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SUBWAY PASSENGERS HI MANY A FRIGHT Unusual Number of Mishaps Causes Alarm and Demor alizes Service. ACCIDENTS TO CAR GEAR Pec?e Smoke. Due to Short Circuiting, in One Case Nearly Leads to Panic. Traffic in the subway was demoralized vestcrday through a series of interrup tions of the service due .o mishaps to eer gear and the short circuiting that lolllMlfl The interruptions occurred when the iftcrnoon traffic was heaviest, and in consequence the delays, slow movement p < trains and in one instance the smoke ♦Rom one of the short circuited trains caused considerable apprehension and nervousness among the thousands of passengers. Although the alarm caused by the suc ceeding delays did not verge upon panic, there were some tense moments, par ticularly in the mishap at 2:18 p. m.. «hen the shoe beam on one of the cars cf a southbound Lenox avenue local was thort circuited near lMh street, and the fourth and last of the series, when the breaking of a shoe on a southbound Brooklyn express at 14th street at 4:22 p. m. caused an accumulation of smoke vhi^h drove passengers from the for ward enrs. The delays threw the schedule out, mi me periods covered by the neces sary repairs caused blocks of sometimes ten and fifteen minutes* duration. The fart that the subway crowds were net f- .— way to or from business, as on 1 weekday, lessened the tension. Train Hand* Conquer Fire. The interruption at 4:22 p. m. was the most serious one. Train hands, assisted by station employes, used a fire extin jruisher upon the first car when the ex press came, to a standstill in the 14th ftreet station, as the short circuiting had ignited some of the oil and packing rml loose waste near the trucks. It was this smoke from the smouldering waste end oil that forced passengers into the rear cars. The breakage of car gear, although trivial in each instance, required me chanical treatment, but two of them oc curred near repair stations'of the under ground, and in these cases the delays rere not so long. Thus, when an air trake on a southbound express caused trouble at the 89Ui street station at 246 p. m . the interruption was only of several minutes duration, for operatives from the repair shop there made short trork of the hitch in the mechanism. The same was true when almost at the Fame time the coupling between the fifth end sixth cars of a southbound express snapi«?ad near the !H>th. street station. The employes of the subway felt the ftrain of th«» succeeding mishaps, and they were kept on" the jump until after S o'clock. Subway Superintendent Talks. •Superintendent Merrltt of the subway division of the Interborough explained JuEt evening that there was BO particular rcapon for the unusual number of inter ruptions. That they occurred within a T^riod of three hours was merely a mat- J« of coincidence, he said. g each halt m tbm service many stations became congested, and scarcely were they cleared of passengers by a return to something like the normal *hen another break would occur. An effciai of the company gave out the list of interruptions as follows: ••• 2:18 p. m., at ISth street, shoe b»am on car of Lenox avenue local. «<>uth bound, short circuited. Delay of several minutes. At 2:4 Cp. m.. air brake trouble on Eonthbound express at TlUh street; delay short. : '•>"•■.• At 4..1' p. m., short circuit caused by arne on car of southbound Brooklyn ex pr<s«- at 14th street, causing short cir cuit; delay of several minutes. BRINGS DOG TO DIE HERE Trip from Europe for Husband ' to See Sick Family Pet. am Hawkins Taylor, of Washington, errived. !• -. yesterday "ii the American '■'- N' w - York on a flying trip with a patient scheduled to die within a £* dsys in Washington. Mrs. Taylor, »*» had been spending the winter on the '"eminent, ■>U abroad with her an ex- fine English bulldog, which k^n* ill soon after his arrival on the Ml According to the veterinary surgeons <lf London, the dog is suffering from en 3sr ?emt>Et f the Intestines, and no hope 5? entertained for his recovery. The zninm] seemed to be normal fore and aft im arrival yesterday, but his great girth *Jnidshij, s -jvas ample testimony <» his ''indium that the dog could' not *>♦• cured. Mrs. Taylor hurried home that hrh ' r husband might see the family pet *"-tore it was disi<atchcd V chloroform. NR- TAFT IN TWO PULPiTS President Speaks for New Uni tarian Church in Washington. May 15— President T ■<■■ W* at •■*.'< church services to-day, iirst st ">* Insrain Memorial nongHSgailnnai ISmotcSi and later at All Souls' I'nitarian '"Web, <* ui;ich he is a »n.?!il«er. At the ormer ■ - congratulated Hie congregation ot ' the new «^lfi^ which is now being ded , lc ***<J and expressed the hope that this ! 'ward evmmne of success was only ■ be j ! " fcJs own «huich lie «poke in favor of a g?*» edifice, declaring that there had been visible evidence during the winter that jii* ■-'<■ Is not large enough* And. Ido •»n doubt/* he continued, "thai when peo '** ■tin* and Ftand in tlje aisle during one 'UtNJay »*rvi<-e and find it difficult to get Tv* I*'1 *' It dis <* our ag*s their coming again. ";* have h church whose principles ought *'» attract mmt <Jo attract; and we ought t<» *:&<* j, o effort • erect A i-i -r *. snough ♦u<tit»riiim to *?:•.-..• cotnjfortable <H»portuuity. tO tCiX to li CSC V.hu rtUUiJ tuKC." m d^^ **^Sri»r i» ' -■' \ LJjmsfcm^st^ M JsßSsf^^mLMsjJmmmclJy^~^^f/ .StEm m/mmi^^^m^^^^^'^™!} AO&hEl^^ nS^^™^ m?Bß*i To-day, rlivudjj. To-morrow, shower*; east winds. MR. ROOSEVELT ON SEA Leaves Flushing for England Crowds Greet Him. Flushing. Holland, May |&— lfe Roose velt arrived here a short time before midnight, and soon afterward started for Queenborough, England. The day of rest which 2,1r. Roosevelt enjoyed re s llted in the Improvement of his throat trouble. At various stations where his train stopped he was greeted by delega tions and crowds of people. The dem onstrations were particularly marked in the Rhine country. Paxton Hibben, secretary of the American Legation at The Hague, came aboard the train some distance from Flushing and accompanied the party here. Henry P. Fletcher, formerly charge d'affaires at Peking, but recently appointed Minister to Chili, and Willard D. Straight, the representative in China of a Xew York syndicate, were also on the train. Berlin. May 15. — Ex-President Roose velt left here at noon to-day for London. Hcrr yon Schoen. Secretary for Foreign Affairs, the members of the embassy and many Americans bade the party farewell at the station. From the win dow of the train Air. Roosevelt assured the Foreign Secretary that be had en joyed every moment of his- stay in Ber lin. The Americans gave three cheers and a tiger as the train moved out. OXFORD LECTURE ON JUNE 7. London. May 15. — Arrangements have been made for Mr. Roosevelt to deliver his Romanes le-cture in the Sheldonian Theatre. Oxford, on June 7. A convoca tion will precede the lecture. Lord Curzon presiding, at which the honorary degree of D. C. L,. a\ ill be conferred on Mr. Roosevelt. LUSTIG TO DIE IN CHAIR Jury Finds Wife Poisoner Guilty of First Degree Murder. Maurice M. Lustig; the former detec tive, on trial for killing his wife, Rboda Irene Lustig, with strychnine last Octo ber in order to collect $3,000 insurance, was found guilt}- of murder in the first degree yesterday morning by a jury in Part V of General Sessions. Judge Fos ter remanded him for sentence on next Friday. Lustig was taken back to the Tombs defiant and puffing on a cigarette. The jury had retired at 2 o'clock on Saturday afternoon, and it was 9:43 a. m. when Judge Foster reached the court room. The jurymen filed in and took their seats. "Have you agreed upon a verdict, gen tlemen of the jury?" asked the clerk. "We — guilty of murder in the first degree," responded the foreman, and im mediately Mr. Maypcr, counsel for Lus tig. asked ih>it the jury be polled. The clerk then asked each of the twelve men separately what his verdict was. and each gave the same reply. The -little color that was in Lustig's cheeks disappeared as coon as the polling had finished and he turned an ashen color. He gave his pedigree in a clear voice, however, and said he was a de tective by occupation, thirty-one years old and lived at No. 141 East loth street. Asked if he had ever served a prison sen tence, Lustig replied that he had, saying he spent ■ year in the Western Peniten tiary of Pennsylvania for larceny in 1903. As Deputy Sheriff Spellman led Lustig away h<> was risked if he wanted to say anything. "No; I have nothing to say." he an ". angrily. SACRIFICES FOR WARSHIP Greeks . Give Jewelry, Clothing and Money at Nashua, N. H. fliy Telegraph to The Tribunal Nashua, N. H.. May 15.— Eight hundred Greeks leathered in ■ local theatre to-night to hear the plan for building a battleship for Greece at the expense of the Greeks in this country explained, and In their excite ment and anxiety to aid in every way pos -]*;•■ in the movement, men and women in the audience, removed their Jewelry, hats, coats, vests and other personal belongings and pat them on the stage. Nearly B2JN In money was raised, in ad dition i" the clothing, valued at several hundred doßara. stany of the audience went home bareheaded and In their shirt sleeves, but all in a happy frame of mind. ANOTHER AEROPLANE RECORD M. Kinet in Air with Passenger for Nearly Three Hours. lisunnekm, Fmnoe, May if>. — Daniel Kinet. the Belgian aviator, to-day broke th<> world's record (or «" aeroplane flight wltn a passenger, remaining in the air for two hours and Bfty-one minutes. At Cnalons-sur-llarne <•,! .April 8 Kinet made a Bight witii a passenger of two hours rent? mmutea Previous to that Or . Wriglit heM the record, having re maJned m the ;<ir at lieiiin last September with a psswi ll|L«"i for "ne lio!ir ;in<l thirty- Bye minute*. PLAY LAWN TENNIS SUNDAY Commissioner Stover Makes Innova tion in Central Park. The lawn tennis courts in Central Park >,<■ opened to the public yesterday. How well Commissioner Stovers plan to have Sunday lawn tennis worked was evident from the number of persons playing and those waiting for an opportunity. A few minutes after 9 o'clock yesterday morning fifteen courts were In action, and this kept up until 5 o'clock in the evening. Lawn t»:nni« on Sunday in the park was such an unusual sight that hundreds of per sons walking through the park stopped to sec Iho players. As announced last week. Commissioner Stover Intend* to have Sunday baseball also in the narks. On the outskirts of the ten nis court* yesterday a number of youths were batting and pitching. NO HYDE VERDICT YET Hope of Agreement Has Been Practi cally Abandoned. Kansas City. Mo.. May 15. -The Hyde jury retired at 10:25 o'clock to-nlghf without hav ing reached a verdict. Deliberations will begin again at 9 o'clock to-morrow morn ing. Neither Dn Hyde, his wife nor any member 'of the ■ >■■ opi family was at the Criminal Court Building to-night. I'ractieally every one Mini it. -I with Hie care ha* abandoned hope of an ugieetnent. !f.:i«i ver<JS«:i i? jeuirned by Tuesday morn ing the jury will be discharged. NKW-YOlUv MONDAY. FAMILY Of FOUR DIES WHiLE RESCUERS HALT ; Excited Tenants Convince Police and Firemen Ail Persons Are Out of Danger. BODIES ON TOP FLOOR Williamsburg 1 Italians Spre; Alarm by Fusillade from Re volvers — Suspicions of Incendiarism. Excited tenants were responsible for the deaths of four persons by fire in a tenement house at Ko. 144 Hamburg ave nue, Willlamsburg, early yesterday morn ing. Either the firemen or police would have rescued the victims but for the fact that they were positively assured that all the occupants had been seen to leave the burninp building. The victims of the fire were Peter Larnico, forty years old; hiss wife, Rose, thirty-six, and their two chil dren. Jenningr, eight years, and Bessie, twelve years. They were overcome by smoke and probably were already dead In their rooms on the top floor when the flames reached them. The house was a four story double frame tenement near the corner of Suy dam street. ■ On the ground floor Morris Fuchs had a candy and stationery store, and, with his wife and four children, oc cupied rooms over the store. The occu pants of the upper floors were all Ital ians. The Larnicos had rooms on one side of the top floor. The fire was discovered shortly before 3 o'clock in the lower hallway, near the stairs. Two men who were passing on the opposite side of the street saw the flames, and their shouting brought Pa trolman Quinn, of the Hamburg avenue police station. Some of the women ten ants were awakened by the shouts, and when they found their apartments filled with smoke they added their screams to the tumult, and the entire neighborhood v.a.= aroused. The adjoining tenements are thickly populated with Italians, and the men began to discharge their revolv ers from front windows to attract the po lice. Rescuers Face Bullets. Patrolman Quinn. after discovering the lower hallway ablaze, rushed to the near est firebox and turned in an alarm. Ser geant Mansell and Patrolmen Donnelly and Swanson were a block away, near Bushwick Park. The three heard the shots and screams and immediately started on a run in that direction. As they were approaching the burning building the shots continued, and they could hear the bullets whizzing past them. The four patrolmen entered the burn ing building and made their way through fire and smoke to the next floor. They found the Fuchs family almost overcome and also the family of Joseph Prainco, on the opposite side, affected by smoke. Both families were helped out to the cor nice over the store and assisted to ad joining house*. Meanwhile, Captain Becker was in his room in the station house, two blocks away, preparing to re tire, when he heard the fire screams and pistol shots. Putting on his slippeaf and without either a hat or coat, and calling to a dozen men who had gone to bed, he ran all the way to the fire. As he ap proached the house he could hear bullets pass him. The captain, with the patrol men who followed him. got into the burn ing building from adjoining dwellings, and they assisted in the work of rescue until the fire and smoke became so In tense that they were obliged to give way to the firemen. Said Every One Was Safe. The crew of Engine 11K was first on the rcenf. As inmates of the house kept saving that everybody was accounted for, the police and firemen assumed that the Larnico family had also been rescued. In the mean time-, the fire had spread through the house and reached the roof. Nearly two hours elapsed before the fire was under control, and then the fire men began to investigate to ascertain the damage. It was when they entered the rooms of the Larnico family, on the top floor, that they first found the body of the man near the front window, while Mrs. Lnxnico, with the youngest child in hei arms, was found in an adjoining room The woman had a religious figure in her hands, as if she was praying when death overtook her. The other child was found dead under a bed. The bodies were identified by relatives and taken to the police station. ah Investigation led to the belief that the fire was of incendiary origin. The police were told that there had been other fires Jn lne building, but this was denied by tenants. GIRL PINNED IN ELEVATOR Big Apartment in Turmoil Till Injured Servant Is Released. Intense excitement prevailed in the thirteen story Beaufort apartments, at No. 140 West 57th street, yesterday after noon, when a servant employed by Frank Nichols, who lives on the twelfth floor. thrust her arm into the freight elevator as it passed the floor and was caught at the shoulder between an upright on the elevator and the side of the casing. The girl's screams aroused the occu pants, who poured up through the struct ure. Joseph Williams, the negro elevator runner, lost his head In a multiplicity of directions and refused to touch the lever for fear that he would .start-his machine the wrong way. Somebody turned in a lire alarm, and the arrival of the appa ratus, police from the West 47th street station and an ambulance from Flower Hospital added to the excitement. Th«: girl, Lizzie Modler, was finally ex tricated from her painful position and taken to the hospital, where it was found that she had a compound fracture, of the left arm- The accident was made possi ble by the fact that the. freight elevator opens into the kitchens of the apartments as well as into the hall, thus operating: aa a , urination freight elevator and dumb- alter. . . . $4.80 ♦<> Atlantic City and Return. (■, rn^vlvanla Railroad. Tickets gold May 17 IS and 19. KOUtJ returning until June *. Presbyterian General Assembly. Advu • MAY I<J. 1910.— TWELVE PAGES. FOUR MILES__OF FIRE Minnesota Militia Called Out to Help Fight Forest Blaze. [By Telosxaph t.. Thf Trlbune.l ■ Bemidji. Minn.. May 15.— A forest fire four miles wide has been threatening Bemidj: since noon. It originated six miles south of the city, drove back the fighting forest rangers and has now been temporarily checked a mile and a half south of the city, where more than a thousand citizens and soldiers, under the command of the forest rangers and the Chief Kire "Warden. Clarence Shannon, are making a last desperate stand, hoping for rain. The principal danger is from the lum ber yards on the outskirts of the city in the path of the approaching fire. There the day and night crews of both the big Weyerhauser and Shevlin lumber com panies are trying to quench the falling firebrands, but they are having great dif ficulty. The militia has been ordered from Du luth and is under the command of Major H. T. V. Eva and the State Forestry Commissioner, Christopher C. Andrews, of St. Paul, who arrived here this morn ing. He has been placed in command by Governor Eberhart of all militiamen in Northern Minnesota. The smoke is nearly suffocating. It fills the churches where women and chil dren are praying-. The danger through out the city was acute at 9 o'clock to night. Many frame structures here are highly inflammable and firebrands im peril them. The poor near the big saw mills are panic stricken and the women are fleeing and wringing their hands in anxiety and alarm. The city is surrounded by a forest on the south, which it is feared may ignite the lumber yards and outlying resi dences. Calumet. Mich.. Bfay 16.— There has been no rainfall as yet to relieve the fire «tri<k en districts of Northern Michigan, and still farther disasters are feared unless rain comes soon. Nothing but dry weather is predicted, however, before Tuesday. The fire area in Houghton, Keweenaw, Ontonagon and Baraga counties is increas ing dally. The flames are being fought In all parts of the district with back fires. DIES AFTER AUTO CRASH Others Hurt in Central Park — Boy Hit ; Chauffeur Mobbed. Michael O'Connell, a taxlcab chauf feur, of No. titvS Melrose avenue. The Bronx, died last night in the Presbyte rian Hospital as the result of injuries re ceived in the afternoon in a crash in the East Drive of Central Park with an au tomobile occupied by Mrs. :;. M. Gilbert, of the St. Regis, and her son and daugh ter. The Gilberts and Ernest Roberts, their chauffeur, were slightly hurt. O'Connell was unconscious when taken to the hospital and died with a charge against him of operating a taxicab with out a license, preferred by Patrolman McGuire, and reckless driving and as sault, preferred by Roberts. A boy who gasped before he became unconscious that he was John Reino, was run over yesterday afternoon in front of No. 344 East 14th street by a taxicab driven by Frederick Golden, of No. 37<J East Sth street. An angry mob tried to get hold of Golden, but he was spirited away by the police and locked up on a charge of assault. The boy was taken to Bellevue Hospital. LOS ANGELES_SHAKEN Series of Earthquakes Did Little Damage, but Caused Alarm. I^os Angeles. May 15. — This city an 1 surrounding territory were visited to-day by a series of earth shocks that alarmed many people, but did little damage be yond breaking dishes, destroying house ornaments and cracking walls of tho lighter houses. The shocks began about «'>:.".(> o'clock this morning and were felt as late as 7:, r »3 o'clock at the beach resorts and in Pasadena, Riverside, Rec lands and San Bernardino, where trembles occurred last Thursday night. Pasadena suffered the heaviest dam age, so far as reported. Several build ings were cracked and on Mount Wil son, where the Carnege observatory is situated, the tremors alarmed many tourists who had climbed the peak t<> view the comet. The quake came as a double shock, with a swaying motion which gave the climbers a sensation of seasickness. Long Beach was washed by a small tidal wave just after the first shock there, shortly before 7 o'clock. Another tremor followed, and then the ocean, which had been unusually boisterous all morning, fell suddenly flat and became absolutely calm for more than an hour. In this city and in Riverside no seri ous damage was reported. A second shock shook Riverside at noon. Both tremors were heavier than the quake that shook the orange belt on Christ mas Day, 1899. SHOULD HAVEJ^AD FIREMEN It Cost Amateur $3,000 to Fight His Own Blaze. It cost Frederic Greenwood, president of the Greenwood Poultry Supply Com pany, of No. : 440 West 14th street, just .$14.-> a minute to fight a fire in his home, at No. 985 Woodycrest avenue. The Bronx, yesterday afternoon. He also burned his hands severely. After work ing twenty minutes, during which time the fire refused to be extinguished by other than regular firemen, he turned in an alarm. The firemen responded quickly and put out the fire in a hurry. They said if they had been called at once the damage would not have been more than $iOQ. It was $£000. The blaze started on the second floor of the Greenwood home. Mr. Green wood sent his wife and children into the street while ho remained behind to fight the flames. lie told the firemen that he was at a loss to know how the lire started. AMERICAN TUG RELEASED The Vigila Had Been Seized on a Charge of Poaching. St. Thomas, Ont., May 15.— The American fishing tug Spnidel. of horain, Ohio, seized by I the government cruiser Vigila, under bUfiplcion of p. aching iii Canadian waters, has be^n -released by the department and returned to her owners. The evidence adduced was not sufficient to -justify conflscatkn. The owner* may appeal for compensation. < ---.-;.. 4 , WHOLE NAVY CLASS FAILS IN EXAMINATION Every 1908 Man Flunks in Test for Promotion to Rank of Ensign. ALL BALKED BY NAVIGATION Middies" Only Hope to Prevent Loss of Many Numbers Is in Interference by- Department. The Navy Department has recently passed on the examination papers of the class which was graduated from the Naval Academy in June, 1908. Members of this class in the service now have the rank of passed midshipmen, and the re cent examination was to determine their fitness for promotion to the grade of en sign. Not a single member of the class passed the examination in navigation. The highest mark made was 1.86, whereas the passing mark is 2.50. There are a number of midshipmen of this class on duty on ships now at the Brooklyn navy yard, and the result of the test has come as a shock to them, al though it was not entirely unexpected. Unless a re-examination in this study is allowed, or the department decides to average the mark on navigation with marks on other subjects, this will mean that the class of 1909 will rank 1908, for the latter class will not be permitted to take another examination for promotion until a year has passed. "I have never seen such an examina tion in my life," said one of the midship men yesterday. "There was not a man in the class who could possibly have passed it. There is a report, howVver. that in view of the character of the ex amination the Navy Department has de cided to raise the marks of all except the twenty men who stood lowest to or above a 2 50." One Refused to Try It. One midshipman, after reading over the examination, signed his paper in blank and handed it in. For doing this he will in all probability be court mar tialled. A recommendation to this ef fect, it is paid., has been forwarded to the department. This is the first time that an entire graduate class from the Naval Academy has been flunked on a subject. Hereto fore examinations for promotion have been considered more or less matters of form, the object being to find out whether officers were keeping abreast of their work and capable of efficient performance of their duty. The midshipmen are par ticularly bitter over the nature of the questions asked. They say that the ma jority of them were on matters concern ing navigation which the practical navi gator would never need to know in the performance of his duty. "Exams." Held on Shipboard. The examinations were held on the va rious ships to which the midshipmen had been ordered, whether In the Philippines, on the Pacific roast or in home waters, and it is said that the navigating officers of several of these freely admitted that they themselves would have been unable to pass them. Unless som-e action is taken by the Navy Department the result of the ex amination will b<= felt by members of the class throughout their careers In the service. It will mean, as the midshipmen interpret it, a material loss of numbers, and this in turn, under the present sys tem of promotion, means that as they ad vance in the service their promotion may be materially retarded. In the lower grades of ensign, junior lieutenant f^nd lieutenant the effect will not be materially noticeable, but when •OS men approach the higher grades of lieutenant commander, commander and captain the difference of a few numbers counts heavily. There have been in stances of a difference of five to ten numbers meaning the loss of the next higher rank. Navy men are inclined to believe, how ever, that the department will interfere in some way. AMERICA'S GREED OF GOLD C. W. Eliot's Views on Discon tent in This Country. 1 By Tplegrnph to The Trlbune.l Cambridge. Mass., May 15. — Dr. i'harles W. Eliot, Harvard's president emeritus, asserts "that the lust for gold and the thirst for power, considered by Americans as the main objects of ex istence, have caused the present reign of discontent which is sweeping over the country-" , -The object of life with the individual as with the nation results from the suc cession of pleasureable emotions and feelings," he adds. "Progress is meas ured by happiness, not by dollars and cents. The average worklngman fails to realize this. Neither social prestige nor riches can promote happiness or retard it. The happiness of a community can be furthered not by increasing its total wealth or distributing it more evenly. but by improving its physical and moral welfare. "Sensuous pleasures, like eating and drinking, are sometimes described as animal, and therefore unworthy, but men are animals and have a right to enjoy without reproach those pleasures of ani mal existence which maintain health. Strength and lift- Itself. These pleasures, taken naturally and In moderation, are all pure, honorable and wholesome." BAY HE TOOK CHURCH ROOFS Steeplejack Accused of Stealing Metal from Two Edifices. Philadelphia. May 15.— Charged with stealing the metal rooting from the steeples of the rtoxborough Baptist Church and St. John's Roman Catholic Church. Karl Knoll, a "steeplejack," was arraigned in the cen tral police court here -to-day and held in ball for a further hearing. It; Was testified that during the night t:" had climbed 110 fret on St. John's Church steep!/-, from which ISO pounds, of copper sheathing were removed. From the sixty foot steeple of the Baptist church it is al leged he secured forty-eight pounds vt metal. , r T -__•-, ' /'WTT I : /* I I7V r r In I llj of »rr York. .>r.n City »nil Hobnke* ** . I HI( \'j <>>!-. y KM kt.»f.uiikr» TWO CENTS. ACCIDENT' TO KROONLAND Red Star Liner Breaks Shaft — Not Under Control. Dnrer, Kn eland. Mnv I."..— The Bed Star steamer Kroonland, which left Antwerp yesterday for New York, passed Dover at 7:»» o'clock to"-ntght with a shaft broken.. The Kroonland was to stop at Dover, but she signalled "Un controllable." Apparently the steamer was procwding under a single screw for Southampton. A NAVAL BATTLE NEAR The Venus Fired On — Three Vessels 60 to Greytown. Bluefields. Nicaragua. May 15. — An Es trada scout ship encountered the steamer Venus yesterday near the port of Grey town. Th" Venus was steaming into the harbor with guns and ammunition for Madriz. A few shots were fired, but no damage resulted. The scout ship re turned here, but later started out with two other vessels belonging to the pro visional forces, which are all well armed. It is understood that they will ipake an attempt to force a general engagement. An action between the provisional and Madriz forces at Rama is looked for at any moment. The two armies are prac tically facing each other. General Lara, who with General Godoy is attempting the investment of Bbiefields, is not yet within striking distance. POSSE HUNTS A WOMAN Wisconsin Authorities Accuse Her of Killing Her Husband. Chippewa Paris* Wist, May 15.— A hunt by a posse for a woman is in progress east of here, following the murder at midnight on Saturday of A. J. Sundcr land. Accused by the police of having com mitted the murder, the victim's wife left home at 1 o'clock on Sunday morning, obtained a horse and buggy from a farmer, and she is now believed to have taken refuge in the forest 3 thirty miles east of this city. GAVE TWO BABIES POISON Ten-Year-Old Negro Nurse Had Been Refused a Holiday. Demopolis. Ala.. May IS. — Because she was refused permission to go to Birm ingham a ten-year-old negress employed by Davi<? «'ollir.!«. a wealthy planter, a? a nurse for his two small children, gave dog poison to them. The youngest aged three months, died in agony, and the condition of the other is serious. The negress was arrested and seems unconcerned. Indignation is in tense and the negro child is being doseiy guarded. KEEPS 16-YEAR-OLD VOW Captain Saved in Storm Gives 2.000 Loaves to Poor. Gloucester. Mass.. May I">.— Fulfilling a vow made sixteen years ago. when v sudden shift of wind saved his storm beaten vessel from driving on to a lee shore, off Cape Cod. Captain Joseph Mes quita. one of Gloucester's best known fishermen, to-day gave away to the poor two thousand loaves of br»ad. This gift he made at the Church of *"»ur Lady *| Good Voyage, after a special mass at tended by the captain and his crew of sixteen men. Then, headed by a band, the shipmates marched in picturesque array from th^ church to the captain's home, where in celebration of his vow and of thf Feast of the Pentecost open house was held until late in the evening. LIVES ON A DOLLAR A WEEK Harvard Senior Earns Enough to Spend Summers Abroad. fRy Telegraph to Th«> Tribune. 1 Cambridge. Mass.. May l."».— Earl V. Long, a Harvard senior, sa. s lie can live on $1 a week, and has proved his theory by practice. He came to college four years ago from Bone Gap. Ariz., where he worked as a cowboy. Possessed ? little money, his pluck and an energetic pair of hands won him his livelihood from the start. He did as much work as is available to the poors* students at Harvard, and established a method of living whereby his. expenses for eating averaged only $1 a week. With the aid of Randall Hall, a stu dents' dining ball where food is soil al most at cost prices, and nuts ami fruits. Long successfully demonstrated his eco nomical habits. Curiously, the senior makes money during his college term, which he spends during the summer reaming around rorricn countries. Long is a varsity football player, can didate for pitcher on the Harvard nine, one of Harvard's strong men. a good boxer and ranks high in his studies. BOAT IN WAGON TO RESCUE Police Haul It Mile and a Half and Go Out for Drowned Boy's Body. Peter Thum. twelve years old. who lived with his parents at Bellerose. Queens, went with a number of other boys to Wigwam Pond, near Creedmoor. yesterday and built a raft of loss and boards. Young Thum fell from the raft and was drowned. The other boys hurried to Bellerose. wh* re they gave the alarm, and police from j the Jamaica precinct went out to get the body. On arriving at the pond they found there was no boat on it. They drove a mile and a half to Duhman'* Pond, where they ob tained a boat, loaded it into the patrol ■wagon and took it to Wigwam Pond. After several hours .of grappling the body was brought up. IT MEASURES MENTALITY New Machine, the Ergograph, Shows How Much Work a Man May Do. I By T*l«>Kraph to The Tribune. 1 Philadelphia. May 15.— Dr. Edward L«d holtz, demonstrator in medicine at the Uni versity of Pennsylvania, said to-day that a new machine is being used In the class room there. It is called the ergograph. and by pressing your thumb on a spring the machine records on a piece of smoked paper your mental capability. A man's capability for work can be com puted approximately, said Dr. Ledholtz. and if the ergosraph. tests were complete and comprehensive enough there is little doubt that the psychologist could give a man an idea of the amount of work he could do without breaking down. IAFI EXPLAINS BALLJNGER CASE Assumes Full Responsibility for Acts of Lawler and Wickersham. SENDS LETTER TO NELSON Attacks on President Bring Him Support — Much Criticism for Garfield in Capital. (From The Tribune Bureau. J Washington, May !."».— President Taft made public this evening a letter which he has addressed to Senator Nelson, chairman of the committee which is in vestigating the Ballinger-Pinchot con troversy, and which conveys to the com mittee in detail the circumstances at tending the preparation of the Presi dent's letter exonerating: Secretary Bal linger. the Lawler memorandum and the antedating of the summary of the At torney General. Mr. Taft declares not only that Lawler did prepare such a letter as Kerby said he- did. but that he did so by the Presi dent's specific direction. When he re ceived it he found, he says, that it was not what he wanted to issue, and ha wrote the letter himself in the form. in which he desired it. using from Lawler's draft only one or two general statements. The President goes still further and takes up the question of the "back dat ing" of Attorney General Wickers ham > summary of the Glavis charges, to which I Louis D. Brandeis has drawn attention. Mr. Taft'says that the Attorney Generar* letter was in fart "back dated" and that this also was done by his specific direc tion. President Taft's Letter. ; The text of the letter is as follows?, il^ The White House. Washington. May 1.".. 191' > My Dear Senator Nelson: In the hear- . ings before the committee to investigate ' the Interior Department and Forestry ' Service reference has been made to my decision upon the complaint and char of L. R. Glavh* filed with me on the 18th. of August last against Secretary Ballin ger and certain other officials of the In terior Department. The majority of th«» committee have decided that my action in this regard was not within the juris diction or the committee to investigate. In spite of this ruling references Is the matter have crept into the record. For this reason I deem it proper to write you and state with such accuracy as my memory permits what the facts are. Glavis's statement and charges were left with me by him on August 18, 1909. I turned them over to the Attorney Gen eral, who happened to be in the neigh borhood, and he made notes upon hi 3 reading. We both had personal knowl- I edge in respect to Secretary Balling I attitude toward the Alaska coal claims, which was the oh'- subject of innuendo and complaint, for Mr. Ballinger hail f very early in the administration con sulted us both in regard to them. Within two or three days after th*» filing of the charges, in a meeting at which the Secretary' of the Treasury, the- Attorney General and the Secretary of the Navy were present, a full discussion of the Glavis statement was had. It re sulted in a general conclusion that jeal ousy between the bureaus of the Interior Department and the Forestry Bureau probably explained the attitude of the. Interior Department officials, but that the intimations of bad faith by Glavis aerainst Mr. Ballinger and the others re- [ quired that the statement be 'submitted to them for answer. Accordingly copies of the statement were sent to Secretary Ballinger. to Assistant Secretary Pierce, to Commissioner Dennett and to Chief of Field Service Schwartz. Mr. Bailing*! was at Seattle, but upon the receipt of the charges he came to Washington to prepare his answer. On Monday. September 6. Mr. Balling reached Beverly, accompanied by Mr. Lawler. the Assistant Attorney General of the Department of Justice assigned to the Interior Department. Mr. Ballinger sent to my house on thai day the an swers of the various persons concerned, together with a voluminous record of ex hibits. I had a conference with him th«» 1 evening of the day he came. September 6. and then on the following evening, Sep tember 7. Exoneration of Mr. Bailinger. I talked over the charges with Mr. Bal- I linger the first evening, and asked such. ' questions as suggested themselves, with out intimating any conclusion, and said that I would examine the answers and the record and would see him the next day. I sat up until 3 o'clock that night reading the answers and exhibits, so that at my next conference I was advised off the contents of the entire record ami had made up my mind that there was nothing in the charges upon which Mr Ballinger or the others accused could be found guilty of either incompetency. inefficiency, disloyalty to the interests of the govern ment or dishonesty. In the discussions of the second even ing Mr. Lawler. who was present at my suggestion, discussed the evidence at boom length. I said to Mr. Lawtef that I was very anxious to write a full state ment of the case and set out the reasons for my decision, but that the time for my departure on a long Western trip, occupying two months, was just one week from that day; that I had some six or seven set speeches to deliver at the be ginning of that journey, and th.it I could not give the time to the preparation of such a detailed statement and opinion a3 I would like to render in th*- matter. I therefore requested Mr. Law let to pre pare an opinion as if he were President. During the • Sth. ■MB and !oth I gave • such consideration to the G lav to record as was consistent with previous en gagements, but paid no attention to the speeches. On the 9th I telegraphed the Attorney General to come to Beverly in order that I might consult him in re spect to the case. He arrived there Sat urday afternoon. September 1!. and. pur suant to an appointment made by tele phone, he came to my house early on Sunday morning. September 12. He then delivered to me the draft opinion pre pared by Mr. Lawler and said that he had had an opportunity in coming from New- York to read the answers of Mr. Ballin ger and others. I then said Is him that 1 had made up my mind as to my con cisions, and had drafted part of my opinion, but that I wished him to ex amine the full record and bring me his conclusions before I stated mine. Ht took the whole record away. During the day I examine. l the draft opinion of Mr. Lawler, but its thirty pages did not state the case in the way in which I wished it stated. It contained references to 'he evidence which were useful, but its criticism of Mr. Pincho? and Mr. Glavis I did not think it proper Of wise to adopt. I only used a few para graphs from It containing merely general statements. • The Attorney General returned in th<» evening with notes ad, the examination which he had made, and reported to ni* the .conclusions which he had reached. , which were in substantial accord with my own. We then discussed the matter at some length, particularly twin* points of law which were involved. and took up the opinion which I had finished and made a number of, alterations; and ■