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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, June 27, 1910, Image 6

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AMEWCAN-r— R«rnr*rd Romeo.
, *r»n>mnlat!d. h/ana Park. Uite.
< -riTSRION-S-T^— H «r Husbands V. lte
r'^THA VE.N C£>— Vau*l«vKl«.
-li'lFTT— S:i»- The Fortune Hunter.
?O?DIN I»E rMOS-9M-roW^% of I*lo.
"Kv4rKBRBOrKER— S:»-The Airadiaa.-.
--ETV OISTEJRr».OI-S:ls— <^lriie*.
/>?<fr.r /<# Advertisements.
Pace C«»i 1 P*£P. 001.
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F™ <^„ » «TI» Tables. ... 1! £-•
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MONDAY. .TINE 27. 1010.
Ttiif newspaper i* 'nruftl <tn4 pvb-
Jlrbrd by The Tribune Association, a
yew York corporation: office arut prin
cipal plar-r 0/ huMnesK. Tribune_Bm»W
faf '"So. IM Xa**au street. Vr?r York:
Oniirr, ■/Bit, president: Opdm If. Rrid,
ternary- ftrnfl 1/. Barrett, treasurer.
The : ,',f]r>o" of th-c officers is the office
cf this t*eirspapcr.
FOREIGN. — GeneraJ Cruz, at the head
<n" E*=U-a<lan forces, has captured the
towns of La Libertad and Juigalpa. :
v ithin a day's march of Managua. .■■ ■■
Th«> Westward v. on the Jubilee prize at
Kiel, defeating the Germania and the
Meteor; th«; Kaiser preached a sermon
Ml hoard th" Hoherczollern. ■' ■_ '• Three,
person? were killed and seven injured
in i. cyclone smith of Moose Jaw, Assi-
Tiiboia. ==: The Koenipen Ltils^. of the
North German Lloyd Line, sailing from
Bremen for New York on June 18. broke
a propeller in mid-Atlantic and is pro
ceeding slowly. - ~~-~ Nuage, owned by
.■'.lmc Oheremeteff. won the Grand Prix
»t Paris, W. K. Vanderbilt's Reinhart
I'^ing 1 second; .the attendance was com
paratively small, owing to heavy rain.
=^r A Porturue.se Cabinet has been
firmed with Antonio Tiexeira de Sou?a ,
a? Premier. — — — Seven men who at- |
templed to cross Cook lnlti. Alaska, in '
a dory on Wednesday are missing:. .." -1
Advices from El Paso say that no dis- ;
turbances occurred at th* polls in 1
Northern Mexico, th*> Diaz and Corral {
ticket obtaining .large majorities. - :
Kifteen balloons started from Paris In i
Th*» Aero Club's Grand Prix contest.
DOMESTIC. — Senator Thomas H. Car- ;
ter, of Montana, who is seeking re-elec
tion, announced that he would make his
campaign on President Taffs record of !
achievements! .. . Congressman J.
Campbell Cantrill, who opposed the
Burley Tobacco Society, was renominat
<-<i by the Democrats of the Tin District
of Kentucky. ' - Only three out of
fifteen hundred passengers on board the
excursion boat J. S. last their lives when
that Eteaxoer was burned in the Missis
sippi River, near Lansing. lowa. =
Three persons were burned to death in a
if- &re atfiSeneca Fulls. N. Y. -■ ■, .
.- v»T«?.: of police and a deputy sheriff
3f*r« nUed and three other members? of
a posSt in Ocilla, <\n.. were wounded by
a man who is still barricaded in his own
home. —^~ ;— _ Cyrus Andrews, a wealthy
<"<i] ope-ratoj- of Pittsburgh ha\Tng no con
fidence in Burireoaß. amputated his own
toe v.ith «t pocket knife. _;. - The state
con\*ectldn of the Socialist party at
Rch«nectadj* nominated a state ticket,
headed by Charles B. Russell, of New
T'.rk. ==r The steamer Poujrhkeepsle.
<»r the OatiaJ Hudson l.iri'-. was burned
at Highland. N. V . the xtassengers es
» ; '. n
t -J7'V* — Krionds of national guardsmen
<>>P*..lniled to s^nd letters to The Tribune
protestinc against the atidfiaj for the pa
rade on July A. ===== ''h3r;ion did not
attend chapel yesterday, and the alienist
arnJ Jailers were at odds regarding his
condition. . . =In a Chinese tong shoot
taC "n* 1 man was killed, one fatally in-
Jjrefl and another slightly hurt, while
if-< pnlior made aevetal arrests. =
A m €-.!;<! committee report on condition?
ameng ih<; steel workers at Bethlehem.
P*>nn.. a m made public by the Social
!-«-rv!c« Commission of the Federal
Oimih'll cf churches of Christ in Anvr-
JcSi". r— ~ Peter Aitken. recently dis
missed from office by Controller Pr«-r
dereast. made h statement in which he
said that a naae of embezzlement had
b**n concealed on orders from the Con
troller. s= A Haytlsn merchant, with
$10,000 for the purchase of poods, was
•Setainrd at Ellis Island on suspicion of
having Itactimw ===== Eben E. Oicott,
on hi? return from Europe, applauded
The id- > ■•' Governor Hughes running
for rp-r!ectlon. _ Har -Moriah Hos
pital surgeons performed a blood trans
fusion Operation between a man and his
■wife to far? the woman's life.
THE WEATHER.— Lndications for to
'>• Cloudy Bad warmer. The t?m
perarure yesttrday: Highest, 7.'. de
fff- lowest. 61.
Washington is th« first city whose
fnpa3at;<>n in 1010 has been announced
by th*> CWimms Bureau. The jjrowth in
thr l««t decade has boon 32*351 — at the
rate of irk per MM. He j>oreenta£e of
increase from 1890 to 1000 was 21 ; so
'list there saw been a slight retardation
in the pit* lV development. Yet most
"Wa«;hin~toniaus will doubtless be satis
fied ith the moderate increase recorded.
•-Mi*- they are asawssly <-ontent to see
the city grow plowly through accretions
.lisp to an appreciation of its atlraetive
n^s as a place «if residence rather than
to its exploitation as I centre of indus
try and commerce.
1 ■■; a city which lias lit tic manufact
uring outside that which the government
hi oWiced to do for itself, and practically
no wholesale trade. Washington's *rain
*eerus substantial enough. It must de
l>end f««r its expansion on the jrrowth of
Bbc activities <»f the federal establish
ment. That is *low l»ut sure. Evory a<l
«liTi<»ii in the <-ivll service »»r to the
jmval and military services is an addi
tional guarantee of the city's future.
Thousands who have served the govern
ment iv some capacity remain in Wash
ington when that srrvlee is ofer. It is
: -] Id«il-p5ace in which to live in retire
ment or in which '«■ educate ■ family,
liut its sains of population on these
- are offset l<y losses due to the drift
««j the snore active adults to centres
-vhere there are greater oiiportuaitlea In
Industry tt«l business. Were Washing
ton ab!e to hold Ha natural Increase in
pojmlatJoiC ?i^"i>i~ -' erbployment «uch
??. '^ easily to be found la commercial
coKWilttaKi It would soon outsrrip n!I
M selfhborii. Baltimore ha* been gr "*
!s? at I | D<WW rr.T<» rtmn Washington
r.r.fi it.Mt liUely to »how in this f-^n
rns a fci*h«r rerf*ntAS* than WathJug
t?a f fc. *« ii '--'•• ■is a. seaport, - .105
fciir and railroad centre and a a *- ■'
. r* nittoft&J capital can scarcely hope
*■ ..... luore than ijiodeiaw tire, be
<?aus.e its area is iimi*«d ;«ud will s-omi
be fully occupied. The cnvornment has
Liken a liberal amount of the available
space for public buildings, grounds and
parks, and there i" no section left un
developed which is suitable for manu
facturing purposes. l! would be better
policy, therefore, to encourage slower
irrowtb along ihe lines which have been
followed heretofore than to try to stim
ulate industry and thus introduce an
element out a€ place in the quiet, orderly
easygoing life of the community. Other
cities are fitted to be marts of trade and
smoke-covered hives of industry. Wash
ington has the better part in remaining
a t-eutrt' of leisure, cultivation, decorum
mid lw»Hut> .
; The opponents of the Governor are in
a distinctly weaker position as ■ result,
of the first few days of the special ses
sion. The complete isolation of Messrs.
Barnes. Wadsworth. Woodruff and the
rest of the men who have succeeded thus
far in blocking direct primaries has been
revealed by the incidents of the week.
The effort to create the impression that
Mr. Root ' «ll was opposed to the Gov
ernor proved a boonieranj;, for Colonel
Roosevelt promptly and emphatically de
nied the expression of the sentiments at
tributed to him. and it becjune known
that the Governor was soon to.be The ex-
President's guest. And the suggestion
that Collector Ix>ek Mr. Roosevelt's close
political friend, was engaged in convey
ing aid and .-omfort to the Governor's
enemies brought forth an immediate
avowal from him of support for The Cobb
primary bill. In addition there came
from Washington an intimation That
President Taft was in sympathy with the
direct primary movement in general.
The week has served to show how ter
ribly alone are Messrs. Barnes. Wads
wortb and their allies and those whose
votes in the Legislature they control. :
Not a single expression of sympathy for j
them from any Republican of authority!
and importance has it brought forth.
When the question at issue was the Hin
man-Green bill, providing for a wholesale
adoption of direct nominations, they had
a certain moral support in their position, j
for there was a considerable element in j
the party which hesitated over so radical j
a step. Distinguished Republicans of un- ]
questioned disinterestedness counselled j
moderation. But when the Governor j
showed a disposition to compromise his I
opponents were left without a shadow of i
support from the l>etter sentiment of the
party. And now It is becoming perfectly
apparent ThaT Messrs. Barnes and Wads
worth and their associates are all there
is to the opposition to direct primaries
applied on a limited scale and to only
the lesser offices.
This isolation is not a bit the splendid
isolation diplomatists used to talk about.
There is nothing splendid about it. Even
an underhand attempt to impart a little
of the needed splendor by the unauthor
ized ufie of a great name was it lamenta
ble failure. The opposition to direct pri
juaries as proposed in the Cobb bill can
not long: withstand its failure to attach
to itseif « single Republican of recog
nized disinterestedness aud authority.
Mr. William Pierrepont White, an at
torney of Utioa. N. V., has prepared a
summary from the Controller's report of
the state's disbursements ia the last ten
years, which, if it is correct, strikingly
onliruit; what The Tribune has said
about ihe increase in state expenditures.
The ordinary expenditures of adminis
tration are shown by Mr. White's figures
To have grown v^ry slightly from 1900 j
to 1909. The added cost of government
has beea almost entirely in connection
with the state's charities, with the pub
lic education system and with the im
provement of highways and canals. Mr.
White croups together the state's ex
penditures, outside M those for trans>
port^tion — which includes highways and
canals— for education and for charities,
under the following heads: Executive,
administrative, legislative, judicial, pro
tective, agricultural, defensive, regula- 1
tive and general miscellaneous.
The execuTive expenditures in hi* j
<-las«ification cover those of the Gover
nor. Lieutenant Governor and their at- |
taches, and the administrative the dis- 1
bursements of th* Secretary of State. !
Controller, Treasurer. Attorney Gen-
I eral. Civil Service Commission and State
I Printing Board. The legislative and
! judicial expenditures are sufficiently in
; dicated by their names. Regulative cx
! penditure? cover those of the Public
J Service commissions, the State Board I
j of Tax Commissioner*, the departments
J of Health. Excise and Labor, the Metro- j
politan Elections Bureau, the Board of j
• Port Wardens, the Quarantine Commis- j
; sion, inspectors of steam vessels, super
i intendents of weights and measures and 1
> Inspectors of racing associations. Agri- j
cultural expenditures cover those of the j
i Department of Agriculture, the State
• Fair Commission, distribution for The!
j promotion of agriculture, the .State
Veterinary College, the College of Agri
culture and the agricultural experiment
stations. Defensive expenditures have
;To do with the national guard. Protec
! tive expenditures in this classification
; cover those of the Department of Public
Buildings, the Forest. Fish and Game
: Commission, those regarding reserva
; tions, monuments* public lands, etc.
I Other expenditures are lumped as miscel
laneous. We mention the items under
[these classifications to show generally
the activities of the state aside from
education, charities and the improve- j
! ment and maintenance of highways and j
I canals, and to illustrate ( how various
they are.
According to Mr. White's tables, the)
actual increase in the expenses of the
; state under these various heads. com- '
paring the totals of 1900 with those of!
'■ MM. is only $212,41785 on a total of
about SN.'mkmhio. This small increase!
is in part due to the extraordinarily large (
expenditures under the head of general
<»r miscellaneous expenditures in 1900. i
The amount for that year in Mr. White's j
; table is much greater thnu In any sue- j
; cc*.(ii, year. That exceptional item i
'. would seem to require some explanation. !
i If miscellaneous expenditures are left j
, out of the reckoning, the. increase in the \
state* expenditure* for all Us other ordi
i nary branches of administration— ex- i
!«-ludlng always proybtion for education.
j charities and highways and canals- was.
| affording t" Mr. Whites figures, only
i about $2AK)0.OO0 from i>»ri to i9f»{i. That, ■
if the figures »tr<* correct, it certainly a
moderate advame in the rost of ordi- J
nsry administration in this great and I 1I 1
! wealthy i-tnte since lfiOO. And of that'
increase » million and a half is due to .
I tbe prorr«*s regulation ha« made in the
• >«** dK:adp an<3 to the increasing inter
| e<t thft Mate is taking in the promotion
iof agriculture, both instances of sub
1 etantial increase IHustmine ■»tst The :
j^ Tribune has said about tie chanted pub- j
!j, attitude regarding the functions of
government as a factor in Its increased
I'V.rWTF. ItILtTAMY AXD '71/?..
The controversy over the proposed
j .ailing out of the national guard to pa
• rade on the Fourth of July has almost
overshadowed the propaganda for a
••safe and sane" celebration of that day.
and has evoked expressions en both
sides Of the question, the preponderance
of them being against such employment
iof the troops. The incident suggests,
moreover, ■ somewhat wider and more
general inquiry concerning the desirabil
ity of military parades or of military
participation in public celebrations on
certain occasions, of which the Fourth
of July may be reckoned one.
On some occasions, there can be, no
doubt, the presence of soldiery is in
dispensable. That is the case with
purely military anniversaries and com
memorations. Decoration or Memorial
Pay requires the presence of the troops,
and they are sometimes needed as a
suard of honor for the President or
Governor Or some distinguished guest.
But on some purely civil occasions the
employment of troops may be super
i fluous if not actually incongruous. The
question is fairly open to dispute
whether the Fourth of July is more a
cit-il or a military anniversary, or
whether it partakes so much and so es
sentially of a military character as to
make a display of troops indispensable
to its appropriate celebration. The
Declaration of Independence was a civil
act. performed by civilians, and it was
made effective by soldiers in war.
We are not unmindful, either, of the
very common feeling that a military pa
rade is the most popular of spectacles,
and that, indeed, it is about the only
kind of parade which people care to see.
A procession without troops and brass
bands is thought to be like the proverbial
"Hamlet" with Hamlet left out. But
v.'c are not sure that that view of the
caw is hot a grave indictment of our
taste or our imagination or our artistic
atid other ingenuity. In England and
in other European countries the presen
tation of non-military pageants has be
come much like a fine art and has at
tained great popular success. In some
of our own cities, also, there are yearly :
pageants of a most attractive and ad
mirable type: and even in New York, in
spite of some lamentably weak per
formances, we have had some purely
civic shows which were highly credit- 1
able, at least in spots! It is a question
well deserving of consideration, quite
apart from the disposal of the present
controversy, whether it will not be
worth our while in New York to culti
vate the art of civic pageantry as an
important adjunct to popular celebra
tion*, and thus make our commemora
tions reminiscent of something more
than armed achievements and exposi
tory of something more than military
The Russian government perseveres in
its campaign for The complete subjec
tion of Finland to Russian rule. The
first reading of the Finland government
bill by the Council of the Empire doubt
less foreshadows its speedy enactment
by that body, The Douma having already
passed it by a large majority. The terms
of the measure, therefore, indicate the
impending f-te of Finland, and scru
tiny of them shows how disastrous that
fate will be to the independence of the
grand duchy and also, iv all probabil
ity, to its liberties, its intellectuality and
its very civilization.
The pretence has been made that ibe
bill aims at nothing more than giving
Russia a voice in (hose Finnish matters
which are not peculiar to Finland, but
equally concern Russia. If tliar were so
there could be no valid objection to The
bill. But it is not so. On the contrary,
the most purely local Finnish matters are
by this bill placed under purely Russinn
control. It is. perhaps, well to give the
Russian parliament a voice in sod) mat
tens as the participation of Finland in
imperial finances, tbe rights of Russians
in Finland, the execution in Finland of
the sentences of Russian courts, and the
like though even these might be dis
posed of by treaty. But this bill provides
thai the Russian parliament shall have
fcote authoriTy over The Finnish school
system, the Finnish judiciary, the Fin
nish rights of assembly, of association
and of the press. That is to say. the
schools and the press of Finland and all
public meetings and societies will be
subject u> the censorship and control of
the Russian police, just the snme as
those of Russia itself. That means the
Russianization of Finland.
The enactment of This measure really
seems indefensible. That it is » direct
repudiation of Russian imperial pledges,
repeatedly made, and of the constitution
formally granted to Finland by the Rus
sian Emperor ig not denied. That Fin
land has ever shown any hostility to
Russia or constituted su<h a menace »o
Russia hk would justify this act of con
quest as a measure of reprisal or of
Russian self-protection is pretended by
nobody. Tbe one real argument is that
Russian has the power to do the thing.
and Therefore she means to do it.
In the Itotima there was no attempt to
justify the bill or to reply to the protests
mid arguments which had been made
against it by the most eminent interna
tional jurists and publicists of Europe,
the only answer to the latter being a de
mand that the bill be rushed through
with all possible speed in order to show
foreign nations how little regard Rus
sian legislators bad for their opinions.
That was not an admirable attitude to be
taken by h body which b;ts so strongly
appealed for the sympathy of the world,
and It is difficult to dismiss the fenr
That the sequel to it will not be profitable
or honorable to the Russian government.
A year or more ago there was some
i talk on the part of Judicious financiers
j in New Jersey of revising the system of
; public school support in thut state so as
■ to -assure « more equitable apportion
i ment of funds and to discourage the ex
; travagance which was believed to be
rife in many places. It was pointed out
that the public schools of New Jersey
j were, with two or tbre»' exceptions^ the
I most costly In the United States, and it
was argued that a more economical and
; businesslike fiscal system need not in
the least impair the efficiency of the
f.boolp. At this ■ tremendous outcry
: was. raised ■gainst what was falsely
'called an attack upon free schools, and
It was declared that any change in the
( method of 'apportioning funds would be
disastrous to the educational interests of
tr><» 5-r."!' e The most that came- tmm c
rtiat«ly from tile oßtatVOtvray was. there
fore, th? appointment of a special com
mittee of the state Sesate. to Investi
gate the whole matter. But, Judging
from the ' beginning which I*6 been
made it seems likely that the results of
that investigation will be ■ good deal
more interesting than most people ex
peeled. ,
In 4tlatttk City, for example; a place
which smith' prides itself upon the •*•
cellenre ot its schools, it has been found
that the school lroard hag been in the
habit of depositing large " 1 " 1!; of school
money, amounting, to hundreds of thou
sands of dollars, in ■ local bank, with
out interest, and then, while that money
was thus on deposit, making temporary
loans from the same bank at • per cent
interest: in brief, making taxpayers pay
interest for the use of their own money!
Naturally enough, several members of
the school board are interested in that
bank. It further appears that school
buildings have been insured through fa
vored agents at excessive rates, that
supplies have been purchased without
advertisement and that a -member of
the board had been made "business
manager" at a fat salary, with no real
duties to perform. And yet a .proposal
t.» reduce In t£e least degree the state
appropriation for the schools of that
place would have been austerely de
nounced by these patriots as an attack
upon the welfare of the rising genera
It is to be feared that similar practices
will be found to prevail in many other
communities of the state, and it may
well be believed that they are directly
incited by the fiscal system which pro
vide? the bulk of the school funds from
the general state Treasury, from the
state tax on railroads and other sources
not directly affecting: the people of the
communities. It has for years been a
common thing for school boards in small
places and large to indulge in extrava
gant practices on the ground that they
will pet plenty of railroad money from
the state to pay all the bills. If a larger
proportion of the school money were re
quired to be raised by local taxation,
the local patriots with political aspira
tions, who are now so lavish in their
use of "state railroad money." would be
more economical, not to say more honest.
for fear that an increase in the local
tax rate would not be popular with the
voters. We shall watch with interest
the progress of the promising investiga
tion which Senator Frelinghuysen and
his colleagues are conducting, with ex
pectation of much ultimate profit both
to the schools and to the taxpayers of
New Jersey.
A Boston clergyman, the Rev. 0. W.
De Lyon Nicoll. has written a book, the
mere preliminary announcement of whose
contents has sufficed to get nis name into
the news columns of papers all over the
country, not to mention a gathering
storm in Boston's historic teacup. Ac
cording to the reverend gentleman.
"There are but sixteen persons in all
•New England worthy of mention as be
"longing to real society."
Addlson to the contrary notwithstand
ing, we sometimes can command success,
if only ar first and for « little way. for
success is of many kinds. Our French
friends, with their love of exactitude of
expression and clearness of definition,
have classified them for us: "wild suc
cess." "enormous success." "snecess of
meTit." "success of esteem." "success of
scandal" nnd "success of curiosity." The
Rev. Mr. Nicoils success is one of curi
osity, and the curiosity is he himself.
To write a book with which only sixteen
persons can possibly be satisfied, and at
which the rest of those concerned will
laugh or sniff, is. Indeed, an extraordi
nary proceeding, to be explained only by
a total lack of a sense of humor combined
with au entirely mistaken conception of
current social values In thi? country — in
any part of it.
I'oor Boston! We had thought its so
cial affairs settled once for all after the
conclusion of that protracred battle over
the passenger list, of the Mayflower,
wliich ascribed a humble hut honorable
occupation to two members of that
company of ancestors. And now the
cream of their numerous descendants is
cut down by Mr. Nicoll to a hare sixteen,
one of whom, a lady, has already ox
pressed her opinion that the book is fool
ish and its author not an authority, any
how. The worst of this sort of thing is
that it becomes infectious. We remember
the list of New York's 400 and what fol
lowed in its wake, apart from its almost
immediate reduction to 190. All our so
cial centres began to count aristocratic
noses. Has the Rev. Mr. Nicoll brought
another social census upon us? Will our
blue books and six-ial directories have to
be revised, and will the new editions he
shrunk to insignificant proportions? We
awnit developments with equanimity.
The average American's only curiosity
will be to know as soon as possible how
any man in this busy agp and country
cau have enough idle time on his hands
to devote himself s"iJouslv feo Puch pif
fling affairs.
Speculative and investment operations
in the stock market are light in volume,
but the general tendency of prices ap
pears to be in the direction of higher
levels. Substantial Wall Street interests
are heavy holders of securities which
they apparently do not intend to part
with at current low quotations, while
buying of a strong character accom
panies all reactions, especially in the high
grade issues that may now be secured
to return from 4 4 to 6 per cent. The
market is on an investment basis, and,
barring the development of factors bear
ing adversely upon the actual value of
American railway and Industrial stocks
and bonds, capital doubtless soon will
seek employment in such Issues to a
greater extent than Is seen at the mo
ment. Our credit abroad is high, and
additional sales of our railway bonds
have been made in Paris. Demand for
short time obligations is excellent, a re
flection of which is found in the ease
with which a prominent railroad has
Just disposed of more than 122.000,000
4i£ i .<•!• cent equipment notes on a basis
yielding 4.05 per cent annually, individ
ual investors at home and in Europe
taking a large proportion of the issue.
There is every Indication that the rail
reads will do a considerable amount of
financing in the course of the next six
months for extensions and new facili
ties, which, of course, will tend to exert
a most favorable effect upon general
business In the country..
Local hanks ar« well supplied with
funds, and it. would require a material
expansion in the demand for loan accom
modation to bring about higher rates.
It is quit* probable that money will re
main at an easy level throughout the
hummer, with advanced quotations in
the autumn. in response to th* usual fall
Inquiry for cash in connection with the
financing of the harvests and for gen
era! tr&de purposes, which doubtless will
be heavy. As .Wall Street Is no* bor
rowing abroad and probably will not do
so to any extent this season there will
be few maturing finance bill? to meet
in coming months, and hs a con3«<"fU enc *
New York will be able to draw gold from
Europe at a time when the- needs of the
money market may be urgent. Foreign
exchange rates have fallen sharply, ow
ins: to sales* or American securities
abroad and to our improving trade bal
ance, demand sterling closing the last
week about two cents under the rocord
of the same time a year ago. The de
cline in prices for commodities in this
country is attracting an increased over
sea buying movement in our markets,
current exports both or wheat and com.
for Instance, showing substantial gains
over the shipments of a year ago. The
demand for time money and commercial
paper Is improving.
Reports received from mercantile cen
tres Indicate growing confidence among
business men ov«f the prospects for
gradual expansion in the volume of
trade. Professional crop killers are at
work, and while there has been some in
jury to spring wheat from high tem
peratures and lack of sufficient moist
ure, th*> position of the crops at large
foreshadows average yields and does
not bear out the calamity reports re
ceived in the speculative markets, which
to a large extent are controlled Just
now by the conflicting news from the
Northwest. September wheat advanced
more, than 5 points last week on the
exaggerated ideas in wheat pits of the
effect of a short drouth in a section of
the spring wheat country upon the
final yield. Whatever loss has occurred
fhc-.JIrJ be offset by the increased acreage
planted. The total winter wheat har
vest will be heavy, and corn Is progress
ing in a manner that. suggests record
breaking returns. The. more seasonable
weather in most parts of the country
has strengthened retail trad*., and in the
drygoods market the demand is notice
ably better, owing to the concessions
that have been made in prices. Trans
actions in cotton goods and woollens are
under normal, but it is encouraging to
note a more optimistic sentiment in the
trade and more confident buying by the
Jobbers. Many Wall Street interests
consider prices for cotton on the new
months too high and are selling on all
Payments through clearing houses at
most cities are larger than at this time
a year ago. although a falling off in
local and Boston bank exchanges, owing
to light speculation in stocks and com
modities, makes a small net loss in the
total for the week just closed. On the
other hand, gross railroad earnings show
for the second week in June an increase
of more than Ifi per cent as compared
■with the same time in 1009. Orders for
finished steel products exceed those re
ported in May, especially for structural
materials, and the largest steel manu
facturing concern is working at 81 per
cent of its blast furnace capacity, with
every indication of maintaining this
percentage, or reaching a better one.
throughout the summer, while, accord
ing to the belief of the best informed
men in the trade, full capacity will be
restored in the fall. Stocks of pig iron
continue to accumulate, but the demand
is heavier on all grades in the Pittsburg
market, the low prices having Induced a
more active inquiry from consumers.
Domestic and foreign consumption of
copper is heavy, and it does not appear
probable that the price for the metal
will go under 1- cents a pound, in spite
of the steady increase In production in
this country. With copper* at 12 tents
an active foreign demand would develop
in this market, and the fact that the
visible supply abroad is rapidly decreas
ing may foreshadow big exports from the
United States at a quotation better than
1» cents a pound.
How many votes would a Republican
recognized as a member of the anti-
Hughes comßination receive if he ran
for Governor on his record of opposition
to direct nominations^
The Spanish government seems in
clined to defend and maintain the prop
osition that its seat is at Madrid and
not at Rome.
Better a thousand times that every mem
ber of the Legislature should retire to pri
vate life than to allow the Governor to
override the constitution and usurp the
functions of the legislative branch of our
government. Better a thousand times that
I the Republican party of this state suffer a
sinßlc defeat than to permit . thfe destruc
tion of out representative system of gov-
I ernment, founded by the jtenlua of our
forefathers, to be destroyed in response to
the dictation of the. Governor. Better a
j thousand times that th© Republican party
suffer a single defeat in this state, than to
I continue an executive, dictatorship which
I rifles roughshod over the constitution, the
Legislature and the conscience and liberty
of man.— Lyons (N. V.) Republican.
We new know why Mr. Betts is court
ing defeat for the Republican party.
Il came very near to being the "pork
barrel" tlmt went too often to the pack
ing house.
The Interstate Commerce Commission
adds its testimony to the confirmation
of the distinction between the United
States and the possessions of the United
States. Alaska belongs to the United
States, as a part of its real property,
but it is not ipao fact* a part of the
United States, and the Constitution and
laws of the United States do not ipply
to it excepting as they are specifically
extended to it by act of Congress.
"YVnrrlnK on Injurious Insects" is the
title of Samuel Hopkins Adams's article
In the July "American Magazine." Baya
Mr. Adams in the course of his remark.s:
"The greatest potential discovery is that of
the parasitic benefactor whtcn phould per
form upon ihe American house fly or the
mosquito the miracle of exorcism which St.
Patrick wrought on tli« snakes of Erin.
In round numbers, $300,000,000 would not
be an overestimate of ili» consequent sav
ing in human life and earning power, plus
the Increased value of real estate.'"
The Lawyer— Temporary insanity is gen
erally cured, isn't it.
The Doctor- Yes. by ;i verdict of acquit
tal. -Philadelphia Record.
"Tipping college boys who serve as wait
ers nt summer resorts Is starting them on
the road to bribery and perjury." said Pro
fessor Robert P. Sibley, of lAke Forest
University, in a farewell address to seniors.
He pleaded with the college men not to
take posit where tips ivtre Riven, or
even offered, holding that the "tip" system
engendered in its beneficiaries th» spirit of
Kraft. : The reason that there. 1b so much
bribery and graft going on to-day is that
every one eipecta more than his actual
wage*." Professor Sibl*> added. "When
college people work for the summer where
extra money I* paid them for tpecial atten
tions they get In the habit of expecting
more money, than. their weekly pay. They
lose sight of the morals Involved and do all
to <r«r more money for i*!<! coming school
year. I£ j a young man i? brought up to
do M little work as no«ibl« unle*s paid
especially he will naturally remain that
way. Later in life it becomes his second
nature: and perhaps in the legislature, or
in the home city council, this feature of his
character creeps out."
Willis- But how can your " grand. ather
enjoy & comic opef* w , h t n be t# so dear a
Glilis— Very easily. I have nil the stand
ard chestnut, numbered. aiWI when .the
comediAn cracks one I just signal the num
ber to the old — Puck.
The central feature of OH) B*Sss)M block
which marks the south' nd of the broad
landing at the head of the east approach
of the O.pitol at Albany is the carved head
of a bearded tnan. In front of this a per
sonally conducted party stopped a ten
day* ago and listened to the Pet speech of
the guide. When it was all over a young
girl in th* party, pointing to the head.
said: "Ipn't It funny that so many years
ago they should have known how Charles
E. Hughes would look when he became
Governor of this state?" All agreed. that
there was a striking resemblance, and the
man who was acting as guide said: "That
isn't the only remarkable thing abftut these
carving. Tt has been "said that the bill*
for doing the work were more wonderful
than anything in that line that has yet
been discovered."
••What maSfs Pithertlng take such mlnc
ins steps?" asks the man with the excess
of side -vhiskers. "He trips along with
such short paces that he looks positively
"It^B just another of his theories," ex
plains the man with the glittering *?*?■
■He cured himself of dyspepsia by fletcher-
Izlng his food, and now he's trying to cure
his rheumatism by fletcherizing his steps.
-Life. __
Thinks Himself and Consumers Victims
of Commission Merchant.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Tour edition of May 29 contained
a quite exhaustive article on the much di?
cussed question of the relation "f the pro
ducer to the commission merchant. Th«
fc»ca! producers, though to gome extent help
less through lack of organization, note with
a gleam of encouragement that efforts have
been made and are. making to give "what
is coming"' to them.
Last summer I. sent a quantity of dew
berries to New York at a. time when they
were in demand, and of a quality which
should have brought the highest market
The commission merchant reported their
sale at 9 cents a quart, from which, after
he* deducted th* customary charge for
freight and cartage (which approximate 25
cents for a crate of thirty- two quarts^, be
sides 10 per cent on the gross, netted me in
round numbers TT 1*!1 *! cents.
I was not satisfied with the returns, and
made an effort to. run down the transac
tion. T located my berries, and. havin?
been told that the dealer's selling price was
18 cents, ventured to inquire what he paid
for them and was told 14 cents:
A few days ago I sent to market some
strawberries than which there is« no more
attractive variety offered in this city. They,
too. were reported on by the commission
merchant as having been sold at 9 cent?.
Again I gave chase, and found them on sale
at 20 cents, having cost the dealer 1" cents :
I could cite other instances, but these will
suffice. I trust, to make plain that the pro
ducers' claims have more facts behind them
than Is generally understood. Who, now.
would you say contributes more to the high
prices the consumer has to contend with or
does more to encourage fajm abandonment
than this very commission merchant?
New York. June 25, 1910.
To the Kditor of The Tribune.
Sir: When the remnant of the Grand
Army of the Union marched under their
war-torn flags in fond memory of their
fallen comrades, a man whose whitened
hair gave evidence of hi» eighty years
walked aJone and unrecognized through
the Sidewalk throas. and followed to ISM
tomb of the great commander under whom
they and he had answered many a bugle
call and placed his tribute on his general's
grave. He wore no badge, received no rec
ognition, for. although with more than four
years of intimate staff service with dif
ferent corps and division generals, T^ane.
Pope and Sibley, with the exception of the
vouchers of various paymasters his name
appears on 110 army record— all on account
of an unavoidable informalits".
When, on April IS. 1861. Lincoln called for
75.000 volunteers the quota of every loyal
state was filled in three days, and when
thg subject of this narration had com
pleted the enrolment of a battalion of cav
alry there was no opening for their recep
tion except in the Kansas Brigade, raised
and commanded by United States Senator
James H. I.ane, of that state, under special
order of the President. As United Stages
Senator LAne could not legally he made
brigadier general, so while in command by
special authority he was recognized as
"acting brigadier sreneral. " And here
conies the old soldier' s story as told by
"On reception by General T>ane of my
battalion it was scattered to fill incomplete
companies In the several regiments com
prising his brigade, and I was assigned as
aide-de-camp upon the general's staff, with
rank as captain, to receive my commis
sion with those of his other staff officers as
soon as they could be had from Washing
ton. On account of 'red tape* growing out
of the irregularity of Lane's appointment
the commissions for his staff were never
forwarded, and the most of us served
throughout the war solely^ under line's
appointments as 'acting brigadier general'
and the special War Department order to
Senator Lane. No question of recognition
of authority was ever advanced, either by
other divisions of the army or by the pay
master, and I can only rely upon the rec
ords and vouchers (No. 12) of the latter
and my signatures thereto, which must be
on file In the Treasury Department, to sub
stantio*.^ my identity as the last survivor
of the staff of General 'Jim' Lane of the
Kansas Brigade.
•And i.ow I a(=k of my country- its rec
ognition of this service, and I ask such
presentation of the fa-ts before the
authority which has the power to Mep SMS*
that little piece of rp«i tape which re
quires a just claim to be dependent upon
obtaining their signatures from two <if>ad
men. The omnibus pension bill that was
passed this w^ek carried l.?iT> names, all of
which were the subjects upon which per
sonal influence was necessary, and had I
had access to such representative interest
my name would have been in the number."
FerhapF, however, it may not be nf
sufficient Interest to anybody to help an
Now York. .Tune 22. 1910.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The consentient opinion as «■>*-
pressed, while favorable to Mr Roosevelt,
has developed enough of criticism find ani
mosity to indicate also widely divergent
A man may be. like him. the embodiment
of honesty and purity of purpose, with
character as strong as the everlasting hills
without escaping the diabolic ingenuity,
th« envy and malice of Jealous mediocrity.
Great men and minds are often not ap
preciated In their day and generation.
More often this 13 a development of th*
perspective of time and history.
.It should he. then, most gratifying to
discover in this case an exception to th»
rule in th* majority recognition of a great
man. grratlv living, in our midst. Hi» al
truistic spirit of divination of injustice and
wrong to his fellows win. like. Ma name
live after him. and they win together gain
power and momentum.
The spirit of the times is receptive to
moral uplift and the higher citizenship
the Attention of which win separate th»
true metal from the baser.
LINCOLN O. it m_itt>. £
H.ar.:u?port, Mass., Jur.s 25, 1310.
George V Honors Many of His
Father's Courtiers. '':.
tCoprrtfTht. tfttO, by tn« Br^if wood Ocvmbv.}
■It Is doubtful whether any issue of tin
London "Official Gazette*, during the U3;
! few years has excited more universal late?.
jestj est than that which appeared the other
'day containing the list of the appointments
, to th" household of the new King So mnch
had been . Ro«Blpped and printed regarding
' th* alleged intention of corse* V to hay«
! nothing whatever to do with Mi fatbti'a
•entourage, and to cut himself completely
afirlft therefrom, that the most «w«aaiaaj
! changes were looked for. and it wit fen
«rallv assumed that ■ Th«- Gazett*"* woar«
1 furnish the indication or » wholly n#w to.
part Vi at court and a clew to the charac
i ter of the reign that has Just opened.
No littl« surprise was therefor* mant
rested when on perusing "The Gazette"' la
question It was found that most cf ft «
i members o* the Household of Ed^ari vtr
had been r» iir!»d in some way or oth^rby'
I his successor. Lord Knoll's was resppoiat.
■i principal private secretary, in caajait|<
; tlon with Sir Arthur Blsrg*. and Colon*! sj.
Frederick Ponsonby is to fill the sara«
offices of assistant privat* secretary and of
, equerry which he held in the. hfeta r«ign.
Another equ-rry to be continued In oSca
jb Coionel Sir H»nry Legge. ' '•■• .one, >„
I Arthur Davidson, who was aQpaCT] to Klzz
I Edward, has become roaater of tc» »*■•■
j hold to Queen Alexandra, and another of
j th« late King'e equerries. Captain Sir Sey-
I mour Fortescu?. of the royal na- ■- aacaaip
; a srrcorn of th* bedchamber. that is to say.
a gentleman-ln-waiting to George V. Colo
| nel Sir Charles Frederick remains master
iof the royal household and th* Hl"'H 1 "' John.
j Fortescu» librarian, while th«» Hon. H»nry
i etoner. Captain Sir Walter Campbell, the
j Hon. Sidney Greville and Caprain Charl«3
i Cunningham Graham ar» all continued a3
! grooms of the bedchamber. Sir Donald
i Mackenzie Wallace, formerly of "The Lon
i don Times." and Admiral Sir John Puller-
I ton remaining on as extra grooms
Most of the oth»r gentlemen of King Eu
ward VII have been appointed extra equer
ries, including Lord Marcus Beresford. Colo
nel Sir George Holford. th* Hon. John tVart,
Colonel Henry S'reatfleld. Colonel Count
Gleichen and Colonel the Hon. A Fjlke
Greville. Th« meaning of the appointment
' to th© post of extra equerry is thi3: That
I Its holder retains his connection with thY
I royal household, with ail the privileges and"
I prerogatives of the office, the uniform and
I the aigruillettes of the ordinary equerry'
i and the entree at court for himself and his
i wife, but without drawing the pay of an
j equerry, which amounts to MM I year,
and without being called on to perform any
duty save in th© event of emergency, such
as, for instance, a coronation, state funeral,
etc. To most of the men who have received
from Kin? George th» appointment of ex
tra, equerry the question of pay Is a matter
of profound indifference. But It Is a great
privilege in their eyes to be allowed to re
tain the office of equerry, with all its pre
rogatives and social prestige and none of
its work. For the duties of what is known
as an equerry in ordinary, that Is to sar.
in actual waiting, are very exacting. ->-
quiring during ones term of service con
stant attendance on the monarch, ur-fail
ing good humor, th* subordination of all
! one's own sentiments, views and prejudices
i to thote of the royal master, and with ail
[ that the knowledge that the equerry, as
the. shadow of his royal charge. i 3 pri
marily responsible to the reigning house, to
the government and to the nation for ai3
protection from all harm.
Edward VII had such an abundance 0!
vitality, was so insensible to fatigue and
was so constantly on the go that in spita
or all his consideration for those around
him he used to wear. his equerries out. and
in hfs later years the older members of fcia
household were no longer able to stand thai
pace and wers forced to give way to
younger men.
What attracted, however. «till more at
tention In the list of household appoint
ments than the names included therein
were the names omitted therefrom. George
V had reaocolnted so very many of 0:3
father's retainers as member? of the house
hold, either in an active or in »v. honorary
capacity, that those who failed to MMM
this manifestation of royal favor and re
gard naturally became the object or '■-
mark. Among them arc Sir John Lister-
Kaye. who was a groom of th^ bedciiamber
to the late Kins; and whose wife is 23
American woman, a sister of the late DuciJ
ess of Manchester and of Fernaalo
Yznaga, of New York. Nor have Sir Arcn
i"r>a!d Edmondstone and Montagus EUct,
who married last week Miss Nellie Post,
daughter of Lady Barrymore. by her for
mer marrlaxe with the late Arthur Post. of
New York, been continued as grooms of
the bedchamber, or in any other capacity,
their connection with the royal household
being severed, as has also that of Colonel
Cuthbert Larking, who has piloted so man"
American people into London society and
court circles. .....
Nor can I find the name of Aleck Torks
among: the members of the new King 3
household. In any capacity, and with btm
there- vanishes from court its most brill
iant amateur actor and inimitable rating.
who used' to make the late Queen Victoria
laugh till the tears came by his mimicr?
of the various people or the royal hcraM
hold and of th* statesmen and other s!?^
taftsa who visited Windsor and Osborss.
For Queen Victoria, in spite of the air *t
austerity which characterizes aMi of her
portraits, had a keen sense of humor and
of ridicule, and M is said never enjoyed
herself auite so much as when, on MM •*•
casion. at the mischievous su^gestioa <»
her daughter. Princess Henry of T " tim
berg. and. in obedience to her own com
mands. Aleck Yorke. in fear and trem
bling, actually took off the august old lady
herself— that II to say, mimicked her M ne?
very face.
Aleck Yorke 1? the. now sexagenarian son
Of the fourth Earl of Hsrdwicke. and was
equerry to the late Duke of Albany. It **
owing to his services to the du»e thai
Queen Victoria, after th* latter' s death. a ?*
pointed Torke to be one of her groom*-
waitinp. that la to say. nt«»ntlerr»n-i!
ins, an office in which he was continued
by Edward VII when he came to ■"
Two Officers Left of "The Mml 600.*.
A month ago there were but three vet
erans left who h»<\ taken part ■- officer*
in the historic charge of the Light ■«»»•
at Balaklava-three rf that gallant si*
hundred who have been Immortalised w
Tennyson in what is perhapa the mo?,
stirring of all his poems. To-day only two
of them, namely, th* octogenarian U>ja
Tredegar, who was a subaltern in th« w"
Lancer*, and the aged Sir G«ors» ; l«»^
well, Of the same regiment, remain. 1
third. Sir Roger Palmer, has lst w*»
gathered to his fathers. In fact. Sir Kojj^
was perhaps the most important c. v
trio: for it was his timely notice of a boa/
of Russian cavalry who were. forming !•
th© rear, to close 11m line of retreat. «sf»
the brigade was iharsinsr to meet a rr ..
body of hostile cavalry in front, that re
served the remnant of the six hundred rro
complete annihilation.
Sir Roger. on the night before the •*"**"■"
discovered I sentry of his rtg*m*nt asie:£e :£
at his post. Such a grave dersllcttoa t «
duty, especially at such a mom*"
sufficient to forfeit the life of th# »«JJ^
who. however, implored forgiven* w^ u _
passion and earnestness that . youn w
tenant Palmer, as he was then. cpoM l «■« ■ ,
resist On th« following day. in th *s~L,.
the pardoned 'soldier, full «i « » t ' '^l to
trived to keep on th* flank of th* : *? r ;
nhom he ewed his life, and wh9 -.f^r t «r
wa? enraged ia a hand-to-tanJ "\^tt*
with •> Russian, who was torn *- -
plucs© hi* swerd into its body c - lO T.^

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