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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 11, 1910, Image 4

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Washington Thinks Russia and
.lapav Might Welcome
Chinese Purchase.
IFrom The Tribune Bureau. l
"Washington. Jan. 10.— The State Dc
rsrtrocnt is not perturbed over the at
titude of hostility diyplay cd by ■ part
of the Japanese press and some Japan
••«» public men toward the proposal
made by Secretary Knox for the neu
■trallration of the Manchurian railroads,
r.**d no occasion ip eecn to abandon the
hope that the plan, as susgested, -trill'
u!timat<:ly succeed.
Some doubt is exprppF^d that the ap
parent hostility in Japan originates "Aith
t' ' present government. The assump
tion that the proposal was made on tho
part of tho United States to prevent
Jfepsn from en.lo\ ing the fruits of con
quest acquired in the Into war with Rus
sia is declared not only trivial but
On the other hand, th opinion is ex
pressed that Japan, mere, than any other'
nation. -»oi:!d pain commercially
'through the development of Manchuria
bound to follow the removal of the, one
r K3urc*> of political disturbances which
has hitherto retarded the commercial
' exploitation of the country.
Secretary Kn°x In his note to th«
■ powers '•'"as actuated by one Idea only —
to develop Manchuria in. the most oco
nornlcul way. preserving' at the Fame
time., the policy of equal opportunity to
• sll -the powers. As a plinple matter of
■* ru«;ine.Ss». the roads of Manchuria could
i be operated under a single management
rr.ore effectively and economically than
under the control of Russia, Japan and
j Chins. The note made no reference to
' the compensation to be received by
Japan for rellncjuishlnp the advantages
, ph«- now hold?. In » view of this reserva
tion, the criticism from Japanese ■onreni
.that the country will lose by the trans
action, ip at. U'nst premature.
It if pointed out. on the, contrary, that
, Jspan' holdinp th«» advantage of prox
imity to Manchuria, and bavins already
. made extensive preparations to acquire
M.'in'hurian trade, would probably bene
. ftr mom than any other of rhe power*,
I which are tux removed from Manchuria.
.find which are at a natural disadvantage
\in competing: with Japan. The same
applies to Uusr-ia.
The dGtail^ arrangements to be made
wjrh tbese twt» countries would remain
td be adjusted after the, power-, they in
cluded, had adopted in principle the
scheme proposed fey .Mr. Kr.o*. The ap
parent resentment with which the. pro
posal has been received by certain ele
ments In Japan is, therefore, without
foundation, and will have, it Is believed,
no effect upon the government In its
consideration of the question.
There Is reason to believe that both
•Japan and Russia might welcome an op
portunity to dispose of their interests in
the railroads of Msncliuria to China, In
. view of the. attitude of those countries
at* described in recent diplomatic gr>s
- sip. It was said that the Russian Mm■
■ istcr oorf r Finance, Iswoleky, who met
Marquis Ito only a few months ago, at
. tho time the latter was assassinated,
. was sent to confer with him regarding 1
the- purchase of the Russian interests.
The possibility of Harriman's taking
over the Interests of the Japanese gov
. 'rnmfnt was the subject of current re
l port Only a short time before.
■lafceover, as both countries will relin
. quifh their rights by expiration of the
concessions within thirty years, when
the properties revert to China, it re- not
easily understood why either should
' gravely object to an opportunity of get
ting- the roa4f, which are a severe tax
upon their depleted treasuries, by a
mettod which would be of manifest ad
vantage to both of them.
If the rich Maneharlan territory de
velops at the rapid pace contemplated it
It Very likely that other roads yet to be
built will enter into competition with
the Russian and Japanese roads. Such
a project' lS contemplated In the building
af '.he Tsitsihar road, to reach ultimate
ly to Air^n. .
Secretary Knox agreed to this project
only under the stipulation that Japan
should have equal opportunity to share
with the other powers in its control. It
U not believed likely, therefore, that the
Jar>ahffo government will see in his pro
r"Fßl an adroit move to eliminate Jap
»*-' influences from Manchuria.
Will tic ply Favorably to 'Amer
ican Plan.
Berlin, Jan. 10.— formany -will reply
j favorably to th* proposition of the
T ntt<-': BUllJi - 8) '' >rnic(> to tM neu
| trallziitlori of thfc Man-~hurian railroads,
' irccrding to a ffml-onicial communique
M "3 to-rupht. Tliis rays:
"Germiriy'!' answer to th^ American
- ' ' "-»' - -:" will be In the pam*s frf»n!«o
jis Eri^lana I*.1 *. •which exprcwes funda"
rr#nt»! arre«!iHcnt therewith, as the
American proposition fully reco-rnizes
rh« principles of th» op*n door and equal
rights for all, which have always been
the foundation;- of the German policy
in i irt»rr. Asia."
Kr,(>r\- Suggest ion Not Well
Received, in Tokio.
Tck'o. Jen. 3 0 -No doubt may v,«- <.ntrr
tslned «-onctmsn£r Japan's attitude toward
the An-,«flcar> plan to n»:«trallz<i the Man
cfcurltr. railways. Secrttarj' Knox'e pr^r".l
fcltlnn lif not called forth a --t>rd of favor
from ■v- source In Japan. The diplomats
fcjwjjS V-h!]e dbinclinfd to ►xpr*(«s thHropin
ions, certainly do not support the project.
To the foreign oonMnercis.l fi^ir.fnt the
wh'il^ thine sr^p^rF Impractical)'*. Count
HttVVjiM. former MlhlKtpr of Foreign Af
ffcir». in tin lnipr^i«"w to-day eald:
"ft amounts •'-••- ;. Mon by tYir pow
t? h£ Japan's rights In ManHiurla. s»oijr^l
Tribune Help Ads.
Brought Results
- *. 1 Cs4 W«t ifvjpjtl ■ I tm York.
Gentlemen: W*> ere ,-,-,.., to ad
vls* you that the small ad. In your
paper -with reference to n t-^lesman
brought us six applies of which
we believe * two v.IU bo employed by
' viis- Tours truly,
ts a reward of ■ the ■ heavy expenditure) of
Wood and treasure.- TI-.- popular sentiment
is certainly violently opposed to the propo
Count Hayashl compares the present
situation with that which followed the
Japanese and Chinese war in ISO 3, when
the powers outmanoeuvred Japan and se
cured the rights for which? she had foucht.
lie insisted that Japan was observing con
sistently the convention with the United
States, preserving the integrity of China
«nd maintaining the principle of the open
door and cciual opportunity.
The "Kokumin," a pomi-officlal organ,
representing, the. view of. Premier- Katsura.
says thsrttti^Japarre-**** reply to t ; A Amrf
«in note will be couched in friendly terms
because the suggestion comes from a
: friendly power, but at the name time In
o,uir<:s whether (Jcrmany 1 France would
be willing to neutralize. Shantung and Yun
nan provinces.
The highest authority Is given for the as
surance that. there is not the.slightest.foun
dation for" current reports that" Japan i*
nien«rin^ Russia. Ther rrlatiorm and; in
.tprrst.T of tho two governments are soldi to
be closer t* 1 ii n ever before* News di?
patclioK: !>.nn tfle Unlt»Hl ! States published
her<y and. r*»portlnc^ a feeling or unc;vKinps!»
in < -sir> lfavc' caused' some perplexity lit
official- circles lftfe£*us(ft recently th<- st^adil y
improvlng relations, h»twi>Mi Japan and'
itussli havo. bV"h '_ strehgthehe'd, arid' cs
pooirJly r'r..o b'otll poveritrhenfs- equally
and steadfastly opposed to the proposition
of Secretary Krioxl
St. Petersburg. .lan. 10.- The "Novog
VremyjT" in air editorial ".?tidrr to-day dis
cusses the American piTfriosirl for rim nf .1
tralization of the Manc!iurian railway?.
Conceding that the scheme of neutraliza
tion would remove the threatening spectre
of a Russo-Japanese war and pi;»<-T» » l»Tjre
sum of money in the empty coffers of Rus
sia, the; "r^ovos "VT"(*nri'a" d(*oiar<»B> that, as
th« ">Taiic"fiurfan line is' an indfspcrisaßlo.
linlf in rt,e n>oie railway ronfc to- tire? Far
Kast, it" would be a crime to abandon It be
fore tiro «vpirailm»\ of t v : *> contract of I S SS
and when the Amoer railroad- will have- been
cnmpl*fed. T"j»- ro- th" prwont tlme>- the
rowi hap shown- »r deficit, due largely to
mi'=rrianag:ern«Tlt and graft, but this loss
'•■II! be offset to at xrest extent, as tin ex
pense for the maintenance of the railroad
jnar'ds' ■ r-arjrrable against the military'
bud«^t^ The railroad is most valuable to
Russfr* , the paper ?rd<?». and milHorts should
not fmpt the Ilussian. statesmen to pa*t
with it.
Paris, Jan. 10.— The ."Journal" to-day «•■
presses the opinion that both of Secretary
Knox's propositions, throne In the Inter
ests of international arbitration and the
other looking to the neutralization of the
Manchurlan railway, will fall.
The paper considers the first Impractica
ble, because It seeks to convert a minor
court into a veritable international arbitra
tion tribunal, and characterizes the second
as an audacious move to bring Japanese
covetousness to book. It is at a loss to
understand why the United States should
now seek to arouse Japan's suspicions,
"It is notorious that th» United States
for a long time has had its eye on the
Mawburian market?, and is assiduously
courting China, but the chances of Chinese
regeneration are uncertain. Accordingly,
it is a bis risk for the United ares to
baclc a doubtful starter against the winner
of the last International conflict."
Attempt to Cut Appropriation
for Manoeuvres Defeated.
rFrom The Tribune Bureau.]
Washington, Jan. 10.— After a number of
unimportant District of Columbia bills had
been disposed of to-day the House resumed
consideration of the military appropriation
bill. Excellent progress was made until the.
paragraph authorizing an expenditure of
$1,350,000 for militia manoeuvres was
reached. This brought on a long debate, in
which the chief defenders of the paragraph
were Chairman Hull of the committee and
Representative Knapr>, of New York. They
contend*** that these manoeuvres were a
necessary part of the general scheme of na
tional defence, and that it was only because
of an efficient 'militia, that the standing
army could be safely maintained at a
Representative Mann, of Illinois, took the
opposite view. He declared that after read
ing the reports from army experts on tho
value of manoeuvres he had come to the
conclusion that the appropriation could be
safely cut down, and he offered an amend
ment making it $5«9.<J00. ;-•
Aft'-r several hours' debate the amend
ment Mta vo»ed down.
Department Wants American
Ships to Carry Them.
Washington, Jan. V>.— Transportation of
the mails by railroads, steamship lines and
various star routes cost the government
in the fiscal year ended on June 30, 1909,
J53,493,7«2. These figures are given in the
annual report 01 Joseph Stewart, Second
Assistant Postmaster Genera!.
In discussing the foreign mail situation
Mr. Stewart says:
Under existin;,' provisions of law the de
pait:nent is unable to secuie contracts for
the transportation of our foreign malls 111
American steamships to the ports of Brazil
and Argentina and those of the Orient and
Australasia. More than 70 per cent of the
vessels carrying our mails to "the Orient
fly foreign flags, «nd not. * single one car
rying them to Australasia, and South Amer
ica, except to the north coast. Hies th«
American flag. The department hut; no
control over vessels forming service to
t!.es«» countries, a.nd therefore cannot pre
terit**: schedules.
Our shipping to South America has been
placed at a marked disadvantage by the
building of fast, modern steamships for
(•ervlee between European countries and
Brazil and Argentina, under the stimulus
of government aid. Tne service from Rio
<•)« Janeiro Ifi made tn Italian. English,
French *nd German *.hlp*< to their re
spective port* in from twelve to fifteen
osyp. whn*! the time of the trip from New
TorK to Rio de Janeiro in the fastest ves
sels carrying our trade If eighteen »nd ■
half days, and other . vessels require an
rno<-h as twenty-Hem days.
The** e6unirl*s arc of great commercial
lrr.nortan.ee to our own. Trade with the
Orient could be oeVeiopjMJ to immense pro
portions undeT encouraging conditions. The
foreign trade •( South America amount*
to fl.&'WA'O.Wrt. and ie increasing m.t th*
rat« of SIOO.cW.OW a, year.
Th«? passage of an act to eufhorit" th«
F«}firi).'i l ">r Oen«ral to pay for ocean mail
service In vessels of the second flats on
routes to South An-erica. the Philipplri';.
■-.■■■■ China and Australasia, four thou
- hi -4 miles or more, in length, outward voy»
eg", at a rate a mile not exo««cllng the
rate applicable to ressel! of the first < 'as»
a<. provided in the act of March 3, H591,
will, it is believed, enable the department
to secure contract service, to these part* of
the worm.
Designed to Equalize Value of Twos
and Threes.
Washington, Jan. 10 —A bill fra-nra by
Secrrtary MacVeaph. B**i£tia| to equalize
ihe .': per cent Panama Canal bonds au
thorised In the J'ayne law with the 2 p*-r
cent bonds previously authorized, wh»n
used «>• security for national bank circula
tion, will I"- introduced in the next few
day* by Chairman Vheejind of the Bank
inp and Currency < ommittr© of the Houws.
An tap* of I per rent t«.nds. without
foffl« feature >'• rqunlizc them with the 1
per tentF. would practically Goprtnnt* th»>
vsiue of «he 2t. To avoid Ibis, retard'
MscVearh'a Mil proposes to increaEe. tho
tax or. she ft) wfccsj u««>«i saltw-Ofi'*" for
nat.fone.l baa* Mint,,.,,. ..,, ,, )U( the n««i
ln«-oni« will be th. «»mi> from kM "*■>
for private (nvoctment, hotvtvfr. «nd v.
e?tntc« and in li !<ir.. n no; or«o r« will r«*r»r"
penl the .Votures m the u-u<l %9* cent
bon-i. (
. I From The Tribune Durrau.l
AVashington. Jan. 10. — People who prefer
facts to sensations will accept with a large
Train of allowance the reports that Urn ■;•!
ministration expects a terrible Hunt to be
1. . A.i, on it by tbe friends or Glffofd Pin
('hot. the ex-for«Bt*r, that the jrioat army
of forest rangers, supervisors, etc., will im
. mediately institute a campaign to differed It
President. Ta/t. .inii:much itpnaenae
which is finding its way into print. In
•■'I- Mr. Piricliot possessed Kreat power.
Vnth'hlm out. of office, however, those who
know human nature will readily appreciate
that the groat army, of employes of the for
est service will ho chiefly concerned h*nee-
I'Mli fMnl.ii.^iiliiK- their position in the
""•; srracos of their 1 new chief rather than
condiietJbc a fight on their employers under
the moral leadership of their former chief
tain. ,That= Mr. Pin»'!.ot remark
ahie power while he remained' in ofllce may
be ;ipr)ivi;!<'»i • f mm tlie- faot that- lace year
he exepntid , upward : of 5v5C.00,0 for "pub
licity, that he ditrtributed more than
l,o('(f,000 copies of forestry publications,
that he maintained, a- mailing, list of" more
than 750,000 name;;, that he maintained a
division of publications with an "»»litor" and
vario\y»: aesist.-Mits. and- tliat tho mcpibera
of bis bureau delivered! in the year 359
lectures- or ptil-iii' adiaresßeft TllwStC facts
»re taJ^en from hlf annual rej-ort, just marie
public, in whicli. by tho way, he reports the
adoption- of- certain Improvements- In. the di
vision . >jC publicity wWch f.nahl<«l him to re
duce th« force by "thirty person?.'" One of
hi^ publicity men war a sort of profftslslonal
chairman of tho committees, on resolutions
at BOOM forest and conservation conven
tions, and, in a word, his press agency was
organized ropariilcps of expense and on the
most approved tines. It is now maintained
By His frt'wd.'? that h<? will 1 enjoy the un
qualified support of the National C<*iserva
tion- Association and the NailoaaJi Forestry
Association, but he has enjoyed their sup
port all aIOTiK. art'l h^is o« v p'rlv < *f] by removal
of considerably more effective methods of
There- i- still much specuJation r.cjrard
inc the motives which cause-! Mr. Pinchot
to write his letter to Senator; Dolliver in
defiance of an Executive order and of the
advice of the Secretary or Agriculture. Jn
many quarter? it Is as*ijmed that, he pur
p<Ts<»d to compel the President to- remove
him. Those who have an intimate knowl
edge of men and affairs in the forest ser
vice, however, dispute that conclusion.
On the contrary, they say. there is reason
to believe that long immunity from the lim
itations imposed on other bureau chiefs had
led the Forester to regard himself as a
law unto himself, and, moreover, that he
had been deceived by the. apparently In'
exhaustible gentleness and forbearance of
the Chief Executive. The day Mr Pinchot's
letter was read in the Senate it was pre
dicted in these di^patrhs that summary
cc.tion would be taken at the White House.
When The Tribune containing that dis
patch- reached Washington a member e>t
the forest service expressed to The Trib
une's correspondent, his regret that so
conservative a newspaper should hare been
so seriously misled by a. "wholly unfounded
rumor, and asserted positively that "Pres
ident Taft would not dare to remoTe Mr.
T'incliot." with the intimation that the
President well Rnen- such action would sain
the "undying enmity of ex-PresMent
James Freeman Curtis. Assistant Secre
tary of the Treasury, is confronted by
Work of State Department and
Consular Service.
fFrom The Tribune Bureau
Washington, Jan. 10.— "Secretary Knox
made a marked impression on the Foreign
Affairs Committee by his convincing evi
dence that more attention must b« paid by
the government to the development of for
eign trade relations, and I am certain that
tb* entire committee. Republicans and
Democrats, will actively co-operate with
him in securing the appropriations which
he desires."
Representative Jam^s Breck Perkins, of
New York, chairman of the Foreign Affaire
Committee, made this statement to-day
after Secretary Knox had completed an ex
planation of the estimates for the State
Department which he wishes included in
tho diplomatic and consular appropriation
bill for the next fiscal year.
Aside from the usual annual appropria
tions; Secretary Knox's requests are mod
eat. Fie explained to the committee th«
usa to which he had put the appropriation
of WMN m;ui<- in the last session for the
development of American commercial and
trade relations abroad. About JT.'.COO has
been used in the employment of trade and
tariff experts in the State Department, in
the addition to the department of trained
diplomatic and consular officer? who were
recalled from their posts to assist In the
work. th« establishment of the divisions of
fsr Pastern and near Eastern affairs, and
the bureau Of information. lie asked that
these men he placed on the permanent rolls
and that the method of making appropria
tion.* be so changed us to make provision
for the new division?. H* a)s« ; "reqyejstc4
135,000 for the contingent expense* of thes^
new divisions.
An appropriation of $2oO.<yv) was; asked In
order that this sum initrht Ivi. available
when the Panama treaty between th«
United States and Colombia. la ratified by
the Senate. That treaty provides for an
annual payment of $2T^, "O to Colombia.
There id already $S<¥i.Mo in the Treasury for
this purpose, which is to me»t the obliga
tion of the United States for th" last two
Mr. Knov also a£fc*d favorable conslflera
t!<m of a proposnl recently submitted to the
department by France, that «ti lnterna
tlonal automobile congress be MM in the
nrar future tor the purpose of recommend*
ing uniform legislation relating to B';tonv>.
MIC highway*. The Secretary ftslntf an sip.
propri^t.ion of $1,000 f*>r th{« purpose, end
declared tha», although this sum would not
begin to «J«frfty tho exptnees of th^ dele
sates from the t*nite<j State?. he was cer
tain that •• number of patriotic men fouM
hz found who would «;i«/jiy represent this
couijtrj' and pay part of their expense out
of their own pockets.
Speaking for the consular service, Mr.
Kiiok called the attention of the committe-i
to the remarkable showing which has be*ii
made In the laet year. lie showed that th«
mt ire rout of the s-*»n'ice w** only 5245* .'••"•
owins to the fact that more than $1.3n0,0(v>
had been received in feet. « if course, these
figures do not take into consideration the
immense amount of money the service ha«
'•used to flow into the United states
through the efforts of its consuls in devtl
oping trade.
Tho total amount asked by Mr. Knox is
M.UMM. of which nt l?«6t f2,000.W) will
'••m* back in foe*. Th« la« bill cnrri<?a an
appropriation of $3/>13,1n.
William itlgsytns, his wife » n 'l Bev«n chil
4ren wcro in a happier frame or mind yes
t*nlay after re.-eivlntr the %\ bin (. Pn t to
The Tribune, anonymouHy, J'ortnnntely
somfj ?tranße^ Iwtc taltrn an Interest la
the fnmlly « condition and several contri
bution*) have been made.
If this weather continues, warm clothing
seems to be ti,.- ihln S needed, aj well as
money for food. Thr Injury to Mr Hi~
f" s '? 1 arm. r 'i c iv " <1 , n the' , how ., of ,>%
Hroohlyii napifj Trnnfll Company^ madr;
tjMfTes*. Tl.o main oerva I* aWftVfl, u»-i
Iho doctor of it s t^eSrth. lltilo hoi)" for
I serious difficulties in connection with his
s confirmation by the Senate. The Finance
Committee met to-day, but deferred action
on the nominations of Mr. Curtis and of
Royal i.. i-.n. Commissioner of Internal
Revenue, ?.ir. Cabell will l»e confirmed in
time, but it if? not a safe -prediction' tir.t
Mr. Curtis will be, although he may. His
"position as head of the customs .service is
ft responsible one. and some of his dutleoi
are delicate In their nature. lie bas al
ready rendered some decisions which "I' 1
rot meet with the cordial approval of the;
Senate and which furnish a farther ob
stacle to his confirmation. There Is, too.
a hint of suspicion that Mr. Curtis, If not
[involved In, Is at least somewhat cloeelyj
related to, the "Return from Elba" move
ment, which also perhaps constitutes an
obstacle to Ills expeditious, confirmation.
Friends of the administration' are "turn
ing anxious j eyes toward . political condi
tions in the Empire State, and inquiries re
',ar'ii:i^ the situation there are numerous.:
Governor Huphe« is regarded as baring
eliminated the old organisation, but the
question is constantly asked what has bo
done to replace it? Is he .building up any.
efficient organization to tako its place?
It is not easily conceivable to Republican
leaders in Washington that the next elec
tion can bo carried to a successful Issue
without some efficient machinery. It Is
appreciated that- much depends on Repub
lican success in New York, and there, Is not
the utmost confidence • In the leadership of
Representative Parrons or of .Mr. Wood
ruff. When Mr. Root was elected Scnator
a.nd William Lo£b. jr.. was appointed Col
lector of tho Port of New York, it was*
generally assumed here thnt Mr. Root*
would become titular, and Mr. Tx>eb actual;
head of the Republican organization, with
a more or less harmonious agreement with-
Governor Hughes, but Mr. Root does not
find politics congenial, and is taking no
active part, whilo Mr. Loeb has been so
busy with affairs In the Custom House:
that he lias had little time to give to;
The Minnesota delegation, after anathe-.
inatizlng Representative* Tawney hacaniiq
be stood with the administration on the
tariff bill, has decided that it cannot well;
deprive itself of his ability, and will there
fore elect him th 9 Minnesota member of
the Congressional Committee. He ia now
vice-chairman and a member of the, execu-.
tive committee on the Congressional Com-,
mittee., and his colleagues Fa y frankly that
his services are too valuable to be dis
pensed with.. Th© membership of the new
committee will be decided at the. caucus of
Republican members of the i louse called;
for Wednesday evening.
A delegation from Indiana, beaded by th*-.
Governor, arrived in Washington to-day
for the unveiling of the statue of General.
Lew Wallace, which will take place in
Statuary Hall to-morrow. Some members
of the delegation are considerably per
tnrbedt or»r the fact tlvir tho basa of the
statue has been constructed of Indiana
limestone, which they declare looks cheap
when compared with tb<j. Carrara marble
of the figure itself. Lew Wallace. Jr.,
grandson of General WaUac* -will unveil
tkjl statue, end. James Whltcomb RJley wllL
read a poem composed for the occasion.
The members of the draunattc company
wbtch is. producLi^ "Ben Hur" at th© \a
ttonal Tb*Htre fate week have been invited
to Hika part in the ceremonies, and Sen
ator T'everklge will deliver the principal,
address. (j_ Gt H-
/ .......
Quartermaster General Hopes
to Save $1,000,000. •
fFfem The Tribune Bureau.] '
Washington. January v>.
quartermaster general of the army Is. con
ducting an Investigation which is destined,
to prove important in saving money now
expended at military posts without the reg
ulation or restrictions which, Gcuerai Ale
ehire believes, ehould attend expend! i
for fj]*l and light, He is encouraged to be
lieve that he can save JI.OOO.OCa a year if
It is possible to cut down th« excessive
consumption of fuel and the waste of light
in the way of misapplied electric current.
This is a startling proposition, and General
Aleshire-'ls not as vet prepared to s-ay
that there has been so, much waste in fuel
and light at military' posts, but the re
ports ha is receiving indicate* that the ex
cess of consumption has been considera
ble, and if the examples he has been ably
to locate are at all typical tho savins? in,
the. consumption of coal would amount to.
nearly $Mo,ooo a year.
ORDERS ISSUED.-Th* following orders
have been Issued:
Captain JAY RALPH SHOOK. medical corps
rrom Chicago to Jefterson Barracks for one
month, thence to Fort Loaaa.
F"ollorvinr changes tn in'dlcal corps and medical
rtsM-ve corps onipr'd: .
Medical eori/s: Captain CARROLL. D. BUCK to
Aipatraz Itlan'l, Pacific branch military
prison. »v«« captain ROBERT TirOß.v-
GURGII. to ftennral hospital. Presidio ' „
S«n Francisco; First I.W-ui. :iam EE>il\R
KING, to Fort M'-lK)»-»!i: l'tret U»u tenant
(;UV V. TtUKKE. to gtntral hospital. Presi
dio of San Francisco.
Medical v.-.«"fve corps: First UeutPnant FRANK
E AKTAI.'D. to Key «>« Barrarks, vice »Yi n
Uln HF-NRY U HROWN, medical corps to
Fort Aforj^n, v\t First Ueutenant S\Mi:fL
A. ?PRIN<;\V.«iTEn. to Fort St. Phlltn;
First Ueijtenant JAMES C. DOI.'GI-fKRTY
T> Fen pilfs; Fire; UcutPnant ?JRXE^T K.
JOHKSTONE, from Prrt-idi*!, of i; an rran
cisto. sallirig March .'. fcr Honolulu. th»r,,».
to Fort phafKr, - •••'•«■ Fir« IJoi)'»n«".t.
HENRY in R. PHEt«AN. to Fort B«
Rus*r, vlt« Firet Lieutenant JOHN' P
KEL.LT, to S<hofieid RArra;Xii, Hawaii Ter
First Lieutenant JOHN* S. ITAMMQ^P. Ti Flti'i
Artillerj', to iterultlng ternc*. Fort Slocum.
i-> "> i Llfutenant FTCBDKR?OK W. BOeCHE.V.
I*itii Inrtntr;-. to hid r>ttn*nt.
l.(H\c nt »hs»n.-e: Major WALTUR 11. GORDON,
lSth Infaßtrj-, two months.
Captain A F. FE-riITF.L.h;R. d©tsu:hfd Board of
Ini«p«x?f.lon and Survey for ?h!rs. N«w v*
r"*rtii]i»nt. continue »f> g«-n«raj inspector el
f.h<b South Carolina.
Commander J. l\ Uut>^ard. cietar.bed ua,vy yard,
Portfirnouth: b»me, t»*ve thirty days ' "
Li«:uten»»i« B. T. Bt.'I.MGR, d«tach»<j" tt» K« w
YorU: to navy yurti, Philadelphia.
Rtislgu A. H. MILE?, to commgnd th» pltang»r.
Midshipman 3 BAER. -i»t«oM ih« Thornton;
to duty > cantciion the I>imeoß.
Faj master IT. F. IIAI-U detached navy yard,
Pugr^ f=»jn.i; to naval etttlon, - Cavlt*.
Pa,rrsayi?r £>. V, CHADWIOK, der»eh«4 n^-al
etAtlon. C»vit4; lion:^ wait orders.
Pesspd A—llltm Paymaetfr C. ti. f L.<^S <*"
tachefl Dm Philadelphia; to navy jard. Pu*et
Assinant Paymaster M H. PHIUBBT^K df
ta«he.i navy MM, rort«Tiisuth. a.% j'jymast^r
of yard; continue other 4utlct.
lowlnisr movements of vessels have been re
ported to the Navy Department:
Jan. 7. -Tho Potomac, at navy yard. HUtm Torkd
th<» RivtfM, -at Norfolk: the Solace." at naVy
yard, New i'ork; the Chlta«o, at nuiaSkl.
pbla; tht Pcnvcr and the CsHciron. a t
Ouatri ' al
Jan. 8.-~The M*yflow*r. e( Havana
J " l Vt'"STn?bff eßtOni St XK * wport; < h " Train*
■»;.'*' Cristobal ' SAILED. «"io,
Jan. T. — The Potomac, from North K(v»r <•«,
navy yard,- N«w York. r
Jan. B.— Potomac, the Patuxent and u>«
Oltle. from navy yard. N«W Tork. foreman*
tanamo; the Panther, f.--.,,, TompklnavTli*
for Gui.ntar.amo; the Ta-nhton. from n»mp.
Uin Road* for Guantanaino; t) ie tre.tmT
from Philadelphia for Newport; the N*fcraVira'
from New York lor Guarit»n« r no; th« Naw
Oi learn-. from Mm IclaiNi for Honolulu
The third submarine dlvlslen of the At lint le
torpedo fleet has been nrtarind, an? win ,■*,,
•let of the. submarine Graylinir ,fl« r hf^ti it,.
.Narwhal, the SUr.gr»y. the T.Tiiat th« Bonui
and th« Ffclmon and the Bnapp»r
host* are pla/-»l in commlwian. vtth th#> V-,,^,^
and the Mm a* lender,. Th« I.l*7*ll*
remain at B"Fff>n until f-rrlng; H "« r ' n *» "til
Tokio. Jan. 10.-Tlcar Admiral Giles b
Harbor, who ie succeeds by Hear Admiral
liubbard. ->» i jniniarj.j..- of ths Afilhtic
SQUudron or the rarih,- fl»>ej, Ba |joU for
horn« to-day on ;th« steamer nmpr'iSP
iMitinK the al.iy at Y. U.»: ia :na I!.- ofnefra
rr n vLhiv T ' ° C *» u »< ™ ■«? entertained
Toicmcnd acid I kin* in
Charge of, Measure.
\\ .:siiiit .[;,;,. aO.a 0. — Representative
Townsentl introduced ia the House, this
afternoon r!.,. '...• --uoi«\ '■ ii'>- 1| "" « cora "
mendaJ.io-.is- otit to*?.'.. .'; :!i« special tifii»s»ge
of President Taft for amendments to the
MaMiatg commerce.' law. ', v •
It provide; ajrurrts other Vhiiisp. or ■'•">■_
... m! <-r.:rt. r,mp< !!»'i •)? fin' •'*' ' r;tl clr
. cuJt ju«lsr««. to !i. ; v. excl'iflv** original jurip
rii<ii<i:» over hi.— •;.■!,< sy*">»'ir»K .<■•"' "■' "■
uts of tlto Ini*i - s»tHtf» i'ontmfrc^ t'ommlb
sion. This-'Court'. is- to b& • onijjos** lof live
<Ji«-i:ii juflsus. who. shall pervo •Pilia'
. ment ot tho Ohlei Justice f.or. a •enrt vof ■»«
ye.arf% hut ih> ! .v-.» of Uie juils.*-*' term wilt
•■<!•>'• at: the same time, and thus, i«der
all circumstance,?,, four of the. judges WH
have bad several jfeors! experience *^lth
those technJcal n.u>-s'tlonj ; .
Wljfiii an or.ii of the. commission is cor»
t"ste«l In the. commerce court tha petitlori
of the cr.rri*-r tajilnc the caps into th«j .
court w!ll not. stay th>. operation /of the
order, nor ca.n it be enjuine<l except by the.
court or son}« member of it, and then., only
on notice and. hearing, except in. ca."je.s
where irr«RaraWe. Injury <ivqu!«l be cau?e.'l'
by such, no.ti-:«5 and lie*rlns. in,. Tvljirn. ca>;^ (
tho court or Judge granting the, Injunction j
nnis.t make. a. finding from" facts to tno i
effect. that Irreparable injury, -vould rr-Hplt.
Provision !s inad.^- for the, prosecutor} %nd
defence of ajl, cases tahen into., the.'com
merce court, by tho Department of Ju^tif-e.
and for this;, purpose, it, Is propped, to ap
point an assistant to th<s Attorney Genera!
Mho PhalT h.aje special Q.hajsf; of, «uch.Qa^F.
4s re^onimctjded. l>y the President. asr.ee
merits., (ctw^Mi carriers will i lite p^rrnittod,
provided they, are ma,fle piibii.- and, flle'l ;
wltli th««. comml^ion and, subject, to th» .
same rulec- and. regulations as to jusine^s
a.nd. rej|,i«onabltnf4fi as are ra;^ J^ncl. other
recognised reeuliitions.
Carriers must (^upt*j correctly in- *v.rUins;
on the written request of: n,. shipper any
rate between tlie pla.co of proposed fji;r
ir<?nt, and. a.ijy other place on the carrier's
Mr." or any line with, which the initial, car
rier has traffic arrans^D\ent§. as evidenced,
by joint published tariffs. In, case- nn ex
roneous rate Is- givea in writing, whereby
•1 shipper Is. injured, ■ tho carrier whose,
a&ent has made, the misquotation is subject
to a penalty of $250, to ba collected by and
paid, to the. go^?rniocr:*.
The bill would, empower the commission
to suspend the. carrier's notice- of change
si rate pending decision a* to wJiethor- HM
proposed new n^t«y is- Just- and reasonable.
.V^sliippsr Is. to have th* right "io route
his '«ig*it.." and cla«sjftci»tior.i mtift- be
Just and reasonable. The commission is
authorized to initiate, proceedings upon, Its
own motion.
Tt is proposed to prevent t.h« Issuance of •
stock and bonds, except for- leeatinoafcl rall
roatr purposes and with, the appruvat of the
commission; and. as recommended In tbo
spatial mcasiige of the. Pre=!.ion». it is pro
posed to prohibit every carrier from ac
quiring any stock in a line of railroad which
in any way- competes- with, tt. except a* a.
court may- find that tb* people are bettor
served by such acquisition. It is not pro
posed to compel carrier* to lilspi---- of stock
which they nov,- own. in comneUnS" lines,
a..: where a earr4«F now owns a majority
•I tho stock in a parallel Una it may be
permitted to purchase the remainder. If- a
carrier Is now eperating[-*a competing^ lino,
under a twenty-five-year or longer lease, It
may purchase euoh road at th« expiration
of the lease. • '.
The bill will he presented to the Senate
to-morrow by Senator. Elkins*. Tho dPaft
was made py Attorney Qoaeval Wicker-,
sham many, conferences with I?r.esi
dont Taft. who had discussed the proposed
legislation with members of the Inter-i
state Commerce Cemmi««fou and railroad
officials. The final conference was held this
afrernoon in the- committee room of Sen
ator Elkins and was attended by the Sen
ator, Mr. Townsend and the Attorney- Gen
eral. It v.-as agreed by Senator Elkrns
and Mr. Townsend that, they would exert
their Influence to have the bill enacted into
law without amendment of any character.
A. F. Potter Acting as Chief
Washington, Jan 10.— A. Y. Potter, a cat
tleman of Arizona, ha? been designated as
acting chief forester of the United State."*
In place of Gilford Finchot. who was re
moved by the President. Mr. Potter has
been an associate forester, in charge of tne
division of grazing.
Mr. Potter was born in the Sacramento
Valley. California. He went to Arizona
in 1883 and established himself in th« cattle
business. He ran his. great herds on the
open ranges for many year* and worked
as en active member of the cow punching 1
fraternity. He witnessed the increasing-
Acting Chief Jr*orfSt*r of the United State
vice Gilford .Pinchot, dismissed.
numb-r of cattle in the Southwest and with |
it a decreasing efficiency in range tondU
tion?. There we re no .•»„'»(„. governln.* :
grazing on public lands. The num^r; of
cuttle, sheep and horses on them increased
until the ranges became exhausted.
It was at about this particular time that ■
CJfford Tincltot was sent W e$ t by 6ecre»
tary Wilson to study the condition of th« !
ranges In the national forest?. He met Mr
pptter. ■")"> had become secretary of th<j
Arizona Wool Growers* Association. M r
Potter accompanied Mr Finchot on his Ir |
of |nvefti«atlon arid g v© him practical | n .
format l(»i obttlncd in many years' *xr*ri •
pneo In the West. Mr. Ttnchct was i m "
pressed with the thorourhnej-a of this
knowledn*- and a«k*d Mr. r«tt»r to head j
the division of grazlnsr. That was In 190, <
and he hap held the place ever bJbjm t} la (
Mr. (v.tier has never mado a *<ientm Q
study ,• forestry. m 8m 8 knowled 5 e hae> b«-en
gain"'! through a long and liard tß |, M|
ence in active work 1, the field. Ills ap*.
clalty I* the condition of ranßf?. IHb as »
POClatloti with i!,.- n , r .. dil of Forestry has*
ho,, ever. 1-d him to \<, ok iutl) th( . proW *'
of the h "- illf Of srowhie tree, a* well , i
grusv on Uit» waste Unda, '
■ Government Wins His: Suit
i Agaimt Kailroftd Companies.
iAVathlTwrteti, Jan. I*. — T>-» < *'»m*' i
I • Court<>f th* Unll»><; nt»»*«« i"-»Ja:- '♦"M^rl i
I tli* <■»{*»• of lh<i Utiiiwl -States aß3»ln«t th«
j 7l!tJ»«»iH Central . ami cth*- ratlwad cm
.^.int** doiHe i.«4f»€/« in the liUmi'i!" c >al
i mining district; in favor *>' thf r.orrrn
! m«*«t. . Th» «•»• Involved ** » rij?ht of the
'rif'ff'r.tr 'V«nirr.«rr«> Corrmls*«ion tr» direct |
1 th* r (S: !'•>., of cars', in the tr.'»r»" of ■
ind*p»-n<J-ri« coal companies and th* com- '
mt3?»fon Mas upheld in ; , d?ciM<?n dcli;-sr«?d j
by JuMlro Whitf. In *tf>*:t thA ronrt h'M
that the fur-! o|»r-« of n'tiT <-«>:», nt»« *-<•-•• j
to |M counttjd m the quota of each partfe- j
uJar mine. '■
The f\r>ri:'inn is explored tO'hare in im
portant beaiißC on tho rate cases to b* .
Innnnouncin? the decision Justice TVhlt«»
considered two objections to tin dclesra- '
tlon of power n» the tomml'slon, the flrst j
i • n? that no such dolc^r.tion had fr?';.n !
,made by the» lntcr?tate commerce lan In J
HT£.artl in the distributton of fuel cars as !
■ means of prohibiting unjiiM preferences j
rr.(,' undue -pir«-ir.r, and the •■e'-orni, I
tli.'iA cvsi if mirth power should be. delegated 4
the *\rder /;njolnc<l by the court below was *
;.fV(.'Ofc' tho authority- «;onfßrr«i£l by i%W.
The 4'Tst objoctioji, he ?n\d. rested on the
erroneous assumption that cornmerc*, in t
t])^ constitutional MA embraced only .
shipment .Ir, a t«-ch.nlG-il ser\.^«;. and d.ld not, |
UvoM'fiu-^. /^tcnfl to carrier^ *nfa»crJ In I
in^r^tato i;f.nune: . ■. I
"ft may nc» be. demibted," ho ?ald, *';h,at
the. 'miUpmeni. of % ra^ilrogd comFany. «n
s^^ad* in int,«statfl, coaamA^ce, included in
which; aye, ''." ripal car§, di- in^truoients o* ;
stu-ti. cf«nm.exce. Fr<jna ihls U nefessarUy. j
follows, that. such, cars .iro etaora.ce4 \jr\thin •
thrv P<J«\:er- o^ reflation. |
which- e.v^n»ls, Ib time vi" cat iiiC>rra«e. to i
cpn>P.eJ]tn^ ri, "■-'■ and equal distribution |
and the pre^vntion of an unjust 4^3. d *lis
crlmlnajtorv on<\" '.-',»« V--
Of; th* *ecoxul contention Justic-v Wliu*;
s^id; - ■ ■ - f .^^.
The oontlkTucliOfi xhlch. th« inVH»ta| F
CQTprnercV s»ct^ Had npcesslta^l and r *"* :
rernAOTa character 'of the aroeiidnrwnc •
adopt «dt in 1905 all =TV9d to estabßah: th«» }
want of- merit- in tb«> contention. In suMi- j
tion. to adopt it, vsould ■■. iir« us to noM .
that Congress in enlarj^ing ' the power ■•* I
th<» ooirw-nls^ion ov«f«r- taie.=i. had 90 drafted }
th<i amendmontf aa to. cirippl*. and para 5 j
its pqwer in correcting ajjuae.s. as to Dref- ?.
erencea a'nd'dlscriminatidn?, which it 'wai j
th« 1 str-a-- 'and- fimaarrt«nt*f pur-posa of j
Congress, M f urtj>e*.
In the. suit M orJgVially Jnstitutedt'hy the j
railroad company- the <'oart? »•«« a.«kfl«d> •■ »
enjoin the enforcement of the Interstate j
Commerce <'ornmi«»?Jonff order as it applied '
to the- rftJttributhjn of th«» fuel car?» of; ••■-
el?m. railroads and private. cars of other [
shippers, at- wi*ll. as the cap empToyed by »
the initial railroad companies themselves in i
hauling their own fuel. \ The United States |
Circuit 'Court for the Xortlifrn JDlstrict of [
Illinois sustained the. cqmrni?slon with ref- •
erence to the. first two classes, but pranted
an injunction restrajntngr the, enforcement !
of tha regulation, with! reference to no ;
company owned: cars. Thi»>, therefore, was :
the only point involved in to-day's decision, j
and on that point, the Supreme Couft xc- I
versed the trial court, in addition annoimc- »
ingf in- broad- »«rms its support of the power j
of- ths. commission.
. j 111. »O. i^ . . _
Thomas P. Riley. chaFged -Kith hay..
taken and published without authority a j
letter written by Attorney- Genora! Wick-;;
ersiiam to. United. States AU<>rnoy Wise,
was arraiarned. before, J idj|< fciouglb yes
terday and made, a tentative plea. "of 'not
jrutlty. The bail was m»d« K.OOPC which
wad not r-ii rni&h>»<l. and tho prisoner ■«. ,-v
take.n to the Tome-. . *
Store ready- at »:15 A. M. , Eight Car lines
Directly on the Interborough Subway * Each Way «> €tcr«
rgM m Vh'h vi jre«t iatertJT
itt 4AFu/t/T//fu jNtt ******* - - & -"-*
Auditorium ¥[/ \AJm/*4J/IJ/ wf *y flf T'ieirußT ' ieiruß - El * illa s Mjl1 '
2H30 /'. M» M m' ' Tv<Jiins r«*t and Brock-
■ j_ • I \e* York, January If, 1910. lyi» .>«an<i*f«f roioc
To Seekers of Wedding and
Birthday Gifts
we recommend certain tine French enamels, which breach*
Paris in their exquisite fineness and delicacy and include
such feminine accessories as
Tiny Mirrors Vanity Cases Letter Seals
Lip Salve Holders Bonbon Boxes Stamp Boxes
And for Men
Cigarette Cases Match Safes
Paper Cutters
Some of these will be sold today at the prices of a small
shop on the Hue de la Paix — without any duty.
Oriental Patterns in American Rugs
These were chosen by same expert who selected the Fenian
carpets in last week's exhibit. That should answer for their
Besides Oriental patterns, arc self-colored, brocaded, geometric
and chinu designs. Comparison, we think, will show their excep
tional value at these prices:
Trade-marked tapestry Brussels, 9 « 13 ft. sizes, begin at $14.
Trade-marked body Brussels, 9 x i: ft. sue*., begin at $19
Trade-marked Axmin^ters, 9 x 12 ft. sizes, begin at $17.50
Trade-marked Wilton Velvets, 9 x 12 ft. sizes, begin at $17
Trade-marked Wilton?, 9 x 12 ft. sizes, begin at $!' ;
A selected' variety of large sired rugs up to 11 ft. 3 in* x 15 I
at attractive prices :
'ft. xl 3 ft. 6 in., $27.50. VlO ft. 6 in. xl 3 ft. 6 in.. $34.
10 ft. 6 in. x 12 ft., $30. v ft. 3 in. x 15 ft., $37.
A great chance for the hotel man and housekeeper.
About 8,000 yards of Axminster carpet, from a leading maker, at
85c a yard. Of the $1.25 and $1.50 class. Fourth Gaiisry, is>w bw 5 .
The Wanamaker Calendar
of Today's Important Events
QUALITY SHOES— discontinued styles, broken sizes. Prices to
pay for these delinquencies.^ For men, women and children.
YEARLY SALE OF HURT BOOKS to start new libraries
ana add to old ones. A tiny hurt is sufficient to make a large price
A PARIS" in the Dressmaking Salons. Why not have your ryinje
put on the mailing list of the bright little fashion publication of this
title? It always contains authoritative news of Paris styles three
weeks before they can be published by other American magazines.
/S A
A. T. Stewart &Co HA I fit] Jlff/fI AfJ F or* ,v-
YuWiMttlW lOr Eigbth to rtntb $»
It Is Your Own TauTl If Tour I
Flodft Art SerateJiid. ■
j Scots »nfl r>jcs In h»r hoes*, aad, ».» I
the ..--■■ .... -r li*>i<Hajr » -•.: Ta :- r - ■
- ■ natfMMk ■!■*><» 4MMHHM. ab« I
j has her fjrnitur* •qalpp*-d ftt!i IB
i Th««» *"r!toirl ■■>■■-- Am 'a^soJ3s».r7 fffl
» «. »r -*• ftoor* and ru*>. A*k your f;- I
! niturr- «#>»ie r for fMTWn CVvri:** ill
: .\M> TT»"». --■•' :• -'-••».*■< rr -*>■ H
furntturo be equipped with tb«iß. If h<%
cannot na^oly you. -"'.«) •!■. h* ears*. V
•nd write ns ■Mr for a fr«« I^XirtJlD ■
| Booklet.

—^ — :
President in Conference -nth
Railroad Men.
Wajfciusroa. Jan. *«— Negotiation* aav*
be«nin l«o^in* ♦• a »tt!»i^e»t "wo* «f «•<»*"
of'the government's suit for ths djsastucton
0? tfja merir£r ft? *tM 59-c%T]»d Jjijrl^aa
l»aes, brought ua^sr th« provisions si ti-»
Si»f rijian anti-tr-js; J^w. Rumors of such
n»B*ti«tioas bad been current fer some
time. To-day they took concrete form at
a conference, at tie White Rouse granted
by President Tart at th* solicitation or th<»
railroad officials.
It m he stated authoritatively tfctx c»
d'^sion of any sort -vas reached. lt wa 5*5 *
said that to-day> e«nfereE<-*> was the fir*?
of a perils of msstißgs which are to >.#. # fc-M
for the purpose, of deysnnJTjl^s; "or* *vj>a~
srrfunu. If any. the rfpr^fentatlves c> tfc*
Flarrtman Inafi an<l the royern-niji-. ran
rr«*«t for an adjustment of tht sitqetiea.
Praatd'ru Taft ha? give* no inttnalzsn
a* W> what his attitude will be. an.-i h'.s Baa:
o^tenninatioc. it ta said, *>'"** d»pea<s Unjp
lar <«n the proposition the railroaOs iave'ro
rnak,* w.-klnaj uward eprapli'a.-j« "witi "t»i<i
antl-U»j-; la*.
Thfi case will not be dropped. It is 3%id.
except 0:1 such aerra3 as will lock f> a cor
roding of the aLils complained •; in th*
eo-«rnm.eiU suit, or unless the pov«nir.i.-.:
rg,i\ hi shown to h* cnmpi»*pty in err**-.
To-okiy*s canfei^iK-. wa§ attended tr
Judge luobe-t & Lovett. pre.sltfsn.to2 th*
Union TPije.ifir: and allied Harrfsi&a limes
Attorney tt?ja«ral Wic^emjiam , 'Frisk/"?-
Xf = l! r#r=» special attorney for "tie Unit*-*
States in the .as* against the railroads, aa 1 ?
ejc-Sf-rator John C. Spooaer and Majn»es*
Evartt. of Tor*; "attorneys for the Hai"
r.'ruan. lines, "fhe <pniez2s-xce. la^fsd from
sijortly after 3 o'clock -" _ 7?. ns. NC5*
<fS tke railroad men would discuss the sub
ject to any way.
Attorney- serai Wickezaaam baa takan
no 'Mri?i - " Tuition in the case as yet. H*
Trent irjto. the, conference to-dajj orjen mind
fid. for. up to this tire? he.~ha,s "^r,o"t b«n
called on to deal with the suit ia an? wajv
Xo rim* mi! fixed for » resumpiufcc ai the
conference, out it vnk*V.y h« within "a
la-vz. days.

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