ACADEMY OF MUSIC— S: 15 — Easiest
Al.HAMßßA— 2— Vaudeville.
ASTOR — — Seven Days.
BEL.ASCO— B:I5 — Is Matrimony a FalluraT
BIJOU — B:ls— The Lottery Man.
BROADWAY— B:I6 Jolly Bachelors.
CARNEGIE HAI-Ir- 2:3o—Concert—B—Bethle
CASINO 8:15 — The Chocolate Soldier.' r '.
— 2 — B — Vaudeville.
COMEDY— S-30— The Affinity.
CRITERION— S:CO — The Bachelor's Baby.
DALY'S — 8:15 — Belle of Brittany.
EDEN MU6KB — The World In Wax.
EMPIRE— What Every Woman Know*.
FIFTH AVENUE— 2— Vaudeville.
GAIETY — — Fortune Hunter.
GARRICK S:IT — Your Humble Servant.
GRAND CENTRAL PALACE— IO a. m. to 11
p. m — Automobile Show.
HACKETT— 2:3O— OIive Latimer's . Husband—
F:15 — Cameo Kirby.
HAMMERSTEIN-S— 2:ls— B:ls— Vaudeville.
HERALD SQUARE— B:IS— Old Dutch..
HIPPODROME— 2— 9— A Trip to Japan: In
side the Earth: the Ballet of Jewels.
Ht'DFON — « 15 — The Next of Kin.
IRVING PLACE — 8 IS -I>rr Floh Ira Ohr.
KNICKERBOCKER — S— The Dollar Princess.
LIBERTY — — Th* Fires of Fate.
LYCEUM— :«>— Penelope.
I.TEU'- - '•■'• - ' ; ■'■•'■
MANHATTAN OPERA HOUSE— S—Fau«t.
MAXINE ELLIOTTS THEATRE— B:3O— The
Passlnc of the Third Floor Back.
METROPOLITAN OPERA HOUSE— B— I* Glo
NEW AMSTERDAM — 8:16— Sliver Star.
?JT7tV THEATRE— Don Pn«Quale.
NEW YOIIK — S:15 — The Man Who Owns
FAVOr — «s - 1 r. — The Commanding Officer.
fT NICHOLAS RINK— B:l6— lce Hockey.
FTOTVESANT— — Th*- Lily-
TV-M-T.ACK'S— - IS— A Little Brother of the
WEBER'S — IB— The Ge44eaa of Liberty.
WEST END — 8:15 — The Midnight Sons.
Znrfor /o Advertisements.
Pa e.Ocl. ! Pa e.Col.
Annulment* .14 6-7! Far Pale 11 <>
Apartment Help Wanted. ...» «-•>
«ot*!g ... 10 4 1 Instruction 11 2
Art Palos . ...4 8-51 1»st Bankbooks.. 9 <
Automobile* ... S 4-7! Marriages and
Bankers and t Deaths ' <W
Brokers .. .12 llMeetinßS 12 i
TV .-.:*. * Roomi 9 " i Miscellaneous •■• » •
Business Chances • 7 1 Proposals «• '
Carpet Cleaning. 11 «lPuMlr Notices... 9 7
Cliatlons : 9 TJReal Estate •••*• *-7
IXsk* *nd Office 'Rosorts « «
Furniture .... 9 7] Savings Banks. .13 6-7
Wy«olu»iO3 No- IPchool ABenc!es..ll «
tire 12 ll Special Notices... 7 i
Dividend No- 1 Surrogate" « M>
tip*. 12 1! tic's 11 °
Domestic Pitua- tTalkincMEchlnes.il 6
tfons Wanted. 9 GiTime Tables 11 0-7
Financial ... . 12 Tribune Bubsertp-
Flnanci&l ... 13 6-7! lion Rates 7 7
Foreclosure ! Trust Company
Fal»s 11 M Reports 13 7
Furnished Roome (Typewriting ....11 «
to I>>t ... 9 7\V nfurn Ish ed
Furnished i Apartments . .10 4
Houses to Lei 10 4 'Work Wanted... 0 8
FRIDAY. JAM ARY 7. 1910
Thin netcupaper i& oicncd and pub-
Uthcd by The Tribune Association, a
Yew York corporation; office and prin
cipal place of business. Tribune Build
ing. \c. 151 Xassau street, Xew York;
Ogden Mills, president; Henry W.
tackrtt. secretary; James M. Barrett,
treasurer. The address of the officer* .*
the office of this newspaper.
THE VBWB THIS iJORXIXO.
CONGRESS.— Senate: A letter from
Gilford Pinchot to Senator Dolltver was
read, in -which the Chief Forester indorsed
the Glavis charges against Secretary
Eallinger and said that the President
vas mistaken when he removed Glavis.
'■'■ _ '■■ House: A resolution asking what
ihe searcn for the Astor yacht had cost
the governrrf^nt was adopted.
fOREIGN. — Electioneering in Eng
land steadily grows more bitter, accord-
Ing to a special dispatch from London;
and bad manners and even personal vio
lence have become characteristic of the
meetings. ===== Secretary Knox has al
ready learned of the approval of his plan.
for the sale of the foreign owned rail
: roads in Manchuria to China, and It is
expected that Russia and Japan will
snon give their assent. -.—-■= The Scott
expedition in search of the South Pole
is now assured, the British government
having guaranteed $100,000 toward the
5200,000 needed. \ Queen W'ilhelmina
pave a dinner at The Hague for General
Stewart L. W'oodford. president of the
"Hudson-Fulton Celebration Commission.
DOMESTIC. — Attorney General Wick
ersham. in a report to the President, up
holds Secretary Ballinper and declares
the lavis charges unfounded. =-- — The
battleship Idaho ran aground in the Del
jii.-sfe River, twenty-five miles south of
Philadelphia. ' ' ■ - - it was said at Al
bany that the report of the legislative
committed which has been investiira liner
primaries throughout the country, would
be submitted before February l. -^= A
demand by Senattr Davis, of Erie, to be
made chairman of the Senate Finance
C«mmittc% it v.;is said at Albany, was
disturbing the leaders of the upper
house. = — — Samuel W. Baldwin, a
•w ri !l known met hanieal engineer, died it
Brookline. Mass. ===== A woman nurse
assisted in saving forty patients in the
Virginia Hospital, at Richmond, when
fire destroyed the University College of
Medicine, adjoining. — The South
Cleveland Banking Company, of Cleve
land, closed its doors. — _ Storm con
ditions were reported from almost every
part of the United States.
CITY. — Stocks w<t<? active, closing
Ftrong. _ Tho Mayor conferred with
otiru-r members of the new Board of Es
timate and Apportionment on its in.li
ok-s. ——= it wm.« learned that the Stock
Exchange would punish a firm of brok
ers 5n connection with the Rock Island
furry. ==== The battleship fleet in the
Hudson was prevented by the fcg from
Failing. =r=r The prosecution in the
Bow Kuni n:urder trial rested its case.
■ — ~~ It was reported that the govern-
Bterat had obtained evidence of a sugar
trade agreement. ===== The police and
the Buildings Department found a tun
nel apparently leading to the vaults of
the East Side branch of the 14th Street
Bank. '_ Four men, two working in-
Fide and two outside, tried to hold up a
Polish bank in Williamsburg.
THE WEATHER. — Indications for to
day: Rain, turning to snow, and colder.
The temperature yesterday: Highest, 38
degrees; lowest, 14.
SUCCESS WITH II AD I U M.
In Its last issue "The Sew York Medi
cal Record** prints an account recently
given by Dr. Robert Abbe to the Prac
titioners 1 Club of the effects which he
bad been able to produce with radium.
That agent, in a concentrated form, hud
been eelployed in the treatment of eleven
(amors of a malignant character*. After
a few applications of the radium the
tumors began to shrink and to become
less painful. In some cases there had
not yet been time enough for complete
recoi'ery, though the improvement was
so marked that treatment had been dis
continued. In others a perfect cure bad
apparently been effected, and after an
interval of from one to three years there
was no sign of a recurrence of the
malady. Each of the growths thus sub
jugated was so situated, In the mouth
or in the breast bone, that the radium
tube could be placed directly in contact
with it, though occasionally a slight in
cision was necessary to facilitate the
treatment. No cases were reported in
which the patient derived any benefit
when the tumor was not easily acces
The chief value of Dr. Abbe's tes
timony lies in the fact Hat si least a
few Burgeons in Europe, and probably in
America also, are still skeptical about
the efficacy of radium when applied to
cancers which can readily lie reached.
Only ■ few years ago, before the dis
covery of radium, Dr. Abbe regarded
surgery as the only means of relief in
dealing with cancer, and when an opera*
tion was feasible he advocated a resort
to the knife with the least possible de
lay. The success he has achieved in a
mailed cfeM »t c£sss^.£hos£ In xhlch
tbe diseased condition exists on or near
the surface — certainly makes his present
attitude instructive to his professional
The results which nre now being
attained will encourage a hope that
d»ep seated tumors will eventually prove
more amenable to radium than hitherto.
They should also stimulate fresh efforts
to find new and more abundant sources
AX IXTERXATIOXAL COURT.
Briefly stated, the proposal of the
tnited States government for an Inter
national Court of Arbitration, which,
simple as It Is, may prove epochal, Is
to the effect that certain controversies
arising in time of peace shall be ad
justed in the same manner as those con
sequent upon war, that for the take of
♦>xpedition aud facility this shall be
done by a permanent standing tribunal
instead of by a new tribunal specially
constituted for each case, and that the
tribunal shall be cf such a character as
will assure the settlement of causes on
principles of legality, justice and equity
rather than on ihose of compromise.
It would certainly seem that many,
and indeed most, disputes which arise
in time of peace should be more easily
settled in such fashion than those aris
ing amid the passions of foreign war.
Nations have already signified their will
ingness to submit to an international
court questions concerning the seizure
of vessels as prizes in war. Now our
State Department suggests that they
shall submit to the same or to a similar
tribunal various questions arising In
time of peace, concerning the inter
pretations of treaties, the payment of
pecuniary claims, the demarcation of
boundaries and the like. Surely, If the
more serious differences, including some
which have been commonly regarded
as adequate cause for war. can he thus
disposed of. it should' be possible thus
to deal with the less grave questions
which do not in any rational estimation
constitute causes of war.
The advantages of having this work
done by a permanent instead of a spe
cial tribunal are obvious. It is gen
erally desirable to have controversies
settled promptly, as it certainly is to
have them disposed of by an authority
which is not reluctant to assume the
task and in which both contending
parties have full confidence. In consti
tuting a special tribunal or securing a
special arbitrator for any case there is
inevitably some delay greater than that
which would be involved in referring
the matter to an existing tribunal; there
is often difficulty in persitading a sov
ereign or other dignitary to act as um
pire, and unfortunately there Is some
times ground for suspicion of at least
involuntary partiality on the part of
such an umpire. The tribunal suggested
by Mr. Knox would avoid all these evils
The third of the qualities which this
court would possess is perhaps the most
valuable of all. That is its judicial char
acter. Many thoughtful men and sin
cere advocates of peaceful settlements
of international disputes have found
themselves unable fully to approve ar
bitration by a non-judicial umpire, be
cause decisions thus made were likeiy
to be compromises, in which placatory
concessions were made to both side-,
rather than judgments rendered upon
the strict merits of the case. They have
accordingly discriminated between ar
bitration and adjudication and have
earnestly preferred the latter. Now, it
docs not matter by what name the pro
posed tribunal is called. The world is
fond of the word "arbitration." which
is almost as blessed as "Mesopotamia,"
and there can be no objection to its con
tinued use. The essential thing is that
ihis tribunal of so-called arbitration
shall be in fact a judicial tribunal, do
cidlng cases by legal and equitable ad
judication rather than by good natured
It is a> felicitous and nn auspicious cir
cumstance-that the American govern
ment has taken the initiative in propos
ing to the powers of the world this for
ward step in civilization. Our govern
ment was not. of course, the inventor
of international arbitration or adjudi
cation, but it did perhaps more than
any other to bring that principle into
general use and to commend it to geii
eral confidence when it sought such a
settlement of some of the gravest for
eign controversies :i!isiim out of cur
Civil War. The world will ungrudgin?
l.\ give it credit for Its important part
In -bringing about the second congress
at The Hague and for having per
formed services of unsurpassed Impor
tance at both of those gatherings In be
half of peace and justice. [f now.
through Mr. Knox's timely and tactful
procedure, it shall effect the establish
ment of a general and genuine Inter
national court Of adjudication, then;
Will be cause for national pride and pro
found gratification in the achievement
of the most practical and efficient step
which has yet been taken by the world
toward the confirmation of the rule of
reason over force.
GREAT BRITAIN IX THE WORLD'S
One of the chief arguments for free
trade in Great Britain has been that
it promotes foreign commerce and gives
that country a commanding place in the
markets of the world. It is Indisputable
that since the adoption of free trade
there has been an enormous expansion
of British commerce and the United
Kingdom has won a leading place in
the markets of most countries. More
over, it is urged by those who advocate
the maintenance of that system that
British products and British exports are
still Increasing. Yet, on the other hand,
It is as strenuously, and apparently as
plausibly, argued by the advocates of
tariff reform that under and because ■>(
free trade Great Britain is steadily los
ing her once predominant rank in the
Mr. John 11. Schooling, the well
known statistician, has supported this
latter thesis In an elaborate series of
statistical articles In "The Morning
Post," of London, in which he has ana*
lyzed the tendency of British foreign
trade from 1880 to 1907 In the markets
of thirty countries. Including practically
all important lands excepting Mexico.
Central America and Sooth America!
The result Is a demonstration that in
twenty-five countries, Including all those
of first rate Importance among the
thirty. British trade baa proportionately
declined. That Is to say. those countries
now receive from Great Britain a con
siderably smaller proportion of their
imports than they did. In the other
five, all comparatively small countries,
the proportion of British goods has in
creased. That is a not altogether satis
factory showing, it would be far more
agreeable to England to know that she
was Increasing Lor proportion. of. .sue
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. FRIDAY, JANUARY 7. 1910.
supplies of every country. Yet it may
be i bat Mr. Schooling goes to au extrema
When be exclaims, "We shall perish v
"a nutiou and as an empire if we con
"thme along our prat eat course." For it
is possible for British trade to be act
ually increasing and yet to be propor
tionately decreasing. Indeed, seeing
how greatly manufacturing industries
have been developed in <Jorinany, the
United States and elsewhere, it would
be strange If such wen not the fact.
Take, for example, the case of Natal,
which is the last country cited by Mr.
Schooling as one In which Great Brit
ain has seriously lost rank. In the
years 1880 to 188!) Natal got an aver
age of 80.7 per cent of its Imports from
Great Britain and in 1808 to 1907 only
55.6. Thus there baa been, says Mr.
Schooling, "a large and continuous fail."
That is indisputable. Yet In the former
period Natal imported from tbe United
Kingdom an average of $),060,000 a
year and in the latter $29,000,000. "A
large rise," concedes Mr. Schooling. It
is, indeed. The actual increase in Brit
ish trade has been 220.4 per cent, while
the proportionate decline has b«»en only
27.6 per cent. The logical conclusion
seems to be, therefore, that British
trade Is increasing at a rapid rate, al
though the productive power of other
countries is increasing more rapidly.
Great Britain has not and may never
again have so nearly a monopoly of
the world's trade as she had some yean
ago, but she seems likely to have enough
to prevent her from perishing as a na
tion and an empire, according to Mr.
Schooling's pessimistic prophecy.
TWO KINDS OF SERVICE.
Reports come from Vallejo, Cal., of
the heroic act of the fireman of a
wrecked locomotive, who was scalded
so badly that he may die of his in
juries, but who, despite that fact, ran
down the track to give warning signals
to an oncoming train, falling senseless
and perhaps dying just as liis mission
was successfully accomplished.
Reports also come now and then of a
rear-end collision which occurs simply
because a train hand was too lazy, un
fa ithful or stupid to go back the re
quired distance with a danger signal,
but remained standing by the last car of
the stopped train or squatting on its
There are two kinds of service, with a
world of difference between them; and
one of thorn is as deserving of condem
nation and punishment as the other is
of praise and reward.
A POOR DEPENDENCE.
In attempting to break the force of
Governor Huglies's objection to the in
j come tax amendment In its present
I form his critics are obliged to urge that
I Congress would never use the overliberal
grant of power which the amendment
carries to tax the securities of a state,
and thus weaken its credit. Our es
| teemed neighbor "The World" pays
that the Governor's fears are "more
Imaginary than real." because "it is
"hardly probable that Congressmen would
i "pass a federal tax law Impairing the
; "value of the public securities of the coin
"munities in which they live and for the
"redemption of which their own prop
erty is a pledge." Governor Harmon of
Ohio puts the same idea a little more
; positively. lie said on Wednesday:
Comity between kindred sovereignties
should require the amendment to be
! taken a? applying to incomes from pri
vate sources only. At any rate, 1 have
no fear that Congress, being elected by
the people of the states, would ever pass
a law that would cripple or destroy their
j states. If it should attempt this, its
I members would soon fill political graves,
with their law tucked in behind them.
But. as The Tribune pointed out yes
terday, the conclusion that Congress, if
clothed with power to tax state se
curities, could be depended on not to
exercise that power is not based on satis
factory premises. It conflicts absolutely
with experience. Respect for state rights
and a sense of "the comity between kin
! dred sovereignties'' have not prevented
federal legislators, even of the extreme
state rights school, from imposing taxes
on income from the securities of states,
counties and municipalities; and what
happened in 1894, when the right of the
federal government to lay such taxes was
J gravely doubted, would not be at all un
| likely to happen after the power of the
nation to tax Incomes "from whatever
source" had been expressly established
by an amendment to the Constitution.
It was not through inadvertence that
the 53d Congress included state, county
and municipal bonds among the securities
Income from which was to be taxed
under the Wilson-Gorman law by the
federal government; The federal courts
bad given decisions bearing on the con
stitutionality of such taxation, foreshad
owing the decision which invalidated it
when the income tax section of the
Wilson-Gorman law was carried a little
later to the Supreme Court. Senator
j John Sherman, in 1804. when the income
i tax was being considered, had called the
attention of Congress to this sentence in
an opinion of the Supreme Court, writ
ten by Associate Justice Nelson and
; handed down in 1870:
Such being the separate and indepen
dent condition of the states in our com
plex system, as recognized .} by the Con
stitution, and the existence of which is
so indispensable that without them the
general government itself would disas
i pear from the family of nations, it would
seem to follow, as a reasonable, if not a
necessary, consequence, that the means
and Instrumentalities employed Cor car
rying on the operations of their govern
ments, for preserving their existence nd
fulfilling the high and responsible duties
assigned to them in the Constitution
f-hould not be liable to be crippled, much
less defeated, by the taxing power of an
, other government, which power acknowl
edges no limits but the will of the legis
lative body imposing the tax.
In the face of that opinion, which
subsequently was unanimously indorsed
j by the Supreme Court In the decision In
; the Pollock case, Congress deliberately
i Imposed a tax on incomes derived from
i state, county and municipal securities.
In the Senate the issue was directly
| raised by the amendment offered by Sen
| ator David B. Hill, on June 20, 1894.
| lie moved to attach to the provision ex
empting from taxable sources of income
"such bonds of the United States the
"principal and interest of which are by
"the law of their issuance exempt from
| "jill taxation." the words ••and except
i "the bonds of any state, county, jnunic
"lpiility or town." His amendment was
supported by Messrs. Allison, Sherman,
Hoar, Chandler and Mitchell, of Oregon,
♦ but it was opposed by Senator Vest, rep
resenting the Democratic majority, and
was defeated by a vote of 30 to 25. Sen
ators Gray, Of Delaware, and Pugh, of
Alabama, voted with Mr. Hill for the
amendment, but every other Democrat
voted of was paired against it.
Mr. Hill then narrowed his amendment
bo as to exempt Income from state bond*
alone from federal taxation. Mr. Mor-
K*n, at AJubaum, and air. gaffer;, of
liouisiana. joined in supporting this, on
the ground that Congress has no right to
tax Ktate securities, whatever Us power
over municipal and county Issues, but
the substitute was also rejected by a
vote of 30 to * f.
Mr. Vest nd most of his Southern
colleagues went out of the Union in IM<sl
on the issue of state rights. If they
were willing in 1894 to exercise a doubt
ful power to "cripple the states." why
should any one assume that legislators
of the future, whether ardent or luke
warm in the cause of state sovereignty,
would hesitate to seize upon state se
curities as sources of federal taxation?
Did the Southern States send their Sen
ators "to political graves'' for trying to
tax state bonds? Mr. Daniel and Mr.
Martin, of Virginia, voted against the
Hill amendment. They are still in tbe
Senate. Senators Bate, George, Gordon.
Gorman, Harris, MeLflurin and Vest died
In office. Most of the others disappeared
from public life between 18JH and 1900,
but in no case was the disappearance
traceable to home resentment at the
effort to subject state securities to fed
THE SHORT BALLOT.
Our neighbor "The Times" protests
that it cannot see the force of Governor
Hughes's logic in favoring a reduction
in the number of elective officers and
also a direct primary election of candi
dates for office. If the Governor chos
en by the people can be trusted to ap
point officials, why, it would like to
know, cannot delegates chosen by the
people bo trusted to appoint candidates?
Probably most persons will see enough
difference l>etween a Governor and the
average delegate to a convention to
perceive the reason why.
But the two suggestions of the Gov
ernor are in perfect harmony. The Gov
ernor desires to have as nearly perfect
resiKuisibility on the part of elected of
ficials to the people as it is possible to
obtain. Two things now interfere with
perfect responsibility — one is the fact
that officials now owe their nomination
to office more to political manipulators
than to the people themselves, and the
other is that the same political manip
ulators can count upon the people's
paying very little attention to the minor
offices they fill on Election Day. An of
ficial will have a low sense of respon
sibility to the electors when he knows
that they give little regard to bis mer
its or demerits and that he is "pulled
through" by the Strength of the head
of the ticket. Mr. Hughes's theory is
thai minor offices of this type to which
the voters pay no attention on Election
Day should be appointive offices.
There is nothing half way about the
Governor in liis desire to increase the
responsibility of officials to the public.
He believes that offices which are prop
erly appointive Offices because they are
not sufficiently important in the public
mind for the people to be really interested
in filling them should be appointive of
fices. And he would have only those
appointive, for he would leave room
for no appointment of candidates for
elective offices by the bosses. Have no
unnecessary elective offices, he says, to
cumber the ballot and confuse the voter,
and fill those that are necessary with
officials every process of whose choice
is directly in the hands of the people.
It strikes us that is a perfectly consist
The reduction in the number of elec
tive offices, involving the appointment by
the Governor of a cabinet of state of
ficials to correspond to the Cabinet ap
pointed by the I 'resident, is not a
necessary but it is a logical part of Mr.
Hughes's programme for primary and
ballot reform. The strongest argument
for the retention of the party column on
the ballot is the number of nominations
contained on the ballot in this state.
Most voters would object to the labor of
marking each candidate on the ticket
separately and few would seriously pre
tend that Individual marking would
greatly increase discrimination in voting.
Failure to discriminate in voting does
not proceed entirely from the present
ballot, but in part from the relative
unimportance and the great number of
ofiiees lilled at the polls.
Moreover, to accomplish its best re
sults, Mr. Hughes's direct nominations
plan would require a reduction in the
number of offices to be filled. So long
as there are minor elective offices party
nominating committees called for by
the Governor's plan will be inclined to
follow the old political device of nam
ing a good man for the head of the ticket
and filling the rest of the ticket with
less acceptable candidates, iii other
words, In a direct primary election, as
in a general election, to get the best
results there must not be too many of
fices to fill.
Both sides are reported to be confident
of success in the British election, but we
fancy that in their hearts both have
grave misgivings. An uncommonly
handy and perspicuous little pamphlet
issued by the Times Book Club, of Lon
don, reminds us of the uncertainties of
British pollings and of the marked vibra
tions to which the political pendulum is
subject. Since the enactment of the first
reform bill, in ISIJ2, there have been
eighteen general elections, of which the
Liberals (cr Whigs> have won twelve
and the Conservatives s!x. Once the
Liberals won two, once three and once
four consecutive elections, while only
once, in lS<ir> and 1900, did the Con
servatives carry the country twice in
succession. A glance at a diagram <>f
the "swingings or' the pendulum" sng
gests that anything may happen this
month, and though the mathematical
probabilities would seem to favor a vic
tory for the Liberals by a diminished
majority be would be a rash prophet
who ventured confidently to predict that
or any other specific result.
Mayor GSaynoT has at least made on©
record that will hardly bo exceeded — his
walk over the ice from his home to the
City Hall yesterday.
If Mr. GeoTge Bernard Shaw was the
"only person in this wide world" who
could adequately comment upon Justice
Olmsted's remark In the shirtwaist
strike, and If his comment on It was th«
best he could make, we pity the rest of
"this wide world."
The Attorney General diagnoses the
trouble with Mr. Qlavia an "megaloma
nia." What is the. disease of thi .• who
have u»ed Gl&via to attack the admln-
Representative James M. tiriggs, of
Georgia, who died on Wednesday, was
an influential Southern Democrat of the
newer school. lie had been in the House
twelve years, and had won a creditable
position there by his activity and Inde
pendence. He believed in breaking with
'political tradition If such a break was
j necessary to serve the interests of th«
I E r««nt and tha *utur tl U* jyj^ on 9ot
the Southern Democrats who favored
protection on the products of their states
and voted to secure, It. He also Ignored
the Hon. Champ Clark's leadership when
he felt like doing so. Southern Repre
sentatives of his type are becoming BMTS
common since the South has waked up
to the advantage of studying Its own
economic and political advantage.
Probably nobody hereabouts really
wanted the "Western blizzard" which
was threatened for yesterday, but we
are certain that nobody wanted the non
descript and nameless substitute which
suffering Gotham got instead.
TBE TALK OF THE DAY.
Of opium smuggling In China a Yunnan
correspondent writes: "The other day
come men passed through several towns on
the way to the capital with three coffins.
In the first was a corpse; the other two
were packed with opium. Being suspected
at Yunnanfu. the first coffin was opened,
but the carriers made as much noise as
they could for having their coffin burst,
and the second and third coffins were not
examined. Quite common Is It for men to
travel in small crowds, smuggling opium
from the province of Kweichau. They
travel by night only, by lantern light ovor
the mountains, and in the day hide from
any possible official searchers."
"I saw you talking with Mrs. Featherly.
She seemed excited."
"Yes; she was putting up the same old,
"What's her grievance?"
"A case of bunched anniversaries. She
was born the day before Christmas and
married the day after, nd one present an
swers for all three occasions."— Cleveland
While the people of Xew York were spec
ulating on the possible appointments by the
new Mayor another mayoralty contest was
going on In the metropolis which aronsed as
much enthusiasm in the little community
where the campaign was waged as was de
veloped in the municipal light in which Mr.
Gaynor was the victor. The Sheltering
Guardian Society, an orphan asylum at
Broadway and 150 th street, has within its
walls a complete city government, with a
mayor, district attorney. Judges, chief of
police, sanitary officers, etc., and the last
election for these places was a particularly
spirited one. liiiell** Marksteln. the Mayor,
was a candidate for re-election, but opposi
tion was developed in some of the districts,
and Bertha Tabulsky was nominated as the
opposing candidate. There were meetings,
stump speeches and all that goes with a
campalgrn of oratory. According to the last
reports, the result of the contest was still
"Do you ever scold your husband?"
"Land sakes. r.o! I ask him for more
money."— Buffalo Express.
Tsa Tslrun Tshou is the name of a young
Chinaman who received the degree of
doctor of law." at the Berlin t'niversity
last month. Only once before has a similar
honor been bestowed hy that Institution on
a nativo of the Celestial Empire. The new
lawyer has been a resident of Berlin slnco
lfO6, speaks German fluently nnd his thesis
"Reforms in China in keeping with
European conditions," written in German,
was highly commended. An American at
the university, in a humorous article, refers
to Tsa's name as "two tries and a sneeze."
"Is the pen really mightier than the
"Nothing to it. You don't see any homes
for disabled poets."— lxmlsville Courier-
Among the Christmas toys which were
sold In Paris last month was a box of
jointed and dressed dolls. The collection
bore the label: "Royal People." A smil
ing couple in Spanish peasant costume
wheeling a baby carriage containing a
number of little dolls were marked "Al
fonso." A boy doll in recruit uniform
reading a love letter bore the title "Man
uel." Two of the lot were of the me-
Chanlcal class — Wilhelmine, in the uni
form of a Dutch corporal, drilling the
prince consort, and a white bearded doll,
marked "Edward," making a giant swing
on a tiny bar. The toys were not for sale
outside of Paris.
Wigg — Who originated the idea that the
longest way round was the shortest way
Wngg — Some taxicab driver, I suppose.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY'S DIS
! To the Editor of Th« Tribune.
Sir: The Standard Oil Company wishes
I to enter an emphatic protest against the
I charge made in certain newspapers in dls-
I cussing the price of milk that the Standard
: Oil Company is interested In either Bor
den's Condensed Milk Company or the Corn
| Products Refining Company. It is absolute
ly false. Tlie charge has been made and
denied before, but is reiterated, neverthe
l less. That tbe aim is to affix at any cost a
sensational stigma upon the Standard Oil
i Company may surely be assumed when one
roadrf such a headline as "Standard Oil, by
Sly Trick, Robs the Fanner of His Profits,"
and knows the fact, namely, that tha
'•Standard Oil Company lims nothing what
ever to do, either through direct or indirect
ownership of shares or hy the most remote
community of interests, with any company
serving milk or furnishing feed.
Hoping you will print this In the interests
of fair play. CHARLES T. WHITE,
Assistant Secretary Standard Oil Company.
New York, Jan. 6, 1910.
[The Tribune is not among the news
papers whkh have published such
charges. — Ed.]
THE GOVERNOR'S CABINET.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: As suggested by Governor Hughes,
that the Governor of the state appoint his
own heads of departments, how did it ever
come to pass that in the formation of this
government the governors or the states dUI
not have cabinets, as the President does?
Were the politicians at work on the offices
in the very beginning of things? Would
it not now be a far better plan if the gov
ernors of states appointed their cabinets,
us the President does? Is there any reas
onable objection to such a plan? Would
the people of the different states oppose,
such a proposition if placed before them
for acceptance? Has the matter ever been
agitated to any extent? Some light on the
nubject would be thankfully received by
a good many people seeking what Is best
for the public welfare. INQUIRER
New York, Jan. 6, 1910.
FROM ONE OF THE FALLEN?
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: We love the rood old winter time,
but oh, you sleet! \y. n 8
New York, Jan 6, 1910.
A BIT OF MUSICAL HISTORY.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In a recent "Symphony Society Bul
letin." a leaflet devoted to programme notes
and eulogies of Walter Damrosch. some ono
is permitted to overreach himself. The
writer enumerates the laurels won by this
conductor and then reminds us of the
Beethoven cycle given by the society two '
years as«. saying that it was "the first ex
pertinent ever attempted In this country"
As a matter of musical record, there was
at least one performance of the Beethoven !
cycle in this country before— four years be- l
,,. i ma "experiment." This was by th«
Philadelphia Orchestra in the spring O f i
1903, under the late Mr. Scheel. The writer !
was present at the entire cycle and still
retains aome of the programmes.
David A. modell.
*,«* Xork, Jail I*lo.
People and Social Incident*
AT THE WHITE HOUSE.
fFrom Th«» Tribune Bureau ]
Washington. Jan. 6.— The Secretary of
State, the Secretary of the Treasury.
the Attorney General and the Secretary
of Agriculture were In conference with
President Taft this afternoon for more
then an hour. Representatives QaloV
fogle. Goulden. Bonnet, Harrison. Sul
zer and Kornes Invited the President to
review the parade la be held In N-w
York on Memorial Day and to preside
at the meeting In CSfIfSSjIS Hall that
evening. The President SftM tie vv
like to attend, but that he could not give
a definite answer at thts time, as Congress
may still be In session, or that date may
find him on his way to Alaska.
Porto Rlcan legislation vias discussed by
the President arid Representative Olmated
to-day. Mr. Olmsted. who is chairman
of the House Committee on Territories.
will await the return of thr -
War from Porto Rico and his report to
the President before framing any bit..
Governor Fred M. Warner and L,leuten
ant Governor Patrick H. Kelly, accom
panied by the delegation from MVhlgan
who went to Philadelphia to present a
silver service to the battleship bearing the
name of their state. w«fS introduced to
the President by Representatives Smith
Another census eupervisorship dispute
has been laid before the President for set
tlement. Senators Johnston and Bank
head discussed to-day the appointment of
W. T. Swanson as supervisor of the 2'l
Alabama District. Representative Dent
opposes the nomination on the ground that
Mr. Swanson is not a resident of the dis
trict. The case has been referred to Direc
Representative Dtekema called at the ex
ecutive offices this morning to urge the
appointment of Judge Loyal E- Knappen.
of the Western District of Michigan, as
Judge of the 6th Circuit.
The Presidents callers included Speaker
Cannon, Senators Depew. Cullen, H( .•yburn.
Bradley. Foster, Gamble. Crawford and
Curtis and Representatives Denby. Me-
Creary and Sturglss.
Mrs. Charles Anderson, of Cincinnati, the
sister of Mrs. Taft. and her daughters wffl
arrive at the White House on Saturday for
a two weeks' visit to the President and
[From Th» Tribune Bureau |
Washington, Jan. 6.— The Secretary' of
the Treasury and Mrs. MacVeagh
tamed guests at dinner to-night in compli
ment to the Vice- President and Mrs. Sher
man. Their other guests were the \
lands Minister and Mme. Ix>udon, the
Spanish Minister. Senator and Mra. Xe-.v
lands, Mrs. Potter Palmer, of thkago:
Mrs. Wirt Dexter, of Boston; Mi^
more, Mr. and Mrs. Jenks, of Baltimore;
Mr. and Hn. C. D. Hi lies, and Mr. and
Mrs. George Grant Mason, General and
Mrs. E. H. Ripley and Judge and Mrs.
Gerry, all of Xew York; Mr. and Mrs.
Charles E. Dana, of Philadelphia; James
F. Curtis and Eames MaeVeagh, of <"hi
The Secretary of Commerce and Labor
and Mrs. Xagel left Washington this
evening for St. Ix>uis, where they v.-:,
called by the serious illness of Mrs.
THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS.
[From The Tribune Bureau.]
Washington, Jan. 6.— Christmas Eve at
the Russian Embassy passed without un
usual celebration because of the Illness of
the ambassador, who Is still confined to his
room, and to-morrow the Russian Christ
mas Day will be observed only by a small
dinner party made up of several members
of the staff.
The British Ambassador and Mrs. Bryce
will entertain as house guests Mr. and Mrs.
Prothero. of England, who will arrive to
-morrow afternoon. Mr. Prothero is tha
editor of "The London Quarterly Review."
Mrs. Bryce will not . receive to-morrow
afternoon, as Ig her usual custom on
Thursdays, because of a slight Indisposi
The Japanese Ambassador and Countess
IVhida have issued invitations to the diplo
matic corps for a reception on Monday
The German Ambassador, accompanied
by his military attache. Major yon Ll
vonius, and Lieutenant yon Ernst, attach?
went to New York to-day to attend a din
ner given by a German club. They will be
absent two days.
The Mexican Ambassador, who was called
away from Washington in August by the
illness of his wife In Paris, and remained
abroad and in Mexico to look after his pri
vate affairs after her death, will return
The Swedish Minister left here to-day for
Philadelphia, where he was entertained to
night. He will return to-morrow
The British military attache and the lion
Mrs-. Bernard James entertained at dinner
to-night Mme. de "Lagercrantz. wife of the
Swedish Minister: Brigadier General and
Mrs. W. W. Wotherspoon. Mrs. Mar- Hen
deraoß. of England; Mrs. Thomas Baj
Dr. and Mrs. Fremont Smith, Mr. Skyl
Norwegian secretary; Rear Admiral Cowlos
atLhe 11 ant T:lnika> Japanese m! »^O'
The British second secretary and Mrs
Esmond Ovey and Miss Ovey will /,
Philadelphia to-morrow to attend the as
IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY.
fFrom The Tribune Bureau ]
Washington. Jan. 6.-The French AnUas
sador and Mme. Jusserand were the guests
of honor at a dinner to-night with Mr and
GOVERNOR COMING HERE.
With Family Will Attend Memorial
Service for Father on Sunday.
Albany. Jan. 6.- Governor Hughes and
family will leave here on Sundaj for New
Tar* to attend the memorial services fo
the Governors father, the Revj Dr David
C Hughes, which are to be held on Sunday
night at the Calvary Baptist Church 57th
street and Fifth avenue.
The Governor will go from New York to
Jew Haven, where on Monday and Tues
day he will deliver the last of two £rt2
of four Dodge lectures before Tale Uni
versity. He expects to return Wednesday.
EX-EMPRESS MARIE'S CONDITION.
Braasela, Jan. s.-The *«*srt alarmtaa
reports conc«n!asj the health of Marie
Charlotte, widow of Kmperor Maximilian
or Mexk-o. were authoritatively dented
to-day. The condition of the ex-Km
preas. who has been mentally incom
petent for many year«. Is stated to remain
the same. She Inquires frequently for her
brother, the late King Leopold, of whose
death she has not been Informed She Is
seventy years old.
AN OLD ADAGE REVISED.
From The New Haven Journal-Courier.
,7 , c . new Pa > (pay-a*-yoo-enterl caw
are to be Installed In Baltimore The stree?
railroad eom;»nlea seem to bt> comma marl
•nd more to .he opinion that the n'kefta
ow'8 h JoJkel W ° rth tW ° '" the ° ther fel -
S PROBABLY ACCURATE.
From The Utlca Press.
. "What Is a Democrat?" Is a ,iii»stl,.n thnt
hta been before the- countr * ?or i declS
and variously answered, the latest and
Probably the most accurate answer dS
scribes a Democrat as a man who thive
"mea voted for -Bryan, and three ass
leit r J I tSL l( M£ etly r^ OlCod over Vo d"
I Mrs. Truman 11. New berry as hosts. sjr^ •
! Newberry has issued invitations for , ;
j dance at Rauscher's on January a. |9
Mr. ami Mrs. Joseph Letter left her- tj
j afternoon tor Chicago, after spending th % i
i . Christmas season with Mr. Lester's mother I ■
Mrs. I* & loiter. , / A
Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Legare "ntertatr*
number of diplomats and other i *"•.,
j dinner to-night.
Mr. and Mrs. Herbert "Wadsworth entjr.
| tamed gruests at dinner to-night, and %C
lowed it with a musical and a dance. '
! The Secretary of Agriculture was t£|\
: guest of honor at a dinner given to-iMH
I by Mr. and Mrs. William E. Curtis. Air.os;
the ether guests were Senator and- j3B
I Burrows. Senator and Mrs. Brings an<J^^B
j and ' Mrs. AY. B. Rldgely.
The Solicitor Genera! and Mrs. Boirert
Introduced their daughter. Miss Marth^
Bowers, to society at a tea this afterr.coa,
j when several hundred persons from.offlsly
I and resident society met the debutant*. i
j Mrs. Wickersham and Mrs. John V.'. Fo*.
1 ter poured tea. and Mrs. and M!si 80-seri
! were assisted by Mrs. Horace W'estcott asi
! a number of thi3 season's debutantes^
Mrs. Clarence Efdward3 entertained j* j
i number of yo::ng persons at dinner to-ci?St
! In compliment to Miss HUdegard Xa?^
1 The guests were Miss Mary MeCauley;
I Miss Eudora Clover, Miss Sophy Joh.istos,'
| Miss Katherine P.ritton. Miss I^aura Jrer-
I riam. C. R. Simpkins, BasU Miles, HiUarj
Owen. Nathan Wyeth. Preston Porter. D r . |
Dulaney. Dr. Davis and William Merrlao.
Mrs. Carter, wife of the Senator froia
Montana, entertained at dinner iast ever.tij
in honor of the American Minister fr» Den
mark and Mrs. Kgan. and gave a recepUan
In their honor this evening.
Among the hosts entertaining dinner par.
j ties to-night were Mrs. Amy Talbot and
• Mm Katherine Elkins. "ho is entertalzlsj
i Mrs. Robert Goelet. of New York.
'■■ Mr. and Mrs. J. Mandavllle Carlisle enter
! tamed a dinner party, followed by a theatr»
[ party and dance, in honor of Mrs. Car
i Ifsle's niece. Miss Mariorie Pearson, daugh
ter of the American Minister to Greece.
NEW" YORK SOCIETY.
Mrs. H. Fairfield Osborn entertainer! ft»
members <f the Thursday Even'.r!^ Club
last night at her house. " in Madison ay»- \
nue. A. Radclyffe Dusmore. of the Ms.
peum of Natural History, who gave tx-~~
President Roosevelt much valuable ln-\'
formation concerning Africa before tha.:
ex-President undertook his present trip oa
that continent, told the guests of h!3 hunt
ing In Africa, illustrating h:3 'a'k with
stereoptlcon views from photographs which.
he took whik' there. A buffet luncheon fal
lowed the lecture. Among the members of ■
the club are Mr. and Mrs. J. Pierpont Mor- :
grin. Mr. and Mrs. Frederick V»\ Whitridj^
Mr. and Mrs. Robert '■'■'- de Fore3t. Mr
and Mrs. Herbert I*. Satterlee, Mr. aa.
Mrs*. W. Pierson Hamilton. Dr. and Mrs»
Francis P. Kinnicutt, John Eiselow. ■ Miss
Grace : elow. Arthur Sedgrvick, J. Hasssfl
den Robb. Mrs. Henry Draper and Mr. atjfl
Mrs. John H. Hammond.
Mrs. Paul Tuckerman gave a sma'l din
ner last nigM at her house, in TV>=- 4Sth
Frederick Townsend Martin gave a. dla
ner last evening for Miss Margrueri:*
Shonts and Monson Morris arcl afterward
took his guests to see "The L!!y." Sirs.
Gouveraeur Kortright acted as chaperon.
Mr. Martin gives a luncheon to-day at
A number of young worr.^r. prominent la
society will take part in a series of panto
mimes being arranged for the benefit Of
the Music School Settlement on the after
noon of Friday. February 4. The enter
tainment will be given at Ths New The- j
atre and will be the first arr.at^ur per
formance which has taken place "tbere.
The committee in charge of the affair in
cludes Miss Beatrice Pratt, chairman; Mrs.
Courtlandt Dixon Barnes. Miss Dorothea
Draper and Miss I»rri;ne Roosevelt, wh»
have secured the co-operation of Joseph
Lindon Smith, a Boston artist, to present '-
the series of pantomimes written and ar
ranged by him to music by Grieg and
Massenet. The music v.-in be furnished
by the New York Symphony Orchestra, ua-*
der the direction of Walter Darr.r
Henri d-? Sincay, whose engagement tajjj
Miss Marie Louise Logan, daughter of Mrs. .
John A. Logan, jr., was announced a few ;
days ago, sailed f<sr his home in Belgium
yesterday. He will return to this country
at the end of the month and the wedding"
will probably take place before Lent.
Mrs. Robert Endicott gives a dance tMi
evening for her debutante daughter, Miss
Mr. and Mrs. Cleveland H. Dodsre will
sail for Europe on March 5 and join their >:
sons, who are travelling around the world. -
at Alexandria. They will then make ->
tour of the Mediterranean and return to -^
New York in June.
:.'-■■■■ "■--■--:■ ■".-... i --.•■.:*-^;. ■- - v ...-■.■' ;;?•&
SOCIAL NOTES FROM NEWPORT. |
[By Telegraph to The Tribune. 1
Newport. Jan. 6. — Captain ' and Mrs.
Cameron McR. Winslow and their family
have gone to Westbury. Long Island, whera
they will spend the winter. They will re
turn here in June.
Miss Montgomery, of New York, has re
turned to New York after a visit to Mrs.
Roderick Terry. Mrs. Terry will v * at
home at Linden Gates Saturday afternoon. .
PRAISE FOR PREVENTORIUM.
Father of Children's Court Sends
Strong Letter to Nathan Straus.
Judge Ken B. Ijndsey, of Denver, known
as the "Father of the Children's Court.*
has written to Nathan Straus, urging him
to stick to his projec: in behalf of clilldrea
of t'.ie New York tenements who may b«
in danger of tuberculosis. The - jud^
I have, of course. lons known of your
splendid work for childhood and humanity:
and have admired and respected you for it.
l do sincerely hope that your plans to con
tinue the prevemorium for tht» little cbil
aren subject or exposed to tuberculosis wilt
not be interfered with.
Interested as I am here in Denver in tha
hospital work for consumptives, and
Knowing as 1 do considerable about the ex
perience of others in the work against th*
♦.hit© plague. 1 feel safe In saying that
some of tha objections 1 ha-. heard ti>
your plans are absolutely without merit
and should not for a moment stand in th*
way of the great service you are render-
Ing humanity, and I do sincerely hop* that
your work near l^akewood may go on with
DINNER FOR AN ARTIST.
WBttam F. M»vfm«v« save a dinner last
evening at th© Century Club for J. C. N!co«.
N. A., as a compliment to his recent es
hlMtion of painting at the Century Clubof
h!s Mexican arui California.*! work. Amoni
the suesta were FrancU C. Jones. Boltoa
Jones. Frank D. Millet, C. Y. Turner. Jaha
■\\\ Alexander. Will H. Low. W. H. Up
pineott, Samuel Isham and H. U Henry-
PHILLIPS— DRAYTON WEDDING.
London. Jan. $. — Arrangements are bvias
made to solemnize ta London the marriage
el Miss C. A. Drayton. of New York, and
William Phillips, secretary of the United,
States ESnbasay here. It had been planned
to haw the. marriage in New York, but the
secretary is detained at his post by th»
temporary absence of Ambassador Reid.
The date of the wedding baa not yet bees
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