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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, June 12, 1910, Image 61

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Great Cut Of
Erie Is Ready
for Traffic
FIRST USE, TO-MORROW
Engineering Feat Means No
More Smoky Tunnel
*':* ,Or Delays. .
«•*- After three year* and right months of
UEr»mittir>tr -work, which includes the cus
tomary delays that beset great engineer
ing undertaking, the Erte Railroad Com
pany ha* *o far competed . the task at
constructing an open cut through Jersey
City Heights as to have finished two tracks
all the. way through and connected them,
•o that "beginning to-morrow morning pa*
renger trains of th» main line. Mm Jersey
& New York, and the Greenwood Lake
tranches ••! use the new line, both ea.<t
and west hound. The Northern Railroad
and gu*quehar,ca track connections will
sot be completed for two weeks, and then
the Bergen tunnel, which has b**?n used
tor more than forty years for all traffic
to and from Jersey City, will be used only
lor the movement of freight trains.
The two tracks now completed arc ta.OTrn
as Xos. 2 and 3. being the two middle ones
of a prospective four-track line through the
cut- By July l It is expected la have No.
1 track completed and In use. and by early
autumn No. 4 track will be laid, which will
finish the work.
The value to the patrons of the Erie of
the new open cut^ particularly to the com
muting passengers, i* too great to be meas
ured in words • to the entire passenger ser
lice It means no more tunnel delay*, no
more closed window*, stifling atmosphere
cr artificial light, but a r'ean. wholesome
Tide for everybody and the elimination of
the only passenger tunnel on the Erie Rail
road between New York and Chicago..
- The banks of earth sloping to the pur
face of the rock walls on either side of the
open cut. have been sodded and a force of
mm for several weeks has been assigned
to the work of testing the walls for loos*
rock. "Wherever such has been found it has
been removed by explosives and bars, 50
a* to preclude, the possibility of any fall
ing on passing trains. As soon as practi
cable a wall surmounted by a high metal
fence «ill ">• built along both sides of the
cut for the protection of llfp and to avert
the possibility of anything rolling down.
WILL AFFORD MUCH RELIEF
The practical completion of this gigantic
engineering feat marks one of the epochs
In the history of the Erie Railroad and is
of great importance, as it will afford the
relief that ha* been needed for years as
a. result of the rapidly growing passenger
traffic that has developed, and continues
to develop, within fifty miles of New York
la what is termed "commuting territory."
So many trains became necessary that a
few years ego both tracks in the tunnel
had to be used in the morning for inbound
traffic.
• The new cut will be used by the six prin
cipal lines which produce the passenger
traffic, much of which 1? suburban business.
vie., main line. New Jersey and New York
Railroad. Northern Railroad of New Jer
sey. New York & Greenwood Lake Rail
road, Newark branch and the New York.
•ujsquehanna & Western, thf latter at pres
ent running: into the Jersey City terminal
cl the Pennsylvania Railroad.
These six lines, or branches, converge
Into three main stems som«» distance west
©f the new open cut, each main stem carry-
Ink th« traffic of two branches. These are
known as the main line, Newark branch
and Susquehajjni line. The point of diver
gence of the. New Jersey & New York Rail
road from the main line ts 5.5 miles west
Cf the west end of the open cut the junr
tl«B of Newark branch and Greenwood
Lake line 1? 2.4 miles and connection be
tween the New York, Busquehanna &
Western Railroad and the Northern Rail
read of New Jersey will be three miles
«r«st of the same point.
The approach to the open cut from the
east end is over a massive steel trestle
which reaches the level t Grove street,
Jersey City, and which s^ins Erie street.
Jersey avenue and Coles street, rising
above the tracks of the New Jersey Junc
tion Railroad. which runs north and *oufh
near the base of the Heights. The maxi
mum grade is thirty-five feet to the mile.
Concrete arch bridges carry Palisade
avenue and Baldwin avenue over the cut.
Ther* are fo:ir short tunnels extending be
tMf*n a point west of Baldwin avenue and
east of C'7*ral avenue, east of Summit
avenue, to St. Paul'? avenue, east of St.
Paul's svenje, to east of the Hudson
County Boulevard, and between the boule
vard and the west portal, but none is long
enough to affect the atmospheric condi
tions, the greatest being 571 feet and the
#hortest 220 feet In length,' or a total of
3,288 feet of tunnel.
*;. IS NEARLY A MILE LONG
Th* totar jength of the cut is 4.400 feet
tnd the width of the readied M feet The
minimum depth is IS feet, maximum depth
So feet. In order to produce this deep
csr.yon It iras necessary to blast 500,000
cuMc yards of blue trap rock and excavate
36".n00 cubic yards of earth. The rock
represents BMM linear feet of drilling.
and it took 250.0^0 pounds of dynamite to
md it. No fatal accident happened in
the" building of the four out tunnels.
Th»> Mi-la"-.! Construction Company, of
Philadelphia, was the general contractor,
end King Rice a- Ganey were the sub-con
tractors for the concrete lining.
Basing the operation of train? on a four
track line, which will be a fact by autumn.
tr. ingenious -method will be adopted In
handling them but M •will be maintained
ac nearly a* possible under the three-track
arrangement of July 1.
Tbe trade being practically all inbound
during the early morning hours and out
bound In the evening hours, the direction
of traffic or the four tracks through the
open' cut will vary according to eon ii
tions. IVuring th» morning rush a separate
track wl!'. be assigned to «>ach group in
fccund. leaving one' track to handle the
cutbound business of all the groups.- In
the evening the condition- -*ill he reversed,
while !n the mMtfle of'th* day the normal
movement will be two tracks for inbound
butine*? and two for outbound.
Trains cf the. main line and New Jersey
A New York Railroad will be brought in
<*» one track, those ef the Greenwood l^ake
d!ri?ion and Newark branch on another,
end those of the Northern Railroad of New
Jersey and New York. Susquehanna ■ A
Western on th» third track, so that there
iviU be thre» QlstloCt lead* to ami from
tti' Jer«*y \'.'y *er?r:na!. wn^r^a* there are
cniy tw> a:' r r *"S" n *. sis"* result «r th*- tvr"
irseii. liht through Th* - tunnel. and one of
th£se must c us«h! for trains running ir.
the oppesite '-'.lon.
J->ei(t!!t trains will not use any of the
tracks assigned to th«- four-track opon-cut
Has. ln IM Jersey -City yard. because the.
a*c-*nt over thfc trrstlo begins at Grove
«ti<e«-t, »vhlca is at' least four city blocks
from the tunnel. This is another distinct
advantage which will tend to the hsntlllns
el f*M«.n(f -r traffic without delay.
NATIONAL GUARD AFFAIRS
Recruits May Be Taken on Coast
... Defence Exercises.
m "Under a ruling Just ma<le by tfce division
of militia affair* of The War T.»*j»artm«»nt
sai recruits In the lith. Bth cr.u Sth rt-yi
ir.tnts n»ay be taken with those cr.mmai:-: •-,
en' th* coast defence rjcereisf*. provided
the. i-.ts.re ■*;:'.:•(? Tt;oir rjjrlit, to jay from
li»" Ufef>aj.l . £ovc:r.i:ient. Tijis ru}«ns wa>
brought about by General David E. Aus-. a.
chief of coast artillery, who arranged^to
have the recruits paid by the state during
their tour of duty. He pointed out the ad
vantages the men mould gain In the ten
days' instruction, with the result thai Use
War nepartment stated there wo-ild be
no objection to their presence. Inder
the present rule? of the War Department
no member* of the national guard shall be
taken to camp who have served le«s than
three montns and receive pay. It is likely
that the War Department may also grant
permission for recruits to accompany ;heir
organizations which are to perform duty at
Pine ramp nest August under the sam«
term* a* the rerruUs of the coast artillery.
Major General Koe alfo intends to estab
lish a cajnp of instruction at PeekskiU for
the men of organizations not ordered to
camp, provid kI the money can be secured
to defray the expense.
The national guard of greater New York
wHI be ordered to parade on July 4 de
spite the objections of officers and men to
turning out on that day. There will he a
slim attendance, it is believed, as many
member* of the guard have made arrange
ments already to go out of town on .he
Saturday,preceding the Fourth, whllch falls
on a Monday.
Application for state long service medals
has been made for Major John E. Duffy,
Captain John J. I'halen. Captain B. J.
Glynn. Captain B. F. Cummin? and Captain
W. J. Cosflgan. of the 6!>th Regiment, all
of whom joined the regiment as privates in
Company G in IRK. Second Lieutenant
Michael M. Tuohey. of Company F. who
was recently elected, has passed The ex
amining board.
In the 2Td Regiment Sergeant Arthur M.
Lewis, of Company F. has taken his honor
able discharge after fourteen years of ser
vice, much to the regret of the company.
Corporal C. Reynolds, of Company A. has
been promoted to quartermaster sertrepnt.
He has been sixteen years in the regiment
and is one of the senior non-commissioned
officers Major A H. Dyett. Lieutenants C.
L» bevten. C Hall and I. Van Zant have
return! from Fort Leavenworth. Kansas,
where they attended the officers' school.
They all speak very highly as to the value
of the instruction received and the many
courte«l«*s extended to them by the army
officer* at the post. It \s popple that the
regiment may later be organized Into fov.r
battalions of three companies each instead
of maintaining an organization of three
battalions of four companies each, as at
present. There is talk at th- War Depart
ment of organizing the army engineers in
battalions of three companies each, instead
of four, ann if this is done the 22d Repi
ment will have to follow suit. This will
give the regiment an extra major. The De
fendam Association, composed of veterans
of the regiment, will visit West Point next
Tuesday.
The 13th Regiment, which is now at Fort
H G Wright, Fishers Island. New York,
for ten days' coast defence instruction, will
return home next Sunday, and the tto
Regiment will take It* place for a ten days
tour. The latter command will assemble
at its armory next Sunday morning at I
o'clock and march to the Grand Central
Station, where It will entrain for New Lon
don. The regiment is due at the latter
place at 1:26 p. m. and at Fishers Island
at 2 o'clock. It will return to New 'i ork
City on Tuesday. June 2R. when the Bth
Regiment will take its place.
Several new officers have been elected In
the 12th Regiment during the last week.
Henry Nicholas Moeiler. a graduate of Co
lumbia has been elected second lieutenant
in company C: Frank H. Brown, a gradu
fite of Harvard, has been elected second
lieutenant in Company H, and Lieutenant
I. S. Slcsson. from the 3d Regiment. N. G.
N Y. has been elected lieutenant in Com
pany B. Officers of the regiment will soon
hold an election for major, vice De Russv.
re B igm-d. The choice, it is expected, will
lie between Captain A. B. Quarrier, of Com
1 pany I. who if next in line for promotion,
and Captain F. C. Harriman. of Company
(i. captain Monson Morris, of Company H,
is also spoken of as a candidate.
Member? of the 3d Battery, which is to
go on a march at its own expense, will go
as cavalry, and no guns will be taken.
Ti-.ey will leave Brooklyn next Saturday at
•unrtae, and the first camp will b* pitched
at Ridgewood. N. J.. on the evening of the
same day. Greycourt. N. V.. will 1 •«> reached
on th© night of June 13. and Middletown
the next day. and several days will be
spent th*-re. The pnrty is due on The home
trip at Fishkill on June 23; Ossining. June
2f; Van Cortlar.dt Park, June 25. and
Brooklyn, June 38.
Company D of the 7th Regiment. Captain
Robert Mazet, has unanimously elected
First Sergeant A. I* Golsh second lieuten
ant, vice Klpp. resigned.
AS TO OUR ICE
Conditions Under Which Much
of.lt Forms and Is Harvested.
in.
In describing, last Sunday, the objection
able features surrounding the transporta
tion of natural ice, it was suggested that,
even If the latter were pure at the start.
It could hardly be expected to arrive here
In that state. But its original purity must
be open to grave- doubt— least very
! much the larger part of it; for some 90 per
! cent of New York's supply of natural ice
, 1* from th« Hudson River, where there are
zones of dangerous pollution, as shown by
the State Board of Health, which also has
pointed out that "certain of the ice houses,
or fields, are so located, with reference to
sewage outlets, as to tender the ice cut
j therefrom subject to^ contamination, and
therefore a menace to health." Although
"the Department is without specific au
i thority over the control of the ice indus
try," as it has admitted, it has declared
that "the cutting of ice from these fields
should be prohibited."
Prudden gave practically the same warn
ing when he wrote: "In settled regions,
' human habitations and certain industries
I form one of the greatest and most signiii
i cant sources of the bacterial impurities of
! water." Nor did he consider it necessary
| that these should be deadly bacteria, to
! render their presence a menace, for he
I said: "It is probable that exceedingly large
| numbers of the ordinarily harmless specie*
j may In especially sensitive persons, such
! jib young children, give rise to Important
'disorders of the digestive system."
'Another count against this ice is one
that, may be brought against all of that
shipped here, and that is that the har
; vesting is done by a difficult class to dis
: cipline and regulate, and in consequence
hi the cutting there la often great care
lessness displayed, as a state official has
<I*»o'arr<i. a^-ims:: "There is the danger of
contamination. '< Truth Is-, "men and horses
passing over tli<» Ice rack in dirt of various
kinds in no .wnall mount," to quote the
if- tcrijnion «'f anotht-r authority, who goes
on to enumerate other contaminating in
fluences, such as "dust filled winds from
neighboring streets*' and "refuse' 1 blown
from "near manufactories."
The sam« writer calls attention to the
fact that '"Enow Is by no means a welcome
addition. It bold* readily all solids which
fall upon 1' and . . . serves as a (liter
to the air. entangling and enmeshing bac
teria and dost as it falls from the heavens
to 'tie »-arth."
Now. "tapping." "bleeding" or "flood- 1
irii;." .1 - it is variously termeJ. 'is a uni
versal practice." according to the State
Hoard of Health, and "an extremely dan
gerous one." !•"!•■•/. begins at the Short?
line, aii<l when the surface of the water in
ro'.f-rt-d p'')c«««ls downward; in the ;■:..■>-
Kattfe cHanjipi th* lower layers. Snow
falls, ji-«v.«-!itr radiation and practically re
'aitis ilif ice '.n i*s thin i Face foi >i ation
"Tapping? :s th«»n reforte*! to; holes a«.»
Virer) through this t<> in- .1 the snow. This
flood water zi^f-zfs and imprisons all im
puriti.es, in<l when th«s caUe Is '-'it these
s«re at its centre. Add the Idea of joining
together two such thin cakes— they in '••■
ft-fn »ny itnip at Ihe place nifntion*»d i:i
ih*-' last Tr.rnMter- and <>ne is tjuito prepared |
io l.*li*-v* ...it til- jiijiy'live is CAtrcmcly 1
••jan'cro^s, _ •I
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY, JUNE 12. 1910.
$»* „& I* * * t a* X ** &. * * * - ■-* ; ' fc A
•-•"--•— OPEN CUT THROUGH JERSEY CITY HEIGHTS COMPLETED BY THE ERIE RAILROAD.
Tomorrow morning regular passenger service will be started through this costly improvement, and soon the old Ber£«n
tunnel will be used for freight only.
CocKtails in Condensed Milk Cans
Latest Device to Fool Jail "Wardens
Twenty Million Dol
lar 'Bridge l/sed to
Supply Tr is oners
bvith Cigarettes.
There is a conspiracy on foot to prevent
my becoming too cheerful and carefree.
A few days ago, just when I had decided
life to be quite worth living, I was sent to
Jail— not for a crime committed, of course, I
or 1 wouldn't be telling it. but merely to
get a story; and, taking base advantage of
my happy frame of mind, it was specified
that it was to be an amusing story— a ,
paradox, an amusing story in a prison. ,
Yes, even there light lurks in the darkness,
so perhaps the conspiracy isn't to make me
less cheerful, only more philosophical.
But, anyway, if one wishes to study the
beautiful Ingenuity and resourcefulness of
the human mind, he has no better oppor- j
tunity for such study than when that mind i
is gaged in the pleasant business of
circumventing the mandates of the law.
The new Queensboro Bridge, which spans
Blackwell's Island on its way from Man
hattan to Astoria, affords the text for this .
scientific (?) excursion Into the realms of |
psychology.
As the most casually Informed doubtless j
knows, prisoners on the island and else- |
where are not permitted the use of drugs, j
whiskey or cigarettes while in jail. It j
would seem that with so good an oppor- j
tunity for reform both the prisoner and his j
friends would joyfully take advantage of j
this perfectly free "cure," and in every way J
aid the law in its programme of reforma- ,
tion.
Not so. for the "friends"— wife, sister or
sweetheart— frequently work every conceiv
able scheme to outwit the officials and to
smuggle the forbidden solace to the cap
tjve. Long experience with such endeav- j
ors has sharpened the wits of those in
charge until It is a rare device indeed j
which escapes the eaple eye of the warden j
or one of his subordinates.
But lately over on Blackwell's Island !
Warden Hayes has been conscious thaf
somewhere they were getting ahead of him. ;
Several times he found prisoners under \
the influence of liquor, but was unable to i
discover the source of supply. The March- i
SIDE VIEW OF THE SPAN OF BLACKWELL'S ISLAND BRIDGE.
Where friends of prisons: 0 hay* begn <J»'OBuit:o down ffrbtddffl a. tides fpr ths culprit*
ing of visitors was made more rigorous
than usual, while even the guards fell
under suspicion, ail without avail, until
during one of his periods of Inward debate
Warden Hayes's mental eye suddenly
rested upon the great new bridge, and the
question answered itself.
For the possibilities of the new bridge
had already appealed to resourceful minds,
and whiskey, cigarettes, cigars, tobacco
and other contraband articles had been
quietly and unobtrusively dropped over its
side to the men working beneath either by
their friends or others with misplaced
sympathies.
Two arrests were made. The prisoners
pleaded merely philanthropic intent for
dropping packages of cigarettes. They were
discharged with a warning. But the bridge
Is under guard now. and it is no longer
safe accidentally to drop anything as you
hang over the railing watching the prison
ers at work.
In view of this little affair I went to see
Warden Hayes, at the penitentiary, and
asked him to tell me a few of the other
schemes by which attempts are made to
smuggle in forbidden articles:
"The principal things we have to flglit
against here, he said, " are morphine. and
cocaine. Whiskey occupies so much space
that It is difficult to get it to the prisoner
without detection. But in the case of the
drugs I mentioned, en< ugh to keep a man
liberally supplied for a month can be se
creted in a very small space indeed, and it
keeps us eternally on the"alert to prevent
1 lie success of such attempts. The women
visitors are much the hardest to deal with.
In tlie first place, there are five times as
many of them. In the second place, it is
much more difficult to search them. They
are more sensitive than the men—particu
larly when they have anything to conceal."
The warden laughed.
"They make a fuss, then?" I asked.
"AwfuL The matron has her hands full,
I assure you. As to how they work: The
other day the matron took a quart bottle
of whiskey from a woman's stocking She
had brought it for lior husband. How en
earth she over walked with it there beats
me. She must have concealed it while she
was on the boat coming over, and Just
walked up from the boat to the prison. It
would seem a physical impossibility to
have carried it further. But anything like
that, of course, is easily discoverable. It
is the drugs that cause the trouble. They
rf.ncpal ir everywhere about their clothes
and in their hair. A woman can conceal
almost anything in her hair nowadays,"
the warden added.
I laughed.
"In their ratFy" he continued.
"You mijiht say the same thing about
their hats," I commented.
"They put things in the linings of their
waists and In their belts. The matron
found quite a supply of cocj-lne in the
finger of a woman's glove the other day.
Then they bring In oranges. The stem end
is carefully cut out, the drug placed in
side the orange, and the stem replaced • as
though it hail not been removed. It looks
perfectly innocent, just a bag of half a
dozen oranges, but we know that trick too
well for it to work. One of the hardest
ways to discover the presence of a drug is
when It Is baked in pies or cakes. Then."
the warden continued, "here is another
dodge."
He took n m:ii,';'.7.lne from his dealt, opened
it and held two leaves between his fki^ers.
•'You can conceal considerable cocaine or
morphine between two of thfse leaves." he
saki. "Gum them together, and in looking
through th<> iuaKaziiu they will scarcely
be noticed. You remember the man who
let you In?"
1 nodded.
1 '• of I is to go over each
hi l;i here, page by page.
going by the numbers, so t hut he stay not
ok any."
"A tedious t."!;." 1 said.
"Yes, 1 it necessary. As 1 said before,
our' chief trouble is with druss, but, of
course, we have to keep a sharp lookout
for saws, :il"s .-> ri rl the like."
"How <lo they por those in?" I noesUoued.
"Oh, ;n the way— in cakes, bread
1 ; pies We always cut such things open
tr make sure they are as innocent as they
apj ear, and what a time th» donors do
make aboni it! Their Indignation tncretses.
in the mii i of their g-iilt. They tell us
now much trouble and money it his cost
to have the cike made, then we tell them
they don'l have to eat it. so why worry?"
Th^ warden laughed.
"Any other ways?" I asked.
"Hundreds, many of them not printable.
but possibly I have given you enough to
Illustrate that it is necessary for us to
keep our eyes open most of the time "
It was Warden Hayes's busy day, bo I
thanked him and came away.
-Mv next visit was to the "Tombs, wWW
my -instructor in evasions of the law was
Acting Warden Hanley. • _
"Do they' try any tricks here ■to ge.
whiskey and drugs In to the prisoners, I
3S -Do they? I should say they do!" was, the
answer "Why. only yesterday a woman
camaln here to visit the Queen of China
town.' on. of our sjaMS at presenr We^L
the matron Interviewed her first and took
away her bustle before the call could
proceed."
"Her bustler'
"Yes It was a turklsh towel, on a belt,
and insido of It was a stnalf glass, a bottle
apparently containing cologne, a box or
matches and two boxes of cigarette*, and
In the middle of the cigarette boxes, where
a couple of the cigarettes had been taken
out. we found opium."
The warden led the way Into a room to
the left of where we stood and introduced
me to the man who searches the men visi
tor?. *!«•»•*;'
•Show her the condensed milk cart, ne
said. *"■?■■). &-~,5&z : -%:£ : : z *r> '. .
A can of condensed milk was handed me,
at least so the label said, and It was ap
parently untampered with. The inspector
took it from me, again and Inserted his pen
knife under one of the rims and pried, out
the centre, then handed the can back to
me The contents gave out. the pungent
odor of cocktails (at least the warden said
It was cocktails— lt certainly wasn't milk)
They they put the cover back on It again.
and to my inexperienced eyes It looked as
If It had never been opened.
"They do the same thing with small
cracker boxes." the warden commented.
"They take the labels and outside wrap
pers off carefully without tearing them,
take out a couple of crackers In the middle
and put tho dope in. then seal it up again.
It Is so carefully done It is impossible to
see whe-e it has been tampered with. We
open it anyhow." he grinned. "Charlotte
russe is great stuff, too, to hide drugs in.
and pies and cakes of all kinds. They bake
it right In" He took up a small pack
age, done up In oiled? paper. "You see that
oiled paper keeps tt quite safe. This la
morphine we found in a pie.
"The old offenders are the worst, they
know the tricks of all the prisons and M Is
up to us to be always a little smarter than
they are. Tnere are stories— but then, you
couldn't print them anyhow. They!", do
anything; use your imagination, you cant
possibly think up anything that's not been
tried already."
But unfortunately, as I told the warden.
I haven't that kind of an Imagination, so
I've been obliged to stick absolutely to the
truth. . GEORGIA EARLE.
For Wife Deserters
Washington Makes Them La
bor and Support Families.
By William II Baldwta.
Experience under trie family desertion
and non-support law in Washington has
proved that it Is possible to bring de
serting husbands to time and make them
support their families, however much tney
may want to skip out and leave wives and
children to shift for themselves.
Punishment in itself profits nobody. Tft«
law alms not to punish but to secure sup
port. The man decides whether he will
work ln confinement or out of it. and
Judge William H. DeLacy. of the Juvenile
Court, sees that he does work In one way
If he will not In the other. The Judge is
a good tinker and has mended so many
broken families that he knows w»at he
can do; and the men know. too.
When a man brought up for non-support
promises to furnish it he Is put on proba
tion, and ordered to pay a specified amount
from his wages each Saturday night at
the police station nearest his home. The
sergeant turns the money over to the Juve
nile Court, and then the wife gets it In
full on Monday morning, her pay day. The
money is pretty safe here, and the plan
heads off many a Saturday night sprea.
The man is kept at work, which is a
mighty good thing of itself, and the family
is kept together.
Men who are not willing to furnish sup
port under this arrangement and those who
default ln payment or desert a second time
are promptly pent to the workhouse. There
they are made up Into gangs and put to
work In Rock creek Park, where Mr.
Roosevelt when President used to take his
afternoon gallop. They have a hard day's
work In the open air. with good food, and
for this the law requires the government to
pay 59 cents a day to the wives, as for any
government employe. The work in the park
would cost $1 50 a day if not done by prison
ers, so $1 is left to pay for boarding and
guarding the men. after the wages have
been taken out. Congress appropriates
$2,000 a year for thl3 purpose, therehy set
ting a good example to state legislatures
and city council.'.
It pays to do so. A man who can get out
at any time will not work long in this way.
I,a.st year only one man out of nine had to
be s^nt to the workhouse, and he got out
after an average of six weeks. The govern
ment paid $2,340 for work, but the men out
s'.de earned $38,319 (56. which was collected by
the police and paid to the families through
the Juvenile Court.
Beyond the money value of the labor,
however. Is the moral effect of the work
and Its compensation on the man in his
1 relations to nia family. Instead of escaping
th* punishment which he deserves, and so
failing to realize that he has done wrong,
the issue Is squarely made and the work
house sentence, if Inflicted, reveals hi? con
duct to him in Its true character. Many
men have reformed after this experience,
and it is due in large part to the com
'pen?at!on provided that the judge is able
to inflict the punishment without-hesita
tion where he thinks It necessary.
Judge DeLacy's execution cf the law Is
effective because It is certain. Family de
sertion is a misdemeanor or a felony In al
most every state and 1? punishable with
hard lab«r in many. But to punish the.
man in jail the jud?e must also punish his
wife and, children by cutting off hi« wages.
That means In many cases that the wife
must go to work or accept h~lp from a
i charitable, jotiety or the city.
The Washington lan does anav with all
that. In Ike three years ami nine months
during which the law has been In opera
tion the amount pa-.i t;» prisoners by the
government has reachcrl a to- of $3 37«
while the amount collected from them
through the Juvenile Court Is & 563 54
This proves the st.coe fS of the plan, and
adopleT' b€lleVM it ° UKht tO ( mmmm^
A RADIUM SAFE.
A safe, the first * it* kl?lll constructed
has been made h y Ouibb & g£» lor «£
British Radii; „ Coloration. It va^ Jen
specially constructs fr>!!l tht . de^n of
the technical advisers ,0 the cor'Jrati ,
for the storage and protection of ra^un
and though only about thwc feet in hehr" t
it wel B h, a ton a*, , (uir ££££
made by n experts proved that practically
the on. y met:,l which would wlthMan 1 the
same time
inchTaT 1 *K aa lf:t " r<or * h * u sKiSS
t : S£
rtmUar th.cliness cf ,tcej. Another dim:
'•»*«», ...... „.
"'• * a;..- of an) „,v „, „ .....
Mother MfISSSI - tlw ''
•M>e,,e.l. ar.) , ** n *'^ V"' 1 ''"• ' l
into th* V»'.or thrv, T" ' h! £f b#e " rtxtHl '
mercury ami v* „■' . R1 , nnl<^ tube.* of
and Morale eftiJ!?"** 1 for rh " <"«H*ctJpn
demand f;t r +\c£v»* " f r **«"« him! the
footed has r^'i"^ .""P.P'- V - th * V***
som.thlni; like £60.\r^ n m ' n >?rramme. «r
AslvcrtlaeTr. *w i >.WV an ounve.- Dundee-
Broad Plan to
Aid Social
Service Stu^
POST - GRADUATE fjj
federation of Churches $<•'
Endow fifteen FcUowil^
of $1,000 Uzh.
The Federatlcn of <*h'irr j & I
which has done a vast amount m "^^J
research work during th» flf tMa "^
Its existence, has jast fomxui^/' 1 * ?|
prehensive plan to •''« :'«n M'iJ^
service fellowships. yieMln^' ji.Of* **
nually. These fellowships wuVb*^**
in an aggregate of m collf^, V J^
nartes, denominattrn.il ani auf*^.^
tlonal. In the Unite! Slates ant/ 55 * 1
but preference will b» t**sVettes!s
being equal, to P^»t-srad-;at? «>1-
students. • ■-" J^^
The students to whom theie fe» w
will he awarded, after a eoinpetl!!:. **
{ ination, will spend one year vf tltfr 1^
graduate course In Xett Y<>rk. .h-i^
' under the direction of the fe^er'ac,?*
} rellgioj?. moral, raeia!. .«ocfal, {-1-.^
and economic conditions of th» m?
j which is to-day the greatest sccUtf
tory in the world. .^ I
The Rev. Dr. James B. Wasson, '^-J
senior assistant of St. Thomas's CS^?* j
this city, has been appointed •ztm^ 5
' retary of the federation, to carry ii-j^
.this plan, and he has bfgun by "»•**
' appeal for the establishment cf »f4
j extant Episcopal fello*?hip. vrtith *g
offered to students of Hornrt, KeajM
Trinity colleges, the L'niverirtt; .q *
! South and the follow thfalo^jj J
naries: Berkeley Divinity 3ch«Kl a^>
town. #7onn.; the Episcopal "Pieeijj,
School. Cambridge. Mas.*.; the PMlafc^
1 Divinity' School, the Wesr^rn Ths%2
'Seminary, Chicago; the Vlrrlnta -JImJ
i cal Seminary, the Sea bury School, j s
J bault, Minn.. and the General Thtote-;
j Seminary, of this ell Mom corfijj j
dorsem»nt= of the plan have been r«fc
from leading bishops, re.-tors aa-j t&
and seminary • premier r- of the E^.
> ('hur' > !i and from such repr?«cn:atlr» I
! as President Schurman of •'.Hnieil £*,
1 sity. President Faunce of Bro^a Xext
' slty. Professor Franc: 5 Gr»r»nwoo<i p^
I of the department of soda] ethicsofEi
• yard University, and Professor SaautU
' t*une Lindsay, director of the Xew y
! School of Philanthropy.
President .rmar. is especial t
1 thuslastlc In his indorsement of soi
training for m?n entering t!i? mialstrj.
•In the Christian ministry."! be<^
"the need of educated youßi ran a
oughly trained In the complex peßQi
economic and social prob!»ms nt «rt
and country is very gr»*at. and your*
of meeting this need by * "ablins to si
vates of colleges, universities ami •&
I logical seminaries competitive remove
' which shall provide for a Srsl hand n
■ cf these problems an 1 their Intbaaup
I tical relationship? to the wort of tl»(.t
i tlan churches seem.* to m? adminNt
I magnificent field of service Hes-fce'ani
1 trained In the way >•> ; have outlined*
Indeed. President Schurman Is ms|
Interested In the federation plan tax 1
intends to bring up the question tit
Cornell graduate school of credit!:; r
Cone by Cornell men a.- federation Mr
as part of the requirements for a rm-fi
uate 4egree. It Is understood tan oft
universities will also accept such soft
part of their post-graduate reiyiirara
There Is a widespread feelissiai
Christian Churches to-day -iia tSeiti
j logical seminaries do not a<i»-^at«»«
I young men to meet the problems of nail
life. Professor L. P. Jacks, the edftar
•The Hlbbert Journal," after a recssa
to this country, said:
"There Is an element of moral -VOX
In society at large that goes on tow
which the churches have to overtate
Dr. A- A. Berle. the editor of "TSfE
otheca Sacra." of Oberiln. OWo. »-X
sentatlve religious journal, tatan «
stronger ground. In a recent issue ail
clares that "^he whole world it tt«*P>
Instruction has broken down in theWß
j the tremendous necessities under*!
1 modern religious work is done," A3 ■
I adds that "the schools present t»«
I Piteous plight of ail the religious ££■
• to meet the wants of th« new tine! Wt
have not only not made th« hex ■■
j the materials which the church«s hr?*
l^o them but have destroyed Use i^
\ the force, the natural power of Xi * r: il
j men who have been given to CSI
j training and discipline." I
I As a result of this defective tains* I
' Berle maintains that many of '•!<• ■•" I
are falling to keep up with tht r*»
: advance of the times. • • •
•The present writer he says. "!«
' a dozen impassioned socialists. a* B
, audiences aggregating ten thousaai^
make a- finer, a more eftectiv*. a so
matte and a more moral use of t&e*
the illustrations and the moral tgad^.
th© Gospels 'In a single « veDis? Jjf 3
has heard from any dozen preacM"
month in the last twenty year?.* .
While these views have g£g I
challenged by many represents!!" ZgM
' leaders as a gross overstatement" I
era!l\ admitted that theological^ I
courses often lack the element « • . 1
In some of them most excellent w'--^
' sociology have late!- beers e * :i^vr J
sociology as taught In the di^ gi
' never take the place of actW _^'
with flesh an. l blood men «■« TZ^m
! the metropolis of the S-w ' >rl *^»
' score of races and creed* •■?•& jm
of a new social and rc'.:ffW ? I
I of a new soc< 1 , +jM
opportunity which dM f?le ™T*e#<H
(ships will thus eive Of ***?}* !.#
i lent; rf real life, vitraat '"j^iß
| interest, pathos and iz*glc pO *LTr»B
• a complex ,-:.l!'.zati'»n " i;K ?s«
! will. It is believed, be of the *~Tgjm
I tint! advantage to youns men I; . ■ I
i the- ministry. ,!«£**■
Of. Wasson will be s«'l *°
j tributions toward the M"" 3 '^ 3 1 \
< these fellowships at the *"' -^ffM
eration. So. US East l**'*™*^*
Ing the establishment . of V* w „,((■
fellowships a l««npor«n ra» .^.m
five-year fellowships * "™ w *m
order th:it the plan m*> ,^ *§-'»
, date operation As «*,•»*». '" M
of th's temporary fund U J 5»«B
1 dent wi'.l be appointed fei'J . I
' put t'> work. _• / I
EDEN WITHOUT "THE *^1
Shaking on We-t Afrl« .. |
Royal Oohnlal to^^feg of * J
iald tl,c d.-* ire of the ?^^«
lives not to *- tt» "^J^-lwi^B
in a country where foci ccoj .sM
by -merely scr.»tchinj» the J^ftl»«
monthVwurk in the oe *.^^^§
UtV with sufficient O^JJ^ &M
or, two. Adranilns
v»ould make the ' iatl%? J,,., <**,:■
O^rds grow Into move ■^«-»*JI
live fur work!" «as an '^tr^jß
I profoundest astonishment « M*W
I a> a i--h I
Jrig for money «• » !r^e/« l:J * l :
! ihiH would, no OouM. ***< .^ I
: B£ current.
vi ■ "■ I
: Kd*n • with-it ,ihr *fi v m »^M
M 1
r hl > native «r«wxW !»•»** . r^Z^m
that th* Wpl US* S2r?f *» S^l
words: •:• «. h f. V,n,o«P^-^l
SOME WERE OVERt^|
' "I understand Jh^t .t*?^,^ *=V'H
rid - .. - - have leen -^ : *>*•*■
|*T".iw. , •i-gyjßiP^
I Pittaburs w^s gr?»ter tn»a I
iPost. „•*.-■ •■••■ | >;

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