is in subtle fashion btonghl
US. l'lie I k will long hold high pface in the literature ol »poil N
— N r . Y. Tribune.
TWO Small Boys Willing Vic
tims at Opening.
Emilio I'.ava and Giovanni Percttl were
proud boys yesterday. They were the
first subjects selected to have their teeth
nil** at the opening of the new dental
clinic In the Italian Industrial School at
No. 155 Worth street. This bjtM'ng. laag
known as the Five Points Houst* of In
dustry, was lately turned over to the
Children's Aid Society, and this organiza
tion decided that i»s •!.■•.• school would at
a r.i. d place for Its third dental c!!n!c.
Dr. J. Schwarts and Dr. .1. Oreer.s'.cln.
who did the dental v.ork yesterday, bail a
large ami admiring audience. There were
numbers of the frlcn-ls o? the Children's
Aid Society who tame to attend UM open
ing, ami thrre were U many paaJl toys
as coul<l manage to slip past the outposts
ami g»»t into the clink-. Th-i latter hung
fascinated around the trro d»ntal chairs,
and took advantage of e> cry momentary
absence of the dentists to gaze Into the
mouths which Kmilio ar.«l Giovanni oblig
ingly opened wide tat their Im. .It. and
to ask in awed whispers. "l>oes it hclt?"
From now on a number of children will
be treated each school day, but Kmilio
an.l Giovanni were the only ones yester
day, because every one was occupied with
the speeches givtn In the chapel down
stairs In honor of the opening of the
clinic. Dr. David S. Snediin. the new
Commissioner of Education for Massachu
setts, took charge of the meeting.
Undertakings like this clinic, he said,
evidenced a growing sense of collective
■I'tuianthropy must pioneer the way," he
*ni<l, "but as these thinpa become definitely
i .-gunized it !s in>-vltable that th* state
should take th<-m over. No aM can say
how f.-.r th.? public schools may cnn«em
themselves with the children'? nee<ls. They
are l>egirining to provlae medical Inspection.
I» two status of the Union clothes are
given where the parents can't huy them.
But the state doesn't seem capable of ex
perimental varh, which is apparently the
province of philanthropic societli
"A go««d many people are afraid of de
stroylnn the parent's sense of responsibility
by doing too much. But the child has a
right to a protected thildhood, and :(..•
child that lacks proper medical care Ixn't
getting the fair start In life which society
owes It. and society is going to commit
Itself to this do. -trine."
Dr. Arthur Merrltt, who organized the
dental clinics for the society and examines
the mouths of the boys and girld and de
cides what treatment they need, said that
the city ought to have an Institution where
faloe teeth would be given people who
couldn't buy them. "As to destroying the
parents' sense of responsibility by estab
lishing free dental clinics for children." he
remarked. "I'm not a social expert, but I
know this— the children's teeth must be
cared for. if they're not. tl:eie'» a crop of
digestive diseases, tuberculosis and all sorts
of llls a'Aoitlng the next generation."
"Out of 323.000 children examined." said
Dr. Josephine Baker, chief of the division
oi hygiene of the Board of Health. "183,1X0
had defective teeth, only I','AW of these
were able to obtain permanent help. Re
cently a number of children who had Just
applied for their work papers were ex
amlneJ. Their mouths were :n a most de
plorable state. There are about seventeen
dental clinics In New York, but some of
these are clinics In name only."
The Deoemher lectures at Normal Coi
lafja hegln to-day with a lecture by Dr.
I'avld K. Smith, professor of mathematU s
at Teachers College, on "Mathematics." On
DaaaNhaj & Professor Shot well, of th« de-
pertinent of history. Columbia University,
will speak on "The Study of History in
Frame"; December 15. Professor Burgess,
cf the natural science depar'ment. Normal
College, will speak on "Present Outlooks
In Natural Science." and on December 22
Edwin 11. Sanborn. a lawyer, and grand
son of Danl»l Webster, will speak on
The Legal Status of Women." These
lectures are delivered at 9 o'clock in the
morning, directly after chapel assembly.
At each session there is special chorus
singing by the students, and solos. Instru
mental or vocal, by members of the start
of music or Invited guests. The public is
Heirlooms a Feature of Woman's Ex
change Bazaar.
A rare collection of treasures in that
which i". belrtc; offered for Bale at the
Christmas bazaar of th« New York Ex
change, for Woman's Work, rorv In progress
at the Waldorf-Astoria. With each one
of them i* bound up a tragedy, ami yet It
Is practically the saaaa tragedy in every
case — Immediate need of ready money.
Only In the case of one article, a lace
wedding i!rf'-s of rose point, for which
$3,000 is asked, is no such story told.
The owner, who is evidently the daughter
of wealthy parents, wore it only for her
wedding and then took It to the Woman's
Exchange, for. having married a college
professor In moderate circumstances, she
felt that she would have no further use
for It.
Many handsome shiwls are among the
rellca of "better days," the most expen
sive being a dull green silk one, embroid
ered In gold and once worn by an Indian
prince. It is valued at $400. An Indian
shawl was sold for $50 yesterday after
noon and a Chinese shawl went at the
same figure.
Chri*sttna*s Gifts in +J*hop*s
I^arse corn husk satlor hats, with blue
ribbon bands, to till with bonbons or
candled fruits for holiday gilt* cost Jl Z3
each. BsjbJh4 airships for the same pur
pose sell for $1 39. Champagne corks for
candles are 15 cents. Red candlesticks,
with match box on the side, at 13 cents,
are used for small candles.
Mottoes sell for from 10 c»r.'n ? > JC :» i
box. and among the newest are the baskets
of sweetpeas at 49 cent*, each holding four
Net stockings, filled with toys, range in
price from :.'■» cents to 52 96.
Hlp-h handled fruit or flower baskets,
painted white, sell at O cents, and when
rilled make pretty gifts.
Marzipan fruits sell at 12 97 for a large
box. and little baskets of strawberries,
mushrooms and assorted vegetables sell
for 10 cents.
In fancy crackled class, with nickel
mounting, are a cracker jar at 53 cents,
a pear-shaped Jelly glass at 52 cents, a
powdered sugar basin at 69 cents, and a
naiad bowl, with the fork and spoon
handles of the glass, at 1169.
A divided blue and white vegetable dish,
with a hot water pan below, sells for $4 ts.
while one of nickel, with three division*
and a gravy cup in the centre, sells for
A black silk Directolre sas'n. vlth Jet end
steel ornaments, sells for $13. and one of
"A prodigious thing in letters."
Mr. JACK LONDON'S strong no:
Cloth, illustrated. $1.30.
The book -| t is a book more dramatic than any of his
is worth a other books, more absorbing than any ro
thousand mance .. . one of the most .spectacular,
of the breathless pieces ot* writing that ever flowed
ordinary * rom llls P en - llu ' * " ( "^ lias depth and
«« v^i «f breadth and it is a book that tells the truth
novel or of Hfe •> -Boston Globe.
of life. —Boston Globe.
society, « It .s. s fined h the ne of —^ ; ,, o
™ v that Mr. London has himself lived."
wntten —Boston Transcript.
with force "One of the 'big* books— a forcible, fearless,
and feeling, forthright book, spilling over with vitality."
vigor and — Chicago Inter-Ocean.
glow." "The book is amply worth reading, because
—Chicago its kernel is an enthralling human docu-
Tribune. ment." ' — Life.
is now ready in nil bookstores. Price, $1.50.
Club Asks for Votes to Erad
■ "White Slaves."
The Woman's Republican Club vote.l y^.
terday afternoon at the Waldorf-Astoria
to attack the '•white slave" traffic bjr ap
pealing to Congress for a constitutional
amendment giving women the vote, and
will appeal to ail other women's organiza
tions of the country to do the seme. Miss
Helen Varlck Boswell entered a protest
against such action, as she considered \i
beyond th* province of a Republican clu!>
to take up the suffrage question. aM was '
also of the opinion that something calcu
lated to produce results more quickly thin
an appeal to Congress for a constitutional
amendment was culled for by the problem
under consideration. But her objection was
not sustained. a
"There Is no reason." said t.~.e president.
Mrs. William Cumming Story, "why w«
should not do the Immediate thing ar.'l the
other thing also."
The constitution was then searched to see
if there waa anything in It to prevent tii»
club from taliirv- a stand for woman suf
frage, and a* the secretary cou!rt find no
such Impediment the following rnoliirtilis.
moved by Mrs. Richard Bent. wer<» adopted:
Whereas. We have been shocked a S( j
griev«*l to an unspeakable desree by th«
magnitude of the "white slave" trafcc in
the nation ami In the state ami city of
New York, aa portrayed tn tile public
prints; and —
Whereas. We have tn Tain petitioner! tri*
authorities of the state and city of New
York to eradicate the diabolical traSJc In
ycunjj girls; and
Wherea*. We be!!ev« that the ballot will
prove to be the safest protector of woman.
as it has proved to be the best protector
of man; he it
Resolved. That w#. the Woman's p»
publican CIuK will appeal to the Con?r«m
of the L'nlteil States to submit an amend
ment to the federal Conatlt.itton enfran
chising the wornf.-n of the fi.ited t?'at»s;
and he It further
Resolved. That we t;r?« upon oth-»r or
ganizations el worr.en in our country to
do the same, tn order thnt tht:» *pp»aj
may come from every state in the T'mon.
The president Ml empouerei; also to ap
point a committee of twelve, vl?n Mrs. J.
G. Wentz as chairman, to co-operatpi with
the Woman's Municipal r.»i; In any
action It may take re- i"ii;,- th* "wtita"
slave" trade
The pennies ■ * the City TTlsr^rr C!':^
children, like the little drops of wattf an»*
little grains of sand, keep accomplishing
things. One penny a week Is all it coats a
child to belong to a City History Club
class, but these pennies have mourned up
until there are enough to mab!o the club to
restore the seventeen Mi'."s'')n°i that »t!!l
exist to remind New Tork of Its past. The
milestones begin at Rivingtnn street and
the •v. cry. and en. l at OXsl street. Thi
City History Club pur;>oH«j3 to Mirrounil
each milestone with a railing, and to fur
nish them with little Tamps, so thai even
at nigh- he who runs may r^nil. Thr«w
jears ago the ch!!«lren'» pennies r««seue«l
the u!<l cannon tfiat have b*»en t^mblln?
about the upper etui of Central Park sines
Revolutionary time-*, mounted them a:
Fort Clinton and erected a tablet ta»re.
English nr.cn end English women In the
painful dilemma of having name and po
sition which their purses wont support
reed despair no longer. A career la of
fered them by which their social knowl
edge can be made to fill '.heir purses. A
bureau has been opened In London cabled
"liOndon Social Guides." Two men with
military titles started It. moved by the de
sire to help out American ar.d colonial
visitors In search of "a good time. " Mea
guides "of culture and social si ■llWuaT'
•peaking any number of languages and
knowing al! about sports, from billiards to
the shooting of big game, can be hired far
the moderate sum of 13. with expense*, a
day. Women warranted M lea<t tlietr
clients to the best shops, plays, etc.. and
to teach them bridge and ail the social
"wrinkles" are available at the same pries.
ten-tnch wide black elastic, with gilt and
steel buckle and ornaments, is '
Pompeian gilt chain jlrdl-s sell for from
17 50 to os.
Bearskin mittens In four color* for v«ry
little people, sell for 50 cents a pair.
Dutch painted alendara on linen sell
»■ | and 11 50.
Plaid writing paper, for Mttl» people*
use, Is 18 cents a box.
Dresden doll figures, whose ro'um'nOßa
skirts cover candy basa^ cost C each.
Blue enamel lorgnette opera glasses aril
for $15 a pair, and those of Dresden cMna
are $21.
A crystal alarm clock for desk uaa
la U.
A nickel frying pan ash tray has a pJaa*
for the cigar on the handle and aeOa
for oO cents.
Strings of medium and large aiaed anal
beads cost from Sls to £3
An alligator that stands on his •■*, with
a pen and pencil under each fiirper. »
a paper weight, and sells for 50 cents.
A concave crystal pin. with a fox'a e»4
burled In Its depths, la $750.
A silver set of brush. comb and pow#Bf
puff, for baby, costs C 73.

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