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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 15, 1910, Image 6

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Amusements.
■AMERICAN— Vaudeville. j
CJISISc2-«:K--& «"* Down Broadway.
%;V'\- t mf-a'"rE--S is- Vaudeville. i
CON« 4 - BrTshxon Beach Far*.,
. rRTTKR^N-^l-' CoaimntiS*. \
. i-KTV _>. i.V-T!i. Fortune hunter. »
«Sl^*-I^ Among .1.., Won. j
iVU'r r^ -< r ir.— Tho Marrias* of a Star. «
HER?IjTTerAKV: -> I-"- Tnile-s Nightmare.
fflcSffiKn! s:V: ■ »**™ ■ !
LT»*ErM S:!.i — Tn<- Bias* Botue.
I VRI< -!« >■• The Cheater.
XEff.AM6TERD.O?-fc=l^" Ilw -
Index to Advertisement^^
I" ■■■■: .T^ «Igs g^* ll Page. Col.
>Tnnt*m«!t» ..-".- ;! I*st .Bankbooks 11 5
Auc-ion ?^e5...1l r.|itarria«es and -
'=« Sec re V> 1 Propolis 11 -
OwJrt Ctoanine.U 5 Real E<Ute.--j" •• - «
CtttSoa* 11 2jn«al Estate for
iw^k; -a«J Offlc* . P Sale or to i^t. . 5 7
XXtUesfl KotiewlO 1-Spectii •■"!<■."* -• « •
Ehmstle BJtna- jSarrrosaw* >»-
SSSK&S ? T :rw : .,:.::.u «
l'-i-^rr si ...1<» C-7iTc I>-t for Kus«- r .
* . .... „ 7^ tion Rates 7
Ipftruclicn *3 • ' __ I
S^Qtinfo&t\toomz-
MONDAY. AUGUST 15. 1910.
This newspaper is otcned and pub
li*hrd hit The Tribune Association, a
yew York corporation; office and prin
cipal place of business, Tribune Build
ing, W. IM Xassau street, Xcw York;
Ogden Hills, president; Ogdru If. Reid,
secretary; James If. Barrett, treasurer.
The address of the officers is the office
0/ this newspaper.
THE VHWB THIS MORXiyG.
FOREIGN.— Nightingale, the
famous nurse who organized the service
in the Crimean War, is dead. = Ser
geant Mitchell and the wardresses from
Holloway Jail arrived at Quebec to take
Dr. Crippen and Miss Leneve back to
England to be tried for murder. : ■-
The Pope was quoted as saying that he
believed the Cortes at its next session
would displace Senor Canalejas, the
Spanish Premier; the Clerical organ de
nies that an envoy has been sent from
Rome to Madrid. :=_- The Belgian,
English and French sections at the
Brussels Exposition were destroyed by
lire; two persons were killed and thirty
injured. ~ — ■— Thirty-two persons were
killed and a hundred injured in a train
wreck at Saujon, France; many of the
victims were schoolgirls. == The Ger
man battleships recently sold to Turkey
Bailed for Constantinople. ■ Pro
moters of airship meetings in France
and elsewhere abroad are said to have
lost large sums; it is believed that the
number of contests next year will be
greatly reduced. — China hereafter
will manage its diplomatic questions
without the aid of foreign advisers.
DOMESTlC— President Taft had a
conference at Beverly with Lloyd C.
Grisconi, president of the. New York
County Republican Committee, after.
which" Mr. Griscom left for New York,
en his way to bee ex-President Roose
velt; Senator W. Murray Crane will re
port to the President the results of his
mission in the West this week. ■
Secretary Ballinger said at Klamath
Falls. Ore. that be had no intention of
resigning from the Cabinet. == The
Department of Commerce and Labor-re
ports that $250,000,000 worth of lux
uries were imported into this country
last year, an increase of more than $-•>,
000.000 over the former high record
year. I'.«iT. and more than double those
of 1900. == John D. Rockefeller, in an
interview in Cleveland, said Hying is a
dangerous pastime, and he prefers his
automobile. : It was reported in
Guthrie. Okla.. that Governor Haskell
will try to succeed cither Gore or Owen
in the United States Senate. == A
young wrestler, a giant in size, of Alton,
ill., choked one man to death with his
hands while he crushed out the life of
another with his legs.
CITY. — Further improvement was re
ported by the surgeons in attendance on
Mayor Gaynor., ... „ . A thousand or
m<>rf. passengers spent an anxious half
hour on the disabled steamer Sam
Sloan, adrift in the currents of Hell
Gate. -_— Two men were shot and a
third was almost beaten to death during
a fight on an excursion boat on its way
up the Sound. . .. = Announcement was
made of the formation of a new Labor
party to b^ organized in all the bor
oughs of New York. - Major Gen
eral Wood praised New York City
militia in his report: of Massachusetts
manoeuvres of IW9. .... - Qua ley said
that the Newark factory in which Mrs.
Bull's money was invested would be in
operation before the end of the week.
s= — Willard broke a world's record at
Garden City yesterday by carrying three
passengers in his biplane. = It was
announced that former Controller Metz
had established a fund of ?10,<KH> to en
courage better accounting systems in
American municipalities. :== The
budget estimate of Commissioner Whit
ncy of the Department of Correction
showed a considerable saving for the
city. ■ ' ' '■ rJ. C. Mart, m a high power
biplane, made several flights at Sh**«-ps
head Bay. — . Two women were
severely injured in a runaway accident
in Brooklyn.
THE WEATHER.— lndications for to
day: Cloudy. The temperature yester
day: Higtiest. **» degrees: lowest, 68.
EXGDISH JtAJLIiOAD REGULATION.
1 he interest ius l«;ttor of The Trihuue's
London correspondent upon railway reg
ulation in England describes the oflicials
of the Board of Trarjf in that country
as amazed thaj tho railway law passed
at the recent fission of Oousrress should
be r«?partiod here a* radical, In Ehk
land it seems "exceedingly cautious and
conservative legislation." >>> much fur
ther has England developed the policy
of regulation. What would perm like
j-orialism if proposed h«>ro is accepted as
a matter of course in that highly indi
vidualistic country. This difference is
doe to the fact that England all along
kept dearly in mind the 'duties and ob
ligations of a public service corporation,
ivhile the people of this country were
overlooking them. The idea that such
a corporation was upon ■ different foot
l iii? from a men* private profit seeking
enterprise has been of slow growth In
the United States; indeed, according to
the statement given out by railroad
counsel after their recent conference at
Portsmouth, It has only just been
brOdgbt (MOM to the railroads them-
N •-■-.
English railroads, Mi the other hand,
- never enjoyed the privilege of being con
d!icii"d a? if it were none of the public's
business how they performed the ser
vice v.ith '\-li!rh they were intrusted.
The lar.-lessness that existed in this
c*«untry never existed there. From the
Bnt the English authorities watched
With ■ jealous eye to see how the rall
no.id companies performed the service
fry vrhicli they were created. The resnlt
Is that those who are charged with the
dnty of r:islro:id regiHation there can
look ixprm tliis country's advance in reg
i;!:itloa as timid and overconservative.
la developing it« policy of regulation,
however. England has some great ad
vantages over tlidl country. In tlie first
piece, ICnglanrFfi rfguJatlon is central
ized. England is JK«t ■ union of states,
each one of -which has a regulative au
tborily v.ifli a policy more or less at
mil— with tho?e of the others. Ami
in th* second place, the territory if
EiivHanfi Is crrujpa't and fully developed.
The problem there Is consequently much
simpler. That country's experience is a
nshle for this country only within cer
tain limits. One of the doubts which
■jjßLi regarding the conferring of addi
tional authority and the imposing of
new duties u]>on the interstate Com
merce Commission is the capacity of a
single body of men to perform the tasks
required of It. Upon this question the
experience of England, with her com
pact territory and with relative uni
formity and stability of conditions in a
thoroughly settled and developed coun
try, throws comparatively little light.
But while the problem in the United
.States has peculiarities sufficient to
make It wise to go, slowly in develop
ing regulation, testing the effect of each
step before making another, the success
of England cannot be regarded other
wise than as encouraging. The testi
mony there is that the railroads have
benefited a* much as the public from
government control. The experience of
this country will doubtless be similar.
MILKISG "POOR LO*
The testimony given daily before the
committee of Congress now in Oklahoma
invest ijratiu.c the McMurray contracts
shows plainly that the members of the
Uive Civilized Tribes have been victim
ized right and left by promoters and
agejits working on their ignorance and
credulity. The Indiau Territory has
been a rich field for grasping attorneys,
who have persuaded the red men that
they can expedite legislation at Wash
ington or prod tne government into do
ing what it ought to do without any cost
whatever t«> its Indian charsres. The na
tional capital is full of lawyers who
pare served the Indians at exorbitant
rates— often when no service at all was
Deeessuy. The trouble is that the Five
Civilized Tribes have grown rich from
the rapid increase in value of their
tribal holdings. They have more money
tl:an they know what to do with. But
It has been tied up in funds and tnisls
and the capital has been carefully
guarded by the federal government. The
average Indian, like the avenge white
man. is not satisfied to live on his in
come, passing the capital along with ac
cretions to the next generation. It is
human nature to want to have the full
and immediate use of one's resources,
and the Indian easily falls a prey to
lawyers who tell him that they can re
lease his capital at a discount ranging
from one-fifth up.
Because the Indians are so exceedingly
prosperous and their holdings hare been
doubling in value every t«»n or twenty
years, they have not felt the drain of
tiipse excessive fn»s and commissions.
But they have probably paid out much
more for legal services of questionable
value than many h'v-x business corpora
tions have for advice which has made
or saved hundreds Of millions. It is time
that the 100 open-banded Indians should
be protected against what amounts to
extortion.
It. was brought out by several of the
native witnesses in Oklahoma that
though they were represented by sal
aried counsel, appointed in accordance
with laws passed by Congress, they con
sidered such counsel to be ornamental
rather than useful, and did not depend
on them to do the work which the law
required them to do. They, therefore,
hired other lawyers on the percentage
plan to do the same work more ex:
peditiously. Of course, the govern
ment's policy of leasing tribal lands, es
pecially oil and coal lands, and letting
them increase in value militated against
the desire of the Indians to realize
quickly ou their possessions. But Hie
power of outside attorneys to help them
has been grossly misrepresented to them,
:ti<l they have willingly paid for some
thing which was really of trifling value.
The Indian lands cannot be held in
definitely in trust, for the tribal system
will soon disappear, and each individual
Indian will have to stand on his own
feet. But until the holdings are dis
posed of Congress should carefully
scrutinize all transactions with lawyers
on the percentage basis and protect the-
Indians from spoliation. Most of "Poor
!,o* s" troubles used to come from want
and indigence. Now that he is opulent.
lie suffers from the attentions of those
v. ho want to retranslate him from th«
capitalistic state to fhe carefree and
pocket^empty condition to which he was
lorn.
THE PROGRESS OF PAX A.
Progress at Panama commonly means
progress on the canal, which is being
effected at a gratifying and. Indeed, sur
prising rate, and It is in That, progress
that Americans are naturally most di- <
rectly interested. We must, however. j
remember that the canal and the Canal
Zone are not all of Panama. There is a
considerable country entirely apart from
them, with whjeh Americans are not as
well acquainted as they might profitably
be, and which is well worth our intel
ligent and sympathetic attention. We do
not hear .is much concerning it as we do
of some of its neighbors, upon which it
i; to be congratulated, seeing the kind
of notoriety they get. Yet Panama is
four times as large as Salvador, nearly
half as large again as Costa Rica and;
rot so small as to be out of comparison
with the three other Central American j
states, while its population is about
equal to that of Costa Rica and three
fifths that of Nicaragua.
Panama has from the beginning en- j
joyed the unique status of a republic
with au endowment instead of the na
tional debt which is an encumbrance
upon almost every other land. Also it
has had the great advantage of having
two of it* chief cities improved with all
modern appliances by the United States ,
without cOst to Itself. It would, how-*
ever, be a great mistake to suppose that j
these two things comprised all Its fiscal
■nd industrial benefits. On the contrary,
the republic itself has taken hold of Its
own affairs with commendable energy,
prudence and integrity. .Statistics and
other information from official sources
published elsewhere in this paper tell
an encouraging tale of a sufficient reve
nue economically collected and discreetly
administered and of extensive public
works Judiciously planned and efficiently
executed; leaving a sufficient surplus of
ceipts over disbursements.
These results, it must be borne in
mind. have Wen attained by Panama en
tirely outside of the Canal Zone and
npart from any direct American influ
ence. Indirect influence ther; doubtless
has been. The American example has
been before the Pa nn mans. They have
M-en in the Canal Zone impressive illus
tration« of the collective benefits of good
government. But it Is none the less
greatly to their credit that, more readily
than any of their Latin-American neigh
i lx>rs. they hare practically applied the
1 lessen, and while the construction of the
1 canal will from one point of view be our
greatest achievement there, there will bo
another Of a different kind, but not un
worthy of comparison with it in our
protection and tuition of the isthmian
NEW?YOSii DATLY TRIBUNE. MONDAY, AUGUST 15. IMO,
republic and the consequent transforma
tion of what was One of the most turbu
lent and discontented spots in the West
ern Hemisphere Into one of the most
orderly, contented and progressive.
ESPERANTO.
The most] puzzling feature of the uni
versal scientific language propaganda lies
in the fact that its advocates, have not
jet been able to agree among themselves
on the adoption of one of many such
lenguages invented. Esperanto, the
tongue, of the hopeful name, has unques
tionably distanced its rivals for the mo
ment.' hunks to its philological ingenu
ity leading to marvellous simplicity, hut
a quarter of a century ago Volapuk had
made equal progress. It had students
and organs in all civilized countries of
the world, and had been adopted by
great mercantile houses, notably in
China, for purposes of international cor
respondence. Then, almost within the
space of a single year, it was dropped
and practically forgotten.
The real need of an artificial supple
mentary international language would
appear to grow less from year to year.
All educated Europe is practically bi
lingual to-day— Russia, Germany, Hol
land and Italy are even trilingual.
France has taken up English with en
ergy, and the educated Spaniards and
South Americans almost invariably speak
French. No doubt they will take up
English to-morrow. The spread of our
language in the Far East is well known.
In fact, English is already in reality the
international language, certainly of com
merce, :md it answers all purposes per
fectly well, even when written and
spoken with a pronouncedly Ollendorfrian
touch. 'Ilic musses of the nations go
through life needing and using only one
tongue their own. To make them bi
lingual would require a revolution in the
educational systems of the world, bo
sides being an unnecessary proceeding,
serving no practical purpose. The pos
sibility of an ultimate abandonment of
all natural languages for 1111 artificial
universal one lies entirely beyond the
scope 'of present-day speculation.: Eng
lish is a far more promising aspiraut for
universality than any made to order
tongue. It has outstripped French—Ger
man never had a chance. Spanish alone
has a future before it. and perhaps Rus
sian, but the Russian is polyglot by "nat
ure.
Another obstacle in the path of the
Bsperantists is the pronunciation of
their language. How great and real this
difficulty is was proved at the conclave
which elected Pope Pius X. Latin was
used, yet, owing to native differences of
pronunciation and accent, the Italian
cardinals wore unable ' to understand
their English colleagues, while the
speech of both sorely puzzled the Ger
man members of the college. The ex
perts gathered at Washington this week
will encounter no such difficulty; but
what would happen if a Yorkshire Es
perantist of average attainments should
foregather with one from the Midi
after both bad twisted the language to
the convenience of their tongues by some
years of practical use'!
DUTCH TARIFF REVISION.
The Free Trade Congress meets in an
appropriate place and at a fitting time.
Antwerp is not, indeed, in the Nether
lands, but it is next door to it— quite
near enough to be a point of advantage
from which to view proceedings in the
latter country: and these just now are
uncommonly well worthy to be viewed
with all possible attention by that
congress.
Hitherto Holland has ranked among
the few count lies of the world which
have practised nominal free trade. It is.
says "The Ktaiesmans Year Kook."' a
free trading country. A few duties are
levied, but they have only a fiscal, not a
protectionist, character. Moreover, the.
Dutch are proverbially conservative, and
sudden. impulsive or unconsidered
changes arc not to be looked for among
them. Yet at this moment they are upou
the verge of a most mome&toas change,
which the congress at Antwerp may not
re!i>iC i"H which 1t must recognize.
For some years the sentiment for tariff
reform has been growing and making it
self foit. but noi until the present hiis
ji beer lominaut in legislation. The
last general elections, however, returned
t<. each house of Parliament a majority
in favor of tariff reform, aud the change
te- accordingly about to be effected. A
new tariff bill is being drafted; it will
be recommended in the speech from the
tin-one at the opening of the new ses
sion, aud there is even- reason to ex
pect its prompt enactment.
This measure will frankly be based
upon the principle of using the tariff
system for the protection and promotion
of the nation's industry and commerce.
It will enable the government to do
what it Is now quite powerless to do,
namely, to adopt retaliatory measures
CT rates against, any country which im
poses abnormally high duties upon im
ports from Holland. It will also more
than double the present revenue from
customs, even without the application
of retaliatory duties. Incidentally, it is
to be observed that it will commit the
matter of deciding the duties upon dis
puted urtielps not to any political func
tionary, but to a special commission of
commercial experts.
Holland, along with Great Britain, is
tending away from the unprofitable
vagaries of Cobdenism and toward a
prudent and rational fiscal system. With
the«e two great commercial countries
going over to protection, there comes a
trnly pathetic note into the echo of Cob
den's famous and more than cocksure
prophecy, that as certainly as the rising
of the sun the whole world would speed
ily become converted to free trade. If
they break away, who will he left to
maintain the pure faith once delivered
at Manchester?
NEW RECORD FOR HEIGHT.
Mr. Drexel's aerial performance on
Friday was interesting not merely be
cause he reached an elevation several
hundred feet greater than that attained
by Brookius .1 few weeks ago, but also
because exceptional means have been
employed for verifying bis belief that be
ascended 8,750 feet above sea level. Mr.
DrexeJ employed a barometer to measure
height, but the Instrument he used dif
fered in form from the one in favor with
mountain climbers. It is designed auto
matically to register changes in air press
ure by leaving a trace on a sheet of
paper especially ruled for the purpose
and mounted on 0 slowly revolving cyl
inder. Now, a barometer which i* per
fectly accurate where the variations of
pressure do not BXOsd an inch or so, aa
at a weather observatory, might be less
trustworthy where the change to be
recorded is much greater. If Mr.
Drexel'a instrument was carried tip more
than six thousand feet the pressure must
have fallen at least six inches. In order
to determine whether it would tell a
truthful story at that height, therefore,
it has been sent for tests by experts to
the Kew observatory.
In this proceeding enn be found I val
uable suggestion for other aviators a^id
for judges in charge of public trials of
aeroplanes and dirigible balloons. Alti
tude can be measured in several ways,
but for various reasons the use of a
barometer is to be preferred in aero
nautic ventures. The apparatus can. ne
inspected by disinterest ed persons im
mediately after a flight, und it involves
tegfl trouble than following an airship
with a surveyor's telescope. Wheu tri
angulation is resorted to it is necessary
to keep au almost continuous Avatch, in
order to determine the moment at which
the greatest elevation is reached. Still.
v»hen large money prizes are to be
awarded It is desirable to have the
trustworthiness of the barometer ascer
tained by competent persons. These can
be found at the central office of the mi
tional weather bureau. Another pre
caution which it would be expedient to
adopt is to lock the ease of the instru
ment before a flight, the key being re
tained by the judges. Thus the possi
bility of tampering with the instrument
while aloft would be precluded. The
majority of aviators who care for their
reputations would doubtless be glad to
have both of these steps taken.
Mr. Drexel probably used an instru
ment in which the recording sheet is
moved by a slow clock with provision
made fora rather narrow range of press
ure. Now that the aeroplane has come
to stay, it might pay to develop a slight
ly different barograph. By imparting
more rapid motion to the record greater
precision might he secured. It is ex
ceedingly doubtful whether there is to
day an instrument of this class which
will perfectly record n fluctuation of
pressure equivalent to a rise of 7.r>00 or
10,000 feet.
MONEY AXD BUSINESS.
Investment markets are quiet, with lit
tle demand from capital for first class
stocks and bonds, In spite of the at
tractive Income yields that may be
secured. Mortgage issues of our best
properties return at present prices more
than 4 per cent, and in many instances
from 5 to 5% per cent, but bankers and
bankers' syndicates that are carrying
large amounts of high grade bonds put
out in the last seven months report a
most disappointing inquiry from the so
called public, owing, no doubt, to the
fact that the larger number of people of
means have their funds otherwise em
ployed, especially in real estate mort
gage Joans, and to the present high cost j
of living- and general extravagance end i
overspeculation that have been so
marked in the country at large ever i
since the recovery of confidence and the
restoration of normal conditions follow
ing the panic of 1907. Eminent bankers
believe that the securities market has
passed through Its worst period of liqui
dation. They look, however, for a sim
ilar movement in other lines, and they
feel assured that with the completion of
such liquidation money will begin to go
actively into high grade railroad, Indus
trial and public utility bonds. Specula
tion in stocks is light in volume on a
range of quotations that shows substan
tial improvement from the low figures of
the year, but little encouragement is
given to traders who are working to
bring about an August boom in prices.
Aggressive bull operations at this time
are not wanted by our conservative
bankers, who are successfully endeavor
ing to place the local banks in a position
to finance the autumn needs of the coun
try without the necessity of maintaining
a high money market, and to be pre
pared to handle any financial or indus
trial emergency that may develop.
Western banks are pursuing a more con
servative policy in the matter of loans.
According to their usual custom, how
ever, they are making light of the gen
erally accepted belief in the East that
they will require assistance from New
York in connection with the financing 1 of
the harvests, but in view of the fact
that bank loans outside of New York
have increased in the last • year more
than $450,000,000, while since January I
receipts of currency from the interior at
this centre have exceeded shipment?
from here by more than $110,060,000, the.
probability of heavy fall withdrawals of
interior balances from the local institu
tions is more than ever apparent. Not
withstanding the large bank reserves at
this point and the ease in call loan
quotations, time money rates are main
tained at a relatively high level, the
j margin between call funds and oyer-the
year accommodation being about 3 per
; cent, against a margin of 1% per cent at
this time last year, when total bank re
serves were approximately $28,000,000
less than they are to-day.
Our banks have made strenuous efforts
to prepare for the requirements of th«
coming season, and there is little chance
of any concession in rates for time ma
turities, despite the criticism of current
borrowers that enormous reserves war
rant lower quotations. Demand for
commercial paper Is not active, and of
ferings are not large. High time money
serves to keep the sterling exchange
market within the gold importing level,
but as far as our foreign trade in con
cerned little help comes from this source
toward drawing the precious metal to
this country, though before long we may
look for a much better supply of com
mercial bills, while it is possible that
Europe will increase its interest in our
securities markets to an extent that
again will create sjtoek bills in volume
large enough to force further shipments
of gold from London to New York.
Trade barometers continue to reflect ir
regularity in most lines of business, but
general conditions present no reason for
apprehension over the future of our in
dustrial activities. Government figures
showing crop percentages as of August
1 Indicate the largest corn harvest on
record, a heavy yield of winter wheat
and oats which should more than offset
th« falling off in spring wheat. The
actual harvest last year of all grains
was 4,518,888,000 bushels. This com
pares with August estimates this year
of 110,000 bushels, and according
to the best authorities in the West the
final yield will be above the average,
even with considerable deterioration In
condition in the rest of the season.
Cotton crop prospects are not as en
couraging as they were earlier In the
year, and in the cotton goods market
consumers gradually ar? accepting tho
theory that delay in filling requlre
mentß will not be accompanied by lower
prices. The long deferred buying move
ment In staples appears under way, with
the converting und manufacturing trades
th»! best buyers. While purchases in
moat departments of trade are being
conducted on a conservative basis, the
volume of general business us measured
by bank clearings and railroad gross
earnings is still heavy, bank clearings
last week, for instance, showing a fall
ing off of only 1.5 per cent from the
same time last year and an advance of
0 per cent over the corresponding period
in llloe\ when the country was enjoying
marked industrial prosperity. In^.Tuly
railroad gross earnings increased 7 per
cent as compared with July, 1000, but
net earnings now coming to hand as a
rule are disappointing, owing to heavy
operating costs.
Iron and steel markets are quiet, and
activity is not looked for in the course
of the next few weeks. A further re
duction .in pig iron prices is not ex
pected, as in most cases production costs
are now above selling figures, while in
spite of persistent rumors that steel rail
prices have been cut from the $28 level
that has run for many years through
both times of prosperity and depression,
"The Iron Age," the chief authority on
the trade, announces that no concession
has been made or contemplated. Ship
ments of steel are in excess of new or
ders as reflected in the falling off in un
filled orders by the United States Steel
Corporation In July, which, however, on
August 1 were heavier than in any quar
ter between December 31, 1007, and
June 30, 19C9. There is a fair demand
for structural materials, but the rail
roads are not active factors in the mar
ket. The demand for copper is heavier
and prices for the metal are firmer.
Something of a shortage exists in coal,
and higher quotations arc predicted.
Why are so many easy victims of the
oldest, most transparent swindles New-
Yorkers of long standing? They should
know better, yet they don't.
The Hon. William Sulzer has been in
dorsed for Governor in two Assembly
districts. If one hundred and forty
eight others declare for him the conven
tion will be unanimous.
Comet years have hitherto been
famous for the quality of their wines,
but 1910 will prove an exception to the
rule, at least so far as France is con
cerned. Tho yield there will be so small
that quality becomes almost a matter of
indifference. Germany, Hungary, Italy
and Spain have not yet been heard from.
What has Halley's celestial traveller
done to the vintages of California and
Ohio?
The New Jersey school fund grafters
are not to be permitted to escape if the
Supreme Court of that state can help it.
Juvenal's inquiry. "Who shall guard
the guards themselves?" is aptly raised
again in the Ohio capital, where police
men flatly refuse to give protection
against strike rioters. However that
question may be answered, there should
be no uncertainty as to the disposition
of the insubordinate policemen. The
number of them should exactly corre
spond with the number of instantaneous
vacancies on the force
Fake mining schemes are said to have
cost the. people of this country $f>o.oo<>.-
Oflfl in the last decade. And they are
only one of the hundred "opportunities"
that appeal to the "get rich quick" in
stinct:
That Fleming (Col.) young man who
jumped from a train, shot himself, and
then swallowed brimstone, without suc
ceeding in his purpose of killing him
self, must have a great future awaiting
him. Such perseverance will carry him
far. if ho will only apply it in the right
direction.
An Interesting novel point in law or
equity is raised through the contention
that throwing: eggs is no offence pro
vided the eggs are fresh. As' a rule, we
believe, overripe hen fruit is sought and
preferred by those who pay such deli
cate attentions to the objects of their
dislike, though we should think that
even the freshest of "newly laid" eggs,
if soundly smashed in an eye, or, Indeed,
on any portion of the person, would
give legitimate cause for annoyance.
But if witnesses were to be called to
testify find jurors to decide the precise
degree of freshness or of stateness of an
egg after it had been hurled and
smashed— that way madness lies!
THE TALK OF THE DAY.
To make the punishment tit the crime, it
Is suggest^! by "The Pittsburg: Sun" that
all the makers and sellers of impure foods
should be compelled to eat them.
In foreign countries some strange meth
ods are adopted for identifying the contents
of the waehtub. in some parts of France
linen is defaced with the whole name and
address of the- laundry stamped upon it
and. additional geometrical design to in
dicate th«» owner of the property. In Ba
varia every patron of the washtub has a
number stamped in Urge characters on hi?
linen. In Bulgaria every laundry has v
large number of stamps engraved with de
signs, and in Russia the laundries mark
linen with threads worked in arrow shapes.
In some Russian towns the police periodi
cally issue regulations for laundries. In
Odessa books of marks are furnished an
nually to the laundry proprietors, ami these
marks and others can be used to identify
linen New Orleans Picayune.
A "no hat" brigade, fashioned after the
one which is thriving in London, has been
formed in Vienna. "The hat,' says one of
the members, "is a superfluous article of
man's wearing apparel. It deprives the
head of needed air and sunshine, retards
the growth and in many instances kills the
hair and is a source of inconvenience and
considerable expense. At no time does the
member of our league appreciate his reso
lution to go bareheaded to much as when
he visits a theatre or opera. The crush hat
has gone out of style, the cylinder takes up
too much room and it is never improved by
storage In a theatre wardrobe. No man
who once joins our ranks will desert— but,
like taking passage, it requires a little
courage."
LIKE THK TRIP?
Pretty good weather to sail to the pole
On an iceberg, broad and high.
With Icy dreams for to cool your soul
'Neath an Icicle bordered sky.
But over and over the task to do.
For the bread that's life to the land and
you.
And never a vision of rest in view
Till time for the last "Goodby!"
—Atlanta Constitution.
In deriding John D. Rockefeller's whin
key baths an English doctor says that
whiskey should be taken inwardly when
you are physically numb. There is where
the British pill preseriber is weak on ad
vice, says the "Philadelphia Telegraph."
When you are physically numb all that
you want Is a kind friend to take you
home in h pushcart.
The scheme now on foot to have the gov
ernment tako over the Mammoth Cave
property ami make of it a government
reservation in one that will be of interest
to every one who lms seen the cave or
known of Its wonders. It is now prac
tically just as it mi when it was discov
ered, one hundred years aX». With a com
paratively small expenditure It could easily
be mado one of th* beauty spots of rite
country, vying With Yellowatonu and other
natural wonder* now under the control of
the government.— Nashville fimtHMß,
Hermann Warssawlak. whose name has
i. -it mentioned in connection with the
Wlntemute owe, ia remembered by *
stenographer In thla city who did work
for hint when Im made a comfortable liv
ing us a. Christian missionary among the
sg! and bef^rVb. Jolned^^"^
M ar,i £££ h Ch a Pronnc letter
modern 7Avn. .»« "•*■*» .. nd on one
writer,- Bald the stenographer, •" o t>)
oZLion «nt cut hundreds olj^s
prominent p.op* M %^£J?ggg ,h*
ing a.-l to brin; to the VtM ■£•*£ '"
„,: remaining member of »ho » ,
sUMata. ah O-" •*• "*'» E^Sted
had tec** rhHst-ans and ■V*^
funds to bring here the on. who
feared might oth,rwi- hsv no •**•*
for conversion. ' ,^^, v
■•Would you rathVf take a .lollar to-day
&£&&&ss*
an -innocent Ind an at tn m "i doJ .
1 cestigatkH! in <^ kla T n^" 1 - A* three dollars
bVSo^Sr^rVa^^g^
j more. Sun.
FOREIGN AT)VTSER BARR2D
China to Manage Diplomatic Questions
Through Natives.
Peking July BV-Ths Chinese government
has d cfd.d to employ no fore.in dip on.aU,
adviser for the future, a decision which^ha »
come as a surprise and to some «£•*•
disappointment to the foreign communities
of the Far East. The Wa.-Wu-Pu For
eign Governing Board, will depend In the
future on the views and opinions which are
held regarding foreign affairs by those of
its own people who have had long experi
ence in the diplomatic and consular ser
vices abroad. .
Young men of foreign education arc be
ing taken into the lower offices of the gov
ernment departments, but it is not likely
that their counsel' will be entertained to
any extent until they attain mature, if not
old age. The post which Is now to Le
abolished has paid a salary cf $25,000 a year.
IN THE BERKSHIRES.
[By Telegraph to The Tribune.]
Lenox, Aug. 14.— Alexander S. Webb. Jr.. j
and Miss Carline Webb are visiting Mr.
ana Mrs. John E. Alexander at Spring
Lawn. . .
Mrs. Charles Greenough Is visiting Miss
Grace Sedgwick at the Butler villa, Stock
bridge.
Dr. E. S. Weed, of New York, gave a
dinner at the inn. Great Barrtngton. to
night for M^amJ Mrs. Frederick S. Pear- j
son and Admiral Sir Albert Markham and
Lady Markham. of England.
Mr. and Mrs. NawboM Morris gave a
luncheon at Brookhurst this afternoon.
Edward B. Livingston, who has been
vibiting Harry Livingston Lee, has gone
i to New York..
Mr. and Mrs. Frederick P. Delafield are
' touring the Berkshire* with Mrs. W. H.
Curtis- and J. C. Mcllvaine. They are at
the Curtis Hotel for a few days.
Mrs. Charles S. Bird Is negotiating for
the lease of Highwood. the Bullard prop- j
erty. Mr. Bird will send a pack of hounds
for tho Berkshire Hunt.
Th» volunteer choir, composed of 3 nun?
society women, sang at Trinity Church
this morning. The Rev. Anson Phelps
Stokes will preach in Trinity Church next
Sunday.
Mr. and Mrs. E. I. S«aman. Mr. «md
Mrs. Frank E. Gibson. Mr. and Mrs. James
A. Gibson, Andrew Cuneo, Louis A. Dip
brow. Mr. and Mrs. 'William A Zabriskie ;
and Mr. and Mrs. William A. Bowne. of
Now York, arrived to-day at the Hotel
Wendell, Pittstteld. |
Mr. and Mr?. Robert L. Burton, who i
1 have been at the Curtis Hotel for a few
days, are returning by automobile to
Cedarhurst. Long Island.
Mr. and Mr.". William V. Lawrance and
Mr«. J. S. Bates, of Mew York, and Mr.
and Mrs. Samuel Adams and Charles P.
Hoyt. of Chicago, are at the Maplewood,
Pittsfleld.
Mrs. Allan Mac Sherry and Miss Kath
erine MacShorry, of Baltimore, who mo
tored from their country place, at Roland
Park; have arrived at the Curtis Hotel for
a month's stay.
Mr and Mrs. F. P. Corns tock. Mr. and
Mrs. G. lleide Norris. Mr. and Mrs. C
Tlartnian Kuhn. Miss Kuhn »ad Miss
Gwendolyn Kuhn have arrived at the Cur
tis Hotel.
Mr. ami Mrs. P. Simmons, of New York;
MV. and Mrs. P. McEvoy, of Brooklyn:
Mrs. Hose Schultz and the Misses^ Webb,
of Walnut Hill, have arrived at Greenock
Inn. Lee. \
Richard M. Cadwalader and Alexander
Cadwalader, of Philadelphia, are guests of
Miss Emily Biddle.
Mr. Godfrey M. Brinley will arrive on
Monday to visit Mr. and Mrs. Carlos M. de
Herediir, at Whealleigh.
SOCIAL NOTES FROM NEWPORT,
Newport, Aug. I}.— Secretary Meyer of
the Navy Department and Mrs. Meyer were
pruests of honor to-night at a dinner party
given by Mr. and Mr«. Ogden Mills at their
summer home. It was the first large din
ner party of th* season given by Mr. and
Mrs. Mills. •
Mr. and Mrs. R. I* Beekman gave a
luncheon In honor of thHr guests. th« Sec
retary of the Navy and Mrs. Meyer and
their family.
Mrs. Hermann Orlrichs was a dinner en
tertainer this evening, and an added at
traction for her guests was the singing
of a troupe of negro minstrels.
Mr?. Adolf I^adenburg-. Mrs. O. G. Jen
nings. Mrs. Knilie A. Brugiere arid Mr?.
William E. Carter were also dinner enter
tainer?. Mrs. Carter followed her dinner
with a musical by Conrad's metropolitan
Orchestra.
Registered at th* Casino to-day ware W.
S. Symington, jr.. of Baltimore; Eugene
Hale, jr.. Norman J. fl*> R. WMtehouse,
William r> Bourne, K. S. H. Peajaarsjast,
Edsar F. Lee. Mr. and Mrs. A. Applets;
Robbins. of New York; Roland M. Howe,
of St. Louis: Alfred -'o-ltuan. Alfred T.
Baker, Mr. and Mrs. W. Gray stew Strtson.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. Manchester. Sid
ney L. Boals. A. S. Dabnsy. jr.. Mr. and
Mrs. F. W. Thayer, of Boston; A. 1.. Hos
kins. of RoFemont, Perm.; Mrs. d* R. W.
Sampson, of Cambridge. Ma.-» : Miss D.
Watts, of Philadelphia; Miss Ethel J. Ad
ams ami Ml*j Adele H. Bull, of Brooklyn;
W. B. Craigjn. jr.. of Plainlield. N. .T . an. l
Commander Basile Soldatencoff. of the
Russian navy, and Duke Sinia Romanoff.
Miss Eleanora R. Sears, of Boston, is a
goes! of Mrs] Joseph Harriman.
Mr. ami Mrs. A. Appleton Robbing, of
New York, are the guests of A. G. Thacher.
Mrs. Charles M.. Bull has a large nous?
party for this week. The guests include
Charles M. Bull. Jr.; Dr. Henry C Martin,
Miss Ethel Adams. Miss Jean Adams. Rob
ert Gair. jr.. Otto W. Heinlgke.; Harold
Hackett and Frederick B. Alexander.
Miss m. E. Ames, of Boston, v.ill soon
take a cottage on Bellevue avenue for the
remainder of the summer. Miss Ames i*
at present ■ guest of her brother and sLs
ter-in-law. Mr. ami *fr« F. Lothrop Ames.
John Gilmor and Graham Bowdoln, of
Baltimore, are guests of Dr. Henry Bar
ton Jacobs.
COLLEGE PRESIDENT RESIGNS.
Toledo. Aug. U.— Professor J. 11. Ray
mond, formerly of Chicago University, but
for a year president of Toledo University,
resigned yesterday. T ho directors have
not yet accepted the resignation. There
has been friction between the Heel
und directors for several months.
COME TO NEW YORK'S EAST SIDE.
From The Toledo Blade.
♦ h Th^ c u aa re, c c BHla to bo 90.G00.000 people In
MORE THAN THAT.
From The Syracuse Poat-Standurtl.""
Jersey City has grown riu.ouft in ten years
because it i* near New Vv.rk. Bridgeport
baa become the nectind city In Connecticut
because it la near New York. yonkera will
eCr a o ll f r T.| t e7n KE ll^ ficiS^iSS
v I t '"''■■"'■^ v us aear New
York. Suburban N,, v Tors to-day means a
considerable fraction of three states
ENGLISH MUMS
Measures of Public Control!
Lessons for America. ?3§
London, Attgost3£&
American correspondents arc askfej*
questions about government control^
railways in England. Th«?y start »t t v
the erroneous idea that the a r Juiini'>t.rs.
tlon here Is oo<lin«?lv lax respectia,
corporations, whereas in reality it fyjgj
been rigorous and almost drastic rost .
the beginning. British j^
th»^ protection of public rial I has is,.-,
come in th" ond radicalism in the ><!ip^.
vision and regulation of ralltray tra*j#.
The corporations have n»\ >r b*?n 'a£*
lowed to set out of hand. Th* .»,
compelled to construct their lines zolUßf
and expensively, so as to ?»c«re Pubsa>
safety and convenience; there wa3 thcr«
ough inspection of new work by sot-era.
ment experts before it was set in opera,
tion; there was systematic investigation
of accidents by competent officials; •->».,
were adequate safeguards against negj.
gence and unfair prejudice in the nuts*
agement of traffic and terminal facility
and there- v.as comprehensive super,
vision of every detail of the railwa7
business by an open court where api«».
ances couid be heard and redressed. : .
Officials of th» Board of Trade hs»»..
read with amazement the text of th*
new railway law In which Presides;.
Taft has interested himself. What seeaj^
to be regarded In America .- a radical,
measure of control is describe-! by «.
perts here, as exceedingly cautious sal I
conservative legislation. Parliament and
the Board of Trade have gone much
further than Congress in establishing 1
uniform classification of freight charges;
in regulating rates on a mileage baas
and in securing uniform terminal feel
ities.
The railway department of the Boar!
of Trade was constituted as early a*
IS4O. and a board of commissioners fer
the whole kingdom was organized sx
years afterward. The functions of a»>.
department were enlarged by subsequent
acts and the commission transformed 14;
1870 into a court, to which all question
of traffic, preference and management
could be referred for settlement! Th*
railway corporations, instead of obje««
ing to government supervision and con
trol, have welcomed it a* a practical
method of commanding public oaS
dence and imparting stability to aeesr
ities and investments. That has ben
the uniform experience, from the con
struction of the earliest English ! n*s »
the important experiment in arbitra&a
by which a general railway strike *as
recently prevented through the Interreo
tion of Mr. Lloyd-George.
Government control by systexa^j
measures and equitable processes has
helped the English railways instead -*
retarding their progress. Thai is the
most important lesson for Americans
from British experience. The Interstate
Commerce Commission, so far as it has
received authority from Congress, is en
abled to adopt only half measures of
supervision in comparison with th« rail
way commissioners her«S In place of
political agitation and depression in tl»
exchanges, everything in the direction of
public control is taken a3 -1 matter of
course in England, and the corporations
themselves benefit heavily by orderly,
regulation.
The railway and canal traffic act cf
IST»4 placed corporations under obliga
tion to supply reasonable facilities fos*
receiving, forwarding and delivering pas
sengers and goods without unnecessary
delay. There was the fundamental re
quirement that no railway corporation
should give "any undue or unreasonable
preference or advantage to or in favor
of any particular person or company, or
any particular description of traffic, im
any respect whatsoever." Whenever
facilities were withheld, or there wa»_
cause of complaint of prejudice and jig
equal treatment, the courts were opened
for hearing of the case, and the issue of,
a writ of injunction and penalties aH
costs were* authorized. By the act or
IST?, the railway commissioners *«•
substituted for the courts as the author
ities for hearing complaints and i?*uteS
onsen and writ?, and th- function I
supervising traffic wa/ enlarged in sev
eral direction?.
The companies were required to kfe«
books and lists at stations showing rates
charged under special contracts. vn&
distances and other details. The com
missioners were empowered to ; mesti*
gate alleged violations of law. to arbi
trate cases between companies, to fcf,
terminal charges, to regulate the coa^
veyance of mails, to withhold sanctuo,
from agreements between railways a>i
canals and to exercise control over cor*.
poration? in other respects. j
The act of IST", was amended fifte* 3
years afterward, and strengthened a'
many points. The commission wascca*
stituted as a court of record; its juris
diction and procedure were denned. 3£*.
appeals from Its decisions to » ? er *°'
court of last resort were «* llla **
Under the head of traffic. classUWMJg
of freight rates on a mileage basis *»
defined, publication, of annual schedut«
of charges was required, undue pref
erences and unequal tolls were «**
with, uniform terminal eharyes •■■
maximum rates were explained «■*■
powers and obligations respeW
through rates were safeguarded. A.-gj
This act of MM carries out m tf "
the principle of th« original act of **T
that there shall be- an open door (or S
comers and that AM traffic of the i**
ways shall be conducted without rr*^
once for or prejudice against any ini^
ests. A revised classification of «■■■
and schedule of rates is provided ■■]
through traffic »nd»term!nal facilities*
ordered on a uniform basis and oBtfSS
equitable conditions; higher charts r %
shorter distances than for simitar, ser
vice for longer distances arc exciu^y
penalties are imposed for undue P l^
■800, unequal tolls and unfair i"' 9o ' !
nations; and the entire procedure to€^
presentation of grievances against
management of railways Is regulated-*^
American reformers will nnvi )n^
Railway Commissioners' offices
forms and schedules for rehearsing ,
tboM complaints respecting an unsi : -v
and movable freight maximum. cl^^,
cation without a mileage basis ana
criminations In through rates aruJ^^
mlnal charges which they are not^
allowed to present to the Interstate 1^
mexce Commission because ** >,£-
American law is tentative and caut ' off?
Restrictions on agreements ***|j^
English railways respecting toll*. £p
land charges were imposed by 'J&Zl]
statutes as early as tS3«. The s anC ?£*
of shareholders to these compacts KS
required; public notice of lntentl^j*'
circular and advertisement was
obligatory; the approval of the °**^J|fa
Trade was stipulated for as essential.

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