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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, June 26, 1910, Image 6

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ICrro-TltrjiJ aribtrn?.
SUNDAY, JUNE 26, 1910.
This tH'tcspapcr »> otcncd and pub
lished by The Tribune Association, a
.Vric York corporation; office and prin
cipal plG^e of business. Tribune Build
ing. Xo. 154 Xassau street, Xcic York;
Often Mills, president; Ogdcn M. Reid,
secretary : James 31. Barrett, treasurer.
The address of the officers is the office
tf this nctcspapcr.
the sews, this morxixg.
CONGRESS. — Both houses adjourned
without day. after the adoption of all
rimairiing conference reports. = A
Ben was received from the Presi
dent saying that he had signed the river
and harbor bill, but would never again
approve a similar one. •
FOREIGN. — The conference on the
veto question in London has caused con-
EOls to rise, which is regarded as an in
dicatioa that an agreement v.ill be
reached: ■•• budget speech next week
v.ill show a deficit <•.; not more than
S 15.000,000. = The skirt which fetters
women at the "ankles is Bounced by
ieadiiig artists in Paris as unsightly and
deforming. = American delegates re
turning- to London from the Worlds Mis
sionary Congress at Edinburgh are high
ly pleased with the trend toward unity
among th^ various churches represented.
__ Senor Canalejas, the Spanish
Premier, officially denied the charge of
an attack m Catholic? and said he would
hay*> recourse to the courts if they per
sist* in their threats ■ •fa civil war.
Tl • Knt and Queen of the Bul
garians have made themselves popular
In Paris. ==r The widow of Lieutenant
Clarence M. Janney. who committed sui
cide in Manila, testified at the court
martial of Lieutenant Colonel Ames, in
the Philirpines. • Emperor Francis
Jr.se^.h in opening the Austro-Hun
gnrian p.Trliamfnt. foreshadowed elec
tcral reform and Increased military ex
DOMESTIC — An investigation 91 Ben
ator Gore's charges of attempted bribery
In connection with Indian land contracts :
\vr.s ordered by both houaee of Congress
.lust before final adjournment.
Pr»"".-i''Pi!t T:;*i was Iced by Charles W.
Morsr- for a v;irdon In order that he
Trii ; -ht s*"<> his s«m graduated from Yale.
= — -.-. It was Bounced at Boston that
k !!; r\ - ard would confer degrees on J.
I Pierpont Morgan ani3 Governor Hughes
F this w*-ek. == Governor Hughes, at!
Albany, a number of bills. — |
Thre. bandits at Lynn, Mass., killed a i
sh< •. niariufacturer iind fatally wounded
n ;.«iV.-.'in a'-;; one of the desperadoes was i
j.rebobTy fatally shot, another committed
srivi-'h aj»d the third was captured- =====
T"-«" Sadganion Ocunty grand jury inves
«ijrati:-:«T I'-gislativo graft in Illinois, re
ti'»;>oj indictments at Springfield against
sb: legislators and business men. -■-. —
ii wa* reported in Chicago that a new
rontrovrrsy had risen between the ship- ;
i-ers and Eastern railroads over ad- i
\"ancod fr'-ight rat^-s. " ;
CJTY— St.- -ks generally lower. ===
The r^T-'Ti of tne alienists who have
examined Porter Charlton will have much
t.. <!... It ivas said, in deciding his fate.
.- -.-•-- M< mbers <>f th« national guard
di^>u|ed t!i«- statement of Mayor <.;ayiior
that a majority of them were anxious to
patadc on July 4- ===== Manuel Silveira,
•h« Cuban hanker, v.ho was blamed for
the- SS.DOO.OOO C^ballos failure, arrived
fioni Paris Li his ray to Havana to
iighi his accusers. : ■;■•■• : Pinchot
',:, aii •. vi'-\. praised the work of the
Insurgents, in Congress. - • Th Fifth
Ar«nce Bank declared an extra dividend
of i->"- per cent. nr-= Justice Gofl gave
ii decision reducing a verdict against the
Central road awarding mages to a
property iawner on account if soft coal
smoked ===== The Rev. Dr. <:. F. Aked
saiie'd for Europe with the intention of
making an airship trip from Munich to
Oberamaiergau: ■ The government
kued Captain Stebbins. of the United
Suites Volunteer service, to recover
money alleged to have been obtained by
th«^ sai«-.uf Supplies.
EATHER-— lndicationa for to
, ■ " • temperatur yesterday:
In deciding an election contest from
tl;.- stli Congress I»i» - trict of Virginia
Jlv House Committee <>n Elections No.
set a precedent which may help to
disconra jre obvious gerrymandering. The
representation of Virginia In ill:- lower
l>ranch of Congress did not change as a
iv^ult of the enumeration of 1900, and
no reapportioimient of the districts in
order lo overcome inequalities in growth
\v:is made until 1906. Under the V.**>
ap]»ortlonment act the "»th District eon
t.-iined ;; population of 17o.r»7;) and the
;uij«iiui»ig seta District a population of
JMX«7L JLSoih are reasonably close to
tbV legal ratio— UH.lv..'. The . r >th I>is
:v:i-t av.-s toond '•■ lie close politically
slid tl"«- Cih safely Democratic The
I>em<"T:!ii<: cauJidsUo for ufigress in
::.«• :i;r;u«-r narrowly -..'■•'. defeat ill
3ik*:. ;uid to Improve his ch;i:i<v< the
!-«•;: i^i.j run; <-iiai)^««i the ai»iH>rtlouiueui
o/ ■■.-..-■ Lranafer a liejiublican
.-.jiiiiiy. I-'ioyd, I>«'iu tJie r>tli District to
;jk «:ii:. The change increased the
jiu]<ui;moa of the bitter tur 190,039 and
reduced the population of the former to
100,161. The larger district was en
larged and the smaller one made still
Tlie House committee properly de
••l: % ::v« that rack ■ revision cf district
:iniv<. iucreasiag an existing Inequality
.•*.n«' iui\i::^ ii«» excuse other rh;iu par
ri>:ia eil^euc;?. is IlisglUniAte ami void.
T!j" 4U-jiu!;ilcT:u; «-;ili«ii«l:it" ill tlic .".til
2;lsir«ft nskoi Ijh» i:^n:Uic-:".:i« «if Floyd
• ... him. aud the votes
&>? l*hii ffc»ni" liuit'oouaty «.vor:'
• ••■;];««; »o him by tiur ctiuiinlttec. They
v. ijK-d <-i:t ii:«- laajcrity of his opiMjuieat.
J{ ' is so:iit'tiiJH!s hard t<> make z<k*l a
c-harge of jr<Tr.vi)ian<!'Tir.g. ,'.Vi;«.«ii a
l«:-sisiaiure ciits a stale :'i»o Congress
districts and tries to avoid splitting any
oounty bo as to put parts of it Into dif
ferent districts there must bo more or
less inequality iii the population totals.
The Legislature is supposed to do its
best to carry out (be law requiring as
close an approximation to equality as
practicable. But. when, as nn after
thought, a legislature detaches a single
county from a smaller district to add it
to an adjoining larger district and the
political motive for the change is ob
vious, the violation of the letter and
spirit of the law is self-confessed.
The House of Representatives should
scat Mr. Parsons as an example to the
legislatures of states putting petty po
litical advantage above fair dealing and
legal obligation. The House is the judge
of the election of its own members, and
It should show that its prohibition of
jerrymandering cannot be flouted by
partisan state legislatures.
It does not detract from the merit of
the work done by Congress at the ses
sion just ended to admit that except for
pressure opportunely exerted by the
President much of that work might
have remained undone. If it had been
left to its own devices Congress would
probably have shelved some of the meas
ures passed and defeated others. But
the conditions which made it compara
tively easy for Congress at the extra
session to avoid a complete fulfilment of
what the President considered its duty
to the party and the country exist no
longer. The revolution in the House of
Representatives, upsetting autocracy
there and opening the way to freer ac
tion on the part of the majorities in
both branches, gave the President's in
fluence and counsels ampler play. Act
ing as the leader of the party at large.
Mr. Taft was able to bring its repre
sentatives in the House and Senate to
accept a broader view of their respon
sibilities. They have deferred to him
to an extent which would have been
considered remarkable ever* a year ago.
The record of the session has. therefore,
lx en exceptionally prolific. The lion's
share of the credit for what was ac
complished must go to the President.
But Congress deserves commendation
for responding more quickly than has
been its wont to the suggestions of an
enlightened party policy. ■
The legislation of the session will
rank in scope and importance witli that
of any session within the last two or
three decades. The session of ISSO-*9O
—the one at which the McKinley tariff
act, the Sherman anti-trust act the de
pendent pension net and the Sherman
silver purchase act were passed — prob
ably produced more legislation of far
reaching importance. The session of
1903-'<KS. which saw the passage of the
Hepburn' railroad rate law, the pure
food law, the meat inspection law. the
new naturalization law and the consular
reorganization law. was alsn rich in re
sults. But alongside those records th?
second session of the Gist Congress can
pot the amended railroad measure and
the measures establishing a system of
postal savings banks, providing for a
pcbHc accounting 1 of contributions and
expenditures in national campaigns, ex
tending the activities of the Tariff
Board, authorizing withdrawals of pub
lic lands from settlement for conserva
tion purposes and granting statehood to
Arizona and New Mexico. In all of
those measures pledges of the last Re
publican national platform have been re
deemed, and tho party can go to the
country in the fall elections with a rec
ord of promises promptly and specifically
fulfilled almost without a parallel In our
political history.
A striking incident of the session was
tlie culmination of the so-called insur
gent movement. This had two phases.
In Tbe Senate it took the form of a
protest against the reactionary tenden
cies imputed to the Republican leader
ship in that body and of scarcely veiled
hostility To the administration's legisla
tive, programme. In the House it was
confined to warfare on the repressive
code of rules. In s> far as the move
ment was general and inspired by a de
sire ro create a breach within the Re
puMican ranks <-n vital questions of
policy ft quickly collapsed. The Repub
lican voters in supposed insurgent states
showed that they had no use for the
kind of insurgency which aimed at fo
menting < ivlli vll war. Moreover, the suc
cess of the President in putting through
trith practically united Republican sap
port hi> liberal legislative programme
<-ut all The ground from under the feet
of the Irreconcilable insurgenTs. They
K-ere left without a plausible excuse for
assailing an administration whose meas
ures had been progressive enough to at
tract their support
In so far. however, as the movement
was simply a protest against autocratic
rule in the House of Representatives it
met with striking success. The House
code was amended and the excessive
power of the Speaker whs curbed. The
results of that revolution have been
highly beneficial. Since the revolution
the House has regained self-confidence
and initiative, and any action which it
takes now commands a far greater de
gree of respect (ban it formerly did. The
Hor.sc has greatly Increased its influ
ence a-- a factor in legislation, and that
influence will be further heightened as
H becomes more and more accustomed to
self-government. The overthrow of the
ciefcras Rystem of one-man rule in the
House of Bepresenfeatives was in itself
■ victory for progress sufficient to make
any session of Congress memorable.
A rjuestion which has an indirect bear
ing on the hfibitability of Mars relate
to the amount of moisture in The planet's
atmosphere. In the latest issue of
"Science" appears a valuable contribu
tion i«. knowledge on the subject. This
is a pajier read n few weeks ago before
the National Academy of Sciences, by
Professor \\ . YV. Campbell, director of
the Lick Observatory and <oie of the
workT« ;--:!<i:icj astronomical Bpectro-
On !};:«'•• occasiojis last winter Profes
sor Campbell examined the planet with
a spectroscope designed expressly for
the work. This instrument made photo
graphic records, which could be copied
for scrutiny by other experts, and which
presented more enduring and unques
tionable testimony than visual observa
tion. To enable the uninitiated to judge
of the thoroughness and significance of
the undertaking, two or three facts men
tioned !>v Professor Campbell should be
[•ora? In mind. As the rays of Sight
v.-nih were expected to tell the story
eniaa from the sun. arid passed twice
(luCircrli ;!"■• Rtoi enhere of the planet,
•my Impression made by water vapor
(luTo ■:,'.:; I*.' Infensiiiou by l< übling.
TlKi'trh tin' esirth's aerial envelope was
exceptionally dry „i the tiim\ it was ex
jh>, Led *'aht it would show some trace of
moisture. Fortunately, though, it was
easy to distinguish between the two sets
of evidence. Owing to the motion of
Mars, the lines of its spectrum would
be displaced slightly In accordance .with
a well known law of optics. Hence,
those due to the presence of vapor in
the atmosphere of that body would not
coincide with those caused by moisture
in the terrestrial atmosphere. The for
mer should have appeared beside the
latter. Now, as a matter of fact, faint
Mn.s. which, from their position, were
attributed to the earth, were recorded,
but no trace of Martian vapor was dis
covered. Professor Cumpbell conclude?
that the quantity of moisture in the air
of the neighboring planet is very small.
The value to he attached to tJhis opin
ion is measured by the hi eh professional
standing of the man who expresses it.
He has received many medals for the
skill displayed in his researches. He
has twice been invited to deliver the
Silliman lectures on astronomy at Yale.
The body to which he presented his
paper regarding Mars is the most select
and exclusive organization of its kind
in America, and corresponds to the
Royal Society in England. No one but
a child or an ill advised enemy would
doubt the correctness of Professor
Campbell's observations. These do not
preclude the possibility that there is
water on Mars, but they discourage the
supposition that it exists there in abun
How many plans are made for the
days of summer freedom and rest, how
many are not carried out, to the greater
comfort and benefit of the vacationist!
There are elaborate beginnings in late
spring, much consultation of the euEimer
resort ' advertising columns, and much
writing for timetables and pamphlets in
consequence. The spirit of exploration
Is upon us: we would see new places,
discover some new paradise; above all,
we are determined not to return to the
spot where iast year's holiday was spent
That would be too tame. Friends are
consulted, each with suggestions of his
own. with reminiscences of past de
lights, expectant of new ones.
More booklets then, more timetables
of railroads and sailings of steamers.
Unless one plans his trip very far ahead
and adheres to his plan the ultimate re
sult will be indecision. Phyllis, con
sulted throughout, diplomatically seeks
to learn the preference of "poor dear,
who needs a rest so much." She can go
later to seashore or mountains, if it be
necessary, but this shall be his day, his
brief season of recuperation and perfect
contentment. She grows bewildered
amid the allurements of all this sum
mer literature, among its promises of
pport and recreation, and she communi
cates her bewilderment to him, who has
ho little time to spend on the problem,
now that he is doing the work of an
other, who, return Ml from his rest will
do the same for him. And time passes.
In the end. at the last moment, they
find themselves still undecided. So they
agree to return to the old, dear, famil
iar place. Some cool, dim nook in the
woods beckons with the suddenly awak
ened memory of the dappled beauty of
sunshine through restfully whispering
foliage, or the mind recalls a spot on
rocks or sand where the surf comes
rolling in. white and green, and fra
grant with the invigorating smell of the
sea. They will gain two days that
otherwise wnuld be lost in getting ac
quainted with the new place and Its
summer inhabitant*. Familiar face"
greet them at the little "depot," the same
old driver and the same old stage are
awaiting them, and there, at the end of
their little journey, in that delicious air,
are the nice people whom they met last
year, and the year before that. No, they
have made no mistake!
The kingdom of Spain appears to be
not merely entering upon but already
actually involved in a conflict for relig
ious equality and political independence
of ecclesiastical dictation similar to that
in which France has been engaged for
some years. It was regarded as inev
itable that this should occur as soon as
the Clerical and reactionary government
of Mr. Maura "as replaced by Liberal
rule, and Mr. Canalejas has not disap
pointed that expectation. In his atti
tude the Prime Minister Is cordially sup
ported by his colleagues and by a suf
ficient majority of the parliament, and
it is understood that the King also ap
proves his course, not merely in an of
ficial and constitutional manner, but
also personally and privately.
There are two principal questions in
hand for consideration. One is that of
the revision of the old concordat be
tween the Spanish government and the
Church of Home, and the other is that
of the enforcement of the laws prescrib
ing equality of official treatment for all
religious denominations. There is no
rational connection between the two, the
one being a matter of diplomatic nego
tiation abroad and the other of purely
domestic policy. The eminent wishes
to dispose of them Independently, each
on its own individual merits, while the
Vatican" authorities insist that the two
shall be considered Together and that
the Church of Home shall have a voice
in the regulation of Spanish domestic
affairs. The course upon which Mr.
Canalejas is now said to Lave decided is
that of Insisting upon separate consid
eration, and of suspending negotiations
with the Vatican if the latter refuses to
recognize Spain's right to regulate her
own affairs.
The situation would in any case be
delicate and embarrassing, but it is the
more so because of the intense passions
which are cherished by the Spanish peo
ple and which have been developed on
both sides. The partisans of the Vati
can in Spain are openly threatening in
surrection, declaring that civil war is
preferable to secular schools, while many
of their opponents go as far in the other
direction and rail against all religion as
Inimical to civil liberty and progress.
What Spain needs in such a crisis Is a
statesman of the type of the late Wal
deck-Rousseau. Whether or not she has
him in the person of Mr. Canalejas re
mains to be neen.
The stage serves, among other pur
poses, that of exhibiting the latest fem
inine fashions in their extremest form.
Starting from this point of view, an Ingen
ious Frenchman has recently advanced
the theory that the crinoline played an
important part In the shaping of the
course of the French drama in the mid
die of the lnst century. This thesis of
(lie formative Influence of women's fash
long on the form and content of dramatic
art is not unfamiliar, of course, to'front
row students of a lighter form of theat
rical entertainment, the musical comedy.
They well know that its librettos are
constructed mainly with an eye to the
time required by soloists and chorus to
change their costumes several times lv
the course of a couple of hours. It were
vain to speculate upon the effect which
had on both "the. legitimate", and vaude
ville if Its vogue had persisted. We only
remember that while it lasted It made
graceful or dignified entrances and exits
difficult in the cramped space of the
smaller theatres, botb having to be ef
fected always cautiously, and sometimes
sidewlse. To be mire, this was a matter
of scenery rather than of dramatic con
struction, but even so it demonstrates
the close relation - between the art of
millinery and frills and the art of the
stage and the consequences of the .dis
regard of the one by the other.
And now. an English actress sounds a
timely note of warning. She points to
the possible influence of a new fashion
upon the drama, to the so-called "hobble
skirt," the garment that is drawn in
tightly at \ the knees, and will be tight
est, of course, on the stage in the season
that awaits us. How, she asks, can the
heroine flee in that kind of skirt from
the villain and escape? Here, indeed, is
a serious problem for our dramatists to 4
solve. They cannot banish the skirt,. for
the feminine contingent of their au
diences will not allow it. What then?
Shall the villain in their plays for the
coming season cease from pursuing?
Shall It be he who will in reality be
hobbled by this latest invention of the
Paris dressmaker? Will he be suppressed
altogether while the fashion lasts, or
shall we be driven to the adoption of
some stage convention like that of the
Chinese actor, who whirls around a few
times to indicate that he is going far
and fast? Indeed, there is a great deal
in this French student's theory.
We only regret that he has confined
his researches to the French drama and
the middle of the last century. It would
be interesting, for instance, to have the
results* of his inquiries into the influence
of the farthingale, which was a crinoline
of monstrous proportions, on the work of
Shakespeare and the other Elizabethan
We are glad to see that Mr. Bennet's
joint resolution for the appointment of
"a commission in relation to universal
peace" was passed by both houses of
Congress. It now goes to the President
for his action, and it is not unduly opti
mistic to hope that it will have some
practical Influence toward the confirma
tion of peace among the powers of the
The resolution does not bind the gov
ernment or the nation to anything and
does not contemplate the incurring of
any expense, though expense for the
purpose in view would not be grudged.
It simply authorizes the President to
appoint live men who shall consider the
expediency of utilizing existing interna
tional agencies for securing limitation of
armaments by international agreement
and of using the navies of the world
an a peace keeping police, and who shall
also consider any other ways and means
of diminishing military expenditures and
of lessening the dnnjrer of war. Wp are
sure that all ri^ht minded persons must
regard such endeavors with sympathetic
Seeing, moreover, how many commis
sions and committees have been con
stituted for military and warlike pur
poses, we must think it not unreason
able to create at least one for purely
peaceful purposes. Such a commission
either wi'l or will not produce aay tnn
gible results. If it does not, at least no
barm will be done and we shall have the
satisfaction of expressing a pious wish.
If. on the other hand, it does accom
plish something toward the ends in view,
there will be cause for earnest satisfac
tion and the world will be so much the
better off.
After showing us for a few days how
oppressively bad its weather can be,
little old New York shows us how ideally
perfect It can be.
To-day will probablj- afford another
demonstration of the fact that under
sympathetic American guidance and en
couragement the Republic of Panama
haa learned to conduct Its elections In
an orderly and equitable manner.
With the signing of the Passama
quoddy Bay treaty with Great Britain
and the Chamizal treaty with Mexico
this country gets In the way of* settling
the last of its lingering boundary dis
putes. It will be an agreeable experi
ence to feel, for the first time in our his
tory, that all the territorial limits of the
Union are at last indisputably deter
Hopeful progress is reported on the
measure for the protection of the re
maining forests of the White and Appa
lachian mountains, and as the hills are
proverbially "everlasting" it may be
that the peaks will endure until the act
is accomplished.
A special election is to be held in
Oklahoma on August 2, at which a
"grandfather clause" constitutional
amendment is to be voted upon. For
a new state, less than three years old,
Oklahoma seems unduly concerned
about the ancestral trees of its citizens.
Only a small fraction of its population is
native. The rest haa hardly had time
to take root, genealogically speaking, in
the new soil. A good citizen needs no
ancestors. Least of all does he need
them in a democratic frontier com
munity, where claims of birth are the
poorest capital to realize on which a man
can have.
There are nearly half a million horse and
motor vehicles of all kinds In Paris to-day,
with 20.000 handcarts and 9,000 wheelbar
rows. In 1909 65.570 accidents were caused
In the' Paris Btreets by 81.86S vehicles. These
statistics are contained In a report drawn
up by M. Emlle Mas.sard at the request of
the Paris Municipal Council un the encum
berment of the Paris streets. One of M.
Massard'K calculations shows that the Street
traffic of Paris, if stationary, would occupy
445 acres of the 2.079 acres of streets which
Paris possesses, i Last year 000,000 per
sona travelled by . omnibus and tramway
and there were 294,000,000 passengers on the
underground railway. '
It was a deadly dull affair; , V
The music? Oh, yea; it was fine; . '
Our richest people all were there.
The birds were good, so was the wine;
The women? A more lovely lot
I don't expect to ever see, '
But, for some reason, they were not
Inclined to talk concerning Me.
The decorating was well done, '
Th? women's • gowns were splendid, too;
But those things, somehow, pall on me—
This may be startling, til 1 It's true;
Th*» speeches that were made, I swear,
Had neither wit nor pot-try;
It was a deadly dull affair,
Nobody seemed to notice Me.
—Chicago Record-Herald.
The Ehaplru family of Bridgeport, Conn.,
has a record which will make it remark
able In . the annals of. Yale . University.
Charles A. Shapiro, a practising lawyer In
Chat city, was an honor man in th« daaa
JCtsyM* Ml jsqrttoi, Jw«*>* qq r *ccur.4
similar standing in his class of '0". winning
the parliamentary law prize. The brothers
■wll! be ioit.ed In, the practice of their pro
fession by a younger brother, Meyer M-,
who was graduated from Yale this year
rnagna cum laude, winning the Phelps-
Montgomery prize. This member ; of the
Shapiro family was born In New. York in
ISB9, his parents being Russian Jews of the
poorer class. His father died when he was
a small boy, and after attending public
school In New York and high school at
.Bridgeport he worked his way through col
•'Always borrow money from a pessimist."
"Why?" . ..
"He never expects to be paid bacK. —
Buffalo Express.
The greatest trust in the world is adver
tising for cats— just plain, back-fence, rat
hungry tabbies.. The United States Steel
Corporation needs "em In its business at
Gary, Ind., and has let that fact be known
through the Gary newspapers. Fifty cents
■ head Is the price offered. The demand is
due to the number of rats that Infest the
plant. For many months the company has
been pestered by rodents, and every known
form of poison and traps has been tried
without success. The final blow came when
one of the rats got tangled up in one of the
great dynamos which give power to the
blast furnace mill. This tied the work up
for hours and resulted in the lo3s of sev
eral thousand dollars. Gary was hunted in
vain for stray cats and, as a last resort,
an advertisement was inserted In a Gary
Church— Does your neighbor play that
cornet without notes? .
Gotham— Yes, but not without comments.
— Yonkers Statesman.
The French Oberammergau, the first steps
toward which were taken several yeare
ago. is no longer a dream, according to a
letter from Domremy. published in a Berlin
paper. The building, to be known a3 the
Nature Theatre, will soon be erected in
the Bols Chenn, where, it Is said, the call
came to Jeanne d'Arc. The first perform
ance Is to take place on May 7. 1911. when
the play founded on the life and career of
the Maid of Orleans will be produced. The
principal parts will be taken by French
actors of high standing, but the minor
parts will be allotted to natives of Dom
remy. The play will require a company of
more than six hundred persons, nearly two
hundred of whom will appear mounted on
horses. The plan includes two perform
ances each in the months of June, July and
"They are talking about transmutation of
metals again."
"Well," replied Farmer Comtossel, 'after
what happened to the gold brick I once
bought I dunno but the idea has something
in It."- Washington Star.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The legal and diplomatic complica
tions arising in the Charlton murder case
are not unlike those in a murder mystery
in FVance a few years ago. I went abroad
to secure evidence in this case.
A New York man had married a wealthy
widow for her money, and three months
later she died from poison administered by
the husband. At the very hour the woman
was dying in Nl<*» the husband was enter
taining his mistress at Monte Carlo. I got
enough evidence to convict thiß man. Affi
davits were obtained from the chemist who
sold the poison, from physicians, nurses,
servants, undertaker and others, and the
evidence was presented to the presiding
criminal judge for the South of France.
After a three days' conference he rendered
this opinion:
That the United States government would
not surrender an American citizen to be
tried for 'murder In France, consequently
he could not act In the premises. He re
tained a copy of the evidence, however,
and. declared that if the murderer ever
again stepped foot on French soil he would
be arrested and tried.
Returning to New York, I laid the case
before the District Attorney, who declared
he could not place on trial and convict an
American for a crime committed in France.
So If precedent goes for anything in the
legal relation between governments Charl
ton will gain his freedom.
New York, June 24, 1910.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I have noticed that, for many years
past, city newspapers have persistently pub
lished each day the so-called official tem
perature instead of the real temperature.
Can anybody explain why? It is certainly
very silly as well as very misleading, and
no doubt many thousand? who know that
the thermometer stood at 09 degrees in the
shade at 3 :30 o'clock yesterday have mar
velled to find it 91 in this morning's papers.
The official temperature is taken at an
altitude of more than three hundred feet
above the street level, which is not the
temperature of New York any more than
zero, which can be reached by ascending a
few thousand feet higher at the same point.
Thp vast majority of bread winners are un
able to soar to the upper regions, but must
toil and swelter at lower levels, and would
prefer to have the exact temperature pub
lished, as was done before the establish
ment of the Weather Bureau.
Cranford, N. J., June 24, 1910.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The resolution yesterday by the
New York Department, G. A. R.. while it
expresses a proper sentiment, is a failure
In practical application. It that
the Pre.-idfnt Instruct the "law officers of
the government" to construe the law of
1564 against accepting or permitting to re
main in Statuary Hall any statue with uni
form which bears evidence of a disloyal
action to the national government "under
the Constitution.'
The President cannot direct the judges to
"construe." If the custodian of the Capitol
is a "law officer, " hit, attempt to remove
the Lee statue under instruction to "con
strue" would be stopped immediately by
Injunction from the District Court, appeal
able to the United States Supreme Court,
where the question would have to be ad
judicated, although it never has been ex
cept by physical force, as to wnether Gen
eral Lee was "disloyal to the national gov
ernment under the Constitution."
The New York Encampment should have
first addressed its own Congressmen, and
then requested the coming national en
campment respectfully to request the State
of Virginia to recall the Lee statue.
Another plan that finds favor i« to have
Virginia substitute a statue of General Lt:e
in civic g'irb, either in the Capitol or in
nis family mansion In Arlington. Should
these requests not bfl ivspected. then in
another year the national encampment
could request Congress to remove the
Captain and Brevet Lieutenant Colonel,
16th Missouri Infantry, U. 8. V.
Brooklyn, June 24, 1910.
From The Chirago News. #
A Chicago man appeared In New York
society wearing a black ooat and white
trousers. Thus lit we declare our inde
pendence of I'urls.
From The Baltimore Ameiican.
Tammany. It is said; li to tight a pur«
ballot law. That is a aelf-evident proposi
tion, founded on the strictest law of «elt
From The New Haven Palladium.
New York has nrurod out that It paya
fICO.OOO a year (or the wooden skowera in
meat. But think how uMful th«r are in
fursiahlcf klnailngi (or th» Jdtoi»a raaja,
People and Social Incident*
[From The Tribune Bureau.
Washington. June 3.-The President
signed the river and harbor bill shortly
after noon to-day and the postal savings
bank bill at I o'clock this evening.
President Taft. accompanied by the mem
bers of the Cabinet and Secretary Norton.
went to the Capitol this .evening to sign
the bills passed In the closing hours of the
session. As usual, each Cabinet officer
looked over the bills In which his depart
ment was Interested before the President
attached his signature.
Representative Tawney conferred with the
President, and or leaving the White House
said he expected that the appropriations
for this year would be less by about *30.009,
000 than those of the last session. The pub
lic buildings measure, which the President
signed to-day, does not carry any appro
.President Taft has a number of engage
ments for Monday and the early part of
Tuesday, but will leave here on the 5:35
train Tuesday for Beverly, where he will
have an absolute rest for at least ten days.
No business engagements have been or
will be made for the ten days following
his arrival. #
The postmastershlp at Marlon. Ky.. was
discussed by the President and ex-Senator
Deboe. f
Among the President's callers were the
Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of
the Interior, the Postmaster General, Gov
ernor Wlllson of Kentucky. Governor
Prouty of Vermont, John Barrett. Senators
Cullom. Depew, "Warner, Smoot. Stevenson.
Gamble, Crane, Brown, Burkatt. <lv Pont
and Paynter, and Representatives Kahn,
Cocks, Law, Lowden, Morgan, of Okla
homa; Howell. McGulre, of Oklahoma;
Smith, of California: Douglass. Davidson,
Dwight, Hayes, Vreeland, Bartholdt,
Cowles, of North Carolina: Sherley, Denby,
Moss, Pickett, Kawley, Fordney. Tener,
Chapman. Crumpacker. Stafford, Miller, of
Minnesota: Bingham. Rothermel. Bennet,
Wheeler, Woodyard, Bartlett, Collier. Bar
nard and Currier.
TVltn the Harvard-Tale boat race on
Thursday next the New York suburban
season may be said to come to an end. It
Is a contest which gives the signal for the
departure of society from their country
pia«s around New York and from Tuxedo,
Hempstead and the Hudson Valley for
seaside and mountain resorts. Not until
after this American counterpart of the Ox
ford and Cambridge annual boat race In
England, on the Thames. Just above Loo
don, do people open their villas at South
ampton, Newport, Dark Harbor and Bar
Harbor and along the New Jersey coast
for the summer, and most of those who
intend to spend the latter on the Rhode
Island. Massachusetts ana Maine coasts
will stop at New London »n toe way this
week. In order to take in the great inter
university contest for rowing supremacy.
That Is why New London will be on
Thursday next the mecca of the fashiona
ble set. In this sense, that all eyes will be
turned toward the River Thames, on which
it is situated. For even those who are un
able to witness the race in person will be
looking with Interest for its outcome, there
being but few families of New York society
which have not one or more of their mem
bers affiliated with one college or the other,
either as an undergraduate or as an
alumnus. New London is always very gay
on these occasions, and by Tuesday
afternoon yachts will begin to assemble
from all points of the Sound, freighted
with gay parties, and on board which there
will be much entertaining on Wednesday
night and on Thursday throughout the day
in connection with the race. On FTtday
they will scatter, many of them In the di
rection of Newport. Narragansett Pier,
Manchester-by-the-Sea, Beverly and the
popular Maine seaside summer resorts.
| There will be. however, a rival attrac
ttsn in the form of the polo tournament at
H*mpstead. that has been In progress for
the last week, and which will be brought to
a close on Friday. No fewer than seventeen
teams are taking part therein— that is to
say, the largest number that has ever as
sembled for a polo tournament In this
country. The reason for this is that the
team which is to represent America in the
impending matches with the English chal
lengers for the International Polo Cup will
De selected from the men now taking part In
the tournament on the new field of the
Meadow Brook Club, where the contest
with Lord Rocksavages team will take
■ place at the end of August. The earl Is
the eldest son and heir of the Marquis
Cholmondeley. Naturally, the polo tourna
ment is being made the occasion of a good
deal of hospitality in the Meadow Brook
district. Mr. and Mrs. Harry Payne Whit
ney, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence H. Mackay,
Mr.' and Mrs. August Belmont. Mr. and
Mrs. Payne Whitney, Mr. and Mrs. Court
landt Dixon Barnes, and. Indeed, nearly all
those having country- seats In the vicinity,
are entertaining large house parties.
With regard to Southampton, the gayetles
of the season will be inaugurated there this
week by an entertainment on the Horse
Show Grounds on Saturday next, and also
on the following Monday for the benefit of
the Southampton Hospital and of the Three
Arts Club, of New York. It will take the
form of a species of military circus and
Wild West show combined. Sixty members
of Squadron A. of the national guard,
and a number of well known members of
the Long Island hunting and steeplechasir.g
se ts will take part in the show, which will
Include feats of riding a.nd of roping by
Texas cowboys. There will also be a repre
sentation of pioneer times In the West,
comprising a trip across the prairies by a
caravan of prairie wagons, attacks by
Indiana and the repulse of the latter by
iroopers. Mr. and Mrs. Goelet Gallatin,
Mrf. Francis Burrall Hoffman. Harry P.
Bobbins. Alfred Schermerhorn and Samuel
Parish axe among those In charge of the
Comparatively few wedding? of note are
set for the month of July. The first one of
interest to New York society will be that
of Miss Dorothy Randolph, daughter of
Philip S. P. Randolph, of Philadelphia, to
John H. Fell, son of Mrs. Alexander Van
Rensselaer, on Monday week. July 4, at
Mr. and Mrs. Randolph's country place at
Point Judith, and there will be a large
gathering Of the New York and Phila
delphia members and friends of the Drexel
family. Mrs. Van Rensselaer being a daugh
ter of the late Anthony Drexel and a sis
ter, therefore, :>f Anthony J. Drexel and
mi John R Drexel.
After that will come the we<!ding of
Stuyyesant Fish. jr., son of Mr. and Mrs.
Stuyvesant Fish, to Miss I. Mildred Dick
on Thursday, July 14. at the Church of St.
Phllip-ln-tho-Hlghland. Garrlson-on-the-
Hudson. The ceremony will be followed by
a reception at the Lodge, the country place
of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Evans
R. Dick, at Garrison. Mrs. Alexander "Will
iams, of Philadelphia, will be the bride's
only attendant. . - >" ; <
On the following; Saturday, July IS, the
marriage of Caspar Griswold Bacon to
Mies Priscllla Toland will be solemnized at
Aubrey, the country place of the bride's
parents. Mr. and Mrs. Edward Dale Tolnnd.
at White Marsh. Perm. The bridegroom is
a son of th> American Ambassador to
France and of Mr*. Robert Bacon, who,
with MiM Racon. arrivoil hero from Paris
on Thursday last to attend the ceremony.
Mist. Edward 11. Thomas ha.< leaped m. .
William K. Town: .Is tramp. The Rock*!
on the Upper St. Itesls. for the summer
and has taken possession thereof. It ad
joins the camp of Mr. and Mrs. Frederick
W. Vanderbilt.
Mr. «A« ltm, #te XX. itoktfcUwv j* t wni
spend the summer at Seal Harbor, M» >v
have leased the place there which tkej «
cupl»;d last year.
Mr.' and -Mrs. Lloyd C. Griscom will *p«»iv|
a portion of the summer at Watch Hfll^t
Mr. Grlscom's father, Clement A. GrJscon
who has a place on Lighthouse Point,
who has chartered the auxiliary schsoioj
yacht Whim for the season.
Mr. and Mrs. William Douglas Sloaa»
who arrived from Europe on Friday a
board the Lusltania, after an aboao*
abroad of several weeks, win spend .^
summer at Lenox, as usual.
Mrs. D. Henry Knowlton and JCst
Natalie and Miss Louise Knowftoa L»t*
gone to Bar Harbor for the summer.
The Duke of Sutherland, who arri7^
from Europe on Thursday, is making Mb
headquarters at the Belmont.
Among those who sailed for Europe ?«»,
terday were Mrs. George Egleston D<*tj«
Mr. and Mrs. Lewis L. DelmAeld and 3fj»j
Charlotte Delafleld. Mr. and Mm Goon*.
W. Forsyth. Mrs. H. :.- Roy •::<.-->: aa4
D. Percy Morgan.
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Coppell wtij jo to
Cooperstown, N. T., early next week.
Mrs. Charles T. Barney will not retura
from Europe until the end of October.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles D. StlcltEey wflj
spend part of the summer at Bar Harbor
Mr. and Mrs. E. R. L. GouM art th»
guests of Mrs. Colin Cart-r at TrernoeJss.
Bridgehampton, Lori? Island.
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Ryl. have -.4^
possession O f tr.el- cottage at 3eabrt«jt
N. J., for the summer.
[By Telegraph to Th» Trlb-ur.* I
Tuxedo Park, June 25.— hot weather
this week brought out a large gathering of
well known people to the Tuxedo colony.
A series of midsummer outdoor sporting
i contests has been arranged and the sport*
• on Independence Day will bo rrore attrac
; tive than usual. In addition to the field
sports there have been arranged for th.«
week ends trotting and pacing races on the
Tuxedo horse show track. Many entries
I have been received. The first of thaw
events will take place next Saturday, with
a majority of Orange County's best horses
entered. There will also be yachting races
; for a special cup and weekly golf and tea
Mr and Mr?. George Grant Mason hare
returned to Kincraig for the summer, and
Mr. and Mrs. Lewis H. Morris have taken
the Van Cortlandt villa. Mr. and Mrs. E. ■
L. Burrell are in the McKim cottage ami \
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Emmet: are in th« !
Mason Jones cottage.
Other arrivals are Mr. and Mrs. Rowland
Pell, in the Gal'atin villa; Mr. and Ilrs.
L. M. Ogden, in the Davies cottage, and
Mr. and Mrs. James D. Layng. Jr.
Mr. and Mrs. Hoffman Miller will occupy
their cottage this summer, and Mr. and i
Mrs. Schuyler Schieffelin have taken tie
Tuckerman house for the season.
Mrs. Newbold Edgar has gone abroad for
the summer, and Mr. and Mrs. F. F. Carey
will go to Manchester. Mr. and Mrs. Am
brose Monell. jr.. will spend the summer at
Southampton. v
Mr. and Mrs. Richard Mortimer enter
tained a house party this week, and Mr
and Mrs. Anson R- Beard, who are in ti»
Collier house, entertained a large party
Others who had week-end parties were Mr.
and Mrs. Grenvllie Kane. Mrs. Cnttiaf.
Mrs. Charles W. Cooper and Charl-s E.
Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Kessler arrived at
Tuxedo Club this week. Others registered "•
there are Mr. and Mrs. George H. Hull,
Mr. and Mrs. Michael Galvin. Mr. and
Mrs. Dulaney Howland. Mrs. David B. :
King. Miss Ruth King. Mr. and Mrs. E. S.
Lori'.lard. Mrs. Robert Franks. Mls»
Franks. Mr. and Mrs. Charles W. Gay.
Moncure Robinson, Mrs. H. M. How- and
F. A. Snow.
[By Telegraph to The Tribur.B. 1
Lenox, June 25.— Mrs. Grover Cleveland.
Miss Marion Cleveland and Richard Cleve
land. who have been quests of Mrs. Rich
ard Watson Gilder at Four Brook Farm, 13
Tyringham, have gone to worth. N. R.
where Mrs. Cleveland has a summer home.
Bayard C. Hoppin. whose fiancee Is Miss
Helen L. Alexandre. daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. John E. Alexandre. is a member of
the week-end house party at the Alexandre
country place. Sprint? Lawn. General and
Mrs. Alexander S. Webb. Mrs. Alexandras
parent?, have also arrived there. The wed
ding of Miss Alexar.dre and Mr. Hoppin
will take place on Saturday. September 1*
in Lenox.
Mr. and Mrs. George H. Morgan Mm
opened Ventford Hall, their _•:■•"• placa.
The Morgan estate was not opened last sea
ron and Mr. Morgan has been ab?»nt fresi
Lenox for more than a year.
Ross Whistler, of Baltimore, has joined
Mrs. "Whistler at Plumbsted. the country
place of Mrs. Joseph Whistler.
Dr. and Mrs. Henry P. Jaejsee who fca«
returned to Home Farm from B«>?ton. »*•
entertaining Robert E. We ir.
Mrs. Frederick D. Tappen and Sties Ethel
Erooks have arrived at the Curtis HoteL
Miss Mary Sargent, of New York, is »
guest of Mrs. Joseph W. Bur.l.»n at Wra*
(By Telegraph to The Tribune.]
Newport. June X.— Six dinners were jWa
this evening, prior to the amateur theatn
cals at Freebody Park. Those ho enter
tained were Mrs. Marten J. Furry. Mrs-
Leonard A. Thomas. Mrs. Jaw** I* % &
Alen. Mrs. Whitney Warren. Miss '- ;
anna G. Kin? and Mrs. Clermont L. Ba«
whose guests of honor were her .i»a»*aiSi
Mrs. Annie Livingston Best, and A £ a *
Carrol!, of New York, her Sane*. TO"
were also two luncheon parties this •**■*!
noon, given by Mrs. Elbridge T. Gerry a-a
Mrs. George S. Scott.
Registered at the Casino to-day were Cj*:
ence W. Dolan. S. S. Sands. Colonel V.
mond Latrobe. of Baltimore, a guest
W. W. Sherman; E. L. Mcllvane. of **
York, a guest of Mrs. William F. FuU» .
Miss Georgianna G. King. Mrs. ***S"
Silvester, of Short Hills. N *. a « v "V,
Mrs. Theodore G. Glbbs. H. V Potter •*» •
HIM Beatrice Claflin. 4 New YorS. »S»,'
Of M*ss Fredericka PVine. ~,.-rs3
Coenmi don am? .Jrs». -\rw -* i■. ■
James, with Franklin A. Plu«>™r *"™ y
and Mrs. C. Frem-h. of Nevsd-i. ?**^Z
arrived from New York on the tu^
Aloha to-day. „ -«-
Mr. and Mrs. Royal FbolPS Carroll *»
expected for the season before the e-a
the week. v, v»>
The Ossood estate, at BeUevua »-a • p
raransett avenues, has been ' M sa<^jtj« r .
S. Bruglere. of New York, for the »^ g
William B. Brlstow has returned n
visit in New York. ,
Mr. and Mrs. Pembroke Jones •»■ -j,
lly arrived to-day on the *teat» J— '
Narada. trisbt**
Mr ar.d Mrs. H. H. Ward, of **""£,
ton. and Mr. and Mrs, Aim?" Ball - 1 ' -
arrived for the season to-drj- v t* •
Raymond HotctakiM cf N*« t |W«
sue-nt of Charles M. Dull: ,^tm
m \l?ttlns his parents. Mr and Mr* fc
S'.soott;- Harry E. iMriohs. ,-f ->*
Is »ba gueat of his slater. Mrs- ljev ' . Vri
Thomas: Frederick Busk Is a guess ...
J. R. r>Usk. . • -rriv*'
Henry Clews and Dudley Davis
from New York to-night. " v, h*»»af
Mr. and Mrs, E. RoUln« More. ••»• t
rived at Villa iUeav

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