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Amusements. ACADEMY OF MUSIC— S: 15 — Easiest Way. Al.HAMßßA— 2— Vaudeville. ASTOR — — Seven Days. BEL.ASCO— B:I5 — Is Matrimony a FalluraT BIJOU — B:ls— The Lottery Man. BROADWAY— B:I6 Jolly Bachelors. CARNEGIE HAI-Ir- 2:3o—Concert—B—Bethle hem, CASINO 8:15 — The Chocolate Soldier.' r '. — 2 — B — Vaudeville. COMEDY— S-30— The Affinity. CRITERION— S:CO — The Bachelor's Baby. DALY'S — 8:15 — Belle of Brittany. EDEN MU6KB — The World In Wax. EMPIRE— What Every Woman Know*. FIFTH AVENUE— 2— Vaudeville. GAIETY — — Fortune Hunter. GARRICK S:IT — Your Humble Servant. GRAND CENTRAL PALACE— IO a. m. to 11 p. m — Automobile Show. HACKETT— 2:3O— OIive Latimer's . Husband— F:15 — Cameo Kirby. HAMMERSTEIN-S— 2:ls— B:ls— Vaudeville. HERALD SQUARE— B:IS— Old Dutch.. HIPPODROME— 2— 9— A Trip to Japan: In side the Earth: the Ballet of Jewels. Ht'DFON — « 15 — The Next of Kin. IRVING PLACE — 8 IS -I>rr Floh Ira Ohr. KNICKERBOCKER — S— The Dollar Princess. LIBERTY — — Th* Fires of Fate. LYCEUM— :«>— Penelope. I.TEU'- - '•■'• - ' ; ■'■•'■ MANHATTAN OPERA HOUSE— S—Fau«t. MAXINE ELLIOTTS THEATRE— B:3O— The Passlnc of the Third Floor Back. METROPOLITAN OPERA HOUSE— B— I* Glo r-nna. NEW AMSTERDAM — 8:16— Sliver Star. ?JT7tV THEATRE— Don Pn«Quale. NEW YOIIK — S:15 — The Man Who Owns Broadway, FAVOr — «s - 1 r. — The Commanding Officer. fT NICHOLAS RINK— B:l6— lce Hockey. FTOTVESANT— — Th*- Lily- TV-M-T.ACK'S— - IS— A Little Brother of the Rich. WEBER'S — IB— The Ge44eaa of Liberty. WEST END — 8:15 — The Midnight Sons. Znrfor /o Advertisements. Pa e.Ocl. ! Pa e.Col. Annulment* .14 6-7! Far Pale 11 <> Apartment Help Wanted. ...» «-•> «ot*!g ... 10 4 1 Instruction 11 2 Art Palos . ...4 8-51 1»st Bankbooks.. 9 < Automobile* ... S 4-7! Marriages and Bankers and t Deaths ' <W Brokers .. .12 llMeetinßS 12 i TV .-.:*. * Roomi 9 " i Miscellaneous •■• » • Business Chances • 7 1 Proposals «• ' Carpet Cleaning. 11 «lPuMlr Notices... 9 7 Cliatlons : 9 TJReal Estate •••*• *-7 IXsk* *nd Office 'Rosorts « « Furniture .... 9 7] Savings Banks. .13 6-7 Wy«olu»iO3 No- IPchool ABenc!es..ll « tire 12 ll Special Notices... 7 i Dividend No- 1 Surrogate" « M> tip*. 12 1! tic's 11 ° Domestic Pitua- tTalkincMEchlnes.il 6 tfons Wanted. 9 GiTime Tables 11 0-7 Financial ... . 12 Tribune Bubsertp- Flnanci&l ... 13 6-7! lion Rates 7 7 Foreclosure ! Trust Company Fal»s 11 M Reports 13 7 Furnished Roome (Typewriting ....11 « to I>>t ... 9 7\V nfurn Ish ed Furnished i Apartments . .10 4 Houses to Lei 10 4 'Work Wanted... 0 8 rCfw-Dotk tribune. FRIDAY. JAM ARY 7. 1910 Thin netcupaper i& oicncd and pub- Uthcd by The Tribune Association, a Yew York corporation; office and prin cipal place of business. Tribune Build ing. \c. 151 Xassau street, Xew York; Ogden Mills, president; Henry W. tackrtt. secretary; James M. Barrett, treasurer. The address of the officer* .* the office of this newspaper. THE VBWB THIS iJORXIXO. CONGRESS.— Senate: A letter from Gilford Pinchot to Senator Dolltver was read, in -which the Chief Forester indorsed the Glavis charges against Secretary Eallinger and said that the President vas mistaken when he removed Glavis. '■'■ _ '■■ House: A resolution asking what ihe searcn for the Astor yacht had cost the governrrf^nt was adopted. fOREIGN. — Electioneering in Eng land steadily grows more bitter, accord- Ing to a special dispatch from London; and bad manners and even personal vio lence have become characteristic of the meetings. ===== Secretary Knox has al ready learned of the approval of his plan. for the sale of the foreign owned rail : roads in Manchuria to China, and It is expected that Russia and Japan will snon give their assent. -.—-■= The Scott expedition in search of the South Pole is now assured, the British government having guaranteed $100,000 toward the 5200,000 needed. \ Queen W'ilhelmina pave a dinner at The Hague for General Stewart L. W'oodford. president of the "Hudson-Fulton Celebration Commission. DOMESTIC. — Attorney General Wick ersham. in a report to the President, up holds Secretary Ballinper and declares the lavis charges unfounded. =-- — The battleship Idaho ran aground in the Del jii.-sfe River, twenty-five miles south of Philadelphia. ' ' ■ - - it was said at Al bany that the report of the legislative committed which has been investiira liner primaries throughout the country, would be submitted before February l. -^= A demand by Senattr Davis, of Erie, to be made chairman of the Senate Finance C«mmittc% it v.;is said at Albany, was disturbing the leaders of the upper house. = — — Samuel W. Baldwin, a •w ri !l known met hanieal engineer, died it Brookline. Mass. ===== A woman nurse assisted in saving forty patients in the Virginia Hospital, at Richmond, when fire destroyed the University College of Medicine, adjoining. — The South Cleveland Banking Company, of Cleve land, closed its doors. — _ Storm con ditions were reported from almost every part of the United States. CITY. — Stocks w<t<? active, closing Ftrong. _ Tho Mayor conferred with otiru-r members of the new Board of Es timate and Apportionment on its in.li ok-s. ——= it wm.« learned that the Stock Exchange would punish a firm of brok ers 5n connection with the Rock Island furry. ==== The battleship fleet in the Hudson was prevented by the fcg from Failing. =r=r The prosecution in the Bow Kuni n:urder trial rested its case. ■ — ~~ It was reported that the govern- Bterat had obtained evidence of a sugar trade agreement. ===== The police and the Buildings Department found a tun nel apparently leading to the vaults of the East Side branch of the 14th Street Bank. '_ Four men, two working in- Fide and two outside, tried to hold up a Polish bank in Williamsburg. THE WEATHER. — Indications for to day: Rain, turning to snow, and colder. The temperature yesterday: Highest, 38 degrees; lowest, 14. SUCCESS WITH II AD I U M. In Its last issue "The Sew York Medi cal Record** prints an account recently given by Dr. Robert Abbe to the Prac titioners 1 Club of the effects which he bad been able to produce with radium. That agent, in a concentrated form, hud been eelployed in the treatment of eleven (amors of a malignant character*. After a few applications of the radium the tumors began to shrink and to become less painful. In some cases there had not yet been time enough for complete recoi'ery, though the improvement was so marked that treatment had been dis continued. In others a perfect cure bad apparently been effected, and after an interval of from one to three years there was no sign of a recurrence of the malady. Each of the growths thus sub jugated was so situated, In the mouth or in the breast bone, that the radium tube could be placed directly in contact with it, though occasionally a slight in cision was necessary to facilitate the treatment. No cases were reported in which the patient derived any benefit when the tumor was not easily acces sible. The chief value of Dr. Abbe's tes timony lies in the fact Hat si least a few Burgeons in Europe, and probably in America also, are still skeptical about the efficacy of radium when applied to cancers which can readily lie reached. Only ■ few years ago, before the dis covery of radium, Dr. Abbe regarded surgery as the only means of relief in dealing with cancer, and when an opera* tion was feasible he advocated a resort to the knife with the least possible de lay. The success he has achieved in a mailed cfeM »t c£sss^.£hos£ In xhlch tbe diseased condition exists on or near the surface — certainly makes his present attitude instructive to his professional brethren. The results which nre now being attained will encourage a hope that d»ep seated tumors will eventually prove more amenable to radium than hitherto. They should also stimulate fresh efforts to find new and more abundant sources Of supply. AX IXTERXATIOXAL COURT. Briefly stated, the proposal of the tnited States government for an Inter national Court of Arbitration, which, simple as It Is, may prove epochal, Is to the effect that certain controversies arising in time of peace shall be ad justed in the same manner as those con sequent upon war, that for the take of ♦>xpedition aud facility this shall be done by a permanent standing tribunal instead of by a new tribunal specially constituted for each case, and that the tribunal shall be cf such a character as will assure the settlement of causes on principles of legality, justice and equity rather than on ihose of compromise. It would certainly seem that many, and indeed most, disputes which arise in time of peace should be more easily settled in such fashion than those aris ing amid the passions of foreign war. Nations have already signified their will ingness to submit to an international court questions concerning the seizure of vessels as prizes in war. Now our State Department suggests that they shall submit to the same or to a similar tribunal various questions arising In time of peace, concerning the inter pretations of treaties, the payment of pecuniary claims, the demarcation of boundaries and the like. Surely, If the more serious differences, including some which have been commonly regarded as adequate cause for war. can he thus disposed of. it should' be possible thus to deal with the less grave questions which do not in any rational estimation constitute causes of war. The advantages of having this work done by a permanent instead of a spe cial tribunal are obvious. It is gen erally desirable to have controversies settled promptly, as it certainly is to have them disposed of by an authority which is not reluctant to assume the task and in which both contending parties have full confidence. In consti tuting a special tribunal or securing a special arbitrator for any case there is inevitably some delay greater than that which would be involved in referring the matter to an existing tribunal; there is often difficulty in persitading a sov ereign or other dignitary to act as um pire, and unfortunately there Is some times ground for suspicion of at least involuntary partiality on the part of such an umpire. The tribunal suggested by Mr. Knox would avoid all these evils and embarrassments. The third of the qualities which this court would possess is perhaps the most valuable of all. That is its judicial char acter. Many thoughtful men and sin cere advocates of peaceful settlements of international disputes have found themselves unable fully to approve ar bitration by a non-judicial umpire, be cause decisions thus made were likeiy to be compromises, in which placatory concessions were made to both side-, rather than judgments rendered upon the strict merits of the case. They have accordingly discriminated between ar bitration and adjudication and have earnestly preferred the latter. Now, it docs not matter by what name the pro posed tribunal is called. The world is fond of the word "arbitration." which is almost as blessed as "Mesopotamia," and there can be no objection to its con tinued use. The essential thing is that ihis tribunal of so-called arbitration shall be in fact a judicial tribunal, do cidlng cases by legal and equitable ad judication rather than by good natured compromise. It is a> felicitous and nn auspicious cir cumstance-that the American govern ment has taken the initiative in propos ing to the powers of the world this for ward step in civilization. Our govern ment was not. of course, the inventor of international arbitration or adjudi cation, but it did perhaps more than any other to bring that principle into general use and to commend it to geii eral confidence when it sought such a settlement of some of the gravest for eign controversies :i!isiim out of cur Civil War. The world will ungrudgin? l.\ give it credit for Its important part In -bringing about the second congress at The Hague and for having per formed services of unsurpassed Impor tance at both of those gatherings In be half of peace and justice. [f now. through Mr. Knox's timely and tactful procedure, it shall effect the establish ment of a general and genuine Inter national court Of adjudication, then; Will be cause for national pride and pro found gratification in the achievement of the most practical and efficient step which has yet been taken by the world toward the confirmation of the rule of reason over force. GREAT BRITAIN IX THE WORLD'S MARKETS. One of the chief arguments for free trade in Great Britain has been that it promotes foreign commerce and gives that country a commanding place in the markets of the world. It is Indisputable that since the adoption of free trade there has been an enormous expansion of British commerce and the United Kingdom has won a leading place in the markets of most countries. More over, it is urged by those who advocate the maintenance of that system that British products and British exports are still Increasing. Yet, on the other hand, It is as strenuously, and apparently as plausibly, argued by the advocates of tariff reform that under and because ■>( free trade Great Britain is steadily los ing her once predominant rank in the world's markets. Mr. John 11. Schooling, the well known statistician, has supported this latter thesis In an elaborate series of statistical articles In "The Morning Post," of London, in which he has ana* lyzed the tendency of British foreign trade from 1880 to 1907 In the markets of thirty countries. Including practically all important lands excepting Mexico. Central America and Sooth America! The result Is a demonstration that in twenty-five countries, Including all those of first rate Importance among the thirty. British trade baa proportionately declined. That Is to say. those countries now receive from Great Britain a con siderably smaller proportion of their imports than they did. In the other five, all comparatively small countries, the proportion of British goods has in creased. That is a not altogether satis factory showing, it would be far more agreeable to England to know that she was Increasing Lor proportion. of. .sue NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. FRIDAY, JANUARY 7. 1910. supplies of every country. Yet it may be i bat Mr. Schooling goes to au extrema When be exclaims, "We shall perish v "a nutiou and as an empire if we con "thme along our prat eat course." For it is possible for British trade to be act ually increasing and yet to be propor tionately decreasing. Indeed, seeing how greatly manufacturing industries have been developed in <Jorinany, the United States and elsewhere, it would be strange If such wen not the fact. Take, for example, the case of Natal, which is the last country cited by Mr. Schooling as one In which Great Brit ain has seriously lost rank. In the years 1880 to 188!) Natal got an aver age of 80.7 per cent of its Imports from Great Britain and in 1808 to 1907 only 55.6. Thus there baa been, says Mr. Schooling, "a large and continuous fail." That is indisputable. Yet In the former period Natal imported from tbe United Kingdom an average of $),060,000 a year and in the latter $29,000,000. "A large rise," concedes Mr. Schooling. It is, indeed. The actual increase in Brit ish trade has been 220.4 per cent, while the proportionate decline has b«»en only 27.6 per cent. The logical conclusion seems to be, therefore, that British trade Is increasing at a rapid rate, al though the productive power of other countries is increasing more rapidly. Great Britain has not and may never again have so nearly a monopoly of the world's trade as she had some yean ago, but she seems likely to have enough to prevent her from perishing as a na tion and an empire, according to Mr. Schooling's pessimistic prophecy. TWO KINDS OF SERVICE. Reports come from Vallejo, Cal., of the heroic act of the fireman of a wrecked locomotive, who was scalded so badly that he may die of his in juries, but who, despite that fact, ran down the track to give warning signals to an oncoming train, falling senseless and perhaps dying just as liis mission was successfully accomplished. Reports also come now and then of a rear-end collision which occurs simply because a train hand was too lazy, un fa ithful or stupid to go back the re quired distance with a danger signal, but remained standing by the last car of the stopped train or squatting on its steps. There are two kinds of service, with a world of difference between them; and one of thorn is as deserving of condem nation and punishment as the other is of praise and reward. A POOR DEPENDENCE. In attempting to break the force of Governor Huglies's objection to the in j come tax amendment In its present I form his critics are obliged to urge that I Congress would never use the overliberal grant of power which the amendment carries to tax the securities of a state, and thus weaken its credit. Our es | teemed neighbor "The World" pays that the Governor's fears are "more Imaginary than real." because "it is "hardly probable that Congressmen would i "pass a federal tax law Impairing the ; "value of the public securities of the coin "munities in which they live and for the "redemption of which their own prop erty is a pledge." Governor Harmon of Ohio puts the same idea a little more ; positively. lie said on Wednesday: Comity between kindred sovereignties should require the amendment to be ! taken a? applying to incomes from pri vate sources only. At any rate, 1 have no fear that Congress, being elected by the people of the states, would ever pass a law that would cripple or destroy their j states. If it should attempt this, its I members would soon fill political graves, with their law tucked in behind them. But. as The Tribune pointed out yes terday, the conclusion that Congress, if clothed with power to tax state se curities, could be depended on not to exercise that power is not based on satis factory premises. It conflicts absolutely with experience. Respect for state rights and a sense of "the comity between kin ! dred sovereignties'' have not prevented federal legislators, even of the extreme state rights school, from imposing taxes on income from the securities of states, counties and municipalities; and what happened in 1894, when the right of the federal government to lay such taxes was J gravely doubted, would not be at all un | likely to happen after the power of the nation to tax Incomes "from whatever source" had been expressly established by an amendment to the Constitution. It was not through inadvertence that the 53d Congress included state, county and municipal bonds among the securities Income from which was to be taxed under the Wilson-Gorman law by the federal government; The federal courts bad given decisions bearing on the con stitutionality of such taxation, foreshad owing the decision which invalidated it when the income tax section of the Wilson-Gorman law was carried a little later to the Supreme Court. Senator j John Sherman, in 1804. when the income i tax was being considered, had called the attention of Congress to this sentence in an opinion of the Supreme Court, writ ten by Associate Justice Nelson and ; handed down in 1870: Such being the separate and indepen dent condition of the states in our com plex system, as recognized .} by the Con stitution, and the existence of which is so indispensable that without them the general government itself would disas i pear from the family of nations, it would seem to follow, as a reasonable, if not a necessary, consequence, that the means and Instrumentalities employed Cor car rying on the operations of their govern ments, for preserving their existence nd fulfilling the high and responsible duties assigned to them in the Constitution f-hould not be liable to be crippled, much less defeated, by the taxing power of an , other government, which power acknowl edges no limits but the will of the legis lative body imposing the tax. In the face of that opinion, which subsequently was unanimously indorsed j by the Supreme Court In the decision In ; the Pollock case, Congress deliberately i Imposed a tax on incomes derived from i state, county and municipal securities. In the Senate the issue was directly | raised by the amendment offered by Sen | ator David B. Hill, on June 20, 1894. | lie moved to attach to the provision ex empting from taxable sources of income "such bonds of the United States the "principal and interest of which are by "the law of their issuance exempt from | "jill taxation." the words ••and except i "the bonds of any state, county, jnunic "lpiility or town." His amendment was supported by Messrs. Allison, Sherman, Hoar, Chandler and Mitchell, of Oregon, ♦ but it was opposed by Senator Vest, rep resenting the Democratic majority, and was defeated by a vote of 30 to 25. Sen ators Gray, Of Delaware, and Pugh, of Alabama, voted with Mr. Hill for the amendment, but every other Democrat voted of was paired against it. Mr. Hill then narrowed his amendment bo as to exempt Income from state bond* alone from federal taxation. Mr. Mor- K*n, at AJubaum, and air. gaffer;, of liouisiana. joined in supporting this, on the ground that Congress has no right to tax Ktate securities, whatever Us power over municipal and county Issues, but the substitute was also rejected by a vote of 30 to * f. Mr. Vest nd most of his Southern colleagues went out of the Union in IM<sl on the issue of state rights. If they were willing in 1894 to exercise a doubt ful power to "cripple the states." why should any one assume that legislators of the future, whether ardent or luke warm in the cause of state sovereignty, would hesitate to seize upon state se curities as sources of federal taxation? Did the Southern States send their Sen ators "to political graves'' for trying to tax state bonds? Mr. Daniel and Mr. Martin, of Virginia, voted against the Hill amendment. They are still in tbe Senate. Senators Bate, George, Gordon. Gorman, Harris, MeLflurin and Vest died In office. Most of the others disappeared from public life between 18JH and 1900, but in no case was the disappearance traceable to home resentment at the effort to subject state securities to fed eral taxation. THE SHORT BALLOT. Our neighbor "The Times" protests that it cannot see the force of Governor Hughes's logic in favoring a reduction in the number of elective officers and also a direct primary election of candi dates for office. If the Governor chos en by the people can be trusted to ap point officials, why, it would like to know, cannot delegates chosen by the people bo trusted to appoint candidates? Probably most persons will see enough difference l>etween a Governor and the average delegate to a convention to perceive the reason why. But the two suggestions of the Gov ernor are in perfect harmony. The Gov ernor desires to have as nearly perfect resiKuisibility on the part of elected of ficials to the people as it is possible to obtain. Two things now interfere with perfect responsibility — one is the fact that officials now owe their nomination to office more to political manipulators than to the people themselves, and the other is that the same political manip ulators can count upon the people's paying very little attention to the minor offices they fill on Election Day. An of ficial will have a low sense of respon sibility to the electors when he knows that they give little regard to bis mer its or demerits and that he is "pulled through" by the Strength of the head of the ticket. Mr. Hughes's theory is thai minor offices of this type to which the voters pay no attention on Election Day should be appointive offices. There is nothing half way about the Governor in liis desire to increase the responsibility of officials to the public. He believes that offices which are prop erly appointive Offices because they are not sufficiently important in the public mind for the people to be really interested in filling them should be appointive of fices. And he would have only those appointive, for he would leave room for no appointment of candidates for elective offices by the bosses. Have no unnecessary elective offices, he says, to cumber the ballot and confuse the voter, and fill those that are necessary with officials every process of whose choice is directly in the hands of the people. It strikes us that is a perfectly consist ent programme. The reduction in the number of elec tive offices, involving the appointment by the Governor of a cabinet of state of ficials to correspond to the Cabinet ap pointed by the I 'resident, is not a necessary but it is a logical part of Mr. Hughes's programme for primary and ballot reform. The strongest argument for the retention of the party column on the ballot is the number of nominations contained on the ballot in this state. Most voters would object to the labor of marking each candidate on the ticket separately and few would seriously pre tend that Individual marking would greatly increase discrimination in voting. Failure to discriminate in voting does not proceed entirely from the present ballot, but in part from the relative unimportance and the great number of ofiiees lilled at the polls. Moreover, to accomplish its best re sults, Mr. Hughes's direct nominations plan would require a reduction in the number of offices to be filled. So long as there are minor elective offices party nominating committees called for by the Governor's plan will be inclined to follow the old political device of nam ing a good man for the head of the ticket and filling the rest of the ticket with less acceptable candidates, iii other words, In a direct primary election, as in a general election, to get the best results there must not be too many of fices to fill. Both sides are reported to be confident of success in the British election, but we fancy that in their hearts both have grave misgivings. An uncommonly handy and perspicuous little pamphlet issued by the Times Book Club, of Lon don, reminds us of the uncertainties of British pollings and of the marked vibra tions to which the political pendulum is subject. Since the enactment of the first reform bill, in ISIJ2, there have been eighteen general elections, of which the Liberals (cr Whigs> have won twelve and the Conservatives s!x. Once the Liberals won two, once three and once four consecutive elections, while only once, in lS<ir> and 1900, did the Con servatives carry the country twice in succession. A glance at a diagram <>f the "swingings or' the pendulum" sng gests that anything may happen this month, and though the mathematical probabilities would seem to favor a vic tory for the Liberals by a diminished majority be would be a rash prophet who ventured confidently to predict that or any other specific result. Mayor GSaynoT has at least made on© record that will hardly bo exceeded — his walk over the ice from his home to the City Hall yesterday. If Mr. GeoTge Bernard Shaw was the "only person in this wide world" who could adequately comment upon Justice Olmsted's remark In the shirtwaist strike, and If his comment on It was th« best he could make, we pity the rest of "this wide world." The Attorney General diagnoses the trouble with Mr. Qlavia an "megaloma nia." What is the. disease of thi .• who have u»ed Gl&via to attack the admln- Llatration? Representative James M. tiriggs, of Georgia, who died on Wednesday, was an influential Southern Democrat of the newer school. lie had been in the House twelve years, and had won a creditable position there by his activity and Inde pendence. He believed in breaking with 'political tradition If such a break was j necessary to serve the interests of th« I E r««nt and tha *utur tl U* jyj^ on 9ot the Southern Democrats who favored protection on the products of their states and voted to secure, It. He also Ignored the Hon. Champ Clark's leadership when he felt like doing so. Southern Repre sentatives of his type are becoming BMTS common since the South has waked up to the advantage of studying Its own economic and political advantage. Probably nobody hereabouts really wanted the "Western blizzard" which was threatened for yesterday, but we are certain that nobody wanted the non descript and nameless substitute which suffering Gotham got instead. TBE TALK OF THE DAY. Of opium smuggling In China a Yunnan correspondent writes: "The other day come men passed through several towns on the way to the capital with three coffins. In the first was a corpse; the other two were packed with opium. Being suspected at Yunnanfu. the first coffin was opened, but the carriers made as much noise as they could for having their coffin burst, and the second and third coffins were not examined. Quite common Is It for men to travel in small crowds, smuggling opium from the province of Kweichau. They travel by night only, by lantern light ovor the mountains, and in the day hide from any possible official searchers." "I saw you talking with Mrs. Featherly. She seemed excited." "Yes; she was putting up the same old, grumble." "What's her grievance?" "A case of bunched anniversaries. She was born the day before Christmas and married the day after, nd one present an swers for all three occasions."— Cleveland Plain Dealer. While the people of Xew York were spec ulating on the possible appointments by the new Mayor another mayoralty contest was going on In the metropolis which aronsed as much enthusiasm in the little community where the campaign was waged as was de veloped in the municipal light in which Mr. Gaynor was the victor. The Sheltering Guardian Society, an orphan asylum at Broadway and 150 th street, has within its walls a complete city government, with a mayor, district attorney. Judges, chief of police, sanitary officers, etc., and the last election for these places was a particularly spirited one. liiiell** Marksteln. the Mayor, was a candidate for re-election, but opposi tion was developed in some of the districts, and Bertha Tabulsky was nominated as the opposing candidate. There were meetings, stump speeches and all that goes with a campalgrn of oratory. According to the last reports, the result of the contest was still In doubt. "Do you ever scold your husband?" "Land sakes. r.o! I ask him for more money."— Buffalo Express. Tsa Tslrun Tshou is the name of a young Chinaman who received the degree of doctor of law." at the Berlin t'niversity last month. Only once before has a similar honor been bestowed hy that Institution on a nativo of the Celestial Empire. The new lawyer has been a resident of Berlin slnco lfO6, speaks German fluently nnd his thesis "Reforms in China in keeping with European conditions," written in German, was highly commended. An American at the university, in a humorous article, refers to Tsa's name as "two tries and a sneeze." "Is the pen really mightier than the sword?" "Nothing to it. You don't see any homes for disabled poets."— lxmlsville Courier- Journal. Among the Christmas toys which were sold In Paris last month was a box of jointed and dressed dolls. The collection bore the label: "Royal People." A smil ing couple in Spanish peasant costume wheeling a baby carriage containing a number of little dolls were marked "Al fonso." A boy doll in recruit uniform reading a love letter bore the title "Man uel." Two of the lot were of the me- Chanlcal class — Wilhelmine, in the uni form of a Dutch corporal, drilling the prince consort, and a white bearded doll, marked "Edward," making a giant swing on a tiny bar. The toys were not for sale outside of Paris. Wigg — Who originated the idea that the longest way round was the shortest way hC'in"? Wngg — Some taxicab driver, I suppose. —Philadelphia Record. LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. STANDARD OIL COMPANY'S DIS CLAIMER. ! To the Editor of Th« Tribune. Sir: The Standard Oil Company wishes I to enter an emphatic protest against the I charge made in certain newspapers in dls- I cussing the price of milk that the Standard : Oil Company is interested In either Bor den's Condensed Milk Company or the Corn | Products Refining Company. It is absolute ly false. Tlie charge has been made and denied before, but is reiterated, neverthe l less. That tbe aim is to affix at any cost a sensational stigma upon the Standard Oil i Company may surely be assumed when one roadrf such a headline as "Standard Oil, by Sly Trick, Robs the Fanner of His Profits," and knows the fact, namely, that tha '•Standard Oil Company lims nothing what ever to do, either through direct or indirect ownership of shares or hy the most remote community of interests, with any company serving milk or furnishing feed. Hoping you will print this In the interests of fair play. CHARLES T. WHITE, Assistant Secretary Standard Oil Company. New York, Jan. 6, 1910. [The Tribune is not among the news papers whkh have published such charges. — Ed.] THE GOVERNOR'S CABINET. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: As suggested by Governor Hughes, that the Governor of the state appoint his own heads of departments, how did it ever come to pass that in the formation of this government the governors or the states dUI not have cabinets, as the President does? Were the politicians at work on the offices in the very beginning of things? Would it not now be a far better plan if the gov ernors of states appointed their cabinets, us the President does? Is there any reas onable objection to such a plan? Would the people of the different states oppose, such a proposition if placed before them for acceptance? Has the matter ever been agitated to any extent? Some light on the nubject would be thankfully received by a good many people seeking what Is best for the public welfare. INQUIRER New York, Jan. 6, 1910. FROM ONE OF THE FALLEN? To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: We love the rood old winter time, but oh, you sleet! \y. n 8 New York, Jan 6, 1910. A BIT OF MUSICAL HISTORY. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: In a recent "Symphony Society Bul letin." a leaflet devoted to programme notes and eulogies of Walter Damrosch. some ono is permitted to overreach himself. The writer enumerates the laurels won by this conductor and then reminds us of the Beethoven cycle given by the society two ' years as«. saying that it was "the first ex pertinent ever attempted In this country" As a matter of musical record, there was at least one performance of the Beethoven ! cycle in this country before— four years be- l ,,. i ma "experiment." This was by th« Philadelphia Orchestra in the spring O f i 1903, under the late Mr. Scheel. The writer ! was present at the entire cycle and still retains aome of the programmes. David A. modell. *,«* Xork, Jail I*lo. People and Social Incident* AT THE WHITE HOUSE. fFrom Th«» Tribune Bureau ] Washington. Jan. 6.— The Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury. the Attorney General and the Secretary of Agriculture were In conference with President Taft this afternoon for more then an hour. Representatives QaloV fogle. Goulden. Bonnet, Harrison. Sul zer and Kornes Invited the President to review the parade la be held In N-w York on Memorial Day and to preside at the meeting In CSfIfSSjIS Hall that evening. The President SftM tie vv like to attend, but that he could not give a definite answer at thts time, as Congress may still be In session, or that date may find him on his way to Alaska. Porto Rlcan legislation vias discussed by the President arid Representative Olmated to-day. Mr. Olmsted. who is chairman of the House Committee on Territories. will await the return of thr - War from Porto Rico and his report to the President before framing any bit.. Governor Fred M. Warner and L,leuten ant Governor Patrick H. Kelly, accom panied by the delegation from MVhlgan who went to Philadelphia to present a silver service to the battleship bearing the name of their state. w«fS introduced to the President by Representatives Smith and I.oudon. Another census eupervisorship dispute has been laid before the President for set tlement. Senators Johnston and Bank head discussed to-day the appointment of W. T. Swanson as supervisor of the 2'l Alabama District. Representative Dent opposes the nomination on the ground that Mr. Swanson is not a resident of the dis trict. The case has been referred to Direc tor Durand. Representative Dtekema called at the ex ecutive offices this morning to urge the appointment of Judge Loyal E- Knappen. of the Western District of Michigan, as Judge of the 6th Circuit. The Presidents callers included Speaker Cannon, Senators Depew. Cullen, H( .•yburn. Bradley. Foster, Gamble. Crawford and Curtis and Representatives Denby. Me- Creary and Sturglss. Mrs. Charles Anderson, of Cincinnati, the sister of Mrs. Taft. and her daughters wffl arrive at the White House on Saturday for a two weeks' visit to the President and Mrs. Taft. THE CABINET. [From Th» Tribune Bureau | Washington, Jan. 6.— The Secretary' of the Treasury and Mrs. MacVeagh tamed guests at dinner to-night in compli ment to the Vice- President and Mrs. Sher man. Their other guests were the \ lands Minister and Mme. Ix>udon, the Spanish Minister. Senator and Mra. Xe-.v lands, Mrs. Potter Palmer, of thkago: Mrs. Wirt Dexter, of Boston; Mi^ more, Mr. and Mrs. Jenks, of Baltimore; Mr. and Hn. C. D. Hi lies, and Mr. and Mrs. George Grant Mason, General and Mrs. E. H. Ripley and Judge and Mrs. Gerry, all of Xew York; Mr. and Mrs. Charles E. Dana, of Philadelphia; James F. Curtis and Eames MaeVeagh, of <"hi cago. The Secretary of Commerce and Labor and Mrs. Xagel left Washington this evening for St. Ix>uis, where they v.-:, called by the serious illness of Mrs. Nagel's sister. THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS. [From The Tribune Bureau.] Washington, Jan. 6.— Christmas Eve at the Russian Embassy passed without un usual celebration because of the Illness of the ambassador, who Is still confined to his room, and to-morrow the Russian Christ mas Day will be observed only by a small dinner party made up of several members of the staff. The British Ambassador and Mrs. Bryce will entertain as house guests Mr. and Mrs. Prothero. of England, who will arrive to -morrow afternoon. Mr. Prothero is tha editor of "The London Quarterly Review." Mrs. Bryce will not . receive to-morrow afternoon, as Ig her usual custom on Thursdays, because of a slight Indisposi tion. The Japanese Ambassador and Countess IVhida have issued invitations to the diplo matic corps for a reception on Monday afternoon. The German Ambassador, accompanied by his military attache. Major yon Ll vonius, and Lieutenant yon Ernst, attach? went to New York to-day to attend a din ner given by a German club. They will be absent two days. The Mexican Ambassador, who was called away from Washington in August by the illness of his wife In Paris, and remained abroad and in Mexico to look after his pri vate affairs after her death, will return here to-morrow. The Swedish Minister left here to-day for Philadelphia, where he was entertained to night. He will return to-morrow The British military attache and the lion Mrs-. Bernard James entertained at dinner to-night Mme. de "Lagercrantz. wife of the Swedish Minister: Brigadier General and Mrs. W. W. Wotherspoon. Mrs. Mar- Hen deraoß. of England; Mrs. Thomas Baj Dr. and Mrs. Fremont Smith, Mr. Skyl Norwegian secretary; Rear Admiral Cowlos atLhe 11 ant T:lnika> Japanese m! »^O' The British second secretary and Mrs Esmond Ovey and Miss Ovey will /, Philadelphia to-morrow to attend the as IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY. fFrom The Tribune Bureau ] Washington. Jan. 6.-The French AnUas sador and Mme. Jusserand were the guests of honor at a dinner to-night with Mr and GOVERNOR COMING HERE. With Family Will Attend Memorial Service for Father on Sunday. Albany. Jan. 6.- Governor Hughes and family will leave here on Sundaj for New Tar* to attend the memorial services fo the Governors father, the Revj Dr David C Hughes, which are to be held on Sunday night at the Calvary Baptist Church 57th street and Fifth avenue. The Governor will go from New York to Jew Haven, where on Monday and Tues day he will deliver the last of two £rt2 of four Dodge lectures before Tale Uni versity. He expects to return Wednesday. EX-EMPRESS MARIE'S CONDITION. Braasela, Jan. s.-The *«*srt alarmtaa reports conc«n!asj the health of Marie Charlotte, widow of Kmperor Maximilian or Mexk-o. were authoritatively dented to-day. The condition of the ex-Km preas. who has been mentally incom petent for many year«. Is stated to remain the same. She Inquires frequently for her brother, the late King Leopold, of whose death she has not been Informed She Is seventy years old. AN OLD ADAGE REVISED. From The New Haven Journal-Courier. ,7 , c . new Pa > (pay-a*-yoo-enterl caw are to be Installed In Baltimore The stree? railroad eom;»nlea seem to bt> comma marl •nd more to .he opinion that the n'kefta ow'8 h JoJkel W ° rth tW ° '" the ° ther fel - S PROBABLY ACCURATE. From The Utlca Press. . "What Is a Democrat?" Is a ,iii»stl,.n thnt hta been before the- countr * ?or i declS and variously answered, the latest and Probably the most accurate answer dS scribes a Democrat as a man who thive "mea voted for -Bryan, and three ass leit r J I tSL l( M£ etly r^ OlCod over Vo d" I Mrs. Truman 11. New berry as hosts. sjr^ • ! Newberry has issued invitations for , ; j dance at Rauscher's on January a. |9 Mr. ami Mrs. Joseph Letter left her- tj j afternoon tor Chicago, after spending th % i i . Christmas season with Mr. Lester's mother I ■ Mrs. I* & loiter. , / A Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Legare "ntertatr* number of diplomats and other i *"•., j dinner to-night. Mr. and Mrs. Herbert "Wadsworth entjr. | tamed gruests at dinner to-night, and %C lowed it with a musical and a dance. ' ! The Secretary of Agriculture was t£|\ : guest of honor at a dinner given to-iMH I by Mr. and Mrs. William E. Curtis. Air.os; the ether guests were Senator and- j3B I Burrows. Senator and Mrs. Brings an<J^^B j and ' Mrs. AY. B. Rldgely. The Solicitor Genera! and Mrs. Boirert Introduced their daughter. Miss Marth^ Bowers, to society at a tea this afterr.coa, j when several hundred persons from.offlsly I and resident society met the debutant*. i j Mrs. Wickersham and Mrs. John V.'. Fo*. 1 ter poured tea. and Mrs. and M!si 80-seri ! were assisted by Mrs. Horace W'estcott asi ! a number of thi3 season's debutantes^ Mrs. Clarence Efdward3 entertained j* j i number of yo::ng persons at dinner to-ci?St ! In compliment to Miss HUdegard Xa?^ 1 The guests were Miss Mary MeCauley; I Miss Eudora Clover, Miss Sophy Joh.istos,' | Miss Katherine P.ritton. Miss I^aura Jrer- I riam. C. R. Simpkins, BasU Miles, HiUarj Owen. Nathan Wyeth. Preston Porter. D r . | Dulaney. Dr. Davis and William Merrlao. Mrs. Carter, wife of the Senator froia Montana, entertained at dinner iast ever.tij in honor of the American Minister fr» Den mark and Mrs. Kgan. and gave a recepUan In their honor this evening. Among the hosts entertaining dinner par. j ties to-night were Mrs. Amy Talbot and • Mm Katherine Elkins. "ho is entertalzlsj i Mrs. Robert Goelet. of New York. '■■ Mr. and Mrs. J. Mandavllle Carlisle enter ! tamed a dinner party, followed by a theatr» [ party and dance, in honor of Mrs. Car i Ifsle's niece. Miss Mariorie Pearson, daugh ter of the American Minister to Greece. NEW" YORK SOCIETY. Mrs. H. Fairfield Osborn entertainer! ft» members <f the Thursday Even'.r!^ Club last night at her house. " in Madison ay»- \ nue. A. Radclyffe Dusmore. of the Ms. peum of Natural History, who gave tx-~~ President Roosevelt much valuable ln-\' formation concerning Africa before tha.: ex-President undertook his present trip oa that continent, told the guests of h!3 hunt ing In Africa, illustrating h:3 'a'k with stereoptlcon views from photographs which. he took whik' there. A buffet luncheon fal lowed the lecture. Among the members of ■ the club are Mr. and Mrs. J. Pierpont Mor- : grin. Mr. and Mrs. Frederick V»\ Whitridj^ Mr. and Mrs. Robert '■'■'- de Fore3t. Mr and Mrs. Herbert I*. Satterlee, Mr. aa. Mrs*. W. Pierson Hamilton. Dr. and Mrs» Francis P. Kinnicutt, John Eiselow. ■ Miss Grace : elow. Arthur Sedgrvick, J. Hasssfl den Robb. Mrs. Henry Draper and Mr. atjfl Mrs. John H. Hammond. . Mrs. Paul Tuckerman gave a sma'l din ner last nigM at her house, in TV>=- 4Sth street. Frederick Townsend Martin gave a. dla ner last evening for Miss Margrueri:* Shonts and Monson Morris arcl afterward took his guests to see "The L!!y." Sirs. Gouveraeur Kortright acted as chaperon. Mr. Martin gives a luncheon to-day at Sherry' A number of young worr.^r. prominent la society will take part in a series of panto mimes being arranged for the benefit Of the Music School Settlement on the after noon of Friday. February 4. The enter tainment will be given at Ths New The- j atre and will be the first arr.at^ur per formance which has taken place "tbere. The committee in charge of the affair in cludes Miss Beatrice Pratt, chairman; Mrs. Courtlandt Dixon Barnes. Miss Dorothea Draper and Miss I»rri;ne Roosevelt, wh» have secured the co-operation of Joseph Lindon Smith, a Boston artist, to present '- the series of pantomimes written and ar ranged by him to music by Grieg and Massenet. The music v.-in be furnished by the New York Symphony Orchestra, ua-* der the direction of Walter Darr.r Henri d-? Sincay, whose engagement tajjj Miss Marie Louise Logan, daughter of Mrs. . John A. Logan, jr., was announced a few ; days ago, sailed f<sr his home in Belgium yesterday. He will return to this country at the end of the month and the wedding" will probably take place before Lent. Mrs. Robert Endicott gives a dance tMi evening for her debutante daughter, Miss Lilian Endicott. Mr. and Mrs. Cleveland H. Dodsre will sail for Europe on March 5 and join their >: sons, who are travelling around the world. - at Alexandria. They will then make -> tour of the Mediterranean and return to -^ New York in June. Mr :.'-■■■■ "■--■--:■ ■".-... i --.•■.:*-^;. ■- - v ...-■.■' ;;?•& SOCIAL NOTES FROM NEWPORT. | [By Telegraph to The Tribune. 1 Newport. Jan. 6. — Captain ' and Mrs. Cameron McR. Winslow and their family have gone to Westbury. Long Island, whera they will spend the winter. They will re turn here in June. Miss Montgomery, of New York, has re turned to New York after a visit to Mrs. Roderick Terry. Mrs. Terry will v * at home at Linden Gates Saturday afternoon. . PRAISE FOR PREVENTORIUM. Father of Children's Court Sends Strong Letter to Nathan Straus. Judge Ken B. Ijndsey, of Denver, known as the "Father of the Children's Court.* has written to Nathan Straus, urging him to stick to his projec: in behalf of clilldrea of t'.ie New York tenements who may b« in danger of tuberculosis. The - jud^ v rite*: I have, of course. lons known of your splendid work for childhood and humanity: and have admired and respected you for it. l do sincerely hope that your plans to con tinue the prevemorium for tht» little cbil aren subject or exposed to tuberculosis wilt not be interfered with. Interested as I am here in Denver in tha hospital work for consumptives, and Knowing as 1 do considerable about the ex perience of others in the work against th* ♦.hit© plague. 1 feel safe In saying that some of tha objections 1 ha-. heard ti> your plans are absolutely without merit and should not for a moment stand in th* way of the great service you are render- Ing humanity, and I do sincerely hop* that your work near l^akewood may go on with out Interruption. DINNER FOR AN ARTIST. WBttam F. M»vfm«v« save a dinner last evening at th© Century Club for J. C. N!co«. N. A., as a compliment to his recent es hlMtion of painting at the Century Clubof h!s Mexican arui California.*! work. Amoni the suesta were FrancU C. Jones. Boltoa Jones. Frank D. Millet, C. Y. Turner. Jaha ■\\\ Alexander. Will H. Low. W. H. Up pineott, Samuel Isham and H. U Henry- PHILLIPS— DRAYTON WEDDING. London. Jan. $. — Arrangements are bvias made to solemnize ta London the marriage el Miss C. A. Drayton. of New York, and William Phillips, secretary of the United, States ESnbasay here. It had been planned to haw the. marriage in New York, but the secretary is detained at his post by th» temporary absence of Ambassador Reid. The date of the wedding baa not yet bees determined.