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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 02, 1910, Image 6

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IACADKMT^OF MUi?lC— 2~S:ls— Ka^ed Robin.
. AI,UAMBftA— 2— **— Vaudeville. «-
A.fHX>R M." *:l!V— Seven Days.
BKUAiJCO— S:2*>— Just a Wife.
XUJOIJ— 2:3o—^:2<v— Tta* lx>tt*ry Man.
Broadway «as — The Jolly Bachelors.
CASINO— 2:I5 — i-:iiV— The Chocolate Bo«ll«r.
COIjONIAL, — 2— — Vaudeville
OOMEm* — 2:15 S:ls— The Watcher.
CRrTTRION— «:2O— Tbe Bachelor*!; Baby.
I>ALY'i>— 2;ls— {>:»>— The Inferior Pex.
EDEN Ml'SEV:— The Wcrld in Wax.
EMPIRE— 2 : i,%—S :IT»— Mid-Channel.
- c FIFTH AVENUE— 2— *— Vaudeville-
GAXSTT - *:15— -Tfc« Fortune Hunter.
5 OARRICK— 2:I."> — S:15 — Your Humble Eervant.
-: <SIX)BE— 2:IS— S:IS — The Old Town.
i HAMMEK^TKINV— — S-:ir> — Vaudeville.
HERALD SQUARE— S:I5 — Old Butch. ■
r HIPPODROME— S— A Trip to Japan; Inctae
the Earth: the Tailet of jewels.
nit»SON— 2:ls— S:l.'»— A l.ncky Star.
IRVING HLACE — «.;15— Die Foer»t«r Chrlst'l.
• KNICKERBOCKER— «—Th« Dollar Princess.
IJBEKTY— 2— b— The ArcadlaML
■ -I.YCECM— *:2<>— MrJ=- Dot.
LYRIC- 1 -_s-.K>— The City.
. MANHATTAN* ERA HOl"SE— *— Thais.
The I'iissiT.c of the Third floor Tl" cl ix -r>
s NEW AMSTERDAM— S:ls— Madam* X.
XF\Y THEATRE— 2:IS— «:IS— T*«Ut* Xipht.
NKW YORK— _ ■• v ---■.•. .. i Turk.
r FAVOY— S:ir. — The "JlcSrfit^.
FTrvVESAXT- ?:ls— The I.ily. „ . -
WAI,LACK"S— 2:IO— S:I."»— AIias Jimmy \aien
*W KHKJTS— a:IS— S:H»— <Jf» nt th» World
WEFT END — 2;ls— B:ls— The Prince of Bo
Iwiat in Aduertiumeuto.
Pace Col. i . V-r.r. Col
-. AmufPßif.r.tj> ...14 6-7 Furn. Cottages... H> «
.Art sales . ... 4 4--".: Help WMicfl. . . .11 2r-.i
Auction' 501e5. ..1«l • !•■■>•- ana O»r
jxciosxrtriles t» 7 riajres s •
Bar.kw and ! Instruction 11 4 .
Broken 12 1 L*w?cn 11 ••
Su*ln<»sß 11**1 Bankbooks. .ll *
Chasm : ....II TiMarrißjres and
Carpet rearing. 11 5 IV»th« • •
■ Ccr*rtnwship •! Mwtlngs i- , •
Notice .;.... 12 7 Kotice of Sum-
T>r^k«- and Office : OMB* IS '
*>irnSture ...ill 5 : R-»l BKaw ...!• 6-.
T>! v jflond R*>«rrt I ' 1 4
Notices .....12 6 School Agencies. .ll *
•Dcmpnio Slttia- • 1 facial Notices.. 7 «
. . tlenj- Wanted. 11 8-4 ! BtamM Notices.. 11 0
"• • don* 12 c; Surrogate's
European Ad- i Notices 11 "
v*»rtls«Bca:s.. '* 6 ! Tiia«aMes .... ..11 o->
rinancial 12 &-7 To l>et for Bud- _
FV>reeJt>sure ' M purpom-s.-iO «-•
ss a >f ii 5-6 ! TrtbunP Bnbwcrlp
• ro; Bale IS 7! t' « Rates 7 7
- 7>>r- ( .r-. Reports. 3 6-7 : Type^rilinz 'l "
rtiraJeb-S Room? ! t'nfurnl.-=h«><i
-to Let 11 4! Apartments ...10 ■
3&nr*3)orK STribunx
This newspaper is ovened anH pub
lished by The Tribune Association, a
Xcw York corporation; office and prin
cipal place of business. Tribune Build
ing, Xo. |5f tfHMi fitrr<~t. V*MO York;
Ogden Mill*. president; Offdcn M. Reid,
secretary : James M. Barrett, treasurer.
The address of the officers is the office
0/ this ncicspapcr.
CONGRESS. — Senate: The postal sav
ings tank bill was under consideration.
House: Mr. Payne introduced a reso
_lutk«o for an investigation of the high
east of living; a Fharp attack on the
Rarest Service was made by Mr. Mon-
GC3L chairman of the Public Lands Com
FOREIGN. — The Seine continues to
fall slowly, and the government is taking
stern measures to repress looting and is
devising plans to aid the sufferers; a
Somber of lore*- >rifts from America were
received. —:—: — Th. Liberals have 274
* ats in the new Parliament, to the Tories'
275. - — — The Rev. C. Campbell Morgan
J-.sis declined a call to the Fifth Avenue
I*resbyteri:in Church. ■ The protect
ing powers in Crete will exert pressure
on) the [slanders to prevent their repre
sentation in th^ Greek National Assem
bly. — Mortimer Singer was gorious
]\" hurt by the fall of his aeroplane at
Cairo. * Ernest Henry Sackville-
West began suit to recover th* title and
States 1101T held by the nephew of the
loixaer British Minister at "Washington.
■ ■■ A. new ministry was Jormed in
« "hrist.. -in. . Sweden, with M. K'J.now as
Premier. , ■-'■
DOMESTIC— The New York" Itelega
tiuii in ■ the House of Representatives at
it caucus adopted resolutions pledging
. sapport to President Taft's legislative
*»r"ETanime. -but took sio action on the
question of th« House rules. ===== Sena
i<>r. Thompson, of North Dakota, re
signed, and W. E. Purcell was sworn in
10 nil ft 1 him. =_i=r The number of
•lead in the mine of the Colorado Fuel
. 111 1 ti Iron Company at Primero was placed
at .seventy-nine. - — Women were the
principal witnesses at the trial of "Pay
master George P. Auld before ■ naval
board, = — The Assembly Committee
■ •:. Internal Affairs held a meeting in. Al
bany on bills already introduced to-regu
late "automobiles; it will try to frame a
modelm<iasure embody the bestjft-at
ureq of the bills before it = = — : A Demo
: cratic direct primary bill, drawn by ex
.T':^p< D. Cady Herrick and Edward M.
Shtpard. was introduced in the. two
houses at Albany by Senator Grady and
Assemblyman Frisbie, the minority lead
-«-T9. =It was reported at Chicago that
the government might bring civil suits
for the dissolution of the National Pack
lag Company.
CITY. — Stocks closed strong after
■v weakness. - - a petition la
bankruptcy was filed against Fisk &
Hobinson. one of the great bond bouses
<.«f tlie city. - Controller Prtndergast
made sweeping changes in the Finance
Department. == Borough President
McAn°ny dropped seventy-five corpora
tion Inspectors ■■ The Hudson Coun
ty Grand Jury began an investigation into
<-oH storage methods. :—: — = Charles E.
KJlis and Edwin R. Graves were arrested
by federal authorities charged with a
$400,000 swindle by means of the mails.
: The police said that Denison, held
for "killing the two boys In Highbridge
■Park, had been identified as the party
v. Iki fired six shots a^ *■ man on January
*- . = An ordinance providing for a
■ale and sane Fourth of July was intro
duced in the Board of Aldermen.
THIS WEATHER- Indications for to
<lay: Fair and warmer. The temperature
.yesterday: Highest, 34 degrees; lowest,
T4 degrees.
The inquiry into the causes of the high
cos; of living which the Ways and Means
Committee of the House of Representa
tives is preparing to undertake must be
conducted i ■ a broad basis hi order to
be of any value to the public. If it
Khould be confined to the effects of the
tariff on the prices of commodities it
would not answer the questions in which
the people are chiefly interested. Why
ar<* meat, butter, eggs, milk and flour
high in price? Most of the articles of
the advanced cost of which the public is
complaining are not in any conceivable
way affected by the tariff.
If the proposed investigation does, not
answer the question whether the pack
ers* combination is or is not responsible
for the present great cost of meat. it
will not satisfy the purpose for which
an investigation is desired. The con
fused evidence now before the public on
tills topic is an example of the confusion
that prevails generally on similar ques
tions. The production of cattle in the
United States is not keeping pace with
the growth in population. In 1890 there
were about 2,100 head of cattle for every
1,000 persons west of the .Mississippi
River. Ten years later the proportion
was about -1,000 cattle to 1,000 persons.
That decline in cattle raising would on
Its face account for a marked advance in
meat prices. But it Is alleged that the
decline itself is the result of the policy
of the Beef — that the packer- keep
downprices for cattle on the hoof to« the
point where it is not profitable for the
Western farmers to raise more beef aui
mala; that is to say, that the high prices
uideh consumers are paying do not, be
cause vf the trust's control of refrigera
tion, have their loEriiinmte effect of stim-
OhttiOg cattle raisins.
What is the truth about, this? And
what is the answer to the hundred sim
ilar questions which the public is ask
ing about other commodities? Do the
cold storage. at culators force up the
prices of eggs, butter and poultry, or do
they merely distribute the supply "of
these articles throughout, the. year? Are
retailers and middlemen reaping exces
sive profits? An inquiry sufficiently broad
and fair-minded might have ■ beneficial
effect upon public opinion, might point
the W. 1 v to some useful legislation and
would certainly educe ' information of
scientific value, illuminating the eco
nomic conditions and tendencies, of the
day. . 1
The success of the attempt to incor
porate the i.iaximum-niinimnm scheme
of duties into our tariff system is now
amply assured. The critic,^ of the Payne
law last summer savagely denounced the
maximum-minimum device as si dishon
est subterfuge to secure the imposition
of maximum rates OH the great bulk of
imports iuto this country. They said
that the higher rates were intended to
be the normal rales and that the lower
ones were devised only to last until
March 1, 1010. Utter which, on the con
venient pretext of trade discrimination;?,
an extra duty of 2T> per cent ad valorem
wonld be clapped on all dutiable goods
sent us by the chief foreign traders in
our market.
Such criticism did little credit to the
fairness or intelligence of those who in
dulged in it. The Payne law was passed
with a view to increasing the revenues,
and it would have failed grotesquely in
that purpose if it had operated to shut
foreign goods out entirely by putting
duties on i prohibitive basis. Its fram
ers counted with reason on effecting an
exchange of trade courtesies with most
foreign countries, and that expectation
lias been realized by the completion of
uegotiarious which will allow ths mini
mum rates to apply to imports from most
of the countries of Euroi>e, and will en
title our exports to entry on the most
favorable terms into nearly every impor
tant foreign market. The Tariff Commis
sion decided ten days ago that no ob
stacle existed to trade under the mini
mum schedule with the United Kingdom.
.Italy. Russia, Spain, Switzerland and
Turkey, it has just added to the mini
muni schedule list Belgium, Denmark,
Norway. Sweden, the Netherlands, Egypt
and Persia.
The great bulk of our trade with
Europe is thus to be conducted on the
most favored nation basis. We imported
from Europe in 1908-*OO commodities
amounting iv value to $054,322,000. Of
i hat total the countries heretofore named
sent us goods valued at ' $379,000,000, or
TiT.O }>er cent, if an agreement is reached
with Germany the percentage of Euro
pean imports entering under the mini
mum schedule will be increased to 70.
In j'.tus-"«f.t the United states exported to
Euro}** goods valued at $1, 140,000.000.
Of "this total, goods sent to the countries
enumerated amounted in value to 5752.
000.000. or GS.2 per cent. If Germany
is included the total will be raised to
.$1,017,000,000, or i>S.7 per cent. It will
seen, therefore, that £0 far as Europe
is* concerned trade under the minimum
schedule will be almost universal, while
outside of Europe there is probably, no
single country or dependency, except
Canada, with which the United States
will have any great difficulty in arriving
at a mutually satisfactory trade under
standing. The maximum-minimum de
vice lias worked as its advocates pre
dicted that it would work — protect
American commerce abroad, while not
closing our markets, .in any material or
harmful degree to the products of other
nations. . „ .
The oriiy trouble with the 20-cents a
day fare, such «s that laid out by the
li"st<ii expert as ■ solution of the cost
of living problem, is that the human
Ih, ( lv js ix>t ■ chemical t^t rube. If it
were it might take its carbohydrates.
proteids and the rest of the chemical
is at<Tial that srionce says it requires
in the form of mush, oleomargarine,
smoked herring and cocoa shells and
milk, or of chopped hay and silage, for
that matter, without any variation from
<':ay to day. But although it. is common
to speak of food ad the fuel of the body,
the body will not accept a certain chem
ically sufficient diet unvaried from day
to day as a furnace will accept coal day
in and day out
A human being defies chemical analy
sis. The chemists have never been able
to put together the various chemical ele
ments that enter into a living organism
in one of their retorts and combine them
so as to produce that organism or any
other living thing. B'he synthesis is be
yond them. Iv a similar way there is
more to nutrition than the mere just
proportion of chemical elements.
The only man who can thrive on
mod«I cheap meals or on nuts and raw
turnips is the food faddist, and he finds
in the very eccentricity of his diet the
pleasure that the ordinary man gets
from tho flavor of a varied diet from
porterhouse f^teak and all the delicacies
in seawofi. The man who is proving by
bis practice that peanuts are the one
perfect food has a mental sauce for his
peanuts that the man cannot obtain who
can afford to eat nothing but peanuts.
The agitation and controversy which
w<re ■roused by the notorious Btemhetl
trial in Paris are now bearing fruit
which promises to bo of permanent and
beneficent affect in French jurispru
dence, or at least in the conduct of crim
inal trials. A bill for the radical reform
of procedure has been prepared under
the direction of the Minister of Justice,
and it seems likely to be enacted into
law. If so. it will mark greater changes
tlijiu have been seen before in our time.
The Dreyfus case h;<l to increased privi
leges of appeal, and the Soiellland ease
roused a revolt against clemency to
murderers. We may similarly expect
the BtafnheJ] case to be associated with
the pretty complete separation of the
judge's from the prosecutor's functions.
opponents of the reform have protested
against what they will the weakening )f
the beach and the lowering of its djg
i;ity. On the other hand. Its advocates
btsisf that the proposed changes would
really enhance the judicial authority by
ridding it of excrescences and burdens
which weaken and deform it. Hitherto
at the opening of a trial the judge has
cross-examined the prisoner, after the
manner of a prosecuting attorney, using
as the basis of his inquest the written
indictment only. Now it is pointed out
that the indiet ment is not evidence which
has been given in the court, and that a
gross inversion of procedure is involved
In cross-examining before direct testi
niony is given; "and also that for the
judge thus to examine the prisoner in
advance is to incur a grave risk of at
least apparent impairment of his Judicial
For the sake of the bench, therefore,
as well as for other reasons, it is pro
posed to abolish that preliminary inquest
T\v the judge, ' The new procedure will
begin with the reading of the formal
charge of the committing magistrate.
This .will be followed by a statement
of the. case by the public prosecutor,
which. will not, however, be permitted
to degenerate Into, i harangue "against
the prisoner or even into an argument
for the prosecution, but must be confined
to a presentation of facts. Then will
come the taking of testimony, during
which the judge will have the power to
demand explanations from the prisoner
or. from any witness, 'as may seem to
him fitting or desirable for the establish
ment of the full truth. Finally, the pub
lic prosecutor and the counsel for the
defence will have opportunity for cross
examination of all witnesses and, of
course, for summirie: tip arguments, and
then the jury Trill probably be asked,
not as at present. "Is the prisoner
guiltyV" but "Has the prisoner been
proved guilty?"
These changes will not make the
French procedure identical with or even
much like our own. But they will at
least eliminate from it the feature which
has seemed, to those accustomed to An
glo-Saxon as contrasted with Latin
methods, to be least consistent with ju
dicial impartiality and with the ascer
tainment of the truth, and they will in
vest the French procedure with a sim
plicity and a directness which may per
haps* be worthy of consideration by
Anglo-Saxon jurists.
The local Republican organization Is
to l>e heartily congratulated on its good
sense in taking action tha x looks tow
ard full co-operati< n with and support
of Governor" Hughes and his policies.
That move should point the way to xte
publican organizations all over the state.
The sooner they appoint committees to
confer with the Governor as to the -best
•way of furthering his measure* and,
having found out. the sooner they rive
him their most cordial support the bet
ter for the party.
The chief fault the public has to find
with the Republican party in this state
is with the spirit its management has
shown toward the Governor— "fail
ure to support him in many of' his poli
cies, its half-hearted support of him In
others "and the undisguised hostility of
many of the leaders to him: its flouting
of him in the Kelsey ma J ter, Hs opposi
tion to him in regard to direct pri
maries, its seizing of the most recent
opportunity to prove that it was unre
generate and to elect a representative
of the old traditions, a member of "the
old guard."' as its leader in the state
Senate. ...
Of course, there are many honorable
exceptions to this indictment^ both
among the members of the Legislature
UNI among Its? individual leaders, but
too large a proportion of them have
sought every opportunity of showing
their lack of sympathy with the Gov
ernor and the principles h" represents.
If the party management stood solidly
liehiud him it would be in an unassail
able position. There is still time to cor
rect some of Its mistakes.
Dr. Wiley, the federal government's
chief chemist, has added another to the
list of reasons, each of them conclusive
in itself, why oysters .should not be 'Tat
te.ned." The process in question is known
by many names besides tint which we
have mentioned, being also variously
called "drinking,"' "plumping," "bloat
ing,"' "bleaching" anti "laying down,"
but it is always substantially the same.
It consists in placing the oysters, after
they have been taken from their natural
salt water beds, in fresh or brackish
water, at the mouth of a creek or else
where, generally where there is a con
siderable admixture of sewage in the
water. There they are kept for a time
before marketing: long enough to pro
duce in them the symptoms of illness,
such as pallor and bloating. Incidentally
they lose much of their flavor, and be
cause of the dirtiness of the water the
liquor which they naturally contain
should be thrown away and they should
be carefuliy washed before they are
tat en.
There have hitherto been two strong
and obvious arguments against this
practice, one gustatory and one sanitary.
Now comes Dr. Wiley with a third in
dictment of comparable force, to the
effect that oysters thus treated are really
.•idulterated. and thus should come under
the ban of the pure food law.
That certainly seems logical. If it is
adulteration to put water into milk —
even pure, clfun water — BO as to mako
four gallons measure live or six, surely
it i> similar adulteration to put dirty
water Into oysters so as to make a hun
dred of them measure -0 per cent more
than they would In their natural state.
A pure oyster is a salt water mollusc
consisting of nothing but the tissues and
fluids which it has acquired in its native
bed. To add to it a quantity of some
alien substance would certainly .seem to
be adulteration In its baldest form, and
adulteration for a wholly inexcusable
purpose and with undisputedly mis
chievous results. Some adulterants are
supposed to be preservatives, though
their use for that purpose is not to be
defended, while others simply increase
the prolits of the seller and do no harm
to health. But this adulteration of
oysters with diluted sewage, just for the
sake of increasing profits, impairs their
quality, hastens their death and decay,
defrauds the purchaser and endangers
public health.
Chicago is intent on instituting a re
form which, though strictly local, may
exert a world-wide Influence and even
extend her fame to the stars. H<t Board
of Health insists that every streetcar i&
the city and the trains on her elevated
roads shall have a supply of untainted
air. The temperature in those vehicles
is to be neither too high nor too low. and
carbonic acid gas and microbes are to be
so effectually boycotted as no longer to
exist. The aim is a noble one. and per
fect success is assured, yet one or two
suggestions may possibly not prove un
So exhilarating may be the influence
of the proposed change upon the pas
sengers that they will be in danger of
arrest when they alight from the cars.
Would it not be judicious to caution the
police in advance against mistaking the
symptoms? If it be hi order, we should
also like to inquire what is the use of
stopping half way? Why suppress the
deadly disease germ and poisonous ex
halations from the lungs and not fme
the air, outside as well as inside the
cars, of Chicago's omnipresent soot?
This improvement should not be brought
about bo suddenly as to ruin the soap
trade. Some regard should be paid co
established interests. Still, when' Chi
cago makes up her mind to end the soft
coal smoke .nuisance, she certainly, can
do so. It will be necessary only to ad
dress the offenders tin the imperative
mood instead of saying "Please stop."
Scarcely less important than the bet
tering of atmospheric conditions in
streetcars is another reform, to the", ini
tiation of which Chicago may-well ad
dress herself. Here, again, the co-opera
tion of, the transportation companies is
essential, but that it is for their interest
to afford it is hardly open to dispute. At
present the number of persons who can
be carried in a car is limited. Only pas
sengers who secure seats, who stand In
the aisles and who crowd the platforms
can be accommodated. Would not a lit
tle study of the fourth dimension of
space show how to handle many more
without discomfort? If the fourth di
mension will not suffice, why not try the
fifth and the sixth"?
The latest exhibition f particularism
in the navy surprises nobody who has
seen the spirit of factionalism and self
interest develop in that service for a
generation wit hout efficient check. Chiefs
of bureaus have no hesitancy about op
posing legislation recommended by th«;
head of the department. They bave.
been doing the same thing for years,
using their influence, both publicly and
privately, to advance or defeat legisla
tion with no regard whatsoever for the
policy of the Hecretary or the larger
needs of the navy— one of the largest of
which is a concentration of authority
and responsibility in the Secretary's
Heads of bureaus have been so ac
customed to consider their own views
and interests as of pi hue importance
that they cannot, bear the thought of
"interference" from the civilian head cf
the establishment. The spirit which
they show was manifested in ti;e long
continued bickerings between the lino
and the engineer corps and is still
shown in the present rivalries between
line and staff. The administrator who
is to brblg order out of chaoa in nav:il
organization must sternly combat this
attitude of loyalty to a bureau or a
corps rather than loyalty to the naval
establishment as a whole. lie must ox
act obedience as well as co-operation if
he hopes to nullify pernicious partic
ularist influences which have too long
been allowed to exert their sway.
A letter from Mr. George "Westing
house, printed in another column, makes
it evident that he has himself under
taken to improve the design of the steam
turbine. He has brought to the atten
tion of thr United States Xavy Depart
ment the merits of his own invention as
well as those of the Melville gearing, a
mechanism intended to enhance the ad
vantages derived from the use of a tur
bine, though Mr. Westinghoupc. evi
dently believes that the best results can
be secured from one only in combination
with the other. It is manifestly to the
interest of tho government to inquire
how well grounded is the faith of the
Pittsburg inventor and manufacturer.
Whatever can be saved In the space oc
cupied by the motive machinery of a
war vessel may be gained for fuel stor
age and Steaming radius. That truth is
axiomatic. Hence, every claim of such
advantages, of simplicity of construction,
of facility of repair and of other im
provements, v> hen advanced by a man
of established reputation, deserves in
vestigation. The chief question to be an
swered In the present instance Is how
the government can best obtain the
reeded information. Shall it institute
its own tests or await the result of ex
periments with merchant ships?
In view of the errors which have been
discovered in the magnetic charts uf the
Atlantic It is fortunate that the compass
is not the navigator's sole reliance.
Senator Fountain 1,. Thompson, of
North Dakota, has astonished the coun
try by resigning on account of ill health.
Many Senators die, but few resign un
less they feel, like the Hon. John C.
hpooner. that they cannot afford the
financial sacrifices attendant on remain
ing in public life. Mr. Edmunds, it is
true, left the Senate about fifteen years
ago because his health was pocr. but his
retirement occasioned much surprise.
Incidentally, he is enjoying a hale old
age. Mr. Thompson's withdrawal is the
more unusual because he is serving by
appointment, and would probably have
been displaced by this time next year.
According to "Engineering News," the
German gyroscope car recently exhibited
in Brooklyn was "crammed with a per
"feet nightmare of complicated appa
"ratus." If anything should go wrong
with the insides of such a machine while
it was in service at a distance from a
repair shop the company owning and
operating it would need to organize a
relief expedition for the benefit of the
It appears that the municipal civil list,
just published, has taken no cognizance
of the change of administration which
occurred on January 1. it contains the
names of the officeholders under the Mc-
Clellan regime, just as if that regime
were not now a distant and unhappy
memory. What public use can be made
of the belated blue book no one seems to
know. The whole edition might be ex
pressed to a certain red brick building in
East 14th street to be distributed among
the members of the despondent political
organization as mementos of the days
that were.
That people will eat elephant meat with
a relish has been ' proved by a butcher In
Frankfort-on-the-Main, to his own protk-and
without the knowledge of his customers.
This enterprising tradesman learned that
a vicious elephant in the Ghent Zoological
Gardens was to be killed and made a bar
gain for the carcass. Within a few days
that elephant was transformed into 3,800
pounds of sausage meat and every pound
was disposed of at a good price.
Teacher— Jimmy, you look very pal© this
morning:. Are you ill?
Jimmy— No, ma'am. Ma washed mv face
Com morning herself.— Woman's "Home
"Upon what meat doth this, our Cscsar
feed '
That he has grown so great?" "
No matter what It was, its price
Was not the present rate;
For Ciesar. though ambitious, would
Have thought that price was phoney.
And rather than grow great he would
Have stuck to macaroni.
"Dc lazy man," said Uncle Kben, "tries
to save trouble an" merely succeeds in
savin' it up bo's to git* it In a bunch."—
Washington Star.
"The second step toward the canoniza
tion of the Maul of Orleans," says a writer
in the Vienna "N'eue Freie Pressed will
be taken on February 7. when the congre
gation of Rights will besln its investiga
tion of the high claim for saintly honors
of the heroine whose beatification was pro
claimed by the Pope on April 18, 19o». Sev
eral miracles which have been performed
since that time will come under investiga
tion. One of these took place at Lourdes.
The learned men will probably require two
years to finish their investigation, and at
the end of that time Jeanne d'Arc will
probably receive the honors of the altar
and become one of the national saints or
France." ,'-''<-'-
Rev. Gentleman -Do you know my
friend, that half the cases of cancer are
caused by people smoking those foul, dirty,
Biiort, black, clay pipes? ,„..„'
Son of Toil-An<J do you know «f»Vnor
that 'alf the black eyes are caused by folks
not mindin' their own business?— lllustrated
Bits. '. % V :V ;
In the prospectus which has been issued
by the directors of the International Art
Exposition which will take place at Venice
this year a list is given showing the num
ber of works of art sold at previous exhibi
tions In that city and the amount realized.
At the first one, in 1895. the sales amounted
to 360,000 lire, and at. the last, in 1907. the
amount was 526,978 lire. The formal open
ing will be on April 22, and the closing ex
ercises are scheduled for October 3L The
fact that April 22 will be a Friday shows
that . the promoters of the show are not
superstitious on that point.
Tourist— Do you know whether I'm right
for Stratford-on-Avon^
Rustic silent _ t „ .
Tourist (encouragingly) — Stratford—
Shakespeare's country. You know Shake
speare? • , _
Rustic (brightening)— Yus: be you he?—
Baltimore's school board has under con
sideration the question of allowing corporal
punishment in the nublic schools. The sub
ject has been referred to a committee, which
will confer with the teachers. If the opin
ions of the latter prevail the answer to the
question is easy. Was there ever a school
teacher who didn't fairly itch to "wallop"
an unruly boy?
Grandma (to "Willie, who is visiting In
the country)— Now. Willie, to-morrow we
will go to the little country church over
there and you will be christened.
Willie (whose papa build* ships)— No. you
don't! I don't want anybody busting a
bottle of champagne over my head I— Judge.
Mr. Westinghouse Explains Hifl Im
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: May I say, with reference to your
editorial note in your issue to-day con
cerning the marine turbine equipment,
which I have had the honor to present to
the Navy Department, that the subject
matter presented did not relate alone to
the Melville nn>l Macalpine gearing, but
included also turbine construction and op
eration of more than ordinary importance
in the equipment of our battleships in that
there is a saving of onr-half in weight and
space, with great economy in steam con
sumption and consequently increased cruis
ing radius.
I may add that negotations are well ad
vanced looking to the installation of like
equipment in passenger and freight boats,
it being a well known fact that direct con
nected turbines cannot be used for the
propulsion of slow-speed ships.
The test and demonstrations of the Mel
ville and Macalpine gear which have been
made and which have been witnessed by
naval officers and engineers of this and
Other countries warrant the statement
that it will be much less of an experiment
to equip a war or other vessel with the
apparatus I have offered to the Navy De
partment than hereafter to use any of the
direct connected turbine installations.
There can be no stronger corroborative
testimony to this fact than the action of
Mr. Parsons, who is now making an in
stallation of his turbine with a reduction
gear, and the proposed installation of
turbine-driven electric generators for sup
plying current- to motors attached to the
propeller shafts, the reason for this in each
case being the« recognition of the fact that
the installations with the propellers con
nected directly to the turbine shafts have
not met expectation*. Respectfully, -
Pittsburg, Jan. SI. 1910.
... - • ■
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir:, the benefit of "A "Worker" and
"Yankee," whose letters on immigration
recently appeared in The Tribune. I beg
to state that two organizations have been
formed in New York and Brooklyn to
advocate drastic legislation on this subject.
If, therefore, those writers are very earnest
in this matter. I would suggest that they
join these leagues and help the good work
along. W. H. AL.L.EN.
Brooklyn, Jan. 2?, 1310.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Your witty editorial on "The Wisdom
of Children" in last Saturday's iftue is
Our physicians are much respected as
the oracles of men on the vital topics of
health and dietetics. But when they blow
the trumpet of instruction and warning,
it should, like the Gospel trumpet, give no
uncertain sound.
I confess that I was amazed at some of
the expressions of Dr. "Woods Hutchison
in his address on "Proper Food for Chil
dren." All through life I have suffered
a lack of full energy and eftk-iency be
cause of limitations induced by excessive
eating, especially of sweets, in childhood.
If I should, therefore, lay down a rule
for the physical wellbeing of children, it
would be: Teach them to govern their
appetite; to eat only at meals, not between
mealH, and then not to excess, and to avoid
forming the candy habit.
Here, however, is a doctor who declared,
"You cannot give a child too much to eat,
so long as he likes what ho eats. Give
children food as a continuous performance
if they want it. The average animal can
eat all day."
Yes, doctor, but "the average animal"
lives outdoors all day and its brains are
not taxed by school.
Dr. Hutchison may do much harm by
his address. I wonder whether he was
reared where no candy shops existed and
whether his childhood was marked by the
luc-k. rather than the abundance, of nour
ishing food. A CLERGYMAN.
New York, Jan. 31. 1910.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I read the article, in The Trlbuiu- to
day giving the views of Senator Wain
wrlght tin tint reorganization of the state
committee with interest.
What is th- matter with Senator TVain
wright for Chairman? I think every one
who knows Senator Wainwright will agree
with me that his lung experience as a
legislator, his Intimate acquantance with
the poltics of Hm state, his sterling in
tt-Krity and genial pers-mality, point him
out as the ideal chairman. As chairman
of the Btate committee he would command
the confidence and respi-ot of all.
New York, Jan. 'JS, lsiv.
To the Kuitor of The Tribune.
Sir: Will you allow a constant and an-
Ijieciative reader of your i>ttper to express
lii.i humiliation and surprise that tho
chamber of Commerce of Xnv York could
not better estimate and measure ihe deli
cacy .shown by tho French Chamber of
Commerce in not asking aid where it is so
palpably needed? I lannot but believe
that the better bretdiiiK and national cour
tesy of tin: French would not have awaited
«ny hugging appeal could t!u> .situation he
reversed. As an American I most earnestly
hope that belter councils will pi. v.ill.
Lakehurst, N. J.. Jan. l j», i»io.
People and Social^ IncidenU
(From Th« Tribune Bureau.)
Washington. Feb. 1.-Th© President re
ceived assurances to-day from a. commit
tee composed of Representatives darn
and Hayes of the cordial support of tie
insurgents for .his legislative programme.
Tho President will »end to Congress in
the near future a message recommending
legislation for the promotion of efficiency
in the personnel of the army, navy ana
marine corps.
The Cabinet meeting occupied more than
three hours to-day. Secretary Meyer dis
cussed the- message above referred to. Sec
retary Dickinson laid before the President
all the papers in the case of Irst Lieu
tenant George S. Thompson. of^ba-J/biUp
p!ne scouts, who was convicted by court
martial In the Philippines of conduct un
becoming an officer and sentenced to dis
missal. Secretary Wilson discussed the
high cost of living:. .
Representative Morehead. of North Caro
lina, discussed with the President the pros
pects for Republican activity in the South
ern political Held. Mr. Morehead feels con
f.dent that six Republicans will be elected
to the House from North Carolina.
The President's youngest aon, Charles.
has received a model of the aeroplane in
which Glenn Curtis* won the world's cham
pionship at Rhelms. France, in the recent
international airship competition.
The President, the Attorney General and
air. Finch, pardon attorney of the Depart
ment of Justice, will take up in the near
future the appeal for a pardon of W. M.
Harvey, of Plttsburg, who was convicted
several years ago of mishandling the funds
of the Enterprise National Bank of Alle
gheny, which failed. Representative Gra
ham and the Pennsylvania Railroad Com
pany are interested in the case. The rail
road company has promised Mr. Harvey a
place of trust, but he must enter on his
duties by February -"■
Miss Helen Taft, accompanied by two
schoolmates, who have been guests at ths
White House since Saturday afternoon, re
turned to Bryn Mawr this afternoon. They
spent goal* time yesteiday in the Presi
dent's seat in the Senate gallery, and later
were guests of the Vice- President at.
[From The Tribune Bureau.]
Washington. Feb. 1.-Ttoe Italian Ambas
sador and Baroness Mayor dcs Planches
will hoi i a reception at the embassy on
Thursday afternoon. Like all of their en
tertainments from now until they leave
Washington, it will be in the nature of a
The Russian Ambassador, who has be*n
ill for some week*, is still confined to his
room, but Js said to be a l.Ule stronger
each day, and will soon be a*le to drive
The British Ambassador and Mrs. Bryoe
entertained informally at luncheon to-Cay.
The Chinese Minister and his family wtii
give a series of afternoon teas on Thurs
day, beginning this week, from 4 to 6
Several diplomats went to Baltimore this
afternoon to attend a musical, with Mrs.
Burton Jacobs as hostess. la the party
were Mme. Ritter. wife of the Swiss Min
ister; Baroness Preuschen yon und zu
Liebenstein, Viscountess Benoist d'Azy,
Mr. de Thai. Russian second secretary;
Mr. Martin, Swiss secretary; Miss RObe-
BOa and Mrs. Richardson.
[From Th» Tribune Bureau.] ■
Washington, Feb. I.— The Secretary of
War and Mrs. Dickinson and the Secretary
of the Interior and Mrs. Ballinger were- en
tertained at dinner to-night by the Solicitor
General and Mrs. Lloyd W. Bowers. who
invited a number of guests to meet them.
The party dined at an early hour and later
went to the White House reception.
The British Ambassador and Mrs. Bryre
were the guests of honor at dinner to
night, with Dr. and Mrs. McKim as hosts.
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Cleveland Perkins
entertained a number of guests at dinner
to-night, and ex-Senator Davis had to dine
with him at the home of Senator and Mrs.
Eikins a number of prominent railroad
Senator Depew left here to-day for New
York for a short visit.
Blßsa Ol^a Roosevelt, who i.-^ now in New
York, will join her parents. Mr. and Mr.-.
Robert B. Roosevelt, here to-morrow. Os
Friday thoy will go to Philadelphia as the
guests of Mrs. Robert Morris, and *\ill at
tend the Assembly Ball with her.
Miss Ethel Roosevelt, who is now the
guest of her brother-in-law and sister,
Representative and Mrs. Longworth. at
Dr. Sanford Assumes Presidency of the
Worcester Institution.
"Worcester, Ma.«?.. Feb. 1. — In- the pres
ence of a distinguished company of scholars
and educators, representing thirty-eight
American colleges and universities. Dr. Ed
mund Clark, Sanford was to-day inducted
into the, presidency of Clark College, in
succession to the late Carroll D. Wright.
After a brief speech of welcome Colonel
A. George Bullock, president of the board
of trustees, formally turned over to Dr.
Sanford the administration of the college.
Dr. Samuel P. Capen then spoke in behalf
of the college faculty; Dr. G. Stanley Hall,
president of the Clark University, pre
sented the greetings of that institution:
James K. Foster, of the senior class of
Clark College,' extended the welcome of the
undergraduate body, while the felicitations
of the alumni were extended, by Ralph S.
Kennedy, of the class of '05.
Then came the greetings of the repre
sentatives of other educational institutions.
Professor Harry C. Jones spoke for Johns
Hopkins University. Professor C. M. Bake
well represented the University of Cali
fornia, from which Dr. Sanford received his
bachelor degree in ISSD. and President A.
Lawrence Lowell brought the greetings of
Harvard University.
President Banford then delivered his in
augural address. The induction exercises
were closed with a benediction by the Right
Rev. Alexander H. Vinton. Episcopal
Bishop of Western Massachusetts.
Berlin. Feb. I.— David Jayne Hill, the
American Ambassador, and Jits. Hill gave
a dinner to-night in honor »f Chancellor
yon Bethmann-Hollweg and Mrs. yon Beth
mann-Hollweg. Among the guests -were
Lieutenant Gustavo yon Krupp yon Bohlen
und Halbach, General Stewart I* Wood
ford, head of the Hudson-Fulton Celebra
tion Commission: Under Secretary Stem
rich, Ernst E. yon Ihne, the court archi
tect; Colonel Ziethen and the Swiss, Mexi
can and Hanseatic ministers, all of whom,
with the exception of Under Secretary
Stemrlch, were accompanied by their wives.
Milwaukee, Feb. I.— There are 22.557.073
Catholics under the United States flag, ac
cording to advance sheets of the official
Catholic directory. The Catholic popula
tion under the British flag Is TjIHLIIt In
the United States proper there are H. 347,027
Catholics, a gain of 111,576 over a year ago.
New York loads the states, with 2.75.61 D
Catholics, and Pennsylvania Is nexT with
Washington. Feb. I.— The dinner to be
tendered to President Tuft on the even
ing of February 2a by the Society of the
Cincinnati of the State -of New Jersey
is to be held in New York City. Instead of
fat Trenton, as at first proposed. The Presi
dent will speak in Newark. N. J.. on the
[ evening of February 23.
tended the reception to Congress at th«
Whit* Honse with th«m. Bh« met naaj
old friends, who remembered her first a?.
pearance in th* Bine ftoom In th« earl?
part of her father's administration. when
sho wore short, RirUsb :r> »nd her tan
In braids, tied with wtd* rlr,bon.i.
John Barrett, director of th* Buvssu of
American Republics, entertained at dinner
to-night in honor of th« recently appointed
Minister to China and Mrs. Vr. J. Caiaonn.
His other gruests were lh« Chilian Minister
and Seflora d« Cruz. the> Ecuadoran Minu
ter, tho Cuban Minister, Mr. and Jfn.
Thomas C. Dawson, Repre**r\tatlv an*
Mrs. D. J. Foster, Mme. Tan©3, Miss Sher
rill and Miss Car bo.
Mo*t of th« debutantes of th« «•«*?■»
were in attendance !&*c nl/ftit at tin ffaal
Junior cotillon of the season at Sherry*.
Many dinners wcra given pr«vlon* to th*
danc*. among the h«»t*ss«» betas Mr» John
H. French, who pave a dinner AJ Sherry's
for htfr daughter, Mte* Hllah French, an.l
MM Edward D. Adams, whose dinner ala<>
was for her daughter. MUM Ruth Adam*.
The hostesses afterward took their gutsta to.
the dance. The cotillon was danced t»for>»
supper, and wad led by Stow* P*.<*tp», wit:a
Miss Elizabeth G. Gardiner for hl3 partner,
and the favors consisted of th* usual sou
For the benefit of the Brysort Day Nur
sery a concert was given yesterday after
noon under fashionable patronage at Th«
New Theatre. The philharmonic Orchestra
played unde| the direction Of Gustav Mah
ler and Kit-card > Martin was the soioUt.
Among 1 those seen in the audience wer*
Mrs. Charles D. Stickney. Miss Catherine
L. Ilamersley, Mrs. Frederic J. de Peyster.
Mrs. John R. Drexel. Miss Dorothy Schlef
felin, Mrs. John S. Rogers. Mrs. Gorhanx
Bacon. Miss Grace Bigelow. Mr. and Mr
G. Hunter Brown, Miss Pauline Robinson,
Mrs. Archibald Gouriay Thacher. Mrs.
Robert R. Livingston, Mrs. Henry A. Mur
ray. Mrs. Xewbold Morris and Mrs. E.
Livingston Ludlow.
Miss Sarah Atterbury. daughter of Mrs.
Lewis Boudinot Atterbury. was married
yesterday afternoon in St. George's Church
to Percy Litchft>l<J. The ceremony was
performed by th« rector, the Rev. II .-i
Blrckhead. and was followed by a reception
at the home of Mrs. Atterbury. '.h Wes;
Ssth street The bride wore white satin
trimmed with point lace. Her tulle veil
was fastened with orange blossoms and an*
carried lilles-of-tne-valley and gardenias.
Miss Hopeton Atterbury was her sister's
maid of honor and two other sisters. Miss
Josephine and Miss Isabel Atterbury, wer*
the bridesmaids. They were all dressed
alike in yellow crepe meteor trimmest
with white lace and gold embrofdery and
wore large black lace hats -Kith black
tulle bows and carried bouquets of red
roses. Norman Lltcnfleld was Mi troth«rs
best man, and the ushers Included Paul
F. Mann, of Buffalo; George M. Clarke.
Bertrand F. BtU, Edmund C. Utchae!d
and Alexander M Orr. Jr.. who took th<»
place of Clark P. Read, who was prevented
from serving on account of the death • "
his grandmother.
Mr?. Joseph Stickney will srive a small
dance this evening at her bouse bl Fifth,
avenue. •
Miss Caroline Astor Drayton. daughter
of J. Coleman Drayton. will be married to
William Phillip-?, secretary of th* Ameri
can Embassy in London, to-day. The wed
ding will take plac- in the pariah church
of Rogate. a small village in Sussex.
Mffß. Oiiv.-r Ilarrlnian. wil! 'cave tow i
about the middle of th^ moaJs for Aiker,
S. C, to spend several weeks.
Francis J. Otis has returned to town.
from Newport, where he- was the g"!?st for
a few days of Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton Flsli
W. Butler Duncan, who I 3 abroad. tax
been placed In mourning by the death In
London of his sister, the Dowager Lad-
Hay. •» grandmother of the present and
tenth Baron Sir Duncan Hay of Hay
stoim. W. Butler Duncan's departure for
Europe, two weeks ago. was caused by
her illness.
Mr?. EnT"ti G. F^.bbri nas returned ti
toira fn->m her Southern trip.
Mr-. John R. Drexel will atTS a small
dinner dance to-morrow evening at her
house In East C*l street.
The Rev. Dr. Robert Mackenzie Returns
as Secretary.
At a meeting of the College Board of th*
Presbyterian Church, held at the Presby
terian Building, in Fifth avenue, yesterday
afternoon, the Rev. Dr. Robert Mackenzie.
a. former president of the board. was elect
ed secretary to succeed Dr. James Stuart
Dickson. who died in April.
The College Board to th? agency of tM
Presbyterian Church that will co-operate
with its afty-six denominational college*
in handling the bequest of the late John.
Stewart Kennedy, a one-fourth part of th-*
residuary estate, conservatively estimattl
at SBMsl
At a recent meetlns? of the Hungarian
Hospital Association, held at the »t. !>«:•*
Hotel, it was decided to collect funds
all over the country for the purpose ."
erecting a modern hospital in ihls city.
It is understood that the papers oi incor
poration are soon to be B!e<J nith tha
Secretary of State. The officers of th-i
association are Professor Ari>»d Gerster.
president and Consul General Alexander d«
Nuber and Professor M. E. Pupin, of
Columbia University, vlce-presld.-nts. Th*
office of general secretary will li nileU
by Emil Zerkowita. Royal Hungarian In
spector of Immigration. Count Ladisiaw
Szechenyi is a member of the executive
Scott Wheeler, organist of Plymouth
Church. Brooklyn, has handed in his re
signation, to take effect at May 1. Fran*
C. Munson. chairman of the music cot»
mittee. said that Mr. Wheeler was tla%
one to make explanations if any were -•
be made. He said that thero had b€fl£B
dissatisfaction in the rhoir for ,■.-.- tiurtik
Tho church has ma . arrangements Is
secure as its new organist Arthur Dvp«w.
who Is now engaged by a Manhattan
A. Radclyffe Dutmore was ti;. dinner
guest of the British Schools and Universi
ties Club at the Hotel Astor last night. Mr.
Dutmore started on an expedition tIMM*WI
British East Africa a year ago. and passed,
partly through the region in which Colonel
Koosovelt is now hunting. After the din
ner he showed a large- collection cf photo
graphs of the native* and the jamc oi ta*
Los Angeles. Feb. 1. -TV- condition of
Henry W. I'.iit. brother of the President,
who is suffering from erysipelas. w*»
somewhat improved to-day. Fever and *
threatened spread of the malady *« r *
stopped during the night. Dr. William A.
Edwards announced his belief that «•>
further complications would develop an' •
thut in ■ few days Mr. Taft would be *&*
to resume his journey to New Aiis>

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