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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, June 25, 1910, Image 4

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WICKERSHAM ON
CONTROL OF STOCKS
Attorney Genera! Defends Pro
vision Marie in New Rail
road Rate Law.
FEDERAL POWER ASSERTED
Congress, He Contends, Has
Ample Authority to Regulate
Issues of Securities by
State Corporations.
Chicago. June —A vigorous defence of
the power of the national government to
legislate on the issuance of stocks and
bonds by railroad corporations, subject to
the interstate commerce act. was made
by Attorney General George W. Wicker
•>-am this morning before the Illinois State
Par Association. The basis for his address
was the provision in the new railroad law
authorizing the President to appoint a com
mission to investigate questions pertaining
10 the Issuance of stocks and bonds by rail
road corporations, and the power of Con
gress to regulate them.
The enactment of such a law, he con
tended, was not nearly so radical a step as
**-■* the enactment of the permissive act of
lWi. -which gave to a railroad corporation
<«T one state the right to carry on inter
state commerce under the interstate com
merce act of ISS7. The Attorney General
pointed out that opposition had been made
to *v«ry jirogresslve measure of commerce
regulation.
"But," he declared in closing his speech,
*"ilie centralizing tendency has gone stead
ily on. and the control of Congress over
Interstate railroad companies has been ex
ercised In an increasingly comprehensive
manner. Such (progress is inseparable from ]
growth. The .great arteries of communica
tion between different parts of the country
End the Instrumentalities which control
their operation can be properly regulated
In the public interest only by the central
national power— a power which is sov
ereign, which is exclusive when exercised,
end "which ."should be exercised to correct
' every evil of a public character which ex
perience demonstrates to be susceptible of
correction only by national legislation."
Many Authorities Cited.
Numerous legal authorities were cited by
the Attorney General from which, he de
clared, it may confidently be asserted that,
■while Congress may Itself create corpora
tion* for tire purpose of parrying on inter
ne te commerce, it may also prescribe rules
Kzid regulations under which a corporation
created by the law« of a state may con
duct sjch commerce, and that -when it does
.«> -such Mate corporation might engage
only in such commerce in conformity with
th* rules and regulations so laid down by
Congress, and that these rules may have
reference not only to the exchange of goods
and commodities, but to the subject, the
vehicle and the agent of such commerce
end their various operations.
Mr. IVickersham referred to the con
demnation, both by courts and economists,
of the reckless issue of stocks and bonds
by railroad companies without adequate
consideration. This, he declared, had come
to be generally regarded as an evil cer
tainly as demoralising in its effect on the
public at- the carriage of lottery tickets
from one state to another.
When the eubject involved affects com
merce among the states. Mr. Wickt-rsham
said, the power of control for the public
£Ocd is vested in and can be exercised by
Congress. This power extends not only to
restriction, but If in the wisdom of Con
gress it - Seems necessary, to prohibitive
an^asures.- -in border to enforce the rules laid
tdown by vCtmgress respecting the conduct
cf interrtattr-commerce.
Farreaching Power of Congress.
That the power to regulate commerce
among the state? Involves the power to
prohibit such commerce when, in the opin
ion of Congress, such prohibition is essen
tial to the rrj;,;ir welfare, be added, was
iecogriiz«-d - and 'established by the United
States Supreme Court in the lottery cases.
Having asserted that the carrying of lot
tery tickets from state to state constitutes
interstate commerce, and that the regula
tion of such commerce Is within the power
of Congress under the Constitution, the
court, speaktac *">' Justice Harian. said:
Art* we prepared to say that a provision
ivhirb, la, in effect,- a prohibition of the
carriage of such articles from state to
«i£te ie not a fit or appropriate mode for
th*- regulation of that particular kind of
commerce?
If a state, irben considering legislation
for tho suppression of lotteries within its
own limits, may properly take into view
the evils that inhere in the raising of
money in that mode, why may not Con
gress, invested with the power to regulate
commerce among the several state.-, pro
vide that such commerce shall not be pol
luted by the carrying of lottery tickets
frcm one ttate to another? In this con
nection it muFt not be forgotten that the
power of Congress to regulav? commerce
among the stales is plenary, is complete
In Itself and i- subject to no "limitations
except ?uch as may be found in the Con
stitution. "What provision in that instru
ment can be regarded as limiting t£e ex
- of the power granted? What clause
can be cited which, in any degree coun
tenances the suggestion that one may. of
rieht, carry or cause to be carried from
one state to another that which will harm
the public morals? We cannot think of
any clause cf that instrument that could
possibly be invoked by those who assert
their fight to s^nd lottery tickets front
state to state, except the one providing
that no person shall be deprived of his
liberty without due process of law.
' It will not be said to be a part of any
one's liberty, as r^ogniaed by the supreme
law of the land, that be shall be allowed
to introduce into commerce among th*»
states an element that will he confessedly
Injurious to the public morale.
Evils of Stock Watering.
The twenty years' period of railroad re
ceiverships and foreclosures testified elo
quently, be declared, to the practical effect
of Fucta unwarranted issues of securities on
the ability at railroad companies properly
to perform heir duties as instrumentalities
of interstate commerce, while the issue of
Ftock lor inadequate or fictitious consider
ations bad) furnished an opportunity for the
most irresponsible and speculative control
of th«=Fe highways of commerce and had
resulted in the injury which always fol
lowed a control of properly by those who
had no real investment in it. Such control,
Mr Wlckersham continued, all experience
demonstrated, would not be generally ex
ercisei in the Interest of the road and to
Insure the ■safe, conservative management
Ti^cegsary to mee.t the requirement? of the
•publi'- and the proper discharge of the obli
gations imposed OB the carrier by law. On
the contrary, it was almost inevitable that
such control would be employed, for purely
speculative purposes snd la secure imme
diate profit to those in temporary control.
It was thi- public aspect which lent force
to the conx-iction that "watered" and
"bonus" stock was one of the greatest
abuse? connected With the management of
corporations. a.nd it was this effect on the
fitness of the carriers to perform their du
ties under nstiona! legislation that required
and justified federal supervis^m and con
trol '■{ the subjtct.
The Attorney General acknowledged that
the federal government could not confer
or* a state corporation power to borrow
money and issue' obligations therefor, nor
to create and issue «hares of rtock. Only
the power which erected th* corporation
could vest it with authority for those pur
e ami
• Congress and State Corporations. •
'But." he contended, "under all the ru!e?
' tn<2 analogies le which reference has been
..made Con?ref? assuredly may regulate
*jjd restrain 'the • state corporation in the
exercise of these as -well as of other cor
porate powers, ana may prohibit It from
issuing obligations or stock for any pur
pose relating to interstate or foreign com
merce except in accordance with rules and
restrictions prescribed by it for the purpose,
of preventing the evils above referred to.
"In that respect the national government,
having- adopted the state corporation as an
agency of interstate commerce, may sub
ject it to the same regulations/with respect
to the means of raising! money for the pur
pose of carrying oh such commerce as it
could impose upon a corporation of its own
creation. The end is legitimate, viz., the
regulation of interstate commerce; it is
within the scope of the Constitution.
"The means suggested are appropriate to
correct an evil which has had in the past
a very real effect upon the ability of these
instrumentalities to carry on commerce
among the states in conformity with rules
and" regulations constitutionally established
by Congress, and the means are plainly
adapted to that end. On reason and on
authority, therefore, such legislation is
with!n the scope of the constitutional power
of Congress.**
It was contended that a state corpora
tion availing itself of the powers conferred
by Congress became thereby subject in
thosr respects on which Congress had leg
islated to all the conditions and limitations
imposed by Congress on the exercise of
those powers as completely as though they
were written into the charter of the cor
poration.
Again, the amount of stock which a car
rier corporation might issue and the extent
of the obligations which it mipht incur had
a direct effect on the determination of the
reasonableness of rates of interstate trans
portation.
The enactment of n law regulating the
issue of stocks and bonds by railroad com
panies. Mr. Wickersham insisted, certain
ly went no further than the acts regulating
the ownership and devolution of interests
in ships employed in interstate or foreign
commerce and involved no principle so
new and startling as the acts regulating
the hours of labor of employes, the rela
tions between the railroad companies and
their employes, or of the act of Congress
prohibiting a railroad company carrying
from one state to another, pursuant to
power vested in it by the state of its crea
tion, a commodity which it had produced
and owned.
Good Expected from New Law.
In an address at the dinner of the Illinois
Bar Association to-night Mr. Wickersham
expressed the opinion that the new railroad
rate law would remove much of the an
tagonism between shippers and carriers
and tend to greater stability in railroad
securities. He said in part:
The contest in Congress which resulted
in the enactment of the new law. has been
between two principles of governmental
regulation; one practicable, the other im
practicable. In the la? t analysis, govern
mental regulation means the consideration
and determination of Questions by a cer
tain number of Individuals, and the break
ing point comes when too much is required
of the individuals appointed to the task.
The .bill proposed by the government and
finally enacted empowered the Interstate
Commerce Commission, when in its opin
ion, upon a prima facie consideration, any
proposed increase in rates or change in
d ass iri cation or regulations seemed to be
unfair or unwarranted, to postpone the
actual taking effect of such increase or
change until it had been thoroughly in
vestigated.
The opposing theory proposed to require
the commission to investigate every pro
posed change, and determine in advance
whether or not it should take effect before
it t>ecame operative. Considering that up
ward of two hundred thousand schedules
Of changes in rates, etc.. are filed every
year, it will be readily perceived that this
system would have absolutely broken down
the commission or required its division into
so many separate bodies as to make co
ordination and continuity of decision im
possible.
The administrations theory seeks to pre
serve the initiative of the railroad com
pany, but to create a tribunal to which
appeal may be made, in case of threatened
abuse of its power of initiative, so that
investigation can be had before an appar
ently unwarranted toll he levied upon the
public. The opposing theory would destroy
ail initiative and substitute government
initiative for that of the carriers. This
wculd be, but one step from government
ownership.
Fortunately* as I think, the theory first
referred to "prevailed with Congress, and,
under the new law, the railroad companies
are, a* they shouid be. . left to carry on
their business on their own initiative, cau
tioned by the fact that, in case any pro
posed action is unduly burdensome to the
public, there is a tribunal to which appeal
may be had. not Pimply for restitution, but
for* the application of the equitable prin
ciple of preventing a threatened wrong.
Such powers as these. exercised with
conservative regard to the rights of the
carriers and the public alike, as such great
powers must . undoubtedly be exorcised,
cannot fail, in my opinion, to remove much
of tne feeling of antagonism .between ship
pers and carriers which has existed in the
past, and be conducive to a greater sta
bility in railroad Securities than has hith
erto obtained.
NEW LIGHTHOUSE BOARD
Civil Commissioner and Deputy
Appointed.
Washington. .lune 24.— George R. Put
nam, of Davenport. lowa, ha-? been ap
pointed Commissioner of Lighthouses, at
?T.noo a year, and Arthur V. Conover, of
Pas Fair. ,N J. deputy commissioner, at
J4.r.00. These appointments are the first
step in the reorganization of the Light
bonse Service recently authorized by Con
er«=ss in transferring it from military to
civi! control Mr Putnam holds an im
portant place in the Coast and Geodetic
Survey, nnd is considered a good executive
and organizer. Vo r six years he was in
charge of The Philippine Geodetic Survey.
Mr. Conover is superintendent of the gen
r-r;rl lighthouse depot ;.t Totnpkinsville.
N Y.
A chief constructing engineer at $4,000
and a superintendent of naval construc
tion at $3,000. in addition to various minor
officers:, are yet to be. appointed. The hoard
is to be a regularly constituted bureau of
the Department of Commerce and Labor,
and Secretary Xagei will proceed vigor
ously With the general work of reorgani
zation. By putting the whole bureau un
der civil control friction, It was hoped,
would be avoided in the future. Some of
the changes contemplating the elimina
tion of military control will be made grad
ually. Army or navy officers may be de
tailed by the President as? inspectors for a
period not exceeding three years. After
that the eptire hoard will be composed Of
civilians.
NATURALIZATION INQUIRY
Bennet Heads Committee to Make In
vestigation Here.
Washington. June 24.— A House commit
tee to investigate naturalization conditions
in New York City, where many charges of
mismanagement have been made, has been
appointed by Chairman Howell of the
Committee on Immigration and Naturali
zation. The committee is composed as fol
low*: Representative Bennet. of New
York, is chairman, and the other members
are Representatives Gardner, Moore, Gold
fogie and Ha bath.
PICK UP GIRL WITH APHASIA
Police Unable to Learn Identity of
Young Woman in Harlem.
Patrolman Mead, of the East 126 th street
nation, found a well dressed young woman
at U4ta street and Third avenue last even
ing. She was wandering around in a dazed
condition, and the officer took her under his
wing, she could tell nothing about herself,
and Mead took her to the station house,
where. Lieutenant Downs talked to her.
She was able to give the names of ob
jects about the room, but could tell nothing
that would help the police to learn her
identity. She was dressed in clothes of
good make and had some, change in her
pocketbook. She also had a transfer for
the ll€th street erosstown line, dated
Wednesday. Dr. McCoombs was called
from Harlem Hospital. He took the young
women there, after he found that she could
remember nothing about hercelf. The case
* -••>• pronounced one of aphasia at the hos
pital, ; . ...; v.
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SATURDAY. JUNE 20. 1910.
THE VAy IJVW ASHIJVGTOJS
[From Th* Trlbun* Bureau.]
Washington, June 24.
INCENSED . AT GERMANY.-Extreme
irritation is felt by the officials of the De
partment of State over the course of Ger
many in attempting to block American en
terprise'in Turkey in Asia. Certain Ameri
can citizens of prominence' have -been seek
ing a franchise for a railroad to cross Tur
key in Asia from east to west, beginning
at Suedia, on the Gulf of Alexanciretta.
passing through Dairbeklr, and vine it
■western terminus at Bitlls. Secretary
Knox, as has teen told in these dispatches,
has been lending every aid to this project,
which he regards as eminently fair and as
destined, ultimately to make stronger the
commercial ties between Turkey and the
United States, besides affording an opening
for American capital and a market for
American supplies. Germany, however, for
reasons best known to herself, appears to
be seeking 'to block the negotiations at
every point. One of the methods employed
Is the circulation of the report that. the
railroad is to be built by "the great Ameri
can octopus," the Standard Oil Company,
which is wholly untrue. Admiral Chester
is one of the promoters, and associated with
him are Charles A. Moore, the Brooklyn
-Republican leader. "Walter I^aidlaw, -the
New York banker, and other men possessed
of considerable private capital. Of course,
Germany is not coming out into the open
to oppose the American plans, but the evi
dences of her hostility are so strong that
the Department of State has no hesitation
in charging her with the immediate delay
of tho negotiations.
AMERICAN PLAN GENEROUS.—Con
trary to the usual custom of those dealing
with Oriental countries, the American capi
talists who are seeking this concession are
not demanding the customary . mileage
guarantee — that is, a mileage subsidy from
the government in case the road does not
pay — but ask only certain mining conces
sions along the line of the proposed road.
Germany is further suspected of spreading
the report that the concessions asked con
stitute a violation of the Turkish mining
laws, but a catreful examination of those
laws by officials of the Department of State
fails to reveal any such violation. It is
possible that certain German financiers
who are interested in the Bagdad railroad
fear the competition of the proposed Amer
ican line. The latter will not parallel the
Bagdad line, hut will cross it close to the
Gulf of Alexandretta. so that it is quite
possible goods intended for shipment by pea
would be transferred to the American line
at the junction and loaded on vessels at
Suedia, which would deprive the Bagdad
line of the long haul to the Sea of Mar
mora or the Dardanelles, although that
would, of course, benefit the shippers by
just so much. On the other hand, with
some form of traffic agreement, the con
struction of the American road would
doubtless operate to increase the traffic
and thus prove of benefit to both German
and American investors.
A GERMAN PRACTICE— There is some
disposition at the Department of State to
suspect that Germany is following m this
case the same course she pursued in Persia
when she attempted to check the negotia
tions whereby Great Britain was seeking to
promote railroad building in that country;
which she followed in Morocco, when she
suddenly became alarmed at the develop
ment of French interests, etc. It is quite
true that there are some diplomats who
maintain that as long as Germany respects
American rights and interests in South
America it. is unwise for the United States
to resent any «ort of German competition
or opposition in the Near East, but that
HAAS AND__PECKHAM FINED
Th^y Plead Guilty in Cotton Leak
Case.
June 24— Mosec Haas, of
New York, and Frederick A. Peckham, of
Cincinnati, after fighting for five years in
dicttnentf? against them in the cotton leak
case in the Department of Agriculture, to
day entered pleas of guilty to the count
in the indictment charging conspiracy to
effect misconduct in office. On the recom
mendation of the Department of Justice,
Justice Gould imposed a fine of $6,000 on
Haas and $5,000 on Feckham, which they
paid and were released from custody.
The other indictments against them .were
dropped. T)k lawyers for Edwin S.
Holmes, Jr., the former associate statisti
cian, were taken by surprise when Haas
and Peckham pleaded guilty, and were not
prepared to say what course they would
take for their client. Holmes was tried in
1906 and the jury disagreed. It was hinted
from unofficial sources that the govern
ment would he satisfied with the same pun
ishment as was imposed on the other two
men.
Charge* are siill pending in the New
York courts against Theodora H. Price, the
cotton operator who was implicated in the
scandal. The indictment against him in
th" 3 District of Columbia was recently
quashed on a technicality.
PASSES APPALACHIAN BILL
House Sends It to Senate — Will Come
Up Next Session.
[From Thr Tribune Bureau.)
Washington, June 24. — The House, by k
vote of 130 to ill, passed the Appalachian
forest bill this evening, so that It can now
go to the Senate, and. being substitute.l
there for the measure under consideration
in that body, become the unfinished busi
ness to be considered immediately after
Congress convenes next December. This
bill provides for th" expend itui^ of $1,000.
000 the first year and $2,000,000 each year
thereafter until and including 1915 for the
acquirement of forest la mis. the preserva
tion of existing forests and the reforestation
of denuded portions of the watersheds of
the White and Appalachian Mountains in
those states? which maintain forestry bu
ieauß and systems of fire control. The bill
further provides that the Secretaries of
Agriculture. War and the Treasury shall
constitute a committee to formulate rules
and regulations for the expenditure of the
fund so appropriated. .
BROTHERHOOD EXPRESS REGRET
Firemen and Enginenien Send Brief
Telegram to Mr. Taft.
I By T.-lcgraph to The Tribune ]
S' Paul, June 24. — Toe Brotherhood at
Locomottre Firemen and Enginemen, num
bering more than eiyht hundred, in con
vention in this city, sent the following tele
gram, signed by President Carter, to presi
dent Taft to-day, following the. receipt of
thf President's trials Ml by President
Carter last night :
"Replying to your telegram of June 23,
nearlv-ejghi hundred delegates at this con
vention of the Brotherhood of Locomotive
Firemen anrl Bngtnemen instruct mo tr> ex
press to V'»i th»-lr regrets that it should b»
deemed necessary to secure an appropria
tion for the purpose of prosecuting labor
organisations."
Thß objection of the locomotive men Is
based on the refusal of Congress to exempt
.labor organization*! from prosecution, under
the anti-trust law.
"While the Brotherhood of locomotive
Firemen and Enginemfn is not. ■ political
organization," wild Mr. Carter 10-nlght,
"and while we do not take any stand in
partisan politics, the Brotherhood in
structed me to send a telegram expressing
its «entiments to the President.,
"It Is a very brief answer to ♦* very long i
telegram."- was Mr. Carter's final comment i
on matter. _-
view does not appeal to th* American of
ficials. Mr. Knox has been deeply inter
ested in the promotion of American enter
prise in Turkey and has received material
encouragement from the diplomatic repre
sentatives of Turkey in this country, and it
Is not probable that he will be easily dis
suaded from pressing for such advantages
as he believes Americans are entitled to. re
gardless of German opposition.
MEXICAN TREATY SIOJNED.-Seeretary
Knox placed another diplomatic achieve
ment to the credit of tMs administration
when he signed at 9 o'clock this evening at
his home the Chsmizal treaty, the Mexican
Ambassador also signing the CQnvrtlttOfl.
This disposed of the last boundary dispute
with Mexico. The ratification of the
Passamaquoddy Bay treaty with Great
Britain a few days ago disposed of the last
boundary dispute with Great Britain, and,
thus the first year of the T«ft administra
tion closes with every boundary contention
of the United States settled. It is expected
that the Chamizal treaty, which is simple
in form, will be ratified before the Senate
adj-urns to-morrow. Tt provides that the
question at issue shall be settled by three
arbitrators, the American representative
being General Anson Mills. Mexico has
named Fernando Beltran y Pag*. These
are to choose a Canadian jurist of repute as
umpire. Tf they are unable to agree on such
a jurist Canada will he asked to designate
one. This convention was recently ile
ec;i!-t°d in this column, and deals, it will he
recalled, with a. small section of land which \
I? claimed by both the United States rind \
Mexico, and which, through the shifting of
the Rio Grande, has been, physically at
least, annexed to the United Srates. being
practically part of the city of El Pa«o.
THE PE..CE COMMISSION -Senator
Lodge obtained the passage by the Senate
to-day of tho resolution providing for an
international peaoe commission, to be ap
pointed by the President, and the measure
now requires only the signature of the Ex
ecutive to become a law. There is some
expectation that the President will ask ex
President Roosevelt to become head 'of
this commission, and its friends and pro
moters are convinced that if Mr. Roose
velt could he induced to do so it would
prove a more useful and effective institu
tion than would otherwise be possible. It
is not expected that the President will
make any formal tender to Mr. Roosevelt,
however, until he learns from him whether
such an offer would be acceptable.
ECHO OF THE KERBY INCIDENT— The
head of a federal bureau which secures a
large number of data for government us* 1
from private concerns, hut with ihc under
standing that it shall be treated as strictly
confidential, except as utilized to formu
late aggregate figures on certain indus
tries, has received an inquiry obviously in
spired by the recent betrayal by Secretary
P.alllnger's stenographer of information
which had reached him in his confidential
relations with his chief. Instead of for
warding the information as usual, the
writer, a well known business man, asks
if he can be assured .that the information
will not be produced the first time some
government official is dismissed and seeks
revenge. ■ He closes his letter with these
words: "How can you convince us, when
in a recent forestry trial we find the pri
vate secretary, or stenographer, of a min
ister conveying private information to i
previous minister? How can you convince
us when, for the sake of a few thousand
dollars' penalty for tho offence, an em
ploye could be taken care of by a com
petitor who wished the information?"
G. G. H.
NO CONTROL JN_ ALASKA
Commerce Commission Without
Jurisdiction Over Railroads.
Washington. Juno 24— The Interstate
Commerce Commission anounced in a de
cision banded down that It had no Juris
diction or authority over carriers engaged
in the transportation of freight or passen
gers in Ala.skn.
The question of jurisdiction over Alaskan
railroads has been before the commission
for more than, a year. It is regarded as of
immense importance, not only on account
of the interests involved, but because, a3
Commissioner Clements, in Ms dissenting
opinion, says, "the refusal of the commis
sion to attempt to exercise authority over
the carriers in Alaska leaves those who
would appeal to the commission for the ex
ercise of such authority in Alaska no
means of Retting the question before the
courts for authoritative determination,
since there is no appeal to the courts from
a refusal of the commission to make an
order."
The commission holds that Alaska "'is
not a territory of the United States in the
sense in which the phrase is used in the
act to regulate commerce. The general rule
that a special tribunal ought not to en
large its jurisdiction by intendment, hut
ought to exercise only the power* clearly
conferred by statute, applies with special
if not controlling force to the exercise by
the commission of jurisdiction in Alaska,
tn view of thp fact that under the act of
May 14. ISPK, power to regulate the rates of
railroads In Alaska was conferred on an
other branch of the government."
In announcing this opinion Commissioner
Harlan. for the majority, said: "We are
not unmindful of th* fact that Congress
may readily confer that power upon us
under clear provision of law, if that has
been or is now its desire."
Chairman Knanp and Commissioners
Prouty and Ciark concurred with Commis
sioner Harlan. while Commissioners Clem
ents, I>ane an'l Ooekrell dissented.
WOODS BOOM IN OHIO
Republican State Representative Starts
Campaign for Governorship.
(By Telegraph to T!i* Tribune]
Medina. Ohio. June 24.— Active campaign
ing looking to thp nomination for the gov
ernorship of Frank W. Woods, state Rep
resentative, defeated on Wednesday for
the nomination for state Senator in the
27th-29th District Republican convention,
was begun to-day by the Republican ex
ecutive committee of Medina <"ounty.
Th*» committee indorsed th» proposed
candidacy of Woods nnd pledged active
work for him. To-morrow workers are to
be gathered and plans for a statewide
campaign for thn author of tho utility com
mission bill, defeated in the lr;st legislat
ure through Governor Harmons refusal to
aid It in the Senate, will be formulated.
The Democratic State Convention demand
ed a utilities commission law, and Woods*!
supporters as?ert that Wcods must h>p on
the Republican ticket, or thf Democrats
will be able to steal the credit of the Re
publican origin of the idea.
CHINESE JUNKET LIMITED
Prince Tsai-Tao Cannot Extend Trip —
Tsai-Hsun Coming Here.
Peking. June H —The Regent. Prince
Chun, refused to-day a second petition of
Prince Tsal-Tao. uncle of the young Era
ixror, to extend his European tour. The
throne recently was memorialized on the
extravagance of princely perlsrinations,
which, it was urged, did not tend to di
minish the hostility existing in some quar
ters because of the Regent's appointment
of his brother* as the heads, respectively,
of the army and navy. Nevertheless, Prince
Tsai-Hsun, a brother of the Regent, will
start for the United Blate« as soon as
Prince Tsai-Tao returns homo. Though" this
trip nominally is for the purpose of naval
Inspection, it is not expected that- China
will increase her fleet for many years. *'.
CONGRESS CLEARS DECKS
Obstacles to Adjournment To
day Practically Removed.
MANY REPORTS ADOPTED
Agreement on Campaign Public
ity and Reclamation Bond Bills
— Three Still Unpassed.
[From The Tribuna Bureau.]
Washington. June 24.— With th" adoption
to-morrow of a few belated conference re
ports the first regular session of the 61st
Congress will close. Several problems
which for a time threatened a deadlock be
tween the Senate and House were solved
late this afternoon, and when the Senate
adjourned at 7 o'clock regular?. Insurgents
and Democrats agreed that it would be an
easy matter to close up all remaining busi
ness to-morrow.
Three appropriation bill.*— the Fiindry
civil, Reneral deficiency and pension— are
Still in conference, but it i> expected that
the eonferrees will be ready to report an
agreement by noon tomorrow. The differ
ences on the sundry civil and general defi
ciency measures will be easily adjusted.
The eonferrees on the pension bill are !n a
deadlock on the old question whether or
not the agencies shall be abolished and all
pensions paid from a central agency in
Washington. The Senate eonferrees are
holding out for the retention of the eigh
teen agencies, and it is probable that at
the eleventh hour the Mouse conferred will
yield.
Two important conference reports were
approved by the Senate to-day. The
House eonferrees abandoned their opposi
tion to the Senates amendment 'to the
campaign publicity bill, and the Senate ap
proved the report without debate. Tho
House bill provided for the publication of
campaign expenses before and after elec
tion, while the Senate bill does not. require
publication before election.
Compromise on Reclamation Bonds.
Many conferences were necessary before
nil agreement was reached on the bill au
thorizing a $2fi,ono,oon bond issue for the
completion of reclamation projects. West
ern Senators were unalterably opposed to
the provision of the House bill that no part
of the proceeds of the bonds should be ex
pended on any project until after it had
been approved by the President and a
board of engineer officers <>f the army.
President Taft insisted that he shoulrl hnve
the right to designate army engineers to
examine existing projects, with a view to
enabling him to determine their feasibil
ity. The eonferrees were luncheon guests
at the White House to-day, when the sub
ject was gone over in detail. Returning to
the Capitol, Senators I,odge and Smoot
submitted a compromise provision to the
Western men. They discussed it several
hours, and latr in the afternoon decided to
accept it. It was then submitted to the
Senate and adopted. Senators Bailey. Car
ter. Dixon and -Newlands said they regret
ted that army engineers were to have any
thing to do with the reclamation projects,
but they were not willing to stand in the
way of the issuance of the bonds, and
would not yore against the adoption of the
coftfegettce report, although it was far from
satisfactory. The compromise requires
army engineers designated by the Presi
dent to examine projects on which the pro
ceeds of the bonds are to he expanded, but
str;k r s out that part of the House bill re
quiring the engineers to approve a proje?t
before any more money is spent on it.
The House provision required approval by
the President and the army engineers,
whereas the compromise requires approval
by the President only.
Burton Fights Appalachian Bill.
The Senate was In session eight hours to
day, most of that time being consumed by
Senator Burton's 'filibuster speech jpn th«
Appalachian and White Mountain forest, re
serve bills. Prom 10 o'clock until noon
bills on the calendar were considered ana'
forty or fifty measures were passed by
unanimous ' consent. Shortly after 12
o'clock Senator Burton began his long
speech. Ho discussed many topics, and al
though at times he was far away from
the bill before the Senate, his speech was
orderly in its array of facts and in many
ways is the most notable filibuster speech
which has been delivered in Congress in
many years. From time to time there were
calls for a quorum, but the Ohio Senator
did not take advantage of them to rest.
Instead, he stood at his seat chatting with
colleagues who were sitting near. Mr. Bur
ton held the floor for more than four and a
half hours.
A second filibuster speech was begun by
Senator N'ewlands when Mr. Burton fin
ished. Conservation was his theme, and in
a few minutes he had dressed "co-opera
tion and co-ordination" in verbiage made
over from his former efforts. The Senate
paid no attention to the enthusiastic Sena
tor from Nevada as he outlined his familiar
plan for improving everything and every
body under the sun. "When he offered an
amendment providing for a conservation
iomniis?ir>n with authority to join the states
in a comprehensive scheme to uplift the
human race by the application of the bali.i
of "co-operation and co-ordination" Sena
tor Bacon sugested that an application of
"alliteration" might also be helpful. Sena
tor Kean mildly intimated that the scheme
of "uplift" proposed would not be complete
•unless it included divorce law? and prize
fights. Mr. Xewlands did not reply to this
soft impeachment of Nevada.
From time to time senators Burton and
Nervlands yielded the floor for the consid
eration of conference reports.
Slight Differences Remain.
In presenting the final conference report
on the general deficiency bill Senator Ha '■*
said that there were only two items of dif
ference left between the two houses on the
appropriation bills. These were on the sun
dry civil bill, and he felt confident that an
agreement would be reached early enough
to-morrow to permit final adjournment to
morrow afternoon or evening.
A genera] Investigation into the liability
of employers and the compensation of work
men by a Joint committee l.« provided in a
resolution adopted by the Senate. "As
passed by the House the resolution provided
for an inquiry by a commission, but it was
so amended by the Senate as to require the
work to be done by a committee of Sen
ators and Representatives.. The resolution
especially contemplates an Inquiry Into the
present practice of the courts in placing the
burden of proof on an injured workman In
case of accident.
A bill amending the immigration law so
The Army of
Constipation
Is Growing Smaller Every Day.
CARTER'S LITTLE
LIVER PILLS tie
responsible — they not
only give relicf —
they permanently
cure Coßitipa
tioe^ Mil- /
lions use jf
them (or '
Bil-.uu.-
nest, Indigestioe, Sick He «diche, Sallow Skis.
SMALL PILL, SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICE
viCntilne mut beai ujnaturr -
Sb to grant relief to a larjre number of per
tons was finally passed by both houses. It
was drawn by Senator Heybum to cover a
large number.' of bills for individual relief.
In most of the cases there was a supposi
tion that the person* affected were entitled
to exercise the rights of citizenship., while
later it was discovered that such wa» not
the case. Included in this class were a
number who had been proceeding on the
theory that their parents had been natu
ralized in their minority, which afterward
had proved unsusceptible of proof. The hill,
which lacks only the signature' of th*
President to make it law...permits all such
persons to take out their final papers with
out going through the usual preliminaries.
House Passes Anti-Option Bill.
Early In the day the House passed the
ahti-optlbn bill prohibiting dealings in cot
ton futures, by a vote of 160 to 41. Repre
sentative Boutell, of Illinois, attacked the
measure on the ground that It was framed
to enable the cotton growers to control
prices.- A night session was held. despite
repeated efforts by the Democrats to take
a recess.
The House has almost completed it? busi
ness for this session, and the members Bl«
looking Joyfully forward to adjournment to
morrow, Four important conference reports
remain to be acted on, but as an agreement
has practically been reached on all four,
no doubt is felt that they will be revived
and approved early to-morrow. They are
the irrigation bond bill, to the report on
which the Senate agreed this afternoon, the
Senate having yielded to the House; the
campaign publicity 1 1:1. the agreement on
which ha.<= been reported; the pension ap
propriation bill, the S^natfe c«-, n '--- hold-
Ing out against the abolition of the pension
agencies, and the general deflclencv bill,
held up by the sensational charges pre
ferred by Representative Murphy, or Mis
souri, in the House, and Mr. .Gore in the
Senate. . • '-*
Representative Games. of West Virginia.
presented the", conference report en the
campaign publicity bilK The Hoiu«e confer
ree* agreed to the Senate amendment pro
viding for publicity only aft^r the election.
The Democrats intend to fight this provi
sion when it is brought Into the House to
morrow, but thus far not enough insurgent
Ftrength has developed against it greatly
to impede the adoption of th* report. The
pension appropriation bill is still in confer
ence, but an early adjustment of the agency
question is expected.
- The conference report on .the public build-
Ings bill adopted iTy the Senate last night
was agreed to by the House to-day. The
Senate increased the House bill by $4,300,0)0
and continuing projects by JI.3OWW. In
conference this increase over the House
was reduced \o $3,815,000 and to p.«s<\<**> In
continuing projects. This makes the bill in
Jts final form carry .total authorisations of
$23,000,000 and in continuing contracts $3,000,
000 in round numbers. .
The federal parole bill, which has just
been agreed to in conference, was adopted
by the House to-day. It would permit
parole of any prisoner in a United States
prison who has served a third of his term
and has a goc 1 worA
HEAT WAVE IS BROKEN
Relief for Sweltering City.
Though Four More Deaths Occur
All New York rejoiced yesterday in the
roollng breezes that blew in from some
where. With the temperature at its high
est only a moderate S4 degrees. th<^se who
stayed in the city felt that theirs was not
suoh a hard lot. after all. The humidity
dropped, too. >,
Last night, when it came time to retire,
those who had made their beds on roofs
and near open windows during th" last
few days prepared to sleep in their ro#rular
beds and make up for lost time.
Four more deaths yesterday were eaafllM
to the heat, as follows:
BERO. Henry. twenty-eight var» ola, of Xo.
26." Went 12flth street: took poti=on after
complaining of the heat, and died in Har
lem Hospital.
JENSEN. Joseph, thirty -{it*- y^arsi old, of No.
,_ 21S(> Jamaica avenue. Brnofclyn Hills; over
■-'■ i'nm« hv the heat on Tuesday last, an.i f*U
. -■■ from a ladder: <!l<?<1 in St. Marys Hospital
'yesterday. ' : ' m „
I.OWKRY. John, of Xo. 71 Clarkson street. fire
man at No. 135 Alien street; died in boiler
room at that address, from hoart failure. dv»
to the heat.
RICE. Abraham. forty-eight years oM. of No. 144
.Monroe ' street : dropped doa.d in his home
from apoplexy, due to the heat.
In addition to the deaths reported last
night- there were about a dozen cases of
heat "^'prostration in this borough and
Brooklyn.
The "forecast for to-day And to-morrOw
is for moderate temperature with cooling
bn^ezej?.---.. .
Store Ready at 8:15 A.M. Directly or. the Interborough Subway
Eight Car Lines Each Way to Store
m I New York, June 25, 1910
Those cool open cars on I In the Wanamake- tnurant
Broadway all bring you direct Where the Cool Breezes Bio*-
J Cream of Spinach or Torr.a:-> Boul.Toa .
to this store. Please feel free M^£Tpotato c8 BroUed cw^%i
Mashed Potatoes "•»
to use all our conveniences and p^^K* P> £* r?^
comforts. T " cog " 7jC> _
•/■ . "
A Unique Showing
Of Summer Dresses
For Babies, Children, Girls,
Young Women and Women \
While there are thousands upon thousands of dresses tp
choose from, quality is certain whether it be an unexpensive
frock or one of our imported models.
Wanamaker's is different from most specialty
stores, in that every kind of dress is specialized
under one roof. A woman with purse long or short
can outfit herself and daughters here in a little
while, because all kinds of Summer dresses are
assembled in one store. This not only means econ
omy of money, but time and temper these hot days.
Women's Dresses: Lingerie, $7.50 to $150; Sill 1
$15 to $125. v
, Girls', 6 to 14 years, $1.25 to $35, and Young W<M?>
en's, 14, 16 and IS years, $3.75 to $60.
Second floor. Old Building. ,- .-. • ■
Little TotS, $1 tO $25. Third Floor. Old Buildis^ "J
IN THE BASEMENT STORE— Women's
dresses at $5.50. Young women's Summer frocks
lots, $1.50 to $3.75; besides very large regular stocks. *%
£irls, 2,000 good cotton frocks* 7.n\ $1, $1.50. $2.25 and**,
Dresses for little tots, 50c upward. J.^
We invite ijou to inspect these, the largest collection* {<&
Summer attire me knozv of — and be cool!
TAFT AND HUGHES ABB
President Favors Principle ot
Direct Primaries.
NOT INTERFERING HERf
He Hopes/ However, That t^
Governor Will Get Law
Which Satisfies Him.
* JFrom Th» Tribune Bureau.] " "
Washington. yiune 24.— President Taj»
Is a firm believer in the principle *
direct primaries, and while h» is urnrrzl
ing to be drawn into th* New ■yQ..
situation. he has not hesitated to aj.
press to those who have consulted. ass
on the subject the hope that a bill m
be passed by the New York Legislate
which ' Governor Hughe* can cordjajs
approve. The President has r«cesjw
talked to a number of New Yorkeri^oa
this subject, among them being 2faMt
officer Kracke and "- * "nrrnbtjui^-
Merwin K. Hart, of Utlca, one of ft,
authors of the Agnew-Hart antl-gais.
Mint? laws, who called at th« Wlssj
House to-day. To alt the Presides: ha*
expressed himself in th» same tern*.
He has said frankly that he was col
thoroughly posted regarding the detail
of the New York Situation, but he fca4
the utmost confidence in the QoTcrasr
as he believed he had shown by setsetsas
him for the highest tribunal in the feat.
He thoroughly approved the direct jJn.
Mary system in principle, and he as>
nestly hoped the Legislature would pr«
sent for the signature of the Governor
a bill which the state executive c<jiii<j
approve, and approve cordially.
President Taft feels an exfctizs
delicacy about doing - anything wMdi
might be. construed as interfering with
the New York situation, especially at
he is not a resident of that state, ant
it is possible that he would not atr«
said as much as he has had It not Isss
that he has been represented as oppose!
to the primary system advocated «y
Governor Hughes. Of course, he is cat
opposed to it. but, on th* contrary. fen
long favored the primary system. ■'■&
; that, simply a3 a matter of justice to
himself, he wouW be ■narra'nted in de
nying such unwarranted assertions vor
intimations.
There has been a pretty general tsatr.
tation in Washington that ex-Prcsaaßt
Roosevelt *on!d lend valiant assistant
to the Governor in his primary flgjjt,
and if he does so. and the Governcr wins,
there will be nothing but gratiflcalan
at the White House. . No one trh» is
informed on the situation, hoievw, Trt!l
give any reason for the belief that Mr.
Roosevelt will come to the assistance •£
the Governor.
GIRL ACCUSES DOCTOR
Held for Abduction oa Com-
of Alleged Victim's Mother.
Patchogrue, Long Island. June 24- - T.
Charles- Willis, a young physician of £&
village, was arrested thi3 afternoon and
arraigned before Justice Everett M. PrJ&»
at Bellport on a charge of abdiiction. H»
was held under $!,"•'»'' bail, whtelr iras SB>>
nished by his counsel, Joseph C Losee.^
The charge was drawn up.fcr District £•
torney- Furman anl sworn to by 3to.
George. Pay ton. The victim of The al'esM
abduction Is Jennie Payton. fifteen rears
old. daughter of the complainant. The girl
has- returned home, after an absence, of i
w-e*>k. and her story Ted to the arrest '.
The girl worke'3 in the doctor's ~c£a,
making out Mil? and attending to Ms ac
counts. Tt i.- alleged that she was sal 0?
town "with him for two days, and her
mother made the formal complaint oti is
return.
SWITZERLAND BARS ABSINTHE.
- Berne. Switzerland. June 2t— The ftasal
parliament ha* pa^ed a law prohibiting
manufacture, importation or sale of.-at
sinthe. or any imitation thereof, in swfJs»*
land after October ?. :"

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