Newspaper Page Text
Offensive Manners of Boorish Americans Abroad
They Frequently Irri
tate JVatiOes Into
' ;• -::rM. **!• by "•••• ISrcst-Rood Company.)
NO tonrist from the United States
\ :iitia^ tlie Holy Land is entirely
sarc- from murderous attack.?
kuci as ih-t ;<le a. couple of weeks ago
; y Afghan pilgrim in the Mosque of
i*tsar, ••' J'Tusalem. upon a couple of
Xoisricsx! women, one of them sustain
lr~ a rs.fr: rtrsh •wound, while the other.
Elcri - eeiiou'ly injured, is reported to
j^v*. k»£s. jn c;-e. For. no matter how
rtrcTul iirci-r^tTS nu:y be to refrain from
rli .i<:ns !•-* - •liilities of the na
lires i':« <J lo avoid jriving offence, they
<3lil r.r vir Lc sure that some fanatic may
tx,i «s^' ri •' nia <-iity to avenge upon
]..ni affrcnta :o his faith of which
,•;::•;--• v-° :-»ve been less considerate.
..<.■ ha..' rtnclered themselves guilty.
•-; ,,-■ ;nait<*r is one calling for a. far
.trz.^rr i-nuiunt of attention than it has
r r <"t* i*i '*' J in this oan try. For. with the
"~, ncr , a <rd facilities and cheapness of
f.r^i^n travel, every city of the Union.
r nu A "** n c smallest town, furnishes
;- ? , ••<• -t to the legions of tourists that
ttt- Atlantic each ear to visit the
f,}\ World. Indeed, all of them, and
. .-,: « ••-.!'■■ they, nut also the relatives and
i- n.I t " ••< >aa they have left at home, are
i,.!A' interested In diminishing as much
; c possible the risli that may be thus
Bzid '•• d°s the footsteps of the "Inn*>
t i± t ,r Abroad." ■ risk which is far more
r/>^:r />^ : :I"-i"' BBOSt people seem to imagine.
': .-.Ti only be carded against by the
i;:.-*c;t;- n of the lesson that every
American on yonder side of the water is
j.opu'.arly regarded as a representative
»-f his nation, and should bear himself
irilS a foil sense of his responsibility
■z such, with the courtesy and con
tidcratfon for others that one expects
♦p ;:;.<i in a well bred citizen of the
To any otic who has lived in the OH
c-i ■'- is a subject of surprise that out
casts such as that which took place the
other day in the Mosque of Omar *re
r i :ur more frequent, for Orientals are
bfosHj \ory sensitive about their re
)-z- n. Keen to resent anything that
run I* construed as disrespect, filled
■ • the more or less latent but always
Mme. Oily "Just Grotved"
LiKe Topsy, JVc-Ocr Was Trained
So She Says, but ctnln
:e\,ietc' Sncbvs She
AL.L, th<_>** who have written cf -Mi"?
A Oily." as she, in a jrenial attempt to
be American, calls herself, have
>.. ..<•:; of her as a wonderfully trained ac
txcsm. Th«?y have called attention to her
.-Ti-.Tol and her expressiveness as unmis
takable signs of careful study of her art
v : have declared that her wr. L «ie technique
ts different from that of American ac
•-.- eat It was. they said, her training.
;■«■ - .ijr« education.
I icM down all the reviews and criticisms
tim | read of her and. putUn? on try hat
a -.-.I •a% I went up to request an interview
b •:> tier.
: European «a^e training makes an ac
tress subtle, varied in expression, graceful.
..r--- ta control of situation and self.
Is such training? I was going to
rr-ak- ber tell me.
T c floor opened in the room wher- I sat
■aitfes for her and In came «->m» one in
• wind. A rapid pal streak would
pictorial represent hem crossing to rre.
t'b« time ... reached me I M
•a ;; -;car:v a blur. Then the blur jnad
•«^oi-.ed itself into the person of
toe. .Marietta Oily, who is now playing at
,„;. us in this city for exceeding
• Fpeed limit in all our little acts, but it
, seem as if anything else moved
■■;.- flames? and ability of the fer
, . («t arrived. Perhaps it is the first
,a 1 , to bbto from tin* champagne at
...-.-,. :r.d~d. the sunlight was almost
. •:r r.z aw Oily spoke about after
• titled herself comfortably.
-Aa ! .-or? or :s it not more brhiiant
, wttM anywhere el^T' she demanded.
r-'- <n«stton was followed by another
. el wain. I slowly real
ad ihtf 1 -as uhe ■■ who was bems in
... „!. Time went on. until at last I
.a !, to «ke up to the fact that the sun
ia .j described a considerable arc in the
t , ,:,: Mil! my voice had not beei. neard
. M . ; . war d taflectloa once. she nad nad
» all ':■."•■ own way.
- :n«r t^ache* one to
«:-.- I mused- -Ti.eres
,_^j Just dash in and
Mi d by the ears."
DC bad you for all thl*"
tpaned out. -Tiial is. tor this 6tage career
%£Zr?Gt~X surprise- "I-no tralnin*-
m , search and the reason
toerrfeir both lay dead at my fee
» - ad on . alas ->•• ali*
rIM and back to the door
v - I remexn^red that a.-: am^
tr - pa!=W hmd --. • Atom thaJ . *
I „; the point of Fivicg a hard thiw.
T I « just * mm bit Jon^er
to r.'.; tuck! Every one should be told
. . "-n-bered It Just in ume. and I
SS I SSTS her «tran«ely inde to ;t
to. .. CU- *:,ich M emed to i*'>e no
«xi^!«i rf its owtj. but across »*«* -J'
t*d S wf*» of many different JUnds
«^. an artist to tell
foa be - trained. : never yet heard of
X* [hat :^d rules, method or tra^s lor
,: ; He tblcSa be is Just born to it.
r.-i-i -,1 ' be reailied he had such things
Lli. t ;«iSSte no artist. Yet they
U<i told : .;~ tat ii2^- «>» was a traine.i
eoncx and m«ybe she ii*d been taust. - »
m- ; , v,, v.iti.out btinff aware of It. Was
Bui ibe Cnropean way. to educate you
••itiioui • oui ...wins it?
I:. tattfe£ -.o her cae could not b«jp no
! tor ..••.Mdo-a. she «• of herself.
it the kit ttere ehe changed her position
«R«;'l«t a! war- with easy ffrace. eome^
0a ; a k aoini forward across the «pao* br
•»«» v, t.^n back to a reclining posture
h»t£ -j,^ I «aw that her feet were
*»»« b si.;- LW n the settee, ■>— J> I
( '-<J cct r.o: •- d how siie cat theni there.
I h. rif , M Uzxtv why European
-'-•-r- t ... X * ere cc O r» .x »r £siv« than Amen
xciat-Md. "Too interest
-••* vvrj much ulth that. I have noticed
•x* I h^.. certainly. That is the educa
■•i is :: not* All Americans arc very re
•«"-jd. I Lave watched American wom<«n
A toft, a a- tail, erect, with youn?.
»•« U-.-S and often with wnt» hair, but
••«•«** c . wl j -^j rti._rv«t I hive mmm]
►existent animosity toward the white
races, holding: human life cheap, espe
cially where an "unbeliever" i» con
cerned, and far more Indifferent than
ourselves to pain and death, it is amaz
ing that they should not give free rein
more often than they do to the impulse
murderously to attack on the spot those
who In their eyes are profaning things
that they hold sacred and in reverence.
That the natives have very serious
grounds for Irritation cannot be denied.
And, far from diminishing, the causes
are Increasing proportionately with the
growth of the facilities and cheapness of
travel, which brings to the Orient tour
ists of a class still more devoid of good
breeding and. above all, of Brood man
ners than those who have gone before.
Americans are by no means the only of
fenders, nor yet the worst, although
they are possibly among the most con
spicuous by reason of their superiority
of numbers and of mean* — means which
more often in the United States than
anywhere else are to be found in the
possession of self-made people, who have
not enjoyed all the advantages of early
refinement. Moreover, they are extraor
dinarily unimpressionable to the char
acter of their surroundings.
True, the bump of veneration plays a
less important role in American phrenol
ogy than in that of any other nation.
The spirit of reverence is conspicuous by
its absence, this being largely due to the
doctrines of democracy, which teach that
each man is as gocd as another. The
ati French army paying. "Rien nest
na.-r* pour un sapeur" ("Nothing is
sacred to a sapper"), has l-^en parodied
abroad into "Nothing is sacred to an
American" — that is to say, nothing is
supposed to ever feaze either the sons
or the- daughters of L'ncie Sam.
What is. however, a general lack of
reverence in the American tourist is
often in his German, and more especially
in his English fellow travellers an ill
bred and openly professed contempt for
everything that does not accord with
their ideas in matters of creed, custom
and prejudice. If the American gives
offence to native susceptibilities it is
unintentional and arises from a congeni
tal lack of comprehension of the mean
ing of the word respect: whereas the
British tourist of the ill bred grade in
tentionally offends, through a determi
nation to emphasize his superiority by
publicly expressing his contempt for
German -Italian actre«». who is playing
here m "The Whirlwind."
them and Mai to copy them. But of
course." with a shrug and a laugh, "I hav«j
"And it Is the same here with the people
.on the stage. In Europe if an actress made
up as they do here, with beautiful, bisr, sur
prised eyes and stiff frowns 1:1 which they
cannot move, and acted with that — what
1 shall I say?— restraint. lack of gesture and
! face expression, they would not succeed.
1 Let me tell you how they do there."
■*Willb«l: " I breathed in an aside to
! myself, but I merely nodded my head.
"A young actress in Germany hcgira in
i th" provinces, that is. anywhere outside of
Berlin," went on Mrae. Oily. "She is in a
stock company, and :s Riven all kinds of
I parts, She la taught, for each part, the
necessary stas* busings, but is not taught
' how to act. ■«■ is supposed to he riaiui
allv an actress, or she would not tm on th»
stage. Of course, she is not very pood at
first. But the director of '••- piece help*
I her sometimes with a general suggestion, a.
bread stroke. The ones who teach h**r '"
tails are perhaps you would not expect it —
the audienco and the newspaper critics. Th»
audience is very rear to you In Germany.
In tie first place, the theatres are very
'Intimt.' and then the audience is *xtrem*iv
attentive. They hang on your words and
! follow you so close!;/ that there is ■ breath
less sort of expression of opinion sent from
them to you about every move you make.
You feel that their k<-en eyes will miss noth
ing that you do. and It encourages you to
use very fine expressions — that is. fine; I
mean delicate" She hesitated.
••Subtle, perhaps?" I suggested.
"Yes. exactly, subtle. Th«n the npwa
papcr critics. They ajo a Great help. They
point out little tiny defects; give little,
little praises for the turn of a wrist, or
something. They speak of voice and pro
nunciation. A German Is. oh. dreadfully
particular about his lander. It must bo
spoken to him Just H or he won't accept
"^.nd £■>. after the actress has gotten to
play big part* la * h e provinces-Juliet.
Hedsla everythins-and is considered good.
Bhe in «ent to Berlin, perhaps, and there
eh.- takes very little parts again, and If she
suits the public bhe Is slowly given more
important thin gs.
••She has only to think of her acting.
Her looks do r.ot count much; at least,
not a* much as they do here. So it Is.
you Btudy and you fee), and you «pr«..
Do you understand n.o? That is the G*r
aioi*" a ,trc,, S trzinlnz. And it 1, •»»■
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY. APRIL 3. l!>m.
everything foreign, especially where re- I
ligtous practices and prejudices are con- •
Thu* Americans will through thought- "
lessness take snapshots in the Mostjo '„
of Omar, possibly Ignoring- the fact that
the portraying: of human beings, and |
more especially of di«nitar!es of the J
Mahometan Church, Is strictly forbiddt-T. .
by Koranic precept. But the Knglish ?
tounst of th« type -which I have in [
THE MOSQUE CF OMAS AT JERUSALEM.
\ /here two American women visitor* were murderously attacked by an Afghan pilgrim whose warship they di«turbed.
mind— and. alas, it is a numerous type—
-will absolutely refuse to remove his
boots — or even to don the carpet slippers
which in some places axe permitted as an
alternative — before entering the mosque;
will tramp about in muddy, hobnailed
footgear over the exquisitely plaited
mats and superbly lacquered floors of
temples in Japan. China and Siam. on
the ground that it would be lowering
his dignity as a Bri^m to make any
concession to the feelings of the "nig
gers"—for to him all the dusky hued
races, no matter whether Chinese states
men such as L.i Hung <"hang. Japanese
naval commander?, suoh as Admiral
Togo, or Indian rulor. such as th^ Nizam
of Hyderabad or the King of Gwalior,
It is the English tourist of the kind
such as the woman who insisted on lead
ing her pet dog about with her in the
great cathedral at Messina just before
iu= destruction by the earthquake, the
Englishman who in Spain defiantly re
fuses to doff his hat in token of re-
the same In the other Continental coun
"But that was not my nay. I never
had the beginning In email towns. I per
\ formed 'first in Munich in a carnival mati
nee at the Kortheater.
"Yes, I had my voice partly trained for
opera, and 1 had also learned dancing."
These arts did r.ot Mem to her to be in
any way responsible for the confidence of
i voice and the control of body that have
i been so often remarked in her. They were
Must two of those side issues that do not
count, those side Issues that one always
baa time in Europe to indulge in.
"Then." she continued. "I went on a
I tour in Italy lasting nine months, with not
!so good a company. Yet I learned much.
I played all kinds of parts, and had prac
tice. But In Berlin, that is where I had
my experience with critic and audience.
That wonderful contact with an audience:
! How can I explain it? Yet I never have
known how I made an effect. I was never
asked till I came over here." She laughed
■as if she were remembering something.
"I must laugh," she went on. "They have
asked me such funny Question! since I
! have been here. Some one the other night
asked me how I led up to that climax
where I kissed Mr. Bergen".
"I was furious, and surprised for ■ mo-
I ment. 'I have never kissed Mr. Bergen
iin my life. I cried. And then 1 recovered
imy wits. *Oh, as Clavitrncn In "The Whirl
wind," ' I said. 'Yes. I have kissed him as
Clavignon. 1 had forgotten the two were
the same.' "
Do we teach the European dreamer to
be self-conscious over nere? I wondered
I "When I play a part I truly forget that
llt la not all real, " she continued. "I lose
I O!!y altogether. I don't remember that
, there is any such person. I feel so roused
; to the part that I can only act naturally,
! and that Is why I am lost to the American
i stage directions. They tell you when to
I sit and when to rise, how and when to
: point your fingers. And I promise to do it
I all. But when the curtain goes up I am
| Helene, and I act quite without thinking
and so forget all my direction and all my
promises. I am quite hopeless. Where I
am told to stand off and look at Robert
they say I run up and lay my hands on his
shoulders. That is not the American way,
to touch another with the hands— ls it? But
! that is what we Europeans do."
She illustrated by suddenly laying both
hand* on my arm. And the sense of her
touch brought her nearer to me than either
: sight or hearing had done. It was a relief.
I did not know how or why, that feeling
of her hands on my arm, and then all of a
sudden I realized th«t she had been un
natural with me before. She had been
practising the American restraint, and it
had held her back and kept her from re
vealing her truest Feif to me.
For her art •> excressive. and to her the
most valuable training she has had for de-
eloping bar expressiveness has # been
given by these attentive European audi
ence?, by their breathless following of her
every move and word. One who baa sat
among them In a theatre during the tense
hours of a drama knows that, in fancy, the
actress Is close enough to lay her hand on
the pu!se of the audience and there feel
the effect on her auditors of her slightest
«xpreasion. . C I. D.
OLD LONDON BRIDGE.
For centuries Old London Bridge, with
its double row of houses, was the home
of generations who lived and traded over
the Thames waters. Holbein liv. and
painted there: Osborne, the 'prentice lad.
leaped through a window in the house of
his master, Sir William Ilewet, to the res
cue of Sir William daughter, who hud
fallen into the swollen flood of the river
below, and by winning her for hid wife laid
the foundation of the ducal house of Leeds.
Crispin Tucker had his chop on the bridge,
to which Pope and Swift and many an
other author of fame made pilgrimages to
purchase books and gossip with the wag
gish shopkeeper. Crocker's Dictionary was
printed - "at the Looking Glass on London
Bridge." and gigantic corn mills domi
nated the. couth end of the structure, not
many yards from th« wonderful Nonsuch
House, a. huge wooden pile with turrets
and cupolas brought from Holland. Such
in brief outline was th* London Bri.lgo
which linked the twelfth with the eigh
teenth century, and which, when It was on
Its last tottering less, was removed with
in the memory of many still living to give
place to ltß fine ■accessor of our day, thu
etone In which Is said '•• b»» "nearly double
that employed in building St. Paula ca
THE TAJ MAHAL.
Famous tomb constantly desecrated
by luncheon parties.
A review in commemoration of the
twenty-filth anniversary of the adoption
the regimental Cross of Honor in the 7th
Regiment will be held by that command in
the amory on Wednesday night, April -"
Since the adoption of this badge of honor
tor lons and faithful service some twelve
hundred members of the command have re
ceived it. The athletic association of the
regiment has purchased a $500 silver shield
for annual competition in baseball between
a team from the regiment and one from
the West Point cadets, the game to be
played annually on the afternoon of May
30. The association has also donated $300
for the purchase of field glasses for the
officers of the regiment, and will purchase
150 .baseball suits for various players, from
whom a team is to be chosen. Baseball
practice will begin at once at Van Cortland:
Park on Tuesdays and Thursdays. Com
panies B and F have tied for the indoor
baseball games, each team winning --v- a
games. The regiment will parade on May 1
for divine service In St. George's Church.
At the annual insprcticn ar:d muster of
the- 2i Company of the tignai corps,
Monday night, fifty-seven members were
present and three were absent. The ab
sentees were LJeuttnunts Stevens and
Smith, who are away on leave, and one en
listed man. Major Reber, U. S. A., repre
sented the War Department and Lieuten
ant Colonel F. T. Istlgh represented the
state. 2£&unted drills will begin to-morrow
A set of Pxvirnmiiic: mat:"li?s is being ar
ranged by the- second corp.par.y of the 11th
Regiment, to be held la the armory on the
night of April 18.
Capta'n Menson Morris of Company H.
12th Regiment, a Spanish War veteran, has
resigned on •'••.!. of business, much to
the regret of the company. He joined the
regiment as second lieutenant in Company
E April 22, ISM. and served with the regi
ment during us entire term of service in
the volunteers fur the Spanish War. He
has served as cuptain of Company E. as
sistant inspector of small arms practice,
battalion quartermaster, commissary and
car-tain of Company H. Lieutenant K. K.
Rogers, battalion adjutant, has presented
to Battalion Sergeant Major J. P. Jamison
a handsome sword as a token of esteem.
All the members of the Ist Signal Com
pany, three officers and eighty enlisted
men. were present at the annual muster
for the War Department and state a few
nights ago. The command was compli
mented upon Its care of property and the
clean condition of the armory. The annual
music ride and pames will be held in the
Central Park Riding Academy on April 28.
The athletic games of the 22d Regiment,
to bo held In the armory to-morrow night,
will have all the crack athletes in training
in the competitions. These include Sliop
pard, Hyland, Snobel and other noted men.
The events include runs at various dis
tances, hurdle and bicycle races. one-:niie
walk, sack race, potting shot and ■ one
mile intercompany relay race. There will
be dancing after tha games. Captain W. A.
Kenny, who has been at Fort ltiiey. has
returned. Trophies have been awarded to
companies of the regiment as follows: Oiß
cei - 3 - trophy, for team of fen, in rifle shoot
ing, to Company H; Public Schools Athletic
League trophy, for excellence in cordaj,*'
work, to Company If; O'Brien trophy, for
Intercompany relay race, to Company I,;
Sachs trophy, for novice ■ ointa in athletic
games, to Company F, ■ l: ' ! Athletic Asso
ciation trophy, 'or points in athletic games,
to Company A.
The ridins; class of ...far F. 7th Regi
ment, will rido across country In :<• v.
Jersey on A^ril 10 willi a number of mem
bers of the Elf Troop.
Contrary to expectation, quite n number
of oKlcers in the N*«?vv York National
Guard havo made application to attend
tiio my school at Fort Itliey, Kanaaa,
These officers represent tlio engineers,
Held artillery and cavalry.
A review of the l-tli Regiment by Ma
jor <;• "••;■■. Leonard Wood. V. S. A., i.mi
mander of the Departiwtnt <•! tn<- ISast,
will be h«'ld in the armory <>n Thursday
nijjlit. Company A. Captain Watlswortly
will hola a ball in the armory on isaturu.iy
The 6Dth Ilegime:it will he reviewed by
Adjutant General Nelson If. llr-nry next
Saturday night. The recent ball ami » «mi-.
cert of the regiment proved a sroat «iu'
is.as and netted th« command v bandaome
sum d- . pita the fact mat the expenses
speet when some religious procession Is
taking place or when the last s^ ra
ments are beinar carried through t::»»
Btrects to the dying; th« English
pie who, as related by Mrs. Trollope In
her description of a Ho!y "Week service
In St Peter's at Rome, broke in upon
tfca Foiemn hush of the assembled thou
sands during the Elevation of the Host,
by popping off the cork of the charn-
paene T.hich th*»y had brought, along
with a basket of sandwiches. In order
to refresh themselves during the cere
American tourists will through sheer
thoughtlessness and lack of reverance
stand on the graves of the cemetery on
ths noriii side of Jerusalem while minis
ters of their own faith are holding relig
ious services there, and it has been found
r.*»oessary on this account to fence in
the cemetery In order to proLe-:t
graves from such u^ase, although else
nhere in the Orient cemeteries remain
uncalled, beins sufficiently safeguarded
by the reverence of the people. But
this, though regrettable. Is certainly
d^ne without any intention of offence,
and is net to be compared with the
conduct of the English tourist who pur
posely keeps on hl3 hat In a Christian
or native place of worship in order to
show his disdain for a creed that differs
from his own.
The American may arouse the Indig
nation of the Moslvm by picnicking
J-Aj;^ VRICES OF FOOVSTVFFS
WILL GO HIGHER yET
*Repr~> tentative Scott Sees
JVc Mystery bout Their
Washington, April Two freighters,
rusty men. smelling of pipes and horses.
came fur the bars. There were casks and
Loses at the bottom of their loads that were
better pinched Inward and frontward
toward the trucks.
The bare, with scraper?, shovels and axes
and piles of tangled harness, and tents,
kettles and tin dishes, idle tools of railroad
building-, were waiting- while the contractor
was away in the mountains for other work.
"} freighters, burly persona with muddy
boots and faces red as brickbats, would re
turn the nar3 by twilight, and "sonny." as
they called the boyish watcher. let them go
By 3 o'clock th* freighters were on the
road to Socorro, carrying- the bar -with
them, stuck in their wagons like broom
hand!«& Th ■■ boy, discovering: the flight and
theft that nJsr.t, followed on horseback
next :iiorriira-. At the first water hole,
tifteen miles from Albuquerque, he found
warm ashes, new — where the mule 3 had
been feeding 1 and other signs of a camp re
cently broken. The freighters were cooking
their dinner at the second water hole when
the eraHeping boy overtook them.
"I have rome for the bars," he said, with
out dismounting. He was a quiet boy, slim
and ghort of stature, but his eye* were the
color of bullets and his jaw had an ugly
"You will wait for the bars until we re
turn to Albuquerque/.' the freighter* re
plied, giving their voids the tones of
finality and derision.
"I have come for the 'jars.'* th«» boy re
peated, tad, pulling 1 them from the loads,
be laid them across his t-addi». He had
travelled thirty mile:? under a New Mai
can sun, and the trail, as he rod* away,
began to biur and the blazing liSkt to grow
Behind the first Kttle in, out of right of
the freighters, he tumbled upon the sand
anJ waited for the fog to sro out of his
eyes and his brain to stop its piddy revo
lutions. Thus he rode and rested all tbe
■way back, nvis=ti::fj the flesh of his legs with
his finger?, tlie shock seeming to arrest un
consciousness, but he had recovered the
property he had been guarding- apalnst the
day ■when the contractor should return
from the mountains.
The story is interesting in that it helps
to explain Charles Frederick Scott, of lola,
Kan., a Representative in Congress.
'•Does the tariff duty on wheat, meat,
ena and other aKra-ultura! products help
to make living dear in the United States?"
I asked Mr. Scott the other day.
"You have asked a question," the Con-
Rressman answered, "that I have tried la
answer within my own mind on ■ good
many occasions. I thought during the wheat
corner in Chicago last year that if we were
to admit Canadian grain duty free, so
much would come across the border that
the speculators would be driven out of
business. But I found at the price of
wheat la a world price. Freight added. It
Is about the same in Liverpool and London
as in New York. Chicago and St. Louis. In
American and Canadian cities of relative
location— Winnipeg; and Duluth, for In
stance, or Buffalo and Toronto — the prices
of wheat at a given time have? practically
"If we Bzed the price in this country and
for thla country, the tariff of 25 cents a
bushel would maks a costly difference to
the American consumer. But we do not
establish the price; we only help to estab
lish it, together with Russia, Canada, Ar
cen'ina. and other large wheat growing
countries. Nevertheless, alonx the Cana
dian border, especially from the region of
the Groat I.ake3 toward the East, there
are times when flour might be cheaper,
locally. If wheat were frc« and not taxed.
The sarr.e would he true, probably, with
potatoes! if >>ur own crop were short, and
with ess* when there were a large demand
and a small supply.
"Prices of food proCucta are up." Mr.
Scot I went on to my, "and in my opinion
they will j;r» higher in the future. There is
no mystery* in ! M upward movement of
values. In the rtr^t place, there has been
an rmouu lneroa*e in the world' stuck
of «o!d. Money becomes cheap, like oats
ami york. U3 the volume Increases. A
cheap ilollar will not buy M much of any
thing as a dollar that :* dear.
•■Another causa for the high prices of
food nd household net cs^tiita la the In
creased voJt of distribution. Wlica i »a.
■ ", ham sandwiches within the pre
clncts of the tombs of the Caliphs, nemr
Calm either forgetful or wholly igno
rant of the fact that the meat of the
pig is in the eyes of Islam a source
of terrible defilement. But he will not
purpose!}* thrust a sandwich of this
kind upon a native, with the avowed
purpose of dismaying him and insulting
him. as I have known a boorish Eng
lish tourist to do in a public conveyance
In former times, when the British
Civil Service In India, instead of being
open to general competitive examination,
was restricted to carefully select* d ap
pointee, and when the officials were
nearly all men of breeding and of gentle
'birth, they themselves instituted 1a.v.3
for the severe punishment of any
foreigner guilty of anything that could
be construed In the light of profana
tion of temples, tombs and other places
held sacred by the native?. All that
could possibly be devised to safeguard
the religious susceptibilities of the na
tives, and to protect them from affront,
in connection with their time honored
customs of caste, creed and social sys
tem, was done, and the Briton who
rendered himself guilty of the slightest
lack of respect toward persons, inani
mate things, or even animals held
sacred by the natives, incurred fine, im
prisonment, dismissal if he happened
to be in government service, and what
is more, ostracism by his fellow country
men in India, v. ho took the £roun<l that
he had jeopardized their safety and
lowered their prestige by lite boorish
ness and lack of consideration.
Unfortunately, the Civil Service in
India Is now composed largely of r.ien of
a different stamp, and the consequence
is that the tone of the British community
in India has radically changed. There
is but little of the former regard fcr
native sentiment. The laws enacted for
the protection of buildings held IB ven
eration by the dusky lieges of King
Edward have become a dead letter, and
the desecration of the Taj Mahal by
luncheon parties, the world famed
mausoleoum of Shah Jehan, at Agra.
has become a quite common custom
among officials, and especially toirist3.
without any let or hindrance on th» part
of ti.* authorities. It is this alteration
in the behavior of the English in India
toward the natives which is accountable
in no small degree for the extraordinary
CHARLES F. SCO —
a boy merchants bought . their goods by
correspondence. Then came tne commercial
traveller, who was paid a salary and his
daily expenses. He called on his customers
once a month. Now, If he la a grocery
drumm.-r. he '/isits them every week.
Multiply all the hundreds of thousands of
commercial travellers by their salaries and
expenses, and the figures thus obtained
will show what has been added to the first
cost of doin~ business, and tha cost oT
business comc3 out of the padHta of the
"If my mother sent n:* to the store for
a dozen of eg-gs. I carried them home In a
basket; if I went for flour. I took it away
on my back. To-day, •■• will see fifty
automobiles drawn up before ■ Li? city
store, each- to be loaded with merchandise
for i ml mil a single spool of thread for
a woman in the suburbs, a yard of cotton
for some ■■ else, and so on. truck after
truck, day 111 and day out. We used to say
that essa were too costly to eat unless we
could buy three dozen for a quarter. Some
times we could set four dozen. Farmers'
wives traded them for coffee, sugar ar.d
ether merchandise. Last summer, in lola,
eggs were 22 cent 3 a dozen, cash, and
women from the country, so I was told,
cftcn confessed that they were almost
ashamed to take the money. Cold storage
establishments equalise the supply and dis
tribution of certain kinds of food, so that
there are as many eggs in zero weather,
when hens don't lay. as in thp heat of
summer, when liens do lay. And for the
luxury of modern distribution and equaliza
tion the man who eats must pay.
"Persons who think the American farmer
is getting .in undue shire of tue profits of
Industry should remember the lean years
through which he has struggled to his
p.esent state of prosperity, the grasshnp
per3 and hot winds that destroyed his
crops, and the epidemics that annihilated
his herds. Even then, wita all of his other
trouble.*, the farmer sold his harvests for
a pittance. Corn was burned as fuel.
sometimes wheat scarcely paid for thrash
ing; Yet all the time rates en money were
nigh, frequently 10 per cent. Many a bat
tling man, broken by hard labor, dead at
heart, l-.aa l*-en turned Into the aaMI road,
after breastintc the elements lighting
fate, because the Interest on hi» mortgage
-.- :.ui ul X'.-.e bt'3t 1(
"No. The primal desir,e of man 5s to own
land, anil monopoly can make no headway
aculnst universal human nature. Ultl
neately this will be a nation of small f.iraa,
Intensely cultivated— that la. if we are to
feed ourselves. In the Kan.«a wheat coun
try and elsewhere a man with two or thTee
sens will farm a section of lanti or more,
stirring hi-5 Qelda with a disk plough and
getting: twelve busiiela of srata to the acre,
but hardly any mere. 3w!ft farming.
■cnUchtos t Rt * soll at tlia r^ ll * •>' * r »> a>rc3
a day. plaiillns It en » trot aud Uarvcstintf
Assault on Women
in Ho ly Land a
crowth of the animosity of the people
of Hindustan against Great Britain vr.
To-day the Taj Mahal Is defaced at al
most e\ery point within reach by tim
scrawls of th»; foreign visitor?, some nt
them consisting merely of th» -writer's
name and som« of words, sentence* and
verses. th» indecency of which if on »
par with their vulgruriry. Th! 3 spe-.-ie»
of disfigurement, which ha 3 been aptly
described as "The Mark of th«» Beast*
(every one of my readers will recal! Kip
ling's striking story of that name about
the drunken Englishman who ftiouad
his lighted cigar butt on the forehead, of
the statue of the monkey god at Dhann
sa!a>. is to be found on eve-y pnblli
monument, no matter how hallowed its
associations In the eyes of Moslems.
Buddhists, Brahman.'". Jews or ChrL<»
tians. throughout Asia and Europe, but
more especially in the- Orient. XettiW
Mahometan mosque nor Christian cathe
dral, neither stately mausoleum nor his
toric monument, Is safe from tills species
of desecration. and when in the presence
of some mighty memorial of th» past.
such as. for instance, the Temples <rf
Luxor or th* Church of th« Holy Sep
ulchre at Jerusalem, or the Taj Mahai as
A^ra. one yields for a moment to the in
fluences of the environment, and th»
mind wanders back to those scene* witto
which the spot 13 more particularly as
sociated; one is quickly brought tack to
most prosaic everyday Ufe. devoid of
sentiment or romance, by catching sight
of the pencilled or fountain penned in
dications on the wall that some English
tripper of the great family of Jones or
some American tourist of the ■till raor*
numerous family of Smith ha* passed
that way and left hi» mark.
"Strange." murmured the editor, "thx!
this anecdote of George Waaclnstoa hx»
never been in print before."
-Not at all." explained the occasional
contributor; "I only th«o»ht or ■ X
—Louisville Courier- -
it In a hurry, is an economical way c£
operation just now.
"Yet the land is being roofed, and wtMB
the yield of wheat drops to ten bti3h*l3
and then to etsht bushed an acre sciences
and necessity will reverse present methods.
The section of land will ha divided amors
the boys, and Intensive 'arming will brlr#
them a better living than before and keep
the country from starving. Profits and tb*
promise of independence will soon ebee*
the growth o? cities, and the country ct
the future will be a creen and blccmis*
succession of small and fcizhiy cultivate
"As chairman of the Committee en A*r>
culture In the House of Representatives
you are attemptl=sr to stop speculation ti
agricultural products at the boards of trai3
. and exchanges In lar^a cities T' I said.
"Yes, because epec.ilation In "wheat, cot
ton, corn and oats Is injurious, ethically
and economically. When money 13 loanetl
to speculators It li withdraw from t^-s
need 3 of 'estimate business, from mer
chants and manufacturers. Speculation.
therefore. 13 a constant menace to nones*
and useful business. In 130T spec--iatar»
paid Mi per cent for funds with, which t«
gamble. Meanwhile the r^an^facturer had
to %j without banic accommodations. Spec
ulation Is the direct cause of panics, as.i
panics shut mill?, mine* and factories. So
there is constant danger of distress an*
idleness, which argues the case economical
ly.* Gambling is an insidious and destrae
tiv© vice, whether with cardj* or bales or
cotton, and so *he case is axrue<J morally.**
(Cop yrtght. IOVX by Jam's B. Marrow. >
HOW TO GET THE CLASSICS READ.
Have the books mentioned below -.—
In red or green-and-gnld, Ulustrated in
color, and published anonymously. Properly
i advertised, with the ciiarsed tiil-s. they
should enter tea test selling <^asa ucaao
THE ILLAP. Homer. __ i_Z
HUNTING TOT. KrT.C
LOVE. LAUGHS AT UW.
A »tc.T" of dash mad davßC? ia »&« **J» c*
old. Praise:/ tilusiraiEd by II «-
A <eteetir« itory with a discos- a-^i » t^r*."
for every raff?. WHS « Jketcix cf J:» i*i«^:»
(from life> ty H — H #
wmxa e [r^^ t'Air.T F.ING. .
A port's crfaui cf io'. c ar.J. oi--.er Tl*..s;a. C 3"»
design i?r C> — HH — ■
Hi^Nr.Y ESMOND. ThacW«rav.
T-- h!stor>- *>t a girl «r.d h»r ir.i=r .Jt-"»-
Slx artists have »Iraw:i ti* iiea.trtx or tasir
dreams. CSocse rourn:
I-AP-ADI^ ' . OWN ,
A «iror:jc political ronaa.t. I^tistrityi By
. ■ • : vm?
An expos'.:re of fraud a"l r*pm* u»i*s"-iAii"S
tn tse world' s tlstory. Wiia >awm by I
-Caroline Fra.-.. ?* Ri.tuu-dion is. Tii»
NOW COMES THE ALL STEEL *-* 1
For a lons time the need of a Boa-col
lapsible train has been r*:ogn:z«l by ■»•
various railroad companies and or the fe#
erai _ •ernment. but the first all-steel train,
made up of nuu-collapsiblo cars will b9 th«
one which the Pennsylvania Railroad wtH
soon put in operation. This craat »yst«m
announced sorn»» tim»» aso that all its «* r^
or the future would ■*» made of steel, aM
It now has some (CO at'-«eel coaches and *■
about ready to Initiate the new and arnica
safer trair.. Other railroad companies ar»
oreparias to follow »utt.
In planning for this train th« company
has er.deavored to build ■* coactv whlcn wu
provlda the greatest possßri* stren^ti. a
steel framing which cannot be altected ay
ftre. an inside- lining which wtii be non
combustible and at the «m» tim* on«
which will not conduct neat or sound.—
Consul John F. Jewel!, at Melbourne. «>
mils the following report concerning a Bf*
method of UCSSIBS »o«d which ha* ix-a
Invented and trujd with much success la
Australia: „ ,
"The essential part of ?i»t- Powell r.cw*!
process consist* In boillns the «m«t arnl *i
!t>wini: it to cool anu abrorb saccharine
solution, after which tt is dried, renderto^
the wotkl thoroughly seasunetl within a !>*
days after cuttins. iiit-reaains its strensti*
and stoypin*: all .varpin^ and »krlnK.ißS-
The saw In t;»- ww«l t» dnvt.i oui and ...
placed br an anttneptic. ovtas ti> the
sacchartn»> notation boillnc at a hichcr trrm
peratur? than water, thtw nufcas M>yw
imoerrUKa to dry rot and to the attac**
of whites ants and ih«r parastce* vhlcii
prey on ordinary tucatjer.*"— Onuutar IU»
"When my wii'o makes up her nuni*
said Mr. Mevkion. "there L> c» usa et *r
cuin? with tier."
"But r-v^ry woman chan«?a bar optatfl*
sometimes." , . ,
"Yes. And Henrietta U parucu!a;ly res
olute <»h<»t» «he nmkeji up Imt mind u>
etsase ker c^atest"— Wataniaitoa Bt*r.