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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 04, 1910, Image 6

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This neicsjuipcr is ovmed •♦»<* pub
lithfd by 77:" Tribune Association, a
>nr York corporation; olscq end prin
cipal place. 0/ business. Tribune Bvild
ivq. ,\o. 154 yassau street. Veto York;
Ogdcn Mill*. president; Option M. Reid,
secretary: James M. Barrett, treasurer.
The address of the officers is the office
of this »i* v»paper.
CONGRESS.— Both houses continued
work on 'he administration railroad bin.
rr = jfenatr: The traffic agreement and
ui.rper pro\isions were stricken a out.
■-. ' House: The traffic aaJiiiummrTiirc
tion mam ptricken out and a long-and
sliort-haul clause was adopted.
FORElGN".— Theodore Roosevelt visited
th* castle at Elsenore. was guest of the
municipality of Copenhagen at dinner
end started for ChrUtiania, ===== The
French army is reported to possess -
dirigible balloon of the semi-rigid type
capable of making: fifty miles an hour.
- sir Christopher Furness was un
seated for Hartlepool. th«» court holding 1
that his agents had violated the election
law. ' = One man mam killed and two
more fatally injured In an election riot In
Hungary- . The King and Queen of
Norway attended the funeral of Piorn
stierne tfjornsnn at Christiania. =
< '.". int Istnaol de Lesseps ana Count Juet
Of Folicny after eonw B^or4 r la ->" ex "
<:Jianp<>d «ix shots and loft the field un
DOMESTlC.— President Taft spent the
day visiting his "home folk" in Cincin
iisti. ,The federal income tax
amendment • was defeated in the As
sembly «t Albany, and as the Senate
i* known to be against it. the bill is
,jrad. Edward T. Bartlett associ
ate .iudpe of the Court of Appeals, died
i>. Albany from heart disease- ~ - The
racetrack lobby's amendments to Sen
ator AgneWa bill drawn to prevent oral
bookmakinF were lost In the Senate at
Albany. = = Th« Assembly at Albany
effectually killed the bill for the inspec
tion of 'abattoirs and meat markets.
== In a speech before the Farmers
Convention at St. Louis B. F. Toakum
■reed that the farmers and the railroads
work together to cut middlemen's profits.
■ - Mrs. Ruth Bryan L*eavitt, oldest
daughter of W- I. Bryan, was married
to Lieutenant Reginald A. Owen, of the
British army, at Lincoln. Neb. ;--— Jvlin
H. CP« v «r«e. president of the Baldwin
Locomotive Works and a philanthropist
«nd Presbyterian layman of national
note, died at his country home near Phil
adelphia. :■■ The departure on a se
cret miEEion of United States Attorney
Wai-man temporarily baited the inquiry
at the special jrrand jury at Chicago into
th« legislative bribery cases.
CITT —Stocks declined after early
atr^nrth. ■ Judge Houith'e ruttnga
ipalnk the a/3rois£ibility of important
•*-ideoce rracticallT forced tho govern
»eat prosecutor to change the plan of
his case asainst F. Augustus Heinze.
■_■ — -rti« Citizens Union asked the
Legislature to delay setfon on the new
charter for flam York City that the re
vision work might be done by experts.
, A petition In involuntar-- bank
ruptcy was filed against the Standard
Cordage Company and a receiver was
earned ===== "Warrants -were itsued for
ihree more dockrnasters as a result of
lnve*ti£*tloTJs Into allerwl frauds. ==
Controller Preno>r a*t protested against
payment by the city for private tele
phone service, and &aid he would refuse
to pay such Mils hereafter, t=== One
man pleaded puilty to charges of traf
ficking in young girls. • Mayor Gay
nor cent a letter to Andrew Carnegie de
flnins his reasons for supporting the bin
to abolish the personal tax law.
THE "WEATHER.— lndications for to
day cloudy and cooler. Th#- tempera
ture yf*XeT&*y: Highest, 70 degrees;
lowest, 51.
The recent decline in wholesale price!?
of commodities. Including: not only ma
terial for manufacture but also BMtt
food products. 18 so general as to sug
gest a hope that a reaction has at last
set in ablest the upward trend. The
reactipu. i' it '•* oii *"' uja - v lx ' oul - v tcm "
porary, to be followed by a resumption
of the' upward movement which h:.s
l>eea pojji- on for several years, or it
ui:iy he doHn'if :iud mark tlie t'.sr.ii.i-'
point In <2j> ■C series of prtc*
<>I:ang<»s. i; •-. :<«: <« any rate, a BOOBtcr
current fc*b cci in. as If evident fro-ji
the i»res«rt ]•:!<■<•* of various commodi
ties as roai|*ar<?U, In "The New York
Journal «>«' *'«i'-r.u»rr<>." with the hi-^h
»t\ oriels <iii«»<t«*3 for th/»«c '•„mniiKliiH-»
!>i reoeul ycanC
A few illcstrationji will show wlint
l, fl « ;■. place: Wheat, highest; AY
-:>•. BWI. *1 *1%. mam $1 30; **'"""•
Juiw, SJ*GO, £«J 80t now & "•■•; com. .If. 1.-'.1 .-'.
v.*(f.K m cents, now (HVa cents; pork,
tisixcl. Mnrcfc. 1910. •_: 7.".. mam $'21;
!iam. April. l6l<». iU- ■ <-;-nl>. mem IS
.-.in-. bacon. April 1910. 22 rents, now
1N» ceste; au'^r, graira]ate& Man*, I9W,
525. new 6.13 cents; ri«c. August. not.
53; cents, now |% cent*: rottw. Dcoeni
l*r. IMB, W-IS oeata, warn ll..'S> cents:
woo', Mnr<"h. 1910, 37 "ent=. now S4 cents;
pi- iron. January, 191". 11875, co^r
i' 1673. in general, commodities, except
fcerf and rubber. «how declloes' and the
manufactured products from n-oo! an<l
cotton, ircn *.nl tin hivt also tc!!eu oft
icoeVliat i» price. Of course, th^e
*xc wholesale prices. Retail prices do
not move In perfect E.vmpattrv, and tbe
cost of living will not be at once affecl
od favorably by tli« decline in tbe
»boleaale cost of food products which
bas taken place.
So far as the causes for th*» decline
in price of various commodities can be
analyzed. it appears to be due partly to
stimulation of production. _ but much
more t.i d«x*liu«» of consumption. Thus,
i; is reports! that textile uifimifaetun-rs
have had to mark down prices in order
to "move oat" th" ptnoks of manufact
ured cottons which they have accumu
lated. That Is to s;iy. tbe high prioos
have curtailed consumption. In iron,
on tbo other hand, consumption seems
not to have fallen off. but production
has outprown the market. Thus the
two tendencies which correct hi?h prices
are illustrated. The $12 ho- is not so
popular with the consumer as lie i* wWi
the farmer, and accordingly port and
its products are less used-
In general, the fall In prices which
hss taken place ho generally indicates
that the consumer had adjusted his hab
its to rbe advancinz rates. He* is sub
etirutinjr cheaper articles of con?uoil"
fi<*n for th<» dearer one* he formerly
used, or be i? consuming less. Tbe turn
in prices, at least so far as agricultural
products are concerned, is obviously Ibe
*ffert of curtailed consumption — of econ
omy on the parr, r>f the people —
much .is there has been no opportunity
for tbo hi.crh prices of this year to stimu
late the planting of larper crops. Here
after that factor aiso Is likely to have
its influence in lowering prices.
It. will be time eaoagß to consider
Senator fohh's "compromise" direct
primary bill after a vote has been had
in both' houses of the Legislature on the
RtßOjaß-CSreen bill. The people want (0
know u"'t how some committee stands
upon that measure but how each indi
vidual member of the Legislature stands
upon it They want a vote for future
reference. It will srriide them in forming;
their own opinions of their representa
tives when th* latter come up for re
election next fall.
The "compromise" bill of. Senator Cobb
offers so little that it is probably de
signed rather as a basis for a compro
mise' than as itself a compromise. In
applying, the direct primary system only
to candidates for the Senate and Assem
bly it does not go as far as Mr. Woodruff
and other opponents* of the system early
in the session expressed a willingness to
po. If the Hinman-Green bill cannot
pass there will be no objection t> enact
ins such a law as Senator Cobb proposes.
Rut tie pram from it would probably be
comparatively slight, and as a test of the
Hiumau-Greon system it would not
possess much value. It will be impossible
to interest the people generally in nomi
nations for the Senate and the Assembly.
Therefore direct primaries to nominate
for those offices would give little indica
tion of the effect upon the management
of parties and the making of nominations
which would be produced by attracting
to the primaries the class of voters that
now remain? away from them.
It is to be hoped that Mayor Gaynor
will see his way to sign the debt limit
bill which has Just passed the Legislat
ure following an emergency message
from the Governor. The bill is a combina
tion of tbe one favored by the Mayor and
the one urged by fiie Citizens Union. It
does not ignore the Board of Estimate
and Apportionment, as the Citizens
Union bill did. but on the other hand it
provides for the final determination by
tbe courts of the bonds which may be
excluded from the city's constitutional
debt as self-sustaining. The bill sup
ported by the Mayor was open to objec
tion on the ground that it left the ex
clusion of self-sustaining bonds at the
mercy of taxpayers' actions and made
it doubtful when money for subway con
struction could be raised under it. To
the bill just passed no such objection can
be raised. Th** place for taxpayers' ac
tions is prescribed, and once the Appel
late Division of the Supreme Court lias
rendered its decision there can be no
further opportunity for delay.
If the Major signs the bill it will
he possible to begin proceedings at once
for the exemption of certain bonds from
the constitutional debt. Subway con
struction In Xow York has waited open
tbe slow process of passing, first, the
constitutional nmrndnjont. Slid then the
bill carrying its provisions into effect.
It was announed a few days ago by
the London press Ihni wireless communi
cation between Clifden. Ireland, and
Glace Bay. Nova Scotia, would shortly
be resumed. Eight or niue months have
elapsed since the last of several inter
ruptions in the service occurred, being
due to a fire which destroyed the Cana
dian station. The opportunity has been
improved. Mr. Marconi Bays, to erect a
new building on a different i-lte !it Glace
Bay and to install better apparatus at
A renewal of operations may well be
postponed until there is a stronger assur
ance of regularity than Las been possible
m the pact. That a few messages Lave
been *«ent from tJiore to shore is hardly
open to question. For umuthh at a time.
also, uews bulletins were sent to hteam
ships daily, firM from one side, of the
ocean and tuon tfom iho other. It Has
iSfji sfjfßoetad, however, that ii was
found necessarj to use vessels at tea as
repeating stations for transatlantic His
patches. That such is the case i.-' not at
all incredible. Mr. Marconi in his pub
lic lectures has remarked on the great
inequality In the case with which ether
waves are transmitted to a distance.
(»:;« of the hindrances Is duo to daylight,
but others evidently have more obscure
muses. While tiM Atlantic fleet whs
going around tbe World, it will be re
ipetnbered; there was mi astonishing dlf
ference in Hie range of messages sent
from ihe flagship. Occasionally they
rrould be picked i:t> «t points more than
two LbouHaud miles off, but Konjetiun's
they would apparently rail to travel 0110-
IfnUl as far. When almost home the
fleet was practically lost for 11 day ne
nnsr no wireless 'signals from th*» Con
becticut could l>e beard.
]■•;,. •■- like these offer an intelligible
explanation of any ueot of repeating
iut\ssnj?c.s which may have arisen, but
they also omphasise the wiudaai of wait
tag uutil iL« «lirrici!ltio*; encountered in
the past have been fully overcame before
inviting patronage Delays in transmis
sion, ho niHtt«r for what reason, are
highly objectionable. So, too i« uncer
ramty whether a •»!*"*.->.! - will be t-cnt
immediately or held hack for hours, or
even days Many of Mr. Marconi's nd
mircre in tits country have been -ii-:'!'
nolntod by his inability .... fulfil his
promifies: [I would be i pity to begin
eerrlce between Europe and America
a«jata until ■ series of testa sufficiently
prolonged to guarantee a substantial lm
psmanunt on the past record had been
At ;be end of the tenth month of the
current fiscal year the federal Treasury
'finds itself in an imexpectedly strong
position. Instead pf facing a deficit on
Jime"3o nest it faces a substantial sur
plus. The receipts for the ten months
have exceeded those for the correspond
ing ten months in WOS-'O9 jjy £50,500.
000. This is an extraordinary sain, duo
i;; large part; to the stimulation of the
import trade' which has occurred since
the passage of the Payrje tariff law.
The duties collected on imports in
creased about $38,000,000; Internal reve
nue receipts increased nearly $18,000,000.
but there was a decrease of more than
55,000,000 in receipts from miscellane
ous sour' On the other hand, ordi
nary expenditures for th*» ten months
hare been atjput $2,000,000 less than
those for the corresponding ten months
of 1906 "0».
The deficit for the ten months Is
$16,700,000. against a deficit in the pre
vious year of $69,236,000. But the
Treasury has paid out since July 1.
1009, 527,000,000 on the Panama Canal
account. No bonds have yet been sold
to make pood this expenditure, to that
the Treasury has really to its credit on
the operations for the year so far about
$10,500,000. The next two months will
probably show surpluses and at the end
of June the corporation tax will be
turned into the Treasury. - Allowing
$30,000,000 for the corporation tax and
the surplus receipts in May and June,
the surplus for the year would be oVer
£'10,000.000. Of course, there remains
the possibility that the Supreme Court
may hold the corporation tax to be in
valid, but even In that, case the Treas
ury will end the year with a surplus of
probably $15,000,001). The lean days fol
lowing the panic of 1907 are now n
The opposition offered by certain real
estate interests to the bill at Albany
carrying out Mayor Gaynors proposal
to abolish personal property taxation
seems to us short-sighted. The plan is
not, as some one has said at Albany,
one to relieve the rich of the burden of
taxes on their personalty and shift it
to the shoulders of the small real estate
owner. It is doubtful if the abolition of
the personal tax would add to the bur
den on realty. It has been shown that
the tax costs nearly as much to collect
as it yield*. Its existence, moreover. hsa
Involved the city in costly borrowing to
make Tip the deficit between the tax
levy and actual collections.
Furthermore, let every small holder
of real estate who fears that his tax
rate will so up a few points if the tax
ing of personal property is abandoned
ask himself if he does not know of
some widow or other heir of an estate
who has been forced to move out of thli
city and into some other state in order
to escape the personal tax levied be
cause the existence of the property and
the amount of it have been revealed in
the Surrogates 1 court But for the per
sonalty tns those persons would have
remained in New York to swell the
body of tenants: to increase the demand
for real estate, to promote the develop
ment of the undeveloped sections of the
city. A tax x\-bich drives away residents
of the city is of doubtful benefit to tho
real estate interests. :
To the observer appreciative of pict
uresque incidents, striking and unex
pected contrasts and dramatic effects
few announcements of recent years have
been more rich in interest and suggestion
than that Lord Gladstone sailed last
Saturday from Southampton to take his
place as Governor General of South
There Is much food for thought in the
simple fact that Mr. Herbert Gladstone
Is now Viscount Gladstone of Lanark in
the peerage of the United . Kingdom.
That change of style is historically ap
propriate, for the lirst of his ancestors
of whom we have record was Herbert de
Gledestan, of the County of Lanark, who
was one of the signers of that "Ragman's
Roll" which acknowledged the sovereign
ty of Edward 1. the English Justinian,
over the Scottish kingdom. Yet there is
also a suggestion of incongruity In the
acceptance of a peerage by the son of
William Ewart Gladstone, the great
Commoner who disdained such nominal
distinctions, and in his entry into the
chamber which hi- father purposed
either "to mend or end."
Equally Impressive, In coutrast, is the
spectacle of the assumption of what is
practically the Viceroyalty of United
South Africa by the son of the statesman
who negotiated the surrender after Ma
juba. Gladstone the Commoner relin
quished authority and sovereignty, at
least in great measure, over the richest
part of South Africa, and probably would
have regarded with satisfaction the en
tire withdrawal of British dominion
from that quarter of. the world. Glad-
Stone the peer goes thither to maintain
renewed and Intensified British sover
eignty over the whole of South Africa.
Between the two policies, In respect to
their wisdom and beneficence, we need
not essay to institute a judgment. The
contrast stands, suggestive and admoni
tory, against hasty verdicts and as
sumptions that any policy Is necessarily
perpetual and impeccable.
It is not merely a law which Dr. yon
Bethmann-Hollweg proposes for the ful-
Qlment of the great "Work of Peace"
conceived by Count Posadowsky many
years ngo, but really a whole code of
legislation. At the present, time the
state Insurance of the industrial classes
I* divided into three departments and
is provided for by means -of eight sep
arate anil not particularly simple laws.
The Chancellor In the bill which has just
been Introduced proposes considerably
to extend (he scope and the complexity
of the system and to have it all admin
istered finder a single statute. The pro
posed law consists, however, of do fewer
than 1,7"4 clauses, some of them elab
orate j'.nd complicated, sufficient to fill a
good sized volume.
Under the existing system I here is
insurance against Illness, accident and
old age and Infirmity. lie new system,
If adopted, will provide pensions for- the
widows and orphans of workmen, ' and
it will also extend insurance to various
classes of workmen who. hitherto have
been outside the pi ope of the law's
operations Among these are agricultural
and forest workmen^ domestic setranta,
t h. atrtcal employes; clerks. await ■>>-.
teachers, and to pome extent those who
v,orl£ Lii douue-stic eheps or their own,
Tbe benefits of the new law are, how
ever, to be given only to those whose
total incomes do not. exceed fSOfl a year.
For the present, too. it is intended to
errant pensions to only those widows
who «re infirm or incapable of working.
Orphans will receive aid until they are
fifteen years old.
It is. of course, required, as it should
he. that the persons to be insured, or
whose widows and orphans are to be in
sured, shall contribute toward the pen
sion fund, and that their employers shall
equally contribute, while the state is to
contribute about -as much as both the
former classes put together. The new
law will increase by about five millions
the number of potential or actual bene
ficiaries, and will increase the yearly
bounty from all sources for their bene
fit from a little more than $182,500,000
to nearly §215,000.000. It is a stupendous
proposal, which goes very far toward
universal provision. , \
Mention has already b*»en made of the
r.nowcd contest over the old Albany
Post Road. A bill now before the "Legis
lature purposes to remove, restrictions
and thus make it available for the uses
of a trolley line. Against this, earnest
opposition Is made by property owners
and residents along the road, especially
in Yonkers, Hastings, Dobbs Ferry.
Irvington and Tarrytown. who want tb°.
road kept in its present condition. A
hearing on the subject Is to be had be
fore a Senate committee at Albany to
day, fit which it '.n to be hoped the op
position to tb.p bill will be effective and
The building of a trolley road on that
thoroughfare would be an act of in
justice to the residents, who have set
tled and spent large sums of money
there on the specific .understanding that
the street was to be kept for nil time
li ce from trolley roads. It would be an
act of vandalism in the mutilation and
destruction of a great number of fine,
shade trees. It would be a detriment and
a menace to traffic, for th? street in hI
rrady frequented by vehicles almost to
the limit of comfort and safety. It
would be a handicap to the towns which
are traversed by the street, since it
would continue the foolish policy of try
ing to confine them to a single north
and south street instead of opening ad
ditional thoroughfares.
The Post Road was never meant for
railroad uses. It is essentially a drive
way and parkway. To give it over to
railroad operation would be a perver
sion similar in character, In folly and In
injustice to the giving up of park space
for building sites. In its present at
tractive condition it is one of the most
valuable assets of the communities
which it traverses. Despoiled for trolley
USes, Its value -would be greatly im
paired. The attempt to gridiron it with
tracks should be opposed and defeated.
The Senate by conferring the unusual
honor of an immediate and unanimous
ronfirmation upon Governor Hughes on
the very day when the Antl-Trurt
League filed Its objections showed how
much It v.as impressed by those objec
A radical departure In the Boston
charter had its first test when the Mas
sachusetts State Civil Service Commis
sion refused lo approve four of eight
nominations for heads of municipal de
partments made by Mayor Fitzgerald of
Boston. Some of the nominations were
extremely bad. It will be Interesting; to
see what will be the final effect of this
form or state supervision of municipal
The colliery strike In the Cape Breton
district, which has just bffn called off,
is estimated to have cost several million
dollars. It would be Interesting to know
how much profit It realized to offset that
Alabama seems to have tired of Gov
ernor Comer and bis ultra-radical pro-
Kiamme. An anti-Comer state ticket has
lust bees nominated in the Democratic
primary, and the Comer reign of terror
v. Hi pnnn hp abated. "What the courts
began the voters have now completed.
. Th*» more thoroughly wo may believe in
an income tax the more absurd it would b'" 1
for us to give the assent of the State of
New York to an amendment that may ho
declared void an soon as it reaches the Su
preme Court.— The New York Times.
What are we coining to In the realm of
constitutional construction? When did
the Supreme Court acquire power to de
clare any portion of the federal Consti
tution void?
Tt is anounceo" In the French press that
the historic house occupied by Napoleon on
the Isle of Elba, known as the villa San
Martino a Porto Ferrsjo, Is to be sold at
auction. "With the house are to go the fur
i niture and other eouvrnirs of th* Emperor.
The newspapers urge that the friends and
admirers of Napoleon take steps to prevent
'the dispersal of the historic objects.
I wouldn't count it worth my while
To sing about a rich man's smile
Or quote a fellow, trouble free,
An' label that philosophy.
But when I look about an' find
A cripple or m. brother blind. .
An* hear him sinping' songs of glee.
I want that man's- philosophy.
—» — Detroit Free Press.
General Horatio C. King, of Brooklyn,
secretary of the Society of the Army of
the Potomac, has sent out a circular to sur
vivors of that famous and victorious corps
calling their attention to the fact that this
year's reunion will be held near the battle
field of AJitletam, on September 16 and
IT. "The requests for a meeting: at Antie
tam." says General King:, "have been nu
merous. Its earlier selection was prevented
by lack 6t sufficient accommodations near
by, but it Is believed that Hagerstown can
take care of us, and a- trip to the battle
field will be easy."
Mr. Heyrak— ls Willie home from school
yet. maw? , "" v*
' Mrs. Heyrak— be. T **« tim cat's
hiding under the stove.— Chicago News.
A Canadian corrcj-'pond«*nt of "The Lon
don Time»" Is much concerned 'over the
labor problem in tlio Dominion, particularly
in the West, where a jjreat scarcity of
farmhands is reported. He writes: "it Is
estimated that 1-,000 men could 'Hud im
mediate employment In the three prairie
provinces at from JtSO to $-T.» per annum,
according to experience. It Is also said
that Immediate employment could be found
for 400 married couples at wages ranging
from |350 to $400 a year. •Tli« immigration
authorities, have 8,000 situations^ available,
Immigrants ar« «till coming into the aorta
of Halifax 'and St. John by thousands, and
ti,.- movement of 'American settlers Into
the Weal Is unabated. There Is also a con
tinuous exodus from Ontario an.i the older
provinces, which excites rpal apprehension.
A recent development Is the arrival of 4 ( ">
French ( 'anaduniF. 1 ' *
"U>'r# goinf to have » eplendld suf
fjrasettn meeting this affrnoon."
"That »o?"
"Yes. we're to be addressed by Mrs.
W&ntavot*. Just think, she's been arrested
four times"."— Detroit Free Press.
At a moving picture show la upper
Broadway a man who had three children
with him found a hat of magnificent pro
portions in front of him a source of som«
annoyance. Between pictures he drew from
his. pocket and read, loud enough for the
wearer of the hat to hear, the account of a
Bow Street magistrate's decision against the
big hat in Tendon. The woman for whom
it was Intended heard and saw tho point,
but failed to take the hint. She turned de
liberately about and said: "This in not
England, but a free country. I'd like- to
see any one malt© me take off my hat'
And then she walked out.
"One word more." said the manager.
"Don write * play too expensive to be
"What do you mean? .
"Just this: The price of white paper 1*1!1 * 1 !
out snowstorms and, of course, all eat-ln.
scenes are barred."-Louisville Courier-
As a won! of warning "The Boston Her
ald" says: "The ladies' hats may be wider
nest year, but if they are the railroads w lll
either have to widen the cars or have only
a single row of seata. with a passage for
the conductor on the side."
"Can you guess who pave ras this ||gag*
"No; but I can guess why.' —Buffalo *.*
press. ___«»__——
Loans on Farms and Estates Would
Reduce Cost of Living, He Says.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir- With creat interest I have read the
article in last Wednesday's Tribune con
cerning the meeting of railroad men. legis
lators and agriculturists held In the
Produce Exchange. The resolution adopted
to uplift agriculture and to Indace capable
"persons now living: In the cities to go bark
to the farms Is indeed a. very important
one, but in my opinion it could be further
amended so that t»e association should do
all in Its power to Induce capitalists, cor
porations and trust companies to make
mortgage loans to poor "but otherwise good
farmers, enabling them to improve their
farms and double the crops. It is not alone
the education many a farmer in the At
lantic states needs. Thousands of farmers,
especially In the Southern States, own large
farms, hut have either no ambition or no
money to work their land right, and mill
ions of acres of the best land are. lying
idle. The cultivated land could produce
threefold the present crops.
Probably the majority of the city people
are proud of the yearly growth of their
respective cities, not considering that Just
this growth is followed by the Increased
difficulty In getting the necessary food
stuffs. But while this difficulty Is now in
the foreground and rests heavy upon the
city people the capitalists and corporations
still go ahead and Invest their money in
new apartments and flats and Induce peo
ple to stay in the city.
If a large part of this money would be In
vested in farms the questions of Increas
ing agricultural production and cost of liv
ing would solve themselves within a few
years. '
A few weeks ago I advertised for a first
mortgage lean of $35,000 on a very largo
estate (wortli $100,000) only seven miles
from the "White House, "Washington, an'l
also wrote to five mortgage and trust
companies of New York City, hut the re
sult was that I received answers In the
negative, statin* that the companies oper
ated only In >ity real estate.
Of course, there are in many cases proba
bly better chances for quick money making-
In city speculations, but it is still a game
of chance, and with all the money made
this wav the country as a whole will po
There Is many an Intelligent man who
with proppr financial assistance would
gladly work the soil, but wiio could not
be Induced to go ahead and work probably
day and night for a so-called "hayseed" at
from |.U to £X) a month. If able men of in
fluence would give this matter a fair con
sideration it is my earnest belief that great
changes for the better would be obtained.
Ycnker?, X. T., May 1, l:-10.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: How many more lives must b© sac
rificed, how.' many more houis of anguish
must be passed by parents and friends, be
fore the laws relating to the muzzling and
leashing of Hogs on the streets of New York
are enforced? Where Is the dog catcher,
who Is supposed to take up and impound
all dogs whose owners do not conform to
the law with reference to them.'
Since Great Britain has not only enacted
but enforced such stringent laws in regard
to dogs rabies has become an unknown
disease within her borders. Few people
admire or love dogs more than I do. and
for their pake also I ask this protection.
When a whole pack of valuable hounds has
to b~ sacrificed on account of one vagrant
cur It is time that the owners and lovers
of dogs, as well as . the public at large,
should demand that these latra be en
If tliose_ women who desire so ardently
the suffrage w^uld use their influence to
see that good and Trie© law? like these after
they are passed should be carried out they
would not only merit but receive th« grrati
tude of their fellow citizens.
»w York, May 2. 1310.
To the Kditor of The Tribuiie.
Sir: I^ast autumn we were able through
the courtesy of the press to give public
ity to th« work don* at the Northfield
schools and its needs. Your co-operation
has been of untold value to us. and we
wish to thank you heartily for It.
This present year with us is one of gray*
anxiety. We have a garden of $35,000 to
raise before v.c close our fiscal year, en
July 31. Thi& Is the last part of an origi
nal effort tc rais* $100,000 for the > ear's
work, and. being the last. Is the most dif
ficult. However, there are friends who
would lift thia burden If they but knew
our needs.
Any help, however small, will be: grate
fully received, and will co far enable us
to carry on the work true to its original
aim of assisting young men and young
women to secure an education winch other
wise would be beyond their means.
East Northtteld, Mass., May 2. 1310.
From The Syracuse Herald.
"Big Tim" Sullivan says that he will
"lay 10 to 1 right off the bat now" that
Governor Hughes "makes good" x on the
Supreme Court bench. When William J.
Bryan cannot manHg« to attain the level
of "Big Tim" Sullivan In either good judg
ment or good tastp, we don't Fie why be
should aspire to the Presidency.
From The bVhencctady Union.
A man who ofretwl h New York customs
Inspector *■ »as arrested — Tot undervalua
tion, probably.
From The Albany Journal.
Now the question Is asked. "Whal ara
delicatessen?'*' Wo suggest that one an
swer is that they arc things to eat which
few would ■v\«iii if they didn't coat >->>
much and m;re called by another name.
From Th« Philadelphia Ledger.
A. M WnrtliingUHi. If I" . of Boston,
professor •' Harvard i vuti th«» theory
thai the puckered mouth of beaut: and
ihts downy Up of budding manhood shed
deadly, devastating germs on »ll they
touch. Accordtng to him. the only dan
ger in kissing la to the h»*art. Th* human
qualifies of Dr. Worthington are of a high
From The Chicago Post.
Mr. Bryan ! as rttumeJ m „i. two— count
em— two llamai a Stamsse cat and a
monkey. Also with th© L'oa*tt]«4 Issue.
Teoplc and Social Incident*
[From Th» Tribune Buraau.)
-U'ashlnsV*". 'ay zz — Slr! - Taft will arriv.
in Washington to-morrow from. New Tork.
where ana want th» last of th* week for
a few dayr'. shopping. Sh» will give ♦»>•
first of a series of four garden partl-a at
the White Houa» on Friday.
Th» Secretary ef the Navy retuwwd to
day from a short visit to New Tot\s an'l
[From Th« Trn»»n« Bur«a«i 1
Washington. May S.-ft was announce
at the Japanese Embassy to-day that
Prlneo Toku B President of th* Tlons^
of Peers of Japan, will arrlv© her* on
Thursday. An elaborate programme will
b- arranged for his entertainment her-,
besides the dinner and ree-p:ton In his
honor, with Baron and Baroness Uchida as
Dr. Nakajhna, of Japan, whs was eater
tamed by the Ambassador and Bareness
UchMa. Is at th* Cosmo9 flub.
Tbe Minister from Portugal. who has
been In San Francisco to attend the ar
rival there of th»» Portuguese cruiser Sao
Gabriel, will return hero tH a, f»w days.
The Minister from Belgium, who went to
Plttsburs; th« last of tha w»?k to deltrer
an address, has returned.
The Minister from Ecuador and S«ftora
de Carbo and th«.othi=-r members of their
family will leave Washington soon for
Blue Ridge Summit. Perm., where they will
spend the summer.
Baron Dr. Herbert yon Rlchthofen.' re
cently appointed third secretary of th* Ger
man Embassy. ha«? arrived In Washington
and assumed hl3 duties.
K. I*. rh»rmont. who ram« h»r*> about j
five years ago when th«» Brazilian Embassy |
was raised to irS present rank and was i
first second secretary and more recently
first secretary, has been transferred to th« '■
Brazilian Embassy In Mexie*. Ha ac
companied th« body of the late ambassador ;
to Brazil, and will leav* tjier« to-morrow •
for a short European trip before- assuming j
his new duties. Jim!. Chermont. who was j
formerly Miss Helen Sloan, of Baltimore,
is her© arranging: her household affairs so
that she may meet her husband In Europe, j
She will sail from New Tork on th» Maure- \
tania on May 11.
[From Ths Tribur.a Bur»a'i]
"Washlngrton. May 3.— Among the ent«r
talnments of th» afternoon wa3 a charm
ingly arranged tea, with Mrs. George Suth
erland as hostess. Th« parlors at Th»
Highlands were decorated with spring flow
Mrs. Lymari Tiffany entertained guests at
luncheon to-day. She and her granddaugh
ter. Miss Helen Parker, are planning to
leave the capital early to spend th* season,
at Richneld Springs.
Mrs. A. C. Barney will rlose Studle He»is«
early next month and sail from New Tork
for France on June 18. She will open her
house In Pari3 and will spend ne*t winter
Mis-3 Jul!a Heyl. daughter of Colonel
Charles H. Heyl. entertained a number of
her younjr friends at luncheon to-day.
Invitations have bean. Issued for th* wad
dinar of Miss Flerelle Edson. daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph R. Etfson. and lieu
tenant John Willtam Mr-Kie, roast artillery
corps, at noon on June. 1, at St. Thomas'!
Sefiora de Cruz, wife of th» Minister
from Chili. «nd Miss Helen Carmen were
the guests of honor at a luncheon to-day,
with Mrs. J. J. Edson as hostess.
rßy Telegraph to Th« Trlhimß.l
Newport. May 3.— Mr. and Mrs. Marsden
J. Perry, of Providence, have arrived at
Bleak House, their summer horns here, for
the season.
Fairlawn. the summer residence of Mr.
and Mrs. I. Townsend Burden, is being
prepared for occupancy for the first time
in three years.
Mr. and Mrs. J. -Fred Pieraon, Jr., who
were absentees hers la«t season. ar« te
return this year.
Mr. and Mrs. Frederick M. Davis will
also spend th« season In Newport.
Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton Fish Webster are
making an auto trip through the Berk
Mrs. Willtam Grosvenor has gone to New
York to -visit Mr. and Mrs. Dudley Pavls.
Mr. and Mrs. Reginald C. Vanderbtlt are
expected for the summer on next Saturday.
Daughter Clara, Wife of Ossip Ga
brilowitsch, Gets Entire Estate.
Reddinc. Conn.. May 3.— The wfO of Sam
uel 1.. Clemens (Mark Twain) v.as filed for
probate her© to-day and leaves the entire
estate to th*» surviving daughter, Clara
Lanjfhorne Clemens, wife or Osslp GaDrllo
The will was drawnr on August IT. 1?"?.
and Drovided that the estate should be di
vided into two equal parts, the Income to be
aDDOrtioned to the two daughters quarterly-
It was nrovlded that In case, one daughter
died the, estate- should ko to the surviving
daushter. Miss Jean Clemens, the- second
daughter, died last December. Th«?. home.
Stormfleld. is valued at 530,000. and there 13
thoucht to bo about SIMM on deposit in
banks. No estimate is made of the literary
The executors named, who are to be
trustees, are Jar\ls Langdon. of Elmtra;
Edward E. Loom!«. of New York, and
Zoheths Fremar., of New York. No bond 13
Shipowner's Agents Held to Have Vio
lated the Election La^r.
Lonfion, May —Sir Christopher Furness.
the shipowner, who as a Liberal has rep
resented the constituency of Hartlepool In
Parliament since 1000. was unseated to-day
by the court and his recent election de
clared void on the ground that there had
been an Illegal employment of demonstra
tors and payments made through his
The court emphasized Its conclusion that
Sir Christopher was not personally guilty
of any corrupt or Illegal practice, but added
that he must suffer for the acts of hi.?
"Th*» Possibilities of New York, the. City
of the Future,*! will be the them* of dls
cusslon at ■ dinner of the Municipal Art
Society to-morrow evening In tho Na
tional Arts Club fcal!prle:«. In East -lrv,
r.trcet. Anionc th« speakers will re Jacob.
A. Cantor, Patrick K. MrlJowan. Or.
Stephen S. Wise and Louis Wiley. John
C. Agar, president of th» society, will pre.
From Denver Municipal Facts.
Younsr shade trees to the number of 17.174
were ■(veil «way by the city to citizen.* on
last Saturday, and at last a>crouta prac
tically all had been planted and were' doing
Th» distribution of free trees la an an
nual ••HMtom In Denver. Th» idea origm
ate<l during Mayor Speer's first term, tlve
years ago, and has been such a success
that many other cities have copied the plan
ami pronounced It a municipal undertaking
worth while.
From Tta« Houston Post.
The lazy scoundrel who is always •vatttne
for something to turn up seneraily fcWr>3
hia eyes peeled for Jury i»rHc« Scma rntn
are inexpressibly happy when they h'ava
a chair to alt in and aomtwhtra to spit.
Victor Sorchan arrive* from Ifeir •' fU*fc
to-C!ay to Inspect Ma summer horn* th%
estat* *»n Ochre Point belonging ta'Vrs.
Julia Eldrldse is being Inspected D7|loaa
M 133 Kate Cary chartered tli«» rosjd reMM
Arrow yesterday for Jts run from •*>* Col
ony Mr* to R«»<'»:n» ***** Inn. In The
Bronx. Her guests lnch;<ie»s Mir*. TVrrnsw
Hastings. th» pr#»i«»»nt r># the> TvMleV
•;: -m- Hand] Club; Mrs. T>»v»4 T. Dana,
BflM Barn*s and M!=><i Hotlln*. <fanght«rr
et Mr. and Mrs. H. B. HafHaa, -»♦»»> hsll
| the ribbens on MM first f»fag» «3 tna m*
'to Clareraont. ?.Xi33 Carjr drove frwm th«T5
tta Dyckman street, where \Trs. Hastlaja
i took her place and t«v>l<>d th* '/MiCh to the
! inn v where the parir had luncheon. On t j,,
return trip the same order was followl
as on th* outgoing ran, 3lri Hasthsa»
handling the ribbons at the start enl Jilt?
Holllna landing the party at the Colony
Club at exactly 4 9'rtoeh, Morris E. How
lett. mho Is the club's Instructor and «wa«r
of the coach, occupied the fcox seatbeaM*
each successive whip.
Among those aalllwar f«r "Dircpe ( Mi»
are Mrs. Gns«tar Amamck, Mrs. Braaa i>.
may. Mrs. William Brock Bh'>emak«.- ifo«.
Robert Bacon. Mn» Paul Morten. J. rfaaaa*
den RopI» and Frederick Tewnasnd Martta.
Mr. and Mrs. Wllllars Clrarclj QsWasi
will go to their eo-ir.»rr plae* at Garriaes,
N. T.. at the end of tSBi meath.
Mr. and Mr*. George v. Baiter will lea**
t©wn to-day for their vWa. at Tuzedx
Mr. end Mrs. ■Al-xaref-r D. B. Prart »r<»
at the Gotham. wnassj th*y nil! rsraala
until they go to T'iTt»d'> ne^t mor.th.
Mrs. Richard Tnwnsen<l has antrssl t3
tewn from Washington and Is at th* Plaza,
Mr and Mr?. ?.larcellua Harttey Dodgs
will «p»n their country plac* at Morris
town. N .T . early next month.
Mr?. John H. Trail and h<*r sr>n-rn-!a*
and daughter. Mr. and Mrs. Geonj* «>.
MacCra^ken. eisaad their to^rn haaaa yes
terday and went to their country place at
Tarrytown. Mr. and Mr?. >fa^^ra"*:*n will
go abroad later in MM season.
The T>ul* and Duchess ef Manchester
have returned from th«»ir visit aa Mrs.
Frederick W. VandeTbilt at ft} ie Park aad
ara at the Plaza.
Mrs. Benjam'n Guinness srav? a mall
dinner last niglit at her haus» In 'Xash
ingtoti Square North.
Mr. and Mr*. Walter 8. Gurcea and Miss
Gurnee- will tpend the samirer at Bar "Ha*.
Mr?. Edward I* Montagu <u^ ft??.
daughter. HIM IVMIy M- La Jronta^ie.''
have returned to tomi from Bprmtnla.
Mrs. J. Waal Roosevelt has opened he?
country place at Oystef Bay.
31158 Madeline Borland and CftaNßMa ".
Pell, who are to b«» married SSI May IT !n
the Church of dM Incarnation. "'"talTi*! »
marriage license* at the City Hall yester
day. The wedding will be followed by a re
ception at the. home of the bride' a parents.
Mr. and Mrs. J. Nelson Borland, In East
57th street.
The Coaching Club will have It 3 annual
parade on Saturday. The m*>et win be op
poslta thft Metropolitan Club, and th^ mem
bers win drive from t*er« to Clar<*mont for
lunch-on. Colon*' XTilliam .lav. th» pr«a?
<3ent ©f>the <-tub, win review the coachea-
tßy Telegraph to Tb-r TrUrioe.T
I.»nox. May Mrs. Lindsay Fairfax {3
entertaining Miss 133.be! 11. Hard!*, of New
Mr. and Mrs. Henrys fl Pease -will arrlvs
to-morrow at their country place.
Arthur G. Sedgwick has taken a lease of
Miss Helen Butler's villa In Stocicbridge.
Mr. and Mr?. George TTorthinston are at
Red Lion Inn In Storkbr
Mies Eleanor Crosby li —. Lenox.
Mr. and Mrs. Peyton Van Kens3e!aer,
who have been In Europe, have arrived in
Stockbridge for the summer.
Grenville I* Winthrop and M!.«> Wln
throp arrived to-day at Groton Place.
Mr. and Mrs. George Winthrop Fol3?in
have arrived at their country place.
Mr. and Mrs. Henry W. Murro* and 3253
AM* Kne<?land started Mala afternoon. fa»t
New York.
American Water Color Society Grres
Award for Picture "Jnn#. '
T*ie Evans priza of $3T«? for th* tO99t
maritorloiU watfr color painted In »:<Ja
country and by an American artist has
1 been awarded to K. SI. S&art&BEE for hla
picture entitled "Jun»." This arir.ounc*
m?nt Wai mads last night by the American
i Water Color Society.
William T. Evans gnm* t!m» aj* off»r#»l
j the prize to the society, scecifyij^ tlrat It
I pc awarded by th- jury ci selection of rh*
American Water Color Sad t> th.9 ar
tlat producing th« be^t water color. T'>er»
is no as» limit to bar out either very youry?
artists or turss of advancing years, but
th« one who ones wins th* prua is thcr*
after ineligible.
Culmination of Nation Lciyvtsf
Chlcaeo. May 3.— The Men's National Mis
sionary Consress opened to^dar. witii rear
ly four thousand delegates, rcprrseatlos
«very state and territory and «very denom
ination si the Protestant Church, in a:
tendance. The*y represtnted t'w K9.'Xt>
churchmen who have been lilcnttSed wtia
the seventy-nve conventions of the 1»J
tnon's missionctry mOTtment
The cor.scresg is fspiKted to outlina adtfl*
r.ite missionary policy whi-.-li will aifeci
materlallv the activists of practically »\ery
evangelical denomination trt tlic country.
Tlm DrtnriDal sreakera tu-rfuy «rei«
BasWa Charles P. Anderson. \it the CM
ouia diocese c»r thft Protestant Episcop*!
Church, who spnko on "Tha' "Will of Chrt«t
for tbe World.* and Bishop W. V. Me-
Dowell. Methodist, who talked on "A
World-Wide Purpose in the Life of a Chris
by itnflry and overUppins of the tfiffer
ent denonxinatlons t;i America ti> pxea»-:»
the Gospel to the entire world.'" said Bte^"
op Anderson, cf tho Episcopal. dioces* pC
Chicago. "I^t us spend our lives an-t
«per.d our million.; in unitrtnfi th<* Clutrch
and hi unrversalWns t!ie» tiosyel uf
P. Aiiintstua lleinxn is again on trial tn
■tew York. ihU twiRR we* of tii* arm'm 1
Rttra>-ti.>vs In th* bis citv.— ivrrcit t i "r?'»
Press. . v«; ■;
New Yorker— We» don't hay» any (ttss
grown . in our streets.
Phtladelphtan— I .«uppos* your «nreetc3r
horaes nlbt>lv it «1! off a» they brovta*
atonjr.-Philaderphi* Recorti.
Lord Kitchener ha* pronounced the N**
York girls the pretttwt h-» ever saw. What
a pity the ttgbttns one has to !eav<» Amer
ica with such an impression of th? fa'!*
sex! Why didn't he com« ta Richmond ' -
Richmond Times-Dlaratch
Th» second seneratlon of skyscrapers ■■.
lower Manhattan baa appeared" Th*» twen
ty story buttdtn; ar th-» corner oi Wa'l
and .Nassau streets is xmym b?ias t^rn dcwi
a?« obsolete, in order to ctalce way -tat <*
new »r»<i mttch hlsher Tatar?
structure N*w York skyscrapers nsay seen
b* cla*»ined lik« r»att'ie*hip SS ~~ d t »}.^» •*•<* ef
t?n years "obsoleatent^* 1 ar t ;> « end
twenty "dhsol-te," and th^n thd scrap
heap.-Sprlnffl?ld Fspvibii

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