Oli:ni«'AN- S— Barnyard Borneo.
ASTOR — 6:ls— Seven Days _
JJRCADWAT— S:I8 — The Ptrmroer Widowers.
rASIKO — K:i5 — The Mikado. , . _ .
CONEY TP;.ANT> —B« ishton Beacn ParK.
* Dreamland. Lima Park.
CriTERION — S: IS — He* 1 Holland's «\ lie.
"DEN an* SEE — World in Wax.
FIFTH AVENUE— Vaudeville.
GAIETY — S:15 — Fortune Hunter. '
HERALD PQr-ARE— S:IS— TUIie-a Nightmare.
HXJDPON — 15 — Th* Spendthrift.
JAKPIN r>E PARIS— B:IS— of 1910.
KNICKERBOCKER— S:IS— The Arcadians.
L^'RlC — Sri» — A Matinee Idol.
NEW AMSTERDAM— B:I.1 — Girlies.
lvci( r to Advertisements.
parcel. I 001 ;
Amusem«Ka ...12 7] Proposals 9 B
Bankers and • R*-al Estate at
Brokers 10 I! Auction " 5
B a 8 i n • • a (Real }•> Rt<» «i .'' <
C*a.ne*« & -C.Real Estate f r
Carpet Cleaning. 9 0 Sale or to l>et..ll 6-.
DlvH'-nS No- Inwwe*!— » ™
tle^s -1« i i Resort* •» '
Domestic Pit-is iSavtrirs Banks... 10 l
tlciis Want«^s. S> 2-4!«?chool Ae^neles.. » »
E>tuirico» ...... « c "- in! Xoticp*.. 7 •
Financial 10 6-7 • Surroßates* Ko-
For Sal- 8 «' t1f«» *» f*
Furnish i Time Tables » ♦>-«
Room* 8 <! T« 1/1 for hot*-*- ~:%
ÜBS) TVaat«>4 . . . » '--] nes« Purposes. .11 G-i
InFtrurtlon 9 6! Tribune Sub«crlp- _ m
Machinery, etc. . » 6! ticn Rates 7 '
Mar-lap** an* (Trust Companies. 10 3-4
Deaths ... .... 7 7 1 Typewriting ■ •">
Mortirac<» I—— 11 €Unfurnlshe<i
S~-:r* of Bam- ! Apartments ..." '
ainni 11 7i"Work Wanted... » -
MOXDAT. .TT'NE 20, ]HlO.
Thin newspaper f« otcned and pub
lished by The Tribune Association, a
Xew York corporation ; office and prin
cipal place of business. Tribune Build
ing, So. 154 Nassau street. New York;
Ogden Mill*, president; Ogden M. Reid,
tecretary; Jaw* M. Barrett, treasurer.
The address of the officers is the office
of this newspaper.
THE VBWB THIS JlfOff.Y/.VO.
FOREIGN. — All the foreign professors
In the Imperial University at Peking
have refused to continue their courses
unless unsanitary conditions in the.
building are rem^di^d. = The Met
ropolitan Opera Company jrave. a per
formance for charities in Paris, at which ;
nearly 540,000 was raised. == Spain
has intimated that unless the Vatican
decides not to couple its protest against
the royal decree with the negotiations to
revise the Concordat the government
Will break on! all negotiations: anti
clerical riots occurred at Valencia. ■■ ■ -
Mexico has agreed to arbitrate the
Chamizal boundary dispute with the
United States; a Canadian jurist will
hold the balance of power. ■ Em
peror William's physicians issued a
statement denying that an operation had
been performed on the Kaiser's knee.
DOMESTIC. — Secretary Knox In a
statement Issued in Washington said
positively that he would not accept the
Republican nomination for Governor of
Pennsylvania, ■ l ' Secretary Dickinson
of the War Department opened the mili
tary tocrnam«nt in Nashville with a re
view of United States troops. ■ Gen
eral Grant will preside over a school of
instruction to be held near Indianapolis
for four hundred and fifty militia, officers |
Of the National Guard of Ohio. Indiana
and Michigan. ===== By vetoing- rarious
financial measures and cuttingr out items
in the annual appropriation and supply
bills. Governor Hughes reduced the an
r.ual state appropriations by nearly 15.
000.000. Appropriation bills passed by
the Legislature this year totalled $46.
970,571 93. - . ■— Glenn H. Curtiss broke
his former record for a short distance
■but at Louisville. Ky.. rising 87^4 feet
from the starting mark; hie previous
record was PS feet == The Potomac
Rlv»r -seas reported as Hie highest since
3SS?: considerable damage was caused
at Washington. ■ Baccalaureate ser
mons were preached at Wellesley Col
lege. Cornell University. Harvard Uni
versity and Beloit College. ■ Three
persons were killed and a score injured
Mien SA Immigrant train collided with
a light ensjne on the Ontario & Western
Railway near Norwich. N. Y.
— Mr?. O. H. P. Belmont was the
principal speaker at a suffragette outing
at Corona. Long Island = The detec
tive were still without a clew to the
murder of Moses Sacks, whose body was
found in a trunk on Friday. - - __- Presi
dent Flnley. In his baccalaureate sermon
at the College of the City of Sew York,
frequently referred to ex-President
Roosevelt. ==: Aviators at H^mpstead
were so annoyed by crowds yesterday
that flights were tame, and Captain
Baldwin refused to ascend. == The
leading Catholic prints of this and many
oth^r dioceses attended ■ mass in com
memoration of the centennial of the
death of the first bishop of New York.
= Magistrate O'Reilly, when dis
charging an ice dealer, said the delivery
Of lea on Sunday did no harm to the
observance of the day. ■ - Police
men had to resort to a trick to capture
en alleged lunatic who had climbed to
the top of a trolley polo. ===== Legisla
tors here for the Roosevelt welcome
discussed the chances for a direct pri
mary enactment at the special session
opening in Albany to-night. ... The
committee appointed by Mayor Gaynor
announced Its plans for a "safe and
sane" Fourth of July celebration.
THE WEATHER. — Indications for to
day: Fair. The temperature yesterday:
Highest, S7 degrees; lowest, 65.
yEWS BY TELEPHOyE.
The interesting announcement is
made that our enterprising suburban
neighbors of Chicago purpose to take a
lea? out of the book of Budapest and to
establish in their city a system of tele
phonic distribution of news similar to
that which we have hitherto described
as existing In the Hungarian capital.
No unfavorable comment is to be made
upon such imitation of the Hungarian
example, since, as we have frequently
reminded our readers. New York itself
did not venture on the construction of
electric tramways with underground
conduits until years after the city on the
Danube had demonstrated their entire
practicability in climatic circumstances
far "ess favorable than those of this
metropolis Nor would it be judi
cious To assume that the venture will be
Impracticable or unprofitable. It may
Mot l>e iHilinhii:. however. to point out
tome reasons for not indulging in 100
•^tlmistic expectations and for doubt-
Ing that ltefore its triumphant oncoming
the poor old newspaper press is to fade
into the Nabs* of the. obsolete.
There can t*> no question of the pos
sibility of transmitting news by tele
«: no simultaneously to a multitude of
eu!iscri!>ers, and with loud-speaking in
struments it may be done En such a way
tbml the subscriber will not have bo keep
the receiver at his ear. but that the
■ewi will be heard by all in the room if
not In the house. In order to get all
tLe news, however, it will be necessary
for someone to remain constantly with
in hearing of the machine, and it will
also be necessary for those who hear to
do much oral repetition of news to those
ho were out of hearing, but who are
equally Interested in what is going on.
It would be practically impossible, for
si! the day's n*w« thus to be repeated
to those wiic were m engaged during
the day a:- to be unable to listen to the
telephone, and who, doubtless, would
romjwhs* the large majority of the com
Apafn, it will he with the telephone as
Omar says of the Recording Hand,
The Sieving Finger writes; and, having
The telephone will tell its tale and
then be stil! or proceed with other tales.
deaf to the desires of those who did not
hear at first distinctly or who wish to
heir again an important item. And if
one listener thought the machine said
one thing and another thought it'said
another thing,- the cold, mechanical
voice -would go right on with some alto
gether different story, leaving them to
light cut discrepancies of hearing or of
memory as best they might. Of course,
some of these imperfections might be
measurably remedied by the use of a
recording device, by which the news
would be inscribed upon the disks or cyl
inders of a phonograph for repetition,
but such additions to the complications
and costs of the system would scarcely
commend it to the "get the news quick"
contingent of the community.
As for mu^h of the matter in newspa
pers, including statistical reports and, by
no means least, advertisements, the im
practicability of purveying them by
telephone must be manifest to even the
most inventive genius of Budapest
raised to the «th degree of Chicagoan
efficiency and enterprise. We shall
therefore, however great the success of
the telephonic news service, confidently
expect the newspaper press to continu?
business at the old stand with unim
paired prosperity, and probably with in
creased profits from the amount of ad
vertising which the new venture will
have to do in order to bring Itself to
THE SPECIAL SESSION.
There is only one sensible course for
the Legislature, which meets in special
session to-day, to follow, and that is to
pass a direct primary bill as promptly as
possible. An exhibition of bad temper
or resentment could only injure its mem
bers and the Republican party. To pro
test that the Governor exceeded his au
thority iv calling a special session, as
some have advised, would make the Leg
islature ridiculous. To Take a recess
unTil the end o* the Governor's term, a
course also advised by the Governor's
enemies, would be to invite scathing pun
ishment from the voters.
The Governor's calling of a special ses
sion has served to sharpen the direct pri
maries Issue. Public attention has been
increasingly drawn to it, and unless the
coming session disposes of the question
properly it will remain an acute topic in
the fall campaign. How keenly the peo
ple In some parts of the state already
feel about it is shown by the sharp way
in which Assemblyman Eveleth. of Her
kimer County, and Assemblyman Green
wood, of Wayne County, have been called
to account by their constituents. Dr.
Eveleth has been compelled to announce
that he is not a candidate for re-election,
while Mr. Greenwood is vainly trying to
create the impression that his vote for
the Meade-Phillips bill was a vote for di
rect primaries. Moreover, the ministers'
associations and tne Granges have been
bestirring themselves in support of the
Governor very much as they did when
he was making his fight against gam
The sentiment for direct primaries is
growing. The people of this state will
not long consent to be deprived of that
participation in the control of parties
which they see the people of other states
enjoying. Persistent denial would be
dangerous alike to the men and to the
parties responsible for it. The motives
of the refusal are too obvious to escape
attention, and the methods by which
direct primaries have been defeated in
tensify the demand for them. The open
bossing of a Legislature by Mr. Barnes,
of Albany, in a -bipartisan combination
with Tammany— could any more striking
object lesson of the evils of present con
ditions have be<>n furnished for the use
of direct primary advocates?
The opponents of direct nominations
have lost the main argument for their
opposition. Their objection that the Hin
man-Green plan involved a wide depart
ure fraught with danger has been met
by the Governor's willingness to approve
a less radical measure. The Cobb bill.
which he was ready to accept, has the
support of the conservative sentiment of
the party, which hesitated at the Kin
man-Green bill. To defeat it again will
be without a shadow of justification in
the eyes of the public.
THE GROWTH OF RUSSIA.
The statement of the population of the
Russian Empire which has just been
made by the central statistical bureau
of the government is not the result of
a census, for none has been taken for
many years, hut of estimates which are
made with so much care that they are
probably within a very narrow margin
of the exact truth. The total population
of the empire Is placed at 1 G0. 095.200.
which figures, when compared with
those of former enumerations and esti
mates, indicate a greater ratio of growth
than might be expected in a land of
primitive sanitation and high mortality.
The growth of Russia has been
through territorial conquest and annexa
tion more than through births, at least
down to the middle of the last century.
In 1722 the population of the empire as
it then existed was only 14,(100,000, and
by the end of that century it had only
a little more than doubled those figures.
At the end of the Napoleonic em it was
only 45,000,000, or loss than twice that
of France at that time. By IST>9, owing
largely to acquisitions of populous ter
ritory, it had increased to 74,000,000.
since the latter date territorial acquisi
tions hare not been important, and in
crease of population lias depended more
upon the excess of births over deaths.
The latest — and first — real census, in
£897, reported 129,209,297 persons in the
empire, not counting Finland. The
enumeration, or estimate, which is
now made Includes Finland. If we
reckon Finland at close to 3,000,000,
li.en. the increase of the empire appears
to have l>een more than 33,000,000, or
more than 26 per cent, in thirteen years.
It may be added that an estimate by
this same statistical bureau three years
ago placed the figures, not counting
Finland, nt 182,009,200, indicating an in
crease of about 5,000,000 in three years.
The natural explanation of the growth
of population in spite of poor sanita
tion and high death rate is to be found
in the fecundity of a comparatively
primitive and unsophisticated people.
Thus, while the death rate is enormously
high, being about 30 to the thousand
yearly, the birth rate is nlso phenomenal,
being at least 48 to the thousand, showing
'i yearly surplus of IS births over deaths
to the thousand population. In Ger
many, by way of contrast, It may be
noted that the death rut* is only 19.
against Russia's 80, but the birth rate
is only 34 to Russia's 4«, so that Ger
maar*« net grain in surplus of births over
deaths is only 15. against Russia's IS.
It should be added that while the Rus
sian death rate is slowly falling- the
birth rate is actually increasing, so that
there is a prospect r>f the general growth
M^-VORK DAILY TRIBWCE. MONDAY. JU>'E 20. 1910.
of population being even more rapid in
the immediate future thnn it has been
in Hie immediate past.
SIMMER COTTBSBBL. '..-
The open' season for summer advice
has been considerably delayed this year,
but we may expect our benevolent coun
sellors to break out nt any moment now,
with toe advent of the first hot wave.
They will he led, as heretofore, by the
cheery philosopher who lauds New York
as ii summer resort. lie will tell us how
privileged we are to he obliged to stay in
town the whole summer through : he will
talk eutranchjgiy of boat rides and
beaches, of roof gardens and open-air res
taurants, of nocturnal trips ou surface
cars and the cool apartment awaiting us
nt the end of this* round of comforts.
The refrigerator is a dream of iced de'
lights, the bathtub allures, and a breeze
always manages to blow in from one
point of the compass or another, yet
never bears a mosquito on its wing to
disturb our slumbers. "And so to bed,"
to quote the comfort loving Mr. Pepys.
Now our perplexities begin, however,
for next comes the counsellor warning us
against the iced liquids in that refriger
ator. Whatever the nature of the bever
age, or mixture of beverages, alcoholic
or temperance, danger lurks in it if it be
artificially chiiled. "Beware," he says,
with uplifted finger. Usually he has a
refreshing draft of his own to recom
mend, oatmeal water at its natural sum
mer temperature, perhaps, or even a cup
of nice hot Tea. To bewilder us still fur
ther, along comes the counsellor who
pins his faith to cold food, which in
cludes, of course, cold liquids. Even the
after-dinner coffee must be iced, accord
ing to him, if we would live in comfort
and health through the hot spell. And
now They be upon us in their multi
tude, advisers who would direct our way
of living from rising to retiring, our
dress from the soles of our shoes to the
straws on our heads. Even the rural
cabbage leaf as a protection against sun
stroke bobs up occasionally in this volu
minous body of rules for. urban summer
living. Last of all comes the insomnia
specialist of the dog days, whose reme
dies range all the way from cold water
to auto-suggestion. His is a thankless
task, his only reward usually a feeling
of bitter enmity.
New Yorkers manage to be a fairly
comfortable folk through most of the
summer, thanks in part, no doubt, to
these kindly counsellors, but. chiefly to
the situation and configuration of their
city. We should miss the advice if it
were not forthcoming. Meanwhile, it is a
great comfort to remember that we have
got through most of June without the
need of it.
A FIRST APPEARANCE.
The abscess on the German Emperor's
wrist, which prevented him from holding
a peu. was the means of introducing his
son and heir to participation in the af
fairs of the empire, though the service
required of the Crown Prince William
was a modest one. merely the signing
of his father's name.
The open concern with which the news
of the Emperor's plight ailment was re
ceived by The German papers, irrespec
tive of their political color, is significant.
They paid him the spontaneous tribute
of alluding to the supreme importance of
his continued life to the peace of Europe
—probably the first unanimous, ungrudg
ing, national recognition of the success of
the guiding principle of his diplomacy.
William II is not a "peacemaker," but
he has been a peace preserver through
out his rejgn. sometimes in crises that
may have been a sore temptation to a
war lord conscious of the strength of
the weqpon ?n his hand.
Another fact has been emphasized by
the Emperor's indisposition, namely, that
his has been a one-man rule in the Ger
man Foreign Office since his dismissal
of Bismarck. The empire has now no
strong, tried, trusted statesman except
the Emperor to look to in an emergency.
Ir musT pprforce place its reliance in the
young prince who has so modestly made
his first appearance on the great stage of
public life by signing his father's name.
It is this reflection that gives the inci
dent a dramatic meaning which Is en
hanced by the later mishap to the Em
PROFESSIOXAL SCHOOL STAND
It is distinctly encouraging to observe
that the American. Medical Association,
as a result of six years of painstaking
investigation, has made a report strongly
confirmiog that of the Carnegie Founda
tion, which was recently commented
upon in The Tribune, concerning the
need of a higher standard of scholarship
in some of our medical colleges. That
there is a markei difference in stand
ards is uudeniable. Probably to some ex
tent it is inevitable. But that some in
stitutions fall considerably below a
standard which must be regarded as the
minimum of acceptable efficiency is un
hesitatingly declared by impartial and
informed investigators, while it is also,
as we have recently been reminded,
somewhat resentfully denied hy the
friends of those institutions: or perhaps
we should say more correctly that they
deny that it is possible to fix any specific
standard to which all institutions should
Without undertaking to pasß judgment
up<>n any particular institution, we would
repeat wh.it we have hitherto urged, that
a genera! standard of professional attain
nn-iit and efficiency i; not only desirable
but also possible. It is to be noted, more
over, that the report to which we havo
referred is not merely censorious and
condemnatory. It does regard some of the
medical Bcbooto as hopelessly bad. But
more of them are susceptible of being
raised to a satisfactory standard, and The
association expresses a readiness and, in
deed, an eagerness to co-operate in the
work of thus elevating them. That is also
thp spirit of tin* Carnegie Foundation.
There is no thought of creating an
aristocrat ie monopoly In professional
education, bat rather a desire to bring
all institutions up to the level of the
I>-Ht. That desire is logical aud laud
able, aud we believe that its fuilil
nient Is necessary for the highest good
of the profession itself and for the wel
fare of the people whom it serves.
MONET AND BUSINESS.
Financial conditions are stronger than
they were a few weeks ago, and general
tendencies in business circles are in the
direction of improvement. No great
trade activity, however, ie, looked for
in the summer months, nut with bounti
ful harvests, which appear to be as
sured, pronounced expansion should
mark the course of our industries in the
autumn, accompanied by a better de
mand for Investment securities. The
stock market shows no life at present,
though Important interests are quietly
accumulating attractive issues on the
theory that all known adverse factors
in the situation have been adequately
discounted by the prolonged decline in
prices, which has carried prime invest
ments to levels* that should appeal to
capital. In the last few months liqui
dation of securities find commodities
has been heavy, and as r- consequence
the money market is in A healthier po
sition, with ample facilities for handling
legitimate trade needs, including tne
financing of the crops, which, as usual.
Will cause the withdrawal of a large
amount of currency from the East for
the account of the interior banks.
Banks in all parts of the country have
been husbanding their resources, and as
a result of the forced liquidation in the
markets loans have been materially re
duced, while reserves above legal re
quirements have been substantially
strengthened, the latter item at this
centre, for instance, having increased
more than $20,000,000 from the low
point of the year. Money rates are easy,
and with good stocks selling on a 5 to
C> per cent basis it would seem as if a
readjustment in Stock Exchange prices
to a higher range would soon be effect
ed. Our foreign trade is improving, as
reflected by the figures of imports and
exports for May, exports in that month
showing an excess over imports for the
first time eince last January and ac
counting for the decline in sterling ex
change to a level that encourages the
expectation of gold shipments from Eu
rope to this country in the fall, if the
needs of the local money market should
become urgent. A year ago New York
hankers were heavy borrowers abroad.
There is no prospect of a repetition of
this operation in the current summer,
and our growing exports of merchan
dise therefore will not be offset by ma
turing finance bills In the autumn as
an influence upon the foreign exchange
While there is a certain amount of ir
regularity in trade movements, the gen
eral volume of business as shown by
railroad earnings and bank clearings is
large. For the first week in June gross
transportation receipts present an in
crease of 14 per cent as compared with
the same time last year, and payments
through clearing houses outside of New
York an Increase of 6 per cent, a de
cline at this centre being due to the
light trading in securities. In the pri
mary market for drygoods activity is
by no means pronounced. Prices for
cotton goods are held at a firm level,
though in the West jobbers are shading
quotations at clearance sales for the
purpose of reducing stocks. A dull sum
mer is looked for in the New England
textile industry, and a short time policy
has been decided upon by the manufact
urers, affecting upward of fifty thousand
operatives. It is estimated that more
cotton mill machinery is idle at present
than at any time in the last twelve
months, but the mill men are hopeful
over the future of the trade, believing
that with the approach of the new crop
the high price for raw material will dis
appear. Cotton crop conditions at this
early period foreshadow a normal har
vest, while the same thing may be said
of wheat and corn, a reflection of which
may be found in the big decline that has
taken place in quotations for the various
options from the advanced figures re
ported early in the current year. The
export demand for wheat and corn is
heavier, owing to the lower prices here
and the active spot demand abroad.
Iron producing centres report a some
what heavier inquiry for the metal, -md
the tonnage booked for the second half
of the year is large enough to encour
age the expectation of marked improve
ment in the industry in the fall. In fin
ished steel lines the output is fair, with
an increasing tendency on the part of
consumers to come into the market, the
railroads being better buyers in spite
of the recent statements by many rail
road presidents that drastic retrench
ment would be forced if they were not
to be permitted to advance freight carry
ing charges at once. New orders for
steel products in the first two weeks of
June are estimated at eight thousand
tons a day in excess of the correspond
ing time in the preceding month, and
on its present basis of operating the
United States Steel Corporation, which
handles more than 50 per cent of the
trade, is working at about SO per cent
of capacity. Copper production is still
in excess of consumption, with prices
weaker, notwithstanding the fact that
trade authorities assert that the con
sumption of the metal at home and
abroad is greater than ever before in
the history of the industry. The shoe
and leather trade shows no Improve
ment, the most noticeable feature of the
market being the weakness in hides.
with the tendency apparently toward
Chairman Dix, whose election was
hailed as the deliverance of the Democ
racy from petty and selfish leadership,
with a vision dull to questions of politi
cal morality, has a chance to show -what
stuff there is in him. The Legislature
meets in special session to consider di
rect nomination?. Will Mr. Dlx be heard
from? Will the Democratic party show
the tonic effects of his leadership?
The first of the Taft measures, the
railroad bill, is now a law. It is of such
Importance that its enactment alone
might be regarded as a substantial
achievement for the administration.
The holding of the first court of the
new reign at St. James's Palace is a re
minder that while courts may be and
are commonly held at various other
places, and may constitutionally be held
wherever the sovereign may happen to
be, <ild St. James's is the one official
habitat or "permanent address," of the
English court, whence the common ap
pellation of "the Court of St. James's."
An experimenter In Kansas Is said to
have invented a device which will record
the absorption by a backslider from ab
stineni-e sf even a. email quantity of
strong drink. Mechanics is Invading the
field of psychology with deadly effect.
What will be left ere long of the psyoho
logical alibi as a means of exculpation
What is there, to find fault with in the
Never, probably, in all their history
did the "pious monks of St. Bernard"
have so numerous and so strange a com
pany of guests In their famous hospice
as they had a short time ogo, when thou
sands of swallows on their way north
for the Rummer were met by a violent
snowstorm. The birds settled upon the
hospice and flocked by thousands into
its guest chambers, the monks' cells, the
kitchen and even the chapel, remain
ing there until the storm had subsided,
when they resumed their flight. Some
of the monks were shocked at seeing the,*
chapel altar converted Into a resting
place for birds, but- memories of St.
Francis of Assist Induced complacence
What shall we do with our «x-Presi
dents? How pale and academic that
problem as It has hitherto presented It
self now seems!
The movement for a sane Fourth of
July is not always itself entirely sane,
but it promises safety and a much
higher degree of sanity than we have
known for many years. It will he no
light thing to Impress upon the popular
mind that Independence Day was not
established as a festival of sound and
fury, and that there are other m^ans
of celebrating it than with racket,
stench and potential arson, mayhem and
THE TALK OF THE DAY.
The Doukhobors. a strar.ers reiigio-is sect
who caused no end of trouble a couple of
years a?o by insisting on parading around
the province of Saskatchewan in the frart>
of Adam, have settled downj on a large
tract of land near Kamloops, British Co
lumMa, and bid fair to become one of the
most valuable and prosperous eorronunitles
in Canada. They are clearing nearly three
thousand acres of forest land and placing
it undor cultivation, and a correspondent of
"The London Chroniole," who recently vis
ited the settlement, speaks highly of their
industry and success thus far. He writes:
"No meat Is eaten by the I>oukhobor3. Cows
are kept for milk, which is consumed in
place of tea and coffee. There is not a
dog, a gun. a doctor, a dentist or a lawyer
in the whole community, although when a
case requires surgical assistance a doctor
is sent for, one such case occurring during
the last twelve months. It need hardly be
said there is no slaughterhouse, brewery,
distillery or cigar factory, whole meal
bread, vegetables, fruits, jams and honey
being the staple diet, with a vegetable but
ter made from oil expressed from sunflower
seeds. The communistic principle is very
strongly in evidence. No purchaee of any
amount would be made without calling a
meeting and discussing the. pros and cons,
every one present having an equal right to
speak and vote."
Knicker— lt is said that you can keep a
donkey from braying by attaching a weight
to its tail.
Bocker— Nonsense! The Democratic don
key has had Bryan tied to it for twelve
years and brays as loud as ever.—
"The German Emperor took his cue from
Roosevelt," says a letter from Berlin,
"when he called the young one-year vol
unteers— einjahrige Freiwilllge— to task for
their extravagant habits. From now on
they will not be permitted to exercise
these as heretofore. They must share bar
racks and tents with the other enlisted
men, and will not be allowed to take quar
ters In nearby hotels and farmhouses. One
of the perquisites of the officers has been
the gifts received at the hands of these
young men. who, according to the Emper
or's orders, will be unable to continue the
practice under penalty of being tried, not
only for Insubordination but for bribery.'"
Our troubles have increased of late;
Alas, how problems vex us:
It seems as if a stubborn Fate
Delighted to perplex us.
We fondly wished our son to be
A man of deepest knowledge:
Fcr years we've struggled patiently
To pay his way through college.
We've watched his progress with a pride
That fully has repaid us
For all the luxuries denied
And all the care he's made us.
But by a problem hard and grim
We are at present weighted :
We don't know what to do with him
Since Willies graduated.
"There's been more cussln' and swearin'
and back talkin' along here on my post
since, this dinged airship sallln' began than
I ever heard before," said a Park Row
"eop-per," after he had separated and
calmed a couple of elderly gentlemen
who were about to "mix it up" near the
Popt office. '"Why. just watch. Don't
you see. everybody's goin' along gawpin'
up at th' sky, expectin' to see a flock
o' man-birds, and o' course they bunk
into one another, and then there's trouble,
and I have to straighten it out. A man
who gees moonln' along an* gets a jab in
th' stummick from another cloud searcher
natcherly thinks the other feller's to blame,
an' there's the makln's of a neat little
street scrap and the start of a crowd. I
wish they'd either quit this heaven scrapin'
altogether or get airships down to $1 99, so
they'd be so cheap and plentiful nobody'd
pay any attention to 'em."
"I see you employ a number of o!d men."
"How old axe they?"
"Too old to be interested in canoeing, or
mandolins, or race horses, or girls, or ten
nis. That makes >m fine for work." —
A teacher of dancing who was present at
the session of the National Association of
Masters of Dancing, where the waltz time
was fix?d at "not less than fifty-five meas
ures to the minute," said that waltz time
cannot be fixed for the people, who come
under his "professional observation." The
time and the atyle of the waltz lie- in the
personality, he salfi. just the same as the
mode of walk or gesture. "Tou may teach
an Hungarian or an Austrian to waltz to
slow music," he added, "but when once he
has mastered the step he will show his na
tionality by wild dancing, no matter how
the music is playing. The German comes
next in impetuous waltzing, but he lacks
grace and can be held down more easily.
The French^ and the Americans like to
•glide,' and the Englishman— well, my ex
perience is that he dances in a forced and
stilted manner, no matter what the musio
time may be. The new slow French
waltzes, tuneful though they be, will never
become universally popular as dance mu
sic, simply because they are slow. There
is nothing better for the dance than Gungl.
Strauss and their imitators, and their
waltzes suggest the time. No one needs to
"I see a Plttsburg pastor has r^sirniod a
'I wouldn't call that resignation. It s ac
.SENSITIVE CITY OFFICERS
Their Right to Special Place in Roose
velt Parade Denied.
To th* Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In your admirable account of the
Roosevelt reception, printed in this morn
ing's Tribune, on page seven, Is an item
headed "City Officials Aggrieved," giving
voice to an alleged slight to certain of
ficeholders. No slight was Intended., and
I am In a position to assert that none was
offered to the honorable gentlemen referred
to. The Hon. George McAneny, the Hon.
John Purroy Mltchel and the Hon. William-
A. Prendergast were aprointert by Mayor
Gaynor as members of the Roosevelt recep
tion committee, toother with more than
three hundred citizens of f, >*. York City,
and they received the same consideration
accorded to their fellow numbers. In ar
ranging the order of precedence, non-resi
dent guests. Including Cabinet ministers.
United States Senators, Governors, repre
sentatives of governors, mayors of other
cities and the committee of the Legislature
of this state were duly placed with suit
able escort. In the Judgment of the com
mittee of arrangements the city of New
York was thought to bo represented with
becoming fiignlty by his honor th* Mayor.
IftWe than enough carriages were pro
vided for the remaining members of tne
general committee, and two notices were
i?:ued advising them that no special as
signment of seats would be made.
If fault is to be found with a member
of the executive committee who has had
the pleasure of putting In more than a
week of ten-hour days of work at the
committee rooms, it will be cheerfully re
ceived and filed with a saving sense of
humor, especially if any ! uc: - complaint
should happen to come from members of
the general committee, whose critical tal
ent might have been of vast value if
focussed on daily details before rather than
after the event.
WILLIAM D. MURPHY.
New York, June d 1310.
THE AWARD 70 PARR
Virtue Should Be Its Own Sufficient
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In view of the stand quit* generally
taken in connection with the *!ze of th©
reward paid to Deputy Surveyor Parr for
his work In connection with the sugar
frauds, one cannot help feeling that the
morals of "the country are at a deplorably
low ebb, and that the official himself should
have expressed his dissatisfaction because
he received so small a reward as $100,000
for doing his duty is not exactly encourag
ing. If we are to applaud the public of
ficial who unearths, frauds against his gov
ernment, and is Instrumental In securing
punishment for the guilty ones in the ex
pectation of receiving a large sum of money.
we may as reasonably expect to have re
wards paid to the cashiers of our banks
for not stealing th© funds or to our public
officers having the handling of large sums
of money for not running away with them.
There seems to be little appreciation of
the fact that it is the duty of every man
to be honest— that he Is not expected thus
to be merely because he receives a neat
sum for not being dishonest. It is this dis
regard for public duty especially which
has made the municipal governments of so
many American cities so corrupt— there is
no real sense of the responsibility of the
individual In the matter of right doing.
Inasmuch as Mr. Parr has expressed so
plainly his opinion of what real honesty
means by complaining because of the small
ness of his reward, he has to some extent
forfeited any sympathy which might be
due him for his unrecognized faithfulness.
New York, June 19, 1? 1 A
FAVORS A SILENT FOURTH.
To the Editor of The Tr'bune.
Sir: It has always seemed to me that
the national birthday is a memory too
precious to be desecrated by noise. Rather
should It be hallowed by a stillness beft
ting reverence. Why not commemorate
this day by silence, peace and reflection— a
day of retreat, as It were, from the trivial,
the loud, the cheapness of exploding po-r
der and of fire. One day of cessation from
blare, resounding din and the pounding
echo of mercenary grind would bring re
lief and comfort to all, without cost of
money or injury.
The explosion of gunpowder, with the
shouts of heedless rn^n and boys, with,
ir.de-d, expressions of every form of what
is wasteful, frivolous, dangerous and ex
citing. Is th© usual form of commemora
tion for the sacred and holy aasss day of
the na'ion. But Is it In keeping with dig
nity, sobriety, intelligence and the best
interests of the famih-, home and state?
Is it a wise method that shows gladness by
ruthless racket and shock, imperilling the
sick and maiming and destroying human
Parades, shoe's of ev«»ry nature, frolic,
mock battles, illuminations, with accidents
and death, have been tried, leaving waste
and exhaustion, litter and embers, but no
Puppos© this day be. distip.guisnefl frorrt
every other holiday by absence of labor; a<»
far as possible a day of stillness, rest, re
treat from strife, struggle and every form
of contention or strain: a day of silent,
respectful, commemorative reflection.
T>R. ELMER LES.
: New York, June I<s. IWO.
THE APPLICATION CF LAW.
To the Editor of The Tribune. •
Sir: In my opinion, my fellow Srooklyn
ite. Mayor Gaynor. was gTiiity of a piece
of gratuitous impertinence in his admoni
tory reminder to the arriving ex-President
that this country needs "a government ot
laws, not men." I have heard the perform
ance denounced as smug hypocrisy
The principal things Theodore Roosevelt
was denounced for by his most venomous
critics were his efforts to apply law to big
offenders, such as the Beef Trust, the rail
road combinations, the Standard Oil Com
pany, the thieve? who were absorbing the
public lands by thousands of square miles,
and other predatory citizens of that stripe.
The country has never been damaged in
the slightest degree by any defiance or
overriding of law on his part. And the
people who have roared loudest for "a gov
ernment of law" have been the people who
have wanted men like Aldrich and Cannon
to make the laws and Bailinger to Inter
pret and execute them.
What th© country really needs most is
government by honest men, who are strong
enough to enforce law! Xo laws are auto
matic or self-enforcing; and an impotent
administration may largely nullify them.
This Is not a gem of thought from Epicte
tus. but simply the opinion of a plain,
everyday, modern New York citizen.
WALTER C. TAYLOR.
Brooklyn, June IS. 1310.
BALLINGER ON MUCKRAKING
Secretary Thrusts at- Certain Critics of
His Administration of Department.
Secretary Bailinger. in Leslie's Weekly.
Muckraking, when animated by the spirt*
of purging the public service of un
worthy public officials, is laudable In so far
as the muckraker reaches muck and re
moves it from the public service. But the
muckwriter who seeks to place slime upon
a worthy public official is the greatest crim
inal of the barring, oi course, his
master, the muck publisher. The muck
writer ... is essentially a coward be
cause he strikes without warning and gives
no chance to parry the blow.
It Is only men of iron nerve who can
complacently do their duty against these
fires pet about them. The effect, as has
been said, on most men is that they spend
some of their lime in the performance ot
official duties ami the remainder in ex
plaining why they did what they should
The Interior Department, in matters af
fecting the public domain and the Indian
affairs, offers the most fertile field for the
mendacious journalist and politician and
hysterical exaggeration of any case re
sults in untold mischief. This "is particu
larly true since charges have been imputed
sometimes justly and sometimes unjustly'
in the disposal of public lands since the
creation of the public domain, and will
continue as long us an sera Is left A cer
tain amount of corruption and irregular
ity has always been imputed to the Indian
service, and will probably continue to be
imputed to it 80 long as the white nun
can find a way to take advantage of the
Indian. When the occasion for evil de
signs of man no longer exists in attempt*
to loot the public domain and the Indian
-namely, when the government ceases to
exercise 11 direct control over them— then,
and then only, will charges of corruption
fail for want of material.
The muckrakers have devised a new
grade of patriotism— the. "cautious patriot."
who betrays his official superior on con
siderations of personal emoluments, dis
guised by the pretence of having acted pro
bo no puhllco. If this doctrine could pre
vail under civil government, loyalty to
official duty would be a mere matter of
personal convenience and monetary consid
The calumniator flourishes on surmise
suspicion, innuendo, insinuation and de
nunciation. "Suspicions among thoughts
are like bats among birds— they fly by
night." If the publisher of to-day would
adopt the. precepts of Colonel Henry Wat
terson. "to print nothing of a man which
-•• would not say to his face, to print
nothing of a man in malice." the muck
rakers' vocation would end.
From The St. Paul Pioneer Press.
The new Kin? of England has sent a
eases: to a woman who haa given birth to
triplets Apparently the Roosevelt policies
are becoming popular in England.
W ROOSEVELT NEDDK
Rehearsal of To-day's Ceremony
at Bride's Home.
Another Roosevelt celebration l 3l 3 sc^
uled for to-day— the wedding ©• xbeJllL
Roosevelt. Jr.. and Miss Eleanor BbsZ
Alexander. Young Mr Roosevelt aaflZ
fiancee returned from Sagamore HHl,>^
they spent the night -with his family 5!?
terday morning, and spent the dny * lr^*.-
Mrs. Henry Addison Alexander, motta«rtf
the bride-to-be, at her home, in West fjnT
street. The young people were very b^
preparing for the momentous occaslo- »
rehearsal being held In the afternoon. ~*
The ceremony -will take place at 4 O 'c!«>
in the afternoon In the Fifth Avenue pi *
byterlan Church, and will be pertora»M^
the Rev. Dr. Henry M. Sanders, a"W^,
uncle of the bride, assisted by th« R«v. •_,
Gordon Russell, of Cranford. K. j. t!s»
morning will be an active on« •within^
church's portals, for It 13 to be a Sera:
■wedding, the decorations, in chars* 4
Wadley & Smythe. consisting of HllegHj*.
the- valley, -white roses, mountain liam.
pink peonies and palms. A reception «sl
follow the ceremony at the home of }fc*
Charles B. Alexander. in West oith gtm*
Mrs- Alexander Is the bride's aunt
Invitations have been issued to as 3*37
as the church -will hold, and no one 2
be admitted -without a card. A concert sS
orchestral music under the direction* o:
Xahar. Franko will greet the fiesta as th«y
are assembling. The bride will hay* M
her matron of honor Mrs. Sno-arden Andre*
Fahnestock. The. other bridal attendants
wil'. include Mias Ethel Roosevelt. »n
Harriet and Miss Janetta Alexander, Mia
Jean Delano and Miss Jessie Miiliagton-
Drake. Kerrnit Roosevelt will act as his
brother's best man. and Hamilton Flaft, Jr.,
Francis Roche. Fulton Cutting. Georjj
Roosevelt, Monroe Robinaon. Graf ton Chap
man. E. Morgan Gilbert and Elliot aat
John W. Cutler will be among the U3iierg.
The bridal party will walk through a las*
of Ulies-of-the- valley from tie church doer
to the chancel. The steps of the altar wU]
be carpeted with BBes-«f-tBS»«aBS. a =d
Bride roses, and the chancel rail win b«
hung with garlands of whits rose* x
priedieu with white satin cushions wia &
placed for the bride and bridagroota ta
kneel upon, and abov« all will tower tia
largest floral arch ever used in this cwjb
try for the purpose, made of pink raxbler
roses. ; «.
IN THE BERKSHIRE 3. ■
[By Telegraph to The T-*bane.J
Lenox, June 15— Mr. and Mrs. Char!e3 i
Bryan are guests of Misa Clemectin* Far."
niss and Mrs. John Zimmerman, at S4je
Dr. and Mrs. "William Arrr.srr<Hlg £a»»
been entertaining XVilliata Green Ssj Ar
thur Murphy, of New York, at tZfee* Pep..
Iff and Mrs. William Eloodgsod aat
Miss Maud VanbO3kerck, of Xew Tor*,
have arrived at the Mapiewood. la Pltti
S. Parkmar. Shaw, jr. returned to Bossa
to-day after a visit with Mr. and Its. 5.
Parkman Shaw at Redwood.
Mr. and Mrs. Garrett A Hoftart si Pat.
erson. V. J.. are at the Hotel AsptanO.
Mr. and Mrs. Grant Walker will 99 is
Mr and Mrs. Henry F. Cook aat 3B»
Edith E. Cook are guests °* Mr and Its.
Robert Paterson. at Blar.tvre.
Dr. and Mrs. E. C. Hi!!. U. S. A., »m a*.
the Red Lion Inn. ?tnckbridgfe
E. E. Mowberly has Joined Ms las^y *•
The Misses Margaret and Jxtmt fM*
have returned to New York after a ■«*
in the hills-
Chester G. Burden has arrived at Under.
ledge from Harvard University- :";■>•
Mr. and Mrs Columbus ODonnell laeSa
have son? to their country place. Is. Xe*
Rr.chelie. after several weeks at the Curt*
Hotel. - : --i
Mr. and Mrs. Frank H. Mala, of ■■
York, are at the Maplewood. In PIKS-eSt
SOCIAL NOTES FROM NEWPORT.
Telegraph to The Trii>MM
Newport. June 19.-Mr. ar.d Mrs. G^
Henry Warr?n have returned from st»
Ington. Conn. ■ .
Mrs. Charles M. Oelrichs is the guest c.
Mr. and Mr . Leonard M. THosias »•
Professor Henry G. Marquand and ! B»
crick Terry, jr.. are visiting Dr. and am
Roderick Terry. ~
Captain and Mrs. W. R. Kobizso- m
guests of Theodore W. Prur.r.e-y. .
Mrs. Theodore F. Kane is enter.
Mrs. Nelson Miller, of East Orange. 9j9 j-
Lawrence L. GUlespie. of New *>« f *
guest of Miss Irene Sherman. T J^
John McCullough of Mr. and Mrs. Joswi
Mrs. Joseph F. Stone and Miss S^»
Stone, have arrived for the seasox •"_ .
Mr. and Mrs. James B Has?* are «
r ected on Wednesday, and Senator «£.
Mrs. George Pe^body Wetmore the law
part of the week v^ -
Harry S. Lehr has returned L f res
York: Mr. and Mrs. Philip H. <*?**?;
North Easton. Mass.. and Mr and «»
Archibald G. Tbacher. of Ne^ York. fc»
arrived for the season.
Mr. and Mrs. Pembroke Jones *»**
Sadie Jones sailed for New Tori 0- t
Kara* this afternoon. They had as ta*
guest Ellsha Dyer. . B
S Mrs. Titus Zabriskie. of New Is* ■» *
at her summer home.
Registered at the Casino to-day **_
and Mr,. A. G. Thacher. ttptata W. ,
Robinson, Mrs. Joseph N'sUoo 3«"*J
P. Will*-* U. S. N.; Mr and llr*. »»
Lehr. and Mr. and Mrs. James » *f
and Francis Burke Roche, who are J>—
of George F. Baker, jr.. en the > *>-
yacht Viking. Mr. Baker
ivneheon to-day, and later started fin ■
Commodore Arthur Curtiss James «£•£
Commodore Arthur Cur:iss ,ames jw
luncheon on board the fl?gsh.p aw—
this afternoon. _
CROWDS AT PARK CONCERT^
A better day for the b«ji nntej
Sunday afternoon concerts in ia %iflt
parks than yesterday could not J" "^
chosen. It was the flrst concert day
season, and thousands of *""»**%!+
about the bandstands lons bet ° T **; „»+
which was the schedule time ** tI %j B p
clans to begin. In *^££& tl»
Franko and hta orchestra "Tr i »sSl«««*
music. At Colonial Park
Height., the music ™ s '^i^taal-**
orchestra. Popular airs received tns
cst applause of great crowds.
NEW YORK FROM THE SUB^
A man ninety-six V« r » fi*jfs
pet into trouble in that L ---
Press. . i^to £*
Now New York is trying w^* ™l
world's fair gam,- Irua' wort*** «»* L .•
claimed to be ,1 perpetua. ««
Florida Time#-Unu>n >v *
Wilbur Wright sufgests that
York-^t. Louts fitaht surt fr^7 r^tl
instead of from - N «» ,);: r reJ et awsy
I|«ts a more •nthusiastK «'« «W S
made from St. Louis, ?" Various V) ■«*
experience It Is «*»f^J2 *
New York-Houston Post.
There ace four hundred ■ t^SSmg
Sis state alonf. *««J2isl t
this state alone. r»p • ...
of home bulldets. I*. !^ '} .natVf"*^
«rs el N>"' Tsrt thinK « «^"
phla Inquirer. * ad ><*«
The ultra New Yorker. *^STr«^
the elevated trains to «cod *^-
2 nigllgibt^ «
siit* y Ji
the President of the lt^?.; t w
(Man «*,*£ \:,
city's greatness.— asniat,ton
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