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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 27, 1910, Image 2

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showed an increase over a like period in
Ihe previous year of 43 per cent. The
figures for the last five months of 190S
t-how a total importation valued at $43,
100.000. and for the last five months of
1909 they were $03,600,000.
On the other mi. the imposition of
the French maximum tariff on Ameri
can exports is net likely to work any
severe hardship to the industries of this
country. That tariff has. in fact, been
§ imposed since November 1. So long as
the French government maintains its
present attitude, negotiations looking to
an agreement whereby both countries
•will receive such benefits as may accrue
from the minimum tariffs of the two
nations are practically hopeless. The in
dications are, therefore, that after Jan
uary 31 France will be the only Euro
pean country on whose exports the
United States collects its maximum
The negotiations looking to a tariff
agreement regarding imports from Can
ada may still be described as in the pre
liminary stages, and it is therefore too
early to make any definite prediction as
to their outcome. There is an apparent
disposition on the part of the Canadian
authorities to procrastinate, due, prob-
Ebly, to the hope of profiting by the ex
perience of other nations, or possibly to
»*eluetance to delegate the necessary
authority to the British Ambassador and
lit associates in Washington.
Under these circumstances the Tariff
Eoard is powerless to facilitate the
negotiations, and unless they are taken
uc with unwonted enersry in the next
IfNJ months the maximum rates will be
applied to imports from Canada. France
and CanadA are the only two nations
■ Meh have, not shown every disposition
ID meet this country half way.
The administration is extremely pleased
Wtth The work of the Tariff Board, and is
nf dM opinion, moreover, that within a
"'mparatively short time after March 31
the benefits of the dual tariff system to
♦he foreign trade of the United States
*•!?! be widely realized.
Expresses Anxiety for Tariff
• Berlm. Jan. «6.-The reply of the Foreign
Office to the request of the United States
That the application of Germany's general
tariff to American Imports be deferred un
til March SI if understood to be a non
acceptance of the suggestion for delay
The reply, which will be sent to Wash
ington Immediately, however, will repre
nt that the German government feels
that no obstacles to a -.complete agreement
•xist which cannot be overcome by Febru
ary 7, the date on which the general
schedules would apply automatically. Ger
many holds that the points at issue have
been considered sufficiently to enable both
sides to reach a decision at this time. The
note the tone of which Is described as be
ing most friendly, points out how highly
desirable it is from the German point of
I ie« that the tariff question between the
two countries be settled at once.
Some cases constituting discriminations,
in the view of the United States, were
brought definitely to the attention of Ger
many in the recent negotiations, and in
several instances the desired changes will
be made. '. '. ,
Neighbors. See Cruelty to Child
in Open Air Treatment.
Because they are firm believers, in the
open air treatment for illness. Dr. Daniel
i owner, an osteopath, and his wife, who
with their three. young children, live at No'
749 President street. Brooklyn, are having
trouble with seme of their neighbors The
neighbors have been objecting to the
Towner baby. Dorothy, being deposited in
a soap box on a fire escape and kept there
they allege, in all sorts of weather Com
plaint also has been 'made that the cries
of .the child have disturbed the peace of
the neighborhood.
The fire escape is in the rear of the
house, and neighbors in adjoining apart
■|r-ent houses have believed that the little
mf--.*. who is an invalid, was being treated
W^ badly.
The Towners say they have been acting
upon the advice of their physician Dr
Joseph Ferguson, of No. us Quincy street'
•ad they believe the treatment Is benefiting
the baby, adding that the few neighbors
«-ho do not take kindly to the open air
treatment have no reason to complain Dr
Frfguson said last evening that in March
Jan he advised the Townen to keep the
baby in the open. Several women reported
the case to the Brooklyn Children's So
ciety, and an agent was sent to the Towner
home yesterday. He reported to H C
Preston, superintendent of the society, thai
there was no reason why the society should
take any action. He said that the baby
■ was kept comfortably, the box in which
the lay being warmly lined.
"We are acting according to our doctor's
orders." said Mrs. Towner. "We have kept
the baby on the fire escape ever sine* «he
was £]>: months old. She now la sixteen
months old. The baby is one of twins
The other, a boy, is healthy, but Dorothy
has something the matter with her bones.
They are soft and can't hold her up. Dr'
Ferguson, who attended her, says it is the
only way. and that the oxygen in the air
will build her up."
Favors United States Expedi
tion to South Pole.
Chicago, Jan. 25.— The Helen Culver
raeaal was presented' to Commander Robert
B. Peary to-night by the Chicago Geo
graphical Society. The medal bears an
inscription as follows:
Awarded January 26, 1310. to Command
er bert E. Peary U. S. X. for dis
tinguished service' in Arctic exploration and
th*r first achlevfcment of the North Pole
April 6. '•'•'j.
Professor L C. Chamberlain, of the
University of Chicago, who was the first
Araeric&n scientist to doubt openly Dp.
Cook*! story of discovering the North Pole,
receive a ni«6*l for geological discov
Coxsi:ra.n<Jer Peary. In an interview to
day. S3l<S;
"Xot the Mrtfc Pol«. but the South
Pol*, has beej» the subject of my thoughts
rcrent!/- I don't mean I am contemplat
ing ■ trip Item, but 1 hope to live to
»co an American discover the- southern end
ct the *arth. Such a discoveroy is not
IMr to be accomplished toon by private
enterprise. lam in favor of the equipping
of an expedition hy the United States
That would bo .1 lons way toward lixlng
the Stars and Stripes down there."
OFT & \ I
NOT 1 r *'. 5• •>
Hciu'.c, Ciubs. CtSi* ana W..'.-.-l.
Plans to Acquire Cole-Ryan
Properties in Butte District.
S'-ps looking to the consolidation of the
Anaconda and Cole-Ryan copper properties
In the Butte district were taken at ■ meet
ing of the directors of the Anaconda Cop
per Company, held on Tuesday, when It
■was decided to call a special meeting of
the stockholders of the company on March
21 to vote upon a proposition to increase
the capital stock of the company from
$30,000,000, the present authorized amount, to
$150,000,000, for tho purpose of acquiring the
property of other companies in the Butte
Official announcement of this action by
the directors was made yesterday, and fol
lowing, as it did, so closely upon the mer
per of the Utah Copper, the Boston Con
solidated Copper and the Nevada Consoli
dated Copper companies, the proposed con
solidation of the Butte copper companies
v.as regarded in copper circles as a pre
liminary step to the merger of these con
cerns with the Guggenheim properties,
rumors of which have been in circulation
for some time.
The names of the companies to be taken
over were not made public in the official
statement of the plan, which was given
out coincident with the announcement of
the proposed stock increase, it being merely
stated that the mining claims of the Ana
conda company and of the other companies
to be acquired were all located upon the
Butte hill, within a comparatively circum
scribed area. It is understood, however,
that, in addition to the subsidiary com
panies of the Anaconda Copper Company,
the properties It is proposed to acquire in
clude the Butte Coalition Mining Company
and the North Butte Mining Company, con
trolled by the Cole-Ryan interests. The
former has an authorized capital of $15,
000,000, the par value of the shares being
$15. It owns a majority of the stock of the
Alice Gold and Silver Mining Company, a
$10,000,000 corporation owning mines in the
Butte district.
The company was incorporated under the
laws of New Jersey in February, 1906, to
acquire the capital stock of the Red Metals
Mining Company, an operating company.
The North Butte Company has an author
ized capital of $9,000,000, of which $6,000,
000 is outstanding. The par value of its
stock is also $15. This company was in
corporated in April. 1905. in Minnesota. Its
properties are located in Silver Bow
County, Butte, Mont., adjoining the Ana
conda and Boston and Montana. In addi
tion to these properties, it was said in
wel informed quarters some of the sub
sidiary companies of the Amalgamated
Copper Company, such as the Boston and
Montana Consolidated Copper and Silver
Mining Company, the Butte ana Boston Con
solidated Mining Company and the Parrot
Silver and Copper Company, would prob
ably be taken over.
According to the official statement the
principal reason for the proposed consoli
dation of the various companies located
upon Butte Hills is to Jo away with the
many perplexing problems In connection
with operation which are constantly arising
among companies so contiguous and closely
interlaced as those it is proposed to merge,
when operated as independent properties
owing to the fact that the law of the apex,
or "the right to follow a vein on Its dip ex
ternally beyond the surface line of a min
ing claim, prevails in Montana. It was this
law which was chiefly responsible for ih<»
protracted and costly litigation between the
Arruilga mated and Heinze interests In the
Bane district several >ears ago.
The companies located upon Butte Hill
were so closely Interlaced," the statement
said, as to make almost Impossible the
segregation of the ownership of underground
«ro bodies. In addition to overcoming this
difficulty, i* was pointed out, many econo
mies in operation would result from work
ing all the mines in accordance with a gen
eral system of ventilation, drainage and de
velopment. The Anaconda companj-, it was
added, because of its size and the fact that
Its properties were so located that some of
its contiguous areas were owned by other
companies, was regarded as the logical com
pany to become the purchaser of the prop
erties of the other companies in the dis
Following the formal ratification by the
stockholders of the Utah Copper Company
on Tuesday night of the taking over by
that company of the Boston Consolidated
Copper and Nevada Consolidated Copper
companies, the directors of the company
held a meeting yesterday at which the
membership of the board was increased
from nine to fifteen. The following new
members were elected: Daniel Guggenheim,
Murray . Guggenheim. S. R. Guggenheim,
F. A Schirmer. Ernst ' Thalmann, Eugene
Meyer, jr., and Thomas W. Lamont. These
men, with the following, constitute the new
board: C. M. MacNeill. Spencer P<=nros=e,
D. C. Jackling, Charles Hayden. W. B.
Thompson, S. W. Eccle 1 J. H. Hammond
and K. K. McLaren. J. D. Hawkins re
signed as a director.
Subsequently the board voted to offer to
stockholders of record on January 31 the
right to subscribe to one share of new stock
at $50 a share for each ton shares of old
stork held. This calls for an issue of
$3 675 000 new stock, which has been under
written by Hayden, Stone & Co.. the bank
ers receiving a commission of 1 per cent.
The time allowed for tho conversion of
the Nevada Consolidated stock expires on
March 5. The Nevada stockholders making
the exchange before that date receive the
right to subscribe for one share of the
new Utah stock at $50 for each ten shares
of Utah gtock received in exchange for
Nevada stock. More than 50 per cent of
the Nevada stockholders had already con
sented to the exchange, it was said yes
The Utah Copper, Boston Consolidated
Copper and Nevada Consolidate! Copper
companies will have a combined producing
capacity of 200.<>00.000 pounds of copper a
year at a production cost of about eight
cents a pound. The combination involves
about $100,000,000. and is regarded as the
first step toward the long-talked-of merger
of the Guggenheim and Amalgamated-
Cole-Ryan properties.
Trenton, N. J.. Jan. 26.— The Utah Copper
Company filed an amended certificate to
day with the Secretary of State, increas
ing its capital stock from $7,500,000 to $25.
000000. The increase was decided upon at
a 'meeting of the stockholders held last
evening. The certificate was signed by the
president, Charles If. MacXeill. and secre
tary, Spencer Penrose.
Former Brooklyn Teacher In
sane, Witnesses Indicate.
[By Telegraph to The Tribune )
Auburn, N. V., Jan. 26.— That Francis
K. Mitchell, the former instructor in
music in the Brooklyn public schools,
who died here last summer in a lonely
house at his big island in the Monte
zuma marshes, and left 3t>o acres and
$8,000 to Mrs. Christina MacGregor
Meil, a Brooklyn nurse, was insane,
xvas indicated to-da^- before Surrogate
Wood in.
Witnesses testified that he had been
known to eat chickens with their feath
ers unplucked and that he had made
soup 01 bullheads after chopping the fish
into a hash of skins, flesh and bones.
Other* testified that he had tried to
ride balky horses, although more than
eighty-five years old. and the town as
sessor of Montezuma swore that he had
paid . $2,500 to Mr. and Mrs. Solomon
Meil for a shack worth only $000. - Mrs.
Hell, who was Miss MacGregor, was
made sole legatee in the will of Mr.
Mitchell. One contestant, a daughter.
MVs. Laura Mitchell Doe. of San Fran
cisco, la said to be worth |600,000. The
case was adjourned to February 2.
America Highest Priced Coun
try in World, He Says.
Philadelphia. Jan. 26— "It costs more to
get the common necrspnries of life in the
United States to-day than in any other
country in the world." This statement was
made to-night by James Wilson. Secretary
of Agriculture, in an address beforo the
Manufacturers' Club, of this city. Secre
tary "Wilson discussed "The Present Food
"Some persons." he said, "tell us thnt
if we repeal the present tariff law to let
in foreign products froe of duty the pres
ent difficulty will cea.se. I do not believe
it. Eggs are 35 cents a dozen in Canadian
cities and 60 cents a dozen in some Amer
ican cities. The duty is three cents a
dozen. "What difference would it make
whether jou took off that three cents or
The Secretary further stated that he be
lieved the American people are suffering
at present not so much from the high
cost of living, as from the cost of high
living, his statement being:
"It has been said that the American If
the best fed, best clothed, best educated
and best housed man upon earth. We shall
have to add now that he is the most ex
pensively fed."
Secretary Wilson pointed out that the
fundamental difficulty was that the
people are leaving the farms to such
an extent that there are not enough
remaining to produce the food of Lhe
increasing population. The boys and
girls of the farm, he asserted, are be
ing lured away to the cities, to the
factories and to the mines, and to a great
extent the agricultural resources of the
country are being neglected. He said he
was convinced that the combinations of
retailers, wholesalers and the like were
responsible in great measure for the keep-
Ing up of prices, and that these same in
fluences would be sufficient to control the
prices of products brought from other
countries, even though the tariff were re
In discussing further the lure from the
farm to the cities the Secretary said'
"It is up to you. gentlemen of the Manu
facturers' Club, to look into these things.
Go down to the foundation and inquire. If
you find my statement 10 be correct, that
the people are leaving the farms to such
an ex-.ent that there are not enough left
to produce the food of our growing popu
lation, take steps to have the young
farmer taught regarding his life work.'
The Secretary closed a plea for the ag
ricultural education of the young with
the declaration that the worst farming is
being done east of the Alleghany Moun
Called by Citizens' Committee
—Prices Still Fall.
Eoston. Jan. 26.— "'Since you tell us that
the present high prices of the necessities
of life are due to the inevitable law which
governs supply and demand, we will say
to you that we will attempt to secure re
lief by lessening the demand, and that we
shall immediately make public our report
calling upon the citizens of Boston to ab
stain from the us© or" meat for two weeks."
This was the ultimatum given to the
wholesale producers late to-day after a
conference between them and a committee,
appointed at a citizens' maps meeting in
Faneuil Hall last Saturday night.
The effects of the anti-meat crusade are
already being felt, half a dozen labor unions
and many other organizations having
pledged themselves to abstain from eating
meat. Firh dealers are taking advantage
of the ?ituaticn. Mora than a million
pounds of flFh -were ia.iv.i«--i At T Wharf to
day, with many more vessels waiting out
side to come up.
Cleveland, Jan. 26.— A special committee
of the City Council began an investiga
tion of tliij increased food prices to-day.
A grand jury investigation will begin to
morrow. The evidence- will be turned over
to the Legislature.
Another drop of 10 to 15 cents a hundred
pounds for livestock was quoted at the
local stock yard to-day. Pork loin fell off
a cent on the retail *>rict. One firm of re
tailers having a score of stores, has an
nounced that no reduction will be. made in
the retail price in spite of the drop in the
wholesale price?. No change was noted
to-day in the produce or butter and eg?
Baltimore, Jan. 26.— Prices of some of the
chief food products took a drop to-day.
Western beef, however, was unaffected. In
the local wholesale market eggs declined
three cents a dozen, and butter three c?nts
a pound. Pork was reduced 50 cents a hun
dred pounds yesterday One of the effects
of the meat boycott has been a heavy de
mand for fish.
Atlanta. Jan. 26.— A thirty days' boycott
against "trust produced meats" was de
clared to-night by the Atlanta federated
trades, representing 2,800 union men of this
city. There has been no change in ths
prices of beef in this section, but plight
drops have been recorded in veal and pork.
Eggs are selling at 40 cents a dozen.
Albany Investigation of High Prices
Seems Unlikely.
[By Telegraph t.i The Tribune.]
Albany, Jan. 26— The Assembly Ways
and Means Committee to-day put a quietus
on the attempt of Mr. Frlsbie, minority
leader, to have the high cost of living in
vestlgated. The minority leader tried to get
the committee to report his resolution for
a commission of seven Assemblymen and
four Senators to Inquire into the causes of
the high cost of living and to recommend
remedial legislation. After a discussion of
considerable length, however, the commit
tee unceremoniously squelched it. The ar
gument of those who opposed it wa3
summed up in the contention or Mr. Mer
ritt, majority leader, vho declared that
it was a matter to be dealt with by the
federal authorities, and that they were al
ready considering i*.
Assemblyman Andrew F. Murray is ex
pecting the same treatment of his resolu
tion to investigate the Beef Trust.
Kansas Tanners Say Meat Packers In
stigated Movement.
Frankfort. Kan., Jan. uu -Farmers in
this region have started a counter boycott
against labor unions that have refused
to em meat and they expect to mam. 11
The farmers plan to quit using the prod
ucte of the labor of boycotting unions for
one year. In addition to this, they pur
pose to advocate free trade. Organizers
Of the movement aver that meat packers
Instigated the meat boycott.
Rochester. Jan. 26.— The reventy-fivo stu
denta of the German department of tUe
Rochester Theological Seminary pledged
themselves this afternoon to abstain from
eating meat for thirty days as a protest
against the high prices.
San Francisco, Jan. 26— Louis Paulhan
closed v three days' aviation exhibition at
Tanforan to-day by rising thirteen hundred
feet in a thirty-one-mlimte flight. THa
French aviator left the- course and dl.sai»
peared from tho view of the thirty thou
sand •Pectatori !.- flew over San Maten
and Burttrwrarne. Tho weather was Ideal.
Paulhan and Ins party will go to Suit Lake
City to-morrow.
Every One Wants Finest Cuts,
Wails Retailer.
"Too much prosperity. The tastes of the
people have changed with changed financial
conditions, and where ■ year or two or
three years ago they would be content with
ordinary and medium cuts of beef and tako
mutton instead of the finest lamb, now they
•want and insist on having the best. I lose
on the rest, and have to get even some
how." That is the explanation for the high
prices of meats given by a retailer wno
does a large business among comparatively
well-to-do people.
It is difficult to get any two authorities
to ajjree on the cause for the increased
cost of meat and other foodstuffs, although
all agree that present prices are too high
and point tc the reductions already brought
about by the boycott of meat as evi
dence that the high figures current are sus
ceptible cf reduction If the packers and
dealers car. be forced to that point.
Attempts to find out just why meat at
retail in this city should be so much higher
than it was a yenr ago bring out a ring of
accusing fingers, each pnincing to the other
person. A retailer will say it is the Jobber;
a Jobber will say it is the "trust": the
packers declare that the farmer is holding
up the supply in the hope of higher prices,
and the farmer s quoted as saying that it
costs more to feed cattle and he must have
a larger return.
He. in turn, points to the cold storage
man, who buys beef when it is cheap and
holds it until an extraordinary demand
arises or prices may be raised artificially;
the storage man. in turn, points back to
the retailer, with the assertion that he
wants too much in the way of profits and
so prevents the stored meat from finding
an outlet. All the statements seem open to
In the matter of cattle en the hoof. Chi
cago, in the first week of 1909. received
Sl.SiO beef cattle: cows soid at $6 a hundred
pounds. Texas steers at $6 30 and natives at
57 50. For the corresponding week this year
the receipts at Chicago were 60.533 head,
and the. prices $$ 15. $7 and S8 50 respectively.
In this city similar conditions prevailed.
For the week ended January IS, 1909, there
were received 11,734 beef cattle, and prime
to choice native steers sold on the hoof at
$0 40 to $6 50 a hundred pounds, this being
an advance of from 15 cents to 50 cents over
the previous year's figures. For the week
ended January 24, 1910, New York received
14,049 beef cattle, and tha same grades of
steers sold at $5 70 to $6 90 a hundred
But there the comparison ends, for a
year ago dressed beef, common to good
native sides, was selling here at BU©lo
cents wholesale, and last week 11 cents
was a high figure for the same quality of
beef, the advance in live cattle being
about four-tenths of a cent a pound, while
the advance in the dressed sides was
about a cent a pound, or an increase of
150 per cent over the live weight advance.
This is pointed to by the wholesalers
as relieving them from (he odium of ex
tortion, as they say that their advance,
while large as a matter of percentage, is
small as a matter of real increase of cost
to the consumer, and the retailer is called
on to account for a jump of anywhere
from 3 cents a pound on "chuck" steak
to 10, 12 and even 15 cents on the finer
and choicer cuts. This he explains in
any way he thinks the Inquirer will be
lieve, but nearly all agree that much of
It is due to the demand on the part of the
consumer for nothing but the best cuts.
One retailer who supplies a large number
of t»lg apartment houses on the upper
West Side, in answer to inquiries, said;
"I* I could get people to take anything
except tho very finest cuts I might be
able to Fhade prices some, but they won't
do it. They want bone sirloin or porter
house, and trying to sell them round str-ak
or any of the cheaper cuts is almost hope
less. I have to buy the whole quarter,
and I must make enough on the fine cuts
to make up for my loss on the inferior
grades. The boycott Is hurting me, for I
cannot marke my people see that a little
cheaper grade of meat, which is Just as
good for ordinary cooking purposes, is
more economical than no meat at all.
"Sure the packers have boosted prices."
he continued, "and I have had to boost
mine, and more than the packer has, for
he keeps on selling the whole side, while
I have to account for a lot of waste and
loss. A year and a half ago beef was $3
a hundred cheaper than it is now, and
then I was selling steak at 9 cents that
I get 15 for now There's a good deal of
difference between an advance of 6 cents
a pound and one of 2 cents, but I have
had to mak* the difference, to protect my
In veals the same thing holds good. A
year ago city dressed veals were quoted
at [email protected] cents. Now they are 10® IS
cents, an advance on the top of 6 cents a
pound; yet the retailer is charging any
where from 12 to 15 cents a pound more
and making the same excuse for the dis
proportionate increase
Incidentally the reporting board of the
Department of Agriculture makes public
some interesting figures, showing that in
the last year the value of milch cows has
increased $3 43 a head, with an increase in
numbers of 81,000, while other cattle in
creased in value only $1 92 a head, with a
decrease in numbers of 2,100,W>">. Sheep, on
an increase in numbers of 1,132,000, Increased
in value only 65 cents a head, while swine,
on a decrease in numbers of 6,365,000, in
creased in value $2 50 a head.
These figures will show that the farmers
have not made such heavy gains in the
value of their livestock. The reports of the
big packing companies, known as the Beef
Trust, show that enormous profits have
been made, a large part of which Is due to
utilization of what was for a long time con
sidered waste, and the retailer makes a
plausible, if not convincing argument out
of the fact that the average buyer wants
the best there is m the market, but objects
to paying enough for the best to make up
for the waste on meat of less attractive
Receipts at the principal packing points as
well as In this city show a steady increase,
prices keeping sfep with the Increase in
supplies; but. In view of the figures quoted,
there is a grave question— that of a con
tinuance of receipts at the figures lately
current. In the mean time the movement
against me use of meat for food is being
severely left In many quarters and retail
prices have begun a downward slump,
which thfl dealers declare win be only tem
porary, or at the most will last only as
long as the abstinence from flesh food con
tinues general.
The packers are buying less cattle on the
hocf nnd the cold storage people are look-
Ing forward hopefully to the time when
they can unload at a profit the 2<\000,000
beef cattle and calves they are credited
with having stored away.
"Keeps Down Expenses; if You Don't
Believe It Ask Mrs. Hadley."
St. Louis, Jan. 26.— Governor Hadley be
lieves that If every family should keep a
cow and chickens the living problem would
be solved. "If you can't afford to keep
a. cow and chickens, you ought to go back
to the farm." he say».
"The real cause of the high prices lies
In the fact that then* are too many peo
ple in tha cities producing things they
cannot eat. I keep three cows and some
chickens, too. And you'd be surprised at
what a saving they make In the household
expenses. If you don't believe It, just ask
Mrs. Hadley."
Continued from "-st pare
dealers do not order from us until lat*
in the week, depending on the state of
their own stock. The bad wrather al
ways has interfered with the retail
trade." ....
"Is it not true," It was asked, "that
the wholesalers still have twice as much
meat on hand as they generally do on a
"It is nothing unusual to have a large
amount of meat at this tirn^ in the
wf-ek," was the reply. "TV . supply goes
out ft tho retailors as they call for it,
and often they. do not buy till Friday."
"Have not orders been i?su<*d curtail
ing thf< supply for next w^ek?"
"That's a point we cannot discuss
here. Any such order, if there is one.
comes from our Chicago offices."
At the offices of the National Packing
Company the information to be supplied
was similar in tenor.
"The retailers are complaining that
they have no trade," it *ns Mid. "But
then, they always complain. They take
advantage of everything to fight for
lower prices from am Beef has gone
down in the natural order of things. We
have about 150 more carcasses than usual
on a Wednesday, hut considering the
amount of meat we handle that is not a
large quantitj .
"Then, of course, it isn't all the retail
men -.vho are kicking. Some of them
have as much trade as ever, and some
say they haven't. Whether the price .of
beet continues to do down will depend
on whether the farmers in the West will
feel like holding back their cattle now
that the price has begun to fall off. I
believe the market in pork is firm, and
mutton has rot been affected at all."
On the question of cold storage, which
looms so large in the popular eye in con
nection with expensive foodstuffs and
the high cost of living, the wholesale
men are at one in proclaiming right and
left that the feeling against the storage
houses is a vulgar prejudice. The stor
age warehouse is a public benefactor,
they say, which only helps the consumer
out in what would otherwise be times of
high prices.
Figures given in "The Ice and Refrig
eration Blue Book," a trade publication,
show tiiat 20.000.000,000 pounds of meat,
or close to 100,000.000 animals, is the
amount slaughtered in the United States
in a year, of this about 80 per cent is
put under refrigeration. A large part ci
this, of course, is consumed within a few
weeks, not going into the storage houses
proper. The proportion which is stored
and held for a month or longer is esti
mated at from 20 to 30 per cent. Of the
animals killed annually, about 14,000,000
are beeves, 6,000,000 calves, 25,000,000
sheep and 50,000,000 hogs.
From 1,000,000,000 to 2,000,000.000
eggs are placed in cold storage yearly,
and more than 100.000,000 pounds of but
ter. The poultry which is thus stored is
from 120,000,000 to 13<\000,000 pounds.
"Anybody who will explain the cold
storage system and what it accomplishes
will do the whole country a service." a
large wholesaler said yesterday. "And
it will be a service to the dealers as well.
It is badly misunderstood, and there is
an unjust prejudice against it. In times
of scarcity and high prices it la not true
that sreai. quantities or rood ar» held out
of the market waiting for still higher
prices. At present, when prices have
been at their high mark for a long time,
there is practically no meat at all in
storage, at least in and about New York
City •
Chicago Inquiry Will Be Na
tional in Scope.
Chicago, Jan. 26.— That the government's
investigation into the affairs of the so
called Beef Trust is to he national was
shown ta-day following the examination
before the federal grand jury of Oharles C.
Snow, secretary and treasurer of the Xa
tlonal Packing Company.
It was learned that the books and other
documents of the following concerns have
been laid before the jury; G. H. Hammond
& Co, of Michigan; G. H. Hammond &
Co., of Illinois. Hammond Beef Company,
cf Michigan; Hammond Packing Company!
of Colorado; Hammond* Packing Company!
of Philadelphia; Hammond Packing Com
pany, of Toledo; Hammond Company, of
New York; Anglo-American Refrigerate-
Car Company, of Illinois; Fowler Pack
ing Company, of Kansas; Kansas City Re
frigerator Car Company, of Kansas; United
Dressed Beef Company, of New York- St
Louis Dressed Beef and Provision Com
pany, of Missouri; Hutchison Packing
Company, of Kansas: National Carllna
Company, of New Jersey, and the Provi
sion Dealers' Dispatch, of Illinois.
About thirty &übpo?nas were served in the
offices of the National Packing Company
Armour & Co.. Swift & Co. and Morris &
Co. to-day. Seven employes of Swift & Co
were subpcer.aed— the chief claim agent,
five department managers and one clerk
Besides Mr. Snow, those examined to-day
wpre Henry F. Moyer. department manager
for Armour & Co., and Everett Wilson, su
perintendent of branch houses of Armour .«■
No information as to the line of inquiry
into the alleged price fixing methods was
given out. District Attorney Sims has ar
ranged to carry on the inquiry for at least
six weeks.
It was announced to-day that James H
Wilkerson. chief aid to District Attorney
Sims, will be in charge of the investigi
tion. It is expected that about ten wit
nesses will be examined each da>. inas
much as the subpoenas have been made re
turnable at different dates.
Washington. Jan. 2t>.-\Vade H. Ellis as
sistant to the Attorney General, left Wash
ington to-day for Chicago. W her« he \vin
assist in the proceedings before the federal
grand Jury in tho cases against the meat
Pittsburg, Jan. Twenty-five . grand
Juries, from as many counties in Western
Pennsylvania, will he asked through their
respective district attorneys to take up th©
investigation «nto the high prices or meat
by District Attorney Blakeley of 1 Allegheny
County. Mr. Blakeley plans a conference
In Flttsbun? to map out a plan of exchang
ins evidence United States Attorney John
H. Jordan stands. ready to use the federal
grand jury in case evidence warrant tng it
is adduced. %
Springfield. 11l . Jan. 26.— A resolution
was Introduced In the House to-day provid
ing for legislative Investigation of high
prices of th« necessities of life. A joint
committee of ten is empowered to subpoena,
witnesses and require the production of
t|ooks and documents from the packers and
to report to the next General Agacmbly.
Fired by patriotism Inspired by his
study of the career of Abraham Lincoln.
Jacob Goldberg, eleven years old. of No
242 Delancey street, hoated a Lincoln
penny and branded his baby brother on
tuich cheek. That excuse, however, and
tha additional defence that he didn't think
It would hurt the baby, had no weight
with Justice 1 >,•,!, ' m the Children's Court
yesterday and Jacob will be cared for at
the Jewish Protectory for »oine time to
Referee Refuses to Stop State
Investigation- Meanwhile.
The grand jury Investigation of the al
leged milk trust in this city was begun
yesterday with the presentation -of docu
mentary evidence and the testimony of a
few witnesses qualified to know something
about conditions in the milk business.
William Grant Brown, the referee before
whom testimony v.as taken In the Attor
ney General's investigation, also was sum
moned, presumably to identifiy the mass of
evidence turned over to District Attorney
Whitman by the state officials.
The grand jury sat from 2 until 4 clock,
which, it Is understood, will be th© extent
of the daily session during the month or
more that the inquiry is expected to last.
Other witnesses besides Mr. Brown on
the opening day were- Gustavus C. Wltter
hahn, secretary of th«» Milk Dealers' Pro
tective Association of this city; Joseph
Laemmle, secretary of the Consolidated
Milk Exchange and also a member of th*
milk firm of Joseph Laemmle & Co.: Louis
Miller, of Louis Miller & Bro., milk dealers,
and Samuel Levy, of No. 47 Forsyth street,
a member of the Milk Dealers" Protective
When the session in the proceedings in
stituted by Attorney General O'Malley
opened yesterday Alfred Ely, counsel for
some of the members of the Consolidated
Milk Exchange, moved for a discontinu
ance of the inquiry on the ground that the
grand Jury h.is started an Investigation
along similar lines. John R. Coleman, spe
cial Attorney General, objected to a dis
continuance and war. upheld by the ref
eree. Incidentally. Mr. Colernan denied
that hs had instigated the grand jiry in
Former State Senator William P Rich
ardson, of Goshen, whose evidence was
largely responsible for the dissolution of
the old Milk Exchange, said that he could
not see where its successor, the Consoli
dated Milk Exchange, was of any benefit
to the producer. When asked if he had
any knowledge of a combination of the
dealers to control the price to the producer
and consumer he said that if no combina
tion existed the dealers showed a peculiar
unity cf mind.
Mr. Richardson said that there was no
other business in the city that is conducted
in such an unsystematic and unbusiness
like way as the milk business. Most of the
milk is from forty to sixty hours old when
it gets to the consumer, he said. TV only
beneficiaries of the present system, he
added, are the middlemen, and the big con
cerns are nearly all their own middlemen.
Persuasion was needed at the conference
of the New York Milk Committee, at No.
100 East 22d street, yesterday afternoon to
induce a discussion of the price of milk.
•The need of cleaner milk for the babies
of this city had been emphasized by several
speakers, and the time for questions had
arrived when a member of the audience
suggested U at price was the burning ques
tion of the hour. Stephen G. Williams, the
chairman of the meeting, asked for re
marks on this phase of the subject, and
when silence reigned supreme he said:
"Where's our courage?"
Then Alfred Ely arose to make known
the farmers point of view. He said for
the first time in the twenty -nine years he
had been a dairyman he was now receiv
ing f*ur cents a quart for his product, but
that he had heard that shortly after the
Civil War the farmers of New York State
received six cents. Then he went on to
show that the price of cows, of feed, of
labor and of stable material had doubled in
the last twenty years.
<" •'F'ortTr«.*wo -i^er- , cnt . ot . th« ; rniiic r«c<>iv«.i
br.'. the farmer." he continued, "goes to pay
for millfeed. Of »he" remainder half must
pay for labor, leaving the producer eight
tenths of a cent a quart, out of which must
come all outlays for improvements, main
tenance, insurance and taxes. Now, where
does th* farmer's family come In?
"In my valley I know of many farm 3
• that had herds of cows twenty, and even
ten, years ago that haven't a single cow
on them to-day, simply because New* York
City refuses to pay adequately for the milk
it demands. I know these things because
I have lived up there. Fortunately I have
lived in New York City also."
Stephen Francisco, president of th? Na
tional Certified Milk Dealers* Association,
who had read a paper showing the big
drain on the farmer's pocketfcook involved
in the improvements of the milk supply,
introduced this resolution, which was ap
"Resolved, That all changes in the pries
of milk b». considered only by a board on
which the producers have an equal repre
sentation with the consumers."
Ebenezer J. Preston, Assistant Commis
sioner of Agriculture, himself a dairyman,
testified to the honesty of New York milk
producers and to their ne-d of a greater
return for their product, saying that the
Commissioner himself had approved the
9-cent price for bottled milk in this city
as a safeguard against impure er adul
terated milk.
Mexico City. Jan. -James G. Bailey,
secretary cf tho United States Legation,
visited the National Palace to-day and pre
sented President Diaz with a medal com
memorating 'the recent festivities at R*i>
York City on the occasion of the celebra
tion of the 300 th anniversary of the discov
ery of the Hudson River and th? 100 th an
niversary of the inauguration of steam
navigation upon that stream. The medal is
the gift of the Hudson-Fulton Celebration
The Best Brass and Iron
and of a heavy qual.ty is essential to
good liSitr-j
The light and cheaper one? ap
parently look the same, but are
inferior. If your selection bears the
name of
c/ 2 Guarantee of Qualify
It will be a wi«e Purchase.
Metallic Bedstead Company
Brass and Enamel Bedsteads,
Luxurious Bedding, Lace Spreads,
._ Blankets. Comfortables, etc.
450 sth Avenue, near 40th St.
LI 1 " 1 ■ '"* fhr<tmit St.— Boston. »O \V.»,h m
Get the
Original «*«* Genuine
OtfieU a v Jmitaiictui'
Not in any Milk Trust
S^lnsist on "HORLICK'S"
Take ■ package home
Select Wedding Gifts
Fine Art Objects, Miaiatnres
Antique Fans. Silver, Sevres,'
Saxe Bonbonnieres.
Books in Choice Bindings,
18th Century Prints, '
Bonaventure's Galleries
5 East Thirty-fifth Street ?
It Tickled Croud Quite a
Much as Wearer* Speech
It was Mm Arthur Alfred Brooks 1 to
ender-pink feather that did it. Th« -„♦*
Ins really belonged to the National
gressive Woman Suffrage Union wm*
got Park Commissioner Stover's cosj^
to put a drygoods box in Union ££•£
yesterday at noon.- from which to t«ll th
people how they were being robbed bitS
meat trust. Mrs. Brooks, who is itS.
dent of the Gotham Club and not a s^f
fragett?. Just happened around in asfe!
promptu klnJ of way. but th« mlimta *•
dawned m th« horizon, »owned ta ,2
broidered lavender-pink and wearing
furs, a huge hat. no end of diamonds «m
a picture of a fat pig. typifying th« *Z»
trust, across her braast, Mrs. Sofia Lc«^
lnger and the rest of the suffrage***.
to take a back seat. * •
AH the men in the crowd s-rore b- ti»
lavender-pink feather, and two boys '♦&••
of whom declared they were bctch er^
eons. fought for •-•» privilege o* \s.xiT>t
the first signature to the ' abstains fron
meat for thirty days" petition Mm
Brooks was circulating.
The Gotham Club president's nmtk.
which Mrs. Loeblnger Invited her to navT
was short.
"Gentlemen." she said, "there are •&■_
men in thi* country, meat packera, M*
are worth $350,000,000. and her* I am—!
in* around without a cent In "— r pec*. "•♦
"Sure, it's all on your back." reaarkll
a critical male person on the edge of £9
crowd, but the other men aiiut him«»*
hustled him away in no time
"I've sympathized with the poor xxi
downtrodden." said Mrs. Brooks 'Twhmbi
ly, "since I was seventeen, and thjfi
Ah. now. laJy. there's older look*,
than y'rself." comforted an Irtshaea. >
The speaker dropped that point ana toil
the audience about a postcard she «m
sending to the rich meat packarsr
II has my picture on it. and it an
'Tours to the destruction of the meattrar
Abstain from meat and save the ;««>»
If I get any replies from the zttkut I'!
disinfect them, for they'll Droaa% y^n
dynamite about them: but I'm not i^i
of dynamite or guns. Here I st :-<t Shoct
'- you will!- and Mrs. Srooks sjreai la
arms dramatically apart By a cos; :';
nate coincidence for the photographers jv,
swung around and faced a group c! ■-.
and they got a fine likeness of her. pi? <a
her breast and all. '
Then Miss Helen Murphy, militant ■?.
fragette. delivered a spirited speecH m t>
meat trust and the need of ••■nm for
women" to down it.
"Tail Pay" Says Irish Fojg
Will Count with English:
. JLor-don. Jm. ofi. p ,_ 3W ,, ,. M
dent of United Irisa r-atr.ie;cr Great
Britain,, in. speaking of the r.«x-. "Pai'Aa
ment and. the. policy ana influence, ol.ti*
Nationalists, to-day said:
"It Is absurd to contend that th; liisal
Ministry cannot held _o£3ee with a cm
slderable majority because a portion 'af
that majority must be Nationalists.- Xt
tionalist members before now cave pt
Conservative ministries in power, notaMr
in ISSS, and Irish members of UniwJr
opiniona have helped to make Consenottlw
majorities several times is. an Irish v«»
to count equal with an English vet* ffM
it is Unionist and cot when it is Ni
ttonist? • "' ■"*"- • :■"/- **¥*
"It Is ridiculously contrary to tie tac»
to suggest that the policy of the Irish paro
will be dictated from America and ay the»
who are called their American paymajtK?
The people of our race in America '*!»
subscribe so generously to bur toatft at
tach no conditions to their sifts, irhicS
are th- outcome ef their lore fsr .t!»
.motherland and art ardegt d;sire to lS
rrov* her condition.
1 They take th* position that itis not ff
them but for th* men on thi spct »
choose- the party policy, and they ti«
confidence in the Judgment and pasdotie*
of the Irish party as well as in tfcs ;•••»
ship of John Redmond... It was -n sac
men only that I received or would iir*
accepted the tor?- sum which I was able r»
raise during my r»c»nt visit to th? Cnltti
'■--'• WfTifrTnl
CAPITAL, $3,000,000
Surplus and Undivided Profits
ALVIN W. KRECH. P-?« *?*♦
15 Nassau Street
618 Fifth Avi* . nsar ■-•- St.
Checking Accounts with Interest
Trustee, Guardian. Executor, Adwid*
♦ration of Estates
Foreign Exchange, Letters of Cred.?
Safe Deposit Vaults
are acknowledged the
I best the world over.
BY t"\! '•"*""
■What with C3rcfnl wcrltaassbto. « "*'* :
as scrupulous cleanliness in our "■*
it is not iurprisizs t!ut
Her Fir»« Choice. Her Lmst Choic* m * i
Her Choice at .11 Tim« is **" \
Chiris O^ivc^j
At all *ne S ro«-«r. a««l *£» d '
i<i Ma. Salad bo«W »***' -^

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