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ONE CENT In Clly of KM York. Jrr*«".v City and Hoboken. V* lAIX ... N° *i:\S HY2. To-morrow, rain or snow: variable xvindn. NEW-YORK, THIRSDAY, JANUARY ;, 0, 1910.- SIXTEEN JrAljriJjO. * I»!M( X ONE CENT ta rlty ELSEWHERE TWO CENTS. WORLD-WIDE PEACE OOOBT PKOPOSED KNOX SI (i(rKSTS IT TO THE POWERS. Urges Enlargement of Hague Prize Tribunal's Functions— Plan Well Received. (From The TriM:n» Bureau. 1 Washington, Jan. 5.— a further step in the movement of the United States toward the establishment of an.interna tional arbitral tribunal for the adjudi cation of differences between the powers, Secretary Knox ha.« addressed a circular riot, to the governments signatory to the last Hague convention, proposing that the international prise court established by the conference be invested with the functions and jurisdiction of such a tri bunal. The note araa sent out several weeks ? r.d the State Department is await ing the replies of the foreign govern ments It is expected that Great Brit ain. France and Germany, which practi c».liy gave their assent to the creation f'f such a court riT the last peace confer ence, will indorse the proposal of Secre iary Kr-'-x. and that their action will be the signal to the other governments to fall into line. If the plan succeeds it will mark the completion of the most im • step yet taken toward making tional arbitration a fact instead of a tht-<jry. THE FIRST ANNOUNCEMENT. Despite the fact that Secretary Knox announced his action at a dinner of the Pennsylvania Society In New York liearly a month ago. it has escaped gen eral attention. This was not unnatural, for the speech was made on a Saturday night, when all the newspapers go to press earlier than usual, and no extended report of his address was possible. Two weeks later ex-Ambassador Choate commended the plan in a speech before the Union Club at New York. In his speech Secretary Knox said: As distinct from the conferences called for economic, commercial or moral pur popes, politic.il conferences have beer. very frequent In the last two centuries. At first they met at the end of war to rr.ncludv* pence. More recently still. In deed, within the last generation, confer ences have met within time of peace to deviso means for preserving peace in stfisd ol devising rules? for future war fare. These conferences have had one I>nint in common, namely, that th«? ter n.ination of war by the conclusion of peace, the regulation of eventual war and the Element of difficulties without a resort to war. are matters of interna tional concern. However important the acts of these conferences, the fact of i heir m«-ftin*r - iras • * v ' >n more important, for it is evident that the common inti ••- «-st of the nations ip being recognized'as superior to their special interests, and that unity of action in international mat ters may yet control the unrestrained, unregulated or isolated action of inde pendent states. In 1907 the Hague Peace Conference adopted the joint project of the United States. Great Britain. France and Ger many for the establishment of an In ternational prize court; whose jurisdic tion, as its name implies, extends to cases of rise which can only arise dur ing a state of war. Very recently the State Department bis proposed, in a circular note to the powers, that the court should also be In vested with the jurisdiction and func tions of a court of arbitral justice. The United States, as the originator of this j- reject, is confidently, yet anxiously, looking forward to it- acceptance by the powers, which will give to the world an international judicial body to adjudge « ases arising in peace as well as contro versies incident to war. U. B. GAVE FIRST IMPULSE. The first impulse in the direction of the establishment of an international peace court originated with the United States at the last Hague peace confer free. When the proposal arms made to establish a court free from political in fluences it was received with misgivings by most of the powers, which could not conceive of a court free from political influences. At the suggestion of Secre tary Root, .he commission pointed out that most cases of ordinary arbitration in which an outside government or sovereign ■was ailed upon to adjust the differ r-nces between * 'o contending govern ments, and in which political considera tions were not always present, resulted Jn a compromise; whereas, in the hands «>f experienced lawyers, the. result would be determined by the facts and equity. This suggestion had its effect at once, and the plan was more favorably con sidered. The Internationa] prize court, however, was the nearest approach to sueti a tribunal then achieved. By en- Jargins the powers of this tribunal. wtiich is already established, it is be )i«ved that the Initiative of the Unite. l Rates will obtain the desired result. It is pointed out that had such a court been in existence the slight friction be tween the United States and Chili over the Alsop case— which is to be settled by King Edward— would probably have been avoided, as bothfoun tries were from the liret disjiosed to arbitration, and re course would naturally have been had to the international court, and that the boundary dispute between Bolivia and Pen;, which threatened to disturb the peace of South America, would never have reached such extreme ends. THE NOTE TO THE POWERS. The following resume of the note ad dressed to the lowers \va* made public at the State Department this evening: The advantage of Ii v. sting the prise «« urt with the functions of ;i court of arbitral justice needs no argument, be chuh.' it j.> obviously easier to utilize ;m fwstlng body than to create a new In- Kltj»tion. and as the judges the prize «'urt must necessarily be \. rsM ii In •fmationai law. they could v.eU be |n irust'd v. ill) any question susceptible of "bltratlon Th. proposition nas th« ru>ti« Kre3t j?*** 11 **** °f providing th. T.!Vr-?H S N \ Uh a r >rr '"ane!»t court of ar- <Or the P«W*fu! settlement of peace; »h< preKupj* SHhSfSS the n ' ethod of imposition v i,h t*h r £ Urt by thus Investing it vith th- jurisdiction and functions oka. court of arbitral justice would constitute hi, UiUg tribunal, and the world would f «* ha y- for the stote« free] v consent ing to and aweptins the proposition one international judiciary to adjudge cases wiring in peace as^vell as controversies Contuiued on t>«x<;ad vug%. GOLD (UP FOR MIKADO American Xaval Officers at Tokio Make Gift. Tokio, Jan. f>. -Rear Admiral Sebree. Rear Admiral Harber and the other offi cers of the American squadron are re reiving much attention here. To-day they presented a pold cup from the Phil adelphia mint to the Emperor. Several hundred American tourists on the steamer Cleveland have been given elaborate receptions at Yokohama and Tokio. GAG Wi Black Hand Men Then Set Fire to Store. Following the receipt of three Black Hand loiters, two men entered the cloth ing store of Salvatore Genzardi, at Parker nnd Westohester avenues. The Bronx, last evening, bound and gagged Mrs. Josephine denzardi. the owner's wife, and tied her to a chair, afterward setting fiie to the store and making their escape. Before going the men stole $45 from a drawer. The men told Mrs. (Jenzardi that they had sent the threatening letters. They demanded $500, and when she refused they threw her into a chair and gagged her before beginning a search for money. Before leaving the store they set fire to some oil soaked clothiny. The a rival rof Henry Belde I^a Funte. of Rio. 24<"'3 "West Chester avenue, who was passing and saw the flames, saved Mrs. GenzardiY life. He entered the store on hands and knees and managed to untie the knots which bound the woman. The fire was put out after doing $500 damage. WISE BEGIXS CASE. U. S. Attorney Acts in Letter Theft Investigation. "The United States Kgt. Norcross and Riley," is the title of the proceedings before the federal grand jury in the ef fort of Henry A. Wise, the United States Attorney, to place the responsi bility for the purloining of the letter written by George W. "Wiekersham. United States Attorney General, from Mr. Wises private files. As told exclu sively in The Tribune, this letter was taken while Mr Wise was in Paris on the Panama libel case, in July, and was returned to the public files, where it was found several weeks ago. Charles Norcross was the author of an article in the January "Cosmopolitan Magazine' called "Tragedies of the Sugar Trust." in which the letter ap peared. He is now in London. It was said that he was sent there to repre sent a local newspaper sfton after the article was written. The publisher of the magazine. George L. yon Vtassy, was a witness before the grand jury yesterday. Perriton Maxwell, also of • the magazine, was a witness the day before. There was a Riley employed as an in vestigator by the Interstate Commerce Commission. He was engaged in the Federal Building on the books of the American and Pennsylvania sugar com panies last spring and summer. He has n<>t he^n in any of Mr. Wise's offices since August. When seen last night he denied having any knowledge of the grand jury procedlnga, Mr. Wise will have other witnesses to testify in the rase and it was expected yesterday that indict ments wouid be handed down in a few days. MAY SUCCEED RAISES. Royal R. Scott Wins Ontario Delegates. [By Telegraph to Th* Tribune.] Geneva. N. V.. Jan. f». — Royal R. Scott, of Canandaigua, carried forty-four dele- Rates out of a possible eighty-three in Ontario County In caucus to-day to nominate a successor to Senator Raines. Scott will undoubtedly go to the Geneva convention Saturday indorsed by On tario County and with nine delegates. It looks to-night as though Scott would carry the 4 I'd District against all oppo sition. Scott rarried the town of Canandaigua, including Canandaigua village, the home of the late Senator, by eighty-six votes. Those favoring opposition to direct pri maries withdrew their candidates at the last minute, thereby practically indors ing Governor Hughes. OFFER PASTOR $12,000. Fifth Avenue Church Invites the Rev. J. 11. Jowett. The Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church of this city, at a meeting of its congre gation last night, unanimously called to its pastorate the Rev. John Henry Jowett, a* present pastor of Carr's Lane Congregational Chapel, Birmingham. England, and offered him one of the highest salaries ever extended by a New York congregation to 'any man to be come its pastor. The «rieeting last night was harmonious on all points. The call mentions as salary the sum of $12,000 and a home. There are min isters in New York who receive $12,000 a year, but some of them are not pro vided with a home in addition. The only possible exception to this may he- Trinity's rector, the Rev. Dr. Manning, but he was elect. d by a vestry, not called by a congregation. , Nothing was Silid in th/* 'all or in the meeting last night about vacations, but it (.■- assumed that July and August are granted for this purpose. WERNER COMPANY IN TROUBLE. Receiver for $2,000,000 Publishing House of Akron, Ohio. Cleveland, Jan. .Y— Th*. Werner Company, » 12.080,000 ■ publishing hOUte, of Akron, Ohio, was thrown into a receivership on Petition of Paul K. and Edward P. Werner, principal stockholders, through proceedings brought before Judg*. R. W. TayW in th* United States District Court here to-day. The Superior Savings ami Trust Company was appointed receiver. THROUGH CARS TO FLORIDA RESORTS Seaboard Florida Ltd. is the handsomest, Quickest and only club car train to Florida. lnq. Seaboard Air Line, 1183 B'way— Advt. GOVEMOR'SMESSAGE DIRECT XOM IX A TIOXS AGAIX URGED. Also State Cabinet and Anti- Oral Betting Latsc—Herri man Park Gift. [By Tfleuraph to The Tribune 1 Albany, Jan. s.— ln a notably calm and dispassionate message to the Legislat ure Governor Hughes to-day renewed his recommendations for the enactment of a state-wide direct primary law and a law putting into use here the Massa chusetts ballot. In conjunction with the latter recommendation the governor suggested a constitutional amendment to lessen the number of elective officers in the state municipalities, providing for a short ballot and permitting the Gov ernor to appoint a Cabinet to replace many of the present elective state offi cers. Governor Hughes also transmitted to the Legislature a special message rec ommending that the proposed constitu tional amendment adopted by Congress providing for an income tax be not rati fied by the Legislature of this state. The Governor in the general message urged amendments of the Penal Code to prevent oral betting, or bookmaking without the recording of bets, and the so-called "white slave" traffic. A re newal of his recommendation for the in clusion of all telephone and telegraph companies under the jurisdiction of the Public Service commissions was distinct ly brief, even curt. Extension of the state's agricultural work, the state de velopment of water powers and the adoption of a more liberal forest preser vation policy were other features of the message which were expected by the legislators. MAN FIRST. THE HARRIMAN GIFT. Entirely new was the acknowledgment of a gift by Mrs. B. H. Harriman of a tract of land of 10,000 acres near her estate and $1,000,000 in cash to acquire other land for a great state park in the highlands of the Hudson. In the body of the message and in an appendix giving in detail correspondence between the Governor, George W. Perkins, president of the Palisades Park Commission, anl others there was set forth a compre hensive plan for the acquisition of the splendid park, to include most of the beautiful territory of the Palisades region, with a river frontage and a Kreat roadway along the base of the Palisades. Gifts by John D. and William Rocke feller, J. Pierpont Morgan. Mrs. Sage, Miss Helen Miller Gould. George W. Perkins and «thers amounting to $1,625, 000 were announced, with the declara tion that $2,500,000 more had been raised. To meet this New York State is td appropriate $2,.~»00,000 to acquire land and build roads And to remove the new state prison from Rockland County to some place where it will not interfere with this park work. New Jersey is to make an appropriation, and the state authorities have agreed to do this, giv ing what the Palisades Park Commission shall consider New Jersey's fair share. Charter revision for New York City, the passage of measures to assure more economical condemnation proceedings, comprehensive automobile legislation, with a license tax: proper legislation to provide better compensation for injury of employes along the lines of the report of the commission on em ployers" liability, the lessening of special legislation for municipalities and a definite system of budget making by the state were urged by Governor Hughes. ORGANIZATION MEN" AT SEA. The message did not seem to strike fire from legislators as the Governor's pre vious messages have done. Partly this was due to the fact that the "important Htighes policies' set forth in the docu ment were renewals of his recommenda tions last year. It was due equally to the fact that as yet ihere is no plan for united legislative opposition to the Gov ernor's proposals, nor. in fact, any defi nite knowledge whether the organiza tion leaders who have opposed his rec ommendations in other years as a matter of "party policy" will fight them this session There will be too much feeling that practically the entire programme will have to be put into the statute books to permit much pertinents com- Dic-nt. Senator Grady. after the message had been read, did undertake to stir up trou ble. He said he had expected the Gov ernor the next time he alluded to the corrupt practices a«'t, to call attention to the contribution by Superintendent Ste vens of the Department of Public Works Of $r>iM> to the "direct primaries party." which was the amount given by the di rect primary people to a league in Liv ingston County. Gnidy s.iid that it was "to aid in the mean and despicable op position of the Superintendent of Public Works to the Speaker of the Assembly." A Ist) he declared that the Governor was free in attacking racetrack gambling, but very chary in attacking Wall Street gambling in bucket shops and brokers' offices. WALL STREET COMMISSION HIT. Senator Grady attacked the Governor's Wall Street Commission, saying: "There never was such an exhibition oi audacity on the part of the chief executive of t :.< state us to cloak his knowledge of Wall Street gambling and supporting tii'- stock Exchange, selling the stock of railroads ten to twenty time.s S year, by the appointment of a com mission." _ This was' done, Senator Grady indi cated, "because of the Influence of tho Governor's clients who are members of the Btock Exchange.'. 1 Th« Governor never hud attacked the exchange, Grady said. ;ind never would Senator Allds said that no client th»j Governor ever had would Influence hi;* d'oisionn at this time. The Governor's only client at thin time, he said,, was the entire people of this state. As for the Stevens episode. Senator A lids was glad the corrupt practices act was working well enough so the entire transaction was shown in the; proper reports, and ■aid that nobody on the Republican sldo was going to cavil at an occurrence In the western part of the state. • In general, Legislators praised the - • message. Senator Agn^w said it was an excellent one. with which in general h» was in accord. Senator Cobb thought it was a fine document, up to the Gov ernor's utjual standard, and on* sure fo be approved' by the people of the state. Senator Hinman declared the message in general had his hearty approval. Sen ator Bayne, Democrat, said that while he might not agree with the Governor on some things, his message and general attitude merited the greatest respect and admiration. The message, he said, was obviously drawn \\\xh a sincere desire to serve the people of the state. [The text of Governor Hughes's mes sages will be found on Pages 5, 8 and 9. XICARAGUAX PEACE. Estrada Sends Envoi/ to Treat if it h Madriz. Managua. Jan. 5. — Managua is jubilant to-night over the prospects of early peace President Madriz made public this evening ;< dispatch which he had re ceived from General Diaz, one of the leaders in General Estrada's insurgent army, saying that he was leaving Rama for Managua to discuss the situation with the President. • General Diaz's telegram was as fol lows: "Be assured of our patriotism and of General Estrada's honorable character. I am leaving for Managua to settle the country's situation with you directly." President Madriz also gave out a telegram, which he has received from General Estrada, in which Generals Gonzalez, Castrillo. Gomez and other prisoners are reported well. 7A r FAKER (LASS. Boston Public Library Will Keep Cook's Books. [By Telrgraph to The Tribune] Boston. Jan. f>.— The works of Dr. Frederick A. Cook, the Arctic explorer, instead of being removed from the Bos ton Public Library, as has been sug gested, are destined for. a novel honor. While the library authorities will make no special r la.ssifieation of them, the ex plorer's books may be placed in the cate gory with literary fakers of all ages. "To strike Cook's works from our lists would be a burning shame, '• said the assistant librarian. "Nothing of the sort will be done. The literature of impos tors forms one of the most fascinating divisions of any library's collection. Naturally we have quite a list of such works in the Boston Public Library." EX-EMPRESS ILL. Maximilian 8 Widow in a Seri ous Condition. Brussels, Jan. 5. The "Gazette" says that the condition of ex-Empress Marie Charlotte, widow of the late Emperor Maximilian of Mexico, is causing grave anxiety. , * Recently she has had several violent attacks, in the course of which for the first time in many years she uttered the name of Maximilian. The former Empress has been insane for many years and has not been in such condition as to warrant her being informed of the death of her brother, King Leopold. ROSEBERY IX REVOLT. Former Premier Would Vote Against His Own Parti/. London, Jan. Jv— Having been asked how he would vote if he were nn elector. Lord Rosebery in a published letter says that he would vote against the govern ment, because he opposes the socialism inherent in the budget and because he opposes anything in the nature of an in dependent Irish Parliament or that would likely lead to it. SERENADES MAYOR GAYNOR. Humane Society Officer Ends Song of Soloist in a Tree. Honors and congratulations nf various kinds havo come to Mayor Gaynor since his election, but be an.l his family were ur.appreeiative of a yowling serenade out side their home. No. 20 Eighth avenue, early yesterday morning. The perenader. like some of the I >«»mo cr;;tie district leaders in Kings County these dajß. was up a tree which is at the curb between the Mayor's home and that of his friend. Miraheau L. Towns, the poet-lawyer. The "music" was kept up till lons past midnight, and when patience ceased to be a virtue a patrolman was summoned. His corpulency an.l the tree didn't Jibe very well, but, Pru.-e-llke, he persisted until be reached the lofty perch of the singer. A spit and a dab of sharp clews accelerated the downward slide of the patrolman. He. finally got Inspector Evans of the Humane Society to help our. Mr. Bvans P^t a stepiadder. an.] Hke^tso the cat- a large black torn. SIXTY MEN MISSING. Fears for Twelve Fishing Boats Which Disappeared in a Blizzard. Halifax. N. S.. Jan. s.—Twelve. —Twelve boats and sixty men of the Canso flshins: fleet have bees missing since yesterday's gale, and the Department of Marine and Fisheries has been asked to dispatch steamers In starch of them. Th<*re were twenty-five boat." trawling off White Head Harbor yesterday afternoon. when, without warning, a furious blizzard swept down on them from off the land. Five boats succeeded in reaching Canso last evening, and eight more were heard from this morning. For the remainder the worst is feared. BOY PRODIGY GIVES LECTURE. Harvard Student Entertains Professors ' in Higher Mathematics. Cambridge, Mass.. Jan. 5.--\Vllllnm J. Bldis, of Rrookline, a mathematical prodigy, whoso Intellectual attainments enabled him to enter Harvard University an a >\<*'- in I student last fall, although he is only eleven fears old, addressed the Harvard Mathe matical Club to-night on th« subject of "Four Dimensional Bodies" For over two hours Sidls entertained a hundred students and , professors In higher mathematics with his views of the mys teries of the fourth dimension. Florida— Quickest and Bast Service , via Pennt and Atlantic Coast Line. N. Y. & Florida Hpeciiil." leaves 1:25 p. m. Superior roadway, equipment and service. 1218 B'way. — AJvl. ! WBECK ON THE WILLIAM SBUKG BRIDGE. CAR OF' KOSCIUSKO STRKKT EXPRESS PARTLY OVERTURNED CITY'S ICY MANTLE HUNDREDS HURT BY FALLS IX STREETS. Horses Unhitched and Wagons A bandoned — Motor Vehicles Reap Harvest. New York hit the toboggan last night. The horses were called off the streets and all those pedestrians who could keep out of the gutters took to the middle of the roadways. Some put on ice skates, which were safer than plain shoe leather or rubbers, and mixed couples could be spied curving through upper Broadway on privately conducted pole dashes. Bit for the most part Jack Frost had the citizens charmed to a standstill, scared to move. Many were the fervent prayers for the arrival of that blizzard long and loudly heralded, and yet, should the sun shine this morning, New York would awake a dream city. But beauty fr, scant com pensation for broken legs anil arms, and a right in the open, even with the weather, is to be preferred to an insidi ous ambush of sleet. At least two hundred persons were more or less seriously injured by falls in the greater city. Roosevelt Hospital reported twenty oases early in the even ing; Flower Hospital twelve and J. Hood Wright Hospital eight. As the night advanced the records grew with startling rapidity, and at 1 o'clock this morning the early figures had doubled. Bellevue Hospital had one of the busi est nights in the history of the institu tion. Between ."» p. m. and midnight there were nearly one hundred cases nf accidents due to falls on the slippery sidewalks. The staff of the hospital was pressed to its utmost, and sometimes all the four horse ambulances, the two au tomobiles and two or three transfer wagons used temporarily as ambulances were out at once. The equine victims, as might he sup posed, were numberless and nameless, for it is not the thoroughbred with pedi gree that suffers on an afternoon and night like yesterday, but the work horses, which have to make the best of things. Down they went in every street and avenue, and not only did they tie up traffic on the surface lines by falling in front of the cars, but frequently the space between the tracks was the only place they could get footholds, and their drivers would not turn out. On Fifth avenue the inability of the horses in many cases to make any head way at a'l their vehicles caused the drivers and traffic policemen to unhitch them and abandon the wagons right there in the roadway to wait until the blizzard came and covered them up or the sun melted the malevolent coating of ice and they could be hauled off. other streets had their abandoned wagons, too. and in a few were dead horses, whose drivers were waiting for the a S. P. •'. A. wagon. There are no hospital accommo dations for horses \\ ith broken legs. The touch of the wizard was upon the elevated railways, too. The antics on these steel thoroughfares were just as capricious as those going on in the streets below, but were in the form of tire and fireworks. As the trains thun dered along the shoes brushed great tparks off the third rails and every now and then lighted up whole neighborhoods with great flashes of green light. One of these Hashes thr§,w the tenants of three tenement houses at Nos. 4<>r.N, 4060 and 4WJ Third avenue. Th* Bronx. Into a panic, caused the summoning of firemen and tied up the Third avenue "L" and surface lines for forty minutes. The tenants were just finishing their dinners when they were startled by a dull explosion and rushed to their win dows to find that a sheet Of blue flame was shooting marly rifty feet in the air from a point on the "I/ 1 structure, di rectly in front of the buildings. Large sparks were blowing from the tracks afcainst the fronts Of the houses. The occupants ran to th<- street, where they were reassured I>> a poUceaUM and w>nt back. Hundreds of persons were marooned In front of the theatres through the failure o« taxi. -ah drivers to .all for their fares who had ordered them to return In front of the Manhattan Open House tullv two hundred persons, many of them women thinly .lad. were in such plight. The trouble was brought about prin cipally by some of the opera house «-m ployes who, encouraged by large tips which they split "up with the tax an men. got the drivers to abandon their original fares and take those who Were selected by the Manhattan employes. VwoiijaueU on »«roud imge. BAD BRIDGE WRECK ICY TRACKS CAUSE OF COLLISION. One Dead, Several Badh) In jured and Fifty Hurt in Stampede. One man was killed, another so seri ously injured that he may die and sev eral others were badly cut and bruised lust night is one of the worst accidents in the history of the Williamsburg Bridge, The wreck occurred at H o'clock, just as traffic was M its height Follow ing the accident about fifty persons in a crowd of three thousand were trampled upon in a stampede. An Eastern Park way train, made up of six cars, crashed into a Koseiusko street train <>f four curs, standing at the mouth of the De lancey street tunnel, about two hundred feet from the Manhattan end of the bridge. The latter was waiting to get into the terminal. Roth train- had been held in reserve for the bridge .rush. The dead man is Henry Frisker. of No, '.'l4 De Kalb avenue. Brooklyn, a s;uard on the Koseiusko express. When the crash came he was thrown to the tracks and caught underneath the third car of his train. Frisker was crushed to death. One of his arms was severed and was found some distance from the scene of the accident. This at first led the police to believe that ■ number of per sons had been killed, but a careful in vestigation showed that Frisker was the only one to have lost his life. Thomas Crane, the motorman 'n charge of the Eastern Parkway train, who lives at No. 2162 Fulton street. Brooklyn, was caught in his box. It was fully twenty minutes before he could bo extricated. Dr. Wiegle, th^ house surgeon of (Jouverneur Hospital, found him to be in a critical condition. He was taken to that institution, and it was said that he was suffering from in ternal injuries, concussion of the brain and bruises and abrasions about the body. DOCTORS QTVE AID TO FIFTY. There were in ail about fifty persons more or less injured, but after receiving medical aid from physicians who re sponded from St. Vincent's. Bellevue and St. Gregory** hospitals they were all able to go home. Had either of the trains been loaded it is believed that many persons wouM have been killed. Most of the cars were badly splintered. The motorman and two guards of the Eastern Parkway train narrowly es caped death. Benedict Matthewson. of N". <">oi"> Hamburg avenue, Brooklyn, was the motorman of the train and Charles K. Hudda, of No. TH Schaffer street. Brooklyn, and John Revens, of No. l»M»l Herkimer street, the guards. Like (.'ran •, Matthewson was causht in his box, while Budda and Revens were held im prisoned between two cars. Near l>y. al the time, was Henry J. Zimmer, a city light inspector. He hurried over and, with the assistance of several of th* guards of the two trains, who ha»i jumped to save themselves, succeeded in getting out the three men. It was found that they had been badly bruised and cut about the body, but after they had bean treated they were able to make their way home. Matthewson was running a train of four cars across the bridge when he was halted about two hundred feet from the Delancey street terminal. The Eastern Parkway train was following close be hind. When the motorman of the six tar train saw the one in front of him had stopped he threw on his brakes, but they failed to work on the slippery tracks and his train ploughed into the one ahead. Three cars of the first train were thrown from the track and the two forward on<"s of the Eastern Parkway train U f t the rails. The Impact was ter rific and the trash sounded like th<- roar of a cannon. Patrolman Brewster. of the Bridge sta tion, who was in the terminal at the Manhattan end, was the first on the scene. When he reached the wreck he found that several oars had caught tire. Dashing back to the terminal, he grabbed «i fire extinguisher and managed to put out the blaze. Everything was in con fusion in a moment. Ambulance calls were sent in. SLIPPERY TRACKS THE CAUSE. Crane, the motorman of the Eastern Parkway train, was partly conscious when found, and from his talk there is no doubt that he set the brakes on his Continued on urcond page. • WHERE TO TAKE LUNCH Am? drink highest type of American wines. If. T. Dewcy & Sons Co.. 133 Fulton St., N V -Advi NOW ONE GENT In fUr «f N>w York, , JfnrT ( If t *n*i Hol>olt«a. .NEW CASE .AGAINST SUGAR TRUST" RE( EirERSUIP MAY BE ASKED FOR. Investigation Beg)in Uthler Sherman Act That Will Make Pleading Immunity) Impossible. When President Taft, in his message to Congress on December 7. said that an investigation nf the affairs of the sugar companies might, by giving immunity and otherwise, prove an embarrassment, pending the probing by the Treasury T>e partm«»nt ani the Department of Justice, arrangements were under way • - i drastic inquiry in this city. It was begun here yesterday the federal grand jury, and the wit nesses, among them Charles R. Heike. secretary of the American Sugar Refin ing Company, were examined by James Ft. Knapp, an assistant of Henry A. Wise, the United States Attorney. At the Federal Building it was given cut that Mr. Heike had appeared to give testimony in the sugar short weighing frauds cases, but elsewhere It was learned that the real purport of his ap pearance was to give evidence regarding the business relations between the sev eral companies here and elsewhere. An other witness was from one of the panics supposed to be In competition with the American concern. The proceedings, based on the Sher man anti-trust act, were foretold ex clusively in The Tribune several weeks ago, but at the time the report was de nied. It was also said in The Tribune that if conditions disclosed warranted.it. the government, as in the tobacco case, would ask for a federal receivership. This action is now contemplated as one of the possible results of the in vestigation, for the government is de termined to enforce the law to its fullest extent. HO IMMUNITY FOR HF.\ - No witnesr. will be called from among the men in active control of the sugar ci-mpanies. There will thus be no im munity for those who may be included in an indictment. It was said that the examination of the witnesses was based upon the results of an investigation of the books that hav--" been in possession of the govern ment officials ever since the raid on the Havemeyer & Elder docks, in Williams burg. Last autumn, when the books of all the companies were being overhauled for a compilation of figures of the amounts ->f money which the government had lost through short weighing frauds, the plans for a broader proceeding began I shape When the men assisting Henry ! -imson. the special prosecutor for the government, laid their discoveries before him. the Department of Justice was informed, it was reported yesterday, and Mr. Wise was put in immediate charge of the new phase of the case. Soon afterward there was a demand for a Congressional investigation. This was opposed by the Department of Jus tice, with the facts before it. Atforney (leneral Wi.-kersham believing that the possibility of a successful prosecution would be frustrated by the immunizing of all witnesses called before a commit tee with judicial powers. The President. it was saitl vesterlay. took the same view, and expressed it in his message* The grand jury action was determined upon to forestall any other proceeding that might be brought or begun. AMKRICAN HAS M PKR i'KNT. A man familiar with trade conditions said yesterday that the American Sugar Company controlled !>► per cent of the business in this country. The remainder i.s apportioned among the Arbuckle Brothers, the National, the Federal and, the Warner companies. Until recently the American's prices controlled the prices at which the various grades of sugar were quoted to the market. The Federal Sugar Refining Company, it was said, was never in any alleged combina tion, but had to follow the prices of t^e leading concern owing to its handicap in the lighterage part of the business. From a lawyer Conversant with the new proceedings it was learned that th* imruiry was also hastened by the de cision of Judge Holt sustaining t murrer to the indictment of "lustav Kissel and Thomas B. Harned on the plea of the statute of limitations. thU demurrer applying to the officers anl directors r>f the American Sugar Refin ing Company as well, as they were all indicted on the same charge, that of con spiracy In restraint of trade under tho Sherman art in connection with the dosing of the Pennsylvania Sugar Re fining Company's plant Judge Holt's decision caused the gov ernment to appeal and the- case will soon be heard by the United States Supremo Court. According to the counsel >r Kissel and Harned, the act 'alleged in restraint of trade occurred in the winter of 190 CV or more than three years before the rinding of the Indictment. The new Investigation will, it was said yesterday, cover a period ending less than a year ago. and government officiate feel th;»t their inquiry will be as drastic as any that Conpress might institute, with the added advantage of possible prosecu tions. Mr. Stimson and his assistants have not ceased th«»lr efforts to rind the man "higher up" supposed to be responsible for the short weighing: frauds. The !3st witnesses before the grand Jury In th»ir branch of the investigation were Joseph p. McCJrath and c P. Briddon. assistant superintendents on the docks of the Havetneyer & Elder plant in Williams burs: It was said that their testimony related to the condition of the scales on the docks. H^nry F. Cochrane. counsel for t!io four former checkers employed by trie American Sugar Refining Company, who were convicted in December, filed pa pers yesterday in the request for a new trial. which will be made ■ Saturday. Mr. Cochrane's grounds for the request will be lack of jurisdiction and immu nity because of testimony given before the federal grand jury in Brooklyn by the convicted men.