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Liter ar y. fletas and Criticism John BigeUm't Memories of Hi* Time. HHTROSriiCTIOKS OF AS ACTIVE RLiFE. BT Jcha Hlpclo*. TVlth por tiulu. map and apprndtx In three vol ume*. *vo. rr«- •<5. «C. ««> The Baker it Taylor <7orat»ny. These thTCH> volume* cover the first Jifry year* «>J Mr. Bigelow's lite, from his birth at Hrisar.l (now Maiden). N. Y r on November 21. H 1". to his resignation as United State* Minister to Paris, at the cad 01 ISf.S. The first half of ffca first volume is dtvottd to his childhood, boy hoed and education, hi* Ftart in life In Xc* York as* v lawyer, and to his early connection with "The Evening Post"; the otfctr ha!f. and the whole of the second tnd third volumes, to the decade that uw the coming st<">rrn of recession, to the frr«;;t for the preawrvation Cf the Union, and Mr. Blirclow's service* to that end :n l'aris, as American Consul, did, during the vexing complications and dangers <■'■ the qtaeation of the Mexican empire, a^ our envoy extraordinary and minister j:letiipotentiar>'- 1" spite of the modest statement of his "Prelude," he makes a valuable contribution to our knoiii-loop»- ..f the diplomatic — the Euro pean — history of the Civil War. In the middle of his Mvond volume he says: No mt-Bitn-r of Mr. IjTicoin's government had unj; *ur;jiciun. on thr day of hm in cuguratio!!. nr tr:e esteot M mhirh the n.:i.df of tJit- leaiirj: men on tb*- <>ther •slOe uf the* AUHtitic. n:xancier» as well at, «tiitesni--n, r»ao t>.-«»!i t."isoned toward the covert; rr en i ut »'.!-► by th« uflicUii rejjM!«< i.v. lit «*k enu sai»liite* of the Kt&taSJ 4Ml!nii.>TiaTion. To antidot** thik ;■:.-. to it-ctify the iTTi;!rcs;<io!is ti'.us i:i tidloutly instillc! among the ruling rlasf<*. and to avert tttetl tgects wiiere they rould not bf corrected. *it» itie chief and most fcirt'jouk <if th»* «:uti« p of the per.tlemen « r.,im I*r«-siiei;t Lincoln M-!ectei for for dpn service- in IKI. <"ontrar>- to «-xp»-c tatlt.■n^. Fr*:tc< }>-• \ed ultimauly to ix- the *lorm centre- from winch the L'r.ion had !...*• to ap!>re)jf«d. . . . When the j«erll»! of disunion «■'■?■.■ happily si verted t>y the capture of J«n>rson Paris and the sur rvntlcr ot line's n:;\, we trere i*orjtror;ted vith new perils mf-re form 1.1 able in pnmc rtKpt-ctt '.Kan lh(>H.' fn.m winch »•»> had jfh! been dellvrrod. . . . No history cf tJn-se «cheme». In ntl of which the dipnlty tnd perpetUtty at <'i:r T»utlr»Kal unioi) »er» isvo'vod. ran Ik- jiroperly written, iior thf fluctuation* <it our national fortunes liiily i.pprn ii:t,-d. without a careful study of the corre^pondfTtcf cacenanced by the respecdve g< renuaents duriru the four vsiir* wl;ic!i K'ji-c-eedrd the outtjreak of thf ttebelllrn. Of that c-orri'sjior.dence, which \« - :i* neftsaarily far more voluminous than lor any corr»'«;>o:i<;inK jit-riod of our na tinns! ennuis, hut a very tnconsiderai>le jurt ha* t>e(-n accessiblt:. only tc the \fr>" rorrl'.-tea :..:-> who r- ad such of the*^ ci>cum«-:;ts at s:r j>r!nt«><; for O<r.Fr<*»;>. 'J'he gT^at lx»dy of it is still to be found o::ly in the archives of the Sta'e iH-part i:-.< r.t. »!i-r> :: :.- i:;»SiU- :o rft; undisturtx-d !c>r eenturi's :•> c< m«, lor the s>ir.:;>ie re-» »*-ii that its historic value n- known to very l*sr. probshty to nonf- who would t: ke tht trojMt- ;.nj c<>uld afford or would ri.ic in Incur the <x;>e:ise ol having it •■« Me-1 afiti rr !!:T '* d - 1 it;>!>i* h<Mi<l that 1 nit: the only otit? still living t>ufrlcie::tly fa ,i :.:ur Kttta tli«=- bistari of lii>- it-riou rov «*:»u bjr thai L"'i i> n"*Tf^fTtr* w Fuiulab the t.;6e lights rer«-ss:.ry to a proper rompre her.sion nf rr.urh of tt. 1 f.:ij 1 havr sur vived bctli the residents nn <i all th» mem ber* of titrtr respective cabinets who con stituted tin- executive üßtoqs of our gov . ■ ■ • :.: «. trine '-nJ ju^l aft«r-the Civil Wfcr. all the membtrs <\i the fMirr.mit?e<-s of Toreigr. Afiairt- in Imtii »ious<-? of Ooji mit>. ;.!id. i '«-lnv»-. i.!l n;j- eoileasues In ttvt- dijilomatic •*«-rvirt» of the I'ri'od States dvrmr th» same |»-rj>«i. li has l»«<n with t!ji«= t-onviction that. l have undertaken to arrjuip*" anJ *-<Mi these papers I am now to :h»- public ar.l jiiacin* uht-re they mrv some <iay prove. jKrheps, a con- UibttU<a -"f ;>o "'iean importance to the lustory of B strocsle in wi:ich government «-: :n« !>-<■' tip. by the people, tor the p*<-> jile. wtit- suHccxed to tn» • severest t«>st Imm which it «-\er .;id. or is ever likely, triare] :.:iTi: ij- to ■ :..o; r t. Tho ful! scope of the work is describe i vith Mrikinj: exactitude in this lons . quoiiiti'sn. It may be oudoj t!;at not a Dtttc of the value and usefulness of t»:t •>•• volume* (a flue t<» the fart that the.r author has nut limited hftnsrtf tft fiSicial correspondenoe, but has freely drawn upon private letters, which often BfTvc in keep ckarly before the reader tiie course <if rvc&ts at home as reportei to the Atntruiiii Mir.it-T' r :<j Paris by his friends. Thb :.'.-• <-::iibk-s l:im io print some ir.t«-rerting letters from sym psthlsen with tiie cv* of the Union in England. John Orient at the'.r bead. and from its Criendi :n Prance, amons them Lahoslayie, Bitoae t.r.'jiaFandit for tJ.*- ca-.'< deserves aider recognition than it bsj :<t found N< i »n >uM men tion be forcottea lure t-f the ;n r !usiun oi a numbi r of Informloj; documents pennt-d by the Oocfedcrate agents in Earo;*. Bewatrd's came leads the list of Mr. nipri.v's correspondents, as a Baxter of coctm ; then come Thurtcw *v\'et-d tnd Hancroft, Busmer ana BrartS, Charles }"r;i!i<is Adams. I*ana and }*:-ya.r.t, Uotley. und biter John Hay. jk C< bdt-n. Tame a:id Guizot. "Oar Chrn IC' rrespandettt" liu v^- U ■■■. d -.any <ith*-rs. * An. id hope nsd !< ar, confldenn ar.d O'>u!it. *.: • v. :»: of thatching all l^'jru;«-. Cf cua!"£'-n;; our Interests th< r. . irect <>n vrixh gna hated z<-ai. Complkxtion foi toved compUcatloa ;■ '- •■ ;.s:ainsf ihf Llotiiadins of Southern ports, arid tho retcstioo of r:.",.». for the Northern crmies; privateerux :;nd the encouxase m«T.t uf Isnnlsratlo) . the Monroe Doc triTi** and Vb* status of French> Amer ■.:;; < ::ir<n> :n the uouuti> of their birth: tho Sr.ejitin;: of the w;ir by the Federal Government. Bad tl >■ Baatlns of loans by tin- Confederacy; tk" tnfloence cf th» cotton f;.n:::i<- «n: Kur ■;•• an public- opin ion, tni the « fft-ct of ui\\h of Baton dc f<:.t!-. a!! this had to bf irs,tched and liken v-in- of After dealing with the outburxt :n England over the Trent affair, Mr. dcelow says: Trie FVenc* j r. .-s cat orally took a srm< ttLut BM>n «::^l>tt^.-ill!:4^tf \ .v .. of the se'.l ui«, not '••..■..■ <::•••(■•:> uitcref.ed li«-fiJ«s. tlje I'M!'-., ;..-..; |.- a:- STOBI to • Olitein piat« v.ili- •':. :.-::ai. OOOJtQSUM any rveni Kblctl t 1! '■»!..>• > U» *•::.<., r.jil tht-;r Insu lar neicjibara with FortJirti powqm. and «t t!ii«- t !'ti< t>j.i-ci;i!ly w.th Ar,.i"..'i. H«— sides, if: Part* ;:*■ ::i l^mdnn, tttutf wl»» for any one • f minifoM »— — «n* desiieJ t!ie iui'Ci .".- Of t !•«- COG&d«ra*tS rejul^fd uvtr ihe h--!zui<- •>', t!.« caauni»«ionen and souirht to kiv«- tfn- Kii. \ai.r sr»-i,t int«-r nationi:! lmj«>Ma*ue. <>;:r i 4> .'-hI friends ;.••-•... thf • T> r.cr: jx-ojtj.- w . r- thorouphly demura'.izid. . . Ti ■«.•!»• was a time Wtlitu tin- t.'iM- day* v !::ch imni«-diate!y fo!l<:wed the news «>f tde waurp whin ',ne could huvi <-i'Ut:t*d <<n l.is rinpers a!>out all thr t«-<>i.i<- :ri Europe not Americans who Mil! u-taitied a:iy hoix* or txpecta- Tlou <.'f the i* n^'tuity cf our Union. All faun in our Una I success was practically extinguished. B. the fit id of obserA-ation and ac- BOOKS AND PUBLICATIONS. Third Seventh American English edition edition SPARROWS Th« Story of an Unprotected Cirl by HORACE W. C. NEWII EXTRAORDINARY ■ ■ very meagre word to *pp!y I* Mr. Ne%*tt • attest rMaai — ISo:Uri Transcript. Mkrheß Keytar:, PubWieT tlvity of our representative* In Paris was far larger. They had an eye on Italy and Austria, even before the Mexi can plan; on the French flections and what they signified for the government Of Napoleon; on the policy of the Papacy. They closely followed the Intrigues at the Tulleriea. where the Empress's In fluence kept the French troops In Rome; on the Confederate emissaries who suc ceeded In gaining Napoleon's ear: on Denmark, and. always, on London, where our credit was most seriously threatened. Then, peace declared, the empire of Maximilian protracted the strain Mr. ESSetOW reveals here a but little con sidered bit of Bismarcktan policy. In a report to Mr. Bernard In January. I**;.". he wrote: The Prussian Ambassador [Baron yon COK7J and myself had a lone conversation yesterday at Ms dinner table about the Mexican dlfflculty. He had been talkln< with tne Emyeror and with Drouyn de I-hu^^ 11.- said that the nmperor realized the 'awkwardness of hi* t>osltion as fully as any one. and wan determined to leave Mexico as soon as he possibly could with decency and dlpr.lty. He eald Prussia and thf other states of Europe were Interested thct we should not push him to the point of humiliation, for he could bear the In convenience of a war much better than the humiliation of a check. The first wr» dan irrniiis. but the last was ruin. He also said that it was feared if we humiliated him in America that he would seek to re cover his pr**tlee by troubling Europe. He told m*- that no terms would be refused by the Emperor if we spared his dignity and honor In connection with the delay In the xvithdrawal of the French troops Mr. Birel'w tells pleefully the 6tory of the cipher cable on this subject sent to him by Secretary - • ward. It wafi the largest a—patch, he says, that then had ever crossed the ocean. It began to arrive In the mominp of November H. 1566. be fore he was out of bed. and the last In stalment was received at 4 of the folio* . afternoon, its coming- brine interrupted only during: a few of the n.ost preying business hours each day. The time consumed in Its transmission was due to th«- fact that for every letter of every word in it four or five ciphers were used. He continues: T);e rrcertioii of so lengthy a dispatch by trlefrraph to my 'f-cation was In Itself m> entirely unprecedented that the news circulated rapiJly throuph the official de partni«r.ts and the diplomatic corps. As a oor..*eriut>nr*' representatives from many of t!i»< other lepations called early the follow lt.R day to learn what was up: but the caller mist anxious was M. lVreire. Ba fore he arrived I had made up my mind not to communicate th- difpach to the Minister of Foreipn Affairs, and I con tented myself with pullinc a lonK face about the tenor of it to M. Pertire. with out revt-alinc anythlnc of its eontfnts. ex cept merely naylnp that, to my resret, "iN Font tres sMcm." I learned early in life that a I'-aded run Is much more useful in Cumbat than rtic discharged. It was not an important dispatch: Mr. Senard had sent it more for Its effect ■yon Conpnss than for the Tulleries. but by the time the American papers were received -In Paris, and its contents thus made known, it had been Instru mental in hastening the evacuation. And. thanks to Mr. BigeloWs diplomacy. the French government could truthfully state, whfn questioned by the Opposi tion, that it had received no such mes sape from the American Legation. The threatened war between Prussia and Austria put a sudden end to French Interest in American affair*. Mr Blce« low had lonp fort-seen it. and warned Mr. Prward of Ha coming, but this part of his UecolUctlons may be lift for the reader without comment here. There is. Indeed. a greet deal of unwritten history In those pages. They have also their lighter side, which is temptingly quotable, whether it be in those early chapters describing the life of an American family in the first quar ter of the last century— a picture full of a simple, old-frshioned charm — the h^enhes Mr. B!gelow draws of the r.ctaMf- men and women whom !.e met on hip first trip to Europe in ls"s- # (50. or his laur references to the public men with vbom be was in constant contact. Of th< Americans he n»et in his rarly years in New York— Godwin. Evans. Halleck. Bryant— he tells u« but little, but stops lonj? enough, on the other hand, in his larrativt-. to gpeak of a physician 'whose popularity was based chiefly opoa'the fact that he was understood to be the- medical advi< t -r of the British Con sulate, which was enough in those days lo make * blacksmith fashic.nai.ie in *ffew v.-rk- <»f Napoleon m, wnom he frn in lsi;<». he says: »!. vas cbort. wtta Lroad shoulden ■ ."•■ T "ir ' ; : • s « ni * d iar p«- for his '•■ f 0r«1 bnpressiun lii.-s fate Vfi i.r».!i m.- «a.s that f an ..vrrta-kf-d rian ■ w..t-.i lie w^v o , lnv ior j. *•■■>■ wiy (mail, irlthoui la«r« „ wj :> motluas. made l. : ::i s^,- n , ,„ t^ r . I3 .v b^ed. l worn dtecorered Sit x)Z iSSsJ Hi- fo because no oth«-r fmw. ladKMaallt* se« !n -d to w..;£*t hZ ul Ha.a t. t mile, and fat s.ie'nt most of ,' T!::..-; but wi.rthei b< n»ok^ or wu- ellent !' !S? ; v:d '' T tij »' ne did not do what Ke did from any infi U «-nc^ omsldfl of him- Kt-lf I bad i..,t wat-ned bin lo&C before. force ), erblWted He did nut wast^anv t«*inc—oot a onlto, n.. t s ntXK , lQt a c »-sturV. not a look, not a thought, not a word The Kmpre.**. « hl!e beautiful and crsceful. mi»«-ared to Mr. BlsjeJow to l;iv " "' lh :!; -T repal and sovereign in her i;p-.iian<«. nothinc that indicated any compreaenstoo of the part she and her bssbaa^ «rere playlac in the history- of the world "From what I saw of h*r." he adds, "it would never have occurred to me. whatever my opportunity, to at tempt to Interest her in the carter of which her husband was Buch an Impor tant factor any further than ax It affects her as a wife and mother." Later, after bert surrender, he had an Interview vfth ber. reported in the third volume but too lons to be quoted here, which tuust have changed hi* opinion. She cer t.-iinly is •-*'•"'♦■'> Hit.- as an astute BOOKS AND PUBLICATIONS. The Up-to-Date Book for Boys By Edward Stratemeyer FIRST AT THE NORTH POLE Or Two Boys In the Arctic Circle 11 us rtred I2mj 5i. 25 Two boy heroes chance on hoard a polar ship, and pass through marvellous experi ences that result in the attainment of the very "top of the world," side by side with Cook and Peary. What other book can compare for a moment with this newest one by Young America's favorite author? AT ALL BOOK STORES '— LOTHROP, LEE & SHEPARD CO., Boston NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SATURDAY. DECEMBER 4. 1909. diplomatist, perfectly versed in the sig nificance of events, adroitly seeking to extract Information regarding the course of our government, now that peace at home had been restored and the Mex ican question was stUV open. Mr Kii:eiow> opinion of Gladstone in the 60's is a very poor one, and he takes the opportunity of a reference to Mr. Morley's Life of the statesman to let us know that he never changed it in later life. Gladstone's power, like Daniel Webster"s. he holds, seemed to consist more in his skill in using material than in his ability to provide It; he mas "a manufacturer rather than a producer, and his monderful faculty of clothing and adorning an idea or doctrine that mas put Into his hands tempted him to übltcation of a great deal of learned nonsense, m-hlch mould never have seen the light If he had had anything like the same capacity for discovering truths that he had for propagating them when dis covered." There are several Thaikeray anecdotes in the book, which the Indefatigable and Insatiable Thackerayan may safely be left to ferret out for himself Rather would one quote a characteristic anec dote of the elder Dumas, mere it not too long for quotation in full, and too de lightfully told in a letter to Thurlow Weed to be spoiled by condensation. And yet. one pasaage tempts us. It is so typical Dumas, then, interviewed Bige low on the subject of visiting the United States for the purpoee of writing a book about ua. Mr. Bigelow, knowing his European popularity and his republican principles, saw the value and weight of his possible Influence on public opinion. but — he knew his Dumas; he had lived long enouph In Paris for that He writes to Weed He Is a man whose domestic relations are— to put It modestly— extremely Trench To Illustrate— when 1 asked him if he ppoke English "No." he replied. "I read It and translate It. hut 1 cant speak it; hut my metres* If KnftHsh. and I shall jnck it up very soon ' This was said in such a purely businesslike way that I felt nhllred to treat that obstacle as finally disposed of. From th«- "Prelude" to these most in teresting and historically valuable vol umes we learn that the publication of their continuation, dealing with their author's later career, is already assured Till: DIRKi TOIKK. A Xation Setting Its House in Order. THF DAYS OF THE DI RECTO I RE. By Alfred Allmson. With « photogravure frontispiece r»nd frrtv-elght other Illus trations, of which the costume plates have been selected by John Colby Ab bott. *•■>: pp. xvl m. The John Lane Company. Making liberal use of the histories of Mlpnet and Carlyle, the memoirs of Thi • baudeau. the well known work of the Goncourts on French society under the Directory, and numerous other sources. Mr. Allinson has compiled an entertain ing volume on a picturesque subject. In deed, his gossipy pages will probably be far more attractive, and hardly less ser viceable, to the general reader than the paces of a crave historian would be. The truth is that the period from the autumn of IT* to the establishment of the Con sulate, only four years later, and the be ginning of the Napoleonic regime, la one which well lends Itself to the anecdotic writer who can block out a vivid picture in a few broad strokes and then -fill in * with piquant if not very Important de tails Mr. Allinson is skilful in giving this treatment to his theme, and his amus.^g text Is accompanied by good portraits and other Illustrations. When the Directory came into power the city of Paris was in a deplorable condition. The French, obliged now to rut their house In order were confronted by a heavy task throughout the country. but especially In the capital. Carlyle has described how the Directory, setting down to Its work In the Luxembourg. vas supplied with "an old table, a heel of I par and an ink bottle, and no visible money or arrangement whatever." As h* adds. howe>er. it "did wonders" Within a year the dilapidated if not posi tively squalid palace had been put into a condition of something like splendor, and the court of Barras and his associates began to approximate to the luxury of its royal predecessor. But after the frenzy of the Terror it was scare- to be expected that men would settle down to a new life with new traits. The heroes of a violent upheaval could not shake off the manners developed am revolution ary scenes, and Carnot. who was himself a member of the Directory, has left some biting words on more than one of his colleague*. "RewbeH." ha says, "was the consistent patron of men accused of thefts and depredations; Barms of broken down aristocrats and noble bul lies; I.arevtlliere of scandalous and 111 living priests." Another commentator of the time, a German, has recorded that the reception room Of Barras was dis tinguished by a tone comparable to that of a gambling hr.v- and that to dine with Rewbell was like dining in an inn parlor here the coach stops to bait. In a little while the Luxembourg was fre quented by self-seeking hangers-on whose Intrigues were as unscrupulous as those which had contributed bo much to the downfall of The royal house. An im mense amount of go<»d work was done by the Directory. The administration of public affairs was put on a better basis. State buildings were cared for and the churches were not neglected. The streets were Improved Vast sums were spent with fair Judgment. Nevertheless, it was essentially a time " civic uncer BOOKS AND PUBLICATIONS. tainty and the ways of society mere, to say the Wast, feverish. Mr. Allinson gives an excellent Idea of the vagaries of the people in a reaction ary mood. The Republican austerity made fashionable by th© Revolution could not long retain Its hold upon the French. There Is something symptomatic about the fact that the theatres had been steadily kept going, even while the guillotine had kept the nerves of th© population on the stretch. The author has some grave episodes to recall, like the liberation of Mme. Royale. but he deals chiefly with masses of men and women concerned only with amusement. When they were not engaged in mad business speculation they sat down to the card table, and when they rose therefrom it was to dance. Taste in dress and other matters kept pace with the furious passion for public balls. Here, in a passage quoted by Mr. Allln pon from Merrier, is a typical picture: ■ They dance everywhere. All the women are in white, and white becomes all women. Necks and arm.- are bare. The men are overnegitcent In dress and man ners, and dance with a cold, melancholy, and morose air; you would think they were one and all pondering politics or the money market. The dance is followed by a concert, the concert by supper. The women, who are now released irom the confinement of the corset, eat to satiety. They acquit themselves to admiration; they devour truffled turkeys and anchovy patties; they eat for the rentirr. for the soldier, for the clerk. In short for all and sundry In the government service, and as they gobble, they vehemently abuse the republic. ... In former times, ladles at balls took some refreshment, at most a few biscuits in a little wine. In the present day, the utmost gluttony prevails, and I can never enough admire their bold look at table, and with what a free, uncon cerned air they satisfy their keen appe tites. a cold partridge makes but two mouthful*. The viands disappear, and large glasses of water at Intervals cool their palates, burnt by spirituous liquors. In the agricultural district there was pi eater sobriety, and Mr. Allison notes that the peasants were better off, than most historians have been willing to ad mit. (He observes, too. by the way, that the total aggregate of the emigres was not as large as is generally believed.) But In his survey of the Paris of the Directory— and it Is with this that he is almost entirely occupied —he shows that while the authorities labored to good purposes the release of the people from an oppression crueller than that of the monarchy had produced an intoxication that simply clamored to be abated. Hence, th© rapid arrival of that psychological moment by which Napoleon was destined to profit. Once he had got his hands upon the reins of government the people emerged from the spell of the Directory, as from a more or less nightmarish ex perience. They had had their fling while their leaders mere reorganizing the state The spectacle presented by them at this time is. no doubt, unlovely In many of its aspects. On the other hand, it is undeniably picturesque, and for this rea son Mr. Alllnson's book is thoroughly readable. FKTIOX. Old Romance and Modern Realism. CHIVALRY. By James Branch Cabell. Illustrated by Howard Pyle Svo. pp. vll. SI Harper & Bros. THE MAN IN THE TOWER. By Rupert F. Holland. With illustrations by Frank 11. Desrh. 12mn pp. 311. Philadelphia: The J. B. Ltpplncott Company THE HUNGRY HEART By David Gra ham Phillips. 12mo, pp. 602. D. Ap pleton I Co. DOCTOR RAST By James Oppenhelm. Illustrated I2mo. pp. 331. Th« Sturgls & Walton Company. Mr. Cabell's "dizain" of mediaeval stories — printed, illustrated and bound with a sumptuousness appropriate to the holidays— is adapted, says the author. from the work of a certain Nicolas de Caen, a fifteenth century French writer. The question of the authenticity of this personage need not detain us. he is bo convincingly introduced in the "Precau tions!" that it would mar an artistic pleasure to doubt him* Nothing better than this introductory piece could have been panned to put the reader in the right mood for these tales. They are tales of men's service of God. honor and fair lady, of the service of chivalry, and In each of the ten the lady is a queen or a princess sore beset. Here is Eleanor of Provence, wandering alona and in danger in her husband's kingdom after hi? defeat by the Barorft and his Imprisonment at their hands; here Is their son, Edward "Longshanks." vent uring into France to claim his wife. Eleanor of Castil!<», and winning her from the rival she had preferred to him, this king going forth a second time to find the Lady Margaret of France ready tc risk fair name and life to bring him safety. Here. too. is Philllppa of Hal nault, defending her husband's realm against the Bruce in his absence, and the author portrays for us still other noble ladies, all finding knightly service that us placed at their feet not with thought of reward but just for the sake of knightly duty: The book Is. Indeed, dedicated to the knightly ideal of love. It is the most satirfactory book of its kind since Mr Hewlett deserted the ro mantic past for his own day and genera tion. The a that of 'Th.- Man in the Tower" liax nut Bjoaa t" th<- past for his material, but in this story of the present day he ha:- revive. 1 s< >n:.-thing of that romantic Ki.mu. ir for which nnc never looks in uur nvHi.-rr. ..r. Mr Htnry Gallatin is not 10..km»; l'-r :t v h.-n h»- aits In a Parisian talktaaj aitn bis Mead Daalla An- BOOKS AND PUBLICATIONS. BOOKS AND PUBLICATIONS. TV m.«_M^-»_ # Hogarth was a thorough I.on rlOfisiPln c d>ner% and his P^turcs are an A.MV/ vlUli ULasl I^F unequalled commentary on the London of his day. At home in w _ <^a all walks of life the great "come- I i\l^ ffl f\W~\ dian of the pencil" shows us re •I l\ w I B^_M^_F I I sorts of fashion, haunts of vice. the taverns, the theatres, the Pictures of the Manners Of church, the hospital. The present v rr- v l /■*• volume arranges this wealth of trie Hlgnteentn Century information topically, giving a i, tj r, XX-, .i »on/» singularly graphic impression of By H. B. W heatley. $3.00 net eighteenth century lite. This is the first complete history nn| of the Medici family, covering more J[ Jfl^J than three centuries, from their rise in 14*H» to their end in 1743 The larpr part taken by the Medici in "f^ M JM • -p^s the affairs of Europe and their ||/l« I ll^l unique connection with learning and * W A^L^^AA^L^Jal art make their story interesting from many points of view. The hook con- By Col. G. F. Young, C. B. tains over fifty portraits and much valuable information. I I <>t*. $$.00 net E. P. DUTTON & CO.. 31 West 23d St. BOOKS AND PUBLICATIONS. SOME OF LITTLE, BROWN & COMPANY'S NEW BOOKS Old Boston Days and Ways Richard Jefferies: His Life and Works By MARY CAROLINE CRAWFORD By EDWARD THOMAS "w 1- An ,h,,r who ran mans history as fascinating as The • -• adequate btojrraphy of ta!s *- ■ MtaraKst. '- YJ~t» Is a "_ a jy£. J TTjL? Pr*tw»lvilh**ratmL Ctmh. unworthy to rxnk with th« author's own haaattfol 'Morr # romance '< . . Mr HetJt: '—London Timen Full* UtessXateA Ct*K VLH 1n b,,x. i: >. nrt. n- « . . nit; p~tp«d. I Literary By-Paths in Old England ; fhe Castle by the Sea By HENRY C. SHELLEY By H. B. MARRIOTT WATSON A della-htful literary sketch-boon containing fresh material. A ta i« o » love and romantic adventure built arajasd a fa*. Xeu> ropular Edition. Profuaelv illustrated. Cloth. boxed. elnatin, old castle, pronounced quite as <%£* •* si** HouaM $150 nrt; postpaid. 11.70. . of a Thousand Candles." Illustrated. Cloth, $1.50. 1 Dl 1 . r- "^ — ■■ »^— -"■ 11 ™ —■^ ■"■"" ■"■"■ "1 Nerves and Common In this 18th century romance. Till? I A rVIaTI By av > ie FATSOX CIIX V th , >V Ts .-V.. ■•.: :'•' ' M :; lllE. L./\lllll Another practical book far th, ?°°f?2? n nio? 11 60 I nervous by the autaer of -Pw. trated in color. »1 50 g\T? ¥ -fn rVI aP /t 4° sffc * r ThrmiKH Rep,,«e." «tc. Cloth. Handbook Of .Ol LONJj AOU UM net; postpaid. $!.«. PolßLr Discoveries . • By eliza cai.vkkt h*m our Ch ,i d nd M mt) " . _ r .. 1 .. v "The book Is an inspiration. "—Boston Glob*. By Gen. A. W. CREEL! -4oa^^w asiflT than he? previous book »' ASXB «\rnfr New and ur-to-dat« edition . ,t, t toucn< .j, the heart ."— Boston Transcript. Fully A volume* of |-iansn n stories of this authority on polar c*- illustrated. CloAt. $1.50. THIRD PRIX' out children. Illustrate*. ploration. With maps. 11.50 I Cloth. $1.50. net. *^~~^ m ~ m^^^^^^^^ SEW ILLUSTRATED BOOKS FOR THE YQUSG Redney McGaw Wigwam, Evenings Janet At Odds By ABTHIB MrFARLAXE By • CHARLES A. EA»TMA> and By MXXA rjt \ns KAY A circus etory with a hero fit to rank ELAINE. O. EASTMAX hm £» t3 nn * OTy ta th» popular Ssaaa* with "Tom Sawyer." $1.60. Indian !e*»>nds retold by a full-blood- ssries will delight all airls. $1.50. Boys and Girls of sioux n : Jhe j^rg of Fairmount Seventy-Seven For the Norton Name B y etta anthovt bake* By MART P. WELLS RMITH By HOIXIS GODFKEV A cheerful story of life la a faraooa A Revolutionary story In the OW Th(t story of a young captain of la- hoarding: school for girls. Illustrates. Deerfleld Series, replete with action. duatr^ wh<) gw^ ,5, 5 cmh M •i:s. _^^— —^—^^—^_^«___ LITTLE BROWN & COMPANY, Publishers, 34 Beacon St., Boston. At All Booksellers drassy, and when a properly beautiful young heroine appears upon the scene It does not occur to him that her In terest", will presently take him to scenes of peril in one of those principalities which novelists are perpetually adding to the map of Europe Even when this fair princess ha* been Identified as one known to Danllo. the true character of the latter is still left unknown to the man who tells the story. The reader, too. for that matter, Is kept in ignorance. But he does not care. He willingly trusts himself to Mr. Holland, who car ries on with clever eprlghtllness one more narrative of Zenda-like adventure and excitement. Gallatln and Andrassy get into appalling scrapes, but. natural ly, they are adroit in getting out of them, and we are prepared for anything save the distinctly picturesque climax a: •which the little comedy arrives. An amusing book, with a very pretty at mosphere. Mr. Phillips is a plausible writer. He can make his readers believe that he has profound thoughts on social prob lems, no doubt because he himself sin cerely believes in their profundity. Un fortunately, the Illustrations with which he undertakes to elucidate them are not only a shade too frank, but decidedly confusing when submitted to the test of analysis The heroine of "The Hungry Heart." so far as one can disengage her character from her conjugal and extra conjugal adventures. Is a woman who will not face life as It is. but. instead, demands a whole existence spent on the mountain tops of exaltation which it is given us to scale but rarely and at long intervals. She demands human perfec tion, a man who shall fulfil her Ideal, and what that ideal Is she does not seem to know, describing it only In the vaguest and most general terms— though that Is. perhaps, th© most truly feminine touch in the book. She Is certain, how ever, that she will recognize it when she meets It. and that also is a human touch, regardless of sex. As a matter of fact, this modern woman drifts into marriage and is disappointed, drifts from mere unreflecting reaction into an entangle ment whose details are certainly un pleasant to read about. Is disappointed even more in the second gentleman, and ultimately drifts back to her husband, convinced now that she has found her Ideal, but sure also, one feels, of future disappointment, possibly accompanied by a gradual adjustment to the realities of existence and the limitations of the in dividual. Mr. Phillips evidently mean* his readers to perceive that his hero ine's degrading experience has lifted her to a higher plane, wherein, however, he Is sadly. if honestly, mistaken. The lower East Side of New York is the Passage of the Nations into the New World. Thirty years ago it was Ger man and prosperous, twenty years ago it was Yiddish and poor; to-day it is still Yiddish, but has begun to grow prosper ous again. To-morrow the race will have passed out. on and up In Its chil dren, following Irishmen and German to make room for later comers. And even the child of the imlgrar.t takes with him the hope of his parents realized, but leaves behind him. tor his successors, the hope realizable. The struggle upward is bitter and hard: many it crushes and some it kills. It is with this grinding struggle, with the failures and tragedies, but also with the hope and the love and the sacrifices made for their sake, that Mr. oppenheim deals In his stories of the New York Ghetto, which appear to be fact transformed Into fiction "Doctor Rast" is the central figure in them all. a poor physician, whose Idealism and hu man love keep him amongst the sub merged, giving of his services without heed of his fees, encouraging, lnterpr€>t h.g, and occasionally — well, yes, preach- BOOKS AND PUBLICATIONS. **> f&r Holiday Suggestions A J?^y The Heart of the Antarctic 0 -^^r A Caai»lste Record of the Shack letoa f.ip*«tlaa 1907-1900 V jPf By ERNEST M SMACKLETON. CV.O. " LJkeljrto become a classic of ady-nttn-e."— JVI YLSun. aP^T " The meet interesting, thrininr, and instructive aaiiat:^ cr*po!ar f exploration ever put before the public."— Boston Evening Transcript. 12 color plates. 3 map*, and over 300 illustration* froan photographs. V Royal Two volumes. Cloth, S 10.00 net. The New Fiction Bella Donna T»t ■»°* t widely dlanmed aovel of nerycar. By ROBERT HICHE.NS "It Is Egypt as 'Kirn' is India."— Kcjp v — Timii 12m*. Deco rate ot . $1.50. Phoebe Deaae. fßy Grace Livingston Tn« Key •! the takamn, Bj-ten HIU Lstz. Frontispiece in color, tad five N. Cany. Frontispiece portrait. 123 a. illastrmtloßS. iimo. Cloth, with aurlsl Clotn. f -.53. lion. Ji.ao. la4akaak. By Mar(e Vaa Vorsu tsssß. Decorated cloth. $150. Tb«- Mv la the T*w*r. By Rupert y^, ._._ t -__^ «,.__ S. Holland. Froonsptcc* ta cater and , " tr^ma "»o pa. ay c«t*an bUck and white illustrations. imjo. Marriott. Four illustrations, tzaa. Cloth, $i.jo. Cloth. Jxu» net. Braasoa ol the Rabble. »v» v ATbrrt The Cine. By Carolyn Wells. FronaV E. Hancock. Frontispiece ,n color -.mo piece in color, lamo. Cloth, 11.5 a. Decorated cloth. %i 50. Charming Gilt Books I The Lilac Girl By Ralph henry barboir With UNDERWOOD ILLUSTRA TIONS " Another of Barbour's deli cate romances, bearing a breath of spnnf-time, in good holiday season." — Cis» cago Record- Herald. " Full of sunshine and cheerful optimism, spiced and seasoned with love and humor." — Suburban Life. Illustrated In color by Clarence P. Underwood and marginal decorations throughout. Small quarto. Decorated cover in gold, with medallion. Cloth, gilt top. $2 00. In a box. I J. B. Lippincott Company S^Sfu Special Notice to Christmas Shoppers C Books are the best GsffMtaVSl BfVSI - lo £:\e and 10 rcai\f. Thcv are less likely to be duplicated. I hey sh.»w individual thought on the part of the givcf and the\ are of permanent \alue. f! Our list of new books is too large to gi\e in full in these column^, hut we have prepared an unusually attracti\e Bulletin, thoroughly illustrated and excellent holiday WfgfHtiom upon the purcha>. h.u.ks tor friends. This bulletin will be sent fr^ request. € Among the most important new publications will be found books 'by Kate Douglas Wi^ir.. Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, Henry James, Dean Hodges,. Henry M. Stanley (Autobiography), John Muir, Samuel McChord Crothers, Wilfred 1. Grenfell, Rodolfo Lanciani, Ralph Waldo Emerson (Journals), Henry Cabot Lodge, Richard Watson Gilder, Thomas Went worth Higginson, President Charles W. Eliot. Presi dent William DeWitt Hyde, Dr. George A. Gordon, Professor George Herbert Palmer, and many others. < Ask your bookseller to show you the new books by these authors and till out and return to us the attached coupon. These bulletins will give you ac curate information and timely suggestions. CUT THIS OI r AM) Ri n k'\ ok- >EM) ro.-l vl lo HOUGHTON MIFFLIN COMPANY 85 Fifth A-oc. New York Gentlemen: Please send me -uiihoat chzroe venrr Hius-veJ Ho'.'dtV Bulletin and C*Ulo 9 se of Children's Books. Ndme Address .*. ■ X. T Tribune. 12-4 '»>*> I ?^_ RE BOOK S A PRINTS IN EUROPE RARE BOOKS & PRINTS IN tt R BOOKS AND PUBLICATIONS. Legends of the Alhambra By WASMLNQTON IJ?vi.\O •"" m iatrWactiM •» rUmiftoa • -•> « ,a Irving ■ tasaous eight legends of th« Alhambra. elaborately Illustrated with •even full-pace pictures In color, mar ginal decoratlans. llnlnz-paper*. anu ■ penal cover design In colors and cold. Quarts. Decorated cloth. «- I I net. In an ornamental box. ILLCtT»jITMD yurzyriE classics At the Back of the North Wind By OKOSrOe MACDONALD A Dog of Flanders B By "OLIDA" Beautifully illustrated holiday edi tions of these two juvenile classics. Illustrated with full-page color plates trora drawings by .Maria L. kirk. Deco rated i nn(. papers. Octavo. Cloth, ornamental. $1.50 per volume.