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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 31, 1910, Image 6

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Amusements.
A< \TKMT OK MUSIC— S:IS— RacK* Robin.
AI.HAMBRA--" -« -Vaudeville.
s.srr<'F. 15 — Seven Days.
BUOI7 — >>:20 — Tho Lottery Man.
BROADWAY— 8:15 — Jolly Bachelors.
i'APi'no S:J« — The Chocolate Soldier.
OOtONIAL- 1' — B— Vaudeville.
, ( >y, rr-Y S:ls— The Watcher.
CRITERION — v 20 — The Bachelor** Bubjr.
DAL.VS S:3o— The inferior Sex.
KDKN MrsrK World in Wax.
EMPIRE— S:3O—MJ<I -Channel.
i;AIETT S:ls — Tlie Fortune Hunter.
fIARRK'K-S 15 Your Humble Servant.
„ . iBE Sl.*. '■ Old Town.
HA.MMER. TKI.VS- 2:1* — S:l»— Vaudeville.
HERALD SQUARE— S:IS— OId Dutch.
HIPPODROME 2—B- A Trip to Japan; In- .
Bld« the I^rth: the Ballet of Jewels.
HUDSON— 3— Hindoo Dances— S:lo— A Lucky
StAT
inviKG PL.*A< «:13 — Di« Foerster Christ'l.
KNICKERBOCKER— S— The Dollar Princess.
LIBERTY— S— The Arcadians. !
LYCEUM — I:2ft— Mm. Dot.
LYRIC — «:1"> — The City.
MANHATTAN OPERA HOUSE— S—Talei of .
Hoffmann.
MAM.m: ELLIOTT'S THEATRE — B :3S— Th«
rassliv of the Third Floor Back.
MENDELSSOHN HAM. -- Recital. '?[■&%
v POI.ITAN OPERA HOUSE— Caralleria
nustlcana and Tapliaeci.
vr - THEATRE— S:ir»— Twelfth nIrM.
NEW YORK — The Vounp Turk,
PAVOV— S:I5 — The He«srhts.
t-- ■ ' ■ BSAVT— S:IS— The Lily.
•WALLACK'? — S:l.% — Alias Jimmy Valentine.
"WEBER'S— - 15 — Life of the World.
WEST END— B:I5 — Th»j Trince. of Bohemia.
Index 1o Advertisements.
raif.Col. ! Par?. col.
>mu«»ir*nts ...12 5-7 j lnstruction H ft
Bmli'ri and jl*>st and Found. 0 5
Br<>k«T« ....!• I ' llarriait^s and ~ ; -
« o tin til 1 rx^athn • •
Cfcsncts .9 ' M««tlnca ]<• 1
r < p » r tnfTThip ! Proposal" '" 1
Notle»* I** H«-*:mirant« — ■ 3
p|ii4« I No- R*«nrts ** *>
tlcef : ii TlSchool Ajr*»ti<-l's. » G
Domestic gltu»- jsp«:ial Notice*.; 7 7
tion* Wanted-. » S ">. W«.ra«« ... • •"
Financial . . 10 fiSSurropat*"* No- -, L
Foreclosure I tlees * 5
Pales 11 0 7 Tim* Table? 9 6 7
Tor Pal? » 5! To Let for Bust
r*urnl*h«<J Room* 1 n«»s» Purpof=<>s..ll {.-*»
t#> j^et ft Si Tribune Subserip
v, - ranted. . P 1-3! tlon Kate* " 7
jl«tel« 6 'Trait « ompani»» 10 4-.
K^rse'f and Car- 'Work Wanted ... 0 3
rt«(re* 8 «1 .
r^tD-^oTli r ajtibTO«.
MONDAY. .TAXrAIIY SI. 1010.
This ncurspapcr is owned and pub
lithcd hp The Tribune Association, a
Titu) York corporation; office and prin
cipal place of business. Tribune Build
ing, yo. 354 Nassau street, yew York;
Offdcn Mills, president; Ogdcn If. Reid,
t"*rcto : James If. Barrett, treasurer.
The address of the officers is the office
r' (his paper.
m WKWS THIS MOR\'l\Q.
FOREIGN. — The Seine continues to
fall ■lowly, but conditions in Paris and
the towns on the river below the capital
rave not improved; thousands of per
sons have been rescued and fed by troops
»nd volunteers; many looters have been
*hot. — — English Conservative news
papers agree to the abolition of the
hereditary principle fa the House of
Jx-rds and reform on this line is expected
at the approaching session of Parlia
mrnt; Unionists propose a compromise
Cabinet. ■■ ■ — Mall advices from Ha
vana say that though the danger of
racial conflict seems over, the negro
party may cause trouble at the next
elections; Americans In Cuba regret
T'rpsid^nt Gomez's selection of Sciior
f>anguily as Secretary of -State. — ■ :
General Estrada is preparing to lead
his forces against seven hundred of
Marlriz's men, who are intrenched north
HP Grey town. ===== An imperial edict at
Peking refused to grant the petition of
representatives of the provincial assem
blies asking for the early establishment
of I parliament. ■• ■• Police seized pa
pers In the St. Petersburg apartment of
Colonel Manuiloff, former chief of Rus
tion secret police in Paris.
DOMESTIC.— Bonn Conger at
Albany preferred formal charges against
Senator Allds, temporary President of
the Senate: he declares that Mr. Allds
whrn in the Assembly demanded. 1 re
ceived and accepted $1,000 as the consid
eration for his having refrained from
pressing to passage a certain bill. ■■■ .■ ~
Ii was said at Albany that there was talk
«■! William R. WilJcox as the Republican
candidate for Governor. It was
learned at Washington that much op
timism was felt over conditions in Ohio,
where Republican legislators have a
(receive programme. === The cross
examination of Louis R. Glavis will be
cin 10-day, it was stated at rWashington.
■ Joseph F. Shipp, ox-Sheriff of
Chattanooga, who has just been released
from the federal jail In Washington for
contempt of the United States Supreme
Court, was enthusiastically ! received on
his return to his home town.
CITT-— Mr*. D. Willis James pave
SISO.OnO to the Old First Presbyterian
Church, at Fifth avenue and 12th street
rsi<=ing Its endowment to s?,oo 000 =r=-
As the res in of a fight at a wedding as
to who should give the bride away two
r.rrests wore made and one man was
finM in the police court. - - it was
Mid that the jjsh trade had not felt any
«-fr»-t from ths meat boycott. — - ■ The
murder of Moses Oootman by a burglar
and the shooting of his son on Sunday
morning MS "roused" the police, but so
•far without result, - = There was a
fctirnng *\ghi between two bull buffaloes
in the park herd, which was witnessed
*>■ hundreds of persons. = President
J-inley delivered the baccalaureate ser
mon at the College ot tho City of New
1 ork. = a five-year-old boy pianist
■whose playing amazes his hearers was
discovered on the East Side. -.. ; The
Van Xordens retired from the trust com
pany bearing their name and Carnegie
Trust Interests took control.
THE WEATHER.— lndications for to
oay: Cloudy. The temperature yester
day; Highest, 28 degrees; lowest) 26.
AMERICAN MEAT IN GERMANY.
This country would probably fall in
Hue behind the administration* in ignor
ing as i cause for tariff hostilities with
Germany any trivial discriminations
made in the German schedules or admin
istrative regulations against American
meats. Under the provisions of the
maximum - minimum section of the
Payne tariff law the President is author
ized to decide whether or not any foreign
country discriminates unduly against.
American Imports. Germany apparently
wants •• retain the present administra
tive discriminations against live Cattle
imported from the United States, but is
■ IllSSg to modify to *om- extent her
stringent microscopic inspection of
weals. The special barrier raised against
"•■ Importation of American live cattle
is an incident iv the prosecution of the
Imperial policy which aims at stiiuulat
(■gOerßsai and especially Prus&iaii, 1-4
.Tlcuiturc The Interests of the land own
<ts ar.» paramount in German politics,
and le protect them The empire might
risk a tariff war with the United states
Injurious to other German iuterosts —
manufacturing and shipping, for in.
, -■. .!■'■■ which are of greater Intrinsic
importance but is sot CQUimand an
Irqual political influence.
lid" normal circumstances the ad
ministration would doubtless insist thai
the discrimination in question constl
tnTr-d a suffiVlcni denial of the most
favored nation treatment which n,,.
United States asks, and called for the
Mattel of our maximum duties on
German imports. Yet the situation
which has developed here in the nn if
industry a hi aaaht proof thai direct or
indirect discriminations against the sal
of American cattle and meats abroad
<:annot I-* 8' present materially harm
ful to up, since we have not ;i Jaree
err , C !, i paa) r for '»ur own n^eds and
canncf wll afford to gisfjoa*. of but >r
cur fccantv stuck to other countries. iv
stead of injuring the people of the
United States, the partial exclusion of
American meats from foreign markets
at this juncture would be a distinct
benefit. Moreover, with the extraor
dinarily high prices for meat ruling here
there could be little inducement to sell
ers to try to 1 break into a cheaper for
eign marker, except under the discred
itable hypothesis that they preferred to
'"dump" a pan of their product abroad
m order to maintain an artificial scar
city and artificial high prices at home.
Nobody now disputes that the supply
of meats for home needs is inadequate.,
The stock raisers put the blame for the
shortage on the restrictive devices of the
middlemen, while the middlemen con
tend that the stock misers are delib
erately cutting down production in the
face of a crying demand and mounting
prices. Whatever the real reason for the
shortage may be, it lias to be reckoned
With, and It will probably take from
five to ten years of enlarged production
to -establish a normal balance here be
tween supply and demand. Till then it
would be detrimental rather than ad
vantageous to send our meats abroad,
end the dosing of the European market
would be in no sense I blow nt Amer
ican interests. Partial restrictions put
by Germany an the sale of American
live cattle and meat products need not.
therefore, stand ill the way of at least
■ temporary continuance of friendly
trade relations between the two coun
tries. Fortunately for both negotiators,
Germany seems to want to raise a bar
rier only against those products which
the United States is neither able nor
willing to spare.
VI lUISATTSG THE AMATEVR.
The question of what to do with the
amateur wireless telegraph operator is
likely to develop into a problem of no
little importance before it is disposed
of. The value of the wireless system of
message transmission is so great that all
possible protection ought to be given to
it.s p-nfessional practice, yet the ama
fceun themserres and a great many
other persons think that they have
rights which are entitled to respect and
that it would hardly be proper to make
the operation of such an instrument
without a license a criminal offence, al
though the most serious results might
arise from interference by unauthorized
individuals with messages from vessels
nt sea and from the sending to them of
messages the authenticity of which could
not be definitely determined. There Is
little comfort in tho suggestion that full
liberty ihonjd be allowed to all. each in
dividual being held responsible for his
acts, a> amny wireless operators are
youths in whom the sense of respon
sibility is not highly developed.
A fifteen-year-old boy. writing to a
member of the House Committee on
Naval Affairs, furnishes evidence of the
capacity of the youthful mind for mas
lerhig the intricacies of tho system and
shows the present impossibility of con
trolling absolutely the use of wir-eiess
instrument?. Referring to the proposed
measure to regulate the use of the wire
less system, he says that "such a meas
"ui-p would not affect my station In the
"least, as my outfit is for receiving only,
'"and eTen if it should be denied a :i
'•cense it would be impossible to tell
"whether it was in operation or not.
The aerial wires could be placed in th* 1
"attic, or it is perfectly possible to use
"a metal bed for thai purpose."' !{*»
adds, however, that "perfect selectivity
has been proved many times'" and "most
"modem and well constructed apparatus
"can be placed in communication with
"one station and one only for as lons
"or as short a period as is desired, ir-
M respectrre Of the strength nr nearness
"of other stations or their attempts to
"interfere."
There can be little question that the
wireless system of telegraphy will
eventually be so perfected that the pres
ent danger of interference with mes
sages will be practically !f not entirely
obviated. It is hardly conceivable that
the mental power and penetration that
have made vrirelocs telegraphy possible
should be unable to overcome the minor
difficulties following it.s mtroisjction. ir"
BUCh a solution can be reached it will
bo the eapiest way out of a troublesome
situation.
A NEGRO EXPOSITION.
The interest and novelty of the pro
posed national Or perhaps international
negro exposition in 1913, In commemora
tion of the fiftieth anniversary of the
Emancipation Proclamation, are ob
vious. it. would be the first undertaking
of the kind In history. It might be of
commanding proportions, in view of the
numbers of the race and of the wealth
and achievements of many of its mem
bers. That it would command wide
spread curiosity and a large degree of
sympathy and well wishing may be
taken as granted. No doubt there is
sufficient ability, constructive and ad
ministrative, in the negro race to ex
ecute the plans and to conduct the
enterprise. And the anniversary In
question will be worthy of important
celebration from all points of view.
It would seem desirable, however, for
the scheme of an exposition to be care
fully considered before it is irrevocably
adopted. The feeling is pretty wide
spread, we think, that expositions have
been rather too frequent In the last
third of a century, and that some other
form of commemoration of great events
would be desirable. Moreover, there is
talk of an exposition at some place in
honor of the completion of the Panama
Canal, and at the present rate of prog
ress It should be timely not very long
after the anniversary of emancipation,
and it would be unfortunate to have
them In any way conflict. There is
also to be considered the possibility of
failure, and of the consequent reflection
upon the negro race, a highly suc
cessful exposition would doubtless im
prove the race's standing in the eyes
Of the world. But suppose it should
not bo successful, as sonic other recent
expositions have not been? The Injury
WOUld be far greater than would bo the
gain from a successful affair. v
It if accessary, also, in connection
with the forecasting of success or mil
ure, to consider what might be the at
titude toward ii of ■ large part of the
American people. We have said that
many would lie sympathetic. Unfort
unately it is just as certain that many
would be openly antagonistic— i hose
who denounce Tuskegep as an evil in
stitution and decry all education and
progress for the negro— while :nany
others, probably, vould be indifferent op
would lack the courage of their synv
patbies, and while thpy Wished the'en
terprise well would be morally afraid
to lend it active countenance. These
things are said not by way of dis
••ouragement, but In order thai the mat
tor may be thoroughly considered and
weighed md that do notion may ta
taken without ninpte* recognition of »]l
phases of the case, .^^■hale^c^• is do
XEW-TORK fcAILY TRlßl^rr:. MONDAY, JANTARY 31. 1910.
ci«led upon should he lhe result Of un
lnuina.rhs.Mf fleUberation nnd judpmont,
and arlMßj onco the decision is llm* made
it will bo a patriotic duty to promote
i ho ssjeeesi of tho undertaking in hH
possible whys.
4 HUGHES DEMOCRAT.
Those who are casting about for: a
Democratic candidate for Governor next
fall are bestowing attention on the lion.
TUoiuas If. Osborne. of Auburn, who lias
just resigned his $15,000 office of Public
Service Commissioner to become hearl of
the Democratic League. The argument
for Mr. Qsjuwuc'ii availability is similar
to (hat which brought about, the nomi
nation of Lieutenant Governor ("hauler
in 1908. Mr. (hauler had openly pro
fessed/ his admiration for Governor
Hughes, aud he .had Once saved the day
for one of the Governor's measures in
the Senate by his vote upon a parlia
mentary motion. He was a "Hughes
Democrat.*' Mr. Osborne has held an
important appointive office under the
Governor, and he might go before the
people as a "Hughes Democrat."
But how much availability as a sup
porter of the Governor is left to Mr.
Osborne now thai he has become the
head of a movement which has refused
to Indorse the Governor's plan for direct
primaries? The real Issue between the
Governor and those opposing him will
be this year, as it was last year, pri-.
Mary reform : and the league with
which Mr. Osborue has associated him
self is ready to support just about, the
same measure of direct nominations that
State Chairman Woodruff now favors.
Mr. Osborne. if he stands with his
league, is as good a Hughes man on this
question as Mr. "Woodruff is. and no bet
ter. Whatever force he and his league
have In politics will be exercised to pre
vent the adoption of a complete system
of djreet nominations to which the Gov
ernor is committed, and in favor of a
partial system, which the Governor's
opponents are now prepared to accept. .
Of course, tie declaration of the
league may not accord with Mr. Os
borne's personal views. He may favor
a state-wide system of direct primaries.
If he does, he should seize the earliest
opportunity to speak out. Otherwise, If
he should come before the public next
fall as a "Hughes man," he would be
likely to be embarrassed by his record.
If the people shou.d be seeking to rebuke
the Republican party for its failure to
support the Governor on primary reform
— the condition which would give the
Democracy its best chance at the com
ing state election— the lion. Thomas M.
Osborne, in the position in which 1 his
league places him, would not be an in
strument of rebuke ready for its hands.
AMERICAS MACHINES IX CANADA.
The progress which Canada is making
in canal building and perhaps in rail
road extension and other transportation
works may surpass, at least proportion
ately, that of the United States, but it
is worthy of observation and must be
highly gratifying to Americans to ob
serve that the major part of the tools
and engines for the construction and
equipment of these works comes from
1h« United States. A remarkable exhi
bition of this fact Is made by a corre
ipendent of "The London Times," whose
impressive figures afford a tine gloss to
the recent report that 1900 was the rec
ord year in trade between these two
countries.
There are specified thirteen important
classes of engineering, appliances,, in
every one of which the United States
supplied Canada last year with far more
than Great Britain did. in most of the
classes the disproportion being simply
overwhelming. Thus iv railroad loco
motives the United Kingdom supplied
only $29,235 and the United States $2,
011,155 worth. In portable steam en
gines the figures were $14,715 to $3,959,
555. Steam shovels being so largely an
American invention, it i? not altogether
surprising that while Great Britain fur
nished none at all, this country sold
Canada $7*50.135 worth. In gasolene en
pines the figures were $82,850 to $.'!.
526,490 in favor of this country; In
miscellaneous electrical apparatus they
were $327,585 to $7,751,415. and in auto.
mobiles they wore $399,770 to $2,373.
785. The totals of the thirteen classes,
comprising, besides those mentioned,
stationary steam engines, steam boilers,
other boilers, electric motors, electric
light carbons, coal mining machinery
and ore crushers, were $1,965,730 from
the United Kingdom and $2&391 t
from the United States.
This extraordinary predominance is
enjoyed by the United States in spite
of the fact that the Dominion govern?
ment grants a substantial rebate of
tariff duties in favor of British goods.
Seeing that British machinery at the
factory generally costs less than Amer
lean, and that ocean freights are sup
posed to bo lower than railroad freights,
it* does scorn as if with the advantage
Of the preferential tariff British manu
facturers ought to be able to compete
more successfully with Americans in
the Dominion market, especially when
we remember that with their strong im
perialist loyalty Canadians are inclined
to prefer British goods to American.
Tot the facts are as stated. The chief
explanation essayed by the correspond
ent whom we have quoted Is that Amer
ican manufacturers supply goods far
more promptly than do the British, and
also that American agents are usually
Invested with greater bargain making
authority than British. That is to say,
Americans win through their superior
enterprise and expedition. All this is
gratifying to Americans; but it does
seem anomalous that while we are
able to beat British competition in the
British Empire itself, with heavy tariff
discrimination against us, we are un
able to compete with the British and
Germans in neutral markets of south
America, where we meet them on equal
terms. We fail in South America ap
parently through lark of some of the
very Qualities the possession and exer
cise Of which give us success in Canada!
' MONEY ami BUSINESS.
Stock market prices have declined to a
level that should prove attractive to in
vestment capital. The average for tho
leading rails Is 10 points under the best
recorded in 1009, while the chief Indus
trials show a loss almost as great, with
many high grade issues in each class at
figures that represent a gain in invest
ment yield of from l to 2 per cent.
Speculation shows • signs of quieting
down after the extensive liquidation of
the last two weeks, and there appears
little likelihood of active public par
ticipation in the market until some as-
Buranco is given by the Stock Exchange
authorities that steps wlll.be taken to
eliminate the possibility of practices on
|hs board that tend to upset legitimate
speculative operations. Tit* stock Ex
change haa unlimited authority ovr its
fnewberi. and 'his authority •hAui,i b*
exercised along lines that would deter
any member from entering an agreement
seeking to establish. llctitious quotations
by means of fictitious transaction's or,
as they are commonly known, wash
sales.
Money i 3 easy at the moment, owing to
; the ; recent • large" receipts of currency
from the interior and the liquidation of
loans against speculative commitments,
but a better demand for accommodation
is looked for in the course of the next
feW weeks, both for investment and mer
cantile purposes. The destruction of
property in the Paris floods has caused
firmer discounts abroad, and it is not
improbable that as a direct consequence
of the French disaster exchange in Paris
will decline to a point that will attract
gold to that centre from, other countries, 1
with the burden of the movement on
New York. International money market
complications may follow the serious
situation in France, but even outside of
the possibility of such a development the
outlook here does not favor the main
tenance of the current low level of loan
quotations.' The demands for expanding
business sooner or later must compel
new corporate financing, and the very
fact that money is now easy encourages
the expectation that railroads and other
corporations will take advantage of cur
rent opportunities to float new capital
Issues. Furthermore, the .condition of
the federal Treasury points to the immi
nence of some sort of government financ
ing. • .\;;^;- :
Industrial' conditions have not been
weakened by the break in the securities
markets, but the unsettlement in the
Street, the agitation over the high cost
of living and unfavorable weather in
certain parts of the country have caused
some irregularity in trade movements.
Fundamental factors, however, are
sound, and measured by railway earn
ings and bank clearings there has-been
no appreciable reduction in the volume
of general mercantile, transactions. As
a matter of fact, bank exchanges indi
cate trade activity of extensive propor
tions, clearings last week showing a
gain of i'iO per cent over the correspond
ing period in 1909, and 10 per cent over
the same time in 1006, when business
was exceedingly prosperous at all indus
trial centres. Compared with a week
ago, a slight falling off is reported. The
cotton goods market is relatively quiet
in most departments, with the chief ac
tivity at the moment in napped cottons
for the fall and in staple prints. That
the trade is looking forward to a busy
season is reflected in the heavy imports
of drygoods, which last week amounted
in value to $4,877,498, against $2,873,065
a year ago. Of the total receipts ?4,081,
355 worth of goods was entered for con
sumption and $796,141 for warehouse,
while there were withdrawn from bond
goods to the amount of $782,250, making
a total marketed of $4,863,605, an in
crease of $1,834,830 over 1909.
Speculation in cotton futures shows a
falling off in public interest in the mar
ket, and a tendency of prices to advance
for the near months, and an opposite
movement for distant options. Spot in
terests have been taking March and May
deliveries and selling later crop months,
while Wall Street appears to be bullish
on March contracts and apparently be
lieves that after the general decline of
$15 a bale the market is entitled to a fair
rally. There is, however, no indication
that active speculation for the rise will
be resumed, and it is quite likely that
with the approach of the new crop sea
&on prices will decline to a level that will
induce heavier buying by the actual
trade. Spot markets in the South con
tinue to show resistance to the recent
decline In futures. Wheat prices exhibit
irregularity in the speculative markets,
but cash quotations in the Northwest
are strong. The outlook for the winter
wheat crop is promising, and the same
thing may be said of conditions in Eu
rope, where visible supplies appear to be
large enough to restrict imports from
the United States, despite the lower
prices here. Our price level, however, is
btill high, and in view of the large stocks
en hand throughout the world materially
cheaper quotations should develop. Flour
Is inactive, and cash corn and futures
are down. . •
In the. Iron and steel market extracts
are being made in a conservative man
ner, and the general attitude of consum
ers and producers suggests a total lack
of uneasiness on their part over the fut
ure of the industry. Prices for finished
steel products a»e on a stable basis, with
some irregularity reported in pig iron
quotations. The remarkable recupera
tive power of the steel trade is reflected
in the preliminary statement of th<>
United States Steel Corporation for the
last year, showing *n advance from net
earnings of |22£81,f100 In the first quar
ter of innn to 140,971,908 In the last
quarter, and a balance available for the
common stock of more than 10 per cent.
Orders now being booked by the mills,
both for the United States Step] Corpora*
tion and the Independents, insure active
operation for months to come, and
though reports are heard that the steel
industry is upset because of the admin
istration's policy on corporations there
is no proof that anything of the sort has
developed.
Tt fs not difficult to understand Mr.
Asqulths reluctance to continue in office
after so indecisive a result at the polls
and in circumstances which will mako
his ministry constantly dependent upon
allies for a majority. Reluctance doe*
not. however, mean refusal, and his high
fcense of duty will probably constrain
him to undertake the somewhat embar
rassing and decidedly delicate task. At
worst he will merely have another gen
eral election to face in the near future,
of which the result may be more de
cisive and satisfactory. To give up his
great placa in favor of <=ome other Lib
era! loader w« uld :<lnn>wt certainly cau.se
dissension, if not disruption, in that party
and make it« defeat probable in Ihe next
election, and the next election would
come sooner under another Prime Min
ister than under Mr. Asquith.
The invention which Mr Westing
houßO has Just brought to the attention
of the- Navy Department is doubtless
Admiral Melville's gearing, which enables
a turbine shaft and a propeller shaft to
run at different speeds. The government
will presumably give it due considera
tion, but cant Mr. Westlnghouße Indue©
some enterprising builder of merchant
■teaman 1 to put the device to a practical
trial? ,
The revelations in the sedition trial at
Lahore demonstrate the hollow hypoc
risy of the pretensions of a demand in
India— at leant on the part of the:,, con
spirators—for a more popular and rep
resentative government than the British
crown affords. The object of the con-
M>irntorP, as _ now unmasked, was to en
throne a king of Delhi with an oligar
chical council, and time to give the em
pire an immeasurably lf=!Ss liberal and
representative government than that
.which It now enjoys. The revolutionary
idral of Indian agltatorß hi that of r*
aetlon to Mopul tyranny anrl rorrup
tlon.
If the bill concerning Sunday Ob
pervanee in Washington which Congress
is about to consider forbids milkmen to
engage in traffic' on the first day of the
week, it needs two slight amendments
before it is enacted. Cows in the region
tributary to the national capital should
be required to yield a double quota on
Fridays and also to guarantee that their
product shall remain sweet twice as lons
as at other times.
That the inundation of Paris is in
same degree due to trio destruction of
forests near the sources of the Seine and
its chief tributaries is Mot Incredible. In
wooded areas the soil holds moisture like
a, sponge and checks the rapidity with
which rain and melted UUSW drain off
into adjacent streams. However, the
new Chief Forester Of the United State?,
Mr.' Henry S. Graves, notes that th*
Seine experienced floods long before the
forests wore removed. It is ■ evidently
no simple matter to fix the responsibility
for the present deluge.
The postage rates debate f»t Washing
ton has thus far elicited the epithets of
"robbery," "graft" and "treason." At
the next seance we may hear one hon
orable gentleman call another a bypath*
enuie or a paralleloplpedon.
THE TALK OE TEE PAY.
When an *- American becomes stranded
abroad and SI forced to throw himself, on
the charity of the consular representative
h<» must confine his search for aid to th«
American consulate. But the native of a
Spanish speaking country who finds himself
without funds in New York is more fcA-tu
nate. for here are nineteen consulates
where his is the official language. This
includes Spain and the West Indian, Cen
tral American and South American coun
tries. For some time tho officials of these
consulates were much annoyed by a few
versatile adventurers who called on them
for aid. The applicants would go from
consulate to consulate, each time changing
their nationality and their accent and
phrasing, sometimes passing successfully
as Venezuelans, Colombians, Ecuadorans
and Peruvians in a single day. One. day
a negro native of Jamaica, who had learned
some Spanish while working on the Pana
ma Canal, called at the Colombian consu
late in New York, and in Castllian, strongly
marked with a British accent, asked aid
on the strength of his Colombian citizen
ship. Besides the prima facie evidence of
his imposture, the negro made the mis
take of grins as his native home a part
of Colombia where there are- no mSB of
his color, so the consul di 1 not "give up."
"Even if th" suffragettes had their way,"
said the philosophic person, "'our wif«
would come to you for information before
she went to vote."
"Yes," answered Mr. Meekton: "she
would probably ask me If her hat was on.
straight. "— Washington Star. ■
Philadelphia reports a big Increase in
the demand for honey since the price of
butter followed the cow that "jumped
ever the moon." "I have a big demand
for honey now, Die Record" quotes a
dealer as saying. "I never sold so much
before. It's the high price of butter that
does the trick. You see. you can buy pure
honey for as little as 15 cents a
pound, and the best grades are only
25 cents. With butter sticking close to
the half dollar mark many housekeep
ers find it advisable to seek something in
Its place. Nearly all children like honey,
strained or in the comb, and it can be
bought pure either way. Doctors recom
mend it as a healthful addition to the diet,
too."
•-• THE CHEAPER CUT. ..
"Th* cheaper cuts of beef are Just as
good as the more expensive ones."—State
ment of a Chicago packer.
It may be that It's .lust as good, when
once you have It chewed;
It may bo that it does the work of more
expensive food:
It may be that it nourishes and »»rve3
man's purpose, but
Last night I tried and tried and tried to
cut a cheaper cut.
Perhaps when once you've eaten it, and
stowed It well away.
The pang 1 ? of hunger trouble not. but still
I cannot say
That you are right or you are wrong, In
ignorance T strut-
Last night I tried and tried and tried to
cut a cheaper cut.
The carving knife, though keen and strong.
made no impression there;
I tried my razor, next an axe, and even
tried to tear
The roast apart, to no avail, I called for
scissors, but
In spite of all my efforts, still I couldn't
cut the out.
I don't say that It's not as good, and that
that it. isn't meat.
And that the stomach couldn't do this gas
tronomic feat:
I don't deny the truth of what you Fay or
doubt you, but
I merely say I triM and failed to cut
that cheaper cut.
—Detroit Free Tress.
"There is no firmer adherent to th« old
New Year's Day calling fashion in Berlin
than the Emperor, and so long as he makes
his calls the custom will remain popular."
Bays a letter from that city. "On last
New Year's Day. shortly after noon and
while, the show carriages were arriving: in
great numbers at the Schloss, bearing: dig
nitaries whose cards were delivered for the
Emperor. William was making calls on
ambassadors, ministers and friends. Wher
ever his automobile halted a Lielbjager de
livered a card, ample In size, on which was
engraved In large distinct letters:
t 1
I WII.HEt.M. DEUTSCHER KAISER
! KOENIQ YON PREUSSEN. I
— - — — : *-
"The Emperor lias copies of all picture
postcards which bear his portrait, and
many of these were sent by him to friends
•whose pictures were also on the card.
These were forwarded under cover, and
Invariably with an autographic reference
to the occasion."
"I'm a little rusty on my Shakespeare
What was the troubh- between the Moi>
tat:iies ami the v'apnlcts'.'"
"San'o old row. There whs | |,, Y e aff ; ,j r
Hinl each family thought it«= olfaprins ■ i
marrying low."- LovJsvlUa Courter-Jountsl
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
HUMANITY'S CAUSE.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I feel thankful for the prompt offer
of our President to contribute for the relief
of the sufferers by the flood in France, and
have hoped to sc<- tome, notice of like ac
tion by the authorities of England and tier
many.
If they would each contribute the cost of
one battleship, there is no cause- for doubt-
In* that it would bo more conducive to the
defence or tho&e countries than the build
ing Of a half do7.cn Dreadnoughts They
have now a grand opportunity for relieving
•suffering and for contribute to the peace
of the world and to their own security
STEPHEN S. HAIGHT
University Heights, New York. jj f ,n m
1010. ' "'" -*'
CONSIDERATION.
To the Editor of The Tribune..
Sir: I find in my dictionary" that a mm ,
tleman Is defined as "one ,v!,,, Is pn.clous
courteous, kindly and considerate" A n
eminent French writer who had studied ttw
character of Jesus Christ otM ,-,r him tint
he was. without .loubt. th« "foremost sen
tlenian In th« world." t .
Assumln« th* above to be trie have we
not the right I* expect from Christian Ken
c «; he h)eh : 3t t/pe of «<'^-ni;
i am moved to Aik ih> action be£»u S o
of my surprise sinfl disappointment over a
rtcent experience which I had in attending
A- large dinner gathering, enlle<% in th°
name of Christian missions to foreign lands.
After the dinner a large, number of th«
guests . produced cigars *nd cigarettes,
which were not down on the bill of fare
nor furnished by the hotel management.
and began to .«mokc. This, of course, forced
upon those of us who did not smoke
the necessity of sitting in an atmosphere
which gr<\w steadily worse, as the. evening
progressed.
Now. where. I* the consideration for tha
feelings of others In Buch a performance?
. New York, Jan. 25. 191 A C.
A DISSENTING SUFFRAGIST.
To th? Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I would like to assure your cor
respondent' who complained of the* 111 con
sidered aid riven to the shirtwaist strikers
by "equal franchise women" that nil equal
franchise women are not of the name. mind.
The strikers have real grievances, and it
Ip tru» that women workers, with the ex
ception of domestic servants, are far from
being, overpaid. Nevertheless, in so far as
thry stand for the domed shop, they repre
sent tyranny. All combinations, whether of
capital or labor, that interfere with the lib
erty and lawful earning: power of the indi
vidual tLrd tyrannous. ;
It is ridiculous for a. labor union, or any
member thereof, to inveigh against "trusts."
The unions, as now operated, are trusts in
every sense of the word, and are as much
In need of regulation as any combination
of capital. They have s^ntim^nt on their
Fidp. that is all.
We are all beginning to ?:•<» that while
combination is inevitable Its equally lpevl
table evils must be controlled. What tyr
anny could be grosser than that which says
that an Individual must become the (ffcat
ure of an organization or forfeit his right
to work?
T am an equal franchise woman, because
I believe in law and liberty, the two pillars
of just government. For th» same reason I
believe in the open shop.
a SUFFRAGIST.
East Orange. N. .1.. Jan. 24. l? 10.
OPPOSED TO DISARMAMENT.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I have seen some letters in papers in
favor of taking clubs and nightsticks from
policemen on night duty. Those persons
who want a policeman to go around this
city at night with no club to defend him
self know nothing about New York, espe
cially at night. Policemen at night with no
clubs would entice every low ruffian to
abuse and beat them to death. In fact,
such a change would encourage all kinds of
criminals.
Those persons who advocate policemen
SOta! without clubs at night should take a
■walk over to Tenth and Eleventh avenue,
from 30th to 60th street, between the hours
of 11 at night and 3 o'clock next morning.
Every night in this city may be found th*
lowest and meanest brutes living. The only
I thing they fear is a policeman's nightstick.
But they don't get It often enough."
Go down to Ellis Island any day, and
there you will see a thousand people being
landed. Half of them are only half civil
ized animals in the shape of men and
women from Southern Europe. Indeed,
many of them take liberty as a license, to
steal, rob and even murder!
"We have eight thousand policemen in this
city, and it must be expected that some will
make, mistakes and use their clubs too
much. We want more good, sensible, hon
est police officers. Let them have their
clubs at nigh*. If they do wrong or maka
mistakes, hold them accountable. But if
nightsticks are taken from them, then we.
might as well have no policemen.
JOHN HENRY SMITH.
MM York, Jan. 21, 1910. .. >t *
.. LARGER DRYDOCKS.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In your Washington correspondence,
yesterday th announcement is made that
"nothing car. be done In the- way of en
larging the docks at New York," in an
article speaking of the needs of docks for
the big: battleships being: built and author
ized^ Rear- Admiral Hollyday, chief of the.
Bureau pf ; Yards and Docks, made a sim
ilar statement before the House Naval
Committee last week, and according to
these two statements the outlook is bad,
with the only dock on the Atlantic Coast
which may he extended located at Norfolk.
Far be it trom me. a layman, to question
the authoritative statements of either the
rear admiral or your correspondent, but
from an acquaintance with the navy yard
In Brooklyn, extending over some years,
may I suggest that a revision of the state
ments would do no harm if based on the
following facts:
While Rear Admiral Hollyday was talk
ing, plan* were being perfected, and a 1 **
now completed, except in some, details, for
enlarging the. dock now under construc
tion—No. 4— by at least 150 feet, extending:
it up to near the line of Morris avenue in
the navy yard and giving « dock about SCO
feet long. Its width can be- extended at
least twenty feet without interfering with
the 6th street wall of the great machine
shop, giving a dock capable of taking m
anything likely to be afloat for war pur
poses for some years.
Drydock No. 2. the older of the two
wooden docks, is now having its sloping
walls at the entrance sheared to almost a
perpendicular, giving an increased entering
width of approximately twenty feet. Tha
length of this dock can be Increased one
hundred feet or more If necessary, at com
paratively Plight expense. Its width would
have to be increased on the right side, tow
ard the shops, and this might bo costly, as
it would require taking down the side wall
and driving new piling, but the cost would
not approach that of a new dock.
Drydock No. 3. If needed, could have it 3
present sloping walls made much straight
er, and as it Is now plenty wide enough
from coping to coping, the Increased floor
width would permit docking a much larger
ship than is possible- now. Its length, as
with No. 2, right alongside, can be- in
creased, but not so much as in the case of
its companion.
Docks for the big ships are almost a* im
portant as the- ships themselves*, for the
ships cannot stay afloat indefinitely and be
effective? but the possibilities of "the New-
York yard are by no means exhausted, as
one might be led to believe from the' re
marks alluded to.
Some years ;o Rear Admiral Asserson,
then at the head of the local department
of yards and docks, advocated a big dock
on a site near tho launching ways' where
the Florida la now under construction The
site is still there, the soil, so far as borings
have shown, has none of the shifting and
sliding propensities which have wrecked'
contractors on the now dock, and if th, ,*
Is room there to build the Florida there is
certainly plenty Si room for a dock BBJ
enough to take, her out of water .
Now York. Jan. 21. 1910. ' A . II P
JUMPING THE PARTY TRACES.
rrOSJ lhe Huffalo OoWBMVSW
ONLY A FEW DOZEN LEFT.
i r«w rii^ [■en,. ii c,.,. P f wm ,
LARGE DOESN'T DESCRIBE IT.
1 '""' The Hartford Courant
aelviU Vi, 3 Murphy and ■!> mv to them
LONDON'S U.S. TRADE
Eloquent re* — The Re
vised Tariff Considered, \
i London. January 15.
"While warring: politicians have b<?en
exchanging surmisr * and contradiction*
respecting American prosperity, th»
farts have b«en close at hand in a 4u!et
ofllce off Blshopsgate. Consul General .
Griffiths keeps his door open, and is ac
cessible to all inquirers, and th« hooka
and commercial exhibits which he cour- .
teously places 'at any patient investiga
tor's disposal disclose the operation of
the revised American tariff. th< revival
of trade- and the trend of commercial
relations and fiscal policy. London Is
the largest British centre of trade with
the United State*, the consulate having
four times as much business as th» of
fice at Liverpool. it is refreshing to. get
out of/the turmoil and uproar of British
politics and to have a quiet hour in Mr
Grifllths's office in studying record* of
international exchanges and mercantile
expansion, which cannot b« either con
tradicted or misinterpreted. Th» ann
exhibit of exports from the London dis
trict is an amazing record of the volume
and variety of American importation:*
after th<^ restoration of prosperity and
the revision of the tariff. More than
one controversial question can be settled
by the eloquent figures.
For example. President Taft was re
proached by political critics for declining
to veto the tariff bill when it did not
meet his expectations in a reduction ef
the woollen schedule and in other mat
ters. It was urged by opponents. *om«
of them prominent Western Republi
cans, that there, .mid be a shrinkage
of imports under the tariff and a con
sequent reduction of revenues when
there was urgent need of inor«?a?cd «up
plies for the navy and 'the Panama-
Canal. These objections are removed
by the practical evidence of the con
sul general' 3 annual exhibit that r" a .
has been a great expansion of Brit
export trade with America, both in du
tiable roods and in merchandise en th*
free list. ?*.} \
The aggregate of the exports frotn
London to New York and other Ameri
can ports in 1009 was $10C">.617.350. T- ■ -
was an increase of 532.572.C0l over th*
previous year. The records of l!V)«5 and
1907. each an abnormally good year,
have been largely exceeded. ■■>-■- stu
pendous figures supply unanswerable
proof that the revised tariff has neither
interrupted international exchanges, nor
reduced current revenues. The Presi
dent would evidently have been in ad- ■
vised if he had vetoed the bill and pro- *■
longed the period of tariff agitation and
business uncertainty. ,
The principal object of tariff revision
by friends, not enemies, of protection
was the reduction of rates without weak- -
ening of the industries themselves. At
least one-half of the exports from Lon
don to America during the last year
were either raw material or partly
manufactured materials. Abolition' or
reduction of duty when prudently or
dered tended to promote manufacturing
interests in. America. The home indus
tries , were neither sacrificed nor im
paired. The effect of sharp cuts in the
metal schedules is disclosed in the an
nual exhibit. Iron and steel •with l — -
manufactures have run up from $207.252 :
to $1,025,432; and other metals, apart
from copper and tin. have increased
from $560,021 to $1,536,076. The exports
of copper have risen f rom^s2»Sl7.o77 to
$3,435,620. The only prominent excep
tion to the rule of increased export of
manufacturers* material is tin. which
has s fallen from $18.014,503 in 190* to
? 13,330,467 In 1909. apparently in con
sequence of .an overstocked market.
There was an average reduction of 40 to
50 per cent in the metal schedule: yet
it has operated beneficially so as to
induce moderate importations of manu
factured good?, which have not damaged
the home industries.
The effect of the removal of the duties
on hides is seen in an enormous increase
of the export of skins and furs from
$0,086,320 to $12.16."U77. While this
supply of free raw material has facili
tated the growth of American manu
facture, reductions in duties on leather
and boots and shoes have, not exposed
UM American trade to destructive com
petition. There was a tariff cut of 1"
or 2."» per cent in shoes, another one in
leather equally big and a larger one in
harness. The export of leather has in
creased from $307,022 tr> ?:*>3.ots7— a
meagre gain— and Northampton and Lei- ■
cester shoemakers have not attempted
an invasion of the American market
There has been an abnormal expansion
of $4,704,430 in shipments of rubber, and
this has been accompanied by a decline
in the export of manufactured good?.
There has been a gain of $4,200,760 la
the consignments of wool to America.
high prices accounting for a portion of
the increase; and there is no evidence
that American manufacturers are se
riously injured by excessive competition,
for the exports of woollens and worsteds
from London have advanced only from
$1.450,C16 to $1,834,256. The woollen
schedule was unchanged, although th«
President favored extensive modlfica- *
tlons, and the general effect has been \
the enlargement of the productive re
sources of the home industry. Moderate
reductions in chemicals, oil?, paints,
earthen and glass ware and other articles
are followed by equally moderate in
creases in the exports from London.
The most phenomenal increases re
corded in this annual exhibit illustrate
in a striking way the revival of Am*rt»
can prosperity. The export of diamonds
ami other precious stones haa risen ab
ruptly from $1,394,976 to " |%ltfltt! "
proof of resumption of purchasing power r>
in America which has already affected „
the value of duties in South African
mines. A similar advance m the export
of works of art and antiquities from 51.
250,154 to J5.530.595 not only imphen .
largely increased expenditures of th«
rich for luxuries, but also illustrates th-» ;
practical operation of the. free list fforr r
.•i.l masters ami antiquities.
The treasures of the Engl^h country m
houses aro passing rapidly into th«
drawing rooms of American collector*
and into museums and public galleric*.
The ii. tier- know how to advertise ta«
works of great masters by having them
exhibited hi loan collections', and when *
the prices have been run up purchaser"
are found for them and the, shipments ''
all made duty free when the exporters *
have certified under oath that Rapbaj? 1 ' ..
Botticelli, Van I\vcK. Reynold* and ,
Turner are dead. It in destructive com- .-»
petition for living artists, but _.lt-tai» '
rapid process of enriching America with
the artistic treasure trove of the Enilisa
speaking motherland.
Th* old masters are- admitted fc»t3 ,
America untaxed in the int*r?3t of V|>.
and refinement, but other luxuries m

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