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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 16, 1910, Image 6

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Amusements.
ACADEMY OF MTSir-*:UV-Th« Choree Lady-
ALHAMEn>— s—^— V«»d»\iU*.
ASrOß— *:ls— f>v»n L>ays.
BUOt'— «:2<«— Th» \jp*\t-rv Man. ->; ,
Cia>ADWAT— b:ls— Thf Jcliy Bachelors.
CASIXO— S:IS— Th# Chocolate Solflier.
COLOXIALr-2— S— Vaudr\T.le. - -
COXKV IPUAXD— t>rrarnlcn<l and L.«na F*nu
CKITEHION— S-20— 1>» Bachelor* E»by.
DAL.V5U_^:2ft— A Matins ICot
KM n RE— ¥ : 15— Ce*te.
FIFTH AVENUE— 2— S— Vaudeville.
GAIETT— - IS— T»m> Fortune Hun t^»
CrARIZICK— B^O— Her Husbands Wlfc.
CIiOWE— * *•"■ 1 * Old Town.
HACKETT—S:IS— Ti-a C4t>%
HAMMEnßTElN'S— 2— *:ir— Va«a»vliM*- m .r#
lIIPPOPnOME— 2— s— A Trip to Japan, insiae
lh« nartA: the BaV-rt of .Te^rei*.
HfDSO-N— S:IJV-The spen«lTlMft.
KNICKEKBOrKER— K:IR— The Arcsfl^ans.
LYCEUM—^:2O—TD» £pitfir*>.
KAXtCE ELLIOTS THEATRE-S:l^-L« lv *
wK^BTil STREET TIIE
ATRE-*Jft-Wttlr Eyotf. "•_..' i
NEW AMSTERDAM— «:IS— Madame >..
!CEW TORK- < ir- Turee Tn-in*. ;
TTALWCKS- S:lS— Alia* Jiirray V«»«i»»ne.
—^"KBK" - - The Climax- -•»»._ i»
71ET EEClitm ARMORY— 1 » 6-. -W *° »*
;; — AcJf»r»' Fond FaJr. . '■- ■
Index to Advertisements.
pac-.en.l ri Vj? i
CSTSU::: 1 : ' : :: ' --, : !
-.kins .: » ■ >---"*•* !c °- 1 4 B
FiituHDH ; Tb*. Turf. | •
r Ji* rrSh.fl t^t W 'P.M.
HMrw« S ti»a . . . * 1-3 1 Trttoune Sub«TlP- .
Hf.^tM^ •t a } «*** wanted.. ■ • _ <*
--»•»» I * ' __— — —
ICftD-Uerrfc aribtrnc.
MONDAY. MAY Ml 1010.
This newspaper ie otcned and pub
ifeh(4 *•?' The Tribune Association, a
yr,r York corporation; office and prm
ripal place of Baiaift. Tribune Build
ing. \o. IS4 yassau street. Yctc York;
Oadc* MlUf, president; Ogdcn if. Retd,
trrrctanr, Jaine.it M. Barrett, treasurer.
The address of the officers i* the office
of thi* nctcspaper.
THI kEWS THIS UORMXG.
FOREIGN— The steamer Kroonland •
broke a shaft ajid passed Dover signalling
•uncontrollable": it is believed she wiU
put In at Southampton. ===== Theodore
Boosevelt .left Berlin for London: man)
.Africans cheered the ,x- President a?
Ih<= train started: he started from Fhisn
irz for England soon after midnight.
—^— a scout ship fired on the steamer
Venus as she was entering Greytotvn
Harbor: three armed vessels have left
Bluefields for the former port-== Two
hundred Jewish families out of eleven
hundred and fifty cases/s|]l probably be
allowed to remain in XV* ■ Com I
ir.ander Peary lectured at Rome, and
was congratulated by King Victor Em
manuel and the Duke of the Abruzzi.
== Advices from Cuba say that the
jrovernmenre failure to make good its
charges ajrainst the negro party baa
alienated many voters from the Liberals.
DOaiESTlC— President Taft in a let
ter to Senator Nelson at Washington as
sumed lull responsibility for the letter
prepared by Assistant Attorney General
Lawler exonerating Secretary Ballmger.
*- it -was said at Washington * that
trade with the Philippines had greatly
increased under the new tariff. =
The Republican County Committee of
Ousego County indorsed Senator Harvey
D ilinman. of Bin^hamton. for Governor.
- a sea captain of Gloucester. Mass..
keeping a* vow made sixteen years ago,
when his vessel was saved in a storm,
rave two thousand loaves of bread to the
poor. The canals of Sew York State
were formally opened. ===== James W.
Van Cleave, ex-president of the National
Association of Manufacturers, died from
heart disease in St. Louis. == Three
men were killed as the result of the ex
plosion of live boilers at a coke plant at
I town. Perm.
CITY. — The entire Annapolis class of
190S failed in the post-graduate exami
nations for promotion to the rank of en
si?rn. ■ The Mayor praised the Jew
as a good citizen ir. his address opening
a nr^ionai convention of the Independent
Order B'rith Abraham. ===== Judge Fos
ter nnd District Attorney Whitman, -writ
ing to Controller Prendergrast. defended
the use of city paid telephones in their
homes. ■ A series of delays, due to
accidents to trains, caused great con
fusinn m the subway at the period when
traffic was heaviest. = Mr. Flower, of
Boston, arrived in town with a new or
ganization and i "canned" interview in
whirh he .-.-lid he was after the "doctor?"
trust." : The tors* Fund Fair elopes
to-night with a Virginia reel by all the
players in town in costume and auctions
by prominent actors. ===== Four persons
were burned to death in a Williamsburg
house while the police and firemrn were
cssurert by excited tenants that all per
sons had r.e^n accounted for. . The
Calvary Baptist Church began th" cele
bration in honor of the fortieth anniver
sary of the pastorate of the Rev. Dr.
Mac-Arthur. :—: — „ = Professor Lowell, the
Harvard astronomer, entertained his fel
low Milan on the American liner New
York with talks in midoeean on the
v'omet. -^. A resident of Washington
brought her sick dog from Europe that
h«T husband might see 5t before it died.
THE WEATHER— lndications for to
day: Cloudy. The temperature yester
day: Highest, 69 degrees; lowest. 44.
\«r JUST TO CONGRESS.
"The New York Evening Post," "The
Brooklyn Eagle"* and "The Boston Tran
script" have been publishing Washing
ton dispatches intended to prove that
Instead of <Tirting down national ox
jH?uditcres OMcnat is actually increas
ing them. These disj niches deal with
the appropriation bills win< have passed
l>oth houses, been acted on in one branch
or been rej»orted from he Appropria
tions Committee of the House of Repre
sentatives. They pretend to show '.hat
the «Je«'r«aws iv appropriations amount
to $20,103.1 ST». while the increases
amount «<■ $3LJSO£J9£T. The net increase
over last year's total is therefore put
• 'ili'.-e figures do an injustice to <'.»n
jtivsk. which, although iH.^sil.ly not suf
tWclitl.v ;i!ivi> to the n»Nessit> of re hie
ing federal! expenditure?.; all along the
lino, bag at least made a creditable < x f-
Earl to cv.l dowu e\p.'!ises iii certain di-
HHiions. The tabulations sent out from
Washington disclose many positive do-.
creases, Mrhefiaac the lacraaaai which off-
M them :i~.- largely ounJectjiraL For
Instance, in the ti«'l<l of military ex
penditure <V»jrgress lias effected a de
cided rctrencliineiit. The tinny appro
priation bill lius been cut S.*i,7.V».<nif» he-
I<i\v hi st ; <>ar"s total. Tor fortifications **J.-
Bot^OOU less baa been appropriated. There
bus Im*«?u v saving <•!< the pension bill
of $r..(kiS.<K«». <iv the naval bill of $U,
101.<X*» and ou the .Miitary Academy
bill of $C7r».<x!U. The total reduction da
the military account has been about $21.-
OOftOOQt. 1 nrtbenaore. «v the Indian bill
£2.000,000 has been Mved, and. ««n the
sundry civil appropriation bill, as re
ported by the Hous« committ<<\ it little
over SG.OOO.GOG,
. Now, »hat increases have been mad**'
In the agricultural appropriation bill
tiier* is aa Increase of £432/100 ; in the
diplomatic and consular bill one of
5502.000. and in the legislative, execu
tive and Judicial bill one of 51 ,000,000
—a total of 52.G54.000. To secure* the
total' increase alleged of $31,502,000 the
river and harbor appropriations bill Is
charged with an advance of $22,009,000
and the postoliice bill with an advance
of $0,307,000. New, it is well known
the postoQce appropriations are paid out
of postal receipts, and only the deficits
occurring on the year's operations are
charged to the Treasury. The sum al
lowed to the pmaoales Increases each
year, but that does not mean that so
much more money has to be raised by
general taxation. " Th«» deficit in the
postal service is now rapidly decreasing.
It will be much less this year than it
was last year, and there may be no def
icit at all in 1911 '12. It Is entirely il
legitimate to count the increase In the
po«tt»Blce .appropriation as an additional
charge on the Treasury's revenues. !
Similarly the increase of $22.509.000
In the river and horbor bill is more or
lees esnatraetisc and unsubstantial.
The Senate added $10,000,000 to this
bill. It is now in conference, the House
opposing that excessive Increase. The
j administration is exerting all Its influ
ence to keep down the total of the river
and harbor appropriation, and there is
little likelihood that .the present bill,
when signed, will carry the $52,000,000
in appropriations and authorizations
: which it now carries. Chairman Taw
ney of the House Appropriations Com
mittee expects to save $5,000,000 on the
general deficiency bill. It is apparent,
therefore, that there has been so far an
appreciable reduction in the supply bills
for 1011-'l2. When completed the bills
will probably show a curtailment of
from $20,000,000 to 123,000,000. Such a
reduction, though not sensational, will
bo welcomed because it marks a check
on the steady expansion of appropria
tions in progress for the last two dec
ades and points the way to further
rational retrenchment in future Con
gresses.
SACKCLOTH AT ALBANY. <v'f
Albany is beginning to resume Its
wonted aspect. The subdued, chastened,
Good Government Club spirit that it has
shown ever since Conger made his
charees and Allds was driven out of pub
lic life is wearing off. The Legislature
has flung aside its "winter garment of
repentance." The "joker" is once more
abroad, relieving the preternatural grav
ity of lawmakers temporarily impressed
with the need of saving their souls. A
"man in clerical garb." as befitted Al
bany's prolonged lenten season of this
year, was induced to hand the first
"Joker" of the session to one of the most
impeccable of Senators, in the lobby of
the Senate chamber itself. It had been
so long since any member of the Senate
had seen a "joker" that M one recog
nized it until the Governor pointed it
out. when it was rejected, not without
grief that so excellent a legislator should
have been the first victim through the
innocent act of one in clerical garb. The
clerical error has enlivened the proceed
ings and the "joker" is now being handed
around by men who do not even have to
hide behind the robes of sanctity.
It will not do, of course, to attach' too
much importance to these jocund indi
cations, but there are other reasons for
wondering if there is not some truth in
the reports that the reform programme,
i whose course seemed easy in the virtu
ous hours succeeding the conviction of
Allds, when the reminders of political
mortality were vividly present upon
I every hand, and when Grady was moved
to confess bow lonesome he was and was
stricken with homesickness, is now be
set w'th danger. There is the coming
I retirement of Governor Hughes, not
i merely from executive office, but from
active political life, to a place where he
1 will surely cease from .troubling. And
I there was the triumph of his opponents
in the defeat Of direct primaries, proof
1 positive of how hard it is to shake the
power of those influences he sought to
banish from public affairs. Not even a
; "joker" insinuated Into the midst of a
penitential service Is so strong a sign
that the season of sackcloth and ashes
is over.
Therefore it is profitable to inquire se
riously if the disposition has not come to
shake a little of the ashes out of the
sackcloth? Will the graft Inquiry, in
other words, be merely superficial? Has
the"j'»ker" hidden his soothing presence
withiu that garment of humiliation, put
there, not by a man in clerical garb, but
by the friends of William H. Buckley —
••our friends" about whom he used to
write in such honeyed words? It is
purely not at all inconceivable that the
prospect of sackcloth and ashes does not
seem by any means bo Imperative as it
did a few creeks back.
In the simpler days of old sackcloth
and ::she were regarded as an a*?<»
quate outfit for such an occasion as the
Legislature recently saw itself facing,
but. fashions. even of repentance and
humiliation, have become more compli
cated, so in addition to this primitive
apparel a few hair suits were procured.
Are these going to be hoc up in the
closet and left to the moths in recogni
tion of the jovial presence of the re
turned "joker"? There are the anti-gam
blins. bills, with special hair on them for
old wounds, cast aside last year with all
the circumstances of finality. Are they
among the garments of the repentance
to be flung, according to the poet's ad
vice, into "the fires of spring"? And
the telegraph tad telephone bill and the
amendments to the Public Service com
missions law. reminders of the or
rancy of legislators, which complete the
wardrobe they never to be donned?
li is plain that tin- prospect of sack
clot li and haircloth crows irksome. I'or
hajai the legislators are reacting in favor
of Hi- counsel •";« short life, but a merry
one." They can easily make sure of the
first part of that programme. : •
<
EXPRESS CHARGES
The most impressive argument with
which tile Manufacturers' Association
supports its request that the Interstate
Commerce Commission iiKjuire into "ex
press charges Is the statistical table it
presents of the share of those charges
that goes to the express companies and
Ike share that -„«•* lo the railroads.
Of the charge in any ease the railroads
receive a little l<-<> gad the express
companies a little more than half. In
the. case of shipments for a «hort diH
!; n.-e. that v . ■, •;.- out reasonably
t-nough. The rate for one hundred
pounds from this city to Yonkers Is 50
unit.. of which the railroads receive a
little I«ss than 24 rents and the ex
press companies a little more than 20
<tuts. That division' ».pfms fair. The
railroad carries the package a short
distance aod the express company col
lects it at one *nd and delivers i? at the
oilier. But a* the distance carried in
creases the railroads' services increase,
IST^V-YdRK DAILY TRIBUISTB, MAY 16 V 1910.
while the express companies* services
remain practically the same,: chiefly
collection and delivery.
When the hum one, hundred pound
package is sent to Denver the railroads
r.<eive $4 03 for their service to h*ul
big and the express* companies $4 4.">
for collection and delivery. To San
Francisco the shares become to the
railroads $<j 02. to the express compa
nies $753.-. Seven -dollars and fifty
eight cents seems a heavy charge for
tho part the express companies haye t in
transporting a package to San Francis
co. Doubtless the express company
should receive as. its share a greater
amount in rhipuients for a long than in
shipments for. a short distance.- Its ser
vices are something more than merely
collection and delivery, .and it assumes
responsibility '.for the goods in transit
and the risk of loss is greater- in ■ long
than in ■ short haul. . But express
charge* are so high that r.n inquiry is
in order. ..
Although /the power to regulate ex
press companies is in the hands- of
the Interstate Commerce. Commission,
nothing has yet. been accomplished, aiid
the public is annoyed by irregular ser
vice in collections and deliveries, by
uncertain Charges, varying inexplicably
for the same service, and by the divi
sion of territory among the express
companies which results in what seems
like the unreasonable duplication of
charges. The duties of the Interstate
Commerce Commission are so various
and exacting that it is not surprising
that it has been slow to take up ex
press charges. Terhnps the only solu
tion of the problem will turn out to be
the parcels post.
THE MENACE IX THE EAST.
There is, or at any rate there need
be. no mystery or wonder over the as
signment of Lord Kitchener to the com
mand of the British forces in the Med
iterranean, with headquarters at Malta.
The avenger of Gordon is the greatest
soldier now in the active service of
King George, and the military need and
menace of the, British Empire are at
the present moment greatest in or
t-.bout the eastern Mediterranean.
The danger spot is Egypt. Long
brewing sedition threatens open revolt.
Disloyalty and incitement to crime be
came., so* rampant in the pr<*s as to
require repression with a strong baud,
but repression is not extirpation. It
la an open secret that responsible and
thoughtful men are apprehensive of an
uprising in Egypt even more serious
than that of Arab! Pacha. There ( bas
been a certain disaffected faction ever
since the British occupation. At first
it was encouraged by certain French
influences, not, of course, countenanced
by the French government. More late
ly it has drawn some inspiration from
the Young Turk movement in the Ot
toman Empire, and vainly but mis
chievously aspires to get rid of British
control as the Turks got rid of Abdul
Haniid's despotism. Such efforts can
not succeed, but they may be sufficient
ly strong to require the return of
kitchener of Khartoum to the scene of
his former and greatest services.
The utiliappy feature of this Egyp
tian movement, like that In India, with
which it is probably closely connected,
'm that it is criminal in methods and
reactionary in aims. There would be
a possibility of sympathy even with a
movement to cast off British rule, if it
•were a liberal movement, intended to
effect reforms and to enlarge human
liberties and to elevate the standard of
government. But precisely the oppo
site is the case/ Egyptians and Ind
ians are dissatisfied with British rule
because of its enlightenment and prog
ress. They want— those of them, who
div disaffected— to throw the country
back into the old ways of savagery and
superstition. Many in India would like
to restore suttee and in Egypt slavery.
The freedom, the popular education, the
equal justice for all, the public works
and general improvements which are
characteristic- of British administration
are hateful* to these "patriots." They
seek to bring back the old order, also,
by the most abhorrent means, includ
ing arson and assassination, directed
against women and children as well as
acainst responsible officers of state.
With 'such a movement it is impossi
ble to sympathize, any more than with
a demand for freedom to resume tribal
wars among cur aborigines or to re
store cannibalism in Hawaii. Human
ity and civilization forbid it. In send
ing Lord Kitchener to the eastern Med
iterranean, therefore. Great Britain is
preparing Go fight, if necessary, the bat
tle Of civilization over again, as truly
as when th** same exeat soldier was
sent to organise victory in the River
War and to clpar cut the earthly hell
which Mahdism had created at the
forks of the Nile.
JAPAN AND COBDENIBM.
The dovecotes of Cobdenism are greatly
fluttered by the prospect of Japan's new
tariff. That measure, which is now
betas perfected by the parliament st
Tokio, is distinctly protective in charac
ter and is undisguisedly intended to en
courage and promote the domestic in
dustries of Japan -and to enable Japan
ese manufacturers to produce profitably
a great volume of goods which are now
imported from abroad. As textile fab
riei? are among the goods upon which
the duties will be most increased, and
as Japan's imports of them come chiefly
from th United Kingdom, the menace
of loss to British trade Is serious.
in 190S Japanese imports from the
United Kingdom amounted to (53,875,
«*t(i, of which nearly 117,960,000 was
in textiles. On practically all these
goods it is now purposed to Increase
the duties Several fold. Tims the duty
on army cloths is to be increased from
37-16 d. to from" 13% d. in 19d. ; on com
mon gray shirtings, from Kd. to from
30% - to 21%*\.; on pore shirtings,
horn N.Vlt'id. to from 30d: to 23d.; on
lawns, from 2»/£,d. to fro:!! 44 7 s <i. to <>%d.,
and so on through the whole list. The
average increase of „ duties on textiles
is between l. » 0 and 200 per cent. It Is,
of course, not siipponable that the Jap
anese purpose themselves to pay these,
extra duties as a tax without any com
pensating advantages. They expe< ! to
develop home industries and manufact
ure the poods themselves, jib they are
already beginning to do.
Now, the prospect of such loss of
trade, or such impairment of its profits,
is decidedly* disquieting to Manchester
and Bradford, and questions have been
asked \u the British Parliament about
It. The only answer Oobdcoiaa is ablo
to give is, of «-ourt;e, Hint it can do noth
ing either to prevent or to secure com
pensation for such taxation of British
trade by Great Britain's own ally. Cob
denisni abhors reciprocity and affords
no tariffs which con b# used a* a basis
cf commercial treaties, It leaves its
disciples unarmed uud unprotecteel
against a hostile world. There is no oc
caekn, therefore, for wonder at .■•
inclination of British merchants anu
manufacturers to regard with increnu
lity the pretensions of Cobflenlsm/ nna
to look upon Japan*! proposed new tariff
as another strong argument in favor of
British tariff reform.
DRAINAGE JVP BT&EAM POLLV
TIOS.
A recent., decision of the Supreme
Court of Judicature of Great Britain es
tablished an interesting principle con
cerning the drainage, of municipalities
Htd its relation to the pollution of riv
ers. The case was that of the Bir
mingham District Drainage Bonrn.
which many years ago 'was /accused -ox
polluting ' the River Tamo by .pouring
crude sewage into it. There peeaai to
be no doubt that at first the river was,
much polluted, and there was ground
tor the injunction which was then
sought But before the injunction had
been enforced disposal" works'. were es
tablished' of such effectiveness that tne
sewage was made quite Inoffensive.
The question then arose, and this it
was which was finally passed upon,
whether the injunction against PourluSP ourlu S
sewage into the. stream should still t>e
made effective, since the sewage bad
been rendered innocuous. The facts In
the case were carefully ascertained .by
sending an eminent expert, Sir Will
iam Ramsay, to investigate and report
upon the condition of the river and the
effect of the inflow of sewage. Sir
William reported that the purification
works were so effective that the watery
residue which was poured Into the river
was actually purer than the water of
tho river itself, so that the stream was
purer after receiving the influx of sew
age than before. ; ' ~ ;
The judgment of the court was then
given to the effect that it was perfectly
legitimate to pour sewage into the
stream so long as it did not pollute it.
The test of the propriety of such dis
charge was to be made by comparing
the water of the stream above the in
flow with that below it. If there was
mi increase in pollution, the influx of
sewage was permissible. And so the
purified sewage of Birmingham may
continue to flow into the Tame.
The decision is of twofold interest.
In the first place, it establishes a ra
tional principle which 'mieht well gov
ern all such cases. It would be a hard
ship to say that a city should not send
into a river its natural surface drain
age, or indeed any drainage which did
not impair the value and use of the
stream. All that can properly be re
quired is that it shall net make the
stream unfit for the use of the riparian
proprietors below. In the second place,
it gives official recognition to the fact
that it is quite possible to purify the
sewage of a great city so that it will
not pollute the water of a stream. ; We
have hitherto called attention to the
fact 'that the sewage disposal work£
of Paris pour into the Seine a watery
residue which is much purer than the
water of the stream, and indeed is al
most as pure as the drinking water
used by that city. It is now estab
lished that the same thing is done at
Birmingham. Certainly it seems not
unreasonable to argue that if those two
great cities can do it any city can do
it. Moreover, if on grounds of profit
and loss it is practicable for them to
do it, :it is also practicable for other
cities to do it, and if it is proper to re
quire them by law to do it. it would be
proper to exercise the same legal .com
pulsion upon all other cities which wish
to pour their sewage into streams.
MONEY AXD BUSINESS.'
Financial markets show improvement
as a consequence of large sales of
American securities abroad, which for
the present, at least, have served to cor
rect adverse conditions in the foreign
trade and sterling: exchange situation.
There is, however, no active response in
the local investment market for home se
curities to the successful efforts of our
bankers in Inducing foreign purchases of
new mortgage issues of some of the
leading railroad companies, and from
current indications no great activity
either for investment or speculative ac
; count may be looked for in the imme
diate future. It is quite evident that the
offset to our adverse position in foreign
trade produced by the offering of secur
! ity bills in the exchange market will not
• maintain sterling rates at a low level for
any length of time, unless such offerings
increase in volume, but the progress of
the crops in this country holds out the
hope that our exportable surplus in the
autumn will be large enough to bring
about a natural change in the trade bal
ance in our favor. While imports of
merchandise continue heavy it is en
couraging to note that exports of wheat
and manufactured articles are growing
and that the excess of imports over ex
port? in the month of April amounted in
value to only $853,620.
A more cautious policy in the matter
of bank loans has developed in the West,
and at this centre collateral is closely ex->
amined, though the inquiry for accom
modation is not heavy in either the call
or time department of .'the market.
There is little demand by the local banks
for commercial paper that yields less
than 5 per cent, and It is a noteworthy
fact that while discounts on from four to
six months' bills are quoted at 4*4 to 5
;jer cent time money loans for the same
period are made at 4to 414 1 per cent.
Measured by hank clearings and railroad
earnings, the general volume of business
is moderately active. For the last week
total clearings at all cities wore about 2
per cent under the same time in 1009,
the falling off. however, being due to the
lighter exchanges in New York, Boston
and Baltimore rather than to a general
decline throughout the country. Western
trade reports are better than those in the
East, wholesale activities being especial
ly disappointing in the latter section of
the United States, but according to the
opinions of the most conservative busi
neßS interests the reaction contains none
i»f the elements of permanency.
In cotton goods purchases both by the
jobbing trade and In the primary mar
kets are light in volume, and the ad
vance in spot cotton last week to a level
near the highest point recorded a few
months ago • has accentuated the un
certainty that has so lung prevailed in
all departments- of the cotton goods busi
ness. Buyers* operations are confined
in large part toijmall and filHng-in or
ders. Though curtailment at the mills
continues. It falls to stimulate trading,
and'with the present difference between
the price of goods and the coat of pro
duction- the prospects for active new
business before the new crop arrives are
! not at all promising. The damage to
cotton by recent storms came too early
| In the season to be an Important factor
in • considerations t affecting the size of
the ultimate harvest, but replanting, af
course, involves additional expense, and
should be borne in mind as an influence
that may Induce the farmer to ask more
for his product. An impressive feature
of the textile markets is found " the
confidence expressed by local {interests
and by buyers from all parts of the
country. In the future of the trade. And
to a large extent the, same thing may be
said of sentiment in all fines of busi
ness. Speculation in cotton futures Is
moderately active and prices are higher,
chiefly on a demand from the shorts on
near month options. Wheat also Is
higher in the face of improved condi
tions in the wheat growing states.
Although the mills of the United
States Steel Corporation and of the in
dependent concerns are not working at
full capacity, new business so far re
ported in the current month has been in
excess of that in the same-time in April.
It is believed that the curtailment in the
production of pig iron now under way
will, wipe out surplus stocks in the
course of the next two months, espe
cially if present indications of improv
ing demand for steel are borne out .by
actual developments, and in connection
with this outlook it is encouraging to
learn that the railroads- show a disposi
tion to place larger orders for rails,
structural materials and rolling stock.
Recent sales of bonds by the transporta
tion companies should be Reflected* in
greater activity In the market for
finished steel products, while it is prob
able that the improvement in the finan
cial markets will be followed by a gen
erally better Inquiry from the steel con
suming trade. Copper conditions are
stronger and higher prices appear to be
foreshadowed by the course of the mar
ket In recent days, in spite of the heavy
Increase in the production of the metal
as shown by the report of the Copper
Producers' Association for April. Con
sumption at home and abroad has in
creased materially In the last week, an
Indication of the improvement in Eu
rope being presented in a heavier export
inquiry from actual, consumers. Copper
is going into consumption rather than
into the hands of speculators. i
A fine example of what some m^n
probably regard as a sense of propor
tion was exhibited at the recent con
gress of French railway employes, where
It was seriously proposed to order a
universal strike as a protest against the
locking up of two men who had been
guilty of rioting.
Talking about an Income tax. Natal is
contemplating a fine scheme. The plan
is to tax all incomes of $1,200 or more
at the ratf of threepence on the pound,
the rate increasing above $3,750, but to
tax all incomes of bachelors and child
less widowers of $750 or more at the
rate of sixpence on the pound. It may
be a question, however, whether the
system would tfie more Increase revenue
or matrimony.
America cannot lay claim to a monop
oly of colliery explosions any more than
U can to a monopoly of trusts.
A most absurd notion regarding Hal
ley's comet was advanced last -week by a
contributor to a local weekly. He de
clares that the .head of the comet is a
sphere of gas and that when It passes
between the sun and earth it will con
centrate on the globe a beam of intense
solar heat. Well, if this gifted nature
faker is right concerning the shape of
the comet's head, he may have miscal
culated the distance from " the lens at
which the solar rays will come to a focus.
The gases issuing from the solid ma
terial in a comet's head are said to be in
such violent commotion that the form of
the envelope which they constitute is
not only extremely irregular, but is
changing- from moment to moment. Be
sides, the tail of a comet always points
directly away from the sun. Hence, a
vaporous veil several million miles long
will be interposed between the head of
Halley's comet and the globe when they
come in line with the sun.
Colonel Bryan takes needless trouble
in giving various reasons why Mr.
Roosevelt could not be the Democratic
candidate for the Presidency. The one
perennial and all sufficient reason is
that the party cannot well have two
candidates.
A curious canard was published by the
"Gil Bias," of Paris, on the morning of
King Edward's hurried departure from
Biarritz for London, shortly before his
death,. According to this sensational
story, ingeniously concocted in view t ,f
the dangerous state of native unrest in
Egypt, the British government had sud
denly discovered that, in addition to its
internal difficulties, it was face to face
with a serious international danger
nothing less than the resolution of Tur
key to attempt without delay the recon
quest of Egypt, with the active aid of
Germany. According to the French pa
per's inventive Biarritz correspondent.
King Edward had heen secretly in
formed that Emperor William was get
ting ready to equip an army of one hun
dred thousand men to secure for Ger
many the controi of the Suez Canal, and
ultimately of all Egypt. Hence, the dis
patch concluded, the omission of the
British monarch's *rustomary stop at
Paris on his homeward way.
THE TALK OF THE DAY.
A protest against the award of the Nob-» 1
peace prize to Colon*! Roosevelt has been
published and widely circulated by Dr.
Bduard Loetrentha], of Berlin. In which he
bestows the title "Protector of the War
Policy" on the ex-President. "Mr. Roose
velt." he Hays. "who. it will be remembered,
Spoke in favor of war eight days before
he .received th« Nobel prize, does not, after
returning fr*om Ms rhinoceros hunt, con
ceal his predisposition to militarism. The
writer «l.,ul>t» Mr. Roosevelt's sense of
righteousness, his speech at the Sorbonn«i
to the contrary notwithstanding, 'for if
-that were fully developed he would have
decline* to accept, the peace prize, but
would have allowed the consideration of
some men who have made themselves more
worthy of the honor, but whose claims the
coremltto? has never recognized."
•Why does aha think he has such a
splendid future?"
"Because j*Z7e has promised to marry
him. I jfiiess."'— Houston Post. . '
That Arbor Pay came on Friday, the
I3th, had no terrors for tree planters, young
or old. and the day- was observed to a
greater extent than ever before.
"We don't use wine as a beverage, you
know. Mrs. ,V<=«arvey." »aid Mrs. iJan-
u P*". but ltß So o ** to have a little of
it In the house for metliclnal purposes. You
Know now grateful I am for the bottle you
fj? , 1 °»f e >" "'?,. oth*r day. To thank you
?H«, r £ s WOI 3 (!>> merely a work of I"Per
irrigatlon."—Chicago Tribune.
A man who sometimes acts as Interpreter
in a public office was relating some of his
strange experiences In the performance of
his duty as translator. "The mixture of
bad English." he said, "with the language
which the person is supposed to speak
Kivta the interpreter the .ureat^t trouble.
Thus. I was nearly floored by hearing *n
Italian say: Toquartn a buncha " nXmtt *'
which I ' FueisM correctly meant: Two
nuarter? for a bunch of violets. I asKru
a Russian boy who applied for w _*rf!
the office recently how far he had son*
in arithmetic, and received the answer: jo
gezlnta.' That was a branch of niathe
matics I hal never heard of. and In trying
to explain the boy said: 'Two gezlnta m.
four g»zinta twelve, and that wjy. and
now we have a new word for short dl»»
«j.-n at the off.cc."
"These doctors a-"- easily fooled
■?IVV.Jo"eM, me that.l have a tobacco
••Well, you Mnok» all the time"
"But I smoke cigarettes "-Houston Fos-.
THE NATION'S HONOR AT STAKE
How Dr. Sprag-ie Feels About the
Officers' Retirement • Bill.
To the Editor of Tne Tribune.
Sir: Major Breck, in this mornings Trtb
ime. gives good and sufficient reasons why
the surviving ex-officers of the volunteer
Union army should- be placed on a. retired
list with partial pay. But there Is an addi
tional consideration which should be de
cisive. The nation's honor is at stake.
At the outset of the Civil War. and re
peatedly thereafter, as an inducement to
volunteers, they were promised that tow
their service In that struggle they should
be rewarded "equally" with members of
the regular army. For instance, on July O.
1861, the next day after the disastrous.bat
tle of "the first Bull Run." when volun
teers were Imperatively needed to rescue
the Imperiled nation. Congress voted and
Lincoln approved an act of which th« 6th
section contained the following pledge: -
"The officers, non-cororolssioned officers
and privates, organised as above set forth,
shall, in all respects, be placed on the.
footing-, as to pay and allowances, of sim
ilar corps of the regular army."
If those words mean anything, they imply
that for Civil War service the volunteers
shall be placed on' an equality with the
regulars for similar service.
Now the regular?, in express recognition
of their service during the Civil War and
for no other reascn, have been raised In
rank one degree, and then retired on three
fourth's pay during life.
But the volunteers, though they served as
efficiently as the regulars and were equally
exposed to dangers and hardships, have re
ceived no recognition of that service other
than the so-called "old age pension," the
maximum of which is only $20 a month'
What . becomes of the nation's plighted
faith? Can it any longer, without dishonor,
fall to fulfil its deliberate promise?
Should it not be immediately regarded In
the Senate and House as a question of the
highest privilege, requiring action, and ac
tion now, before any more of those sur
vivors have gone, neglected and poverty
stricken, to their graves?
HOMER B. PRAGUE.
Brevet Colonel. 13th Connecticut Regi
ment. I -'
New York. May 14, 1910.
HIGHWAY BEAUTY CULTURE.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: An interesting fete champetre took
place about "Washington last Saturday— the
planting of wild flower seeds along the
highways As one report puts it, high so
ciety went out and got down on its knees
to do it.
There is a statute in this state requiring !
the removal of all brush and noxious weeds ;
along the roadways twice a year. In the ;
more rural and hilly sections, with which
I am more familiar than with others, and
which to my mind are the most attractive
to the wayfarer, it is now customary, as
the readiest and cheapest means to comply. ]
to burn over the strips on either side.
Effort should be made to line the high
ways with suitable trees, properly placed,
and while removing brush and noxious j
weeds to promote the growth of the wild
flowers that do no injury and add to the
beautification of the way.
JOHN A. C. WRIGHT.
Rochester. May 12. Uio.
THE PAID-UP POLICIES FUKD.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The letter of your correspondent.
"Policy Holder." and Mr. Steeies reply
thereto in this morning's Tribune have no
bearing whatever on the point I raised
about the paid-up policies in my letter of
May 2.
Mr. Steele's letter must have been writ
ten in tho office of the company that he :s
ir.tereste<l in. as it is all shop talk with
him. I would be glad if h»- would take up
my letter of May 2 to you. and tell me
something about the amount of money that
is in tbe treasuries of the different com
panies belonging to the paid-up policies
fund, based on policies that will not mature
until the insured persons attain the age ii
seventy or die. Some of these insured par
ties may be dead without the present hold
ers of these policies being aware of it. and
such policies may have reverted to the com
pany.
That is my contention, and Mr. Ste*le's
letter simply befogs the main issue.
A medical examiner for one of these com
panies recently told me that if my ideas
with reference to paid-up policies were to
be adopted thp companies niiirht as well
shut up shop, as it was from that fund and
lapses that the examiners" hills and other
expenses were paid. So. according to ttut
evidence, the sooner this phase of insurance
i? looked into by the proper authorities the
ttPr MACPHEBBOK.
Brook lyn. May 13, 1910.
CONGRESS'S IDEA OF SPEED.
From The Washington Herald.
Congress has ordered the Maine raised
with all convenient speed." AppKinc
Congws-s own idea of speed to this mat
ter, that would mean any time within the,
next twelve years.
PENNSYLVANIA'S AUTO TAX
From The Philadelphia Record.
It is estimated that the revenue of Perm
pylvania from the tax on automobiles this
year will amount to $350,000. which sum it
is believed, will more than pay for th#>
wear and tear of the highways resultinz
frcm automobile travel.
GLORYING IN ITS SHAME.
From The Rochester Union and Advertiser
While the Coroner is Inquiring Into the
Oath of one pugilist in San Francisco the
authorities issue a permit for another ngh'
There is nothing like glorying "in one's
s riftin
NOBODY ELSE COMPLAINS.
From Th» Hartford CourHnt.
The political bo»se» at Albany hay* ■_»->
out figures intended to show what th^vH
the "cost of Hughes." They say th-» « "
the last five years th Governo? Hal r?
ceived from the state about fi»eo» *rlll
sum Includes $10,000 pa id or his sirvl? !
as counsel for the cm investia^ftfl: rvir * s
mlttee in 1905 and hts coun^i re o of *£££*«
in the Insurance investigation wJ.JSt'k
retires from office t» _o ontn"«* lw« " K h . c
aa Governor wftl Thilre rLm!££?_* h . to
xl 'as sa i-r^feS
No one else complain*. ««-cume.
MISLEADING AND ALARMING.
From Tfie I'tlca Observer.
REVISED.
From The Albany Journal.
"Laugh and the- world lnu hs with you ••
or If it do*sn't you- needn't care/
BRIBERY AND THE BRIBED.
From the Rochester Herald.
Th« trouble about catchlns lmirtaii
bribetakers is that they ari^BeraV.** 1 !;
disreputable that Jhey are £t *£ £v_2
when they confess. That what n>tkt>
legislative bribery so easy. *at «**•*
A VILLAGE CATHEDRAL
Pointer for American Tourists^
. St. David's Near Fishguard.
St. David's. Haj. ,
Flshfuard. newest and most ambttta™
of ports, has its cathedral town *"
at hand to match Liverpool's Cb?st*T
St. David's, while only sixtsea
from the landing place for Cieum
passengers, Is not equally accesjar^
There is neither railway service" j^v*
coaching line from Fl3hsuard, and '(&£
Haverford West there are primitive &*
cUlties for reaching it— an ©ld-fa*bi
stage coach behind a pair of hacks, j^*
a half-crown far*, with the prtrl *< 9 *i
walking up seventeen hills irt the coars^'
of sixteen miles.
The charges of th» Flahguard c^.;.
garages are high— shillings far ft j'
day's Journey, with a short «uttaj V~?
the cathedra! town. These — tlfasx
v.ill be altered: as soon at Amtrlai
tourists find in St. David a a food *& ■
stltute -f or Chester. With motor Thjj^
rattling over the bleak roast roads, ti^
remote but Intensely Interesting vffl% v
cathedral will become a link iaitV**
American itinerary.
If tourists include St. David's in tlQ»1
circuit of summer travel they mustßsi'*
expert to see a scenic environment «f
exquisite beauty. Pembrokeshire is cj» •
like Hampshire on the run to L*ndß»
from Southampton, nor like wli<j Daii
moor on the circuit from Plymouth, it
is a desolate, wind-swept coast Trlthou;
artistic grouping of trees, r»ra«a
hedgerows and lanes, stone cottajtv'
thatched roofs, embattled rowers sal
the other evidences of perfect finish seas
In the picturesque English ?hire9.
In the spring and early summer it fcii"
only one glory afield— golden rone iaOs;
barren levels and grass-err., stow
walls: and afterward there is anotlar
splendor equally royal— heather in past*
ures and meadows. As masses ef gons
and heather cannot be a substitute ta
trees, variety of foliage and landscafs
gardening, a drive through Penibroks
shire is likely to be disappointing ta
newcomers. There is a rolling task*
land of meadows and tilled ground. wla>
glimpses of blue sea between rnggei
tors and rock-bound headlands. It bar
bleak and bare country exposed &^
storms and gray and sombre in cole-"
ing— land of ruined castles and mem*
ories of mediaeval saints.
It is this adaptation of life and areaV
lecture to environment that impatta
human interest to the village and to t&»
cathedral. " St. David's is called by cm
tesy a city, but in reality it is a •>
cadent village with three road 3. and i:
Is hidden away in a hollow a mile fraa
the- coast in the westernmost comer a!
South Wales. Like the hermit saints fij
shrinks from observation. From tip
Haverford West side there is one moder?
Innovation beyond St. Roch'a anetesjt
tower. This is a pretentious seas*
building, 83 completely out of toot,
with the environment as the flaring red
memorial theatre at Stratford is '•|k
the tranquil beauty of Shakespeare's
Warwickshire. From the Fishgtt_€
road there are distant glimpses -of ths
tors around St. David's Head, and it
Is not until the cottages are close??
approached that the shy. reticent TU1359
I-; seen; and there is nothing si frst
glance except a few rows of haaME
dilapidated dwellings, with hers aW
there a shop ashamed to advertise faT
wares. ,"- .'-••.';■
It is a veritable Sleepy Hollo* ■with*
out willows or aspens. There la aa
ancient cross where the roads meal, and
there are lanes and paths running «*
to the coast with its stretches of «••■
sand and blackened cliffs. Even..; as
villagers as they pass the cro33 c:
gossip in front of their doorways ta"
a subdued and pensive air. as t»ou*»
they were living on faded memories.* :•-.
The cathedral is there, but the visit!!.
in his first walk has to hunt for it.^
small as the village may be. Even jig
its massive tower it is concealed la tif
lowest depth of the hollow where tne^
is a tiny brook. Abruptly the strola|
sees the upper course of maaal l
looming up out of the valley, and tata*
ing Into a circuitous alley *nd paaßW
through a Norman gateway ca ■
amazed by the austere beauty of *•
cathedral lying below him and shriat
ing out of sight. The ruins of «
episcopal palace and a college «i 6
banqueting . hall, parapet, arcade aj»l
chapel are around it. but the ratMBB
itself after battling with fire, *%ai
earthquake, spoliation and neglect ■
complete and invincible, in symv*6f
with the grandeur of the barren «*•
and with the isolation of tt& rocS
strewn hollow, yet triumphant in ■
guardianship of an ancient saris?-
Hopelessly behind the times. the **
builders reverted to transition Nora-* |
when their rivals were Introdticin? P«^
pendiciilar astalc, and the nave. «**,
front and transept turrpts are ns3SSi« i; i
and stern and In keeping with tee en
vironment.
The older architecture imparts^
stronger character to the structure aM
rich decorative treatment is not IS<W
either without or within. E* teTS2 2
there are felicitous blends In Norman a
Gothic work in nave. tow^r. rranaaJ*
presbytery and chapels; and there i-T I
really magnificent interior, with **•*
ornamented arches, varied effects «*■
and blue-stone, quarried near by («• _
coast, a fretted roof of gray ©aS ■**• .
decorative notes drawn from the S*^ >
and heather of the countryside -£j.4
The visitor's wonder grows when. j
surveying the many chapelled .catb^.-i
from the round bastion of the tM«»*j^
century gateway, ha descends the *°^..
flight of stone steps and goes wltM *-£
admire the richness of the architects
the reddish glow of the stone worlc. ..
ornamentation of the arches, the *-£
work roof substituted for viitrlnft""
graceful lantern formed in the to' '
the massive rood screen, the sculp***"
tombs of saints and bishop* *° > ' -„ I
cluster of chapels. Wealth of ®**L^*J
decoration harmonizes perfectly Trit^ c^'
austere and wl»mn Norman ma^.^
ami supports the traditions °*^j^
Davld'a shrine, where proud moca *-^^
like William the Conqueror. K&^^j
and Edward I knelt in humility «■
grims. It stands for Ruskln's «^ f
Lamp, of Architecture— the «P irli;^,
sacrifice* which has enriched thi* .^
mot* cathedral in a neglected *•
village. , >}
The American tourists will find m :._: ._
that is quaint In this ancient vll **^ :
which stems to have gone astray {
been, forgotten en a storm-beaten c\^>
out of the world. The solemn ««JJ
will. indicate by a subtle air of '*^
that he Is concealing all the besf tn^
In the cathedral and has a soul .*^
tips. The leisurely picture card 4 "gjf
.will repeat with a melancholy ssw®

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