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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 27, 1910, Image 4

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Secretary Accused of "Impro-
jtnrtu. but Xot Corruption
— One Sexy Charge Made.
ITrrtm Th« Tribune Bureau.]
' Washington. Jan. C«. — By dint of hard
f.. •.-•.,-■ :-,jf th* Balllnger-Pinchot Investl
(rn«'r«i committee elicited from T>. R.
Gl»vlf. Its first ' witness and the chief
■ ccus»r <-' Secretary Ballinger and Com
rni*?f«»r.pr Dennett, the statement that he
-■-, .-.<« no corruption or. the part of these
ofHcis!f When pressed to say what he
rtld charg-*, Mr. Glavls said, through his
course! that he purposed to show "a pe
•joimne of events" which Indicated "im
prorilety" on the part of Mr. Bellinger.
—v. flrrt FCSFIon of the special joint com
ir.iltee was held this afternoon. The
Urge <*«mmfttee room in the Senate . of
fice build In r was crowded in the expecta
tion that c;)- : would furnish sensational
t^ttirnony a«a'.n«t officials of the Interior
Department- Mr. Gla\is was on the stand
f#»r two arcS a half hours, but his con
tributien.to the conservation fight con
t»'r<^ IltUe that was new and nothing that
Is likely to give perious concern to Secre
tary Baliing*r. Taken as a whole, the pro
r-»r •» r^-« were - /■>• satisfactory to the com
— ••.« Altnftugh the committee consists of
twelve of . tho- ablest ■ lawyers in Congress.
its iflrH. Fusion was far removed from
.Judicial procedure. Every member was at
time* ar lncuisitor, and as a result, the
T*««tlrn««T covered" a wide range, was- not
e«ncJufrly«\ en any point, and was irrelevant
kt-*. immaterial in many respect*.
t Mta himself was not permitted to
testify at length. After he had been
culzr»d for half an hour there was so much
«vcfaslf>n in th« minds of the committee
as to lr^.at he as attempting to show that
•• «•► suggested that* his attorney be
r>*rmitt<Ms to nrlv-e an outline of just what
X*m .critic? of the Interior Department pur
fw*»'l to prove. Th'= met with favor, and
lx>uis D. BrandelH. of Beaten, counsel for
Mr. Glavle. Ftartcd to give the desired
Information. He persisted in making an
argument, and members of the committee
rrpcatcdly cautioned him to stick to his
outline, to make it short and let the com
mittee reach it. c own conclusions concern
ing the fact*. Then members of th« com
mittee began asking questions, and a
mtrp.nffr in th* committee room would have
thought that Mr. Brandeis, who is not a
lurid lawyer and not especially familiar
with the West, was the. witness instead of
Mr. GHvis. Shortly J>efore adjournment
ws« taken, Mr. BrandHs closed his state
ment and more questions were answered
by Mr. <;iav{«. Adjournment was then
taken until Friday.
Th* only feature of th» case which could
Jn »ny way b« regarded as n*w, was Gla
>is's charge that in 1907 Judge BaHlncer,
h«=n h«- wa« not connectf-d with the fed
eral aervtaß, «/iTi«t-ri a client to take action
;r,K ratine oal land claim* In trie St»t« of
Washington at variance with th" statutes.
He charged that had Jud^e Ballinger'-s
■c.Jier.tß followed his advice they would' have
r-*en sijilty of perjury. He further stated
that thli« c*s* is still pending, and charged
that hy collusion with -Henry M. Hoyt. Mr.
Fssllin£ r*B. connection with the case as at
torney ha4-b*«fi wipprepped. ' '■ -.
At or.* point- : Mr. Boot took part in
th». ' 'examination, calling Glavis's atten
tion to the unfairness of his intimation
that Ballinger. as commissioner, was fur
i jmproper information to a claimant.
Mr Boot ex; il-ited a letter frorh' GJavis to
Ballinurj- in which <;iavi? himself, declared
h* believed this intimation to M untrue.
Mr. <Glavls was obviously confused and
muM make no explanation. The aasgeation
of Mr. Denby thmt the claimant referred
to r«*.ul«i Vi". railed as a •witness, Glavis m*t
with tii* remark that, lM»ing a claimant, his
MattHMHy could not tie relied upon, to
whi<-h Mr. Denny replied that Glavis in
rnaklris his charge nnjainM Ralllngcr ad
mitted hr. had nothing but the testimony of,
th? claimant to rely on.
"In January, ISOS," paid Mr. Brandeis,
*'Glavis heard that Ballinger had ordered
Mm Cunninjrham claims to 'clear listing' fat
patent. He at once telegraphed, asking that
thlp action" bf suspended and came on to
Washington. He said he had just secured
poaseation of the Cunningham journal, which
bore conclusive evidence of fraud. Glavis
met rx-Governor Moore and Claronco Cun
ningham here and was told by Moore that
but for his action the land would have
iron* to patent. Glavis also discovered hat,
contrary to all practice. Cunningham and
other claimants had received information.
»* to what the field agents of the depart
ment were doing. Cunningham said he had
«ropi*s of all the papers on file and there
>as nothing in them to prevent the lands
•r^irig to patent."
. Mr. Brandeis said that when Glavls final
ly »• directed to make a full and thorough
examination he had only two months in
* hirb to do, and said it would be impossible
to ha^e prepared the government's case
njrainst the. claimants In that time.
T • attorney again •was interrupted and
R^krd •'• outline the specific charges.
*ta»n*t Secretary Ballinger.
"It appears, first," said Mr. Brandeis,
•''hat Ml Bxilingex. while Commissioner of
,ih<- I.m<i OffiT took an active part. In the
controversy and invft&tie*ti<wi which arose
■■ to the validity of the. Alaska coal lands,
will be interested in an
unusually well written
j'ij (illustrated) article in
... ;j J T Cr >% &
;jj Sunday's
. ![ showing bow the pur
!■ chase of the "Hill house
>j property" by Yale with
j! Mrs. Russell Sage's gift
I of $650,000 decides the
I question of the direction
j in which Yfvle will
!' expand m the future.
1 1 '
mn6, by ordering some of th« elalm« to
patent acquired knowledge of importance.
He personally acted: and took part in the
nction of the department relating to the
investigation of these claims, which, we as
sert, were fraudulent.
•"This having been the case— when he
ceased to be Commissioner, he took the
position as counsel for some ©• these claim
Senator Sutherland, nf t'tah. Interrupted:
"You do not claim that Bailinger acted
corruptly as Commissioner, but that h«
made improper use of the Information
which he had obtained?"
"That is not all," replied the attorney;
"the fact that he acted at all with refer
ence to the continuance of the contest was
not consistent with the highest conduct as
an officer of the government."
"Then you claim he acted corruptly or
improperly." asked Senator Sutherland.
•'Yes— lmproperly; that he acted without
due regard to the interests of the govern
ment while Commissioner. Also that he
acted improperly afterward in taking em
ployment from the claimants who had been
"before him as Commissioner.
"We claim that Balilnger's action as
Commissioner was improper in. his failure
thoroughly to investigate the Alaska
claims, that he acted improperly in ordering
these claims to patent, and we charge that
they were on the road to patent with un
due haste when Glavls intervened and
saved them; that he acted improperly In
allowing the Alaska claimants to see all
the papers on file in the department. Cun
ningham said in a letter on die at Juneau
that Commissioner BailSnger gave him the
"You are aware," interrupt! Represent
ative Olmsted, "that Secretary BaHingcr
speeiflcially denies all this?"
"Yes." replied Mr. Branded, "and we
will ask you to consider all our state
ments In connection with this denial."
"Then," interjected Mr. Madison, "you
do claim Mr. Ballinger acted corruptly?"
Mr. Brandeis replied with some show
of feeling.
"I have not used the word 'corruptly,' "
he exclaimed, in a. high pitched voice. "I
have desired to bring the facts before this
committee. I deem it a matter of great
solemnity, and that no charge of corrup
tion should be made. It is a matter for
this committee to determine whether the
great trust of holding this land for the
benefit of the people and for future gen
erations is in safe hande. We make no
charge except the charge of the facts. It
is for you gentlemen to determine what
the safety and the honor of the country
In connection with the Wilson Coal
Company case Mr. Brandeis charged that
Bellinger acted as. counsel, though his
name did not appear, in a case which in
volved perjury on the part of the claim
ants and a lraud upon the land laws.
Mr. Brandeis paid he would ask from
time to time for the production of papers
In the Land Office and Interior Depart
ment and from the special agents' offices
in Seattle and elsewhere, lie was directed
to furnish a list of all the papers desired,
and was assured they would be produced.
Mr. Brandeis promised that the inves
tigation from now on would bring out
more than was contained in the charges
filed by Mr. 'Glaris with the President;
that there were tacts, statements and
documents not then in his possession.
la vis then proceeded to tell of his con
versation with young Charles D. Davis, of
Seattle, in which Davis said he. would not
malm an affidavit, as he had been advised
agamst it by Judge Ballinger.
" "Do you know of any reason why Davis
should not come here and testify first
hand?" asked a member of the committee.
"No, sir," replied Glavis; "except that
he Is one of the claimants." This raised a
■"' Gtavi«» ssld - that' Dry!*' itiad" this state
ment to- him the first -'time he met him.
An interesting and perhaps-a significant
roHorjuy here occurred between Senator
Nelson and Representative Graham, one of
the Democratic members. :~&i*2e .'.' -. i>
Senator Nelson sought to draw from the
witness and his counsel the fact that they
had ro knowledge that Mr. Bellinger per
sonally received some letters addressed to
the Commissioner of the Land Office, and
that this mail may have gone to other
Representative Graham interrupted with
the remark that he thought the burden of
proof would be on Mr. Balllngpr. He
thought that in an important matter like
this the Commissioner of the Land Office
ought to know all that was going on.
"The burden is on him." he said, "to
show that lie did nor know what was In
these letters."
When Glavis was sworn Senator Nelson
asked a few preliminary Questions.
"What, if anything,.- do -\ you claim to
have been amiss in the administration of
the public lends?'' was the question the
chairman phot at the witness.
Glavls said he could not answer briefly.
"Go ahead and tell it all in your own
way," directed Senator Nelson.
Glavis was a trifle nervous as he began.
He talks with quite a lisp. He started by
going back to the time, when he began
work as a field agent of the. land office
op. the Wilson Coal Company cases In
Lewis County, Wash., in 3COI and 1902. Mr.
Ballinger, he said, was attorney for the
Wilson company. He referred to these
cases as leading up to the Alaska claims
which form the principal subject of in
Glaviß declared that Ballinger's name did
not appear in the court records of the
Washington coal claims, and that he did
not appear In court at any time.. The
witness said Mr. Bellinger, however, drew
up an escrow agreement and prepared the
deeds for the claimants In the Wilson
cases. Mr. Balinger had no government
connection at the time of this appearance.
Questioned by his counsel, Glavis charged
that when the escrow agreement in the
Wilson case was drawn up by Balllngei
it was an unlawful proceeding, as the
entrymen had no right at the time to enter
into this agreement. The agreement, how
ever, never -was signed.
Glavis said th* information cam*; to him
second hand, and that a stipulation had
been entered into by the government coun
s'"! in the Wilson c— and the attorneys
for the claimants, whereby the name of Mr.
Ballinger was not to appear. The witness
paid the records would bear him out. The
counsel for the government . were P. c.
Sullivan and Henry M. Hnyt. The proceed
ings against the Wilson claimants arc still
pending. Glavis alleged that Ballinger's
participation amounted to a conspiracy in
a fraudulent claim against the govern
ment. -'- ""■'•_ «•■..
Glavis then turned to the Alaska coal
fields and described in detail the location
and extent of the Cunningham claims.
Court at Seattle Rejects a Coal Land
Seattle, Jan. 26.-ln the United States Dis
trict Court to-day Judge Cornelius H. Han
ford decided that title to 1,024 acres of val
uable coal lands in Lewis County, claimed
by P. C. Richardson and several members
of the R. 8. Wilson family, all of Seattle,
should revert to the government. This is
the land referred to by L. R. i jjavls in his
testimony before, the Ballinger-Plnchot
in February, ISM, n. A. Wil»on and his
son George 8., filed a declaration on the
northwest quarter section 10, township H.
Lewis County, and about tv/o years later
Wilson conceived t!ie Id-a of obtaining
title 1" !,0«0 acres of coal lands in that re
gion. Various declaratory statements were
filed by other member* of the Wilson fami-
I] »n«1 legal action was instituted to ob
tain tit!©; Then the Wilsons sought to buy
the l«*nd from the government. They In
terested P. C. Richardson; of Seaiti*. who
invested W*>. Hit Wilton* and Blchard
«on organic^ th» Pt*r!ln<c Coal Company,
which paid the Land Office for. 320 acres of
tha land.
The Wilaon*, according to mvorn testi
mony, then organised the Wilson Coal
Land Company, leaving JUchardson out.
Richardson brought suit against the
Sterling company for his share, but the
action was dismissed In 1905 by Judge Han
ford on the ground that the Sterling com
pany was an illegal combination.
The government Investigated the whole
case, held up the applications for title to
the remainder of the 1,400 acres, and
eventually sued for the recovery of the
original 320 aero?.
Alaskan Delegate Reflects on
Taft and Roosevelt.
Washington, Jan. 26. — Charges by Dele
irate Wickersham that President Taft and
President Roosevelt had maintained an
Alaskan lobby in Washington In the per
sons of ex-Governor W. B. Hoggatt amd
Major W. P. Richardson, an army officer,
who is head of the Alaskan Road Commis
sion, are revealed by accounts made pub
lic to-day of an executive hearing before
the Senate Committee on Territories, in
relation to the Alaskan legislative council
bill. Counter charges by Mr. Hoggatt that
Judge Wickersham "is humbugging"
further enlivened the (situation.
The Senate committee took the asper
sions which seemed to have been cast- on
the motives of the President and • ex-
President by Judge Wickersham'B testi
mony seriously. Before an official ste
nographer was admitted 4 to the hearing
Judge Wickersham was called to order by
Senator Beveridge. chairman of the com
mittee, and warned to guard his utter
ances with more car*
After the Alaskan Delegate had retired
from the room a portion of his testimony
was considered, and it was decided that
It should not appear in the printed record.
Chairman Bevcridgc said tq the commit
tee: "A witneeß would not be permitted to
make such a reflection on the motives
of the President of the United States in
any committee of which I was chairman,
even If that office were, filled by William
Jennings Bryan, or a Prohibitionist or a
Disapproves 31 an if Features of
BaUinger Land Bills.
Washington, .lan. L-6.— James R. GarflehJ,
ex-Secretary of the Interior, was heard to
day by the Senate Committee on Public
I>and? In reference, to the bills introduce.!
at th« request of Secretary Ballinger. Jle
failed to approve the recommendations or
Mr. Ballinger on several important features
of the proposed legislation.
. Mr. Oarfleld thought the Balllnge.r bill
relating to the control of water power sites
would interfere with the improvement of
lands for development of power. He de
clared, however, that there should be legis
lation for the control of any lands valuable
for the development of water power so as
to prevent monopolies. The. same principle
would apply, he said, to coal lands.
Discussing the control of public lands
chiefly valuable for the development of wa
ter power, Mr. -Garfield said that conserva
tionists generally recognized that the fed
eral government has no authority to enact
laws for the use of the water, as that con
trol Is vested In the state?. The only propo
sition, h« said, is that th« federal govern
ment shall govern the use of lands adjacent
to the water for the purpose of building
power plants, which would make co-opera
tion with the states necessary in order to
obtain th« use of the water.
■ Mr. Garfleld thought the government
should, not wclah. down future settlers on
these lands so ; as to prevent them "from
competing with other* who obtained their
lands and the DM of water under more ad
vantageous conditions. \
Mr. Garfield has succeeded In avoiding the
appearance of attacking the policies of his
successor by approving In part many of the
propositions he suggests.
Isafcan Denounces Charges
Based on Rumor.
[From Th« Tribune Bureau. I
Washington, Jan. 26.— Representative
Hitchcock, of Nebraska, who has made a
number of charges against Secretary Bal
linger and Commissioner Dennett before
the Committee on Expenditures in the In
terior Department, was severely rebuked
at the hearing this morning by Represen
tative Daniel P. L,afean, of Pennsylvania.
Commissioner Dennett had practically fin
ished his testimony, showing the injustice
of the charges, when Representative La
fean said:
"It is quite apparent that some our. has
been giving out a lot of 'hot air' in this
matter, as these charges seem to be gen
eral in character and based entirely on
rumor. We should deal with them warily.
I have heard there are members of Con
gress who do not employ clerks, but put
their hands into the United States Treas
ury for the $1,90*) which they are allowed
for clerk hire, but 1 would not make such
a charge on the floor of the T louse because
it comes to me only by rumor."
Mr. Hitchcock, who was a spectator at
the hearing, arose at this point, and began:
"1 made a speech on the floor of the
"Based entirely on rumor," interrupted
Mr. I,afean.
"Not so," retorted Mr. Hitr-hcock; "based
on facts."
"Well," answered Mr. T^ifcan, "not one
of them had been borne out by testimony
heard by this committee so far."
Several minority members objected to
the exchange, and Representative T lardy
said to Mr. T,»fean: "The. rest of us have
not reached a conclusion on this f|ue?tlon,
if you have."
"Any one who is honest, will agree, with
me." the Pcnnsylvanlan replied
Representative Page, of North Carolina,
moved that the committee adjourn, and
the motion was carried.
It is provable that the committee will
make its report within a short time. It la
expected to contain" n rebuke of Mr. Hid h-
OOek «nd «n expression of confidence in
Commissioner Dennett.
Tells of "Jack" BaJlinger's Employ
ment by Land Office.
Washington, Jan. 2«. commissioner Den
nett of Hie General I^nd Office explained
to the House Committee on Kxpcnditures
In the Interior Department to^ay the cir-
Ci install' e S under which "Jack" Railing"!-.
;i relative of the Secretary of the Interi'T.
was employed »* rnnfldwillal clerk to Mr.
A difference of one-half per cent In
the Interest rate you pay on your
mortgage may make the difference
between profit and loss on your real
estate Investment.
Favorable rates for mortgage bor
w»wersare 4^ % In Manhattan and 5%
In Brooklyn and the Bronjt ,
We have plenty of money to lend
at these rate".
Capital and Surplus, . $14,000,000
I 7« B'way. N. V. 175 ten**,, SA , Bklyn .
«50riut<n»at,,j t Bi a i .
I From Th« Tribune Burcnu.].
"Washington, Jan. .26.— Senator Root in his
speech at the dinner given hi his honor
last night by the Xew York delegation.
Kave his hearers much food for thought, as
is the liablt of the junior Senator from
New York. Mr. Root laid down the proposi
tion that the day had passed when the
political affairs of the Empire State could
be dominated by a single head. Ho main
tained that the personal leadership of
Conklln? and Platt and 04*11 had been a
detriment rather than a benefit to the Re
publican party of New York, and Insisted
that a general, rather than an individual,
leadership, and a divided, rather than con
centrated, responsibility would most pro
mole the. welfare of the party at this time.
Mr. Root's proposition led to an extended
and interesting discussion, which developer!
such diversity of opinion that nothing Ilka
concrete conclusions resulted. The dinner
was' a private affair, with no newspaper
men present. A"' a consequence, It was re
ported that the guest of honor had dis
cussed the New York political situation In
decidedly pessimistic tOCOS a report which
appears to have been exaggerated. Air.
Root Id say, however, that "a condition,
not a theory, confronts us," and urged the
necessity of the party's getting together
on a programme for uniform and energetic
action. Mr. Root did not make many con
verts to his theory of divided leadership,
hut his remarks started a discussion which
it is believed will ultimately result In a
united and determined effort to achieve Re
publican success in the coming campaign.
. There was considerable talk of New Ycrk
politics at the "White House- to-day, where;
Senator Depew, Representative Parsons,
Chairman Woodruff. Representatives Pen
net and Calderhead William A. Prendergast
and Alderman Brown happened to meet.
Senator Root was also there, having called
to see th« President on another matter.
There was no fonral conference, although
the political situation generally was dis
cussed in the. waiting room. There is some
talk of Representative Olcott being chosen
to creed Mr. Parsons, but, so far as can
be ascertained, this has not taken definite
form is yet. Representative Farsons's
resignation is still the topic of discussion
wherever two or more N3W Yorkers are
gathered together, but no very satisfactory
explanation is vouchsafed. The general
opinion seems to be that Mr. Parsons
merely found his responsibilities irksome,
patronage difficult to obtain, and the criti
cisms of his course far to outweigh any
satisfaction he could ret out of hi«» position.
New Yorkers generally refuse, to take a
pessimistic view of the future of the. party
In the state, although they frankly say
that the time has come when Republican,
success can be won only by energetic and
harmonious action.
Th«». extent to which the "muck raking"
fever has become epidemic throughout the.
country is somewhat strikingly Illustrated
by the course of two members of Congress
in the last few weeks. Representative
Hitchcock, without a shred of. fact as a
foundation, lias proclaimed charges against
the, officials of the General Land Office—
charges which he admits were, based on
Ballinger when the latter was Commis
sioner of the Land Office. - .
Mr. Dennett said that after Commis
sioner ftallliiKPi- had resigned young Ral
linger had conversed with him on a num
ber of occasions about leaving the service,
but had not made a definite statement as
to when he would go. On July 6 "Jack "
Ballinger left Washington on a detail as
inspector of land offices, with a per dl»»m
«nd expenses, and resigned on September
H. after he had taken about a month*
leave and had reached Seattle, his an
nounced destination.
Announcement on Tlarriman
Railroad Suit Expected.
Washington, Jan. President Taft, it
is expected, will soon be in a. position to
announce whether the government suit to
dissolve the merger of th» Union arid South
ern Pacific railroads is to be continued by
the Department of Justice or be dropped.
Attorney General Wlekerstiam has the
brief of the defendants containing argu
ments why the milt should be, dismissed.
They follow the oral representations madi
by ex-Judge Lovett and other officials of
the Harriman roads at the White House,
several weeks ngo.
The railroad interests contend that the
government cannot win the suit on the
issues presented, and for this reason,
among others, they urge that further pro
ceedings be dropped. It is argued that the
two railroad lines are not competitors with
in the meaning of the statute. The suit
to dissolve was brought by the government
under the Sherman anti-trust law.
Mr. Wickcrsham is to prepare a mem
orandum for the. President, giving his
views on the representation. He will go
over them with Frank B. Kellogg and C.
A. Severance, who have represented the
administration in the litigation, before
reaching a decision.
Overwhelming Majority for Mann
Measure in House.
[From Tli<« Tribune Bur.-au.]
TVashington, Jan. 26. - Representative
Mann's "white slave" bill was passed by
the TTouso to-day after several hours' de
bate. It is intended to supplement the Tvnmi
frration <'ominlttee'n measure on the sntn^
"A Highly Important Art Event "
Beginning To-morrow (Friday)
Beautiful Masterpieces
By "The Men of 1830"
and Other Great Painters' of France
Collected b7b 7 Mr. H. 5. Henry, few**
Including Jean Francois Millet's Famous Work
" Going to Work — D&wn of Day."
Friday Even next, February 4th, at 8:30
At Mendelssohn Hall
■ Fortieth Mrrfl, I hi of Broadway.
'...,0 > .-■", ",;'■■'■■■- ■". •-. - ■■ ' ,'-■?;. ::"■'■ '."•■' ''"\ ■■■ ..' - ■.:-'; „ ■*■
(Door* np*n'at *: Admission hy card, '" I- IWi fri»e »f MM ...a.iMrrr^
The sale will be conducted by MR, THOMAS E. KIRBY, of
The American Art Association, Managers
a £a«t S3ff Street, Maduoa bQutirt feoutu. >ew York
mere rumors, and the refutation of J which
to his entire satisfaction ho could have had
for the asking had he troubled himself to
inquire. /-fad more recently. Represent
ative Mscon. of Arkansas, availed himself
of his privilege as a member of the House
to give publicity to a number of wholly
unfounded charges against th© Immigra
tion Commission, most of which were com
pletely refuted with great promptness by
Representative Rennet, and all of which
can easily be disproved, of course. The
charges received the widest publicity, and
their disproof will attract comparatively
little attention. The old adage, of the truth
never overtaking falsehood will be again
proved and the member* of Congress who
have disregarded their responsibilities and
availed themselves of their positions to de
fame Innocent men will probably be again
as keen to receive and circulate similar
rumors whenever opportunity offers. The
ultimate effect of such methods must be
to make It difficult to Induce reputable men
to enter the service of the government.
It la asserted by Senators who have given
careful study to the postal savings bank
bill, now under consideration in the Com
mittee on Post offices and Post Roads- that
»U. its completed form it will not encounter
that opposition of the bankers which was
manifested against the measure reported
to the Senate last winter. It is proposed
to set $50 as the maximum amount of any
single deposit receivable by the postal bank
and to place the maximum limit of an In
dividual account at $200. Senator Depew
has been looking into the schedules care
fully, and he is of the opinion that the New
York bankers who were seriously opposed
to last years bill will find th« grounds for
their criticism removed when this year's
measure Is made, public. The experience of.
Kuropean banks has been that the postal
banks Invariably act as feeders for the
private savings banks, that the people who
first learn the advantages of » savings ac
count through the government Institution
Boon realize that they can obtain a higher
rate of interest from the private Institu
tions and transfer their accounts wherever
private savings banks are available. Sen
ator Df pew makes the Interesting assertion
that the lack of savings banks facilities
in many parts of this country constitutes
one of the chief causes Tor the Black
Hand, organization, which learns of pav
ings concealed about the homes of its vic
tims and employs Its nefarious methods to
get them. .
A novel suggestion will soon h» submitted
to the International conference which Is
to ne«( next, month to consider the affairs
of the PpU/.bergen Islands by the American
Minister to Norway, who will represent the
Uattod States at the conference. Mr.
Pierce, the American Minister, will suggest
that Spit7.l>ergen be utilized for the
colonization of certain T-aplanders encage'l
In the breeding of reindeer, which are be
ine crowded off their present ranges. The
reindeer live on a Mri r*f moss, which
grows abundantly in Hpltzbergen. They
would afford a necessary means of ttans
portation for the minerals whirh.are now
being worked In Spltzbergen md the T.ap
landers would furnish the labor neodM to
work the. mines. G. O. H.
subject, which was passed some weeks ago.
It deals exclusively with th« Interstate
commerce features of the traffic. R«»pre
sontatives A damson and Bartlett. of Ci*>nr
Ria, opposed th*> measure on the ground
that it was an encroachment on th« polio*
powers of the states, but the bill was
passed by an overwhelming vote.
The agricultural bill will be taken up to
Four Big Corporations Appeal
to Supreme Court.
Washington, Jan. Four rnor» suits
Involving th« constitutionality of the cor
poration tax were placed on th* docket
of the United States Supreme Court to-day
within half an hour. Unlike the original
suit. In which the little £!<>.<w corporation,
the Stone-Tracy Company, of Windsor, Vt..
Is the plaintiff, a 1 the suits to-day involve
big corporations with millions of capital.
Two suits were brought from tho Circuit
Court of tho United States for the district
of New York. In one of these Wyckoff
VaiKlcrhoef. a stockholder, asked that th«
Coney Island A; Brooklyn Railroad Com
pany and its directors be restrained from
the payment of the tax on the ground that
it is unconstitutional. In the other Francis
I*. Hinw asked for similar relief against the
Home Life Insurance Company.
Two suits were docketed from the United
States Circuit Court for the Northern Dis
trict of Illinois. They were the cases of
Frederick W. Smith agt. the Northern
Trust Company and William H. Miner agt.
the- Corn Exchange National Bank of Chi
In all four cases a stockholder brought
the suit to prevent the corporations from
complying with the provisions attacked as
unconstitutional. A demurrer was filed and
sustained and the suit ordered dismissed
In the Circuit Court. The New York suit
was decide^ by the court only yesterday,
the Chicago cases tho day before. The
constitutional objections ureM in each case
follow in a general way those laid down
in the Stone-Tracy case from Vermont.
The attorneys in the four suits filed to
day will endeavor, it is understood, to have
their cases heard with the Vermont case,
in which a motion iias been made by the
complainant and the government to ad
ranee for a hearing at an early dat<\
Would Eliminate Speaker from
Rules Committee.
{ From Th« Trlbun* Bur««-i }
Washington, Jan. 2«. Th» elimination of •
Speaker Cannon from the all-powerful
Committee on Rules is proposed In a reso
lution Introduced In th* House to-day by j
Representative Charles N. Fowler, or New
Jersey. It has the support r>t a number
of the extreme Insurgents, but is regarded
by th» more reasonable members of that
group as premature and impossible of exe
cution. The anti-Cannon regulars oppose
it as inflicting an unnecessary humiliation
on Mr. Cannon, an 4 they will not support
It under any circumstances. The resolu
tion follows:
That the House- of Representatives shall,
on the 7th day of February, 1310. aft»r the <
morning hour, proceed to the election of
five addition. members of the Committed
on Rule*, four of whom shall be Republi
cans and one. a Democrat.
That from and aft*r the passage of this
resolution th« Speaker of the House of i
Representatives shall no longer be a mem
ber Of the Cot ami t tee on Rule?, but that
the Committee on Rules shall consist of
the four members heretofore appointed «mi
the five members elected under the provi
sions of this resolution.
That the said Committee on Rules, con
sisting of six Republicans and thre Demo
crats, shall elect one of their number as
chairman of such committee.
Speaking: of his resolution. Mr. Fowler
It is now tim« that we should take an
other step toward the restoration of rep
resentative government in the House of
Representatives, and that step •«; to remove
the Speaker of the House from the Com
mittee on Rules. Th*> House resolution
which i have introduced to-day had for Its
object "the broadening of the Commltte
on Rules and the exclusion hereafter of
th» Speaker of the House from that com
mittee., in mv Judgment this resolution
expresses th* clear and undoubted wish of
the people and the now well settled opinion
of the country. Xot to am forward to
this advanced position would tfseloiua
either a want of lnt»liK-e n re or a lack of
courage en the- part of the Republican
Speaker Cannon saw a copy of th« reso
lution a short time, after It had been
dropped In the basket on the Speaker's
desk by Mr. Fowler.
•'Well," he said. "I don't know of any
law to prevent a man from Introducing
any kind of a resolution he may see fit."
Champ Clark, the minority leader, said
it did not provide a sufficient proportion
of minority members on the Rules Com
Representative Norri*. of Nebraska, one
of the leaders of th» Republican insur
gents, declared that the insurgents stood
solidly behind the principles s*>t forth in
th» resolution.
The resolution was referred to th* Rules
Committee, where it will probably rest un
Cost of Living. Sunday Observance and
* Alaska Discussed.
[From Th* Tribun* Bureau. 1
Washington. Jan. 25.— 0»»aial oratorical
Skirmishes enlivened, the i^ession of th«
Senate to-day. The first occurred when
Senator McCumber. offered a resolution
directing the Committee on Agriculture to
investigate the hlarh cost of living and
submit a report. This aroused the ire of
Senator Ileyburn, who asserted that a
sham battle was going on relative to high
prices. *lt was thoughtless and senseless,
he said, and pretty soon a bulletin would
be. issued each morning fixing the price
of labor, wheat, etc.. for the day. Mr M-
Cumber's resolution was referred to the,
Committee on Agriculture. ».;
A little later there was a general ora
torical fusillade, when an effort was mad*
to Diit throtiirh Senator Johnson's bill
regulating ?*im«T>iv- oh.-frvnn« »r» r»i-
trict of Columbia.. A decided difference
of opinion af>«» as to the scopes of th«»
proposed legislation and the. phraserytoey
of the pending bill was picked to pieces
by many Senators. Mr. Cummins asserted
that unless It was amended if would mak»
preaching on Sunday h punishable offence.
Finally an agreement was reached to delay
consideration of th« bill until to-morrow.
With this measure out of the way. it was
i bought there would be clear sailing, but
Mr. Beverldge's hill changing the form
of government in Alaska, which was ne\r
taken up. aroused the opposition of sev
eral Western Senators. Senator Clark, of
Wyoming, opposed action on the bill en
th« ground that Mr. . Beveridge had not
given the Senate proper information con
oerninsr It. Senator Borah thought th« bill
established a radical departure and at
tempted to take away from th« people
of Alaska the right of self-government.
The Alaska bill Is the unfinished business
and will be taken up again to-morrow.
Washington, Jan. 2<5- Unless relief is
given by Congress or through the courts. .'
I Store Ready at 8:15 A. M. K-ght Car L.■-.»«L .■-.»«
Directly on the Interborough Subway. Each Way to Store.
Sff • • #>% Full new* mc*» la *»
A ir*# H *^tt r Wlgjfct** BTTnMVC TwaV
A IT/I // /J////T aJj * «'•«. f—'-« »*
I U ***V wv nf f *** Rr~»!ilra StEufer*
V / New York, January 27, 1910
2 P. M
Overheard in
The Subway!
"Yes," said the pretty blue-eyed girl, "we always p
to i maker's first when we go shopping!
**1 cm see it is so easy to reach by the Subway and one is
so apt to rind just what is wanted.
"We know prices arc right, for we have shopped a*
other stores and made comparisons.
"Wanamakcr's is such an interesting place* full of life
and energy and always showing new and pretty things.'*
The Man in the Silk Hat smiled approvingly:
"Well, well! I never realized Wanamaker's was so pop
ular with you women folks.
"it has such a complete men's store — that really 1 hafl
gotten into the habit of thinking about it as altogether
men's store."
Then the guard called out 'Astor Place Station * "
both got oft.
Men's Winter Overcoats
This group of men's silk-lined winter overcoats i*
possibly the last of the record-breaking overcoat sales
Of tins month.
These were made for us within the past two weeks
and, in quality, are exactly the kind of overcoat «c like
to send out to represent this store.
The fact that we can sell them at $27.50 each,
shows the great difference/ between December and .^an*
vary prices, for they were worth from $10 to ?3. r >.
Main floor. New Building. \» -
•*«„ jlm^Wj Kt S«»
It Is Your Own Fault If Your
Floors Aro Sontchid.
Th* m»4i»Tn -woman >«« h»rii».*wi
floor* «nrl ru« tn h-r hwi. an*^!
in- best ■■■■■ of k«»plnsc V)>h in n '•
tjrt. unmarrrH). untorn condition \
ha« h«r furniture equipped with
Tto»** r»Itold fltttnr* lnJiw« ib»Mn».u
■e»rl»m floor* a-H ru*». a*Jc too- fn
nitnr* rtMUf tor FKl.TOin C**tt»«
AM> TIP*. an«J iostat that all jmim,,
furnltur* h* -lulpp-d with th^m. if *•
cannot supply you. ««nd u% hi* n*m.
•nd writ* us bow for * '•- FELTnrn
Booklet. "
New York State has lost the r-.fht t0
prosecute her claim for p*jr al:*cet| to b«
due certain volunteers who served in |^
Spanish-American War. The lav m.
vide«i that such claims should b#> prases*,
ed on or before January I last. - — frca
New York did not r*ach the m»M[ fl »
the Treasury for th«» War Department^*
til January 3. January 1 tt^s * i orj .
holiday, and the day following was Smb.
<Ja 3\3 \
Advocates Higher Pay and Pcrchis* of
Homes for Ambassadors.
Washington. Jan. r.R.— Amb3s**dsr* tri
the United States to foreign rntuitnn
should be better paid, according ■•, Ptm
dent Taft. who. in an after dinner addrW*
to-night to the National Board <>• Traea
declared it was a sham* that with an tb>
wealth of th* United States nobody bat %
millionaire couM to-day afford to acc»p: a
post as its ambassador.
The President nlsr* sp<>k» in fav<»p "f ft»
purchase by th* »f>v«r-' ■• honn
abroad for American represent »iva» i> <-,-.
eign countries. He humorously «!«eUrrt
that the President was the "oily pr<jf»v
paid official of the government."
The increases in th«» last f«»w wt i
Congression.il and other salaries ■«>
tioned by Mr. Taft. who de*.rlare*l that
foreign r?pres«>ntat:v»-» »]%n }*h«uli |» rv
numbered. He said th*» T.atin-As^r!?^
and other countries couM t»ach SIM |
in retard to the- importance abroad «{ pjar
tesy, elea^ince of outward appearacc* Jad
fin* bom**, ami that the aurfa< 4, M«ttla»
the pubstance. i* of much nnrnna»B In
our relation? with foreien courstrl*". '
The board warmly indorsed rr»=ld«r "*
Taft'a approval of lo«r»Fl»t*oT, f«r th* up
bMiMirvsr of an American merchant mar]**
and also th» President's r»cnmm»n'lat!(n
fur postal savings bank?. River as*! har
bor improvements w«r<» urged Th« >»nf'l
declined at this tim» to favor a pared*
post measure. It voted unanimously fr
one-cent letter postage to apply in.thi
same cities as such letter mail originate!
These officers ere elected Mi IBS fSß
inr y»ar: President, Wank D. La Lam
Philadelphia P.oard of Trade; first Ties-
president. Carleton White. Boston Cban
ber of Commerce: second vl?»-pre?id»nr, W.
IT.' Douelas?. New York Frolic* Cscftaaft;
w«r-.t»r^ »n«t tr>« a u,«r. TY\i X 7uekrr.
Fhllad-Iphla, -'£;*
Representative Announces Caarlidicj
at Boston — Expects Democratic Aid.
Boston. Jan. 25.— Tha candidacy of K*p
rc?«ntative> Butler Amrs for th« VTSttld
State- Senate. tr> succeed Senator ••■-
Cabot Lodge, was formal It announced ta
day. Congressman Ames noticed the nira
bers of the State Senate of his intention «
a series of luncheons which tie tendon*! l>
th*> Senators In this cit^ this weefe.
Mr. Ames told th« Senators thai t9.l:>
tended to make the contest in t?>« caution
next year, as well as in the 1.-«tslata»».
and that he felt confident *( winning. H»
declared that he expected to receive th»
support of the Democratic mem be - ■' tim
'.e islatur« and cf many Republican mem
bers. \ . .

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