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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, June 21, 1910, Image 20

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1910-06-21/ed-1/seq-20/

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Dictate \^,
to the
Get it out of your system!
The man who is full of ideas and has never
found out how to unload them instantly, is bound
to find himself congested half the time.
Which means that half his most valuable
work never gets done at all.
His most precious capital is his initiative .
■ 'force his creative energy— and every smallest mechanical act which
retards the transcription of his rough memos into permanent form is
chains and slavery to him.
Wouldn't it he a relief if you could just say the words that
cover the idea as far as you have it outlined — then forget the
whole thing until you later found that spoken memo neatly type
written, lying on your desk, ready to be weighed and sifted and
sorted and .rearranged and worked out any time you got blessed
good and ready 1 ... "
There you have the story of the economy and utility of the
Commercial Graphophone as it fits the man of ideas. It has equal
advantages for the man who must sled through a mass of details,
who must carry on correspondence of any sort, who sometimes must
do his dictating out of hours — in short, for every one whose time
is valuable; but perhaps most especially for the man who needs to
get things out of his system on the jump.
Box 77, Tribune Building* New York Sjf
Telephone 5251 Beekman i fjfi
Grand Prix, Paris, 1900 Double Grand Prize, St. Louis, 1904 iff
r [email protected] Speed of Modern Trains a Big
I- Help to Him.
' The speed of modern railroad trains makes a lot
!>f difference to the business man. When all is said
And done, no matter how excellent and elaborate
the facilities for communication by telephone, telc
graph and mail may be, some things have to be
Arranged by personal contact, and some deals can
fiot be put through save in a direct and personal ,
it is possible now to do most of a day's work In ,
Ktw York and to be in Chicago forao hours before.
fhe close of business the following day, in time to
transact whatever affairs may be required there.
And the return trip may be made so quickly that
Ihe New Yorker can be In his office the third day in
lime to Jcok over what hae been done in his ab-
i Practically, It Is as easy now to go to Chicago as
it was once to make a hurried trip to Boston. The
caving to business men represented by this joining
Of the two great cities a thousand miles apart is
almost inestimable. It means that they can do
Work that was out of the question only a few years
ago, and accomplish results that are of the highest
Importance in their business.
! Of course, It isn't only Chicago and New York
that are Joined (hat way. There la a really re
jjoarkable service between New York and Boston,
jNew York and Buffalo, Now York and Philadelphia
and New York and Baltimore- and Washington.
fill the railroads connecting the metropolis with
those important cities furnish a reaJly superb direct
'(Service, and St Louis, Detroit, Cincinnati, Clove
land, lui-hrnofid, Atlanta, Savannah, Columbus, tit.
Paul and Minneapolis are as well served.
t A hurriai bnsiiMMi trip to New Orleans, Los An
Seles, San Francisco, Seattle or" Spokane ia by no
means out of the question now. There is a mag
nificent service to all these places, once so remote,
md the ramifications of business life, ever growing
wider, are made possible to a large extent by the
railroads and their superb care for the traveller
ho is in a hurry.
The result of all this Is that business men are
more and more 'forming the habit of flying around
the country to close deals themselves rather than
trusting to the negotiations they used to conclude
while thousands of miles away from those they
were dealing with. They are better satisfied with
.he results they attain, as they must, almost of ne
cessity be, and mistakes that may prove costly in
iie extreme are guarded against by the personal
;liaracter of the resultant transactions.
Play an Important Par! in Support
of Modern Armies,
Tho enormous value of the railroad as a miii
ary agent has been recognized, of course, ever
Ince the use of railroads began to be general.
3ut never was there a finer example of the
'alue of a road in wartime than in the Russo
'apanese struggle. Then Russia, with a single
rack line runuing across Siberia, transported ;
in enormous army to the plains of Manchuria,
md, keeping the line open despite enormous ,
ullies, kept its forces in the Held. supplied
vith food and ammunition.
Had Russia had a completely equipped, double
rack railroad connecting 'the army in Man
hiirJa with it.s fur distant base, of supplies
litre -might h>ve been a different tale to till of i
i :
the campaign in Manchuria. But even the story
that is now told was made possible largely by
the Trans-Siberian Railway. And in every other
war of recent history the railroads have played
a leading part. They represent the line of com
munications, and an advancing - army has to !
guard the railroad behind it as a diver does the
lifeline keeping him connect, with the boat
above him.
Fast Freight and Refrigerator Cars
Do the Work.
The annihilation of the seasons, as far as
fresh fruit and vegetables are concerned, is '
due almost altogether to modern railroad meth
ods. Fresh fruit is plucked now in the midst
of the intemperate season of the North, sent
from Florida and California, carefully packed,
and served in perfect condition at tables In New-
York, Chicago, Boston or Philadelphia.
Swift freight trains do their share in making
this possible, but so do modern icing methods.
Cars are specially built as refrigerators, and in
them fruit is preserved perfectly by the frigid
Thus oranges, grapefruit and other delicacies
of the sort are at the command of the New
Yorker practically at all times. Tho city
dweller gets what ho wants when ho -want- It;
the fruit grower gets a bigger market for his
product and a longer season of activity, with
loss in transit reduced to a minimum, and
evcrj/ ami concerned us beneflttd,
Plays a Big Part In Modern £«?.'
_tc ay Practice. >
Broadly* speaking, the expansion of modern
business has followed the solution of two great
problem?, the transportation problem and". tie
clerical problem. Several factors have entered
into the solution of each of these problems, but
in «ach case one factcr has overshadowed af
others. The modern transportation m prpKea
has been solved by the railroads. It? attend
ant problem, the clerical problem, hat tea
solved by the writing machine. -
This whole subject of the needs of nweaß
commerce and the way in which these nee*
have been met by modern inventive genius ia &
most absorbing one, viewed from whateier
angle. The service which Lett the railroads
and the writing machine have rendered to the
world of modern business is an indispeusabte ]
service, and at the same time a universal ser- j
vice. The same may be said of the service \
which each renders to the other, for tie rail- -
roads are obviously indispensable to the ex
tended use of the writing- machine, nd tie
writing machine is proving- itself equally <M»
tial in ail of the details of railroad -work.
The requirements of railroads in tie matter
of typewriter service are general, and at tt«
same time they are special. Railroads mm
use typewriters for the same purpose for »■■
everybody else uses them, and in addition tkQ
have" special needs of their own, needs ir.voit
ing special requirements which enly th« nil
road man can understand, and the compile
way in which these special requirements lam
been met constitutes one of tee greatest tri
umphs of the writing machine.
The best of all concrete examples cf th« «>
vice which the typewriter has rendered to £«
railroads .s afforded in the care of waybills.
It is in this department that the first and ewf
the first maxim of the writing machine, T)
Save Time Is to Lengthen Life," the ■«•
which expresses in a single short sentence m
whole gist of typewriter achievement, has «■>
of its most forceful illusx ration*. To illustraa
the full extent of this service. let us describe
the way in which this work was done in ■
old day? now passing , of the hand written way
bill, and the way in which it is done by •
up-to-date railroad of to-day.
By the old method the waybill wa.«», of c— ■*
pen written, and with a very thick, hea-yy corr
Ing ink which compelled slow writing 1 . *****
was written, the work was not gnisbed-K
from it. The principal labor still rename*
that of press copying 1 . Many copies ri the saw
waybill were of course required, and they *«*
made in the copying press by th*> damp clou
process. In this press the waybill and •»
copies remained for. perhaps, a quarter m •
hour to insure legible Impressions. Then €!■»
the tedious work of separating- and asserts
the damp tissue sheets. It was a slow proc«
so slow that the actual work of writing •■
waybills was of necessity discontinued loosr s *"
fore actual train time in order to allow time ■*
the making of the copies. Nor was this aIL a
the. haste of making the copies overwei cscU
would be used— the result blurred ( '**j*
Freight conductors, warehouse men and tM
destination freight bill clerks ofttinws- cons.
not read the copies, and more frequently ■•■
to read them accurately: hence mistake? <*"
made, mistakes which cost time and •••*
Such was the system which all railroad? ca
used, which a few railroads still usf , but wua
everywhere is passing before the •'!■*
writing machine. ,
Contrast the condition in the np-to-dat? " l ?
em local freight office, where the waybill?;'
done on the writing machine. The covr-f*
press— a relic of other days— has vanisheu. J^
stead Is heard only the click of the writs*
machine. There is no separate copying,, "•"
typewriter waybilllng writing and cepyißS**
one. The advantages of the typewritten «■£
bill are. first the superior speed of the macW-<s
second its superior legibility, and third '*■•*?
folding capacity. It is this last quality. n *?2
the capacity of the machine to make a oJ*J
number of perfectly legible copies' at *> n * ws *
ing, which has established the superiority f*
the typewriter for waybilling work. Tne «^
nation of the copying press and the elixnics..*
of the tedious work of sorting the wet ccP"?
(for the Interleaving of dry tissues and **"•)
paper is comparatively the work of a « aofflt ;':
all represent a gain in time ami later •"
greater than the typewriter has achieved l is *T
dinary correspondence work. No wonuer
typewritten waybill has come to stay.
Nor does this sum up the list of advanu^
of the typewritten waybill. Perfectly lt \ it 4
typewritten waybills can b*> road and 3a ?^
much faster by the freight conductor »*•' '
receiving freight office. Time is saved » .
elimination of errors and in the loefcin? ' bp .
references to freight shipments. *"' 9 \^
be checked out of the car .if the ref«! vl^^^
tion with much greater rapidity and f rcU^.
In short, the advantages of the typewritten »
bill begin when it is written and ■ ' pU T jjf
M has accomplished its mission ana •■ ■
bill Is sent to the customer. uh»^
Advantages of equal importance. *»" t*
somewhat different in character. *****^ t i & I
typewritten freight or expense bill- » y * '*#•
method these bills were not press copu-w- [pa
only three or four copies were neeae* ?
were written with indelible pencil *J\ ri
manifolding pen, and the steady. _•"£ jg
pressure on the papH which wo." n**»- -.jtut<^ I
order to produce the carbon fopn?? *°" tC rtar« 1
a strain which made prolonged writtnjr * •< *"* S
and the work correspondingly slow -, l^Ho'^
has been changed by the remarkafcif' * a*
ing qualities of the typewriter, whicn i^ '
many copies as may b«* neeJeu •** q
one. " _^ the ,>£ \
Naturally the question arises: v* l e&tW
describetl services which the '' JLr** 1 *
has rendered to the ra« !r « ?w-vlnS* i: l: j
finality? On the contrary, m tn *^L«t •"" ■
those best able to jm! S r. they r< ! P "Ti»«*»jS
the beginning. NVw dev« ?lupments „ &
occurred in the typewriter Held wri ''" in •*•!
opening of • new . r.i «M labor s-*'r.s -*'r.' f »n>^
departments of railway work - hnwa" l^
these new developments is th« ccnttm* » 1 *!
and adding machine. th« machine ™" t***S
and adds on th. same p&S« ami n«##«*S
operation. Every railway man %** » **£
the labor saving application of «£■» «»yrS ''
to th« work of wril abstract? J.^.rf l %
vouchers and audit »ttut work w

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