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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 16, 1910, Image 1

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SUBWAY PASSENGERS
HI MANY A FRIGHT
Unusual Number of Mishaps
Causes Alarm and Demor
alizes Service.
ACCIDENTS TO CAR GEAR
Pec?e Smoke. Due to Short
Circuiting, in One Case
Nearly Leads to
Panic.
Traffic in the subway was demoralized
vestcrday through a series of interrup
tions of the service due .o mishaps to
eer gear and the short circuiting that
lolllMlfl
The interruptions occurred when the
iftcrnoon traffic was heaviest, and in
consequence the delays, slow movement
p < trains and in one instance the smoke
♦Rom one of the short circuited trains
caused considerable apprehension and
nervousness among the thousands of
passengers.
Although the alarm caused by the suc
ceeding delays did not verge upon panic,
there were some tense moments, par
ticularly in the mishap at 2:18 p. m..
«hen the shoe beam on one of the cars
cf a southbound Lenox avenue local was
thort circuited near lMh street, and the
fourth and last of the series, when the
breaking of a shoe on a southbound
Brooklyn express at 14th street at 4:22
p. m. caused an accumulation of smoke
vhi^h drove passengers from the for
ward enrs.
The delays threw the schedule out,
mi me periods covered by the neces
sary repairs caused blocks of sometimes
ten and fifteen minutes* duration. The
fart that the subway crowds were net
f- .— way to or from business, as on
1 weekday, lessened the tension.
Train Hand* Conquer Fire.
The interruption at 4:22 p. m. was the
most serious one. Train hands, assisted
by station employes, used a fire extin
jruisher upon the first car when the ex
press came, to a standstill in the 14th
ftreet station, as the short circuiting
had ignited some of the oil and packing
rml loose waste near the trucks. It was
this smoke from the smouldering waste
end oil that forced passengers into the
rear cars.
The breakage of car gear, although
trivial in each instance, required me
chanical treatment, but two of them oc
curred near repair stations'of the under
ground, and in these cases the delays
rere not so long. Thus, when an air
trake on a southbound express caused
trouble at the 89Ui street station at
246 p. m . the interruption was only of
several minutes duration, for operatives
from the repair shop there made short
trork of the hitch in the mechanism.
The same was true when almost at the
Fame time the coupling between the fifth
end sixth cars of a southbound express
snapi«?ad near the !H>th. street station.
The employes of the subway felt the
ftrain of th«» succeeding mishaps, and
they were kept on" the jump until after
S o'clock.
Subway Superintendent Talks.
•Superintendent Merrltt of the subway
division of the Interborough explained
JuEt evening that there was BO particular
rcapon for the unusual number of inter
ruptions. That they occurred within a
T^riod of three hours was merely a mat-
J« of coincidence, he said.
g each halt m tbm service
many stations became congested, and
scarcely were they cleared of passengers
by a return to something like the normal
*hen another break would occur. An
effciai of the company gave out the list
of interruptions as follows:
••• 2:18 p. m., at ISth street, shoe
b»am on car of Lenox avenue local.
«<>uth bound, short circuited. Delay of
several minutes.
At 2:4 Cp. m.. air brake trouble on
Eonthbound express at TlUh street; delay
short. : '•>"•■.•
At 4..1' p. m., short circuit caused by
arne on car of southbound Brooklyn ex
pr<s«- at 14th street, causing short cir
cuit; delay of several minutes.
BRINGS DOG TO DIE HERE
Trip from Europe for Husband
' to See Sick Family Pet.
am Hawkins Taylor, of Washington,
errived. !• -. yesterday "ii the American
'■'- N' w - York on a flying trip with a
patient scheduled to die within a
£* dsys in Washington. Mrs. Taylor,
»*» had been spending the winter on the
'"eminent, ■>U abroad with her an ex-
fine English bulldog, which
k^n* ill soon after his arrival on the
Ml
According to the veterinary surgeons
<lf London, the dog is suffering from en
3sr ?emt>Et „f the Intestines, and no hope
5? entertained for his recovery. The
zninm] seemed to be normal fore and aft
im arrival yesterday, but his great girth
*Jnidshij, s -jvas ample testimony <» his
''indium that the dog could' not *>♦•
cured. Mrs. Taylor hurried home that
hrh ' r husband might see the family pet
*"-tore it was disi<atchcd V chloroform.
NR- TAFT IN TWO PULPiTS
President Speaks for New Uni
tarian Church in Washington.
May 15— President T ■<■■
W* at •■*.'< church services to-day, iirst
st ">* Insrain Memorial nongHSgailnnai
ISmotcSi and later at All Souls' I'nitarian
'"Web, <* ui;ich he is a »n.?!il«er. At the
ormer ■ - congratulated Hie congregation
ot ' the new «^lfi^ which is now being ded
, lc ***<J and expressed the hope that this
! 'ward evmmne of success was only ■ be
j ! " fcJs own «huich lie «poke in favor of a
g?*» edifice, declaring that there had been
visible evidence during the winter that
jii* ■-'<■ Is not large enough* And. Ido
•»n doubt/* he continued, "thai when peo
'** ■tin* and Ftand in tlje aisle during one
'UtNJay »*rvi<-e and find it difficult to get
Tv* I*'1 *' It dis <* our ag*s their coming again.
";* have h church whose principles ought
*'» attract mmt <Jo attract; and we ought t<»
*:&<* j, o effort •„ erect A i-i -r *. snough
♦u<tit»riiim to *?:•.-..• cotnjfortable <H»portuuity.
tO tCiX to li CSC V.hu rtUUiJ tuKC."
m d^^ **^Sri»r i» ' -■' \ LJjmsfcm^st^ M JsßSsf^^mLMsjJmmmclJy^~^^f/ .StEm m/mmi^^^m^^^^^'^™!} AO&hEl^^ nS^^™^ m?Bß*i
To-day, rlivudjj.
To-morrow, shower*; east winds.
MR. ROOSEVELT ON SEA
Leaves Flushing for England
Crowds Greet Him.
Flushing. Holland, May |&— lfe Roose
velt arrived here a short time before
midnight, and soon afterward started for
Queenborough, England. The day of
rest which 2,1r. Roosevelt enjoyed re
s llted in the Improvement of his throat
trouble. At various stations where his
train stopped he was greeted by delega
tions and crowds of people. The dem
onstrations were particularly marked in
the Rhine country.
Paxton Hibben, secretary of the
American Legation at The Hague, came
aboard the train some distance from
Flushing and accompanied the party
here. Henry P. Fletcher, formerly
charge d'affaires at Peking, but recently
appointed Minister to Chili, and Willard
D. Straight, the representative in China
of a Xew York syndicate, were also on
the train.
Berlin. May 15. — Ex-President Roose
velt left here at noon to-day for London.
Hcrr yon Schoen. Secretary for Foreign
Affairs, the members of the embassy
and many Americans bade the party
farewell at the station. From the win
dow of the train Air. Roosevelt assured
the Foreign Secretary that be had en
joyed every moment of his- stay in Ber
lin. The Americans gave three cheers
and a tiger as the train moved out.
OXFORD LECTURE ON JUNE 7.
London. May 15. — Arrangements have
been made for Mr. Roosevelt to deliver
his Romanes le-cture in the Sheldonian
Theatre. Oxford, on June 7. A convoca
tion will precede the lecture. Lord Curzon
presiding, at which the honorary degree
of D. C. L,. a\ ill be conferred on Mr.
Roosevelt.
LUSTIG TO DIE IN CHAIR
Jury Finds Wife Poisoner Guilty
of First Degree Murder.
Maurice M. Lustig; the former detec
tive, on trial for killing his wife, Rboda
Irene Lustig, with strychnine last Octo
ber in order to collect $3,000 insurance,
was found guilt}- of murder in the first
degree yesterday morning by a jury in
Part V of General Sessions. Judge Fos
ter remanded him for sentence on next
Friday. Lustig was taken back to the
Tombs defiant and puffing on a cigarette.
The jury had retired at 2 o'clock on
Saturday afternoon, and it was 9:43 a. m.
when Judge Foster reached the court
room. The jurymen filed in and took
their seats.
"Have you agreed upon a verdict, gen
tlemen of the jury?" asked the clerk.
"We — guilty of murder in the first
degree," responded the foreman, and im
mediately Mr. Maypcr, counsel for Lus
tig. asked ih>it the jury be polled. The
clerk then asked each of the twelve men
separately what his verdict was. and
each gave the same reply.
The -little color that was in Lustig's
cheeks disappeared as coon as the polling
had finished and he turned an ashen
color. He gave his pedigree in a clear
voice, however, and said he was a de
tective by occupation, thirty-one years
old and lived at No. 141 East loth street.
Asked if he had ever served a prison sen
tence, Lustig replied that he had, saying
he spent ■ year in the Western Peniten
tiary of Pennsylvania for larceny in 1903.
As Deputy Sheriff Spellman led Lustig
away h<> was risked if he wanted to say
anything.
"No; I have nothing to say." he an
". angrily.
SACRIFICES FOR WARSHIP
Greeks . Give Jewelry, Clothing and
Money at Nashua, N. H.
fliy Telegraph to The Tribunal
Nashua, N. H.. May 15.— Eight hundred
Greeks leathered in ■ local theatre to-night
to hear the plan for building a battleship
for Greece at the expense of the Greeks in
this country explained, and In their excite
ment and anxiety to aid in every way pos
-]*;•■ in the movement, men and women in
the audience, removed their Jewelry, hats,
coats, vests and other personal belongings
and pat them on the stage.
Nearly B2JN In money was raised, in ad
dition i" the clothing, valued at several
hundred doßara. stany of the audience went
home bareheaded and In their shirt sleeves,
but all in a happy frame of mind.
ANOTHER AEROPLANE RECORD
M. Kinet in Air with Passenger for
Nearly Three Hours.
lisunnekm, Fmnoe, May if>. — Daniel
Kinet. the Belgian aviator, to-day broke th<>
world's record (or «" aeroplane flight wltn
a passenger, remaining in the air for two
hours and Bfty-one minutes.
At Cnalons-sur-llarne <•,! .April 8 Kinet
made a Bight witii a passenger of two hours
rent? mmutea Previous to that Or
. Wriglit heM the record, having re
maJned m the ;<ir at lieiiin last September
with a psswi ll|L«"i for "ne lio!ir ;in<l thirty-
Bye minute*.
PLAY LAWN TENNIS SUNDAY
Commissioner Stover Makes Innova
tion in Central Park.
The lawn tennis courts in Central Park
>„,<■ opened to the public yesterday. How
well Commissioner Stovers plan to have
Sunday lawn tennis worked was evident
from the number of persons playing and
those waiting for an opportunity.
A few minutes after 9 o'clock yesterday
morning fifteen courts were In action, and
this kept up until 5 o'clock in the evening.
Lawn t»:nni« on Sunday in the park was
such an unusual sight that hundreds of per
sons walking through the park stopped to
sec Iho players.
As announced last week. Commissioner
Stover Intend* to have Sunday baseball also
in the narks. On the outskirts of the ten
nis court* yesterday a number of youths
were batting and pitching.
NO HYDE VERDICT YET
Hope of Agreement Has Been Practi
cally Abandoned.
Kansas City. Mo.. May 15. -The Hyde jury
retired at 10:25 o'clock to-nlghf without hav
ing reached a verdict. Deliberations will
begin again at 9 o'clock to-morrow morn
ing. Neither Dn Hyde, his wife nor any
member 'of the ■ >■■ opi family was at the
Criminal Court Building to-night.
I'ractieally every one Mini it. -I with Hie
care ha* abandoned hope of an ugieetnent.
!f.:i«i ver<JS«:i i? jeuirned by Tuesday morn
ing the jury will be discharged.
NKW-YOlUv MONDAY.
FAMILY Of FOUR DIES
WHiLE RESCUERS HALT
;
Excited Tenants Convince Police
and Firemen Ail Persons
Are Out of Danger.
BODIES ON TOP FLOOR
Williamsburg 1 Italians Spre;
Alarm by Fusillade from Re
volvers — Suspicions of
Incendiarism.
Excited tenants were responsible for
the deaths of four persons by fire in a
tenement house at Ko. 144 Hamburg ave
nue, Willlamsburg, early yesterday morn
ing. Either the firemen or police would
have rescued the victims but for the fact
that they were positively assured that all
the occupants had been seen to leave the
burninp building. The victims of the fire
were Peter Larnico, forty years old; hiss
wife, Rose, thirty-six, and their two chil
dren. Jenningr, eight years, and Bessie,
twelve years. They were overcome by
smoke and probably were already dead
In their rooms on the top floor when the
flames reached them.
The house was a four story double
frame tenement near the corner of Suy
dam street. ■ On the ground floor Morris
Fuchs had a candy and stationery store,
and, with his wife and four children, oc
cupied rooms over the store. The occu
pants of the upper floors were all Ital
ians. The Larnicos had rooms on one
side of the top floor.
The fire was discovered shortly before
3 o'clock in the lower hallway, near the
stairs. Two men who were passing on
the opposite side of the street saw the
flames, and their shouting brought Pa
trolman Quinn, of the Hamburg avenue
police station. Some of the women ten
ants were awakened by the shouts, and
when they found their apartments filled
with smoke they added their screams to
the tumult, and the entire neighborhood
v.a.= aroused. The adjoining tenements
are thickly populated with Italians, and
the men began to discharge their revolv
ers from front windows to attract the po
lice.
Rescuers Face Bullets.
Patrolman Quinn. after discovering the
lower hallway ablaze, rushed to the near
est firebox and turned in an alarm. Ser
geant Mansell and Patrolmen Donnelly
and Swanson were a block away, near
Bushwick Park. The three heard the
shots and screams and immediately
started on a run in that direction. As
they were approaching the burning
building the shots continued, and they
could hear the bullets whizzing past
them.
The four patrolmen entered the burn
ing building and made their way through
fire and smoke to the next floor. They
found the Fuchs family almost overcome
and also the family of Joseph Prainco,
on the opposite side, affected by smoke.
Both families were helped out to the cor
nice over the store and assisted to ad
joining house*. Meanwhile, Captain
Becker was in his room in the station
house, two blocks away, preparing to re
tire, when he heard the fire screams and
pistol shots. Putting on his slippeaf and
without either a hat or coat, and calling
to a dozen men who had gone to bed, he
ran all the way to the fire. As he ap
proached the house he could hear bullets
pass him. The captain, with the patrol
men who followed him. got into the burn
ing building from adjoining dwellings,
and they assisted in the work of rescue
until the fire and smoke became so In
tense that they were obliged to give way
to the firemen.
Said Every One Was Safe.
The crew of Engine 11K was first on
the rcenf. As inmates of the house kept
saving that everybody was accounted for,
the police and firemen assumed that the
Larnico family had also been rescued. In
the mean time-, the fire had spread
through the house and reached the roof.
Nearly two hours elapsed before the
fire was under control, and then the fire
men began to investigate to ascertain the
damage. It was when they entered the
rooms of the Larnico family, on the top
floor, that they first found the body of
the man near the front window, while
Mrs. Lnxnico, with the youngest child in
hei arms, was found in an adjoining
room The woman had a religious figure
in her hands, as if she was praying when
death overtook her. The other child was
found dead under a bed. The bodies
were identified by relatives and taken to
the police station.
ah Investigation led to the belief that
the fire was of incendiary origin. The
police were told that there had been other
fires Jn lne building, but this was denied
by tenants.
GIRL PINNED IN ELEVATOR
Big Apartment in Turmoil Till
Injured Servant Is Released.
Intense excitement prevailed in the
thirteen story Beaufort apartments, at
No. 140 West 57th street, yesterday after
noon, when a servant employed by Frank
Nichols, who lives on the twelfth floor.
thrust her arm into the freight elevator
as it passed the floor and was caught at
the shoulder between an upright on the
elevator and the side of the casing.
The girl's screams aroused the occu
pants, who poured up through the struct
ure. Joseph Williams, the negro elevator
runner, lost his head In a multiplicity of
directions and refused to touch the lever
for fear that he would .start-his machine
the wrong way. Somebody turned in a
lire alarm, and the arrival of the appa
ratus, police from the West 47th street
station and an ambulance from Flower
Hospital added to the excitement.
Th«: girl, Lizzie Modler, was finally ex
tricated from her painful position and
taken to the hospital, where it was found
that she had a compound fracture, of the
left arm- The accident was made possi
ble by the fact that the. freight elevator
opens into the kitchens of the apartments
as well as into the hall, thus operating: aa
a , urination freight elevator and dumb-
alter. . . .
$4.80 ♦<> Atlantic City and Return.
(■, rn^vlvanla Railroad. Tickets gold May
17 IS and 19. KOUtJ returning until June *.
Presbyterian General Assembly. Advu •
MAY I<J. 1910.— TWELVE PAGES.
FOUR MILES__OF FIRE
Minnesota Militia Called Out to
Help Fight Forest Blaze.
[By Telosxaph t.. Thf Trlbune.l ■
Bemidji. Minn.. May 15.— A forest fire
four miles wide has been threatening
Bemidj: since noon. It originated six
miles south of the city, drove back the
fighting forest rangers and has now been
temporarily checked a mile and a half
south of the city, where more than a
thousand citizens and soldiers, under the
command of the forest rangers and the
Chief Kire "Warden. Clarence Shannon,
are making a last desperate stand, hoping
for rain.
The principal danger is from the lum
ber yards on the outskirts of the city in
the path of the approaching fire. There
the day and night crews of both the big
Weyerhauser and Shevlin lumber com
panies are trying to quench the falling
firebrands, but they are having great dif
ficulty.
The militia has been ordered from Du
luth and is under the command of Major
H. T. V. Eva and the State Forestry
Commissioner, Christopher C. Andrews,
of St. Paul, who arrived here this morn
ing. He has been placed in command by
Governor Eberhart of all militiamen in
Northern Minnesota.
The smoke is nearly suffocating. It
fills the churches where women and chil
dren are praying-. The danger through
out the city was acute at 9 o'clock to
night. Many frame structures here are
highly inflammable and firebrands im
peril them. The poor near the big saw
mills are panic stricken and the women
are fleeing and wringing their hands in
anxiety and alarm.
The city is surrounded by a forest on
the south, which it is feared may ignite
the lumber yards and outlying resi
dences.
Calumet. Mich.. Bfay 16.— There has been
no rainfall as yet to relieve the fire «tri<k
en districts of Northern Michigan, and still
farther disasters are feared unless rain
comes soon. Nothing but dry weather is
predicted, however, before Tuesday.
The fire area in Houghton, Keweenaw,
Ontonagon and Baraga counties is increas
ing dally. The flames are being fought In
all parts of the district with back fires.
DIES AFTER AUTO CRASH
Others Hurt in Central Park —
Boy Hit ; Chauffeur Mobbed.
Michael O'Connell, a taxlcab chauf
feur, of No. titvS Melrose avenue. The
Bronx, died last night in the Presbyte
rian Hospital as the result of injuries re
ceived in the afternoon in a crash in the
East Drive of Central Park with an au
tomobile occupied by Mrs. :;. M. Gilbert,
of the St. Regis, and her son and daugh
ter. The Gilberts and Ernest Roberts,
their chauffeur, were slightly hurt.
O'Connell was unconscious when taken
to the hospital and died with a charge
against him of operating a taxicab with
out a license, preferred by Patrolman
McGuire, and reckless driving and as
sault, preferred by Roberts.
A boy who gasped before he became
unconscious that he was John Reino, was
run over yesterday afternoon in front
of No. 344 East 14th street by a taxicab
driven by Frederick Golden, of No. 37<J
East Sth street. An angry mob tried to
get hold of Golden, but he was spirited
away by the police and locked up on a
charge of assault. The boy was taken
to Bellevue Hospital.
LOS ANGELES_SHAKEN
Series of Earthquakes Did Little
Damage, but Caused Alarm.
I^os Angeles. May 15. — This city an 1
surrounding territory were visited to-day
by a series of earth shocks that alarmed
many people, but did little damage be
yond breaking dishes, destroying house
ornaments and cracking walls of tho
lighter houses.
The shocks began about «'>:.".(> o'clock
this morning and were felt as late as
7:, r »3 o'clock at the beach resorts and in
Pasadena, Riverside, Rec lands and San
Bernardino, where trembles occurred
last Thursday night.
Pasadena suffered the heaviest dam
age, so far as reported. Several build
ings were cracked and on Mount Wil
son, where the Carnege observatory is
situated, the tremors alarmed many
tourists who had climbed the peak t<>
view the comet. The quake came as a
double shock, with a swaying motion
which gave the climbers a sensation of
seasickness.
Long Beach was washed by a small
tidal wave just after the first shock
there, shortly before 7 o'clock. Another
tremor followed, and then the ocean,
which had been unusually boisterous all
morning, fell suddenly flat and became
absolutely calm for more than an hour.
In this city and in Riverside no seri
ous damage was reported. A second
shock shook Riverside at noon. Both
tremors were heavier than the quake
that shook the orange belt on Christ
mas Day, 1899.
SHOULD HAVEJ^AD FIREMEN
It Cost Amateur $3,000 to Fight
His Own Blaze.
It cost Frederic Greenwood, president
of the Greenwood Poultry Supply Com
pany, of No. : 440 West 14th street, just
.$14.-> a minute to fight a fire in his home,
at No. 985 Woodycrest avenue. The
Bronx, yesterday afternoon. He also
burned his hands severely. After work
ing twenty minutes, during which time
the fire refused to be extinguished by
other than regular firemen, he turned in
an alarm. The firemen responded
quickly and put out the fire in a hurry.
They said if they had been called at
once the damage would not have been
more than $iOQ. It was $£000.
The blaze started on the second floor
of the Greenwood home. Mr. Green
wood sent his wife and children into the
street while ho remained behind to fight
the flames. lie told the firemen that he
was at a loss to know how the lire
started.
AMERICAN TUG RELEASED
The Vigila Had Been Seized on a
Charge of Poaching.
St. Thomas, Ont., May 15.— The American
fishing tug Spnidel. of horain, Ohio, seized
by I the government cruiser Vigila, under
bUfiplcion of p. aching iii Canadian waters,
has be^n -released by the department and
returned to her owners.
The evidence adduced was not sufficient
to -justify conflscatkn. The owner* may
appeal for compensation. < ---.-;.. 4 ,
WHOLE NAVY CLASS
FAILS IN EXAMINATION
Every 1908 Man Flunks in Test
for Promotion to Rank
of Ensign.
ALL BALKED BY NAVIGATION
Middies" Only Hope to Prevent
Loss of Many Numbers Is
in Interference by-
Department.
The Navy Department has recently
passed on the examination papers of the
class which was graduated from the
Naval Academy in June, 1908. Members
of this class in the service now have the
rank of passed midshipmen, and the re
cent examination was to determine their
fitness for promotion to the grade of en
sign. Not a single member of the class
passed the examination in navigation.
The highest mark made was 1.86, whereas
the passing mark is 2.50.
There are a number of midshipmen of
this class on duty on ships now at the
Brooklyn navy yard, and the result of the
test has come as a shock to them, al
though it was not entirely unexpected.
Unless a re-examination in this study is
allowed, or the department decides to
average the mark on navigation with
marks on other subjects, this will mean
that the class of 1909 will rank 1908, for
the latter class will not be permitted to
take another examination for promotion
until a year has passed.
"I have never seen such an examina
tion in my life," said one of the midship
men yesterday. "There was not a man
in the class who could possibly have
passed it. There is a report, howVver.
that in view of the character of the ex
amination the Navy Department has de
cided to raise the marks of all except
the twenty men who stood lowest to or
above a 2 50."
One Refused to Try It.
One midshipman, after reading over
the examination, signed his paper in
blank and handed it in. For doing this
he will in all probability be court mar
tialled. A recommendation to this ef
fect, it is paid., has been forwarded to the
department.
This is the first time that an entire
graduate class from the Naval Academy
has been flunked on a subject. Hereto
fore examinations for promotion have
been considered more or less matters of
form, the object being to find out whether
officers were keeping abreast of their
work and capable of efficient performance
of their duty. The midshipmen are par
ticularly bitter over the nature of the
questions asked. They say that the ma
jority of them were on matters concern
ing navigation which the practical navi
gator would never need to know in the
performance of his duty.
"Exams." Held on Shipboard.
The examinations were held on the va
rious ships to which the midshipmen had
been ordered, whether In the Philippines,
on the Pacific roast or in home waters,
and it is said that the navigating officers
of several of these freely admitted that
they themselves would have been unable
to pass them.
Unless som-e action is taken by the
Navy Department the result of the ex
amination will b<= felt by members of
the class throughout their careers In the
service. It will mean, as the midshipmen
interpret it, a material loss of numbers,
and this in turn, under the present sys
tem of promotion, means that as they ad
vance in the service their promotion may
be materially retarded.
In the lower grades of ensign, junior
lieutenant f^nd lieutenant the effect will
not be materially noticeable, but when
•OS men approach the higher grades of
lieutenant commander, commander and
captain the difference of a few numbers
counts heavily. There have been in
stances of a difference of five to ten
numbers meaning the loss of the next
higher rank.
Navy men are inclined to believe, how
ever, that the department will interfere
in some way.
AMERICA'S GREED OF GOLD
C. W. Eliot's Views on Discon
tent in This Country.
1 By Tplegrnph to The Trlbune.l
Cambridge. Mass., May 15. — Dr.
i'harles W. Eliot, Harvard's president
emeritus, asserts "that the lust for gold
and the thirst for power, considered by
Americans as the main objects of ex
istence, have caused the present reign
of discontent which is sweeping over
the country-"
, -The object of life with the individual
as with the nation results from the suc
cession of pleasureable emotions and
feelings," he adds. "Progress is meas
ured by happiness, not by dollars and
cents. The average worklngman fails to
realize this. Neither social prestige nor
riches can promote happiness or retard
it. The happiness of a community can
be furthered not by increasing its total
wealth or distributing it more evenly.
but by improving its physical and moral
welfare.
"Sensuous pleasures, like eating and
drinking, are sometimes described as
animal, and therefore unworthy, but men
are animals and have a right to enjoy
without reproach those pleasures of ani
mal existence which maintain health.
Strength and lift- Itself. These pleasures,
taken naturally and In moderation, are
all pure, honorable and wholesome."
BAY HE TOOK CHURCH ROOFS
Steeplejack Accused of Stealing Metal
from Two Edifices.
Philadelphia. May 15.— Charged with
stealing the metal rooting from the steeples
of the rtoxborough Baptist Church and St.
John's Roman Catholic Church. Karl Knoll,
a "steeplejack," was arraigned in the cen
tral police court here -to-day and held in
ball for a further hearing.
It; Was testified that during the night t:"
had climbed 110 fret on St. John's Church
steep!/-, from which ISO pounds, of copper
sheathing were removed. From the sixty
foot steeple of the Baptist church it is al
leged he secured forty-eight pounds vt
metal.
, r T -__•-, ' /'WTT I : /* I I7V r r In I llj of »rr York. .>r.n City »nil Hobnke*
** . I HI( \'j <>>!-. y KM kt.»f.uiikr» TWO CENTS.
ACCIDENT' TO KROONLAND
Red Star Liner Breaks Shaft —
Not Under Control.
Dnrer, Kn eland. Mnv I."..— The Bed
Star steamer Kroonland, which left
Antwerp yesterday for New York, passed
Dover at 7:»» o'clock to"-ntght with a
shaft broken.. The Kroonland was to
stop at Dover, but she signalled "Un
controllable." Apparently the steamer
was procwding under a single screw for
Southampton.
A NAVAL BATTLE NEAR
The Venus Fired On — Three
Vessels 60 to Greytown.
Bluefields. Nicaragua. May 15. — An Es
trada scout ship encountered the steamer
Venus yesterday near the port of Grey
town. Th" Venus was steaming into the
harbor with guns and ammunition for
Madriz. A few shots were fired, but no
damage resulted. The scout ship re
turned here, but later started out with
two other vessels belonging to the pro
visional forces, which are all well armed.
It is understood that they will ipake an
attempt to force a general engagement.
An action between the provisional and
Madriz forces at Rama is looked for at
any moment. The two armies are prac
tically facing each other. General Lara,
who with General Godoy is attempting
the investment of Bbiefields, is not yet
within striking distance.
POSSE HUNTS A WOMAN
Wisconsin Authorities Accuse
Her of Killing Her Husband.
Chippewa Paris* Wist, May 15.— A hunt
by a posse for a woman is in progress
east of here, following the murder at
midnight on Saturday of A. J. Sundcr
land.
Accused by the police of having com
mitted the murder, the victim's wife left
home at 1 o'clock on Sunday morning,
obtained a horse and buggy from a
farmer, and she is now believed to have
taken refuge in the forest 3 thirty miles
east of this city.
GAVE TWO BABIES POISON
Ten-Year-Old Negro Nurse Had
Been Refused a Holiday.
Demopolis. Ala.. May IS. — Because she
was refused permission to go to Birm
ingham a ten-year-old negress employed
by Davi<? «'ollir.!«. a wealthy planter, a?
a nurse for his two small children, gave
dog poison to them.
The youngest aged three months, died
in agony, and the condition of the other
is serious. The negress was arrested and
seems unconcerned. Indignation is in
tense and the negro child is being doseiy
guarded.
KEEPS 16-YEAR-OLD VOW
Captain Saved in Storm Gives
2.000 Loaves to Poor.
Gloucester. Mass.. May I">.— Fulfilling
a vow made sixteen years ago. when v
sudden shift of wind saved his storm
beaten vessel from driving on to a lee
shore, off Cape Cod. Captain Joseph Mes
quita. one of Gloucester's best known
fishermen, to-day gave away to the poor
two thousand loaves of br»ad. This gift
he made at the Church of *"»ur Lady *|
Good Voyage, after a special mass at
tended by the captain and his crew of
sixteen men.
Then, headed by a band, the shipmates
marched in picturesque array from th^
church to the captain's home, where in
celebration of his vow and of thf Feast
of the Pentecost open house was held
until late in the evening.
LIVES ON A DOLLAR A WEEK
Harvard Senior Earns Enough to
Spend Summers Abroad.
fRy Telegraph to Th«> Tribune. 1
Cambridge. Mass.. May l."».— Earl V.
Long, a Harvard senior, sa. s lie can live
on $1 a week, and has proved his theory
by practice. He came to college four
years ago from Bone Gap. Ariz., where
he worked as a cowboy. Possessed „?
little money, his pluck and an energetic
pair of hands won him his livelihood
from the start. He did as much work
as is available to the poors* students at
Harvard, and established a method of
living whereby his. expenses for eating
averaged only $1 a week.
With the aid of Randall Hall, a stu
dents' dining ball where food is soil al
most at cost prices, and nuts ami fruits.
Long successfully demonstrated his eco
nomical habits. Curiously, the senior
makes money during his college term,
which he spends during the summer
reaming around rorricn countries.
Long is a varsity football player, can
didate for pitcher on the Harvard nine,
one of Harvard's strong men. a good
boxer and ranks high in his studies.
BOAT IN WAGON TO RESCUE
Police Haul It Mile and a Half and Go
Out for Drowned Boy's Body.
Peter Thum. twelve years old. who lived
with his parents at Bellerose. Queens, went
with a number of other boys to Wigwam
Pond, near Creedmoor. yesterday and built
a raft of loss and boards. Young Thum
fell from the raft and was drowned. The
other boys hurried to Bellerose. wh* re they
gave the alarm, and police from j the
Jamaica precinct went out to get the body.
On arriving at the pond they found there
was no boat on it. They drove a mile and
a half to Duhman'* Pond, where they ob
tained a boat, loaded it into the patrol
■wagon and took it to Wigwam Pond. After
several hours .of grappling the body was
brought up.
IT MEASURES MENTALITY
New Machine, the Ergograph, Shows
How Much Work a Man May Do.
I By T*l«>Kraph to The Tribune. 1
Philadelphia. May 15.— Dr. Edward L«d
holtz, demonstrator in medicine at the Uni
versity of Pennsylvania, said to-day that a
new machine is being used In the class
room there. It is called the ergograph. and
by pressing your thumb on a spring the
machine records on a piece of smoked paper
your mental capability.
A man's capability for work can be com
puted approximately, said Dr. Ledholtz. and
if the ergosraph. tests were complete and
comprehensive enough there is little doubt
that the psychologist could give a man an
idea of the amount of work he could do
without breaking down.
IAFI EXPLAINS
BALLJNGER CASE
Assumes Full Responsibility for
Acts of Lawler and
Wickersham.
SENDS LETTER TO NELSON
Attacks on President Bring Him
Support — Much Criticism
for Garfield in
Capital.
(From The Tribune Bureau. J
Washington, May !."».— President Taft
made public this evening a letter which
he has addressed to Senator Nelson,
chairman of the committee which is in
vestigating the Ballinger-Pinchot con
troversy, and which conveys to the com
mittee in detail the circumstances at
tending the preparation of the Presi
dent's letter exonerating: Secretary Bal
linger. the Lawler memorandum and the
antedating of the summary of the At
torney General.
Mr. Taft declares not only that Lawler
did prepare such a letter as Kerby said
he- did. but that he did so by the Presi
dent's specific direction. When he re
ceived it he found, he says, that it was
not what he wanted to issue, and ha
wrote the letter himself in the form. in
which he desired it. using from Lawler's
draft only one or two general statements.
The President goes still further and
takes up the question of the "back dat
ing" of Attorney General Wickers ham >
summary of the Glavis charges, to which
I Louis D. Brandeis has drawn attention.
Mr. Taft'says that the Attorney Generar*
letter was in fart "back dated" and that
this also was done by his specific direc
tion.
President Taft's Letter. „;
The text of the letter is as follows?, il^
The White House.
Washington. May 1.".. 191' >
My Dear Senator Nelson: In the hear- .
ings before the committee to investigate '
the Interior Department and Forestry '
Service reference has been made to my
decision upon the complaint and char
of L. R. Glavh* filed with me on the 18th.
of August last against Secretary Ballin
ger and certain other officials of the In
terior Department. The majority of th«»
committee have decided that my action
in this regard was not within the juris
diction or the committee to investigate.
In spite of this ruling references Is the
matter have crept into the record. For
this reason I deem it proper to write
you and state with such accuracy as my
memory permits what the facts are.
Glavis's statement and charges were
left with me by him on August 18, 1909.
I turned them over to the Attorney Gen
eral, who happened to be in the neigh
borhood, and he made notes upon hi 3
reading. We both had personal knowl-
I edge in respect to Secretary Balling I
attitude toward the Alaska coal claims,
which was the oh'- subject of innuendo
and complaint, for Mr. Ballinger hail
f very early in the administration con
sulted us both in regard to them.
Within two or three days after th*»
filing of the charges, in a meeting at
which the Secretary' of the Treasury, the-
Attorney General and the Secretary of
the Navy were present, a full discussion
of the Glavis statement was had. It re
sulted in a general conclusion that jeal
ousy between the bureaus of the Interior
Department and the Forestry Bureau
probably explained the attitude of the.
Interior Department officials, but that
the intimations of bad faith by Glavis
aerainst Mr. Ballinger and the others re-
[ quired that the statement be 'submitted
to them for answer. Accordingly copies
of the statement were sent to Secretary
Ballinger. to Assistant Secretary Pierce,
to Commissioner Dennett and to Chief
of Field Service Schwartz.
Mr. Bailing*! was at Seattle, but upon
the receipt of the charges he came to
Washington to prepare his answer. On
Monday. September 6. Mr. Balling
reached Beverly, accompanied by Mr.
Lawler. the Assistant Attorney General
of the Department of Justice assigned to
the Interior Department. Mr. Ballinger
sent to my house on thai day the an
swers of the various persons concerned,
together with a voluminous record of ex
hibits. I had a conference with him th«»
1 evening of the day he came. September 6.
and then on the following evening, Sep
tember 7.
Exoneration of Mr. Bailinger.
I talked over the charges with Mr. Bal-
I linger the first evening, and asked such.
' questions as suggested themselves, with
out intimating any conclusion, and said
that I would examine the answers and
the record and would see him the next
day. I sat up until 3 o'clock that night
reading the answers and exhibits, so that
at my next conference I was advised off
the contents of the entire record ami had
made up my mind that there was nothing
in the charges upon which Mr Ballinger
or the others accused could be found
guilty of either incompetency. inefficiency,
disloyalty to the interests of the govern
ment or dishonesty.
In the discussions of the second even
ing Mr. Lawler. who was present at my
suggestion, discussed the evidence at
boom length. I said to Mr. Lawtef that
I was very anxious to write a full state
ment of the case and set out the reasons
for my decision, but that the time for
my departure on a long Western trip,
occupying two months, was just one
week from that day; that I had some six
or seven set speeches to deliver at the be
ginning of that journey, and th.it I could
not give the time to the preparation of
such a detailed statement and opinion a3
I would like to render in th*- matter. I
therefore requested Mr. Law let to pre
pare an opinion as if he were President.
During the • Sth. ■MB and !oth I gave •
such consideration to the G lav to record
as was consistent with previous en
gagements, but paid no attention to the
speeches. On the 9th I telegraphed the
Attorney General to come to Beverly in
order that I might consult him in re
spect to the case. He arrived there Sat
urday afternoon. September 1!. and. pur
suant to an appointment made by tele
phone, he came to my house early on
Sunday morning. September 12. He then
delivered to me the draft opinion pre
pared by Mr. Lawler and said that he had
had an opportunity in coming from New-
York to read the answers of Mr. Ballin
ger and others. I then said Is him that
1 had made up my mind as to my con
cisions, and had drafted part of my
opinion, but that I wished him to ex
amine the full record and bring me his
conclusions before I stated mine. Ht
took the whole record away.
During the day I examine. l the draft
opinion of Mr. Lawler, but its thirty
pages did not state the case in the way
in which I wished it stated. It contained
references to 'he evidence which were
useful, but its criticism of Mr. Pincho?
and Mr. Glavis I did not think it proper
Of wise to adopt. I only used a few para
graphs from It containing merely general
statements. •
The Attorney General returned in th<»
evening with notes ad, the examination
which he had made, and reported to ni*
the .conclusions which he had reached. ,
which were in substantial accord with
my own. We then discussed the matter
at some length, particularly twin* points
of law which were involved. and took
up the opinion which I had finished and
made a number of, alterations; and ■

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