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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 20, 1910, Image 53

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Lives Are Ofcen Need
lessly Sacrificed Be
fore a Call Can
Be Answered.
Ambulances have the right of way over
iT! vehicles in (Mi city except fire engines
«rid mail wagons. When they co dashing
r>y with t?io foe!! clanging out its warning
So clear the way one is lusely to think as
h« jump* Bf-io> i!:at th^te. is jrr«>at need f<>r
lasts and tha: <lela\ or hindrance, even
for a few mir.utes. may mean death for a
.vjj'Jn** ostient. Bui however, is not

A private aurijulanc*' company, which is
-.otrd for its prompt >esii<msf :<> emergency
-•Up. TeccTHly received ov.^ from an uptown
3rup store. A faint voice over the t*-le
tihone urgrd has;-:, as the case tra? one
»f cxir«nv necessity. The> rushed their
autoinjliiif; atr^sulance 10 the |ila<^. and
round ftV.ell <j->-es>-e.l man sitting in a chair
»ad »e*ir.ir.i heavily on t!i«; counter -for
• •j;>n<* t.
a •

• d an
■ r ■
Anotrrr time a tv >mau who was run in^
v njn o:> apartment house Jo another fcli
jt'si fain: in the !iaH. She could not
••c revived. s<» a policeman was summoned.
v. ho PT«t a call for a public wnbulance.
-!.r vsts. placed -_5n this ?nd the driver
•.<-tr«i for the- iic.-r-Ual. when the woman
i*vivTtl arMi or.io"*Hi him to take hop jo her
Iwin f. :n.=tty.«i <>f ii:e hospital. While an
nln:iaiK.e smyeon ranks for the time be
:•£ : ■ :•. - rcf \f <»fTiv' r. he cannot take a
>■:.'.! U* J>p ho-'.-it-al r gainst his will
" ' uitins him under arrest. Thr
a. T Fix '.ontidcj to lie- iiosom friend
■*' "t" t h*ir walkln' all to pieces, ami
"- a < I the naybors tratie with Snvy to
-■_i - . £•»:?>' out ;n sitch
.n.-'.hc;- ivoirsan insistci on lying i" the
'»:»*■• e.f ;-i\ apartment house on a
- : "tr. v Lr:. a hi*..- h^r neighbors passed hy
;t'i rntyicj; glances. She was able and
jrs .:■■> easily have taken a car to \bc hos
j ..a'-, where she ~<\;>> to have «n operation
. ■<•; furni"''. iMit chose t<"» %>' ;n this way so
oh* co'.iid afterward bras about now si< k
-he war— «> sick that she had to lie taken
ai\£y in ar. ambulance.
Thc;?p ftre exceptional cases. It is nut
in ea.-y matter to get a public ambulance
;o ootne nuickly to :t scene, of disaster ii
.rr-ater New York, even whtn the case Is
■>n urcem «jr»c. Any pas»art»y may call an
unbalance, but if the person who answers
h* telephone at the hospital called doo«;
iot think the rase worthy of attention the
ambulance do*s not co. J-ut awaits the
Dr. Rowe Telis of His
Strenuous W ork
in Alaska.
j- B.t Mary W. Mount.
From Alaska, tis- mysterious, the land
oi*r which Pinchot end Ballinger are disf
puiinjr. comes :he Right Rev. Peter
Trimble .... Protestant Epi«^
<-op a l Church: to voice thai country's
. iaim to government consideration.
The Bishop, who start. -d homeward from
New* York last week, makes h ps*in that
(.♦■ avoi«lf= political Mmtroyersies and party
dissensions. !: becomes equally I*'*'"
3 »t*r a moment in hi? company' that
Aiatka's enemies are h:s enemies. Alaska's
friend* his friends.
A question as to the destiny of Alaska
ras i ; toe fliirt to tinder upon the ntaiua
i>roi of ;to bror.zed athlete of the furthest
north pulpits :n The world. The Bishop
'oanM forward with intense interest. His
piercing brown «=ye* flashed responsively.
' U! he answered wiih restraint:
■ I am not quite sure that 1 fully un
. -rstand what Mr. Pinchot's policy is. and
what he moans by conserving the re
-purtf* of Alaska. If he m«=ans carrying
out the policy that was pursued by the
;aitt Secretary of the Interior, in my
..piniOTJ-'-Tb-? Bishop enunciated it ■ oaphat
ically— ..... just a? well
r^uil'J a «on«? wall around Alaska and shut
everything oat.
"1 believe that such valuable natural
opposite a* coal, for instance, should re
main in the hands cf the g mail nt and
:.. leased by the government to private in
dividuals, but"— the Bishop paused to lend
wfijrht to hi* next words— "und'r such
conditions that capital will not
V- debarred from entering, oi-erating in
and <jev<t";opins the field.
"From what I gather repardins Mr.
Pinchofs idea of conservation it is not al
:otethrr a cood one for Alaska.
rl think it would be well if we could
have a development in Alaska like that
which .... p!ac«" in the Canadian
Northwest, .-.-•- or royalties
of the government " • sufficient to de
velop the whole country by ■ splendid
system cf road.-. t=o that .<-,• individual
or one corporation was not benefited by it,
but the ... of the whole country shared
in the ben^St* of this Improvement.
-I think we are comliiß to see that the
sn»at resources of Alaska should be so
admirimered by th« government that the
Ptoplf to penpal .-.-.. the benefit
trom them. They belong to the people,"
ursod tLe ..>•...(. Impressively, "and not
to th»> lucky tinder who simply stumbles
jpos things and then appropriates them.
' Are the resources of Alaska as great
he aval to'.dr They •- much greater, j
Jt > a country of wonderful resources! >.
Tij«r<? are the rich cVposlts of Fold, j
coal, copper and other mineral.-; ■■■>- |
rriey, the timber interests and that j
*!«•{>• interior cf Alaska, whfrr*" are thou- j
**Ild^ of square miles of fertile land j
susceptible of faf-in? tiliKi suec-**£ful!y. It j
:« no more difficult nor expensive to till ;
tfcif soil that to farm that of Northern ,
Michigan. I have lived in Northern Michi
*' and ] know. Winter In the vast in- ;
i*ri<">r of Alaska is? not any harder to bear (
than it it- in Northern Michigan. People j
HI v«ry much mistaken alwut the climate j
of Alaska. It is not severe. In the sum- I
ts»r the climate of Northern Alaska is j
beautiful. Beautiful! Skies are radiantly J
'•'*.• and the run shines for twentjr-fOQ» i
cours a day. Then, too. the vegetation is j
*'onderfui; lii*' flowers are most beautl-
H We are Just beginning to learn what
kte in that country.
"I m* the other day in a newspaper j
'•kat »i- r .<i al "a prize package." 1 quJte j
«tr« with that. Alaska ■<■ a prize pack- j
*&.. i-f»opi» have come to Alaska merely j
' exploit the eounuy, to take everything j
>■ cf at and not return anything For ■■
•*Usit, a C«uia mine 1 know, in ifce j
call of a patrolman, who may have been
absent from his post or so far away on
hi? beat that he could not be found for
some time.
Meanwhile the injured person may i«»
suffering the most intense agony or be in
the very throes of death. In the downtown
district a man recently tottered and fell
to the sidewalk, a humane citizen hurried
to the nearest telephone and called for an
ambulance. The hospital called told him to
go and gel a policeman to send in the
"regular"' call. It was several minutes be
fore the patrolman codld be found. When
lie came he looked the man over, decided
thai !■• was drunk and sent in a call for
the patrol wagon. When it came the man
was roughly shoved into it. He li ii' an at
tark of heart disease and died on the way
to the police station.
Judge Nathan Bijur in his report on
the ambulance service in the l"nite:i States
ch«-s the following Incident :
"1 reached tiie corner of 37th street and
Sixth avenue -..-.- cab ran over a man
who svas rro«^iiis -...•■ injured
roan was taken to a drug store at the co
litr. After several minutes' delay a police
man \va« found who .- ■ phoned to Roose
velt Hospital, about half a mil distant, for
an anibiilar.ee. One arrived in three quar
ters of an tour! Meanwhile an alarm of
fire had been sent in from a box on Mad
ison avenue, near '.• 'i street. i saw the
tnpine cress Sixth avenue In response to
that alarm, and return after the blaze had
been extinguished, while all this time the
man who ... injured by th*» cab wait
ed for help that should have been at hand
in a minute.*"
Much fault was round with the amliu
lance service of the Roosevelt Hospital be
fore that institution gave up the service,
;m<l tiie Flower Hospital has since been
trying to cover that ■-•• district in addi
tion t<> its own.
Tliis makes conditions much worse than
they were before, as ambulances from
Flower Hospital. located at 63d street, on
"the East River, must run two or three mile*
across thf city to cover the large congested
district on the vv..-- Side formerly covered
by the Roosevelt Hospital.
Under the present regulations each hos
pital conducts ts ambulance service in
dependently'of every other one, and the
blame for poor service cannot be iaid at
the door of any y n<? hospital. It is due to
th* lack of <:o-opcraiion among them and
the absence <>f a centra! control in "' ad
ministration of tho service. The ambulance
system of New York City is to-day in
about the same condition that It was in
ir«'T, when attention was called to its seri
ous defects in a report made by P. H.
Jacobs, Her the direction of the stand
ing committee ••• hospitals of the State
Charities Aid Association. While its in
efficiency is weil known, there Is no -■ stem
of supervision by which its faults may be
There is no such thin? as central control j
or direction of the whole service. If a hos
pital neglects ts service, nothing can be
done about it except to refuse to send j
calls to that hospital. If any private bos- j
tMrtv voars of its operation has yielded
TZ coXny more than •^•LfcMg
I hive never seen the expenditure bj that
r«mpany in Alaska of a dollar^ for re
liglous or any other purposes that *ould
benefit that country. :
la the whole of Southern Alaska ate ,
wonderful deposits of .old. coal and cop- |
I! and their development is going to be ,
<< ' nUrii '; U " of 1. !»»"• generation or the
T'itai at any time suspends it^ambulance
service there is no one upon whom the duty
devolves of supplying such service as may
be needed, in the cas* of ambulance calls
li.^ hospital can decide whether it syffi re
eetve a patient o, not. and it is reported
*'iat patients have been hauled from one
i'Osnha! to another, and refused admit
tance until they died on the way from neg- ,
leet There is no law and no agreement
which specifies the work >f a hospital. If it ;
chooses to ser.ii out intompetent surgeon?
•>n its ambulance? or to use poor or un
sanitary eatdpaacafi there is nothing to vrf
vent it from doing so. Many complaints'
have been made of the rough handling or' •
pxtiien's by inexperienred men.
The unequal distribution of ambulances '
is a great defied in the present system.
Ambulances have been distributed to suit
the convenience of hospitals, rather than
of th<» people, and the result is larse dte
tricis with inadequate ambulance service,
while others are overs-applied. Some of
the ambulances are so situated as to hay«
very short runs, while others art compelled
to run from four to ten miles or more. Be
cause of the lack of a central system of
supervision and regulation of calls, it often
happens that two or more ambulances will
respond to one accident, from calls sent in
by different persons, when one of them
ma be badly needed elsewhere.
Sometimes a call comes to a hospital
when all Its ambulances are out. and be
cause there is no centra! control the call
is (eft to wait until some ambulance re
turns to the hospital, instead of the cell
being sent in elsewhere. it often happens
that all the physicians are engaged in op
oration*! when a call tomes in. and the am
bulance cannot be sent without a doctor.
The patrolman who sends in a call for an
ambulance has no way of knowing where
the ambulance is at thai time, and so can
n.it tell when he will get a response 1 . There
Is no record of calls sent in kept at Police
Headquarters. It is evident that much suf
fering and loss of life result in such a hap
hazard service.
Last year a bill was passed to remedy
the defects of the present system, -but its
regulation? have not been enforced because
of lack of fund?, says Bailey B. Burrltt,
of the St?." 1 Charities' Aid Association.
This bill provided lor a board of ambulance
service, to consist of the Commissioner of
Police, the Commissioner of Public Chari
ties. the. president of the board of trustees
of Believue and Allied Hospitals and two
citizens appointed by the Mayor.
This board is supposed to exercise general
control over and to establish rules and
regulations governing all ambulance service
in the city of New York, except that main
tained by the Department of Health. It has
the power to alter the boundaries of ambu
lance districts for the pood of the service
and to establish such districts from time
to time as may be needed. It may estab
lish an ambulance service in any district
which is inadequately provided with such
H is to provide for the reception of all
calls for ambulance service from any local
ity in the city, notify the hospital main
from the coast states to exploit our rivers.
They bring Chinese coolies with them;
they do not hire a laborer in Alaska: they
do not Invest a dollar in the development
of the country: they own ull the profits
from the industry. and take their money
and their laborers back to the coast with
them, leaving nothing behind. Last year
$10,000,000 were taken out by nine thou
sand laborers in about two months in this
• I think that the government is not ob
taining a proper and reasonable revenue
from this source, Those people who draw
fc o much wealth from Alaskan waters
taininir an ambulance ser-.-i<e in the district
in which the call is received, and in case
the hospital has no available ambulance
inform the nearest hospital having an am
bulance available. It is to keep a record of
all such -alls and assignments.
It is thought that the efficiency of the
service will be greatly increased if an ap
propriation can be obtained to carry out
the system of centralization and super
vision a? planned in this bill.
The Hoar.! of Ambulance Service ask- d
for funds from the old cltj administration
to carry out the provisions of the tew
passed last year. The request was not
granted because the amount asked for was
thought excessive and the old administra
should be made to pay the government
something for the privilege
"President Taft brought down an awful
howl from the peoptf and press of Seattle
when he pointed out and condemned this
exploitation of Alaska. I agreed with
what he said. There are plenty of good
people in Seattlf— fine people — but they
like to exploit Alaska, and they don't want
Interference: but thtfl is an opinion as a
private individual. I cannot take sides in
"In the northern part of Alaska you are
dealing with a country that is mineralized.
In addition to the rich mining camps of
Fairbanks and Nome, we have hud at In
noko the recent discovery of placer gold.
This discovery came suddenly, and shows
that any day equally great discoveries may
be made. Placer gold is rich while it lasts,
but is soon exhausted, while the quartz
minim? is more likely to be permanent.
Owner? of such mines endeavor to work
them co that they will yield for a long
time. The Tieadwell mine, for instance,
opens out gradually, so as to keep working
for years to come. Altogether its activi
ties will certainly cover more than half a
"Since coming to New York some on«
has referred to 'the Guggenheim grab' in
Alaska. I don't really know that the Gug
genheims are trying to grab concessions
there. No one has spoken to me of their
trying to 'grab' anything. I have not
heaTd that they wanted to secure any coal
lands. They paid a good price to the orig
inal owners for the copper mines they
nought, and, so far as I know and have
seen, It would be a mistake to say that
the Guggenhelms have unfairly obtained
possession of anything in Alaska, So far
as I know, they have contributed a great
deal to the development of that country.
-The only thing that stands in the way
of permanent and large settlement!" in
Alaska is the difficulty in transportation.
"We want we need — a railroad to the in
terior. Such a railroad would not cost so
very much to build, and it would prove n.
clear profit. If the government would
treat us as well as it does the Philippines,
guaranteeing bond? for a railroad into the
Interior, transportation difficulties would be
•'The government, refused m> guarantee
Alaska bond?. The Philippines got every
thing they asked for. We can't get a rail
road. Yet' < the Bishop named to the dol
lar the millions expended by the govern
ment upon th«* Philippines in the last five
jearsj "all this rauney la lost to the coun-
tion thought it ought to be actea upon by
the n r «".
The new administration ha? taken up the
matter. Mayor Gaynor has appointed two
new citizen members of the boar*-!. Royal S.
Copland, superintendent of the Flower
Hospital, and William I. Spiegclberg. presi
dent of the board of trustees of Sydenham
The Board of Ambulance Service has
asked this time for » much smaller amount,
which it hopes to have raised by special
revenue bonds, since its allowance did not
get into the burget. The request for funds
has first to go to the Board of Aldermen,
be acted upon by them, approved by the
Mayor, and passed upon by the Board of
Estimate and Apportionment.
Says Territory Needs
Home Rule and Less
try, while everything expended upon the de
velopment of Alaska 13 gain.
"I wish that President Taft would visit
Alaska. Then we would be very likely to
receive the sarr.e consideration as has been
shown the Philippines. But we have no
! one to talk for us. Congress is apathetic
toward Alaska. You know how indifferent
Congress has been? But," and the Bishop's
1 face beamed, "the government has done one
fine thing for us. It has given us v. good
mail service. The reindeer post makes It
possible to receive mail three times a year
at Point Hope— the most northerly mission
in America — and we have a wonderful mail
service throughout the country. A carrier
runs for a hundred miles in the winter and
meets another carrier, who runs on with the
mail over his hundred mile route, and so
on. making a chain of human links for the
transportation of mail. I often travel over
their routes with them, but I diverge from
them at certain points and go out into the
wilderness with my compass to guide me,
and usually an Indian or Esquimau as
"The mail carriers have their fixed routes,
but I have none, and I have found that it
is not always easy to keep to the right
track when there is no track. Once I ran
for, I suppose, fifteen day*, feeling all the
time very doubtful as to whether I was on
the right route or not. I was coming down
from the Tanana country to the coast, a
run of about five hundred miles On this
occasion my provisions gave out. and for
three days I lived upon tea. Then I said
to myself. 'Well, If I am wrong in ray
calculations I am lost.' In the same section
three men started out to go over the Fame
route, and were lost. They made the mis
take that I only thought I had made. Two
of them died, the third man was picked up.
"One afternoon I looked about for a good
place to make camp. I was delighted to
find not only a good place, but a man in it
who had already gathered wood for a flre
and was kneeling to light it. i hurried
forward, glad or a prospect of companion
ship for the night. The man did not move.
Ho was dead. On the snow before him
matches told their story. The first match
had gone out after it was ignited. Hi*
fingers had become too numb to hold the
others. They dropped un lighted to the
ground: the cold suddenly struck his heart
and he was left kneeling before the wood,
dead. He was a strong, robust man too
I took off my snowshoe and dug a grave
for him, and afterward reported the place
to the Indian., who buried him under
ground in the spring.
"•How can one stand travel under such
conditions?' Oh. it isn't so bad when you
get used 0 it. When the country starts
to freeze UP it iS a signal for m * to freeze
in for the winter 'a work. I be in drilling.
I run every day to reduce weight and get
good lung action. At the end of every run
I strip and sponge off in ice water. In
the afternoon I climb a n-.ouman, and at
night, before bedtime. I go out and skip the
rope. When the time comes to start out
with the dogs I am in the pink of condi
ton. My weight has been reduced fifteen
pounds or more, and I am thoroughly
hardened. I ran stand all kinds of weather
«nd travel all day on snowshoes under any
sort of conditions.
"If a man does not train he la likely to
be attached by what the manner* call 'mal
de racquet,' a snowahoe trouble, which af
fects the- knees and sometime the groin.
It is very painful, and prevents further
■ No." laughed . the Bishop in iespons«
to a question, "we. never ride, except oc
casionally downhill, if the road is very
smooth. The dogs have- to carry food and
rob%s sufficient for a trip of five weeks.
The load Is such that the dogs could not
possibly carry a man. too. One has to be
able- to mush along on his feet the whole
If the necessary funds are obtained to
, enable the ambulance board to carry on the
I work as planned, it hopes in the near fut
| ure to systematic* and improve th* public
, ambulance service of New York City so
! that it will be of th- greatest benefit to
: suffering humanity.
Another bill before the Assembly at pres
\ ent, introduced by Mr. Hoey. author of the
before mentioned bill, advocates a depart
| ment of ambulance service, which shall ax
j ercise general control over and establish
J rules and regulations governing nil the am-
I bulance service of New York City.
An ambulance service connected with the
federal government rather than the- city
; Is the service which takes care of all the
! sick Immigrants arriving at the port of
New York. Ambulances of this vice.
i which is contracted for with a private com
pany by the government, may be seen rush
• Ing from South Brooklyn to Hoboken or
■ wherever the immigrant is sick.
Perhaps the most pathetic form of am
1 bulance work is a service which runs hard
.' a block from the door.« of Bellevue to
j the charity boat at 2>Uh street. I: takes
caro of that mass which goes to make up
the human scrap heap classified by the
hospitals a.« "sick and destitute": these
persons, suffering- from all manner or
chronic diseases, .ire transported to Black
j well's Island.
Not the least interesting: but most mod
i crn form of ambulance service, wjiich ha?
J developed to a great extent within the last
. two years, thanks to the automobile, is
j that of the private ambulance. This Is
! especially in demand among those who are
able and willing; to pay for prompt ser
\ vice, quietness and careful handling.
"To many persons tha 'ordinary hospital
: ambulance Is suggestive of the dreaded
I fever wagon of Europe, which always
• struck terror to the hearts of those who
j saw it pas* by. often heavily loaded. The
: pubile ambulance, with its steadily ringing
• bell, attracts attention, and is open to
! the gaze of the curiously inclined. The up
! to-date private ambulance resembles either
a private- opera 'bus or an ordinary auto
; mobile. Its driver shows a small board
I with its name on to obtain for it the
right of way, and it arrives and departs so
quietly that no one knows an ambulance
■ is near. Its interior is upholstered in cheer
] ful color?, and one ambulance which •» as
i designed and operate.] by a woman carries
j a'ways a bunch Of pink blossoms where the
i patient can see them. It has a medicine
j chest, witn everything in it likely to b*
i needed in an emergency, an ice box con
i cealed under the seat, electric lights and
i an electric fan.
These private ambulances are used a
great deal by patients coming by train or
I boat to New York to have the advantages
j of the city hospitals. When a train comes
j in bearing a patient the .imbulance i?
' there promptly on time to meet ll A
I stretcher I? carried to a side window of
j the car. the window suddenly lifted, the
I patient carefully placed on the stretcher
i and the stretcher bearing the patient is
[ quickly returned to the waiting ambulance.
I The whole performance takes about four
; minutes. It is a little more difficult to turn
i tne narrow stairs and handle a patient to
I remove him from a steamship, but this is
I successfully and speedily done.
A man is trained to service on a private
I ambulance by first watching others do the
J work. He is then allowed to carry one end
I of the stretcher and is gradually promoted
I as he becomes competent until he can han
i die a case himself.
j Not every one knows the method of -send
1 ing in a call for a public ambulance. Few
j persons are aware that calls may be mad?
over the telephone, without charge, from
1 any public pay station in the vicinity of an
; accident. It Is the rule to find an officer
and have him send in the call. If no officer
1 can be found any one can send in a call,
! though it is not certain that the ambulance
will respond to the call of a private citi
zen. He may be told to hunt up a police
man and have him send in the call.
When it call is sent in by a policeman it
; goes tlrst to his station house, or prt-cinct
j headquarters: from (here to Police Head
j quarters, and then to the hospital in whose
: district the call is located. Calls may b«
! sent in by a private individual either to P.
: lice Headquarters or directly to the hospi
! tal Itself. There is no assurance at pres
ent that the hospital called will either take
j the patient itself or carry him to some
j other hospital. It is hardly conceivable
that any hospital should refuse to respond
in emergency cases or to care for a patient
■ in need of medical aid. yet such instances
! have been reported, and it is said patients
time. Then, too, one is not clothed to
ride. He would soon freeze if he tried it
When I have been mushing for awhile the
steam from my body create? i c oating of
frost over my outer garments. A musher
has clothes for work and warm cloth°.«
for the night. When I go into ramp I
always change into fresh clothes, air
the ones I have worn during the day and
dry ihenn at the camp fire. This is pretty
chilly work, but if I went to bed in the
ciothes I had worn all day I would ahhrei
&li night. On« could net pile on Tninif.fr
clothes to keep warm
"We carry only what is absolutely neces
sary on our trip?. Beans are cooked, dried
so that they separate, and then put into
sacks. Bacon, tea. sugar and flour are
added. Frozen beans are quickly warmed
in a frying Dan over a camp fire, and we
dine with our mitt? on. With tiM ther
mometer 65 and "5 degrees below zero to
handle knife and fork without gloves would
mean the loss of the skin from our palms.
"Travel in this temperature means a
fight for life. Every point must he
watched; above all, a man must keep his
feet and hands dry. To let them freeze
generally means deatl-. Many have their
extremities, their noses and ears frozen
off. A great many lose their minds hen
oewildered in a storm v Inch they thought
they could work through. 1 almost lost
rr.y life once. Vow. before my vitality be
comes exhausted, I stop, dig a hole in the
snow. cut the dogs loose, take some pieces
o* dri*<l salmon with me, wrap up in rob
and get into the hole. The more the snow
piles over you the warmer you are in this
shelter. Oh, yes. I have to cover my nose,
too. but som<» air gets in. There I gnaw
on dried salmon and hug my strength for
three days while the storm blows over. The
first thing one sees when he crawls out of
»uch a hole are little mounds of snow,
tipped with black. The black points look
very funny until at a call dogs follow
their noses above ground one* more, nor.6
the worse for their experience.
"A great many changes and improve
ments have been made within the last few
rears. Now. Instead of camping out for
the night. it is generally possible t.> tind a
cabin to sleep in Once ! found a rm.:.
lying unconscious and nearly dead in such
a cabin His feet were frozen, h* !ad not
been able to crawl out for water and he
.ia<i no food left. He had gnawed the sur
face of the logs that formed the cabin
walls. I amputates his toes and revived
"And then what did you do?" his ques
tioner insisted.
"Oh, I took mm to t^e hospital "
The hospital was juat one hundred and
seventy-five miles away'
Why do I make tiiote journeyi? • r«-
Hopes That the New
Administration May
Bring Order Out
of Chaos.
so TfZu^A have suffered or died t>ecau««
no provision was made for their reception
or care.
All these unfortunate incidents arisinjr
from lack of co-ordination between the pri
vate and public ambulance services of Vmm
York City could be remedied, the standing
committee on hospitals or m* Charities AJd
Association thinks, by a system of central
direction and supervision, which it hopes
soon to see in operation.
Thousand* of Xezt Yorkers in
Atlantic (it ii.
Atlantic City. Feb. 15.— 1t l.< estimated
that there were ten thousand visitor' from
New York alone in Atlantic City over tha
IJncoln Birthday holidays, and the hotel
men say the number Is in excess ■'■' las«
year's record considerably.
Two members of the Portuguese Legation
at Washington— Victor Gouiea and Otef»«
Guinla— are among the guests at the Marl
borough-Blenhelm this week. Among X«*
Yorkers there are Mr. and Mrs. H. T. Hull.
Tonzo O. Sauvage and William Hals<»-/»
Peck, well known amour hor?« show exh
itor?: Mr. and Mr?. Albert riaybrugh an«
Charles A. Post.
At the Dennis i.« ex -Ma; or Thomas F".
Gilroy of New York, with the Misses Gi!
roy and Mrs. John Mcßride, Mr. andl
Mrs. C. C. A. W»!br!f!ge. Mr. and Mrs.
W. H. Redman.
The Shelbourn* i= entertaining many
New York guest?, and the crlll of an even*
ing is sure to include many supper parties
of well known person?. Atnonj holiday,
- . .--.-. Traymore are Mr. and Mr?.
E. Penhame. Dr. and Mr*. J. M. McM*
hon. Arthur F. Hetherington and Mrs. J.
A. Hetherington
H. H. Royce and Miss Helen Royce ar«
among other* from New York at the Wind
sor. Anton? Sew Yorkers at th* Sea*ida
House are J. XV. Van Zelin. Henry Vat»
Zelin and William H. Callahan.
Several hotel? have opened this w*els.
among: them the Hotel BoJ»- oh-, in Sout.l
Kentucky avenu?. under the management
of Mr?. A. E. Marion and her daughter.
The Hotel Raleigh. St. Charles Place an*
the Beach, has opened under th» manage*
men: of H. J. Dynes. The Hotel Storck.
just oft tne Boardwalk on South Maryland
avenue, has opened under the management
of William Storck.
Among the guests at the St. Charles Art
Mayor and Mrs. Greiess. -if Glendale. ant
Dr. George W. Cook, surgeon in th*
United States army. The Loraine. whicli
recently opened for the season. is entertain
in? among others Mm John Baldwin, of
New York, and Miss Van De Venter, at
- Port Washington. Ex-Senator and Mrs.
Barton B. Hutchins. of Trenton. N. J..
are among the guests at the Holmhur?O
for the Lenten season.
Guests at th€ Chelsea include Mr. and]
Mrs. James W. Woods and family, of Ot
tawa. Canada. New York guests there in
clude Lyman E. Spauldins:. Mr. an.l Mrs.
W. M Cruikshank and Miss J. M. Martin.
Lionel Barrymore and McKee Rank.n
hay» taken apartments at Youngs Board
walk Hotel /or an indefinite stay. Num
bered among the notable ■■■■(■ of th«
Royal Palace hi Simon Wolf, of Wash
Among the New Yorker? registered ac
other Atlantic City hotels are the follow
'Vaddon Hall-T. H. Hardy. Mr. and Mrs.
Haddon Hall-T H. Hardy. Mr. aaJM--
G. Tobby, J. Collins Clancy. Mr. and Mrs.
A. QpdylK and Miss Jeanette Opdyke.
Wiltshire— Miss S. :!e«horn. Miss Stan
ley. Mrs. Sidney, Mrs. Davis and R. Cal
Isles worth— Miss E. Keenan. Mrs. C.
Fuentes. Miss M. Strachan and Mr. and
Mrs. C. Fox. ,-,»<.
" Warwick— Mr. and Mrs. O. Ballard. Mrs.
H. Dougherty. William B. Nelli and Miss
Anna Jackson.
Rudolf— Miss M. Getty. M E Cohen. 9.
E. Cohen and William Mertz.
Bothwell-George Findley. J. M Jonn
s;on. H. A Grey and William Blo.>m.
CUJflila !Hi' M E- Sheppard. Mrs.
Frederick Pabst. Miss Cockran. Miss Wooi
!ey and J J. Walsh.
peated the Bishop. "1 go out to pick up
persons who have no mission?, and also te>
run from one mission to another. Th«
mission workers remain at their individual
post?. Aside from the mail carriers. I am
the only person who covers Alaska in th«
winter. 1 average twenty-five miles a.
day. Sometimes I run up to Ml: -two miles
a day. So you see." smiled the Bishop,
"that when I did fiat .lay after day for
twenty-five hundred miles I must have
been an athlete. You've got to have grit
and never say die in Alaska. It is a bad
country to give up in."
The Bishnp parried ■ question about
Alaskan government. He was too much
interested in the subject to be willing to
have himself quoted upon It more than la
«ay: "We dc not like people from down
the coast to dictate to us and say what
we should do and what we should 1 have
Alaska wants home rule. The majority of
the people are demanding home rule. This
is the feeling of that country. The people
of Alaska represent a very high claw of
American intelligence and citizenship. Th*>*
are as well able to govern themselves as
any people."
•Which do you find most easy to Lhr »
tianize. Bishop. th» Indian*, the EsqulmaUs
or the miners?" was asked.
"The Indians and the Ksquimaus am
both good." he rejoined heartily.
One could not tell whether his xenti*
omission of miners was due to the frivolity
of the Question or to sad experience.
"You can say for me." aM continued.
in his most Imprersive manner, "that m -
experience with the E?qulmaU3 13 not
the same as that of Mr Peary, when he
was quoted a? ta'ylng that 'the Esquimau*
were better off without missionaries and
civilization." Th*> Esquimau does need civ
ilization and Christianization. It has
helped him and. uplifted him into • '.<::-*
and better existence. "
The missionary district of Alaska over
which Bishop Row* presides cov*r» **>.**>
square mil-?* and includes some Sit. Oft) in
habltani.-*. Last year the Bishop traversal
22,6»>> indlles of this territory, ministering to
the need» of Tt missions, VI mission sta
tions. 15 Sunday schools. 3 diocesan ho»
pltals and 2 reading rooms. Men's clu^«.
too, established for the me of miners at
an offset to th* allurements of mining
camp saloons, are really part of the work
of the Protestant Episcopal Church ..i
One ha-- only to look into the eagle eye*
and indomitable face of Bishop Rowe ta
see In every expression and attitude won
derful force, courage and endurance, to
comprehend that here is a man who coulct
go into the wilderness and say "Let us
establish a church here, and iorUuwll*
MiahUsh it.

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