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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, June 26, 1910, Image 19

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1910-06-26/ed-1/seq-19/

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r L of Spkrdid Buildings, Embracing Many Marvels in the
&* handling of Passengers and Baggage, to Rise on the Site
of the Station Xcnc Being Torn Doxcn,
# the old Grand Central Mr
ir*^, dr rVav. and in a few days little
sow a:i _ gy^, gray building that has
##e& of J way for so many millions of
-B* eCit ir!., ne* Grand Central will be one
r*** 41 *^" 2tf»fl»»s terminals in the world.
| ,£f I*** *** eighteen months from
I Lsfr^^SS will arrive and depart from
; Jfiß^^Sjnal. on Lexington avenue,
! L was*** 1 * .^rcer than the old one that is
|-^ a e vco UTS
I^^ structure, this new gate
jsstca^ of Vi» win be a group of mafrnifl
i «sy * *** ' But all the machinery of this
signals, the tracks and the
V' ; " £ amS _ w in never be seen from the
- .-•:• of - I>ss in cv jj C nee than the
&fi* x " i-oart of an oocan liner. On me
I egis** * p r' onl pr.a<ie deck— two ■"■■ of
._>,.- ■- to traffic will be opened.
iC? * tS S * ><W *« only a maze of uncovered tracks
tfl*** I**1 ** l 'J.' v , r block of splendid struct
r2 ra* WoC , thoni devoted to the arts and
** purposes. Their archi
ll w _. j-annonious. and for years to
__ iri:. one of t he most pictured parts
wed parts
'^Sin, streets from 43th to 56th in-
~ f _*,-», now come to dead ends at the
****"• yards. wSI continaooa thorough-
stvenue will be extended north
high level at 40th street. It is
!**- 1; j Street and in a broad plaza swing
*^r the &rea: r "'" v station structure,
* r5 *" oa - - e w street, it will stretch north
''"■'~-tii it jn!^ s stp present ad at ."Tth street.
will revolutionize the character
-~ - -
/lc part of the city. Along the new part of
"",_.,., w ;;i be constructed a mile and a
-• i-ncs:"? apartment houses. This new
sostb thoroughfare will draw much
"f^e trawled tn^ fl " orn Flfth avenue— espe-
Lg. lip thousands of motor cars that are the
stow of that irrcat artery morning and
- "•
"•». cost cf these rr^at ton iiw lit! Trill be
.^ZtizazeLY Sl^J.<*X).<>'o. Such an expense
'-•'" sot Save been undertaken for the sole j
-_^ o f bai'.dlr.c: the — "... The terminal
"'•' rfver rouM have ix^en made to pay in
"'„ gj, s-jcii a Lirpo investment of capital.
■» -rsrriTiff of this exr^nse, however, is made
br t^ e ' act that there mSO be a large
-ess? fro™ th< * rental of the buildings on the
Z^t, When this stupendous work is
it will cover more than twenty city
ug£ T" will be =ev<>i:ty acres of tracks in
jj rjriis beiow the street leveL Their total
--srth win be about thirty-two miles. The area
7±e iraitn? roor^ for passengers will equal
*jt of Sladison Sccare.
Tiifterzunal marlcs a r.ew era in the vertical
■iiia^of railrca-is. Modern terminals in great
25 ssst be btfiow the street level hereafter.
I Sifcas been made possible bj- the supplanting
; isszn bT electricity. It has been made nec
1 sett fey the high price of New York City real
: *i** Tie rest of producing the space for one
ar ddusv? of the cost cf the station) is about
'53.'»1 The old high trainshed that was de
■^ec to ke?p out the rain and aTLow almost as
Irsh tdczs for the smoke as would be had
Szicrtie open sky is r.uw übsoiete.
I !iroughout the entire — -... questions of
j«£Mon hays bee^ of tie first importance.
j i ie oonroursos, along the incoming and out
• r:=r tracks, particular::.- in those parts of the
jrrSaS'on below the street level. It has been
|-sL2sdthat there must be a supply of air that
; ; r^rpersally clear and continually renewed.
lam srs to be installed the most complete
wdatins systems that have been devised to
I =ik» this possible,
j It mw teminal win have four levels where
it o'.d had but cne. The gallery on the grade
:if -Jii Etreft will be the top leveL The next
jr.Zbe the oonrourse, which is on the level of
|j» fey-two tracks that will handle the
i rc^h trains. This will connect with the sub
]t:t aiea. On the third level will be the
}^=7-fiTe tracks fur the suburban trains, and
| beneath all these, running east and west,
j^Sdasd 4r,th streets, will be subways for
IsSsg the inbound and outbound baggage.
this Grand Central point will be
s?nps the greatest trafSc centre in the world.
i£ie frcn: the millions who "■ -.'. pass in and
~ 3! tils great gateway, the Interborough
d 2^ioo Bobwaya and others that will be
H* the Eelraont tunnel and the surface and
*** lires wai carr:.- a multitude of people
- 3: by its very doers.
-^*sd27s when passengers alight from a ;
th?r bar e to pass by several baggage and
B cars m their way out. The arrange
aat a this great terminal obviates this, and is
The tacornins baggage will be un-
beyocd wher';- the passengers leave the
r ~ Before the La^-ra^e cars are reached the
Xaen S i ers will be- on an inclined way which
r - arry thea above the level of the baggage
«a "3iere will be no dodging of trucks along
Pitfcfra and no f °ar of trunks toppling
J* ts*'s head as one posses by. The out
{"<*««sa«t also wia je be acfat by the sub
"way under the tracks and by elevators to a
Point opposite the cars in which it is to be
loaded. The passengers need not see it at all.
Later on. too. when the extension of the He-
Adoo tunnel is completed to the Grand Central,
PMaengers may go directly to it from their
Tbe open cut will be roofed and upon this roof fine buildinns will rise and the crosstown streets from 45th to 56th inclusive, which now
come to dead ends at the railroad yards, will be continuous thoroughfares.
At the right is arising the skeleton of the Merchants and Manufacturers' Exchange and the genera! offices of the railway company, which
mt me ngm is a shown in completed shape on the first page.
trains. Their baggage will be transferred
through it across the river to the terminals
along the Jersey shore. There will be direct
connections also with at least two big hotels.
so that the baggage of travellers may be
whisked underground from the cars and reach
the rooms aa quickly as the guests.
Outgoing travelers ne-d not pro to the
gage room at all to check their trunks
now All thoy have to do after buying their
tickets is to pass along to the next counter and
turn over their tickets and their checks from
the transfer company. These are sent by pneu
matic tube to the basrerage room, where the
trunks are checked and the trunk checks sent
back. This new idea has been in operation in
the Lexington avenue terminal for the last
The main feature of the new Crand Central
will be the outgoing station. This Is always
the principal part of every railroad terminal.
People wait there longer than anywhere else.
There will be two great waiting rooms, one for
the suburban traffic and the other for the
through, long distance passengers. Each will
b.> on the level of the tracks that it serves, and
wiD be quite distinct from the other. "'
waitin? rooms are I r I from the traffic and
hurrying crowds. !'. ngers need not go
: ■ to get to th< ir trains. The
- - - see
. - or v.-.x in going I ning. The
ti< k- t ofl ' r and ev< ry
thing . -Is- . ' : separate. This will
v,,. another v ire of the terminal.
Th) re y ■ -. llso. for i :■■ ■•
suburban and ! angers. Each will
have its own ticket offices, information bu
reaus, baggage checking places, parcel rooms
and all the facilities for travel. These con
courses will be huge affairs. That for the in
bound trains will hold comfortably B.IMM) people
and the outbound ir»,<XN). The waiting rooms
will be large enough to hold about live thou
sand more. Nearly thirty thousand in all. there
fore, eaa gather in this enormous station with
out crowding one another.
Seventy thousand outbound passengers an
hour is the capacity of this stupendous terminal.
That is double the maximum carrying power of
any other passenger station In the world. >?\xtf
thousand a d;-y Is the Grand Central's present
Lge traffic. In the new terminal two hun
dred trains nay be sent out every hour i r nee
ry. The introduction of many i. -t
ight this about, [nstead of trains
coming in. discharging passengers md backing
out. as they do now, they continue on :i
empty around a loop. Owing to this '■'-
ment it would be possible to keep prad -ally
one continuous train in motion. Assuming that
there was another loop track somevh r to t-ivj

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