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Amusements. ALHAMBKA— -Vaudevilie. XMERICAN — 2-^? — The Barnyard Retneo. ASTOR-2:ls— S:ls— Seven I»>*«. _.„-. HKOADWAY— Sl.%— Summer \vla«ywer«. i-aSINO— J-:ls— Tie Mikado. t%~.«, CONST ISLAND— Brighton Beach Park. Dream it-nd. Luna rark. 1-IKTH AVENUE— 2— S—Vaude-rille. GAIETT— . • S:11V- Th* Fortune Hunter. G <RRICK-2:IS->.^fl-Her Husbands Yl lie. HAMMBRiTEIN-S— 2-^:ls— yaudevlllt HHRALD PQl'AßK— S:ls— TlWe's N'.phtmare. HT Tr »SON— 2:iri — K:ls T' -«■ ppendtnrm. kv;cKICRBOCKF.R— 2-S:ls-Tbe Arcadians. T.TRIC— 2-15— S:20 — A Matinee I^l- MANHATTAN FIEI-D—2-S— Circus VfCW AM.-sTnnr>AM-2:15-S:ls--<;irl^. \r,w ■«-.-'-:K ir---The Merry Whirl. d'certisemcnts. Index io 5 . Paye.Col-1 . Pag*.Cor Amusement* ....14 " j MaehnUry. -t<-....1l R Autoroob!:^ 5 5-7) Marriaites and _ Tinkers ana ,',. le f lhs M - Brokers -.'. 12 HMoetlnes i- • Busln^Chanee.-.1l J! Mortage .-10 • 6 r»rvr-. CI«»nl!iE.ll J SoUct of B«»- Cltv Hotels 10 6 mniw 11 4 Dosts *nd OSce , Pr^casl* 11 * rumiiure 11 X Real Estate 1« 6-^ T *lvid«P<l Notic*s.l2 1 1 Rem<«d«cß 11 J T>cjrs. mtdm. etc.. 11 Tißesorts S &-. T>c:a<>stl<- Sltaa- I Saviner? 8ank5... .12 7 tions Wanted.. 11 4 i School As;<Mic3esL..ll J recursions 11 5 Sp««te] Xotlces . < Enrt)T-e*n A aver- I Surrogates' tJsrnicnts fl 2-3! Notices 11 0 Financial 12 6-7 1 The Turf.. 5-2 For«Tloi.ure tales.ll 51 Tim- Tables. ... . .11 6-i fior sn.r 11 RlTo WTi»m It May _ Foreign Resorts.. J» 4-7 1 Concern 1- • FumUhed Apart- I T-- I^t for »usl merits 10 fi! r.«>(«!! Purposes... 10 6-« F,:rnißh»>: R©3n».ll •"• Tribune Subscrip •-arr.iiihort Hou«?«.l 6] tion Rates 7 7 IMp V.'anted .11 S Tfi»ewilUmt 11 • Iwtructlon II 7; rrifumishp." Ai*rt l^t RanVbooks-.il * 7 niPntp 1° « Txw* and F<mnd..ll 71 Work Wanted . 11 •■ 3Tftu'T)cnli tEribinu. I7EDKBSDAT. JUNE 15. 1910. Thi* newspaper is o'Jcnrd and pub ii*h<'<i by The Tribune Association, a \^tr York corporation; nffirr and prin cipal place of bv*infsft. Tribune Build ing. Xo. 1-74 Xa-asau street. Xeir York; Qrjdcn If:*7«. president; Ogden M. Reid. *ccrrtary; .lame* \j. Barrrti. treasurer. Thr address o* the officers is the office of thi* netrspjper. THY WBWB THIP MOR\iyO. CONGRESS. — The conference report Ml the railroad bill was presented to fcnth branches. :-a i Senate: Attention -'pc divided between the public land -•Ithdrawal bill and Senator Owen's mo "on discharging the Committee on Priv- I'^cps and Elections from further con deration of the resolution providing •"••r the election of United States Sena ■•■•rs by direct vote of the people; no ac "'jv, iraa taken. = House: The ses ffem wma H^ain devoted to political •seeches under the guise of debate on *he fl» iency bill. FOREIGN. — A cloudburst in Berlin flooded cellars and the subway, and dur- I ing the storm twenty pci'W were struck by lightning, but none was fatally in- ; jured. ;_."__— A dispatch from Cologne : says the dead from the cloudburst in the } valley of the Ahr may reach two hun- ; dr-.d'in number. ■;; The World's Mis llnnaij Conference was opened in Edin- ; burgh. ===== The Italian police discov ♦-rtd nothing new In the Investigation of the murder of Mrs. Charlton at Lake Coxco. - Judge Moore, Edwin H. I Weatherbee and Miss Lulu Long were j i iioiH. the Americans whose horses took j priaea ut the International Show at Lon- | don. === Herbert H. D. Peirce, the : American Minister to Norway, had his ! ■fra broken and his wife and niece were j slightly injured in an automobile acci- | dent in christiania. ===== The Vatican in reply to the protest of the Prussian povf-rnment regarding the tercentennial <•.:" the canonization of St. Charles Bor romeo disavows any intention of offend iing Gorman Protestants. ] . A dis- 1 patch from St. Petersburg says the bill providing for the abolition of the Jewish pale, which was introduced in the l <»uin:i. has no chance of passage, but ils introduction will show the strength la favor of k. = The French govern ment, a lispatcb from Paris says, >vill , not ■>•- able to apply the workmen's old X ; pension law for more than v year. V-" The prefecture of Jurua, in the ¥ /erf district of Western Brazil, drove •ut the Governor and declared Its Inde pendence. ===== The Governor of French West Africa reports a light between Frrm.h troops and Arabs at NguiquL in which th Arabs lost 1-" killed and the J-r. em 1 I DOMESTIC. — Pr-aident Tal't left Yvash liiSton for Marietta, Ohio, where he is '.<• attend a college commencement to <'ay. . ■-.--_ Governor Hughes at Albany j i?n^<i the so-called Steinway tunnel bill ami amendments to the public service and consolidated railroad laws. == Assemblyman G«-orge S. Eveleth. of kJerkimer County, announced that he nould not i..- a candidate lor renomina lion on the Republican ticket. ■ The Oourt of Appeals at Albany upheld the semi-monthly law affecting railroads. ===== In a speech at Philadelphia^ Judge F'ter S. Grosscup. of Chicago, advocated the valuation of natural monopolies and the assessment of rates in conformity itb a fair maigla of profit. == Judge McSurely. In Chicago, acting to safe guard the jury, expelled two spectators from the courtroom at the trial of state Representative Browne, accused of pay ing a bribe in the election of United c - bes Senator Lorimer. == Tn a pub- Ifehed story at St. Paul it waa asserted that, following a policy of retrenchment Northwestern raiiroaos have already laid rf* ten thousand laborers. CITY. — Stocks were dull and higher. " A New Jersey boy sailed over the town in a dirigible and finally came to snirf in Brooklyn : - ■■ The temporary Injunctions obtained by the Wright com pany agninst Gknn H. Curtiss and Louis Paulhan were dissolved by the United States courts. — Chnxtca K. Hamil t'->r>. talking of future deeds in the air, said that Oighta with passengers would Boon b*> common. :r= Leon Guypon. an illustrator for various magazines, shot himvrif aft-r sending r. letter to a friend forecasting the suicide. ■ ■ - General Nelson H. Henry was sworn in as Sur v.->.» r of the Port. ===== J- Pierpont Morgan, it was reported, has decided to oontinue the voting trust controlling the majority stock of the Equitable Life As surencf 1 Society. " THE WEATHER. lndications for to day: Fair. ''"' • I' iiipfialim yesterday: iii^l-. %'l «l'g:res; lowest. 60. ixri.MXiya. Those A»eui!ilyiuen who K-d their constituents to expect them to vote for d.irvct limillaatiiTlT and then voted mfrmiiMtd the Hlninan-Green bill evidently !<*ol called spon to do sasse explaining. nil wj Him (ireenagood, of Wayne • nnty. who was pledged to support direct nominations, but not explicitly to support tlk- llinma;i-<;rfen bill, appears to think tbat Governor Hughes has enough followers in his county to make necessary a long defence of his action. Hi* -ljiologia. which is somewhat ram bling ami incoherent, is in substance that he pssutfsod to vote for "the best bill" and that the Meade-Philllps bill was the be^t direct nominations bill. Thai *ort of defence will not fool any ouc. Mr. Greenwood's constituents re member that when he was seeking their rotes he declared himself to be "eii "thuisiasticaUy in favor of direct pri ••ruarleß." In office his enthusiasm took such a fonii that be voted against the Hinman-Green bill, which would have made ÜBBSfJ primaries universal in the • i-iaie. and airainst the Cobb bill, which would have introduced ■ partial system of direct primaries, and in favor of the Meade-Phillip* bilL which w<tu!<i have reKultod iv - ik> dlrwt primaries tit all- Mr. Greenwood calls U pobb for the Meade-Phillips bill a vote for direct nominations, be<-ausf* that bill left it at UK tpffttSJ of Ifae party machines to hold direct prfssaries in certain of the smaller •ui«»n«-if»s. The voters of Wayne County may determine for themselves jrfcether, or not they were misled by their Assemblyman. The Interest of the rest of the state in the incident lies in the light it throws upon the vitality of the direct primaries issue. The man who voted against the Hinman-Green bill has to explain his vote, and he feels com pelled to make out the best case he can for himself as a supporter of direct pri maries. The subject does not -blow over." The public insists on a prompt explanation. Ferhaps the situation may have some bearing on the fate of direct nominations at the coming special ses sion, CITY RECORD WASTE. The report of the committee appointed by Mayor Gaynor to examine into the administration* of the City Record con tirms what has been the general be lief. Waste in the city's printing and; stationery bills runs as high. ns 50 per cent, and most of it appears to be due |» political favoritism. In the last two years of Mayor McClellan's administra tion, for example, $300,000 is reputed to have been thrown away on unneces sary advertising. Little weekly papers sprouted up everywhere which lived on < city advertising, and a mysterious per- j son whose "pull" has never been ex- 1 plained was permitted to collect 50 per cent commission from these mushroom sheets, which charged the city rates which enabled them to pay this commis- ; sion. Politics in a similar way made city : printing excessively costly. Only "in- • side" printers ever obtained the work, and the favor enjoyed by the "Insiders" is shown by the report of the committee ! that one document whose printing should ! have cost $20,000 was so padded by the ! upeof large types and excessive spacing j as. to cost Sf>2.ooo. Contracts, the com- : mittee finds, were regularly violated so as i to swell the cost of work to the city, i On annual reports of the departments j the printer was allowed to fix his own j price, which he did at about 50 per j cent above market prices. These facts taken at random from ! among dozens of a similar character are , enough to illustrate how culpable was J the waste in the administration of the | City Record. The Mayor's committee uses the words "larceny and graft" in connection with what happened, and it Is to be hoped that at least some of the practices disclosed will come within the reach of the criminal law. /OTT.4'£ LESSON. Democratic newspapers continue to dispute The Tribune's conclusion that the results of the primaries in lowa and South Dakota exploded the Cummins theory of au "irrepressible conflict with in the Republican party. "The rharles ton News and Courier," for instance, thinks that we are "easily . comforted." It admits that there was no evidence in lowa or South Dakota of high factional tension, the voters showing scant interest in the pro-administration-anti-adminis tration issue which they were asked to get excited about. But it explains the absence of any clash at all resembling "civil war" by assuming that the Repub licans who feel that civil war is inevi table didn't go to the polls. "The News and Courier" says that they are all going to act next fall with the Democrats. If they do they will be co-operating to" de feat candidates nominated by the Progres sives, by the "stand-patters" and by the great middle element in the party which is tied up with neither "stand-patters" nor : insurgents. But they would be going out : side the Republican parry in that case and could no longer be regarded as a ' factor to be reckoned with in the fomeu tation of "civil war." "The Philadelphia Record." 011 the other hand, believes that the indecisive character of the lowa election has been exaggerated in order to conceal a "great insurgent victory." It seems to think that the lowa Republicans have aligned themselves behind Mr. Cummins on his anti-administration issue. It holds that insurgency is in the saddle in lowa and adds : Well ma. Senator Cummins treat as "absurd " the attempts of the adminis tration ajid its supporters to conceal their bitter disappointment and grief over their disastrous defeat at the hands of the Republicans of lowa. Bui if the "victory" of the Cummins forces was so decisive, it is strange that the victors out in lowa have not yet waked up to the fact that they are entitled to celebrate. "The Dcs Moines Register and Leader" would hardly be backward about claiming credit for a bona fide insurgent triumph. Yet it is In the dumps over the mixed result of the primary and is even talking about the break-down of the primary system. It said despairingly the other day ; If future primary elections prove as inconclusive as this one, with what con fidence can they be urged upon states where the average of intelligence or of responsibility Is much lower? The great merit of the primary is that it reliect-;: The feeling of the voters. It often demonstrates that the voters have other ideas than the politicians credit them with having. That was the case in lowa and South Dakota, where they made ducks and tlrakes of the politi cians' ist-ue of Btalwarttem versus \n suigfiicy. They nominated some insur gents and some Stalwarts, paying more attention to records in office and person ality than to factional alignments. It mtf a setback for those who wanted to put faction above everything else. But th ■ primary method is really a powerful discourager <>f factionalism. Some of the stcdents of its recent operations do not seem to have found that out. THE A! STRALIAX REYOLLTIOS. The recent general electicm in Aus tralia, upou the immediate result of which we have already commented, must in its full results be regarded as effect ing one of the most noteworthy revolu tions ever accomplished at the polls in any <ouutry of the world. It was mu*'h mure marked than the unprecedented overwhelming of the British Unionists in 190G, for in laat case the complexion of the House of Lords remained unchanged, while in Australia In April last the Labor party won complete control of both houses by majorities so large as to render the opposition impotent and negligible. For the next three years there will be practically only one party in the Commonwealth Parliament, aud there will be no hope of compelling an apxoal to the popular electorate until toe *>nd of that period. That circumstance in itself would uinrk ■ notable revolution, but that is not -ill iior the most of it. Hitherto the government of the Commonwealth has been conducted according to the r.rit ish system of a "responsible ministry and free public debate of all measures in Parliament. That plan has now been abolished, and. iv its place is put an exaggerated form of the Australian con ception of the American caucus Hjstem. The ministry will no longer take the DAILY TRIBUNE. WEDNESDAY. .TINE 15. 1910. lend and submit Its proposals to the free judgment of the House. Instead it will become Mm mere mouthpiece of the party caucus. The latter, meeting in secret, will determine all Important questions of policy, and the ministry will merely re port its decrees, which will then be rati fied by the same caucus voting in the open House. A limited opportunity will be afforded for jH-rfniictory debate, but that will have no effect whatsoever upon the result of the parliamentary division, i since the overwhelming majority will be caucus-bound in advance. It will be party povernnient in :i more extreme sense than the world has hitherto seen. The result may be good or evil. Aus tralia is a land of Htrlking political and social experiments, some of which turn I out well. The world will watch with in- j terest the operations of a Labor party of rather advanced ideas in absolutely unrestrained control of the government of an important nation. It was re marked when the success of the I^abor | party was first known that its pro gramme differed little, save on one or j two points, from that of the other par- j ties. That was true, and it will probably | remain true so far as Imperial interests . and commonwealth defence are con cerned. Hut it musr be remembered that : the policy of the party is prescribed not by the ministers but by the caucus and that the latter is free to change its pro- j gramme at any time. That various im- j portant measures which were not much j dwelt upon in the campaign will speed ily be passed if" riot improbable. A Com monwealth land tax is one, and close re- Ftriction, if not outright prohibition, of immigration, is another, while the na tionalization of several extensive indus tries is by no means unexpected. The democracy of Australia is "in the sad dle" and it will ride according to its own free will. THE OOWFBKBNOR RAILROAD MLL In composing the differences between the House and the Senate railroad bills the conference committee appears to have borne in mind the strength of the insurgents in both houses and the ad vanced views entertained by many of the majority who are not insurgents. The House provision in regard to long and short haul rates is somewhat more radi cal than the Senate provision, and the conferrces followed the House in regard to that feature. On the other hand, the Senate provision giving the Interstate Commerce Commission power to suspend rate, increases for ten months goes con siderably further than the House pro vision, and the Senate bill was accepted. Of course the exact language of the con ference bill is not yet known, but if the action of the conference in regard to the suspension of rates and to long and short hauls indicates the spirit of the report, it will almost certainly be ac cepted with little delay by both houses. The two most important features of the House bill which have been rejected in conference are those for the regula tion of railroad stock and bond issues and for the physical valuation of the railroads, the conference bill providing, as to the former, for a legislative in quiry. No one should regret this. The subject Is full of difficulties, and the pro visions so far suggested for the regula tion of capitalization have been extreme ly complicated, if not obscure. Their <-onst!tutionality has been in doubt and their practicability equally so. As to physical valuation, no tears will be shed. Even radicals, at least those who are well informed, are becoming convinced [that they were mistaken in advocating It. OX GiARD AT THE CAPITAL. The development of the national capi tal along sound architectural lines has been made more secure by the passage of the law authorizing the creation of a federal Fine Arts Commission. Con gress with some obvious reluctance has granted the President authority to ap point an advisory board of artists and architects to pass judgment on plans for statues, buildings, fountains and other memorials to be erected in Washington and for the city's general evolution and embellishment. They are to have no jurisdiction, however, over the Capi tol building and grounds or over the Library of Congress. The two houses will continue to exercise an artistic cen sorship of their own in that forbidden territory. President Roosevelt tried to accom plish by Executive- order what has now been accomplished with legislative sanc tion. He designated a number of ad visers in matters of art (most of them now redesignated by President Tafti. but Congress viewed the innovation with alarm and opposed it as an invasion of legislative prerogative. The Roosevelt board was ousted two years ago by a provision in one of the appropriation acts. Now it returns to stay. Congress having had a growth of knowledge and liberality of judgment in the interval. The aid of a commission of experts is needed H Washington is to be protected against undesirable statues and me morial schemes of all sorts not in har mony with its artistic development and possibilities. CHI VES E ( 'O XSTI 77 TIONA h f'ROG RESS. There is something admirable and at the Fame time almost uncanny in the inexorable, fatelike manner in which China is moving forward to the fulfil ment of the constitutional programme which was promised and promulgated nearly two years ago. Step after step h;>.s been taken exactly on time, with all the precision of well rehearsed military evolutions and with entire disregard of those circumstancert which In any other land might give convincing cause for de lay or change, and there is now ample ground for confidence that the process will be continued to the completion of the programme. The latest reported of these steps and one of the most important is the con voking of the Senate of the empire, to meet on October 3 next as the upper house of the imperial parliament. The Senate is to consist of ninety-one mem bers, appointed by the crown and repre senting the different classes of the em pire, six in number. As was to be ex pected, the Manchus of the imperial clan have a preponderance of numbers, though the Chinese have a powerful mi nority and are by no means relegated to insignificance. The Senators are re minded by the crown in the decree of appointment that this assembling of the Senate is an unprecedented thing in China and tint it is the forerunner of the creation <( f v complete and efficient parliament They arc therefore urged to devote to the tasks before them their patriotism and sincerity, "to observe "proper order and to fulfil their duties "in representing public opinion." It was observed that the provincial assemblies which recently met took themselves far more beriouslj* than the world had exported them to, if not more seriously than the imperial government h»d intended. Nevertheless, they were not reproved for so doing, save In one or two cases of manifest excess of zeal. It will not be Kurprising to see the Sen ate also take itself very seriously and Show itself a parliamentary body In fact as well aw in name. As for the reflex influence of thrse things upon the Chi nosP people, it is unquestionably great. The wide dissemination of Information through ■ multitudinous free press is awakening (he people in all parts of the empire to a realization that a new era Is actually dawning. Hitherto the Chi nese have been a congeries of local com munities, each community enjoying a high degree of autonomy and possessing only the utmost minimum of national or imperial interest. Now they are becom ing an imperial nation, divided into com munities, widi a strong and growing national feeling. The volume of travel to Europe from this port is questionable evidence of the pressure of the increased cost of living. The number of passengers sailing Sat urday on outbound steamships was 3.920. High prices do not keep those wanderers home. It may be argued, however, that the lower cost of living on the Continent makes a four or five months' sojourn there seem to most of them almost like a successful venture in household economy. With more than 20 per cent yearly in crease in her wheat acreage. Our Lady of the Snows seems to be advancing with the proverbial leaps and bounds toward the proud position of the -p*anary of the world. The reference of the Rio Grande boun dary dispute to arbitration is commend able, especially if it is not deemed nec essary to go to the delay, expense and labor of sending the case to The Hague. So simple a matter might well be dis posed of more directly. Despite its sim plicity, however, the case is of consid erable importance, not so much because of the strip of land now involved as be cause of the precedent which will be set for the disposal of similar cases which are likely to arise wherever a river of vagarious habits forms a boundary line. Subway rowdies deserve heavy fines, if not terms in the workhouse, even when they are guilty of merely "scrap ping- among themselves." Public- con veyances are not prlzeringn. Brilliant as Hamilton's achievement on Monday was, he illustrated anew the difficulty of keeping an engagement by means of an airship. Last week there waa much talk about the way in which he was going to adhere to a schedule. He failed to do so three times. His first start was to be made on Saturday. The next was set for 7 a. m. on Monday and actually occurred at 7:35 o'clock. On the return trip from Philadelphia there was a wait of about five hours and a half at South Amboy. In every case there was ample cause for postponement or delay, but the detentions were un foreeeen. 'The Nashville American" says the real Democrats of Tennessee are not disturbed at the- situation in that state. If the pros pect of getting out of office to let Republi cans in doesn't disturb the Tennessee Dem ocrats they must be dead and don't know it.— Houston Post. The people of Tennessee have arrived at the point at which they don't care much who gets into the state offices, ao long as Governor Patterson and his henchmen are propelled out. Another of the Dreadnoughts built at private yards in Kngland for Brazil had her steam and gunnery trials a few days ago and gave such a Rood account of herself that she has been accepted. That vessel, the Sao Paulo, is a trifle faster than her sister ship, her maximum speed having been 21.623 knots, but both of them compare favorably with the Dela ware's and the North Dakota's rate of almost 22 knots. The Minas Geraes, de livered a fey. months ago, and the Sao Paulo differ from all other battleships now ready for service in the strength of their main batteries, mounting twelve 12-inch guns each. The Wyoming and the Arkansas will carry the same num ber, so disposed that all of them can be used on either broadside. Owing to their arrangement, only ten guns on each of the Brazilian ships are available for broadside fire, but more of them can be brought to bear directly ahead or astern than will be possible on the twelve-gun ships of the United States. The new state prison site has the gen eral geographical advantages of being readily accessible from this city and yet of being sufilek'iitly far from it to pre vent escaping convicts from quickly finding a hiding place here. In the lat ter respect it is decidedly preferable to the old Sing Sing site. Why doesn't Oklahoma select a dozen promising cities and let each of them be her capital for a month in the year, and then take- a poll of the state officials to determine which place they liked best 0 THE TALK OF THE DAY. In an article discußslng the subject of BnioWng among: ■women, a writer In "The London Chronicle" says: "The woman .smoker, far. from being a result of a de cadent civilization, Is merely a survival of a rougher and harder life. Even to-day the women who live the hardest lives com patible with twentieth century civilization smoke incessantly. Qo Into any tramps' lodging house and you will find not only old and young women but lilts of girls scarcely In their teens puffing coMcßtcdly, not at cigarettes, but clay pipes charged with black twist tobacco. It is part of tha etiquette of the 'road' for the men after they have vigorously puffed at their •dudeene* to hand them to the woman tramps who have no supply." "Mamma, when I say my prayers to night, may I pray for rain?" "Of course, dear. But don't you think we've had enough rain?" "Not quite. Jennie Jones is going to have a picnic to-morrow, and 1 ain't invited."— Cleveland Leader. UP IN THE AIR. What shall we call the brave, strong men Who eail in their aeroplanes Through the deeps and dangers of the air; The failing spark and the breaking chains? What shall we call the fearless men Who follow their whirrlne way Over land and sea, over hill and dale, Where the ♦reacherous currents play? What shall we call the hardy men Who rush like an eagle's flight? . Well, call them at half-past 4 a. m., And (ell them conditions are right. They'll answer to that call, sure! W. J. L.AMPTON. Wigwag-Why don't you give up whiekey and drink cider? ■' - ■ ■-'"■■'.'■' - " Guzzler— Great Scott, man! ider ih made from apples, and if your mind can hark back to the Garden of Eden you must realize that the apple has done more to demoralize the world than all the whiskey ever distilled.— Philadelphia Record. l'"n<U;a"-'or!ng to correct a mistaken idea that prevails in England that King George's daughter, Prlnceaa Mary, becomes Prlncesa Royal, a correspondent writes to "Th<» Lon don Times": "The title of 'Princess Royal of Great Britain an<i Ireland' is in the same position as that of 'Prince of Wales. ' It is not hereditary, but it must be created, and it is entirely within the will and pleasure of the sovereign to do this. When Queen Victoria died the Princess Royal of this country was the late Empress Frederick of Germany, and it was not until her death, which occurred some time after the ac cession of the late King, that his majesty was able to re-create the title and confer It upon his eldest daughter, pur present Princess Royal (Duchess of Fif*). who, of course, retains it during her lifetime. "Why do you take so much interest in French literature?" mrn^ "thfre "Because." replied Mrs. Cumrox there are bo many French authors -you can cla m to have read without being expected to dis cuss them in polite society."—^ ashington Star. •' J ■■■■■'■■< " LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. OBJECTS TO MAYOR'S PLAN. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: The National Guard of New City must necessarily depend almost en tirely on the business world to furnish recruits, and if recruiting is to be success fully kept up the guard must be able to offer inducements to young business men. I have been in business and in the guard for a number of years and can therelore look at both sidfs of the question, iind think that 1 am right In saying that If Mayor Oaynor succeeds In having his own suggestion for a parade on July Fourth carried out he will strike a hard blow at recruiting. Men who have been thinking of Joining a national guard organization can hardly be blamed for failing to see any great incentive to do so In a midsummer parade. It seems to me also that it is an injustice to keep a large number of men in town who have planned to go away over the Fourth, some of them perhaps for their only holiday of the summer. A conscien tious member of the guard has to make sacrifices of time as it Is In order to do his part toward maintafning an efficient organization. Why make further demands on him for the sake of an utterly useless parade? GUARDSMAN. New York. June 13, 1910. A VOICE FOR THE RAILROADS. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: What is there to this agitation over the increase in commutation rates In New Jersey? As I understand it, commuters have been riding at a rate a mile of les3 than what it actually has cost the rail roads to carry them, and I trust that, when some of the hotheaded ones cool off they will realize what a hopeless case it will be under these circumstances to go before a railroad commission and ask that the rates be placed back on the old level. Another point which may be ot interest is found In the Interstate Commerce Com mission report of 1907, which shows that the railroads of New Jersey pay yearly In taxes more than $2,000 a mile, while in New York the railroads pay only $683 a mil*. One can hardly blame the commuters for being incensed, however, for none of us want to pay any more for a thing than we have to, and, furthermore, it is quite cus tomary to look upon the railroad companies as wealth bloated concerns. Orange, N. J., June 11. OOMMIJTKR SYMPATHY, BUT NO CONSOLATION. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: My heart beats in sympathy, also my tympanum and all my nerves, with "Let Us Have Peace" In your issue of June 11. Poor soul! He or she is going through what I have abandoned, a search for a remedy. As a starter a letter to the paper (only I made the mistake of not choosing the best paper afloat. Thf Trib une), and if he follows the matter up to the bitter end", as 1 did, an application to the Police Department and other municipal agents, winding up with the Society for the Prevention of Unnecessary Noise, he will land where I did, in the "Slough of Despond." Our present Mayor, very worthily but in profound ignorance. i.< making strenuous efforts looking- to the reform of the police graft situation, upon which the abatement of the nuisances and the enforcement of the ordinances depend. Dear friend and fellow sufferer, no change can be expected until the Police Department is taken out of the present system and made a little honest by relegayng its duties to men in dependent of "by-products." Jurymen are to be had for $2 a day and no graft for two weeks' service. Why not policemen? By the way, was not tne anti-noise ordi nance vetoed by Mayor McOellan owint to some technical phrase which would in convenience the building fraternity in cart ing steel beams? Or was It the inconven ience of Tammany Hall in carting "steal" ballots' E. BROWN. New York. June 13. 19iO. COSTA RICA DISSATISFIED Proposes Changes in Boundary Settle ment with Panama. Washington, June 14.— Costa Rica is dis eatlsfled with the protocol which was signed in Washington recently looking to a settlement of that nation's boundary dispute with Panama anJ has proposed some changes. The Costa Rican Congress also is not disposed to ratify the protocol. Secretary Knox has expressed surprise at the action, as this government's good offices in the arbitration were given only after repeated requests from Costa Rica. It had been agreed that the dispute should be referred to Chief Justice Palter of the Supreme Court if the arbitration protocol should fail. That will probably now be done. The State Department Is not in clined to accept the changes proposed. LUXURY IN AN AIRSHIP. From The Pull Mull Gazette. Life In the air will shortly br as lux urious and comfortable a> mi board a mod ern liner, "!ik<> a grand hotel." as Kipling has it. The passengers' cabin for the "L. Z. YI1." the first Zeppelin <>f the Ger man Aerial Company to carry passengers, has just u-en fitted to the hull ot the mon ster balloon now m-arlng completion at Friedrichshafen. The cabin, which was made at Stuttgart, is pamll.ii in mahogany, Inlaid with rose wood and mother-of-pearl. The entire cabin, which is 30 feel in length, and from X feet to 8 feel In width. Is divided off Into five smaller cabins, each of these affording Featin? accommodation for four people. The seats are wicker armchairs, screwed to the floor, but made to revolve. Thero are also a small anteroom and a lavatory. The windows are very spaciously planned to allow of n good view everywhere, and are fitted with glass, tentatively only, in the forepart of th«- cahln. The walls are of thin mahnganv. while door.-, covered with sailcloth, lead "forward and aft on to the gondola of the veaaal A BIBLE IN A CRACKER BOX. From Harper's Weekly. The British and Foreign Bible Society recently published an important edition of the Scriptures in the principal language of Uganda. The volume Is in shape very long, but It is only three inches wide and about three inches thick. A P, ecu "ar reason occasioned the adoption of this form. In Central Africa the white ants and other insects rapidly destroy a book unless it is well protected. The rep resentatives of the Bociety, therefore, rec ommended that tho edition mentioned be is sued In a form lhat would fit into the tin biscuit boxes of a certain linn which are very generally used in Uganda. This was done, ami the ant proof biscuit i"x I.- just large enough to 1ml. ! this Bible a small Bible history and a bymnal and prayerbook. r A SOUTHERN VIEW OF LOEB. From Ttu- Montgomery Advertiser. in the tasi fow years the Republican purty lias produced ont man the nation may fe.-l proud of. William Loeb, Collector of the Port of New York. All "crooks"' look very much the .sum.- to him. for hf tuak.-N no Ulstlnctibo between society leader, otllcial or unabashed thief who Is trying to defraud the government by .siiiuk gllng. It was just such work as Mr. Loeb N doing that made Hughea Governor o f New York People and Social Incid^ AT THE WHITE HOUSE. rFroin Th" Tribun- Bureau. 1 Washing'toT June l^Thj P-^con tlnued his legislative conferences t£da* -alking with Senators Aldrich and Elkir.3 ■about the railroad bill, on which the con fVrrefs agreed this afternoon, and with Senators Beveridge and Dick and Governor Sloan of Arizona about statehood. Senator Beveridge said that every effort would be made to get the statehood bill through, and as the Senate bill was acceptable to th* House he felt confident it would pass. It was the general impression among mem bers who called at the White House to-day that Congress would adjourn on Saturday, June 25. !■ . * ' ', Because of the few remaining days before the close of this session the President does not feel that he can spare much time from the capital, and Instead of leaving here Sunday morning for MM Havpn. as he originally intended, he will not start until Tuesday evening, arriving on Wednesday morning. He will be joined by Mrs. Taft, and together they will attend the com mencement exercises at -Yale to see their son Robert receive his diploma. Among the President's calleirs were the Cabinet uimniiwa. Senators Crane. Burton. Brandegee. Warner and Piles. Representa tives Morehead. Smith, of California: Coop'-r, of Wisconsin; Weeks, Sterling. Hayes, Butler and Douglass and Rep resentative Hepburn. Accompanied by Assistant Secretary Mischler and Captain Butt. President Taft left Washington to-night to attend the commencement exercises at Marietta Col lege, Marietta, Ohio. He will return to Washington early Thursday morning. THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS. [From The Tribun* Bur»aa.l Washington, June 14— Youssouf Zia Pacha, recently appointed Ambassador from Turkey, was presented to the President this afternoon. He was accompanied by the first secretary of the embassy. Reouf Ahmed Bey, who acted as interpreter. The Ambassador from Mexico will make a trip to Canada accompanied by several of the attache?- of his staff before establish ing himself at Magnolia. Mass., where the summer embassy will be located. The Mex ican Embassy Is one of the few foreign offices here which !s never entirely closed for the summer reason, some of the at taches always being here to attend to busi ness. The Italian Charge d'Affaires and Mar chese dl Montagliari left Washington yes terday for Manchester, Mass.. where they will spend the summer. Count Brussele-Schaubeck. first secretary, and Count Ladislas Cziraky, attache of the Austrian Embassy staff, left here to-night for New York and will go to Bar Harbor the last of the week. Henry K. Chang, honorary attache of the Chinese legation, and Mmc Chang re turned to Washington to-day from New York. THE CABINET. [From The Tribune Bureau. | Washington. June 14.— The Secretary of State will be in Philadelphia to-morrow to deliver an address at the T'nlverslty of Pennsylvania. The Secretary of War left here this morning for West Point, to present the diplomas to the graduating class. He wi!! then go to Nashville to attend the military tournament, arriving there Friday or Sat urday. He will be accompanied by General William H. Carter, acting chief of staff, and Genera! James Allen, chief signal officer. The tournament will be held on Monday, and on Tuesday the Secretary will leave Nashville for the West. IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY. [From The Tribune Bureau.] Washington. June U.— Mr. and Mrs. Will iam J. Boardman and Miss Mabel Board man have closed their Washington house and gone to Wlndcliffe, their summer es tate at Manchester, Mass. Mrs. Roscoe C. Bulmer and her mother, Mrs. Charles H. Poor, will leave here to morrow for a long Western trip. The Rev. Roland Cotton Smith, rector of St. John's Church, and his family have gone to New York and will sail Ir. a day or two to spend the summer abroad. Mrs. Ulyasea S. Grant. 3d. wilr leave Washington to-morrow for Clinton. N. V.. and spend the summer at the home of her parents. Senator and Mr?. Root, in that city. lieutenant Grant will loin his family later. Mr. ani Mr?. James Cooper Hood an nounce the engagement of their daughter, Miss Ruth Hood, to Cadet John J. Watter man. of the West Point cla a s of this year, a son of Major and Mrs. John C. Watter man. Rear Admiral and Mrs. Hem^hill and MLss Hemphill left here to-day for Phila delphia, where they will spend a fortnight. They will go from there to North Hatley. Canada, to spend the summer. Mrs. Lawrence Townsend will sail from New York on Saturday to spend the sum mer abroad. NEW YORK SOCIETY. Mi.-s Margaertta Pierson will be married thi3 afterr.non to George H. Hull. Jr. at the West SH street home of her parents, General and Mrs. J. Fred Plerson. Miss Sophie Cadwalader. of Philadelphia, will be the bride's only attendant. Captain Richmond Pearson Hobson will be his brother-in-law's best man. and the ush ers will include Howard Plummer, Carol W. Ladd. James R. Pierson. Claude W. Jester and KHis Adams. Among those booked to >a:l from Kng land for New York to-day on board the Adriatic are X Pierpont Morgan. Mr. and Mrs. Jam--s W KHsworth and Mrs. E. J Herwlnd. Mrs. Hermann Oelrlchs has arrived in town from Newport and is at the St. Regis. Mrs. Frank M. Kreemun and Miss Louise Freeman have gone to Seabright. EC, J where they have taken a cottage for th? season. Mrs John Clinton Qaaj has returned to the city from Newport and la bookfd to sail for Europe to-day. R. Thornton Wilson will sail for Europe TRIBUTE TO PROFESSOR SUMNER Bishop Brewster. of Connecticut, Speaks of Yale Man as Great Teacher. New Haven. June 14.— A high tribute to Professor William Graham Sumner. of Yale, who was one of the five iilnsjj'aj-m of the Protestant Episcopal Diocese of Con necticut to die In the last year, and a recommendation for a division of the dio cese because of the pressing- need of closer attention to the requirements of clergy and laity, were P art 3 of the address of Bishop Chauncey B. Brewster at the annual con vention of the Episcopal churches of the state here to-day. Of Profe saor Sumner. the Bishop said: «, •He Waß , nOt v. ° nly th earliest teacher of sociology in the country. he was a «reat teacher .in the mastery of his subject and power to stimulate thou K ht. Distrustful ,f sentiment. Mngle tluiule( f o ,Wln s \£ *L o u-a,,,, h. S ° USht the truth of iram/hnl?' ar a d »«»»on«l f.om ureaina back to reaMtv t>w I "Jrom V" ' tarity Th °~ •»• mi « ht COMPETITION From The Schenectady Union bam bm a-atae v ' i( than those of W*l 11l . V(>rc ~ >»«- easier in*in»tm- of altinouV a ' Com J*tltioa *» •"»• at tha end of the month to .__ mainder of the summer abroad*. Vj Mr and Mrs. F. Arabros- n arrived In the city and ar« .?„ '-^ <*. m a few days. " -•t'.^J Mr. and Mrs. Arthur~B T»' J • leave town to-day for Sprtnjr iT I**1 ** ■"» to remain until Jul7 <, wfc,^^* * the White Mountains. tt?7 n^ Mrs. E. Henry Harrimaa hai - ''- town from her country D !ar.i <SCQ «'» N. v P * C(S l 'J^i Mr. and Mrs. Eibrtdge T G*rry town to-day for Newport. r .!?S spend the summer. ' ***! Mrs. William B. Diastnore fca« . the city from Btaatobur* aM J^l Belmont. * V Mrs. Douglas W. Bumhaa, k. possession Beaeonstde, her conr^*^ at Fishklll-on-the-Hndson. for th, ~ «* ! She has as her guests th-r* h*-*? | ter. Mrs. E. Bumham Dresser r* ; granddaughter, Miss 9usan Fish' X * Miss Sybil Turrell. daughter o#'yo #'y ■->■* i Mrs. Charts Turretl. of Ebb*-? 1 * married yesterday afternoon at tstcv? : of th» Transfiguration to BAmaaf^^ j of this city, son of Dean Klrby. im^H : ding was very small, on account af ! ness of the bride's mother, who m^^ able to come over to this country to * it, and only a few relatives tt«m 2 ** at the ceremony, which was penaaaall thp Rev. Dr. George C Honyhto^ \ bride, who was given away by * v jj"* had no attendants. . She wore a oaaaS gown of crepe meteor and a black j hat trimmeri with aigrette*. £ g,^ Fairfax was his cousin's best ffiaa.^T?' ushers were Killaen Van Ressse^- * Baron S. W!!lard. Blrney Blaclr»(|«jl B. Miller, who took the place of Be t, ! OUn. of Watertowi*. N. Y. There «*2 i reception. After a short hoz«Taaz. < j Mr. Kirby and his bride will gr> to d,. Conn., where they have taken a tac^ I for the summer. They will cai«^ home in thl3 city In the fail. Mr BfcS connected with the offlc* of the Cotw tion Counsel. m SOCIAL NOTES FROM NEw9o*r [By Telegraph to The TlflwaJ, -. Newport. June 14. Mr. a,Td Mrs. J. f^ Plerson, jr.. went to New York jwteri, for the Hull-Plerson wedding. L!spej- Stewart, Mrs. William Grosvenor acd Xi. E. Livingston Ludlow have also js«t | New York. Mrs. Hamilton McK. TwomhJy aat' a J Ruth Twombly, Max Agasslz and 3fe at Mrs. Henry Clews have taken possess^ of their villas Mrs. Philip Van Valkenburfh hai J turned to New York after a weeti t& here. Registered at the Casino to-d»T «■ Miss Helena Fish, of Garrison, "1 I, J guest of Mrs. Hamilton Fish Wctaar.sl John Thompson Spencer. Mrs. John Clinton Gray has no-raft New York preparatory to going abnaL Mrs. R. S. V Hltt. who 13 a: presata the Muenchlnger King cottage, hat » ranged to spend the summer here. Walter S. Andrews has arrtfe* (ha Washington to arrange .'or the ossjafi the Newport Clambake Club. Mr. aailt Andrews are to spend the sumnwr hi 5«« Hampshire this year. Mr. and Mrs. T. Shaw Safe will aa-Raj at dinner on Saturday evening tn bars' Lady Herbert, sister of Mrs. Safe. Mrs. Joseph F. Ston« is expec«d na from abroad at the end of th» week. Mr. and Mrs. William Murray arrived-ii afternoon. They will be Joined by ■ w- Mrs. John Neflson to-morrow. Mr. and Mrs. C. H. P. Gilbert ie« Jfci W. S. Neilson arrived f roni New Tort* afternoon. IN THE BERKSHIRES. . 'By Telegraph to Tha Tribasoj r^enpx, June Ambassador '.tat Bryce has Joined Mrs. Bryce at th«'«J» of Mi?s Emily Tucker-man, In Btootap The ambassador will srend a naaar* days in the Berkshlres. and will mow places of interest. Mrs. E. J. Tytus, of Locdor. tif tm at Greenock Inn. Mrs. Tytus Is tie atar of Robb De Pey.uer Tytus, of Tjiilflßw Mr and Mrs. Charles Wllßam «♦] have been guests of Mr. and Mrs. Ja>l ander Sedgwick, have gone to New TM I Mr?. Robert Winthrop. wno li a»li guest of Mrs. H. A. C. Taylor In »«-»l will arrive the last of this *t& <l Ethelwyn. I Mrs. James B. Ludlow started to-*J*| town by automobile. Mrs. W. S. Adams and Miss Daa*' New York, have arrived v ti« Cifl Hotel. Miss Lydia Fieid Emmeu. wtja l Siockbridge. Is building a studio at iff* tage on Field Hill. Mrs. H. T. Dowttng, Miss M. E s ar.d Miss F.lizabeth Hicks, of *a** have arrived at the Maplewood. »!• f?eld. . Peyton Van Rensselaer has tM3 secretary and treasurer of The 9ttO"B» c.olf Club. T Mrs. Benjamin W. Strong. Misi * Strong and James X Strong art ■*•• in the Berkshires. Mr. and Mrs Tracey Dows. of »*■*■• N. V., and the Rev. and Mrs. »~' Hasting Nichols, of South Orasjs. *" are registered ar Red lion Inn. i» ** brids-e. V Mrs. E. T H. Tuimasje. of B *]""T^ N. J.. and Mrs John Murray -*j**\ f Tuxedo Park, are making a m*"* " throug-h the hills. _^ Charles S. Mellen and Mi?? Marion I . started to-day for N>« Haven. ~\ The Lenox Village 'mri-ovc—nt *°^ elected the following officers »«• President. Miss Nancy Wharto*: president. William D. Curtis; tro*^ Murray A. Brown: secretary. *J*j2B W. Burden; auditor. Pr. Henry '._..».■ and director-*. Dr. Kiihard C. G 1 -^ Mrs. John E Alexandre. James O^| $ Mrs. William Douglas SToane. c "**^ Morgan. Mrs. Edward R. VTfcartoß. Shields Clarke, Mr?. Frank ■— pj Grenville L. Winthrop. Mri -Lljft-J Jaqoes. Giraud Foster, Mrs. J*j^|B Barlow. Henry Sedgwick, ** grffl Kncalanrt. John E. Alexandra J7Tj--*<B Hiildle. Richard '" Dixey. M^ Meyer. George B. Blake and M» I Tappan. a WHERE NEW YORK WAS I Justice Mills Makes Address tfljt, ing of Monument at VTtdtt -^ The monument marking . the Tor |t#' birthplace of the State of Ne *^ - # < armory btou In *»utt , j 3 ji-'' f Whits Plaii was -.veil^y^T^Ji^ noon. The r*-o«-T amme was Cr •* * prayer by ihe Rev. Frw|er^_«r< Kleeck. char-lain of the *» " American Revolution. * ad tM^ n^ t fi man H Merrltt. resent of taa a4ds j»» Chapter. D. A. R. -ieliv«rei tjs welcome. She was toU^^-g^i* Mills, of the Suprem* Court, " principal address of the day. jm**' The other speakers r>ml^got* M , Wood, state regent ot th* V*-*- - ; American Revolution: n °-^ r y.c£^ gent. Mrs. William . umtnUl .';.'; 6i6 i s*^ York City, an-i William A. . v*-*t president of the Sans ° r . \.-itl*. Revolution. .utormy i^nw-i^a-i behalf of Governor u:^s.«— monument for the _]____—— FRENCH AGE PENSIONS^ cided that it will be to^ nIi *,'V the workman's old a **^*"r^p *. will cost the Treasury ****j*4* annually, until tiio last qu»«.