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EUROPEAN COUNTRIES AND EVEN FROM FAR-DISTANT AMERICA AT THIS TIME OF THE YEAR.
SKI TRAMPER AT ENGELBfcRG. I tics in skiinjr and baring arranged admirable i tocrs through th* mountains. • In skiing one i :lU Ibtain an adequate lea of the beauty of < 'hs^B^ntains clothed with ajn unbroken ex 4f .]^zz:;:i-' snow. On skis one can i?liik j dc«J the mountain Elopes with" the speed of an ! train. The landscape *hen seen in the intosity of midday Alpine sunlight is wonder ful but at sunset it is even more resplendent, i ti^Vhite mountains becoming an ocean of fire, ■ L.IHF' which the icy peaks sparkle. pling is now Immensely jjopular, and is much ! j n rtig';(. especially among those who have still tj^fummer climbing fever. Long journeys can beB ai.: un ekiß, for th'r mountain huts can be < uS4 l as Etop-oyer places. The novice in ski ; usually affords great amusement to the on i ]<joier. The youngster get-s inextricably mixed p n his feet, an<l speedily comes to the ground, ; i OOp l i mopping the sno*. But he gets upild reasons with his strange footgear, and | Iria apain and again, until, in time, be feels \ '^n to laugh at the new aspirant to skiing eg jumping is sjiectacular. The jumper, a | haidr. <J oi a hundred and Sfty feet from the I t'afce-off. prepares to take his leap. - • .ping- I lb Jvnder surfare of his fckis to free them of I jujjjjs. '-- starts and pushes himself off with his NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY, JANUARY 2, 1910. bamboo sticks, winch he leaves behind sticking in the snow. His furm is erect, with one ski at lirst slightly in advance of the other. He forms a striking apparition, his arms swinging as he .- forward. An ordinary jump is eighty feet— the record being 147 feet. Skiing received a great impetus in Switzerland last season when this world's record was mad' . There are this s-ason several big ski meetings be international ski jumping competitions. Bandy, or ice hockey, on skat' s is another form of sport that has many followers, and the fun is f^st and fascinating. Bandy as played in Switzerland is different frum the ice hockey d in America and Canada in covered rinka Th«- game Is played on the ice with wooden or sticks. It is not played until late in lay. however, so that the ice may not be damaged for skating unless there are special rinks for the game. The ice is flooded every night after the play la over, putting the sur face again in good shape for the skaters next morning Good sport can be obtained out of door- on a space of Ice of any size, but the limit aerally not less than 1W by 5O yards. In Switzerland women engage enthuaiaatlcally m the game. Curling the "roarin' game" of Scotia, is also one of the recent acquiaiUoiw of Switzerland, BOBSLEiGHERS TAKING A "SPORTY" COR NER ON THE SCHATZALP AT DAVOS. but it has taken a strong hold, and In 1905 the first international curling contest was held at Kandersteg. Curling in Switzerland may be en joyed during the whole winter season, from December to the end of March. In Switzerland it has become a fine art, for the ice is like a sheet of crystal, in which the reflection of the stones can be seen, as well as the rings marked overnight with colored chalk. Switzerland is the paradise of skaters Since the lime when J. F. Donoghue, of N> w burg, N. Y. competed in 1889 in the undecided international championship at Amsterdam, and won the trophy at the same place in 1891, all of the five speed records have been made in Switzerland. The best known skati rs are now found in Switzerland each season. Figure skating, free and pair skating make the sport well adapted to women as an exer cise. The figure skating championships of the world and of Europe are open to both sexes. Waltzing on the ice to music has created the greatest enthusiasm here, and is considered in a way the highest evolution of skating. A FINE SKI JUMP IN A CONTEST AT ENGELBERG. THE CONCRETE WA RSHIP" Remarkable Fortress Being Built by America on El Fraile. Recently there have been references in the news dispatches to a curious fortification which Uncle Sam is erecting on a small island named El Fraile, as a part of the line of defence of Manila Bay. it was styled a concrete battle ship, which was to be fixed upon the island. What would a concrete battleship look lik<-, and why should one be erected as a part of a per manent and immovable fortification, were nat ural questions. El Fraile is a Spanish term which has more than one meaning. Translated it means either "the friar" or a kind of sea fish. Whether the origin of the name is due to its resemblance in appearance to some physical characteristic of a friar or to the kind of sea fish indicated by the word is not revealed, but the island itself formed an interesting problem when the ques tion of fortifying it arose. It is merely a pin nacle of rock rising a few feet above the surface of the water. It was at first a question how the island tould be made to serve its purpose. According to a story as to the way the idea developed of crea ting on top of the rock a structure of concrete somewhat resembling a battleship in shape and style of armament, it was first planned to en large the island in order to obtain the essential space for the big guns. This would have cost a good round sum. said to be more than $5, 000,000; and would have provided only a modest fort after all. Then it was suggested to shave off the top. A young man connected with the engineering corps brought forward the station ary "battleship" plan. The fort, which i.s already in process of ( on struction, is an ellipse about 300 feet long and 130 feet wide, the wails of concrete being 40 feet in height. Within the inclosure will be two steel tur ets of ihe kind found in battleships. Each will house two of the bis: new 14- inch guns. The ust- of the turret.- c. onomizea a^ace. P.esid- a these guns there will be four 6- Inch yuns. The entrance to the fortification, or "concrete battleship," will be by mean.« of a sallyport It is believed that the unique forti fication will be impregnable. interesting, as the 14-inch gun for the navy i.s a new arm. It is believed that this weapon will withstand *he wear and tear of use much better than the 12 inch gun, whose life has been estimated to be not more than eighty shots. It is believed that for a permanent fortification, a large gun, so SPEED SKATING ON DAVOS RINK. ( ontinued on eighth page. 5