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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, December 06, 1909, Image 6

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.Imu*ctnniis.
AC.WSJIY or Jll'Slf— P:ls— fbum.
Al.lUMHn* -2— X— VaudrvlJlc.
AKTX»lt— *.;li- B*A.-n :•«.»?
nni.ASi"^>— fc:li~U M«»rla»»*ny • F*llai«t
niJL»l— »>:ls— Tt» l>«tt*r> Man
BROADtt'*V — «:li— Thr Mi«lnlrtit Fo»».
''AflNEalE IIA1.!/ — S.jtt— l.#K-tur»
«"AsTNii_«.ii_Thf Otrt «nd tta VTitsrd.
<*Oi.««xiAl^-r— «£— Vanrte^lK
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«TlTr:r;mN _k:lS— ■•„r!
J>Al.V>— »>:l&— Th* n*Sl« «< CHttany.
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niiriUE — k:i:— lnror«tant <*.««rcf..
FtKTH AVKNIT— 2— >• Vaud-vit*.
CAlirTV— »>-li-Th* Konuw Uuntrr
«»HnKV- *.:i:.- Uia Numr- »n thr I>aor.
nAnttHTC— «:ls— Th# llar\r»t Moon.
IIACKETT -*.!&— fr'-pttmue
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H2I*?HiDnCiMK-2-»«— A Trip jr. int-iti. !n
•*<l« Ih* Kar»h: tt»«> P.* 11. • of Je»c!a.
HIT»S<"»N— Jr :^n- Iftnilu Iti\r.r<-ft.
IRVINij r*l.A<T- ««.1.%— I>i«- KlwlmMtii.
KN'Ti*KKß»iti"Kt:ii- •>— Thr. I>o!lar IVlncew.
I.IBSBTT — - li— Pr-»r.rtlnir
l-Y»TCi;M- + :ir.— Ar»rt» iMplr..
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Holder.
51 A 1 11 SOX SQl"*l:r '-.AMIES- "yrl« r»C«.
liiAJtr&TW- »-15— Mr !*»>♦•• «f Kml
M»MUTT\X OITKA llrtfSK— l»— T«»r».
»AM\K nujOTTS TIinATRC- S:s»— Tfc»
I »•■«>! t c? thr Third floor Burk.
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simr.oiMUTAN > .; i;i. \ nofsn— »—
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RrnsiKray.
fL4> - «'V »:Jl_Hrlrr» nirtu*.
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■ t»:li — Thr. lVurth E»t»t«.
«"K»Jj:r « »:T»-Tl>* <11tiw.
«TST r.Sl»— «:li— Variny.
Iwe to Advertisements.
r»r».O»i I I •»«• Col
Atntt»"mri:U< ...12 « " lrptrurtmn tl «
]■' - i k ■ i » n. I l.n»i and I mm« !1 *'>
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Umirri a ftn<in>» *1 2 >':>.-: Mai ...11 I
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lu*tlUlUt 4 4 i I •!..;..-«» II ■"•
<^»'p^t <1r»r»tjll I. Hral i:?l«to 11 &"
I»i»lclm>.i N«- • r.rcaui&ntk •> 5
tU-r> 19 1 L- »■:-.:, 11 «
T>o:ii»»tlf Sltu»- I>--lmnl Ar<^!oi»«.. 11 «t
• fm* Wai«t»«J.ll 5-4 >.-w .-a' N«nior».. 7 "
1 -.-nm* >.i.-.t ...11 .'• Mtunuce 11 «
Ytrikii'-ial ]«• T>umwU''« No
r«rri' | ntn t vi* ♦ tH-r? . 11 T
S«l<-» 11 C.'Tin* Tahlr* I* ft-7
Jnrti!sb»4 Ttoonu !7Vlbunr Sub»c-rii>
t» Ijl 11 2| t»nn liates T 7
71r!j> Watitrd. . .11 Trum Con.r-ani«*.^i» <• 7
TlotMs » ilWork Wanted. ..ll - 3
ZVftD^crrii JTrtbtrnr.
MONDAY. PECE.MBEK « 11X)f>
Thit tirtrrpeprr is otrncd and pub
lished ly The Tribune Association, a
\r»r Ytirk i-orpuratiun ; r<|pkv and pri»
«4paf plarr of bv*iness. Tribune Bvild
ing. Xo. lf»4 ajaajaj ajaaa^ \rw York;
Offdrn MM*. prrtMcvt; Ilrvry W.
herlrtt. trrrctery: Jcmrg if. Barn-it,
trrentrrr. 7/ ■ addivnt of the ofiicrrt it
the cftcc cf this ■■■.-.;> .
1 H! ■ •
■ ■ • :
■ .
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-


1

-
Uli'lStXA 7/# .4 /•/•«/ \ 7 J//. \ 7V«.
iTesidrnt 'J'afi's ord*>r amplifying th«>
l»r«-s'nit requirements for admission im>.
the k.*er ;:r»«t** of tin- diplomatic mr;i«
will c» l«r toward rompMitic the j.mkl
WWfc of «t>Tati!ishiijff merit »s tbe «»!«
test for diplomatic appointments. '!'!;«•
consular MTvlcf was put mine y«iirs a^o
on a lia>i* of **Tuiau<'xit tenure. .ij-jM.itji
nirjjt» Mug mad*' to the lower tissues
uUcr rutuiiiiiitmu ami pminol ions. t<> till
tncaD<U'j> lulus determined !•>• <-nVi<-:H-y
r»><-or«i>-. Tlw» «-uuutr.v wan -li.l-i.i~i in
INS*; In the Ism wholesale limtiii^ «,f the
««n?o!ar wnlif under Assistant S^<t»*
t»iry Ji«Ki«h ottfur*. Tin* uunchrouhMU
of -in!! ;, |HJai<-;iI r;,i,i w;t>. ihe niort*
•ipjmreut lnt-jUM' the value of v geuuiue
• <iiisula r Iwxiy was then liejrinuiiijj to J,<»
nif-omiind. VTbBJ Secretary Km «-;il]s
"ilie remarks M«- pruuili of tho |«iliti«-al
"and roiiimervial f.iri'isu relations «>f tbe
"I nited Nt:;te* uu<! t !*•• incm;siu;: diffi
'•.iiltj «»l 'he |ir<iM«-iiii» rrc»\vii!s out «>f
"th«<**» relation* which bay«- to b<. dealt
••witli through tin* instrumentality of
**!!»«* dif«Viin:!i . service" forced an
nlinudntttiM-ui of tin- spuils ►vstcra 11l
»ij>jMiiiitiu«»tits to «i»nnnlair>. lt\ e&fcti
ti\«« order* wild leph-latiun th- principle
«>f np|K>iiitui>>ntK f<ir titm*** wa* iulr*»
«lti'-«l uud Ilif ».Tii'-«- wa* finally taken
• .tit of politic*!** tla- art of April .'.. UK* 1 !,
followed by President I'ouscvHtV urder*
«>1 June iT and Derctnlier 12, ISKMI
Thr o«nv principle was hlm. »ppli<t] in
■mrt to diplomat i<'- ii":iit!i:iiit»ii'-. l*re*i
«t«nit DoowrHt's «-rd<T ..f N'omnticT i«»,
It?!.*., nnd K»->:<'Jar> ItodCaJ «»:dtT «>f <b<*
«ny d»t«" pn.* td<fi f<>r «'iauiiuali(uis fur
ni»run<"#» Into Dti- jowrr dipJouiatJ*
■ and <-ti'at»«<| :i J«j:ird of «x:;tn
tn«r>i. «-<jnsi»tin; «»f UWBa Siat«« Injiati
iii'-ft Bjßessai ':»• .<«•«. i.<) aanastag*; I*
rrijirj-, tb»? h-.ti« ;t<)r aud tin «hirf of il,v
«liplr»m»ti«- him-mi rr»^id«-iil Tail*
• 'idiTU'iß ««i!fij<ls ( It- %oipc of III" tu'-rit
plan. Ii «ii!a !£••» "•- <xaiui!iiti~ Ikmhl.
Ifwrritx* inutir' MilO*-^* f«T «Im- ,11. -It
«XMTjituiti(fii. :s<J<N au oml exunlttalkia
nn«J v iJ-.i r i<-:il ••xauiinatitui and pn»
' trt"« that »> tran».f«T I mo. mi- tmitxlt
ff B» flllSSligjli «"T*l<t lv lh<« «ith»-r «d»N
X' „ ••• tax-tit ..;;•:...."." ■'.- v ..>.
Department employes of the higher
crad«»s remain eligible to diplomatic and
consular apj««lntments. '•' on enterinc
those grade* they must ail i«ea either
the <^>i^utsr m the diplomatic examina
tion. Tb«» old-fashioiH'd metliod of dN
trttmiinc anretar} ships of embassy and
legation as jwlltical lisites has been
! if. mi; |. ! ; .|!«.'.|i-.'>
The «*han*n* now consummated baa been
••lie of obvious necessity and natural
?rou-tli. It is be purpose of the new
«»rder to insure advancement within the
diplomatic sen he from the lower sec
retaryship* to the higher one* and to
the grade of minister. la practice such
promotions have already become more
or less customary. Many of the present
ministers' served previously as secre
taries in the department of Slate or Hi.
Bureau of AnnTlcan Republic. voaMf;
the former secretaries are these minis
t«T*: Philip. Aliy-sinia; Carter. Ruma
nia and Itnlraria; \orth-of Colombia:
Morgan. Cuba: McCre»«ry. m>nilnl<-au
Republic; Sands. Guatemala; Hruwn,
Honduras; K«-aupre, Th. --land*;
iMire. MortKH'o; Kquiers. Panama;
Heimke. Salvad«>r. and Russell. Venez
uela. Peim\ Nonvay, was a former As
sistant »nvtary of Mat*', and Fox.
Ecuador, «-hief clerk of tue Bureau of
American Republics. Ambassador Ro<'U
bill. -mtil recently Minister to Cbina. was
a former Assistant Secretary of State
aud IHrector of the Uureau of American
RepuMW. l*<»r tbe Bnialler ministries
i«e.T»'taries. nusf of their training,
make, as a rule, the most satisfactory
appolntws. The Bipt posts, however,
will contbSM to he tilled by promotion
fn>tn amen- the iniiiistpr^ or by selec
tions from outside tbe service — an alter
native which most of the great nr
(SoM uiaiutaluin? permanent diplomatic
establishments have found it wise to
employ.
THE OI'FMSG of COSGRESS.
The ('ougre«a which assembles t»-day
will liegln the <-<»nsider«li<»n of President
Taft's iK*!l<"ies. already somewhat fa
miliar to the public through th»» Presi
dent's own > eches and those of his At
torney General : a laborious nrograuinie.
which will keen not only this session
hajaj, but i>rol««bly aerenil Bucceedlnp ses
sions. Hut though It will '....«• time Hi
•*>rfcua*»k>n to Mx-ure the enactment of
the measures which Mr Taft desires.
I^rhaps co recent l*resident ever had a
more favorable prospect of success in a
legislative policy. Conditions have aa
chauged us to enhance the influence of
tlie Executive ia legislation. Tue public
has gagaa to look to the administration
more than to toiisrreas to originate na
tional poOdea, nn<l Congress has to .-.
omsiderable extent actjuiesced. The leg
islative niaehino in botli bouses is weaker
than it us.-d to he. Insurgencies have
damaged its prestige. It* iud«'|»»'t!deii<"e
Bad M-lf-«'onlidenc*» are largely jrmw". and
it will l«e driven ivor»- and more to re
gard public opinion, to show deference to
I»erson« and ine«Kiires lust appear 1"
hare popular M-.iiM-rt and to M^k al-
Haii'-es and working atmmneats which
Lave public approval.
The fr»iuwit "wars" of Oaajprgaj on
I'roideut K<»u*evflt wort* of an opera
Iwufle cbarader, Neither Mile nought
thr other's blond. Hut their effect was
t<» w«*uLen « 'ouirrcss witb tlie p««ple. wh.»
had Iniili in the justi.^e of the I'rvstdeut**
p<Fiii<>n. They ..|ie>ii.il the way for Illf
nuiga7.ln«* niU<krakcr"s flank attack and
they |in>MJ«-t««d the insurceut outl»-.
v> lii'-h in «-'iiM' iKirts of the country ix»in
nuind ix'pular • 1 n»l<-ii'-«' merely b*-<ttuse
they are against the ;«>\»cf>. that be. To
tb«'in it 1h Ii! « iii*»a>ur«' due that the
public look* to the Kxe»utlv«» a« it» r»»j»
t««s< i 'itati\o in n sj>eHal aud extr:t<»rdl
nary sense. They :ire not likely to lie
n'p»'at«-d. partly l«-.-j*ii-. Mr. 1 aft Is less
picturetiqw in iii< iii.'ili'«l> thau hispr»«<l
e««>sMtr wan. ii<l jiarily l*"tiut«e » aj>
•rrese is n«>t in a in."*! even for oj>era
N'liffe warfare.
The l«*risl:itive machine, a* we have
Knid. •!■•.-- ■ •■ now grind *» • .<liii^
i»ii:all a* it on'v did. Its leaders have
iaaurm-t ions vithta their own domains
and their authority Ims !*"«'n >uukeiv It
is not necessary la deiennin** the juMi<e
.-ft: :itta<-ks ou the Sjie«ker ii. order
t«> ji*T«-eh»» that ■ 'iih 11 m i Ii »•<• many
lutMluaken and lnsurre«to* on his
hands has trouble eo«sigb and will aot
seek more, lit- may \mw lK*en a "i iar. "
l>t:t he is m it now .to «-.\hil>it mi -
tr«Ta<"j'. Kv«*n if they were *o di«p(t«rd.
Mr. Cmmou and his atouiriates could im»t
afford to be hi: ..»~!;.. ■.- to Mr. Tuft.-
plans
Mr. Aldriih. the leader of ih.» Senate.
baa atreadj erfnefd :» dj^posltloi] tb work
in bansonj sitfa tbe Pivaidmt. I.ut
<*\<ii if he w«t«- not Inclined ww>pei>
ate. be has raaaaaa for rau^i'-^ maetf
with ib» aduiiaaausaUuu Mr. Aldrkh
i* li«-artih enlisted in the rasM «if ear
re:i<-y reform, liest <-i!2;is»-vi lv thr most
ambitious project of his life. He is m>
litiioti^ in respect io the pahlk' attitude
toward hiniM'lf :i» it ;tffe<-tK Iha paaa
pev-ts «.»f hi^ |>rt»rraiiiuie. Tbe «i.-mi-»- tn
«-<>ii«-i!iate public opinion, if be were not
k<» dl«j»ose«l for letter rea^"t!S. would
Leep him in «•<>-' •por:itl«.n with the nd-
DinMratloa Mr. Aldiidi has zivon
boKtapii to iKj!iii«-al fortune.
Therefore we have ■ President who is
a <n>u<iliat«.r and Coucrevs In a conHlla
tury nitNKl. a |>oliti<-al sitaatsan at \V««h
iPfftou that favors law l"isnsj<i»a «nd a
leslalatltc machine that ha* |agj sjaatfj af
its jKiwi-r «if r"si!-tan<^-. ■•vcii If it had
thf ditqtobitlon to r'^ist.
ROBERT COLLEGE.
Tbrro an- pruliably athar i-«-«|u*»u
in tbe ill of tb» latp Mr KdßMatj
übu-b dinx-tly lut«T«*st a larger mini
her of fiers<»us iv Ihja city and raaajtry
than doe* that to Itultert « • !••»:«•. but
we Bjajr doubt if than was an.v wbi<-li
was wore wisely laajaaj for th« pro
motion of a work which i» of aajaaa>.
tional tit Hit v ;j.i ascaarJt* and wbi'-b
is fur i.-*- likely t.» raaNva aid than al
most any other iiiMitiiii<»u «iy bis list
■•I beuenVuirie* The mm of a million
and a half dollar* will mean more to
thr afjaaji on th«» Bu*|M,rjK and through
it will im-jiM inorr to humanity und to
the world, 11.-ili \\ 11 Id a nodi larger
i^uiti giTCS to Mjuio other t»y ik» lueaiiN
unworthy institution.
1t.. 1. (••11«««« has Im-ou .-ailed wlt'i
trutli tin- Mrthptaee of Kulgariao lib
erty. It «•!- v iiiiiti It* "Jills that a host
«»f youuz Itnlpir*" In the lout ration
r«vi\od im.i only ;i'-!i'l»'inl-- i tt^t i-ti'-t i. >n
*>r tl»«« hi^ln^t l.v|n*. t»ut ajaa Mm inepira
tion of American ideas <•! fre*-d..i,, of
IK'pular government and of <-lvlc and
t>fe-ial |iri«HW. >afaw m New York
pltUanlbropbt foamed that institution
t ho Hulpar* MPJ «»f all ih«- § ••-• »| »1 ♦— • vf
i:nro|M>aii Turkoy the ummu Icnnnint
mim| obviously until for -government
U'ithin a generation ih»-» h*.-*ti.. hd"
<>t tin iiim»i enlightened. aiatxtiiHih m»l
«<<uii- Tn llntM'ii <;».»l!<~ri! iim«p» than
)•• any «»ilt«T human Ngeu.-v thai mar
»»'lli«u>. m-aJe^nwiH i- lii i- «T«illt«i|.
i"ur while oufy a few Jiulzars were abl«
NKW-VOHK T>ATIA TKIbTNK. 3IKWDAY, DECEMBER «. 1909.
to attend It in comparison with the
whole number. tl»o*»e. few served a a an
intellectual, civic «nd moral leaven
which went far toward leavenlnj: the
•whole lump. Such mm . m Constnntlne
Htolloff «v.l Ivan^tvnechoff may I* re
<*alltHi to iitii,,] as types of the score*
of men whom Robert College pave to
lUilgarlau public life.
Nor was it nor la It designed par
ticularly for Itulgars. Mr. |;.i-Ti l—
.hired Its object to be to "offer to young
"men within tlie Turkish empire, with
"out distinction, of race or creed, the
"opportunity to secure a thorough edu
"cation, equal to that obtainable in .1
"first class American college and baß«>d
"upon the same general principles.**
That was a noble purpose nnd it has
ln'eti nobly fulfilled. In the less thai
half .■♦Miturv of It? existenco the col
lege bas teen attends! by thousands of
youii? men, among whom Bulgars. Ar
• n.:ii.- and drecUs have predominated
In the order given. Albana. JferbE. Mo«
tenegrins—lf the last two are to be
differentiated — Rumanian*. Jew* anil
even Turk* themselves have ajaa at
lended. Obviously the opportunities of
it* usefnlm'ys and. indeed, the need at
Its ministry and of enlargement of
Its activities and stM»pe are now enor
mously incr«-as«il. Kite !'eji!...i|> '-. gift for
education iv our Southern -states when
they were impoverished by war and
made largely incapable of t»elf-help. Mr.
Kennedy's gift to the young men of the
Turkish Empire conn** just at the time
when, intruded with the tremendous
duties and responsibilities of self-jrov
ernuient. they are most in need of pre
cisely tbe >ort of service which Itobert
Collejre is designed to give and does give.
The Institution tinder Mr. Robert's*
miniifl'tniy led Bulgaria from darkness
into light. With the added tnunlncen<-e
of another New Yorker we may expect
to see it do much to lead all Turkey in
the way* of enlightenment which that
empire has now happily entered.
-vrir noAD co\structiox.
Much Interest is deservedly an»u*ed by
current statements concerning the n»>w
type of improved roads in New Jersey.
A generation ago that state was one of
the pioneers in the introduction of mac
adam and telford construction on rural
roads. Since then, favored by Ibe pos-
M-**«ion of inexhaustible supplies of road
material of the best quality, it has
punbed the work of improvement until
it bat* been able to boast of being among
the two or three foremost state? in the
Union In proportionate mileage of im
proved highways. Now it announces
tliat. so far as the State Road Depart
ment is concerned, it will build no more
macadam or telford roads, but will
henceforth employ a n»Mv mode of con«
Ktructlon. which has already l>eon adopt
ed on many miles of much travelled high
ways with satisfactory results.
This new construction is in many re
*P»vts much like macadam or telford.
Indeed, in tome respects it is identical
with those systems. Hut tli*.* essential
difference lies iv the addition of some bi
tuminous hinder to the final layers of
crushed stone. In macadam find telford
:"nds the finely broken stone itself serves
to some extent as a binder, the Pton<»
dust often acting much like cement.
Hut on even tbe best of such roads sonvj
disintegration of the surface has inevita
bly iMfurred. and swiftly moving auti>
m«ibiles have swept off t-u< < « - e>slve layers
01 dust and small Mom 1 ? until the coarse
broken stone of the lower stratum was
expoMd. The admixture of tar. asphalt or
some such *uhst;iii«>p with the crushed
stone is said to prevent this di-lntejra-
Uod and to produce a rc=adbed which bas
at one* the wear resist in c qualities of
••tone and the coherence of sheet as-
I bait.
It ik gratifying to know that mi h
road« are proving jweessful in New Jer
sey. Iterative If they do «,> there they
d^ttihtlem will do no elsewhere, and thus
may 1m- solved th ■ problem of the rani
roads of the future, which are to prove
Ht least reasonably enduring under the
wear and tear of automobile traffl •.
Then- .nn I*- no question that the auto
mobile lih* "come to stay' and IteM it
will continue '■• lie used in in. reusing
number*. Neither can there be any qui*s
lion thai even when moving nt » in.nl *r
ate sjM*t<d the uutouiobile rapidly wears
OUt a iiinmdiiui or tcifonl |aiv4'iii«Tit. If
'L«- now r>ui<U of New .lersej- fulfil «ll
thai i*. now said and exj^-ted of tht>i:i
Ussy will M«t the ni'Miel for the roads of
the future in .-ill pj'rts of the country.
OF. It AGE PEXSIOXB IS FRAXCB,
Tbe question of old age pension! has
l»e<'U before the French parliament for
;iU>ut 1 scare of years and in that tiniQ
:mmy different plaits have been pro
|Ki aii : without as yd any practical re
sult. Germany and <;roat Britain and
other Countries have adopted pension
pystems. hut Franco, where it might
bare been sup|H»M'.l on* would first 01'
all have (••••■» established, is still with
otil nut*. It cannot hi said, however,
Hint Franca "tei« i« forrarder" in the
lnstu-r. for araajagaj is Vinr made with
ttntt scrupulous «*ar«? which Is often
rhara«"t eristic of an impulsive and emo
t;<»iinl nation, and In* ••nactment of a
p«'iisiou law now appears t.. Ik> within
mensurable dial; race.
The two points of most controversy
luiv« U^'ii whether tlie system should
Ik* • -..ntributory or -onirlbutory nud
whether it should lie voluntary or ohli
entory. Some Socialists, of course,
Cbuborcd "for a non-eontrlbutory »vbemr»
MiniUii to that of Great Britain, but
tb<; overwhelming .-.-!;!. nn-iii of thought
ful Frenchman lias been against it. hold-
Ins that Mirh a •system would I*- .1
deadly blow to thrift and individual
initiative— us not a lew fi-ar it will be
in the United Kingdom. Tl • bill which
is u«»w before parliament, and which
Kfiijs likely to U-.nu* a law, provider
for triple contributions from
Out workinciiH-ii. one- third from 11. em
ployers nud one- third from the Mate.
Tb»- other question. asßjeCfajfeaj the
ohligatorj system, bas been still more
disputed. ah far ha.-k as MM Mr.
Audlffret in a parliamentary report de
clared that it was impossible 1.. im
pose ujk>u the v „rl in;.', the obligation 1 *
of thrift and foieKiirht. since ahjaa were
virtues which could uot be creat«d by
law. The -rovernnicnt i-ould merely en
»v»uras' them. Ii casjM give working
men au opp<irlunity to protit front the
petiolon tyMetu by beoi»n»iii2 cruitribn
tors to the fund, but must leave ii op
tional with th<Hn I 1 ■■ her to do ;*> or
not. That oplulou Mill widely prevails.
In HI public iuqiiities arafsj made, nnd
Of thousands of replies which were re
• ■ehed fewer than *JU per cent favored
«<Oeßpaleorv <-outribut]on Aiu<»ng the
trade uuiuus. which, of fSjsjßjßr. m
1.-irgelv tin. tilled with »Oci M l»at, no.
ti'tnt.. 'Si*) favored an optional K\st«ao.
280 f«vored nunpolforj contribution!
and I.- •im— -••! any nl.iifion what,
eter. ''ither voluntary or obllpitorj', i»j
worLlujuicu. The wuii'ulsory nrlucliilo
h*K. hotrcver, at last t^n ndoptM In
tlw» |K<ndiD|; measure, larjtcly through
the illoll.'l of Mr. Ulliot. whose •••I'
version to it created »om(» sensation and
toorcd various other Senators to tnke
the «9inr stand.
I hi plan i«. then, that each month
the employer stall deduct » certain
sum from the uagrs of each of hl«
workmen and shall add thereto hlmpelf
in e<jual sum. These funds are to be
capitalized, and on roughing the ace
of fifty-fire — a surprisingly early age.
most i«eople will think n workman way
begin drawing ul* pension, which will
not t*» nn arbitrarily fixed sum as in
■,•■■., Britain, but will l*> determined
by the amount which he has down to
that time contributed to the fund. For
ten year* be will be benefited by only
his and bis employer's contributions.
n« the state's contributions will not !•*"
• ■■in.- available until the age of sixty-five
is reached, In thi< way It is believed
that adequate provision will be made
for th« support of workincmen when
tbelr tlmo of profitable labor is past
without diminishing the Incentives to
thrift Mini Individual Initiative. Th«»
Socialists may be counted upon to op-
Ikjs-o th.' project, demanding that capi
tal or the state shall provide the gajllia
fund. Rut it seems probable that the
net will be passed pnd the p." - '• sys
tem, after all the«e years. soon become
<»I>eratlve.
UOXBT A\D BUSINESS.
Though jrencral business conditions are
sound and expansion is reported in most
lines of trade, current factors affectlns
speculation In stocks are such a» to cause
hesitancy and irregularity In market
movements. The average price of the
leading railway and industrial "hares,
however, is somewhat above the level re
ported a week ago. and declines when
recorded have not been accompanied by
investment liquidation, nor have they
created uneasiness in quarters where the
success of Important financial operations
depends to a Urge extent upon stability
In ptock quotations. Strength In the
mow? market. the approach of the
meeting of Congress, strikes on "West
ern railroads and hostility to large cor
porations stimulated by sugar and tele
phone investigations do not encourage
active outside buying of securities, while
the political situation in Kngtand. which
is a factor In the local market, owing to
the intimate financial relations between
l^ondon and New York, also serves to In
duce caution in speculative dealing-*.
The prospects for higher prices for
bonds am not promising.
Recent liquidation in stocks and th*
commendable efforts of the larger finan
cial institutions to discourage heavy
speculation have been an important in
fluence in preventing disturbance In the
money market. Loan quotations, though
«trong. are kept within reasonable
bounds, and barrmg the development of
active demands for accommodation
against stock commitments there should
be no difficulty In securing funds for
mercantile purpose? at fair rates for the
rest of the year, though borrowers can
hardly expect anything better than 4"i
to r. per cent for short periods. While
the supply of money is adequate for
general requirement?. It is not super
abundant. offerings of first class com
mercial paper are reported in volume,
but the demand will not be heavy until
the bank* have arranged the. January
settlement.". Sterling exchange is still
at an abnormal level for this period of
the year, and in spite of credits created
by exports of cotton, which since the be
ginning of th«" reason have amounted in
value to upward of J225.00". n OO. exchange
rate« ar^ near th»» point at which gold
could be shipped to Europe, while Lon
don continues to B*tUe It* obligation* in
South America through exports of the
meta? from h»r».
Trad*- movements, n« measured by
bank clearings and railroad earning-".
present no Indication of a lighter volume
of general business, but unseasonablo
weather and th* approach of the holiday
period and Urn time for yearly pettU-
nif-nts and Ptock taking create a some
' what quieter situation in industrial
1 quarters. In the textile market trading
in cotton at first hands is quiet end th"
larger part of th« business is confined to
small orders for Immediate delivery.
The holiday drygoods trade is excellent.
j As far as forward business is concerned
in cotton goods, both mills and yelling
agents are marking time, awaiting d*>-
I velopme.nts in raw materials and C.19
1 government cotton report, due this week.
Jobbing houses report a better trade in
the Wag 4 and South than in the Kast
Speculation in cotton for future delivery
is only moderately active at the mo
ment, with prices ruling near the best
; of the year, traders showing a disposi
'■ tion to wait for further information 011
I the crop, which, according to the private
I advice* received by Wall Street house*.
1 will be as bullish as any heretofore made
! public. On the basis of supply and de
; jiiand the situation appears to favor a
I stiff prk« for cotton for a long time to
come.
In the iron and steel trail ■ some
branches report a seasonable setback la
the \olume of new orders, but the gen
'• eral position of the market probably Is
Btvejsjjsv than ■was ever before known in
i law history of the industry. Mills and fur-
I naces have enough orders on their hooks
| to assure, full activity for mouths til
come, and in structural materials th*
new demand shows no abatement. Mi
open weather being an effective influence
in atlmulatmg the inquiry for building
I purposes. Railroads are active buyer*
i of rolling stock, and th* car manufact
urers are insistent in their demand upon
! th» plate nulls. The steel companies are
Kuarding against overselling, and no
business for the first half of 191<» is ac«
copied by agents without its being first
j referred to general officers. According
to -The Iron Age," the leading seller «if
Kastern iron ore has opened its hooks
for the new year at prices about 40 cents
above the average of I!***. Copper li
' weak and lower, but well iuforaaaj
, trad« authorities insist that the market
is in a better position than at any timo
I Klnc« the days preceding the panic of
lf*>7. mid that cot. sumption gradually is
running ahead of production.
Labor trouble,* in the Northwest have
caused the closing of a few •• • mills,
1 but so tar the wheat market has not
: been materially affected. Argentina crop
ici>orts are more favorable, and the fact
! that new wheat can be bought on th<s
;. Plate River under price* here verves to
lessen the American export demand, a
reflection of which is pre* — ted in a
; lulling off in shipments for the last week
of upward of :!.U(i,i«ni busheln from thu
sam- time a year ago. Kaily winter
v heat projjpecta in this country are en
couraging and acreage is reporter much
Ifirger than in lln'H». .),,• |a the Jilgij
prices quotrd for the Maple Ml I).. cur
rent year, fn. | | hold well, and ttta
r.trcngtli ••! the r**lstan<-e to openttiom
for the a*-, lint cuiiviii<-t£ tho J fullowvii.
of the market that th* situation Is too
Intrinsically strong to admit of th* 1- -
sibility of substantial declines in the
near future, despite liberal supplies, fa
vorable reports from abroad and ab
sence of export trade.
All the leaders ..f Con»re*s are re
ported to be in favor *of economy. Nev
ertheless, economy la ana of thos« things
which every erne, favors in the abstract,
but finds awkward in the concrete.
An outbreak or hysteria might have
resulted most unfortunately In this city
a day or two ago. The Incident Is cited
as another evidence of the superiority
of organized over mob law. A little girl
who had disappeared from her home was
found dead on tho top of a building a
few doors away. At once the conclusion
was Jumped at that she had been the
victim of some, brut- of the ma'- jex.
But th. law took its course, and when
the autopsy was made there was found
to b« no evidence of violence. The child
was choked to death by a pl"ce of chew
ins; gum. The incitement to proceedings
such as have disgraced other parts of
the country was present, but New York
was spared.
Snak*> poison is now recommended as
« cure fo r tuberculosis. If it fails I
•« a !•. . ,t« pretend.-, it migt't pro', c
useful in fighting another malady whicfc
still causes no little woe and which Is
colloquially knp«ii aa the j m jams.
Mayor-elect Gaynor wants a S2*.t##
lawyer to fill a 15.000 comrnis?ionersnlp.
Here's a chance for a patriot.
• gratif in* "• re«»J Chairman Ma«k'a
predictions of a 1 "emocratle victory next
year. Hit we witih him to remember that
we flrst launched this prediction the seorn
inc after in* last great steam roller pasaed
• ate form of our party. —
Houston Poat
Mr. Mack took no risks in giving of
ficial confirmation to 'The float's"
prophecy, born of its inextinguishable
optimism. It would interest the public
more to know whether, ass chairman of
the Democratic National Committee, he
also stamps with his approval The
Post's" strenuous views on the necessity
of levying tariff taxes on all raw ma
terials.
Whether or not the stories about the
latest discoveries of gold in North Cen
tral Alaska are gross exaggerations, tha
region iv. which the precious metal !a
said to have been found Is not an In
viting iw for raining operations. It Is
too near the Arctic Circle and too far
from the warm ocean current which
modifies the climate along the coast.
The Brooklyn League was the first to
test the new and as yet unfinished Man
hattan Bridge Presumably it did not
meet the Tiger.
THE TALE OF THE /Ml
The Hunterdon «N. J > Pemoerat" prints
th« following: "The first real country
newspaper editor to own an automobile
that we have ever heard of Is our friend
Jacob I*. Buiuiell. of 'Th« Nekton Herald.*
Brother Runnel!, within the last year, has
been taking a new T>lfe. running for State
Senator.^ and now hit* been purchasing an
automobile. We think it wonld be a g/*>d
ide« for President Gunn" of the New Jersey
Rrtltorlal Association to appoint Brother
ftunn<;!l to read a paper before the next
meeting telling how' he does It.**
"What do you mean by the glad hand?'*
"Anything." answered Mr Bloochips.
"that will beat three of a kind."— Wash
ington Star.
•The Minneapolis Journal scoffs at let
ters to Santa ciaus with which the post
ofllces and newspapers are deluged every
year It says investigation discloses
that most of them are platnly inspired and
that if generous people were to give heed
to the requests in them that are suppoaed
to tome from innocent children the result
would he charity mi«plared For this rea
son "The Journal" has decided not to give,
publicity this ear to any letters to Santa
Clans, ■ The Santa ciaui letter idee." says
"Tlie Journal." "originally sued a beauti
ful and satisfying form of holiday charity.
has been much abused and has led to many
instance-* of imposition."
TIIK CHRISTMAS LIST.
And now once more we list our friends,
On each :« valu* place;
We write them down and by each name
A cert iln prio we tree. *
A few tn-re are we hold most dear.
Two dollar* each we'll upend
On < *tir*stn;as gifts for them this -ear.
This makes "the two-««pot friend." \
Now. then, a few we like real well.
W» oft s-"k I heir advl«e.
We ntu^t .>ot mean appear to them.
A dollar ;» limit- price.
This list ton large must never crow.
Or ruin will attend.
And thus if is we come to know
The Christmas "case note friend."
Now comes a list, the lont.-st list
Of all, and note it well.
For it ci. mains more honest friends
Than I have space Ii tell.
In gifts that we shall fend to them
No thought of favor enters;
A necktie or a handkerchief
Must do for -centers."
And yet. when summing up the list.
The 'two-fpot gifts" for slow.
The "dollar present" goes to ray
A friendship debt we owe.
But saasi of love and sentiment
I'm -Tiain alwajra enters
Into the Hisnple little 'gtfr*
\\> send to ••fifty-centers."
—Detroit Free Press.
Mrs. Frederick W. Packard, a leader in
Chicago's Anti-Cruelty Society, has set out
to "tag' every abused horse in the busi
ness section of the city. She has had print
ed a lot of snia'.l tag* reading. "Please Fix
These Blinder*.** "Please Ka.s* This Collar**
and so on. When she sees a horse that
needs attention she affixes a tag to the
bridle and goes on to the next victim.
"Tags constitute a time saving devke,"
said Mrs. Packard. "Formerly I waa
forced to welt for each driver to tell
him what «a« wrong wtth the outfit. Now
I alsBpl) walk up to the horse and attach
a tag. The men have Just as much respect
for the. tag as they did for my verbal ad
motiitiou." ,
"1 don't tlare • •! ,nk Liquor al«a>s
gee* to sjqr h*».i at aw ■
nature hatet a radMßSj • 1
land leader
Some cenius on "The Chicago K\eiting
Post," who thlt'ks that clutid In big aHJai
de not offer attractions enough to their
members, suggests that workshops, fully
equipped with tools for men who like to
""tinker." would be a welcome innovation.
"One has only to watch the well dressed
men who pause before the windows of the
hardware »tore» to realise that carpenter*
and mechanics are nut the only men who
like to handle tools.'* writer the father of
this new Idea. 'The de»ire to make things
is far more deeply rooted 111 man and far
more persistent in middle ace— than the
dektre 10 use the ordinary apparatus of an
atlijetic ciub gymnasium."
Housekeeper— You here heggins again"
Aren't y««n the man I cave one of mv pica
In 1. -• •.«>•?
Tramp~lt waKit't me. mum. I nover felt
better iv me life Washington Herald.
A furniture dealer In Parts v showing a
novelty 11 the form of a bed. uhlch ia an
Improvement ..I, a timilar one ■ 1.1. ;, at
tracted MttcntH'n at the last Part* world's
fair It is to at: BSJBjag BJjasa „n ordinary
f>e<l. hut thn wflithl of the l-xly ut«on It
aela a elqekwnrk in motion, ant) this oper
ates a tnuxtc lx»n, •inch pives forth ssiotli
lus melodies. The lullnblej nhlcU It pUj-a
■re sittrpoK»d to Indue* »le»p. Py m»«n» "f
a dial at tti* b»*d «f th* t»d. thf person
•who orruri*^ It fls-» an alarm for ih<» aja|
.morning. This produ«'»«. * h»n th» hour ar
r; ■- discordant -•■.•. •- to which tfc«> PPr"^ r "
son In th» b*l must pay fciwl. t>*cmi«* fail
ure to ar)*» wlthtn aye m!nntf« -"-' th«
„..!»• ha» b*eun will c»u«« th« bottom o!
th* t>»d t" fall '•■:■
"AVhm did th« practice m* burnir*
witches «© out of custom T* "a* '"* qne*-
t .' »•
"\Vb#ri th« pri. «• of furl rW ■ wrot» th«
pracUcaJ lad at the desk.— Buffalo Expres*.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
A HINT TO OTHER OFFICIAL*.
To the Editor of Th*> Tribune
Sir: Your editorial pruts* of the work
of Mr Edwards. Commissioner of Street
Cleaning. .„ rlitht to the ...... • T -•- has
been too much of a disposition on the
part of both city official* and the public
to regard public office In the municipal
administration »• "a political Job" requir
ing strong "political pull" hi an Incum
bent rather than intelligence anil great
administrative **{V *L*ls V Edwards
may hay»« **i>o!ltlcal connections.** but if
be ..a- the fact doe» not i*»in to hurt
him; for i.» It evidently something raor«
timn • a politician holding ofSce."
And herein lies a hint to ether city
officials la brine the work of their fat
pertinents or bureaus more and more be
fore the public eye. thus taking the people
more Into their confidence* Not erary
official ha*, however, the time, the dis
position or the personal qualifications to
take to Ihe lecture platform; but the- same
•plrit of frankness In decline with the
public and of openness to iimiillri and
criticism can be cultivated to the advan
tage of all. .* , '
I ■•-:•• open minded citizen ii pleased to
h«ar about the work of th« Str<?ot Clean
in? Xx-partmen!. and to know that Mr.
Kdwards I*. In the best Mnst of th*
words, "making g«+-V
Y.\.\ BENEDICT.
ICaaj York. Dec. 4. 1303.
THE CITYS LEGAL ADViCE
T" tt.» Kdftor of The Tribune.
Sir: Your pajaaaM articles upon the ftaal
payments on the Bla.-kwell s Island Bridge
mr* certain !v illuminating as to MM
t> a ■ • . the taxpayers' aioße> la
wasted.
It appears from the opinions quoted by
you that the safeguard thrown around the
expenditure of city money through the
establishment and maintenance of ■ Cor
poration Counsel's effic« baa actually
been used as a lever to force the payment
of city money outside and regardless of
contract provisions.
This abuse of power should be taken
up by th« Charter Revision Commission
and provision made In the new charter
for publicity being given to all opinions of
the Corporation Counsel's office.
Let all such opinions be signed by the
actual writer. Indorsed by the Corporation
Counsel anJ printed in "The City KecwJ,'*
New York. Dec. 0. I**. CITIZEN.
THE AUTHORITY OF THE RABBIS.
To the Editor «f The Tribune
Sir: In your Issue of "v\'e<ln«9dax. Decem
bar 1. the executive committee of the Union
of Orthodox Congregations of the United
States and Canada, of which the Rer. Dr.
11. Perelra Mendes Is the pre«idcut. Is said,
to have given out a statement "repudiating
th» authority of the Conference of American
Rabbis to ',*«k for Judaism." . . .
In the, first place, the Conference of Amer
ican Rabbis speaks with moral authority,
presumably for people who have conndenea
in the individuals that make up its member
ship, More than two hundred Tongreganivna
in the land are represented in this confer
ence. Tue Conference of American Rabbis
does not assume to apeak for orthodox
Jews. It Is therefore altogether gratuitous
for an orthodox body to talk cf repudi
ates" our "authority." We have as much
right to speak for our view within Judaism
as tb« orthodox have to speak for theirs.
As to th- vote of th<» rer»iw-» of
American Rabbis on the question of mixed
marrta;e. the. resolution as parsed read:
"Resorvrd. That mtxed marriages are con
trary to the tradition of the Jewish religion
and should be disco>irjiire<J by the American
rabbinate.'' . . . The committee on reso
lutions that presented th« resolution in th«
wording above quoted felt that auoh word
inic would siillce la express the aentiinent
of the opposition of the conference to mlxeij
marriagre. . . .
There ts, however, a party within Hie con
ference that feJtthat a stronger resolution
ou;ht to be passed, such as iras introduced
by the undersigned: "Resolved. That a
rabbi ought not to •aVetaja at a marriage
between a ron or dauKhter of Israel and :*
person profojslnj: another religion, inas
much as ?urh marriace is prohibited by the
Jaqrtsh relirion a. id would tend to dlsln
t-erate Judaism."* . . . Had thoj- »the
orthodox Dartj > made Inquiries th*y wculrl
have learned that Urn president of the He
'>■-** Vnlon I'olle^*. whose loyalty to Juda
ism is uuestioTied in this statement, vot nl
for mine, the stronger resolution. . . .
And so al.*o t 1 e> hastily prasped with
avidity a misquoted and misunderstood
phrase of the president of the Hebrew
Union > olle«e. in order to make him assort
that the Bible Is not divinely authoritative.
Dr. KohWT never said anything of the kind.
Furthermore, he has also repudiated this
misquotation. . . . The fact of the mat
ter is that Dr. Kohler. in his conception t>f
the authority of the letter of the Bible, as
I distinctly recall the debute laid down
gorMl traditional doctrine in Judaism; that
is. not - Judaism of Karaites. . .
Furthermore. I wish to miv that tiie Con
ference of American Rabbis is not respon
sible for anything: individuals may say with
respect to orthodox Judaism. . . . It is
presumptuous for the orthodox body to
"crnsure the neclect of the conference to
disavow »uch public utterances of ita mem
bers." We certainly, on our side, would
have much occasion to "censure" the grans
insults which the orthodox protesters flung
at the member* of the conference.
Finally, the orthodox tell us In this state
ment that -It Is Incorrect and un historical
anil a misrepresentation to aay that Israel
<ic»es not constitute a nation ' . . .Reform
Judaism's view on this question -.* that Iv
rael to-day is an hmtort. community, a
priest people, which in one iT the atagea of
its J»vclopr.i*i»t was a pollttcal nation, but
who*** destiny It ha* a!*a>s be»»n to b*^
cum* a esm*r*Kati.<>' U> say that
in mII free BaVJii » h -re »he J. •, ta jlven
political and civil right!* he nhouM empha
fiztt hU irlic>oii!« character as J^w. ami
not hie tmtlonal character; that h« should
be. time a member of the Herman. Frtnch
Kngltsh or AmtrteM nation, as th« case
n-av bei SAUUEL BCWStOUkS,
New York. l>ec. 3. I9a».
[We regret that spa— rrstriettons
make it imixteslble to print I>r. Si-hui
inan'j* letter In fulL The salient jMjlnts.
however. are rJven.l
BISHOP LEADS a "DOC'S LIFE."
From The l^andoa express.
Th* I'Uhop of London, presiding at a.
I — ' r»g •« the Cw:onl»l Hnd Omtinemnl
rhurch BeeKftr. «aia he rrccmlv had 1
yonne frlen.l >'.mii| wtth him. who. ou
his departure. remarKed: "BUhop your lif
ts h doc*» life, for you «ev»r «lt down »ni
are being called »«»v from one plai-e* and
at other all the time. * »->«io «nu
Ilia answer was, "It ts a very hmnv
dog. life. at all ev-ntn." J n * » vy
In the rourw nf i» >aaech the Mahaet
»atd ii« loused to see the North of
• a,nada an e^.eutiallv Hrttish proving*
"I^t us. not allow It to tv filled with "o?!
%>lEn 'd r "ed? ' h * CrllUh can f* l «hete"
A SHARP DISTINCTION
• ■
OIRDAY JN LWDOX
Mr. Reid'M Address on Thank*-
London. N*ov«n»>e- » a •
At the Tbank.«s*tvln« dinner of th*
American Society, at the llot*l CarlL
yesterday. I^ord AmpthlM. »' of the y^j, 1
Odo Rn"t*en and him^ei; lately Gm'ernnp
of Madras and Acting TireTay «f ladU
durlr-g .. "' _."'.' absence In Cng.
land with his nick wife, proi>ose«l tk*
health of th« American Asjtaaaaadav m
a highi »ulogtstic saasra. In the er*ur»«
of which he. declared Mr. Reid th- .„„
cf the best rrpresentatlT** Amerle% fcjjj
1 sent In the last fifty years. .JUs «pce C },
was received with gresu trpisuss. Li ■
his reply Mr. Reid b> an ay a pleasant
1 reference to th« evUeaea that, la sgete
<tf their many years* endurance ef hinv
i "not yet was the aid welcora* w«rn «at*
' He continued :
A year ago we found cause eajaasja
for gratitude in being able to my that ■» •
had rallied from both tha VAn ir «ad •>»
Ctia(ir*nnlaKrevolutlon Involved in evrrr
Presidential election: and that mnsgn
j Ity was already In the air. Who mm«
I that prosiverity la now mar* than m. t*e>
I air. -that It la in the hands and haasss
I of th» people — af millions more ft nail
j in our happ-v land than ever eajs- •< : -.;
[ before? 'Who doubts that it la fiilU%rl
by the profound assjoiar satisfaction «f
[ th* people *. Ith their ehole* lor than*
' new President and with th«» saw *
; work of his conciliator}-, an* yet cwut-
Bgeoiu. Judicious, pre-gressi-ve a r,d hI?H
I principled adminlntration? Wha doubts
either that the alarm over tatta? mlsaaii
has spent its force?
3tudy your manuf-»cturln*r r-turn*.
your railway returns, your telegraph ta i
telephone return*, your mining return*.
and you h«ve a Thanksgiving avarUasa
tlon ready made. Look at tha produc
tion of cotton and cereal*. Look at th%
farmers all buyinv automobile*. 1..~.» a:
New York revelling' in the auf si >am»
Itntsrr of two first class and high! paid
opera companies. Just double what anr
1 other great city require*, and a haaail
! new classical theatre beside* that w# are
; told In cable dispatches which *••> alt
read, and of course believe, is to be run
regardless of expense— or r-ceipts! Look
at more Inspiring and equally lavl»h
■^w ••■■y si aasana essarr^ ■ aawaae w taajw raaasj
octlays, at the princely a-iXt» for the re
lief as? puCcrlng. for tha promotion «I
science sad tor th*» atafaslua of educa
tion among all th« people. Look, at cur
still overdo eaaital. fundtna na
tional debts in Central America. seasina?
to build railways one day in Cuba, ani
th* next In China, and meanwhr en
rlchin/r the n*w world with th» rhpicMt
spoil from en-err art eentr* of th» eM.
Look at the people taking their Pre«l<!ei!t
down what we were told in our boyb,o«*i
was the longest and finest areas in th*
_ world. in order to persuade him that
the time has come when the. proper de
; velopment of the country really demand*
that it be mad** all over a*** Look at
the hundreds of millions poured into th»
Panama Canal, a thousand mil« b*r«jn<!
our southern border, for th« aaa ne-t <m\?
I at ourselves, bat of all th* world, and
at the fair prospect that this dream ci
, centuries wilt within, a few years be* era a
' a reality.
However you may differ as to th«
policy of 5 m .-. cf these things and man
' do dif>r on the policy of nearly every
thing in our free republic — do net the**
evidence* of an exuberant., a fairly be
wtlderlng prosperity tn every direction
throughout cor irhole/ land automatically
preach your Thanksgiving; sermon for
each one of you to-nijrht? *
Each succeeding year * m . jcr^-sr tner*
thankful that we are Americaos. We
; are proud to ac» l^ra to-n*?ht ao marry
representatives from Xorth and South
1 America to Join in that devout expreii
! ?ion of gratitude All North America i«
: h»re. beginning with the Republic X
Mexico. ■•» hose accomplished Minis- t*
greet, and stretching all the> Vay up ">
th* extreme northern tip of the coatl
n*nt Wherever that tip nay be, our
fjaad friend Lord Strathcona— 'horn 1*
ts a gr*»u pl*asur*" to see her to-nt?:St
still In such «*xcell*nt health an<3 sptrits.
in spite .-" nis etrtty-nin** rears of ia«Hi
— Lord <trath<--onn claims ta represent
it Now. the Arrti<* explorer* ma" hay*
been all wrong* and tha continent mar
really *tretch unbroken. solid land from
• 'anada to th- pole. In any cas*. either
by this n*w polar discovery of a Cana
! dian title or by our own plethora ef
title?, the first claim to that eiustv# j?l*<-*
of property 1* represented at this tab'e.
We? hav<> lately had some very solemn
discu«?ion!». ehiefl?-. I think, in DvaiMan
debates or in newspapers publish*-*!
north of the border, about the — rebtp
and »ov^r*i»:nTy of the pole. The?
: seemed to overtook th* prosaic require
ment of international law which laaasa
an effective occupation still reeded l*>
transmute discovery Into sovereignty.
I Speaking for aavaeel alone. I take plea»
j ur* in assurins his lord3htp of m? t»eW«#
! that ».ry of his countrymen who Us<e
' may have o«r fre* consent to go ther*
; at e-ncc. establish that effective occupa
f tion, declare and maintain their PCWT*
elsmty and then make the moat of Xt-
We ar* «lad to welcome to our a>
■ publiciin Th*nksa;iviiig tae official repre-
s entative of the newest rep.. in th-»
world, and to wish to th* island ■■: v'ab.»
tranquillity and prosperity und»r th"*
covernment of Its own people. It ts •"*
peculiar pl*asur* to us all to srr«»et her^»
eflci. representatives of th*> .-onrtnental
group of great republic*, which •"• mak
[ ing th* continent of South America en*
I of the most Important factors in the ♦
I velopment of^the twentieth centi:r>-. V.'»
congratulate them on th* crowirs es
teem abroad for their aajn^afaag- aa»
I sources, their extraordinary preaaasa
and national credit: a« well as on tli^
i anasjlfaM evidence* th*' %t\t at henne m
inability and «ruVr. What b*-tt-r sSjai
1 can we have that the era of prt>ntinHa
m-nt.'Ji and revolutions i.s definitely o^er
und gone than the his' part th»y hare
taken at late world « oaf'-renees tn tns
i elevation of international law: or t^»
I tangible fact that they »how a grml awl
growing disposition to refer their per
plexing disputes to th* peaceful arbitra
tion of The Hague. Under thes« brtjhter
and more benign conceptions of the w*T
f to adjust international differences it >*
I more fitting mi than Wore that »ur
! South American friends should be * ? * i
j We all beir>nir to as continental faasay
! and to the republican family.
I tak» 11 aa a good an»en that to
»:giit we have one araonr cur always
welcorn** British guests v> ho sustain* a
' peculiar relation to th»» recent llud^n-
Fu!ton celebration, which the s>*aaaa
representation under Admiral Pgnagg
did •«» much to make not aafj a brt.uan.
wuccess. but a fruitful source of tnttrn*-
I tional gwnl will. This gentleman J»
rector t»f » hurch which »«s ,r, rm !yl
old when America. as discovered— «»*
church wh»-re Henry Hudson V-h* or*
last communion before- setting t«u. iy^
th.> explorations whloh gave his "■'— ,^r
th« nobl<« H»»*»a.»n Rt>-r »M •"""L 1 ""
site of NVv* Tork to t»>* world- KJ*
always a rivlight to have the ol.i *•*
from which m* » prune represented m
these occasions, ami this particular rep
resentation four hundred years att-T «•
j great fact which the people and na\'
of the world Isitely gather*** In
York Harbor to it lebrat* is as wsawssw
as it Is timely. . ,_
Mr. chairman, this festival* "
I common wit* our countrymen at RP|
and In all foreign lamia we k*»P
I nlsjht. It the oldest national festival JT
, have. There Is no festival of any «iaaß
! older In th«- Vnlted State* oceafswa
Thristmas itself Sew Cnsilaad has «•»
the chah. of annual Th»nfc«rvtn.
brat ions unbroken e»mt» *"* own^ r S'lt\?^
| ford's flr^t, Thank.civinjr prarnaiai_j
In isri t« th« half starred *«mnjni
lesa than ha of the v»sy*>wer»S*V.
who had survived that tlr»» •»"• » ™
■c. Inter at Plymouth. The hole aa»»e»
ltaa kept it unbroken since — --
l 1 Lincoln* nr»t national Tliank«rV»
proclamation In IMI in th« df 1 !* 1 ,-';.^
„f the Civil War. The lastly baa »jsas
in New K..gi«>.d t»» years: it t»s •»
over the whole country since oar **W
I Man lan, or say rorty-nve year*
never cam* wit*** rea»«n: » ut '"_. M .
whole 2s» year, it never J*d more
san for reaalac. or ** •*••* a< "^ ( ,
I many »saa». ** to-«lay. ' JfJ^ k \^> mC
«rr»l loH.«t -I thr- evening. "•»""*•?;,- (l
• V*y. »nd yr«»iwrttj v to all **" homr

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