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YouV ou LXX N° 23,220
BAKER ABOLISHES ALL PLAfNCLOTHES MEN Sends Every Man So Detailed in Police Department to Patrol Duty at Once. BLOW STUNS THE FORCE Captains Say They Cannot Main tain Order in Their Precincts if Deprived of Aid of Men in Mufti. New York City. June 21. 1910. Special Order No. 166: The following transfers are hereby ordered, to take effect on June 22, 1910. at I p. m. All patrolmen remanded from duty in plain clothes and transferred from inspection districts to precirctp Indicated. * WILLIAM F. BAKER, Commissioner. This -Simply worded order, copies of which were «"nt to every precinct and jj-.pection commander in the greater city yesterday, spread consternation and confusion last night in the ranks of the mtn affected by it. Patrolmen, ser geants, lieutenants, captains and inspec tors all had something to hazard In the ■m of a guess as to the true import of the order and what its affects would be. On one point there was a unanimity of opinion: everyone in the department us? Hill that the order would cause a state of chaos in the ranks of the po lice. The number of men affected by the' order is 203, and the great majority of them have never been in the confine ment of a uniform. Men who entered the 'department as plainclothes mci», and have never been anything else, were as- far "up in the air" last night as any ariator ever got. Th( mere idea of patrolling the street? ir, ihv regulation blue uniform of their v>re less fortunate brothers was ty blow to their sense of right and justice. All they could do was to talk in dazed whispers, one to the other. fW nrder, which virtually -wipes out of existence the plainclothes man. i*> beiieved to be the direct result of the conference held with Commissioner Baker abont three weeks ago by Mayor GEyr.i ' On that occasion the Mayor told the Commissioner that he thought there were too many men in plain clothes around the station houses. He suggested that they might better be em ployed in doing patrol duty, and that he wanted detectives who could "de tect.*" The responsibility for sleuthing, h* said, should be put up to the Detec tive I'-ureau. Af:*r this conference between Mayor Gaynor and Commissioner Baker, the department experienced the throes of a ■M upheaval, and, having gone through •: 5 BJttfe safety, thought that the mat ter had ended there. Just how far these red in th«ir d«flniuon fii t:.e true import of the Mayor's conference with the Police Commissioner, was proved by yesterday's order. In every precinct throughout the greater city it was the same story- Captair.s. when asked what they were going to do about it. shrugged their shoulders, spread their feet and looked out of the windows. One or two among them were more communicative, and un loosened sufficiently to say that tbey could not properly police their precincts without plainclothes men. What could BC in the numerous cases of "squeals' which come to every captain er.c - <-.mp!aints of flat robberies and oth»r work requiring the assistance of a man in citizen's clothes, was a riddle the precinct commanders could ■at fathom. In the memory of the oldest member of the department the plainclothes man has been an Institution. His loss will be a hard blow to inspectors and cap tains. These men have always had the absolute right to place any of their uni formed force in plain clothes, and have generally carried them along w r ith them •Risen they changed to new commands. As for the men themselves, who will con uniforms for the first time to-night, in many cases, they are already sending IB applications for "sick leave," with the tope that the trouble may blow over before they report back for duty. Sev eral of them confided to friends last night, that they had forgotten how to do patrol duty. Others hustled to get fitted for new uniforms, since they had far outgrown those that were formerly only a loose fit— before they landed their jobs as plainclothes men. 5 •■"" One of the old guard of police inspec tors. who has witnessed many changes b» the department, dissented from the general run of opinion last night when be said: "I think the new order is a good thing. It will be the first time in twenty- five years that the responsibility for suppressing gambling and disorderly bouses has been lifted from the shoul o*ts of precinct and inspection district commanders. Now we can devote our whole. time to doing regular police duty, and If: the Detective Bureau take care of the rest of the criminals." The game inspector said he understood Mayor Gaynor Intended to establish dif ferent equads at Headquarters, the duty of which would be to take charge of cer tain crimes. Bach squad will be special ly trained in the work to which it is cetailed. This plan will not take effect immediately, the inspector said, but as soon as possible the necessary additions *'oul<l be made to the force. DID NOT SEE MR. ROOSEVELT Akron Woman Unable to Gain Entrance After Long Trip. Oyster Bay, June 21.— A woman who «"<! she had come all the way from Akron. Ohio, to see Theodore Roosevelt, Itft Oyster Bay to-night without having accomplished her purpose. She arrived "' town last night and went to a hotel. Nothing could be learned of her xcept that she said she was Mrs. Alterman, .of Akron, and that she had come here on * mission to Mr. Roosevelt, the nature of which she would not dlvuJge. She engaged a liveryman to drive her &> Sagamore Hill this evening- An hour &ter she was back In town, saying that «** haA not seen Mr Roosevelt,- but had **<» told that he was out- She ascribed *** failure to hi him to the fact that the h wse and carriage she had engaged were tQ t Of good enough appearance to give *■*• an entree. She left town this even '■'''- faying that she was going l.»a.ck. to '~ ) -^ f*- '" ** ' ■ - * . * * * To-daj- and fo-morrow, elondy variablr nind*. LOEB FAVORS COBB BILL False Tales of Bosses at Albany Call Forth Declaration. [By Tfleurraph to The Tribune.] Albany. June 21.— A rumor was started through the Capitol to-day by anti- Hughes men which for a time caused some disquiet among advocates of direct nominations. The story was passed about among members of the Legislature that Assemblyman Merritt. the majority leader and one of the most powerful of the Woodruff-Barnes-Wadsworth co terie, had just had a talk with Collector Loeb, and that the Collector assured him that ex-President Roosevelt had no interest in the direct primary fight, but on the contrary felt that the passage of the Cobb bill would redound more to the glory of Governor Hughes than to the welfare of the Republican party In the state. This tale was industriously fed to doubtful Assemblymen, and in spite of Mr. Roosevelt's declaration upon his ar rival in New -York that he would not immediately take a hand In politics, the story was made to do duty as evidence that Mr. Roosevelt, or at least Mr. Loeb, one of his closest friends, who was sure to reflect his views, -was in harmony with the anti-Hughes bosses in their de termination to end the special session without giving the people any substan tial measure of direct primaries in ac cordance with the Governor's recom mendation. Collector Loeb, when his attention was called to the rumors circulated in Al bany yesterday, made absolute and em phatic denial of their truth. "I have not laid eyes on Mr. Merritt or talked with him for a year," he said, 'and I have made no statements to anybody that Mr. Roosevelt did not favor direct primaries. Being busy with my duties as a federal official. I have sought to avoid taking any part in this controversy over a stato matter, but personally I favor the Cobb bill and hope it will be passed." ANTI-TYPHOID VACCINE Professor Vincent Announces a Discovery at Paris. Paris. June 21. — Professor Vincent an nounced to-night before the Academy of Medicine the discovery of an effective anti-typhoid vaccine, which he prepared by steeping typhoid bacilli in a weak solution of water and sodium chloride (common salt), with an admixture of etner. Professor Vincent made a number of experiments with animals, which, after being vaccinated, withstood subsequent inoculation with typhoid germs. He also vaccinated thirteen persons, an ex amination of whose blood after the oper ation shor.ed that it possessed to a high degree properties destructive to the ty phoid bacillus. Further experiments demonstrated the fact that the typhoid bacilli, when placed in contact with the serum of the blood taken from the per son vaccinated, lost all vitality. GOMEZ FEARS' A REVOLT Steamer Purchased — Dissatis faction in Venezuela. Fort-de-France, Martinique, June 21. —The Venzulean government has pur chased the steamer Ville de Tanger from the French Transatlantic Steamship Company. The steamer sailed for Trinidad to-day in company with the Venezulean cruiser General Salom, which brought here the officials who ar ranged the purchase. The purchase of a steamer by the govern ment of Venezuela is the first outward sign of serious apprehension that an effort is soon to be made to depose President Juan Vicente Gomez, the successor of Gen eral Clpriano Castro. General Gomez took charge under the most favorable conditions, the enemies of Castro overlooking the previous close com mercial and official relations of the two men and using all their efforts and Influence in support of Gomez. Several of the po litical leaders subordinated their own am bitions, not so much because they believed that Gomez was the man best equipped to take the helm as because he was the most expedient candidate. This brought about a political amalgamation the strength of which had never been equalled in Venez uela. . • There is, however, a growing conviction that Gomez has not lived up to the stand ard set for him. The dissatisfaction with his administration has been rapidly spread ing. General Nicolas Rolando, Second Vice-President, is practically a prisoner in Caracas. He is not in jail, but is re strained from leaving the capital. General Rolando, a man of great military prestige, was an implacable enemy of Castro and was ready to lead a revolution against him when Gomez took up the reins of govern ment. His brother. General Armando Ro lando, is president of one of the states In Venezuela, It Is now reported that Gomez fears General Nicolas Rolando. Another man who la said no longer to hold the Gomez government in high esteem is Gen eral Jose Manuel Hernandez (El.Moclio). He is now In Europe. General Hernandez is the leader of the Conservative party. When President Gomez recently recon structed his Cabinet he appointed only Liberal*, -leaving the Conservatives out in the cold. This action was regarded as a violation of the propaganda of patriotic amalgamation, and other signs of dissen cion are thought to indicate the possibility of another revolutionary movement in Venezuela, within the next six months. HOTEL PLAZA_AWNINGSBURN House Fire Brigade Makes Short Work of Flames. Two awnings on the 59th street side of the Hotel Plaza caught fire about 10-30 o'clock last night, but the names were quickly subdued. The first awning to burn was one on the fourth floor. The hotel management knew nothing about it until a passerby ran in and told the clerk that the hotel was on fire. The house fire brigade armed itself with hand grenades and extinguishers, and using the special "lire" elevator, hastened up to the suite nearest to the burning awning. The blazing canvas was ripped from the framework, but in doing bo the men dropped a piece that was afire on the awning immediately be low, and that one had to bo torn away. too Guests on the 59th street side .wit-; nossed the spectacle of the fire brigade at work as also the cabmen and chauf- who have stands in front of the three hotels which fd.ee Central Park plaza. The damage was trifling. to ,WW« '"^"t eyeglasses *.«•;"«•' ™* dtetant vision. tJj-cncer ff> Ji ALildeu LMt. -Advt. , ■ . . - NEW- YORK, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 22, ANTI-HUGHES MEN ' ACT WITH TAMMANY Will Not Pass Legislation Rec ommended by Governor Unless Forced Into It. ASSEMBLY IN DEFIANT MOOD To Pass Hughes Measures Aid Will Be Necessary from Two Sources, Oyster Bay and « "Washington. [By TVlegrnph to The Tribune.] Albany, June 21. — The bi-partisan alli ance of anti-Hughes Republicans and Tammany Hall Democrats still main tains ite hold on the Legislature. AVith William Barnes, jr., fn the Sen ate clerk's room to-day, and Senator Grady, of Tammany, running the Senate, while Speaker Wadsworth, commanding the Assembly allied force?, delivered re markable rulingrs, the present supremacy of the bi-partisan "Old Guard" was evi dent. Equally evident is their intent to prevent the enactment of a direct nom inations law and any changing of the graft investigation resolution or to die in the defence of the existing order of things. Also it is evident that this Legislature will do nothing to be construed as patri otic in its broad sense, or progressive, unless kicked into it. The necessary im petus can come from two sources — Oyster Bay and Washington- To be ef fective it will have to be direct and forcible. The Senate is fairly responsive to public sentiment. There the Cobb bill probably will be repassed and a thor oughgoing inquiry into corruption may be ordered. This easily could be done through a Senate caucus. Whether one will be called is somewhat doubtful. Progrcs .-ive Republicans have put before Sen ator Cobb in the most forcible fashion the urgent need for one, and at present he is inclined to call one on his direct nominations bill. Progressive Republi cans hope that the corruption inquiry may be included in the matters for con sideration. Assembly Is Defiant. But the Assembly under itß present leadership cannot be expected to pass a direct nominations bill or accept a real investigation resolution. Appeals to the party spirit of the three or four Repub licans who control events in that House are hopeless. It may be they are abso lutely blind Ho things patent to other Republicans; it may be they refuse to believe, though seeing. It may be, as progressive Republicans assert, that they are so intensely self-centred and selfish as to set themselves above all considera tions of party welfare, either in the state or the tiational phase of the situation. The facts are plain and easily under stood. Though direct nomination Re publicans expect the Cobb bill to be re passed by the Senate, they feel certain that it will be defeated by the old Meade-Grady combination of Republi cans and Democrats unless a new cau cus holds the Republicans together for it. If direct nominations men obtain the necessary signatures for a caucus call in the Assembly, the Wadsworth-Merritt- Phillips Republicans say they will not go into that caucus. The mere fact that the direct nominations men could force the calling of a caucus there would mean they could control it. Declarations by the anti-Hughes men that they would atay out of the Republican caucus are tantamount to declarations that they would unite with the Tammany Demo crats, as has been done often on other matters, to defeat direct nominations again. Republicans in and out of the Legis lature are urging the Republican ma jority to act now in such fashion as to ghow the people that the party is worthy of continuing in charge of political af fairs in the state. And while that is being done those Republican legislators roughly characterized as anti-Hughes men are on the verge, in both houses, of re-enacting the Meade-Grady specticle in even more crude detail. Many Vague Rumors. It is known that this state of affairs Is causing the gravest concern to Presi dent Taft. It is known that Mr. Roose velt's attention has been directed to vhat is feoing on. Also, developments here seem to show that even the anti- Hughes Republicans are a little afraid tbey are going so far as to bring rebuke from one or both these eminent Repub licans. Remarkable rumors are afloat here. The air is full of them, mysterious, in tangible, impossible of verification or of being traced to their source. One is that President Taft is against the di rect nominations system. Why? Because. FYed. Grelner went to Washington and returning said that ti> pass a direct nominations bill would give personal glory to Hughes, and no help to the party. Who says so? Well, somebody talked to somebody else who heard that Greiner had said it was be lieved he got the notion from the Presi dent. Also Mr. Roosevelt is against direct nominations. He is against Hughes. He doesn't think to pass a direct nom inations bill would do any good. Who says so? Well, somebody told some body else, who saw somebody who talked to Roosevelt down the bay, and Roosevelt said his reception was splen did. Roosevelt told Edward Merritt, at Oyster Hay, he was against direct nom inations. No, Merritt didn't see Roose velt at Oyster Bay. Loeb told Merritt in New York that Roosevelt was against direct nomina tion^- Anyhow, somebody heard or dreamed that Roosevelt was against direct nominations. And so the rumor foundry has been at work to-day, all its product spread abroad in an effort, per bap* to befog the situation. "Old Guards'" Programme. The "old guard" has a programme for the extra session. It is to prevent cau cuses of the Republicans, or beat them Continued on secoad paste . FOUR DIE ON HOTTEST DAY JUNE HAS HAD YET Many Prostrations Recorded, While Two Men Go Insane as Thermometer Soars. NO PROSPECT OF RELIEF New Yorkers Grapple with Prob lem of Reducing Their Dis comfort in Many Ways, with Little Success. The thaw continued yesterday. Every one ran a little, even the Iciest. The flesh melting point was exceeded aM day, so that it became a desperate prob lem to retain one's substance in solid form and at the same time to get rid of It when it melted. Some tried evapora tion under a fan, others desiccation in the breezes of the bay; some tried to congeal themselves artificially from the inside, and others let nature take her course, offering only a passive resist ance, providing merely a convenient blotter here and there, such as a hand kerchief tucked In the collar. Some, Indeed, if it hadn't been for their "blotters" might have left a little trail of tiny drops along the pavement, for the mercury registered fK") degrees at 3:45 o'clock in the afternoon, after hav ing climbed from TO degrees at o:3<> o'clock in the morning. Last year on the corresponding day the maximum was 89 degree?. That was a record then, and last June was considered a bit tepid, as a large percentage of the population will remember. But this year's record has a tragic side; it marks the death of four per sons, caused by the intense heat. One was overcome as late as 7 o'clock last evening and breathed his last before the ambulance surgeon could reach him. He was Benjamin James, fifty-fight years old, of No. 399 Tillary street, Brooklyn, who was employed in the building at No. 60 Park avenue, Brook lyn, as night watchmon. James was in side the building when he was stricken and died before Dr. Buddington could reach him from the Brooklyn Hospital. The physician said his death was due to heart disease, superinduced by the heat. In the afternoon John Link, forty-six years old, a dock builder of 53d street and Tenth avenue, was overcome on a pier at 95th street and the North River. An ambulance rushed htm to the J. Hood Wright Hospital, but in spite of the efforts of the surgeons to revive him, he died a few minutes after his arrival. Two other Brooklyn ites died from the effects of the heat in the morning. Miss l . Sophie ilensins, seventy-four years old, I became ill at her hnme,*No. 2!>7 Van Brunt street, and died after being at tended by a surgeon from the Long Isl and College Hospital. William Bradley, lan artisan, thirty-five years old, was also overcome at his home, but died be fore the arrival of a physician. He lived ! at No. 235 Wythe avenue. Two men were driven insane by the heat. One, a homeless wanderer, be ! came demented in the street, and was taken to the West 47th street station. Thence he went to Bellevue. Joseph Passone, fifty-four years old, whose ad \ dress could not be learned, alighted from an elevated train at Fifth avenue and K3th street, Brooklyn, and began to shout. Captain Murphy, of the Fifth avenue police station, attempted to lead him away and was knocked down. After a furious struggle, Passone was finally subdued and taken to the police station, when he was removed in a straitjacket to the Kings County Hospital. The hospitals had records of sixteen prostrations in Manhattan and eleven -in Brooklyn. Everywhere east of the Rocky Moun tains, says the Weather Bureau at Washington, the country is in the grip of a heat wave which is smashing June records and promises to continue, with no relief in sight. The Weather Bu reau's official thermometer, shaded by trees on the street level of Pennsylvania avenue, Washington, registered 100 de grees at 2 o'clock in the afternoon. From the states of the Northwest the bureau got reports of temperatures as high as 105. Damage to crops is threat ened by the continued drouth in that section. T - this sizzling city of sweltering souls there was one alleviating circumstance — the humidity lessened as tTie day wore on until late in the afternoon it was around 40. The severe electrical storm in the early morning, which caused con siderable damage in The Bronx and Har lem, instead of clearing the atmosphere, as every well regulated electrical storm is supposed to do, had merely raised the humidity to SO. And that after a night of the horrors. It was the usual touch of prickly heat which old Father Knickerbocker experi ences on occasion each summer, even at his advanced age. The rash broke out temporarily on Saturda> just after the Roosevelt parade These attacks always follow a sudden dip into the tropics. TEN DIE IN PHILADELPHIA Terrific Heat Closes Mills in Pittsburgh . District. IBy Telegraph to The Tribune.] ' Philadelphia, June 21.— Ten deaths directly attributable to .the heat, with scores of prostrations, was the record for Philadel phia to-day. The thermometer stood 92, officially, at 3 o'clock, and was at 82 at 10* o'clock to-night, although a severe tbunder shower passed over the city at 7. Of the ten deaths in various parts of the city five were those of children under five years of age and all were of persons of the poorer class. Many of the industrial establish ments were" bady crippled. [By TYl<gra.r>h to The Tribune.] I'ittsburg, June 21.— Thirty prostrations from the heat had. been reported to-night and the harvest was much longer In the mill towns, surrounding HPtsburg. Two deaths from the heat were reported in the mills' at McKeesport and Homestead. Hardly a steel mill In the Mononpahela Valley was runnlp more than half turn this evening, the hot mill departments m nearly all of them having been compelled to shut down. orWkmen dropped at their rolls. The official temperature registered SO degrees at 4 p. m., and in. the mills ther mometers registered as high an 140 de cree.. . '"...'. -FOURTEEN PAGES. CORONATION NEXT MAY Plans in London — Connaught Then to Go to Canada. London, June 21.— 1t has practically been arranged that the coronation of King George will take place about the middle of May, 1911. Immediately after this ceremony the Duke of Connaught will go to Canada to assume the office of Governor General. INDORSE TAFT POLICIES Minnesota Republicans Table Roosevelt Resolution. St. Paul. June 21.— Indorsing the "•wise, conciliatory" administration of President Taft, but laying on the table by an overwhelming vote a resolution "reaffirming our unalterable support of the policies promulgated by Theodore Roosevelt," the Minnesota Republican convention met to-day and nominated a fuJl state ticket. The delegates also indorsed the work of all Minnesota members in Congress, "for their efforts in endeavoring to secure legislation in the Intereets of the people." Governor A. O. Eberhart was nom inated for re-election by acclamation. For Lieutenant Governor. S. Y. Gordon, of Brown's Valley, was nominated. Sen ator Mopes E. Clapp was unanimously nominated for re-election. The "insurgent" element, led by Hugh T. Halbert, obtained the passage of a resolution in favor of the conservation of national resources "along the lines tugge^ted by Theodore Roosevelt," but his efforts to get favorable action en a resolution indorsing the "other Roose velt policies" end a resolution denounc ing the Payne-Aldrlch tariff bill as a "repudiation of the pledges of the Re publican party to the American people," were overwhelmingly defeated. HURT IN RUNAWAY AUTO Three Men in Thrilling Ride Down Orange Mountain. West Orange, N. J., June 21 (Special). — Three men were in a halrraising ride down the side of the Orange Mountain hero this afternoon in an automobile which they were powerless to check. After whizzing down the winding Eagle Rock avenue for nearly a mile, with the driver, Frederick Blaney, of East Orange, keeping the middle of the road in spite of the speed, the car struck a small ob stacle and was ditched. Blaney received two broken ribs. The two other men, Alfred Pashby and Will lam E. Eveland, were not hurt. The car belongs to Harry B. Fonda, of the Trust Company of America, who lives at No. 30 Fuller Terrace. Orange. The men were testing it after it had been undergoing repairs at a garage. They had just started down the mountain ■when the brake suddenly refused to work. DEUTSCHLAND_TO FLY First Passenger Airship Ready for Trip to Duesseldorf. Frieclrichshafen, Germany, June 21. — The new Zeppelin dirigible airship Deutschland is ready to-night to start on its maiden voyage to Diisseldorf. Count Zeppelin will be at the helm, and the airship will carry twenty passengers. The course will be from Friedrichshafen to Stuttgart. Mannheim, Cologne and Diisseldorf. The promoters of the enterprise are the Hamburg-American Steamship Com pany and the German Airship Stock Company, for which the Deutschland was built. The dirigible is capable of making thirty-five miles an hour, and the passengers will travel in a great cabin, which resembles a luxurious sleep ing car. WED SURGEON'S FIANCE Girl Changed Her Mind After Coming Here. [By TeUgraph to The Trlbun*.] Cincinnati, June 21. — Miss Dolores Camerson, twenty years old, daughter of the late Walter Cameron, a Cincin nati attorney, is now Mrs. Mareium Owens, wife of a >Jew York college man, whose father is reputed to be a million aire. They were married in New York tm June 14. The nws did not reach here, however, until to-day, which was the day on which she was to have been married to Assistant Surgeon Alfred Lee Clifton, United States navy, attached to the battleship Michigan. When Miss Cameron reached New York she changed her mind, and Owens, who was to have been a guest at the Clifton ceremony, took Clifton's place as bridegroom. When Miss Cameron was sixteen years old Owens proposed to her, but because she was so young she did not accept him, according to her mother, who is Mrs. Ward Baldwin, wife of a prominent civil engineer of this city. They difl not meet again until Miss Cameron went to New York to marry Clifton, who was formerly examining surgeon at the naval recruiting station in Cincinnati. Several months ago he was assigned to active duty in the Atlantic fleet. He was about to start on a two years' cruise, and he wrote to his fiancee suggesting that they marry before he started on his long voyage. Accompanied by her mother, Miss Cameron went to New York. The marriage was to have taken place at the Hotel Astor. What caused Miss Cameron to change her mind so suddenly is not known. "She found out things that she did not know before," her mother says. The wedding took place on the approximate day and at the approximate hour which were to have seen the marriage of Clif ton and Miss < 'ameron. Owens's parents are in Europe, and do not yet know of their son's marriage. Owens and his bride are on a WWMtB| trip. Clifton is on the high seas. Miss Cameron's fatru-r was killed in the Thonia Hotel flre, in this city, srv eral wf ek> ago. THE KAISER'S TRIP TO KIEL. Berlin, June j 21.— Emperor "William will leave for Hamburg to-morrow. He will board the Hohenzollern at Altona and pa to Kiel. His maesty, had practically aban doned his purpose of seeing:. .this year"a races, but the Inflammation of Mi right knee yielded, so readily to treatment that the court ' physicians were \ willing that ho should make the trip. PRICE ONE CENT TAFT ADMINISTRATION'S UNPARALLELED RECORD PRESIDENT WM. 11. TAFT (Photograph copyright by Pach Brothers.) [From Ttie Tribune Bureau! Washington. June 21.-Thp filst Ton sress will close it? first regular session with a record for more beneficial legislation than has been achieved in any other single session since the Civil War. an. l the Taft administration, which now practically completes its first year, has established an unparalleled record of legislative achievement. The breaking of the Senate insurgent filibuster against the postal savings bank bill insures the- enactment of that measure within the next thirty-six hours and th^ completion d tfv Taft legislative programm- Among the important measures enacted at this session are the following: Clinching Federal Control of Railroad Raies. Railroad rate bill, cinching the Roosevelt policy of federal control of railway rates, and in addition thereto comreHingrailroads to secure the approval of the' Interstate Commerce Commission before advancing .rates, authorizing the Inter state Commerce Commission to institute proceedings without waiting for th« complaint of a shipper, creating a special Commerce Court, granting the com mission complete authority over classifications and regulations, and bringing telegraph and telephone companies under the scope of the interstate com merce act. The creation of a special committee to investigate the extent to which rail road stocks are watered and report on the feasibility of federal supervision of all railroad securities. The creation of a system of postal savings banks, thus gaining for small de positors the security of the United Stat es Treasury and guaranteeing 1 per cent interest on their desposits. The granting of separate statehood to Arizona and N^w Mexico in accord ance with the oft repeated pledge of Republican national platforms. Great Strides in Conssrvation of Natural Resourcas. Conservation legislation, makir.s le gal land withdrawn^ *'-»;>■■! ,-*, -* and authorizing for the future aH those the President may deem wise. Conservation of coal lands promoted by authorisation of agricultural entries on the surface, while title to coal deposits is r- - - ed to the government. Preservation of national forests by permitting states and territories to atmtet other lands in lieu of those contained in the reserves. Two hundred and fifty thousand dollars appropriated to enable the T<»r * Board to ascertain the difference in the cost of production, at home and abroad, of articles included in the tariff schedules, such information to afford the basis for an accurate adjustment <>f the rates of duty. Twenty million dollar bond issue authorized to permit of prompt completion of irrigation projects already undertaken. Completion of the Meyer scheme of naval reorganization, made possible hfl| abolition of the Bureau of Equipment, and rehabilitation on modern lines of the navy general fund. Progressive naval programme, authorizing the construction of: Two 27.<HM>-ton battleships. Six torpedo boat destroyers. Four submarine torpedo boats. Two colliers. Reorganization of the Lighthouse Board along lines of modern administra. tive policy. Safety for Miners and Workers on Railroads. Creation of a Bureau of Mines, designed to minimize dangers la mine em ployes. "** ' Common carriers required to furnish detailed reports af accidents to the In terstate Commerce Commission. Law requiring use «»f safety appliances on railroads made broader and more complete. Adulteration and misbranding of insecticides and fungicides prohibited, at the behest 0* farmers and orchaidists. "White slave" traffic penalized by a system of heavy nn<?3 for interstate com merce therein. Drastic regulations designed to preve nt collisions at sea. The parole of federal prisoners, whose conduct after conviction warrant* clemency, authorized. Publicity for campaign contributions made compulsory. System of licensing customs brokers provided. Provision made for collection of tonnage duties on vessels entering tha I'nited States otherwise than by sea. Immigration of aliens further protec ted by increased restrictions and regu lations. Seal fisheries of Alaska protected by up-to-date legislation. Gold coin fixed as the medium for paying the public debt of the United States. The act creating the government of Hawaii amended in important particu: ..s. A commission of fine arts created b> enactment. Provision Made for Raising the Maine. Provision made for raising the battleship Maine, now lying in Havana Harbor. Extensive river and harbor bill drafted in accordance with the policy of co ordinating these improvements. Provision made for numerous necessary public buildings and the completion of those already begun. Thirty thousand dollars appropriated to enable the Department of Agriculture to conduct tests looking to the discovery of a substitute for spruce in tht? manu facture of pulp paper. One hundred and fifty thousand dollars provided to enable the Geological Survey to carry on the work of gauging streams and for the promotion of conservation of water power site?. Two hundred thousand dollars granted the Department .»f Justice for the) prosecution of violators of th,- Sherman anti-trust law. Seventy-five thousand dollars provided for the use of the joint commission charged with the duty of settling questions relating to boundary waters be tween the United States and Canada. Glacier Nations! Vnrk. in Montana, created. Big tree forests « 1 California protected by additional .-.a'esuard:*. Numerous IIMIHIIHi I resigned to pruect %!»■! promote the interests of th» Indiana. Modiim legislation <".»r the District ot Columbia, including authorization ot a system Of paroles for juvenile offenders. Commission cr^ud to secure the adoption of economical methods tn the eral departments. House rules so r»-vis» <1 Mi t«- transf-r responsibility for legislative action from the Speaker to a majority the If.nw -. Provision made for tno compens iti-u of Justice Moody should he be compelled to retire by ill heaith. Section MB Of the Revised Statutes, an immunity statute whi -h was a shield to criminals, repealed, in accordance with the earnest recommendation of the Attorney General. Work of the Special Session of the 61st Congress. Payne tariff bill enacted, revising rates of duty and providing dual. tarlJT system, whereby the United States ins secured minimum tariff.-, from every civi lized nation. '.-, Excise tax imposed on ill corpora tuns, consisting: of 1 per cent, measured' by the amount of their. net receipts. .. *** v ■ ■ '.'T^ti Philippine tariff law, adjusting duties in the archipelago to those of the United St.it' enacted. '/ :^'~'-. Tariff Board, to assist in administration of dual tariff system and to investi gate costs of production at home and abroad, created.: Census law. providing for the taking: of the thirteenth census, enacted. — — ~ - •-; In City of New York, 4*r*rjr Citjr and Hob****** F.I>CUHKKK TWO CENTS. ■ £ Republican Platform Pledges Redeemed at First Regular Session of the Sixty first Congress. NEW RAILROAD RATE LAW Policy of Federal Control Ex tended, New Court Created and Powers of Interstate Commerce Commission Very Greatly In creased. POSTAL BANKS-NEW STATES Conservation of Natural Resources Advanced— Money Voted for Tariff Board— Naval Reorganization and Construction — House Rules Made More Liberal than Ever Before.