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Amusements. ACADEMY OF MCSIC-— 2— S:ls— Ragged Robin. '-VtfTOR— 2:U> — «:J5 — Sever. Days. * : UElwVgOO— C:2&— B:2o— isist a Wife. " UUOU — 2;20— <«:20 — TT.e Lottery Man. -,v - BROADWAY— 2:IS— *:W -The Jolly Bacaeiors. .. CAU.NEGIE HAIX- £:»—«■»<> Recital. CASINO— 2:13 — S:15 — Tfce Cticcolate SoWMr. *■ COlX3>"lAir-2 — S — Vaucei ii: c . -COMEDY— 2:IS— S:I."»—Th« Watcher. mCMTERICN 2:15 — 639— The Ba.chelor'B Baby. DALY £ 2:l6 —^-.80 — The Inferior Sex . EDEX isl."3KE— The World in wax. EMPIRE— 2:IS— S:IS—MId-<^»anne;. -_ 15— 8:1&— Th« Fortune Hunter. OAKKICK— 2:IS— s:IS— Your Humhlfs tenant. <^LOBE— 2-ir.— B 15— The Old Town. HACKK7T- 2:ls— B:ls— Non« So " nd ,,, o mwimigrrivs 1 :.". — VaudevilJe ■ERALi SQUARE— =:IS--«i»-OM Dutch. ■NOI>HUMI->- 2— *- Trip to Japan; msiue th P Eanl.: the BaJs*t of Jewels. HCtJSON— 2:IS— M."'-A Lucky Star. «,.,<*_ * XBXTNG PI*ACE— 2:Io — I^jscnbnjeder — s.ia Di« FoerMer tThrl-nfl. " *,„,„„«_ . KXICKER3OCKEK— 2— B— The Dollar Princ«a. a UHERTV ■:- Arcsdians. , I.TOEiM — 1 I? — *:1?> — Mr- Dot. ■ .vnir— 2ir- — ■" - — Th« etc? A MANHATTAN- OPERA HOUSE— S— Samson aaa «MAXI\I-"V.":. -• - THEATnK-2:S<^-s:3i>— The i'o^.nc of th* Third E1'??E 1 '??r (I 5 ac >: S0 _ I SIETKOPOIJTA^ OPERA H.i fcE— -30— L* NEW THE»TKV>-2;ir>— The tchooi lor Scan. A. rr * > Yo'riK^-2-!t.vs^.->— T>* Touxw: Turk. It^^^^^l^i^^-- TrEEEß'?— 2:lS— «:ls— t-!r*? o? the World TTSST EN'l>-2::5-%:K.-The P«inc« cf Bo hemia. . _^___ _ Index to Advertisements. Fa*«.. Co!. ; Pap- - Col >Bax»ewi««t- ...U 5-T!M*n-l*ceß and Auto-n-iMir- ■ ■ r~av>f> < > Uc*ilfln« ..... * S-*[2«c*t<* of I *!-_ -i,, v ,^ M « ITHOTB ''- * r»™« •■■--• r •'• « Psrtitiori Sale*— ll ♦ . -- . -.i T « •- V~i EMCte . - .10 dm 12 : Reli«iouii N "-,, 4,7 rWwky wid OfTtc* ■ &** •. «-* • Forntture ....H fc.Ttonfei*- « » N ■■ v^ -2 ■■■■■* I £4,~.~nj«- Siwa- School Aetncies-.n •' ■ ,j«r* 11 < ! sto. act NoUc^-11 1 ' Bmclovm't Agsa - : Sarrnra..*"? 0 ,. rU* ' .11 •' T> 1 « ,i fj . «... i - Advts.l3 it^ t*« ■" « Vi __ __ ■Flran«-lal '- "To L*t for Busi- Tot i 8i 8 , 1' * Trlbooft &üb»crl»- _ , roreiga r.csort«.lS 6-7' tion Rates • ' Help t\-B=t«d...n -•" ' "''»?• Aparts- o ■ TyJrt Bankbooks.il «' ____-. Ws&B J &&& aacttmne. • 5ATini>AV. TERRtARV 5. 1910. This newspaper is oicncd and pub iitb'd by The Tribune Association, a ■TCeic York corporation: office and prin cipal place Of business. Tribune Build in*;, yo. 154 ftssassi street* Pesg York; Oyden HUH. president: Oiiden M. Reid. . nxrclary: James M. Barrett, treasurer. The address of the officers is the office •f ihi* newspaper. TBE .VETT.«f TTTIt: SfQRXIXG. '■: ~'" r CONGRESS. — Senate: The postal sav ings bank bill remained under eonsid^ra ' - M - House: No business was I transacted, early adjournment being tefcev on account of the death of Repre sentative Covering, of Massachusetts. FOREIGN. A dispatch from Managua MM that the insurgent gunboat Ometep-? vIK-lled town, but ems disabled by ••■ from the shoe* batteries after set ting i i!:- houses on fire; a decisive bat tle near the capital is expected soon. Bears. .-. town sixty miles cast of TVTanasua, was captured by three hun dred insurgents: a number of the sev enty-five men finding the place fought T'.'ir v,-ay through the besieging lines. — ; ■- The Seine has fallen ten feet from I Its hiphest mark and the authorities be- ... that the precautions taken will pre ' - at m epidemic; England's relief ccn ""tributionn exceed those from the United States. =z= A •;■ to curb the press of Jndia was introduced -it yesterday's ses- L f ion of the Imperial Council at Calcutta. |y ■.._■-— Advices from London indicated ft i hat' the petitioner for the title and ea rn tates of Lord Sackville would fail to win th" suit. = Mr. Roosevelt ami other im-'irbers of the African expedition ar rived in pood health at Ximuie, in the UjgM ■■■• Protectorate. DOMESTlC.— President Taft appoint ed Charles F. Stokes surgeon general of The navy, to succeed Presley M. Rixey. ■ A verdict of $74,000. under the Sherman anti-trust law, was returned najri— * the union batters in the Dan bury. «■'.>; . hat case. - — The steam ship Kentucky, on her way to the Pa oifie, foundered off Hattera? and through ■use of the wireless the Alamo took off the captain and crew of forty-six men. ■ • The trial of lira. Stewart-Ford. charged with blackmailing C. I- War riner, convicted treasurer of the Big Four" Railway, dosed suddenly at Cin cinnati. — Attorney General O'Malley »t Albany Issued a it-port on election case* in this city handled by his office in 190 S. ==■ It was learned at Albany that the record book of the Assembly Internal Affairs Committee for 1901. when Senator Conger charged that Sen ator Ailds received a bribe, had disap peared. z=^z=. The will of General Will iam F. Draper was filed for probate at "Worcester. Mass. CITY. — Stocks were strong. . ■-". i The Board of Estimate took action looking to a determination of the cost of abol ishing grade crossings on the Long Island Railroad. : . The Inquiry into the charge that there was a %\orkin ' agreement between the express com -panies was opened. ===== ("old storage «*onditions were broucht to light in Jer sey City. Relations between meat packers" of the independent group and ihe se-called trust wvrt brought to light in the Supreme Court. -=- Army medi cal supplies valued at 5400,000 were de stroyed by fire. THE WEATHER. — Indications for to day: Fair. The temperature yesterday: Highest, 39 degrees; lowest. 2S. USE FOR TEE ROOSEVELT. Before the National Geographic So ciety takes action <n the proposal that lit co-opera tf with the Peary Arctic Club in organizing au expedition to the Antarctic regions it will undoubtedly insider several rtloos. One Is, Who shall ]«•:;(? the party- Corv^ander Peary bixs'elf has wisely decided nut to par ticipate in EMM. He hM asked m> liiauv favors of •■ '■>• government in tue last twenty-five year* that a request tor an oiber leave of absea«-e. so that he misziit <*n?a;re iii further exploration, would '»•• indecorous, ;■"' '■'■ say presuming. Besides. bo different are the conditions in the fXtiv:,..- nortb and MBtftl that Eetbods employed in ih«± one region are in. altogether suited to the other. Sir rnest nsrlrlcraaj. following a su-rjies t:, >v made by Evelyn Baldwin, used Si rian ponies, instead of dojrs, to draw s .-. - because for the to '--i.: of o<l consumed the ponies developed ;i- power than the dop-s. Still another iency ?" r transportation over the Ant ctio continent, the ice automobile. Is ::iso likely to prove rateable in the quest i the South Pole. No .loubt sen can l«€ found who "would wlllinzJy »ake riMaV of the expedited but unless me one should appear who by exiKTi ce in the Southern Hemisphere and •lerwise is eminently qualified for tb< :jsk it would he felly to undertake i;. CarefuJ consideration Qivjat also be •liven hi the alms and specific destina tion of tii" proposed expedition. It will he asked i:' American explorers could with propriety select a field or opera* lions- already adopted by others. Captain Scott, ittwaf preparations for a fresh : nttexupt to rmdi tho South Pole are now far advanced. Intends to •** hispid l»a^ .', Boss .Sea V,v«uld it be lees than an * intrusion for rivals to adopt tost route? Commander Peary would unquestionably condemn any such plan, as he himself entered a vJgcrous protest when he fan-* I c:ed that Srerdrup was about to follow I path to tli<; North Pole previously de- j scribed by himself. Sir Ernest Shackle- . ton. it has bang been known, is also de- ; sircus of , exploring Antarctica again, aud be is said to hnvo announced on January 0 that be would probably make his next landing on Coats Land or near | the Gaussber^. line recently he ha* been credited with intimating that he has no plans for the immediate futmv, but does not courtesy -demand that hi* intention? be ascertained definitely be fore Commander Peary's suggestion that : the Roosevelt be sent to Coats Laud is approved? It may be voted. by the way. that Coats Land skirts Weddell Sea, an ex tension of the South Atlantic, and was ; discovered by ■ Scot, Dr. Bruce,, 1904 He. too, is easer to carry bis work in , that region further. Thus far he has not j secured all the financial backing he ■ needs, but if we are not mistaken bis plans were made public at lea.st a year ago. After all. ■ wo: thy use can be made of the ship used by Commander Peary in bis recent Arctic voyages, even if it ; can ies no party from this country to I the Southern Hemisphere. If it should I be presented or lent to Sir Ernest Suackleton or Dr. Bruce, I double good would result. The cause cf science would j be materially advanced, and there would be a kindly repayment of an old debt. The Windward, in which Peary made at least one of his trips to the north, was sriven to him by Mr. Ilarrnsworth (now j Lord Northcliffe) after the vessel had been unsuccessfully employed by Jack son, a British explorer. Would it not | be a srrsceful act if reciprocity to bo- i stow the Roosevelt on -mio of Lord Northdiffe's fellow countrymen who would use it In similar service? MR. GLAYI-'?. The Bal linger investigation has pro ceeded far enousb to enable the public to form a detinite conception of Mr. Glavis. The very fact that Mr. Ballin?er has not been represented by counsel has jriven the putlie a more unobstruct ed view of the man whom Mr. Wicker sham, the Attorney. General, called a "mesaloiuauiac" and whom Mr. Pinchot warmly indorsed as one of the stoutest defenders of the public interest. Mr. Claris^ was permitted to tell bis story in his own way, and incidentally to throw a flood of light upon the workings of his own mind. We have no disposition to pronounce judgment on the merits of this contro versy, regarding which -so little evidence has been as yet produced. But Mr. Glavis evidently belongs to the type of man which attaches great importance to trifles. A curious illustration of his tendency to find mysterious sign:ticance ii the most insignificant coincidences appeared in bis reluctance to mention the name of a town in Alaska that was referred to in his testimony. After some hesitation he gave its name as "Nel son." the name also of the Senator who is presiding at the Balliuger inquiry. He appeared to regard this coincidence as embarrassing' Another illustration of his capacity to judee evidence was the seriousness he attached to a land lobbyist's boast that the failure of ex-Secretary Gartield to be retained in the present Cabinet was due to the - influence -of the Alaskan claimants., . A person, of ordinary sagac ity would have dismissed this assertion as on a par with hundreds of assertions that are invariably heard in regard to the mutations of politjcs. Not so Mr. Glavis. He is prodigiously Impressed. He reduces the statement to the form of an affidavit at the earliest possible moment and rashes a copy of it to Mr. Pinchot. Another copy he intended for the President himself. Mr. Gfavrla m;i; have hit upon the truth about the trreat Conspiracy on ■rhose trail he camped so vigilantly, but if be has done so it was through an un erring imagination, not through the ex ercise of common sense THE GERM AGREEMENT. The conclusion of an agreement under which the United States and Germany are enabled to deal with eacli other commercially on the most favored na tion basis is ■ striking vindication of the wisdom of the maximum-minimum schedule provisions of the Payne tariff law. By the use of that simple device to obtain equality of treatment the United States has now secured a free dom of entry into the German market which it never could have secured under a single schedule tariff. • The situation was this: Germany began several years ago to "build up a Central and Eastern European Zollverein, negotiating rec iprocity treaties with Russia. Austria- Hungary, Rumania, Servia, Italy. Switz erland and Belgium, which gave Ger man products an advantage in the mar kets of those countries and admitted their products into Germany at mini mum rates of duty. To give the con cession of minimum rates, a material value maximum rates had to be Imposed by the Berlin government on the prod ucts of countries not in the combina tion. The United States and Prussia had become signatories nearly a century ago to a commercial treaty guaranteeing mutual most favored nation treatment. That treaty had been taken over by the German imperial government, but when the new commercial treaties were rati fied Germany was, of course, obliged to denounce the agreement with the United States as ■ matter of good faith to her European special partners. The United States did not want to see the old arrangement terminated. Neither did it v. ant to make a com mercial treaty giving Germany favors here which would have to be denied to other friendly foreign nations. The life of the expiring treaty was extended to give an opportunity for negotiations, and finally, boom time after the German uj;.\iiiiu:n-M:iiiiii)uni tariff had gone into effect, if was arranged thai German] should exchange a partial suspension of her maximum schedule for the few con cessions which tLe United States was able to make under Section 3 of the Dlngley law. a tariff war was avoided, tut while this country wa:: giving Ger many complete most favored nation treatment it was getting only partial must favored nation treatment in re turn, because the single schedule Diugley la« did not allow sufficient latitude for eitlier concessions or reprisals. .The [lotted States has been receiving the minimum German rates on about lidO Out of GOO tariff items and has . been giving Germany lowest fates on all articles. It was with the hope of secur ing a generally fairer exchange, and i*i*:elally. perhaps, with Germany, that the franten of the Payne law- adopted the double schedule' plan and declared that tbe United States was .-willins to NW-YORK DAILY TRTTrt*N*E. SATURDAY. FBBRUABY 5. ttlf exchange minimum for iiilnimum or maximum for maxiinuui all along the line. The benefits of that policy are now becoming • apparent. Nations to whicn our market is important are offering us as targe a degree of courtesy and friend ship as they offer to any of our com petitors. lv. the ease, of Germany the <b— c of all tile prolonged and trouble some negotiations of osfl last four years baa been completely removed, ami the two countries are- had; again ou the drill and easy basts of absolute equality of treatment. Some questions of ad ministrative regulation remain to be* settled, but they do not affect the main agreement, which secures to the United States the enjoyment of the minimum schedule rate* on all it* exports to the German Empire. With Germany added to the European countries giving a fair exchange in tariff favors, three-fourths to four-fifths of our European trade is sure. to be conducted after March 1 on the minimum schedule basis. France seems still inclined to hold aloof and reject this country's offer of a fair bar gain. France took in lOOS-'OO American goods worth $105.357,000 and sold us goods valued at Slo3.764.oCW>— about one sixth of our total European purchases and one-twelfth of our total European sales. Austria-Hungary, Portugal, Ser via. Rumania and Greece are the only European countries now standing with France, and the acceptance by most of them of our minimum schedule is fully expected. They can remain out only if they are willing to pay a penalty of 23 per cent in competing with their neigh bors for entry into our inviting marker. NAMED. We hare no doubt, now that the doc tors have got a name for that tingling m the nose which the smoke of a gaso lene automobile causes, that this partic ular smoke nuisance will be abated. Will the public tamely submit to suffer from "vasomotor rhinitis"? Not by all our Anglo-Saxon love of liberty: The very intrusion of the monster into our everyday vocabulary is not to be en dured. Say that the smell of gasolene smoke is extremely offensive; say that i l makes the public sneeze, cough and choke; say that the odor of a smoking automobile is as bad as that of a per ambulating glue factory; say that it is ruining what is left of the insides of our much suffering New York noses, and we are unmoved. All these sufferings are commonplace. But denominate the con sequences of inhaling half burnt gaso lene "vasomotor rhinitis," and the public will surely rise in the defence of its noses. ftfaqy evils exist in this world because they have uever been adequately named. Cousumption ravaged uiaukiud. li' a moment of inspiration the ruedical pro fession rechristened it tuberculosis, and mankind ravaged eonsuinpticn. at least in the magazines and the "white plague" expositions, similarly we might men tion the devastations of appendicitis be fore the doctors invented that admirable name lor it. Who would endure the knife but for the consolations nf that potent collocation of syllables ending in the invincible "itis"? Give a dog a bad name and hang him? Not at all. Many a criminal dog has been going about in the votid unhanged just because no one has given the proper Daitte. ■"Yasomotor rhinitis." Tbe "His" puts It into ilie class with appendicitis, perirouitis. endocarditis and cerebro spinal meningitis. The "motor"' in it indicts the ve'ii'.le that causes It. The doctors 'should new set about finding a definitive name lor the disease that re sults from being run over by au 80 borsepower ten-ton bacillus of "vaso motor rhinitis" proceeding at sixty miles an hour. STATE Alii TO LABOR. That is. a highly Interesting experi ment whicli, on the initiative of Mr. Winston Cirirchill, has just been under taken in the United Kingdom i;i the opening of a large number of what are described as national labor exchanges, which are in fact free employment ;'L,v;i'ios. These, we are reminded, are not charitable institutions or relief works, like soup kitebeiio or workhouses. but are the practical means which the government has selected for dealing with the problem of tbe unemployed. The theory appears to be that there is work enough for al] if only those who wish to work and those who wish t<> ha\e wort: done can be brought together, and it is Mr. CuurchiU'S thought that bring ing them together is a legitimate func tion of government. Upon the face of it such an industrial clearing house system would seem to be of considerable utility and void of of feuce. We should expect, however, to hear adverse comments made upon the industrial and seal system of Cobden, which, although designed for the bene hr of -labor, has in fact led to a condition of affairs so unsatisfactory as to make this scheme desirable, if not neeessa-;-; and also to hear some expressions of sur prise at the lack of initiative and enter prise among Lsriti:-h workiugmen, and employers also, which makes them de pendent upo'i such aid as that which the government has undertaken to give, In this and other countries which are bur (]< tied with the bonds of protective tar iffs such things are not needed. The evil of unemployment is not so great us in England, and men seek work when they want it and employers seek work men when they want them without wait ing for state aid. There would also, we should' think, be some reflections upon the noteworthy reversal of fundamental policy which the advocates of Cobdenlsm have thus achieved. Surely the principle of laisser fairc, "every tub must stand on its own bottom," was distinctively theirs, and anything approximating state aid or state intervention in industrial or com mercial affairs was eschewed as eco nomically unsound if not positively im moral. Yet here are the remaining ad vocates of Cobdenistß seeking to support that system by means of a resort to egregious paternalism. It is perplexing to the disinterested observer. Of course, the labor exchange system may be a good thing. So. we believe, is a protective tariff. -iut it is diflicuj* to perceive how the one any more than the other Is to be reconciled with the pare faith of the Manchester School. » The most Interesting and most per plexing feature of the case, however, is likely to be found in the relation and at titude of the labor unions to the uew c Changes. It seems not improbable thai the Labor party In Parliament will de mand preferment, if not exclusive privi leges, for union members In those ex changes, perhaps as the price of Its sup port of the government. But while the government is obviously desirous of.se . liiiu^ and retaining nil possible support, we should scarcely expect to see it yield to that de.nand. To have annulled the Taff: Tale .decision, to have given labor corporations important privileges and Immunities which no other corporations or individuals enjoy and to have given the unions authority to use their funds for political purposes will probably be considered a sufficient price to pay for the support a| O* Labor party in th* Commons. The government can well af ford to disregard any extreme labor de manjds, since tl"' I-abor votes are uot essential to its majority if if Ims the Nattoß&Usi support and cannot give it a majority if it has not the Nationalise support. Representative William. C. Lovcring-, of Massachusetts, who died in Washing ton yesterday, enjoyed an enviable status in the tower house of Congress. He ha 4 served in that body thirteen years and had come to be. recognized as a legislator of exceptional breadth and liberality of judgment. He lacked ora torical accomplishments and preferred working- to talking, but his influence was always helpful to good causes and good legislation. His death is a loss to Mas sachusetts and to the country. A comparatively novel suggestion has been offered regarding pellagra, the exact causo of which is still a mystery. Dr. Sambon, a European expert in tropi cal diseases, suspects that the disorder is spread from one victim to another by Mood sucking insect?. The share which mosquitoes have in disseminating ma larial and yellow fevers renders the sus picion intelligible and credible, though hitherto the favorite theory concerning pellagra has been that it is due to the eating of damaged corn. LopU>roso made recommendations to the Italian government based on such a belief. Pellagra Is not so prevalent in America as in Southern Europe, but the fact that 175 cases were observed in the state insane asylum §H Illinois last year makes it probable that the malady is more common in this country than has been supposed. The investigation which is about to be made by Dr. Sambon into the soundness of his theory will bo awaited with no Uttle interest therefore in the United States. Much will be gamed if he demonstrates that the proper preventive measures are like those adopted to avert ycl'ow fever and that diet has nothing to do with it. A conclusive verdict of that nature would possess the greater value because Indian corn, is such a common article of foo-i. When you go to your room to-night first remove whatever clothing in any way im pedes the freedom of your movements and then rest tne lips of your lingers very lightly on the crown of your head. lx your mind that the touch you feel is one end of a cord and that an angel is holding the other did and swinging you gently through space. This thought, if sustained sufflcierftly Ion?, will gradually raise the body just enough to do away with all that sagjnng and drooping which come from overfatigue.— Advice of a lecturer on how to cure fatigue. But any one who could imagine being swung through space by an angel would never suffer from futigue. An increase of 40 per cent in the num ber of automobile accidents in Massa chusetts in IJXiO over 1908 is discourag ing. It is not supposable that there has been so great an increase in the number of cars used, and we must therefore conclude that they were run more reck lessly in the later than in the earlier year. Th© too bumptious jingoeg of Germany have seen sharply rebuked by the Impe rial Chancellor, as they deserved to he. It is not good for a faction, for the sake of factional advantage, to attack the diplomatic policy of a country and to malign its ministers and ambassadors. The German Ambassador to this country did bis own government and the world good service when he made his recent speech about the pacific aims and inten tions of Germany, and it is gratifying to s^e him cordially supported in it by the Chancellor and the Emperor himself against the unwise and intemperate railings of the Pan-Germans. The adjutant general of Maryland wants to do away with the good old custom of appointing to the Governor's stuff generals, colonels and majors who are lacking in military experience. It is certainly setting up an obnoxious stand ard of eligibility to hold that the martial experience must precede the elevation to rank and title. Most of our most valued civilian brigadiers, colonels and majors were born to tho?e dignities and grew up to them afterward. THE TALK OF THE PAY. The latest in trade combinations— a "snail trust." Not so very slow, either, according to advices irom Geneva, Switzerland, where the "community of interest" has its birth. A correspondent of a London paper writes: "The French seem to prefer Swiss snails to home grown ones. The wholesale price for snails in this country Is 60 centimes a dozen, and the trust wishes to raise the price and the quality of emails next winter season, as well as to extend the 'farms' in order to supply tie ever-increasing de mands both in France and Switzerland." IF EVERYTHING WERE DONE. If all our bills were paid And all our cares were done; If every path were made And every struggle won. If every wish came true And every heart were gay, ■Whatever woulu we do To pass the time away? If every sky were fair "And everything we tried Succeeded; if despair Came neve* to our side; Were e?ery burden light. Pray tell me. if you can, If everything were ric;ht What would proclaim the man? If no one ever (ailed And no one wronged a friend; I;' no one were assailed By hatred, and the end Of everything were known, Each mystery unfurled. Oh. what a monotone Would be this splendid world! —Detroit Free Press. Chicago ha.s a new organization that may soon have a counterpart in New York if the receivtrs of Manhattan's car lines go on increasing the number of pay-as vou-enter ears. The Windy City, report has it. now haj a Ready Money Club, one of the rules of which is "mount the steps of the streetcar with a o-cent piece grasped firmly in the hand, press the coin into the expectant palm o* »he conductor and pass rapidly into iho car." Anybody who has had to stand in half a foot of muddy Ice water at a New York corner while a dozen Blow people had bills -hanged by the fare taker ought to be willing to promote such a philanthropic scheme here. At a Highland gathering one Donald Mo- I»an had entered for a number of events. The first of the.-<» was the quarter mile. Donald certainly didn't distinguish himself in the quarter mile. Of eight runners he wa.s the last. ■■Donald! Donald!** cried a partisan. "Why did ye no run faster?" Donald sneered. ••Hun faster"" he said, contemptuously. "And roe iCTUi'Vln' niysri* for th<; bagpipe competition!"— Tit-Bits. Sir Martin Conr.ay. in "The Pall Mall Magazine," refer to tho rapid development of «rintsi spurts In the Alp-, which has been " a marked feature In recent years. Not long ago Swiss hotels closed their docra in September or October; the pro prietors went away; the buildings vero locked up, ana vniy a car- taker or two en tered till ihe following May or June. Now an Im-reapinp number of Alpine centres «ta a!mo?t as lull at Christmas as at mid summer. Every year i.ew centres aro opened, and the crowd of holiday makers In search of sunshine and good exercise In the air of the high regions grows in volume with marked rapidity. Wlgg— Tho man who loves a woman can t heln i>« vi mr elevated. Wags— And the man who love 3 more than on* 1 is ant to be sent up, too.—Phila delphia Record. LETTERS TO TEE EDITOR. THE FOOD PROBLEM. To the Editor of The Tribune. S?r: I wish to thank you for the tinic'y word on the subject of economical prepara tion and buying of food by immigrant peo ple, notably of French nationality, as against American housewives of about the same station in life. It would seem all too true, and this condition ■of affairs has been, in fact, well known among workers along char itable linss and to the poor themselves. The article mentions ways of doing, and suggests soups and dishes more or less nutritious, but many young housewives are utterly ignorant of the same. Therefore, I would suggest that it would be helpful in the next article anent the subject to in clude maybe two or three recipes used by these workers above mentioned— say, for instance, a nourishing bean or split pea soup, a ragout or a kidney stew or a cheese preparation. <-'. M. New York. Feb. £ 1910. A WORD FROM "THE OLD FIRST." To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Accept my hearty thanks for your kindness in giving *v much space and prominence to the nei s concerning the en dowment of the Old First Church. This courtesy is very gratefully appreciated. Cordially, T!< >WAKD PUFFIELD. Xew York, Feb. 2, 1910. IN THE C&USE OF PEACE. To the Frtitor of The Tribune. Sir: The day nf national conflicts and the barbarity of war is endinsr. The dawn of peace is approaching. This does not mean that there may be no further wars; it means merely that forces are now evolv ing: that will finally put an end to war. As the latest step in this direction. Secre tary of State Philander C. Knox has ad dressed a circular note to tbe great powers, suggesting to them an agreement to estab lish a court of arbitral justice. This is a great stride forward. The peace Question is one of the most vital questions of the day. . Preparedness for war is affecting as never before the finances of the great nations. The annual expenditures for navy and army purposes have been steadily increasing. William T. Stead says that. the expenditures of Eng land for 1910 for naval purposes alone will exceed $200,0>;)0,000. and that if England maintains the two-power standard her ex penditures must exceed $300,000,000, for tho reason that Germany purposes to expend on her. navy in 1910 $160,000,e00. Why this mad race for new 'battleships? It is because England is in dread of a great conflict v/ith Germany. Germany Is stirred to the core. Her shipyards are working day and night building battleships and torpedo destroyers. Some of the other nations of Europe are approaching bank ruptcy to keep up this race of naval con struction. Russia is building a new navy while millions of her people are suffering for want of food. Even Austria purposes to build a powerful fleet. Why ail this? Because of the lack of Intelligent direction and the lack of confidence of one govern ment in another. This can all be avoided. How? By the governments arriving at an understanding. This understanding can be easily reached by the appointment of Theodore Roosevelt as a delegate to The Hague and by au thorizing him as a peace, commissioner to confer in an informal way with the rulers of Germany, England, France, Russia and Japan on the subject of disarmament and the proceedings to be taker, to promote the world's peace. Andrew Carnegie has taken an active interest in this cause. He advocates tl o appointment of Theodore Roosevelt for this mission. He has expressed his deter mination to help. Money will be needed to achieve results, but the money will be forthcoming for this purpose. The peace of the world can be settled by Emperor William. King Edward, the Czar of Russia, the President of France, the gmperor of Japan and the President of the United States. There is no greater work for President Taft, Theodore Roosevelt. Andrew Carnegie and the others named than this. w. J. B. i^ew York. Feb. 1. 19F>. A FEATHERBED. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Apropos of your editorial in to-day's Issue, permit me to suggest that tho "painstaking scientist from Ho'nokus" is at fault in observing that birds put their heads under their wings when deeping. I am not an authority on ornithology, but I am strongly under the impression that the heads are buried under the feathers of the back Perhaps I am wrong, but I think the Hohokus gentleman (or rather his editorial creator) .night look again. STEWART LEWIS. Lakehurst. N. J., Feb. 1, 1910. THE FARMERS' SIDE. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: The problem of the high .cost of living has been tho cause of a. great deal of agitation and discussion for the last two months, and movements have sprung up urging that an exhaustive investiga tion be made in an effort to ascertain the causes. It requires but very little investigation to find the principal causes. One is be cause there are too many consumers for the number of producers, and that the law of supply aud demand holds good; and another very Important one is the great scarcity of farm laborers all over the country. The farms in the State of New York could * easily produce double the present yield If enough competent help could be secured to do the necessary work for any reasonable price. Farm life and labor will not be held In favor until the farmer receives enough for his produce to make a fair return on his investment In farm and equipment and as good eompenration for his labor as is received in the various other industries, in that case country life would be more at tractive to the farmers' sons and daughters who now flock to the cities The people can buy flour, sugar, tea, coffee, rice, beans, onions, potatoes and many other articles of food at the present time at no higher price than the averase for the last fifteen years, while the wage for labor of all kinds has been increased from 50 to 100 per cent in the same time, which much more than offsets the increased cost of meat, butter, cheese, eggs. etc. None of the speakers or publications has had one word to say about the great increase in the cost of labor in the past fifteen years' in all »h« Industrie* and activities of the people, which adds very materially •' the cost of all the products of labor. So long as men can live and work In cities eight or nine hours a day and receive much mor? wages' than any farmer can afford to pay at the present prices for M* produce, farm laborers will i.. scarce and food may cominuu to ad vance In price. The farmer, cannot do Ms work on any tight-hour basis;- ho must work from twelve to fourteen hours a. day for eight months of the year, and ten hours for the remainder, and then may see his crops reined by .* unfavorable weather. Farm ing is the most risky business on the list of industries.- JOHN M. KENNEDY. Oueida. N. V., Feb. -, 1310. People and Social Incident* AT THE WHITE HOUSE. : — srsKTSjg--j an important conference this ™ ml * U J I the Secretary of the Interior and *J»£ Vertreee. of Tennessee, who was then re tamed as counsel by Mr. Balllnger In tha Ballinser-Pinchut investigation, Mr. *c tree*, who is a personal friend of Mr Tan. was accompanied by the Secretary or War. The President also held an extended con ference with fl* Secretary of VVar anJ General Clarence R. Edwards, discus n* proposed Philippine legislation and IBS vacancies exiting in the Philippine Com mission. . . William Loeb. jr.. received a hearty wel come to the White House, being greeted on his arrival by Senator *);imbU, as •Gov ernor" Loeb. There has been talk of Mr. Loeb as the. next Governor, but the for mer secretary to the President only smi-e When asked about his being a candidate Mr. Loch said: -I am not giving any at tention to the kind expressions of friends I am exceedingly busy wit', my duties as Collector of the Port of New York and that takes ail my time." Timothy L. Woodruff, who came to Washington to attend Senator Depew's re ception, discussed New York politics with the President, remarking when leaving the offices that Mr. Loeb would make an excel lent Governor and that his nomination is being urged by rr,an,y New York Repub- licans. President Taft- baa accepted the invita tion of the International Bureau of the American Republics, presented by Director John Barrett, to take part in the dedica tory exercises of the new $1,0C0,000 home ■•: the bureau, just southwest of the Whits House. The dedication will take place on April 6, and the President has promised to make an address. The White House callers included the Cabinet members. Senators Cul.'-m an! Gamble, Representatives MoKinley, Austin, Langley and Fordney, and Milton E. Ailes, former Assistant Secretary cf th* Treas ury The President and General Edwards went riding this afternoon. The President and Mrs. Taft occupied a box at the Helasco Theatre this evening ie see Sam Bernard in "The Girl and the Wiz ard." They had" as guests Mrs. Charles Anderson," Miss Katharine Anderson and Captain Johnston, military aid. • President Taft a 136 spent a. short time this evening at the reception given by Sen ator Depew to the members of the Repub lican Editorial Association ci New York State. Mrs. Taft. accom panied by her sister. Mrs. Charles Anderson; Miss Torrey. thj aunt of the fresidem; Mrs. Nicholas An derson and Mrs. Witttam A- Hammond, occupied a box at the National Th-atrc thi3 afterno' n to see Maud Al!in in her dancea, wtth the Rus3ian Symphony Orchestra, under the patronage oj Miss M'trj- Cryder. THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS. [From The Tribune Bureau.] Washington, Feb. 4. — Under the new Sul tan. Mehemed V.the Turkish government has placed at the disposal of her representative here a sum to be used in entertaining:, which places Turkey on an equal footing socially with Great Britain and other countries and. for the first time amce establishing diplomatic relations with the United States, enables her representative to return the hospitalities extended to him. This gave a national aspect to the ball given to-night by A- Rustem Bey. charge d'affaires. Bar oness Mayor dcs Planches, wife of the dean of the diplomatic corps, received the guests for Rustem Bey. In the cardroom war© various tables arranged for bridge, and a string orchestra furnished the music. Gen eral dancing was interspersed with figure dances, and a buffet supper was served In the cak panelled dining room. 'Among those who accepted Invitations- were " IBS Vice- President and Mrs. Sherman, the Secretary of the Treasury and Mrs. MacVeagh, the .Secretary of "War and Mrs. Dickinson, the Postmaster General, the Secretary of the Navy and Mrs. Meyer, the Misses Meyer, the Italian Ambassador and Baroness May or dcs Planches and the members of the em bassy staff, the Austrian Ambassador and Baroness Her.gelmiilkr and members of the staff. Baroness Rosen. Baroness Elizabeth Rosen, Mr. Kroupensky. Prince Koudacheff and other members of the Russian Em bassy Staff; the British Ambassador and. Mrs. Brycc* and members of the embassy staff. Countess yon Bernstorff. Countess liaise Alexandra yon Bernstorff, the Por tuguese Minister," the Swedish Minister and Mnie. de LagercranU, the Norwegian Min ister and Mine. Gude, the Misses Gude. the Danish Minister and Countess Mo'.tke, the Swiss Minister and Mme. Ritter. the Greek Minister, the Spanish Minister, and all the young diplomats of the dancing set; Jus tice and Mrs. Holmes, the Assistant Secre tary of State and Mrs. Iluntington Wilson, the Assistant Secretary of the Navy and Mrs. Beekman Winthrop. Senator dv Pont, Mrs. Richard Townsend, Miss Mathilda Townsond, Mr. and Mrs. Lara Anderson. Mr. and Mrs. George Howard. Mr. and Mrs. Edson Bradley. Mr. anil Mrs. Garret Kip, of New York; the Rev. and Mrs. Herbert Ship man. of New York ; Mr. and Mrs. Thomas T. Gaff, Mrs. Guidet Duryee and Miss Dur yec. Mr. and Mrs. Hennen Jennings and others, to the number of more than two hundred. •". Tho Swedish Minister and Mme. de La gercrantz entertained a number of guests at dinner to-night, preceding the Turkish Embassy fiance. IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY. [From The Tribune Bureau.] Washington, Feb. 4.— Senator and Mrs. Depew received the President, the Vice- President and Mra. Sherman, members of the Cabinet and diplomatic corps mem bers of the Supreme Court and others from official and resident society to the number of several hundred to-night from JAPAN SOCIETY'S OFFICERS. At the annual meeting of the Japan So sciety of New York yesterday afternoon in the room ; of the New York Board of Trade and Transportation the following officers were elected: Lindsay Russell, president: August Bclmont, vice-president: Eugtno C. Worden. secretary, an.l the Man hattan Trust Company, treasurer. The honorary officers elected were: Honorary president. Baron Yasuya Uchida: vice presidents. Dr. Yikuchi Takamlne. Jacob 11. Schiff. E. S. A. de Lima and General Stew art L. Woodford; secretaries. K. Aral and Samuel T. Dutton, and treasurer?, J. Inou: ami Isaac N. Seligman. Those elected as members of the execu tive committee were Emll L. Boas. Henry Clews. A. S. Elkus. Dr. John Finley. Ham ilton Holt. k, Sv».inom!ya, Howard Mans rield. Koklchi Midzuno, Robert C. Morris, Walter H. Page. Kcnosuka Seko. William Skinner. Valentin- P. Snyder. "William H. Stayton, Melville E. Stone. Colonel Robert M. Thompson. Alexander Tison and M. Zumoto. H. W. TAFT OUT OF DANGER. Los Angeles. Feb. I— Henry W. Tart, brother of the President, who is suffering from erysipelas in a local hospital, was re ported by his physicians to-day to bo en tirely out of danger. Mr. Tuft probably will remain at tho hospital four or five days and then go to Santa Barbara. Del Monte and San Francisco He expects to be In New York February 20. THE HORSE MARINES? from Th* 1 BfracoM BstaM 9 ur.ril 12 o'cloo'; to meet «■• Republican Editorial Association of t^je State of N«w York There was music throughout t'r,* evening, and the Senator and Mr-. Dejx~ were assisted by Mr. DepcWs niece, Mi» Anna Pauldfng. The Vice, President ami lira. Sbena*^ were the guests of honor at a. dinner to night, with Senator an 1 Mrs. Burrows as hosts. Others of the were Mrs. Gar ret A. Hot.art. :..r.-. M- A. Hanna. tfca Siamese Minister, Representative and Mrs. Weeks. Major General and Mrs. GiUeapia and Brigadier General John M. Wijaon. Mr. and Mrs. John Hay Hammond en tertained at dinner to-nis"t the Secretary of th*" Treasury and Mrs. MacVeash. tba Postmaster General, the British Ambassa dor and Mr». Bryc*. Justice an<l Mr». Lur ton, Senator and Mr.->. Newlands, Senator and Mrs. Hale. Senator -ml Hi Root. A. Rustem Bey. the Turkish chars« d'afTairej; Representadvo and Mrs. Lozijc^ortti. ez- Ambassador and Mrs. Henry White. Pu»r Admiral and Mrs. V/ainwnc:.t. Mr. ir.l Mrs. Herbert fTsiSWiirtl Mr. and Mrs. Page, Mr. and Mrs. Lewis B. BUQwcft of New York; Mrs. Thomas H. Bayard. i:i3.i Edith Jennings. Mrs. Charles Hoyia. Miss Hammond, ex-Goveraor M*?oon ar.d Lieu tenant General Nelson A. Miles. Mr. and Mrs. Hammond accompanied their guests hi th* dan— at the Turkish Embassy. The Secretary of 'War end Mrs. Dickin son were the quests at dinner ' '■*• of Brigadier General and Mrs- WUli&m Ij Marshall. Invited to mest them «"ere Mr. and Mr«. John W. Foster. Senator *n4 Mrs Taylor, General an.l Mrs. John A. Johnston, Brigadier General and Mr?. Crawford. Mrs. Russell Harrison ar.rt Judg^ Hatch. Mr. and Mrs. Edson Bradley have re turn-id to their house here from a visit ta New York, and have as guest* Williair. de Bars; Whyte, of England! Emil* Fueh*. Miss Fuehs. A:.. WebLer Sciikmber^r and Mrs. nsihsfi ■hhjssaav of New York, all of .whom «y entertained at dinner to-night. Their other sweats were the Sxis*. Minister and Mis Bluer. the Austrian Naval Attache and Baroness Preu3Chen yon und 2'i Lieben=u-ln. Mrs. Hunt Slater. Mr-, Roscoe C. BoJsasr, Mr. and Mrs. William Phelpa Er.o, Dr. and Mrs. Fremout Smith, Baron tiaraenbroek. German at tache, and Jonkneer W. H. de Eaaufort, Netherlands attacbe. NEW YORK SOC'ETY • Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt. jr.. save a dinner, followed by a dar.ee. iaat ntg&t at her house. No. 677 Fifth avenue, hsr <iin ner guests numbering about ont> hundred and fitly and an equal number ccmins i.\ fox the uaiue. Tne boose was decorated with, paling, greens, flowers and foliags plant* The dir.oer was served at twenty small tablei* hi tlie dicing room and li brary, filter: were aiiorned trills pink roses. The cotiiion was led by Henry Wortfc'ngton Bull, dancing v:- 3lrs. Van derbilu who wore, a gown or pink satm with an undertone of yelio-x. trimmed with pearls, her ornaments also c^ins of pearls- In one figure a Russian sleigh covered wun Farleyense ferns and fiile-i with clusters or azaleas, tied with two shades of redo* rliiboa. was brought into the ballroom, and from It Co^-er favors were distributed. In another figure small Dresden flower pots filled with bisque rose, bushes, ivory china Jardinieres filled with bouquets, a.r.d gilt p° T ? con;ai- in; tulips were given to the dancers. The cotillon was followed, by a buffet supper. Among the guests were the Count and Countess Szecherjyi. Mrs. William Edgar Shepherd says a dinner at Sherry's last night, her suest3 being sily debutantes of the season, afterward going Co \ Mrs. James Black stone Taylor's dimce at the sanw place Mrs. Shepherd's guests included Mrs. and Mrs. Alexander Dallas Cache Prat'-. Mr. and Mrs. George II D- Schleffelin. 3Hss Lesley Frederica Pearson. M- Charlotte K. Harding'. Miss Catherine L. Hamerslev. Miss Margaret Winslow. M 133 Virginia Murray. Miss Rosamond Burr. Miss Ar zoaella and Mba ROSS Q'Nei! Kane. Mis* Gladys Roosevelt. Miss Lucy Margaret Roosevelt. Miss Agnes Landon, Miss Kath arine S. Atterbury, Miss Helen Alexar.drc. Miss Beatrice Flagg. Harold F. Hadden. jr.. F. Burrall Hoffman, jr., Harry D Sedgwick. Frederic A Juillicrd. Pboenix Ingraham. ■ettSOSSJ Hoppln. George E- Roosevelt, I. Townsend Burden, jr.. WHl lam Baylis. jr.. W. Rhinelander Stewart. Jr.. George H. Hull and J. Egmont Scher merhorn. Mr*. Taylors danc* was for Misa Anita Ingersoll. daughter of Mrs. Robert Taylor Varnum. and Miss Pnebe Thorne. daugh ter of Mr. and Mrs. Edwin Thorue. I: took place in the large ballroom. Alexander M> Hadden led the cotillon, dancing alone, and the favors consisted of fans in boxe*. brocaded bags, scarfs of different colors, leather matchboxes and boxes of ciga rettes. Mrs. Thorn© gave a dinner pre vious to the dance in th^* ladies" annex erf the Metropolitan Club. Mrs. William W. Me Air srave a lunch eon at her house, in East 90th street, jes terday for her daughter-in-law. Mr- A- Heyward McAlpin. The guests included her daughter, Mtaa Adelaide McAlpm. whose engagement to T. Edward Ham'oie t«?n. jr.. of Baltimore, .-.as just be«a ea nounced: Mrs. B. Tappen Fatrc"n!!<t Mr». G. Maurice Heck^cher. Livingston Plat!. Miss Sylvia and Miss Beatrice Baro!j^'. Miss Alice Deasaresl and Miss Louise Van derMlt. Mrs. Charles Seribner • ill siv? a dtnner on February 16. Mr. and Mrs. William 11. V. (rmon will leave town for Jei Islcml next week, to remain until after Lent. KING HONORS NELSON GAY ■asset Feb. 4.— Kini? Victor Emxsaaua! by royal decree has appointed Xclson Gay. of Boston, a member of '.. National Committee on the History of the Italian Resurrection. This hi v special honor. aasi one which no foreigner ever had received- Mr. dear, beside? coDecttoe forty thousan.l volumes concerning the history of Italian independence, distinguished hicisei; b}' arduous work ia relieving distress durin? the earthquake In Southern Italy and Slcili' 1". IOCS. Hi was made a Knight of th» Crown of Italy in 130 S. In recognition ct his writings on tlie history of Italy- MR. FAIRBANKS IN ROME. Rome. Feb. 4.— Mr. Fairbanks, forrae^ Tire riesMssH visited to-day the Interna tional Institute of Agriculture, where &* was received by President Falna. and 3.^ met David Lubtn, the American de!es»t< to the institute. Mr. Fairbanks congratu lated President Falsa on the success 0? t!tf •work and predicted a great future for it. CONSULS GENERAL AT RECEPTION. Courtney Bennett, taa British Consul G*"* era!, and his wife gave a reception a= J dance last night at the Iloui MajWtfc fr r 130 guests. Among the different coustrie* represented by their consuls general »"«** Germany, Russia. France and Jarao- ;?c>m "* wf the guests Included Mr. and Mrs. Her* Krt Ktesjsbury. Colonel and Mrs. M 1M 1 1 * Dillon. Commander and Mrs. redder. & and Mrs. Frank Gardiner and CajW 3 Johnston. U. S. a A PRETTY GOOD LITTLE MONTH. ■Yean The Cleveland Leader. ■ This is a tine little month-only , t^S* eight days-Groundhos Day. Va.eßOPfi Lincoln's Birthday, Washington's Bin-?*' and four pay days included!