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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, June 06, 1910, Image 6

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Amusements.
ACADEMY OF Mt'SXC — B—Hamlet.8 — Hamlet.
ALHAMBRA-I-V — Vaudeville.
AMERICAN— 2— • — Vcaswllle.
ASTOK — *:15 — Sewn I)aj».
EROAPVAT — f?:15 — Th» Summer 'Widower*.
CASIXO S:is— Thf Mikado
COLONIAL— 2— s_V«ti*evtn>. _. .
CONEY ISLAND — Brighton Beach Park.
r»t^»rn:ai.d '.ur>« }"**'*.
CRITERION— S :2O— Th« narhr'c>r's Baby.
FIFTH AVENt'E — 2— S— Vaad^vlll*.
GAIETY— S:K.—Th«» r"«rt«iac Hunter.
GAKRIOK— *-.3<>— tier HulMiHl't TVif".
HAMMERSTEIN'F— 2— SIS— V»«dcv!lJ«.
HFKALI 1 SQVAHE— B:Ui — Till*** Xi«htm«r«.
Ht'DSON — R:ls— The Fporidthrilt.
XXTCKERBOCKEU— S :!.".— The Arcadians.
i.tp: — *>:IV— A Mati«i*^ Hoi.
N'EtV YORK — 1:1* — The M"rry Whtrt.
"WALLACK'S— S:I.i — Alia* Jimmy Vairntir.e.
Index to Advertisements.
Pajre.Col.l FBSttCol_
a- vs • n M ...12 G-7 1 Proper!* 11 *
Einlcrt »nd !Rps! F.rtate at
Ft-t**r« ...IS 1* Auction 11 4-«
Beard* Ho©m« 11 «!Real E«t«*e lor
C*rf*t Oanir.ff.il 4-5 Sa> —to L*t.ll «
lWk« it-'. • A • in«xn»ates H *
F-jrclt"jre » 7iF>*orts » ♦-?
Ditifl^nfl X«- jfidWCl At*nc!*t. 0 I
t'ce* 10 l!£pe.-»a! N't;. <•« . " •
I>"ir.^»tie Sltu«- 1 Surrcswtf* 11 0 -
tittDM WantM. 9 3-*. tier* 5* *-*»
Excersteea 11 *-MTh» Turf « J
nr*nria? 1<» T Tlm« Table* * •-.
Tot B«»€ 11 <s|To Ijft for Bu*i-
Help TTtSttS.V. » 1-2! imi Purposes .11 6
Irnructicn .. ■■ 9 7iTribuneSubccrip
3terhin«7. etc.. ll 7! tl«n Rate" 7 .
>i»rTi»rc» *n <3 :Tru*t Companies. 10 *--
r»««tb* 7 7 T . -«-rl«iP.p — 11 6
Mn imi ijn«i« :i l:r»f«rtl«iw
I»*ertoe oT Sum- i Apartment* ...IJ[ «
HiT.i 11 3T\>rk Wanted... P 2-*
?Cn!i'TSOTH (Tribimr.
MOVPAT. JCSE «. IMfJ
7)..» ncictpcper it ourned and pub
lished hit The Tribune Association, a
ycio York corporation; office and prin
cipal place 0/ '»»/#t>ir*«. Tribune Build
«•»'? .Vo. 154 yas*au street, yew York;
Ggd*n Mill*, president: Ogdcn M. Reid,
ecercicry; James M. Barrett, treasurer.
The cddre*a of the officers is the office
ct this neimpapcr.
THE VBWB THIS MORXIXG.
FOREIGN— President Madriz of Nlc
ar*sguj» issued x denial of reports that his
fore*-* had been defeated at Blueflelds
fend Rama, and Hid that his retreat was
due to "purely military reason?." =^
Assurances were received in Washing
ton Hell Pittman. th*- American captured
near Bluefl>Ms<, would receive fair treat
ment. —- . Investors in Berlin have s«*nt
largo or<i»rF for purchases of American
railway stocks, believing that Mr. Taffs
conference with the heads of the Un^s
to-day would result in favor of the roads.
_ , ' Threat? of a revolutionary move
ment at Nankins were not fulfilled, and
Chinese merchants are returning to the
city. ■"■ " ■ a dispatch from Kiev sali
that more than two hundred Jewish fam
ilies had been i spelled from the city, hut
that no harshness had been shown. ~r
China's insistence on collecting- taxes
from fishing: boats Jn the. Gulf of P«»-
Chi-Li may lead to serious complications
with Japan.
DOMESTIC. — President Tart returned
to TVashinjrton from his Western trip.
===== It was announced at Washington
that the American system of 5 and 10
OHM stores had been extended to Eng
land. =rr= Killing frosts were reported
from all sections of Northern New York.
: 1 ■ Commencement week at Vass&r
College was opened with the baccalau
reats sermon by President James M.
Taylnr; Chancellor Day criticised auto
mohilipts in his sermon at Syracuse
University. . Plans for the trip of
the Matt Bare* Canal Terminal Com
mission to Europe Tvere announced at
Albany. - ■ Representative John Dal
sell. of Plttsburff. -was renominated by
tv Republicans Of his district by ■ nar
row margin. - ■■: British residents of
Pittsbunr decided to erect •'• research
laboratory for the tuberculosis sanato
rium as a memorial to Kins' Edward.
Th« Board of Aldermen of Ashe
ville. N. •'. cau«ed a panic amon? store
keepers by raising the license fee for
"near beer" shops to $1,000 each.
CITY. — O. Henry, th« humorist, died
here after ■ brW illness. ===== The har
bor police rescued two disabled motor
boats with large parties in them and re
ported many others in peril or. the Sound
during: the heavy weather of the after
noon. ===== It was BaM that the Wright
brothers would jret all the prizes offered
for aeroplane flights as the result of the
suits brought by them alleging: infringe
ments. — — — New York shivered in one
of the coldest June days ever known.
r -. ■ I' Gayer, ■•.]-. has not taken food
for three wrecks, was advised by his doc
tor to end the fast, because be is lorinj?
too much axiajit. ===== Many persons
«*eva hurt and traffic was blocked by a
trolley crash In Newark. — ■ - The bac
calaureate sermon at New York Uni
versity was delivered by the Rev. Dr.
McAfee. == The National City Bank
in its circular commended the depart
mental economies of the present admin
istration. — — ~ Four thousand uniformed
patrolmen attended a memorial service
for their comrades ■ ho lost their lives in
the performance of their duty.
THE WEATHER.— lndications for to
day: Cloudy. The temperature yester
day: Highest. *2 degrees; lowest, 52.
A DIBCORDAXT CALL.
Under the headline "A Splendid Be
eponse." "The Federation Review" in
the current issue Bays: "At last we see
JVTOT l«;ng cherished desire for a Jewish
''military org-iuization duly realized."
nnd ftatet further that by means of the
aid extended n* them by patriotic citi
zens the Jewish brigade has become a
fact. As evidence of its existence a
letter from the commanding officer is
presented, from which we lean that
thr brigade has a headquarters building.
•which also contains a ateen and c!ub
rooiiis. (< irid that iv the short time sin 1
its inception two companies, each with
a membership of sixty-five, bare been
recruited.
Several years ago. when men of promi
nence In the Jewish community were
urged to assist a similar movement
tvhich had been launched by veterans of
the Civil War. The Tribune opposed the
project, and pointed out that in the
infijr days of tli*> armed militia in this
state one potent source of discord
ivas the eiistene** of "distinctive or
ganizations." There were French. Ger
man. Scotch. Irish. Polish. Italian and
American military bodies, ranginr in
fcire ••m cohipariies to regiments. These
rxx!les have with the exception of the
Iri?n regiment, been disbanded as "dis
tinctive" ttodie*. nnd the 00th. having
dwindled fes the size of a battalion, was
reclaimed only when in American officer,
contrary to the traditions of the regi
ment, wns placed at its bead. The dis
putes of former <;.■!; were love feasts in
comparison with what niizht follow If
'•distinctive religious" bodies came into
existence.
Happily . (be state authorities have
given the matter serious ■.■ ration
since The Tribune called a halt The
military J.-jw of the State of New York,
ssMcted i:» *:•''.«. provides: ••\ i body of
"men other l bail ; li<» active militia and
"the Jroojis of tlu* United States, except
prac!i independent organizations as were
"in existence in April. ISS3, shall nsso
"ciate thems<'Svcs together as a military
•jebinjiauy or organization, or parade in
••pai»lk* wiih Unarms In any city or
"fnwn of t'lis > : :!itt\* t
TJxere can be praise only for the
jpouns inca wh<<. as tJie writer calls it.
are "rcsjKwdiii;: to the call of the
Imgle." but und'T the law they must re
spond &* citizens, not as Jews, and their
ambition to serve tbe'r ftate nay be
faliffied by ei:litt:nent in the ustional
g ri There is 110 room for a Jewish
brigade in this ftate, for the Fame rea
sons which would make an Episcopal.
Roman Catholic or Mahometan military
organization undesirable.
THE XEW, YORK DEMOCRACY.
In the light of what has taken place
within the last fCar it is possible to ap
praise with tolerable accuracy the moral
condition of the Democratic party of
this state, which some "malicious moral
ists" BOW point to as the proper recourse
cf ■ disappointed electorate. It »l a
party which is apparently satisfied with
the leadership of Mr. Murphy, of Tam
many Hall. A movement within it
which was designed to rouse the con
science of the party to demand better
things evoked, we are bound to say. a
feeble response. The Democrats of the
state showed an unexpected degree of
indifference to the low kind of bossism
to which the party had punk, and the
leaders of the movement for a rehabili
tation had to assure Murphy that they
had no designs hostile to him. They
seem to have felt that if they had sought
to deliver the party from the control of
the Tammany boss they would have had
no standing or Influence and would be
leading a forlorn hope. The party as a
whole has no fault to find with Murphy.
Nor in these days, when there is a
general sentiment against bosses, does
the Democratic party feel that the sur
vival within it of absolute bopsism as.
complete as ever existed is a moral
anomaly. Murphy Is a boss of the old
sort. He owes his power outside of his
own county to the old methods by which
bosses so often acquired their power, to
the stealing of a convention and to the
reorganization of the Democratic State
Committee on the basis of that theft.
In accomplishing his control of the state
he went so far as to throw out of the
state committee members chosen by the
vote of the local representatives and to
put in their place his own tools. In a
party which was even partly awake to
the influences which have been making
for better political conditions in recent
years Murphy's power would be incon
ceivable. But though a notion exists
that the way to discipline a party and
make it a better instrument for the gov
erning of a state or city Is to exclude
that party from office, the Democratic
party, out of office in this state for
nearly twenty years, has not kept pace
with the Republican party, in office for
that period, in setting Its house in order
and responding to enlightened public
opinion. It if« still a boss owned party,
and. if anything, its boss is worse than
its bosses used to be when the public de
cided to "teach it a lesson."
We Ironically called Murphy the con
science of the party the other day. The
only act of the Democracy which might
be regarded as In deference to the en
lightened public opinion of the day. the
retirement of Conner?, was the act of
Murphy. The actual conscience of the
patty failed lamentably to affect Con
ners's position until Murphy extended
the long arm of bosftlsm and brought
about th«« reform. And aside from Mur
phy the party is bankrupt in moral lead
ership. Nothing like the Hughes move
ment within the Republican party it
taking place within the Democracy. The
Saratoga League was sensible of the im
portance of having a presentable man at
the head of the state committee, but that
was all. It knew bad grammar when it
heard It. but ns to political morals it
was as indifferent as the rest of the
party. Murphy's bessism did not offend.
Direct nominations did not interest it
except as affording an opportunity for
political pretence designed to catch votes.
It favored direct primaries, but only
outside of Murphy's territory, and it did
not extend itself to secure the passage of
its bill providing even that fake reform.
AERIAL BMUGGLIXG.
Though ■ legitimate business in
freight transportation with airships may
■ever be made to pay, tin illicit traffic
of that kind might become extremely
profitable. If jewels, watches, laces and
other valuable merchandise not occupy
ing much space could be brought into
the country without the payment of
duties, thousands of dollars might be
saved by the importer on a single cargo.
The greatest safeguard against transac
tions of this kind is the difficulty of
evading detection. Yet human ingenuity
may find a dozen ways of avoiding dis
covery for considerable periods of time,
and a short flight might suffice to com
plete the chain in a carefully organized
and lucrative industry.
The plan suggested by Secretary Knox
for the prevention of such frauds gives
promise of enough efficiency to deserve
a trial. The compulsory registration of
automobiles has greatly facilitated the
identification of lawbreakers, and appli
cation of the same system to airships
can hardly fail to be attended with
fairly satisfactory results. The great
majority of persons who in coming years
will possess dirigible balloons and aero
planes will employ them for innocent,
though dangerous. pleasure. They should
not object, however, to a regulation
which alms to help the authorities dis
cover crime.
All countries which impose a tariff on
imports apparently have an equal inter
est in adopting measures to prevent the
BBS of ■ new type of vehicle in illegal
commerce, and as the effect of a do
mestic enactment would be heightened
by international co-operation Secretary
Knox ha? already invited Mexico to
adopt ■ similar policy. Sooner or later.
it is safe to assume, the advantages of
the system will be presented to Canada
and Cuba, and in time; perhaps, the gov
ernments of Europe will see nt to reach
an agreement akin to the one now
projK>sed by the authorities in Wash
ington
SOI Tlf AFRICA'S GOVERNMENT.
The assumption of a short time ago
has apparently been realized in the or
ganization of the first government of
the Union of South Africa. General
Botha as Prime Minister has made up
his Cabinet not according M the broad
non-partisan principles which he urgent
ly recommended when the subject whs
first practically broached, but according
to far rower principles which were
substantially Imnoaed upon him by the
governments of three of the provinces.
As thus far announced t!i«* -ministry is
composed exclusively of members of the
Dutch parr] as appostd to the British
party.
Gt-neral i'.otiiM himself, who la Prime
Minister and Minister of Agriculture,
was the IVier leader in the late war,
though be had earnestly opposed the
fatuous policy which led to that war.
und is now one of the most progressive,
enlightened and broadminded states
men of -his race. General Smuts, the
Minister of the Interior. Mines and De
fence, was ButiuCl the Colonial Minis
ter of the Transvaal government. Mr.
XEW-YORK DAn/? TRIBUNE. JOVDAY. JUNE 6, 1910.
S.iuc.r. Minister of Railways -and Har
bors, was Minister of Public Works in
the Dutch government of Cape Colony.
General Hertaog, Minister of Justice,
was Attorney General of the O ranee
Colony. Mr. M:i!an. Minister of Educa
tion, was Minister of Agriculture in the
Cape government. Mr. Hull. Minister of
Finance, whs Treasurer of the Trans
vaal.
Presumably some other ministers are
to be appointed, some of whom will
come from Natal, so as to give that prov
ince representation in the Cabinet. Per
haps these latter will be British rather
than Dutch, seeing how overwhelmingly
British that province Is, though, of
course. Natal contains Dutchmen quite
capable of holdinc: Cabinet places, and
such men may be chosen so as to make
the ministry entirely homogeneous. De
spite such partisan composition, how
ever, the government seems likely to be
animated by the catholic spirit of J its
head and to administer the affairs of the
new nation on national and not on fac
tional or racial lines.
A BALM TO STATE PRIDE.
The Overman amendment to the inter
state commerce bill, adopted on Thurs
day by the Senate, is an echo of the
clash three years ago in several Southern
states between the state authorities and
the federal courts. The North Carolina
Legislature passed a law regulating pas
senger fares, which the railroads refused
to obey on the ground that it was .practi
cally confiscatory. Passenger agents
were arrested and held for trial by state
judses, v but were released on an appeal
to the federal courts. Judge Jeter C.
Pritchard. a circuit judge for the 4th
Federal Circuit, issued injunctions pro
tecting the railroads from interference
until their complaints could be heard.
and the government of North Carolina
had to confess Its inability to enforce the
passenger fare law in the teeth of the
federal court's decree of suspension.
Similar friction occurred in Alabama,
Georgia and Virginia, all those states
having likewise attempted to reduce rail
road rates to what the railroads consid
ered a non-profitable basis.
The aggrieved commonwealths could
not deny the right of the federal courts
to interfere, for that right is clearly
granted in the Fourteenth Amendment to
the federal Constitution. But the point
was made that comity between the nation
and the states required an exercise of
moderation and discretion on the part of
federal judges suspending state laws.
One judge, it was held, might hastily or
inconsiderately assert jurisdiction and
grant Injunctions which, though with
in his prerogative, might give undue
offence to state courts or state govern
ments. It was suggested, therefore, that
t'.e assent of at least one other judge
should be obtained before an injunction
should issue.
Mr. Overman's amendment provides
that even- application for an injunction
restraining a state through its officers
shall be presented to a circuit judge or
to a justice of the Supreme Court and.
shall be heard by three judges. Such a
modi flea t ion of federal practice can do
no harm and may prevent a feeling on
the pnrt of a state Unit It is being arbi
trarily den it with by a single judge. It
is simply a guarantee of fuller delibera
tion and more formality in proceedings
brought In the federal courts which af
fect a state"s dignity and sovereignty.
EXPLORERS' IRRITABILITY.
The psychology of exploration usually
receives only beaut attention in the nar
ratives of explorers, which studiously
ignore and suppress manifestations of
human traits and tendencies that would
furnish curious reading. Forced to herd
together day and night under a perpet
ual strain, the kaders of an expedition
may come literally to "hate the sight of
each other," and the feelings of the crew
toward one another and their superiors
are sometimes even more bitter.
An English physician has recently
taken up this matter and attempted to
prescribe for it prophylactically. He
calls this tension "Arctic irritability."
which, as It seems to us. is not the right
description, since the history of explora
tion shows that latitude has nothing
to do with the origin and growth of the
feeling. As a matter of fact, the re' ord
of exploration in the Pacific will be
found to be far richer in violence, man
slaughter and mutiny than that of the
frozen north or south The greater
measure of self-control in high latitudes
is probably entirely due to a realization
that among snow and ice ail must hang
together lest all perish, whereas among
the green islands or' the Pacific escape
from intolerable conditions Mppears pos
sible, and even simple. It merely hap
pens that the subject was not taken up
for scientific study until exploration by
shin In hot climates had long ceased,
while that in polar scad has been con
tinued to this day. Hence "Arctic irri
tability." A better term would be "ex
plorers' irritHbiliry."
The English physician ventures a com
parison between marriage and explora
tion. "As with husband and wife who
have long lived together," he says.
"every thought, every fault, every trick
"of manner or speech becomes known to
"all who are sharing in a polar expedi
tion." lie might have quoted, among
his preventive prescriptions, the familiar
anecdote of the old Quaker and his
wife: "All the world is queer but thee
and me. and thee is a little queer." The
point of the anecdote lies in what it
merely suggests, the inward smile of
the silent, wife. If Arctic explorers, of
whom there will be few hereafter, will
only remember that hidden smile the
tension of "Arctic Irritability" will be
much relaxed. So will irritability in
many other places and situations.
MOSEY AND BUSINESS.
Disturbance in the financial markets
causes uneasiness in some circles as to
the immediate course of our industries,
but in conservative quarters, where it is
recognized that speculative liquidation
in securities is not based on Intrinsic
weakness in fundamental conditions, no
apprehension appears to be felt over the
future of th« country's general business
activities. Hot-headed men are making
predictions calculated to weaken confi
dence In American securities at a time
when they should endeavor to allay alarm
among Investors.
Conditions In all markets have be»n
abnormal and a readjustment la now
under way. which In the case of the
stock market baa been quickened by the
developments of the lust week. To re
store normal conditions liquidation must
be effected in stocks as well as in com
modities, and considered from this point
oi view the heavy telling and declining
prices on the Stock Exchange are a
strengthening influence, the good results
of which v. i!! be reflected in the course
of affairs later in tha season. Hysteria
has developed in Wall Street, but the
crops are making taxable progress,
with the promise that H*» fruits of the
soil will aggregate a bi«er money value
on a lower level of price in the current
year than the ?S.o(WflM**> record on
the high quotations of 19**- Speculation
for higher prices in comfxl'tiea has col
lapsed, the movement supplying the
most encouraging sign tf the approach
of cheaper living costs, 'lay wheat sold
as low as 9! T 8 cents a b-ehel last week,
compared with $1 18 at tie same time «n
1909, while other cerealaand cotton also
Showed improvement a<-'ng the lines
that encourage home censumption and
strengthen uur export tide. Merchan
dise exports are increasiig. and the dan
ger of further shipment of gold not
only is removed but the outlook favors
imports of the metal fc the autumn.
Unseasonable cold weather in the West
has not injured wheat and corn. This
tact however, fails to lighten Wall
Street's burden of doubt tnd pessimism.
Bank clearings and -ailroad gross
earnings continue to shor improvement
over the corresponding jerioda a year
ago, though some railroids, chiefly in
the West, report lighter ret results as a
consequence of increased operating ex
penses. The railroads beleve that they
are entitled to higher fieight carrying
charges, owing to the inreased wages
they are paying and the iigh prices for
materials, and there is no reason to sup
pose that they would not le permitted to
advance their rates if it slould be found
that otherwise they couk not do busi
ness at a profit. Most cf the Eastern
mads return gains in ret income in
spite of heavier operating expenditures,
and unless the couotrr's Industries
shall suffer a long periol of reaction
there is little probability <f the reduced
dividends that speculators for the short
account predict. Local bam reserves are
stiong and money markrt conditions
have been favorably an*«cted by the
liquidation in stocks and commodities,
while among the interior banks sensi
ble liquidation of overexteided loan ac
counts is reported. The New York
banks are preparing for sn active de
mand for funds in the fall, and the
chances are they will be in a position to
meet crop moving requirements without
taking out emergency cirreney. In
London the monetary situation also is
easier, as reflected in lower open market
discounts and a reduction by the Bank
of England in its minimum rate to 3H
per cent.
Notwithstanding the decline in prices
on the Cotton Exchange the cotton goods
business shows little improvement,
though in cotton trade circles it ia be
lieved that as a consequence of the
promising outlook on the plantations, as
dis'-losed by the government's June re
port, normal conditions will soon begin
to develop, with a full restoration in
manufacturing centres by September.
Curtailment at the mills continues. A
somewhat better market for domestic
wools is noted. The Department of
Agriculture's recent return of 8- per
cent for cotton i? based on the position
of the crop as of May LT>. and as cli
matic changes since that time have beeu
favorable to the plant it is reasonable
to look forward to a large harvest, es
pecially as the second best crop on rec
ord was made on a June percentage
under that just reported, while acreage
this year not only has been materially
increased as compared with that of 1000,
but greater efforts than ever before
known ore being made to increase the
yield by more intensive methods nf cult
ure. Price concessions in the pig iron
market were made last week, owing to
sharp competition. The demand for
finished steel products is well main
tained, but reports received from the
trade suggest a period of relative dul
ness, as far as new orders are con
cerned, in the summer months. The for
eign inquiry for copper is heavier, but
local buying is not active.
With Conners out, the Democracy is
committed to syntax and the income tax.
Well, a man with the courage and en
terprise to emigrate to a strange land at
107 years of age Is a first class American
in his instincts anyway.
Direct primaries for Congressmen in
Pennsylvania seem not to have been
lacking- in Interest. Perhaps if the Cobb
bill were passed enough interest, would
develop in the Congressional primaries
to make the test of the new system of
nominations here really significant.
It is flattering unction to the soul of
the socialists to be referred to by the
President of the United States as pre
senting a grave problem.
Many American tourists abroad would
save money by having the New YorK
newspapers religiously forwarded to
them. The many recent arrests for
smuggling at this port, by warning
penny wise, pound foolish makers of
entry declarations of the perils of that
sort of trickery, would deter the intelli
gent from trying to play a game which
isn't worth the candle.
THE TALK OF THE DAY.
A company has been formed In Cincin
nati to erect and rent a mausoleum. This
is to be a large building, where bedies may
be taken by survivors frha own no burial
plot and who have no desire to buy one.
There will be compartments in the building,
arranged like shelves ii a library, and en
these the bodies are to be placed. By en
evaporating process the/ will be reduce* to
dust, It is the purpose of the undertakers
of this business schema to rent or to sell
compartments of all tizis. ranging from the
"single" to the "large family" size.
"What makes you believe you could suc
ceed in selling him a gold brick?"
"He has been accep;ed to serve on the
Jury three times."— Houston Post.
In the group which reviewed the national
guardsmen who paraded in The Bronx on
Memorial Day was a man who wore the
full dress uniform of 1 major general, and
who was unknown to the troops who gave
him the marching s*2ute. On inquiry it
was found that he vas the commanding
officer of a boy organization. An officer
of the national guard, writing to The Trib
une on the subject, c|Hs attention to Sec
tion 233 of the military law, which states
that it is unlawful any person to "wear
any uniform or any device strap, knot or
insignia, of any design or character, uael
as a designation of grade" by officers of
the regular army or the active militia. ex
cept he be a membrf of certain organiza
tions mentioned in tie law. A flue of JMX>
attaches to a violatun of this law.
Wrights] -rights.-
You m th« man of little worth,
Who brags about his wealth or birth.
That useful' phrase ,
Sums up l"i* ways:
•He thinks lit- oyna the earth. •
nut Brothers Wilfiht (ingenious pair)
Will have no ottur flyers there.
It seem* tirir claim
(Oh. what « Hhanie.i
Ib that own the "-London Globo.
—London Globe.
A vacant lot in t»» rear of a beer saloon
in the Harlem district has served for »•>
era! years as a Btfniaer garden when the
season advanced tto the hot weather
period. Table* and chairs were placed in
the lot. preen garlands w<?r« festooned from
a number of posts, and electric lamps were
fastened where they would cast light upon
the alleged rustic picture. The ••garden"
was opened about two weeks ago. in a
ti-jipaticn of warm weather, and when this
did not come It was dismantled, and a
placard now hangs on one of the poßts. in
scribed: "Summer garden moved indoors.
The beer there is Just as good, and we are
more comfortable. Music by the orches
tra."
Picture Dealer-Sorry, but I buy pictures
of no one except those whose names are
*Artis?-*Vell. mv name's quite trell known.
Its Smith— Journal Amusant.
After a hard fight with the Board of
Education. Mrs. Ella Flags Young, super
intendent of schools of Chicago, has suc
ceeded in havinr adapted a rule that here
after all applicants for princlpalshtps must
te college graduates. Tn defending the new
order. Mrs. Young said: "There are many
principals who are amon* the best we
have and yet are not college graduates,
but there is growing a broader demand for
better trained principals and teacher?."
"Have you heard that twelve-year-old
piano prodigy who is creating such a sen-
Ea< 'Yes. I heard him in Berlin thirteen years
ago.'— Cleveland Leader.
APPROVES DIPvECT PRIMARIES
But Disapproves Governor's Method
of Reaching Thereafter.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: We have our idols. Among the chief
of mine are Roosevelt and Hughes. We
know that there is clay in our idols, but
we try to submerge its remembrance, and
feel hurt when the clay Is thrust out
nakedly before us, and especially so when
the idol does it himself.
Governor Hughes seems to have made
the clay evident by his precipitous promul
gation of an extraordinary session of ' the
Legislature simultaneously with the ad
journment of the regular session.
I believe in primary reform and direct
nominations and have faith in the Hin
n.an-Green bill, and in what It would ac
complish, but there seems to be something:
else transcendentally important and further
reaching in the long run than this immedi
ate achievement, and that is that the Ex
ecutive shall not encroach upon or coerce
the legislative power. Governor Hughes
has set a dangerous precedent, which will
recoil upon him. He has wounded us in
our confidence of his judicial poise, a chief
quality for the exalted office to which he
has been called by the President. He also
seems guilty of a colossal. impolitic Im
pertinence toward the chosen representa
tives of the people of this state.
The Governor may call a special session
of the Legislature "only on extraordinary
occasions." So says the constitution, wnich
should be his guide. This contemplates an
emergency— a crisis.
There is here no emergency, no crisis.
Our laws as to primaries, nominations and
elections are established, we have -worked
under them a? far back as we can remem
ber, as they have been modified by succes
sive enactments; there is no emergency
which calls for a radical and instantaneous
chance.
It is the legislators' responsibility, not
the Governor's. If the people want this
legislation they will get it. and soon; the
remedy is in their own hands: they will
elect representatnes committed to It.
It seems to me that there is one plain
duty facing the membexs of this Legis
lature wh^n they convene in extraordinary
session. If. upon th« receipt of the Gov
ernor's message, it appears that no emer
gency presents itself warranting- the Gov
ernor to call this extraordinary session, it is
for the Legislature, wholly disregarding the
merits of theee issues, which were thor
oughly tbraEhed out at the regular session
and by th<? Governor as well, to adopt a
joint resolution that no emergency has
arisen, that no constitutional warrant for
the calling of the special session appears,
and thereupon adjourn— this as a decish c
and Salutary action to countercheck and
destroy rhe dangerous precedent set by the
Governor and as a rebuke to his unwar
ranted action.
ALEXANDER U MAYER.
Mount Vernon. N. V., June 1. 1310.
[Our correspondent has misconstrued
the meaning: of the phrase, "on extraor
dinary occasions." which is found in the
ttate and the federal constitutions. If
the constitution had simply said "the
Governor shall have power to convene
the Legislature" it would have left th<*
Legislature subject to his call, even in
its ordinary, regular sessions. To avoid
this and for no other purpose the limit
ing phrase "on extraordinary occasions'
w*s used The meaning- is that on or
dinary occasions when the regular ses
sion occurs the Legislature shall not be
subject to the Governor's call, but that
on other than such ordinary occasions
it shal! be so subject Ths Governors
discretion in calling 1 "extraordinary ses
sions" is not limited by the constitution,
and precedents Justify Governor Hughes
in his course — Ed ]
THIS ONE DISSENTS.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In your issue of the B<>th ultimo I no
ticed in a Washington special a recitation
of the peculiar trials and troubles, which
Secretary Nag.l Is having in trying to save
our fur seal herd of Alaska from extermi
nation. He seems to be Impressed with the
idea that the Creator did not know how to
breed them and that some "experts" know
better — so kill the males to prevent the
same from killing the females!
If your correspondent will be gcod enough
to give us the names of other "eminent"
naturalists who have filled Mr N'agel with
this wit and wisdom of the kingdom of
fools he will do the public and the seals
a great service. We ought to know who
these "eminent" men are.
HEN'RT WOOD.
Lakewood. Ohio, June 4. 1310.
THE RETIREMENT BILL AGAIN.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Those of us who participated in the
most magnificent military spectacle ever
witnessed on the American continent when,
at the close of the war. veterans of the
Army of the Potomac, led by General
Meade, and the Army of tha West, which,
under Sherman, had marched from Vlcks
burg to Atlanta, from Atlanta to the sea
and from Savannah to Washington, were
reviewed In the nation's cap'tal, passed
under a banner suspended across Pennsyl
vania avenue on which was inscribed these
words:
"The only debt which our nation can
never repay is the debt it owes its vic
torious soldiers."
Of that mighty host of about two hundred
thousand, four-nfths were volunteers, end
tor more th.m twoscore years Congress
has failed to keep faith with the volunteer
officers as such. While a colonel la the
regular army Is retired at sixty-four as
brigadier gtneral and r«eeive3 >;..-'■ a year
during lif*«, ; . volunteer colonel, •>■ even a
major general, is entitled to receive ■ pen
sion of CM a >ear! This la a dishonor to
the republic which was saved by them.
Of the MB major generals anil brigadier
generals of volunteers who were appointed
ami served during the War of the Re
bellion there are only twenty-four sur
vivors! In behalf of these comrades, as
well as of those of lower rank, whose num
bers an- similarly reduced, msnv of whrnn
are in broken health and poverty, l appeal
for justice, not charity, iron the govern
ment that they caved, for Its integrity could
nit have r«en maintained without th*m..
A bill is now before ("onsrer:-. known as
"the volunteer officers' retired list."' which
purposes to limit the amount received by
the higher grades to the allowance of •
captain, which is about tU* per «««*»•"
is to be hoped that the Senators and Rep
resentatives in Congress assembled *U1
— the bill promptly. fIW9
A VICKSBURG VETERAN.
New York. May 31. 1510.
ORIENTAL LABOR IN FAR WEST.
To the Editor of The Tribune. -
Sir Most excellently clear 13 The Trib
une's summary of the report of California
Labor Commission, which by act of Legis
lature- was authorized a year ago to inves
tigate the so-called Oriental problem, THe
report itself is truly remarkable—
ably so indeed, for it shows that unsound
conditions at present seriously threaten ex
tinction of that socialized farming which
in the State of California succeeded trie
grain growing of former years.
Fifty per cent of the farm work tr*r
has of late- been done-thorougnry we 1
done— by Japanese laborers, whose excel
lence as harvesters has been so stupidly
undervalued end shamelessly underpaid by
narrow minded farmers that more than 10
per cent of those upon whom these farmers
most depend have left the country Sel
fishly inconsiderate toward those who save
their crops for them, the California farmers
Lave themselves to blame if trey lose this
year badly and doubly lose next, for they
employ laborers two months only, pay them
as little as possible and then turn them off
without bed. board or benefit during the re
maining ten months of the year.
Sneer urgency to get rich quick so dom
inates most of those who need laborers that
their habitual attitude become* altogether
that of persons who assume that they are
entitled to slaves. This utterly impractical
foolishness is widespread and still extend
ing. Prevention, effective prevention, ought
to be applied, because such wilful WSanS>
headedness beget 3 dangerous animosities by
lessening the considerate relations that
should always subsist between employers
and the employed— kindly falrminded rela
tions, without which personal dislikes, be
ins engendered by mere trifles, often grow
into downright hatred 3. which sever real
Interests which mutual regard readily sus
tains and makes profitable.
ALFRED LAUREN'S BRENNAN.
New York. June 3. 1910.
UNIVERSAL PEACE PROJECTS.
To th<? Editor of The Tribune
Sir: Practical workable ideas are needed.
and. in spite of adverse criticism advanced
on many sides, the fact stands out that
Mr. Roospvelt has presented such a solu
tion of the Gordian knot of universal peace
theories.
Lord Kitchener of England said in Amer
ica that ho foresaw a solution of world
peace in an armed p«ace. and thoutands
of experienced practical men the world over
have, given similar expression of their vl"ws
regarding peace theories.
If England, Germany. France. Japan and
the United States formed a universal peace
pact and placed their combined navies In
e«crow for Its enforcement under an inter
national commission of peace, which should
determine Its employment, war could and
would thereby be prevented among them
selves or any other nations.
The day of might against right would
thus pass away and nations would be stim
ulated to act and deal Justly with or.* an
other*
War Is to-day recognized, if waged un
justly, as crime. Peace by force, then,
would seem to be the salient point, the
first If not the only workable practical sug
gestion.
The commission to be appointed by Presi
dent Taft should be supported by every
citizen and legislator, and hi 3 choice of the
patriot citizen, Mr. Roosevelt, must be rec
ognised as a practical selection of great
omen. LINCOLN C CUMMINGS.
Hyannlsport, Mass., June 2. 1910.
IN THE BERKSHIRES.
[By Telegraph to The Tribune ] -
Lenox. June Mr. and Mrs. Langden
Valentine, who have been spending the
week end In Lenox, returned to New York
to-day.
Thatcher M. Adams Is at his country
placa for the season.
Mr. and Mr*. Herbert B Shaw, who have
been visiting Mr. and Mrs. S. Parkman
Shaw, have gone to Bo»ton.
Mr and Mrs. B Deveraux Parker start
ed to-day for New York by automobile.
Miss Marion Mellen. daughter of Charles
S. Mullen, who has been In California for
several months, has arrivtd in Stockbridgw
and joined Mr. and Mrs. Mellen at Council
Grove
Eishop and Mrs. J. H Johnson and Regi
nald D. Johnson started to-day for Wash
ington.
F £c R. Wissman has returned to New-
York
Philip Curtis is visiting Mr. and Mrs.
Harris Fahnestock.
Mrs. J. Clarence Post will arriv© to-mor
row lor the season at the Curtis Hotel.
Mrs. Augustus Kounue is expected in
Lenox early this weejs. ■»
Dr. and Mrs. S. W. Lambert and Mr and
Mrs. George B. Hodgman, of New York,
have arrived at the- Curtis Hotel.
Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Northrup. of New
York: Mrs. W. A Magic. Miss Mildred Ma
rie and Miss Lolita Ma*!*, of Chicago, are
at the Maplewood. in Pitt3fie!d.
Mr. and Mrs. Ramsey L. Hoguet, Mr.
and Mrs C. A L. Underwood. Mr and
Mrs. J. C. Turner. Rexford Pariah. Mrs.
H. L. Lockwocd and Miss Hazel Lockwood
are at the Hotel Aspinwall.
SOCIAL NOTES FROM NEWPORT.
[By Telegraph to Th« Tribune]
Newport, June 5 Mr. and Mrs. Harry
Symcs Lthr, of New York, are expected for
the season en June 15. They will occupy
the Eldrldge cottage In Ballevu« avenue
this season.
Mr. and Mrs. J. Fred Pierson. jr.. who ere
to occury the Stockton cottage this summer,
are expected to-morrow.
Mr. and Mrs. Mlllington Drake, of P»-ts-.
Howard S. Graham, jr.. Frank W. Kellogg
and Lieutenant Commander P. Symingten.
V. 8 X registered at the Casino "to-day
Cyril Hatch is making a short vistt her*
BROUGHT UP TO- DATE.
From The Buffalo News.
If anybody attempts to pull down th«
AN OLD ADAGE IN OTHER WORDS.
From Tbe St. Louis Post-D!spatch.
As they say in Boston, the railroad* aT««
counted half a billion of adol^Vnt P un-£
ere they censed to be orlform. t -«'•«»
BREAD FROM COTTONSEED.
A °pJk (T " ) corres P°~l«nce. Washington
Cottonseed bread may t? adorn.*
cottonseed Hour in making bread »rt Uh
»R C K^a dd nn S as. Vj^SfFff?
a e r r m m y In rason Whether * is -ftaVl7fo r *J
Members of the associating .....
fast foods and other proTiul'ta f^ " hr ***-
vrwiats fro^n cotton-
HE DIDNT SAY
From The St. Paul Dl» ra teh
N- N Sr ;--- refers to a
trriciilt-nt. literal cuc«2b „£,« subservient.
probably all ri B ht hat th ° Senator Is
WHY NOT IrT^olr^i, Toor
From The Boston «| O be
j^v SSSraf <2»**».
{" « coin. Hxt"..|,tr.i r . "« *"t
'••aw hoar,), framed .n^'S l>rin
!-U7r s S°, USI >' In minion oak and
'> ™ every .\> w Tof '^
AN 01 -"D~^i^^ RH
Ea^in eSCrintOnT^h. "*
There &ac accou^W^i^^t.. ..
LONDON ART
1
Sargents — Barblzon Genual
Many Shows.
London, Ha 7 25, ■■-•
Mr. Sargent's enthusiasm for U3 .
field of artistic activity is 0%-»naa t w I
Ing. His landscape studies in «,_. I
color and oil at the outset were boll**! !
recreations, undertaken when keiLT I
■weary of the drudgery of Portrait^, !
and of the affectations of society »C 5!» C 5! ' !
So Intense was the pleasurable tag?
ment of playing with his paints fast. j
was not Ions; before he was thro-rC'
the whole force of r.i; Incompact'
bruahwork into his new fai and clcj^!
his studio door against smart ta&Z !
and ambitious professional men cot«% j
Ins the honors of knighthood, ia g j
portraits he often seemed m^rs <j ft .^* I
interested In a casual effect of Ught «
shadow than in the fascinating tajj-.
herself, and so truthful was he !a %
statement of fact that he painty rc^i
and powder on the lady's cheelu jjJ
emphasized rather than concealed m
awkward curve of a scrar?*- neetl V
If timorous women in society 'm^.
Mr. Sargent and preferred to *ait C
the Day of Judgment, the Alpine rec^
the stones of Venice the Flawiflfc I
bronzes and the olive groves of £» '
Levant do not resent his Infallible ac^
racy, but readily reveal their se-rreta '•
Ughi or shade. There Is as much go«s»
in hi 3 stroke in these landscapes q
there was in his masterly portrait* ■-
The six Sargents exhibited at the j(s*
English Art Club are as strikla? t» |
umphs of realism a3 the series dlspisHSj '■
at the Academy. Two are drawinp g !
an outing party in flannels and a V»;». i
tian canal scene, with glints of ccfo
sparkling from vividness of light. Xa
these are added the cool darks of «
olive grove, the desolate beauty cf 1 j
gray and blue moraine among the 4.
pine snows, the splendors of the marSj
surfaces of the Salute and the "imaaU.
loveliness of a Florentine nocturne, itf£
an archway and column of the Lcga 4^
Lanzl and Cellini's bronze status <
Perseus with the head of Medusa 53.
Jected against the darkness of a itan»
night — a marvellous feat of foreshcrtsi.
ing.
In these works an objective mind at
disengaged itself from Its own press*
sessions and ha 3 recorded irnperscsa^
what has been closely observed, and?*
the realism suggests inductively tU
symbolic significance and emotional far-
vor of idealism. Perseus becomes a ro
mantic figure, representing F".orwc» 5.
the mediaeval night, and la no loaajvi
bronze statue of a demigod under aso.
way and stars. The marble fragam
of the Salute, with all its realism. ■»
fleets the glory of Venice. The rnaasj
heap of desolate stones on the .^usn«
side implies the earth rending force* £
invincible Nature, and the dark atom
grove has in it the tranquillity of tk»
changeless East.
It will not be long before Mr Sarpß
has Imitators in his new field. A!nss>
his friend and travelling companion. It
W. G. yon Glehn. reveals his influence
Venetian studies of the Salute and th»
Piazzetta, and in a vivid lijtle Corf:
landscape. U Is not Mr. Sargent, tat
the other great American painter of Ci
generation who has inspired Mr. WlksH
Steer's pretty girl In a muslin drat,
crouching and pulled together In aa O
graceful pose on an ugly ! «:r.r^ and toy
ing with the blue ribbons of her hat
Mr. George Lambert has been trjnf
to paint like Manet in hi 3 unpiessst
medical picture. "Chesham Street," an
not even brilliant cleverness in flat
painting redeems the work from ea>
damnation as a morbid and repaid
subject. Mr. Tonks ha become 1 Vaa>
tian in the sumptuous coloring of Ml
"Rustic Pageantry." and there is '»]
draftsmanship on these walla susear
to his. Mr. Orpen's individuality is »• j
vealed in a diversity of subjects, bat it
portrait of a genial fellow artist. 3£
A. TV. Rich, is the strongest work ci
masterly alike in drawing, posiki
and color. His large gaunt, sprs*tt»
nude will never be mistaken for a Vela*
quez Venus, abominably clever as!t»
The New English Art Club has itt*
fectatiens and fads, but th*re is fte»>
ness of thought in its work and at!p
lex-el of artistry 13 reached by tie t£
men. notably by Mr. TV. TT. Russell £
Philip Connard. Mr. Rich and '.■ Jl=-"- 1
head Bone. Nobody may be drear— ]
of what the art of the future 3 Uiatf!>
be. yet there is a sympathetic grosp^i
sound craftsmen who are consta^?]
varying their methods, painting wttts>j
thusiasm and cultivating haMts -fd»*j
observation.
! The water color drawings and *■*
and white work an invariably cobs^c*
ous for refinement and subtlety, ■ ) *
1 now that Mr. Max Beerbrhrn !3 a *•*
ber there is always fun at the fair. T^ 2
genial humorist, however, r.eeda M ■>•
his guard against bitterness of as**
Nearly all his caricatures are as f**
natured as they are grctesTJS. Thsc 4 -"^
toon at th* expense of M. Rcstasi *
; somewhat wilful and un generous. &*
i like King Edward's pet iox '^rrlaß *
'not helpfu! to the entente cordials- "&■
group entitled "As I Had Supposed I**
ITo Be' includes Mr. Henry Jars? - »
i A. B. Walkley. Mr Rudyard K!pln»*
Marquis de Soveral. Mr. WilHarn £*$*
the Duke of Norfolk. Mr. largest **
Maurice Hewlett. Sir Edward PoT^*
and others. "With a singl* exception. >&■
Hall Calne. these worthies are *&&&
nizable. and the masquerade. Trl^,f;
satirical touches, becomes as peransF"
as a prize newspaper pictorial reBSS>
The important sale of the reaisftsj
section of the Blackheath cottasnW] ,
drawings and pictures of the Bagas*^
and Dutch schools has been hersiii*
the issue ' of a most sumptuous •■■■
book. Catalogues at Christies &a*a"J
illustrated before, but never on so &£
a scale nor with an equal number*'
tistic reproductions cf the Pll**?P 11 **?
works. Mr. D. Croal Thomson, * D *"*^
editor of "The Art Journal" and c °^
partner in th© French Gallery, has J«»^
vised the work, ami in the *«g J
there Is no better expert of rtnefif" 1"1 "^ 1
ttons and luxurious editions. _ I
In place uf a temporary record ! w. j
sale to bo crumpled, dog-eared ana 1
bled over in the crowded auction •* j
there is a work of art worthy of »^ j
plact> on the library shelves- '•■Jp
in advance the quality and coOP^^
sive scoihj of this remarkable c^f"* r
of modern* art. There will be ** .
ings and 3J» pictures to be aueSk^^
in a three Aays" sale at the end )) cc * J^j ri
The majority si them are ••fj^
mensions, but. having been •c-* ct M
the collector with expert ad":-* **
superior quality. About forty. V*

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