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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 18, 1910, Image 6

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Al-irAMBRA— ?-*- ni(l"vltt».
ASTOH— fcIS-Frv*>n r>»y».
BIJOU— *■ :3*— The I»tt#ry Man.
BROADWAY— J«:irr— The Jolly Bachelor*.
OASlNO~*:i:v— The Chocolate PoICIT.
CITT THEATnr— S:W— MI»« Xnnoceiy*.
COMt:DT-fi:l&-The Three I>B«jSitfT» oT SL
I . I»«por.t.
nAl.T'P— *:3ft— Th» WMrtwlnfl.
EMTIRE— f :I»— MM-4-hannrt.
FIVTH AVENUE— 2->— Vaoflrrin*.
OATITTT— £:I.V Th» ."in* Huntrr.
OAP.niCK— R:I»--F»th«r «ti<J ttm Hoy*.
<Xl.onn— «:I^— Tb^Olfl Ti>»n.
3TAOCETT— S:SO— Molly is*-v«u«**in».
HAMMERSTEIXS-- 2— «:15 -Vauflerin*.
:tEnALJ> SQT'AKE— *:I^- The Yankee Gl ?-_..
HlP«>or>TlOME— 2— X A Trip to Japan: Irrtfle
i th# Earth; th* IXallwt ot JmeU.
irtTwmff <I1»TIW Fpfflcithrift
TTl'.'.Xa PLACE— *:»— T>n« Pflf** M>fl»l.
KrcirtcrßPOOvEn-S— Th* 1 IV>nar Prln«»*»
X.lni^KTT— *:li- T»)# Arra<Ti»ll«.
l-TCEUM — 8 :1S— t-'> and Th» Gr**B Oock»
L.TKK -«:• Thirsty.
MAr»TS«">N SQUAIIE -t lft— •:»—
SSIOCIVK BUJOtn THEATRE— «:ls—^lailti'b
llucbanfis. ___
ATTtE—* :IR— i. mi* Eyolf.
SETT TIIEATRE-e-.lS— B^thorra.
NEW YORK— 6:l5— A SkylnrV.
FTt*T\-ESAKT— 6:IS— Th» I.Hr.
■VX - AIJ^CK-S— *:lV-Aliaa Jimmy Ve>atta*.
"WEBER'P— S:IS— Th# L*«lv fr«m Un**\*T Pt;TS»r*.
WEST EXXV- *:lA— The n«htlnc Hop*
Index to Advertisements.
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A&nf-80Tfc (Tribtnu.
MONDAY". APRIL 1^ 1010
This netPfpaper is otcnrd and j>«6-
Uthrd. by The Tribune Association, a
yew York corporation; office and prin
cipal place of lvMnc*s, Tribune Build'
ins, y<>. 154 yattau street, yew York;
Off den Hills, president; Ogicn II Reid,
tccretary; Jame* it. Barrett, treasurer.
The address of the c,ffir~rt it the office
of this nrtrspaper.
FOREIGN. — Theodore Roosevelt ar
rived at Budapest, where, despltft th*
rain, all classes of inhabitant* turned
out to cheer th*» former President.
Th*» Vatican Issued a statement to the
effect that the vWt of the nuncio to
Mr. Roosevelt at Vienna was made with
out instructions from Rom*'. == All
foreign buildlncs in Chanp-Sha except
the Brtitsh Consulate have been burne<l
by the rioters, who •n-er»» Join*"l by the
troops, the Governor of -Nan was
killed; It is reported that right Germans
CnlnKC n 1nK to Hankow \were run down by a
British gTinb'»at. all b^'.nß drowned. : *
The balloon Delit2srh was struck by
liphtnlntr north of Eisenach and th« four
occupants of the rar were killed. ■
Many worthless paintings and much cor
respondence were, seized by th*> police lit
the chateau of the Count and Countess
«•« Gatlpny. at St. CvT-sur-Loirc. ■
Radical Socialists, Catholics and woman
•uffraplfts are taking leading parts in
th» campalirn for the election of Deputies
in PVmic*
DOUESTIC. — It was announced by of
ficial* of the Delaware L»ackawanna &
Western Railroad In Scranton, Perm.,
that •he company would abide by the
New York Central award and the threat
ened *trike was thereupon abandoned.
■- The National American Woman
Suffrage Association continued Its meet
ing* at Washington. ===== Many build
ings, including the county Jail. court
house, town hall and CongTecatlonal
Church, were destroyed by fire at Hyde
Park. Vt. == A perviee in memory of
Representative James M. Griggs, of
Georgia, was held in the House Of Rep
resentatives In Washington. -■ It was
said at Washington that there was a
warm fight mi amnns the members of
th« Daughters of the American Revolu
tion, which will nntr -t In convention then;
to-day. — - Washington will load in th.>
movement for a safe and pane Fourth by
m celebration in charge of the authorities.
■= A case of pellagra was dtfeovered
In Vermont. . The trial of Dr. B. C
Hyde, Indicted for Colonel Swopc'a mur
for. will begin In Kansas City to-day.
CITY. — Superintendent Hotchklss in a
report to be filed to-day sharply criti
cises the Mutual L.'.: settlement of the
McCurdy suits. ' — Mayor Gaynor's ex
cise plan for a "dry" Sunday was a flat
failure. ■ A woman suffering from a
strange sleeping ricknoss slumbered
again after !•• ing ■■!•.•..•().,. fifty hours.
— Assistant Postmaster Murphy was
severely Injured In an automobile acd
tf#r.t- e= The trial of Albert \V. Wol
ter. for the murder of Ruth A. Wheeler,
the fifteen -year-old stenographer, will
begin to-day in General Sessions. , ■
President Taft gave sittings for a bust
to be presented to the actors' fund fair.
- -.— The ninetieth birthday anniversary
of a pioneer American pressman *.vas cel
ebrated in the MeCauJey Mission, where
he was reclaimed from the drink habit.
THE WEATHER— l ndicaUons for to
day Rain. The temperature yesterday:
Highest. 48 degrees; lowest. 42.
The last dorado Las brought au amaz
ing chanpe in economic conditions in
this country. From l»o:ng for a century
an exporter chiefly of foodstuffs and
raw materials and an Importer chiefly
of manufactured goods, the I'nited
State* has suddenly Iwa converted into
a seller of manufactured poods, an im
porter of raw materials and ■ consumer
of nearly *11 of its own f<*d products.
In a bulletin Just issued by the Bureau
of Statistics of the Department of Com
merce and Labor the extent to which the
process of reversal has boon carried M
strikingly illustrated. The value "f
manufactures exported in 1909-'lO will
be approximately $750,000,000. It was
only 5450.000,000 It. If»l- % 02 and only
IlllgW^nHl In V9O-"M. The value af
foodstuffs exported in MMi will IM
fipproxlmatelj $330,C»X>,<»>3. it was more
than $45^X000,000 ft KKO-'OO, and $550,
m»,V¥> in 1597-*93. tie hl^h record year
for the exportation of foodstuffs.
The production of foodstuffs In the
United States has i.. it kept pace in re
cent years with the increase in the do
mestic demand. There has boon a posi
tive decline In the xuimh^r of rattle ami
other food animal* available and a
marked increase in th» price of meat*
of all sort*. Conditions in the home
market do not Justify the exportation
of meats except as an exp^dl«>nt to re
duce the Kcpply here and maintain an
uTtnVlail.v Inflated home aaali of i»rl< >
Foreign prices fcr meats have risen, but
not «uf»<iei»tJ.? to warrant any lar^'*
natural dlvcnloa of supplies from the
Lome market. It is not surprising,
therefore, that exports of «-atl3e In Ba>
'10 will 1k» Ibm than one-third what in y
were in JlKi3-*O4. HaH Kiilos abroad of
frosli beef will Ik* al>out ouo-fifJh what
they were in IWiG'Ol. of liacon only on<»
fpartli whkt Uicj were in 1597-IJS, and
cf lard about one-half what they were
IIWHI Furthermore, the c*i>orts of
wheat will be about one-third what they
were in 11*01 »2 and of corn one-fifth
what they were In 1591M900.
In view of the check c'.ven to the pro
duction of foodstuffs and the normally
rapid increase of population In this
country there seems to be llttk» pros
pect that the domestic supply will agnln
outrun the domestic demand. So far
an meats are concerned, the nation Is
now on a half or three-quarters ration
basis. We shall probably need nil the
food we can produce for pome time to
come, and may even be driven to import
food, if It can he secured at lower prices
than those which rule in the home mar
ket. Instead of selling his product us
formerly at what it would brine: in a
distant foreign market, the American
farmer now finds a home purchaser at a
preatly advanced ticure. The purchaser,
however, Is bepinninjf to feel the lack
of an adequate supply and a free market
here and to consider the advisability of
; seeking a supplementary and competing
supply In foreign field* It Is an in
teresting development In the nation's
Industrial progress.
A Mil at Albany which should certainly
be defeated Is the Bunfoyne Mil amend
ing th«» tenement law by excluding houses
occupied by three families from the clas
sification of tenement*. Three family
houses, which have been classed as tene
ments since 1579, would be. freed from
many restrictions If this bill should be
It would apparently be possible to
build such structures without the safe
guards that the state has thought proper
to require in the case of tenements. They
could be erected without fire escapes or
an exit to the roof, and with basement
living rooms. They micht have 6tables
on the same lot or bakeries without
proper tire protection, and they would
not be subject to sufficient Inspection as
to plumbing, cleanliness or overcrowding.
The bill is condemned by Commissioner
Murphy and by the Tenement House Com
mittee, It is an attempt, so far as struct
ures of tills sort are concerned, to get
back to the old and scandalous condi
tions which caused the passage of the
tenement house law. Its passage would
be a backward step of the worst char
The suggestion of Mr. Hearst as the
Democratic candidate for Governor Is de
cidedly Interest Inc. The situation paral
lels that In lf«^, when he last ran for
that office. He had then Just demon
strated his personal strength In a munici
pal campaign, as he did again last fall.
He had the enmity of the Mayor of New
York City then as he has now. He had
the ill feeling of Ross Murphy then as
now; perhaps more, then than now, for
experience has taught him that the vlcts
sltudes of politics may make extreme
language embarrassing. He had been a
bolter against the Democratic party In
that year, Just as he was last fall. The
prospects of Democratic success looked
more favorable In 1906 than usual. Just
as they do this year The Democracy
nominated Mr. Hearst four years ago
and ruined whatever prospect* it had.
Perhaps It will do so again.
Mr Hearst is too versatile politically
for It to be supposed that he cannot heal
the breach between the Independence
League and the Democracy as he did
four years ago. On the one hand. In his
favor is the Inevitable argument that ho
will "bring great strength to the ticket
"In the shape of his enormous personal
"following.'' The fact that lie always
drives away more support than he brings
with him probably has not yet been suffi
ciently established to be accepted by th*
politicians. Another demonstration may
be In order. And then, on the other
hand, Just as Mr. Hearst awakens hope
he also inspires fear. What, asks the
Democratic politician, will happen If he
runs independently? Moreover, one ar
gument is In favor. of his nomination
which has always proved decisive In the
case of Bryan, namely, "You cannot
make bricks without straw." With the
Mayor under the obligations to the pub
' He that he Is under, who else is in sight?
SEcoyD en aimers ;.v British
The example of the jrreat self-gorem-
Ing colonies of the British Empire has
been cited by those who favor the trans
formation of the House of I»rds into a
practical and efficient work in? body and
the retention for it of co-ordinate legis
lative power with the Commons, and It
must be confessed that It peerns to be
I*ortlnent and not without force. The
colonies are conceded to be pretty demo
cratic in their forms of government and
to avoid the evils which are charged
against the hereditary peernpe legisla
tive system In the Tnlfed Kingdom.
Yot they an? all wedded to the two
chamber system, and the upper houses
are not all democratically chosen nor
«re they deprived of actual legislative
In th»» Dominion of Canada Senators
are appointed by the crown for life, and
with tbe exception that taxation ami ap
propriation Mils must originate in the
House of Commons the Senate has equal
power with the Houm» in nil legislation.
In Australia the Senator* nre chosen by
popular vote, each state votlnß for oil Its
*Ix Senators on a penernl ticket. All
taxation and appropriation bills must
originate In the House of Representa
tives, but otherwise the i>owers of the
two houses nre equal. In the Dominion
of New Zealand the members of the
upl>er house are appointed by the
crown for seven years, and that house
lias all the powers of the other, except
ing in the case of linance bills. In South
Africa half the Senators are appointed
by the crown for ten years and half
are elected by Mate legislatures for a
similar term. The Senate cannot orig
inate or amend finance bills*, l.'it other
wise has equal power tilth the House.
In Australia If the Senate refuses to pass
a House bill, or amends it unacceptable*,
the House may pass it apiln three
months later. If the Senate njjaln re
fuses to concur both houses may be dis
solved. If the now II'>!]««' rejwi.'ses the
Mil and the ii"\v -Senate rejects It the
Governor General may call the two
houses into Joint session. In which the
bill will be disposed of by an absolute
majority of the total vote of the two
houses. In South Africa nuch a Joint
session may be heM after the Senate's
second rejection of a bill, without disso
lution. Canada and New Zealand make
no provision for thus solving deadlocks,
nor dees there seem to br» anywhere a pro
vision fcr Folviiig <»!,«• In which the
House' fc-fusess to concur with a Senate
The net testimony of Hicm? great Im
perial r« > publJ'7B tlicrvfor* 1 U In favor
of a second chamber of greater stability
than the lower house nn<l constituted In
a different mnnnor. which shall have lit
tle control over money bills but which In
nil other legislation shall have substan
tially the same powers that the lower
house possesses.
By the jrreat majority of those who
have rend the story of hi* case the re
lease of John Carter from the Minnesota
State Prison to-<lay will be regarded with
sympathetic approval. Several consider
ations probably dictated the action of the
Iloanl of Pardons which Rives the young
man his freedom, but the one which will
probably have the greatest weight with
the public li the fact that the Judge who
presided at his trial advised the step.
When the magistrate who imposes -a «on
tence is convinced that It was too severe,
and voluntarily intervenes In the prison
er's behalf,, few will question the Justice
of commuting It. In many states, more
over, It Is possible for a man to shorten
the term of his conllnement by good be
havior, and apparently Carter's conduct
In Jail has always been free from re
Carter's m plea for release seems to
have been based partly or wholly on the
pood work he hopes to do hereafter In
the literary or musical field. On the
force of that plea., taken by Itself, vari
ous estimates may be placed, bat the as
surance which the Minnesota authorities
have that the young man will now be able
to support himself by a respectable class
of labor meets an objection which might
be offered to the course they have adopt
ed. There Is little reason to fear that he
will in any way be a menace to society or
that his sponsors will ever have occasion
to regret their efforts.
Before this curious incident erases
to command attention, howevw, there
should be careful consideration of the
fact that .Tudse Willis lacked authority
to send Carter to prison for less than ten
years, the Jaw leaving him no discretion-
Is Minnesota the only commonwealth in
which a Judjie is not permitted to take
account of extraordinary circumstances,
such as youth, distress of mind and body,
a first offence nnd a plea of fruilty? It
is sometimes said that the law punishes
crimes against property more Rternly
than crimes apiinst life. If there is truth
in the accusation it is a deep reproach.
An interesting exnmple of tbat tradi
ti"nal spectacle <if deliphtful retribution,
nn enpineer beinp hoist by his own pe
tard, has Just been provided in the clos
ing up of the business of the legislative
session in New Jersey. Some time a«jo
the members of the Fish and tin mo
Commission of that state- -particularly
the president of it — complained that one
certain feature r>f the Civil Service law
was embaiTHssinp to their work. As
the same complaint had arisen else
where and was well founded, the Civil
Service Commission readily apreed to
aek the Ivepislature for an amendment
of the law. and did so, the head of the
Fish and Game Pom mission declaring
that the proposed amendment would
make everything satisfactory to him and
his colleagues. In spite of that declara
tion, lu»wever. he persistently used all
his influence to defeat the very amend
ment which he had professed to desire,
and did actually succeed in bo doing,
tbroujrh the subservience of a commit
tee chairman who refused to let the hill
pet out for a vote.
This political engineer next applied a
tine petard, as he supposed, to the Civil
Service law. In the form of a bill for the
improvement of his own department. In
which was Inserts, as a Senegambian
man and brother In a woodpile, a clause
removing the employes of that depart
ment from the classified service; and
having got that hill through the Legis
lature on the strength of the other and
really pocd things which It contained he
strenuously urged the Governor to ap
prove it, one of the arguments being
that as the Civil Service law had not
been amended fo is to apply to the fish
and game work without embarrassment,
the latter service must be removed from
Its control. That is to say, having him
self prevented the law from being
amended, he wanted It broken down be
cause it had not been amended!
The whole man<ruvre was so palpably
a scheme to discredit the Civil Service
law and to throw an Influential depart
ment of government back under the old
spoils (system where It could be
"worked" for political and personal ad
vantage that the Governor properly
killed It with his two. This was not
done without regret, for there were MM
provisions of the bill which ought to
have been made law; but the Governor
held that It would be better to let de
sirable reforms wait another year than
to secure them now at the cost of de
stroying another and a greater reform,
especially since the responsibility for
that delay would so obviously rest upon
those who had sought to play a disin
genuous me to attain an end which
they would not have ventured to seek
openly and without disguise. The pe
tard worked with much energy, but it
hoisted only Its own engineers.
Wall Street Interests that recently
were Inclined to Mew with apprehension
various uncertainties in thy general sit
uation have changed their opinions re
garding the final outcome of the factors
Involved and at the moment are making
aggressive efforts to bring about a ma
terially higher level of stock market
prices. Their campaign for the rise has
been aid.-d by a resumption of public
buying for speculative account, but the
improvement already recorded has met
with little response from investment cap
ital. Dank.-rs and dealers In bonds are
carrying large amounts of new securi
ties for which at the present time, there
is no active market, and Jr. view of the
fact that within the next six months
upward of $.T/>.<Xk>.ooo maturing short
term notes must be taken care of In a
iii-.ri.y market that doubtless will de
velop an advancing tendency the outlook
is not promising for a long sustained
upward movement In securities quota
tions. As a rule, prices o: established
issues fully measure th"i r Intrinsic
value, but as long as the "big" Interests
aro able to convince the public that
buying on borrowed money contains no
•■lement of risk stocks will move into
weak hands, with the subsequent col
lapae that usually attends a speculation
based upon other people 1 ,, funds.
Advancing prices last week had their
inception In the return of the American
Tobacco and Standard OH cases to th«
Hupreme Court docket for reargumrnt
and in the existence of a heavy out
standing short interest at tho time of th*>
court's announcement. Improvement In
crop prospects and .-iKn^ of greater ex
pansion In general business of coursa
favored ulators for the rise, but sen
timent rather than any radical change la
fundamental conditions governed the
course of prices. The local banks are
not In a position to finance active bull
-rations In securities, especially as dll
Indications point to a heavier Inquiry
for accommodation from mercantile
quarters, while International monetary
factors suggest that this country will
be compelled to send more gold to Lon
don, a reflection of the latter possibility
being found In our position In foreign
trade, which for the month of March
was shown to be weaker than In any
preceding months In many years. Im
ports of merchandise Increased $.'.0,000.
000 as compared with the same time in
1909, the mm over exports amounting
to the value of almost $20,000,000. We
offer a good market for the seller, but
a poor one for the buyer.
Lower living costs are not fore
shadowed by known conditions, though
speculative movements have effected a
slightly cheaper range for some com
modities. Wheat is well under Its level
of a week ago. and while cotton shows
Improvement after several days of liqui
dation, the general tendency appears to
be In the direction of lower quotations.
It Is understood that the bull holdings
of May cotton are heavy and that actual
delivery is to be demanded, which may
cause a temporary squeeze In this option,
but Improved weather in the cotton belt.
Increased acreage and curtailment at the
mills are not factors favoring anything
In the nature of a permanent enhance
ment in value, despite the current
strength of cotton's statistical porition.
There Is some reason to believe that
Southern mills are selling supplies put
aside for consumption, on the theory that
with the curtailment of the -production
of cotton goods more money can be made
by liquidating at present prices than by
turning out goods for the market. Cot
ton that leaves the mills, however, will
return in due time, and sales of mill
stocks Just now are harmful to the trade
at large. The revised estimates of the
government of the wealth produced on
our farms in 1909 make a total of $8,760.
000,000, compared with 15.1)17,000.000 in
1900. while at this early period of the
crop year Indications based on the as
sumption of favorable weather and the
tendency to extend cultivation point to
better results In 1910.
Industrial conditions ar* fundamentally
sound and bank clearings and railroad
earnings reflect a well maintained volume,
of business. Payments through clearing?
houses* laM w^k Increased 10 per cent
over the same tim* In 1909. while trans
portation receipts for the first week In
April showed a gain of 11 per cent, with
the best exhibits reported by the South
ern and Southwestern roads. In dry
goods irregular movements are noted.
Buyers are operating on a moderately
heavy erale for»prompt and nearby ship
ments, but they show no disposition to
deal actively for the future, owing to the
uncertainty over the course of raw ma
terial prices. Exports of cotton goods
are light. Trade advices are more en
couraging In the West and South ihan In
other parts of the country, and the
further one gets from the. speculative
centres the more cheerful one finds sen
timent In business circles. The labor sit
uation Is stronger, from th« point of
view both of employer and employe. Pig
Iron conditions are unsettled, and It Is
not unlikely that as a consequence of th<*
enormous production of the last six
months curtailment will b« found neces
sary for the best Interests of the Iron
and steel Industry- Average orders for
finished steel are somewhat lighter than
were reported In March, but manufact
urers regard the lull as temporary- In
come departments of the market, never
theless, the demand continue* exceed
ingly heavy, as, for Instance, In that for
steel bars. In the copper trade more
confidence is expressed regarding the
The Weather Bureau did not learn that
yesterday was to be a "dry Sunday" In
New York.
The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania
will Boon be called upon to decide an in
teresting question of law affecting the
succession In one of the state offices.
The term of the, present Treasurer. John
O. Pheatz, expires on the first Monday In
May, 1910. A Treasurer In Pennsylvania
Is not eligible to re-election. Last No
vember Jeremiah A. Shober was chosen
Treasurer to succeed Mr. Bheatz, but died
before, he- could qualify. The present In
cumbent Is required by his oath to sur
render the office to a successor "duly
elected and qualified." Governor Stuart
has appointed ex-Representative Charles
F. WrlgTit. of Susquehanna. to succeed
Mr. Sheat*. but the latter holds that Mr.
Wright has not been "duly elected and
qualified," and that the Governor's
power to appoint to elective statu offices
1? limited to naming successors to In
cumbents who die, resign or otherwise
create vacancies after having actually
been Installed. The court's decision will
be of general Interest.
It may be quite possible to stop a war
ship within her own l»>nirth while ro'rig
at full speed, but we have an idea that
It would shake things up somewhat.
It is encouraging to find the press of
the country almost unanimous In con
demning the scandalous pardon of Dun
can B. Cooper by Governor Patterson of
Tennessee. Outside that slate there
seems to be no division of opinion. In
side It so warm a supporter of the Gov
ernor's administration and of his poll
cies as a party leader as "The Memphis
Commercial-Appeal" expresses only this
faint approval of the freeing of Cooper:
Many of Governor Patterson's friends will
say that he showed quick courage In par
doning Coopei ; others will charge him with
Indecent haste. If Governor Patterson per
mitted Cooper to Rr> to th»» penitentiary. tils
enemies would probably have charged him
with not having nerve to do what h© would
like to do. If Governor Patterson's act,
then. Is In line with his conscientious con
viction, I is friend* will claim for him that
he did his duty courageously In following
his conscience.
The act spoke for itself. It should ex
tinguish any claim which Governor
Patterson may have. possessed on the re
spect or affection of the state.
If the criticisms of the Carneple Foun
dation for the Advancement of Teaching
and the fear of fOTfeltlnß Its henrflts
shall constrain colleges and universities
to Improve their ways and means of
trachlnj? and to raise their standard of
efficiency, as much good may he done, In
that way an In the, simple penniontnf of
A rehabilitated reputation such 119
Rprr.son exprcts would b« a curious by
product of the urn ft Investigation.
Governor Marshal] of Indiana said in
a Jefferson Day speech that the nrxt
Democratic national platform would J,.«
written by throw peraunH— "an economist.
a philologist ar.ff an honest man." The
last Democratic national platform was
written in all e«sentlnln by one person,
the Hon. \Villiam J. Bryan. Did he fail
to nil th.> role of thr- nodded economist,
the needed philologist or the needed hon
eut man?
THI TAT,K <>F THE !> » »
On* of the guards on a subway train an
nounced the other morning that** believed
he had awakened more sleeping passengers
than any other mar; In the service. Most
of his trouble, M says, has been In arous
ing sleeping Staten Islanders at the South
Ferry end of the tube In the late evening
and early morning hours. The Atlantic
avenue end In Brooklyn ranks next when M
comes to cleaning a train for the return
i trip. On any trip, north or south, home
j hound rvrr.akers leave anywhere from
five to fifteen requests with the guards to
be awakened at their proper stations. Oc
casionally there Is a cigar by. way nf.ap-.
preciatlon. but more often this special •if"
, vice Is regarded as something which the
1 company pays Its men for doing. Should
any mistake- be made and a passenger bo
carried past his station there is usually a
substantial quantity of abuse for the "neg
lectful" guard, accompanied by threats to
write to the management, the taking of
badge numbers or veiled Intimations that
the "neglected" sleeper Is a close personal
friend of the president of the road and
■ may have a man discharged at any time.
! Besides ail these troubles, the guards have
1 to contend with persons who, when aroused,
fight viciously in a half stupor. Others
there are who have, to be carried bodily to
' the platform, and still others who insist
upon being carried back to their station
I without paying another fare. All of this
the guards take good-naturedly, for. as th«
! self-confessed record breaking awakener
! explained, "They're Ilk© a bad 1 horse—
' they're Just ugly and can't help It."
Muriel (Just back from the Continent) —
Wei!, Tom, I'm engaged to seven dukes, a
1 marquis, eleven counts and nine grandees
of the first class.
Cousin Tom— \Vhat?!?:?l?!?
Muriel -oh. its all one fellow. He s a
| Spaniard, you know.— lllustrated Bits.
In the competition among hish school stu
j dents of the country for th© prizes offered
by the National Municipal League, fifty
two essays on "The Municipal Problem in
America" were submitted. This competi
! tion, which was first proposed a few months
'ago and probably will be a yearly event
' to promote Interest in municipal questions,
' was a most interesting feature of th •
league's work. Lois Cleveland Gould, of
: Sioux City. lowa, won the first prize <•{ £0.
Gilbert Vivian Sclde?. of the senior class
of the Boys' Central High School, of Phila
i delphia, won the second prize, of $20. Maud
G. Malcolm, of the' Lafayette High School,
of Buffalo, received honorable mention.
If you have a little secret
That is weighing on your mind.
Do not hunt up a policeman
When to confidence inclined. •
Uncle Sam provides a tetter
And a more convenient plan;
Whatso'er may be your worry,
Tell it to the census man.
Do not seek the publication
Whrre advice Is given fre*:
Here's a listener all in waiting.
And as safe as safe can be.
If the years begin to fret you.
Measuring off life's narrow span.
Even this will be kept secret
If you tell the census man.
Of your friends and your relations
You may talk to him at will.
Tou«may tell him of the children
And of servants. Stanch and still
He will hear your little story.
And will do the best he can
To be kind and sympathetic —
Tell it to th« census man.
—Washington Star.
Plans for a "greater Berlin" have been
worked out as the result of a prize compe
tition among leading architects, builders
and town planners. Prizes of $8,000 each
have been awarded for schemes which peer
three generations Into the future and con
template the Berlin that will be In the
year 2000. which is fixed as the period when
the capital will teem with a population of
10,000,000. Meantime, It Is estimated that
trade and traffic will have tripled by Mi
and that the population will then be. 4,300,
000. or double the present total. In ISO) >
the total will reach «.430.000, and In 1975 it
will aggregate 8.250.0 X!. "In a population
of 10.000.000," say the professors who capt
ured the second prize, "we divine a great
peril for r»erlin, a peril for which we must
be prepared." It is proposed to avert this
danger 1 v a plan to regulate the construc
tion of street buildings and parks so care
fully that overcrowding will practically be
I^ady (who has been shopping:) — When
does the next train leave lor Oshkosh?
Trainman— Two-fifty, madam.
Lady (absent-mindedly)— Mak» It 2:41 and
I'll take it.— Chicago News.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The Increase In the- cost of living Is
In Professor Loyd'a "Everyday Japan" I
read: "The most striking: fact In connection
with modern changes Is the Immense In
crease In the cost of living. House rent has
Increased tenfold, fivefold In the last ten
years. In Japan."
Dr. Henry Jpssup, In hts "Fifty-three
Years In Syria," says: "Missionaries, if It
were not for private resources, can no long
er live on their salaries In Syria."
A lecturer yesterday on- the Pnsston Play
at Oberammergau said: "The charges at
the leading hotel ten yean ago were $2 a
day; this year they are from 13 30 to $5.'
New York. April 16, 1910.
To the. Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The protest of William O. Smith,
which recently appeared In The Tribune
•gainst the further enlargement of pension
payments, had in it great force.
It should be remembered that men offered
themselves a." iletVhdera of the country dur
ing the Civil War on the ground of patriot
ism, not or financial reward. In fact., many
—and those who sacrificed the most for
their country— never received any material
reward at all. They were killed in battle
or died in hospitals.
Forty-five years have passed Btnce the
Civil War ended. The government has
shown a generosity in pensions without
parallel in the history of our race. Over
* ; - ;il "'-'"" have been paid in pensions
solely in consequence of the Civil War.
Individual soldiers, many of whom served
only three months and were not exposed to
'• rt . have received a goodly sum in all
the years, and will get more as years go on.
It is doubtless truo in many instances,
as in the case of President Mcivlnley, that
the outdoor experiences of camp life added
to rather than impaired physical vlffor. It
is thus possible that the clamor for mere
money may MM often from tho.se who
have dono and sacrificed the least for the
Surely there is a limit somewhere, and
In tho opinion of multitudes of our best
citizens th« limit ha» 1..-, reached in
present laws, under which many hundred
million* will yet be paid out.
New York. April 11, 1310.
To the Editor ef The Tribune.
Sir: In your Albany dispatches or
Wednesday there wi • a brief notice of the
bearing before the ji ...t committee of tiio
I^Klxlatwre on Tuesday afternoon «'ii Sen
»l« Mil No ».!>•, to amt-nil thY public health
law it, relation to the dlscliargc of gcw.ige
and man r.it hi waste into the wattTS
of the ->'..:.
This l ill deserve* serious consideration tn
the Interest cl the trbole statf, i< s p; Jr yo»e
being to improve t!.e ooiulitlon of the wa
ters ... our rivers, Ilk. Mad streaim
throoshout th.- Mute and ultimately t.. bring
about tin- v!-« of modern an«l ctiu-ient means
for treating and dlaposlnw ot " refute anit
w«at* auch »• »r« ai<;illcablo to any orvll-
nary or considerable aggregation of human
habitations. -
As the need has grown for the proper in
tervention of the law Its limitations and In
effectiveness have become deplorable, until
now. unless the means for arresting ami
rejrufatlne the use of the waters of the
stato for the disposal of sewage, of waste
and refuse of all kinds are Increased they
will become unfit for all human use; the
harboring and propagation of fish, oysters
and desirable water vegetation of all kinds
must disappear forever. There will be so
general and widespread a curtailment o»
the public tire of these waters for recrea
tion purposes, palling, rowing, bathing, etc..
as to constitute- an Incalculable loss to the
public at large.
New York City alone will be Immeasur
ably benefited by the passage of this law.
■S to which it appears to be so indifferent.
It will particularly provide the means for
disciplining those communities In the wa
tershed of Westchcst-r County which con
tinue- to disregard all rules of decency and
order In the matter of sanitary require
ments in their own localities. Whether they
can be brought to realize It at the moment
or not. every community In the state may
ultimately find Itself benefited by the en
actment of this law JOHN T. CUI/TER.
New York. April 14. «•.
To the Editor of Th« Tribune?.
Sir: Why doe* your correspondent Al
fred Lauren* Brennan feel so touchy on
the subject of Immigration? Did his father
or' his grandfather come from Ireland?
Why be ashamed of It? Gtve- th* Immi
grants" now coming time, and they. too.
will have eons and grandsons, native born
Americans and as good citizens as any
among us.
With little Investigation sterling worth
may be found among those now arriving
to an extent little dreamed of by their
critics. Those of ns who boast of ances
tors who cam* ofer In that Immigrant
ship the Mayflower, or of descent from
Revolutionary heroes, signers of th« Dec
laration, Colonial governors, etc.. are »on»
and daughters of Immigrants. We can't
get away from the fact. Why try?
The first settlers came for higher mo
tives? For religious liberty? Did they?
The Puritans came to worship In their
cwn way; then forced their manner of
worship down the throats of others. Lib
erty? For tha Puritans, yes; but not for
the other fellows.
Those who settled in the South? Many
came for plunder and for no other reason.
Why carry our heads so high? Should
we not rather hang them for shame that
th« rightful owners of this soil were so
outrageously treated by these same re
vered ancestors?
The writer maintain* that the present
cay Immigrant has Just as much right.
Just as h!rh. as worthy a motive as any
immigrant who preceded htm. After all.
what class of people, what race, what na
tion has a monopoly of th« virtues? Which
a predominance of the vices? Each has
Its admixture of both.
I would not be too h«rd on friend
Brennan, for I held his point of view not
many years ago. A dozen years' close
contact with Immigration and Immigrants,
however, ha« shown mo my error. I find
Immigrants like other people some good,
rom« bad. Dr. Eliot has studied this
matter closely. lie knows whereof he
speaks. The man who hus little time or
inclination to go deeply Into m subject can
scarcely do better than •■ follow the lead
of such men as Dr. Eliot.
Brooklyn. April 9. IS 10.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: To member* of Protestant denomi
nations other than the Episcopalian
Bishop Greer's stand on Christian unity
Is not what we would expect from a man
in hts position, and his offer (not courteous,
to say the least) to ordain non-Eptscopal
ministers was spoken as though in con
tempt of the ordination they had received
from their own churches.
No on© will find fault with th« Bishop's
high and holy love for his own Church:
that Is all as It should be. But h» must
admit to other men the earn© tight to love
their Church which he reserves for him
He says "The Episcopal Church has
preserved the episcopate, and the traditions
of Protestantism." and therefor* should
lead. In the first place, the episcopate Is
not a feature of Protestantism, and as
for the traditions, they have not been
preserved solely by the Episcopal Church.
Every denomination has added Its quota
to the glorious traditions of Protestantism
and Is equally proud of th« contribution
It has made.
The union of Protestant churches under
one head Is not practicable or desirable.
and what we all long: to see Is. not that
every Christian shall be the mental echo
of every other, but that there shall be th«
union of Christian hearts and hands In
the work that Is waiting to be done.
"For, while the rabble with their thumb
worn cre<*<is.
Their largs professions and their lltt!o
Mingle In selfish strife: !o. Freedom we*p«;
Wrong rules th* land and waiting Justice
sleeps." K. COOMBS.
New York. April 16. 191 iX
From The Albany Journal.
A Boston man la paid to have designed a
freck coat that buttons up th» back. He li
to »•«• suspected of a desire to g:et back at
Ms wlf-.
From The Atchlson Globe.
Many cooks claim to be old fashioned, but
this is the real test: An old-fashioned cook
always lias something on the stove that
won't be done until day after to-morrow.
From The Rochester In lon and Advertiser.
Dr. Wiley says it Is a crime to have a
COM. This means another bis bunch of
citizens transferred to the undesirable
From Tie I'.uffaJo N>ws.
"Chrlcid©" N the latest coinage for
jrrnfter. boodlcr and m on in rivtc affairs.
It Is from the mint of Mayor I.ran.. Whlt
lock of Toledo, and is worthy of him.
From The Kenneb»>c Journal.
•The Blcldeford Journal" is toastlnjr of
an infant prixliey in its r.etj;hborhoo«l in
the form of a three-year-old. Arthur Wow.
who speak* Ennllph. *•>-«. an.i Greek
glibly, one languor apparently beinc as
easy for him as the other. He is related
to three nationalities ami h;is ptokeii up
the thre* UlgM at home. The child has
not yet reached his fourth birthday.
From TK' Houston I
'Turo thoughts make a pure heart.' says
a l.ouisv i;i«. prcaebcr. Which i« a kuk
gestlon that everybody In th» world should
tlstnk of Houston.
From '':.- Washington i» O at.
Governor Harmon. Governor Marshall.
Mayor Uaynnr, an<l Wlllinn* J*>nntnji-H
lir>an are solnc to b«» the next DtmocT»Ue
Kr...,i Thf At.hN.'n t ;!«>►>*
Itrooma cost T^) cents and are (Ping up,
an<l vacuum cleaners cost from t~i to JIM.
It Is salt! women irr not pootl mx fißurlnj;.
Nothing In it. Brer] woman who could
tlrul a stub of a pencil nrouml the houso has
tl>:ur»'«l tint with the price* Koln? up on
brooms i< i.xiiiTifMK knows wh«fr« It will
, 't >!•■> a vacuum « !•■ iii.t Is a oh«*:ip !nve*t
nunt. Having a lot of fUur** crowded
on a ■■■-•' pap«-r. the women are
BQbznltttos thf> proofs to their husbands. '
Protn Th«» New Haven Rcstster.
A last jrmr"a hlmanac was til* oia-fuh.
li:»n~«l synonym* tor utter uselesaneasi. Hut
•md an old almanac Kets old nnnrt there
la « tIMTt-ront story. One that waa W jrrara
«;M waa MM »t Dostua two days aco fur
American Intervention— An En&
lishman's Warning.
London, Ap-jj
After a lon* period of indirr c
American Interest In Llb-ria J^^
••••A A commission has hee n am*
Monrovia to report upr, n the eonX*
of the country; the ruling ~laa*teT
Httlo republic founded by American •
onlzatlon societies has appealed t<>!f
Washington government for proter»
from German. French and Enjlba"**
croachments; a gunboat has been <*"
patched In response to urgent fatij &
assistance, and considerable pressure
been brought to hear upon the st,; 1
partm-nt tf> take up the cause cf, •
rians In their vi'!*«»ttmi»g »n«u_?
iessness. * '**
The time honored warning tn ww
»■*«»'» Farewell Address «galr»t n
entanglements and brr.'An of forct^j -^
Men has lost much of Its -••-..,"
occupation of the Philippine rslandj
the Consro negotiations. American !-•
ventlon In Liberia Is not barred out
the Monroe Doctrine, and yet It Ut be»
matter of enlightened se!f- inters**
much as of sentiment growing out <j»»v
original foundation of th» hlarlc re~"vT
as a refuge for emancipated ! " { » T< »l|2
the -entlment there may also be * ,».
of obligation on the part of th* {»».
Republic to befriend a feeble little co~
try which h*»» copied American '.mot*
For years I have b**n In the tl7t 17 4
hearing much about Liberia, for Ej!^
Hartzell. th- Indefatigable \reflia2
worker, Invariably talks about til* neca
republic when he comes to London, m
the mar; . - of the British Develops-^
and Rubber companies. Mr. Frank En»
ham. always has a great deal to I*7
when he returns from Monrovia to Lm.
don. as he has done this week. LlbtA
Is only one link In the long chain of d
Bishop's African circuit: but Mr. Brahaa
has been there for fifteen years, aa|
knows more about It than any ot^r
European. He la ■ v.arm friend of Pn>jj!
dent Barclay, who has hearied the exec.
tive administration sir.cc 1004. v, jy,
obtained personally the concessions ft^
the Legislature, has directed the opgf,.
tions of the development and rubber
companies, and has had practical ex.
perlence- In dealing with natives in ths
Interior and with the officials and l«ao.
lators who are ruling th«» country.
WTien he sayg that affairs have p-j
from bad to worse, an 1 that the Llic*.
ans are now appealing to the America
government to avert th* tankreptryo;
the country and th loss of indepesdes^
It Is the Judgment of 1- expert. Wig
he adds that It will be a fatal mistaij
for the Americans to guarantee loader
to finance the negro administration 53.
less they are prepared to place trataa]
white men In charge of ev«>ry branch el
th« administration, educating tco blacb
In the arts of government and taattaf
them to he honest and efficient, h*aa
fifteen years of Intimate awHnji at
the ruling class behind his opinion.
The American colonization societies is
lean to transplant negroes to Liberia a
1522-*24. or about the time when tlj
Monroe Doctrine was proclaimed Tai
first settlement was formed In Mnmvrl%
and in the course of ten years I3N
negroes mi landed on the coast nsa).
of them runaway or emancljatetl s!aTai
Reinforcements were iuptottC
when the transplanted population tv
large enough to Justify the estaillsi
ment of a state. which was pnajpM
recognized by France ar.d Great Britain
but not until l£G2 by the United 9tr«t
The American Constitution was rrc^
copied. A President and a Vlce-P^sl
dent were pro\-ld°d, a CaMnet was o
ated. and a Legislature with ntnt Sc
ators and fourteen P.ppr»9»ntatlv«e «a
The natives wpr<» not allowed asyjirt
la public life, anil citizenship traa »
strlcted to landowners of negro bleed
There traa a Supreme Court, and tim
were other '"<nards for • balaac?oJ
powers. Apparently a!' the cocdltlra
and mechanism were supplied for «i'
government; but. as Mr. Rooserelt iJ»
been explaining matters to the Nat:c=i
lsts In Egypt, a paper constitution of *•
self will not make a nation in tro^i
America. Africa cr anywhere. ©••
must be th»? strong flnre of civic • -•*
In the* people themselves If there !3 t>
be enlightened profrross in the art <
Th? most glaring defects which &
Braham points out arf tr.cfllcienc7 cf v
ministration and lesris'.itive and •*■"
corruption. Not only are the Liter!**
themselves incapable of d«f«WW?
resources of a rich country; bot £?
.-- also unable to reculate native
so that foreigners, wtto have purcta* 4
concessions, can cuusUuct roai* c »
communications with the Interior, «•
large rubber and cotton plantations «=
Increase the volume of exports. E*
small frontier force under ar»» «*"
not keep tiie native tribes in order -I
police, methods, nor suppress ;: '^"
tlons. Ac foreign companies are fo-*
to make their own arrangements '
these savage an.l warlike 'rlbes «23 "
constantly hampered 6j outt'i**"*
hostilities and lack of trustworthy
If there were Rood, em-rsetic «»-^
tratlon. roads would te opened f»o
coast to the hinterland, tftoU-> > )
rubber treed would be ptantej FJS
in coffee, cocoa and other trpp««» ?'
nee enlarged and the mineral !*»•£
tematlcally developed. '■'•.
erning the country with firmness 4-^
Cenicence, the Überfaa -* lto '"^ - y
foreign enterprise ti> shift tor t^ % j a
der the most unfavorable moftiHHjg^
country remains hopelessly J^^jj
and unproirressive. although t ** e " fJ ,
etllcient stuff of Hurap*an w " r *' cca i
the ground with capital behind w
cessions. ta jjji
Ulshop BartzeO. whon I R ay
with him. has given no a m °"!JV<si
tic account cf the missionary »** -
ttonal work conducted by var^ a3 -y
liglotis bodies In Liberia. T^tlw*^ 1
u-rtik many years aip> c 'p^^
Presbyterians. mm* ■»- : ar.d Cl *J ti *
tant Episcopal h>iroh. and *f"^p^
with the help of a considerably p i,
of black ministers and is * on '?'J t &
prenttceshlp In handicrafts fern*
portant feature of th.» work. -^^j „
Notwithstanding all these <- \
multiply chapel*, schools* and 'jf I
there Is. according to VT "-wte* 1
deplorable lack ol honesty In P»
and mechanics, masons, c „ *#•
shi»emakers and craftsmen «^
are scarce In the cast *° | >■'
descendants of the runaway
emancipated Southern R^ .»
are politicians and oflU-holu£
thr»v« on bribery and corrupt • #
customs .ervlc. « c^ 34 ' 4

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