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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 07, 1910, Image 3

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The Many Services Rendered by King Edward to the
Cause of Peace.
TVhen Albert Edward. Prince of Wales,
succeeded to the throne at the death of
his mother, in January, 1901. he had
been constantly and prominently in the
eyes of his people for so many years
that he was a familiar figure in social
and political circle*. His ideas on mat
ters of Importance to the country were
"known at home and abroad, and there
has probably never been an instance
where a new monarch was better known
by the people over whom he was to rule.
■When his father died many of the duties
that would have been fulfilled by him
devolved on the young Prince of Wales,
and the performance of these kept the
irrince constantly prominent.
.He was born a few minutes before 11
o'clock on the morninp of November 9.
Ull. It was a day of great rejoicing
in all Enrland. No British prince had
been born for sixty-one years before,
and it was seventy-nine years since
GeaßSje IV had come Into the world. The
<"a>s before the joyous news resounded
through England were anxious ones.
The Brat child born to Queen Victoria
and the Prince Consort was a girl.
K:r,ir» George IV and William IV had no
Fons. and the fear that no son would
come to the young Queen was upon the
land It was Lord Mayor's Day, and
the news from Buckingham Palace
■whetted the appetites of the city digni
taries, who were at breakfast when the
news came. By birth the child was
Duke of Cornwall and Prince of the
United Kingdom. Duke of Rothesay.
Karl of Carrick, Baron of Renfrew and
Duke of Saxony. A month after his
birth the baby was created Prince of
Wales and Earl of Chester. This was
done in conformity with a custom of
venerable antiquity, dating back to the
creation of the first Prince of Wales by
Edward I. In the royal patent, which
■was addressed "to all archbishop?, dukes,
marquesses, earls, viscounts, bishops,
barons, baronets, knights, justices, pro
vosts, ministers, and all other of our
faithful subjects." the Queen said of
her "most dear eon." "We do ennoble
and invest him with the paid prin
cipality and earldom by «rlrding him
■with a sword, by putting a coronet on
his head and a gold ring on his finger,
and also by delivering a gold rod into
his hand, that he may preside there and
may direct and defend those parts." At
the same time the infant prince was
made a Knight of the Garter. The chris
tening ceremony was performed at St.
George's Chapel. Windsor, on January
25. in the presence of a large assemblage
of notable representatives of the royal
houses of Europe.
The child received the names of Albert,
after his father, and Edward, after the
Duke of Kent, his maternal grandfather.
The chief sponsor was Frederick William
IV. King of Prussia. There was a strong
attachment between that monarch and
the young mother. Queen Victoria, and
this was recalled on another January
day. nearly sixty years later, when the
King's grandnephew, the German Em
peror, came from Germany to England to
be with th» Queen in her last hours. Of
all the sponsors only one. the Grand
Duchess of Mtcklenburg-Strelitz. who
vas at that time the Princess Augusta
«»f Great Britain and Ireland, is alive to- |
day, at the age of eighty-eight. The J
Duke of. Wellington arranged the train
of the proud young mother as she stood
t- the font, and the Duchess of Buccleuch I
carried the child after the ceremony.
His Early Education.
Edwards early education was conduct- j
ed under the personal direction of his
father. the Prince Consort. Lady Lylle- ;
lim. Mrs Gladstone's sister, was his gov- j
erness until he was six years old. His
tutors were the Rev. Henry M. Birch, ]
rector or Preswick; Mr. Gibbs. a bar
rister: the Rev. C. S. Tarver and W. N.
Fisher. When he was only five years old
the royal couple made a tour of the ;
Islands with the young prince, and the
reception that was accorded to Queen
Victoria at the various places on that
trip was so cordial and the people were
M demonstrative in their pleasure at j
«eeing the little Prince of Wales that
frequent journeys were taken with the j
The Prince Consort was a great be
liever in travel as an educator, and a.s
the prince grew his father encouraged
him in his desire to see the world. The
Prince Consort also wanted the future
king to become accustomed early in life
to .seeing great crowds and taking part
in state functions. He was sent to Edin
burgh University for a season, and later
studied at both Cambridge and Oxford.
where he carried himself as an ordinary
idea*, except that his station, much to
hi= regret, precluded participation 1n the
mllege Sparta He went with his parents
to the opening exercises of the great ex
hibition in IS3I. and acted with self-poa
There were many English subjects from
r<-ra'>t< possessions present on that occa
sion, one of whom expressed the hope
that the Prince of Wales would, as soon
as possible.' visit Canada. This was the
desire also of Prince Albert, and he had
spoken on the subject so much to the
Prince of Wales that he also looked for
ward with pleasure to the time when he
v ould make the Journey. But the educa
tion of travel began elsewhere. At fifteen
he made the tour of Germany and Switz
erland, and a year later visited Southern
Visit to America.
In IS6O he crossed the Atlantic to visit
the British possessions in North America.
His companion was the Duke of New
castle, ho was at that time Secretary of
State .for the Colonies. From Canada
the young prince and his party came to
the United State*, having received cor
dial Invitations not only from English
I«op1« in this country, but equally press
ing requests from- President Buchanan.
Great demonstrations in honor of the
prlnoe were made in all the cities visited
by him. Detroit. Cincinnati, Chicago.
St. Louis. -Washington and Philadelphia
•were vi~iu-d fore New York. At Wash-
h:Ston he was entertained by the Presi
dent.' .ii. tor pears after the visit people
ia the various laces where he bad uc
;rpi-J their hospitality spoke of the visit
;.f ihe Prince at Wales with pleasure be
cause of t*K- cliarming personality of the
royal traveller.
Reception*, dinners and public" Specta
cles ■< re arranged for the entertain
ment of the prince in New York by t'ne
c j I>■ authorities -us well as by private
citizens. The most notable of these aas
.i grand lalJ at the Academy of Music,
which 'would have been a complete S»C
iXiM if the floor had not given way
under the weight of the great throng
1 onun&:*l:', there -were no lives lost, and
no or.it wiis iericusly injured. At Albany
there V* 11 * 5 a l»arade of the militia and
all the civic societies. «nd the house at
State and Eagle streets which was fit
that time the Executive Mansion is still
pointed out to visitors as the place where
the Prince of Wales was entertained. In
company with the members of his party
and several high officials from Washing
ton the prince visited Mount Vernon,
where he deposited a wreath at Wash
ington's tomb. In Boston he met Long
fellow. Emerson and other literary men
at an entertainment arranged for him,
and at Philadelphia he showed great In
terest in the memorials of the Revolu
tionary War.
Throughout his life, during: his Ion?
years as Prince of Wales and after his
accession to the throne. King Edward
was indefatigable in his efforts to pro
mete the friendship between England
and the United States. Always con
summately tactful in his avoidance, of
expressed opinions on affairs of state,
he found gracious social ways to draw
closer the bonds between the two coun
tries during the long period of Queen
Victoria's mourning, when he was the
de facto head of English society. His
personal popularity was world-wide, as
Is that of his beautfu!. gracious, stately
consort, of whom it has been said that
she is "the most popular consort whom
the fates ever vouchsafed to a Prince of
"Wales, while for beauty none in the list
At the ape of thirty, in hussar uniform
(Photograph copyright by Underwood it
can match her. save Joan, the Black
Prince's wife, still remembered as the
Fair Maid of Kent."
Queen's Representative.
The amount of work done by King Ed
ward while Prince of "Wales was stu
pendous. He was constantly at the
head of charitable movements of every
s>rt, and took an active interest in the
encouragement of every kind of national
pursuit. He attended field days and
camps, was patron of and pleaded the
cause of hospitals, distributed prizes, in
sured the success of charity bazaars by
his presence, opened parks and educa
tional institutions, unveiled statues,
opened Bounty fairs, pave royal encour
agement t-> jmists and. in addition to all
thi«=. fulfilled hi^ duties as Queen Vic
toria's principal representative and his
own as Prince of Wales. Whatever he
d:«l he did thoroughly and well, with un
failing courtesy and contagious interest.
And in his innumerable addresses he
never failed to strike the right note.
On his return home from America the
Prtmce of Wales applied himself with
great diligence to hla studies, making
entomology a specialty.
First Meeting with Alexandra.
In 1861 he made a Continental tour,
and while at Worms met the beautiful
young Danish princess who became his
wife. The meeting took place in tne old
cathedral, where the Prince of Wales,
with hla tutor and equerry, had n"^< .■>
examine the frescos. There they met
Prince Christian, who was not yet Kin?
of Denmark, and bis daughter, who
had gone to th<- cathedral tor the
same purpose. A second meeting
took i>!;' <■ at Heidelberg, where th<
prince waa staying with his sister,
the princess royal. This meeting had
been arranged, and must have been sat
isfactory to the Queen and the Prince
Consort, for an entry in the latter**
diary records the fact that "the young
I . up]* seem to have taken a warm liking
for each other.* 1 A few mouths later
the "young people" were betrothed, b it
the fact was n<>\ announced officially
for two mouths after the families had
!.. i one aware of th.- fact.
The marriage took place In St.
George's Chapel, at Windsor, on Ifai h
I<> 1863. M was the first royal wedding
t.i be celebrated at St. George's Chapel
that of Henry I in 111"-'. The
mourning for the Prince Consort, whc»
lied In 1881, was put aside Isy order
of the Queen, and the pageant was one
of extraordinary magnificence Pi
was given away by her
father. The marriag< service was read
■ hbishop Longley and Dean Wei-
There were eight bridesmaids,
moon was spent at Osborne.
Children of Ihe King.
On Januar: X IBW, the ftr«l child, a.
a- born ; • the Pi m. ■■ and P
of Wales. •!::<! tl • Joined with the
family in -in. The child re
.•f Albert Vi'toi i -h: js-
Uan Edward. The folio ■ ■ wet -
was named
■-i Albert. A
urn In l s< ;7. and she was
christen* ; Louisa Victoria Alexandra
Dagmar. Then came Victoria Alex
- Mary and Maud Charlotte
Mar;.- \'i< toi ia, born, respi " n
1806 and 16U31. The youngest child was
bom in The spring of 1871. who
v hours, but was chris
tened bed r< bis death Alexander John
• 'i:.iiirs Albert.
The oldest son, the Duke of Clarence.
who would have succeeded to the throne,
died -in January, IMC and the second
sun, Prince George, became the heir ap
I 'holographed in their coronation robes in -lfH»2.
(COpyricht by W. and D. Downey, London.) .
j parent. Soon afterward the latter was
made Duke of York, and later, some
time after his father's accession to the
throne, he was made Prince of Wales.
In November, IS7I, the late King, then
Prince of Wales, was taken ill with
typhoid fever. With Lords Chesterfield
and Lonsdale he had been to Scarbor
ough, and on returning from there all
the members of the party were seized
with the malady. One of the grooms
and Lord Chesterfield died, and for many
I days the life of the royal patient was
despaired of.
On December H> prayers were offered
j up in all the churches for his recovery.
On the 13th hope was almost abandoned,
and then, on the evening of that day, he
had a gleam of consciousness and rec
ognized the Queen. From that moment
the fever abated, and the tension of the
public mind, which had been strained to
the utmost, lessened.
Thanksgiving for Recovery.
The recovery of the prince was tedi
ous. However, the strength which had
been lost gradually returned, and the
prince was again able to leave his house
as well as his room. It was then con
i sidered fitting that there should he a
; day of public thanksgiving for his re
i covery, and that the course followed
should be that pursued when George 111
went in state to St. Paul's after his Ill
ness in 1788. The day chosen was Feb
j ruary liT. 1872. The public demonstra
tion when the Princess Alexandra en
■ t< red ..London was tremendous, yet the
j demonstration when the prince went to
i St. Paul's was still grander and more
; Impressive. The impression upon those
■ who vere the chief personages in the
; procession is rendered in the following
i letter which the Queen sent to Mr. Glad
stone, and which appeared in "The Lon
don Gazette" for March 1:
"The Queen is anxious, as on a previ
; ous occasion, to express publicly her own
personal very deep sense of the reception
'■ sne and her dear children met with on
Tuesday, the L'Tth of February, from
, millions of her subjects on her way to
and from St. Paul's. Words are too
weak for the Queen to say how very
deeply touched and gratified she has
been. by the immense enthusiasm and af
. fection exhibited toward her dear son
and herself, from the highest down to
the lowest/on the long progress through
the capital, and she would earnestly wish
to convey h«-r warmest and most heart
felt thanks to the whole nation this
great demonstration of loyalty. The
'Queen, as well as her dear son and dear
daughter-in-law, felt that the whole na
tion joined with them in thanking God
'for sparing the beloved Prince of Wales's
life. The remembrance of this day and
of the remarkable order maintained
throughout will ever be affectionately
! remembered by the Queen and her f, tu
Tour of India.
In the autumn of 1875 the prince made
a tour through India. He had been am
bitious for years to make th<- trip, and
there were good reasons of state for th<
j< urney. The imperial government had
b^en established for sixteen years, and It
was thought that it would do the coun
try only good to have the heir to the
throne meet and mingle with the people
of the Indian Empire. Th>- trip was be
gun on October 11. 18«o, from charing
Cross amid the cheers of a great crowd
„; people- He travelled on the troop
ship Serapit. and th.- voyage to Bombay
v ; - ls accomplished without accident or
hitch. Th<- honors which were show
.;.•(] upon the prince were of a magnifi
cent character. For many years, al
though other «nd weightier matters oc
cupied his attention, the prince's favor
it,- topic was his journey to India.
Three years later he was the president
t,: the English commission at the Paris
exposition. There, as at »J>. places where
p<- acted for his country, he displayed
tact and won the good will of those wh .
i-ame in contact with him.
Became a Free Mason.
In 1575 ht became a Free Mason, and
From th<- day of his lndu< tion into tht
eraft he was •"' enthusiastic member.
Ii ■ n-.<iKiit-«l his place as grand master
„ni' after h« had i ome the King of
England. He was Introduced to the
mysteries of the order by the King of
g w ,„, q while he '•"'• | - on a \ isit to
At the time of his marriage the ln< ore ■
„• the King, then Prince of Wale-, was
settled. On the proposal of Lord Palm
erston it was decided to gram his
royal highness £40,000 a year and £K>.
(NJO for the use of the princess, th
duchy of Cornwall being expected to
produce, in addition, an annual sum •)(
£CiM.<N>o. This estimate has been ex
ceeded, with the exception of two >r
three, year?, for the last quarter of .i
century. ' rl1 " K jn £ als<) received £1.500
n» colonel of a regiment, the income -if
himself and the Queen being thus more
than till."'" 0 ' and his town house was
kept uv by the country. When he camj
of age he was. according to Mr. Glad
stone, "scarcely the owner of a silver
spoon. " The accumulations from the
revenues of the duchy of Cornwall
amounted to about £600,000, but his
royal highness had not the spending of
all this sum. The capital outlay on
S&ndringham, which was bought for him
out of the accumulations, reached no le^s
than £290.000, and he had to set up a
complete establishment in London, get
ting in Marlborough House only the bare
walls. Members of the Parliamentary
committee who investigated his finan
cial affairs on the occasion of the re
quest for an establishment for Prince
Albert Victor, in ISH9. seemed generally
to be of the opinion that he had man
aged well. A special grant of £.">»">.(* *> a
year was then made to him on behalf of
his family.
Among the notable celebrations in
which King Edward figured none is re
membered with more pleasure by people
in England than the silver wedding of
the royal couple. It was a brilliant oc
casion, to which guests from all the
royal houses were asked, but there were
no" congratulations for the royal pair
more sincere than those that came from
the lowly people, who made use of the
occasion to show their love for their fut
ure King and Queen.
His Diversions.
King Kdward was passionately fond
of the stage, musical and dramatic. He
was a frequent visitor at the theatre
and the opera, and bis enjoyment of
every variety of theatrical entertain
ment was keen and stimulated the peo
ple on the stage to goo 1 work. He was
a capital shot, and excelled in all out
door amusements except fishing. During
the lifetime of Queen Victoria he used
to spend a part of each autumn in the
neighborhood of the Queen's residence
in the Aberdeenshire Highlands, but hi.s
visits to Deeside became fewer and of
shorter duration. Abergeldie Castle.
two miles below Balmoral, and on the
same side of the river, was occupied by
him many years in succession, and Is
often regarded as his property. As a
matter of fact, it belongs to Hugh
Mackay Gordon, the representative of a
very old Deeside family, the Gordons .->f
Abergeldie, and was by him let. not to
the prince, but to the Queen. The es
tate of Abergeldie, as distinct from the
castle, had been in her majesty's pos
session ever since she went to reside at
Balmoral. Abergeldie Mains was the
name of her home farm, and here was
reared a magnificent herd of black
polled cattle.
The King met with a serious accident
in July. 1898, from which it was at on"
time feared he would be crippled for
life. The blunder of a local country
doctor still further aggravated the case.
He had injured his kneepan, and the
physician who diagnosed his case had
the knee bandaged. The patient was
then permitted to entei and leave car
riages anu to go about the palace as
if he had received nothing more than a
scratch from a pin point. The result
was that when he reached London the
limb whs greatly swollen and the patient
in extreme pain. There was some talk
of an amputation. Then, however, n
came under the car.- of competent sur
geons, the result being that he recovered
almost entirely from the accident, 'out
a slight limp remained as an unpleasant
An Enthusiastic Sportsman.
If there was anything in the line of
sports that could be called King Ed
ward's first choice it was horseracing.
Even after his accession to the throne
he retained his interest in this direction
and clearly demonstrated his undiinin
ished interest in what occurred there, it
is doubtful if there was any other day
In his life when he felt more pleasure
over a sporting event than on the oc
casions when he captured the Derby. He
won the "blue ribbon of the turf" three
times— first with Persimmon, in 1896;
again with Diamond Jubilee, In 1!mm». and
finally with Minoru, in 1906. He i»e
gan his racing career in 1871, at a meet
of his regiment, the loth Hussars, but
did nol win his first prize until iss<>,
in a military ste.-plecha.se. It was not
until six years iat<- r that heTegistered
his first success under Jockey ciul> rules,
with Count* rpane.
The King was for n.m. < ears an .-n
thu.-iastic yachtsman, and was present
whenever it was possible for him to be
at the regattas sailed by the yachts
owned by members of the Royal Yacht
Squadron, of which he was the commo
dore. ii f> ' v;ts deeply Interested In the
races for t he America's Cup, and on
w v .., ,| occasii ns it was hinted that he
ha.i an Interest in the challenging vt-s
s,.|. He «as a man whose participation
in -ports elevated thorn, and h«- will be
missed In yachting and racing i Irctea bj
the best elements la t'oiit fields. His
famous yacht, the Britannia, was for
many yeaw a prominent feature at th-
regattas every year In British waters
The Kin* wua at one tune an enthu-
siastic volunteer fireman, attending with
his ;r!end. the late Duke of Sutherland.
not only scores but hundreds of fii' s in
London during the years from 1881 t<>
I^TH. The duke maintained a fully
equipped fire brigade of his own in Lon
don, which by arrangement with the late
Sir Eyre Massey Shaw, head of the Lon
don Fire Department, was always called
out in case of a conflagration. The
Prince of Wales always went along, ren
dering active service and adding to his
immense popularity.
His First Council.
On January '23. 1901. King Edward
held his first council. Early in the nv-rn
lng of that day he left Osborne and went
to St. James's Palace. The Lords of the
Council, numbering over one hundred.
were present when he arrived, together
with the Lord Mayor, the aldermen and
the officials of the city of London. There
•were also present many other notable
men who had approved a proclamation
by which Albert Edward, Prince of
Wales, became King Edward VII.
On that occasion the King said: "I
have resolved to be known by the name
of Edward, which has been borne by six
of my ancestors. In doing so I do not
undervalue the name of Albert, which I
inherit from my ever to be lamented,
great and wise father, who by universal
consent ia, I think, deservedly known by
the name of 'Albert the Good.' and I de
sire that his name should stand alone."
On the next day the King was pro
claimed in various places according to
the old custom. First, the proclamation
was made from the quadrangle of St.
James's Palace, at Temple Bar, and later
In the City. At each of these places the
Norroy King of Arms, preceded by her-
At the age of thirty-seven In the uniform
of a field marshal.
aids, and after his presence had been an
nounced by loud fanfares, read this
"Whereas, it has pleased Almighty God
to call to His mercy our late Sovereign
Lady Queen Victoria, of blessed and
glorious memory, by whose decease the
imperial crown of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Ireland is solely
and rightfully come to the high and
mighty Prince Albert Edward; we. there
fore, the lords spiritual and temporal of
his realm, being here assisted with these
of her late majesty's Privy Council, with
numbers of other princioal gentlemen of
quality, with the Lord Mayor, aldermen
and citizens of London, do now hereby
with one voice and consent of tongue
and heart publish and proclaim, 'That
the high and mighty Prince Albert Ed
ward is now, by the death of our late
sovereign of happy memory, become our
only "lawful and rightful liege lord Ed
ward VII, by the grace of God King of
the I'nited Kingdom of Great Britain
and Ireland. Defender of the Faith, Em
peror of India: to whom we do acknowl
edge all faith and constant obedience
with all hearty and humble affection, be
seeching God. by whom kings and queens
do reign, to bless the royal Prince Ed
ward VII with long and happy years to
reign over us.
"'God save the King!' "
Honored Princa William.
Among the first acts of the new King
was the investiture of his grandnephew.
Prince Wiliiam. who is a son of the
German Emperor, with the Order of the
Garter. According to the rules of the
order there may be only twenty-six
Knights of the Garter, and conferring
this honor on the young prince was a
recognition on the part of the King of
the German Emperor's sympathy in the
closing hours of the life of Queen Vic
t« ria. The ceremony took place in the
presence of Queen Alexandra, the Ger
man Emperor, the Duchess of Cornwall
and York, the Duchess of Saxe-Coburg
and Gotha, the Duke and Duchess of
Connaught. Prince and Princess Chris
tian of Schleswig-Holstein, the Duchess
of Argyll, the Duchess of Albany. Prin
cess Henry of Battenberg and a number
of other members of the German and
English royal families.
On February 14. 1901. the King openel
Parliament and showed that he was de
sirous of becoming the active head of
the great state. It was the first time
that the Queen Consort accompanied the
King to the throne. They drove from
Buckingham Palace in the magnificent
state coach, which had been built in
ITol at a cost of about .S.'O.«MM>. but
which had not been used since 15453.
Bight of the ucil known .-ream colored
ponies from the royal stables drew the
ccacb, and the King and Queen were
loudly acclaimed along the whole line.
11 was at that time that Edward VII
showed that he had not forgotten and
that be would i»ot forget the noble
woman who had ruled so successfully
before him. In his opening speech he
My beloyed mother, during her long
and glorious rHgn, has .-et an example
before tn»- world of what a monarch
should be. It is my desire to walk in her
footsteps. "
King Edward's Reign.
The nign of Edward Vll opened In
gloom, amid the grief of a nation, every
man and \soman of which considered the
death of the beloved Queen as a per
sonal 10.-is. i-nd amid the echoes of a
protracted war just ending Added to
this were the memory of a recent at
tempt upon the Kings' -life and fears for
his health. His ueoule recalled a gypsy's
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frame, solid leather handle, cream colored leather lining, one long
pocket, also mirror pocket.
14 inch, 11.00: 15 inch, 11.75: 16 inch. 12.50: 17 inch. 13.25
Black Sea Lion Bag for Women
Made of absolutely clear stock. Vienna frame, gold plated mount
ings, inside lock, covered frame, brass mlays gray moire silk lining.
2 pockets. .
14 inch. 16.50; 15 inch, 17.25: 16 inch. 18.00
Black Sea Lion Bag for Women
Fitted with a complete set of toilet requisites of cefloW-16 pieces.
Made in the most approved model with sewn n rrame. hra^ mount
ings, extended gussets, violet silk linings om full length pocket it
is the lightest bag made which contains a complete set ol t^iiet
requisites, 16 inch.
Fitted Bag for Women
Of black enamel leather, gold plated trimming. Vienna trame ;
leather lined, brass inlays, fitted with the tollovvin ? to.let requisite,
of celluloid : 1 hair brush. 1 mirror, 1 nail file. 1 nail buffer 1 button
hook. 1 cloth brush, 1 scissors. 1 cuticle knife, 1 powder jar, 1 tooth
brush, cylinder. 1 soap box, 16 inch. -"• 3U
Other Black Bags for Women
Fitted with nickel and ebony, celluloid, hall marked silver^an.l :
Sterling silver, silver and ebony, at 14.50 to 135.00
A Saks Bag for Men
Of black walrus of the highest grade, hand sewn throughout rein
forced corners, side lock, sliding catches, box bottom, cream leather
lining, 3 pockets, double handles, English frame,
18 inch, 23.50; 20 inch. 25.50; 22 inch. 27.50; 24 inch, 29.50
Black 3-piece Box Calf Bag for Men
Of the best quality of black box calf, with hand sewn in imported
frames, solid brass lock and patented catches, leather lined through
out, 3 gusset pockets, wide bottom.
15 inch. 16.50; 16 inch. 17.25: 17 inch, 1800; IS inch. 18.75
prophecy, said to have been made many
years before, that Edward would be King
but would never be crowned, and early
in January of the following year there
were renewed rumors of plots of assassi
nation, to which was ascribed the sud
den abandonment of a projected trip to
the Riviera. Again, in June of that year
(1902). the monarch's withdrawal from
the manoeuvres at Aldershot gave rise to
rumors of anarchist plottings. In the
same month, on the eve of the King's
coronation, came the announcement of
his illness, an operation for' acute ap
pendicitis being successfully performed
on June 26. The coronation was de
ferred, and when it took place, on
August 9, 1902. the first evidence of the
influence of the new ruler, of Edward
the Peacemaker, was seen in the pres
ence at the ceremonies of some Boer gen
erals. The King gave Osborne House,
one of his mother's favorite estates, to
the nation as a coronation present, as a
home for disabled army and navy of
ficers. Lord Salisbury had resigned as
Premier in the preceding month and been
succeeded by Mr. Arthur James Balfour.
Henceforth the capable, firm, yet al
ways tactful, hand of one of the ablest
constitutional monarchs that Europe has
yet known was seen until the end
of his brief reign. None ever re
ceived an inkling of King Edward's
own political convictions. The Irish Na
tionalists who claimed. In December.
1902. that he was a friend of Home Rule
had as much reason on their side as
those who would have it that he was a
Tory of the Tories. Whether in the co
alition v ith Germany against Venezuela.
in Irish affairs or in the vexed question
Of Chinese labor in the Transvaal, all
suspicion of undue interference was si
lenced by the consummate statesman
ship of the King. The Transvaal affair
demonstrated that loyalty to the crown
IS the chief bond of the British Empire.
New Zealand. Australia and Canada,
deeply interested in this question of the
admission of Chinese labor, protested!
Lord Milner and the South African mine
owner? declared it to be Indispensable.
The Colonial Secretary supported them,
but the King, without arbitrary veto or
interference with home rule, suspended
the importation of coolies until the
colony and Parliament should have time
for sober second thought.
Irish and Scotch Visits.
It was the Kings personality, again,
that made successful his visit to Scot
land, where, for the first time In more
than eighty years,, royal court was held
at Holy rood Castle. His visits to Ireland
had no less good results, even though
the Nationalist numbers of the Dublin
corporation refused to vote tor an address
of welcome. The Irish people showed
their appreciation of so rare an occur
rence in their history as a visit from the
sovereign, and discovered, by way of re
ward, that Edward was King of Ireland
by right of descent, on the distaff side,
from the old kings of Leinster.
The King's course In current domestic
affairs in the United Kingdom is a mat
ter of common knowledge. The same
strict impartiality, the same reticence
and tact have marked his course there.
His influence, so far as rumor has at
tempted to trace it. has been a wise and
moderating one. With all his very real
CL E A til N C " a x* '* *" s * th su
Influence at home and abroad, King Ed
ward never strained the prerogatives of
the crown. There were no favorites In
office or in the opposition with whom
King Edward was in confidential rela
tions. He never set one minister against
another, or forced his will upon the For
eign Office. He worked as well with one
government as with another. He wrote
few letters, and abstained from contro
versy and meddlesome criticism.
International Diplomacy.
King Edward held at his death a posi
tion of unchallenged supremacy in
European diplomacy. During his com
paratively brief reign he accomplished
more for the peace of the continent
than any other single man in modern,
history. Working unobtrusively, he
owed his posttoin as the most conspicu
ous figure on the European stage to re
sults that could not ha hidden from the
eyes of the world, which was benefited,
by them. His exchange of expressions
of neighborly good feeling with other
rulers became a factor of the utmost
importance in European politics. Th»
royal diplomat had a subtle comprehen
sion of the force of public opinion on
each side of the Channel. He deferred
the welcome to the German Emperor un
t!> there was no risk i t exciting either
Jealousy in France or sullen discontent
ii England. This was followed with a
demonstration of good will for France
and Russia which Could not be resented
in Germany.
During his reign the British ruler vis
ited practically all the important coun
tries on the continent and exchanged
courtesies with their heads. By the***
Journeys and hospitable receptions and
by matrimonial alliances he Increased
the prestige of England in Europe, yet
everything was managed with so much,
dexterity that neither resentment nor
envy was aroused. No other sovereign
succeeded equally well In securing im
munity from criticism and ridicule H»
was ever popular at he me and abroad.
rare'y caricatured in public prints,
never misunderstood and lampooned.
His work was always carried on unos
tentatiously. Resistance to his methods
and objects was minimized by his own
reticence. Thus intent* onlitile* were
formed: former enemies. Russia and
France, were reconciled: good feeling
with Germany was restored when many
students of public events predicted war.
and the balance of power in European
relations was readjusted.
These diplomatic travels began in t9»XS
with a visit to Rome, which had its lit
tle tempest over visits to Qulrinal and
Vatican. Later In this year the King
went to Paris, which received him with
boundless enthusiasm. In the following
year the King went to Copenhagen, and
thence proceeded Is Kiel for a meeting
with the Emperor, whom his majesty
left to have an Interview with Francis
Joseph at Marienbad. In 1904 the late
King Charles of Portugal visited Lon
don. April. lf*Y». again saw King Ed
ward in Paris, in connection with th*
Moroccan affair. A misunderstanding
with King Oscar of Sweden, who be-
ContlnaeU oa fourth [>•«•»

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