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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, June 26, 1910, Image 5

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"Senate and House Complete
Business and Adjourn
Without Day.
Appropriation, Reclamation Bond
Issue, Campaign Publicity
and Other Bills Finally
Passed and Signed.
[From TTi» IMSMSM Bureau.)
■MafeSlaa. vn *' 15. — It was 11 o'clock !
fj.-c evesmg ■*■■ the first regular session
i»je 6isi Congress adjourned without day.
tjj hue**** of importance was finished this ;
jjguf] — bat «■ night session was neces-
jo permit tbo engrossing of the bills •.
lagged to -day *"<* to five the President a 1
-iportunity to leek over belated measures \
fabraiti** 5 for his approval. Many mem-
Mrs of 01 *' 1 - branches started for home this
afternoon and to-night, and by Monday j
eight the capital will be- practically de- i
-died. President Tart hopes to leave here
for Beverly on Tuesday.
President Taft reached the Capitol at 14
r c»<K* and wen- at once to the President's
jooa, adjoining the Marble Room. lit i
w & accompanied by the members of the i
Cabinet. The news of the President's ar
rival spread r&ric.y. end there was a con- ;
((•ar.t stream of Senators and Representa
tives to his room to say groodby and wish
tun a pleasar.' ■•*■■"* The President mi .
jj,ppy. End ir.ar.j- of his callers received his i
vearty thank? fcr the assistance they have '
l-,/- n tr;e administration in the last six
Mar of the President's Democratic call
trf cooji*tolat«d him on the great success
C f his legislative programme, and admitted
tMt ■■ ha-3 bJ&zed a way toward popular
typrmal wMch would prove ■ '^barrassin^
t» V.s political opponents in the approaching
The first session of the Senate began ft
-g o'clock and lasted ■until about 3, Bthea
a recces was taken natD 9. The House
resolution for adjournment at 11 o'clock
,raj received shortly before the recess was
takra sad was adopted without debate.
Senator Ha:-- acted as master of ceremo
nies &--. gelded the Important business of
fbe closir.? hours with dispatch.
The three £pr' r^priation bills, which were
ja conference last night, me presented •
th» Senate early to-day and quickly ap
proved. As "was predicted, the Senate won
i victory o.i the per.slon bill, the House re- '
e«2ins from its amendment abolishing: the :
■mblm oiit-cf-town agencies and provid
ing for ihe p^j-rnent of all pensions from a
astral ag^-cy in "Washington.
The Senate receded from its amendment
t» the sundry civil bill providing for the ;
t»«tlr.c r ' structural steel, and this work j
■30 be den? by the Bureau eC Standards in- j
rtrafl of by the Bureau of Mines. The bill !
iJcpteS appropriates $150,000 instead of the !
H99.GP9 the House had appropriated for j
ftugins the streams and determining the j
cater rapply of the •"-••»>. It ap- j
frepriates 550.000 for expenses of suits to i
fft aside conveyances of allotted lands to i
the f.ve rfrflired tribes, and $75,000 for ex- ■
■■■ - - of the Canadian boundary commi-- :
lion. It repeals ..... appropria- •
tim for the ='.:;- .- service and foreign j
aasanbor-* inspection service, but does not [
repeal, as the House had proposed, the :
aaamr.- • appropriation for the customs
t»rrice. This leaves ■ ■<-!"<* fixed permanent
impregnation of $5,000,000 or as to be ;
USen from the customs receipts. !
The conference report or. the sundry civil j
VV. was adopted without debate.
A special message was received from the :
President dxc^bs; mat a suitable sum of i
notiey be placed at I i? disposal to meet the !
fituatic: on the lower Colorado River. :
■*±leh threatens serious loss of life &nd
property. The Senate responded imme- j
diately toy adopting- a Joint resolution au
thorizing the President to expend 5i,000,000 j
fcr protection against damage by the Col- .
orado. The House adopted the same reso- !
Early in the day the Senate spent some j
Stood the calendar and disposed of many
Mils, among them being: the House bill to
inhibit the -white slave"* traffic, and
Senator Frye's bill to promote the ef
adency at the lifesaving ■■-••"•• —
Appalachian Bill Goes Over,
An agreement was reached whereby a. :
Ssal vote will be taken on the Appalachian ;
sal While Mour;tain forest reserve bill on «
February IS. The Kesv England Senators I
realised yesterday that Senators Burton ■
nd Xewlari<is would be abie to defeat ac- I
tiaa ca the bill at this session if they pur- |
•"•d their filibustering tactics to-day. , ;
Eeator Bzasdesee opening negotiations for ; i
the fixing of a time for a final vote on this : 1
t2i at the next session. Mr. Burton con- j I
fated to February :.". Mr. Nearlaaia was i
imposed to resist the fixing of a date, and : <
*oa!d not consent until assurances were ; I
fiv« ha that some of the leading advo- i
"* l *« si lbs bill were friendly to hia con- i
fKTaticn commission scheme and would '■ 1
ivor something like It in an amendment, | 1
As soon as the date was fixed for voting ■
cs the forest reserve Mil . this measure was j 1
to aside, and Senator GalJinger moved ■ J
that Mi bill to increase the pay for ocean j :
delivery b6 taken up. This was car- j
*•! "C to 2L Senator Simmons was the '
Democrat voting in the affirmative, i
S«»tors Borah, Bristow. Brown, Burton, •
5B5 B " Blr - s and Clapp voted la the nesrative. it
Jfc* adoption of Mr. Gallinger's motion |
To Celebrate
An Old Fashioned Fourth
« carry out the plans.
, . The Corrmittee is planning a Military and Civic Parade, for Dis
*<ct Celebrations i n the Farks and Playgrounds, an* for exercises in con
••Citon with the Centennial Opening of the City Hall.
.. The civic pride which animates New Yorkers, no less than the patri
«*»c feel.ng inspired by the occasrcn. leads the Committee to hope that
-' m»if&rab£ expenditure entailed by appropriate decorat.ons bands,
•* by entertainments will be readily provided by popular .übscnpt.on.
The Committee urges the citizens of New York to make a P^P*
•id liberal response to this appeal to their generous and patr.ot.c .mpulses.
Subscriptions msy be forwarded tc
JA.MES S. CI.SHMAN, Treasurer Independence Day Committee,
Room 611, Pulitzer Building, New York City.
Chairman Independence Day Committee.
Ta *c advantage of our tremendous reduction sale.
S^t to measure $25. coat and trousers $23. Former
Price * $35 and $40. Flannel outing trousers to
measure $5.00. Samples, fashion facts and measur
es guide given or forwarded to any address.
A JT\ A7tt 7T rr^ tt ¥i/T Broadway &
ARNHEIM9 Ninth St |
Largest Tailoring Establishment in tHe Worii
[From The Tribune Bureau
"Washington. June 25.
TAFT'S FIRST TEAR.— No record of
President Taffs first year in the "White
House would be complete without reference
[ to the work of the Department of State, al
though, singularly enough, the legislative
record contains little that relates to that
department The greatest achievements of
Secretary Knox have been in the field of
Pure diplomacy, and pre-eminent is the
Impetus he has given to the cause of uni
versal peace. The nations of the world are
even now- giving the most careful and cor
dial consideration to his proposition to util
ize the International Prize Court as the
nucleus of that permanent peace court
which has long been the dream of all advo
cates of peace and friends of arbitration,
but to which no one has given so practical
a turn or has so greatly promoted as the
present Secretary of State. Second only In
Importance to the proposed peace court
stands the proposition to neutralize the
railroads of Manchuria, thus creating a
"buffer state" of neutral territory between
P roads of Manchuria, thus creating a
r state" of neutral territory between
nflicting interests of Russia and Ja
pan, a plan which startled ; those nations
when first proposed, but which contains so
much of Intrinsic merit that it is certain to
recur again and again as the most practical
and effective relief from conflicts otherwise
unavoidable until it is finally adopted with
the cordial approval is finally nations. Only
cordial approval of those nations Only
yesterday Mr. Knox and Seiior de la Barra
signed the treaty with Mexico which elimi
nates the last occasion of contention be
tween this country and its immediate neigh
bors regarding boundaries, the Senate a
few day.* ago having ratified the treaty
with Great Britain which settles the last
boundary issue with that country— the de
limitation of the boundary through Passa
xnaquoddy Bay.
haps the most important of the treaties
completed in the first year of President
Taffs administration was that with Great
Britain settling all questions growing out
of the use of the boundary waters between
this country and Canada. That treaty was
ratified in the closing hours of the last ad
ministration, but to it was attached a rider,
at the instance of Senator Smith, of Michi
gan, which made necessary delicate and
extended diplomatic negotiations in order to
secure from Canada such approval as would
lead Great Britain to complete the ex
change of rati flea tons. These negotiations
were carried on with a skill whicii com
manded the respect of all familiar with
them, and which went far to promote the
cordial good will that has marked the re
lations of the United States and Great
Britain 'during the incumbency of Secretary
Knox and Ambassador Bryce.
THE CHINESE LOAN.-Almost from the
Inception of his administration Secretary
Knox has been striving to promote the
cordial 'relations existing between the
United States and China by increasing
those commercial ties which produce a
community of interest and thus promote a
better understanding. Success has crowned
his efforts, and only the formal approval
of China is needed to complete the arrange
ment whereby American financiers will
furnish one-fourth the loan of $30,000,000,
which is to be devoted to the building of
the Hukuang railroad, while the terms of
the agreement provide that a proportionate
amount of American material and direction
shall be employed in its construction. In
cidental to these negotiations, the position
of the United States has been strengthened,
so that in all future enterprises of a magni
tude to call for foreign capital and material
China is certain to turn to th's country
with a confidence born of experience that
the United States will lend willing' assist
ance and on terms dictated by friendship
Quite as much as by business sagacity.
IN" SOUTH AMERICA.— The first year of
President Taft's administration, not ac
cording to the almanac, but according to
the legislative calendar, ends with complete
harmony between this country and the na-
means that the ocean mail bill will be the
bSd i.-;s:'r.e. c s at the opening of the
next BeaakaL
i Just before adjournment Senator Shively,
! in a graceful speech, expressed the appre
j ciation of the Democrats for the just and
kindly sen-ices of the Vice-President as
j presiding officer of the Senate, to which
, Vice-president Sherman replied with ap
propriate remarks. Precisely at 11 o'clock
the gavel fell in both houses.
In the House.
Unmindful of party politics and petty
differences, the House adjourned to-night
amid scenes of pood fellowship and cordial
ity. The distinct issues which have divided
the two great parties during the session
seemed for the moment forgotten and the
internal questions which have subdivided
the majority were brushed aside, leaving
only a friendly and happy gathering of Rep
resentatives, who rejoiced at the thoughts
of home after six months of work well per
The regulars were happy In being able to
point to remarkable legislative achieve
ments, the insurgents rejoiced because they
had effected changes in the rules without
impeding legislation, and the Democrats
made a show of joy because of their hopes
of victory. One cause of satisfaction to all
was tbat Mr. <"annon was able to go homp
to his constituents as Speaker of the House.
The conference reports on the general de
ficiency, sundry civil and campaign pub
licity bills were agreed to. The latter
measure met some opposition from the
Democrats because of the Burrows amend
ment providing for publicity after elec
tions, but no one voted against it.
The conference report on the bill pro
viding for $20,000,000 certificates of Indebted
ness to aid reclamation projects was agreed
to. It was agreed to by the Senate yes
terday. -
Speaker f'annon Just before the House
tions of South America, a»d -with a great
Pan-American conference about to meet,
which augurs well for the continuance of
the present cordial relations. To this con
ference Secretary Knox has lent more than
ordinary impetus. On his recommendation
he American delegation Is headed by a
former ambassador to one of the leading
powers of 'the world, and the delegation is
charged with expressions of the cordial
good will of the United States. Only In
Central America is there a discordant note
to be heard. In unhappy Nicaragua the
dictator. Madrlz, is still pursuing a pollcy
of tyranny and oppression of which the
only encouraging feature is that it is too
violent to last. The wisdom of Secretary
Knox in refusing to follow the course of
Mexico and some other countries and rec
ognize Madriz as the legal executive of
his unhappy country has been amply dem
onstrated by the recent course of that
usurper, and it Is probable that Mexico
wishes that she. too, had exhibited that
caution which led this administration to
refuse to recognize as legn.l head of Nicar
agua a man who had not been duly elected.
day the Department of State gave out a
statement which not only confirmed the ac
count given of Germany's efforts to block
the progress of American negotiations In
this column this morning, but which relates
that the application of the American capi
talists, the Ottoman Development Com
pany, has been approved by the Turkish
Minister of Public Works, and now requires
only the approval of the Council of Minis
ters. This progress is the direct result of
diplomatic negotiations with the Ottoman
Empire which have been conducted with a
skill that has gained complete success so
far as the friendly relations of the two
nations are concerned, and, indeed, had it
not been for outside influence— that of Ger
many—the concession would probably have
been granted by now. Xo apprehension is
felt, however, that the negotiations will not
ultimately come to a successful Issue. Rec
ognizing that this is an eminently practical
ase, and that the promotion of commercial
relations will inevitably promote friendly
intercourse and better understandings. Sec
retary Knox is giving every encourage
ment to Americans who seek opportunity
for investment abroad, and his efforts are
meeting with the most gratifying success.
ways the case after a long session of Con
gress, the summer in the national capital
promises to be unusually dull. The Presi
dent, the members of the Cabinet and alt
government officials have postponed their
vacations until now, when the heated term
is in full swing, and there will be a general
exodus next week. The business of the
executive departments will in large meas
ure be carried on by junior officials, who in
these days of long distance telephones are
able to keep in constant touch with their
principals and to consult them whenever
occasion demands. Members of Congress
will hasten to their homes with the de
termination to secure a well earned rest
before the arduous days of the autumn
campaign, which promises to be more
strenuous than usual. In a word, the sum
mer solstice is at hand.
L' EN VOl.— Because of the prospect that
the days in Washington will afford too lit
tle of Interest to furnish material for a
daily column during the summer months,
this column will be discontinued until Con
gress meets again. It has afforded a means
of somewhat more personal communication
between The Tribune's Washington corre
spondent and its readers than the formal
news dispatches, and if it has given some
measure of entertainment and a somewhat
clearer understanding of the events of the
extremely Interesting legislative season in
the national capital than might have been
obtainable from the strictly news dis
patches, the labor of its daily preparation
has been well repaid. G. G. H.
adjourned declared that he had nothing to
apologize for as a member of the House
or as Speaier, and he presumed each mem
ber could say the same thing.
"This lias b^en at times a strenuous ses
sion," lie said. "Virile men, acting in a
great representative body, earnest, posi
tive, sometimes. Jn debate or otherwise, say
that which, tf conditions were different,
they would not pay. So that in sharp con
tests, when sober second thought comes,
broad men realize that positive men do not
hold responsible colleagues who under the
influence of passion or otherwise speak in
detriment that which they would not say
In moments when they were cool. As we
pass from Washington to our homes I shall
go, putting behind me the contests through
which the House has passed, without
malice." The Speaker wished each member
of the House health in the coming vaca
■Washington. June 25— The printing inves
tigation commission in a preliminary re
port submitted to-day announced that it
had already effected an annual saving in
printing and binding that will amount to
f 120,000.
COATS — at -*■ colors — at **
(Regular value 4.50) J (Regular value 6.50)
tea, Pre-Inventory Clearance
at &ioftGf%tf4! MONDAY
In anticipation of July Ist Inventory, we have gone through the entire House,
unreservedly underpricing every line of merchandise now in our possession
— comprising nothing BUT the latest modes in distinctive Outerwear for present
and Midsummer needs. f
The Most Drastic Reductions Ever Listed
By This or Any Other New York Specialty House.
LOT 1—65 TWO and LOT 1—125 MORNING
BROIDERED LINEN Swiss, Cotton Foulards
and TAILORED SUITS. c (\(\ ' and checked Linens. oQ C
Heretofore up to 39.75 ; D.UU Heretofore 8.50 to 12.50 O,ZfO
• T fiT "y 7R ATT T* "F* T? — !■* i
TAILORED SUITS for checked and stfi d sum .
present wear. Q 7C mer silks. Heretofore 15.00 O.OU
Heretofore 25.00 to 45.00 V. * O QT g2 FOULARD>
Heretofore 35.00 to 69.00 1 .DU Heretofore 25.00 to 39.75 v 7. / O
Extra Sales Force. Prompt Deliveries. No C. O. D.'s, Credits or Approvals
But Intimates He Will Never Ap
prove Another Like It.
Says Definite Plan, Approved by
Army Engineers, Must Re
place Piecemeal Policy.
Washington. June 35.— President Taft this
afternoon sent to the Senate a message
saying that he had signed the river and
harbor bill, but Intimating' he would never
approve another of its kind. He says In
effect that he signed the bill in order not
to postpone important work, but that here
after there must be a definite plan, ap
proved by the army engineers. •
, After announcing that lie had approved
the bill the President said: "While I have
signed the bill, I venture to submit a mem
orandum of explanation and comment."
The text of his message follows:
The bill is an Important one and contains
many excellent features. It provides for
the canalization of the Ohio River, to be
prosecuted at a rate which will insure its
completion within twelve years; the im
provement of the Mississippi River be
tween Cairo and the Gulf of Mexico, to be
completed within twenty years; of the Mis
sissippi River between the mouth of the
Missouri and the mouth of the Ohio River,
to be completed within twelve years; of the
Mississippi River between Minneapolis and
the mouth of the Missouri River, to be com
pleted within twelve years; of the Hudson
River, for the purpose of facilitating the
use of the barge canal in the vicinity of
Troy, X. V. : of the Savannah River from
Augusta to the sea, with a view to its com
pletion within four years; of a thirty-five
foot channel in the Delaware River from
Philadelphia to the sea; of a- thirty-nve
foot channel to Norfolk, Va. ; of a twenty
seven-foot channel to Mobile; of a ihirty
foot channel to Jacksonville, Fla., and of a
thirty-foot channel to Oakland, Cal. It
so provides for greatly enlarged harbor
facilities at certain Important lake ports,
including Ashtabula and Loraln, and en
larged facilities for the important com
merce of the Detroit River. Indeed, it may
be said that a great majority of the projects
named In the bill are meritorious and that
money expended in the completion will not
be wasted.
Th« Bill's Chief Defect.
The chief defect in the bill is the large
number of projects appropriated for, and
the uneconomical method of carrying on
these projects by the appropriation of sums
small in comparison to the amounts ro
quired to effect completion.
The figures convincingly establish the fact
that this bill makes the bill provision
iber of projects appropriated for, and
uneconomical method of carrying on
c projects by the appropriation of sums
11 in comparison to the amounts ro
ed to effect completion,
c figures convincingly establish the fact
this bin makes inadequate provision
v?i r , too many projects. The total of the
bill-k2.000,000-is not unduly large, but the
policy of small appropriations with a great
many different enterprises, without pro
vision for their completion, is unwise. It
tends to waste because, thus constructed,
the projects are likely to cost more than if
they were left to contractors who were
authorized to complete the whole work
within a reasonably short time. The ap
propriation of a small sum lessens the
sense of responsibility of those who are to
adopt the Droject. and who do not. there
fore, give to their decision the care that
they would give if the appropriation or con
tract involved the full amount needed for
completion. Moreover the. appropriation of
a comparatively email sum for a doubtful
enterprise is thereafter used by its advo
cates to force further provision "for it front
Congress on the ground that the investment
made is a conclusive recognition of the wis
dom of the project, and its continuance be
comes a necessity to save the money al
ready spent. This has been called a -piece
meal ■• policy. It is proposed to remedy this
defect by an annual river and harbor bill
7, tha hardly avoids the objections above
cited, for such yearly appropriations are
liken to be affected by the state of the
Treasury and political exigency.
The Proper Policy.
If enterprises are to be useful as encour
aging means of transportation the/ ought
to be finished within a reasonable time
me delays i in completing them postpone
their usefulness and increase their cost
The proper policy, it seems to me is to
determine from the many projects pro
posed and recommended what are the most
important and then to proceed to complete
them with due dispatch, and then to take
up others and do the. same thing with them
There has been frequent discussion of
late years as to the proper course to be
pursued in the development of- our inland
waterways, and I think the general senti
ment has been that we should have a com
prehensive system, agreed upon by some
competent body of experts, who should pass
upon the relative merits of the various
projects and recommend the order in which
they should be begun and completed.
Under the present system every project
is submitted to army engineers, who pass
upon the question whether it ought to be
adopted, but have no power to pass upon
the relative importance of the many differ
ent projects they approve, or to suggest the
most economical and businesslike order
for their completion.
General Marshall, while chief engineer, at
my request furnished me a memorandum
in respect to the bill, then pending in the
Senate, in which he analyzed the criticisms
made in the discussion of it in Congress.
He considers the bill to be quite as good
as any of its predecessors, but points out
the defects I have mentioned above and
also suggests that the old projects' pro
vided for in the bill include some which
were never recommended by the engineers
and some which, though once recommend
ed, would not now be recommended because
of a change of condition.
Congress should refer the old projects to
boards oP army engineers for further con
sideration and recommendation. This would
enable us to know what of the old works
ought to be abandoned. General Marshall's
plain Intimation is that a number of old
projects call for action of this kind. •
I have given to the consideration of this
bill the full ten days since its submission
to m». and Pome time before that. The
objections are to the system, for it may
be conceded that the framers of the bill
j e made as K°od a bill as they could
under the "piecemeal" policy. I once
reached the conclusion that it »a» my
duty to Interpose a veto in order if possi
ble to secure a change in the method of
framing the»© bills. Subsequent considera
tion has altered my ylew as to my duty.
It ie now three years since a river and
harbor bill was passed. Th* projects under
way are In urgent need of further appro
priation for maintenance and continuance,
and th?re Is Rreat and Justified pressure
f>r many of the new projects provided for
by the bill. It has been made clear to m*
that the failure of the bi!l thus lata in the
session would seriously embarrass the con
structing engineers. I do not think, there
fore, the defects of the bill whi<-h I have
pointed out will Justify the postponement
of all this important work. But I do thtafc
that in the preparation of the proposed
future yearly bill Congress should adopt the
reforms above suggested and that a failure
to do so would Justify withholding execu
tive approval even though a river and
harbor bill fall. WILLIAM H. TAFT.
The President also signed the public
buildings bill, which authorizes the expen
diture of $23,000,000, but doea not actually
appropriate the money. The appropriation
■will be left to the next Congress.
Publication of Report Would Be
Harmful, L. W. Bowers Says.
Washington, June 25.— Lloyd W. Bowers.
Acting Attorney General, has sent to the
Speaker of the House of Representatives
an answer to a resolution of that body
calling on the Department of Justice for
any information in its possession showing
or tending to show a combination between
steel and other Interests In violation of the
! Sherman anti-trust act, or an effort to in
jure competition in the iron and steel ln
j dustry, to increase working hours or re
duce wage?. Mr. Bowers says that It is
j considered that a report at this time such
j as the resolution contemplates would be
I manifestly incompatible with the public in
terest and should be withheld, in accord-
I ance with the terms of the resolution itself.
After quoting the resolution the Acting
j Attorney General, in explaining the depart
! merit's attitude, says:
"Several statements and communications
I have been made to this department at
I different times, and date of various kinds
! have been furnished to or procured by the
department concerning the matters covered
by the resolution. Such statements and j
1 communications, however, were essentially i
confidential, even when not so expressly j
declared; further investigation at any time j
would be greatly hampered by publication
of the departmental data, and the matters
to which the resolution of the House of
Representatives relates are closely akin to
Important litigation already pending in the
Supreme Court and now near decision."
Ex- Judge Parker Says Depart
ment Has Sought Larger Powers
Portsmouth. X. H., June 35.— Ex-Judge
Alton B. Parker, Democratic candidate for j
President in 1904, in an address before the I
Xew Hampshire Bar Association here to
day on the lawyer's opportunity for patri
otic public service- criticised the executive
branch of the federal government and said j
that of late that department had been
seeking to augment its powers.
"By proclamation and other acts," said
Judge Parker, "the executive power has
been showing Us impatience of the consti
tutional restraints and Its hostility to the
department of the government which en
forces them.
"Where are the chief executives of the
states who are striving hard to preserve
the home rule of their states which the
Chief Executive is seeking to take away?"
asked Judge Parker.
"We have a chief executive in Xew
York," he continued, "who is imbued with
a belief In the necessity for such action
and endowed with courage to undertake it.
But we are soon to lose him."
Committee Adjourns to September 5—5 —
Schwartz Resigns.
Washington. June 25. — The Baillnger-
Plnchot investigating committee met this
morning and adjourned to meet Jn Minne
apolis on SeptemJber i>. when an*ffort will
be made to agree on a report.
The report will be made public as soon
as agreed on. This decision was reached
after a full and free discussion among the
members of the committee, both Republi
cans and Democrats. It was agreed that it
would not be convenient for the members
to meet again before September, and Min
neapolis was selected as a place most ac
cessible to all the members. Senator Root
will return from Europe before the date
set for the meeting find all twelve mem
bers are expected to be present.
Harry If. Schwartz has resigned as chief
of the" field service of the General Land
office, and will be succeeded by James M
Sheridan, now a special agent at Denver.
Washington. June 25.— The population of
Wilmington, Del., it was announced at the
Census Bureau to-day, is 87,411. This is an
increase of 10.903, or 14.3 per cent, over 1900.
Present Congress Best He Ever
Served In.
; Attaches Little Importance to
Reform of Rules — Ridicules
Democratic Economy Talk.
Washington. June 25.— Speaker Cannon
to-night summarized the work of Confess
in a statement Riven to the press. He paid
most attention to the legislative -work ac
complished, referring only Incidentally to
the fight on the rules of the, House. The
reform of the rules, he said, had resulted ]
In little advantage. He declared that the 1
present Congress had done more and better <
work than any other of N which he had !
been a member In his thirty-flve years of
service in the House. After telling of the '
legislation enacted, the Speaker said:
This work of legislation has cone on
quietly but effectively, while those who
view t.on S re?s £ On Lr a distance have been
assuming that the Hon.- was doing noth
ing: but changing its rules. The chanco, „f
• U '! S " a Y=. COntrlbuted to the pleasure and
perhaps the power of some individuals in
i the House, but the current of legislation
Itself has moved on as usual, with little
disturbance on account of a few new
methods and with little advantage there
from. I do not think the work of a Con
gress should be measured by the volume
of business, but by the character of the
legislation and the care taken in its con
sideration. Measured by that standard the
•M Congress will take a high place in
the record of legislation. There have been.
however, more than six thousand of the
twenty-seven thousand bills considered and
reported from committees and about three
hundred public laws enacted in this session, ',
as against four hundred public laws for the ■
entire 60th Congress. I can commend the
entire membership of the House for in
dustry and intelligence in their legislative !
work of this session.
Necessity for Party Action.
Continuing, the Speaker said:
In my judgment, the two sessions of the ;
61st Congress have accomplished more and '
done better work than any other Congress
of which I have been a member. It has
rarely occurred that a Congress enacting a i
new tariff law has accomplished much else
save handling the appropriations for the i
government. This Congress has not only :
I. Alfmatt & (to.
$40.00, $58.00, $70.00 & $85.00
SEPARATE SKIRTS of vhite poplinette at 3.50
$10.00, $14.00, $18.00 & $20.00
on WEDNESDAY, ' June 29th
MUSLIN HOUSE GOWNS - ■ AT $3.75, 4.50, 9.75
MOHAIR BATHING SUITS '- AT $3.00, 4.50, & 6.00
$9.75 & $10.75
fiftb JUKime, 34th and *stb Streets, new York,
revised the tariff, without disturbing busi
ness, but It has enacted Important leglSia
tlon. amending the. Interstate commerce
law, making that law more effective: giv
ing the Interstate Commerce Commission
greater power and creating a Court or
Commerce, and this . without seriously •£-
fecttng the business . of the railroad* or
checking their Increase of waxes to their
employes. This seems to me to meet the
definition of statesmanship In legislation.
This Congress has also enacted a postal
savings bank law which Is entirely new
legislation, blazing a new trail In law
making In this country. That law Is not
on the statute books by means of hurried
enactment. ,
After the House had prepared a tentative
bill a Republican caucus was called to con
aider It. and after three long sessions a
' bill was agreed m which received the ma
jority vote in the House, and the Senate
also "accepted that bill without amendment.
In my judgment this Is the best Illustra
tion of party legislation we have had In
many years, and It fully justifies the neees
sitv for party action to a great legislative
body. If there had not been party soil- .
darity on this bill there would have been
no legislation creating postal savings
"Pickwickian Economists."
Mr. Cannon then spoke In detail of other
legislation. He paid:
The appropriations have been large, but
not nearly as large as demanded by the
people who were agitating over the de
velopment of the various departments of
the government. There has not been a sin
gle appropriation bill that has not been
increased by a non-partisan vote in the
House over the. report from the committee.
This would seem to Indicate that the de
mar.d for economy is like the demand for
reduction of the tariff, and always applies
to appropriations other than those in which
the agitators are- interested. The people
who want a larger navy are willing to
economize on everything else, and the same
Is true of those who want large appropria
tions for the Department of Agriculture,
for the army, for the Improvement of
rivers and harbors, for public buildings and
for all the other activities of the federal
The Democrats have talked about econ
omy, but they have helped enlarge every
appropriation, and there are bills intro
duced by Democrats and not acted on
which would call for KCacOO.OOO additional
expenditure^ So, I take it, their talk of
economy Is Pickwickian.
As I said In the beginning, the work of
this Congress has been greater than any
other with which I have been identified
as a member, and it has been constructive
legislation in the face of destructive tac
tics and efforts to create factional strife.
These efforts, I regret to say. have re
ceived more attention in the public press
than the real work of legislation, and.
having given so much space to these revo
lutionary effort? at the expense of the rec
ird of work, it is not surprising that some
~>t the editors should suddenly discover In
these last days that the Republican Con
gress has enacted laws to carry out the
pledges of the Republican platform, and
:hen Jump at the conclusion that this work
las been done in haste before adjourn
ment. instead of being the painstaking
sfforts of seven months by the committees
md the members of Congress.

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