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V" 1 lAIX ..N" 28.121.
SENATE PASSES POSTAL BANK BILL rori: was so to v, o.v PARTY USES. i;w,fs Speech Won Insurgent* Over-Funds Mail Be invest- Ed ni Government Bonds. BlTtom TV. Triune Bureau] Washington. March —The postal savings bank bill paaaed the Senate late ■ his afternoon by a vote of 50 to 22. livery Republican Senator present voted jo r it and all the Democrats, with the exception of Senator Chamberlain, of •>rc-2-on. voted against it. v. ... the Senate took a recess last i-.iff^it it jeomrd an almost impossible task to bring about an agreement on the Hepubilcan side which would result in "'solid party vote for the legislation j.mrr.ised in the last Republican plat : inn. The Republican insurgents had in.ido •.;.., bee against the Smoot .r:» j.ciaem. while the regulars insisted that :>>;. amendment was vital to the constitutionality of the bill. It was ex jtctod that there would be a continu.i lica to-day of the bitter debate of yes terday, but this was avoided when Sen ior Carter, in charge of the bill, made a concession which stripped the opposi tion to the Smoot amendment of its greatest fear. It was apparent from the develop ments to-day that the speech made yes iordav by Senator Root had a profound irriiion*^ on the Senate. It does not • •fren happen that Senate speeches make vte? on important questions, but Mr. I?«tot"s earnest appeal apparently could not be answered, and after a night's reflection the insurgents were in a more conciliatory rnond. Mr. Carter was will ir.? to meet them half way. and early in the flay a compromise was reached. For the last week the Smoot amend ment has h(*>r. the barrier In the way of tl-:p legislation. This amendment pro vides that the postal savings fund? may !.(• invested in government bonds when. in the judgment of the Preside nt, war or any other exigency involving the credit ■v the United States so requires. The o'l ■■-•-•;■ forces insisted that an rrrendment of this character was cEson tial to the constitutionality of the bill. The critics of the Bmoot amendment saw & jiJan to take ihe postal funds out of the neighborhood of their deposit and s-vnr! them to the great financial centre?. They alleged that it was the purpose of the amendment to enable the postal :i:nds to be invested in 2 per cent gov ernment bonds with a view to preventing them from going below par. Another criticism of the amendment was that it was a preliminary step m the direction of a central bank. I Cummins Amendment Lost. Besat i Cummins wanted the right of the board of trustees to invest in gov ernment bonds limited to time of war. The Cummins substitute was defeated as £.con as the Senate met. 4" to IS. Those voting Tor it were Senators Beveridge. Borah. Brown, Burkett, Chamberlain, Clapp. Clarke, of Arkansas; Crawford. Cummins. Dixon. Dolliver, Gamble. La Foilette. McCumber. Owen. Shivery. Stone and Taliaferro. Only thirteen Democrats voted on this question, and Hvm of them were against the Cummins i-ulistitute. natox Borah t!.er ; offered an amend ~r.< Smoot amendment provld tbal postal funds shall not be In bonds hearing less than - . .• r cent interest. This was accepted i- Mr Carter, but on a record vote six md five Democrats voted o*. inst :t. They wr-re Senator? Brande- Burnham, Burton. Bulkeley, Kean Wetmore. Republicans, and Bank bead If mey, Pa\-r.ter. Bayner and ■ "'■ Can Una, Democrats, led Smoot • was pted, 4'i to 24. An amendment by Senator Bailey. nuking postal funds payable on de ir-and. was accepted, and an amendment L;- Senator Gallinger, providing that pos ts] funds may ■->' deposited in savings banks and trust companies doing a L-ar.kinp business, was adopted. How the Bill Now Stands. As it goes to the House, the bill au - ■•■■•••.:■ order poatoffices to accept sums of tl or more from depos itors, and to deposit these Bums in the :«>cai banko. where the money is to re main unk-j-s withdrawn by the Presi dent in case of war or other exigency. In case of this withdrawal, the funds are to be invested in government securities. but v.ith the proviso that such securi ties shall not draw ■•■•..._,.. cent :nt(-rcst. The control of the funds is vested in a board ■•: trustees composed of the Postmaster General, the Secretary of the '-•••>■■■;■■ and the Attorney Gen eral. The aggregate- lance allowed to any depositor is $500. and no person is per nitt*-J to deposit more than $100 in any one month. The government is required to pa}- -' per cent Interest, and must ex- i act not k-ss than 2»4 per cent from the ! U<r.ks. the extra '-i per cent being re- : Qtjred lor the payment of expenses and I ■ ' ! - I* ■ s calculated that such a law would i •r:r.e roach '■■'■■■■■■ out of hiding and re- ! salt In a fund ranginj all the way from wo to $1,000,000,000. The •"- ' l -amendment, as adopted, ; :t_ids: I h< X',r in the fadgment of the Presi c< nt vur or any other exigency Involv quires, the board of trust-r-s may with ■ '■ sSS-sSs ,•;* d - lnvc ' st lhe sa ™ I" bonds ?? r * secumi <-'sts °t the united States provided. th*t no part of .aid fundVsSl in any event be lnv< . stei j n ,', L' ! o,her ferity baring into^^ i. .an 214 per centum p^r annum. Several amendments were voted down : Use most important being one offered by Mr. Owen, of Oklahoma, which v.,. in tended as a substitute for the whole hill and provided for the establishment of a fund to guarantee national bank de posits alon- the lines of the state bank — — — - Continued on u<i i»jg»- WHERE TO TAKE LUNCH «r* Grl J r i k * h £ W**e«t type oJ American ! !.■■'•• v Tj.B ewe ' d ' Sens Co - 138 FulWm t>u. ... yy — aowt. I ■«s^SlSHHgH|@J^fci^i^B^^*Mßi«B»ii^^SS^Ha"' fe^**^^ Bl^^^ —^^^^^^^^^^ fCV>pvrli?ht 19T">. Tho Tribune Association J To-day, fair. To-morrow, unsettled. SCENES IN PHILADELPHIA'S BIG SYMPATHY STRIKE. POLICEMEN AND PLAIXCLOTHES MEN .MAKE AN ARREST CROWD OF SYMPATHIZERS HOOTS AT STRIKE BREAKERS- RUNNING A CAR. XEW ANESTHETIC 'SLEEPY GRASS' MAY AID SURGERY. Investigations at Rockefeller Institute May Produce Far reaching Results. In one of the laboratories of the Rocke feller Institute is a chemist daily en gaged in delving into the mysteries of "Stipa vaseyi." He expects to solve them, and when he does the institute will add to its many discoveries a new anaes thetic, harmless, effective and delightful to take. "Stipa vaseyi" has a common name. Cowboys and plainsmen, espe cially those herding cattle or sheep on the high plateaus of the Rocky Mount ains, call it "sleepy grass." One of the many agents of the Rocke feller Institute heard not long ago of a striking example of the powers of this wild hay at a "bronco busting" contest. He found out conn afterward that its chemical properties had baffled scientists for generations. He gathered some of the grass and sent it to the institute, where a distillation was made and a gentle rabbit drank of it. The rabbit went to sleep. Experi ments showed that the little animal did not suffer pain while under its Influence. When it awoke it was as cheerful at once as if roused out of a refreshing Plumber. The heart action had remained normal throughout. Unlike the much used anaesthetics, there was no after effect, and the whole institute staff was at once eager to find out what the plant was made of A chemist <.f proved ability received the task of satisfying the dr-sire of the staff. and Dr Simon Flexner, in charge of the institute, felt that an addition t<» I • aids to surgery was about to be made Results Not Far Off. Reports come from time to time from various sections of the country of the discovery of new and wonderful anaes thetics which will be free from the after effects often so injurious to person? with weak hearts. But none of these discov eries hap so far proved of great value The sleepy grass has a promise, how ever, according to a person familiar with its properties and with what has already discovered at the Rockefeller In stitute, that bespeaks early and satis factory fulfilment. This new method of deadening pain— and it is looked upon as practically as- Bured — will not be inhaled to produce unconsciousness. It will be a drink, and t:.« r.- will be none of the painful strug gling against unconsciousness as when the present anaesthetics are taken. There is probably no place in the world where analytical chemistry can bring to its aid more modern methods than at the Institute endowed by .J<-hn L>. Rocke feller. From the progress made so far by the chemist the properties of "SUpa vas«'yi" are expected to b<- known in a comparatively short time. Means of making the anaesthetic available for «-ur geons will then be taken, but not, of course, until tin- most exhaustive ex periments have been made to confirm its usefulness. Lo Knew About It. At th. "bronco busting" contest in the western part of Texas, where the cow boy J; ; still lingering, victory was won by the Indians, and with ease The fiery broncos, with necorda of untamable per versity and unwillingness to serve as mounts, were brought into subjection after ;■ <>n. t struggle The red men got away wth the prizes under the ■uspictoua scrutiny of the , ..,■ : . it was not !o. r .rr after the win i:ers had put Bliies between them; elves and the tourney place before an Investi gation of their quarters showed that they bad a supply of "sleepy grass." Out "f this d< ' ■• It ol ils'- guilelesi cow ame the curiosity that, it is- posi tively expected. Will add the. laurels of a new discovery t<> the. Rockefeller In- Htitute. This gruss is not now In the f-r'ut Bouthweet. Drowsy cattle have often been found on the ranges, and w!i<re they were Mie cowboys know there was sleepy As this condition never left t,he cattle mother than good condition, no effort was ever made to eradicate or avoid the wild hay. This grass. " the g-nus Stipa vaseyi; belongs to the same fam ily as the bearded mesQuite. a valuable fodder in Southern Texas. AsheviUe, A. ken, Acirjusta.fi. Resorts South. Southern Rwy quickest ft best way Dining aad sleeping csrs N V Offle* IKWB'way.— Ad vl. NEW-YORK. SUNDAyT^IABCiT 0. 1910.-FIVE PARTS-SIXTY PAGES. ** PRICE FIVE CENTS. STRIKE LEADER PRATT. Photo Copyright. 1910. by Paul Thompson PEASE AT IT AGAIX. Anti-Smoke Author Has Mer chant Arrested on "L" Station. William T. Hurd. manager of the New York branch of Swift & Co., who lives at the Hotel Endicott. at Slst street and Columbus avenue, was surprised when a stranger stopped up to him and gnv p him a pamphlet while he wa? waiting, about 11:30 o'clock last ni-ht. on the up town sid^ of the elevated station at 28th street and Sixth avenue. He was more surprised when he read the title. "The Status of the Tobacco Smoker from the Standpoint of Manhood." by Dr. Charles O. pease, who started the crusadd against subway smoking. He caimiy perused the document while smoking his cigar, and handed it over to his wife and sister, whom he had escorted to the theatre Tney were amused, too. But a still greater surprise was In store As he stepped on the train the stranger, who proved to be none other than the author, Dr. Pease, of No. 101 West T2d street, accused him of ox ppctorating on the platform. In spite of Mr. Hurd's denial. Dr. Prase called a patrolman and insisted on Mr. Hurd's arrest. Mrs. Hurd protested vigorously, paying that she and her sister would be left without an escort late at night. But Dr. Pease was obdurate, and Mr. Hurd was takon to the night court, where he was fined SI by Magistrate Harris. GETS HIS PEXSIOX. Final Mishap Not the Ruin of Aged Engineer. [3y Tel<gra.ph to Thp Tribune .] Chicago. March s.— Elbridge E. Reyn olds, a Lake Shore locomotive engineer, of Elkhart, Ind.. fought the battles of life for more than half a century On his last run, at the end of which was a pension for the seventy-year-old veteran, the injector went wrong, the engine flew past a block signal and crashed into a freight train. Discharged instead of honorable retire ment was the company's reply, in ac cord with strict rules. Reynolds said the company was right, that he had ( rr» il und the penalty was merited. Then the officials, who had known the engineer for decades and knew his rec ord had not one black mark against it until that last mishap, reviewed their ruling. Technically Reynolds had been r< tired Viefore that final run. and hence he could not be discharged, they held. The engineer was placed on the "retired with honor" list and his pension was given him. LOST OVER XIAGARA. Tzl-o Men in Boat Make Des perate Fight for Life. Niagara Falls. N. V.. March 5. — Two men, thrown from a little rowboat that overturned in the current of the Niagara River one and a half miles above the falls this afternoon, ar<" reported by the state reservation officials to have been swept over the Horseshoe Falls. William Hill and James Cassidy were at work on the reservation when they saw a bo.-jt not far from the Canadian shore, at a point known as Port Bay. Two men in the boat were bending over the oars with all their power in an ef fort t.j keep, the bow headed against the < nm-nt. but at every .stroke th^y lost distance . As the boat slowly slipped downstream into the more powerful rapids it rolled over on Its side and the men were tum bled into the water. One man was ween again for a moment Hill saw the other come to the surface and struKf?l<* against the fierce current with his bead above the water. Then he was whirled under. The overturned boat bobbed like a cork i. it was swept toward the Horseshoe. '1 ),■• supposition is that the two bodies were 'aught In an undercurrent and rushed over th*- brink. Efforts to identify the two men have been unsuccessful. BROWNS BRONCHIAL TROCHES. A wonderful r^ilef for Hacking Couglii..- Advt. MAYOR JOHN E. REYBURN. DR. HYDE INDICTED WHOLES ALE POISOX- ING PLOT CHARGED. Mrs. Logan 0. Swope Tells Se crets of Her Household — Sajfs Hyde Tried to Poison Her. Kansas City. Mo.. March 5. — Dr. B. Clarke Hyde, husband of a niece of the late Thomas H. Swope. was indicted to night on thirteen counts in eleven in dictments returned by the grand jury that has been investigating the Swope mystery for the last three weeks. Two indictments charge first degree murder in connection with the deaths of Colonel Swope and of Chrisman Swope. Dr. Hyde is alleged to have given them strychnine tablets. One indictment ac cuses Dr. Hyde of manslaughter by bleeding James Moss Hunton. a cousin of Colonel Swope, in a neglectful man ner. Perhaps the most surprising of all the indictments returned are the ei^ht in connection with the alleged poisoning | of the Pwope family and visitors and at ! tendants of the Swope household. Dr. I Hyde is accused in these indictments. I which contain ten counts, of poisoning with typhoid germs, with intent to mur der. Margraret Swope, Stella Swope, Sarah Swope, Lucy Lee Pwope. Nora Bell Dickson. Georgia F. Cnmpton. Mil dred Fox and Leonora C'opridgre. a negro girl. All these persons were stricken with typhoid fever while Dr. Hyde was attending the Swope family. Typhoid Germ Charge. Three counts In rhe indictment charge the poisoning of Miss Margaret Swope. The f.rst count charges that he at tempted to poison h<^r by administering typhoid fever germs on or about Novem ber 2"). The second accuses him of try- Ing to poison her by giving a hypodermic injection on December 12 In the third count he is alleged to have attempted poisoning on December IS by giving her j strychnine and other poisons. Capiases for the arrest of Dr. Hyde will not be issued until Monday. He i^ at present under a $50,000 bond In con- ' nection with the case now pending ! against him in Justice Loear's court in Independence, charging him with the murder of Colonel Swope. Prosecutor Virgil Conkling said that as soon as Dr. Hyde is arrested on the charges brought ! by the grand jury the case in the Inde- I pendence court will be dismissed. In a written statement, given out at i his home to-night. Dr. Hyde asserts his innocence of the charges Mrs. Swope's Story. Disregarding the advice of her attor- | neys, .rs. Logan O. Swope laid bare. ! while giving h^r deposition in the Flan di suit of her son-in-law, Dr. B. C. ' Hyde, to-day the secrets of her house- ' hold for many years. With tears, coursing down her cheeks and shouting her story, she repeatedly rose from the witness chair in her ex citement. She t4.ld the story or" the courtship <>f Kr. Hyde; how she tried to like him as her son-in-law; of her belief that he had attempted to murder her relatives and at one time tried to poison her. The charge that Dr. Hyde tried to poison Mrs. Suope is a new feature in the case. "On December 12 last he brought me a glass of water that tasted bitter," she said. "I drank some of It, and, noticing the peculiar taste, asked him where he got it. "''Out of the water cooler,' he replied. •' 'He is trying to poison you. mother." said one of my daughters 'I demanded that he give me an emet ic This probably saved my life." Mrs. Swope's story of the occurrences that led up to the discharge of Dr. Hyde Cuuilnuetl »v »<-, v.l (tucu STRIKE LEADER MT'RPHY. AEROPLAXE RECORD. Farm an and Tzco Passengers in Air Over Hour. Bfourmelon, France. March 5. — Henry Farmr.n established a new world's record to-day fnr aeroplane flight with two passengers, remaining in the air one hour and ten minutes. A DEPUTY OF DUELS. Italian Has Fire on Hand as Result of One Debate. Rome. March 5. — The list of Deputy Chiesa's prospective duels is growing. His engagements on the field of honor now number five In the Chamber yes terday. Deputy Chiesa. during the course of an interpellation of the government, made allegations against the influence of the Austrian Barone?? Piemen? on the Italian army by reason of the friendly terms she had established with certain high officials, and against the Duchess Litta. who he declared was a great fa vorite of the late King Humbert. Deputy Cfciepa proceeded to h?ap in sults on General Prudente. Under Sec retary of "War. and the army, and later In the day was challenged by Generals Prudente and Fecia and Count Giacomo Biorando, a nephew of the duchess. To day another nephew of the Duchess Litta and a nephew of Baroness Sie mens came to the front and issued chal lenges, and as it is believed that Deputy Chiesa will accept them ali the affair will keep a large number of seconds and attendants, and probably doctors and surgeons, busy for a considerable time. ROWDIES CAUSE RIOT. Pull Brakes and Insult Women on Elevated Train. Passengers on a Ridgewood train of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit were thrown into a panic early this morning, when four rren made a flying wedge through the !?n?th of the four-car train. Every thing was tried by the rowdier that would tend to upset the equanimity of the passengers, many of whom were women The men sat on women's lap*, pulled their hats off. yanked bell ropes :md tried to put on the emergency brakes. After a reign of terror the men were placed under arrest by the police reserves. .When the men began to pull the bell ropes the guard of the last car. Arthur Knight, attempted to interfere, but was abused and kicked for his trouble. Some of the women tried to gain the car ahead, but in this they were prevented by the gang, who shut the door and put their weight against it. While the whole train was in an up roar, the motorman sounded the alarm calling the police. As the train drew Into the Sumner avenue station the re serves from the Vernon and Ham hurt: avenue stations rushed to the platform and into the car. Here, after a spirited light, the four men were arrested. At the Hamburg avenue station they gave their names as Michael Hintz. of No. 57S Grove street; Joshua Pinn. of No. 14!> 3d street; John Hahick> of No. 47 Franklin avenue, and Henry Hirt. of No. 2074 Himrod street. They were all charged with disorderly conduct- and assault. MAY BE THE NINA'S YAWL. Lewes, Del.! March 5. — lead colored yawl that may have belonged to the miss ing naval tug Nina, was picked up to-day by the Metomkln Inlet lifrsav^r-'?. The little craft carries the number "V 954" on the. bottom, and "the letter "S" is on the bow and the stern A SPLENDID GIFT INDEED. A handsome wedding Rift, more appre ciated than precious stones, would be to offer the young couple their complete fur niture Such ■ gift, comprising the much admired contents of a gentleman's bijou residence In Europe, can be purchased en bloc forming a valuable antique collection. Including paintings, old Dutch clocks, bronzes, porcelain, old mirrors: all collected with great onre. The whole contents of the home which is being broken up. would be sacrificed for about $35,000. For details apply to Dorland Agency. 359. Fifth avenue. V V or 3. Regent street, London. England. X* y . or 3 Regent etrcet, London. England —^xdvt . . • Photographs hy Paul Thompson. N V MAGISTRATES RISE DEXY FURLOXG CASE REFLECTIOX. Special Meeting Calls Upon District Attorney Whitman for Vindication. A resolution calling for an immediate .! investigation by District Attorney "Whit man of charges that two members of 1 the Poard Of City Magistrates of the Ist Division were guilty of crimes similar to those that caused Magistrate Furlong, of Brooklyn, to receive a prison • sentence, was passed yesterday after • noon at a special meeting of the Ist Division magistrates held in the West Side Court Building. The judicial wrath was directed against Assistant District Attorney Elder, of Brooklyn, who is alleged to ■ have caused the circulation of a state ; ment that two of th»> Ist Division magistrates had been guilty of improper conduct. ■ Magistrate Corrigan introduced a sec ; ond resolution advocating Elder's re i moval, and those present were unani ' ! mous in expressing a willingness to de , mand his removal for conduct which j they held disqualified him for holding office in that he is alleged to have given to the press scandalous allegations be fore first giving the accused persons a , chance of defence, employing anonymous ; letters or letters of unknown writers to cast reflections upon a body of honor . able men. • But it was finally agreed that there I was nothing more than a moral cer tainty of the offence held against the Brooklyn official, so a new motion, in tended to get more tangible evidence, i was submitted. Caution to Go Slowly. "We have no proof that Elder gave j these letters to the press." said Magis- t rate Breen. "What evidence of his cul- : | pability have we that would stand in ■ : court? We think he talked to reporters, : but in fact we do not know that to be j what happened. A clerk might have , given out the letters. Let's not be ri . diculous." "Accusing Elder of going off half- I cocked, we do not want to make the j same mistake." agreed Magistrate House. So Magistrate Corrigan amended his , resolution to read that the chair appoint a committee of three to ascertain by communicating with District Attorney I i Clarkek whether or not his assistant. R. H. Elder, gave out the information in question to the press. Magistrates Corrigan. Harris and Bar low were named for this committee. Magistrate Steinert then said that El der sprang into prominence in the last j campaign by giving out a statement j against the present Mayor and that when ! i called upon to substantiate it he admit- j ted it was formulated on a hearsay ( statement that he had not investigated j i personally. "But in the matter before us to-day • the newspapers are as guilty as Elder of printing libellous charges without proper j investigation, and I move that we notify i the newspapers that we demand some | respect from them." continued Magis- ! trate Steinert. "If the newspapers had ! been fair and just they would not have i printed hearsay scandal without first in- j forming us and taking time for a thor- | ough investigation. I therefore move j that we stand up for our rights and show that we have nothing to ft-ar from the press by Instituting libel suits against every paper in New York that printed the charges." Hard to Prove Libel. Magistrate House argued that, to prove j libel by innuendo, inasmuch as no names ; had been printed, the burden of proof j would be on the complainant to establish j libel by showing that in an article im pugning unjustly the acts of two of a I board of sixteen the publication referred • to the one seeking redress. He declared j that if the duty of looking into the libel laws f«H to the committee of rules and discipline ho would resign as a member j and chairman of that committee, because ' he was already sure in his own mind t that it would be waste of time. Magistrate Butts felt that some means : of redress would be. found in an appli cation of the common law. Magistrates Herrman and Harris thought if no law on the statute books applied in this case Continued ua ««-. .-v.; i>uk^ F'orlda. Augusta, Charleston, Summer villa and Cuba. 9:55 A M.. 1:25. *3:23 and 5»:25 P. M Unexcelled service via Per.na. an.l Atlantic Coast Line 121S i; way — Advn DAY OF DISORDER Ifl PHILADELPHIA RIOTS IX VERY HEART OF THE CITY. Demonstration in Independence Square, Despite Mayor — Ru-_ mored Appeal to Mr. Taft. Philadelphia. March 5. — Disorder ' marked the first day of Philadelphia's great sympathetic walkout of organized I labor to back up the fight of the trolley j men against the Philadelphia Rapid Transit Company. Nearly every section • of the city had a tale to tell of cars at i tacked, of men assaulted by strikers or , sympathizers, or of clashes with police when the latter tried to disperse the 1 crowds. It is reported that a move is under way to ask the intervention of President , Taft. To-night the car strikers an nounhced a proposal of arbitration made ; to the transit company. The evening passed with little disorder. In several sections cars were attacked, but no oat was badly hurt. m The crew of one car was rescued from the crowd by the police. The motorman fainted from excitement and was sent to a hospital. A strike sympathizer dressed in the uniform of a United States soldier cre ated excitement to-night in the l.'th and Market street station of the subway. He flourished a razor in the crowd of persons waiting to board trains, and mar;:." women ran screaming to the street. He was arrested and taken to the city Hall, where he gave the name of Carl Roth. The scene of the general disturbances shifted to-day from the heretofore tur i culent Kensington district to the very i centre of the city. The greatest trouble I was experienced by the police at Inde pendence Square, where, despite the an- I nouncement by .Mayor Reyburn that 1 1 •. demonstration could be held on the ground where the Declaration of Inde pendence was signed, a crowd estimated at twenty-five thousand persons gath . ered to take part in or watch the demon stration of organized labor. Keep Crowd on the Move. Policemen, mounted and afoot, were ; there by the score, with strict orders to keep the crowd moving. The city au thorities had learned much in the last two weeks in the handling- of crowds, and it was the belief that if the im mense throng could be kept on the move ; I trouble weald be averted This was ac i complished, and it is due to the patience j and steadiness of the police that no se rious outbreak occurred. A great crowd of strikers paraded through the square and were not molested by the police. There was a wide difference of opinion • to-day as to the extent of the strike- Saturday being a half holiday, and in some industries no work being done at all on the List day of the week, it «M , utterly impossible to get more than rough estimates of the number of men out. The ' committee of ten of the Central Labor ] Union, which If conducting the strike, in a statement made to-night through ' Charles A Hope, secretary of the Central j Labor Union and ■ member of the com mittee, announced that 125,000 persons were out. Food Famine Averted. Secretary Hope declared that bakers, milk wagon drivers and grocery clerks i were not called out and would not be. It was not the desire of organized labor, he said, to inconvenience the public to ; the extent of handicapping- the delivery of the necessaries of lire This will avert the threatened food famine. I The committee of ten has taken action ; which is calculated to prevent as far as possible real suffering to the general public. An order was issued exempting: from the general strike union employes of the city water works, the electric light plant, drivers of funeral carriages and employes In hospitals and homes. "This order was thought to be no more than just to the public." said Secretary Charles Hope. "We want to make our protest, but we do not ■■■I to cause a serious condition which would result iff these places were affected." Although the entire population of th» city looks upon the strike as most seri ous, the effects of which are likely t > be felt for a long time to come, the city administration, from Mayor Reybum down, profess that the walkout is not as widespread as proclaimed by the labor leaders. ' Henry Clay. Director of the Depart ment of Public Safety, said to-day that he had police reports to show that not more than twenty thousand men were on --trikc. However, with all the conflicting re ports, it was evident that Philadelphia's industries an not yet prostrated by tho conflict. The great industrial establish- - rr.rnts. such as Baldwin's locomotive works. Cramp's shipyard. Brill's car wcrks and the Mldvale steel works, all of which are "open shop" concerns, were In operation to-day with practically their full forces. Extent of the Strike. The greatest number of sympathetic ■-, strikers was found among the textile - workers in th« Kensington district; and the Allied Building Trades. The striker* \ claimed that fifty thousand persons were out in thes • two ind - :>»:ries alone and that the scattering unions in other trades Were well represented by strikers. The master builders at a meeting to-day ad mi ttcil that their industry la seriousiy crlppled. There was a rumor in circulation to r.lsht that the labor leaders might re quest President Ta.ft to use his in3u-* _ enee to bring an end to the trouble or take some step along the ilnes adopted by President Roosevelt in the i iilTliiiissi - .".._ coal strike of 1002. Such a mo ve^lC" is V ". believed, "'i. .be welcomed by tha peo ple of the city. The day developed nothing in . the streetcar strike itself. The Philadelphia The Seaboard Florida Limited s Service imquestionajt.lv bt-st to Florida. Via Pa. R. R. A: Seaboard Air Line, the shortest, quickest, moat attractive route. All Pullmans — electric lighred. Club car. observation car-compart ment and dra -room sleepers. No chang* to any Florida East Coast Resort. too, P. R. R. offices, or 1133 B'way Phone 5644 Mad. — A.ivf