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ALIENS ABSORBED K)KM XI-; if TYPE HERE Racial Characteristics Disap pearing in Melting Put. I From Th» Tr;liune Bureau.] Washington. Dec. I€.-Carefi:l study of the rffect of' American environment on immigrants hat. resulted !n a discovery I great importance in anthroprtloclcal science. It ha» been fouud that the de *r.!iria!.t of the Karc>pean Immigrant changes h!s tj ne. even in the flnst genera tion, BBBSBai entirely. *«VhUe the ln\e*u ■stlons have iuit gone far enough to war rait the certain deduction that th«» rapid .■isMmilatlon of «°idel' \ary;nc types will lead to an American tyj>e, tt-.e experts be l>#ve that life in this intry is bol'.lng down the rate characteristics of aliens. A preliminary report dealing with change* of tlir bodily form of descendants of immi grants was BBTBBSJMBSI IS the Senate to-day by the Immigration onitnissisti. The Istt en which this « i.ort was l»«*ed wer* col lected in N>w York City aud Its immediate horhood, much aj the erial being furnlkhed B| the BSJMbC schools. The In* aestivation was in rharge of Professor Tranz Hoas. of Columbia l*nivers!t\. who »•- rt-Tf in the, collection of the school data by I»r. C. \V. Crampton. director of rhyxii-al ■ ucMtion 1n the psjMsl fcchools cf N>w York C;t\. ■...., of the bodies of European immigrants ar.d of thrir ndsnts at different age« atid under differing circum stances were m ad.- in the BBSStBI way fol loved by Bftmttsk anthropometrist*. Th« results s.o far a:e »>a*ed entirely <n the measurements of Sicilians and Kast Kuro p*m» H'bre»« The.- is much material on hand, but not >*i worked out. regarding Bohemians. UunKßrtan* and Scotch. Children born even a few I - r< - cfter the • u-Hal of the TigTStit psrents In Amer ira develop in such a way that they differ »««er.tially >n tvr* from their foreign born parents. These differences neem t< develop Ir etiilicst childhood ar.d persist through rut life. *Bverj part «>f the body la bssM enced in ihiK way. RBji «■■'" BSB form Bf the head, which lias always been consid ered as one off the most B rmane-.- heredi •ary features. .ndergoes considerable cl.anee. EFJTCCT OF KNVIP.OXMEXT. Th«> eicp^rts t*V that this entirely unei pitCttd result indicates that racial physical rlmrarTerimcs do not sur\ive under the r»w social and cltmaiir ervironment of Atverl.-a. The a'lapt ability of t- various rafs coming together bet* seems, if these ludicaiior.s shall I* ful'y borne out by later Stud?. »o be nark greater than hud l*rri *ir* r »<d. The Investigation is by no means complete, and *'", lie conducted on a Bssjajr scale and in different surroundings in \arious parts o? the country, and per lar 1 * a!*o bt- checked up by •aln ln ■^stigatlons mad' upon HM same races • iww here. Prnfessor Hoas > ma' isef his imest:ga- lions as fo!'.c» s: American *-n\ ironrrent ran. of course. • »ert only a slight influence upon t 1 c »'.■.•» nrrixing in tills <<>untr>. and e\cn «h.r child arriving on our shores is n«t vny tnurli modified in its development. Tlie. Investigation* liaxe. however. gi\en the entirely nrexpected result that the descendant of tiie immigrant radically . l.nnces liib typr It is ■ that the Antei'ican-I>orti children of trte lons> heavded tStcSlians aad those of i!-.e round h« tided East Ruropean Hebrews have W»eu|y the Fame tTHfrmerliaie Lead form. The c!iil«ire»i <if tlie lor.g-headed Sicilians *t* more round-I. ended, the children of 'he rounu-headed «lel>re\«<- are mor*> Innir 1 • nde<l. than their T'xrents. Slm'.lsr « liances at*- trn.-e<l 1n the d«\e!npment of Ihe- f»«-eM f.f Hies* iv|ip«. Tiie nmalciinmiion is most rapid .luring ITne \<f i ''»l Imnwdletcly following the ai rlval «>f the txnmlaTsata. The difference in t\i»e l«m<"fii pnronis and children tiiiiitlfet<t». itnelf nln:os-t immediMtely nftet 'hnr ,:-m- ,i h»>re Among Indi\ iduals bom « l"U«r time after the arrival «>f tiie parents i<i America the difference is in < tenvrd. but only slightly ««< «-<impared to '• <♦■••■ that <s'v«'lops at «ince. Ip %n this time the investigations h«v«> tic* tw>*ii LBIIWX] so far as to determine *!;Mt ; wft •-•:•= In the sec«n>l get.eration of linni4;riitits. hut it SMOM likely that the Influe: r. s at work itiinnc the flrft geti *rniion Imrn in America mill 1* still fur th«r acoentuatdd. HGRRGw'I THHTVi; BETTEn IIKHK. It lihik trf-en rtx»M that the Ka*t Ears r-»«n Hebrew. #>\en in ihe toosested parts Of N>* Yc.rK de\elo;>s belter than d'* 1 * the H'trf-w in KaMern U;irof»». It is probable that. Botm'tthstandfos: *'\ the tfiScattles the linnilprant underj.'oe«. tii*; econotnlr condi tions tire JuMter h»r»- than they tire in Ms lionir TJiih remit etiees wi;ii lie h»*-r- \*itionf •<•«»■ i' d\iii'ig the «'l\il War la re tard to th- -elutive «=i-e of t!ie. various tietioTialltief in Am»ri<a and in Uur-pe. 'Mi the ..t!»r nand, the Picjiian living in tl-'- <o'ig*.-ifd jarm nf New York «'lty does tiot show a ••"■rr»>|/O!i<ling increase in nat ure Tti< d'ffe.'Tii.-e l«etwfe!i foreign lv>rn and American !*>r;i is crlv -.'iiriit. liut what rflfl>rrno*> there is is in (nvo.- of the for • ijr:i !mrn, t»«> that it »<>ui;l seem that Ufe. In New York <'ity is deTrimor.tal to tl.e development «.f the South Italian. Over* crowding in unxrntilated rooms of h peoiiie he ml wiled is fifMi a>r and a tiad s»lec tion of fo>d ate pruliaMy the chirf causes for this r. gtettuhle condition, which »gif«» »»ltli the nl>r-rvatiot:s. mii(> l<y I»r. Stella In legard to be I.ealth of the iinmigr* i.t Italian of N*w York <ity. IMMIGRATION LAW CHANGES. Ifagel Bill Would End Three Yean' ; Limit on Deportation Wafhirtton. I>ec. 30 -An lmiiortait feat- j •jre of the Ml. prejiart.i a? the Department '■■ rtf «'ornmerc~ and 1 .w !•••;- for the amend- | rrer.t of the immigration !avv* c; - .c»: the . troverntnefl f""'wer to pronecuie at any tirse j until they «r» actsaUy r.nturalizeii a!ien« who ana **• thargod with hartng come I irtygulsrly into this «our.try. Ttjis removes i tlie har of dree yeartt witj.ln wl.ich de- ■ |)ortatinn may lie umde. «s now appOed la some BBjass The bill «lso »i!l make it a inuidemeanor for t> sepurtsd alien t<j te- ] turn h«-ie I'nllke the iJiUinrham it'll, prepared as a i result uf the inquiry ir.Hde by the Immi- ! Eratxn Commifsl>n, whicii applies enly to tlie "vhite biuve" traffii-, its alj*ct if to w.vH- nil claeM-s of cri:i-.!nais iti .c!i a manner tliat escape through judl<-Ul le- j rilcmy or tiie tna<le<juote :.::.«■. .'ige of the i ?mw will lie impossible. The Ml! «-vnte:.-.j,!a,teti fcjcti a nioditicatiou cf the ivetn us. In the opinion < f tin tiffi' sslv. will go far toward |>rou-.!tng the I'tiited Plate* un>.lf«iralile elahis«-j>. ; t>ui <*\tetiding to thi do rvif.K alien all ■ pnuper ktsij'tjttiie ;:i nukliif the fnited ] (states his :..,r: • . FOR TARIFF ADVISORY BOARD. ■ ■ TRIBUNE Quality Ads Sa' sfy. New fork. Deccnilier '. Vr& >>» York TrilJUfie. ]• n;uy interest you to . isj ui:it tne three line adv. which we ran in >i>ur iwper r.ti« j'toven very ■sUs* iiii-!or>. »-<J inucJi ►> that »c wUi «-ontlt»u»: t!<* <Jfc* Of your rulutnn. ?;j-:v\' A'ori'k i!AS AfTuiAN'cii cy. CHAS A OUTTC-SMAN. Trtaa. THE VA y Iff WA SHIJVG TOJV (Prom Tb# Trlbua* Hur»»ul Washington. Dsc. —President Taft rave abundant evidence of his interest In the welfare of the negroes in the South to-day. v.h.n he spent practically Us «n tlre afternoon at a meeting of the trus tees of the Jeanes fund, at which it was souglit to devise a method of increasing the original endowment .f fI.CO)/«0 and to determine u|x>n the most practical use to ■rhk-h tlie Interest on that fund can . le put. Of course, the endowment was d' signed l»y Iti founder for Hie improvement of the rural schools for negro children 4 n the Fo;ith«rn lU'S. but their MMsbei and the difficulties of obtaining an adequate return for the money expended present grave problems. The first gun In the attack which is to , be made on the Secretary of tftsl Interior. ■ air. Balllncer. at h 8 session of <ongre»s was fired to^lay by Representative Hltch ; cock, a Democrat from Nebraska, and wa» ! »n timed •• to increase its apparent de ' tonation through the simultaneous publl ; BBtass Bf another violent attack on Mr. i Balllncer which appears to-day In ths • n.agaiine m-:.;ch tlrst made the Glavis ' charge* public. There was nothing new In ! Mr. Hitchcock's remark!". which, merely j a rehash of ths Glavls charge*, were an- I t.-wered l>v the President of B«pteml 13. j Neither did the members of the House , »ho» ,-n: BfJeW ir.temt In Mr. Hit. ■ k*l ; denunciations. The Incident is of interest. hov»«ver. i*,-a li d« moiistrate* how Im ! possible It Is to cure this sore In the ad i ministration ry the application of soothing | lotions and i.lng plasters and without resortlrir to the suJCSSsss' knife. A prominent official of th* administra tion, wheti a*ke.l to-d«v what bjssjU be dpre in the event that Zelaya should prove FUCCCtttni in quflliiij; the t>ttaila revolu tion, replied: "That Is an Impossible con tli.gfr.i-y. BsssTS '•■ already r«aten Theri> ir. therefore, no t>ccasion to cross that bridge." The Secretary and Assistant Hary of State i-silrd on Special Atn bassador Ossl today, hut remained only a few minutes. It was explained lat»-r that they did so onl> lo i<«y their respects ajsji to return th«* courtesy of the sptx-lal ss>bsssa<l'>! T. President liap deflnite!y decided that it will be impossible for him to complete any of the special mf«miKi wlilc-h he pur jiopeu wndiiiß « 'enures* before the »-o!irlay rtrrrf. }l<- has. •ei.yer. determined to fubmit a *j<ec:al measaca on the nt-eilß of Porto Rico and the Philippines, and is serl ! coaly considering »rll1na; another on IhS j affairs of ||m IMstrlct of OSBSBSBBB. While ! President Taft may not equal the record of special tisessaßes established bf Presi dent Roosevelt, the prospect for a consid erable tiumber Is already st>od— and this is tlie first >ear of Mr Taffs bjCbjbMMl | He hns publicly promised sper'.a! commu | nicatlons on Urn army, the navy, conserva ' tlon and the anti-trust law. and has de cided to Bend one on Porto Rico and UM Philippines, sn<l will probably prepare an- I ether on tl:e I'lstrict. In his m. «-«ane on ' tlie Insular p<.xs4-f>!-l«>nf lie will urpe that : citizenship be conferred on the residents : of Porto l;» and the sstshliohment of a . crntral health ir»-au for the island, and , will ask author. ty to create a civil pension list for the Philippines, to be met out of ! 'he revenues of the island*. ; ' be SasUjr ' decides to discuss District of Columbia af | faira in a special BJMSBSSSS lie will doubtless j \.Tf.e the BSBtttlßtSM of IsCSI proceedings . with a view to testins; the constitutionality j of the act of Congress bjr which that part «>f the l>istrict on the SJtk side of the \ l'ot<.ma<' was ceded «o Vl Kit:i.'i Mr. Taft hold* »' c view that th<» law was . (instl <llll"l'..:i and that the territory which now f"rms Alexandria County, Va., is legally •■II a part of ')■•- l>istriot. The course of the President in postpon RAU.I'.Y OVTVOTEIh Senate Asks Information + ihinit Mi Disasters. IKr«.m The Tribune Bureau.) tVashtncton. Dec. 16.— Tlie routine af to day*S session of the ->na»»- whs Interrupted by a sh.-.rt CoTJoquy betwen Senator* Hali'-\ and I'ullom. Mr. Cullom aske<l for the Immediate cbmdderatioa of h resolution eg l line on the Se«-retary of Urn Interior for irformation concerning mining disasters. Jie rtpintnrd the i>uri«>p..' of the resolution and t-alil thut he was moved to offer it by reason *>f the horror of th« recent disaster nt CTaerry, ill. Mr. BaDev d*nKd the poner "f tl.<- fed »-tul government to supervise mining »uh ln v state. T. ■ ceneral government, he said, was rea.!-hir;g cut to c introl business which properly belonged to the states, an-1 h»- desire^ to enter a protect against this practice. Mr. CaOom defended his resolution and expUtir.od that its only purj>os<- was to have Information now In tiossesi-ion <>f the Department of the Interior transmitted to the Benate. The Texas Senator voted an emphatic "iw' on the adoption of the reso lution and demanded a division. For tl.e taxonaatkm of the Senate t!:e resolution »as rvtd four or five times, and was tiuuliy .-idopteii. y.r. liailey'ti re^uett for a division being overlooked. 'i'lie' CaUom resolution asks the Secretary of t!,e Interior to inform tho Senate of thn number of fedetal mining stations . ipp" d a*ltb Hfl> SiyltlS devices, t!:e number essen tial to a iirjt>er lafsmardsßS sf life and the r.jinior.s <f experts as to the <ause« of tnlne aoddests und What tho f. deral gov etunHnt .>:.■■ .1 i «io to mii.ixnize such acci der.tE. .*,:._• nomber of Mils, mostly private j»-iifcinn measures, were introduced. Th« House concurrent resolution for a recess from December n to January 4 eras adopt ed. The Senate will it meet aeain uiul! Monday. -. n!'ort «-xe,i;tive fc*«sion was held at winch t!i«- nomination of JudKt Lurton aa associate I::Mi< < of the Sjjiterne I'ourt was faixnably rti«.>rt<?d from tli« pommittee on Judiriarv b» Mr. Bacufi. The nomination went to the calendar ami probably will De rea> ii€d on Mondar. Set/era! Western Sen atoi - are om>obtd to action on this nomi nation l*-fore the ho!ldai!«. CROZIER S WARNING Asks Supply of Ammunition for Army. ■ ■ ■ tail, «.!'•. ' • ■■ v • ' ■ . traaas aad • • Th!« «taten;ent ua* aud by Ilrigiuller General i'rvtiT. Chief of ordtiance of I.<•1 .<• 111 my. at I hearlnj txfore the House i'mv nilttev on Milttar;. Aff.ilr* to-day. "The r«-»erve of ammun<tl«n which **c cofi!»l<ier dt-clrah!e to have." added General • 'rorler. "coiiniderinK the faCtSUes for —an i;fa;"turing. both In gOlfenuaenl and |ir!va:i» e.-tahllslinieritp. ha* be»-n fixed tentatively perhaps at Si>» rounds |wr rifle for Ci»,oi») rifl**. If we hays thai Bpesi •m. m into »ar or active preparations f<>r war. with the facilities we have for manufacture, op erated al n.'ii Mi capacity day and night. •m- v. 11l I* able t.. k Sf U|» the supply that will bs needed. At the rate at which M would go onder the amount that was ap proprtated l» the u&t appropriation »<t it would ssasjsrs abaun biz ai. : it half years to «.. itnuUt- that reserve, at Uks rate at whUli ur will CO under the estimate, bsdsra you, tor use alie. #«■• 30 ueit. It Nil r«* VKW-VORK DAILY TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 17. 1000 , lr.g the submission of any special messages to Congress until after the holiday recess Is the occasion of gratification to those who are urging the advisability of a "do nothing ' policy at this session. From ihelr point of view, th« longer the President postpones Ills special messages the better It will be. They are alr.-ady predicting that the postponement of the special mes sage on the anti-trust law until after the Supreme Court has handed down Its deel sion in the Standard Oil case will render it Impossible to Incorporate In law any of the President's recommendations on that subject, and they are urging the advisa bility of meeting the. specific conservation recommendations of the Executive with a general authorization of the Secretary of the Interior M take such steps as he may deem expedient to protect the pub*lc do main pending further legislation by Con gress. The Senate leaders, as has been told In this column, have placed Interstate commerce legislation on their confidential programme, but they will be delighted if Mr. Taft can be Induced to debate the sub ject ith his legal advisers so long ax to tender lack of time for proper considera tion a reasonable excuse for non-action by the upper house. The desire of the national banks of Chi cago to hay« the corporation law tested by an Injunction suit brought by Ktockholdf r* Sfraipst the directors of the banks, pro hibiting them from paying- the tax. which was recently made known to Attorney General Wlckershsm by Judge Edward Osgood Brown, counsel for tlie bank*, is not likely to be gratified. It is pointed out that, while the Income tax law was tested by an injunction suit. Pollock having ob tained an Injunction against himself for bidding the payment of the tax. the Su preme Court handed down a strong dis sentlnp opinion, written by Justice Harlan and concurred in by four of thn nine mem bers of the court, severely criticising that method of testing the law. Moreover. It Is said that while an Injunction could restrain an Individual from paying the tax a cor poration, having real property, could be he!d liable for the tax, and that Urn kov ernment would not be restrained from levying SSI th# property by an Injunction granted against its offlcerp It is e»i»ected, therefore, that the corporation tax will be tested I>\ a suit brought after the tax has bt*-n paid •'under protest" to recover the amount paid Kor tl.ls reason it is e* pected that there will be a rush to pay the tax by those who desire to be recog nized iti Fiiits intended Is test its constitu tionality. The extent to which the conservation movement ha« taken hold of the imagina tions of people engaged in all linen of in dustry is somewhat strikingly illustrated by the eloquent appeal for the furtherance of the movement made to-day by M. V. Richards, land and Industrial agent sf ths Southern Railway, before the American In stitute of Architects. Mr Richards told UM architects that the railroads ar- not after merely temj>orary trafflc. Tlie practical and farseeing railroad man is constantly seek ing permanency of hu»!ne«s. as well Bl vol i me and character, because lines and in vestments are meant to be pensjuhttll Mr. hards, who is recognized as one of th<> most effective promoters of industrial prog rfss in the South, doubtless expressed the sentimnits of the hichest type of railway men. as distinguished from tbssa who ex ploit railway properties with the chief pur pose BC affecting the stock market. It Is the ambition of president Taft. bf h;« £Chrm*« of federal control of securities, to make the typ.. Mr. Richards rasMrSSSSU the only profitable railway management. If conservation can promote UM Ideals of the President in that dirfction. it .vl certainly be oSßpltahttC .\en ni"-- tlian has bssaj pre.l.-T.d for It by its in«.«t ardent a<lvo cates G. G. ii. m ! quire twelve years to accumulate the re | serve. Manufacture i« sjkder the way to j run the supply on band u;> to 123,n0)»> • rounds by June 30 next." REFORMERS LECTURED Dr. Wiley and Ex-Gambler Take Them to Task. Washington. I»e c . 16 .— delegates to the Keformers* Conclave were f.'t.,..l t.,-!av to Hstesi l« two ssjrabiis who took them srarplv to tavK for their methods of ac complishing rsawlts The i riti. were lir. Harvey w. Wiley, chief of the Bureau of CtolWaStiy of the Detriment of Agrl.ult ture. and 11. Brclaskl, of I^>« Angeles, a reforn racetrack gambler, who has been exposing the methodi of that craft. I>r. Wiley attacked ths sale of drugs, especially cocaine, which he sal.l was >•? coming fciu h n. menace t<> Urn Bsneral health that unless its ass was belter i-.-g ulated he would advocate that its sa!.> 1-e prohibited. e\en in medicines Caffeine, Dr. Wl>\ continued, was another drug which offered a serious meuuee to health, eanedally the hoalth of children, to whom *''•■• served in erous so-called "warmless" soda fountain drtaka. This driic. he declared, did more to . i*-t.t." the drug habit in the young than any other. Mr. Brolaakl cautioned the reformers against making compromises with those they were prosecuUnc because they -.vere "ft easily fooled." M" cited a compro mise mane by tl.- reformers when they were scki'in to dOS) up the Indiana race track*. ""It BaakSS me laugh." said the ex gambler, "to think bow 'easy' you poor. unsophisticated creatures were on that occasion.*' The compromise, he said, made it nos ; BDl« r>r tht» raretrp.ck operators to rare | fiv months a year in iiefli,ri.»- of the law. ! CHANGE OF INAUGURATION DAY. Proposed Constitutional Amendment Before House Committee. Wa>hingso!. D, !6.-The oft discussed proposal to cliaiifc-e the <' at e of n :e in aucuratkW of tlio President Of th« United Btat< from March ito a later date and one more likely to produce i-uituble weather was hefo:e t!-.e Coramtttee aaj Election of President. Vice- President and members of «;ongre.-.» to-day. It was iir*» [ sented In tiie form of a constitutional amendment offered by Mr. Oalnes. of W^t Virginia, at the epecial session. i The la*u rhurada) in April |« proposed in j.iace of March *• II «.s especially ' rro t-fcled that the uj.l or next »-,: ii R resa UII , tlie terms of office of the ureseai Pre«ldeni 1 an.l Vice-fresld.nt shall continue until the lasi Thursday m April, 191!. in order to 1 cover the intervening time between the present «i . lbs prnpnstii peiiods. GIFFORD PIKCHOT TO STAY. 1 Will Not Accept University of Mich igan Presidency. Washington. Dai 16— Gifford Pinehot. chief forester of •• •• L'attsd States, to Whom, it wa» >di-l tne presidency of UM University of Mlchlfan liad i.ffi, offered returned t.. Washington to-day from" Chicago »nd declared lie did not Intend to gi\«- u» his offl. i- to accept the presidency j .<! the university. TO INVESTIGATE HAZING. Washington. l>-c. M -Wearied by press ure from political Icflcenees for the rein stat^ment of 1.1- who have \>e»-t\ dis missed from \\ <si P\stol Miittai Academy l»ecau*e: of tlielr Indulgetice In hazing, tite Benate Committees on MliM i Affairs. ii.i>...Kii h sub-committee, will Investigate the whole miliject of huzliig at the acad «'iity. The plan in view is i.. s Ji;a> ' Ht an isaasjt to the aaaaral la« proliihitlug h izmg wfiich will m<ake Urn aetlsa of the V«ir l>er»uriineiit flnal when OsssHl ar« 4ta u.i*»tU i<u infractions uf the rule*. The Gorham Co. Tea Services 250 Different Designs Ranging in Price from $100 to $3000 sth Avenue and 36th Street 17 and 19 Maiden I j»nc MB-MEYIiRKXPLAIXS TO X AVAL COMMITTEE His Reorganization Plan May Meet Opposition. I From Tne Tribune Bureau. ! Washington. Dec. 16.-Secretary Me\er explained his plan for reorganization of the navy to the Naval Affairs < ommittee cf the House this morning, and after a session of three hours left the Capitol with a realisation that there will be some dif ficulty In securing the consent of the com mittfe to th»- adoption of his plan After the meeting the members of the committee would not express their opinion of the changes recommended by Mr. Meyer, but they were uninlmous ln pra.p<* of the able manner In which the Secretary explained his plan and of his thorough knowledge of his Mihject. He will probably be asked to continue his testimony later In the week. The attitude of the committee toward th» reorganization plan Is probably b«?st ex pressed by Kepr^sentative J. Van Vechten Olcott. of N>"' York, who saUl : At present the committee is in an entire ly receptive mood. We are willing to be convinced that the reorganisation pian will be an tcoaomtcal an.l an rfiiclent one, but we are not ready to consent to tl.e adop tion of that plan until we are certain that It will be an improvement over the present method of cot ducting the Navy Depart ment. It was pointed out by another member of the committf-e that tii«» entire .bj»"t must receive careful consideration, nnd if the plan Is adopted the committee will be forced to use great strategy to avoid liav ing certain portions of the bill ruled out on points of srder as "not authorized by ex lstlng law." AGAINST KDUU AID I'l,AN\ The committee is almost unanimously op posed to the four aid system recommended by Secretary Meyer, but as no authority from i .n^nss Is necessary for tlM> adoption of this plan that question will not eaSBS up in consideration of the bill. It ia certain, however, that if Secretary Meyer Insists on continuing this system it will prove some what prejudicial to his entire plan. The. committee Is undoubtedly in favor af the atx.lttK vl the Bureau of Equipment, but most of the members are not yet ready to acknowledge that the substitutions for this bureau aaawsd by the Secretary are the most advantageous. Secretary Meyer told the committee that lis plan was now being put into effect wlthoul the sanction of Congress, but he said It meant a great amount of "red tare" and was not satisfactory la him u:iU<.t preseaH conditions, He is understood to have intimated that unless the .•ommi'tf' agreed his plan wi'.iiii be beneficial he would aba-don tt for this year, or until the tnassnlltss had had sufttcicnt time to study it fully. He submitted a memorandum showing tlie dutl's of ea« h bureau under his new plan. Tl'e i;er"-ral provisions r*"m:.re that chiefs of bureaus shall MS*M orders con cerning the work of th»>lr own bureaus, provtdad each work la not of a character to ehanse the military characteristics of any ship. y.n h tureau shall mak'- rcqolsittoaa for all Urn ntct-sbury material to conduct its work, and all work done by one bureau for another sl'all be pirfursasd by the former ti> tiie satisfaction oi tl.e latter, and such work shall at all tlmcn i o open to inspec tion of the bureau for which it is done. "Plans >.f all tuililings and of nil public \soik.'- under the cognizance of tlie Na\y Depsurtsasnt, except wiiel« t«>legrai>h sta 1-iir- and flouting dry<io< shall bs |.r. pared by tho Puisaii of Y.ir'is and Docks and approved in every case by the bureau concerned, and their design and internal ar ri.ng» merits mutoaily asraed upon befor th»- wortc is BfIMSMSd. When UM build i:.gs or otl.er public works aw eoaspleted they shall be s-o reported, anil It:. ally lurm-.i over to the aaacy, cars aad control cf Urn bureau concerned.** s>ild Mr. M< «-r. 'i UK NA\ IOATION BUREAU. In his RMsasraaduai Mr. Meyer said: The duties of the Bureau of Navigation shall compromise ti..- Issue, record and en forcement of the orders of the Becrstar? to t>. imiividnul oaVars of tti* iinvy. th training and education ol line officei and of t-ulisteu in. .i . . xcepl of lh< liosplta! corps t at schools and stations and In v« 6e s ; maintained f<>r that purpose; the sup«-r\ . and control or the Naval Afßd« eniv. technical M-hools for line . ncera »not lnUi'ding tlie Naval War Col'.epet. the itp prentice s*unnn establishment, schools for the leehnical wrocatlon of enlisted m»-n and tiie naval home at Phlladelpiti ti.e malntenanee ami repair of t!ie Naval War College; "lie ■ list men t, pysigtmiont t>» duty and discharge of all itilissteil person-*, »nJ Hie preparation of estimates f».r th-* pay of all ofliccrs .md enlisted men. II shall have tinder its direction all ren desvouk and reeelvtna" sh*ps and t-!:all pro vide transportation for ail enlisted persons un«ler Its connlz:»nce. It shall istnjilish the omplements of all ships iti commission. It s!::ill keen the reeordJ of senrics .■: a.i oflliin and men und shall prepare an anmiu! navj register for publication, em bodying therein riatu as to fleets, suimd iony and ships, hl< t. shall be furnished Ij> the aid for operations. I' hall >■■ hsrged with all matters per talnlni: io appltcatioi for aptiointnients and commissions in the navy and with ti:> nrepuratl >n ol stteh appointments and comm issions for signature. It shall be -hargeil with Urn prepara tion, rsrisios. nnd enforcement of all regu la t ions governing uniform and tinii Ihs distribution of all orders an.i regulations of a general or circular ch.irnfter. (questions of naval dlaripline. rewards ana punlahn:ents will be submitted by this bureau for the a. tior. of the aWretan of the Kary. The records of all general courts martial i'nd rourtS of Ituiuiry li. volving lbs perssaaei of Urn navy siiaii. before final si-tton, be r. t.-rr'.i to t;u burtau lor comment as to disciplinary features. It shall rec^iv..- and hrin| to the attrn tlon of the Beeretary of the Ka\y all ap pltr.,tion« from oorers for .n.t\ oi- leave. II ■ ' -l; receive all reports of services performed b) iii.ilv ltluui «;f!i<-ers or men. I'.IKKAI OF EQUIPMENT. Tne duties* of the Burea of Equipment ■lu:i l'.<lf .il! that relates to tl,-- supply ..I ihips with navhtnt uutnts, includ ing natrumsnta and with ti .■ mainten ance at'd n pall "i tii' Mime It chall have ■■ i.aricf of the naval Obser \aituiy and ir-uticul <tim.i li rlioll have charfs of ti.. Ilydrocraphir: < >fTio-. tlir- duMes of which o|»ii-e ithall in rlude i-hurge of the . ompass oftlce. ti. col lection if foreign surveys, publieatioa and feupply if charts. •uilln direction* aud nautical works, and the <lis>oniination of nautical, hydrographle anfl meteorological Information to the navy an.J mercantile ma rine. It shall have charge of all ocean an<l lake surveys. It shall have charKe of ships' and crews' libraries. It shall defray the expense of pilotage of all ships In commission. In the evert that the Rurea<J of Equip ment H abolished by law. all of the duties assigned above to the bureau shall be com- Mnfd under the Hydrographic Office, the latter office being subordinated to the Bu reau of Navigation. OTHER BIRKACS' DUTIES. The Bureau of Medicine an<l Surgery, ac cording to Mr. Meyer., shall have charge of all hospitals, and *haH advise on all questions concernirg hygiene and sanita tion affecting the service. ! It shall approve the design of hospital ships in so far mm relates to their efficiency for the care of the sick and wounded. Th<« duties of the Bureau of Yards and Docks shall Inrlud' all that relates to the design, maintenance, construction and re pair of all public works under the Navy Department, with the exception of works at the Naval War College, which shall be maintained by the Bureau of Navigation, and works at the Naval Academy, train ing stations, torpedo stations, wireless sta tions and coallnjj stations, which shall be maintained by the bureau using these sta tion <•. The duties of the Bureau of Ordnance t>rall ennipriff the supervision and' con trol of the naval gun factory, torpedo sta tion, navnl proving ground ml magazines on shore, and all that relate* to the manu facture of arms and ammunition. Ttie d.itlrs of the Bureau of Construction and Repair shall comprise responsibility for the UliHlUial strength of ail ships and flratin* drydocks. an-1 all that relates to the designing, building and repairing ot thi» hulls of ships, the docking of s! ips. the steering gear and oiher minor dtiti^s. The- Bureau of Steam Kngineerinar shall be reijulr^l to supervise all that relates to laM il< •Mgnins. buildir.g and repairing of machinery end of wireless telegraphy, both on ships and on shore, an I shall operate all mechanical coalln? plants. Th« Bureau of Supplies and Accounts sl-all be recjuirp.l tr> purchase all supplies for the naval establishment and to take care i.f them. The duties of the section of accounts shall comprise all that relates to the supply of funds for disbursing officers and •!!*• keeping of accounts in the naval establishment. IX ARMY AND x try. Defending Long Island Sound Entrance. [From Thy Tribun* Purrau. J Washington. I*e.-»-mber M MINING THK RACE.— A hoard of ex r -ri« n< e'J coast artillery officers has been In session at New York for the purpose of making oxperiments as t.i the practica lilMty of effectually luining against thf at tack of an enemy the swift and deep waters of the Race, at the eastern eu tran.e of l.on« Island Sound. The invesrti gat'on h:i.s required some careful work by the experts, as this Important body of watrr fsnssM ■ |ir.>M.-tii In mining which some of the authorities believed could not be solved. Many army and navy officers who were consu'ted have promptly and .phiiii .ai!y asserted that It mtlil be Im possible effectively t.. mine taM Race, ow ing to the swift current and tne great d*j)th of the wat-r. General Arthur Mur ray, rliicf of Urn coast artillery en"--, ha^ long ImM the op,*>slte view. He was on duty in the neighborhood, and gave It much personal .-'vii;. . realtxtnz that unless some thing could be done in the d;re« lion de r-irnl an enemy would hay* an antafi<* which would be promptly taken. It has beet) necessary in carrying •• H the plan to develop special mine —Hllll to tit the local conditions, and the scheme has teen s.i satisfactorily wsri out that the Idea iiti-i 11m equipment are likely to be adopted generally for harbors where deep and swift vaters must be dealt with. Tlie locations' <»t the mine floats in the Race are at places varying in depth from 125 to C«»j ft-ft. and in retaining tlie mines arcbora weighing UUO pounds were used. It has hern found psaatbla la sink these mines at the various ■IttoM «nd pro tect them from disturbance by the. current tn a way which Insures the efficacy of the ajalaaa, This acblavaajMaM la viewed with great satisfa' by the coast artiller'. officers, and sul marine mine ajajalpaMssi re quired for lIM approved project lor the •aatsm ajßtram ■ to lying island Sound is acM relng supplied. General Murray says that iti a short time this imp-.rti.ut en trance to New Y.>rk will be fully equipped with vii a.i«-«iuai*- .Iftnent v>f detYn. -r. ORDBM mill) Tl.e fo!low!ns rr.le.s ha\e bef-n Issued: .\riMV. Major THOMAS C. '.. '.-I'M »\\ paymaster from iluiy In th* Phlttpptnra, March M t.. San PMnetaco; thteca to ft. i\iui. u> ithirf paymasta* i^partnu-r.t «>f Pafctrfa Major UOllttlS X i AKUol.l. |«ywMWr fn>m I'• ii.ii ; n..-r.i of ihr I'olumbla. la Sun Fran cis.-L.. aaiimii February a for thr I'hllirplnf* faptaln EUNKST A UREENOI'CH. ra> master fn.rn tU Philippines. Marcri 13. "to --an riunrive; then*.* to Denver. Captain WIM.JAM S (II lIINARP. -.1 rWM Ar ti:i«-r>. from \Va*hinj:tun. lo <1 i'\ »i.h Ist Uatta'.lou. l»i Kl»l.i Artillery. Furl Hill «-B[.ta!:; WII.I.IAM W. HAMIL.TON ceaal ar tliler.. from KHith to l^th I'ompaa] Secun.i U«ut»nant OUVEB A. DICKIX9ON tth Infantry, to \\>*t I'c.lnt Military Acad «n>, f"i' temporary iltitv until April I L»a\e i.f a»*»nce: Flr»t Mrutrnant HtKI»EItIC II SMITH coes) artl.lt.. two months. NAVY. IJeutrnant II READ, d*tack«d the M.i\ll.>wrr • 'ontiniic Naval MrUliul ."Vhool Ilosuttal' Washington. EBStKtl \V. > M-.-I.lX'l.i anl M..Uh.nn.M. W. SMITH. J. l:< It.AM- anU •• II MAtV IHJX. i>tai I i-.I the Ohio: to iluty in ion ■ iiertli> n « Ith trn> Mi.hlßan Knil«n O. O. CAWTER. d>itachei| the Mlmli ■ii>i>i . ivi i»i. inaaihi F.niiicii •*. X HoVEY. .!.u.h .! the tlhlo- to the !<tah». rmlCti R. V. U»VVK. t.) th«- »"I»orrla. I'amieil Assixtnnt Burgt— J. STKl'l". dafaelMd naval MSttoO, Ne*iH>U: la -h.- l':Mii,.iin AKlMant Sureeon M •'. II AKKK .lei.i.-hrj th- Ol.io; 1:. i««-ii!i:lrK ttvtlon. <tminnatl vice. Axslstant Kursrea A. 1.. <i.ikt<.n U» .Juty In ■ »nn« tloa with tlttinc out ih Mk-hliinn raytnaster J A. 11. SMITH, detaurie.l lh« onlo honn . a«al1 nrosrs Pa maatrr J. H mi:kim\m .i»u. h»d ih* Kan nan: hume. arttl* Beeeaats &lOVKMKNTS OF WARBUir&-The tol lowing movements of veeecfal liave bsjcsj »• porled to the Navy Department: ARldVril' Dec 14 riM iiwntHlliut. th« yirwaai ih* Kan »rt». the Mtnne»ota, the Oeorgla' ih. \,«. Jtmjr. Urn .N«b(%ska. ih. ithwie Uiaad. ltJ , Store Op«n Until 6 P M. DiiecUy on th« Interboroufh Subway a I *• frit f tsi qm MB W.%N.\. MAKER s^ nr , E f PVI m£ J% JMM jf MJt m »*•• »PB'«r« dally | a *\k\(lil mlllHaJM/I ** TEI BT RAM™ MAn * f IA I 1 ill 41 11 1. +\AvIJ MM ARI) r.MOW Many / / *•* York, December 17, 1909 p *° pl < " flnd il hrlot These are the Day* Whru Service Counts Getting Twice as Much Done In a Given Time! is pretty effective economy — especially of that very valuable thing energy! By utilizing the hours between H:l"> A. M. and 1 P. M. for shopping you will find that it is possible to accomplish about twice as much. And then with shopping off your mind you will find more pleasure in your luncheon in the Tea Koom. And if musically inclined the Concert at 2:30 P. M. in the Auditorium, will not only prove delightful but will give you an insight into the important work Wanamaker's is doing in a musical way. Women's Black Broadcloth Suits Severely Tailored By that we mean severely tailored. The •8-inch coat has a plain three - seam back, which slightly tapers at the waist. Turn the coat inside out and one realizes what beautiful workmanship has l>cen employed when they see how the soft guaranteed satin lining is finished. $30 because the maker made them specially for u« from his remainder of fine black broadcloth. Second floor. Old Building. In the Gallery of Antiques Today Smaller Prices Will Prevail on a Collection of Antique Engravings and Drawings framed in old gilt or mahogany. Many historical portraits and views dear to Americans, besides rare pictures from Europe. Ad mirers of Napoleon will find numerous portraits of him in the col lection. $1 to $20— today. Fourth Gallery. New Building. First Payment May Be Deferred On the Purchase of Any Piano or Player Uought Before Christmas " At WANAMAKER'S These are the Instruments you may select from: All Grand and Upright Models of The CHICKERING The SCHOMACKER The VOSE The EMERSON The KURTZMANN The J. C. CAMPBELL ( r ££ ht ) \ ÜBIV 9 And the Celebrated kNABE Also the Knabe-Angelus, the Schomacker-Angelopian. th« Emerson- us, the Autopiano and the Angelus Piano-Pla>er This means that the first payment may be made to meet purchaser's convenience. Among the Christmas Hints In the Men's Store We Note "Redleaf" Cravatting — nothing finer. V\pfl'^ Silken squares selected at the English ITICIi o looms by the Wanamaker representa- PinA 'orfc t ' ve " wo or three of each is the order rllie oLallS — meaning ultra exclusiveness. S3 and $250. Main floor. New Bldg. Ij • , A departure from the beaten path in LiUllUUll a knitted ties. The new idea is acccrdion lot^-t rr P ni plaited knitting, indescribably attrac .dieM WrdVat t ive and different. $3. Pure silk. Main floor. New Building. ru . Now in full swing. 65c is the price Vllf lStniclS tor thousands of ties made for us from ,_,. --, the season's remnants of silks of a 1 \Q CVent maker of $1 and $J. 50 ties. Plenty ci plain colors. Main floor, New Building. Round or square — built of solid leath- Hnf Triink^ er to defy the baggage smasher. Some lld I 11 UIIA3 with pockets for collars and cuffs> Sold Main floor. New Building. in the Hat Store. $7.50 to $15. _. n , Only one best Silk Hat — from Lin- SllK nrUl coin-Bennett, hatter to King Edward. rk -j , Five styles, at $S. American Siik Hats. Opera natS two styles, at $6. Opera hats are all from Paris. $6 and $S. Main floor. New Building. TrnvAlinrr Riiyc With or without httings. Hand lug- I ra»t,llllg DU^ gag e one may be proud of. An excel inH *Snit focpc lent bag at $11. Suit cases at $5. Others ana suit cases up tos9o. Main floor. New Building. Guess the size and exchange them MA n ' c Slinnt^rs later * Thirt y styles— from Buckskin lUCII > OiI JJJJCI 2) Mocassins to Kid Bootees with plush- Main floor. New Building. lined tops. $1 a pair, upward. jv . Made for us in Paris and not to be DreSSHlg found even in exclusive European s, shops. Silk-and-wcol. $35. London II OWnS woolen gowns, correct and comfortable. $12 to $45. Main floor. New Building. JOHN WANAMAKER Formerly A T Stewart 4 Co. Broadway. Fourth aye.. Eighth to Tenth »t Wisconsin and ih» MUsourl at Southern drttl ! ir...n..i» V*c. IA -The »bra*ka »l n* y yard. No* V«>rV. th* MlnJota *' t*avtt*. ttto I r.niim i at Port l.iun'ii S»AILEI>. l>«i 14 Th» <»iin»> n> il'. lha Vermont, i >■» K%n i *-i-. ih. MtiirwMUd. th» iir.u|:u . n lt . New ; J»t»»>. ih» Nohraoka. Ih. Hli.hW UUn.t. the : \VI». oiimii an<i th« M:.«-ii<urt from Huli.|.i..ii ] ItiNxU (ur Southern Jrill irountla. ttM» \« ' traika fr.>m S..ur*i»ii» ,iri!! (tr.mn.it far n^vy ' >arrt. Ntw Turk Dm I.V-The Dolphin from Washington for rl»tob»l; th» M.i.'lvmiuKti fr,. r . K«-v W^»t ' f">r • h*rle««««n thy Klu»icr from .\nnuiHill« j for >h»ri«-«ton. t:i* li l;u-. i.v from \caouU-o ' t'-r it>rln>tk. The llartfufd fr..,,, S*\*l A.-.rUmy M n4 » v j >ai<l. Norfolk, for r»i>alra. .niil vi.on tomcl*- ' linn return to «mia|H>lla Th.- •>l<^<> rr.»«n Naval Acudentv to navy >«rd I 1 tiil.i .hU. to hi platrd OU i u» ioinmts- i The j»ut.u.j U e and tlu- pftMi frt.in navy >-< ! l-ort»mouth. •'• t* t pcesim, tm'tlamwZ »au««> t0 r "* um usual auti i a Wtat lnuua ' E^hf Car Line, Each Way to Storsj NEW WHITE SLAVE BILL- House Committees Deadlocked 0 3 Question of Jurisdiction. Washington. IV I£-Th« effort of tb» Immigration CMnmtttM of the Uou*» I* patch ur M a«reentr- with th» onl '^Jl tee on Interstate aiul Foreign Comrsi<?£« OQ Jurisdiction over "whitt» slave" tra~jc legislation haui fcaftM M the - ' t '"?*r!l tew it-ported to-.iuy that there ***• ni» ■"• Of a i-»ntipri»ui»r. _•• utnalv ther* is tt» be a "•how *JJ_C b«-t»v«"» the *w»> committees, ami K r\l.. >•• nt.it. \ts tvt'.nct. of New York. anu % >\ h»th. of I IBn« M f the Immigration * "J 1"*1 "* millet-, win* appoints! io-«lay to « tra "* llfW bill a* a Mjbstltute for the other* «J« before the c.»niniitt*«- »i»l rwort to-ru row. The linmitfratioo Committee wtiiir., endeavor to report It* bill ahe;« of «"• XL of Mr. Mann and gtt ttrat acUoa la *•»• iluustt. t