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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 02, 1910, Image 4

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Liberal Fight on Taxation
Unionists Attach Home Rule.
{Sy Trench Cable to The Tribunal •
London, Jan. I.— delegation of Ger
man Radicals, headed by H'-rr vtm Ger
loch, is visiting England to study the
methods of canvassing adopted by the
political parties «nd the general opcr
atkm of th« cciwtittitional system.
American correspondents of weekly pa
pers have come from New York to spend
a month or so In watching th« elections
in London, Lancashire and rJsewher.o
and in writing articles for their publica
tions. The correspondents of the French
press are paying more^ attention to the
present contest than "they have ever
doae to any previous struggle between
tie parties. The world is looking: on
while a series of complex constitutional,
economic and social questions ;tre fet
tled by the masses of worker?, whose
votes will be decisive.
Campaigner.- who have bern Fix-akin?:
I KM after night In north, south and
■west tell me that the controlling: con
riderations will be lack of employment,
promises of social reform and an in
creasing dread of taxation on food.
How these opposing interests >vill be
balanced the shrewdest observer; cannot
foretell. !
The Unionist speakers are making f;ili
lise cf the Home Rule issue, atid con
trasting the Radical separatist! policy
■uitliin the kingdom v.ith their ova plan
of uniting the empire by nialiprefer
ence and mutual . advantage to^ trade.
"3 her describe 'thr' revival of Home Rule
ss tb> Prime Minister's fatal Inlander,
rince it repels the sapiwrt of all dissent
ing Liberals and excites the r- s. ntnjent
und dislike of extreme protestantsj RaeU
<als explain it in a different way, They
Mb • that the Whi,rgish Moderates had
Jiiready been- friglitent-d by the Chan
c-t3l<?r'B finance and driven into he op
position, and that th<i Home Rule pledge
t-c-curcs not only thousands of Irish
votes in English boroughs and counties,
but also eighty-three Nationalist votes
in the mxt Commons for the second
j.assage of the budget and the abolition
<••' the veto power of the Lords. I
The Prime Minister has acted on
ihe warning of his whips and election
r gents that he cannot expect a large
majority in the next Parliament, and
■»vii] be lucky if he does not loss more
than • hundred seal?. He has arranged
In advance a coalition by which the Na
tionalists will '•< counted with t?ie Lib
eral? and the Labor members as sup
porters of the bu£g»>t and opponent! of
ihe encroachments of the Lords; on the
rights of thV Commons.
Mr. Redmond"? speeches and mani
festo make It dear that joint action will
I -" taken in obtaining financial supplies,
sr.'J the abolition of the Lords' veto will
be secured v.ith Homo Rule as full com
pensation fnr Nationalist aid. i
David Lloyd-Georgo was the principal
ministerial speaker to-day, repeating at
Keacing the aggressive tactic? "against
The land owners, the tariff reformers
«nd the. usurping Lord*. He doej not
learn moderation, and or%tteuea to
frighten: and irritate timorous and mod
erate men. but he is the favorite speaker
en the Liberal side, and esefttM more
enthusiasm than bit more judicious col
leagues. ;
He persists in regarding bind taxation
es tho prominent issue, and enferces his
arguments wftfl tilling phrases, like
"English land was n:ade for peasants,
not pheasants."
Bonar L aw - Unionif-l Member -of Par
liament for PpKrickt and :jir Robert Fin
3ay an repeating the old speecho? to-day
before -• - audiences.' i.a\i are among
the mo?t effective vote wirinersi on the
Unionist side-. Lords Newton, IHddleton
tnd Winchester head the MM k—ll'i con
xlag^nt of peers, with Lords Zotlche and
Galloway as fresh recruits. Tae pi^rs
tre . heckle«i and interrupted \ without
mercy in their platform work, i but arc
thowtes themselvea too*i rp«)rtismei: In
tianuing :ip for tivir principle*:
Wtatevtr may he the result of the
r!tctjon and the prolonged period of
constitution.*!* agitation which Is open
ing, the LiberjJ.t if euccesfful ith the
b^lp of the National -£t«. cannpt carry
♦ ithcr the abolition of ih-? -. to e-r Home
Rule Trttlioui a d3>r>r»rate Mrns^i-2.
Th* Unionist sneak* ts arak< stress
< - this !n ".varnin-j audiences ;■ against
th« disrstr<v'.:s effet^ts of continued po
htical tunrj'jjl on tl*de and industry.
Fonie of then* even itivlfc HOal] mx
x f ftors to sell thetr rt-U'vay and indus
trial - ritiea if tha Uhaaala arc mh>
Tho Uaioci>tsv on tl.c oi!it hand, will
to htlpler-r with a small majority and
<i*peudrnt upon the NationaUste for
vDtes "for : -rrinr th«» Hou.-.; Of Lords
find bringing in the Charhberlain tariff.
tendon. Jan. I.— With the flrss. poHtnsrs
or. the gcnersl election only .< = fortnight
e«&.y, the c&mp«ign thaws «<s*-b popular >-\
cMaawi than the lan stages of previous
*xncral elections. Since the fir^t tremen
«jo«& uproar faar the rejecticn of the
budget bjr th* House of Iv>ras ars<l the prn
rra'l'explosion of oratorical Brevijrk^ with
s. remarkable, amount of avastu I abtaw
t'y ri\-*l politicians, the contest has settled
Laughing, Lazy Fat Felks
Made Slim Without Drugs
r>oring the co! 4 *ruuher fat peer • stay
ct hoii)** and tfo ■•>•-:, re
moving fat^ They *>at heartily «aij dr«M
varmly. This time ■':•■• is the" one
fcbove ill ' [fears in which Sash should I*
removed. Tee winter has a p««i?.*r ae
t'on 03 '.'■'.*■ fejecd. We all know h,ow our
•■kiii contains phnples and bads i . :-*ak out
" tjjs fprim: t ■-:&!£ to the stagnation and
srss-gisisness "f the v.-inter blood
Is tilt It :fcl3 sMfltwn is appollics. it
you will go to your nearest druggist and
b*jy a cat* of Marmola tablets v u win
step rnfci£:r.e fat at once an* you may Ml
when and what you will and the fat will
lesve you «t tit rate of from v to 13
ounces i £ay, >r,d, mere ihia to»t. you
vfll not be left with large, Safety rolls cf
skin aad deep wrinkle*.
Tfces« t«McU «M made after the : arrows
li*nnoi«. Prescription, and were so made
to supply •>• Sreit demand- for a bfcjft4y f»i
rtdfif •;.** *v«ry en« oot/ld carry in ■
t r*t a vest pccH«t» »- that «• .- any
meaT they could be taken and evil conse
quence iro33 cyvb a meal :hus avoided
If you car. set ttcure VV 1*."!.;1 *."!.; -- utiets trom
fpur dru?gist or should you so prefer send
75 cts.. the price of a lar£« ease, to The
Mam*]*. CamDfcny. »*»< 1.K2, Detroit,
24i£h~ and they will iud ilarme-la: tablets
to you io a clam sealed package, postage
doxv'i into c dull lembardment of Bptechw)
and newspaper arttrleF dealing with th»
Hoaaa of Lords and tariff reform.
Dm list of candidates is still far from
complete, while factional squabble* be
tween tariff reformer? ar.d free traders in
the Unionist ranks fore* Mm radicals and
laborites in the government forces to leava
many opportunities for changing nomina
tions already mad* in order to avoid three
cornered tights.
The peers on th« platform continue to
furnish a picturesque slaasaat in the battle.
They feel compelled to face the public in
order to vindicate the claims of their class
to power. Their audiences get plenty or
fun out of theaa, and frequently howl them
down. "Punch" displays a cartoon of a
frightened coronet head sticking through
a canvas at a fair, with the yokels pitch-
In?? balls at it.
Conditions in America and Germany un
der a protective tariff are made the prin
cipal topic of th* debates, and each side
finds many illustrations of the blessings
or the drawbacks of a hish tariff from
those countries. Th© newspapers are
wrangling fiercely over the. questions
wh?**ier the cost of living is higher and
morn unemnloymeut txi*ts in America and
Germany than in Great Britain.
A. .T. Balfour. Lord Curzon and Lord
Miner sre leading the opposition's fight,
with Austen Chamberlain puttlnpr tariff re
form to the front and Lord Charles Beres
ford accusing the government of neglect
ing the navy. D.*vid Lloyd-George- ami
Winston Churchill, cf the administrations
fCrcaa, draw the largest crowds, larger
er»n than Premier Asquith. '
Lord CaraOA'a declaration that a heredi
tary chamber if sure to contain more able
men than an elective one has been tho
most discussed utterance of the week.
Betting at White's Club, which is the
sporting rendezvous for the aristocracy, is
even that the Liberals wiTl have a small
majority, independent of the labartltm and
th*» Irifh members.
The Liberals axe already conceding the
'oj-.« or FOWM London constituencies which
turned the color or the last election, and
winch will be the first to poll in the com
ing election. Battersea is likely to reject
John Bans, Preside. 11 * or the Local Gov
ernment Board, because the u-orkingmen
say he ha* deserted them. He is making a
hard, personal light amonp his old neigh
bora to keen his *e»t in the Commons.
Liberia Waiting for U. S. to
Do Something for Her.
[By Fr»r.ch Cabl* to Th« Tribune.]
London, Jan. I.— Letters received in
London from responsible traders of
Liberia state that the machinery of
government has stopped, while officials
ard people are waiting for news from
The visit of commissioners last year led
the Liberians to expect that there would
be active intervention by the great Re
public in the affairs of the benighted
little state. The ideas of the officials
are vague, but they are confident that a
protectorate will be declared or loans
guaranteed or money given outright or
something done for developing the re
sources of the country and defending the
borders against foreign raid?.
They have no sense of proportion and
little capacity for taking care of their
own interests, and are possessed with the
idea that the American government will
come to their rescue. %
No legislation of any kind baa been
attempted this winter, and there is
complete stagnation in administration.
tvhilo> the governing class of negroes
is dreaming of salvation from Washing
ton and financial support 'from Wall
Street. .v , r-- .-
The British rubber and development
companies are most anxious to have
authority exerted at Washington or
elsewhere for forcing the Liberian gov
ernment to fulfil its business engage
The investigating commission has cre
ated many fantastic Illusions. I. X. F.
Attempts to Destroy John. Burns 's Lit
erature, and Burns Clerk.
London. Jan. I.— A woman bt-lle^ to be
& suffragette attempted to destroy a quan
tity of campaign literature at the political
headquarters of John Burns at Bat) «
with acid to-day, acd the clerk in charge
was seriously turned about the face and
hands by the fluid before he could prevent
her sign.
The woman gained an entrance to th«
headquarters on th*> pretence Of assisting
in addressing envelopes.
London. Jan. I.— "Alice in Wonderland,''
which is revived at the Court Theatre.
Tviil provide a novelty in the snap* 01" a
girl in tho conductor's scat. This is Mirs
Marjorle nianaliln. daughter of th» late
Walter Slaughter, composer of the music
of The play.
"I wm asked to :uk«? the ooaductorahip,"
said lOas Slaughter, 'because of my inti
mat* acquaintance with th« music, and
alas became. I have had experience, having
conducted an orchestra in my own piece,
The Constable and the Picture,' some
; ears ago."
Hiss Slaughter has ambitions as a earn
poser of light opera, and has completed
the score af one. Her firr: work was pro-
Cuord when she - only seventeen, and
She began to write music at the tender age
of six. For this year's revival of "Alice"
Mas Slaughter has eowipaaaj special entr'
acte music, but otherwise the production
will be the same as heretofore.
Miss Ivy Sawyer win be the new Alice,
and Dan L^no. jr.. is also allotted a part
In the cast.
London, Dec. U.—A recent letter from
Calcutta rays the Maharaja of Nepal has
given away his weight In-, cold, in accord,
*nee with the custom of Indian- princes,
who often make vows— for example, on re
ot'Very from some great illness— from which
they liberate .themselves by the ceremony
called "Tula": the person weighs himself
In gold, or, if not very rich. in baser metal
or srain, and the amount 5s distributed
air on? the poor.
The Maharaja of Nepal performed this
ceremony en November a> at a place of
pi:=Tima?:e called Pashupaunath. He had
hjnseif weighed in gold, which was in
stantly bought v? by Jeweller*, and tbe
e!Jv?r coin paid for it was distributed
amonr an immetMe crowd of beggars and
pilgrims, who ucre also sumptuously fe«i
by dM Maharaja. giv<.-n a piece of cloth
each and sent rejoicing on their way.
London. Dec. —A detective noticed Jo
seph Hall and James Franklin endeavoring
to tell what erp*&r«<J te t* a groidttnch in
the street a: Kl^ss Cross on Saturday.
When be. snoke !■■ Hall the latter threw
th» bird Into the air. but «*.<» bird fcIHH U
self by flying into a shop.
"It was actualy.a greenfinch, worth K."
«&id the detective at the Clerkenwell police
court yesterday, when Hall and Franklin
• ere rc^asdfd en a charge of loitering.
"Hall's pockets were full of color used in
convex: ana if till Into canaries, and lit also
had seme «<rhre. which is used to branz*
tirds' heads like thost cf mule canarie*."
Chamber of Deputies Gives
Him, Full Sway,
•By Tr-nch CaM« to Th* Tribune.)
I Paris. Jan. I.— The French Parliament
has closed its cessions, leaving M.
Briand more than ever master of the
political situation and the strongest man
to-day of the French Republic.
The tariff debate In th" Cliamber re
sulted -in a substantial victors* for pro
tectionism all along the line, with a
marked tendency to • protect French
workmen by the extension of the tax
on foreign laborer*, which hitherto ap
plied only to foreign -workmen within a
zone of twenty-nvo miles along tho
frontier. '
,' The Chamber voted a tax on every em
ployer in France who employs more than
live foreign workman, pa matter where
the works ore situated.
This was described by M. Jean Dupuy,
Minister of Commerce, as "direct taxa
tion on employer and indirect taxation on
The minister added that he hoped such
rigorous measures would not provoke
retaliation in other countries, especially
In Italy and Belgium.
Another signiricant feature of the clos
ing of to-day's Chamber of Deputies is
(he unprecedented powers placed by a
vote of the Chamber In the hands of
Primo Minister Briand. who i? author
ized by the Chamber to raise the tariff
by means of m^re ministerial decree
issued from his Cabinet upon any article
from abroad, to double the maximum
rates pnacrihed faf law, or. if he pre
fer?, to fix equivalent of. full value of
any article in question as a tax. No
similar arbitrary power has ever been
intrusted to any French minister since
the days of the First Empire.
Whether the Senate will approve this
vote of the Chamber of Deputies remaina
to be seen. It nevertheless indicates the
trend of popular opinion on the tariff.
It is pointed out by an eminent politi
cal economist that so long as M. Briand
remains in power there is no danger of a
tariff war or retaliation measures against
the United States, because M. Briand
and his radical or social colleagues can
not afford to increase the tariff on food
products or raw material, which form
the bulk of American exports to France,
as that would immediately cause \ io
lent discontent among the masses of
workingmen by increasing the cost of
living, and these working masses are the
voters who keep M. Briand in power.
C. I. B.
New Year Celebrated with
More Gayety than Usual.
IBy French Cable to Ti*° Tribune. J
Paris, Jan. Paris is celebrating
New Tear's Day with more than the
usual mirth- and gayety amid mild,
damp, cloudy weather.
, In spite of medical warnings against
microbes and contagious affections) the
kissing habit peculiar to the French
Jour de lan i? in greater favor than
ever. At midnight in all the theatres,
cafes and restaurants there was indis
criminate kissing and embracing of rela
tives, friends and mere acquaintances.
Owing to the warm weather flowers
from the South are abundant and cheap.
The principal girts are roses, violets and
ore hid
The- old fashion of giving chocolates
and bon ton? is falling from favor, most
of the fashionable New Year's presents
this season being quaint bits of old brie-
B>-brac porcelain plates dating from the
fall cf the Bastile, with the cocks of
revolution perched on a cannon; salad
bowls or dishes of the Benjamin Frank
lin period bearing in the centre pictures
Of big yellow balloons or parachutes,
rare editions of old books, eighteenth
century prints, engravings and cari
catures". The Paris theatres, restau
rant«. cafes and music halls are all do
ing a apendid business, making, as a
rule, especially the theatres. more
profits than in any years since the
world's fair of U»00.
Everybody is looking forward to
twelve months of exceptional prosperity.
C. I. B.
Money Easy and Trade Condi
f • T"» ' ¥ •? -^
tions Favorable.
rpy French Cable to Ths Tribune] ■
Paris. Jan. I.— The Bourse continues
very firm, but little business has been
done owing to the holidays. Money is
easy and trade condition* are favorable.
Great activity is noted in the iron and
steel manufacturing district of* Haute
Marne owing to orders from the state
railroads for 1,000 passenger car? and
also for 2,300 cars from the Paris-I>yons
Th* Minister of Finance has issued
French sugar statistics for the year to
December. 1000, showing a production
Of 7C5.000 tons, an against 723.000 during
the same period in UW& while the home
consumption is 611,000 tons, against
592.000 tons in 1908. C. I. B.
Remarkable Decline Shown by Figures
in London.
London. Dec. 51— decline in the num
ber of Jewish marriages revealed In to«
registrar generi - report is discussed in
"Tli- Jewish Chronicle' this week- Ac
cording to the fisvre?. the proportion of
Jewish marriages, which bad, with alight
fluctuations, ■taadlly increased for many
year*, until in the year l&H It reached |.3
h.^ 10usa mar' . lemniMd, fell In
1W to „i and In 1:«T8 to i.6 a thousand.
There w a leclli in ms, not only Jn
Jewish but in the number of general mar
riage^ tut the figures sev'na to indicate
that the decline In Jewish marriage* was
far greater than that in general manna*.-
At shown by the statistics tor London
alone, th« diminution as regards Jew« was
even more striking than 1 Is sho for the
Jc»s of the whole- country. In J&>s the
Jewish proportion a thousand rn»rrJaees m
London was 59.& In 1907 it fell to :*U arid
in 130$ to 22.«-
The iiirur- for London, indeed, has fallen
almost 10 th« lir'l leveL Having rc^*rd to
th« '••■*• migration of Jinn from th» me.
tropolis, a certain reduction in the number
Of Jewlfh marriages n, rre mJsM, !♦-:.»:
have been expected. But whsttM ihe re
duction should from this cause ha- be^n
a * large as it U. adds the journal, is open
to doubt. v *
It is impossible to dot,-n;«.:i«v aar to th*
cuu.-i Of the phenonienon referred to it
may or may not, c. p., be due in part to a
decline in imnuer or to baj trade
But. - wh»tev«r the. reasons. •'Th^ Jewish
«.hrontc!e" Thinks, *h«s matter !t> certajfly
ffi*; whlrh is r.orth Icvej-tljaiins. whether
_" 'lie board of d*pirt»ei or souse other
bod>> ' ■>■ ■ „ -■■ — -■ •- -
IHope1 Hope of Recognition Aban
doned — Gratitude to Doctors.
Blucfields. Nicaragua. Jan. 1. — Hop*
that the .war would be brought to an end
' through the recognition of the provisional
government by the United States has been
: abandoned. Many believe that two more
) battles must be fought— one in the Stato
of Chontales and the other near Managua.
.-re is a popular feeling of gratitude
toward the United States because of (he
attention given the . wounded by physi
cians from the American cruisers and the
-■;;>;•:••■< sent for. th* relief of the half
starved prisoners of war. There is. bow
••ver. some disappointment that the United
Slates has not formally recognized the
government of Kstrada. It was believed
by many that he needed only to demon
strate his strength to receive tbe moral
support of America. Th« impression was
etrong that Secretary Knox awaited only
a decisive victory by General Estrada.
Such a victory was won mere than a week
ago, and still no encouraging word is re
cwived from Washington.
A defeat in battle could not depress the
insurgents more than has the fact that
Washington has lost interest seemingly in
the cause of the revolution. • If another bat
tle is fought it is likely that no less than
twelve thousand men will bo engaged.
Preparations for the campaign in the »tat
continue. The next ten days will be de
voted to securing more rifles, with a view
to equipping two thousand additional sol
diers. This will bring the provisional
Mr«:neth ud to six thousand men. A
schooner has been sent to Cape Gracias
and will bring hera horses and males to
bt used on tha long march toward Man
The insurgent generals have signed a
solemn pact to the effect that they will
stand as a unit with Estrada until the
last veatiae of Zelayaism is blotted out <>t
the government of Nicaragua.
The peace coramissicners whom Presi
dent Madriz announced that he was send
ing to negotiate with Estrada have not ar
rived. Th*4 American gunboat Eagle has
gore to Bocas del Toro to make observa
tions. The British cruiser Bcylla> which
brought a duplicate of the letter sent by
Madriz to Estrada on December 52, baa
also departed from this port.
Managua, Jan. I.— President Madrir has
sent J2.000 in gold to aid the work cf the
Red Cross among the prisoners of war at
Generals Toledo and Vasquez have been
ordered to the front. It is said that Gen
era! Toledo is going to Greytown, where an
attack on the government troops now in
possesESion of the city ia expected. Vasr
quea, it is understood, is going to Acoyapa,
where it is likely a batt!e may be fought
before many days.
Minister General Baca. declaring that
there are two thousand new bills of fifty
pesos denomination unsigned in the safe
of Sefior Pases, has issued a decree Invit
ing the holders of bills of this issue, which
were authorized by Zelaya in the last days
of his administration, to present them to
the Treasury for countersigning in order to
validate all of the issue except those held
by Pases. The Court of Records will begin
an action to declare illegal the mortgaging
of eighteen public buildings to Pasos by
Zelaya as security for a loan to the gov
' Six American officers of the army and
navy are here to spend New Year's.
An Inspired article in a local newspaper
suggests that the revolutionists turn over
their arms to the consul of a friendly na
tion at Blueflelds pending the result of a
free election of a new President.
O ill ii Six: Said to Have Op
posed Zelaya.
Blueflelds. Nicaragua. Dec. Ii (Via New
Orleans, Jan. 1). — Of real Americans there
have been a handful in the ranks of the
provislonals so far, and these have acquit
ted themselves with credit. Many tan the
fight have claimed American citizenship for
Urn protection it affords, but investigation
has shown that thai claim Is too remote to
bi seriously considered.
So far as ascertained at present, there
were, only six who came from the United
States to BlttSneM to aid the revolt again? t
Zelaya. These were Ralph Lee*, of Kew
Orleans; Matthew Finnogan. of Denver, a
Philippine veteran ; G. R. Fowler, of T^xas,
and late of t-ie Philippines; "Pat" Dolaa,
who hailed many yean ago from Nebras
ka; "Ph!!" Craven, a trick pistol shot, who
for fifteen yean was ■ demonstrator for one
of the world's best known arms manufactory
ers, and Gabriel Conrad, of New Iberia, La .
who has a medal for aiding the English
against the Boers, and who before that
chased the "Apache Kid" with tin Western
regulars some twelve or, fifteen years ago.
To these may b*: added James Bransfield,
said to have been a member cf the Panama
constabulary, and the only foreigner wound
ed at Beereo, and James Edwards, an
American, who baa beep Ion? in Central
America. -^-4-
Bransfield is of the opinion that he was
shot first by excited natives among his own
men, but at the hospital established by
Captain Shipley, where Eranstield was suc
cessfully cared for. it is believed from t!v?
nature of his wounds that he was in the
line of a small calibre automatic. Several
small wounds all close together in h'.s right
leg seemingly indicate that he stood in the
line, of the gun's sweep and received three
bullets before the sweep of the gun passed
While the combat generally seems to havn
i •• n, proportionately to the men engaged,
one of the most bloody In history, scattered
squads of enemies met each other without,
enraging. Bransfleld. for instance, w*3
parsed by a number of Zelayans. who
seemed content to spare his life, seeing that
he was Incapacitated.
Flnnegan's story is simp!*. He lugged a
rifle, with some fifty natives, through «l«ht
mllej of knee deep blue clay and bushes
over fallen ti — and reheat flea bit
ten, ant . Utten. mosquito l bttten, foodie**
and tired, only to miss the battlo. The na
tive guide mistook a creek running into th«
Sequia River for on© running into t^i<
Mico, a very easy error to fall Into, and
mlsed the right, which was :.lo<\g th* Mice.
When night fell, in retracing their Hapj
Tinnegan and the others became separate*]
in the jungle. The Denver adventurer, how
ever, captured a /.-Mayan who. In his starv
ing condition, WSS glad to to a prisoner,
and made a guide of him back to tho base
at Rama. The Zelayan is a good Estrada
iran now. and Fhm«faa has promised to
get him a job. They are the best of friend*
Craven by preference uses a big shooter
more common a Kcncration ago than now.
Charge of a rapid firer was giv«n him, but.
be'.n* unable to keep the bearers of the
various parts, banal, tripod and Cartrlflcet.
anywhere near each other, ha gav# up th«
artillery Job and went to work with his pit.
to!. It i- related jto his credit that, *I
though 1-e handUd this arm with an expert
nest seldom seen, he never killed bis man.
Most of them he shot In the trtßarer hand,
as generally that was all that n*»3lvt*!blo
ahrve the cover tfi«cen.
Craven does not use lbs irljrfer of fct 3
pistol, but shoots on the draw from his hip
by ■MPfaal taste tfe« r.4xas«. Tta a-.
counts for his use of the old style gun, the
bJsr hammer of which !■ -..is i"-.-.;' to the
I.*.:* and Dolan' .-arno do*:: together.
In m because he saw a chance under ■ new
([■'vfrnitiem of working out a mining claim.
and Dolan, ex-cowboy «nd «x-r*il>>r. be
cause nothing t*»tt*r was enraging his at
tention at the time. I.» ■ •■" and Dolan be
ram* separated (hiring the fight, Dolan
ottftching himself to Craven, with whom
m stayed throußh thick an<l thin, whii«
bam fell In with natives, firing Ms rifle
•with an accuracy avaaM him years aaa at
th« rnl\r-is)fv of Alabama, at which school
ho was captain of his company of cadets.
Conrad and Fotvlor, aro two of th«* mo^t
soldierly llguros %•,■■> Joined the Estrada
forces. Both had b^^n fighting In tha
Philippines nni went Into th^ bru?h with
out illusions. Both were in charge '1 f
quick flrcrß, und. according to General < M ■■•■
morro, handled them with a skill which
went far in attaining victory, in this con
nection It may bo stated that according
to Dr. Puyh. surgeon of the United States
ship De.-i 'Moires, practically every wound
dressed In the American hospital among
the first batch of Zflayan wounded brought
here -was duo" to automatic pun fire.
Conrad, however, had another distinction,
and a greater one, for it was he who acted
a* General Chamorro's messenger to Gen
eral Siena, who is admitted everywhere 10
have turned impending defeat into victory
for the pro\i!«icnais.
As has been cabled, arid is now conceded
by Estrada, Chamorro. Fornas-Dlaz. Ma
tuty and others, the flghtinp of December
ro and a had been undecisive. The Ze
layons had been driven Into their main in
trenchmems at Recreo. on the Rio Mico
River, where their resistance was of a
desperation scarcely Justified by their cause,
as viewed on the. east coast. However,
they were battling in self-defence, which
probably explains that M na. known other
wise en, "Montana Tl*,t*" (mountain lion),
with sis hundred m»n. had been sent from
a point down the Rama River to cut oft
retreat to the west. As planned on the
first day. he captured Tatambla Hill and
the telegraph station there. On the next
am! final day of the battle, however, he
encountered roads, or the lack of them,
which had not been counted on. His ar
rival in the rear of Recreo. therefore, was
delayed, and the other generals, outnum
bered, were merely able to hold their own.
"Find Mena and tell him we are beaten
unless he can get here within two hours.
He can't be more than a mile or two in
the bush now," said General Chamonro to
In some way Conrad forced his way
through the jungle, -with its logs and
tough Interlaced vines and trees. His
message; threw Mena and his men Into a
frenzy of energy. Brush which it had
teen deemed necessary for the macheteros
to cut were Ignored— the men simply
swarmed over their.. Not even waist deep
bos halt:d them. They were nearly ex
hausted and perspiring from every pore
when the sight of Recreo lent them fresh
energy and enthusiasm.
They gave, vent to their cry "Viva
Estrada!" and swept up the hills, and from
the thickets came the answering cry of
the other companies. This assault quickly
brought the battle to a close. Finding
themselves surrounded. Gonrales and his
men surrendered. Chamorro left the boat
at 3!neijelds to-day with his arm about
Conrad's broad shoulders?, and latter told
the story-
Surgeon Push of the Dcs Moines was
also in the limelight for a short period yes
terday, baring been challenged to a duel
by a local Spanish physician. The Spaniard,
who had been celebrating the victory rather
freely, passed' the guard on duty at the
hospital ar.d began conversing with pa
tients whom. Dr. Pugh deeired to remain
undisturbed. Dr. Pugh did not know the
visitor's identity and revested him to
keep quiet, but as neither understood the
other's language the intruder continued
talking, whereupon Dr. Pu^h gently but
firmly ejected him from the hospital. Later
Dr. P:gh was waited on by the Spaniard
seconds, who formally proposed a duel. Dr.
Pu?h. still Ignorant of the offended man's
identity, declared that he was busy oper
ating at the time, but that when be had
concluded he "would take great pleasure
In knocking the Spaniard's head off." To
day the Blatter was. cleared up by the
Spaniard apologizing. Dr. Hugh's conduct
throughout the bidden! is admitted to have
been exemplary, he having shown belf-re
strain*, and the gentleness with which he
ejected the intruder probably prevented the
death of several patients, which excitement
would have brought oa.
Without exception, the Americana men*
tioned in th{s dispatch declare that the
Nicaragua n natives have ia them the mak
ing of Hers the peer of any. They can
live on almost nothing, and they can carry
the burdens of a Chinese coolie through a
country which would put the average coolie,
hardy though he Is. . out of commission.
And they do not flinch at hand-to-hand
combat. Greater discipline in concerted
movements and rifle practice are all that
Is needed. As it Is, they are prone to over
excitement and consequent bad shooting.
To the fact that most of th- firing was done
at close range, when they ran into one an
other in the brush, is due the large number
of casualties now reported— r!x hundred
dead and an equal number wounded on both
Washington Regards Madrid
ax Leader of a Faction.
Washington. Jan. I.— No official news of
th. recognition of Madriz as President •»;
Nicaragua by any of the Central American
governments has been received h«re"Nand
In view of clearly defined intimations from
official circles that such recognition before
conditions have be '"me stable in the Cen
tral Areeriean republic »iii not be proper,
it Is not expected that such action will b«
taken at present. *. '■'] 1 £.
President Zelaya having abandoned his
post, be State r>ep^rtm*»nt regards Madrhj
as leader of a faction, and it won] I view
with regret any recognition beyond that.
as lending him moral supixjrt 10 which It
dees no. at this time record bin a-« en
titled. A continuation of religions between
ministers, from Central American jrovorn
rn*nts and Mainz for the purpose of con
ducting nece«*ary business is regarded as
entirely within the bounds of propriety,
but It is said that euch relations can exist
in an effective way without a formal recog
nition of Mm «a Pret-ul-HU of the republic.
Kovalcvskj/ Must Scree Txco
Months for Army Article.
St. Petersburg. Jan. 1. -Professor Maxim
Kovalevsky, * member of th* , Council of
the Emplrt for the Universiiles and a
world famou* 9OcJolcriat,*'!VTia to-tfay -*„
tenccj to two mouths' imprisonment be
cause of an article on army conditions pub- |
lished fix months a&. in the, n° w «l«funct
Uewspaper. "Strana." nf wbJch he wsj th«
■Mai ■ ;< if V. *i;-:;? j
Savoy Hotel, Naples.
Xcxc Year's Greetings . Ex
changed at Burlington House.
{D.v French CnhM to Th» TrH>jin«.J .
London. Jan. 1. — New Year icreetirj*
were exchanged to-day by a large com
pany of diplomats, author?, artists ami
smart people at Burlington- m •■!-•-. where
a collection of old masters was op^cod
to private view. Th- .Academicians hob
nobbed with one another with a #elf
aaMafjal air and received with compla
cency compliments upon the excellent
quality of the -winter afeaa
While it did not rival th* loan exhi
bition at the Graf ton Gallery, it wa^ dis
tinctly above the usual level in variety
and interest. Sir Edward Poynter. Sir
Luke FiMes. Sir Lawrence AJma-Tadcma.
J. J. Shannon. Alfred East and Sir Will
iam Orchardson -were aaaaaaj tb» % paint
ers present. Austin Dobenn. th* high
est authority respecting Hogarth, sur
veyed critically three works of that
painter. J. P. Morgan's fine example of
the "Lady's Last Stake." which originally
sold for a hundred pounds. pas«^d mus
ter as authentic, althouch Dob«on ob
jected to th** catalogue Identification of
th«? model with Mr?. Thrale. ',-
The portrait group of the "Misses Cot
ton" he pronounced genuine, but consid
ered the oval canvas entitled "The Dis
embarkation" doubtful.
Maurice Hewlett enjoyed the pictures
with a light heart after declining to
stand for Parliament in two divisions,
the Liberal . party not being radical
enough Jo suit him.
Anthony Hope Hawkins. Comyns Carr,
Edmund Gosse, Archdeacon Sinclair and
many other literary men made the
rounds of the seven galleries.
The American Ambassador was not
present, as he had returned to the Hen.
Mr». John Ward's country house for the
week end.
The first gallery waa stocked wflh
Italian Primitives from th" collection of
R. H. Benson. The second gajfary con
tained LorYl Powi«'?« Tintoretto, the Cor
naro "Madonna." other Italian works and
Captain Pretrymans masterly Murillo
"The Paralytic*
Am on? the Spanish pictures conspicu
ous in the large gallery were Murray
Naylor's superb Turner. "Dieppe Har
bor"; Mrs. Wauchope's doubtful Rem
brandt. "The Painter artd His Second
Wife"; the Duke of Devonshire's portrait
group by Jordaens. Lord Iveash's two
Sir Joshuas and a series of five Van
Dycks. Gainsborough's "Lady Eardiei"
was lent by Lady Wantage. From other
sources the galleries -were filled with
British portraits. Dutch pictures and the
memorial collection of K. J. Gregory's
paintings and drawings an.l Romney's
Beaumont family group, never before ex
hibited. Gainsborough was exceptionally
There -were seven paintings from J.
Pierpont Morgan's London house, among
them a brilliant Turner. Van Loo's "Mase.
de Pompadour." Merle Vigee Le Brun*3
portrait of herself, a beautiful Greuze
and "The Annunciation." by Lorenzo
The National Gallery -aill be enriched
by the late Lud wig Mod d's Italian pict
ures after Mrs. Mond's death. Raphael's
"Christ on the Cross," purchased at the
Dudley sale, is among them, with works
by Titian. Botticelli. Bellini and Man
tegna. ■ :-.
The Falcke collection of fire hundred
ateeea of Wed^rwood recently presented
to the nation has been added to the Bri*
i.<h Museum. I. X. F.
Bounteous Harvest of Rice, bat the
Price 13 Lou-.
Tokio. Dec. <».— The economic situation In
Japan at present is not encouraging, and
the expected revival ha* not arrived. As a
result depression in manufacturing is very
great, and the large agricultural section
throughout the entire Island Is gloomy.
This is primarily due to the low price of
rice, following a bounteous harvest.
The weaving Industry is particularly
bard hit by this depression. A lrmit is
being put upon production by agreement
araon? the weaver?. Immediate release from
this embarrassment is not looked for !u
economic circle*, but on account of the
fact of a magnificent harvest and a good
silk year, together trite the recovery of
the balance of trade, which is rapidly be
ing accomplished, it is hoped that a rr-at
«r decree of content will be brourht about,
at least by spring.
London. Dae. ii— Lord Althorp, as Lord
Chamberlain, has jus; issued in "Tie Lon
don Gazette" tha regulations for presenta
tion at thefr majesties' courts during the
coming year. Two courts, i: i? pointed out.
are usually held before Easter ard tno
after Easter.
Among: the more interesting: reflations
are the following:
Ladies who have beea presented ax.i who
wish to be summoned to one of the»» courts
are requested to mak? a written application
to th Lord Chamberlain, St. James's Pal
ace, s '■'■ .. on or as soon as possible a'ter
January l next, but not before mat date. *
A lady attending » court. may present one
lady, for whom she must >-.. responsible.
in addition to her daughter or dauchter-in
law. Th*: name* of ladies to be iC-esented
should be forwarded by the lady who
wishes to make t£.e presentation when sho
sends In her own name.
A lady presented foe the first time can
present only tier d&uaiue.- or daua)>ter->r.
law at the court at which she Is presented.
No • pl!c*tiona can be received from la
dies who wish to be pr*>sent*-d. Their names
roust be forwarded by the ladies who wish
to make the presentations.
The dress regulations are. I^adles. foil
court dress, with f«»»thers and trains- c^n
tlemen. full court dress.
• -
London. Dec. M.— incident occurred la
Madrid recently which exemplifies the rea
son of Queen Victoria Eugenie's popularity
with th* p*opl- of Madrid. Her majesty
t>*ent dawn to the great bazaar to buy toys
for the royal children, and on leaving sa«
caught sight of two soldiers standing oca?
the doorway who had only the night before
returned from Melilla.
Th* Queen addressed them, asking them
various questions about the campaign. an 4
then took them back with her |»:o tha
bazaar and said: "Choose anything yot:
like. I- should like bjm to have a aovreohr
of me."
Th« ««4<Uers were at first too shy la do
as they were invited, but her majesty's
sraclous insistence soon overcame tie!?
Bj and they each chosa sonjethlnsr,
isoth men were evidently dat;>iy touched
by the Queen a generosity. A large crowd
which had speedily s&th?r*i! and Mtaesse<i
tfre tnct^eat warmly oh««r«d h^r majesty.
TVere proof required .... seca
nty market strength nothing more con
vfnclnsf — .-,■■•■, mor^ dramatic— couM
be afforflod than th/ 5 spectacular ex
hibit of Rock Island's movement last
Monday. This particular stock had been
moving along on normal market lln?-*
for; many — enjoying the result*
of ordinary uplifting strength. A flood
of buying orders appeared which caused
a swift rise of thirty points tn a f»-»
mlnnt*--*. the movement being followed
by equally pw4H rec*-3sien- Much g<**
sip, much speculative theorizing, laV
lowed upon thja incident. But S3 th*
facts begin to stand out it becomes ap
parent that the whole Incident was of
the simplest character. Soraeaodr
wanted to buy Rock Island and orders
v.ere placed at the market. Without lim
itation. To execute these, orders was
Impossible; except at in»t2ntan*oua ad
ranee. Just the same th'ne ra:-«ht have
happened in any of the standard stocks
outside the arena cf daily speculation
Chicago and Northwestern or St. Pail
must have followed similar lines had a
bis rush of buying orders app«ar*d in
any one of them for to* fact i 3 that
in all standard issues ownership is *»
concentrated and so confident aa hi
preclude any influence from selling or
der?. -'
All kinds of Insinuations and ian
endoes have been pabl!s!l#d ctz'glrg
Rock Island magnates with manipula
tive Intentions. Facts do not irarrant
thepe charges. On the contrary, wfcea
extreme price? in Rock Island were
reached it because qtiite plain that tbeT»
was no sympathy on the part of con
trolling Rock Island interests with any
attempt la create artificial quotation*
The -whol>- episode was so suddea—
erins- scarcely more than fifteen minute*
— as to make confusion inevitable, but
the net result of that short fatefn*
movement was te leave the price .of
Reck Island common virtnallr un
changed. The men In control saw tfc*
danger and cured the situation - with
prompt! tnde.
As a matter of fact, « hat is disclosed?
Paucity of Wall Street speculative hold
ing?. w%*a the market artificial, -were
it dominated by manipulation, such ac
tion as that which took place in Rocfc
Island -would beyond doabt hare precip
itated temporary panic. Nothing of the
kind appeared. Here and there was ■
little nervousness, but apprehension
vanished before ill effect was wrought.
The market moved on in enstomary
course «M calm indifference. No more
splendid testimony to Inherent strength.
to recognition of national growth, could
possibly i>e certiSed-
From this point of view it I? superfiu
aaa to point to the subsequent regular
rnoveaaist of Rock Island, establishing a.
range of five points higher than, when,
the flurry flurried.
Coincident with this disturbance tr
the railroad list was calm assertive
strength in leading industries. Not. one
of them was affected ■! iillinaiii
Steel and Copper shares were traded in
confidently, as were also allied com
panies. Conspicuous tn the confident
movement of these shares was tha rec
ognition of the harmonious relation of
capital .-."t«» " labor. Tna . proTit-^nartas
plan of the United States Steel Corpo
ration with. it» employes proved to be
efficient against any threatened strike*.
And this plan spreads from tho Sta*l
Corporation to the International Har
vester Company and to a " long list o:
other industrial concern?, with winning
testifying to the wisdom and
practical foresight af methods faj years
advocated by that foremost exponent of
reasonable relations between employer
"and employed — George W. FerSdns.
Incidental to this discussion looms up
the actual large profits acenjiu* to tfte
employes of the United States Szer! Cor
poration by reason of their isrestsses;
in the Corporation's pref.^rr*d stocS. Ji
who subscribe are enjoying proap
dividend? And the subscribers, asa ef
common sense actual workers — «zr
scarcely 10 be deluded by asy ;Jb»
sionai demagogue. Perliiiis ajahaj jac«i.
In the market of th« N'ev. Tear apnelL
of anjßi Trill t?*jy>R^ Ban s«r:ti-2e:r: —
»nd this will have Largely •■ *: «'-. v
records that during :!:e last year tswre
been navlc. ileasuresseat liie sala is
ha*ng«J to properties of tt« fi«wl«y so«l-
Chesapeake and Ohio oa|hi to — k
likely to be — sure la be — as Tni~inflhnt
favcrit?. Though diiEculi ia tie oid
days, under the old ~anas*tr -•. cterslj"
to earn fixed charts*. ChjBBBBnaJI a-d
Ohio is now ajahj 1* per c^xt. ax»u>
its. Chesapeake and Ohio tz par aosht
tc be a 1010 exhibit— mo exhibit with
in three s?onth3 from New Tear's.
What may be counted up»->c. what t»
certain in th»» year now starttna*. is t^t
Investment interests may be measured
by dividend disbursements. TV« ar*
gtir.g to have this year many stocks te
the «li\-?dr?nd paying list not hitherto
there; and many dividend ratios of l*o>
are certain to be in 1>1« materially **- ■
I&rfed. Of especial cosset:* ace;, too.
Influencing sentiment — and properly In
fluencing sentiment win be tha natural,
necessary, official acts or directors In
distributing dividends which have -ac
cumulated* upon preferred « rocks in
properties where through hard time*
and panic enwrgencies preferred sJ^re
hol-: have b*«n willing temporarily to
forego the collection of dividends be
loaginc to there. Vulcan Dennniny pre
ferred is a notable example in t&ts da&j.
Here is -i stock, purchasable trader 990
per share, aj§| not caly hi distributes
7 per cent. per year upon it.* par vahj*.
but which mm* begins to distribute th-»
accumulated dividends uhlch during; th.
•trass of hard tia.es have piled up to
the credi: c: preferred share. battw*.
Vulcan Dcilaniajr preferred an anm> re*
sonablc »ppr»ta«ment to. of course, worth
MHioh more th*n Urn faoe —iliw for tr.
tt<3<JiUon i-> " p«»r c^nt. now returned
upon par the stock has SO per cent, of
accumulated dividend- to fee dlttributacl
as so ntich eurpluaaso to p: m*-: buy
er*. The buyer ot Vulcan preferred at
present buys what to cor. BUjanhllj
apprai»ible abcv« r*r
It Is, of rnnrat nliaihai of hnn|ae4k«
calculation or patriotic aßjaaaajaajißw
Just new tha fashion to txtii J. p. * Mcr
caa. .... thu* p.raf«*sior.&l w&t! Street
*• -devoted (conversationally) to prcpe
ahnj that i9i% is to wttneaa e*Trscnii
nary UerclopoMnta hi «r«ry II ■■in—janjil
property with which Mr Morgana r.sns-
Is identified. it U aa«y to declare tb^~
this hj ui*iac«»; but tha wan street
i altitude believe ... it.
1 ii ALLA^AT.

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