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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 17, 1910, Image 6

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j,Vl>H'— <i-jr.— Th" Cheater- ■ , ■ .-<
NEW AM?-rEKI.iAV^-=:'>-*=**-^ lrl "'»-
Z?7<7ctr to Advertisements.
rapp-<"o!.i I'apo-.CoK
A?mi^TPfnts ...12 Tjlnsiraction ..-..• » •'
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Rnkrr? i ft llMarriapp^ an»l_
l^«rd A Rr^Tns. " "I l^»t!i" •'. i
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aTmj-^ark srtibtnw.
This op'ip' r f? otcned and pub
lished by The Tribune Association, a
;. <*■' York corporation; office and prtu
ripal place of business, Tribune Ilitiid
ing, rv'o. 131 yassau street, New York;
itgden Mills, president: Ogdcn 11. Reid,
recretar;/: James M. Barrett, treasurer.
The address of the officers is the office
of thin newspaper.
/7/A \FH> 7i//s UORMSG.
FOREIGN. — President Montt of Chiii
1- dead. „ Sir Ernest CaaaeJ has
piven 51.00H.000 to aid German and Brit
ish emigrants seeking work in each
o'untry. :: — .Thirt\-nine lives were
lost by tbe sinking of the Spanish steam
«t Mart..- alter a collision with the Ger
ir.an* tramp El?a, off Gibraltar. ==—
Miss Elkins and her mother have taken
looms at Vichy; the Duke of the sVbrussi
is expected there. == L,e Blanc's air
ship heat the first of forty-seven carrier
2>ipeons released at Dooal on the flight
■!•■ Amiens, by six minutes and twenty
peconds. . Thousands of cases of
cholera are reported daily in Russia;
many children are starving;. ■ , ■ Flor
ence Xl^huncrnle's executors declined a
r>ublic funeral and burial in Westminster
Abbey. All the shipyards of Ger
many, except the government works, are
Mia, and vessels are being: sent to Eng
nd for repairs.
DOMESTIC — Douglas H. Juhnson.
< hief of eighty thousand Chickasa-w Ind
ians, when asked at the land hearing at
Sulphur, Okla.. bow it was that he was
able to deposit $75,000 in a Texas bank
a fe-w days after J. F. llcllurray had
received $750,000 as attorney's fees, in-
Rtstrd that he did not remember. -
iK-elaiinp from the bench that "crooked
work is being done"' Judge Kersten, in
Chicago, dismissed a panel of one hun
idred venlrenxen called in the case of .Lee.
O'Xeil Brov.ne. accused of bribing- a
legislator to vote for "William Lorimer
for United States Senator. ■■ ■ ■ Mayor
Marshall of Columbus refused to be re
*a>onsible for the operation of streetcars
by strike breakers " at night; the state
authorities refused to allow militia to do
police duty. == The Census Bureau in
Washington announced that Schenec
tady. X. V., showed an increase in popu
lation of 129.9 per cent in ten years.
: The fifty largest postoffices of the
United States showed an Increase in re
ceipts for 1930 of 3 per cent, as com
pared with the figures of 1909. ■
Governor Hughes leased a dwelling: i?i
Massachusetts avenu* 3 . Washington,
which he Will occupy from October I.
when ha v.ill become a Justice of the
United States Supreme Court. — — A«>
cording to Washington dispatches the
fooling exists !n Central America, that
th«^ war in Nicaragua may soon be over.
-. Postmaster General Hitchcock
Parted on an extended trip through the
Vest and Southwest, and to the Pacific
♦oa.st. " The General AJssemtaly ot
Ihode Island convened in special session
*t ProvldenceJ -' ■' '. ... ports Crom Bode
ii*-s In all parts of th*> world received by
the Esperanto international congress, In
session in Washington, phowed a rtronsj
pr-niiment against making changes in ttoh o
rules to meet local needs.
CITY — Stocks wore strong. ■ ■
Mayor Gaynor gain passed a favorable
day. an<l his temperature became almost
normal; conflicting statements were
tt.jx]" as to the possibility of an opera^
lion to-day <<r to-morrow. = . The Re
publican state Committee rejected Colo
n<.; -. .-■,:- temporary chairman of
th«» state* convention and named Vice
president 'Sherman instead. ==z The
legislative committee on graft was said
t^- have .... information regarding
nbuses In the appointment of legislative
rlcrks. --■ -- The police bad a sharp bat
-!'«■ with -"vomen who threw red pepper In
ihrir face? in a renewal of sugar strike
rioting In Williamsbarg. - It was
learned that a movement to bring about
peace In Nicaragua was on foot. =====
Ty»;adiJJg men of the race i re to address
m« Nfgrro Business Men's League con
vention, and Mr. Roosevelt will speak nt
«.n<* of th^ sessions. — Tho chief of
Hie Bureau *•• Weights and Measures ''.• -
riared that esjCK must be sold by weight
but agreed to eet * committee of deal
r-vft to discuss the reasons advanced in
opposition to the order.
THE WEATHER] — Indications for to
ds y: shr>Tv>rs. The temperature : «•<"■•
flay; Hisrhest, so degrees; lowest, 71.
Chairman l»i\ of lan Democratic
Fiatfi Committee having gone through
ihf -laic looking for Democrats and
having found 4.V» of them invites them
r II to Mr. II Is to be ■ harmony
• linn-r. given in Hk hope that bavin?
1-rokcn hr*»:id v. -it li blm and eaten of his
Fait tlies* UCBBSCBBiB of 450 varieties
•till all co away and vott; bis ticket. It
i- a worthy and hopeful plan. The ac
cepted i. >■''.■>] of securing harmony is
I-.y I ing a dinner. Besides^ we suppose
all these Democrats will have to listen
to He Edward II Sbepard's demonstra
tion that there is no difference between
Alton P.. I'arker and Henry Georse, jr..
«s Democrats. After that they win need
to be fed. unless Mr. Ms should provide
ambulances in which to take them all
to tbfir respective homes.
Hut just to show bow difficult bar-
Jiioinr is, ln-hold the controversy that is
threatened over this dinner! Shall it be
a dollar <lliiii*t «.r a plutocratic affair
.vt rh<- dollars a pi.i!.-": Hearing of the
dh'nor. our r.rooKlyn oelgfatjor "'I he
jlmstU*." ivhicll .in.--.--- to !..■ PlDOOthitlg
*<vi th. way for IKnnooTatic victory,
j;:shes int. i print expressing tL»- ij'«i»
I'i.Mi it will be li.t dollar dhtner. Pence!
pejuv! Does It not know that I>enjo
cratie f.iinl'ios have been lent 111 twain
aver Us.it i>-;,<'. thai sons hare left the
jsiernftl roof and refused i., bold fur
t!irr conjuiunication with r.-t t hen who
lave saten of political feasts cosiiris
j..««iv than lOQ rents :i piale? I •<»- it
i:<it know that this is the ami divisire
f,::«-sti<.n t!int has e\e r arfaea la ih«»
!'O!uotrra<T: !'..-t\\i.\i the "rather foli
wrvatirVv* Parker and Hie "rather less
<--.ij)«rrv«fivr" I>ry:in tlif dIffOTPHCC would
Split n" party, hut between dollar dln
1 *rs nnd '<!••! '-:t • dinners — We |„, v » .in
fi<r 11k* two K<!TIf«»US '■{ Th«- I >oiH<i<T;l<-y
late "each other averse than they hate
tb<* Republicans' Does not ••IT)' 1 Kngrlp"
la'iow that anioug the 150 varieties of
Democrats invited at least '--'> would
choke rather Item cat a dinner costing
more (ban I dollar and that lhr oilier
225 would vote tho llcpuMican ticket all
i!,- reel of their d.-iys if any our were
(.. surest their entfs)g ■ dollar dinner?
\\ii<mi it wan ail over and the "old
ri'.-ird" had won its customary' victory
Mr. llnrry W. Mack, member of (he
'Slate committal' from the J."»th District,
declared^ "The tight lms not even began."
i Th.-it assertion is fattfas to have a
■.familiar,, sound. When the "old guard"
refused to heed admonitions from those
v.ho had the I»e?t interests of the party
at heart and elect a 'Hughes man as
Republican leader in the Senate, it was
nnnoauccd that "the tischt has not even
began.* Certain movements of bellicose
significance thereafter took place, hut
tber did n<>t go very far. Again, when
the sanK clement, rejected the advice of
Colonel Roosevelt :iuil (lew in the face
of puiiiif opinion by defeating the Cobb
direct primary hill At the extraordinary
session of. the Legislature, the confident
assertion was heard that "the light has
not even T>esrun." If it is going to be
begun, hi 12 not about, time that it began?
If there is any real intention to make
a fight to wrest the control of the party
from the element that now possesses it
that intention does not lark pxrusp.t The
cabal of leaders which refused to make
Mr. Roosevelt temporary chairman of
the RermbKeaa State Convention has
demonstrated again that, it is indifferent
to the party's welfare. No issue is in
volved hi the personalities of Colonel
Roosevelt and of Vice-President Sher
man. So far as the men themselves
are concerned. Republicans are as well
pleased to have Mr. Sherman temporary
chairman as they would have been to
have Mr. Roosevelt in that place. The
incident gains its significance solely be
cause the "old guard* 1 chose the course
that it adopted in order to emphasize
the fact that it was in perfect control
of the management and of the fortunes
of the party. ii wanted to show that
its power and prestige were undimin
ished. that It was going to make good
its boast that men like Hughes are mere
birds of passage, -while the old guard"
is a permanent institution. Messrs.
Barnes. Woodruff and Wadsworth op
posed Colonel Roosevelt because he al
lied himself with the force* of progress
in declaring for direct primaries, and
because. as he says in his statement, pub
lished this morning, he made it plain
to every one that if he were to be the
temporary chairman of the convention
Ms "keynote" speech would be a blow
to reaction. They are taking no risks
in their reactionary policies.
The emphasis that the Barnes-Wood
ruff-Whdsworth element succeeded in
laying upon the fact of their undis
turbed control of the party machinery
is full of danger for the party, and the
inane thai they raised in refusing to
make Mr. Roosevelt temporary chairman.
committed as be is to the Progressive
movement In this state, is even more so.
They were perfectly aware of the dam-!
age they were doing, and it is impossi
ble to acquit them of indifference to i
the party's welfare. If this fight which I
is always to begin but never begins is .
actually started it will have the justifi
cation of aiming to save the party or
ganization from a selfish jrroup that
thinks only of its own continuance in
Senator Joseph \v. Bailey's candidacy
for the Democratic Presidential Domina
tion "ii the platform of tariff taxes on
all raw materials meets with a hearty
response in North Carolina. The North
Carolina delegation in Congress was
especially active a year ago in fighting
■ reduction of duties on lumber, in spite
of the declaration of the Democratic na
tional platform in favor of putting lum
ber on the free list, In order to save
lumber the North Carolinian!? seem to be
willing to accept the whole Bailey pro
gramme, which insists on the taxation
of bides, coal, iron ore. crude india rub
ber and every other raw material so long
a<- duties are retained on a manufact
ured product into which the raw mate
rial enters. "The Charlotte Observer"
and "The Wilmington Star" both ap
plaud the Texas convention, which re
pudiated the Democratic national plat
form of 190S and set up as standard
Democratic tariff doctrine the declara
tions of the Texas state platform of
"The Observer" says that Democrats
who still <-ling to the theories of the
JliHs-GlevelandrWilson-Brynji school arc
'doctrinaires.'' It thinks that Southern
Democrats who would vote for free raw
materials or lower duties on raw mate
rials don't know enough to be Intrusted
wiiTi the care of the S uth's industrial
and agricultural Interests. When the
Payne tariff, law was under considers
tion a pood many Southern Represented
live? and Senators ceased to be "doc
trinaires.*' They voted against free raw
materials, and their votes prevented the
removal of the duties on lumber, iron
ore and coal. Their constituencies are
now backing them up in that exhibition
of insurgency against the Democratic
national platform.
The Democratic, party is talking of
carrying the next House of Representa
tives on the issue of "tariff revision."
But what is the party's idea of "tariff
revision"? In the North and West it
seems to imply free raw materials and an
approximation to free trade in manu
factured products. But in the South,
where Baileyistn is spreading. It appar
ently involves the taxation of all raw
materials and the addition of compen
satory duties to the duties already in
force on manufactured articles the ma
terials for which now come in iintaxed.
These two interpretations of Democratic
policy are Irreconcilable. Mr. Bailey's
Texas and North Carolina supporters are
doing a public service In showing how
contradictory they are and how little can
be expected of a party which would try
to apply them simultaneously in legisla
tion if It should come into power.
(Yriiiiu disturbers of the peace who
were recently trying •" stir up civil war
: in Honduras, '.lie of whom Is a filibuster
I from the Patted States — by enphrniyj
• revolutionist or soldier or Fortune — have
Btureadered themselves to the authorities
of Guatemala. There aocmw to be some
uncertainty as to what will or should
Ire done with them. Perhaps the On-
I i-.i! American treaties of December, 1997,
v ii\ throw light upon the matter.
one of these treatieti declares Hon
duras to bo a neutral state ami binds
1 ihe others to respiH-t that neutrality ami
j ill no >;!•<■ 1.. \i..l.i!p lloTiduranean ter-
I i ; i.!.< This in isrltt logically i..' inter*
I prefed ■« ■ iiledge ii.. i („ similar or
[protect those who plot sc act igaiast
the peace and integrity of Honduras. The
satue treaty declares that political lead
ers or their agents shall not be permit
ted to live near the borders of states
whose peace they might disturb, and
that any person who within the terri
tory of one state initiates or fosters
revolutionary movements against another
state shall be forthwith taken to the
capital and tried according to law.
There seems to be no doubt that the
spirit of the convention is strongly- op
posed to anything like interference by
one state in the affairs of another, and.
especially to one state's toleration of
plotters or filibusters against another. It
would not be •■■ pleasant thing to urge
severe punishment of any lawbreaker,
particularly of one of American origin.
But it does seem to be high time for
Central American filibustering to be
Stopped and for those who engage in It.
BO matter who they are. to be punished
according to law.
Pittsburgh ambition to take rank
among the five leading American cities
will have to be postponed for another
decade or even longer. The population
just announced by the Census Bureau
for the consolidated city — Allegheny
City having been annexed since 1900
will be a disappointment to the promot
ers of the onion, who hoped to see the
enlarged municipality push quickly to
the front. Pittsburgh total in into is
533,905; an increase of B*-J,:{93 over the
joint population of Pittsbiirg and Alle
gheny City in 1900. The percentage of
gain was only I&2. Yet Pittsburgh gain
between IS',«» and 1900 was V,4.~ and
Allegheny City's was 23.3. There has
been a decided slackening iv growth in
the last decade.
Pittsburg was eleventh in rank among
American cities in li«Ht. The consolida
tion with its neighbor across the Alle
gheny River will have had the effect of
advancing it to seventh place, enabling
!r to jump* Cincinnati. San Francisco,
Huffalo and Cleveland, unless Cleveland
has made an exceptional pain. Cincin
nati's population in IHIO is 364,463, San
Francisco's Is probably less than 4<X).<W>
aud Buffalo will hardly pass the 440,000
mark. Cleveland bad 381,768 inhabi
tants in 1900, and has probably now
about 500.000. Pittsburg hoped to over
take Baltimore at this census. But Bal
timore, although growing moderately,
had 506,937 inhabitants in 1900 and
must have nearly 600.0<m> now. Boston
and Sr. Louis in Uh*» had 360,892 and
575.238. re>pe< the! y .
Both have probably made larjrer rela
tive increases than Pittsburg. aud St.
Louis ha< probably reached the 700,000
mark. Pittsburg is a thriving Industrial
centre— one of the most active in the
world — but apparently its development as
a commercial and distributing centre has
so far been slight. It may overtake
Baltimore within the next two decades.
but ii is not likely to pass either Boston
or St. Louis unless its activities are
spread over n wider field.
The demon rum was subdued by the
pressure Of commercial and industrial
necessity far more than by physiological
and moral remonstrance. We look
back over ihe lonjr strupjxle and the tac
tics of the leaders — the temperance
drama, iejra! enactments, protests against
wines served at official dinners. We re
member the fine example set by states
men who lot it be known that they
tolerated spirituous liquids for medic
inal purposes only. We recognize
through the whole campaign the power
of the hand that rocks the cradle, even
though it hold no ballot, yet in the end.
is was thp merchant, the manufacturer
and the worker, recognizing the value
< f clear beads and steady hands, who
decided the issue of the campaign.
Now ihe turn of the cigarette has
come. The war against it is following a
curiously parallel coucpp: The drama,
prohibition by law. physiological aud
moral warning, pointedly personal ap
peal and remonstrance. Whatever the
influence of "Ten Nights In a Knr
rootn,* 1 it must be confessed that the
anti-cigarette drama has failed of its
purpose. In >nin tins the villain
smoked anil smoked on the stage
t'> prove the direct connection be
tween cigarettes and wickedness and
bitter punishment In tile i;:st act. The
public has f;i !!•-><! to grasp ihe moral.
Our statesmen have again set ji -jond
example, though it is to be feared that
?M diploma -v they have found the cipja
rette Tin indispensable substitute for the
snuffbox as an excuse for a moment's de
lay in which to frame a prudent answer
to an embarrassing question.
The direct, material argument contra,
corresponding to the economic handicap
of Intemperance, bus not yet been
brought forward. It Is curious to learn,
however, from :'. eorrespoadenl of "The
I onilon Spectator," resident in the in
terior of China, thai the flooding of that
country with ch<\-ip cigarettes and flnm
boyant cigarette advertisements adds
to i ho danger of ;i new anti-foreign out
break. "We have not." he says, "found
'■the cheap cigarette an aid to the cu.l
"Hvatk'n „f manly virtues in F.njrlaud.
"The next anti-foreign outburst will be
"undoubtedlj affected by views formed
"of this cigarette hydra." A prejudiced
view, perhaps, but a suggestive one.
Attention is called to one of the ad
mirable provisions of the Payne tariff
law by the announcement that works of
art valued at $21,000,000 were imported
In the fiscal year 1009-'lO. The largest
importation under the Dingley tariff law
was that for I ! XX >-'<>7 about .s('>.<* *>.<)<
The Payne law removed the duty on
foreign paintings and sculptures nut pro
duced within the last twenty years and
on other works of art like porcelains,
pottery, marbles, etc., not produced
within the last century. Under the
Dingley law such articles could be
I brought in free only when it was the in
tention of the importer to give them to
some municipal corporation or educa
tional institution. Art objects now enter
this country untaxed unless they are of
recent production, and thus likely to com
pete with the current output of Ameri
can artists.
The government surrendered a small
amount of revenue by admit (ing live of
duty a much larger volume of art Ira- 1
j.ojiniioii--. Rut most of the paintings, j
sculptures and antiquities brought In |
free would not have come here if the
duty bad been retained, and the educa
tional value i t the works admitted far
outweighs the slight loss in revenue |
which bus resulted. It Is of great im
portance that the public taste in this
country should be educated by access to
the treasures of art which Buropeaa
« outlines hare enjoyed for centuries HHd ;
v, hicii h:uc had an incalculable effect iv
.tiltivatintr the human mind and giving
ilicnity ;:n<l value to the! work produced
by painters. tciljptnrK. arehiteits and de.
Rigiicre and in all the mechanical handi- ,
crafts. Every worthy work of art ar "
ijmred is so much capital for future,
and an enlightened national poilcy ought
to facilitate the building up of priv»l°
»nd public collections of art objects not
atone us a means of educating the mind
and fostering an appreciation of beauty
but as an investment yielding appre
ciabie returns in many branches of in
The retention of the duty on .art in
the McKlnley and Dingley tariff laws
was due to the mistaken conception that
art objects Imported by private Individ
uals should be classified as luxuries.
They are not luxuries In the common
sense, for they minister to the wants of
those who do not possess them as. well
a.- to the wants of their fortunate
owners. A painting or « piece of sculpt
ure cannot be enjoyed exclusively by
its possessor. It does a public work
yon while it remains m private owner
ship, and the tendency of the times is
toward the ultimate transfer of indi
vidual collections to public or semi-pub
lic associations which hold them a* a
loan or a trust for educational purposes.
The notable increase in importations of
paintings, sculptures and antiquities is
therefore to be welcomed as justifying
the sound policy of treating them no
longer as luxuries properly subject to a
tax. but as a means of universal pleasure
and improvement.
Having refused to make Colonel
Roosevelt temporary chairman of the
convention, will the controlling element
in the state committee also refuse his
services in the coming campaign?
The growth of Newark. N. J.. in the
last decade has been remarkable, its pop
ulation having increased 101,301. or 41.1!
per cent. Twenty years ago Newark and
Jersey City were rivals for primacy In
New Jersey, the former having 181,830
Inhabitants and the latter 103,003.
Newark drew away in the 1900 enumera
tion, increasing the gap from 18,827 to
39,637. Now the difference Is 70,W)0.
Jersey City's 1910 total being 267,779.
Newark was sixteenth in rank among
the cities of the United States in 1900.
It will go up a point or two now. It
has already passed Washington and will
probably be found to have passed New
Orleans when the latter's 1910 total is
Though the exploring ship Terra Nova
did not reach Cape Town on schedule
time, a delay of two weeks apparently
does not threaten the success of Cap
tain Scott's expedition. Before he can
reach his base on the shore of Ross
Sea a vast amount of floating ice must
be softened by the Antarctic summer.
As the climax of the approaching season
will not he reached till December or
January, plenty of time Is left
That T.e Blanc, flying at thp rate of
forty miles an hour, should travel a lit
tle faster than a flock of carrier pigeons
at first seems an impressive circum
stance. Still, the test was one of speed
for the comparatively short distance of
fifty miles. In a trial of endurance, on
the other hand, the birds would prob
ably win. Homing pigeons have often
flown thrv»p hundred or four hundred
miles without a rest. Le Blanc hopes be
fore the week is over to make a journey
of 488 miles, but he is doing 't on the
instalment plan. His feat is not to be
compared with the best performances of
Paterson has good reason for wanting
to master the art of fighting fires, and
now that she is to s*»nd half a dozen
picked men to the training school for
firemen In tbo metropolis there is a
fin** chance that hrr ambition will be
Within the last few months Indica
tions of distant seismic shocks have re
peatedly been reported by reputable ob
servatories, though no subsequent news
dispatches showed where the disturbed
areas were. Now. by way of variety,
an earthquake takes the liberty of oc
curring in « definite region, and without
calling in the service of an advance
Money aeoi home by Hungarians in
America, estimated at some 128.000,000 in
190*, is declared by 'li*> Royal Emigration
Commission to fall far behind making up
for th« loss of population, which in that
year amounted to 130.000 out of a population
of approximately 1V, 000, 000.
lie doctor B&t: "Yous« ter vie country!
Git out wld de hayseeds an" re?'."
An' me, feelin' dopey, .tii<t bf>at it,
•Relifvin' 'twas all fur df; best.
So here's where 1 landed las' We'n'sd'y,
Right here wid <]ft come-ona an' Rubes,
AVid nottin' around me but scenery.
An' breat'in' fropli air trough me tubes.
But r<\st? Jurnpin' Felix! v. her** is It?
"Well, meb be do country is fin* 3 .
But. say. if dese noise? I."? "quiet,"
1 )<=• rlang <>' de trolley fur mine!
I ain't s!<>p' a wink, on rip level!
I ain't closed a popper .-it night.
.Say. ijstpn. I'm canned bo d€ racket
Dese country birds makes when dej fight.
"Katie did." yells one bird: den anudder
He ups an* he t^lls him, "You He!"
Den dey're off In a bunch, dc whole party,
An' cneel how <\r- langwldgf does flyl
Flynn's boiler shop simply ain't in it
\Yl<! Dat aggregation. Nit! Nein!
If dose country noises Is "qutet,"
De clang o" de trolley fur mine!
Back! Back to ole civilerzation
I'm making de etralghtcs' bcelin*.
Rest up wid de Rubes if youse wants t»r—
De clang o' de trolley fur mine
— T. A. Daly, in th« Catholic Standard and
There is hop- for the poets. They can
write humorous verses, like Nixon "Water
man's, and collect $3,000 in real money
year after year. Or they can write poeti
cal plays, like Mr. Mackaye's or Miss
I'eabody's, and win both fame and fortune.
The one thing they absolutely must not do,
says "The Boston Transcript." on pain of
holes in their boots and hash three times
a day, is to write poetry that must stand
on its own legs.
A henpecked gentleman determined to
have a night with his friends against the
will of his wife. He was resolved that he
would go, and she was equally certain that
he should not. He did not appear, however,
and his friends, missing him, for fun In
vaded his residence. There they found both
him and his wife .sitting in their chairs,
fast asleep. Ho had given her an opiate
that he might slip away, and she had given
him one that he might not.— Tit- Bits.
It is gratifying to learn that Philadelphia
has beaten the 9-cent price for milk. It
was done by housekeepers shutting off or
greatly reducing their demands, ami the
email dealers helping out by refusing to
raise the rale. They obtained their sup
plies from nearby producers, ware hot
members of the Milk exchange, and made
heavy cuts in the business of the bigr
dealers, it was found that th« number
of people who had to have a certain quan
tity of milk a day was too small to war-
i hi the exchange members keeping the
prii«» iiji
A traveller on the country road* at Cen
tral Vermont is impressed \,y th«* Ihik**
number of signs which prohibit hunting
ami !i.«i.iti^ on the premises. One farmer,
how* ■■! , Introduced a pleasing variety by
i li« following notice: 1
"Hunt, Pish and B* D !
if v,, i Get Anything Yon will
|in |t«Mt»r Than I ''an.
Sometime* thi mnsh<r *•!« lii* deaertu
hi ;hni i oediM". A l.<«ui«i\Jllo nun d<»i er who
had got away ■aitij trifled Mm the afteg
tionp of a Nebraska widow. When she saw
his picture >•« that of a nian wanted for
murder aha promptly notified the police
and is now clamoring for her sl ' arP of U>©
$<5.000 reward. And "The Baltimore Sun"
says: "Again .the Injunction, ""Beware of
v. ifinn-j, 1 bi vindicated.'
One of our English residents told this
story of the Prince of Wales, now •>'"«
of KnKland. at ■ recent dinner: *"wn«n
Uporgr- snd Edward (th« late Duko of (.lar
enco were making their tour in the navy,
on one occasion— sunset or pomcthins—
Georco went to the hatchway and called:
'Eddie, come up here and s>in»? "Hod save
your grandmother" ':"— The Wasp.
Mosquitoes caused a suspension <>f >">r
vices In a Jersey church, but it hi not
stated whether their singing drowned that
of the church choir or the profanity they
caused was more than the preacher could
stand. »
The epidemic of cholera in Russia is es
pecially severe in the coal mining districts
on th« Donets River, in the southern part
of the empire, and a general rsodus of
miners has been tho result. The govern
ment has been appealed to tor more stren
uous measures in combating the- scourge
in this region, as the output of coal from
the infected districts has already been re
duced to one-half the u^ual quantity, and
a coal famine is feared if the exodus of
miners is not checked. Medical Record.
A Glowing Tribute to Its Worth and
To the Editor of The Tribune-
Sir: You do Esperanto •"■•ant justice in
this morning's editorial on the. subject The
need of a neutral international language ha.
j been painfully felt since nations first began
I to develop commercial, political and social
j relations with one another. In the last two
i centuries more than a hundred hivl fifty
elaborately wrought laniruaKes bear strik
ing testimony to the intense realization of
! the need and the urgent, effort to supply It.
j By the lav. of the survival of the fittest
I Esperanto ims taken front rank and most
jof the others are burled in oblivion. The
j transient success of Volaphk. despite it*
j flagrant defects, bore witness to the world's
want, which is now adequately met by Es-
I peranto. (
This wonderful invention of Dr. Zamenhof
j is notable not merely for "its philological in
! genuity, leading to marvellous simplicity,"
j but for the international lty of its vocabu
i lary, rendering its assimilation a most easy
J task, for the extraordinary flexibility by
I which it fa enabled to render the finest
! shades of thought and to surpass any liv
! ing language in th» perfection with which it
I can provide adequate rendering: for ail
! forms of literary expression. As a medium
' of translation it excels any other known
, language, natural or artificial. It is not
of mushroom growth, hut has gradually
won its place under the hottest fire of criti
cism and amid all the discouragements
which quickly tire out the early enthusiasm
i which greets a new and plausible proposi
! tion. It has grown steadily for twenty-one
! years, and now possesses over eighty peri
odicals devoted to its interest, and mainly
published in the new language. It has a
large and rapidly growing literature, includ
i ing: hundreds of volumes of translations of
j every description, and an immense mass of
original productions. It is as euphonious
as any of the Latin tongues, with a much
larger gamut of expression, and is as avail
able for poetry as for prose. Its adherents
are now numbered by the million, and are
distributed all over the earth's surface.
An enthusiastic group in Japan is spread
ing it throughout the Orient, and publishes
a -well supported magazine. The Red Cross,
the Good Templars, the Bureau of Ameri
can Republics and numerous other bodies
of international scope have given recogni
tion to it and found it of practical value.
The congress this we<»k in "Washington is
the sixth annual gathering. At a single
congress more than thirty races have been
represented, the majority of delegates be
ing of the plain people, and by no means
prodigies of scholarship. Yet all business
as well as social affairs have been conduct
ed in Esperanto, and no difficulty has been
suffered by any of the attendant? in under
standing or in being understood.
No national jealousies impede the prog
ress of Esperanto. Its adoption carries
with it no fear of a destruction of th« bal
ance of power or of influence by the nation
whose language Is universally spoken. Its
spread emphasizes the cosmopolitan idea, i
and tends irresistibly in the direction of
universal peace. There are indeed many, j
including the inventor himself, to whom
this constitutes the greatest claim of ]•>-
peranto to the acceptance of the nations.
>. T o other language can b*> so readily mas- ;
tered or can so well serve the "purpose of j
the ordinary traveller. Its grammar $3 j
concise and without complications or excep- j
tions: and its pronunciation Is so thorough- ;
ly standardized that the variations sug- '
gested by you could not take place. It 1* \
the one language which can actually be
learned without a teacher and without fear
of serious error in pronunciation or in con- :
struction, j
No Esperantist is looking forward to "an
ultimate abandonment of all natural lan
guages for an artificial universal on 1 ?." The
aim I? simply to facilitate international In
tercourse, while leaving the natural lan
guages to develop In the fullest measure
for domestic use. In fact, its influence
would be in favor cf the preservation of
many of the lesser national tongues, with
the rich treasures of their literature, as
against the present encroachments of the
more powerful language?. Far from re
quiring "a revolution in the educational
s?ystern« of the world," the mastery of Es
peranto is possible with so llttlo effort and
so comparatively brief an expenditure of
time as to become almost more a recrea
tion than a task*. Its Introduction would
prove an exceedingly simple matter; and
the advantageous results would speedily be
come apparent. The next few years will
undoubtedly pee immense progress in that
direction. The movement Is growing with
enormous rapidity throughout Europe, and
the United States should not be left behind.
President of Manhattan Esperanto Group.
New York. Aug. Ho, IW©.
! To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Visiting Esperantists will surely
have read with surprise your editorial i"
Monday's issue on Esperanto. It will with
equal certainty have hurt many to find
that such an editorial could be written at
this date in go-ahead New York. The sug
gestion that pronunciation is an obstacle
in tho path of the adoption of the uni
versal auxiliary language and that "how
great and real this difficulty is was proved"
In the modern use of Latin was unfortu
nate. It Is one of the most curious won
ders of Esperanto that there Is no difficulty
In Its pronunciation, and that local dif
ferences are so slight as to amount to noth
ing. With Latin it was different.
Every schoolboy knows that English
Latinists use a Latin which makes either
Klckero or Steers of Cicero, while the
Romanist Latinlst call it hero. Every
high school girl who calls her parents
•"payter" and "ma;.ter" knows that in
Burope they say "pahter" and "mahter."
Who is there who does not know the
story of the English bishop who accosted
a priest In Home to inquire his way and
began In what he thought good Latin.
"Dick my aye, fraytree eat aymefkas cay
rae?" Whereat the priest apologized, say
ing: "My Baalish, lord, is very poor; can
in > lord not speak Latin?" For the priest
would have pronounced the bishop's word?.
"Dick miekhee, rrahtra& -i ameechay
enh ray!" *
When t lie study of Latia was revived
there was no standard «( pronunciation,
and each country followed Its <•«!! sweet
will In pronouncins the unfortunate lan
guage a« it pleased. As the revival was
large!) Pre4estant, tbo Italian method
would not be considered, and it did not
amount quite to a method then, any way.
Rut k-i^-mi.im hegan Ihe world over with
„ nVrmit" rUrd pronunciation, .« .. hr'nad that
local differences ma We little or no difficulty.
People and Social Incident*
uke rra^ •"-»" of Bavaria and
l.l* aldo-dc-camp. Captain yonl^- .
arrived fro,,, .;..—.„ >-r^-.;: irdllH «
Ing for a few days at the Ma. Fho
„ th youngwt brother of »*+?£*,
the Belgian? and a son of **•** _«~
c», a rl,s Thasaore of Bavaria, the crt^«t
od oaillM. H« clunot marry ,«"> jo" m
of non-royal rank unless he renounce Ms
status a" a rrmre of th« blood or H- -****
her mor^an^irally. In which case she does
not have bis honors or titles.
Mr and Mrs. Henry T. Shoem«*V>>£
company by their *on, Henry , a »»«»>•"
tcrday aboard the eaatap Washington for
Europe^ and «m «pss- tm* months in
motorinp through France and «>rman>.
William Jay glliHsiiHa arfrred in town
yesterday from Bar Harbor. Me. {
Mr.. John Jacob AatSS has arrived in
town from the Adirondacks. and Is staying
for a fn days at the QMhasa b*fore going
on to Newport nt the end of th*» wee*.
Mrs. Charles GmanssH arrived in town
last night from Lenox.
Dr. Eugene F. Hoyt. of No. ■ West sSth
street, sails for New York from Europe •■
September 1.
Mr and Mrs. Klbridira T. Gerry and the
Misses Gerry have arrangefl to go to
Europe toward the end of n»xt month.
The Rev. and Mr«. Herbert Shlpman are
[staying with Mr. and Mrs. Edson Bradley
on th«-ir houseboat among the Thousand
! Miss Hol^n \.. Alexandra has come to
■ tow for a f»w days from Lenox.
Mrs. Cecil Hlggins, who was Miss Ethel
Cryder, has arrived from England to stay
with her sister, Mrs. V. Lothrop Ames, at
Newport. Mrs. Ames will give a dance for
her at Berger's on September 3. Cecil Ilig
gins is a son of Henry V. Higgins, of
! London, by his second marriage with the
! former Miss Mary 12 Parsons, of Colum
! bus. Ohio. widow of W. I*. Bref-se, ,of New
1 Tork.
Senator and Mr?. Chauneey Dcpew and
Miss Anna Paulding are booked to sail to
day for New York after several week 3
j spent in Europe.
Mr. and Mr*. Meredith Howland sail to
day for Europe.
Mr. and Mr«, William Bayard Cutting
and Mis.- Olivia Cutting are at the Mount
Washington Hotel, in the White Mountains,
for the remainder of the season.
Baron A. yon Stael-Holstein. r.f St.
Petersburg, is at the St. Regis.
[Gv Telegraph to Tha Tribune. ]
Ler.ox, Aug. IB.— women's tennis tour
nament at Lee to-day held the interest
of society. The best players of the
Greenock Country Club and the Country
Club of Pittsfield met on the eeorta of the
Greenock club. L«e players won the series
before a large gallery. Miss Gladys Rob
bins, of Greenock, defeated Man Marion
Burbank, of Pittsfleld, and Mrs. Arthur
Lamotte. of Greenock. was beaten by Miss
Margaret Carson, of Pittsfield. In the
doubles, Mrs. George Baird and Mrs. Van
Trump, of Greenock, beat Miss Jei«?ie
Bishop and Miss Ballard, of PittsnVM. and
! Mr?. Van Burnett and Miss Burbank. of
Pittsfleld. beat Mrs. Lamotte and Miss
Robbing, of Greenock. ;
Mrs. Ernest Warrln ' is entertaining in
Stockbridge Mi?? Mary Bixby, of Albion.
N. Y.
Mrs. Sidney I- Smith, Miss Smith, Mr.
and Mrs. Charles P. Britton and Mrs. W.
G. Wilson, of New York, are at the Maple
wood, in Pittsfield.
Mrs. Philip Schuyler has returned to
New York.
Mr. and Mr?. I^ewi? P. Evan?, of lat
rence Park: Mr. and Mrs. Charles W. E'.
lir.tt. Miss Eleanor Elliott, Mrs. F. 1". Ben
jamin. Mrs. F. S. Bennett and F. W. Cop
To i speak of Yorkshire a* though that
were th» extreme limit, but the biegest fool
In Yorkshire pronounces his broad vowels
and the common consonants much the
same as they are given by educated men
m all countries, though he may ass a dia
lect of English which sounds absurd to
those who do not know it i? his natural
cross between modern English and his
own original tongue. TTp may «ay 'Owrl'm"
where the Londoner would say "Oldham."
but he say? tobacco and beer all right,
even If he calls them "bacco" and "booze."
In Esperanto there are only the big. full
vowels. They always in all places have
the sam» sound. There are not the amaz
ing distinctions of vowel sounds that in
natural languages are so heartbreaking Is
th«" learner.
It is amazing to me that you can see
no practical purpose in a universal lan
guage auxiliary to the local language*
Consider only the purposes of the news
paper press. Suppose something to happen
where theie arc no correspondents, in a
country whose language you do not know,
but of which you must have a report.
Would it not be s convenience to you If
you could cable to the postmaster and get
back a report you could translate, though
you did not know his language or he your??
You speak of English becoming the uni
versal tongue. De you not forget how
long it takes to learn English? Perhaps
you had forgotten that Esperanto is so
simple that it can be learned within a week
by any one, and that its grammar can be
KOt hold of- in less than half an hour.
The real obstacle to tho progress of Esper
anto li^s in ignorance and indifference.
Those are not faults that should belong
to Americans. EDWARD I. TANDY.
New York. Aug. 1.. 1910.
Miss Nightingale's Executors Refuse a
Public Funeral.
London. Aug. 16.— The executors of the]
will of Miss Florence Nightingale, the
"Angel of the Crimea," who died on Satur- :
day, definitely declined to-day the offer of a
I public burial In Westminster Abbey. They
| consider themselves bound by th« terms
I of her will. in which she expressed .i
wish for a simple private funeral.
On account, however, of the greatness of j
her achievements, a movement was started
in England immediately after her death !
looking to a state funeral and burial In
the Abbey.
Miss Nightingale's body will be hurled
with tho simplest ceremony on Saturday '•
afternoon at Wfllow. Hampshire, where
her parents li». A memorial service will
be heM at noon In m. Paul's Cathedra!
at which the King wtß t^ represented!
There will be s am gataertag of i mini.
men. The War Office Is arranging the is
tails of this service.
Some or the newspapers have .suggested
that the bed, be Urn, through lA,mlo«-.l A ,mlo«-.
on a m .1 carriage to the railway station '
to enable the public to testify to 1,3 re
>iril for the?An S el^ftheCilrne«."
Virginian Delegation Arrives for Un
veiling on Thursday.
(*ai Is. M .■„ ,„ i
rhalrman ot ,„. v lrrl . ! • Ih;u "^ m-""m -'""
pomfi uun ;"7" ; ;
-•:""•■<■"•• t1,;,,t 1 ,;,,
uf France a bfouz,, on . y uf |h>
pingcr. on th» •ideal" tour, and Jfr. s^j
Mrs. A. A. Jones ami A. W. Cm» of j^
York, roistered at the Hotel Wend*!].*
General Thomas If Hubbard. .who fei***
been at th« Hotel Aspinwall, has r?turaM
to New York. . ""
Dcv.itt ' 'uylcr. If. C F>eminsr and Sto^.
W. Keith, of New York, arrived fr -<layZ
the Hotel AsplnwaU. * *
Mr. and Mrs. John ''^r«t»n«»r, »fto fca*
been at the Hotel A»plnwalt, hay* go^,
Xew York.
Mr. an*l Mr- Grorge R Canfl^ihr*
returned to Cleveland after a short visit m
the Hotel Asplnwall. - «. 5
Mr. 3nd Mr*. W. M. Fanning? an4"TJ^
Greenl*>af Syk'-r. who bad been at "'" lf^ja»
tis Hotel. have nor* ♦■> New Y-^rk. „,;
Alexander k*«*ia"*i«Mt. president o»^tl r
Laurel Hill Association, has inrlted" Q f ,
Rev. Dr. Samuel McCord rrothera, of Ha*.
yard. to make the annual address afti%
TAwrel Hill meeting la StockbrM??! in g^.
Mr. and Mr?. Harold Golwin M-, 4+
elded not to occupy their vtlJa in Leart
this fall. Th-y win remain at R^sty,,
[/■nfr Island.
Mi. - Winnie Tinkerman has xon« ta
Danver3 to visit Mr* V.'. C EaaV-
Mr. and Mrs. S. J. Watson an,! Mj»
Smith, of Paterae*. N. J-. Mr. and n^
p. W. Worri*. of N>w York, and Mm
Charles Morse, of Boston, are at the Cntis
Arriving to-day at th* Red Lion Tnn, m
Stockbridze, were Professor and Mr?. Rat,'
art Hatch, Mr?. M. B. Seheach mat Jjfc,.
1,. M. Hlckox. of Nesv York. iaegi
[By Te!»fra[4» to The TnbtJa*.]
Newport, Aup. IS- — Ge'»rjr» v " L. Msjtr,
£><*retary ■•* tJi ' Nary, was one of th»
spectators at ' : *" sasads tournament at tS»
Casino this morning. The rain kept ma*/
from attending, but ■tin a large and repr*.
sentative social pattering was* present
Despite the disagreeable weather, thai
anas another array of costly gowns. '^
Registered at the Casino to-<!ay ■*«»
James W. Barney, a guest of R. L. o*&%.
roan; Kenneth B. Schley. of Lory bUai
City, who ia \i3itinK J. Gordon Douglas;
Charles Allen Jlunn. of New York: lfcj ;
Robert R. Livingston, Miaa Laura Uriij.
ston. guests at the Mu«r*hln»er Kin;
cottage; R. R. Livingston. William Ite Fsr
est. a guest of George L. Rive?: Cazfja
M. Robinson, a guest -< George p. De ?&
ast; Fulton Cutting, of New Tori; X. X
Niles and Miss Eleanor* Sears, of Bostas;
Miss Lincoln and Mrs. Schofieid. of Wares
ter; Mrs. James Potter, of Pniladeipfck
who is visiting Mr--. Joseph Harriott F.,
J. D Thayer. of Philadelphia, a gneit £
Howard S. Graham, jr.. and Chart* £
Chapin, of New York.
The cottagers attended two dar.c«3 tiu
evening, besides a half dozen dinr.sr putin
The larger affairs were given by Mr. at:
Mrs. Payne Whitney and Mr. and Mr
Newton Adams. Mr. and Mrs. Whiar
gave a young people's dance at tht p
club, following a dinner party for ale
thirty, at their summer horn*. Mr. m
Mr?. Adam? took Berber's Lodge for Car
entertainment, which was given in hcajrtf
Mi-- Marjory Rand, of Ma York.
Mrs. Joseph E. Widener and Mrs. Chtft»
F. Hoffman were luncheon entertainers to
morning, and dinner parties -were gives a*
night by Mrs. Ellen French Vandett>ilt.l6\
Ogden mis, Mrs. Royal Phelps Caw*.
Mrs. Oliver Gould Jennings and Mrs Georp
P«abo.!--.- "Wetmore.
Colonel John Jacob Aator aallai '- Ji*t
Vnrk late to-day on th* yaefet N«nu. H»
will return on Friday and -will sail en Sat
urday for Bar Harbor.
Jam« 3J. Van Alen Is plaanlajc a gain
party at his estate, "Wakehnrsr. en Au
gust 27.
Lispenard Stewart has gone to New TarS
for a few days.
Mr--. Hermann Oelrlchs Is makin? a brief |
visit in New York.
J. J. Wysong, who ha« not been fa, I *']
best of health. Is reported as not being ai |
Jean Dv Bain of Paris. Is a gaest <?? Mr.
and Mrs. Joseph E. ]»■.-<»- Miss Mar?
rfarriman is a guest of Mrs. Charles E
Baldwin and Marshal! B. Kernochan- «=!
Marshall Crane, of New York, are r-w^'l
of Mr and Mr?. J. J. Wyson*.
I". !. a Roy Satterlee ha? returned Cm
New York.
j ?tat'i«= of Washington at Richmond, •*•
j companied by State? Senator Den P. Ha!???
I and Stats Senator F. W. Kir.sr. fit* atba*
j members of the delegation, arrived ' wl *
j to-day. s*
The original sratu*. which Is CM of " #
attractions of the* Mats Capitol at Kic*i-
I mond. was executed by Jean Antctas Hou
j don, who wont to America immediately
! after tho Revolution and made moulds for
! the statue from life. The presentation of
; the bronze replica is a delicate complins:
!to the French sculptor. The cereracri?*
! of presentation will tak» place at Versai!:f»
on August 1?. Tiie statue will stand t*
twees or:*" of Lafayette and a bust of A*
nilral Suffren. who commanded on a of. C*
French ships which went to th*> aid ofti»
colonies In the War of the Revolution. %
m -'*?•
jTo Raise Money for Art Colony «
MacDowell Estate.
Teterboro. N. >! . \- _ 1(!.-An aricyorf:*!
review of Pet«»rr>oro's history, with sp? l '"
' priate lyrics and musical settln*?. wa3 F^
sented In a natural outdo theatre tO-<S?
on the estate of the late Edward Ma'-'D"**
ell, -. ■ musical composer. BcglnninS _•*#*
the first settlement of the town ami cOC
tinuing down t>» the present day, epucfc* •*
the town's history were shown. t?>e ǣǣ.
! alters taking part brine appropriate
'garbed in the costumes -novn in th* ■*
lisas perl •■' represented.
Although the sky was gray and overti*
with heavy clouds, no rail fell, and '-*
performance was --• >■ by more thas *
thousand person?, principally rlspi a**
summer residents, who motored into Ff?* '
born front the surroundin* viMaces. »» r
250 of the young people of the town to«*
part in the production, and at ono tia* *
chorus of Sir. voices occupied the stag?. "
The object ■■• th* performance. waial ■
to b« repeated on Thursday and S-it."^ l^
of this week, is to stimulate inter**t **
to raise, money for the establishment of**
art colony on tbo MacDoweil estate. * &l *
during the last fix years of hi* "
the composer wrote practically all '• m " r
sic. Mr* MacDowell. the c«n!?0«^
widow, was In charge of the costumin* *^
stage settings, and Professor Geor?»
Baker, of Harvard University, had «■»•*
perrlstoa of the dramatic part ' *■•■*
From The Buffalo Courier.
A club baa been formed i:» Loajdaavjl
-members of which ar« pledged •* *?5
whenever affairs to wrong with t!vec>.. Jdr
taking tho fulfilment of such, a *\ J 7^J»
Ration, the smile on some of us ■«»>"*"
monotonously permanent. .. "
From The Schenectady Union. -it*
The Democratic- newspapers that} *-^ a •
prevent the flection of Governor H>»* .
air- Insisting that his .successor v'u ' .^j*^
man of Ila type. Comment would- o" w
I'Yora The Buffalo Commercial. w
In the New York Fise l»er>arttn<nf **„
u-ra will Kr«dua!ly he «»ul»stit»«. eil j r
liors^s in drawing ult ihe tire 652> vt ? ji
paratus — rart». trucks, enmrte* a . nu tf »«yt
There willttM a lot of seniinioirj?'.'£s
expressed in the newapapfr* »*v«r>t«* (^»
i»hmrni of thos* splendid aniss* '-**^fy
\.-\. York fin- lior«es. from put>l>«> „i r f
but m »■« purely a qc«stton of 'J^'\« tf*
and fUlflftiiy. and tb<» ftta&Jl - i**li ** l '^ &*♦
motors In competttton with rrt«\ h lr^ i« %
„,..,■.■• th»> passins ,>( »'»* Utter^ «»'/,*►'
question of time.

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