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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 23, 1910, Image 8

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Literary fletvs and Criticism
Mr. Winston Churchill's Portrait
of an American Woman.
A BXaDEnx oRnoXICUS. By TVlnmton
ChurchlU. Illustrated by J. 11. CUrdrier
Former, ir^mc. u>. vl. t-U The M.-.cmV.lr.n
Th« yo.mr heroine of Mr. Churchill's
nov* 111 1 Is a type t>- familiar the* rhe may
gajriv he tr.ken as wprr»rnia» ivo B!:i
Ii beautiful ar.d ir.n;>cent. clever after a
faahior.. and avid <* aO lie things that
9* to make *. bnxtricus and nrvay'.nir
I'fr Honor* l»cf?.n»:''* > ll >• i»^rn ni>roai.
In the bud quaxu?r of the nineteenth aasv
' tur?;. the <*a:jphV f ' r * pair ot AmTi
cans iieaaeswHatT a- aTM for th pood
ttiir of ihi* world, hut li9viafc no very
ilartteS ;r. .:•■■■ of ,:.:.'.::( tor bs beCJUSSjIn
to their nhUf When in her ,-:•--> she.
loses thr:ri both nart is brought to Amer
ica, ;• is to Ye over to her uncle.
Tom LrfTlnfrwrll, and v. :fe. a rl)1!<5
•see < »uple living in St. baafj <"<n a mod
eat Income. It is not prcclsrly in pov
rny Thar sMhaiaj 1* brought up. but cer
ts-laly in ronfllt'nnj favorable to no
tenjecou* drve'opmr-nts whatever. and
thonch the little newcomer i? Indulged a
pood dca.!. she ha* r.o ISSd rca.scn for cx
pecUneafi;' of gilded e*.»^e. Nat
rea»nn. that is. If •• - -ore her am-
Mtton. Ti-hirh is inordinate, anl. of Its
own force, promises to carry her far. It
It in the mcoi*> and nature of her ttruir
§;'< for personal a4Wrran<li»emtnt that
3Cr Churchill tinfli" the pMßsi for an
tatereftlnc «Tu3y of American character.
and lor ono of the Tuent Ftorle* he has
r\-rr written.
It if 'in the excellence of "A Modern
Chroni " considered merely cs a stars
that the first emphasis Is to he !ai«3. The
book Is vritipn in h v« :i of Fentlmental I
C"ome<3}'. nnd ■ is lightly touched. < r. the
tihcl*. ilianitie the lad that the sestt>
ajaact everj- bow ar.d then threat* to
tnelt into nenilmer.Ux'.ity. Within Its
Jirnlts-and it ha^ \ery clearly tl. :.n< I
l!m;ts.-luf l«x»k shows Increased p«-n
•re of observation ami a strcnethf r.in;r
< < h-;tih -;ti hi'.l'F farult.v Bsff wrHiiiß a
ttono^eaaaaa piece of I Han. I' 1 ouph
\: i tale is m ' absalSJletjr Tal of a piece."
Ji J;«r.R» toftlirr BBBtty well, and is
OBpecieJ'-v «ucoeaatal *• regards th^
\t( >;■::.? of the heroine ■ the centre hi
the etece without any MatW M of the
jeneraJ balance. Thi? i» b«tj:use Ftr«-sa
Is laJJ DB iharrMcr nstbeT than inri
eVeTt. The effect •uould have hern even
Bora admirable if th»» author had mas
tered tfie art nf jnakine i-.iet th« ripht
anart vith a arueti jicrs-.Tisc As It if.
Jr ear*- than one rase, he •oajc^'Sts that
Th« rmt h»d to f* I **! his nay T\;tb a tyjje
btton |— "MJ ' DBA r full I ..ntrol. '
Thjs. in the aejflat •;,.-'■ h» r career.
] .- \i |K»rtrn;, ed :,- :t: t pjrl poFFessinK
»• : ncr and a de*i«er cleverness then r.he
•Jtaptsy* «hen ehe is once fairly
iMDCtMSL and the rani' uncertainty is
ahown in tHr introduction af the yoana;
man int'* who?:*' arm? Fhe throws her
felf for her ft-M mntrimnnial experiment.
31 if eonccivaMe that Howard Fpence
j i . ■ «r* 1 1 have e;«e-cir»u*!y oommen<Vd liim
»-• S IS IH*IWTt ln r:f>r thful lpn r >ranee.
• :he truth aVo;it him is* not piffl
r-»»»Tiily revealed on hie initial «f<p«arar- e
Jn the book, uh> M-f'>re the readpr. !■.<•. Is
i<. &r><- < <•>•■•< i , • ski Hie er
r«r. The familiar fi^a of th«» writer of
fiction thnt a chars ■• OBJOS DOBOsfsecl
. ■ • ■ ■ • ' t1 may ennclu
t \< y • ;■; ■ In a v •• k r.f ;:•
v ■ ■ Bar all viis taaaata can
i ■ . y ttsaTtofhl BBSS flaim.
Th<- truth ;p *hat v h:i«' ba hns BBnsal a
♦■■.•■. h* g.'s <>nlv far enough
t-eI"V. " • I ;■•- .. ti. BCttaSSJ ari iinary
aeeac' >• a! BBSttj rfla. ir the «ntere*t
sig bafl SOU 'f.mTn. •• ■ • #t i;th <<1 the
tiler* I .' i: "I*rn-*T. rather
than •' • ptfm afltlSta tvho
. •■ ■ • ■ i fads Of e\rr--day B& I II
■onality »ri*l ?irrvJu'e»i c BNMt I I
rn'.v ronvtz ■ ■ ■• ' IS. Tit Stilt \jt-i
US I' grratetj! '' • - • • rl t 1 s nov-
I SJ ha* not ■*»—"!*' | • • «r;s«-if
I t hy hi* !>oot Rirap! 1 it i<s ■•■■
The taf" DBtt SrnSOB BHJ SS k^nv VlTi'l*
lie may cot j!lumin*je Jt wi^h eur
c Burties. *Ie ajTSJ U ■ftt * ssfl*
ctaßttjr dear DCbL Donssai** • •• i.-.
lajUVCS a ... t;akf !lf-r l;ufliand if only
Interested :• i ■ -. snsl sfl k Fhe
lancle? t hn t ha f Is SB] BBJBSJ higher
ih!n«af rhe if nor rtr«n«/*»ijottajb to mnke
the best cf h»r had bsirpain. '!..« the
>»s-. • " • i >■•'■■ r :.<: * vr. v.ze Et
Cieorye C«r^- hggierton'e
gejg aaassesi •'" !"•.»•«. I- ".» i.»- •
A vS»SI hor>k ' ..■ ■' seof ■SMedßSej st
•*• . v„; - later at Bterery Vtt* la
T'cw York "3* . ■ •- • " ' Fitt !.»• '
X>'aur*rtra. O'*t;>. Frank IK Stockt'T.
John *le>. FteCaaa Boairt. f»»rl:«- Q
«-t». '^Strk Twt'r." Goeer. r\il)tr»r. lAffan
sue I '■ : •' ' ■ fcmeEs Mis bbssv vtM is
B. 11. Fertvi* »-
In Lawn, Street and Park
li;itctr«t«£. with initfif, $2 Ort r# f *
t; • • ' • • ' •-. <• - 'r-*ier«!v«
r-. „ r•• tSW t-uii"-*. Wrlit^r ♦• r «—.»
xk,-i i " ■ •;:')• It "t
■ - '
ti. I. Stcphcn»on"*
•fly |ke •u'.!..'T- rif "?^sltesj)*sre » T ti
r • . • ' iJ M net"
■ ■■ ■ 4 r-> r»a»nnafc)* e«U *t
m. po «mi 's'.fing %M rnsry parrY »;»rs
thai • ' ■ * -
Caairtna Hamilton*
• - ' t "irr -i.Mr Cfith >ti
• ■ • "Tiie lio'.kmj""
■ ar.d Hvt] m 6* 'if
* ■ .'.y • • •

in.M« r>T ■ • *
i .-n.-i: - .-,, .:■.:■ <s i "•• ■
\l-crnon lAacli wood's
I>y the fcuthi.r ■' *ofca .*•.<•' J
( jn . . • ■ ■ : ».S I • ' ■ • "inned
„, , a • • - t\ty »! lr. »ll iurvfvl <
csrmTt C.^ilrfi act ton. Tli* Bp»ci»i..t ••>•
. i,. a ►*•»• ■ ' '- - ' •*>« !
h «, . • turn ibi** i» ,
•AC4 i.+ vj J"«<- **" i'*'** B^* J
I call cf duty and wr<:tk all her cnerpy on
fcrlnylr.fr Spence up to her level. In
ctend of that she develops" a strain of
self-afUM rtivrne** rot altogether cynical
! and callous, but not altogether forgl\ -
I able, either. and in due course falls In
j love with another man enu obtain? a
I divorce '.n orrter to marry him. Mr.
chut -r- very skflfuny analyaes her
Quite \\f\\ fntcntion<~ii pot cf variations
jon tbe rr.kf's araaVeß*4 and is. Indeed,
notnbly successful '-1 exhibiting h«s
hcrcine as aaHy worldly and yet. in
| a f»en?". curiously tnsi>otte' by the
i world. There she 'v. indubitably char-
IsiCtartSflQj a fipi're for comparEion rather
t::an for pecin At the same t!n**,* as
'the story draws to a casaa, we begin to
! note a slackening of that feeling for
| homogeneity to which we have already
■ alluded Mr. rhurchill pet* Into deer*
1 water ar.d 1« not prcflcient *>ncuph to
dominate t^at perilous element.
He has to SPOrTi OUI tb" delicate prob
lem of HonorH life th her second
husband. 'hv life of a woman whose
previous divorce hw. from th«» circum
stances ac-onij^anying it. necessarily re-
BBJfsad In jrivin* an equivocal twist to her
next experiment For « short summer
time things bo fairly well Then, in
the pro\ incial neighborhood In which
Jlonora. now Mrs. rhiltern. the wife of
the local magnate, must remake her des
tiny. eh* is ohlifred to adopt all kinds of
*hift!« to retain her husband's love The
situation is credible, until Mr. CtlUirtltll
rcr-resents the leading: people of the town
rs revolting '.n their pious respectability
against the nOtTOn cf divorce. At this
point the reader 1s < onFtrained to smile.
If there is a town anywhere la the
United States whose principal Inhabi
tants are wont to behave toward a
divorced woman and her new husband
quite ac the neighbors of the Chlltwns
are caused to behave 1-. this book Its
name ought to be made public and
promptly rernfarf<l special honors. In
other words. Mr. Churchill imiarts an
element of unreality into one of tho most
Import a:.; parts of Ma book; he d^es net
lIUjHWe matters by having the BBlucky
'hiitcrn removed by BS SCCtdOBt with a
hint of Kiriister purpose Ix'hiniJ It, nnd
uhen. on top of this, he makes the usual
concession t<> the novel reader ho
wants a happy ending at any price, he
may jjleas^ 1 r.s a story teller, but sacri
fices oaafMap; of art. And yet, la he
very seriously at fault in Ml windinp ip
of Honora's career? Perhaps no-,
Women of her type doubtless have a
way of rorr.ir.K comfortably into port, no
matter how rr-ckless a course they may
sterr f<>r a little lifetime. Mr. Chun-hill
micht plausibly rue that any lessons
srhkfj he ha BBUgbl to enforce on the
qufFtions of mundane ambition, ma
t»r:a]ißm. divorce, and fn on ere to be
apprehended by tie reader of the book
n? he cum alonp. and that Fir!ce his aim
1p a geary. no* c tract, his final disposl
fJSßJ at H<-«nora la to be te«te<s for Its
truth, without any th<"ic l of a moral.
A MtaMJ of Justice to the
Author of Rienzi."
KOWARD Pt'I^VEP. first Ba:<-n Lytteo
Of Kr.ebwortii. A social, personal and
p.'iiti<al Dion, c- ■ By T. H. S. Cs
eorj QTltb a frontispiece, portrait V\o.
rr sw. k r Dt;tton f .V,
Mr. Es^'tt paw Bmßh of Bulwer-I^yt
tfii in the BctSf >iars of the novelist's
life, and to his personal impressions h»
has added a gn dr-ai of entTtaining
MrllTit 1 gathered from intimate? ani
ofncjgl essoriate« of his hero. Those
wh " have not been accustomed to re-
Cari DuSwer as a statesman may turn
witb 7en to the details r{ in* parlia
m<-ntat-\- and ofivial career; but to read
ins: Awniam BSjsj|fSj||* vho chenfh
the memory nntf t "The set Deye of Poti-
Bl ■■:■)'• Banoni,* ari<l to whom th>'
1 Wtsaom of My Novel ' are a
perennial delighl. Mr BsmrH*S chapter?
en their authors bJAeDSCtSSj] BOValop
:r.- • • end BlSjaiy achievements will
prove most attractive. ThOSS novels
nr- tSaMtaaj leys popular BOW than th« y
ii*' A to be; yet lha BseßTapheT festifte*
from personal experience that In revenl
parts r.f provincial L-!anii Buiwer-
Lvfr.r, has not Ottty readers but stu
dent* of his works in the peraotje of
Northumbrian mlnere and Midland ar
1 titans, one of whom wrote in reply to a
CjaaVF: 'Neither the lapse of time nor
th- jirtnß of new ligrhts he? made any
difference, here in our aprr* > «-iation of
] Bulxrer-Lytton'n stories and essays."
. Cheap editions have to-day many pur
: tlieane eeiw dally editions of "The Last
I pSjyaj of Pompeii.' 'Uurold' eni
• Hier.zi ' In this devotion these readers
; ere building setts* than they know.
Frouiie at Oxf.ird in ••■•-. his
BtsjdSStSl "<Jo hack to BtttWwr>LyttOO,
fj. pry have ha«l his literary weak
• BSaaSf StUL to read him would he Is
onr founsj barbartaas >i kind of liberal
, education "
We •!" DOl knoW what v m- it the bot
tom of ,;,.,■, unsparing satirical
n'tarl- - "n Kir T!dwah<] ButWfs/*; it
SBSuM s^em to ha\*> t»'cn romethinv
more th^n Bul*»>rf youthful BfTevt^
tSSnS ri^T extra \ ap.'i'v i<--s, If we may be
lJeve the late t-"!r WU'irim Fraf-er de
scription of the UiauaXJhtMs attitude of
Ibe ;<utb>r of "Vanity Fair" In VBTU of
th«t Bttitud*- It ip ce i ;ri>ri.'-ip|{ to read
printed f'.r the first tjrre in this volume
■ en iiuih' UttOrattOS of Tharkeray
to Ms friend Ifannav "Po Par frees de-
H i A r.im." h- said of bis brother nov
rl;st. "I have tli<* highest SdintftHtin fOr
h!rr. . 1 would gladly BjvSJ half of my
reputation b> be aide to pot th ether
half on a h«sli> < * echolanrhip «nd lit* r
«ture sejUSl BS LaUuuflß.** It in r'eabant
BB Bjnota thai ren^ark «ni to fJortJOl the
cartcatuns In thehr day undoubt 9
to iniike Lytton jef-m ion
: ;'.t.i«'. Toayabo, wa «re told,
:hai<?i Ti.Hii-.t lay'a opinion of Hnlv.tr"*
:.'• r. tare a"A schotsrshh> He ofssn, '«i
Bsfonnal taik, admit led **** l i*lfTWSi to
the novelist. "1 <!<> n«t X< i^'-t. ' he <>»■•
said, 'r 1 r.t It i!w< r-I.yttun's CaUnhrfdjßS
talks with i ■ ' tsted my early teter*
«-it in the Bt "■>>■'• lahle Cyds, and tli.-it.
b :. .. «ara DSfIDTC Mjf idyQs Bf the IvltiK"
u.i- v.ritten his twelve Injoks of 'Xiii(
Arthur' li<!i"l t <> rrr-ate The public DMta
fur tnv «" ii WIMaU «-n the s.iui.- aubjet t.
Kor hhi • Id any one <i<» more
toward ir,:< ■ I " railing the public,
|*|"*«*f its ir;t< Rat l;i bstter tl. DJBJ and
TfefrffTsj :t t<» §.' ;..-irat<- ti.- wheat from
the ctttuY.** Benry Beave, who i» i>-i'i
: "tOensf trash, la 1903 i I
■■« 'nxtoninr.a" and acknowlsdajcd thai be
iv, re Bulwrr an Injustice all his
life. "Bow could i bs pvepajad** 1 be
askad, ■ i fJai acumen, .rshiti.
•;. ■■ < 1 ObOCrvatlOO «nd food » f 'i'*e tbat
h*ve gi.n« tv prodyo thear capital er
>.i » k.r.t-
j Inga are to a rcmnrkabie. extent auto
biographical -that, his early novel, "Pei
ham." is largely n record of his dally
doings ar. a lons locked, perfumed, for
geously tttrad romg writer and BOTtce
in taahJonable life, Who went constantly
into society with Ma wealthy mamma,
an ;<■ 1 cflrhrity was '-wed down to in
the rather cheap literary circles of that
period. He was never quite ■a fantostic
in Dm matter of clothes. !i»v.-- • SS his
friend Disraeli, vim once appeal 1 be-
Fide him M an flection platform dressed
in a laced Fhirt. a blue coat with pink
lining and cherry colored velvet trousers.
Behind all Bulwer'n early affectations
and (bines was that foundation of schol
arship, of overmastering interest In
things of the mind. He was a philos
opber of aorta oven as .i child. "Pray,
mamma." said he at ei?ht years old,
•are you net nonet overwhelmed by
th« penso of your ldentltyl "My «lear
IMdy.** iiid Mi Bsather, "it Is high time
for you to go to school." The heiress of
the byttOßS systematically pi > > 'i this
jUIHMJiIt son of hers «<] through hi*
chi!dh««od. >Ie was a'most entirely de
pendent upon her as he grew older, and
the imperious woman kept him as much
as possible under her thumb. When he
fell In love with the beautiful, saucy, un
dowereda selfish Irish girl. Rosina
Wheeler, the scheming mother, who had
boped for I brilliant marriage for her
hoy, lout her grip on tact and precipi
tated by her opposition the very thing
she wished to prevent. Kdward married
his Rosina— nnd fixed upon his neck a
yoke of misery WbOSS burden was never
to be quite taken from has,
Mamma's generous allowance ceased
or was Veiiuquishf d. an<t*the small patri
monies possessed by the pair had to b«
eked out in then? country home by the
toll of the yoUBSj husband. His rw>n be
came the instrument of drudgery, and
his overstrained brain and nerves prob
ably brought about tht. porsrstcnt ill
health of all his later life. It was in
this country home that he finished "Pel
ham," Which became Instantly the most
successful book of its year. But the
I>ot Dera were still written. The man
was Overworked and constantly worried
about ways and means. The young wife
was wasteful Improvident, a wretched
housekeeper, vain and iivid of attentions
from her lord. A less soothing and help
ful companion for a ma • of genius could
hardly be Imagined:
Had her solicitude been accompanied by
nu>:e sagacity, his wife would ha\e let the
BtS of irritable dejection wear themselves
or*. Instead, t»he expressed her sympathy
vi'n Bulwer's manii'old and manifest trou
ble? of the lesser sort by esndoleneee ami
qoesttona that had the effct. not of allay
liU- Ms irritation. l>ut of straining beyond
endurance a temper already exacerbated by
tnose trials wiiic!.. irom their very inetg
■riacaaeeh are the more bitter to a Shy an<l
haughty spirit. . . . Jaded by ezcesstva
woik in wnicli be roiilfi take DO jirld»«, th«;
master of Woodcol writhed under the ill
tini 'i inquiries of on anxiety which might
hay« be< -n helpful If It had been entirely
suent. \ r ifitori< at Bis country house Kpolie
of lis hapmstasj them as a man who 1 i a -1
been half Bayed and was aore all over.
He was probably hard enough to live
With, and Rosfna was not the woman to
make the best of her trials. Even while
they lived beneath the Fame roof «he
was engaged in the vulgar occupation of
setting down in a diary material to be.
BSed in a se*i?ational narrative of the
sufferings Inflicted by her domestic
"tyrant.** The two novels which she
published after their separation, and in
which *he caricatured her husrand, are
now very ad. and would better remain
88. The more she WISJtO the less Fhe
took care of his hou*e and of their chil
dren — for whom, indeed. she seemed to
have little affertion "With all the best
that --in be said of h«»r. It nrist still be
admitted tho» th lady had an out*
rare ••>v* tamper and » rigorously nn
!>lea«ant imagination. "Mrs. Eulwercon
, inred herself," jays Mr. Es'-ott, "and
to a greet measure persuaded others,
that for years she was tending
against and pursuer! by Motophdes
Mmsslf f 'n the other hand, remini*.
oantai •-■•• less trustworthy, perhaps,
H v Mrs T?.ui\cjar ntteett. rr-*-all her h'jp
ban 1 SS 'he good, sad, sentimental man
v.ith a -ft darkening his Wbde life,
nuttmHlfisfioodi end unhappy, it may be.
hut always nobif and as good of heart
as be mlebi be nytim-p clor.my in
naniM " !t Is bnnoSSfMe to tlTlnk of a
woman as an Bttdeatrvedly suffering vi**
tlm Who COttU in her batred exhibit her
| self in thi? ha'-e fashion on the day v. hen
I ButWVr-TLyttOO, th-n Colonial ■ 'Mary,
I was re*eleeted by Hi^ Hertfordshire eoa>
H» Id Kr.ehworth for the neighboring
county toy n on a summer day of excep
tional beaut v -ever} w here the Clßltff I m..
tive eeloni blew ctwwplcuous. Dot nare hi
th«- fkv above than m the jackets of the
p9Stbeya and iri the favors of the crowd.
He was In the m:ddi*- of hi< address of
Thanks ■» hrn. in a complete suit of deep
rcOov, th« I'erifordsl.ir- liberal color,
there advanced a female brandishing • yel
low mnbretla, with ,i.''l fare and yeiiow
<i\'-d hair. Mounting the b.ustliier,, the
iacjv f-alute.-i the newly made minister with:
•'Kifnd. vtjjain, monster, cowardly wretch,
cutset T rim told." she hissed out. "ion
have been MBt to the colonies. If they
knen- aa much about you a* I do they
WOQld bava srnt you there long ajro "' The
■Uaaee, For once Lvt ton's presence
of mind faile*! him— or. rather, be falnred
and new no mr>-e till be found Vilm?-lf
ba<-k a' Kntbworth In r^i.
The bUShand and v. if«> had not seen
each other for twenty-two years, ap.l
th»v never met again
Both those eertarhad spirtta are at
r<-fi v.. r the man his friend has per
fbrmed a loyal service In dwelling her«j
upon his many tint gifts and qualities.
Jowett, who was in do -i( tree a senti
mentalist, paid in Westminster Abbey
in h!? s»-rmon over Lyt ton's grave: "To
ha\e served his own peaeratton in a
higher Of lower sphere Is a glorious
description Of any man's life. Lord
!,Mtf.n'» Ufa wan a solid eood to the
world. Mow that he has gone there
i- on*, person at i to carry out the will
Of Ood here below "
St-oHffly Marked Types of Amer
ican Lifo.
CALEB TRENCH. By Mary Imla* Tay
lor. r.-<mtlsfil« c- by tStnlcn iiuiell
Urns, pp. so». UttK Browa & 00.
•imi: ROYAL A^!^;itl.^\^•^^ n v ICary
riailock Ftootfl trio, pr» SSI The
!iouf:ijt'>ii *.Tiniin OocDpeay.
By Alice MacOowan. Ittiutmttonj in
rolora by Robert tSdwarda. lttno, pp,
ISC <<■ P J /; i.: 'ii. s Sons.
EJTTLB ai.ikxs By slyrs Bstfy. Eltas
tratad. llma^ pp. in. Charla Hni»>
!,< r*e sjens.
The ds ngtit fr <>. a hanajhty "hern
ho omj and a Northerner who baa otticd
down i» the viUaaa «a Its ytfrmsi store*
': • ! ■r. •: • '•■ the i' edtiif eharacten
t.f **Calsh Tranch ' The man from t!ie
North X iif <,» nk'T nncc«try. anil haa
Inherited nil it? gtcrttae] quaUtles, not
omftttag l »' a ■hare of a eertsia wet)
known worldly wisdom, whereforei
atnidat th<* •rittocratic nonteill|lt, be
finda frutids in tin o!fl I>kml ate] .-1. Un
nnd in the local lawyer. With When he
reads law at nix*>t. Ills commanding
personality* hie h<Mioitj . hi» unfiimh
:• g eourac and bis sound common sense
asake Uuu. an uJtfcidvr und , bllcao,
an influence In that small community,
despised nnd hated, then feared by it."
political boss. The girl, living in r.n
atmosphere of oldtime prejudice, can
not but begin to take notice of this man.
so different from her own kind, po dif
ferent from the polished eoueln who Is
her wooer. The author separates the
sheep from the goat?, right from wrong.
true pride from false, with the sharpen
of primary contrasts. Her pictures ■<
Southern life, of the old prejudice* and
their broking up under the stress of
modern condition?, of the ways of South
ern politicians and the habits and men
tal processes of the ignorant negroes am
conventional, but sufficient unto their
purpose, which is the complication and
furtherance of the plot, for this is a
love Ftory pure and simple, not a study
of social conditions In the guise of
Planned on a laT# scale, covering th*
period from the surrender of Fort On
tario to the. close of the "vTar of Inde
pendence. Mrs. Foote's 'The Royal
Americans" offers a minutely detailed
picture of {he dally life and oir- um
stances of the settlers In the province of
Has* York, from the old frontier to the
capital, with halts at Albany. English
man, Dutchman a^d Frenchman. Pres
byterian and Quaker, the men af the
Grants, and. of course, the Indians play
their historic parts in a complicated
plot, u-iiose thread passes from the hands
of one generation to those of another,
and Is finally left in the care of a third,
which Is the first of the children of the
Republic. Mrs. Foote does not pretend
to tearh history in Its large outlines;
She assumes her reader's familiarity
with them, and proceeds to fill them In
w'.th the minor figures, the everyday
men "and women that are the real
makers of history, its Inconspicuous
martyrs and heroes. The realism of her
descriptions Is striking. Here is the life
of the pioneer face to face with the
wilderness; hero, also, is an intimation,
quiet, without heroic*, of what that life
meant to women, the burden It laid upon
them, tho price It exacted, with, for con
trast, sojourns in the home of Mrs.
Schuylor at Albany and, more distantly
glimpsed, in New York. The horrors In
troduced into t'ais primitive existence by
the Indian allies of English and French,
borrors that never can be told in full;
the rancorous persecution of Loyalist by
Tatriot and of Patriot by Loyalist—mere
in. id. nta In the retrospect— these, too,
are sufficiently indicated; nor Is romance
lnckinp, the romance af war and the
eternal romance pf the generations.
Mrs. Koote leans noticeably toward the
Dutch in her view of tho history of New
York in the Revolution. The book is an
exceptionally able and thorough piece of
Comparisons are not always odious,
and .ire often unavoidable. We are con
stantly making them in literature and
the other arts, mentally If not In print.
Miss MacGowan's work invites the proc
ess, for we Ft ill rememben vividly her
predecessor in her chosen field. Miss
Murfree. th* pioneer of the Tennessee
mountains In our fiction. And If the
younger writer do not dim the fame of
the older one, if she lack her intuitive
perception and technical delicacy, she
has solid merits of her own. merits of
presentation and Interpretation, which
prove her rl«ht to handle the material
of her choice, with which she. too, is so
Intimately familiar. The Tennessee
mountaineers are a picturesque survival,
a lateral evolution of the old native
sto« k, whose characteristics and life
cannot be jotted down too carefully and
minutely for future reference, for the
last davß of their long Isolation have
come, and to-morrow they will h» a*
fhnilated by our leweWae] civilization.
"The. Wiving of I^ance «'ieaverace" Is
written with forceful simplicity, skil
fully planned to present motive behind
action, tradition behind motive, th«
point of Wow of a homogeneous settle
ment, ,-<nd the salient trains developed by
a life of primitive simplicity and hard
ship in a sparse settlement. Th» com
parison once mart* Is readily forgotten,
for this la pood. work <" itpejf, and read
able from first to last.
ft Is with a feellnr of personal loss
that one take* up "Little Alien*." pub
nshsd but a few days before the an
nouncement of Its author's untimely
death, behind the kitk«ts she drew for
our entertainment, but also In appeal to
our sympathetic understanding. Myra
Kelly drew herself, her wit that had no
stinr. her humor that was po gentle, her
human l:indness that was so ready to
see the humanity of others, to meet It
more than half way, and bring it out
»nd*encourage It and make it known.
Bhe. too, was a pioneer in our sectional
Action. This latt book opens with a dis
sertation on the connection and collabo
ration between home and school, parent
and teacher. In which Miss Kelly sub
mits rom» seriors truths in her light,
humorous way. The stories are eight in
number, of which at leart two may be
ranked among her beat nnd freshest.
work in the quality of the'r humor and
sentiment. All of them were written,
fortunately, before Eva Gonorowsky and
Morris Morogelewtky and all the. other
chi'dren we have met before and taken
an Interest in passed out of Room IS and
out of the fare of their beloved "Miss
Bailey Teacher— Ma'am." He"" work is.
done. It was a good work, and It was
well don»». from the heart with the head,
simple art and a simple human docu
ment In miniature.
Tale? of Its Tragedy in Amcnca
and India.
BY T ffKHITANCE. By Ortava T) -«.net.
With illustrations by Thomas Fo<r*rty
IZmo, 1 ; .' 1 T1 • 1 nrfll Com
THE STKONQ l: CLAIM. Fy Alice rer
rin lL'ino. pp IN DnmoM & Co.
It la I l.nrgc subject with which Miss
Flench 1 i.s chosen to desj In bet latent
novel, which, considered m<r*iy M (k>
tlon, Ik readable from first pago" to laM
The nesjTO us th« South knows him ar.d
treats him, with n mixluro of Bjonolns
aSectSon and Inesjoraple racfaU seretity,
is pictured in "Hy Inheritance*** the
author appreciating I'ri-f"»for Da itiiisa
psydtoeosjlcaj point of view but adrocat«
inn the hard, pssjctlcal common sense
of Booker Washington's economic plniis.
The promised \>w I'nglnnd »>ritl«- of ,1
young soldier who fell in tli« war for
the i aleej and die cmaiuipation Of the
slave has remained faithful to his mom
ory and devoted her Bis to the service
of the negro, whoM highest rood sim
sees, of course. ONMJBJ the <!l»tant JVlass:i-
Chufettf point of view, hhe purposes to
found still another hUtlllMloo fur thi
higher ed*taatlM of eatapai people, and
has already aelcetad a young octoroon
Harvard man for It* urn president,
when circamsiances '.'an her south, und
the real, thr. practical. negro problem
is unfolded before h*r eyes, which are
opened as wide as were those of an
earlier |f«W Cnsrlrimi spinster in HarrM
Hcechor BtOWiTI famous novel. She be
gins to s<»o th« side of the Southern
This picture of the ne,gro corroborates
many that hs.T« been drawn for us In
more serious books. It II ■ '"• irk one,
but with hi^h light* of laughing »OO
shin" — picture of lovable, traits and
uncontrollable passions, of mental im
maturity and emotional testability. Mis'
Trench adds to t'.ie gallery of n»»Kro
portraits in our literature, a charming
pastel, that of Lily Pearl Rutherford
with all the virtue-; of the white Ptrai-i
in her but one. and the lack Of that. .'.«
readily and naturally condoned by the
Northern reader and Miss Fronrh** New
England heroine as by the Southern
ladles who appreciate Lily Pearl «nd
rasped her and love her.
We have corn* to know 80 much of
India, thanks to Rudyard Kipling, and
In a lesser measure to Mrs. Steel*-, that
we possess what we are convinced is al
most first hand knowledge of the coun
try. Its millions of natives. Its handful
of rulers and the thousands of Eura
sians between them. "The Stronger
Claim," tested by this knowledge, sounds
true. It is a readable, an interesting
story, which wo peruse to the end with
out giving much thought to the fact
that it is technically a short story in
geniously expanded for the sake of the
climax, which preaches anew th* lesson,
undoubtedly based on experience, that
a single drop of the blood of the inferior
will vitiate that of the superior race. A
Eurasian, the offspring Of the brief, ill
considered marriage of a young English
man of pood family, has been sent to
England as a child and educated by his
father's people, who are ignorant of Ms
mixed origin. The boy himself has for
gotten the facts of his brief Indian life.
and believes himself a pure Anglo-
Saxon, with, however, a persistent long
ing for the land of his birth. And so lie
enters tho Civil Service, gets a post in
India, end proceeds thither with his
English wife. The revelation of the
truth is not delayed. The young couple
unwisely resolve to stick It out. Iv ,rom
strangely mixed motives, in which the
taint is discernible, she from the white
woman's magnificent sense of loyalty.
The most dramatic moment in the story
is perhaps the unfortunate man's dis
covery that his wife, bravely though she
strives to hide the fact from him, loathes
the "nigger" in him with all the force of
the race instinct thai will not be denied.
One cannot help wondering, therefore, if
the woman's subsequent happiness will
not be marred sooner or later by her
own memories and that of her An;!"-
Saxon second husband by his knowledge.
of the facts of her first marrlasre. The
author suggests the contrary, but the
race instinct reaches far and deep, jet
ting the stamp of Its condemnation even
on the innocent, and nothing can ever
efface it. ignore it though we. may in
justice, in charity, 1n love.
Somp Excursions Into It. Sw*rt
and Wholesome.
Algernon Blarkwood. fm", pr.. •"•4"
Henry Hot! A To.
By Zona Gale. 12mo. rp. 821. The
Macmillan Company.
THE Rlfl'lUL YEARS. By Hay Rni>
mtoon. Illustrated by F. Ora!mm
Coot**. I2mo. pp. til. The Baker *
Taylor fompsnv
phtne r>a«kam Bacon. With lUwJm*
tlnns by Rog- O'Neill. 13m". pp. 22:.
Harper *• Broe.
"The Education of fn-lA Paul" 1«; un
dertaken v hen he ts forty-five by lii«
sister's children, most of ail pv his nice,
a fanrif mite who oj.^ns for him the
grates to th* wonderland of . -hlMhood.
with Its dim. cool. nv sti- VMM l«e!r»r.'
the magi light. th» land which. once
left behind, we »o tmperf»rMv remember
and m»!jt study anew under th* guidance
of Infancy, if the poetic faculty b* not
killed within us by contact with the re
alities ft this world T'n'-te Paul ha*
remained a dreamer, he ov^rs, where
fore his admif«lon to the secret rites is
eas;'. for be takes it all with becoming
seriousness. There Is little "make, be
lieve" In childhood life apart, which It
but rarely unfolds to us when proved
worthy, and then only stamnifringly.
Imperfectly, a? if in amazement M its
own visions. "Yesterday really begins
Just after Midnight when To-day ends,
and To-norTOW begins there, too. After
Midnight. To-morrow jumps a y. ay arraln
a whole da;., and i- as fir off hi ever.
Thais the newest you can g^t to To.
morrow. And Yesterday, which has been
a whole day away, suddenly jumps ur>
cloy* behind a«ain Bo that Yesterday
and To-morrow me<*t at Midnight for a.
single second before flying off to Itjetl
new places." Thus Nixie, wh<> hears th»
earth breathe, and knows th«» voices of
the wind, and seen th» spirits of the
trees migrating fouthward with the
birds In autumn, to return with Them
in the pprlng. Uncle Paul loses his tittle
guide, but find* his own long slumb^rin? 1
self awake ft lest and waitirtr for his
call. With Its aM lie progresses from
beautiful dreaming to Irving sen Ice by
the side of the One Woman. Mr. Black
wood has written a delicately, pubtiv
Imaginative and often truly poetic Steffi
which win appeal to all irrown-ups who
have. be»n fortunate- enough la BCCSOffVe
intact deep within them a jleeAß of the
gol.-len hour of childhood.
II may he merely the moment-, ef
reft of an enforced professional over
indulgenie In current nation, but. what
ever the came, one feels Impelled t«>
thank Mi.^n (i«le for a can« passing ob
rervation that Fh* mak.s in •Friendship
Vlmfje Love. MaefesV her new volume
of to!< «i. "The nemuUo, i do bellow,**
She says, "arc of us all neari-st to the
truth nbo.it things, l>ut as I grow older
I find myself getting to taUo 'a sur
passing ffrntfßfi In th.> normal. Or
rather, i am always uiiiir.^ to have, the
normal thrust upon me, but my nru
retics I wish to select for myself." She
tempts < on: tan 1 to QtsotAtlon here «*
in her ' .'. i; r 1 oeiu rhleflj becaose f !^.e
appears to be In reuMty anlj uuoting
you jit your best and bapntcsl and
wisest, merely expresstes the Idea nore
feltcltousl; than \on hiive •\ « r thought
of doing it fyoffsalf. This in. •* cowaa.
the only right way «<f writing; qu« ta
tlons. but few »\er find It. These love
stotiee Hrc, ns th;' i.itii- Cliild la IhcSS
rages aaawjaeta, of life's "May showing
June how." There ore nineteen Of them,
si me of them aM a» rjuaintam es first
encountered In the paces of period Ua ls,
but fitting in perfectly here with the,
niw c)iaptt%s and their VhOlCSOtne de
lig'it M. Qele haj rtistovtted a little
uorlil of her i-»n, .; n'omuin In Which
tt.xi has a* yet fortunately no Imitators,
Mary S. Watts's *-** no**/
-.rdfnarily worth wtiil*." says one well-known critic, who call* it
•great."' declaring that it Justifies the epithet by the breadth of Its plrturs
and the alivenes:* of all Itf character*. "And not only «loe3 her leisurely
method mak** her numerous characters amazingly ml but there is <!-o
quality of humor nn<l of Jc^n q»il*«lcal observation of the human heart
that keeps every page alive."
Gertrude Athcrton'3
Tower of Ivory
Is ♦v*rywher« »r«ett<i as r fc«st n'»^«1 — »
"mi'Jcabto. brilliantly wrlttsn nor-I.
not* 11.60
F. Marion Crawford's
An Undesirable Governess
\-n •rpustnsr. »lmo»« K*y. ttttT* stSO f'J'l "J
MM of ke»n humorous a»a»rva
Cloth. li •*
Mrs. Voynfch's
An Interrupted Friendship
TV»lgn*nt. pit»!»ti<". usjfs*eatts%lr Jar»'<st
ln« Is thin ta'« of Fine's r*sru« of th«
•iadfly from all hal «l»v. y.
Cloth. $1 50
Charles G. D. Roberts'*
Kings in Exile
"The most thrtllln*. *»ri«tnal and absorb
ing rorrmnr** about animals »■• ha • - -•
c ntly read.'' aa^a th» Chicago TrJbtin*.
Il:j*, Cloth. $1.50
6TOBIES I RO^r American
John R. Spears's
The American Merchant Marine
Frederic L. Paxson's
The Last American Frontier
H. Addington Bruce's
Daniel Boone and the Wiider
ness Road
Three new volumes In th» w»ll-kaown
■Bftaa u-htch alma to pr«»erve Ihj fine ro
mance an"! adventure of American history.
The heroes of th«»« books are tlia men
who carried American cilpp'r* Into a" th«
»cv«n oßaft£ men who first brok* th« forest
trails; the plumper. plainnnnan and cowboy.
Kirn. Illus.. c!->th.- $1.50 act: p.utpaid. 11. flj
Mr. Herbert Croly's irjsstM hook
The Promise of American Life
"An eminently not3N» bock."— New Toi*
Evening Post.
'"Few roesal bonks hive been »o rltal." —
Chicago Evening Post.
Coth. tMt $-/•> SSI] hr mill. $2 14
Winston Churchill's
A Modern Chronicle
'Innate, sustained humor, str<->ne tanuM sympathy. and a captlfttlriS
'art of putting things' are concerned with a heroine original and fa»cl
natinc."—Th- North American. Philadelphia.
!llw4rjt'J by pen and ink drivings. Cot* $ i *"
i. B. LIPPINCOTT CO. %££££
\\h<> would \ulff*rtz« It end cpoil it for
up, Finf» her work cannot be sut-cewfutly
COtUStcrfHttdi pi mpathotir, h>)T»ore«JaV
understanding *nd revealing, her simple,
folks In th?lr pfactd environment brine
a v bolesome messag* to the busy, bus-
ISas, feverish world without, but the
message is Incidental t>> the !<r,»rie». and
'■■I the stories to th» m#«M|» Henri
th« '■harm.
Mr. Gl!son's "Wistful Tears* Is really
DOt Setluu at al\ but a tender remi
iiisrenift of that beautiful Urn* of first
lOTf and lOiirtslilp. of high hopes and
ptaat and firm expectations throuKr*
which we all t*s*. and of »hii h those of
us Mho are fortunate and learn wisdom
Bg v»o «n along can kerp th« root alive
«nd onka it flower to the end. The
lemtniscencA U gay and a little sad at
times wistful- with ■ tsttnutf *>.-..»{
nition «>f the UsrOQSCtMsl humor of It
;.11. They are ■IfSlWllHTl lovrrs, th*
youth h'ml ttio >rirl d thl3 book; they re
geasMs in no way the fluent he rots :«n«l
beroinos of love utories. Tlirir rll r— nre
a siinplo nu>l uu*>v«>ntfw!. but the
hSsYTCBi ;iro opened before their cs>
prctunt .• ;. . a none the lens. She Is not
versed In the love of o:ir psetSM neither
do«» »h«> uniuiiinil the language »>f love
of Ihi ■ flits musicians; and he Is
BBgaptj mm KVCIBSJI \ ounj: BJSJBt toiling
11) the city L lll he can BJJJaM a hun for
her. Thetf love Making. their lovers 1
OjUftsTstl ai»- sspefled v.ith a r«al!s:n
that Aotfl 80l MinU the bftldßtSSh the In
adequacy of the !i::j{v:..-: rMOUICM of
th«* uvcrage of maids and swains. Feel-
Ings to« deep lor words are largely a
matter of educational advantages and
ex^rience. With th« utitnuntd and the
Inexperiemed they may lie \ery near
th« surface, whrn^e. perhaps, a frequent
HstseoQCtptiofl "' thehr tirt.fundlty. and
subsequent tflsOtUSHm. The ertr:t tj
from the correspondenca beimeen th«
Dr. Henry van Dyke's «/•- i.-i
The Spirit of America
Pr y in I»yv« M n»t'h»r e>ilr»atLst Mr apah)»
tit*, h* outlines Impartial!?. »!»>, ,- Mt
dSSSasSj «f Insight and a <i» .«*>«f»r ehasaj
of m«nn»-. t.n» characteristics which may
fatrTy »•• «aid to distinguish "■• laja^aj
amone ri»n of f»i» w»'!<J
C1o»b. • o. f1 .V» nef; >t m*n. It (a
Wm. Vaughn Moody*
The Faith Healer
Tn« n»w fay by th» *ot!»or s? Th* Or«*t
IM.M-." rioth. $1 ;j Ret: fey nsa'.t. it jj
Jack London'. * will t*-:i**
"Th* T>!a— -I'T «' Dinars.** — >»<» Ifaoja
Bsoettfut." "Th« O*»M»ii Poppy.- ■TT^aj
I.lf- M*am ffj M» ." *r* arnoa* MM T>«pta»
collected ln»* th!» trrtsr«a*!i)s; vntuaw.
CM* II »
JOT hit-door books
By L. H. Bailey,
Dlr»cMr of th« Experiment Station it
Cerr.»ll University. Editor of t!t* "Cyelo
a«4ia of American Tl<»rt!ni!tur#. " - ry<?;».
p»«fla of American A«ricu:tur»." "Tlu
Rum! Sc!~- Series," ••<?.
Manual of Gardening
A yraetteal X ii»t^ fir an-.- on* »»■■» wtaSjas
to h»v* attractive h«tn* sr-'n/it. or to
arn-w fc»w«r». fruits *n<: vmjihMh a*
horn* us*
Profu»*ly I'.lua. 5: .*o ne»; by ma!!, r: •.»
Dr. John McLennan's
Manual of Practical Farming
A practical *-ji.!«» for th« man »tta a anal!
farm ho wishes by modtrn m»t- try
accomplish the no** results at th« inn
»xp*Bß*. Just r*»«ly. 91 .V) act
C. S. Valentine's
How to Keep Hens for Profit
Just r»aly. $' "n net.
D. E. Lyon'*
How to Keep Bees for Profit
Both axe by specialists writing priftj-alty
of th* simplest essen'M - of two Impor
tant ways of relieving "the cost of llviajr.-
In press, n^iiy BCBJ we»ic
The Heart of Desire
Author «>l "Tne Winning Chance"
An intently dramatir and appealing BOTel sj nse»!:?t
lore, addj it« SBBja laid in Southern r»lifornia. Bound
to b? xtideN read tad <$<*«•■*<*.
Thrre rnioT#>«i Il!a^fraf(n«« HyTH» Klnaey*.
' Hi" r ■ r»ir»»-e'f| | r 'H"" • ■»• ""W^ »^t W^s^ ■M^a^B^*»^"»
n. ....... ei*«H
Routled^p Rides Alone
A big and forceful norel of lo»* saW war — real > • tad
real war. too — with scene* laid m India. «nd Hbbi «t
the time of the Ru^ao- Japanese War.
Colored Fr«m«'«pleee b>t '>•!" -lastire. '!"•-.
v»<th (nl*y m rotor*.
O I *Xl-i A Srriklnn Romance of
■ \aieign EH z abetVs Court
T"oundrd upon tbrir pI«T " Sir Walter Falei^H
Vl'ttt* a llln«i»r<»«!nn* «r»oi»inq V»n« trnrrt r*e Fl»y
T»r<-or»»te«1 Of»tJ^
Bella Donna %££+?\*Z™
Is the m«»«t widely it<<t«M4a«4l book »< •»«- d»y
*» WRITE ME: t»n «<»t n <-V ><** ***?
peonahwe en any «übje«-t T"« -■'*« ™fjt
look finder nuni WhH in X:. *n3 V.Vi*
••« my MO.ntiO rar* feook*. BAK«tR» "_" _ •
P.< 'V SHOP. John Bright •< . B.rriUU "» _
t\r\ in th«» country and her !^'?*'
York are cl-v«r!y written, llwy •!•••*•
t'» • v»il •«> clearly all that •»»••• ■
carry on the narrativ*. aaaal .i*VHea?ly
of all the youth's utter v " l*oßsel<m*'!l?l * oßsel<m *'!l?
of dM intent of th«» far '- >ai '!»'' ll- r7
«idvan<-es of th« VtM Hi» ' *■ h
boarding hf«Us*. A true pictuM <* v
arradian •impltcity and r«»rW <•' th *
American J«prin«tlm« of life.
Mrs. Baconn sequel tf» **r 01^
"Memoirs of a Baby" pays aTM p*ruity <
most !iequ.«H In fiction: It Mm not alt«*
ftthtf Rccensrutly meet the inevltaM*
test of ajajaajbai Hnwaver. h«r» •**
Tom and XK U !>y and Rinks an- 1 Aurt
Kmma again, not Isj forget Bell *"*
BtakaHi infant brother. The f » mi:y ha«
moved Into the country, mort America***
one i-onaci|iii"nce of the **•■•' » rtp<
that the bi.»:,-r»i;'hy ol BinW^ ti B«'mewh»C
overshadowed by th* account «f '
mothers experienve^ with a *< ****!*
pardon, rows and pfja>-tfj| nunurban-
Ite'a now familiar dream of mahlns ■
•>•}••" Truth to tctl. Susy vergr9 •
times cl«>sely on what is colloQUlalCT
tIWII M th« fcromid* »i«" ***
Kmma furnishes the nece«s«ary openinff*
for some mild fun with the m- .■««•••
r»»lu« ajHaValpi M it i« tarried •• by
women \vh,» rrnix to Inform •*•*"***
beforehand of *h*t their legal »**•■
really are. And. for food measure CBj
measure appears to hay« proved •••*"
tut diClcuit to nil), there Is * Chr)»**
Science rpiaode that l«ads r.o»-ti«« H
purticular. as do most epUodes in tl»«
li\*s» of chiMren. Which brtn«s «■ »•*
to th« fomtwttat eclipsed Biak* "W (

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