Newspaper Page Text
topics were discussed, including the ad visability of sending regulars on the Chautauqua circuit. Representative Bartholdt, of Missouri/ delighted the old line regulars -with a. stirring eulogy of the Speaker. After the meeting one of the leaders of the organization and the chairman of an Important committee said: . "My attitude is tills: I have received •very consideration from Speaker Can non and I am with him to the death. So long as he is a candidate? 1 will work for him. I would be the originator of in pratitude and disloyalty if 1 did .-other wise, even though it cost me my seat in Congress." ANIMALS STILL EAT. Despite Wail at High Prices hi/ Zoological Curator. According to Director Hornaday of the Zoological Gardens in Bronx Park, it costs more to feed a lion now than at any time in the history of the gardens. It Is equally true of nearly all the hoof stock besides, for though hay and grains have not been so high this year as last, the trend of prices has been upward and not down for three or four years. Of the oighty-two varieties of food used, the greater proportion' show in increase in cost. For the eleven months ended on January 10. 1910, the total food expenditure for all mammals, birds an reptiles, amounted to $26.390 23. The entire collection mm includes 5.52S living things. More as an indication of the growth since its inception, in 1899. than as an exam ple of the difference in cost of food will it be of interest to give the first year's food expenditure. In 1&99 It was only $1,845. But. as Director Hornaday say a lion and a bear eat just as much when prices are high as when low. So does a hippo potamus, but the latter, in proportion, does not cost as much as a lion or tiger, because the former can be induced to oat most any thing, while the carnivorous animals stick to a meat diet principally. The issue of the supplies from the park steward, or "cook," as he is called, for the lion house in one day showed a total of 150 pounds of meat. This commodity, according 'to Mr. Hornaday, has taken another stride upward in price in the last two weeks. Of course, the manner of buying meat, which is purchased by the ton, keeps it lower than otherwise, but even at that It costs two cents more a pound now than it used to. The lion house takes in. besides the lions, tigers, pumas, leopards and jag uar?, the greatest meat eating animals in the park. A normal day, though, sees the consumption by all meat eating animals of 3*7 pounds. The eighty-two varieties of food on the menu include everything from puffed rice to horseflesh.. The monkeys like eggs and condensed milk, as well as apples and bana nas. In one day the "cook** Issued twelve apples, eighty-five bananas, eight loaves of bread, four cans of milk and thirty-two eggs to the primates. Is there any wonder why the enthusiastic youngsters who want to feed peanuts indiscriminately each Sun day are forbidden to do so? It is when the elephant house is reached that the daily stipend, especially In vege table?, reaches a highwater mark. This house takes in the "rhinos" and "hippo" and the tapirs, besides the three elephants. The "cook" had to issue eighteen loaves of bread, sixteen quarts of carrots, a dozen heads of cabbage, many Quarts of potatoes and a goodly portion of fruit on a normal day recently. That was "topped off' with clover hay. One water soaked loaf of bread for a hippopotamus with a dozen loaf capacity wouldn't be any more rea sonable than one frog for a snake with a thirty-frog capacity. NOT A BABY IN THE BAG. Ventriloquist Causes Excitement on Broadway and Is Arrested. An excited crowd of men' and" women fol lowed a man on Broadway, from i>'ith to ♦sth street last owning. " The man had a bag on his shoulder and . the cries of a child were heard, apparently coining from, the bag. Women cried out that a child was being kidnapped and called upon other members of the crowd to bear wit nesm. The cries continued and the crowd increased, until Patrolman Lee, of the west 47th street station, arrested the man with the bag at the corner of Broadway and 4.'.th street. The officer found that the bag was filled with paper and discovered, be Faid, that the prisoner was a ventrilo quist and had been producing the cries In imitation of a child. The prisoner, Thomas Edwards, was fined a dollar on a charge of disorderly conduct by Magistrate O'Connor. PASSED HIS BODY AT SEA. Mrs. Edgar B. Larimer, wife of Lieuten ant Larimer. 1" S. N.. Stationed at the Naval Academy at Annapolis, arrived here yester day on tin Cunarder Campania, after a hur ried but vain trip to be at the bedside of her father. Rear Admiral "William Turn bull, before he died In Wales. Mr.-- Larimer ' left New York two weeks ago on the Umbria in response to a cable message telling of her father's Illness. A dispatch announcing her father's death appeared in the newspapers on the morning She sailed, but Mrs. Larimer did not learn the news until the Umbria was out to sea. She learned later that the body had been put aboard the steamship Haverford, bound from England fur Philadelphia, and after a wait of twenty-four hours in Liverpool, *he returned to New York on the Campania. HELD IN MURDER CASE. - A man. •■■■ '• said lie was Morris Jacobs, a laborer, of Second avenue, near Jl«sth' street, was locked up in the Ea&t I2(jth street station last night as a saspiicioos person because be answered in a faint d>gr*-<? to the description of the slayer of the Lomas and Shibley boys. On the day after the- shooting, the po lice nay, David Blanko. a schoolboy, of No. 233*5 Second avenue, reported that a very nervous man with a three-weeks' growth of beard Had bussed a cup of t<v< rom bis mother. Policemen were gent to '•.ok for the man but could not find him.. Last night, they say. young Blanko saw Jacobs on Third avenue, near !22d street and Dinted him out to Patrolman Meade, who placed him iirid<-i- arrest. A child's rattle and half a doz^n clay pipes were found in the man's pockets. LOW INTEREST RATES ON MORTGAGES You wish to borrow at the lowest interest rate. We are a great mort gage exchange where borrowers and lenders come every day in great num bers. If there are lenders at low rates we know it and our borrowers profit. If you even consider borrowing, come in and get our advice. TiTIE GUARANTEE AND TRUST C 9 Capital and Surplus, - 514,000,000 1 76 b'wey, N. V 1 75 hemirn St, BkJya. 350 Fulton St., Jamaica. ■^-—^■■■■■■■■■■■bbbbbbbbbbsbbl Your Watch rs yourTimcTable ! HEW JERSEY CENTRAL! Between New York and Philadelphia A 1 wo- hour train #iv hour on th" hour from 7 A M to »i P. M , in a ddl tion to oth*r trains. Tea minutes be- U>lf the hour fro,,, VV.hI -;,i St. On tj . boar from Liberty, fct. Parlor curs on all train*. Jijijinr *-er» mornlnjr, noon and night. si,f.i,, r , on midnight train. Hard Coal! No Smokr! • «m:'nrl ; "•- ■■■ [ NEW YORK to PHIUDELPHIA I M^° HOUR TRAIN ICvgPhVniL>r>N the. HOUR I — ' PACKING- INQUIRY PREDICT LOS (i FIGHT. Forces Gather for Coming ( Iticago Investigation. IBy Telegraph to Th» Tribune 1 Chicago, Jan. 23. — With the heads of all the big packing houses gathered here and attorneys arrayed on each pide. the rov ornment's investigation of the dressed meat Industry is expected to be ready for action when the federal grand jury convenes to morrow. The hearing Into the high price of meats may last for BfSsta. Subpoenas have been prepared to bring before the Jury witnesses from all depart ments of the packing house business. It Is promised that this inquiry will surpass all former investigations for thoroughness. Th<' packers are ready for combat. "All I have to cay." said J. Ogden Armour, "is that such co-operation as may exist among the packers is a benefit to the public, rather than the reverse." Three lines of action have been outlined. These are: Criminal prosecution for al leged violation of the anti-trust law; civil action for the dissolution of the National Packing Company, and contempt proceed ings for alleged violation of Judge Gross cup's injunction restraining the packers from fixing prices In restraint of trade. Practically all of the evidence gathered by the government in a previous iiivesti gation, it is said, has been abandoned and entirely new data obtained in the last few months will be utilized. Much interest has been taken here In the appointment of Charles B. Morrison, spe cial assistant to the Attorney General, to the post of federal master in chancery. Mr. Morrison has been made thoroughly familiar with the beef situation. A master in chancery will be selected by the court to take evidence if District At torney Sims files civil proceedings against the packers. It is said the packers would oppose Mr. Morrison in this capacity on the ground that his previous experience has disqualified him. Mr. Sims discussed the inquiry to-day with his chief assistant, James H. Wilker son; Robert W. Childs, the grand jury ex pert of the District Attorney's office, and with William R. Medaris, specially de tailed on the inquiry by the Department of Justice at Washington. Most of the subpoenas which were pre pared this morning are for employes of the National Packing Company, which Is aimed at in particular by ihe government, and those of prime importance will be served to-morrow morning by deputies in the office of United States Marshal Luman T. Hoy. There are three forms of indictment ■which may be used by the government. The packers may be indicted as indi viduals, they may be indicted collectively on a charge of conspiracy to violate the Sherman ajiti-trust law, or the National Packing Company may be indicted as a corporation, as well as one or all of the three corporations— Armour, Swift and Morris— officers and directors of which are the official and financial sponsors for the business operated by the National. Indictment under the first of these three forms is considered the least likely to be attempted, because of the difficulty In showing a court and jury the actual in dividual intent of one packer to violate the law. The conspiracy charge and a charge against the packing companies themselves are held to be most logical. BO ) V OTT SPREA DS. Gains lAtile Foothold in Large Cities, However. A spread of the meat boycott was re ported from many of the smaller cities throughout the country yesterday. Action was taken at only three points near New York— Poughkeepsie, Holyoke, Mass., and Pawtucket, R. I. At a meeting of the Glass Blowers' Union, in Poughkeepsie, the members voted unanimously to abstain from using meat after February 1. The resolution Is to re main in effect until the price of meat has reached a much lower level. The Central Labor Union, of Holyoke, Mass., voted yesterday to abstain from the use of meat for thirty days, beginning Jan uary 30. About three thousand organized workmen are affected. The South HolyoKe Lyceum voted to buy no meat for an in definite period, and other organizations are preparing to join the movement. At Pawtucket five' hundred workingmen pledged themselves to abstain from meat for thirty days. This is the first Rhode Island point to take decisive action. Features of the boycott yesterday were attacks on the persons responsible for the prevailing high prices by clergymen In Pittsburgh Baltimore, Atlanta and New Orleans, It was asserted that the needs of man should not be mad© the vehicle for Cain, and the congregations were urged to join the movement to eschew meat. Among the new points where the move ment is reported as either advancing ac tively or as projected are Minneapolis and Duluth, Minn.; Los Angeles, Spokane and Bellngham. Wash.; Detroit, Grand Rapid* and Kalamazoo. Mich"; Macon and Au gusta, <;a.; Hagerstown and other points in Maryland; Terre Haute, Ind.; Lincoln, Neb.; Morfcantovyi; W. Va.; Norfolk, Va., and Nashville, Term. The movement has gained strength in few of the large cities of the country. In Chicago no general plan has been adopted toward Inducing: the public to abstain from meat. The Chicago Federation of Labor has a special committee at work to Investi gate the subject but no action has yet lieen taken. Philadelphia has taken no no tice of the movement. Pittsburg. Jan. 23.— The meat boycott, which had its first local support among Hie streetcar men. lias spread to the great industrial plants of the river valleys, and even the iron workers, miners and glass blowers are taking to a vegetable diet. Five thousand Westinghouse employes have Joined the boycott. At Braddock, one of the largest iron working communities, it is admitted at butcher shops that busi ness has fallen off from 40 to 60 per cent. Other river towns report similar declines. Many butchers here have closed their shops. Meatless menus were presented to diners in some of the PltUbUTg hotels to-day, and they proved popular. Here is one of them: Cream of spinach soup; broiled whitellsh, maitie ,ie hotel sauce; fried jack salmon) tomato same; California asparagus on toast, notlandafse sauce; oyster patties stuffed green poppers; baked macaroni; ro ll.am. salad; .spaghetti Italien; Boston baked beans; mashed, boiled and brown potatoes; carrots and peas; fried hominy; pineapple pudding, vanilla ice- cream and pi.. Cleveland, Jan. 23.— The meat boycott hero has placed a sharp check on the Incoming supply Although a canvass of all the re tail butcher Shops In the Ist Ward, a repre sentative middle class section of the city, shows a falling off in trad.; of from one half to three-fourths, the exceedingly small receipts of livestock here have operated, according to the butchers, to keep prices up. The decline on beef has been only 1,"» cents on the hoof and on lamb 10 cents. Two hundred iragonloads of .chickens [brought in from Hie country were rejected yesterday, commission men declaring thai they could n.Jt sell fowls at all. The number of active boycotterß Of meat has reached. Us.«M, according to the men who have the petitions in charge. It is not believed that the number will greatly in crease, as the United Trades and Labor council lias asked all union men to boy cott the boycott, and th* more prosperous . lasses have ignored Jt. " I \ Ujiirn-ine OiouEcnd auU-juekt "' eater* \EW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. MONDAY, .TAX-VARY- 24,, 1010. ha\e drafted ■ petition Io be pr«S)sated to the statp Legislature asking thai .-i tax i>» Imposed on all food products held In cold storage over thirty tejTS. Petitions to < "ongress to place an export tax on meat, in hopes that prices would be lowered thereby, will be started here Moa day. Baltimore, Jan. 23.— 1n addition to the garment worker?, right thousand men, members of unions affiliated with the Fed eration of Labor, have definitely pledged themselves to abstain from meat for thirty days. Butchers have been compelled to drop prices two to four cents a pound. From Hagerstown COmes the Information that the boycott is being spread by an end less chain process. Other towns In various parts of the state also report the spread of the boycott. i \^.f- ; "When the Legislature reconvenes on Tuesday Senator Crothers, of Cecil County, will introduce a joint resolution calling upon Congress for an immediate investiga tion of the high prices of foodstuffs, and, should this disclose responsibility on the part of any trusts, that the Attorney Gen eral be Instructed to prosecute immediately, and also that, in such event, all such food stuffs be placed on the free list. St. liOtiis, Jan. 23. — The anti-meat cru sade in this city suffered its first setback this afternoon, when tho Central Trades and Labor Council, representing 75,000 union men, voted down a resolution to eat no meat for thirty days. The resolution was rejected on the ground that such ac tion would cause suffering. The Retail Butchers' Association dis cussed the cause for high meat prices this afternoon. A resolution was adopted de claring that the high prices are, caused by the demand of foreigners for veal and young pigs, which prevents cattle and pigs from growing: up, and results in turn in a. scarcity of cattle and hogs. ; A memorial was addressed to Secretary Wilson asking him to take immediate steps to cultivate the tastes of foreigners to the meat of full grown animals. William Moody, of East St. Louis, presi dent of the National Association of Stock Exchange*, says the high prices should be regarded as a blessing instead of a men ace, and that the laboring man should de mand more money for his labor rather than abstain from eating meat. THE PACKERS' SIDE. J. Ogden Armour Discusses Meat Prices. Chicago. Jan. 23.— "Beef is only about half a cent higher than it was a year ago," said J. Ogden Armour to-day. "Like many other things, it has risen during the last few years, but this is because its production has not kept pace with the de mand. "More people are buying meat and are buying more meat than ever before, while stock raising has shown little if any change. Consequently higher meat pre vails. Secretary "Wilson in his annual re port described the situation accurately when he said that the shrinkage of the cattle range area had resulted in a greater percentage of corn-fed beef and higher prices. "Our published statements tell the whole story. They show that when meat is high the packer as well as the retailer and con sumer must pay more for it. The packers do not dictate the prices." MAY JOIN FOOD BOYCOTT. Longshoremen Adopt Resolutions Look ing to Co-operation. By a resolution adopted by its executive committee last night the Longshoremen's Union Protective Association, with .forty flve hundred members, is committed to the country-wide agitation against the high prices of food. "Prices have advanced so suddenly," says the resolution, "and to such an unreasonable extent, that we are x'nprepared to meet the demands of exist ence, not to mention such unavoidable ex penses as rent, fuel, clothing and other necessities." The president of the committee is di rected to appoint a committee to discover the best means of co-operating with the other elements of the lower price propa ganda. The meeting of the union"? execu tive committee was held in Crotty's Hall, No. 420 Hudson street. Richard J. Butler, the president, presiding. SAYS AVERAGE PRICES NORMAL. Stock Raiser Blames Demand for Choice Cuts. [By Telegraph to The Tribune.] Austin, Tex.. Jan. 23— "Ike" T. Pryor, former president of the Texas Cattle Raisers' Association, president of the Trans-Mi.«Pissippi Congress, and who ha.s extensive livestock interests, said to-day: "I do not consider the price of meat is unusually high In view of the cost of pro duction and other conditions. There are not enough choice cuts to supply those v. ho will take nothing else. The pri,-.. ..f average meat is normal. "The mere boycott of this one industry will not solve the problem. Centralization in the cities, abandonment of farms and general decline in range and farming in dustries are the pith of the whole trouble." HOUSE TO BEGIN AN INQUIRY Sub-Committee Will Go Into High Price Question To-day. Washington. Jan. 2?..— A Rub-commil tee of the House Committee on the I>istri. t ..f Columbia, will begin hearings to-morro w designed to bring; out tiie causes of in creased food prices-, especially as they ap plj to the District. It is expected that the investigation will be national in scope. Senator Elkins is pressing for a report on his resolution providing for such an Investigation by the Senate, but the reso lution has not been heard from since it was referred to the Committee on Contin gent Expenses, of which Senator Kean is chairman. This- resolution was Indorsed by Mr. Taft. PREDICTS HIGHER SHOE PRICES Tanner Advises Repopulation of Aban doned Farms. IB> T. i'giiijih to The Tribune l Milwaukee, Jan. it 'Shoe manufacturers will have to lower the K rade or advance the price of shoes. The general opinion seems to be for an advance. In price of io per cent and Improvement In quality .some what, so as partly to meet the advance." said H. Vogel. a member of one of tbo largest tannery companies, here to-day. "The Hltuation a t the' present time in dleates no recession in the price of leather," continued Mr. Vogel. 'There Is nothing whatever In the ta.k about the manipula tion of the hfcie market. Tanners have been dissatisfied for the last six months. There has been no proflt Tlm only remedy that I can see is to K *t people, back to abandoned farms " RETAW A BRACER, THE MORNING AFTER WAT™ ™ * SPARKLINO TrtHATEI) OF *i?n£S? ACTS SPEEDILY IN CASKS OF NERVOUS HEADACHE AND DEimES ££?.. FOLLOW, NO ALCOHOLIC AND O*£J IOtC """" > BOTTLED IN BPUM li , . N ° T A 'AMATIVE. RESCUE 15 AT SEA SAVED HV FISHERMEN Captain, . Wife and Crew Lashed to Masts All Day. Kdgartown. Mass., Jan.- 23.— The schooner Mertie B. Crowley,' one of the few six masters flying the American flag, lies to night a total wreck on the reefs three, miles off the southeast end of Martha's Vineyard Island. Already the Crowley has broken In. two, and great seas are fnst smashing her stout timbers to pieces. She was bound from Baltimore for Boston with coal. To the bravery of the skipper. I,evl Jack son, and his crew of four men. of the Kdgartown fishing smack Trlscilla is due the rescue of the fifteen persons aboard-- Captain Haskell, Mrs. Har-kell and thirteen members of the Crowley's crew. Mrs. Haskell, like the others, had been lashed for ten hours to the rigging of the bat tered schooner. Great seas combed incessantly over the hull and through the rigging, threatening continually to fell the masts upon which the shipwrecked ones depended for life. The fore and main masts did give way and swvng wildly, to the serious discomfort of those lashed to Urn trees. But they re mained in their place, although insecurely, until Captain Jackson had brought his lit tle smack near enough, to send out dories to take off those on the Crowley. Disaster overwhelmed the schooner at 5:30 a. m. to-day. The wreck was due directly to the mistake of the man at the wheel in making out Kdgartown Light as one on Block Island. The schooner had been hove to for thirty hours on Friday and on Sat urday during the severe southerly storm. Round about was a heavy haze, which pre cluded observation, so that the position of the tchooner was largely a matter of guesswork. When the vessel struck it quickly was seen that there could be no hope of saving her. The small boats were soon swept overboard by the heavy seas. Mrs. Haskell. awakened by her husband, had barely time to snatch a few articles of clothing, and with the assistance of Captain Haskell, climb the forerigglng, where she was lashed to the crosstrees. A pair of seaman's rubber boots, with the captain's winter hat and overcoat protect ing her, Mrs. Haskell paid to-night, she did not suffer greatly. All day long everybody clung to the rig ging, while the seas battered their great vessel to fragments. At 10 a. m. the Crow ley broke in two beneath them and her stern settled deeper In the water. Fortu nately no one was lashed at that end. So great was the rush of the seas that the decks were swept clear with every wave. P>ven the forward house was lifted off and carried away. It was known here by 9 o'clock this morning that a vessel had been wrecked on the northeast end reef. Efforts were made to get out to her in the forenoon, but were unsuccessful because of the great seas. The sturdy fishing smacks of Edgar town could make no headway against tiie elements. Captain Jackson tried repeatedly to push his little power smack Priscilla through the great breakers, but combined sails and steam could not do it until late this after noon. Then, luffed by the schooner Viking, another of the local fishermen, he put her safely through the breakers and reached the wreck. There lie anchored, and four dories manned by as many- stout-armed fishermen were soon taking off "the crew of the Crowley. Mrs. Jlaskell was the first to be trans ferred. She was lowered from her cramped position in the crosstrees and down the forerigpinK as far as possible. With the same courage which had held her up dur ing her hours of exposure, phe made a leap for the dory beneath, landed safely and was saved. When the eolorfd steward jumped for the tossing dory beneath him he missed it and went overboard, but was rescued from the water by Patrick Kelley, one of the fishermen, who grasped the vessel's forerlgging and clung to the steward's clothing until another dory took them both aboard. As Captain .Jackson and his sloop arrived at the. wharf he was given three rousing cheers by a great crowd of people lined along the shore. The schooner Mertie B. 'Crowley wjts built in Ilockland, Me., in 1909. She was owned In Boston. She was 296.5 feet long, 48.4 in breadth and had a depth of hold of 23. 5. She registered 2,410 net ton nage. Messrs. D. H. burnUiia 6\Ct>. Arohi*octt. ~ .. Thompson- Statrrtt Company I C^ Great Gimbel Store 32*STaS'^ pC. raos *: wa r c^3>«?ti g »tio n ,t^Me«rs;GiiAdi«. I decided to use the Edison Service exclusively Tor their treat Mew York. I ft. ucture. now neannj completion. «C Sixty V.gJ, Bpwd JJUricefcww^ I go if per »•/,/. Os „// „<,„ buM t ~g, errctra.n M-ur Voj-L^ I iS?*? rtew^orikEdisoiiGoinDaiiy I ' (Al »7 s M your service " ■/ I General Offices, 55 Duane Street I NH A RAGI / V BA TTLE. Revolutionists Attack Madrid Troops, but Retire. Managua, Nicaragua, Jan. 23.— The ad vance guard of the revolutionary army, M strong. engaged the government outposts to-day at La Llbertad, fourteen miles north of Acoyapa. The government forces, 1.&H0 strong, un der command of (.leneral Marnsi> Arguello, opened Ore with the artillery. The revo lutionists replied at long r.niKe with rlflo tire. They retired after forty-ttve minutes, on finding thrmsflves badly outnumbered and lacking artillery. There were no casual tics on the govern ment side. The arrest of Conservatives alleged to be involved in a movement against Madrlz still continues. The wildest rumors an- <.-ur r«nt. One reports the capture si th«> steamer Victoria by the revolutionists on Lake Nicaragua. Another has it that CJen eral Vascjvea has gone over to the revo lutionists, but this is declared by the gov ernment to be absurd. The authorities are said to have inter cepted letters sent by runners by way of Costa Rica in which there is evidence of the sending of $fi,ooo to the revolutionists by Granada Conservatives. San Juan del Sur, Jan. 23.— Rear Admiral Kimball, commander of the American squadron, has issued a notice urging all Americans in Nicaragua to abstain from taking part in tht> political controversies, or from violation of the laws of neutrality toward the factions in arms. lie declares that he will not extend protection to any so-called American interest which really has no existence in law. Great tension prevails throughout the re public because of the conscription orders. In most places, however, the majority of the recruits are allowed to proceed v th their work in the day, but they must sleep in the barracks at night. The rising of the Conservative party has caused surprise in Borne quarters, as President Madriz was the first to promise and accord, so far as he was able, complete liberty. Many of the most prominent of the Conservatives have been Imprisoned, but it is understood that they are being well treated. CRITICISES CIIIS A. "London Times" Regrets Chin ehoic-Aigun Concession. London, Jan. 24.— "The Times," in an edi torial this morning on the rejection of the Knox proposals by Russia and Japan, considers China's action in ratifying the preliminary agreement with reference to the concession of the Chinchow-Aigun Railroad to the Anglo-American group very' regrettable. It thinks that this can only be a short sighted attempt to force the issue by creating complications, which China, doubtless, imagines may benefit her by aggravating the existing divergencies be tween the powers. If this is China's object, however. "The Times" is confident that it will fail "be cause American diplomacy, although on this occasion not fortunate In its methods. is sincerely directed toward the peaceful conciliation of all the conflicting interests in the Far East, and has, in fact, brought Russia and Japan into the closest possible communion of views With regard to their interests in the very region of their long and sanguinary struggle.** CIIIXESE REWARDS. To Be Given to Descendants of Officials of 1860. Peking, Jan. 23. — An imperial edict was Issued to-day announcing rewards for the descendants of the officials who opposed the anti-foreign policy in 1860 and re stor.M order at Peking after the British and French Invasion. The Treaty of Tien-tsin. which was ar ranged by Lord Elgin and Baron Gtop, the English and French envoys to China, re spectively, was signed in June. 185 S. It provided for the exchange of the ratifica tions at Peking within a year from that date, but when the time came for ratifica tion the British envoy, on his way to Pe-, king, was stopped in the Hirer Pei-Ho. Admiral Hope, commander of the Brit ish fleet, attempted to force a passage, aided by several French warships, but was repulsed. The English and French then prepared an expedition against China. In October, is6ft. the allies invested Peking and the city surrendered with slight re- Sistance On October 24 the Treaty of Tu-n-tsin was ratified. BRITISH ELECTIONS f nnlinn#d from flr«t p.if" the Nationalists, will be a figure almost as Important as the Premier, because Mr. As quith . .mi do nothing without him. The Conservative b*»linv« that th» older wing of Urn Liberal party, represented by Mr. Asquith, the Secretary for War, Mr. Ilaldane. and tho Foreign Secretary. Sir Edward Grey, now repents of having per mitted. Radicals like David Lloyd-George and "Winston Spencer Churchill to commit the party to a budget which is so far on the road to what their opponents term so cialism. The: Liberals claim that their rne mles are trembling in their boots lest they find the government on their hands', with BBS necessity of raising revenues for old age .pensions and a larger navy, and at the same time attempting to adopt protection. The surprise of the campaign has been that the manufacturing centres, with a few exceptions, have gone for free trade, while the strongholds of the squires shifted to the protection party. The Conservatives are convinced that this campaign is the first milestone in a bitter struggle in which his tory will repeat itself and in which their .party will return to power by gradual steps. .. That the struggle is bitter even at the present moment there Is no question. The one time chivalrous atmosphere of British politics has been wonderfully changed. So much persona! feeling and so many charges of. lying and intimidation have been un known since the reform bill days. The Lib erals make wholesale charges that the work men in the factories, the farm laborers and tenants have been dismissed and threatened with eviction for supporting their party. Picturesque features of the campaign have been furnished by carts going about the streets loaded with- "dumped" foreign goods, and posters by the best cartoonists, on the walls, caricaturing the lords and depicting the misery of free trade to the workmen. " One element which was counted upon to furnish spice failed to come up to expecta tions. The suffrag- ttes generally have been quiet. Mrs. Pankhurst gives the explana tion that the suffragettes know when to demonstrate and when to keep quiet. It is the membtrs of the Cabinet they want to reach. They can reach the voters and they expect to vote at the next election. I hIS II EMH. I RK. i SSED. Redmond IV on Id Prefer a Strong Liberal Majoritn. Dublin, Jan. 25. — The situation created by the British elections is one of no little difficulty for the Nationalist leaders. On the one hand, they probably have It in their power to make or unmake any gov ernment dependent upon the new House of Commons for existence ; on the other hand. their experience in the Home Rule Parlia ment of 1592 convinces them that measures in the direction of a national self-govern ment for Ireland must have the support of an adequate British majority if they are to be carried successfully. Hence, John Red mond, leader of the Nationalists, has ex pressed the wish tnat the Liberals may have an independent majority to overcome the House of Lords* veto, and such a majority is regarded here as essential. Another source of difficulty is the posi tion of the Irish party in relation to the budget. Although Ireland has on the whole benefited financially by the measures of the recent Liberal government, there are features of the budget to which Irish opinion takes strong exception. Yet to in sist on the amendment of these proposals. It is held, would be justifying the referen dum, challenged by the peers, while to ac cept the budget unamended might expose the Irish party to attack from those vwish ing to create trouble for the party in Ire land. A solution may possibly be found i:i the removal of -the provisions objectionable to the Irish from the coming year's budget and the concentration of all the popular parties on the veto question. When i.hat question is settled the Irish question, the Nationalist leaders assert, must assume an imediate importance, and the party will then be in a position to insist that it shall be dealt with on the liberal principles of Gladstone. Speaking at Fermoy. William O'Brien bit terly attacked Mr. Redmond's policy in ac cepting Mr. Asquith's promise. He warned his countrymen that they were being gross ly deceived if they supposed they would get home rule from the next Parliament. They were told that they must wait until the veto of the House of Lords is abolished, but if they waited for that they would have to wait until they were older than Methu selah. Guardian Trust Company of New York 170 Broadway Capital I Surplus Sl.flßß.iii SAYS UESAWMUMQn Naval- Prisoner Wanted $ Rochester Not Relented. Portsmouth, N. 11.. . Jan. 23. -C L late hour to-night no reply had uJ° • cfived from the Navy Depart-^ , '"* Washington la the. request made by w| ester authorities for the surrenssr*' James Hall, a . naval prisoner -- m«• on the United States receiving ship Sow cry. who was examined yesterday r«av^ ing his supposed knowledge of the oumZ of Miss Anna Schumacher at Poch " last August. Hall Is serving an \i^'' months' sentence for fraudulent enlist'* 3 and desertion. tSi . Two weeks ago Hall wrote to the stock. ester authorities that he could furnish y»i" uable information concerning the brim murder of the seventeen year old gsj^Jl was assaulted, and killed while aha -*"° placing flowers on her mother's r-a Yesterday Sheriff W. K. Gillette and vS iam J. Richter. the prosecuting attcr-» of Monroe County, N. V., with PtKrta Attorney Widener. of Rochester, Ma* here and had an Interview with taa Ban prisoner. While no official announcement has t*. made, it Is believed that in his first state ment Hall said that while sleeping M £ grass In the cemetery he was aroused to the cries of the youthful victim. and •wit nessed the murder. Tho murderer ■>• alone, he said. , Under the searching examination hi «■■ subjected to by the Rochester otldajs i* is said that he modified many of the gut J ments he had made in his written eg munication. He. however, strongly deal** that he was actively Interested fa tat crime. Hall's motive In making known t*. fact that he could throw any light on th» mystery was, he avowed, to thus boy vi release from the naval prison. - WOMAN DRAWN FOR Jtjs y Says She Will Report and Sen? _' Picked for Duty. Mr?. LJlIa D. Durgin. of No. an a* street. Borough Park, Brooklyn, rent** through the mall Saturday a summon t» appear on Wednesday at Room 5 ib in Kings County Court House, wh?r« tattrsi jurors will be picked. The sinnmeia w« signed by Jacob Brenner. CommiSßßßßrsT Jurors of Kings County. Her husband was John A. Dursjß.atSßi time vice-president of the Rome Locc3a.Ts Works and later general manager of tat Rhode Island Locomotive Works. Sbtatfl last night that she intended to npsrt « the courthouse and would serve." She aw not see how there could have bees a m.« take, as her husband is dead, and the letter was addressed L. D. Durgin, ia ajttt a! her husband's initials being J. A. NATIONAL AVIATION CIBCTHT. Organization Modelled After Baseball Leagues Planned. Los Angeles. Jan. 23. — national srtßßßt circuit, on the order of the big baseball or ganizations, may be the result of a confer ence at St. Louis next month between Cbb> land Field Bishop, president of the Aero Club. of America, and representatives of several large Eastern cities that are seeking the coming international events. - Flying machine exhibitions will be amt into oblivion and actual contests will US? their places. if Mr. Bishop' 9 plans na terialize large guarantees will be dfena> tlnue^i. INDIANAPOLIS WANTS AESOMEr Indianapolis. Jan. 23. -A campaisn t» «>■ tain the international aviation meet «f ■ for Indianapolis "has been launched. aT selling 75.000 tickets at $1 each it is heart to r«ise the necessary guarantee fund. Til bids for the meet must he submitted at ts» meeting of the Federated Aero dual •* America at St. Louis next Saturday.