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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 10, 1910, Image 56

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Historic *Ruins Vresented by a Corporation to the State of JVetv
Tyemnants of Forts Fred
eric and Am her ft, on
L.aK? Chcmplain.
\u a inn— t a*nt la the Legislature last j
Monday Governor Huchcs made puWie the
la- i that the remains of the his'.ur'.c f.<rtl- ■
r.t*tiuns at Oown Point, on I*ake dl ••
} i;<iii. had lecn offered to ihe state a* »
tif! by UTtbcrtee. Sherman & <■••>.. th» |
«.v.-!#t*. !n order that they m'.*ht h? pre
served in a proper manner for th* 1 bener.t
"! the public. Bill* were Immediately Ir.- '
ti..O«ced in both houses pkmtAtns for the
aorjitar.ro of the proffered present, and if
tiny «re passed It will become No. 21 in
tl;" V.sr of date parks in this com iron -
v. . a lth.
Tlio jj.ft. which consists of a plot of
Ci<*£S»d. In area somewhere between twenty
fivo. and twenty-eipht MfM, eontalninc
:!: - j^mains of the two fortie^e* that ha\e
:h« Point on which they are situated
an interesting race in Ararrlran history,
n-.ay hr ccmFidfrcd «•■ one of the first and j
iao*t isjterestiTi*: permanent mrtnorial? |
cT the cejebrailon of the 9>ith «nnl- i
\.-rsa:y of the discovery of I>ike Cham
;>lain. The project of making them public
Pi.iperiy has been lon* discussed, M the
« < ob; atif»n of last numnifr and th« possi
l-i ;. of Tie grounds beinß i • ■••,1 by pi- |
%r.ir owner* broujrht the question of pr^s
crvatlitn for tiie benefit of the public to a j
liea'l. The «!*e of the ruins «»f Fort Am- ,
htrM. ihe aer of the two fortifications. !
*.-- bOOghl this winter by Ihe Rivets for j
,;.,. s ,,|» purpose of turning the relic over
to ih«- K'.iite.
Onnxmlkma are not noted for their pifts
1 m tli*- benefit of the public. Giving is j
s:suaily k(l to individuals. This corpora- j
ti«.n is a family affair, ■■ i utorkhulders ,
<\»ith the exception of the Urka««tin* j
Si-rl «(i!)ipa:i>. wliich owns the third in-!
irj>.<=t tormerly held by the Sherman estate* \
»■ inn l.c'rs of t!-.r Withcrbees, ar. oM «"rown
J'l.mt family, who became interested in the'
company »=oon after It was established, in
W Tnry ;;re Frank S. Witherbec. Walter |
<" WUtocrtxe. Mrs. l>e»!s Francis. Mrs.!
!:•.' frt C Hlark. X^ewis W*. Franks, Mrs. i
B. H. I'eas'.ee and W. T. Foote. Ir. F. S. j
was a Republican «-lecu>r from |
t:.e S:ate «? i>'ew York in 3&«>k. and was «c- i
tivtiy Ji-.teresied in ihe development of the
'*„i 1 ;il *-\?'.eni of ;he state and the creation
nf :lie Ao^rondack park reservation. Wai
tft «". \\i!hrrl>ee was treasurer of t!ie
tiiamp'.ain Ten entenar>- Oaaaaißtfaß.
Thf- cQtporatkm which is making the pift j
i>-. i-;:iri to ho the producer of more i:on ore ;
i»:an any other company east of I^ike Si- j
pertor. II takes its <"c oat of the Adiron- .
,;«, k recion. Us holding* of ore lands com- i
jiri^injr KflM acres in Essex and Clinton '
.omir.es. Its plsnt in at Mineville. a town '
reached by a *=wltchba>k railroad from Tort ,
lt«*nry. Port Henry lies on the west thora]
<■' tjik^ Champlain. Trom the town a i
miniature ferryboat canles th» visitor 1
si-ross Kulwacca Hay to few ■ Point.
Tlie rompany. desiring a supply of lime- j
*tnn<"' for iis furnitf-es a n'irrbrr of years i
,ij.o. boucht • parcel of land on Crown •
I'oint. ad.iac-f'nt to the ruins of the fo-tlfi- '
cations. The P«int Is a thinly covered lcds»
i>f limeMone. It wa« found after the pur
i li««=e war* mad** ihnt the flattened earth
y.inks and (rumbi'd wal'.s of what 1s left
<1 Fort Kre<i««ric or Fort Pt. Frederi.% as i
i\ Ik freourntlv styled. were on iii« tract
Deadheads 9 Li-Vely WtU
Win Too Many *P asses
Lee Shubcrt, Annoyed by
Forgeries. Shuts Doton
on Them.
Trrr»rtlv
ram* 1 from th* office of t m«* S?hub»rts
that \hf frrr list «l< to h» discon
tinued ha« jrivrn riw to rons!d»»rahl«» pp?c
iilati^n »k to th«» r««ons. It f-p«>m« that
flaciTiiit j)hus-r« of th*» ji««»! ;irivil<»p«» hart
« ur'-<»<l. rvrn \f tJir *xt»>]it of th" fnrpir.g
«>• t!)p Kic»iat;;rps of \jcn ?huh«»rt and
• •tlirrs to "fak*" pass^js. It was th 1)» la*t
Mow which rf*»riilt»d liim to disp*>ii«:p ulth
\h- prrsrnr«> of tlip R-rniiP "4ra.&bra.<\" from
Ktjionc t!i<» audipnc^s in l;if= theatres.
'! think prohably f«»T\- j>ao{>l«> know \Y.*
mmiflcation* of tlip •r«-«» ticket husinew.*"
b« >aid. "Ap I sit at my o>Fk th»>r»> 1c a
H«-afly stro.-in'; of lctio!j« an<l •• • |.|.(.rt- m«»^-
Racm ati<l <-*ll<-tr rpjirrsfntinc jieople who
flvp all brut on j;*-uinß thrm^rlvrs andN<in»»
<>: \\\i\ othors in to sp* the phot\- for noth
li:=. And th»- rrajions thfv piv«» why th^V
►l!<iul<l receive this oourtrsy! Wait till I
\r'A you.
"T!i«Tf> the man who writ* 1-*1 -* cushy I*t
■!<■]> rraisinj: the fliow and the wonderful
talint that be hears Is bcinp exhibited
jiiciitly liehind our fnotlijrht*. He is an as
»i«-t;int editor oa "The BUifwevfSe I>*ily
liifmim r." artd \>*> wundPrs if on his r>rth
coniinc trip l<> NY» York he mijrht rccHv*
ti" tmsesdooa ooarttxy, . . - ett Bush
els if th'»sp roni* 1 In every day.
•Thon tlwr*> J* tli*> nnknnwn •uncf-r who
<-„mov jn with what they call in th« print
ing buabicn a dummy; that i 5. • book of
first prooCa of fome pajwr or mapazln«
tiot vot pul'!if=hfd. Su<-h a man v ill say that
In rvpreaenta a n^w company formlnn to
i-«ur m mictiin* of which thl« ■ to be th*
Dumber, and *o forth and bo on, and
that th«y ii;t«»iid to in< !ud<» dramatic criU
dsms. \\ ould 1 fin'l it i>ot.vib!e to put thorn
••n v. frop lirt. to wn*l ttdMM la «Mri ■•
orxn? Somrtinies v*> tir.d it policy to ajn**
t-> <!<• tiii'. end queer things result from Jt.
S st.iry came rut a Fhort time aro that an
Office hoy wcrWirif on a puburr.an n»»f
r«i" :" ' ■** su!iiK hta pwployfr for his sal*
«:;. llf vta^d thM all be «»» rtrawinc
• i ••« Mas pc» many thfatre tickets a »*rk,
aii-1 i.ot a cr:it Jn cafh.
t^ornf people in uriilnc in B* for tick*
."- mot thi»e or four letter*, w to each
lifcHy pcraon around: th*> theatre— box office
r, ; -i 11.1 1. jir« -s n<r«Tit. rrnnaßer Mi leading
a'-.-.-i. «jf roursr. all ruch letters are
t.j m<\ fend 1 atn fr»-* to jru*^* »h»Oirr tli»
«!•; ::< am <ii<l tl;'.!-- m cr' *itrht or t»»n tl'k
•■;>■ i < r'vell "r jjM to make l.is chances
>: tracer "f <>lit«inine two.
■'i'l r «»;:•. -of -town editor who has com' to
N'i •" for a day or *=r> un>l never
tii'uclii ty brlac hia eredentSala «ith him
i* jiiioiiifr kind of man •who nies in mid
. <iti.-r* if nc r.oulJ hi M kin<l iis 10
fa - .- i M:n. < »r«* «-anr.ot t>p too car'Tul •u it h
ti;J^ U'n«J, bQOlts* Cft*B b8 is K'-nuin*' atid
is -ui-.V'-'i i« *l;at OOSttCSy w- can Rraut
• !:ui there «ti« Vis end lots of faker«
CiTti^Tg ii ~!l H'© time. Jufi at jirfxnt
<•.■ i<- is a m:».i:icii r » rrirl P";tik uroun<l from
m il:estie to cuothrr. l-ruzit'S »>rats on
.. ■■ ihat sh^ f«"pres*iitsi I Southern
c;-; v :t-v. :j.a]»or. \VJir;i t^tic tame Jn licre
;. HtTOCS» me that rhc <]id not look Uk« a
«;uirr-»|>ondrtit for any paper, i.ud 1 was in
t*: ..-i «J vimu^li in provirs whrlhrr 1 «j«a
.. :i:;rk t»i not to ha\e licr li«iked into.
>l.c hz« a job on Uroadway ■onicwhcre—
.-. a tjaii |k.:;mut, you know. Wliat do you
•iii.»k <;f it? And I bcllCV* doi>etl «ut
vjett a lew M-ats with her 'Southern daily"
-■

|
|
I
which hart >>een acquired fajr th* company.
Only ••** hundred yard* away is the gTeit
fortlfieatSon built by General Amherst. the
Hritlsh penrm!. In IT£?.
Out of the personal Interest .......
holdrrs of the corporation In the locality
anil their ccr.eral Interest in civic affa'rs
prew the p!an to mak- the preservation of
the ruins on frown Point a certainty. It
waa purpOMly made a gift of the corpora
tion rather than an Individual.
The area deeded To th» state iaea not In*
chide the entire Point. It eimply takes in
t! c, ground to the wrst of the lighthouse,
occupied by the ruins of the two fortiflca^
tlons. The visitor to the Point la quit-?
:k. :> to miss the ruins of Fort Frederic,
the smaller and older fortification, for it
is little more than a mound of earth, suffi
ciently pronounced to make it possible to
determine, th* fhape of the old work, but
little more. 11 occupies a position on a. low
Muff close To the «at?r'« edge. A flagstaff
marks th*> location.
If visitor* couM miss Tort Frederic they
never could fail to find Fort Amherst. Its
mighty ramparts, approximately half •
mile in length. rise- twenty-five feet into the
air. Those who attended the Champlain
celebration at Crown Point last fat] found
its wa l !-. a maze that rose up everywhere.
A considerable proportion of the audience
which gathered on the parade cround
within the pentagon, unable to find the en
trance, had laboriously made their way
thither by orossinß the broad moat carved
out of limestone an.i scalinß its sloplns
sides. Many a person had an involuntary
slide down the ste»p. srassy bank before
finally rrachlnu the coal.
With thr- |»aMiMe exception of tlie Span
ish fortress of San Marco at S 1 Augustine.
Fia.. Fort Amhfst is considered the "* t
preserved of the old fortresses In the
United /»*ate« One would never cain this
impression, however, from ihe photographs
which ar*- almost invariably taken to show
what (if forMooks like. Visitors and pro
fessional photographers alike seem to think
that the rapced walls of the barracks are
the fort and IS that there is to be photo
graphed. If one were to Judge from these
picture- Ike impression certainly would be
that it was not well preserved, Par the roor
less walls are as jagged a a a saw's blade.
Indef-d. not ail of the barracks which
once occupied a jiortion of the area within
the spacious old fort are standing. There
were formerly four, one of which has dis
appeared. Remnants of the walls of a sec
ond, ■which is aid to have been 2*7 feet
long. -ar* to be seen. The wall« of two
other buildings. 150 and 2M feet long, re
spectively, stand forth with staring win
i;«» like riri •■«■• city blocks. The con
dition of the heavy stone barracks is said
to I* due loss to the tooth of time than to
an accident and tie Irreverent hands at
economically minded house builders in the
neighborhood of Chimney Point on the Ver
mont side of the lake.
l*ast summer a group of New York
newspaper men who w-re attending the
■ 'lianvr'ani celebration at Crorr.i Point were
wandt-ring around through the long grass
insid<* the fortification before the com
memoration exercises began.
"Well." said one of them, as he looked
toward the roofless lvarracks. "I ,;,-.• ■ see
where Amherst spent the IM.4IMI* thai the
fort is s-a-.l to hay cost." They set out
on a round of exploration, satisfied that
the barracks could hardly represent any
surh sum. They scanned the towers and
LEE SHUBEPT.
I around '>.r office, 'I railed to pee M you
i would Rive me a couple Of ticket? for to
morrow nipht.' I inquired on what ground
l.c asked fur this courtesy, and I .• rfj>lied.
I *Oh. no ground whatever. I just hoard
that you cften save nut tickets here, and
I thought I would like to pet a couple!'
"But the most Interesting class of dead
head I have h*re." he continued, "is the
! one who 1s willing to pay to be one. Para
doxical, rather, but lie if the* man who
' wants to posf before his friends as belnK
<>n the inside in the theatre business. 'You
want to p., to a show to-nlpht?' he will
pay to his companion; 'all light, I'll sf-nd
you a brae* of peat?." Then he sneaks
around to the l>ox office, buys the seats,
asks ihe man to rmn< h them with the
'complimentary' ?tamj>«T. and >» then
M>r»<l« them to hi* a'imirirK friend by spe
r(«] mrss^njrrr. W'h.v, a man came in her*
to my offl'-e on* afiTnoon with two sub
scription neat cou;«ons mid Mini me to
«x< hi«n*re ih«rn *"r c<>niplim«ntary tickets
»itli the stamp . ■ He ' .id promised
"conips" to a friend. h«> eij>l«lned.
"Th»>re i«: anoth'r d"«](t'- that puzzled me
somewhat when I firM came up against It.
It Is thl*: Every day th« box oflice receives
a numlier «if postraxila from people the
theatre has never beard of refusing our
kind offer of a box or orchestra chairs
for t>uch f.ui sill h a nlßht. uf course, surh
an off«»r m never made. An ) a slight
variation on the same theme refuses with
thank* our prohibition «>f an encapement
wltlj the company at Fuch and fudi a f'al
ary—say V/»» a woek, «>r .Inc rather
fat like that. I "■• are klwaya writtt:n on
l»cstrard*.
**Ju-l by chance t.i.t" day I found out the
ir*»»n!nc nf a! 1 this. I w.is jm a ta'.lor Fliop.
Li-lug littrd. w run a l.lff man fwurig la and
Mid ho wislirj to nrdi-r a BUIL Wlten the
meaMirfxTsrntj. had iMMi t «>..!! and clioic^
of £<<■,']* rri«<i« th<> tail'ir. Dot knuwinK the
man, Mkcd f<ir a d<"i«i.«it. *<th. I'm afiiiid |
<an"t ply»» It 1<» you.' li«» Ka!d. 'Pw only «
few dollar!" with m«», and I shall ur*».J IkM
b^foro i go bam IJut It wilf 1»^ .-ill rlsht.
And. I Fay. can you l*t nr.- # ha\e a |>«»ii for
a minutp? I want to Mod v line to a
friend.' Then. h«- whij>j»»d out a poMcard.
wrot»- a few porawis, and calling u-jl, ' Al i
po<j<) ffiiow, I* 1 >i»ur boy mull tills for bm
vill jou?' lie feailcd out. The hoy r«ad th<?
uotf. €)t fours", and told I.ls !><»>» that 11.-»]<1 1.
»]< u< ■•/imr n-.usi I .«» all riKht, ;is that post*
card Just turned down a |y«)-a-w<««k lull at
the thoatr« of which I, >ou ■••», am the
manager.
■ ■

NEW-YORK OAII.Y TRIBUNE SIXDAV. AI'iUT. m. iftia
RUINS OF THREE OF THE BARRACKS IN FORT AMHERST, CROWN POINT.
AN OLD ENGLISH SKETCH OF FORT AMH#ftST. CROWN WELL PRESERVED WALLS OF FT. AMHERST.
* POINT. This angle illustrates the massive construction of
It was made from a French map. "Iroquois Lake" is Lake Cham- the fortlficat J?" n^ n^ h icn '*- IS satd General Am
plain, as also is "Wood Creek." Bulwaoga Bay is shown o.i "erst spent J10.000.0Q0.
the left.
battlements thereof, and found the •wide '
moat excavated from the limestone ledge ■
of the point. Walking through this they l
discovered the rvidenre? that th" crassv :
embankment la really a giant, velvet Vlad ■
fist of stone, with the Velvet covering
rather thin. This discovery on the part of !
the newspaper men helped them to under
stand where pnni<> of the money went anil
why Fort Aiuherat was so well preserved.
As a matter of fart. It is probable that !
no other fortification in thr I'nited States, <
and possibly on the American continent, j
impress some acquaintance he Is lunching
with.
•■This year's ?=p*cial developnifnt in dead*
h^ads is the newspaper man from the West
<r South who Is acting M courier for ■
l<itt> h of country piris who have won tM
beauty contest on his paper and •who arc
heiiiK f^nt on a trip .it the pspcr'a * M>» ns<
■Tin »c kitid'.y accommodate them .-it tbla
Iftcnota performance? b> M times, tnin'l
you, there are as many as fifty MauQea
ho are fcajrom of honoring our show
without paying."
Hut • >.-.•■<- arc not the only places that
have heard of deadheads. Therp is proba
bly no busir.cs3 that has not to >}<> with
them.
TJicr* 1« a large cocoa manufacturing
house in New York that pots such letter*
aj= this from minister?: ' I ■•:!'•• «H ;:i] me
a liberal quantity i f samples of your cocoa
IS soon as possible. My tvife In civin^ an
afternoon affair next week, and as sl:o J3 '
{joins to yerve cocoa it xv.i.M h*. a Kf'-Ht
Siccommrciation to US as well as r<. prood
opport unity <»f advertising your brand in
our town."
A «lri'R manufacturing oonrtrn frequently
receives the lollov.inq sort cf nppMcation <
from riliysiciaiis: "Kindly send to tlio •'■ ig
stcr» vlmms ilirai t Inclose and who put* '
up my picpcriptinn* as }:\<K<- ■ quantity of ;
wniplo of your quinine extract; as you can
spare."
Inquiry Into th*» latt« v r variety of "appeal
has rov«-a!."d th<> f:ict-that the sample drug
is used iii putting up prescriptions and that
the i.raetitioner who aske-J for it ii ■
sh;!reho!der of the drus store's profits.
The tfSM|Mrtatl«l deadhead has bwi
cut m greatly since the interstate com
m^r, law was enforced. But there are a
tew varieties I'ft For Instance, «■"::( I
consignment .if cattle Is pent by raJl- a
drover is sent deadhead to ■ Bra for them.
Hut the road stipulates that in ca?«- of any '
accident to the* train, causing either injury
or d^-ath to. the, free paj^enper, no dannapes
arc to he claimed apainst the comi)any oh
his ncr.»unt. •. . ' ■
In tin? «'!d dayi boxes of onn^ea used 'to
come up from Florida marked • '!)-H.' hay-
In* l»rpn **nt by th« rn!p!oy<» of a South
ern railroad to mmm lucky friend «i lived
tip North far from the otmilge srovrF. Hut
that no i.,n_.r "■•as." Th*- only VlnJs 'of
frr|,iht thai |MI jv.-is«a^ am, first, tii>
houf>»>lKi!<i funilture of an employe removed
liy nrii<r of lho road from one city to an
oUicr, and. Ft-cord, ••■■!« of any kind s^nt
l»y .• charity Fo«irty in one par! of tho
corrtry as (fflfl to needful ones in some
ot!i<>r part.
An Interacting story is told, though, of a
man who ran a political* campaign paper
here one fall. A certain express rompany
i-ft'-r> «i him the prlvllfjie. ■■ sending any
thing; he d**-irf«l In lh«! way of packapt-s
through its facility, it Ray« him ■ note
to that effeit. Not caring for the. privi
lege, he aold the note f<ir $IL>i to ■ friend
who eouM make jjonil use of It.
Even thy K'Aernnicnt Itself is torrr.eut»' ( l
fry the <1<«.1ii.».: lii f.:rt, it has ■ sre.it
•]'«! more to <!.• Kith them than one would
Mtaj • I. 11' If. i. Am«rJ<;;jis abroad are
the «iroa*l of ARierlca'i foreign consular of
fir«s. Many of them have hart to ho cent
home at the Rovrrnmriit's e.\p«-nEe.
Th'i' there nre <-asc* like that of the In
•ane Riisi inn noir.an fouixl in the streets of
Chicago one night, -\alona jiihl almost «n
elad. Bhe was taken in custody, .1 trainoi
nurse oral hired, anil ii. ■ two v>*-r>' sent as
far ■!» the borderland ol Russia. Then* the
attendant turned i •■'• help < liarg.- 1. .<.,.■,.•
In tlie oj>«-n rountry ami returned to Chi
. a^r>. tt.c rxpen«e of 1 I •• who!** trip |„-|iii<
put up by the United yt.it. * Rovernnwnt.
Nor i» this the only government that pro
rldea fc ■ tru!i^p<irtnti«>n. Ravarta ■ 111
brii i; back to their liumfs any emigrants
« 111 1 . write to her from for^l^'i Khore^-that
Ilin- ai^ *Icfc "i dcttltuto an<l v.lsli to re
turn.
■ , . ..
ever called for «=o great a drain upon the
juiblic treasury as dirt Fort Amherst. if
the reports regarding its cost arc true.
The entire roast defence programme t'«r
the United States to-day calls fur an ex
penditure of only " ■ ■•-' "" Certainly la
bor Is more expensive to-day than in lT.'i?.
Fortress Monroe Is counted th*> largest
inclosed fortification in • •.•• world. If a
person were "to walk about its wall Just
behind the u'ins, be would traverse a mn.>
and a sixth before he had completed his
constitutional. Yet this fortification cost
wit than for- the • conscientious plodder.
Tirrc was the mm ofarailron*! employe
whn received a harsh letter from his chief
<l!sc-harßinK him. The letter «nta so had!;.
■written that the «inly thine that one not
familiar with th«» chief** rhirocraphy could
• It-cipher Ml the signature. This note the
fiip^harped rmi>K>yc used as a p;u>s on all
lines for several years. : •. •
discharged employe used as a Bass, on all
; lines for several years. : •• •
) Nor can one forget the wane Irish police
; man just appointed to the force. The first
: Sunday after his appointment he went to
[Church in plain clothes, but wlrcn the plat*
i was passed; for Feat 'money he absent
j mlndedly threw open his coat to show his
! Shield. " . :
I "That fellow*! going deadhead to heaven,"
' 'muttered the usher.
.
On the Boardwalk
i
f _
; Spring Guests in Swarms Arc at
Atlantic City.
j Atlantic City, April 9.— A1l those who were
I here f"r the Easter parade, t li«": horse show
and the weeks following have enthusi
! a«tica!ly acTcf-d that there never was a
i more beautiful stretch of spring weather
lat the f-'h'T". Tlip hotels aro all well sat
isfied over the crowds, and the opening of
the season is bricht. Most of those who
' am •• in this week aro K<»:ns to stay at l^ast
a month.
Automobile parties are on the incre.iso,
and -the merry l.onk of the horn is con
stantly in one's ears. The annual spring
tournament of the 'Atlantic City Country
'lull i.= only two weeks off, and th*» crow-
Ini popularity of th*» Xorthfleld links, with
its many new improvements, insures an in
terestinp mret. .
The lone balustrades which line the walks
leading Into the Bheltmrne aie being made
ready for their borders of scarlet flowers.
The piazza looks like ■ green arcade.
Many guests from New York and elsewhere,
here for the spring season, are enjoying
the i.-« of the sea from amid this pleas
ant environment.
The Marlboroußh-J<lrnheim. with is ca
pacity of a thousand and more jniest?, ha^
been filled, and many J^aster guests ar«
Staying for the pleasant Sfiring season. The
long corridor which stretches from the
Marlhorouph to*th«- BlenhHm, crossing over
a street. Is lined wi«h Howera and filled
with par i.v dressed people.
The Dennis hi well filled with happy J=ea
■hore visitors. Among the guests at the
Dennis .ire Mrs Dodmouth and th« three
Misses I>odmouth. of Kns'eu-ood.
The Seaside House Ib ent^rtainl'ig a larc
numlKr of «*an:«dians this iprinß season.
Guests at the St. Charles who aro stay
ing over for tho spring season include Mrs.
Gerhard Dana Bteele, Miss Stella Steel.
Mr. and Mrs. ('. I. Dea Hayes, Mrs. C. ,
Stern and .sor\ Mr. and Mrs. \V. \V. Rich
ardson, \\ H Catln, John .1. Mulqueen,
Miss Mulqueen and lira, <;. :i Sembon.
Spring visitors at the Traymore Include
B. v. Smith and ills daughter, Mrs. Dudley
Wolfe and children, of IVimfret. Conn.;
Mis>? I". M. Balu r, Mr. and Mi - Mountford
Mill . Mrs. a. 1,. Howie. Miss A. M. Bowie,
Mi l A. M. V. GUderslceve and Miss s. H
Gii<i« rsleeve.
Staying at the Chelsea f.,, the Miiins are
Mr. and Mr* John McCormack, of New
York. Mi McCormack i- the grand opera
tenor.
Nrt^ fork guests at the Hotel Morton In
clude v. J- IMckenson, who I- making un
extended stay.
The l|..tel Jackson, .-.t iho lloardwalk ••iui
of Virginia avenue, i.s a substantial brick
hotel, which has been rebuilt this *|iriiif;.
with a uiili- tpriiidln^ \»raiu!;: uf biick and
stone, which has n mar view u| the Board
walk. The Hotel Mat, stlc, in Virginia avc
nm-. ban been entirely remodelled within
and hot and cold baths have been Installed,
Th«- Loratnc. »t si. Charles Place and the
beach, is Hndlna favor with .-prlti^ mi.sto
;it the sliore. The Hotel Raleigh, at St.
Charles PJaee ami the l{each, Is pleasantly
situated near llie Stctl Mer rUrthlns Reatli.
Guests at the l>i.hwoith « iij, s> tj, P prettj
ir«iiiind Itooni «.r i:.- hotel, *uuu is must
uriiatlcally tlltcU up.
only a third of the reported cost of Fort
Amherst. Fort Amherst rould easily be
pet down within the walls of Fortress Mon
roe. Its -vails are 2..V.9 feet, or approxi
mately half a mile in length. It looks a
little as if Oeoree Us treasury had been
bled for "honest craft."
"Honest pr;<ft" in th«* territory- now ron
stitutinc N. w York State apparently was
not unknown in those days. The story is
told of Captain I^auKhlin Campbell, of
Scotland, who. taking advantac** of an
offer made by the Governor of New York
Should Uncle Sam Condemn
Wright Brothers' Patervt?
[ ■
Suggestion for Keeping
Transit Free for
\ the 'People.
WHKN' land owners try to> block I
route that ia a natural highway
between two <•■?;•-:. th • govern
ment gives to tiie builders of railroad or
canal the ri>;ht to take and use the land
•i they need in the f: ■••*> of fill opposition, pro
. j vi.it d only they pay a fnir price. Whether
thfl barrier he factory, home or school,
church or burial ground, its owners*' claim.i
. must give way before the larger rights of
' public nscessity.
Suppose the air it.=e'f hail become a great
natural highway for the trade and travel of
the whole nation. Suppose passage in the
; nlr were barred, not over a few aires be
tween town and town, but over every fool
of the four and a quarter millions of rquar*
| miles of United States territory. Suppose
the barrier wire not land or houses, but an
inventor's patents, which had been made «•»
[strong that it was an offence to fly In the
air except with the permission of the men
who owned the patents, and under regula
tion* of their making. In that case, too,
] might not it-.*- Rovrrnment intervene, take
the patents by a condemnation proceeding
in the name of all it i citizens, pay the in
ventor with a sum vast enough to suit the
vastnesa of the problem, and throw open
the highways of the air to all who wished
to use th^m?
i That, in brief, is th. question that the
men interested in aeronautic.-* have hern
! talking and thinking about since it was
asked at a dinner of the Aero Club of
' America a few days a«<>. Many of them
expect just such a problem to arise in jtoo«l
j earnest. William 11. Pa«e. the lawyer end
I dob member, who asked the question,
: made it plain when he drew iii« picture of a
j monopolized atmosphere that he thousht it
| likely la be no picture at all. but a state
j mrnt of hard facts i:: every day American
lif«- not many years twvm now.
The aviators and their friends take Mr.
i Tage's US*i -''I' with considerable prrl
ousn.ss. The «-»<]rt.<4seet;i to have confirmed
Orville and Wilbur Wrlcht In their claim
tp a basic patent covering all gliding; air
craft. The company which was recently
formed, wltli ■ capital of mllliuus, to ix
ploit thrlr invention, was Incorporated l->
men who are famous «•; the shrewdest "and
richest financiers in the country and th.
a<lri>it»-st masters of monopoly power. Mr.
TiiEf did n^)t use i in-, freely m ben be
explained his Idea in an Interview for Th#«
Tribune, but he was frank In saying what
he . thought about thj seriousness of the
probh i.i.
"Tiiis question if nil new.'" he said. <> Th«ri»
I has never been anything like it In history,
| If the Wright brothers can mr.ke goo,! their
legal claim* they will boM .i monopoly of
the sale of all aeroplanes-fa monopoly of
the use of them, ala • if they . boot X,>.
body knows to-d.iy what that in ly mean.
Certainly it U rumrthin? In an ndous. If
n> more, .it will m-ap the monopoly of tne
swiftest meana of lra\el that tv.^ : .• de
vised. lUyond thm tha possibilities of
what aeroplanes may da for th.- comfort.
the convenience or'even tho safety of the
jp«opln tire xltnply endless. If in 1., ih«
aeroplane, rather than to the unwieldy
| dirigible, that we look for II ■ real eon
• oue«t of the tiir.
"Men liave settled the uses of i.i. I. in. i
j and the rights i>f tray.i oik it pretty much
to the public satisfaction. Th. i,....- mas
tt red the sea and m ida it .i general high
way, and thify have driven th. I roa.la »uc
eessfully under the rarfi of the ground.
Now men hay.» conquered the utr. too, and
I made tlila 'bud ••( the elements .i meaiw of
travel, Bur, |y it ti wbrth roruKlerlng
• whether that entire elrmtnt should I- given
''• ' ru *' l " ttf»l 'Insle groiip «■: men.' it
ataxgtra ua i>. Imagine Ihe pu*t* uwU an
4 ur*uauatiuM nuuU Uu\«.
In • 'olnniAi times, sold his all in Scotland
I and at Ml own expense brought over
; tv-three families to settle In the retflon
between the Hudson Rtrer Mi I.*'*
• 'liamplain. After their arrival here th»
j official* of the colony of New York refused
' to riant the thirty thousand acres prom
ised unless they received a "rake off." The
■Mil Scotchman refused to be held up
In this fashion and, ruined In fortune, de
parted. Many of th* Highland colonists
enlisted In an expedition to Carthas««na.
Notwithstanding the gr«- • • cost of this
mighty fortress, it was never Involved In
I a b«tt>. It Is astfoni*ht * to read in a
! dispatch from General Schuyler to Presi
; dent Hancock of the Continental Congress.
I recardlnsr a plan to garrison Crown Point
the observation that this programme was
based "on the supposition that there Is a
fortification at that jlaie. whereas there
Is none."* One Is I'd to ask, •What, hap
p*ned to this hlsrh priced work within a
period of less than a score of years which
could make this asser.ion true The ex
planation Is also a partial explanation of
why the barracks look to-day as If they
had been smitten hip and thUh by ttv?
Uenlna earthquake. A (••*■ years after
Fort Amherst was tafit a fire broke out
! In the neighborhood of the powder maga
! zinc, with Its stock of nlnety-slx barrels
of powder. The explosion which followed
tore off the upper portion of »n» of the
barracks.
I^ast summer Seth I-nw. in a «pe?ch a*
one of the celebrations atonic the Uke. drew
attention to two disputed historical ques
lions. They both li.id reference to Crown
Pcip.t. One. V .it regarding ;ho spot There
tbd historic Indian battle occurred IB wnlch
cuamplafci's pun turned t::c tide In favor
of his Indian allies, and ultimately firr.ed
tl'.e tide of European domination cf tfc*
American continent a«r from Krar.co
toward England. Crown Point is tßfKlfitlt
by !>imr to ha%e been tiie wttM of that bat
tl«". althouph Tiocnderopa nnwadu: ■•• seems
to be more generally accepted. The other
question was as to the real name of Fort
Frederic. It la Itnown to a a;reat many per
sor.s ns Fort St. Frederic, a'.thou?h it was
n.ime.l for a French Secretary cf State,
who, Mr. LMI argued, never Ml a saint.
Fort Frederic was becun by the French
In 1721. The spot was a pood ■■ for a fort,
although, strategically, not M good a.4 Ti
conderoßa. Crown Point \s at a command-
Ing print in Lake Champlain. facing north.
On one side li»s Bulwajrga Bay On th->
other side l«-»ke I'hampl&ln winds toward
the south In dimensions more like a mod
erate sized river than a Iak«». In the old
days it was known as Woed Creek, the lak
h*Kinni:iK at this point. The name "Wood
t Creek" Is now confined to the small stream
dropplr.j; Into the Ink" at Whitehall, which
has ••n practically merged with the Cham'
! plain Canal.
I The territory in the neighborhood of this
great highway between New France and
New York early became debatable ground,
the French making settlements alon« the
shores of I.ake Champlain. to the annoy
ance of the English. The French finally
built a stockade on Crown Point, with ac
commodations for thirty men. In the course
! of a few years It had been developed into
a fortification second In strength, among
; th«» French fortresses In America, only to
! Quebec. About it was a village. traces of
: whose paved streets and graveyard are still
to be seen. It was perhaps the largest vil
i Inge between Montreal and Albany.
WILLIAM H. PAGE.
- — __ ______ _____ _ (
"Nobody distrust* the "Wright*. Trey are
the benefactors of th*» whole world, and I
th*\v should be allowed a princely rewarJ.
It In r»i.- principle of the thing. '.!!•» crea
tion of politics the tio.i fundamental mo
nopoly thnt lias fv«r If en accomplian.-.d,
that should give us pause.
"When there 1* a physical barri-r to the
bulldinc of a railroad In the shape of pri
vately owned lands, the government sweeps
It away, because the public needs the rail
road more than the land owners n» ed their '
property. When one of the railroad* builds !
up a complicated barrier of discriminating
rates to hamper the public's commerce the
federal government steps in to ci>mpel a
sin. her adjustment, because it has the
r'sht ti> regulate commerce between its '
■totem I think It Is worth Inquiring •whether
; the federal Kovrrrnwnt might not force the
. sale el so BaMi a barrier as the basic patent
on aeroplanes. The government Itself
should be the purchaser, and the right f> I
manufacture and use the machines should j
br given freely to all.
"Such a solution would have great prac- j
tical diineultU's. but I doubt that there Is '
anything essentially Impossible from th« \
nature of the case. A patent Is property;!
that fact has been established by many •-
cisions .'; the courts. In this case It t« a
property of enormous value, and the holders
tbpuld be BSM no large a sum th:U they
could have no cause for complaint. I named
)i.,.. v .,, «»r p^pjajpaj In my upeech. but mere
ly as suggestions. Even » larger sura ought
to be p_d if it were Judged a fair price.
"The federal government has control of
m&tten affecting Interstate , . -mm.-rre An I
ueroptana monopoly would certainly bavt a I
prof.. l effect on Interstate commerce. As !
the government Mould buy the patents, if it i
-liouWl d.. so. In the inter«its of the whole* ,
country, all our citizens ought t«» be al
lowed to build machines if they chose. Of '
course, the. Wrights would not he dis
turbed in any patent* on Improvements or
modlflcatlona which they might make,
'lliere Is little doubt they would still be by
fat the most Important figures in the In
dustry. It Is the fundamental patents oh
th© principle of the aeroplane Itself which'
are ti> lx» questioned.
j "So far us I know, no patent ever has
been -„.',l in condemnation proceedings.
There would be a curious vase In patent
law If It were attempted, and patent law
la famous for it-» complexity. Rut in \lewr
Of the immense sknlrlcance. K»;ich the ques
tion U likely u> lake ..ii i thlnn it I* well
ucrth cj.Tt.si.lcrins of course. *i> radical .\
|»tcp «ouia uc\cr Lc ,iai\cu ui.tll tucre h.ia ,
Corporation of XVitherbte,
Sherman 6* Co. the
Generous Gi-c'er.t.
A description of ihl.« r.'A fortir>atloa.
wh 'h zi\e* th* origin of tt« nani- h*s
bf*n Iff | by •■Mi F«t*r Ka'.m. a Ts**.
o>h trav*U*r an'l «r> n t!«t, w;io arrtv**i a»
tli» fort on July 2. -.-. am] vra* •••*•
f"l'''l »>v the French corr.m.tnrtanr y
I-:»Unan. • rort St. TTtCtrlt.Z -rrot- K«!rrC
• IS a fortlflcatlon on the southern #xtr<-:n.
ity of J^ikp Champ^in. sH;i;at*d nnm n«k
of !»ru! b^f»?»n th- ta&a an»i th« rivVr
•»hich arisen from th* union ef CB« r!v«r
U'oo«l Crwk arifj I^ik» St. 3arr»m»nt »f.a</»
«;for;j«>. Th- breadth of thU rt-.fr 1^ ii«r»
about m good m .»k->- nhot. The Kn^ilsfj
call th:s fortress Crown Poinr. kut j t ,
French nam» li derlv»-: '-. m the n— n
S«-r.*tary .-f Star*. Fr^ier-.c \f« *„. ft
Win" hamJ» th* dir*ctlcn .->ml rn^naKtaiVct
of th* Fr-nrh Court of Admiralty ■»« at
th* tim* of th* er-ctioti '•'-•* fort. ...
As mo«t plar*s in Cana44 b*ar th* -•»«•»
of saint.*, tuatorn has mad* it p.«c*iMry fa
prefix the word saint to t.i« name «* m,*
fortr*s«.
"Th* fort ij bulll on a rock, <ron*!»t!nc <)f
b!ack Urn* *!at*«. as afor^salr}; •► f* nearly
quadranjrular, has MM thick walla m»4«
of th* Mm« Hmeston*. «»f which tl»»r« is «
quarry about hair* mil* from the fort. On
tr^ eastern part of th* fort • a h!?h to»«r.
«-h!ch 1* proof a»a' • bombsh-lls, pr»T
vl<l;rl »!ih **Tr th!ck »r\tl s ;b*tantta! -ira::i
and w*!l !«tor»1 with ranncn. from th* Tl^t
tom airiest to th* T*r/ top. and the Gov
ernor lives In th* tower
"Within on* or f*n mus'*»t «hnt» tn ta«
*aj*t M th* for* '.» a wlndmlil bum of stnn%
with Tfrjf thick wall*. an<l most »f th§
Ccur which Is wanted to *upply th» fim m
SrouiKi baps This n«tmir. ta im» eontr'.v*!
as to serve th<* pucpo^^ of a redoubt, nni
at th» to? of it are five or six saiali ptecta
of cannon."
In the French and India* War the fort
was used >. a basts of operations by tii»
French until IT**. when, upon the. approach ,
of General Amlifrjt. the British commander.
ta» little' garrison fled. after blowing up the
works and rendering the <;• ■> MMi
VMI was the end of French supremacy on
t-ak* Champlain." The construction ■' Fort
Amh-r^t WH then i)»«un. The Utter toru
flcation. atthouffh. as said. Ir "-• -' "« •• ta»
scene of a battle. serv»il tn t-rn as » bast»
of operations on the lake, In the Revolu
tion It passed back and forth between tit
English and the American?.
Crown Point has* lon* been » picnt?
ground for excursions from different para
of the lake. About ten thousand victor*
Ko to the Point In the course of a year.
Last year a detachment of the N*«w YorK
National Guard »•*.-• encamped ther». Th*
encampment proved to h* so sat!«'
from a military point of view that t!ier*
has been torn" talk of the state ohtatnis?
possession of the- remainder of th» Po:at
for encampment purposes.
LETTING HIM .DOWN EASY.
Jack— Hot urm your chances coming «3
with that •tunnin* blonde?
Dick <«!oomilyV- I fear there 1« nr> hope.
I wrote h«r a •»••■>- t»liin« nf m- lov».
Jack— And didn't «r» rtply?
Dick— Y«»s. but »h^ c!o!>»d h*r Tetter w.vh
"I b*« to remain— A Bachelor Girl."— Chl«
ca*«> News.
come to V » national demand for It •?
great as to urge the action of Congress and
th« courts '
One point of present da interns? whicS
Mr. Page avoided Is pointed out by ethers
■who ar3 -•»-.»«-•. In 'he affair? of aviation.
If on* corporation fceld the sot* rizht to 2£—
aeroplanes, they mv. It could stop ail •*>■
periments except those marie by its ew«*
experts. To narrow thus th* field of «»•
p*rlmental work would. of course, greajJlC
retard th» evolution of the aeropian* in*
a practical modern convenience. In »*♦« r*»
upect the Wrights ha • beeii very Renermi*
They have alwa;i refused to hamper flti!«p
investigators in their wort It Is T>c ;nt «l
out. however, that many circumstances
might an»« -which would tak» ill coatrd
of such thing* out of their hand 1
In American busines* lif> to-day there!*
a striking parallel tr» the a!' monopoly
which Mi- Pa*«* fears for •• tatur*. In
:«:> «<orze B. Setden applied for .1 patest
on a "road ensine'* to be dri\ en 6y *
••liquid hydrocarbon sas ens:n» of the e«o»
pression typ^." Hi» idea ;»»»err-"! imorse
ticable; the inventor was tror? interest?!
in other thin«». an.l his a; plication »••
burled for fourteen years in th» flies of •»
Patent Ode*.
Durinc 1 those fourteen years t^P mod*rs
automobile was evuTved. an-i ••» *• pro***
to be a convenience of enormous practiclJ
sisrniScance. Factories were startfi, w*Jafc
turned out cars that Tver* «ut»staats*l
enough to make the public buy them v
ride in and not for mer« CUftoaltiWt 13 *$
this Selden took no part: h^ neither to
proved hi* Invention nor tried to mara«
automobiles.
In SeTden reminded t:-.e Fa:"nt 0-«
that he had applied for a MMI in **■
The forgotten paper was duff from tS»
archives. It was found M >* ifpttm •••*
and a patent was issued on the terms «•*
It prescribed. Th«»» te-rms gave to S?~ !3
th? exclusive right to manufacture ""•
wagons"* driven with "Uauid >; ilr"f«ft»**
enarines.
Th- fruits of th* patent were «»' v '* >r *' O
I^3. when the Association of '..ren*** ■*'
tomobile Manufacturer* formed »hat fT
ported to he 1 jrenulrt* monopoly of t2»
automobile manufacture of the count*
The member companies had erowr v? r?<
«ardlr«s of (leUlen and his patent, but t5»
documer.t brought them t.>«ef v -" in * coto»*
sal combination, which yard trtbut* O ""
man whose- !nter««t !n the subject *\rv*-&
fourteen years The. war of the "lir«c**
anil •unlicensed" manufacturers * a * J~
temporary settlement last fall by • d»ci»-^
in a circuit court faror-n< the ftWH* r **
ent are still recent history.
There fei •■• other basU- patent ts*t «•
aviators think is worth ,vnu«ftnl •"
small way with those, of th- Wri?M b«^J
era. It Is Alexander Graham Hells orir*
patent on the telephone. l(o* much 0* 1
it made for the inventor alone th» in** s x^
himself does Rot know. Wbew *****
court how much he was wort.l •*•*
years ago. he replied that he could not #^
make an estimate M* was sure M o *a^
*.«».ea». he said when pre«s<fd. ••fJJJJ
fe«sed in succession to £.<•»'*• *
and. finally. SU.We.flß* lUyiVJd tnat >»• ,^
not positive. What Ihe fundamental f*'^.
on th« telephone was worth t- M AS
can Telephone and Telenraph Co: ":^.
whkh It launched as th« pra^ttei! 9 3
list of a great public utl.ity. **•*
readily b* reckoned. '
Wllhur Wright arrivtfdintow'ita* 1 *fj,
an.l the proposition f^»r t'»" 6 vWtnun *Q.i |
condemn the Wrluht patents and • >> H
$1,000,000 or Jtt>.o«>(>.oo() for tfteon ***** ||
t limed to the avtator. . h ,
"Of course, it would be «« l *' £.j+
a>»\emti>ent to di> something a;»s* tn * jK
but very probably." he said "*&• '^
brothers were not t.> blame lh * £ '"T^
like that wui not done » t<»n« ,r, r1 * i ,
Onf htm<»iTd ihous m.l *>lUr» P^ !^ fr#f
MtlJß'd thvi. an.! t:-.e i;nentl»a ««*•-
twe\er}l>oa> now." |

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