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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 23, 1910, Image 52

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Many Instances Ad
• duced of Daily Extrav
agance and Waste.
B""Mcn used to be afraid of wars and pesti
lences, things concrete and visible, hut to
day the nation shivers before apparition*
which are seemingly as unsubstantial and
abstract as Banquo's ghost. These ill fa
tTored shades have left their proper plac»
Ibctween the covers of profound treatises
•and college textbooks and have begun to
%talk abroad. One of the most reprehensi
ble of the lot, known us High Cost of I.iv
ing, has not only made himself pretty fa
miliar to the common people, but has dared
to Intrude In the halls of legislation with a
sneering expression on his face, interpreted
to mean: "What are you going to do
about it?" - -""
- The lawmakers may not all be Solons.
•but they will not stand the impertinence of
B.Mr." HUh Cost of Laving. They are re
•solved'to interrogate an<i 10 investigate the
•economic afrit, and if they find that he is
■<ia impostor they will cither turn him over
to the police or send him back to the cold
-type where he belongs. If it should be
proved that Cost of High Living is masque
-radlnp as High Cost of Living it would be
•vident that the personage was a fraud,
undeserving of mercy. On the other hand,
if JI. '". of I* establishes his identity and
good faith and the professors off political
economy certify that lie couldn't help
escaping from the textbooks the next thing
to discover will be the antidote.
. Already there are as many antidotes pro
posed as there are cures for consumption.
"It is taken for granted that there is an
antidote, and that it should be applied. In
advance of the projected investigation by
.Congress of the cause and cure of High
Cost of Living, an Independent inquiry by
the Secretary of Agriculture, similar action
requested of the Ohio Legislature by Gov
t,«rnor Harmon, a meat strike of thirty
thousand persons in the same state and a
.Beef Trust inquiry proposed in the New
York Legislature, it is interesting to con
sider some unofficial testimony.
President. Brown of the New York Cen
tral Railroad belongs to a group of thir.k
• ■ who hold that the primary trouble Is a
shortage in farm production and that the
immediate remedy must be a rise in wages.
, Shoe manufacturers blame the vegetarians
' jfor eschewing meat, thereby making leather
•iPear and raising the price of shoes 10 to
tQ2 per cent. Meat magnates criticise the
carnivorous population for demanding fancy
$ «uts and rejecting plain ones, thereby
* j&oostia? the price of all cut*. The high
■ <ovi of New York architects' fees, recently
• raised from I to G per cent, I* exp!ai:ied by
the high cost of living, which is a sort of
circular explanation.
.■ •■: r " r ....-■. t-i :~ :-■
Then there are heavyweight economists
«ho explain in one cryptic word. "Gold."
They say that the precious metal by large
production has become cheap and that a
dozen eggs are worth mure gold to-day
*""than formerly. Their remedy is to dlstrib
• me mote gold among the common people,
*or the gold equivalent In wages— an opera
tion to be performed in a theoretical. Chris
-tian" Science way, without costing anybody
w fc." cent— and then the cpectre of High Cost
<8 will be gently but firmly laid to rest. '
" : Meanwhile*. ■ many Americans are : con
fronted by a condition and not a theory.
"They can't vait for Congress to tell them
•»i.at to do and they are frankly skeptical
of that painless distribution of gold. Tne
qutstion is how to keep some of the nickels
!and dimes anchored in the right hand
.trousers pockets, how to preserve a little
longer those greenbacked works of art por
' trayiiig the visages of beloved President-;
Hnd those richly yellow masterpieces en
graved with an "X" or "XX." It is not
iheir intention to hold on to a dollar until
- f «he eagl* complains that it is being throt
' -tied, but they would -like to reduce the
""velocity of circulation." which is violating
?' nil speed laws and causing them to feel too
Fl well the truth of the poet's plaint: "Who
Jr steals ay purse steals trash."
A few suggestions on how to make money
last may be helpful both to husbands and
■wives, and no doubt each will recommend
!to the other some of the good points given.
There is a school of dietitians which ad
! vises humanity to eat less and more cheap
* ly; in fact, asserting that one can subsist
;«n nine cent meals. This may be scientific.
*Tbnt it doe* not appeal to the average
» marh. No person wants to economize on
h..< meals, except a millionaire with indi
rection. Nor can aJI travel with the Ohio
'martyrs who are striking against meat in
the hope of humbling the beef trust; it Is
too heroic. Let rations in their amplitude,
■variety and quality t* exempt from cold
; calculation. Heaven knows that 4i cent
s batter lias too much tang, and that 53 cent
«*gs are often ss reminiscent as a Civil
■War veteran.
"■ However, money can be saved by buying
food in goodly quantities instead of quart
and peck lots. Generally the man of the
house must Intervene If this economy is to
l>e effected. He has a wholesale mind, and
can bear to Invest several dollars in pro
trljElons at. a dip. Perhaps he will buy bar
sTtls of potatoes and apples, and then most
•cf them will clip. Perhaps he will is no bar
rels of potatoes and apples, and then most
of them wii! spoil, because there is no cel
lar connected with a. flat. In that case he
will either propose mnving to the suburbs,
»-here there are cellars, or will discover
that canned goods, beans, cereals and so
fort!:, may be accumulated regardless of
*tmoEpherlo conditions.
There is complaint of the hurried and
•cant American luncheon, yet many busi
-r.css ni*n overload themselves with largo
meals, with wine, at tho noon hour. They
*reet too much, drink too much and spend
*'|too znach st the midday meal, and are
I tgf a.'l teraouon. Euch trencher effort
♦Cand «ojoym#tst belong properly to the cven
t-i'i Boss* *B*»3 spend as much on their heads
">«t*id !*/w* ss a choniM girl. They go into a
" barter k'ao? and g-i trimmed, shaved,
' rifled r/.&utax«-4 and shampooed, and it
<;*'* ij*~*.*im fl *6. Maybe the manicurist
' r.**t jtx*rts~ CfjVAr. and then there are tips
ror *-vtryfc«ysy, down to the doorboy. What
■ vrtth iaprenred safety razors, non-hair
*lnzd£lßg brashes and specialised soaps,
' •having st home has become an easy task,
•nd its economies are great. An able-bodied
man can shampoo himself with the aid of
: a rubber tube attached to a bath tub
f- faucet, and he ought to be able to live
a* -'without getting professionally manicured.
«' There ls an increasing number of no-tip
** barber chops, which a man may patronize
* 'for the simple purpose of a haircut.
Xi'f Shoe polishing parlors absorb many
ri.-kels that the owners have use for. It is
'rdO cents for a polish, C cents to clean rub
ber*, and 6 cents more as a tip. By having
-a felt shoe renovator at home one polish
* can be mad" to last for two or three daye.
Bsbb^rs can be cleaned in domicile. And
the tlpless shine «hop can be discovered
v.!;, a little exertion, Speaking of shoes, it
', >. ■ to have several pairs and to wear
';>fhem in turn, keeping the reserves on shoe
•trees to preserve their shape. The nio«t
i*.»conomfcal shoes are not th*> cheapest, but
* cost from }„Vi upward. It is the same way
«-**prith shirts and other articles fit drees.
Tie American is often extravagant in
buying cheap clothes, "which do not last.
An expensive suit lasts more than twice aa
long as dM suit that costs half as much,
and it looks well even in its decline. Ap
paratus for hanging coats and stretching
trousers nnd means of preserving clothes
from dust and moths are economical.
Physicians' and dentists' bills contribute
to the high cost of living, and these may
bo cut down with a little foresight. We*
often know when we are in 'training to see
the doctor, and we can avoid the visit by
hygienic care. It might be worth while to
buy a phonograph with records inscribed
with sound medical advice, like, "My dear
6ir (or madam*, your constitution is all
right, but you need to plow down this rapid
pace. Get plenty of fresh air: don't lose
your sleep," etc. Daily care of the teeth
and the prompt filling of cavities will tend
to shift some of the burden of the high
cost of living from the householder to the
Amusements are a common field of ex
travagance. N'tw York has some of the
finest free shows in the country, and her
citizens generally neglect them. Instead of
spending $ 2 or $3 apiece for seats at a the
atrical performance, let the wedded or en
gaged pair visit the Metropolitan Museum
of Art. the American Museum of Natural
History, the Bronx Zoo or the Botanical
Gardens. If it cost Jo to visit these places
and nothing for the theatre, it ia s safo
guess that the latter -would often be de
serted and the former crowded.
A source of entertainment rejected by the
majority but approved by the wise is per
ambulation of the streets of a great city.
There i? much of interest to be seen in
manifestations of human nature generally,
in the variety of classes and In physical en
vironment. A score of foreign quarters af
ford a delightful field of exploration.
Mayor Gaynor has set an example in
economical transportation by eschewing pri
vate automobile, taxieab and even streetcar
tn favor of the sturdy locomotive devices
provided by nature. Every man may not
have a pair of "mayoral" legs, which are
Indeed phenomenal, but he can walk up to
his ability, thereby cultivating health aa
well as saving- carfare.
Serious elements in the high cost of living
are flowers, bonbons, jewels, hats, gloves,
frocks and other fittings for womankind.
In the matter of stationery most people
could save money if they would. Hardly
any woman in moderate circumstances now
adays but has delicately colored, faintly
scented monogram note paper; And not
only that, but different kinds of stationery
for differences in the length or importance
of notes. A few words giving an informal
invitation to luncheon or declining or post
poning an appointment, or recording some
bit of delightful foolishness, will be put on
a stiff card that just fits into its letter sized
envelope. ! Longer notes are on the usual
letter paper. The slightest occasion of for
mality is the excuse for engraved cards got
up especially for the occasion. A new baby
is now announced almost the same as an
engagement, and 'lias 'lts own cards. Per
rons of "fixed Incomes," that is, fixed on
Saturday night for the whole of the ensuing
week, engage in these passing fashions Just
to "keep up." Unfortunately, there is often
a" huge amount of secret laughing done at
the expense of such people; but as long as
they do not know it, they do-not lose any
thing- except their extra dollars." »o :,".. .= '.
Fads of all kinds eat up die weekly sal
ary. Postcards and stamp collecting habits
are not cheap ones, nor is it inexpensive
to have new cards printed because script
has gone out and roman lettering com© in.
Suede purses to match every street suit, to
say nothing of the Costumed dog, are real
extravagances. Women's gold cigarette
cases, with cigarettes, dainty in size, in
hide, are worn with many chatelaines, hut
perhaps never used. But why "knock" the
women and spare the men? How about
the men who have their personal cigarettes
made with their own initials on them?
None of these things contribute toward
financial or physical welfare, and most
of those who indulge in them cannot really
afford them. Why be the slave of a fad
which some one else Invented in a moment
of idleness?
"Do you know," said a salesman in one
of this, city s big department stores, "that
we sell babies' coats here that cost as
much as $500? We not only soil them, but
we sell hundreds of them. We carry cheap,
simple little things of all kinds for the
baby, too, but people, shabby looking- peo
ple at that, prefer the little dresses and
coats and even underwear that are adorned
with hand-made lace."'
The result of this usually is that the un
fortunate baby has to go dirty in its perish
able finery rather than be clad In inex
pensive things that lrmaa without going to
psaoßS. If many a person of small means
who dresses her baby this way could see
the tots of the rich crawling around in
gingham Jumpers she might decide to dress
her own in cheap, clean thing?.
The use of trinkets, a term which seems
to include all kinds of objects of personal
adornment, is general. Hardly any woman,
particularly among those who cannot af
ford it, who has not her silver chain purse,
her "6emi-precious" necklaces, bracelets.
Different Systems of Producing the Electrx
Spark Discussed and Compared.
NO. 9.
Two systems of producing the electric
spark in automobile work are In v general
use— the high tension, or jump spark, sys
tem, and the low tension, or make-and
break, system. The difference in the press
ure of the current is the difference between
the systems. In the first it Is great enough
to enable the current to jump from one
terminal to the other, forming a spark in
the passage. in the low tension system
the pressure does not suffice for this, but
when two terminals of the system are
brought Into contact, so that the current
may flow, a spark will be formed as they
are separated.
Taking up first the low tension, or make
and-break. system, the igniter, the device
in the combustion space where the epark
occurs, is made with two metal points, one
stationary and the other moved by a cam
working through a tappet. As the cam
revolves the tappet Is lifted, bringing the
movable point into contact with the sta
tionary one. When the tappet is dropped
through the passage of the cam the mova
ble point is snapped away from the sta
tionary one "by means or a spring. Th?.
points are connected into the current in
tuch a way that the circuit is broken when
they are separated, flowing while they are
in contact. Just before the Epark Is re
quired the movable point Is brought into
contact with the stationary one. completing
the circuit. They are separated at the
psychological moment when the spark is
required to Ignite the mixture,, the spark
being producedat the break. ; ;>■
The current from the battery la not cara-
ornamental pins and every variety of
dangle. The value of these objects as
added charms is questionable, and since
wealthier members of the community who
can afford anything of the kind they choose
almost never fall to the lure of the dangle,
why do not the struggling ones save the
considerable sums spent on these things?
One of the most consuming extrava
gances, especially of American people. Is
th« way they celebrate Christmas. It has
been figured up that at least hal? the
population spends almost all the remainder
The heedless way in which unnecessary expense has been added to women's clothing furnishes an Excellent opportunity
for practising economy without in any way sacrificing comfort or attractiveness.
(Copyright. 1010, by Les!le-J u<U« Company, New York.)
bio of producing this spark. Its volume is
large; its pressure is small. Technically, it
is of high amperago and low voltage. So,
by means of a primary induction coll, it is
transformed to a current of higher voltage
and lesser amperage. This coil consists of
a core, a bundle of soft iron wires, around
which is the primary winding, several
layers of copper wire. The core becomes a
magnet when electricity flows through the
winding, and ceases to be a magnet with
the stopping of the flow. The magnetiza
tion is Blow, on the completion of the cir
cuit, but demagnetization Is instantaneous
when the circuit is broken.
The extent of the field in which the influ
ence of a magnet is felt depends on tho
strength of the magnetization. When a
loop of wire, forming ■ closed circuit, Is
Placed in the magnetic field, a current of
electricity will be set up in It whenever tha
strength of tho field is changed. Without a
change there will bo no current. But the
greater the change of the strength of the
field, whether increased or diminished, the
greater will be the «fr«n f th of the current
set up. it is this principle that Is applied
in the primary Induction coll. for the wire
that forms tho winding is In the magnetic
field of .i,,-. coll, a nd the current Is sot up
in it whenever the strength of the field
changes The stronger current, therefore,
is induced when; in the least possible time,
here is a change either from no magnetiza
tion to the fullest po Blble8 lble magnetization, or
the reverse. The current thus induced will
last during tho tim« when tho change of
strength occurs, ceasing when the strength
of the field is constant. The quicker the
— The Minneapolis Journal.
of the year trying- to catch up with tho
serious financial deficit incurred during
this joyous time of the year. Mar.y land
lords complain everywhere that for sev
eral months after Christmas they have to
call two or three times at almost every
house or flat for their rent money. This
is not because the tenants give things at
Christmas, but because they gv-'e expensive
Elaborate coiffeurs and finger nails
glased till they drip sparks of light ate
expensive luxuries because they must be
♦ — —,—, — ,
■ change, therefore, the greater the pressure
j of the current and the shorter its duration.
This induced current forms the spark in
the combustion space of tho cylinder. The
battery current cannot produce the spark,
but can and does establish the condition
required. The two points of the igniter
being brought into contact, completing tho
circuit, the flow of the battery current
through the winding of the coil will pro
duce gradual magnetization of the coil.
"When the points are separated the flow
ceases, the strength of the magnetic laid
falling instantly to nothing. This sharp
change induces a powerful current in the
winding, which in passing over the circuit
causes a spark between the igniter points
as they separate.
This system can be used with a magneto
alone. The current then is produced by
revolving an armature made of soft Iron,
wound with several layers of wire, in the
magnetic field between the poles of a per
manent magnet. The armature, in turning,
brings the iron case closer to or further
from the poles of the magnet, being thus
magnetized and demagnetized. Tho change
in the degree of magnetization sets up the
current that produces the spark.
The other system of ignition, the high
tension or Jump spark system, depends
upon the production of a current at such
high pressure that it can leap from one
point to tho other through tho high re
sistance offered by the air at low tem
peratures, particularly when compressed.
A secondary induction coll is useU to ob
tain this pressure. This consists of core
and primary j windings; as already de
scribed, with a secondary coil of very tine.
Insulated copper wire of great length
wound over the primary winding. Tho
ohanga in tho strength of the magnetic
field affects the secondary winding as it
professionally produced. It ls surprising
how much money is spent *en manicures
and hairdressers by women who can ill
afford it, when as a matter of fact they
would look as well, perhap3 hotter, if they
groomed themselves at home. Facft
massages and kneadlngs of the body would
not be necessary In most cases if enough
cheap sleep were indulged in by the pa
There is a large class of women who, al
though not at all well off, have ward
robes densely crowded with clothing which
does the primary winding. A current Is
set up in it at every change of strength,
the pressure depending on the extent of
the change and on the rapidity of its oc
currence^ The magnetization of the. core is
slow; its demagnetization instant. The
current produced during demagnetization
is . hence the greater, and has pressure
enough to cross the gap.
Two circuits aro involved in this ignition
system— the primary circuit, magnet
the cote, and the secondary circuit, lead
ing to the combustion space, the current
induced in the secondary coil. The- pri
mary circuit includes the battery as gen
erator supplying the current, the primary
winding of the coil, the timer and the
Tho spark must occur in the combustion
space at the precise instant in which tha
mixture Is in condition for Ignition. Then
only, therefore, Is the secondary current
required. As this secondary current de
pends upon the now of the primary current
through the primary winding, the primary
circuit must contain a device M to adjust
this now as to obtain magnetization of th«
core at the required instant. This device
known as a timer or a commutator, Is •
revolving Bwitch. operated by the engine,
completing ,1,. primary circuit when tho
secondary current 3 required and breaking
it when the production of the spark l.v tho
secondary current ha been secured. Ig
nition occurs only one in each cylinder
during the crank shaft revolutions, where
fore the commutator | H pla , e(l ou „ . .. , lif
v^ves operates tho exhaust
The himplrst rom, of nmutaloi consists
of a disk of insulating material in which is
" v " h< - V .'. tlfl hltf llmo •"Mtfi A ttat
in o matciial. bears again.t the adgjs or the
they never -wear. Many girls who work In
offices all day and never go anywhere at
night because they are strangers In the
city or are too tired Jo go have an array
of evening dresses' that is astonishing.
Meantime they have perhaps only one old
outfit appropriate for the office, and that
they wear within an inch of Its life.
Many persons have a naive way of buy-
Ing things becauso they are cheap, saying.
"This may come in handy some time."
TfeCM things a™ usually discovered years
afterward when one moves.
.The woman who bought a bargain pair
of gray suede shoes because they were
cheap and the color was attractive, and
then bought stockings, a suit, hat and
gloves to go •with them, because she had
nothing she could wear gray shoes with,
and after all wore the whole outfit only
once, because gray was not becoming. is
not a particularly exceptional case.
An outraged mother found her little five
year-old girl playing under a neighbor's
stoop one day with the neighbor's little
girl. They had some rag dolls, and had
rigged up a corner with some pieces of
board to play house ' in. The dishes were
pieces of glass and china, which were too
broken to be of further use. even in the
kitchen, and the dolls' clothes were made
of paper. It was a very Inexpensive house
keeping outfit, and consisted mostly of
The mother cried O'.;t: "What ar» ytl
playing house with those things for? Havn
you forgotten the big doll's house I bought
for you and had put up in your own back;
garden, with everything- you can think of to
play with hi H? Why don't you take Ger
trude around there to play, child?"
"Nicer here," -was the laconic ar.swer.
"Like these things best."
How much money is spent on handsome
toys that do little but occupy closet room,
while the small despot for whom they were
bought prefers a battered doll or glass
eyed cat whose life stream ebb 3in a trail
of sawdust wherever the toy Is carried:
"I was in a feather shop a few days
ago," said a New Yorker, "a shop that
vas one flight up, over a well known drug
store oa Broadway. While I waa waiting
for my package to be done up I heard a
Jangling- sound out on the narrow stairway
leading to tha door o* the shop. The sound
increased ani draw nearer. It ;j"izrle.l me
so much that I turnau in curiosity, waiting
for the door to open and reveal the cause.
Soon tho door did open, and a luxuriously
clad woman came in. considerably out of
breath. Hangir-s fi - om a large silver rir.g
which was slipped ovtr her thumb, were
innumerable silver objects on silver chains
of varying leugtns. [ recognized among
them a pencil, a eli.er fountain pen, a
penltnito. powder ca?e, cigarette case,
stamp book and change purse. There were
many others also, and aa she walked the
nclse of jangling wr.3 extraordinary.
"A3 tflie drew with difficulty from her
muff a paper bundle containing feathers to
be renovated, she sighed to the clerk, "I
wish I had left th*s bunch of things at
home. I do not use them, anyway, ar.d
they are a trouble wiMa I have so many
other things to cirry." "
Hundreds of persons wear those lum
bering decorations Ju?t as that woman did,
because they are faihionable, not because
they care for them; surely not because
they are of any use.
Souvenirs are fbfl catch for travellers'
money. Mosaic brooches set in German sil
ver are always costly, and sometimes last
a week. An enamellsd pin done in the
coat of arms of the city vlsuei is often
bought and is ■nnnllawil vorn. not be
cause the cwr.cr lik?a it. but because It Is
a pity to have bought it and not wear it.
Is thia woman unique tvlio was seen to
stop to look at a basket of puppies and
kitten 3 that a corner pedler held up for
sale a few days ago?
"Did you ever see anything so cute in
your life?" she cried in delight. •■! will
yes, I w ill buy that brown one. Heaven
knows what I'll do with it, but it's too
cuto to pass."
There was a $2 bill that might have been
saved, to say nothing of the cost of the
food It was going to take to feed the dog
till the woman should get tired of it and
persuade a friend in the country to give it
a home.
How many persor.3 pay a couple of dol
lars for a gardenia to wear tor an hour
or so. not satisfied With the more plentiful
rose or carnation? Why not wear tht
flowers of the season that are fairly inex
pensive, or when all are out of season
choose those blooms wine* ere fully as
charming as the rare ones and far less ex
Many a dollar spent on tonics with the
hopo of bracing "P tailing power might
be saved If half the outlay werfl expended
oa food that ls really nourishing to tired
muscles cr to Jadeti nerves.
Look in tho kitchen closet of almost any
home and see if you don't find mechanical
inventions* lying In the drawer gathering
rust, those cumbinaiion apple eorer*. 1 •■-
tato peelers, bean stringers, fruit parers,
meat grinders and everything in one that
people always buy enthusiastically, use for
a whilo with growing disillusionment, and
disk. During one revolution of the disk the
metal plate set into the disk will be
brought Into contact with the spring. One
wire of the primary circuit is connected to
the metal plato of the disk and the other
to the spring, the circuit being completed
when tho revolution of the disk brings the
two together and broken by further revo
lution of the disk.
Commutators vary greatly in construc
tion, being adjusted, naturally, according
to the number of cylinders. There is ranch
variation, according to the preferences of
makers, too. but enough has been said to
indicate the purpose of the device and its
more common applications. It Is necessary
to know that there is such a device, but
examination of -the newly bought engine
will enable the purchaser to understand its
Intimate details, which differ greatly, of
course, in the various models.
The spark is not required always to pass
into th- combustion space at the same
point in th,- stroke of the piston. Wat*
i nut the <■**« the stationary part of the
commutator could bo set in such a rela
tion ' ■• the moving part that contact would
1 ' mi ; h! , at "V**N PoU.t tn , ■
I',"; 1 ° thQ bhaU - A* It is necessary, how
.':,"' ricnide for th ° ' || Mil or ad
cond lon,° f the spark to nuet changlns
ro \t« k ° statlona O' part I. made to
"■'"" "- -fcftfl tOt half at.u-n. tl H
iteer S nS controlled ** » J*vor on the
"Bering column.
view om^m' the Spark plug and th « m.
"• "ho »«»•■ l.im, tendon ignition system as
much ?2 »" Postponed, for there i 3
Few thlnt f UM b ° Cl<>arly understood.
cwSSrSfi SWWSySS! Glanced ma
"on an, "X* demand more ireful atten
°*heri n and° tenS UUed knowledge than
understood JSSS2 must bo PUMH
this aubjeci JiM fOrf * thtl discus *i™ *'
Ject "ill be completed next week.
Suggestions for Cutting
Off Frills That
Would Hardly
Be Missed.
th»n malt* storage- room for la a erqwr!%4
kitchen dra-wer. The experienced hoc**,
keeper knows that practical kitchen u*bb
slls are cheap and simp!©, and that ▼«*
few c? them meet all needs.
The amateur photographer Icaowi eg»
of the easiest ways on earth of grttin«
rid of money, especially when he develop*
and prints himself. Bottles of special so.
lutions that he is always throwing aw%?
because they grow stale before he naj
time to use them; packages of powders
that he mixes wrong and ■with, which j^
spoils a few dozen prints; films carelessly
or hastily exposed and therefore useless,
are all dally items of expense which brta»
no returns except a gradual eorrodtsg of
the disposition.
Soda water is not generally considered a
necessary of life, yet a glance around New
York at the number and output of f««
tains seems to indicate that there are %
great many persons busy supporting t&en.
A family whose members spend 19 cents
apiece at the fountain could all have fca
collective thirst assuaged at home with 10
cents worth of lemons and some sugar.
With the price of food soaring higher tsa
higher. Americans need to-day. . as raw
before, a knowledge of food .values. They
ought to know how to buy and how to pre
pare the cheaper products, so that they
will receive as much nourishment trcin
them as from the more expensive foods.
Economy does not necessarily mean bay.
ing the cheapest foods; sometimes the per
chase of these is the greatest extravagancs,
as there is so much to be thrown, away.
Food in an Imperfect condition Is dear at
any price. Good things can be bought tt
a reasonable rats. if one win learn haw
and where to do the marketing. Near!?
every store and market place has son*
or.© article It sells more cheaply than
others. Prices for the same thing nit? *
vary in a neighborhood, and often a fsw
cents can be saved by going around ti*
corner or down a side street to buy some
thing for th* table.
The staple products are not. as a rc!\
expensive The prepared foods, potted
meats, one minute breakfast foods. Kgit
ning desserts, bread, pies and dellcatesao
dishes, - •which are prrchased on the wir
home from the club or matinee, assist la
making 1 the cost of living high. Many city '
dwellers practically live out cf tin can*
and pasteboard boxes. They thlni thslr
money is spent for food, but most of it is
expended for fancy wrappings and for Via
name on the box. In this way they oftaa
pay more for an Inferior quality of food
than the superior article might cast if It
were bought in the raw stat« and prepared
at home.
For a few cents one may buy esocg!t
cornmeal or whole wheat to make nouriab
ing dishes for several meals. Put up h
the form of patent . breakfast foods, pud
dings or biscuits, these cheap grains cost
so much that they add materially to the
living: expenses.
; A shin of beef, which costs 35 csir.S. with
10 cents worth of vegetables, and. season
ing.?. can be converted a. haraa Into a
variety of good soups. This same kicd of
••stock." watered, with the addition of
benzoate of soda, salycilic acid or other
preservative, canned, and labelled with a.
French name, is an expensive item to add
to the home bill of fare.
.One pound of chopped beef at 12 cents
a pound, with one egg and a calf pint of
bread crumbs, nicely seasoned, will matt*
a Hamburg roast for a large family at
one-third the price that one would have ta
pay for it already prepared. ■ *'•:%
Many arsons who are making a stady
of the science of right living assert that
every one eats too much. They say that
the average person not only could get aloag
much cheaper, but also be stronger.
healthier and happier on one-third of tii*
food 1 now consumed. They insist that on*
well balanced meal a day is all that •»•
a hard working man or woman needs. A
few advocate lons fasts, not only as a
matter of economy, but of health. 3t*t
men dig their graves with their t«th.
The mental attitude has much to -1
with helping one to live on low ration*.
There is a vast difference in doing v:tb
out things because one must and Ifttt*
them go because they are no Ions?" *»•
Here is where Fletcherism helps. Horace
Fletcher says that if foods are proper
chewed, tasted, enjoyed, the appetite arty
calls for what it actually needs, and •■•
eats far less than when boltins his food,
■ Of all the chronic soenders the sine He"
stands first arraigned. In the sxnokic •
represented the average American, and :«
the average smoker is represented •*»»
one all-convir.cm«r phase of extravagance
becauso the smoker invariably smoSes too
much. The consumption of cigars alon*
provides figures startling as showing »
waste of money. Six cigars a day con
sumed by a nfteen-dollar-a-week clerk "•
not an unusual case. It means that t»»
clerk is probably paying more for tobacco
than for carfares and luncheons. Six IS
cent cigars consumed each day cost ••
the end of a week *♦ 30. and in a year nearly
one-third of the clerk's annual income
This is by no MM an exstreme c— .
American extravagance in tb» 13 *
habit is equally apparent. ■ <
"What are those little gilded pi- " %
asks a reporter. _
"They are used to pick up letters, J*",
have put on the letter scale*." .
And that ivory stick carved and •*■•■
at the end?* • . # ,
•People use it to fish out things u?/
have dropped into carafe."
"That square of morocco about tit »
of a nut?" _ s
"It's a tampon used to press down 9ta *^
after sticking them on envelopes"
"That shell roller?" . _
"To flatten out the corners of P"^
graphs." L ta j" t .
"That ornamental box with a *•■"■ f
tery of tiny ''' : '""•■" Hnisbe» ;
"They are used to clean other " "'",,
brushes to ■■-'■ hair, brushes. t>f " 3^' , t .
clean tooth brushes, brushes to clean
brushes, etc."
"Those Russia leather tubes?"* , „,.>.
"live protectors to look at colore a^ ♦' l "
graph projections to rooms adjoinir* ■ -
<• i i\ v -
"That tiny doll's fanneir •
"Indispensable to pour perfumes, "»
vials in travelling cases." v . , nt «,
"And that Jlsamaree of compile*--** «J
silver sieves?" - r*>ts
"A novelty; it's a cleaner to ta*9 on •*
of ink on lead pellets."
. "Lead pellets?: 1 * .s«-ji*lUt'V
-Sure; the shot you put into ™&* . y ,,
cups to stick penholders :-- after "
them." JsSSSP .*.* ro*»
•The deuce: No one do« that &
days!" . I. — tt<"
nSSk But they are 5 ° tasj W »»" "

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