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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, June 13, 1910, Image 6

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Amusements.
ALHAMBRA— 2— S— Va-udevillc.
AMERICAN— 2— Th« Barnyard Romeo.
ASTOK— s:ir»— Seven Days. „.,,,,„,..„.
BROADWAY— S:IS— The . Summer VI ido*ers-
CAFINO-s:ls— Tie Mikado. T>r-,m-
COKEY ISLAND— Brighton Beach Park. Dream
land. L.una Park. '■. ' ''• „„ .
•CRITEKION— 2:I.%— S:2O— The Kachelor's Babj.
EDEN ilUrEß— World in Wax.
FIFTH AVENUE— 2— **— Vaudeville.
GAIETY— $:ir— Fortune H -inter.
GARRICIC— £:*»— Her HukNunJ-s W ife.
HAVVEII'TFIV.* — - — s:ls— Vaudeville.
HERALD SQCAR"3-S-»-T""«'" Ntßhtmare.
HUDSON— S:IS— The Spendthrift.
KNICKERBOCKER— :IS— The Arcadians.
X.YRIC— *:2O— A Matin- • idol.
anCW AMSTERDAM— k:IS— Girlie* , ,
NEW YORK— The Merry Whirl.
Index to Advertisements.
Pase.CoU PagcCol-
Aißuseinejit* ... 1 - 6-7jll«rrlaces and_
Bankers «n<S Deaths .. < <
Brokers 10 1 V"rißaK«> L*>an*..ll «>
B v f i n c c * I Kwtk* of Bmm-
C^nc<>* U "! nwiis ..-• U •
Can^* Cif Blmr.U " Proposal* 11 •>
tMks »ivi Ostoe I R'-s! Kstate for
Furniture 11 31 Sale or to Let. ll »
Dividend X«- ! Rf>m«><ii.-5 il J
He** . .10 liSrhfMl AKt-nrlcs. .11 J
Dsmertir Slrua- ij=p«cial Notices.. . . ••; - ■?■
tirw "n-ante4.il 3-4 Th Tu-r « •
Incursions 11 T!Time TaWe5.....1l 6- •
Financial 1" «T. l>t for «'»•'- ■ ■■-._, ■---
For Sale 11 . r .i nn ' '' rurposps-.il. 5-
Pirtliblfl- Tribune- becrlp-
Apartments ..11 I tion nates... .7 <
Furnished iTrust Companies. lo fl
Howe* 11 Typewrltlmc 11 «
H*!r "Wanted... il 1-3' V nfurni sh cd
Instruction 31 T Apartments ...11 »
lysst tuikkooks.ll 51 v>'ork Vaates....il 3
M«rhln-ry. etc.. 11 Si r \
KfCto-JJoTk Mttitrmt.
IfOXDuIX, JUNE ]3. 1010.
This newspaper Is rnmr,l awl p!(h-
Uthed bp The Tribune Association, a
Xeio York corporation: office and prin
cipal place of btutincss. Tribune Build
ing, Xo. 354 yatsau street, Xctc York;
den Mills, president; Ogdcn M. Reid,
secretary; James M. Barrett, Ircasurcr.
The address of the officers is the office
r - this nrtc*paper.
THE rrWft THIS MORXIXG.
FOREIGN. — Lord Kitchener, it was
reported in London, may resign the
Mt^iterranean command. — A dis
patch from Como. ItaJy, frvk the police
have no news of Porter Charlton, hus
band of the woman whose body was
found in Lake Como. — ■ Fiie more
bodies "were removed from the sunken
French submarine Pluvios*. off Calais.
■ •- The officers of the United States
special service squadron were enter
tained at dinner by the Minister of Ma
rine at Uruguay, 't The Italian Am
bassador at Vienna protested against
the presentation of the panorama rep
repenting the naval engagement at
LiSEa in 1568. when the Austrians de
feated the Italians. ■ . Henry T.
G&ge, recently appointed Minister to
Portugal, was received by King Manuel.
v., ... Herman Ridder and David Jayne
Kill had luncheon with the German Em
peror and Empress. .-.- ;. ■, The Papal
IBaSKM at Madrid formally protested
trainft the religious reforms just inau
gurated. . According to dispatches
received in Mexico City. the Indian up
rtetng in Yucatan has been practically
suppressed.
DOMEBTIC. — and Princess
Fushiml received important dispatches
at Boston which made necessary their
return to Japan at once. = It was
*aid at "Washington that wholesale
prices "were higher than at any other
period in the nation's history. - ■ John
\V. Kern is being urged by Indiana Dem
ocrats to "withdraw his charges that
Senator Shively was the beneflciary in
the caucus which elected him of votes
purchased by the brewery interests; it
Is pointed out that his refusal to specify
hi<- chareres or withdraw them threatens
t« disrupt the Indiana Democracy. ■ .'
Census employes in Louisville organized
"Census Enumerators* Union No. 1' to
redress alleged grievances against the
rnmrnt. the president declared the
organization had the support of enumer
ators in sixteen other cities. =^z= Bac
calaureate sermons were delivered at
Brown University, Tufts, Smith and
Mount Holyoke colleges. - - - The body
of a Pe*>kski!l man was found in the
Connecticut River at Thompsonville,
Conn. = a sheriff of Charlemont,
Mass., was shot and killed while at
tempting to arrest a man on a charge
■C assault at Monroe Bridge; the des
perado escaped.
CITY. — Hamilton announced he would
fly to Philadelphia to-day, and tried out
his machine at Governor's Island. ==
"Mrs. Alice B. Morrison was fatally in
jured when a trolley car smashed a
tKxicab in which she was riding in Mad
ison avenue. = The Merchants' Pro
"tective Association reported a marked
'decrease of fraudulent bankrupts in the
dryg-oods trade. =: The Rev. Dr. J.
Lewis Parks, rector of Calvary Episco
pal Church, announced that he would
resign within a month. = Lumber
jack rode a log through Hell Gate, dis
mounting but once, when his log dived
•under a dredge. == Manager of Fresh
Air Fund called for volunteer assistants
and $60,000 working capital. = Pro
fessor Starr, the anthropologist, said a
reaction mierht be expected in Japan
against Occidentalism. ' A Jersey
City policeman was shocked to death
by electricity at a call box. the wir^s
of which became crossed with electric
light wires. ■ The Rev. G. W. Grin
ton. in a sermon, deplored apartment
hou?e life, which he called seml-va
prancy. = Steamship agents said
that ias<wsidl bookinsrs were larger than
in th«» record year of 1907. =^-rr Jr<'
liminary Ftpps were taken for the pro
posed strike sf 50,000 cloakmakers.
r~r-r. "New Haven man jumped from
train on <vntrai i:-';i<l and was severely
injured.
THE "WEATHKU Indications for to
day: Fair and warmer. The tempera
ture pasterday: Highest, C 3 degrees;
lowest, K. _^^^________
BOXDS iXD SAVINGS HAXKS.
Commenting upon the agitation for
lower interest rates on savings deposits,
"The New York TtsMS** counsels savings
bank iepsattors hi withdraw their money
nnd take advantage of the opportunity
for investment offered l<y the current
low prfam for bonds. It s;t\s: "The dif
"neuiiy of the banks is the opitortuuity
of the d<|x'Miois. if only they could see
"it. Their saving* are ao safer than the
Isecartties In which the savings banks
"invest them. No BBvtagM sank is safer
"than a bind of the city of New York,
••which c.-iii be Iwwijilt t-» yield over 4
"per cent «t a time when the savings
"banks are reducing llieir rates to '■'.'.
"per <«':t." T!::<1 Nt.'i!«"iie!it does not
reveal :t th<ir<njgb i!''derst:iudi!:g of one
function of the aaviugs bank, which i> to
Lcejs t" ; * principal of every imslinr In
tact* ejsard eas ol the vi'- and downs of
the if»i<i market.
.The dejv^itor who withdraws his
money i<> inves 1 in securities is not a
,true saviiig.s bank depofltor. Be is an
investor. We do not doubt tiw credit of
>"ew York City, nor that its bonds
are certain to be paid at maturity: but
(his does not mean that the bonds of the
city of New York will always bring their
Msebaae price. To-day may be s good
time for those depositors who are famil
iar with the investment markets to buy
bands, but nobody knows that bonds will
|qJ .<■ worth less I foar hence. The
tarings bank defM-»fit is surej tie invest
nismi Ii statHia.
To < ■■.■<■■..- <- case, thf* depositor
■mi has $1,000 in ttsi savings bank to
day and has had his income rf-durert \t,
of 1 per rent iv- suffering a loss of .$2. Vi
for the six months in income. If the
tame depositor had purchased a $1,000
New York City bond six months ago at ;
101 and had need Of hi? principal to-duy.
i la principal would show him a loss of
•*L^». Althmjirli bonds appear to be cheap,
ii is imi*>ssible to say that in six months
they will not lie cheaper. Furthermore. \
how iii;;iiy depositors would wisely in
vest their money if they did withdraw
tl-eir funds from the savings banks?
Would not a large number fall iuto the
hands of untrustworthy persons and lose
all?
THE THIRD TRACK (JVESTIOX. !
: Proposals for the third-tracking of the
Second, Third and Ninth avenne ele
vated roads the Interboraugh Rapid
Transit Company lias been repeating at
intervals for several years, but they have
never proved popular, and they have
never met with favor from the authori
ties. Perhaps it would be better to say
that they have never heen put in such
form as to meet with favor from the
authorities, for the Rapid Transit Com
mission was once disposed to grant the
desired franchises if the Interborough
company had been willing to undertake
extensions of the subway system in con- 1
sideration for them. Opposition to the .
third tracks comes from a feeling that,
elevated structure.? in crowded streets
are a nuisance and that the city should !
look to subways rather than to addi
tional elevated roads or additions to i
present elevated structures for farther '
facilities.
Another objection to the third tracks j
bM always been that the company has
asked perpetual franchises for them, and
perpetual franchises belong even more j
to the past that l.as been put behind than
elevated railroads themselves. The pres- j
ent offer apparently contemplates per
petual franchises. It may be conceded I
that inasmuch as the third tracks are to \
be parts of roads which are operated on
perpetual franchises the granting of a j
perpetual franchise for them would not i
be open to such serious objections as it
would be in the case of new lines. Still,
in any subsequent readjustment, of its
relations to the company, such as may
become necessary, the city would be in
a stronger position if the additions to
the elevated system were operated only
npou a limited franchise. Furthermore,
a perpetual franchise for extensions to -
the elevated roads in new territory is i
open to very serious objections.
The offer of the company calls for the
most careful scrutiny from the authori
ties. The proposed additions to the ele
vated roads would unquestionably, prove
enormously valuable to the Interborough
company. The profits from operating
elevated railroads in New York City are
very large, since the structure, compared
to subways. Is relatively inexpensive,
while the traffic is heavy; and in this
case there is little lean with the fat.
The operation of the Belmont tunnel to j
Queens in connection with the subway, I
while a great boon to the people of
Queens, would not be a substantial con
cession by the Interborough. -which
would be better off operating the tunnel j
than keeping it idle. Moreover, aside
from this, the city is to receive no addi
tion to its transit facilities euch as has
been hitherto proposed as a considera
tion for granting valuable third-tracking
rights. When the value of these fran
chises is taken into consideration the i
proposed payment to the city of only j
"2 per centum of increased receipts from |
stations served by the new third track"' j
appears totally inadequate.
For the proposed plan it may be said
with perfect truth that no other prom
ises so prompt a measure of relief for
The Bronx and Queens. Subways would
take two or three years longer to con
struct and put in operation than would
these additions to the elevated roads.
Moreover, it may be said that, the pro
vision of transit facilities being so ex
pensive, common sense demands that ex- j
isting lines f-hall be fitted for and put to \
their utmost use. The plan calls, for i
careful study and consideration from
every point of view.
THE FREXCE PROGRAMME.
The first item of the remarkable pro- j
gramme of constructive legislation which j
Mr. Rriand has prepared for the French
parliament is, as was expected, that I
of electoral reform, for which a strong I
popular mandate was apparently given !
at the late general election. Mr. Briand j
purposes to effect a compromise between |
scrutin dc listc and proportional repre- 1
sentation. the chief features of which !
will be the correction of the gross me- j
qualities which now exist in the numeri
cal sizes of constituencies — some having
ten times as many voters as others the j
establishment of a certain measure of
minority representation, the abolition of
that prohibition of multiple candidatures
which was adopted In ]$S!) to prevent v
repetition of General Boulauger's se
ditious tactics, and finally, and most im
portant of all. the transformation of the
CuanUier of Deputies ini<> a continuous
body like the Senate by electing one
third of its members every second year
For a term of six years. All these
ehauges will, if effected, be important,
but the last named will be nothing less!
than revolutionary. The whole world!
will regard with interest the unique ex- ;
periment of making the popular repre
sentative boose of n parliament a contin
uous body. the political complexion of
uhieh cannot certainly be changed at a
single election.
The question of the status of the civil
service, the relations of its members to
lhe state and their right to organi/.e
labor unions among themselves and to
go on strike will also come up lor set
tlement, iii a comprehensive law on the
subject will doubtless be enacted. The
long disputed income tax is another
measure which is Indicated for disposal
during the next session. Educational
legislation will <-oinj>rise various meas
ures aiming ; ,| the COttSOlidatiOU and de
fence oi 1 1 i « - secular system and at the
assertion a>>d enforcement of state con
trol of private schools so f:ir as the com
petence of the tejiebers and the charac
ter of the textbooks are concerned. Some
measures of administrative and judicial
reform, suggested by recent trials, will
be brought forward, and there will prob
ably be some labor legislation, dealing
with til*- making of collective contracts,
ii.»- establishment <tf a credit system for
workmen and the extension of the profit
sharing plan.
This programme indicates clearly the
lines along which French legislation is '
proceeding, and it affords an agreeable j
■swirance of consistent progress in con-
Rtrurtive legislation of the most practical I
kind. I'urely political or partisan inter
est! are conspicuously lacking, save as
ii;e whole tone of the programme is re
publican as distinguished from socialist
on the one hand and roonarcliirsl on the
other, and the present pwpnssls fire ■
consistent, sequel to the worl; done in the 1
last ten fsara by Mr. Briand's predeess j
■on. The fact that France bai had in
succession Messrs. Wuideck-Rousseau, j
NEW-YORK DAILY TBIBrXE, 3IOXBAY, JIXE 13, 1910.
Combes. Clemencnu and Briand. and
under the lead of four men so different
tn disposition has maintained unbroken
progress in tin- same direction, gives
.i.uiHi.'iiit encouragement for faith in the
stability of the republic.
THE WEATHER BUREAU.
Patience has ceased to be ■ virtue.
Much have we suffered in, silence; the
time has eoasß to speak out. This gov
ernment regulation of local weather con
ditions has to be mended or ended right
now. It is uo longer .regulation, it i 3
interference. What its purpose may be
we cannot fathom, nor do we care to in
qnire We only know that when it
comes to turning the Polo Grounds into
a morass. New York will be found . to
know no party lines, no differences of
ra«-e or creed. We speak in solemn
warniag, not yet iv auger: Revolt may
become the truest form of loyalty.
We refuse to be put off any longer
with disingenuous excuses, craftily cir
culated., and officially denied at will.
There is the comet: it is the cause of
the miserable weather, and it isn't. You
can take your choice. Meteorologist ap
peals to astronomer, and between them
the public's rising "discontent is baffled
and deflected for another day. Does the
Weather Bureau dare to disclaim all
knowledge of the origin of ' the rumor
that the spirits of the air have been of
fended by flying men invading their do
main, and that the sun, unable to kill
these bold mortals with his rays or melt
the wax of their wings as of yore, has.
veiled his face in sullen clouds in token
of his displeasure? Are we benighted
heathen to be put off with tales like
these? No. We will put up no lougei
with federal weather that is manufact
ured from low pressures over the lakes
and. disturbance centres in the South.
New York is b'g enough to have its
own weather, made on the spot to meet
its requirements. Unless conditions im
prove, we shall advocate local option.
What we need is a New York business
man in the local Weather Bureau, a
public spirited retail merchant or the
manager of one of our great amusement
enterprises.
We shall say no more for the moment.
The time for voluntary reform is not yet
past. One final word of warning in the
ear of the local forecaster in his tower
at No. 100 Broadway: Next Saturday,
June IS. dear sir, will be a great day
for New York. You know perfectly well
what kind of weather will be appropri
ate for that occasion. See that we get
it. for the Big Stick may hit you if you
don't watch out.
MISHAPS TO SUBMARIXES*
Now that it has been possible to ex
amine the hull of the wrecked sub
marine which sank in the English Chan
nel a few days ago, it becomes evident
that her officers and men were drowned
rather quickly. So large was the rent
torn in the stern of the Pluviose that she
probably rilled with water in a few min
utes. Still, it is not unlikely that the
resulting mortality would have been
smaller bad the boat carried life pre
servers of a kind which has been
adopted by the British Admiralty for
use in submarines. These are "oxygen
helmet?,"' differing only in minor feat
ures from those which' have rendered
excellent service in mines and burning
buildings. Had every one on board the
Pluviose been trained iv the art of don
ning them there might have been time
enough for a few, if not all, of the men
to save themselves. In four or live other
instances on record submarines have
been unable to rise because of some dis
arrangement of the machinery, but as
the hulls -were not damaged there was
apparently an even better chance that
the new device, if then known, would
have proved efficacious.
Another method of dealing with sub
marine accidents was suggested by the
.sinking of the Farfadet in the Mediter
ranean. When her inability to rise was
discovered efforts were made to help her
by passing chains under her. With
these she was brought nearly to the sur
face once or twice, but the chains
slipped and down she "went again.
Thereupon it *was proposed to provide
every boat of this kind with a hue
metal eye. or staple, into which a diver
could quickly introduce a hook. How
extensively the plan was adopted Sve do
not know, but it seems to be -well suited
to meeting a certain class of emergencies
which occasionally arise. It is now the
custom in a few navies to have a tender
at hand when submarines engage in
practice. If the consort of a submerged
craft were equipped with a derrick and
suitable hoisting gear, it would be feas
ible to rai.*e pretty promptly a boat pr>
vided -with large, stout and readily ac
cessible staples, one at each end.
The fate of the Pluviose was largely
due to the selection of au exceptionally
dangerous locality for her practice. As
the English Channel is almost constantly
thronged with big and little vessels
the chance of coilisfpn was great
there. Fortunately, every fresh accident
teaches one or more lessons and nar
rmys the prospect of the repetition of
such disasters.
XVISAXCES needless am) XEGES
BARY.
The denunciation of the Bayonhe of]
refineries as nuisances will doubtless
evoke a sympathetic response from
many dwellers and visitors on the north
shore of Staten island, who suffer much
from the smoke and odors which are
emitted from those establishments. Nor
will it. we assume, be denied by the
proprietors of the works that offence is
en used. There is need, however. 'of
discriminating between nuisances anil
nuisances, at least in the treatment of
them. For while some are needless and
should be wholly abated, others may be
described as necessary, and must be
tolerated, or at. most their bffehsiveness
may be merely mitigated. / x
oil refineries and chemical works are
loubtles? offensive. But they are also
certainly necessary. They become nui
saiM-es only when in certain* environ
ments or when conducted in a certain
manner. Dirt has been characterized as
matter onl of its proper place. Sn these
ouisanoes are simply worthy establish
ments «>ut of place. Remote from hu
m.-Mi residence, they w.-uld not^be con
demned or criticised. Some such con
cerns were when founded thus remote,
but population has extended toward
them and increased around them so
as to make of them. The
question legitimately arises, therefore,
how they are to be compelled to "move
on" when Mahomet has come to the
mountain instead of the mountain fOfng
t<> Mahomet, especially since there is an
increasing scarcity of places to which
they -an remove and in which they will
not be offensive or he in danger'of soon
becoming offensive. The only comfort
able place for a nnil : is on .smr.fc other
man's nock,^anil similarly each COfflJ*
munity thinks that the only fitting place
for one of these necessary nuisances is
in sr-me other community.
It is worthy of consideration. In such
drettastaaees, whether such nulsnnces
are not susceptible of nbntement with
c-trt removal nwl ' without abolition of
.-.fcessary industries, It lias been suf
fiolentiy demonstrated that the nuisance
of smoke from soft coal furnaces can
be re<luced with actual pec«nlary profit
by the simple expedient of more careful
stokiu;;. So it is no longer to be denied
that the nuisance ot fluvial pollution
with sewage can be abated through the
expedient of purifying the sewage be
fore it is disetiarged. These corrective
measures were once decried as idealistic
and impracticable, but they are now
coftdied as entirely practicable and ns
economical instead of expensive. It
would be a reproach to twentieth cen
tury Ingenuity and thrift to contend that
the offensive by-products of oil refineries
and chemical works cannot be similarly
disposed of. Hitherto, perhaps, there
has seemed to be little incitement to the
seeking c-f such a course. Now there
is urgent need of it. The smoke and
smell of those establishments cannot be
permanently tolerated. But it would be a
costly and in many respects most unde
sirable undertaking to remove them to a
place "where they would give no offence.
Therefore, they must get rid of the
smoke and smell so as to be inoffensive
where they now are. That is the prob
lem which is before them, and which it
ought to be possible for them to solve.
MONEY AND BUSINESS.
As a consequence of the railroad rate
settlement at Washington last week
a, change for the hotter has taken
place in the financial situation. Confi
dence has been restored, and while as
yet there is no active investment de
mand for securities bankers believe that
the attractive buying prices at which
solid stocks and mortgage issues are
now quoted will soon bring home and
foreign capital into the market. The
average price for the leading railroad
shares advanced last week from 114.59
on Monday to 117.73 in Thursday's oper
ations, with the close about one point
lower, while corresponding improvement
was enjoyed by the industrials, with
weakness, however, in the popper stocks
at the close as a result of unfavorable
conditions in the copper metal trade.
Public speculative operations are light,
and at the moment the outlook favors
little beyond a good trading market, as
far as speculation is concerned. Money
rates are easier here and in London.
The local banks are well supplied with
funds, and stiff quotations are not ex
pected before the autumn. In the com
mercial paper market offerings are not
heavy, drygoods bills being chiefly in
evidence. It is expected that when the
crops begin to move we shall have a
large amount of foreign credit to draw
against.
Reports received from various trade
centres show modest improvement in the
actual volume of business transacted
and marked improveme**t in sentiment
Jas compared with a week ago. Never
theless, there is still enough irregularity
in trade to discourage the expectation
of an important expansion in our indus
tries in the summer months. Most con
cerns are operating under full capacity,
but profits as a rule are satisfactory, and
the conservative attitude of buyers and
the curtailment in lines where overpro
duction has been under way encourage
a hopeful feeling over the outlook for
the maintenance of stability in business
affairs and an elimination of the specu
lation that has materially interfered
with industrial progress. The unseason
able weather of the last few weeks has
retarded retail business, though fortu
nately it has had little adverse effect
upon the crops. Exports of domestic
products decreased in May to the value
of $5,030,tf92, as compared with the same
time last year, making a total loss since
July 1 of almost $49,000,000 and a loss
from the eleven months ended May 31,
1908, of more than $152,000,000.
Prices for staple products as a whole
are declining, and the general cost of
living, as figured by Bradstreefs index
number, is 4.7 per cent under the Janu
ary return, though about 5 per cent
higher than was reported a year ago.
Commercial failures in May were light
er, both as regards number and the
amount of liabilities, than for many pre
ceding months, the favorable character
of the exhibit being especially pro
nounced in relation to manufacturing
insolvencies, which were smaller than in
any corresponding period since li«>4. A
more confident sentiment prevails in iron
and steel trade circles, and moderately
heavy new buying is reported in pig iron
and finished steel products, with sales of
the first named the heaviest in the
Western markets. Curtailment of pig
iron production in May was lighter than
in the month before, and the active ca
pacity on June 1 represented a decline
of only 10 per cent in the furnace output
from the high rate of February, which
was on a basis of upward of ,">l,<;r>o,o<M>
tons a year. While some of the railroads
may adopt a policy of radical retrench
ment owing to uncertainty as to what
the Interstate Commerce Commission
will do in the matter of freight rate in
creases and the delay that will occur
before new schedules can be put into
effect, steel manufacturers believe that
the ultimate result of such a policy will
not be seriously felt in the steel trade.
So far there huve been no cancella
tions of equipment orders by the rail
roads. The transportation companies
.aro not starving, and although increased
operating costs have advanced the oper
ating ratio to a material extent, they
have not brought about many decreases
In net income, as compared with corre
sponding periods last year. Of fifteen
large systems reporting for April only
Jour show net declines. It will be neces
sary, however, to watch subsequent
statements for the influence <.f higher
payrolls, as only a few companies re
flected in their April exhibits wage con
cessions to entptoyes. For the month of
May gross earnings incrpased almost 14
per cent, against a gain in April of 12
per cent and a gain of 15 per cent In
March, comparisons being made with
the came months in ISMJO. Consumption
of cotton goods is light, with no indica
tion of improvement in the immediate
future, notwithstanding efforts by manu
facturers to stimulate a demand by low
ering prices on tome lines. The retail
inquiry is not active, and jobbers assert
that in spite of the fact that manufact
urers are not making money at current
quotations the market will have to go
lower before active buying need be
loolofd for Dulneaa in the general tex
tile markets is expected to continue un
til the late summer Reports from the
South Indicate a normal cotton harvest,
and government figures showing the
condition of the cereal crops as of June
1 in.lj.-ato a yield better than the n\>r
uge Of recent years. With good grow
ling weather for the rest of the croD year
1 there should he a total wheat harvest
of So,OoO.<*>o bushels in excess of a ten
■ ysar average.
Samuel J. Tilden occupied a position
in the eyes of the American p*-r,p\e
and performed services to the country
which amply entitle him to remem
brance in bronze. N>w York or Albany
would be the most appropriate place for
a statue in his honor, but if Congress
were to depart from precedent and erect
at public expense In Washington a me
morial to one who never held office un
der the federal government, but whose
relation to national affairs was merely
that of a party leader, as provided by
Mr. Sulzer's bill, the tribute might gen
erally be regarded as a justifiable ex
ception to a sound rule. The advocate?
of such an enterprise, however, will not
rommend it to the favor of Congress or
of patriotic citizens by circulating, as
they are doing, arguments "that 'His
"Fraudulency 1 is a title altogether ap
propriate as a designation of Rufher
"ford B. Hayes." Out of that unfortu
nate tangle of cipher dispatches and re
turning boards the representatives of
tho American people of both parties
united in the spirit of George William
Curtis's call "to provide a way over
"which a President, be he Republican or
"be he Democrat, shall pass unchal
lenged to his chair"; and now, more
than thirty years after, neither will Mr.
Tilden be honored nor will national wel
fare be promoted by renewing that con
troversy, ostensibly as a tribute to his
fame, really as a vehicle of partisan
ship. If the Congress of the United
States erects a statue of Mr. Tilden, it
will not be to recognize him as a fir inn-
President, but to honor him as a great
citizen.
Commissioner Stover's predecessors
cannot have done their duty by the
Park Department if it has no auto
mobile. We thought that in the good
old days when those vehicles were,
passed around every department ob
tained at least a dozen.
If Mr. Hamilton, in performing one of
his "aerial Jests," should for an instant
lose control of his machine, or some
part of the mechanism should go wrong.
he might kill the observer whom thu3
far he has merely frightened. In that
case everybody would say that he had
taken chances which he had no right to
take. The best time to make that com
ment is before a mishap occurs. More
over, when you think of it, there is a
suggestion of offence in planning to
miss and no more. TVhat would be said
of an automobile driver who played
similar games with pedestrians on a
public highway? •
Won't the news of the direct primaries
being held in other states set the vot
ers of New York to wondering why they
in this state are denied the privilege of
making their own nominations?
Dispatches from Cincinnati tell of the
inrlirtment of four saloonkeeper? for
violations of law on evidence collected
by the Ohio Brewers' Vigilance Bureau.
The Ohio brewers are on the right track.
They can themselves end many of the
abuses which have brought the liquor
traffic into disrepute and encouraged so
widespread a recourse to prohibition as
their only effective remedy.
THE TALK OF THE DAY.
In his annual report the chief con^able
of Liverpool says that "in every relation
of life there are indications that there is
a general decay of personal honesty." He
argues that crime, instead of decreasing, is
actually increasing in England. The crimes
of the arrimal and the savage, crimes
against the person, he admit?, have les
sened, but crimes against property— the
crimes of civilized man— have increased.
Further, he says: "There is more of that
disregard for the truth which is the initial
stage of dishonesty, more carelessness
about the honesty -of the means employed
in getting the better of somebody e!se
which is the principal object of so many
transactions between man and man."
"This is a pretty good poem. You must
have had some strong inspiration."
"I had; the editor promised me $10."—
Louisville Courier-Journal.
O, YOU MONDAY MORNING PAPER!
I read the paper every day;
I love each one, but I must say
It's Monday's paper I would choose
If all the rest I had to loseT
For every Sunday at the Zoo
Great stunts the beasts are sure to do;
They do cut up the queerest capers —
According to the Monday papers.
But does it not seem strange to you
That those wise beasts of New York's Zoo
Should choose this day from all the rest
To help reporters do their best?
J. W. GRIGG.
"Say," asked ' the first messenger boy,
"got any novels ter swop?"
"I got 'Big Foot Bills Revenge.' " replied
the other.
"Is it a long story?"'
"Nrw! ye kin finish it easy in two mes
sages."—The Catholic Standard and Times.
Harvard's oldest three living graduates,
according- to the new university directory,
are thj Rev. James I. T. Coolidge, of
Cambridge, Mass.; the Rev. Edward A.
Renouf, of Keene. N. H., and Dr. James L.
Wellington, of Svransea, Mass., all mem
bers of the Hass of '32. The oldest of the
three, Mr. Coolidge, who is ninety-three,
thinks that he will live to be 100. "I at
tribute the robust good health which I
have enjoyed all my life," he says, "to
habits of tempe-ance. attention to sanitary
methods of living and cleanliness of mind
and body which I learned when I was tn
Harvard College. Harvard has niWfcigoiia
a complete change since my time, seventy
two years ago. I believe it would bo better
for the physical welfare of the undergrad
uates at least if their manners and cus
toms were more like those of the old days.
The students nowadays have too ntany ac
tivities, and these In turn cause too much
of a strain. It is the commonplace things
of life, after all. which count."
♦vJ 1 Wll , m an absolutely fearless man tor
this position. "
"Then you want mo. T've been wearing
a straw hai ever since the June frosts be
gan."- Detroit Free Press.
An unusual number of deaths of promi
nent persona to England from appendicitis
recently has set the Tendon papers to dis
cussing the causes of the disease. One sur
geon, ijuoted by "The Chr«#nlcle." says: "It
has been said that appendicitis is often
brought on by the use of toothbrushes,
hairs from the brush lodging in the sys
tem. In the same way the pips of fruit
have been spoken of as a cause of the
disease. All I can say is that it is very
rare t<> find any of these things in the
appendix, and the most important factor in
bringing on appendicitis is undoubtedly in
digestion and certain other familiar disor
ders. '■
"Your novel fs evidently the result of In
spiration." /
"Yes: I didn't start it until after read
ing the advertising notices my publishers
got up."— Washington Herald.
In describing the cremation of tho body
of Dr. Robert Koch, the Baden-Baden <-> r
respondent of tha Karlsruhe "Zeltungf"
says: "It wan Koch s will, often *-xpr BSSi
that his body be incinerated. When the
cortega arrived at the naißStOfT Hasan s
•Ay« Verunv area ren.-tt-.-. i. afkef .which the
co-laborer and succ;«-s.-,r of the scientist.
Privy Medical Councillor Gaftky delivered
a «ulo*y .nd.exprwte* th* sorrow which
UM whole scientific worli shared with thoM
assembled because of the death of one *ho
had so valiantly workei for suffering hu
manity. Then. -to. the strains of M^els
gnhns 'Es ist bestlmmt in Gottes Bat. UM
coffin, heavily laden with flowers, sank
out of sight into the devouring flam*?.
iassrtean-Why <\o you think the English
lanjuai* is d"stined to become the uni
tnj language on earth.— Chicago News.
PASSENGER PIGEON S HABITAT
Correspondent Thinks It Has Given Up
~ Migration in Argentina's Favor.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I have JOSI read with much interes:
in The Tribune a letter from BlufTton, I
C, signed E. 'D.. in regard to the disap
pearance of the wild pigeon.
I, can give E. D. a little of the light he
is seeking, but before doing so will say he
is wrong In thinking the wild pigeon "van
ished in the early 40V even in the East.
I shot many a one in Pennsylvania in
1559. I saw millions of them in Ohio and
Kentucky in 1560, and in September. 1573.
I saw other millions of them in AViscon
sin. I do not think I am exaggerating in
the 'least when I say millions.
I remember a trip I took from Louis
ville. Ky.. to Naahvilie. Term., In IS3O,
when we began to see enormous flocks of
these pigeons very soon after we .Ml
Louisville, about 7 a. m.. and they were
literally not out of our sight until Just be
fore we ran Into Nashville, about dark. In
1373 I saw hundreds of barrels of dead wild
pigeons being delivered to the railroad. at
Sparta, "Wis., for shipment to Chicago,
and the same night visited a roosting place
where the pigeons were in countlesa thou
sands. There were so many and they light
ed in such numbers on the branches of the
trees that hundreds of the branches wer©
broken down.
Of course, no one knows why birds mi
grate, but I have no idea that the absence
of the acorn of the white oak had any
thing to do with the disappearance of the
wild pigeon, as I know that they fre
quented localities where the white oak
never grew.
There are a few wild pigeons seen
around Northern Illinois every year and
many more in Wisconsin. I last year
heard of a flock of about 200 that nested
near Petosky, Mich.
I have no doubt the -winter home of the
passenger pigeon was in South America
when its Northern home was with us. A
friend of mine, a naturalist seeking plants,
told me he saw them in countless numbers
in IST*; in Brazil. Another friend, a United
States Consul in the Argentine, with whom
I used to shoot pigeons and prairie chick
ens in Illinois, told me he had shot plenty
of them in the wheat fields of the Argen
tine. Another Illinois friend visited the
Argentine three years ago. and on coming
home told me he had seen millions of wild
pigeons on his trips through the grain
producing parts of the Argentine.
From the ?vidence I hay* had I am fully
convinced that our wild pigeon is now at
home throughout the year in the AVSJSB*
tine. There he can get hot or cool or
cold weather as he may desire, and also
grain for food throughout the year. They
get everything they need there and seem
to ha\-e lest the migrating instirct.
r*hicago. June 8, 1310. J. A. WATSOIC.
PATRIOTISM AND COMMERCIALISM
To the Editor of The Trip-
Sir: If th© love of money is the root of
all evil, the love of country is the source
of all patriotism. The love of mon«y— sordid
commercialism— has been vividly pictured
in the last twenty-five years, for all who
would see.
The unselfish love of country spells equal
opportunity for our fellow countrymen,
which Is th* keynote of fair dealing. Fair
play is but the modern version of ancient
virtue, and righteousness but the expres
sion of love of country and fellow sympa
thy.
This land, bnrn in and dedicated to 11b
erfy. was at Gettysburg gH-en "a new birth
of fr°«<-iom"— which forever proclaimed that
"government of the people, for the people
and by the people" should be imperi3hahl*»
Love of country animates tho heart and
purposes of its citizens to-day, even more
fully perhaps than ever before, and any
national undertaking without patriotism is
foredoomed thereby to failure.
The prosperity and integrity of the hum
blest fireside, justice and equity for th»
humble toiler, was, should be and ever
will be the basic purpose of correct pre
cept and practice. Equal opportunity
should be- underwritten in every enterprise,
vast or small, of individual and capitaHsri.
combination— working no injustice to the
individual fundamental of the. land— to be
permanent. Love of country reads exact
and impartial right and opportunity to all.
Disturbers of the peace of this family
picture need look to their bearings, must
get aboard, with the long, strong pull
which is to take us safely over the turbu
lent rapids of discontent and unrest, of
socialism, etc., through which the ship of
state is even now navigating grandly.
LINCOLN C. CUMMINGB.
Hyannisport, Ma?s., June 9, 1910.
A HOME MADE TOURIiNG CAR.
From The Kennetec Journal.
In a home made bicycle touring car th©
Thurston family, of Biddeford. are tour
ing southward on their way to Tampa. Fla
and they have reached Worcester Mass, '
after being on the road a few days. The
Thurston outfit attracts more attention than
the comet wherever it goes, and crowds
follow it, but the Thurstons don't care
Their machine consists of two tandem bi
cycles connected by steel rods. On the
rods are placed a board platform, about
three feet wide by five feet long. Papa
and Mamma Thurston. daughter Minnie
who is seventeen, and cousin Peter Thurs
ton furnish the motive power by pedalling
the tandem. The three youns: Thurstons-
Harry, aged twelve; Florence, ten. and
Annie, eight— ride grandly upon the' plat
form, together with a goodly quantity of
suitcases ami other luggage." J( hn Thurs
ton explained to an interested group that
they were on a pleasure trip. He said they
were on their way to Florida, and didn't
know or care much how ion? it tt>ok to
get there. "We put up at hotels or houses
along the route, and wo are prepared to
earns out when necessnry." he continued
••\\ c are enjoying ourselves Immensely and
are in no hurry lo end our trip. The chil
dren nn a re strong £ nrt , healthy, and the out
of-door llfr is hardening th.-?n W*> arV
now travelling more than thi "v miles a
day. but the children and the tv,«a X
make quite a load, and there is no mftiv
power except what we give i« with our
feot " Daughter Minnie is pretty an nealthv
look.ng, and said she dld t mln.l pedal n*
a , , all: that f' 1 would rather do it »h«n
ride on the platform' rauier a » »t than
BRUTAL OLD UNCLE SAM.
From The Springfield Republican.
Tho tyranny of a government that «nnM
make Its departmental elc-rks wo?k Xh»
instead of srven«hours a day is ai^Ln,
a glance. If President if., f . „ sparent5 parent at
eight-hour day Z «S?
pressed clerks will, of coum* tL £*
to do. They *hou d amtai to th« What
on the constitutional Aground that
and unusual punishments ari „ . cruel
.ountry' <«<mina: to in this
A RAT KILLING DAY.
From' The Evan9vlUe ,i nl > Courier
Gibson County has observed it* «,..«. „
nual "rat extermination" day and i»L^'
from the returns the effort «" a Judging
Thousands of rodentt JL aa , a s ""«'<'s*-
The first nnnual^-St kmfn^» 8 rt aush:ered
success not only in th. n5n 5 K day was a
killed but in th* s £tinn UITI i b » er f f rata
taken in the problem li ft *>i de thereat
Planned th* movenW ami r£ lb , S0 « n County
tical execution. O'her eonmil 1: . lnl T° Prac
and other states are d|rer,Vnl** I? ' ™*™
the rat problem in honJ «? tin< «*««iion to
solution. OlbVon CounM? h Ti X ? &t SOma
good method of eornbVt?nl .k 39 $now n one
■plendld results ™" nB th rat ••■ with
WHEN HUGHES ABDICATES.
From The Washington Herald
f^^^^^^ap *k..t.- Poll
keep tab on the *v\i\ *t Nvn " A> " not
the Winning 0 ?\ a C i "K b ' r ° : days unttl
tobcr. X r lue Be cond week in Oc-
wUi'UUM I'UiFii
Beauty Shows—The Pageantry
of the Season.
. London. iia~ n-
Types of womanly beaai7 " do"*- "'
change SS often as the artistic ttjS P^ ■
presenting them. In Sir Edwarg 'f--' 4
nant's eighteenth century con«c*«^
opened this -week at Queen Azue'j s> "'
as a public exhibition In a priva.:* - 3 "*
dence. the women are pre-emiaentjy»?l
and their beauty is enhanced and r4fi '•**
by the painters' romantic art 2 ««^?j
tlve vle3. Th# spectator in that hT*
pltahle room sees Hogarth"3 p^» •»- '
fington. Hoppner's "Sisters." RossjaaJ
Lady Derby and Mrs. InchbaM, '
old 3's stately Lady Crosbie. saucy Jfcu
Fisher and demure J'i33 *ia, »T-
Gainsborough's Miss Hlppesley. c; -w
early Suffolk, and Ladies Erne and Lg.
lon, of his later period, and hs assaaii
them all as handsome women, whet
lowed great painters to pose. iw '<
gracefully and naturally and to i q
t-ecoming costumes f<-.r them. They
fer •widely in contour, colortn?. agaaali
temperament, but they have the gnat
style of the eighteenth century, and.
the black haired Venetian lad.'^ ->■
Titian' 3 time, share many ehariaa>
istics in common.
In the "Grafton Gallery there k %
larger fair women's show in four *)*
clous room 3, and so many stylr»3 q* pataj.
Ing. old and # new, are Jumbled teg«ta>
that beauty is sacrificed to the cay
trasted metbod3 of denoting it on p aj c;.
or canvas. The plain and ugly won^
outnumber the beauties so heavily tia:
the repulsive Javanese Idol displayed I:
one of the galleries expr- wi;h jj,
cynicism the symbolism of the tsMsV
tion. It is not a parade of fair woaaa
so much aa a display of interwoaj
styles of representing feminine qaassat
and characteristics In ordinary measa
In the octagonal room the most bill.
iant piece of painting i 3 Mr. WSBaa
Orpen's "Little Spanish Dan ■_-- aa!,
like the Manet, she is downriga: ngR.
and M. Auguste Rodin's marble fcnav 1
while impressive in line and moasssp
represents degenerate form. Evea jfc.-
Hicketts's Cleopatra lacks beauty, «\.;
though the composition has charm c:
design and color; an>l inter . |
Berthe Morisot's portrait sketch nay b»
since she studied under Corot aai
Manet, and brilliant as are the cmstsa.
tlons of crayon and water color la ■■
portrait groups of that neglected patssc
Daniel Gardner, their womea are nc:
fair. The handsomest women on ta) i
wall are Mrs. Lavery, as painted by Is
husband, and Mrs. Francis Howard, bj-
Mr. Mann. As examples of paintiag, «VJ
Charles Shannon's portrait of Missis**'
garet Grosvenor and Mr. N!cic!=c:'i'
"Blue Shawl" and 'Gray ShaTrt** as
mand more admiration.
In the large gallery there an mm
curiosities than beauties. One is "Baa»
brandt*s Daughter Reading a I»ve Ls
ter." Mr. Fawkes's Turner. Asms*
is Whistler's "Lady In White," an ex%
work which he subsequently paaaa
over, and certainly his fame hat set'
been Increased by its restoration. Ae>
other is a large sketch by Purfa if
Chavannes, "La Peche." which Is owaa*
by Mr. Charles Shannon and Mr. Btt»
etts. It is deeply interesting aa a ts&
elation of artistic method; and ao. as* 5
is the richly colored Courbet, La Ml'
Io," which can easily be takes i r
hasty glance for a Ro??etti. "Th#9|BV
Ish Jade" has no beauty, but theraast
and vivacity of the painting would as»
make it the picture of the year st At
Academy, although the bygone Yluasi
painter. Hurlstone. had s< ant hosssssT
there in his time. Even more atriaaj
as works of art are the four Bl«S*
two dowager countesses and the Sttfißr
=ons. Rlcard was unappreciated ti At_
t<O*s. but is now known to hav§ IWB^
sound, if not brilliant, portrait patesci
The fair women are to be fool U^
all. aipong the large group of Sarss*^
Lady lan Hamilton, In white (irapa**^
has been, seen at the Academy, •■'•j
has Mrs. Langham. in bl'ia and am i
and Mrs. Mathias. in dark cloai d j
white hat. looking over her shacite
toward the black background. Is as tr.-
umphantly handsome as when th? P"* I
trait was first exhibited. Mrs. Bana."i ■
in white against a red backgrosst" J
new to the public— one cf tl» *s*iZ\ I
ger" portraits, but quiet and rest^L ■ ■
'*Almina'* has been seen only & *r-,
Werthelmer's house. It is tHe P" 11 *^
of one of Mr. Wertheimer*s daufS**^
an Oriental figure in green costua***
ban and feather, toying with an MlBS^
mandolin. Beside the audacious "tf"*^* 3
of this sumptuous portrait, ■ 4:t^ J
slashing brushwork. even the Bdi^
Mme. Errazuriz and Mr 3. Salaaas. <J **
quiet, and the fantastic Besaari H
glittering, metallic Mancini and tteoP* I
nt Mlllais— Mrs. BischolfSßSß* ■ I
dressed in rich stuffs— pale their Uj ■
lectual tires. It is a portrait tri:i^, f B
superfluous stroke t-r a detached e2» I
and fills the mind as a wondrous »-^-|
The other reigning beauty in tfc»
tensely interesting room • 3 . cel:ter f \j'tß
dull Van Dyck— Henrietta Maria.
the Lansdowne collection— nor t*« "j'B
stored Velasquez. Ponna ilari»3J^Yjß
Austria, if it be anything bette. v-»- ■
studio copy; but the stately DuO»^ I
Sutherland, by Winterhatter, a G*'^ I
painter si the Victorian rerio«l. ™ ■
ceeded in Imparting dlstlßCtf<».. 4 J«
charm to his sitters whenever -^ ■
missed his apprentice painters '^^-H
the work himself. She, is • ba^ ! j i ß
than the Fragonard. or thaa^ ta VB
Romney n«r t'v. or than the \.-^ cf B
young gtrl who is now a S J^ .j-B
eighty; and Peg Wofflngton. 31^^'^
Arthur Pond, a Victorian *"*!!*» tfW
forgotten, alone rivals her in M"*"^ W
fascination. „.i rj s ■
In th* two remaining galleries' u^ ■
cleverness of technique <•>" * >v * ry ,
Zuloaga-3 "Candida." Oaodara » • X
! cesse." LAsslo'a duchesses as* roj J ■
tera. Mr. Lavwry's Countess o^. ■
Qughmore. Mr. Mann's " Len %? H
.Mr. Strang'b blue blouses and -" ,_ ■
seal's btu* frocks: but it is not*
IOJ fair women. Long toT */\ * m
by Degas have be*n t***\ v I ■
tractiveness of the m ™^ 'i ■
beauty show has vanished, \^^ •> m
a varfed series of object less* 1 (^ m
technique d portraiture Is *"•* ; | ■
the outset. * i^'K
Cro»by Hall, on. the ''^l
most picturesque structure {^fiP M
gate, haj b.'.-n rebuilt on * '"^^ ■
in Chelae^, when- Sir Tborna* »
lived hi : where King lien> " v^a '■ ■
stroll in a beautiful garden. ,» H>
I M four..', impracticable l " * fl.
money require f or th* P^^t.^fl
the famous mansion in c nttI aJj**H
the stones and timbers wera H

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