\y m >Ill]sK OK THE DERADNOU6HT CLASS, WHICH COST ABOUT TEN MILLIONS APIECE.
THE BRITISH BATTLESHIP BELLEROPHON.
One cf G-«-»t Errtam". latest Dreadnought*. Of this type the British navy, •foos the launch. ng of the Colossus a few days ago, has nine afloat,
more than twice as many as any other nation.
• IN COMMISSION.
' '2-<r\zh Sl ,r. The combined energy of it« projectile*
*" P bodily twtrrty.fcix feet into the air.
»*a»ac Ai-.tr ... ■ J
KKW-YORK DAHT TRim*NE. SUNDAY, APRIL MJ 1910.
factor. She will carry as many 12-inch guns as
the 1 >r> adnoughts.
Including the Infl< xibl.\ the Invincible, the In
<li.ii.ital U' and tbc ImtTfathraMr. armored <ruis
ers only a f«w htindre.ls of tons smaller than
the Dreadnoughts, carrying eight 12-inch runs
•a« h an.l travelling at 26 knots. Great Britain
expects to be Ik - possessor two years from MM
of sixteen Dreadnoughts and cruisers of the In-
>..':. type. The shipyards of Great Britain
have demonstrated that they fan turn cut bat
tWshijs ; t a h:!i rate of speed, for Ihe Col ssua
■ i ■ .-n ,i.- ways only bine months.
The reason for England's baste In the con
struction "f Dreadnoughts i- understood when
it is pointed out lhai Germany expect* to have
seventeen vessels ul the Dreadnought and t!..-
Inflexible classes in 1912. Emperor WlUianTa
shipyards lasi yeai demonstrated v.ht they
could do. It was reckoned i record wr In
naval construction. German; \- «':■:■ ■. • Bor<
four available Dreadnoughtu, the sslstcr ships
Kassau, \V.>; :'..'• n. Rhcintand and Poscn, all
of 18.500 tons displacement and nr:;i.-d with
t\v<h.> 11 -Inch riv.- large tattlcships look
the crater last year. Among th. ■<■ were ihc
301,000-ton battleships Ostfrieslai I Tl rinscn
and H.1u.. 1;;r..1. The* ■rill I* the flrsl <>f ihe
German Dreadnoughts to be armed with 12-inch
g-usi*. I"'.. will each carry twelve of thos
mighty (3<>:_ r of a ;r. and In Bttnament, thci
for<\ will be superior to any of :::• ftfThtins
rr;:ft <-f *'<r< ;.t Bl it. in.
Tii' armored cruiser Yon der Turn a \•• ■■.-• I
<.f I>.7<*» tone, or 800 t'-ns target than the first
Dr. a<!n<!jclit. and ■ sist< r ship known aa "C"
met* ala • put overboard by Germany last yeai
These uikli will be able to travel at -'."> knots,
oni knot Blower than the Inflexible* and will
carry ten 11-inch puns in place of the Inflexible*'
cipht 12-inch ones. Germany also completed
last y< ar two small cruiser-! of 3.000 tons, capa
ble of travelling at 27 to 28 knots, and twelve
destroyers. Three more battleships of the style
of the Helgoland, except that they will have
tut bin.' engines, were laid down last year. They
will be known as the Brsata Prithjof, ih«
Brsats HUdebrand and the Brsata imdall. An
armored cruiser styled "H." probably similar
to the Yon dor Tann and the "'l'; two more
sir.ai" Lfulsera. twelve ieatroyrn and SMM Bub
AN ANTIQUATED BATTLESHIP.
The Texas, which cost the Un.ted States $4.:02.000 and which was one of the victorious fV-t at
Santiago, is so far behind the times that Aith twenty-five other well known vessels ot tho
navy it is to b« discarded from the line. It is only two sevenths the size cf the Florida.
marinos are also on the ways of German yards
f«,r Emperor William's fleet.
The progress: which Germany Is making In
naval strength Is illustrated When it is pointed
out that osje year ago that country had
no Dreadnoughts afloat and could muster only
fourtei n battleships capable of fighting effeo
tively al modern rani as ag.iitist twenty-flvsj
flying the United States Hag and forty-nine
Britis! ships. When all of th<' warships now
under construction are completed Germany will
wresl from ti;. United States t!.*- second ;»laoe
In tonnage. With th. addition of the two battle
■l ; which mas be voted this yf.tr *>y Congress)
the.l pla< c, howev» r. n.: bo r«-g:iinrd.
France, while active in launching big ships,
having six n. v. vessels of 18,400 tons each, has
been slow in respect to tho building ■■( Dread
noughta These vesseta are not classed as
Dreadnoughts, .-'s they carry only four TJ-inch
gun*, their main batteries being of guns of onry
'.t.l Inchea The <;..;:■:■ republic, however. In
t. ■ 1 1 . T to pel on the band wagon and pfaUH to
• • two . .<<•■» ton Dreadnoughts at once,
Th. >• will go to tho present limit in number of
Itl-Inch guns, being equipped with twelve each.
Itussia is also coming to aft. r the knockout
tilou In the Strait of Tsushima, and has begun
the building of four Dreadnooghta Thoy are
to be known as the Mgut, the P. tropavlovsk,
the Sevastopol and the Poltava. It is expected
thai t !;•;■■ will be 23,000-ton ships and carry
th< ir twelve LMnch guns at a speed of 23 knots.
Within the year Russia also has completed the
two Black Sea battleships, the Andrei ivrvas
vannl -.nd the Imperator Pavel I, vessels of 17,
250 tons each, but !i''t Dreadnoughta.
Japan is not ing to be in the real in resr^ct
to these big craft. The Japs have laid down
tl.. frames of the Kawachi and the Settso, ves
sels of 30^800 tons, armed with twelve 12 Inch
gun--. The Chrysanthemum Kingdom is also
building two « raisers of 18,650 tons, which will
carry .^x 12-mch guns each and travel at a
•; . . I of 25 knet=. The Bntsumti, a battleship
. :" r.i.-."» tons, has also been add* i to the Jap
anese Beet recently.
not to Call hopelessly behind, for that
:•.■ Bstn* ti. n of fou»
( i.nlinncil on eiclttli |r:i :••
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